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					   COMMONWEALTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT FORUM
                 CONFERENCE
        11 – 15 MAY, GRAND BAHAMAS


    MEASURING LOCAL DEMOCERACY AND GOOD
                 GOVERNANCE



                  11 – 15 MAY 2009


Presentation by   P.F Duri
                  Secretary General
                  ucaz@mweb.co.zw
THE SMART PARTNERSHIP APPROACH




• An innovative mechanism for promoting cooperative
  governance based on the win-win prosper thy
  neighbour principle,

• Organised and structured dialogue

• Depoliticisation of the dialogue process

• Distinguishing civil from party politics
WHAT IS INTERNATIONAL PEER REVIEW?

•        In its simplest form International Peer Review
         (IPR) is a process in which a local government
         peer from another country assesses a colleague
         from another against an agreed standard of
         behaviour and or performance.

    i.     “Peer” signifies equality between the reviewed and
           the reviewer
    ii.    The concept excludes hierarchical types of
           assessments in which one party is subordinate to
           the other such as in audit, inspection
    iii.   Peer Review is not an inspection; it is a supportive
           process undertaken by „critical friends‟ intended to
           help a council identify its strengths as well as what
           it needs to improve
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES OF AN IPR

The specific objectives of an IPR may include:

• To assist the municipal council being reviewed to identify
  its weaknesses and strengths
• To assess the level of local democracy and good
  governance
• To learn from the process and improve performance
• To generate creativity and innovation to mitigate
  weaknesses
• To promote and create meeting platforms for
  dialogue and accommodate diversity
• To promote good practices
• To promote International Municipal Cooperation (MIC).
IPR TOOLKIT PROCESSESS

STEP 1:   Establishing indicators for a
          healthy local democracy

STEP 2:   Establishing the baseline using
          the Urban Governance Index

STEP 3:   Conducting the IPR

STEP 4:   Organisational learning and
          change
 Urban Governance Index & Peer Reviews
• Peer review and Urban Governance Index are
  complementary
• The UGI is participatory and inclusive & it works
  through a workshop environment
• The peer review process is a more subjective,
  managerial process involving a small team of local
  government practitioners.
• A peer review is a process in which local government
  practitioners from one or more local governments are
  invited to review the operations of the other
  authority.
Local Democracy Framework and Urban
Governance Index
• Participation- Participatory & Representative democracy

• Effectiveness & efficiency- Local Government
   Per capita, Vision & Strategy, Service Delivery Surveys


• Equity- Gender Equality, Equitable Distribution of
   services,Citizen’s charter,Pro-poor pricing tariffs,Informal
   settlements,Informal sector policies


• Accountability & Transparency- Financial
   systems, codes of conduct, Access to information


• Social Security & Welfare- Policies on Crime control,
   HIV policies, Disabled and disaster management
Peer Reviews and Change Plans
• 5 Peer reviews have been held

• UCAZ and LGA - UK Peer review

• National workshop to share experiences – attended
  by stakeholders and peer review partners

• 5 Stakeholder workshops to draw change plans have
  been held

• Some cities have started implementing their change
  plans.
ENHANCING CITY DIPLOMACY AND
DECENTRALISED COOPERATION IN
ZIMBABWE

 – A tool for local governments and their
   associations for promoting social cohesion,
   conflict prevention, conflict resolution and
   post conflict reconstruction with the aim of
   creating a stable environment in which
   citizens can live together in peace and
   prosperity
    • Engaging parliament to build broad support for
      local government
    • National dialogue workshop
    • Unity projects
Achievements to date
• Acceptance and institutionalisation of democratic
  principles and practices among members of UCAZ
• Unlocking and mobilisation of social capital
• Strengthened smart partnerships for enhanced service
  delivery
• Depoliticisation of both the dialogues and service
  delivery issues
• Evidence based reporting
• Documentation of best practices in participatory
  budgeting
• Development of the Local Democracy Framework.
• Strengthening Municipal International Cooperation
• Harnessing more resources from donors
   NEXT STEPS

• Sharing experiences with other regional
  LGAs
• Regional training of trainers workshop
• Fundraising for cities change plans and
  replication of the project in the remaining 25
  urban councils

				
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