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ANIMALS’VOICE                                                   summer 2006

Inside Ontario’s Farms
investigating cases of animal cruelty

Friends for Life!
a puppy mill survivor’s story

To the Rescue
emergency animal evacuation
                                                                                         IN THIS ISSUE

                                                                                         MESSAGE FROM THE CEO
                                                                                         	  2	 	    Staying Tough on Animal Abuse


                                                                                         	     4			              Animal Tribute
                                                                                         	           	           How	one	little	dog	stole	many	hearts

                                                                                         	     6			              Inside Commercial and Backyard Farms:
                                                                                         	           	           Investigating	cases	of	farm	animal	cruelty

                                                                                         	     12		              Friends for Life!
                                                                                         	           	           Adopted	animals	enjoy	a	second	chance
                     SUMMER ISSUE 2006
                                                                                         	     14		              Volunteers Making a Difference
                                Linda Morgan                                             	           	           Two	volunteers	share	their	inspiration

                   Acting Chief Executive Officer                                        	     16		              Working in the Front Line
                           Mike Draper                                                   	           	           Spay	North	team	visits	Kashechewan
                            Editor                                                       	     18		              To the Rescue
                       Christine Arnett
          Director of Marketing & Communications                                         	           	           emergency	animal	evacuation
                  (905) 898-7122, ext 305
                    carnett@ospca.on.ca                                                  DEPARTMENTS
                         Associate Editor                                                	     20		              Training Tips
                          Vicki Quigley                                                  	           	           Muzzle	training	your	dog	
                     Communications Specialist

                               Art Direction                                             	     22		              Society News
                              Chris Hughes                                               	           	           A	round-up	of	news,	initiatives	and	successes
                             Graphic Designer
                                                                                         	     30		              Focus
                                Editorial                                                	           	           Travelling	safely	with	your	pet
                            Christine Arnett
                              Mike Draper
                           Melissa Marshman
                             Vicki Quigley                                               Welcome	to	the	summer	2006	issue	of	Animals’ Voice.	We’ve	given	the	maga-
                                                                                         zine	 a	 makeover	 since	 the	 last	 issue,	 but	 it	 still	 includes	 inspiring	 stories	 of	
                               Photography                                               survival	and	adoption,	profiles	of	the	staff	and	volunteers	that	care	everyday	for	
                               Chris Hughes
                                                                                         our	animals,	as	well	as	updates	about	our	initiatives	and	programs.
                             Jennifer McNevin
                               Joe Springall
                                                                                         Our	cover	model,	Jack,	is	a	little	pup	that	has	had	a	big	effect	on	those	who	
                      Mailing List Administrator                                         have	come	to	know	him	–	he	brings	a	heartwarming	smile	to	every	person	he	
                            Cathy Crouse                                                 meets.	You	can	read	about	his	journey	from	northern	Ontario	and	his	eventual	
                                                                                         adoption	in	the	new	Animal	Tribute	section	(p.	4).	We	continue	to	receive	happy-
Animals’ Voice	is	published	twice	a	year	by	the	Ontario	SPCA.	Its	contents	may	be	       ending	letters	from	people	who	have	lovingly	adopted	animals	from	the	Soci-
reproduced	with	consent	from	the	Society	and	with	appropriate	credit	given.	Fully	
informing	our	readers	about	controversial	issues	involves	offering	a	balanced	pre-       ety.	Some	of	these	stories	are	in	the	Friends for Life!	section	(p.	12),	including	
sentation	of	conflicting	opinions.	Readers	should	not,	therefore,	infer	the	Society’s	   one	 about	 Dolly,	 a	 puppy	 mill	 survivor	 that	 has	 left	 an	 indelible	 mark	 on	 her	
agreement	with	the	views	expressed	in	this	publication.
Canada	Post	Publication	Agreement	#40029989
                                                                                         family	(you	many	need	a	tissue	handy	before	you	start	reading).

Protecting	animals	since	1873,	the	Ontario	SPCA	is	a	registered	charity	comprised	
of	25	directly	operated	branches	and	31	affiliated	humane	societies	and	SPCA’s,	its	     We	hope	this	issue	will	make	you	laugh,	cry,	take	action,	and,	most	importantly,	
Wildlife	Centre,	Provincial	Office	and	Ontario	SPCA	Centre,	and	the	Marion	Vernon	
Memorial	Animal	Clinic.	The	Society’s	concern	is	ensuring	the	welfare	of	all	animals	    remember	all	the	reasons	we	are	united	in	our	desire	to	help	animals.		
–	large	and	small,	wild	and	domesticated	–	through	cruelty	investigations,	animal	
care	and	rehabilitation,	government	and	industry	advocacy,	and	public	education.
                                                                                         Christine	Arnett,	Editor
Charitable	Registration	#88969	1044	RR00002

                                                                                                                                                            ANIMALS’ VOICE 1

Staying tough
on animal

T   he Ontario SPCA has always taken the
    stance of being tough on animal cru-
elty, after all that is why this organization
                                                 I believe our members, donors, and the citizens of On-
                                                 tario would expect nothing less of us than protecting
                                                 the innocent animal victims and making their abus-
                                                 ers answer to the courts. The Society’s investigators are
was created and why so many people con-          trained to act within the law and use our legislative au-
tinue to support it. But recently, various in-   thority to protect animals – these actions are carefully
dividuals, groups and organizations, many        monitored by the government.
of whom have come under the scrutiny of
                                                 Each day in Ontario more than 41 cases of neglect or
the Ontario SPCA’s investigations depart-
                                                 abuse are reported, and hundreds of abandoned or sick
ment, have reacted by criticizing the So-        animals are rescued.
ciety’s power to investigate animal cruelty
and neglect and lay criminal charges when        I am proud of the diligent and dedicated work every
deemed necessary.                                agent and inspector does to protect animals from cru-

                                                   “...some of the most notorious
                                                   abusers, neglecters and puppy mill
                                                   operators are out of business or in
                                                   jail, thereby saving thousands of
                                                   animals from a life of misery.”

                                                 elty and neglect in Ontario, and equally proud of the
                                                 committed and compassionate staff and volunteers
                                                 that rehabilitate these animals at our shelters.

                                                 In the last five years the Ontario SPCA Investigations
                                                 Department, and those of affiliated humane societies,
                                                 have grown into a truly effective humane law enforce

ment body, taking to court both individual and mass
animal abusers – including organized cock fighting
and dog fighting rings, irresponsible zoos, slaughter-
houses, transport companies, and puppy and kitten
mill operators.

This hard work is paying off – some of the most notori-
ous abusers, neglecters and puppy mill operators are
out of business or in jail, thereby saving thousands of
animals from a life of misery. Puppy mills have been
shut down, a licensed slaughterhouse fined, illegal
slaughter operations closed, and neglectful pet stores
closed and fined.

While many people may recognize the Society as a
protector of companion animals, our mandate actually
includes the protection of all animals. In this issue of    thereby leaving birds and fish without a home. All of
Animals’ Voice you will read about our work protect-        these cases have resulted in the Society taking legal ac-
ing farm animals and the types of farm-animal cases         tion in order to protect wildlife.
that our agents and inspectors see on a daily basis. Each
year, farm animal cases represent one out of every 15       While all of these efforts have had a real positive impact
investigations carried out by the Ontario SPCA and its      on animals in our province, there is still much more
affiliated humane societies.                                work to do. Unfortunately, one of the great hurdles we
                                                            face is that Ontario continues to have the weakest pro-
                                                            vincial animal protection legislation in the country.

                                                            Only with stronger laws and increased, stable funding
                                                            to the Ontario SPCA and affiliated humane societies
                                                            for animal protection services (which are mandated
                                                            through provincial legislation), will we be able to ad-
                                                            dress in a more proactive manner the terrible acts of
                                                            animal cruelty that take place in Ontario every day.

                                                            Mike Draper, Acting CEO, Ontario SPCA
Most farmers take wonderful care of their animals,
however, issues remain: compromised dairy cattle,
those that are weak at the end of their milk production      Help provide animals with greater protection by urging
life, are a prime example. Farmers need to take respon-      the provincial government to strengthen provincial
sibility for these animals by not sending them on a trip     animal cruelty legislation, the Ontario SPCA Act.
to the slaughterhouse that could be as long as seven
days – many of these animals are too weak to make the        Write:
journey and can actually become “downers” (unable
                                                             The Honourable Monte Kwinter
                                                             Minister of Community Safety and
to stand) during the trip. This suffering is unnecessary
                                                             Correctional Services
and criminal.
                                                             25 Grosvenor Street, 18th Floor
                                                             Toronto, Ontario
The Society is also very serious about preventing cru-
                                                             M7A 1Y6
elty to wildlife. Recent investigations involving wild-
life included: the trapping and drowning of animals;
                                                             For a sample letter visit:
leaving animals in live traps to suffer in the sun for       www.ospca.ca/sample_letter.doc
days; burying animals alive; and pumping out a pond,

                                                                                                    ANIMALS’ VOICE 3

How one little
dog stole many

W     e all have a special story or two about            to the Ontario SPCA York Region Branch, and that we
      animals that have impacted our lives               have a veterinarian on staff who could assist in his
                                                         recovery,” says Jennifer Scott, one of the Spay North
in ways we could never anticipate. At the                team members and an animal care coordinator with
Ontario SPCA we certainly have our share                 the Ontario SPCA. “At the shelter we did blood work
of stories, but every once in a while there is           and other tests and found that Jack’s liver was damaged
that certain animal that reaches especially              due to lack of food, but it was something that could be
                                                         resolved with proper nutrition and time.”
deep into all of our hearts. One of those
stories involves a young dog named Jack,
the lovely pup looking out at you from the
cover of this magazine.                                      “It wasn’t until close to a week
                                                             after he was in the shelter that
We first met Jack this past February when the Ontario
SPCA Spay North team flew to the First Nation Commu-
                                                             Jack became Jack – a happy,
nity of Kashechewan to provide veterinary services to        playful, hyper-crazy little puppy.”
the community’s animal population. Pam Armstrong, a
teacher in the community who has been instrumental
in helping the Ontario SPCA with the dogs and other
animals in Kashechewan, had found Jack wandering         “It wasn’t until close to a week after he was in the shel-
along the road. He was very weak from exposure to the    ter that Jack became Jack – a happy, playful, hyper-cra-
elements and lack of food. Pam took Jack to her house    zy little puppy,” says Scott. “Everybody fell in love with
about five days before the Ontario SPCA Spay North       him. He had so much personality and charm. We can
team arrived and met him. Under Pam’s care he was on     only hope that Pam knows how much she did for that
the way to recovery, but when the team members first     little dog.”
met Jack they all thought he was an older dog because
he would wander around Pam’s house aimlessly, not        Jack has since been adopted into a loving home where
showing any interest in anything, including people.      he will always have food, a warm bed to snuggle into
                                                         every night, and someone to love and play with him.
When the team’s work was finished they were about
to say goodbye to Jack when his owners called and        We love you Jack!
said they had decided to surrender him to the On-
tario SPCA, realizing that he was not the type of dog
that they could handle in the northern environment.
“I immediately said that I would love to take him back

Jack is enjoying life with his new family, including eight-year-old Christopher. Jack is keeping his family busy
with walks and playtime, and is bonding with the other dogs in the neighbourhood, including a special “girl-
friend” who is also a rescue dog. “Jack has been a great addition to our family,” says his new Mom, Barbara.
“He’s just like a child - lots of work, but the love is unconditional and unending.”

                                                                                                 ANIMALS’ VOICE 5

and backyard
Investigating cases of
farm animal cruelty
By Vicki Quigley - Ontario SPCA Communications Specialist

W     hen you think of a small country
      farm, you probably picture one with
rolling green fields, a pastoral red barn,
                                                            The language of neglect: How farm
                                                            animals speak
                                                            In 2005 the Ontario SPCA received nearly 1,500 farm
hard working farmer, and healthy animals                    animal complaints. Because investigators currently
grazing and foraging, grooming or laying                    have no right of inspection power under provincial leg-
                                                            islation (the Ontario SPCA Act), the Ontario SPCA and its
around in the sun.
                                                            affiliated humane societies operate on a complaints ba-
Sadly, for Ontario SPCA and affiliated humane society       sis – aided by concerned citizens reporting cases of sus-
investigators responding to farm animal cruelty com-        pected animal cruelty. Fortunately, while animals can-
plaints, this idyllic image is frequently shattered by a    not voice their tragic tales, their physical condition and
darker reality.                                             environment speak volumes to investigators trained to
                                                            piece together the events of the animals’ lives – and
According to 2001 census data, in Ontario there are         to professionals who often provide expertise and assis-
nearly 60,000 farms, raising more than six million large    tance on investigations, including the Ontario Ministry
animals – and tens of millions of small animals such as     of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs and large animal
chickens, turkeys, ducks, and geese. These animals are      veterinarians. This evidence may include:
used to produce meat, milk, eggs and other products.
As well, many horses are raised for equine sports and       • Rotted, cracked, infected or overgrown hooves
bought and fattened for slaughter. While most are legit-    Hooves are one of the most frequently neglected parts
imate and responsible farmers who are truly concerned       of horses and cattle, and to a lesser extent of goats and
for the health and welfare of their animals, the Ontario    sheep – often painfully hobbling or crippling the ani-
SPCA receives cruelty complaints regarding both “com-       mals. Most foot problems can be avoided with prop-
mercial” farmers (operators of large-scale production       er care, including checking the animals’ feet and legs
systems with hundreds to tens of thousands of animals)      periodically to detect and treat hoof infections or leg
and “backyard” or “weekend” farmers – hobbyists who         abrasions; and following through with regular hoof
typically purchase an inexpensive piece of land, farm       maintenance, such as picking out the hollows of the
a small number of animals (50 to 100 generally), and        horses’ feet, having hooves trimmed or shod regularly
may live elsewhere, commuting to the farm on week-          by a competent farrier (one who trims horse feet and
ends. Close inspection of some of these commercial or       shoes them), and protecting feet with properly fitted
“hobby farms” has revealed animals condemned to a           shoes and pads when necessary.
life of suffering and neglect.

Common signs of hoof neglect include overgrown                 areas: failure to provide the animals with a diet suf-
hooves curling upwards, and hooves with cracks or              ficient to maintain health (thereby lowering the ani-
splits. Depending on the depth of the crack and its lo-        mals’ resistance); failure to administer a proper parasite
cation in the hoof wall, infection is possible, particu-       control program (such as administering topical or oral
larly if the crack bleeds after exercise.                      medications, e.g. dewormers); and failure to practice
                                                               proper pasture and/or manure control.
Neglecting to ensure animals have clean, dry footing
– forcing them to spend long periods of time stand-            Allowance of manure to accumulate in pastures and
ing in wet, dirty or muddy conditions – can also cause         barnyards provides a moist, ideal environment for para-
foot problems. If urine and manure are not cleaned on          sites, such as worms, to breed and multiply. If pastures
a regular basis, excrement can build up into a swamp           are not mowed or harrowed (harrows are a farm imple-
that squishes under the animals’ feet. Wet spring con-         ment consisting of a heavy frame with sharp teeth) to
ditions can cause a similarly swampy surface. The re-          break up manure piles and expose parasite eggs to the
sult commonly is “thrush,” a fungal infection of the           elements, reinfestation is inevitable.
frog (the triangular-shaped pad on the bottom of the
horse’s hoof that is made of 50 percent water and acts         • Emaciation, muscle wasting and visible ribs,
as a shock absorber); and “canker” or “hoof rot,” an           backbone and shoulder blades
infection of the whole foot. Investigators recognize in-       A common cruelty complaint is evidence of thin or
fections from a foul odour, discharge from the disinte-        emaciated animals with protruding ribs, backbones
grating frog, or black and moist soles of the hoof.            and shoulder blades. Sometimes investigators will find
                                                               chewing marks on the wood of the stalls (a sign of hun-
                                                               ger or boredom), or in winter, animals with snow melt-
“Investigators recognize infections                            ing on their backs (indicative of depleted fat stores and
                                                               poor skin and coat as the body releases heat), and/or
from a foul odour, discharge from                              with backs arched and shivering. It is always cause for

the disintegrating frog, or black
and moist soles of the hoof.”

• Loss of hair, dull or brittle hair coat, raw skin or
Healthy skin and hair coat are indicators of good health
and nutrition and act as insulation for animals, keeping
the cold out in winter, the heat out in summer, and the
rain out year-round – in addition to helping prevent
viruses and bacteria from entering the body. Therefore
signs of a poor coat and skin, including dull, rough, weak
or brittle hair; hair loss; or flaking skin cause investiga-
tors concern. Their concern deepens when other factors
are also present including raw skin; coughing or nasal
discharge; weight loss; lethargy; loss of appetite; loss
of body condition; diarrhea; or evidence of damage to
fences, yards or trees (used by animals to relieve itching).

Parasite infestations are often at the root of the ani-
mals’ poor appearance and health – organisms that
feed off of another, including cattle, horses, sheep and
goats. This could include external parasites, such as
ticks, mites and lice, or internal parasites, such as vari-
ous worms which are often ingested when the animals
graze off the ground. The infestation is caused and/or
exacerbated by negligence in one or more of three key

                                                                                                       ANIMALS’ VOICE 7
                                                              any sharp or overgrown teeth. Investigators may often
                                                              do a quick check for sharp or dull edges by running a
“A common cruelty complaint                                   finger along the inside of the teeth.
is evidence of thin or emaciated
animals with protruding ribs,                                 Where there is evidence of a healthy herd with one
                                                              or two (thin) exceptions, the weight loss may be at-
backbones and shoulder blades.”                               tributed to bullying and the failure to provide enough
                                                              feeding areas to avoid undue food competition. This
                                                              issue typically arises with farmers who stick to sched-
alarm because by the time farm animals are visibly            uled feeding times, as opposed to free choice (constant
wasted, significant fat stores and/or muscle tissues have     supply available), and who neglect to monitor the ani-
already been depleted, and a certain amount of ener-          mals’ eating habits and appearance. Animals should be
gy is essential to keep life systems functioning and for      visually inspected regularly, and in the cases of sheep or
growth and repair. Yet while a thin body condition may        animals that develop a thick winter coat, felt by hand
at first glance appear to be the result of lack of food, or   for muscle and fat cover.
even parasites, investigators must consider a variety of
factors, such as:                                             Poor food quality:
                                                              Food quality can mean the difference between healthy
Poor dental care:                                             and ailing animals – regardless of the abundance of
Horses, for example, can lose significant weight due to       food available. For example, hay quality varies exceed-
improperly tended teeth. Investigators may notice such        ingly. Generally good hay is greenish-yellow, leafy,
horses dropping their feed while eating. Because of the       smells grassy and sweet, is soft and pliant and should
way horses chew, their molars may wear unevenly, and          have tender stems. Poor hay typically smells musty, is
without proper care can develop sharp edges that can          stiff and brittle, may be infested by rodents or other
cut the inside of their cheeks – making chewing painful       animals and insects, and appears moldy or dusty with
and causing reluctance to eat. Horse teeth should be          lots of cobwebs, weeds or blossoms. Improper storage
examined at least annually to catch potential problems        (spoilage) can also lead to problems with food, decreas-
before they affect the animals’ comfort and health, and       ing the nutritional value and making the hay less ap-
a veterinarian may be required to file down (“float”)         pealing to the animals, and therefore less is eaten.

Improper winter feed program:
Well-fed horses, cattle and sheep adapt well to cold
weather and acclimate quickly. However, investigators             “Surprisingly, dehydration
frequently find thin animals intolerant to the cold be-
cause they’re not receiving enough feed. In winter ani-
                                                                  frequently appears in farm
mals require a 15 to 20 percent increase in feed to offset        animals in winter; the reason, a
heat lost to the cold surrounding air – otherwise their
body condition and health can quickly decline. Knowl-             misconception that farm animals
edge of how much food an animal should receive can
help investigators evaluate the truth of a farmer’s claim         can thrive on snow as their only
about the amount of food fed. Problems also commonly
arise when farmers buy old or moldy hay – failing to de-
                                                                  water source.”
velop a good winter feed program which may include
grain and supplements (e.g. vitamins and minerals) to
compensate for any of the hay’s deficiencies, and to         bination with the use of window and door openings.
meet the higher nutritional requirements of animals in       When all barn windows and doors are closed in win-
winter. Hay delivers energy, protein, roughage, vitamins     ter to “warm” animals, without additional ventilation
and minerals to farm animals including cattle, sheep         in place, the results can be toxic and fatal. Over time
and horses, and these measures of hay can be tested ac-      dangerous gases build up, including ammonia, which
curately and inexpensively though most feed suppliers.       combined with moisture accumulation from the ani-
                                                             mals’ breath and bodies, creates the perfect conditions
• Coughing, wheezing or discharge from the eyes              for breeding pneumonia germs.
or nose
Respiratory illnesses, such as pneumonia, which can          Animals housed outdoors during the winter months can
cause animals to wheeze, cough, leak discharge from          also be placed at a higher risk of pneumonia if: the ani-
their eyes or nose, stop eating, lose weight, suffer pain,   mals’ diets are neglected (depleting the animals’ over-
and, in severe cases, die, are commonly caused by the        all health and fat store); the animals are not provided
failure to provide basic preventative care at high-risk      protection from prevailing winds with an open-fronted
times such as when housed indoors, during transporta-        shed or wind-break fencing (could also be trees); and
tion, and in the winter months.                              the animals are not supplied access to a well-drained
                                                             and dry resting area where they can lie down and con-
Animals housed indoors require protection from drafts,       serve body heat (reducing surface area heat loss by 20
major dust and gas contaminants, various molds, and          to 25 percent). Ruminants, such as cattle, sheep and
excessive heat and moisture levels – either by the use       goats, swallow their food partly chewed, then generally
of air intakes and exhaust openings and/or in com-           retire to a safe resting area to lie down, regurgitate and

                                                                                                     ANIMALS’ VOICE 9
rechew their food (ruminate). When their only option        In cruelty cases where an animal’s hydration level is in
is to lie on wet, muddy ground, the animals can eas-        question, investigators may do a pinch test – pinching
ily become chilled, lose valuable energy as their bodies    a portion of the animal’s skin between their fingers into
work to stay warm, and become vulnerable to respira-        a fold, twisting the skin slightly and releasing to see
tory illness.                                               whether the skin springs back into place (indicator of
                                                            adequate hydration), or remains tented in a ridge and
• Dehydration                                               returns back to its normal position very slowly (indica-
Surprisingly, dehydration frequently appears in farm        tor of dehydration).
animals in winter; the reason, a misconception that
farm animals can thrive on snow as their only water         • Heatstroke, sunburn or frostbitten limbs and
source. The results can be life-threatening if the ani-     appendages
mals lose a significant portion of their body weight (12    Heatstroke and frostbite are frequent signs of neglect
to 15 percent is enough in some cases to cause death)       caused by failure to protect the animals from heat, cold,
– and even at a lesser severity can start to impair the     wind, or rain with adequate shade, shelter or water.
process of digestion, transport of wastes, and ability of   Such instances of neglect commonly involve farmers
the body to rid itself of toxins and other by-products of   who live on a separate property and visit their animals
digestion and daily functioning – resulting in lethargy,    infrequently – slowing their response time to changes
weakness and vulnerability to illness and disease.          in weather conditions by hours or days – or by farm-
                                                            ers who simply don’t respond to the changing needs
While cattle can survive on good quality clean snow,        of their animals. The consequences are often painful
and some animals may be able to “get by” if there is        – and in some cases deadly – for the animals involved.
a clean, consistent layer of snow throughout the win-
ter, the majority of farm animals require a lot more wa-    For example, pigs, with little natural protection from
ter than snow can provide to digest the artificially-dry    the cold, suffer frostbite quickly, making an insulated or
feed (e.g. hay) that composes the bulk of their winter      heated barn, or sufficient dry bedding, essential. Wind
diet. Voluntary sheep water consumption, for example,       chill can kill pigs, and freezing rain increases their heat
is two or three times that of dry matter consumption,       loss and can cause death from hypothermia, even at
and increases with high-protein and salt-containing di-     temperatures above freezing. Similarly, in summer, pigs,
ets. Available snow and high-moisture feeds will reduce     given that they have few sweat glands, can easily suffer
liquid consumption, but still not replace the need for a    sunburn and heat stress if they aren’t provided with ad-
good quality water source such as heated water tanks or     equate shade, a cooling activity (such as mud or a wad-
springs or streams kept open by the farmer.                 ing pool), and water to regulate their body temperature.

Pigs make loud, deep, gasping sounds in heat stress,
and if not cooled quickly by moving them to a cooler
                                                              How you can help
environment and wetting them down with a fine spray
of cool water (pouring cold water on pigs could cause         While an animal’s physical condition and
the pigs to die from shock), brain damage and death
can quickly follow. In fact, pigs can die from excessive
                                                              environment speaks poignantly to the
heat in less than 30 minutes following a power failure        neglect they’ve suffered, without your
in a mechanically ventilated barn during summer con-          voice, animals remain helpless.
ditions. Newly shorn sheep also need protection from
sunburn in warm weather and wind and precipitation
in cold weather.                                              Provide animals with greater protection
                                                              by urging the provincial government to
The road to recovery: mobilizing relief
efforts                                                       strengthen provincial animal cruelty leg-
Compared to cats and dogs, rescuing neglected and             islation, the Ontario SCPA Act, including
abused farm animals requires much more complex
and coordinated relief efforts. Farm animal needs dif-
                                                              giving investigators inspection powers
fer vastly in terms of transportation, housing, food and      and allowing for a lifetime ban from own-
care – and once animals are removed (if the farmer has        ing animals.
failed to follow Ontario SPCA Orders to improve the
animals’ living conditions) or surrendered, Ontario
SPCA Branch or affiliated humane society staff must           Write:
immediately mobilize relief efforts that draw from nu-
merous sources to get the animals to safety.                  The Honourable Monte Kwinter
                                                              Minister of Community Safety and
Ever-present challenges involved in farm animal res-
cues include: transporting animals (often involving a
                                                              Correctional Services
herd of animals or sick, emaciated or debilitated ani-        25 Grosvenor Street, 18th Floor
mals requiring isolation); ensuring the safety of the         Toronto, Ontario
animals and themselves while guiding animals into
trucks (often with makeshift corrals and alleyways us-        M7A 1Y6
ing boards and other items); finding suitable boarding
facilities or foster farms to provide care, often by en-
listing the help of caring farmers (a difficult task if the
                                                              For a sample letter visit:
animal is pregnant, lactating, requires special care and/     www.ospca.on.ca/sample_letter.doc
or whose condition may compromise their existing
animals’ health); providing ongoing medical attention;
and meeting costs incurred in transporting, boarding
and rehabilitating animals – plus retaining legal coun-
cil. These costs can escalate exponentially if the court
case is lengthy, particularly when the accused launches       Some websites for further
repeated appeals which can extend the case by months          information:
or even years.
Because they’re worth it                                      www.ofac.org/issues/animal_resources.php
Sadly, the reality of farm life for animals involved in
Ontario SPCA investigations is too often far different
than the one we imagine from the outside looking in.
Yet through the efforts of courageous people willing to
make animal cruelty complaints, individuals generous
with their support, and the perseverance and expertise
of staff at Ontario SPCA Branches and affiliated humane
societies, otherwise overwhelming animal rescues are
made possible.

                                                                                           ANIMALS’ VOICE 11

                                                            certainly is proof, on a daily basis, of the “power of
                                                            love.” It is an intense feeling of pride to know that we
                                                            have helped give him a second chance at life.”

                                                            Dave & Gwen

                                                            S   ugar was adopted from the Ontario
                                                                SPCA Kent County Branch

                                                            “In 2005 I rescued an abandoned kitten and took him
                                                            to the Ontario SPCA; however, I couldn’t stop thinking
                                                            about him. I went back to the shelter and decided I had
                                                            to adopt him.

                                                            Shortly after he became ill and I took him to the veteri-

R   ebel was adopted from the Ontario
    SPCA Orangeville & District Branch
                                                            narian who suggested that I put him down. My heart
                                                            told me not to give up. I brought him home and syringe
                                                            -fed and medicated him every three hours for ten days.
Rebel was rescued after his owner abandoned him, along      I set the alarm clock so that I wouldn’t miss his feeding
with cats and chickens, following an eviction.              times. To my relief he soon became well and spunky!

“We fell in love with Rebel the moment we saw him           In a five-month period Sugar went from six ounces to
behind the reception desk with shelter staff – clearly      seven pounds – he’s now a happy and healthy kitten.
loved by all. He turned his big, beautiful black face to-   He is the most adorable, loving, kind and giving kit-
wards us and my heart jumped. I knew in that minute         ten that I have ever met. He follows my every move
that he needed our love and we needed his.                  no matter what I do. Sugar plays endlessly with my cat
                                                            Sneakers (adopted five years ago) and they are the best
When we first arrived home with Rebel he was terri-         of friends. Sneakers is a bit aloof, but he’s extremely
fied. He spent days lying on his blanket and cowering       protective of baby Sugar. Thank you Ontario SPCA!”
when people approached. When we took him outside
he walked slowly, head down, and he didn’t appear to        Sherryl V. Burke & Paul Kuzma
have an interest in anything.

Since then Rebel’s confidence has exploded! He runs
with his head held high, his eyes are brighter and we
notice a new shine. His tail wags endlessly and he is a
happy dog. He is a gentle giant. He loves children and
he’s quickly discovering that there are numerous four-
legged friends in our circle of family and friends that
are great playmates. Only occasionally do we see his
invisible scars. Like when he flinches if we move too
quickly and startle him.

We absolutely love Rebel. We truly feel that we were
meant to be with him and have him in our family. He

                                                                would simply sit and wait for all of the affection.

                                                                One morning after Dolly had been with us for 20
                                                                months, she did not want to go for a walk. I knew
                                                                something was terribly wrong. We took her to our vet-
                                                                erinary hospital. An x-ray revealed Dolly was bleeding
                                                                internally from a large cancer tumour that had burst.
                                                                The doctor said that she was so ill that it would be im-
                                                                possible to save her. The most compassionate thing to
                                                                do would be to put her to sleep before she went into
                                                                convulsions. I took Dolly outside the vet’s office into
                                                                a beautiful garden area so she would not be frightened
                                                                and the vet came out to give her the injection. I held
                                                                Dolly in my arms, stroked her tummy and told her what
                                                                a good girl she was. My husband bent down, kissed her
                                                                on the head and said, “Goodbye Dolly.” Instinctively
                                                                she once again put her two paws together and pawed
                                                                the air for more tummy rubs. With that she died. My

D    olly was adopted from the Ontario
     SPCA York Region Branch.
                                                                husband and I were heartbroken.

                                                                All who knew her were very saddened at Dolly’s pass-
Dolly was rescued by the Ontario SPCA from a puppy mill         ing. The outpouring of affection was unbelievable. In
in 2003 with 62 other dogs, six cats and seven chickens.        fact, the neighbour’s child who wrote the essay sent us a
The puppy mill operators were the first to receive a lifetime   remembrance card for Dolly. We took one of the many
ban from breeding dogs or cats for sale in Ontario.             photos of Dolly, had it enlarged, and put a caption on it
                                                                that read, “Dolly, Simply the Best.”
“Dolly was a puppy mill rescue at the Ontario SPCA
when I first saw her. She was a Pekingese estimated at
between 10- to 12-years-old. Obviously she had been
used for breeding purposes her whole life and she was            “We went with our hearts once we
physically worn out when finally rescued. Her teeth
were in such terrible condition from years of neglect it         saw her, and, looking back, we have
was neccessary to remove 17 teeth and only two teeth
                                                                 absolutely no regrets and nothing
actually met to allow for chewing.
                                                                 but wonderful memories.”
I felt that I would be able to give her the time and at-
tention she deserved and our two other Pekingese dogs
would be excellent role models. Friends and family said
we were crazy. They asked how we would be able to train         After Dolly passed away we said we wouldn’t adopt
and socialize a 12-year-old. However, we went with our          right away; however, shortly after we heard about
hearts once we saw her, and, looking back, we have abso-        another puppy mill seizure from a Lucknow property
lutely no regrets and nothing but wonderful memories.           in Bruce County and we adopted Zoe, a five-year-old
                                                                poodle frightened of people.
Once home, all Dolly wanted to do was sit on our laps
and be stroked, or lay on her back in our arms like a           Dolly and Zoe reacted to the terrible circumstances of
baby and have her tummy rubbed. If we stopped rub-              their lives so differently. Dolly was immediately ready
bing her, she would put her two front paws together             to trust and love, while with Zoe trust must be earned.
and paw our hands to get our attention and let us know          She is a wonderfully sweet dog and it so rewarding to see
she hadn’t had enough yet.                                      her slowly opening up to us. I can’t thank the Ontario
                                                                SPCA enough for giving these dogs a second chance.”
Each morning we would take all three dogs for a walk.
Dolly loved meeting all the children on their way to            Cynthia Kirschner
school. Dolly actually inspired one of our neighbour’s
children to write an essay about her and the horror of
puppy mills. Children would run up to her and she

                                                                                                       ANIMALS’ VOICE 13

making a

S    ara Ballantyne has been volunteering with the Ontario
     SPCA Renfrew County Branch for the past four years
and is in the unique position of being a “long distance” vol-
unteer – living in Toronto, 406 kilometers away from the
shelter’s Petawawa location on the western shores of the Ot-    Like the animals, the website is a precious piece of the
tawa River. Sara, a freelance web designer, responded to the    shelter. It allows for education, assistance, praise and
Branch’s appeal for help with their website and has since       promise. It allows shelter staff to educate people about
spent countless hours designing and maintaining the site.       the Branch’s programs and activities, and it inspires
Each year Sara makes a special Christmas visit to the shelter   people to assist the shelter and its animals. It gives the
when she visits her parents and cat, Casper, in Petawawa.       shelter a forum to praise those who help and allows
Ontario SPCA Renfrew County Branch Manager, Tracy               people to praise the shelter for the amazing work it does
McElman, says her volunteer commitment has been a bless-        each day. Finally, it gives all the wonderful animals the
ing to the shelter. “Thank you Sara!”                           promise of a better life in a loving home. I am grateful
                                                                to be a part of this promise and I look forward to being
“I am very grateful to the Ontario SPCA Renfrew                 a part of it for many years to come.
Branch for choosing me to take care of their website.
I have been their webmaster since February 2002. I de-          Prior to working with the shelter I did not have distinct
signed the site and develop and maintain the site on            opinions of animal shelters or adoptions, however, since
an ongoing basis. Each week I am emailed adoption               then I’ve learned about the Ontario SPCA’s extraordi-
updates with photos to be posted, and when required,            nary work and I believe that it’s a wonderful gift to adopt
I’m emailed other information to post, such as press            from a shelter and to give an animal another chance.
releases or event details.
                                                                There are many things I love about volunteering, in-
                                                                cluding the knowledge that my efforts are helping
                                                                inform people about the shelter and are helping ani-
                                                                mals find homes. I feel most proud when I find out
                                                                that someone has driven from as far away as Toronto
                                                                to adopt a pet they saw on the website I created. I also
                                                                love the fact that technology allows me to work from a
                                                                distance with people in Renfrew County and elsewhere
                                                                to develop a site that can be accessed by anyone.

                                                                I highly recommend volunteering for (or at) a shelter.
                                                                There are so many different ways you can volunteer
                                                                your time, and it’s a wonderful feeling knowing that
                                                                what you do – no matter how big or small – is helping
                                                                the animals in some way.”

                                                                ~ Sara Ballantyne

T    hey say “every dog has its day” – and for dogs at the
     Ontario SPCA Orangeville & District Branch January
18, 2005 was that day. It was then that volunteer dog walk-
ing coordinator Karen McKimmon submitted a volunteer
application. Due to Karen’s demonstrated commitment to
work with the shelter’s dogs and her wealth of animal ex-
perience, eight months after her first volunteer visit Karen
was promoted to Canine Comrade Coordinator, responsible
for the training, orientation and follow-up of all new vol-
unteer dog walkers. “Thanks to Karen’s excellent work our
dogs reap the benefits of both her efforts and the efforts of
each new volunteer following in her footsteps,” says Ontario
SPCA Orangeville District Branch Manager Carol Hulcoop.

“I have heard some people say that they couldn’t vol-
unteer at an animal shelter because they think it would
be a sad place to work. On the contrary, I find it very
upbeat and positive and I am always amazed by the
many successful adoptions.

Currently I spend at least two sessions a week walking          Volunteering gives me the feeling that I am helping fill
and exercising the dogs. This includes some on-leash            a need and providing a useful and appreciated service.
walking with basic training guidance and also off-leash         I love the spontaneity of animals and how they thrive
play with toys in a spacious pen. When there are new            on attention and are eager to play. They give me a lot
Canine Comrade volunteers to train I find a mutually            of pleasure, keep me in the moment and I get such joy
suitable time to meet, which is outside the time I spend        when they are relaxed, happy and playful.
one-on-one with the dogs.
                                                                I definitely recommend volunteering with the Ontario
I have always promoted shelters as a good place to go           SPCA to others. There is such a variety of positions that
when looking for a pet. I currently live in a home where        everyone is bound to find their niche. The shelter staff
two existing pets adopted me – Tony, a 10-year-old min-         are very friendly, helpful and patient and compassion-
iature poodle, and Pita, a 10-year-old Maine coon-mix           ate and gentle with the animals. Also, I have gotten to
cat – however, before them I adopted Rex, a five-year-          know some of the volunteers and I’ve discovered we
old, 50-pound German shepherd-mix. We had Rex for               have a lot in common. The animals – and people – make
nine enjoyable years until old age took him from us.            volunteering a wonderful and rewarding experience.”
Since I started volunteering I am even more convinced
that anyone can find their special pet at a shelter. I have     ~ Karen McKimmon
seen so many lovable dogs in my time here. Fortunate-
ly, other people see the sparkle in them too and take
them to a new home.

                                                                                                      ANIMALS’ VOICE 15

Spay North

O   n February 23, 2006 the Ontario SPCA
    Spay North team flew to the First Na-
tion Community of Kashechewan to pro-
                                                            population is such a significant and enduring problem
                                                            in many remote communities. Northern communities
                                                            that are without a veterinarian are unable to spay, neu-
                                                            ter, vaccinate or humanely euthanize the animals. A
vide veterinary services to the community’s                 common solution is therefore shooting by a contractor
animal population. The project resulted in                  or community member. However, new litters of pup-
the spaying, neutering, vaccination and de-                 pies mean the solution is only temporary.
worming of over 100 cats and dogs.
                                                            What was required to get the project going?
The eight-member team, lead by Ontario SPCA Senior          Both projects were made possible through contribu-
Inspector Alison McAllister, included a veterinarian,       tions from animal welfare organizations, concerned
veterinary technicians and Ontario SPCA animal care         companies and public support. For Spay North 2006
staff. During the five-day project veterinary team mem-     the International Fund for Animal Welfare provided
bers vaccinated and dewormed 119 cats and dogs. Of          financial assistance as well as a donation of vaccines,
these, 104 were spayed and neutered (34 dogs spayed         and the World Society for the Protection of Animals, Sir
and 57 neutered; seven cats spayed and six neutered)        Sandford Fleming College and members of the public
– almost double the number from the first Spay North        provided financial support. Additionally, the Kitchen-
project in November 2004, in the northern communi-          er-Waterloo Humane Society donated supplies such as
ties of Moose Factory and Moosonee. The team also           cages and outdoor kennels, and the Lincoln County Hu-
brought back 29 surrendered animals including two           mane Society provided staff to go to Kashechewan and
adult cats, five kittens, eight adult dogs and 14 puppies   agreed to shelter some of the dogs that were brought
– which have since been adopted.                            back. It was a wonderful collaborative approach.

Team leader Alison McAllister discusses the project and
its impact on the animals and the community.

How did Spay North originate?
In May 2002 a Moose Factory resident wrote to the is-
land’s Chief expressing deep concern for the well-being
of dogs in her community and forwarded a copy of the
letter to the Ontario SPCA and other humane societies.
Like many isolated northern communities with little or
no access to veterinary care, Moose Factory had many
free-roaming owned and stray dogs, leading to serious
problems such as dog packs, disease and starvation. The
letter struck a deep chord with us because dog over-

What can the great success of Spay North 2006                    What impact will Spay North have on the
be attributed to?                                                Kashechewan community?
Certainly the success of both Spay North projects can            The project has helped Kashechewan take a very posi-
be attributed to all team members. Everyone played im-           tive step towards decreasing the number of dogs in the
portant roles – from gathering the dogs who roam loose           community using a humane and long-term solution –
in the community to providing post-surgery care. We              spaying and neutering. It also contributed to the health
also had excellent veterinarians and veterinary techni-          and well-being of the animals, residents and wildlife
cians that worked extremely hard and long hours to               population by implementing disease control through
accomplish our goals. Pam Armstrong, a Kashechewan               vaccinations (including rabies and parvo virus) and de-
teacher, was key to our success. She was responsible for         worming – and by effectively decreasing dog fights over
the organization and implementation of the program               females in heat.
in the community – and during the water crisis evacu-
ation she cared for the dogs the community was forced
to leave. Undoubtedly, our team’s extraordinary work               What can people do to help?
would have been impossible without those organiza-
tions and individuals who stepped forward and gave                 There are at least two more nothern communities
such generous support.                                             interested in running a Spay North program.

What was the team’s greatest challenge?                            People interested in making a donation to help make
The travel distance required to accomplish the project             the next Spay North projects a reality can call Cathy
was a great challenge. Kashechewan is an isolated com-             at 1-888-ONT-SPCA (668-7722) ext. 322 or
munity 600 kilometers northwest of Sudbury and in                  ccrouse@ospca.on.ca.
the winter is only accessible by plane (a two-hour flight
from Sudbury) or an ice road. Another great challenge              Donations will be used for project expenses including
was fitting our surgical equipment and supplies – along            the flight, medical supplies and veterinary services.
with nine team members – into the small plane.

                     Join the Animal PAC Monthly Giving Plan
                     Please consider committing to monthly gifts in order to help the animals year round.
                     We appreciate the support of our donors.
                     16586 Woodbine Ave RR3, Newmarket ON L3Y 4W1

    Animal PAC Monthly Giving Plan
    I would like to spread my support for the work of the Ontario SPCA throughout the year by making monthly gifts.

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           I hereby authorize the Ontario SPCA to deduct              I hereby authorize the Ontario SPCA to deduct

           $10        $20         $50         $                       $10          $20         $50          $
     from my chequing account on the first of each                 from my credit card on the first of each month.
     month. I understand that I may cancel this                    I understand that I may cancel this arrangement
     arrangement in writing at any time.                           in writing at any time.
                                                                   Please charge to my     Visa    Mastercard      Amex
     Please enclose a cheque marked “void.”
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                                                                                                            ANIMALS’ VOICE 17

Evacuating the
animal victims of
the Kashechewan

O    n April 25, the Ontario SPCA deployed            Ontario SPCA Acting Chief Inspector Hugh Coghill
     staff to the Kashechewan First Nations           led the 12-member team, which included a veterinar-
                                                      ian, and investigations and animal care staff. The team
community to recue over 100 animals left              drove from the Ontario SPCA Provincial Office in New-
behind after rising floodwaters forced the            market to Sudbury, and from there flew two hours to
emergency evacuation of the communi-                  Kashechewan aboard planes supplied by the Ministry
ty’s residents. The dangerous floodwaters             of Natural Resources.
placed the animals at risk of starvation,
                                                      In Kashechewan staff faced the task of rounding up and
disease and injury.                                   crating 97 dogs, most of which roam free in the com-
                                                      munity. In addition to the dogs, the team also rescued
                                                      nine cats, two budgies, three fish and one turtle.

                                                      An incredible amount of effort and dedication went
                                                      into the rescue – from the people who received the ini-
                                                      tial call for help and overcame numerous hurdles to se-
                                                      cure the planes – to those who staffed the control cen-
                                                      tre, loaded dogs onto the planes in Kashechewan, and
                                                      unloaded, cleaned, fed and cared for the animals when
                                                      the plane landed back in Sudbury. The Ontario SPCA is
                                                      also very appreciative of Minister David Ramsay’s assis-

A rescue team member en route to gather more dogs
illustrates the enormous size of the ice formations
that prevented the Albany River from flowing, caus-
ing dangerous floodwaters to put the community          Rescue team members gathered the roaming dogs and
residents and animals at risk.                          placed them in trucks for transport to the airfield.

tance in securing the planes for this emergency rescue
– a critical component to this rescue as Kashechewan
is a fly-in community with no road access – PetSmart
Charities for their generous donation of $10,000 to
support the relief effort – as well as the commitment of
Jim Prentice, Minister of the Department of Indian and
Northern Affairs Canada, to assist with the cost of the
rescue effort, which may exceed $300,000.

The dogs are currently being cared for in boarding facil-
ities and humane societies in northern Ontario, as the
residents are still not able to return to Kashechewan.
The Ontario SPCA has notified the residents about
their dogs and will assist with reuniting the dogs with     Kashew, approximately eight months old, suffered
their guardians.                                            a leg injury when he was just a few months old. He
                                                            had been unable to use the leg since the injury.

1                            2

                                 At the airfield, dogs
                                 waited     in   kennel
                                 crates for loading
                                 onto the planes (1).
                                 It took a team effort
                                 to get the dogs care-
4                                fully loaded (2&3). An     Following his rescue, Kashew underwent surgery to
                                 Air Creebec staff per-     have the lame leg amputated. Ontario SPCA Agent
                                 son works to secure        Wendy Sunega, who developed a special bond with
                                 the cages within the       this canine survivor, enjoys a special moment with
                                 plane to ensure safe       Kashew after his surgery. Kashew is now enjoying
                                 travel for the dogs (4).   life with his new adoptive family.

                                                                                              ANIMALS’ VOICE 19

Muzzle training
your dog

M    uzzles are used to reduce the risk a                   your dog is already struggling with wearing a muzzle
     dog poses to people and other animals                  try incorporating some of the training pointers to help
                                                            him learn to adjust.
by restricting the dog’s ability to bite.
They are commonly used by veterinarians and animal          What type of muzzle should I buy for my dog?
care staff concerned with handling or treating fright-      It is important to purchase a muzzle that allows for
ened, injured or distressed dogs, as well as anyone         normal breathing, panting and drinking. Basket style
managing or introducing dogs that may be aggressive         muzzles, such as the one pictured below, are recom-
to people or other animals. Some municipal bylaws or        mended by the Ontario SPCA because they allow your
provincial legislation, such as Ontario’s Dog Owners’ Li-   pet to be comfortable during regular outdoor activity
ability Act, may require your dog to be muzzled when off    – however, no muzzle should be worn for a long period
your property, or on your property in an unsecured area.    of time. The Ontario SPCA does not regard alternative
                                                            styles of muzzles as appropriate because they restrict
Here are some tips to help guide you as you select a        the dog’s ability to pant, trapping heat inside the dog’s
muzzle and present it to your pet. How you introduce        body, and prevent the dog from being able to drink wa-
a muzzle to your dog can have a significant impact on       ter – increasing the dog’s vulnerability to overheating
how quickly he is able to accept wearing it calmly. If      and heatstroke.

                                                            Where can I buy basket muzzles?
                                                            Basket style muzzles are available from most pet sup-
                                                            ply stores, although you may need to request that your
                                                            retailer stock or order the item. Plastic or plastic-coated
                                                            wire basket muzzles are preferred, as uncoated wire bas-
                                                            kets can injure your dog in hot or cold weather.

                                                            How do I know if the muzzle fits my dog
                                                            Basket style muzzles are available in different sizes de-
                                                            signed to fit a wide range of dog breeds. You can use
                                                            size guides from the manufacturer as a general guide-
                                                            line, but you will need to place the muzzle on your dog
                                                            to determine whether a particular size proerly fits your
                                                            dog’s head.

                                                            A properly fitted basket muzzle should have a strap that
                                                            sits snugly against your dog’s neck. The strap needs to
                                                            be tight enough to hold the muzzle in place and pre-

vent your dog from pawing the muzzle off, but there
should be space for about two fingers to slip between
                                                            How can I help my dog adjust
the strap and your dog’s neck. The length of the muz-       to wearing a muzzle?
zle’s “basket” needs to be appropriate for the length of
your dog’s nose. There should be about 1.25 cm (0.5         Below are four steps to help your dog learn to accept
in.) of space between the end of your dog’s nose and        wearing a muzzle. Be patient and work at a rate that
the front of the muzzle’s interior.                         is comfortable for your pet. Most dogs will adjust to
                                                            the muzzle within a few days to a few weeks.
Once you’ve found a muzzle that fits your dog prop-
erly, it’s important to routinely check for any signs       1. Try to make your dog’s first experience with the
that your dog is experiencing discomfort. Although it       muzzle positive. Show your dog the muzzle. While
is natural for your dog to be somewhat uncomfortable        she’s investigating it give her a treat. After feeding
wearing the muzzle initially, there should be no signs      the treat put the muzzle away or out of sight. Repeat
of chafing, skin irritation or similar injury. You should   this sequence several times, or until your dog looks at
also check the fit of the muzzle regularly as the muzzle    you for a treat as soon as you show the muzzle.Your
strap may stretch and require adjustment.                   dog’s introduction to the muzzle should not be in a
                                                            fearful or stressful situation.

                                                            2. Encourage your dog to place his head in the muzzle
                                                            by luring with treats. With the muzzle facing your dog,
It’s important to routinely check                           hold or place treats on the inside rim and encourage
for any signs that your dog is                              your dog to take them. If your dog readily takes the
                                                            treats, start holding or placing the treats further in-
experiencing discomfort.                                    side the muzzle so that your dog must stick his head
                                                            deeper into the muzzle to retrieve the treats.

                                                            3. Increase the time your dog wears the muzzle with-
                                                            out fastening it. Place the muzzle on your dog’s head
                                                            for a couple seconds and feed a treat while the muzzle
                                                            is still on. Slowly increase the time your dog is wear-
                                                            ing it from several seconds to several minutes while
                                                            rewarding your dog with treats. Remove the muzzle
                                                            when your dog is calm and quiet.

                                                            4. Try fastening the muzzle and increase the time
                                                            worn. When your dog calmly accepts the muzzle you
                                                            can try fastening it for increasing lengths of time un-
                                                            til she will comfortably wear it for fifteen or twenty
                                                            minutes. To help your dog adjust to the muzzle more
                                                            quickly reward her with play, affection, treats, belly
                                                            rubs or walks – activities your dog enjoys – while she
                                                            is wearing the muzzle. This will distract your dog and
                                                            help her associate wearing the muzzle with activities
                                                            she finds fun or relaxing.

                                                            Try to remove the muzzle when your dog is calm.
                                                            Taking off the muzzle when your dog is struggling to
                                                            remove it will encourage her to repeat the behavior
                                                            because she may think it will get the muzzle removed.
                                                            You can encourage her to leave it alone temporarily
                                                            by distracting her (for example, clapping your hands,
                                                            squeaking a squeaky toy, bouncing a ball or giving
                                                            the leash a gentle tug). Take note that you may be
                                                            expecting too much too soon. Go back a step and
                                                            take it slower.

                                                                                                ANIMALS’ VOICE 21

  Friends for Life! Adoption campaign
                                                               Napanee shelter to stay open!
  enters its third year

If you are considering adding a new pet to your life the     The Ontario SPCA and the Society’s Lennox & Adding-
Ontario SPCA’s Friends for Life! campaign encourages         ton Branch in Napanee extend a huge thank you to
you to make adoption your first option.                      the more than 20,000 Ontarians who signed petitions
                                                             and the thousands more who wrote letters to govern-
Now in its third year, the campaign’s goal is to find        ment to prevent the closure of the Branch. This thank
homes for the thousands of wonderful animals in On-          you extends also to the City of Greater Napanee which
tario SPCA adoption centres across the province. It is       sold the municipally-owned dog control facility to the
estimated that just 17% of companion animals are ob-         Ontario SPCA at a nominal cost to help sustain animal
tained through adoption. The Ontario SPCA, with the          protection and care services by the Ontario SPCA in the
generous support of its Friends for Life! sponsors Global    community.
& Ryan’s Pet Foods, Nutram Pet Products and West-
mont Hospitality Group, aims to boost that number by         “The Lennox and Addington Branch has had a won-
informing the public about the adoption option. Cats         derful reputation in its community and we are thrilled
and dogs of all ages, shapes, sizes and breeds, as well      to be able to remain here,” says Ontario SPCA Acting
as birds, rabbits, guinea pigs and more are waiting in       CEO, Mike Draper.
hope for a home, someone to share life with, someone
to love them, and be loved back many times over.             “The Branch required high capital expenditures to make
                                                             this facility safe for both the staff and the animals, in
“Adopting an animal is one of the most important             addition to operating with a deficit every year,” explains
and thoughtful decisions anyone can make,” says Keri         Draper. “In the past the Ontario SPCA Provincial Office
Semenko, Acting Director of Animal Sheltering and            has been able to absorb this deficit, but it can no longer
Wildlife Services. “It is the opportunity to give rescued,
homeless animals a second chance while adding an im-

                                                                You animals do too.
mense source of love and fun to your life.”

Ontario SPCA adoption staff will help you find your
perfect pet match, and are always available for any
post-adoption questions you may have. As well, when             And the
you adopt a cat or dog from the Ontario SPCA you get
great value – your new pet will be spayed/neutered and
vaccinated, plus you will receive helpful literature on
caring for your new pet.

In celebration of the Friends for Life! campaign, Global
& Ryan’s Pet Foods is providing pet adopters with dis-
count coupons for pet food and supplies, Nutram Pet
Products is offering discount coupons for Nutram pet
food wherever these products are sold, and Westmont
                                                                The Ontario SPCA Mosaik™ Mastercard® is the card you can
Hospitality Group is providing $15-off coupons for vis-         build and re-build with the reward program, special features
its to their pet-friendly hotels across the province.           and rate plan that fit you best. It’s yours to enjoy exclusively
                                                                from BMO Bank of Montreal. Since Mosaik Mastercard is
                                                                modular, you can change your options any time.
“This year-long promotion will help spread the word
about the benefits of animal adoption, as well as re-           By choosing this card, you’ll enjoy the flexibility that comes
mind people that the animals we bring into our lives            with building a card that is truly yours, plus you’ll help
                                                                support the Ontario SPCA everytime you use it to make a
truly do become our friends for life,” says Semenko.            purchase.

To see the many wonderful animals awaiting adop-                Apply for the Ontario SPCA Mosaik MasterCard today.
tion visit an Ontario SPCA animal adoption centre in
                                                                   Simply apply online at www.bmo.com/mosaik/ospca
your community or www.ospca.on.ca and click on                     or call the Ontario SPCA at 1-888-668-7722 ext. 321
“The Animals.”                                                                       for more information

afford to do this. If we had kept open a Branch that
we could not sustain in the long-term, we would have
put at risk the welfare and protection of all of the ani-
mals we care for everyday across the province. People
from across Ontario who signed petitions in support of
the Branch, along with the support of the Town, have
made it possible for us to continue to serve the animal
protection and care needs of Napanee.”

As grateful as the Society is for this support, it still
believes that the provincial government should have
been the one to step up and offer support. “In February
2005, following a government-commissioned review of
the Ontario SPCA, the government received a report
based on the review that called for the government to
fund the animal protection services we are mandated
to provide under the Ontario SPCA Act,” says Draper.
“The government has stalled in following through on
this recommendation, even though we have clearly
outlined to the government the desperate financial
situation we are in. All we have asked is that they fi-
nancially support the investigations services they have
given us the responsibility to carry out. If the govern-
ment could step up and do that, then we could ensure
that all of our public donations are dedicated to our
animal sheltering and care services.”

On June 30 the keys to the new facility were officially
handed over to the Ontario SPCA Lennox & Adding-
ton Branch. Some retrofitting is required and will be
paid for through the sale of the existing Branch facil-
ity. Once the new facility is complete – most likely in
September – the Branch will hold an Open House to
formally thank the community and the Town for its
overwhelming support.
                                                            At Nutram we understand
  Ontario SPCA efforts help achieve leg-
                                                             that you want the finest
  islative change that will benefit animals                 food for your best friend.
This spring there were amendments to two pieces of
provincial legislation that will improve protection for
                                                              That’s why every ingredient in
animals. First, an amendment to the Emergency Mea-          our food is human grade – because
sures Act allows for the government to order the evacu-
ation of animals during an emergency situation, such
                                                            we know that nothing else is good
as a flood or tornado.                                        enough for someone you love.
Second, the Good Government Act (Bill 190) called for            Proud supporters of the
amendments to a number of statutes, including the
                                                                     Ontario SPCA
Ontario SPCA Act – the Act that provides the Society’s
investigators with its police powers. The amendments
now allow for the Society’s investigators, with or with-
out a warrant, to request more than one veterinarian
or other animal welfare specialist, such as a livestock
transporter, nutritionist or government agency inspec-            100% Canadian Owned

                                                                                    ANIMALS’ VOICE 23
              How to use your life insurance as a charitable gift

Traditionally life insurance is used to protect loved ones. However, as children age or                 TAX TIPS ~
we become financially secure, the reasons for purchasing life insurance may not be as
significant as they once were. Donating life insurance policies to charities is a wonderful
                                                                                                  HOW YOUR GIFT GIVES BACK!
and affordable way to leave a lasting legacy of compassion and care.
                                                                                                 GIFT OF AN EXISTING POLICY
                                                                                                 Example: If you had an existing $100,000 life
By donating a new or existing life insurance policy to The Ontario Society for the
                                                                                                 insurance policy costing $75/month you could:
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (the Ontario SPCA) you can help ensure abused,
abandoned and neglected animals continue to receive protection, shelter and care for             Designate the Ontario SPCA as the owner and
generations to come. At the same time you will generate a very generous contribution,            beneficiary of the policy
typically larger than would be possible out of an individual income; and receive tax             Receive a $900 donation receipt each year (for cash
relief, often in the years of maximum earnings when it is most welcome.                          value in the policy and for any premiums that you
                                                                                                 pay) saving you approximately $360 in taxes owing.
                        The gift of an existing policy                                           Stay the owner and designate the Ontario SPCA
If you find yourself with an existing policy that is no longer needed there are two
                                                                                                 as the beneficiary
options you may wish to consider to help animals.
                                                                                                 Your estate would receive a tax receipt of $100,000
                                                                                                 upon your death, saving your estate close to
• You can donate the life insurance policy by making the Ontario SPCA the owner and
                                                                                                 $40,000 in taxes owing.
  beneficiary. Setting up your policy in this way will allow you to receive a tax receipt for
  any cash value in the policy and for any premiums that you pay; or                             GIFT OF A NEW POLICY
• You can keep the policy in your name and change the beneficiary to the Ontario                 Example: If you purchased a $100,000 life insurance
  SPCA. By setting up the policy in this way your estate will receive a tax receipt upon         policy for a cost of $75/month you could:
  your death, reducing final tax charges.
                                                                                                 Designate the Ontario SPCA as the owner and
                                                                                                 beneficiary of the policy
                            The gift of a new policy                                             After yearly tax savings your true net cost would be
Many donors decide it’s preferable to purchase a new life insurance policy. Again, there
                                                                                                 approximately $45 per month.
are two options to consider when deciding how to help animals.
                                                                                                 Stay the owner and designate the Ontario SPCA
• You can make the Ontario SPCA the owner and beneficiary of the policy and receive a            as the beneficiary
  tax receipt for the premiums you pay every year. This option is beneficial if you have a       Your estate would receive a tax receipt of $100,000
  high income and would like the benefit of reduced taxes; or                                    upon your death, saving your estate close to
• You can be the owner of the policy and designate the Ontario SPCA as the beneficiary.          $40,000 in taxes owing.
  This will mean that your estate will receive a tax receipt upon your death. This option
  is beneficial if you have a moderate income and would like to reduce estate income
                                                                                                HOW TO MAKE A GIFT OF LIFE INSURANCE
                                Endowment funds                                                 For a quotation or further information about how you can
You may also choose to place the insurance proceeds into an endowment fund. The                 donate a life insurance policy and leave a lasting legacy,
insurance proceeds are permanently invested and only the income is expended to help
animals in need. Endowments assist the Ontario SPCA with long-range planning and                Please contact our Development Department at
ensure the Ontario SPCA will be there – always – to save and protect animals.                   1-888-668-7722 or info@ospca.on.ca.
tor, to attend an inspection to assist with assessing,
treating or transporting animals. The amendments also
call for people appealing their case to the Animal Care
Review Board to provide a specific reason for the ap-
peal, which will hopefully move the appeals process
along more quickly and reduce the time that animals
need to be held in shelters.
                                                              to everyone involved for making the event a success
“We are very pleased with these legislative amend-            including presenting sponsor, Nutram Pet Products,
ments,” says Mike Draper, Acting CEO. “We have been           official sponsor, Global Ryan’s Pet Foods, and to local
working for a long time on behalf of animals to achieve       Branch sponsors throughout Ontario. We’d also like to
these changes, and it is an accomplishment worth wait-        thank the incredible Ontario SPCA staff, volunteers and
ing for.”                                                     participants (both two-legged and four-legged!) whose
                                                              inspiring efforts helped raise over $140,000 to support
In another positive move, the Ontario Ministry of Ag-         lifesaving Ontario SPCA programs, including provid-
riculture, Food and Rural Affairs has created the posi-       ing care to the thousands of animals in Ontario SPCA
tion of Humane Standards Officer as a result of Justice       adoption centres across the province that are waiting in
Haines’ review of the meat inspection process and con-        hope of finding their own “friend for life.”
sultation with the Ontario SPCA. The position is ex-
pected to be filled by fall 2006. “It is our hope that this      Other ways your support helps:
new position will help ensure the humane treatment
                                                                 • Investigating more than 16,000 reports of animal
and welfare of animals in provincially-licensed abat-
                                                                   abuse annually and prosecuting offenders.
toirs,” says Draper.
                                                                 • Providing injured and orphaned wildlife with
                                                                   rehabilitation and then released back into their
               Friends for Life!                                   natural habitat.
   NEW         merchandise available                             • Educating the public and informing the
                                                                   government on animal welfare issues.
                                                                 • Delivering effective humane education
               You can now show your support for
                                                                   programs to schools and community groups
               the Ontario SPCA’s Friends for Life! cam-
                                                                   across the province.
               paign by visiting the Ontario SPCA gift
               store and selecting new merchandise
               with the Friends for Life! logo, including:
                                                                Fourth Dog Day hits a homerun
               t-shirts, tote bags, baseball caps, dog
               bandanas and hooded and crew-neck
               sweatshirts. Now in its third year, the
campaign’s goal is to find homes for the thousands of
wonderful animals in Ontario SPCA adoption centres
across the province. It is estimated that just 17 percent
of companion animals are obtained through adoption.           The Toronto Blue Jays and Ontario SPCA partnered
Help animals waiting for new homes and promote ani-           once again to host the Dog Days of Summer at the Rog-
mal adoption by shopping at our online store.                 ers Centre July 16. A special “Dog Zone” seating area in
                                                              the 100-level outfield was sectioned off for hundreds of
Visit www.ospca.on.ca/ych_stor.html or contact                baseball-loving dogs and their owners with a portion of
Allister at: 1-888-668-7722 ext. 302 or                       ticket sales donated to the Ontario SPCA.
                                                              The exciting action-packed afternoon included a pre-
                                                              game dog parade on the field for owners to show off
  Congratulations for making the                              their four-legged friends, special pet-related activities
  Friends for Life! Walk-a-thon a success                     before and during the game, a Blue Jays cap giveaway
                                                              and an exciting match-up between the Blue Jays and
May 28 marked the first ever province-wide “Ontario           the visiting Seattle Mariners. Exhibitors were also set up
SPCA Friends for Life! Walk-a-thon,” an event created by      in the “Dog Zone” concourse for attendees to browse.
the Society to raise awareness and funds for the protec-      Helping the visiting dogs feel like VIP guests were a
tion and care of all animals in Ontario. Congratulations      team of Ontario SPCA staff and volunteers who regis-

                                                                                                     ANIMALS’ VOICE 25
The responsible choice.
For COUNTLESS reasons.
                       For more information, please contact:
 info@ospca.on.ca • www.ospca.on.ca • 1-888-ONT-SPCA (668-7722) or your veterinarian.
                                                           the Society’s role and services, the Ontario SPCA will be
                                                           hosting a booth at a variety of events throughout the
                                                           year. If you have questions, concerns or comments – or
                                                           you’d just like to say hello – please drop by our booth.
                                                           We love visitors! Some recent events we attended in-
                                                           cluded the All About Pets Show (Mississauga), Spring
                                                           Family Show (Markham), Sunoco Earth Day (Newmar-
                                                           ket), Schomberg Fair (Schomberg), Woofstock (Toronto)
                                                           and Slobberfest (Toronto). Upcoming events we’ll be at-
                                                           tending include the Royal Winter Fair at the National
                                                           Trade Centre at Exhibition Place, Toronto November 3
                                                           to 12. For a list of other upcoming events we’ll be at-
                                                           tending, or to let us know about an event in your area,
tered dogs and their owners at the gate, provided dog
                                                           contact Lexie at lwhite@ospca.on.ca or 1-888-668-7722
sitting services for owners who needed to leave the Dog
                                                           ext. 353.
Zone, kept water stations topped with fresh cool water
and toured the stands to ensure the dogs’ comfort and
safety. Thanks to our baseball loving supporters, staff     Thanks for sending us your used stamps,
and volunteers for making the event a success!
                                                            Canadian Tire money and cashier tapes
  Look for the Ontario SPCA at an event
                                                                             Many thanks to those of you who
  near you                                                                   collect and send in cancelled postage
                                                                             stamps and Canadian Tire money.
As part of the Ontario SPCA’s initiative to help educate
                                                                             Please keep them coming! The Soci-
people about the humane treatment of animals, pro-
                                                                             ety receives funding from the resale
mote animal adoption and share information about
                                                                             of used stamps and uses Canadian

                                                                                                 ANIMALS’ VOICE 27
                                                 Support the animals by purchasing Ontario SPCA
                                                 merchandise. Great quality merchandise at fantastic
                                                 prices – all bearing the message, “Friends for Life!”

                                                 There are lots of other items on our website, go to:
                                                 www.ospca.on.ca/webstore or call Allister at
                                                 1-888-ONT-SPCA (668-7722) extension 302.

                                                         T-Shirt                 Crew Neck Sweatshirt
                                                         $12.99                          $26.95

                                              Hooded Zip Front Sweatshirt               Tote bag
                                                         $29.95                          $11.50

T-Shirt (navy or white)       M, L, XL, XXL                            $12.99
Crew Neck Sweatshirt          M, L, XL, XXL                            $26.95
Hooded Zip Front Sweatshirt    L, XL, XXL                              $29.95
Tote bag                           N/A                                 $11.50
Baseball Cap                   ONE SIZE                                 $9.99
Dog Bandana                        N/A                                  $4.50
Tire money to buy supplies.
Send to: Allister MacKenzie at Ontario SPCA Provincial
Office, 16586 Woodbine Avenue, RR3, Newmarket, On-
tario L3Y 4W1.

We’d also like to extend a big thank you to the people
that send in cashier tapes from A&P, Ultra Food & Drug
and Dominion for the Ontario SPCA Wildlife Rehabili-
tation Centre (many who send us tapes every month!).
We receive tapes from across Ontario which are traded
at the end of the year for a dollar amount. Please con-
tinue to send your cashier tapes to:

Ontario SPCA Wildlife Rehabilitation Centre,
15979 Highway 12, RR 1, Midland, ON L4R 4K3.
Please note that this program will be ending on
December 31, 2006.

 Ontario SPCA e-newsletter gets a fresh
 new look. Sign-up today!

We’ve recently redesigned the Ontario SPCA’s free bi-
monthly e-newsletter, Newshound, and given it an en-
tirely new look! If you’re already a subscriber – we hope
you like it! If you don’t receive Newshound we invite
you to subscribe by emailing newshound@ospca.on.ca
and entering “Subscribe” as the subject line.

Newshound features:
   • Animals available for adoption;
   • Inspiring stories about animals that have found
     loving homes;
   • Investigations updates;
   • Information about Ontario SPCA events,
     programs and campaigns;
   • Helpful animal behaviour and training tips for
     people who are mystified by their pet’s animal
     ways; and
   • Different ways you can help the animals!

                                                            ANIMALS’ VOICE 29

safely with
your pet

W     hether you plan on travelling with your
      pet by plane, train, automobile or
boat, taking appropriate precautions and
making necessary preparations are essen-
tial to ensuring a safe and enjoyable jour-
ney for you and your pet – be it down the
street, cross country or across the globe.

On the road
Road trips are generally the easiest and most relaxing
way to travel with your pet. Train your pet to travel in
a car by taking her on lots of short car trips to places       Taking flight
she loves. For your pet’s safety and your own, confine         While some pets take to the sky with the air of seasoned
her to the back seat, either in a carrier or pet seatbelt (a   veterans, many pets find flying a stressful experience.
special harness that attaches to the car’s seatbelt).          The largest impact on your pet’s comfort and safety will
                                                               be where he is contained while travelling in the plane.
To keep your pet comfortable throughout the trip:              Small pets can often be taken into the passenger cabin
                                                               with your carry-on luggage and kept under the seat in
   • Keep the car at a comfortable temperature using           front of you throughout the flight. Less fortunate are
     air conditioning or heat when necessary (never            larger pets that must travel in the cargo hold.
     leave your pet alone inside the vehicle, even with
     windows partially open, it only takes minutes for         Your pet may be at risk of heatstroke or hypothermia
     an animal to develop heatstroke or freeze);               before the plane leaves the runway if placed inside the
   • Feed your pet a light meal at least four hours            cargo hold too early in warm or cold weather – airlines
     before the trip (to help prevent car sickness);           generally don’t turn on the air conditioning or heat in
   • Prevent your pet from sticking her head out the           the cargo hold until take off. Animals prone to severe
     window (sudden stops and debris can cause injury);        respiratory difficulties in an airplane’s poorly ventilated
   • Schedule rest stops every two to four hours for           cargo hold, including cats, snub-nosed dogs (boxers,
     exercise, bathroom and water breaks (bring a              pugs etc.) and long-nosed dogs (collies, shelties etc.),
     litter box for cats);                                     should be kept in the passenger cabin with their owner
   • Attach your pet’s leash before opening the car            if possible. To help ease the stress of travel:
     door (to prevent accidental escapes);                         • Take your pet to the veterinarian to update all
   • If your pet’s not used to travelling use a harness              vaccinations and obtain any legal documents
     (it’s more difficult for your pet to wriggle out of);           needed (very old, very young, pregnant, ill and
   • If crossing borders bring a copy of any required                injured animals should not fly);
     documents (e.g. proof of vaccinations); and                   • Purchase a durable travel carrier that is large
   • Keep the car sound system volume moderate due                   enough for your pet to stand up and turn around
     to the sensitivity of dogs’ and cats’ hearing.                  in (check with the airline to determine size allow-

     ances and special requirements);
   • Help your pet adjust to the carrier several weeks       Use a durable travel
     before your flight (start by leaving the door open
                                                             carrier that is large
     and placing treats, meals or toys inside);
   • Exercise your pet before leaving for the airport        enough for your
     and feed a light meal three to four hours before
     take-off;                                               pet to stand up
   • Give your pet water right up to the time of travel,     and turn around in.
     and, if the airline allows, take your pet for a walk
     and bathroom break shortly before boarding;
   • Ask if it’s possible for you to observe your pet
     being loaded onto the plane;                           Riding the rails
   • Inform the flight crew that your pet is travelling     If you are planning to travel by train the same precau-
     in the cargo hold (they may take special precau-       tions and guidelines should be followed as with the
     tions or trips to check on your pet and ensure         other forms of travel. Some train companies do not al-
     heating/air conditioning is functioning); and          low pets on board so research their pet travel policies
   • If you are not on a direct flight, ask to check on     before booking your trip.
     your pet during the layover.
                                                            At your destination
Navigating the waterways                                    Today a surprising number of accommodations wel-
During the summer months boating is a popular activ-        come pets. See the ad on page 33 for a list of some par-
ity, especially in cottage country. If you plan on taking   ticipating pet-friendly hotel locations. Before booking
your pet out on the water with you be sure to invest        ask about pet policies. Lodgings may have restrictions
in a pet life jacket – even good swimmers can tire eas-     on the types or size of pets allowed, or they may des-
ily in rough water, and banks may be slippery or steep      ignate only certain rooms for animals. Properties may
to climb. Life jackets not only keep your pet afloat if     also have policies that pets must be crated when unat-
she’s “jumped ship,” they can help protect against hy-      tended, or not left alone at all. If you’re travelling with
pothermia in cold water and can make it easier to pull      a dog ask for a room on the first floor with direct access
her onboard. It’s also important to remember that it        outside, ideally near a walk area. Follow pet etiquette at
can get very hot on the water so be sure to provide a       all times to ensure pets continue to be welcomed guests:
shaded area for your pet to rest, and bring plenty of
fresh water to prevent dehydration and heat stroke. If         • Keep your pet quiet (barking dogs are unpopular);
you are planning to be on the water for a long period          • Notify management immediately if something is
of time you may need to bring a portable potty system            damaged;
(a square piece of turf may work for some dogs or look         • Clean up after your pet inside and out and check
up “pets and portable potty system” on the Internet).            with management regarding how to dispose of
It is also advisable to call the marina in advance to de-        waste;
termine their policies regarding pets.                         • Keep pets off the furniture (or bring blankets to

                                                                                                    ANIMALS’ VOICE 31
	   	 cover	furniture);                                       Loss prevention tips
	   •	Try	not	to	leave	your	pet	alone,	if	you	must,	crate		
	   	 him;	and                                                Make	sure	your	pet	wears	a	sturdy	collar	with	
	   •	Keep	your	pet	away	from	off-limits	places	such	as		     current	ID	and	rabies	tags	firmly	attached,	and	
	   	 the	pool	area,	patio,	restaurant	or	lobby.              consider	microchipping	as	an	extra	precaution.	
                                                              The	 ID	 tag	 should	 include	 the	 phone	 number	
Enjoy	your	travels!
                                                              of	an	emergency	contact.	Also,	keep	a	recent	
		Helpful	pet	travel	information                              picture	of	your	pet	with	you	in	case	you	need	to	
                                                              search	for	your	pet.	If	travelling	by	plane	secure	
Westmont	Hospitality	Group,	Maija	Holla	                      a	 recent	 photograph	 of	 your	 pet	 to	 the	 travel	
1-866-285-7936                                                carrier	and	affix	your	name,	pet’s	name,	tempo-
www.petfriendly.ca	                                           rary	travel	and	permanent	addresses,	and	the	
www.petswelcome.com                                           flight	number.	
Traveling	With	Your	Pet:	the	AAA	Pet	Book	
(available	at	book	stores	and	through	CAA)	                   Items to pack for your pet
                                                              When	 travelling	 be	 sure	 to	 pack	 all	 necessary	
		Travel	contact	information                                  items	 for	 your	 pet,	 which	 may	 include:	 food,	
Air Canada                                                    water,	leash,	medications,	toys,	blankets,	first	
1-888-247-2262	–	www.aircanada.com	                           aid	kit,	any	required	documents	(e.g.	proof	of	
West Jet
                                                              vaccinations),	 litter	 supply,	 carpet	 deodorizer,	
1-800-538-5696	–	www.westjet.com	                             chew	 toys,	 grooming	 supplies,	 generous	 sup-
                                                              ply	 of	 food	 and	 a	 can	 opener	 and	 spoon	 for	
VIA Rail Canada
1-888-842-7245	–	www.viarail.ca	                              canned	food.	

Friends for Life!
 Find yours at the Ontario SPCA
 Friends for Life! is generously supported by:   For more information contact:
                                                   1-888 ONT-SPCA (668-7722)

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