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Barbie Selby
Documents Librarian
UVA Law Library
580 Massie Road
Charlottesville, VA 22903-1789
(804) 924-3504
Earlene Viano
Library Assistant/Reference
                                                           July/August/September, 2001, Vol. 47, No. 3
Hampton Public Library
4207 Victoria Blvd.
Hampton, VA 23669-4243
(757) 727-1312                                                               COLUMNS
Editorial Board                                   Barbie Selby and          2    Openers
Fran Freimarck
                                                    Earlene Viano
Pamunkey Regional Library
P.O. Box 119                                               Cy Dillon        3    President’s Column
Hanover, VA 23069
(804) 537-6212                             Julie A. Campbell, Ed.          24    Virginia Books
John Kneebone
Director, Publications and
  Educational Services
Library of Virginia                                                              FEATURES
800 E. Broad Street
Richmond, VA 23219-8000                  Cynthia Wright Swaine              5    Developing, Marketing, and Evaluating
(804) 692-3720                                                                   Web-Based Library and Information                                                          Skills Tutorials
Nan Seamans
Director of Instruction                                  Janet Justis       9    Before You Visit Your Legislator Review
Virginia Tech, University Libraries                                              Some Tips from the Advocacy Gurus
Blacksburg, VA 24061-0434
(540) 231-2708                                                             14    VLA Paraprofessional Forum’s Ninth                                                                  Annual Conference Report
Lydia C. Williams
Longwood College Library                                                   20    An Emory & Henry Discovery:
Farmville, VA 23909                                                              An Interview with Robert Vejnar
(804) 395-2432
Antoinette Arsic
Corporate Business Development
                                      Virginia Libraries is a quarterly journal published by the Virginia Library Association whose pur-
EER Systems, Inc.
(703) 375-6488                        pose is to develop, promote, and improve library and information services and the profession of              librarianship in order to advance literacy and learning and to ensure access to information in the
                                      Commonwealth of Virginia.
Molly Brennan Cox                         The journal, distributed to the membership, is used as a vehicle for members to exchange
Librarian                             information, ideas, and solutions to mutual problems in professional articles on current topics
Floyd County High School              in the library and information field. Views expressed in Virginia Libraries are not necessarily
721 Baker St.                         endorsed by the editor or editorial board.
Floyd, VA 24091
                                          The Virginia Library Association (VLA) holds the copyright on all articles published in Virginia
(540) 745-9450                   Libraries whether the articles appear in print or electronic format. Material may be reproduced
                                      for informational, educational, or recreational purposes provided the source of the material is
Editor, Virginia Books                cited. The print version of Virginia Libraries is designed by Lamp-Post Publicity in Meherrin, Vir-
Julie A. Campbell                     ginia. The electronic version of Virginia Libraries is created by Virginia Tech’s Scholarly Commu-
Library of Virginia                   nications Project and is available at or as a link from
800 E. Broad Street                   the Virginia Library Association web site at Virginia Libraries is indexed in
Richmond, VA 23219-8000               Library Literature, a database produced by the H.W. Wilson Company.
(804) 692-3731                            Items for publication and editorial inquiries should be addressed to the editor. Inquiries               regarding membership, subscriptions, advertising, or claims should be directed to VLA, P.O. Box
                                      8277, Norfolk, VA 23503-0277. All personnel happenings and announcements should be sent
                                      to the VLA Newsletter, Helen Q. Sherman, Librarian, DTIC Technical Library, Defense Technical
On the cover: VLAPF keynote           Information Center, 8725 John J. Kingman Road, Suite 0944, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-6218, (703)
speaker Anita Bunkley                 767-8180, fax (703) 767-8179, email Virginia Libraries is available by sub-
                                      scription at $20 per year.
                                          The guidelines for submissions to Virginia Libraries are found on page 4.
PAGE 2                                               VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                               JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001


                       New Words from New Editors
                                      by Barbie Selby and Earlene Viano

S       triving to continue the tradi-
        tion of publishing excellence
        insisted on by former editors
Andrea Kross, Cy Dillon, and their
predecessors, we are Barbie Selby
                                          me a desire to help the VLA tell its
                                          news to its members with enthusi-
                                          asm and clarity.

                                                                                  individuals, has certainly displayed
                                                                                  this sort of can-do spirit since its
                                                                                  inception in 1979.
                                                                                     “Can-do” was the attitude of
                                                                                  Emory and Henry archivist Robert
and Earlene Viano, newly appointed        Chief among this issue’s articles is    Vejnar. In August of last year he
co-editors of Virginia Libraries.         one concerning reference, instruc-      got a glimpse into the past when
                                          tion, and distance-learning librar-     he discovered a box of Civil War
BARBIE’S WORDS: I have been               ians wrestling with how best to         newspapers — the Abingdon Virgin-
involved with VLA publications for        incorporate the web into their          ian — stashed in his own Kelly
some time. I became second editor         teaching activities. Cynthia Wright     Library. By means of a press release,
of the VLA Newsletter in 1989. In                                                 Mr. Vejnar immediately began
addition to editing the Newsletter,                                               taking steps to make the papers
I edited the VLA Shipping List, the       We are proud and happy                  available, as he states, “to histo-
Public Documents Forum newslet-                                                   rians and scholars interested in a
ter, and served as Chair of the VLA       to bring together writers               wide variety of topics.” In his inter-
Publications Committee. I am cur-                                                 view he talks about them at length.
                                          and readers interested in
rently the Documents Librarian at                                                 Dating from 1862 to 1864, the
the UVA Law Library.                       Virginia and its libraries.            papers open a window, not only on
   Though not a native Virginian, I                                               the War Between the States but also
have gained an appreciation for the                                               on everyday life in southwest Vir-
history and literature of the Com-        Swaine, Instruction Services Librar-    ginia during the conflict.
monwealth through my work with            ian at ODU, shares ODU’s experi-           Reducing conflict and promoting
both current and historical Virginia      ence in creating, marketing, and        fruitful communication with state
materials. I feel that through its pub-   evaluating its online tutorials. The    legislators is the subject of Janet
lications, VLA can make a lasting         ODU Library Instruction Team dem-       Justis’ article on advocacy. Full of
contribution to library literature,       onstrated a number of models,           practical tips and links, Ms. Justis,
especially that of Virginia libraries.    which can lead to a useful and well-    Government Information Reference
                                          used online tutorial.                   Librarian at ODU, lays out the nec-
EARLENE’S WORDS: I want to assist            “Useful” was a word often heard      essary WHO, HOW, and WHAT
in spreading all the Virginia library     on the lips of the 443 attendees at     of approaching, questioning, and
news that’s fit to print so that Vir-      the 2001 VLA Paraprofessional Con-      partnering with Virginia’s senators
ginia libraries, armed with Virginia      ference, who were asked, “Chal-         and congresspersons to advance the
library information, will become          lenge Yourself: Expand Your Hori-       cause of Virginia libraries.
leaders on the fast-changing library      zons.” From the accounts of the
scene. I have been a Library Assis-       Conference included in this issue,                     *****
tant and proud paraprofessional           it seems they did just that. Key-       Finally, and again, we would like to
in the Reference Department of            note speaker Anita Bunkley, author      thank Andrea Kross for her cache of
the Hampton Public Library for 12         of several books, including Steppin’    wonderful articles, excellent prep-
years. My degree in English and           Out with Attitude, particularly asked   aration, and leadership during her
my longtime love of libraries (ever       those present to believe in their       time as Virginia Libraries editor. We
since I got my first library card 50       dreams and seize those opportuni-       would also like to thank Cy Dillon
years ago from the Harford County         ties that help in meeting desired       for appointing us co-editors and
Public Library in Bel Air, Maryland)      goals. The VLA Paraprofessional         for his unflagging interest in and
have come together and sparked in         Forum, as an organization and as        enthusiasm for Virginia Libraries. VL
JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001                                       VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                                 PAGE 3

                                               PRESIDENT’S COLUMN

                  Do Not Forget To Be a Part of It All
                                                         by Cy Dillon

You have to forget to begin to see. Then      in Virginia or the premier public              invite the candidates to speak at our
you remember.                                 library systems, but I assure you              Annual Conference. We want the
   Remembering and forgetting get to          they will all be represented by                candidates to consider just where
be the same place.                            energetic and experienced librari-             tax cuts should stop to preserve
   — Dabney Stuart                            ans making presentations on sub-               essential services such as libraries,
                                              jects that concern them every day.             and we want to hear the results

                                              Take a look at the preliminary pro-            of that consideration. Forgetful as I
       really did almost forget just          gram and see if you do not agree.              am, I have never forgotten that we
       how talented VLA members                  The last few weeks have also                have to pay for the amenities we
       are and just how broad and                                                            want from government. We cannot
deep their interests range. Then I                                                           afford to let our next Governor
sat down with the Annual Con-                                                                forget that simple fact, nor can we
                                                   It is time to stop the
ference Committee to review the                                                              afford to let that Governor pass the
concurrent sessions for this year’s              fancy bookkeeping and                       bill along to a future office holder.
program.                                                                                        With that in mind, VLA has
    I knew we had excellent key-                     have the state pay                      joined with the Virginia Education
note speakers. John Cole of The                                                              Association and other public inter-
                                                   its share for schools,
Center for the Book, historian                                                               est groups in the Virginia Coalition
Henry Weincek, and poet and short               libraries, and other core                    for Education Funding. State fund-
story writer Dabney Stuart were all                                                          ing for all facets of education has
carefully selected to provide memo-              educational programs.                       failed to keep pace with what state
rable sessions that are particularly                                                         law requires of local schools and
appropriate to our time and place.                                                           libraries. It is time to stop the fancy
The special events offered by the             reminded me of the strength of                 bookkeeping and have the state pay
Library of Virginia and by Chester-           library advocacy our organization              its share for schools, libraries, and
field County are also first rate, and           has developed and maintained. The              other core educational programs.
would be welcomed by any library              report of the Joint Legislative Audit             VLA has also begun to develop a
association anywhere.                         and Review Commission on fund-                 coalition of public interest groups
    Nevertheless, I had not expected          ing state aid to public libraries in           to support better funding for the
the number and quality of sessions            Virginia has to be viewed as an                Library of Virginia. We have prelim-
that will be offered by our own               endorsement of the value of librar-            inary responses that indicate that
members. We will have the oppor-              ies to the state, and VLA members              a number of very large groups are
tunity to learn about everything              provided much of the information               willing to participate, and the VLA
from antebellum plantation records            in the report. The full version of             Legislative Committee is making
to e-books, from serving young                the study even includes a letter of            plans to begin this effort in earnest
adults to preparing budgets, and              endorsement from our association.              long before the Legislature con-
from basic literacy to information               VLA has also prepared a list of             venes in January.
literacy for academic librarians. In          questions about libraries that will               All this involvement has taken
addition to the variety, the quality          be sent to the candidates in this              the time and efforts of a group of
of the presenters strikes me as               fall’s gubernatorial election. We will         very talented and public spirited
impressive. It will not do for me             publish responses in an upcoming               VLA members on the Legislative
to try to name the best universities          VLA Newsletter, and we will also               Committee and Executive Com-

Cy Dillon is President of the Virginia Library Association and is Library Director at Stanley Library, Ferrum College.
PAGE 4                                           VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                    JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001

mittee. Their commitment is very
much appreciated.                         Guidelines for Submissions to Virginia Libraries
   It should be an interesting fall.
A tight race for governor is shap-        1. Virginia Libraries seeks to publish articles and reviews of interest
ing up. Another Virginia county is           to the library community in Virginia. Articles reporting research,
preparing to test the constitution-          library programs and events, and opinion pieces are all considered
ality of required total internet fil-         for publication. Queries are encouraged. Brief announcements and
tering in public libraries. Legislators      press releases should be directed to the VLA Newsletter.
and the new Governor are going
                                          2. While e-mail submissions are preferred (in the body of the message,
to have to resolve budget priorities
                                             or as text (.txt) attachments), manuscripts may be submitted as text
or the current majority in the Gen-          files on 3.5-inch computer disks. VLA holds the copyright on all
eral Assembly may well be branded            articles published in Virginia Libraries. Unpublished articles will be
a failure. Throw in a well-planned           returned within one year.
conference luring hundreds of VLA
members into the political heart of       3. Illustrations, particularly monochrome images and drawings, are
Virginia, and it should be a season          encouraged and should be submitted whenever appropriate to
that even I can remember. Just be            accompany a manuscript. Illustrations will be returned if requested
                                             in advance.
sure you do not forget to be a part
of it all. VL                             4. The names, titles, affiliations, addresses, and e-mail addresses of all
                                             authors should be included with each submission. Including this
                                             information constitutes agreement by the author(s) to have this
                                             information appear with the article and to be contacted by readers
                                             of Virginia Libraries.

                                          5. Bibliographic notes should appear at the end of the manuscript and
                                             should conform to the latest edition of the Chicago Manual of Style.

                                          6. Articles should be 750-3000 words.

                                          7. Submit e-mail manuscripts to

                                          8. Virginia Libraries is published quarterly: Jan/Feb/Mar (no. 1); Apr/
                                             May/June (no. 2); July/Aug/Sept (no. 3); and Oct/Nov/Dec (no. 4).
                                             Contact the editor for submission timelines. VL

                                                                                    2001 VLA
                                                                                    October 17–19, 2001

                                                                                      Holiday Inn Select,
                                                                                        Koger South
                                                                                      Conference Center

                                                                                     Richmond, Virginia
JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001                                    VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                                PAGE 5

     Developing, Marketing, and
  Evaluating Web-Based Library and
     Information Skills Tutorials
                                            by Cynthia Wright Swaine

C         onfronted with an ex-
          panding distance learn-
          ing program, a growing
set of student expectations, and
recent changes in general education
                                               With Old Dominion Universi-
                                            ty’s recent changes in general edu-
                                            cation requirements, more classes
                                            in communication skills and com-
                                            puter skills will be offered. These
                                                                                         to” topics — how to find biographi-
                                                                                         cal information, how to find book
                                                                                         reviews, etc. The Research Assistance
                                                                                         page also contained a search strat-
                                                                                         egy tool, called Start Your Research
requirements, the Library Instruc-          additional course sections translate         Here!, that could be considered the
tion Team at Old Dominion Uni-              into many more library instruction           library’s first, although non-interac-
versity is addressing the related                                                        tive, online tutorial.
needs for new approaches to library                                                         In addition, librarians prepared
instruction by creating a series of                                                      several web pages relevant to courses
web-based tutorials.
                                               Online tutorials … are                    for which they had provided
                                             one important means of                      in-person library instruction. For
                                                                                         example, a library web page for a
Needs                                          providing information                     graduate history course provided
Last year Old Dominion University                                                        links to primary resources online
had nearly 20,000 registrations in
                                                  skills instruction….                   as well as listing other locations of
its TELETECHNET distance learn-                                                          such material in the Old Domin-
ing programs, serving off-campus                                                         ion University Libraries and in the
students enrolled in twenty-six pro-        sessions as the new requirements             Hampton Roads region.
grams at four regional centers; mil-        apply to each new incoming fresh-
itary, hospital, and corporate sites;       man class.
                                                                                         Preparation for tutorial
and community colleges. In addi-
tion to Virginia students, the uni-
                                            Web-based research assistance
versity serves distance learners in                                                      Recognizing the three major evolv-
                                            already in place
Arizona, Washington, the Bahamas                                                         ing needs, the Library Instruction
and beyond.                                 Prior to the development of online           Team decided that developing tuto-
   Students have higher expecta-            tutorials, librarians created a number       rials, especially some geared toward
tions than in the past about remote         of subject-specific and “how to”              students in high-enrollment, highly
access to resources. Whether they           guides on a Research Assistance web          research-oriented distance learning
live in dormitories on campus or in         page. Bibliographers created guides          programs and some geared toward
nearby apartments, whether they             to online resources in their areas of        teaching general research skills,
commute from another Hampton                specialization, and reference librari-       would be the best response. They
Roads city or take courses through          ans transformed their printed guides         acknowledged that web-based tuto-
the TELETECHNET distance learn-             into web pages by adding resource            rials would allow students to learn
ing programs, students want access          links. A series of miscellaneous             at their own pace and at the time of
anytime, anywhere.                          guides covered all of the usual “how         day they preferred.

Cynthia Wright Swaine is the Instruction Services Librarian at Old Dominion University and also serves as the library’s Distance
Learning Coordinator. She may be reached at
PAGE 6                                                VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                 JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001

   One librarian began developing         strategy pages was created it was          ing students and those enrolled in
the first interactive tutorial, specifi-    enhanced with resource links.              English composition classes. The
cally for the nursing program, and        Finding and making appropriate             latter group was included because
other reference librarians followed       links required less than a month.          of the projected continued expan-
in her wake, with at least two addi-      Although search strategy guides are        sion in the number of sections of
tional tutorials debuting each aca-       generally seen as being a linear           English 111 and the possible exten-
demic year thereafter.                    approach to instruction, this tuto-        sive use of a tutorial in the future,
   Although the nursing tutorial          rial encourages students to move           in lieu of the traditional in-class
was developed independently, using        among the different sections in            session with a librarian.
Netscape Composer and HTML, the           a non-linear fashion, depending               Development work was a high
other tutorials were done following       upon their needs.                          priority for four months for two
a series of workshops on the prin-           The one completely new element          librarians, with much additional
ciples of good instructional design       was what the developer termed an           technical support. Debuting in the
and the use of Dreamweaver author-        “idea generator,” aimed at giving          spring semester of 1999, StarQuest
ing software. Librarians learned                                                     includes sections on most aspects of
about good web page design, the                                                      library research, the Internet, and
importance of immediate feedback,                                                    plagiarism. Features include quizzes
and the value of usability testing.
                                               The first genuinely                    with immediate feedback, a glos-
   After identifying programs most             interactive tutorial                  sary, and a final exam for which
likely to benefit from the tutorials,                                                 results are sent electronically to the
librarians began planning for tuto-           came about through                     instructor. A discussion forum and
rials in their areas of specialty. They                                              evaluation section were included
made decisions about the skills that
                                            collaboration between                    but not actually used.
were most important to teach and                 a librarian and a                      The tutorial was promoted
how to teach them, about devel-                                                      through the English Department’s
opment time allotments, about the                faculty member.                     coordinator of composition, direct
assistance that would be required,                                                   e-mail and snail mail to faculty,
and about technical issues, such as                                                  library newsletters, flyers to dis-
whether or not to use frames.             students an easy way of choosing           tance learning sites, and faculty
   As tutorial development pro-           a topic for a paper or speech. The         workshops. Spring semester of the
gressed, the librarians shared expe-      tutorial was marketed through flyers        year 2000 saw 1,046 page views and
riences, frustrations, and tips with      to distance learning sites, library        863 user sessions.
each other in the Library Instruction     newsletters, faculty workshops, and           A study to compare skills
Team meetings. They called upon           a listing on Yahoo!                        acquired through an in-class ses-
library systems staff and others with         During the spring semester of          sion to skills acquired through
expertise for help in problem solv-       2000, the tutorial received 23,186         the tutorial, as well as to skills
ing. They also received help from         page views and tallied 19,160 user         acquired through a combination
paraprofessional reference staff with     sessions. It is clear that not all users   of the two methods, is being car-
some of the detail work, such as          are Old Dominion University stu-           ried out this year. The first semester
making links from terms in the text       dents, however. Frequent feedback          results showed no significant differ-
to the glossaries and structuring the     on the Idea Generator provides a           ences in student learning no matter
quiz feedback.                            constant source of new topics to           which method was used.
                                          add to that portion of the tutorial.
Description of the tutorials                                                         Nursing
                                          General library and
                                                                                     The first genuinely interactive tuto-
Search strategy skills                    Internet skills
                                                                                     rial came about through collabora-
The first tutorial, Start Your Research    The instruction services librarian         tion between a librarian and a fac-
Here!, was developed as an initial        and the humanities reference librar-       ulty member in the College of Nurs-
option for the delivery of library        ian collaborated on development            ing and was launched in the fall
instruction to distance learners in       of StarQuest, subtitled Success Tips       of 1998. Using Information Sources:
1994. The printed library hand-           for Academic Research, a tutorial          Nursing was designed to serve all
book for these students included          designed to help students learn gen-       Old Dominion University students
pages on research strategy. When          eral library and Internet skills. Two      doing nursing research, although
the web-based version of the search       target audiences were distance learn-      the original focus was on one spe-
JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001                                VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                             PAGE 7

cific course comprised of both on-        matic feedback on quizzes, an inter-     pany and industry research skills.
and off-campus students.                 esting feature is the certificate of      Thus, the latest tutorial to appear,
   Initial development took three        completion a student can print and       in the fall of 2000, is titled Industry
months of intense work, then one         turn in to the instructor. Marketing     & Company Research. The tutorial
month for revision each year after-      was done exclusively after the tuto-     is highly interactive, requiring stu-
ward. Revisions took as long as          rial was developed. Instructors of       dents to accomplish tasks through-
they did because of the switch from      three courses now require students       out, using a form that they print at
SilverPlatter’s version of CINAHL to     to take the tutorial.                    the outset.
the Ovid version and the desire to          In the spring 2000 semester,             Although the primary audience
include new elements.                    1,667 page views and 473 user            is first- or second-year business stu-
   The tutorial includes interactive     sessions were tallied. Although an       dents, it is thought that the tuto-
quizzes, a discussion forum, a glos-     evaluation element was not built         rial will be helpful to MBA and pre-
sary and guided searches of the          into the tutorial, a printed evalu-      dissertation students as well. During
CINAHL database. Initially, only         ation sheet was designed by the          the four-month development pro-
the faculty member who collabo-          librarian and given to students by       cess, the new business librarian dis-
rated with the librarian required her    the instructor at the time of the        covered interests of the faculty she
students to complete the tutorial;       end-of-semester course evaluation.       would be working with in collec-
later, others followed suit. Approxi-    Feedback has been very positive.         tion development, reference, and
mately 100 nursing students com-         FindLaw now provides a link to           instruction. The librarian encour-
pleted the tutorial during the first      this tutorial under its section on       aged faculty to try out the tutorial
semester of availability, and 400 did    resources for law students.              and provide feedback during the
so the following fall. In the spring                                              summer prior to its publication.
semester of the year 2000, this tuto-                                             This marketing technique proved
rial had 995 page views and 473                                                   successful and some instructors
user sessions.                           Using Information Resources: Edu-        decided to include the tutorial as a
   Marketing was carried out largely     cation, a tutorial for distance learn-   course requirement for the fall.
through a demonstration at an in-        ing students enrolled in education
service training session for faculty.    courses, was first used in the fall
                                                                                  New tutorials, new approaches
An evaluation page is included and       2000 semester and follows the style
has generated much favorable com-        of the earlier nursing and criminal      Development of science tutorials,
ment about the tutorial. In addi-        justice tutorials. It is intended to     including ones for psychology and
tion, the developer has received         be a basic tutorial covering stan-       biology, and enhancement of pres-
many e-mail messages of inquiry          dard library resources in the field,      ent tutorials with frames and per-
and appreciation through a contact       including government, tests, and         sonalized approaches, such as the
link in the tutorial.                    measurements information.                use of photographs and audio mes-
                                            Development took place over           sages, is now underway. A commit-
                                         fifteen months, with marketing            tee is being organized to develop
Criminal justice
                                         to faculty accomplished primarily        guidelines and a template for future
The criminal justice program is one      through one-to-one contacts and          tutorials. The committee will review
of the largest distance learning         library newsletters. Plans for           all such development projects to
programs consistently requiring          enhancement include the use of           ensure standards and instructional
library research and, thus, was a        frames to allow students to try          objectives are being met.
natural subject for the next tuto-       out live sessions on databases. Quiz-
rial. The social sciences reference      zes and an evaluation section are
librarian patterned Using Informa-       included in the tutorial.
tion Resources: Criminal Justice, first
made available in fall 1999, on the                                               The Library Instruction Team
nursing tutorial.                                                                 reached a number of similar con-
   Development took two to three         The business reference librarian         clusions to those of other librari-
months of high priority work. The        concluded that the best approach         ans who have developed tutorials.
content of the seven chapters and        to creating a tutorial to meet the       Among these conclusions are:
the navigation devices is intention-     needs of students in the College of      • The task of developing a good
ally simple. The intended audience       Business, particularly those in mar-       tutorial takes many hours.
is both on- and off-campus under-        keting, management and account-          • Immediate feedback is important
graduate students. Besides the auto-     ing, would be to focus on com-             to students.
PAGE 8                                             VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001

• Interactivity helps students stay     level of the students, as well as the    complemented by an array of web-
  alert and presumably learn better.    capabilities of the computers they       based guides, librarian-developed
• Discussion forums do not seem         use, has a lot to say about what         course web pages, in-class instruc-
  to work well unless students are      style of tutorial delivery they find      tion, and personal assistance.
  required to participate.              most appealing.
                                           Some further conclusions include:
However, our librarians discovered      • Expert technical support proved
that contrary to current thought,         to be invaluable, as did informal      Caspers, Jean S. “Hands-on Instruc-
collaboration between faculty and         support from experienced col-          tion Across the Miles: Using a Web
librarians from the outset to ensure      leagues.                               Tutorial to Teach the Literature
tutorial use is not the only way        • It is essential to do some usabil-     Review Process.” Research Strategies
to achieve success. The nursing           ity testing, even if only a few sub-   16 (1999): 187-197.
tutorial was developed following          jects participate.
the accepted practice of a single                                                Dennis, Stephanie and Kelly
librarian/single faculty member col-                                             Broughton. “FALCON: an Interac-
laboration. Industry and Company                                                 tive Library Instruction Tutorial.”
Research was developed with input          Different approaches                  Reference Services Review 28 (2000):
from a handful of faculty members             to development,                    31-38.
over time. Development of Star-
Quest was agreed upon in a meeting             marketing, and                    Dewald, Nancy H. “Transporting
of key English composition faculty                                               Good Library Instruction Practices
and the Library Instruction Team,        evaluation worked well,                 into the Web Environment: an
but no interaction with adjunct            with no clear winner.                 Analysis of Online Tutorials.” Jour-
instructors who would use it took                                                nal of Academic Librarianship 25
place until the tutorial was nearly                                              (1999): 26-32.
complete. The criminal justice tuto-
rial was developed without any col-     • Evaluations of the tutorials and       Gray, David. “Online at Your Own
laboration with faculty and mar-          assessment of learning are both        Pace: Web-Based Tutorials in Com-
keted to them upon completion.            important, but there seems to be       munity College Libraries.” Virginia
   No matter how collaboration            no one best way to incorporate         Libraries 45 (1999): 9-10.
took place or even whether col-           these elements.
laboration took place, the Library      • It is very important to update         Kesselman,   Martin,    Delphine
Instruction Team found that an            the tutorials whenever necessary       Khanna, and Lourdes Vasquez.
excellent tutorial based upon course      and to look them over completely       “Web Authorware and Course-
or program needs can be success-          with an analytical eye at least        Integrated Library Instruction.”
fully marketed and can become an          once a year.                           C&RL News 61 (2000): 387-390.
important course component. Dif-        • A standards committee may be
ferent approaches to development,         needed to ensure development of        Knowlton, Dave S., Heather M.
marketing, and evaluation worked          high quality products.                 Knowlton, and Camela Davis. “The
well, with no clear winner.                                                      Whys and Hows of Online Discus-
   It was also clear that both simple   Online tutorials are not the single      sion.” Syllabus 13 (2000): 54-58.
formats and more complex inter-         answer to instruction for all stu-
active ones can enhance learning,       dents. They are one important            Old Dominion University Librar-
with some learners preferring one       means of providing information           ies, Tutorials [
style or the other. The experience      skills instruction, but should be        research]. VL
JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001                                    VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                                 PAGE 9

        Before You Visit Your Legislator
          Review Some Tips from the
               Advocacy Gurus
                                                     by Janet Justis

O           n April 30, 2001, approx-
            imately 650 librarians,
            trustees, and Friends of
the Library attended briefings re-
garding legislation affecting librar-
                                            What Do You Want?

                                            You’ve come all the way to Wash-
                                            ington so you must want some-
                                            thing, right? Perhaps you want to
                                                                                         tion, copyright, database protection,
                                                                                         E-government, ESEA, and E-rate.
                                                                                         Read the briefs, talking points, and
                                                                                         updates to become familiar with
                                                                                         the core issues and bills that have
ies. Many of these advocates were           make certain your legislator knows           been introduced. Also prepare a
reviewing the facts one last time           the key issues affecting libraries or        local information packet about your
before setting out to meet with their       perhaps you have specific concerns            library and stress what you do
Congressperson or Senator on May            regarding changes in copyright leg-          for the constituents of the district.
1st. For some it was a first time expe-      islation or LSTA funding? Be certain         Give the member or the aide a
rience and a bit intimidating. Steph-       to ask for something specific.                packet that highlights key issues
anie Vance, a former Congressional                                                       but doesn’t overwhelm.
aide who is now part of “Advanced                                                            Ms. Vance gave several good
Consulting: The Advocacy Gurus,”                                                         examples of knowing the facts and
presented an excellent workshop                  Be certain to ask for                   stating your case. Take LSTA for
for newcomers. Her energetic style                                                       example. This year the library com-
                                                  something specific.
and insider’s knowledge of the leg-                                                      munity would like to see an increase
islative process were just what the                                                      in LSTA funding. The target amount
novice needed to build confidence                                                         is $350 million dollars. LSTA will
and develop advocacy skills. Many                                                        also be up for reauthorization in
                                            Know the Issues and
thanks to the ALA Washington                                                             2002. Since formulas haven’t been
                                            Be Prepared!
Office for including such an inspi-                                                       revised since the 1970’s, the library
rational and practical workshop for         The ALA Washington Office does a              community would like to see a new
new library advocates.                      wonderful job of creating one-page           $500 million base.
    Ms. Vance began the workshop            briefing sheets on key issues and                 It’s important to know the dif-
with a fun quiz about politics              related legislation. If you’re coming        ference between the activities sur-
and legislation. The audience was           to briefing day you will receive              rounding the reauthorization of
immediately engaged, and even               these in your briefing day packet,            LSTA and the FY2002 appropria-
the most veteran members were               but you can also find them on the             tions requests. Use the bill number
caught checking the Constitution            ALA web site at:         (if known) when speaking to staff-
for facts.                                  washoff.                                     ers or members of Congress. At
    She then asked participants to             From the Washington Office’s               one point during a luncheon one
focus on three basic principles:            main page go to the “Link to                 member of Congress had heard
• What do you want?                         Issues” list and pick your topic.            the $350 million LSTA request so
• Whom do you ask?                          Current issues include: Appropri-            many times he joked, “Okay, we
• How do you follow up?                     ations FY2002, LSTA reauthoriza-             got it; we’re slow….” Find out if

Janet Justis is the Government Information Reference Librarian at Old Dominion University and a current member of the Legislation
Committee of the Government Documents Round Table of ALA. She can be reached at
PAGE 10                                           VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                               JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001

                                                                               VLA members Janet Justis, Marcy Sims,
                                                                               Mary Mayer Hennelly, Sally Reed,
                                                                               Carolyn Barkley, Lois Radford, Mari-
                                                                               Jana Phelps, Olivia Osei-Sarfo, and
                                                                               Josie Shaffer join Congressman Edward
                                                                               L. Schrock and his aide for a picture.

                                                                               Marcy Sims and Congressman Schrock
                                                                               share a laugh.

the bill has been introduced but
needs cosponsors. Maybe your Sen-
ator can become a cosponsor. Find
out if similar legislation has been
introduced in the other chamber.
If not, ask your Congressperson to
introduce companion legislation.
    Be prepared to respond to late
breaking news. Several of us had
been tracking the NCLIS and GAO
reports regarding possible changes
in the federal depository library
program for months. Until the last
moment, we were uncertain if and
when legislation would be intro-       also knew which library groups          ended around 11:00 p.m. A typical
duced. The only real news had been     had offered their support, and ALA      day may include committee meet-
the recent appropriations figures       President Nancy Kranich expressed       ings, meetings with staff, called
listed in the Bush Administration’s    some of these thoughts at the press     votes (which can come at any time),
budget. When we arrived in DC,         briefing. Even Senator Lieberman         luncheons, meetings with constit-
Lynne Bradley of the Office of Gov-     described the legislation as a work     uents, receptions, more briefings,
ernment Relations had prepared         in progress — a good sign that input    and travel to and from the district.
a late breaking alert about the        could still be offered. [Update: bill   Fifteen minutes is a luxury, so make
E-Government bill to be announced      number is S. 803.]                      the most of your time.
by Senators Lieberman and Burns                                                   To demonstrate how your visit
on May 1st at 2:30 p.m. That meant                                             with your legislator might go, Ms.
                                       Whom Do You Ask? (or, How to
reading the issue brief, going to                                              Vance conducted several role-play
                                       Make the Most of 15 Minutes?)
Lynne’s briefings, and quickly shift-                                           situations. The first was with an
ing schedules to make certain sev-     Sometimes you are fortunate to be       “experienced advocate” and showed
eral of us could attend the press      able to get 5–15 minutes with the       that the legislator can still throw
conference.                            Congressman or Senator, but other       even the most experienced lobbyist
    Even though a bill number had      times you may be meeting with           a question that derails the limited
not been assigned at the time of       an aide. Ms. Vance demonstrated         time. In this case, she challenged
the announcement, we could find         just how valuable 15 minutes are        the advocate with the controver-
out the basic principles of the bill   in the day of a member of Con-          sial topic of “filtering.” Be prepared
because the Washington office had       gress. She showed an actual sched-      to handle controversial topics with
seen it and offered comments. We       ule which began at 6:30 a.m. and        diplomacy, and subtly refocus the
JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001                            VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                              PAGE 11

conversation back to your issue.
   She then asked for a “novice” to
come up. Brimming with overcon-
fidence, the individual soon found
that she would literally have to
follow the Congresswoman around
as she dashed from her office to
the Capitol to cast a vote. The
“novice” was a good sport as she
jogged around the room simulat-
ing the trip to the Capitol, and
emphasizing that you may have to
pitch your concerns without having
the legislator’s undivided attention.
The key is to remain composed.
Hit the high points. Drive home
the bill number (any dollar figures      Mari-Jana Phelps of the Dumphries Neighborhood Library talks with her
you know) and remain focused            former employer, Congressman Frank R. Wolf.
while jogging down the sidewalk in
80-degree heat in heels.

Three short moments from
                                                  Unexpected Impact of
my first time lobbying
(or, make the most of                              VLA Legislative Day
brief encounters)
                                        Mari-Jana O. Phelps works at the Dumphries Neighborhood Library.
I wanted to let Congressman X           From 1996 to 1997 she worked for Virginia Congressman Frank R.
know that I care about full funding     Wolf. She reports that she stays in touch with him and that “he was
for the Federal Depository Library      great to work for.” With her masters in Political Management it’s easy
Program especially since the FDLP       to understand why Congressman Wolf hired her, and why she “enjoyed
has faced budget cuts in the last       [her] time on the Hill” so much.
few years. On three separate occa-          Mari-Jana attended her first National Library Legislative Day in 2000.
sions I pitched the idea. During the    It, and the Virginia librarians in attendance, impressed her so much
morning I attended an award’s cer-      that she is pursuing a degree in library science. Mari-Jana says:
emony and posed for a picture
with the Congressman and other            I attended the NLLD in 2000 and was fascinated by all the smart
constituents of his District. After       librarians talking about smart things. That was why I decided,
the photo, I simply leaned over           after my first National Library Legislative Day, I wanted to expand
and said, “Congratulations on the         my education some more and go to library school. I wanted to
Friends’ award. We’d love to explore      widen my knowledge and embrace a field that had so many smart
a possible visit to Old Dominion          people fall in love with it. Coming back to NLLD in 2001 felt so
University when you’re in the             much more special because I was enrolled in the School of Library
district.” His response was, “Old         and Information Science, The Catholic School of America under
Dominion is one of my favorite            Dean Liebscher’s leadership. I was part of the crowd and loved it.
places.” (the 30-second meeting)          My educational background includes a MA in Political Manage-
   Later at the Virginia delegates’       ment so being in the library field and at NLLD acting as ambas-
luncheon, I got another opportu-          sadors and lobbyists for our libraries felt just right. I know I will
nity to speak with the Congress-          always participate in NLLD because it also offers me the unique
man. Colleagues from other librar-        opportunity to combine two degrees (one in works) that seem too
ies in the area who knew the Con-         different to combine.
gressman well were very generous
in introducing me and opening a         Mari-Jana took most of the pictures that accompany this article. Let us
discussion about cooperative efforts    hope that her enthusiasm, both for libraries and for actively trying to
in the area. Another small seed was     influence policy decisions in Washington, is contagious.
planted to highlight federal deposi-
PAGE 12                                            VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001

tory issues including network-                                                        ognition for our efforts. A brief
ing. (the 2-minute follow-up)                                                         ceremony creates an opportu-
    Just as the Congressman                                                           nity for a press event and adds
and his aide were leaving the                                                         a structured setting for stating
luncheon, I had a final oppor-                                                         your case. Remember you’re
tunity to say again what a plea-                                                      asking for help, so offer appro-
sure it was to meet him and                                                           priate thanks. The next time
present him with my packet.                                                           you contact the office they
It contained several of the ALA                                                       will remember you.
issue briefs, one of which sup-                                                           Following the award, a tour
ports full funding of the FDLP                                                        of the facility or a demonstra-
and my own short summary                                                              tion of a project or event helps
of depository activities at Old                                                       tie the need to the desired
Dominion University. I men-                                                           results. Show off your chil-
tioned that I knew he has lots                                                        dren’s reading program, dem-
to read already, but perhaps                                                          onstrate new computers that
his aide would have time to                                                           allow patrons to download
review the packet. He smiled                                                          information from Census
and said, “I know, YOU want                                                           2000, show an exhibit of
full funding of the FDLP.” (the                                                       rare books and local history.
final 3-minute follow-up)                                                              Remind the member of Con-
                                                                                      gress about the citizens who
                                                                                      visited for tax forms or infor-
How to Follow-Up?
                                                                                      mation on legislation affect-
Ms. Vance emphasized the                                                              ing Social Security benefits.
importance of sending the                                                                 If you want to be a bit cre-
aide or member of Congress a                                                          ative and have more time, also
thank-you note. She stressed                                                          ask if the member of Con-
that she actually kept a stack of                                                     gress would like to contribute
notes that she received for sev-                                                      a brief statement or article for
eral years. We are all busy; but                                                      your newsletter. Or, better yet,
when someone sends us a thank-          Skip Auld, Master of the Ceremonies,     ask your representative if you can
you for our attention or time, we       and master planner for VLA’s Federal     prepare a brief statement that the
appreciate it and so will the Con-      Legislative Day.                         member can read into the Congres-
gressperson. It’s one more way to                                                sional Record.
distinguish your issue from a moun-
tain of requests by a variety of con-   valuable tip in planning a visit by
                                                                                 Advanced Consulting:
stituents. We may think and focus       explaining that there are sched-
                                                                                 The Advocacy Gurus’ web site:
on library concerns, but that’s just    uled working days in the district
one more topic for a busy member.       that are posted on the Senate and        Don’t worry if you missed the work-
                                        House web sites. She recommended         shop on briefing day. Ms. Vance
                                        you use Thomas’ web site (http://        has posted her presentation on the
Arrange a Visit in the District
                               to check for the         web at
(or, you don’t always need
                                        times when your representative will         Key resources to view on the web
to go to DC)
                                        be at home and available to discuss      site include:
Sometimes a legislator is more          local needs.
relaxed when visiting in the district      After checking the working days       Advocacy Checklist
and has an opportunity to see your      in the district on Thomas, contact
institution at work. Members of         the scheduling aide and set up a         Advocacy FAQs
Congress want to know how your          site visit for the member. Try to
program serves their constituents.      make this an event that might              faq.htm
What difference does your library       also acknowledge the legislator’s        Advocacy Tutorial
make in the district? What services     contributions/interests by creating
do you offer? Share genuine stories     an award and presenting it during        E-newsletter
of success. Ms. Vance offered a         the visit. We all like to receive rec-’s_free!.htm
JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001                                        VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                          PAGE 13

Make certain to review the advo-               view the table of contents at http://       receive an award, attended more
cacy checklist and frequently asked   The check-         briefings, walked to the Rayburn
questions before you meet with                 list tips posted on the web site were       Building for a luncheon and more
your legislator. Some of the key tips          taken from Ms. Vance’s book.                informal meetings with members of
from the checklist include:                                                                Congress and their aides, walked to
• Background research                                                                      the Dirksen Building for the press
• Message development                                                                      conference where Senators Lieber-
• General message delivery
                                                It was time for the thank-                 man and Burns announced the
• Effective meetings                              you notes and a pair of                  E-Government legislation, sat in on
• Effective written communications                                                         more meetings, caught the train to
• Effective phone calls                              comfortable shoes.                    Richmond, drove from Richmond
• Following up                                                                             to Norfolk, and rolled into my
                                                                                           driveway around 11:45 p.m. I was
Knowing the do’s and don’ts will                                                           tired, my head was spinning, and I
help your visit be more productive                                                         had only been trying to pitch three
and will eliminate the stress of first-         When I reflected on my day in                ideas to a few members of Congress.
time efforts.                                  Washington, I could easily empa-            They, on the other hand, had met
    Ms. Vance has also written a               thize with my Congressman. I had            with numerous groups on a variety
book, Government by the People:                gotten up at 5 a.m., left my hotel          of issues and would do it all again
How to Communicate with Congress               at 7 a.m. to catch a shuttle from           the next day. It was time for the
(1999), for new advocates that helps           the hotel to the metro, ridden the          thank-you notes and a pair of com-
explain the process in simple and              metro from Fairfax to Union Sta-            fortable shoes. VL
clear terms. Ordering information              tion, run several blocks to the Hart
is available on the web site. You can          Building to see my representative

        Congressman Edward L. Schrock Receives the
             Friends of Libraries U.S.A. Award
                                                                     Congressman Edward L. Schrock of the 2nd District of
                                                                     Virginia was honored in a ceremony on May 1st by The
                                                                     Friends of Libraries U.S.A (FOLUSA) for his long time
                                                                     contributions to libraries. Prior to joining the 107th
                                                                     Congress, Schrock served as President of the Friends
                                                                     of the Virginia Beach Public Library for 12 years, and
                                                                     was appointed to the Board of the Library of Virginia
                                                                     by former Governor Allen. During the morning awards
                                                                     ceremony and later at the Virginia delegations’ lun-
                                                                     cheon, congressman Schrock spoke of the importance
                                                                     of libraries in our children’s education. He described
                                                                     the following building blocks of education as “second-
                                                                     ary education” representing the 2nd floor, “elementary
                                                                     education” representing the 1st floor, and the “library”
                                                                     as the basement or “foundation” for learning.
                                                                        Congressman Schrock spoke of his wife, Judy’s, com-
                                                                     mitment to teaching, noting the importance of devel-
                                                                     oping critical skills in reading. Mrs. Schrock has been
                                                                     a kindergarten teacher in the Norfolk public school
                                                                     system since 1985. He spoke with pride about the Vir-
   Congressman Edward L. Schrock Receives the Friends of             ginia Beach Public Library system noting that it’s easy
   Libraries U.S.A. Award for his dedication to public libraries.    to support “those that you love.”
PAGE 14                                           VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                     JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001

     VLA Paraprofessional Forum’s
    Ninth Annual Conference Report

T          he Paraprofessional Forum
           of the Virginia Library
           Association held its ninth
annual two-day conference on May
20–22, 2001, at the University of
                                        Regional Library. The Monday night
                                        social, which everyone always looks
                                        forward to attending, was a huge
                                        success. With the help of DJ Ronnie
                                        Gilder from Richmond, and with
                                                                                   or one of the two Imaging Parties
                                                                                   provided during the evening.

                                                                                   Monday — Step Out
                                                                                   with Attitude
Richmond. Four hundred and forty-       the hard work and enthusiasm of
three library personnel from four       Mary Fran Nash, who headed up              The Monday morning general ses-
states and the District of Columbia     the event, attendees enjoyed this          sion opened with words of wel-
attended the conference.                evening filled with music and danc-         come from the VLAPF Chair, Susan
   This year’s theme was Challenge      ing. Door prizes and special gifts         Paddock, and two special guests.
Yourself: Expand Your Horizons, with    highlighted the social that centered       James R. Rettig, director of The Uni-
Susan Paddock of Virginia Beach         on the Mardi Gras theme. In lieu of        versity of Richmond’s Boatwright
Central Library chairing the event.     the social, some attendees attended        Library, and Cy Dillon, VLA Presi-
Three keynote speakers, twenty-         the Ukrainian Egg Painting session         dent, offered their greetings to con-
four sessions, and ten discussion                                                  ference attendees.
groups were offered to this year’s
conference participants.
   The conference opened with
a welcome reception on Sunday
evening that provided every-
one with an opportunity to
sit back and enjoy good food,
friends, and the lovely piano
music provided by Jason Bran-
nan who works at the Ash-
land Branch of the Pamunkey

                                                 Above, these ladies are dancing the night away
                                                 at the Monday evening social.

                                                 Left, photographer Pierre Courtois captures Linda
                                                 Hahne and Pat Richardson on film at the registration
                                                 table where they graciously handled all registration-
                                                 related affairs during the two-day conference.
JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001                                VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                               PAGE 15

                                                                                           ALL PHOTOGRAPHS BY PIERRE COURTOIS

Keynote speaker Sally Gardner
Reed gives a powerful message on
the topic of intellectual freedom.

                                                                                   Keynote speaker Anita Bunkley stresses
                                                                                   to her audience that Attitude is Every-

                                                                                    Tuesday — Isn’t Life FUN!!!
                                                                                     Bill Fiege, Assistant Director of
                                                                                     Alumni Relations at Longwood
                                                                                      College, closed out the confer-
                                                                                      ence in good form. He won the
                                                                                      hearts of one and all when he
    Anita Bunkley, author of several                                                  tossed candy bars into the audi-
books including Steppin’ Out With                                                  ence and opened his message, Isn’t
Attitude and The Yellow Rose of Texas,                                             Life FUN!!!, with a brief juggling
was the keynote speaker on Monday        Bill Fiege, Tuesday’s closing keynote     act. Combining humor with obser-
morning. Using some of her own           speaker, proves that actions do speak     vations based on personal and
experiences as examples, she shared      louder than words as he uses his talent   professional experiences, Mr. Fiege
how she had turned her dream of          of juggling to reinforce his message,     encouraged us to incorporate fun
being a successful writer into a real-   Isn’t Life FUN!!!                         into our busy lives where we juggle
ity. Ms. Bunkley challenged those                                                  work, family, a social life, and
in the audience to believe in their                                                extra curricula activities. He sug-
dreams and to seize those oppor-         authored several books and written        gested that we focus on the pos-
tunities that will help in meeting       countless articles on library-related     itive and that we not allow our-
desired goals. She stated that with      topics. Her most recent publications      selves to become consumed with
the right attitude and persistence       are Making the Case for Your Library      the people and situations that make
it is possible to beat the odds. Her     and Library Volunteers: Worth the         us unhappy. In order to be a good
advice is to never give up — “Win-       Effort. Ms. Reed’s keynote address        juggler of all that life throws our
ners fall down, but this does not        focused on the issue of intellectual      way, Mr. Fiege said that we must
signal the end of the race; what         freedom in the United States. Ms.         learn to get the pace just right, and
is important is how quickly you          Reed reviewed some of the mile-           in so doing, we will find peace and
get up.” Conference attendees were       stones in history that have impacted      happiness.
inspired by Ms. Bunkley’s message        intellectual freedom. She then               For the grand finale, Susan Pad-
which encouraged each of us to           reminded us that censorship is still      dock and Bill Fiege joined forces
“step out with attitude.”                an issue that must be dealt with,         in giving away the raffle baskets
                                         especially with the new challenges        and the Moss print. Once again,
                                         that have arisen due to the Inter-        the VLAPF board members gener-
Tuesday — Reed on
                                         net. She encouraged us to be aware        ously donated some unique and
Intellectual Freedom
                                         of issues that threaten the rights        eye-catching baskets for the scholar-
Sally Gardner Reed, Director of          afforded us by the First Amendment        ship raffle. The print, which was the
Libraries for the Norfolk Public         and to be champions for intellec-         most popular prize, was donated
Library, was the keynote speaker         tual freedom.                             by the P. Buckley Moss Society
on Tuesday morning. Ms. Reed has                                                   of Staunton, Virginia, and was
PAGE 16                                           VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                    JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001

                                                                                   educational scholarship sponsored
                                                                                   by the Paraprofessional Forum was
                                                                                   awarded to Iris Taylor who works
                                                                                   at The Library of Virginia. The rec-
                                                                                   ognition of Iris as recipient of this
                                                                                   award was a memorable event for
                                                                                   the VLAPF board members who
                                                                                   have all worked diligently to earn
                                                                                   money in order to sponsor this
                                                                                      Two very special ladies were rec-
                                                                                   ognized during the Tuesday morn-
                                                                                   ing session. E. A. Mayo, a recent
                                                                                   retiree of Hampden-Sydney College,
                                                                                      and Susan McFaden, a recent
                                                                                       retiree of the Fairfax County
                                                                                       Library System, were recognized
                                                                                        for all the years of service
                                                                                        they have given to the Vir-
framed compliments of Chris-                                                             ginia Library Association and
topher’s Fine Arts and Framing                                                           for their outstanding leader-
of Farmville, Virginia. Virginia                                                          ship within the Paraprofes-
Carver of Alexandria, Virginia,                                                            sional Forum. VLA President
was the lucky winner of the print.                                                         Cy Dillon presented each of
The variety of outstanding raffle                                                            them with a special inscribed
prizes and the generosity of con-                                                           plate on behalf of VLA and
ference attendees who purchased                                                              the Paraprofessional Forum.
tickets resulted in another success-
ful scholarship raffle.

The Paraprofessional Forum pre-
sented several awards during this
year’s conference. Jason Brannon
of the Ashland branch of the
Pamunkey Regional Library received
the VLAPF Award. The award pro-
vided Jason with the opportunity
of attending the conference by pro-
viding funds that paid all confer-
ence expenses. He received a spe-
cial framed commemorative certif-
icate during the Monday opening
session. Lydia Williams, Archives
Manager at the Longwood College
Library, was named Outstanding
Paraprofessional of the Year. She
was recognized during the Monday       Top left, VLAPF Chair Susan Paddock with E.A. Mayo and
opening session and awarded a          Sue McFaden, who each received a special recognition during the conference.
framed certificate and an engraved
                                       Center, Mary Buckley and Mari-Jana Phelps, incoming co-chairs, present a special gift
pewter box in honor of her accom-
                                       to this year’s chair, Susan Paddock, on behalf of the entire VLAPF Executive Board.
plishments as a library paraprofes-
sional.                                Above, VLA President Cy Dillon and VLAPF Chair Susan Paddock presented Iris Taylor
   On Tuesday morning, the VLA         of The Library of Virginia with the VLA scholarship sponsored by the VLAPF.
JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001                                VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                             PAGE 17

2002 Conference — Tomorrow’s
Libraries — Are We Ready?
The 2002 conference theme is
Tomorrow’s Libraries — Are We Ready?
Mark your calendars for May 19–22,
and make plans to join your friends
and colleagues at the University of
Richmond for the VLA Paraprofes-
sional Forum’s tenth annual con-
ference. The co-chairs for the 2002
conference will be Mary Buckley of
the George Mason University and
Mari-Jana Phelps of the Dumfries
Neighborhood Library.

                                                                            Above, the musical talent of Jason Brannan
                                                                            compliments the welcome reception.

                                                                            Left, the ever-faithful New York ladies, who
                                                                            attend the VLAPF conference every year, enjoy
                                                                            the Sunday evening welcome reception. From
                                                                            left to right: Donna Hanna, Sharon Figueroa,
                                                                            Ruth Oberg, and Sheila Hallahan.

                           Highlights of VLAPF Sessions
Building Staff Morale
                                         who had the oldest piece of worth-        fall in love with books and read-
The task of building staff morale        less information. And the winner          ing. Using props, music, drama,
has been addressed and expressed         was: A computer cheat-sheet that          and movement, they demonstrated
in many ways, but Dan Connole            was over ten years old. Not only was      how to take a story or poem and
of the Arlington County Depart-          the cheat-sheet outdated — it was for     bring it to life in the heart and
ment of Libraries has developed a        a system that was no longer in use!       mind of the child. Whether it is
creative and fresh look at the tra-         Dan Connole presented an infor-        an old standby, such as a Mother
ditional staff morale building tac-      mative, humorous, and practical           Goose rhyme, or something newer
tics. On May 21, 2001, during the        session. His ideas and suggestions        such as a pop-up book, Ms. Daniels
VLAPF Conference at the Univer-          were inspiring for anyone looking         and Ms. Lawson convinced us that
sity of Richmond, Dan presented          for new and exciting ways to              it is possible to magically trans-
the outcome of his successful staff      enhance morale in the workplace.          form a book into more than just
building endeavors.                         — Bridget Clark                        words and pictures on a page — it
   The Dan Connole recipe for staff                                                can become a catalyst for expand-
morale calls for a pinch of work,                                                  ing the imagination of a child.
                                         Adding Pizzazz to Storytime
a dash of obligation, a tablespoon                                                    — Lydia Williams
of backlogged tasks, and a cup of        Diane Daniels and Ann Lawson,
humor. With his mixture of essen-        who are both involved with chil-
                                                                                   The Basics of Digitizing
tial ingredients, Connole has man-       dren’s and youth services at the
aged to cook up some great morale        Lynchburg Public Library, presented       Felicia Johnson, Assistant Director
boosting, work-related projects! One     90 minutes of non-stop ideas that         of the Special Collections Digital
such project entailed a contest to see   may be used to entice children to         Center at the University of Virginia,
PAGE 18                                            VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                              JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001

shared the basics of digitizing. She
began her presentation by review-       Muriel Miller Branch, Virginia
ing the reasons for digitizing a col-   author and educator, presents
lection. She stated that prior to       An Author’s Information
plunging into a project it is impor-    Gateway to History’s Secrets.
tant to write up the immediate and
long-term goals and to consider the
audience and usage of the digitized
data. Ms. Johnson discussed equip-
ment, software, and file formats.
She covered issues related to resolu-
tion, quality control, and manage-
ability. By covering all the basics,
Ms. Johnson made her audience
aware of just what is involved in the                                         Dr. John Lubans, Senior Manager
planning, scanning, and archiving                                             at Duke University’s Perkins Library,
of digitized materials.                                                       presents a two-part program on
   — Lydia Williams                                                           leadership.

                                                                               Left, conference attendees are very
                                                                               attentive as they enjoy one of the
                                                                               many sessions provided during the

                                                                               Below, Diane Daniels and Ann
                                                                               Lawson of the Lynchburg Public
                                                                               Library encouraged audience
                                                                               participation as they shared ways
                                                                               to connect children and books.

Grant$ for Paraprofessionals
Pat Howe, Head of Technical Ser-
vices at Longwood College, pre-
sented a session that included all
the essential information needed
by an individual seeking a grant.
She covered information on devel-
oping an idea for a grant, getting
organized for action, establishing
contact with a funding source, and
writing a proposal. She also pro-
vided information on the processes
of budgeting and administering the
grant money, and on evaluating the
project. She provided a list of fund-   proposal. Ms. Howe provided infor-    help finance professional and edu-
ing resources and some other tools      mation that will be invaluable to     cational needs.
that will be useful in launching a      anyone planning to write a grant to      — Lydia Williams
JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001                                 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                              PAGE 19

                                                                                                 Peter Abresch, Donna
                                                                                                 Andrews, and Ann McMil-
                                                                                                 lan were three members of
                                                                                                 the panel of mystery writ-
                                                                                                 ers who discussed “how
                                                                                                 they do it, how they
                                                                                                 started, and what they
                                                                                                 learned” along the way.

Basic Records Management and
Disaster Planning for Records
John Breeden, Manager of the
Records Analysis Section, a part of
the Records Management and Imag-
ing Services Division of the Library
of Virginia, discussed the basics of
records management and disaster
planning for records. Mr. Breeden
talked about the services provided
by The Library of Virginia to State
institutions in regard to public
records. He discussed the objectives
of a records management program,          Winners of the scholarship raffle baskets posed for a group photograph before
which are to support the administra-      taking off for home after Tuesday’s closing session.
tive needs of public officials and citi-
zens, to ensure that records of his-
torical value are preserved and that
                                          Copyright: What Is Fair Use?
nonessential records are disposed of                                                  lishing George Mason’s Copyright
in a manner and within a time-            On Monday, May 21, Rosemary                 Assistance Program, which was one
frame that is systematic throughout       Chase facilitated one of several            of the first full-service copyright
the state, and to protect your insti-     afternoon sessions titled “Copy-            clearance centers in higher educa-
tution from possible litigation.          right: What is fair use?” She talked        tion. In 1993, she designed and
   Prior to discussing disaster pre-      about how important it is to obtain         administered a national survey to
paredness, we took a look at some         copyright permissions for electronic        track copyright clearance practices
records disasters in Virginia. These      and print reserves. There were 45           in higher education. She was also
pictures reinforced the message that      active participants who stressed an         active in the early stages of the
each institution should have a disas-     interest in having the workshop             implementation of the electronic
ter plan in place. Mr. Breeden pro-       offered again next year. The work-          reserves initiative on her campus.
vided some tips on what to include        shop was a huge success and Rose-              Currently, Rosemary is a member
in such a plan. He stated that it is      mary was well received.                     of the Copyright Policy Task Force
important to be prepared for emer-           Rosemary A. Chase, Copyright             and the Web Steering Committee
gencies, but that it is just as impor-    Officer, George Mason University,            at George Mason University. Her
tant to assess the vulnerabilities in     has been active in the field of              latest mission is to provide a tuto-
your building and to take steps that      obtaining permissions for the use of        rial for students to outline their
may prevent a disaster or reduce          out-of-print books and other mate-          rights and responsibilities as stu-
the impact of a disaster.                 rials for the classroom since 1988.         dents and citizens.
   — Lydia Williams                       She was instrumental in estab-                 — Cynthia Bentley VL
PAGE 20                                                 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                    JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001

          An Emory & Henry Discovery
                                         An Interview with Robert Vejnar

A          s last autumn’s press re-
           lease stated, Emory &
           Henry College library offi-
cials have discovered a set of Civil
War era newspapers that historians
and appraisers have called rare and
   The newspapers consist of 142
issues of the Abingdon Virginian,
which had been set aside in an acid-
free box in E&H’s Kelly Library.
They date from October 3, 1862 to
December 9, 1864, when it ceased
publication due to lack of paper.
The dates place the papers within
the timeframe of the Civil War,
1861–1865. Printing of the weekly
newspaper, which still operates,
resumed in December 1865.
   “For historians, this is a very
important discovery,” asserted Rus-
sell L. Martin III, a curator of news-
papers for the American Antiquar-
ian Society. “Long runs of news-            Robert J. Vejnar with his find of 142 issues of the Civil War era Abingdon Virginian.
papers from that era in the region
from Winchester, Virginia, to Bris-
tol, Virginia, are very rare.”              the surrounding community from
   E&H’s archivist Robert Vejnar            October 1862 to July 1864.
                                                                                            How will this find impact
                                                                                         VL of Civil War history? the field
discovered the newspapers in
August of last year and began a
                                            VL What is special about what they
                                                                                              will let
                                                                                         RV Iquestion. others speak toa this
                                                                                                       I already have list
process to have them appraised                 contain?                                  of six or seven scholars (plus count-
and secured. Prior to his discovery,
only nine issues of the Abingdon
                                            RV The local news isthat most spe-
                                               cial. Remember        I haven’t
                                                                                         less amateur genealogists and histo-
                                                                                         rians) who want to look at them, so
Virginian were known to exist.              had a chance to really examine               I guess the newspapers will be help-
Though fragile, the newspapers are          them myself. I will do so early this         ful in some way. The day the story
in good condition.                          summer in preparation for a talk I           hit the Associated Press wire I had a
   What follows is a series of ques-        have to give during the Highlands            Ph.D. student from Mississippi State
tions Mr. Vejnar kindly agreed to           Festival here in August. Some of the         University call to inquire when the
answer regarding this exciting find.         stories I’ve found have already been         microfilm would be ready. He told
                                            mentioned in a Richmond Times-               me that if the film were ready before
                                            Dispatch article: the list of deserters,     the autumn of 2001, he would like

VL Why are these papers important?          rumors of pending Yankee attacks,
                                            and the demise of Braxton Bragg’s
                                                                                         to come to Emory to do research on
                                                                                         the papers. It seems he’s attending a
          as we know, there’s no
RV As farconsistent record of what
                                            army in Kentucky. I’m certain more
                                            interesting things will surface once
                                                                                         conference later in 2001 and would
                                                                                         change his paper topic as a result of
went on here in Abingdon and                we go through them thoroughly.               getting access to the newspapers.
JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001                                 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                         PAGE 21

   The Draughon Professor of              from last week, last month, and last    They also will send their copies out
Southern History at Auburn Uni-           year are kept. Fortunately, and I say   on interlibrary loan. As soon as I
versity in Alabama, Dr. Kenneth           that because otherwise they might       get final approval, we’re thinking of
W. Noe, had this to say: “This is         have gotten stolen, the newspapers      putting them onto CD-ROMs, too.
truly a major find that promises to        were not cataloged. Of course, in
advance historical studies of South-      the late 19th century, nothing was
west Virginia.” I think that is the       terribly special about having Civil     VL What are the preservation issues
                                                                                     surrounding these newspapers?
key point. These newspapers will          War newspapers in the library, so
shed light on the effect the war had      no one would have paid that much
                                                                                             not too
                                                                                  RV There’snow. The much to worry
                                                                                     about            newspapers are
on this region.                           attention to them.                      in an acid-free box in a very secure
   Russell L. Martin III, curator of                                              room, along with a machine that
newspapers for the American Anti-
quarian Society, had this to say: “As     VL How were they discovered?            helps eliminate mold. Since the
                                                                                  paper itself is mostly rag content,
you know, these issues are exceed-
ingly rare. Only a handful of Civil       RV They were discovered when I
                                             went by the newspaper racks
                                                                                  they’re in very good shape, and
                                                                                  should be around for a couple of
War issues are known to have sur-         one day and began looking through       hundred years if not longer. They
vived for this title. Duke Univer-                                                are now brought out only on spe-
sity holds four issues from 1862                                                  cial occasions. E&H and the LVA
and one from 1864. Your run of                                                    have several microfilm copies for
                                                  I realized their
142 issues is therefore a tremen-                                                 regular use, and a silver master is
dous leap forward. In a broader con-           importance when I                  in the vault at the LVA. The LVA’s
text, long runs of 19th-century Vir-                                              conservation lab had to do a min-
ginia newspapers printed beyond                 opened the box.                   imal amount of preservation work
the Blue Ridge are always hard to                                                 on them: a few pages were slightly
find. So, for regional history as well                                             torn, and on a few the bottom on
as Civil War history, this file is one     the boxes — I was rather inquisitive    the paper had curled somewhat.
of the most exciting discoveries I’ve     that day. I opened the box that
heard about in years.” Dr. Martin
also said that our collection of the
                                          contained the papers, and I guess
                                          one could say that I was stunned. I
                                                                                  VL Has anyone come to look at gener-
                                                                                     what interest have they
Abingdon Virginian “is of national        couldn’t believe that I was looking     ated?
significance….”                            at Civil War era newspapers! Need-           As yet no one has come to
                                          less to say, I moved them to Special    RV   examine them, although sev-
                            (do other
VL How rare/unique are they — which
   libraries have them too
                                          Collections.                            eral will undoubtedly travel to
                                                                                  Emory this summer to research
ones)?                                                                            them. For security reasons I did
     As stated above, Duke Univer-
                                                           it take for
                                          VL How long didyou’d found you to
                                             realize that              some-      not permit anyone to look through
RV   sity holds five issues from the       thing valuable?                         them until I had them microfilmed.
Civil War period. A further search             I realized their importance        The announcement of the find
on OCLC indicates that the Library        RV   when I opened the box,             came out on 13 September 2000
of Congress holds three issues from       although I was really shocked to see    in the Richmond Times-Dispatch. I
that period. The current editor of        the high appraisal amount — I really    had lots of calls for about three
the Abingdon Virginian indicates that     didn’t know newspapers could be         weeks after that, but I told all con-
they have at least one issue (and         so valuable. That’s when I did some     cerned that the originals would not
maybe a few more, but he won’t            investigating and discovered just       be available for research. However,
say) from the War. Thus, as far as        how rare some Southern Civil War        anyone could come here to use the
we know, only nine Civil War issues       imprints are.                           microfilm once it was ready.
of the Abingdon Virginian exist.                                                     The American Antiquarian Soci-
                                                                                  ety was quite interested in doing
     How did they get “lost” or to what
                                          VL What steps have been to the
                                             to make them accessible              the filming, as was the Library of
VL   degree were they lost?               public?                                 Virginia. I thought it best to keep
     I guess I would say that they             I’ve worked with the Library       the newspapers in Virginia for the
RV   got lost when no one realized        RV   of Virginia to get them micro-     filming, and decided to send them
their importance and simply placed        filmed. I now have several micro-        to the LVA. However it took until
them in a box on a rack behind the        film copies for use here, and they       early December before the negoti-
circulation desk where newspapers         have several for use in Richmond.       ations were settled, and I actually
PAGE 22                                            VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001

delivered them to the LVA on 13         how many newspapers across the           the locks changed and the number
December. With a collection this        country picked up the story. It evi-     of keys to the room limited.
valuable and rare, I could not          dently got picked up by at least one         Be extremely careful when show-
in good conscience let just any         newspaper in California and one in       ing off the treasures to the press. I
old microfilm company do the             Mississippi, because I subsequently      made certain that the papers were in
work. It had to be done by an insti-    received calls from both places.         another secure room and ready for
tution with excellent security and a                                             the press when they arrived. I did
real desire to see the job done cor-
rectly — this is why it came down       VL What advice would you give other
                                           archivists who locate treasures
                                                                                 this as an added security measure
                                                                                 because I didn’t want anyone out-
to choosing between the LVA and         that may be hidden in their archives,    side the organization to see exactly
the American Antiquarian Society.       on how to handle them and how to         where the papers were kept.
   Although the papers are in excel-    handle the publicity?                        As far as dealing with the pub-
lent shape, the LVA still had to do          First of all, make certain you      licity, it all goes away after about
a small bit of conservation work        RV   have informed your senior           three weeks. However, in those three
on them before they went to its         administrators what is about to          weeks, all sorts of people come out
lab. The filming was completed by                                                 of the woodwork. Some are academ-
sometime in February, but the reels                                              ics, some are folks wanting to know
of film went through a quality con-                                               if you can appraise their copy of the
trol check before I could get them.     I used this event to draw                Declaration of Independence (this
The first filming did not pass the                                                 really did happen to me), and others
                                        attention to the need for
control check, so the papers were                                                just want to know if you by chance
filmed a second time. The second           greater security for our               saw a reference in the newspapers
filming passed the check. It took                                                 to their great-great grandfather who
until April 2001 before the second       special collections area.               fought at the battle of ________ (you
filming and quality control check                                                 can fill in the blank) and was in
were completed, and I traveled to                                                Abingdon sometime during the War
Richmond to pick up the newspa-         happen, and make sure you have           of Northern Aggression. I guess the
pers and microfilm on 24 April.          their approval first. They, the presi-    key is to follow the golden rule
   Overall, we are quite pleased with   dent and dean in my case, are after      and “do unto others as you would
the final product, the Library of        all totally responsible for the insti-   have them do unto you.” I tried
Virginia and its microfilm lab, and      tution, and they should be kept          to answer their questions as best
especially Errol Somay (the director    informed if the institution is about     I could, but if I didn’t know the
of the Virginia Newspaper Project)      to make headlines. In my case,           answer I simply told them that “I’m
really did a fantastic job. Emory &     we, the library director and I, had      sorry, but I don’t know.” And of
Henry couldn’t be more pleased.         a meeting with the president and         course, do all of the interviews or
By the way, the LVA will keep a         dean several days before the press       speaking engagements you possibly
master copy of the film in its vault.    release went out. We informed            can. I did a couple of local news
The LVA will also have several user     them of what we had. I made              broadcasts, a couple of print inter-
copies of the microfilm.                 sure to show them the appraisal          views, and I gave a talk to a local
   The regional interest has been       amount — it doesn’t hurt to have         civic group. In August I’ll give a pre-
great. Many amateur historians          large dollar signs in there as atten-    sentation at the Highlands Festival
and genealogists have expressed an      tion grabbers — and the potential        here. In essence, enjoy it while you
interest in examining them, as have     for publicity for both the college       can because in all probability you
several colleges and universities in    and the archives. We asked for their     will never be this famous again.
the area.                               approval to go ahead with the press
   By the way, the news regarding
the find appeared in the following
                                        release, and they gave it.
                                           Next, and before the press release    VL What interest should they gener-
newspapers: Richmond Times-Dis-
patch, Roanoke Times, Bristol Herald
                                        goes out, make certain your newly
                                        found treasure is in a secure room
                                                                                                        in regional
                                                                                 RV Anyone interested during the
                                                                                    or social history
Courier, Daily Press, Washington        with limited access. I used this         Civil War years should certainly be
Times, Winston-Salem Journal, Fair-     event to draw attention to the need      interested in them. I would also
fax Journal, and the Indianapolis       for greater security for our special     think that students/scholars inter-
Star. The story also went out on        collections area. After the adminis-     ested in the field of journalism or
the Associated Press newswire, but      trators saw the appraisal amount,        journalism history would be inter-
I haven’t been able to determine        there was no problem getting all         ested, too. When one contemplates
JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001                                 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                         PAGE 23

all that was going on in the nation
and region at that time, it’s amaz-        VL What has been the reaction of the
                                                                                  Mr. Vejnar concluded his remarks with
                                                                                  the following acknowledgments.
ing to me that the editors of the                              I can
                                           RV Well, from whatquite tell, the
                                              community is            excited.
Abingdon Virginian were able to stay
focused and keep the paper coming          Many want to get at the microfilm
                                                                                             say again     instru-
                                                                                  RV Let me the LibraryhowVirginia
                                                                                     mental             of
out on a weekly basis. I don’t know        a.s.a.p. I’m now known by some         was in all of this. I couldn’t have
of too many editors today that have        in Abingdon as “that man that          done this without their help. I want
to worry about paper shortages, sev-       found those newspapers.” Several       especially to thank Errol Somay and
ered lines of communication, or the        have wanted to purchase microfilm       his Virginia Newspaper Project staff,
threat of invading troops!                 copies, and others can’t wait until    Richard Harrington and his micro-
                                           the CD-ROMs are out.                   film staff, and Dr. Edward D. C.
                                                                                  Campbell, Jr., who is the Director
VL What else do you have hidden?
                                           VL What have you learned from this
                                                                                  of Collection Management Services
                                                                                  at the LVA. The Commonwealth of
        told reporter who asked
RV As Isame aquestion, “absolutely
nothing! I’ve found everything here
                                                                 publicity is
                                           RV I’ve learned that an archivist
                                              the best thing
                                                                                  Virginia, especially the legislature
                                                                                  and governor, should count them-
there is to find!” As one can imag-         could hope for — outside of a check    selves fortunate that such talented
ine, the last thing this small college,    for $1 million. The administration,    and industrious people are working
tucked away as it is in the foothills of   alumni, and faculty all know about     so hard to help preserve the state’s
Southwest Virginia, needs is to have       the archives now. In fact several      history. All of the above named indi-
treasure hunters lurking through           people are so interested that they     viduals, along with their respective
our buildings. No, I’ve found every-       want to know how they can help         departments, deserve a big fat raise
thing. There’s nothing more to find         (monetarily) improve the archives.     and a pat on the back. They also
(I think you see what I’m trying to                                               need to hear “job well done.” VL
avoid taking place here).

         American Library Association
PAGE 24                                                  VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                     JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001

                                      Virginia Books
                  Reviews prepared by staff members of the Library of Virginia
                                   Julie A. Campbell, Editor

         Edward L. Bond, Damned                                                                     Kevin Berland et al., eds.,
         Souls in a Tobacco Colony:                                                                 The Commonplace Book of
         Religion in Seventeenth-                                                                   William Byrd II of Westover.
         Century Virginia. Macon,                                                                   Chapel Hill: University of
Georgia: Mercer University                                                                 North Carolina Press, 2001. xv +
Press, 2001. xi + 330 pp. $35.00                                                           319 pp. $39.95 (hardcover).
(hardcover).                                 which was one of the most impor-                  The Commonplace Book of William
   This book is the first serious study       tant concepts that the Virginians of          Byrd II of Westover is an informa-
of the religious life of seventeenth-        the Revolutionary generation con-             tive examination of the education
century Virginia. Unlike most pre-           tributed to the rest of us.                   of would-be gentlemen in Anglo-
vious writers, the author began with            The title harkens back to the old          American society. For much of his
the assumption that religious beliefs        view and to the often-quoted excla-           life, William Byrd II (1674–1744)
were important to the colonists              mation of an English bureaucrat               jotted down snippets of conver-
and that their beliefs and practices                                                       sations and bits of the written
had important consequences for                                                             word that particularly caught his
the development of the colony. His                                                         ear and eye. The editors describe
inquiry identifies the roots of those          “Souls! Damn your Souls!                     the result as “a collection of moral
beliefs and traces the implications                  Make Tobacco.”                        wit and wisdom, ancient and
of those practices.                                                                        modern … together with a miscella-
   Unlike the mother country, Vir-                                                         neous jumble of anecdotes, jokes,
ginia harbored relatively little reli-                                                     and recipes,” a compilation of
gious prejudice and experienced              who responded to a plea that more             almost 600 entries in a bound
almost no sectarian violence and             be done to nurture the religious life         volume known as a commonplace
repression. Unlike some other colo-          of the colony and to save the souls           book.
nies, Virginia did not burn witches          of the colonists: “Souls! Damn your               In Byrd’s only surviving com-
or banish dissenters to the wilder-          Souls! Make Tobacco.” Although                monplace book, the entries are
ness. While the ramifications of              that attitude may have come from              interesting and amusing, but the
the Reformation were still being             England, the Virginians, as Edward            editors provide the real meat. Their
worked out elsewhere, often with             L. Bond shows clearly in this impor-          useful essays discuss education and
violent consequences for minority            tant new book, took very good care            the use of the commonplace book
sects, the Virginians learned how to         of themselves, indeed, and not only           in the late seventeenth and early
live together more or less peacefully        saved their souls but made tobacco            eighteenth centuries. Byrd was sent
and not demand so much doctri-               and prospered materially.                     to England at age seven and spent
nal uniformity as to produce resent-            — reviewed by Brent Tarter, Assis-         much of his life there before set-
ment or generate hostility. Instead,         tant Director, Division of Publications       tling permanently in Virginia in
even without intending to, they              and Educational Services                      1726. The commonplace book and
gradually developed a political cul-                                                       the editors’ notes suggest how Byrd
ture that fostered religious liberty,                                                      absorbed the changing values of

Julie A. Campbell is the editor of Virginia Cavalcade, the quarterly illustrated magazine of Virginia history and culture published
by the Library of Virginia.
JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001                                 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                           PAGE 25

gentility that sought to instill a        tends that the Civil War was not            When war came and the Confed-
sense of public responsibility.           caused merely by disputes over           erate cause was defeated, Southern-
    Byrd’s reading of the classic texts   the politics or economics of states      ers received a psychic blow. Many
from ancient Greece and Rome              rights or slavery. Rather, Southern      fell into severe depression; some
provided guidelines for developing        notions of honor and Christianity        became lethargic for the rest of their
virtue and reason. Students at the        were causes of the conflict as fun-       lives; others went insane. Defeat
time reconstructed lectures, read-        damental as political differences.       dealt a double blow. It would take
ings, and conversations in their          He examines the interrelationship        a generation for Southerners to
commonplace book as assignments.          between honor and religion in the        reclaim their sense of honor and
Doing so honed students’ skills in        antebellum and postbellum Ameri-         their belief that they were a chosen
argument and reason and devel-            can South and deftly explains how        people.
oped the ability to read for under-       honor and religion led to war, and          Bertram Wyatt-Brown is the
standing. Kenneth Lockridge’s essay       how war altered them.                    author of works on Southern honor
suggests that the commonplace                Wyatt-Brown argues that the Rev-      and other topics. He is the Richard
book, which he dates to 1721–1726,        olutionary generation was greatly        J. Milbauer Professor of History at
reflects Byrd’s uneasy passage into                                                 the University of Florida.
middle age and into his role as a                                                     — reviewed by Trenton Hizer, Pri-
leader in Virginia society.                                                        vate Papers Archivist
    The entries in the book reflect            He … deftly explains
a wide variety of topics, including
                                           how honor and religion
women, religion, public virtue, med-                                                        Rod Andrew Jr., Long Gray
ical practices, and science. The edi-      led to war, and how war                          Lines: The Southern Military
tors provide contextualizing notes                                                          School Tradition, 1839–1915.
on many of the entries. For exam-                  altered them.                            Chapel Hill: University of
ple, in Entry 396, Byrd recounts                                                   North Carolina Press, 2001. viii +
the success of Dr. Radcliff, a promi-                                              169 pp. $29.95 (hardcover).
nent physician and skilled diagnos-       motivated by honor, and Southern             In Long Gray Lines, Rod Andrew
tician during the reigns of William       Revolutionaries even more so, for        Jr. examines the development of
of Orange and Queen Anne. Read-           the slaves living within their midst     military schools in the South from
ing Byrd’s entry suggests that Rad-       served as a reminder of what the         1839 to the beginning of World
cliff was a popular physician who         loss of honor and liberty meant.         War I. Although he discusses the
enjoyed the favor of the royal house.     Southerners linked personal and          institutions that existed before the
The editors’ explication, however,        political honor. An attack on a          Civil War and their importance in
details Radcliff’s problems with Whig     Southerner’s political views became      the development of later schools,
adversaries, thus adding historical       an assault on his personal integrity.    his primary focus is on schools that
background and understanding.             Backing down from a political con-       developed after the war, including
    One of the editors, Jan Kersten       frontation damaged not only one’s        those established for young African
Gilliam, is an associate curator at       political prestige, but one’s personal   American men. This thin volume is
Colonial Williamsburg. The book is        honor. Andrew Jackson was the            not intended to provide a compre-
a publication for the Omohundro           epitome of this dilemma.                 hensive look at all of the South’s
Institute of Early American History          Religion in the South created an      military schools, but rather the
and Culture, also in Williamsburg.        atmosphere of honor sanctioned           common ideas that bound them
    — reviewed by Barbara Batson,         by God. Southern ministers found         together.
Exhibits Coordinator                      themselves pulled into the sphere            Andrew’s main objective is to
                                          of honor and justified the personal       show that Southern military schools
                                          and political views of the Southern      were not founded on a distinctive
         Bertram Wyatt-Brown, The         white class. When the South and          tradition advocating deliberate prep-
         Shaping of Southern Culture:     slavery came under attack from           aration for war, hostility toward the
         Honor, Grace, and War,           Northern abolitionists and minis-        North, and opposition to threats
         1760s–1880s. Chapel Hill:        ters, Southern ministers agreed with     against slavery from outside the
University of North Carolina Press,       Southern politicians that the only       region. Rather, Andrews argues that
2001. xix + 412 pp. $55.00 (hard-         defense of their way of life was         these schools, before and after the
cover), $19.95 (softcover).               secession. They also concurred that      Civil War, were more concerned with
   In The Shaping of Southern Cul-        honorable men with God on their          republicanism and with instilling
ture, Bertram Wyatt-Brown con-            side could not lose.                     moral, mental, and physical values
PAGE 26                                              VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                               JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001

and traits in the South’s young men.      render terms available. The book
Although he discusses the major           traces the flight of both men and the
military schools that existed before      entire Confederate cabinet, Davis’s
the Civil War, such as the Virginia       “government on wheels,” from the                   Ethel Morgan Smith. From
Military Institute and the Citadel, he    fall of Richmond to their eventual                 Whence Cometh My Help:
also pays attention to colleges estab-    escape or capture.                                 The African American Com-
lished by the Morrill Land Grant of          Even after Lee’s surrender at                   munity at Hollins College.
1862 that created their own military      Appomattox, Davis refused to con-        Columbia and London: University
education programs.                       cede defeat. With every shift far-       of Missouri Press, 2000. xiii +147
   Long Gray Lines should occupy          ther south, Davis and his govern-        pp. $29.95 (hardcover).
a spot on the shelf of any library        ment’s decisions became of less             The dust jacket of this book
seeking to maintain strong South-         and less consequence; department         reproduces a grainy photograph
ern history and education collec-         heads had no departments; govern-        from the 1903 edition of The Spin-
tions. It reads well and is backed        mental authority disintegrated as it     ster, the Hollins College yearbook,
by substantial research in primary        was literally run into the ground.       showing two black women and a
and secondary sources. The book                                                    child bearing huge baskets filled
includes both a bibliography and                                                   with washing on their heads. Their
annotated endnotes. The author is                                                  faces are unidentifiable blurs. Ethel
an assistant professor of history at       …it would be difficult to                Morgan Smith, a professor of Eng-
Clemson University and a former
                                             write fiction that is as               lish at West Virginia University,
teacher at the Citadel.                                                            began learning about these women
   — reviewed by Dale F. Harter, Assis-    gripping, lively, and fast-             as a graduate student in the famed
tant Editor, Virginia Cavalcade                                                    creative writing program of Hollins
                                            paced as this narrative.               College (now University), in Roa-
                                                                                   noke. As an older, African Ameri-
         William C. Davis, An Hon-                                                 can student, she became interested
         orable Defeat: The Last Days     All the while, Breckenridge worked       in the black workers at the school
         of the Confederate Govern-       toward peace, which Davis wanted         and in the nearby neighborhood
         ment. New York: Harcourt,        to fail, consequently forcing South-     known as the Hollins Community,
Inc., 2001. xiv + 496 pp. $30.00          erners to fight on. After the surren-     where many of the workers and the
(hardcover).                              der of Johnston’s army in North Car-     descendants of earlier generations
   It is often said that truth is         olina, Davis grudgingly and slowly       of the washerwomen, waiters, jani-
stranger than fiction. In An Honor-        realized that his fate was sealed. For   tors, and others who had served the
able Defeat, William C. Davis dem-        his own good — and almost with-          school continued to live.
onstrates that the true story of the      out Davis’s knowledge — Brecken-            Her interest in the community
final days of the Confederate gov-         ridge made the president’s escape        initially met with resistance, but
ernment is as compelling as a novel.      his personal mission.                    Smith had the good fortune to meet
As a matter of fact, it would be dif-        Here is a vivid, day-by-day           and become a friend of Mary Emma
ficult to write fiction that is as grip-    account of Davis and his band.           Bruce, a community leader and, as
ping, lively, and fast-paced as this      Using first-hand accounts by partic-      portrayed here, a generous, proud,
narrative.                                ipants in the journey, the author        and forgiving woman. Smith’s times
   The book focuses on two men,           weaves a compelling tale with inti-      with Bruce obviously inspired her,
high-ranking professional politi-         mate insight into the characters of      and Bruce is the book’s central
cians with opposing visions of the        Davis, Breckenridge, and company.        figure. She, too, was a worker at
demise of the doomed Confederate          William C. Davis is well-qualified        Hollins, but her native intelligence
nation. One, Jefferson Davis, the         to write on the final days of the         enabled her to escape from clean-
autocratic president of the Confed-       Confederacy from this perspective,       ing dormitories to preparing chem-
eracy, vowed to fight on to the last,      having written definitive biogra-         icals and equipment for the science
taking his government and army to         phies on both protagonists. As           courses. When indifferent profes-
Texas and eventually to Mexico if         a chronicle of the final days of          sors left her in charge during exam-
need be. The more pragmatic John          the Confederacy and the flight            inations, Bruce took the tests her-
C. Breckenridge, secretary of war,        of its leaders, the book is unsur-       self, scoring at the top. When Smith
realized the ever-increasing futility     passed — and a great read.               met her, however, she was retired
of the struggle and worked toward            — reviewed by Eddie Woodward,         from Hollins, without a pension,
the most lenient and favorable sur-       Local Records Archivist                  and still working in domestic ser-
JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001                                 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                              PAGE 27

vice past the age of eighty.                Stretching west a mile and a half       the 1990s, is a fascinating tale of
   Smith’s anger at her discovery        from its junction with West Frank-         factions, boosters, designers, and
that Hollins and other Southern          lin Street, the historic section of        historians.
colleges and universities depended       Richmond’s Monument Avenue is                  To the casual observer, the grand
on a low-wage African American           the product of several currents in         houses along Monument Avenue
workforce that reproduced and rein-      Southern society at the turn of the        may appear to be simply individ-
forced the racial inequality of the      last century. It is here, on this grand,   ual exercises in architecture over
larger society fuels the narrative.      tree-lined avenue, that the gener-         the years by a series of moneyed
Smith also offers a capsule history of   ation of white Richmonders who             Richmonders. To some extent this
the college and of its black workers,    experienced the Civil War enshrined        is true, but there is a subtext of real-
beginning with the slaves brought        their heroes and memorialized what         estate speculation and the use of
there before the Civil War by the        they termed “The Lost Cause.” It           the grand boulevard as an open-air
school’s founder. In addition to         was here that Richmond finally              showroom of the building arts. In
the conversations with Bruce, the        made an important acknowledge-             many cases, the earliest residents
book includes oral-history inter-        ment of the accomplishments of an          of the street were associated with
views with other community mem-                                                     architecture, the building trade,
bers, transcriptions of old news-                                                   and real estate. They intended the
paper stories about favorite head-          Monument Avenue is                      homes they created on this, Rich-
waiters and chauffeurs at the col-                                                  mond’s grandest street, to demon-
lege, and reproductions of family           of such … importance                    strate their affluence, enhance the
photographs.                                                                        value of the area, and display their
   Smith is not a trained historian,       to the city that heated                  talent and products. As one exam-
however, and, with the narrative          debate over design and                    ple of this trend, the authors cite
cast in the first person, the book                                                   the Binswanger family, a major sup-
is also a quasi-memoir of her own        placement was common.                      plier of glass in Richmond. Each of
journey of self-discovery and rec-                                                  the four homes the family built on
onciliation with the memory of her                                                  Monument Avenue was designed to
mother, a domestic servant required      African American hero. Monument            demonstrate the quality and high
to be with her employers on the          Avenue also stands as a showcase of        style of the family’s glass products.
holidays instead of with her own         architectural styles on a grand scale,         The influence on Monument
family.                                  originally inspired by the City Beau-      Avenue of another Richmond
   Ultimately, Smith packs her book      tiful movement. Richmond’s Monu-           family is explained in the story
with more purposes than she can          ment Avenue beautifully chronicles         of the Davis Brothers firm. This
fulfill. She is stimulating, not          these and other parallel trends in         extended family of builders played
exhaustive. Nonetheless, the book        society, sentiment, and architecture,      an important role in the construc-
offers a new and highly important        and the handsome boulevard that            tion of housing and apartments for
way to think about the history of        was the result.                            more middle-class residents who
institutions of higher education in         Central to the story of Monu-           still wanted the cachet of a Monu-
Virginia and the South. If the indi-     ment Avenue is that of the six statu-      ment Avenue address. Davis Broth-
vidual features of those workers         ary monuments that serve as visual         ers purchased multiple parcels along
from 1903 never come into focus,         and emotional focal points along           the street and built many hand-
we do learn why their presence at        the street. The authors chronicle the      some but affordable residences. The
Hollins mattered.                        often long and controversial debates       authors note that this created a
   — reviewed by John T. Kneebone,       that surrounded the appearance             bridge to the rest of the surrounding
Director, Division of Publications and   and location of the various statues.       Fan District not shared by the large,
Educational Services                     Monument Avenue is of such emo-            high-style Georgian town homes of
                                         tional, historical, and social impor-      the wealthy. This volume does an
                                         tance to the city that heated debate       admirable job of tracking the devel-
        Sarah Shields Driggs, Rich-      over design and placement was              opment of Monument Avenue and
        ard Guy Wilson, and Robert       common to bronzes of Confed-               putting this grand street in the con-
        P. Winthrop, Richmond’s          erate generals and African Amer-           text of the surrounding city.
        Monument Avenue. Chapel          ican sports champions alike. The               Of particular note are the graph-
Hill: University of North Carolina       description of the march toward            ics in Richmond’s Monument Avenue.
Press, 2001. xi + 280 pp. $39.95         the final versions of these mon-            The images are a combination of
(hardcover).                             uments, whether in the 1890s or            period photographs collected from
PAGE 28                                           VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                 JULY–SEPTEMBER, 2001

a variety of repositories, architec-                                             honors that he has received.
tural drawings from the Library of                                                   His autobiography is based on
Virginia, and the sumptuous pho-                 Oliver W. Hill Sr., with Jon-   extensive interviews with Hill that
tography of John Peters. He pains-               athan K. Stubbs, ed. The        Jonathan K. Stubbs, a professor at
takingly composed his photos and                 Big Bang: Brown v. Board of     the University of Richmond law
made them over a span of seasons                 Education and Beyond: The       school, has edited into a fascinat-
in order to best capture the face      Autobiography of Oliver W. Hill, Sr.      ing narrative. Hill recalls in detail
of Monument Avenue. He has also        Winter Park, Florida: FOUR-G Pub-         growing up in Richmond and Roa-
overcome the difficulty of captur-      lishers, Inc., 2000. xxiv + 376 pp.       noke before moving to Washing-
ing buildings and statues that are     $24.95 (hardcover), $19.95 (soft-         ton, D.C. to attend high school. He
often obscured by trees, and the       cover).                                   went on to Howard University and
challenge of finding proper light          On 11 August 1999, Oliver W. Hill      was among the group of talented
for the buildings on the south side    received the Presidential Medal of        law students, including his friend
of the street.                         Freedom, the nation’s highest civil-      Thurgood Marshall and his later
   Period photographs, like those of   ian honor, for his six decades as a       partner Samuel W. Tucker, whom
the Lee monument standing starkly      civil-rights lawyer. Best known for       Dean Charles Houston recruited
in a veritable prairie, underscore                                               to undo the legal framework of
what a blank slate the area was                                                  racial segregation. Hill established
before it was developed. These make         He was among the                     his busy but never lucrative prac-
a wonderful contrast to Peters’s                                                 tice in Richmond in 1939. Follow-
                                          group of talented law
color photographs of Monument                                                    ing military service in World War
Avenue as it appears today. To find       students … recruited to                 II, he became in 1948 the first Afri-
the same structures in both images                                               can American elected to the Rich-
gives an appreciation of how the       undo the legal framework                  mond city council since the Recon-
setting for these jewel-like homes                                               struction era.
                                          of racial segregation.
and churches has evolved over a                                                      The story told here is an impor-
hundred years.                                                                   tant one, and Hill tells it from the
   Richmond’s Monument Avenue is                                                 inside. He reveals what it was like
an admirable combination of urban      his participation as a trial lawyer in    to practice law in Virginia a half-
social history and a record of the     David vs. County School Board of Prince   century ago. He deftly characterizes
architectural development of this      Edward County, one of five school-         his contemporaries, and he recalls
unique boulevard. This, plus the       segregation cases the U. S. Supreme       forgotten details of events that have
combination of historic black-and-     Court decided under Brown vs. Board       entered the history books. The book
white and luminescent modern           of Education, in 1954, Hill was part      is an essential addition to any col-
color plates, make the volume a        of the Virginia team of the NAACP         lection on Virginia. It is also a
worthy addition to the bookshelf       Legal Defense Fund that filed more         very satisfying read. Copies can be
of any Virginian.                      civil-rights suits in Virginia than in    ordered from the Oliver W. Hill
   — reviewed by Selden Richardson,    any other southern state during the       Book Fund, 3108 Noble Avenue,
Senior Archivist for Architectural     segregation era. From his earliest        Richmond, VA 23228, or through
                                       years as a lawyer before World War II     the Library Shop at the Library of
                                       until his retirement in 1998, Oliver      Virginia.
                                       Hill has been a courageous leader             — reviewed by John T. Kneebone,
                                       for social change, fully deserving the    Director, Division of Publications and
                                                                                 Educational Services VL

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