THE COMMONWEALTH BUZZ
Volume 9, Issue 1 A PUBLICATION OF THE VIRGINIA STATE BEEKEEPERS’ ASSOCIATION Winter 2008
View from the President Specialty Crop Block Grants
Interest in beekeeping continues to grow Funding provided to improve beekeeping
The winter meeting in November set another Todd P. Haymore, Commissioner of the Virginia
attendance record! This is one of the heartening Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
successes that occurred during my term as (VDACS), has announced funding for eleven
President. While serving the last four years as First agriculture-related projects which will help open
VP and President, my major effort was to markets for Virginia farm products and promote
strengthen the quality of our state meetings. That, specialty crops in Virginia. The grants include two
plus the increasing public interest in beekeeping, projects to improve beekeeper productivity.
seems most responsible for the increase. The One project, entitled “Providing Pollination Support
program for the next meeting in April is shaping up. to Local and Regional Growers,” was awarded to
We have the roster of speakers, named elsewhere in Michael Sandridge in Hanover, Virginia. This
this letter, but not the details. They will be posted project expands small honey and pollination
on the VSBA website as soon as they are available. operations to provide a viable regional pollination
What may seem a minor matter to most of you was alternative, which will benefit regional growers
raised at the business meeting, but it could affect directly and demonstrate the economic viability of a
attendance. A small group of members never attend pollination sideline operation on a local and
the winter meeting as currently scheduled because it regional level.
conflicts with the opening of various hunting Also funded was a project to improve diagnostic
seasons. It was proposed that we move the winter services to Virginia’s beekeepers. New pest species
meeting from the first Saturday in November to the have significantly reduced the number of beehives,
last Saturday in October. A show of hands indicated and Africanized honey bees are expected to further
that it didn’t matter to most attendees, but the small jeopardize the number of honey bees. The grant,
groups who did care were about equal. No decision awarded to Keith Tignor at VDACS, provides
has yet been made. If you have a strong preference, equipment necessary to detect and eradicate pests
and especially if you weren’t there, please let me and pathogens in beehives; and, increase the
know by email at email@example.com. number of hives available for improved pollination.
Another major success for VSBA in the past two The projects resulted from the competitive grant
years has been getting the state legislature to put process established by the VDACS Division of
some money into supporting beekeeping. Lannie Marketing for USDA Agricultural Marketing
Ballard spearheaded this effort. Rick Fell has been Service Specialty Crop Block Grant funds. The
moving quickly to start up programs supported by Specialty Crops Competitiveness Act of 2004
these funds. Please respond to his requests for authorized the USDA to provide funds to the states
comment or support, especially on the proposed to promote specialty crops including fruits,
Master Beekeeper program on the VSBA website. vegetables, tree nuts, dried fruits, and nursery crops.
Here are some reminders for the coming spring In announcing the grants, Commissioner Haymore
meeting. The Langstroth Achievement Award will commented, “I congratulate these individuals for
be presented, chosen from a pool of nominees. their vision and resourcefulness in developing
Please contribute to this pool by nominating workable ideas that will assist growers and enhance
someone. There will be election of VSBA officers agriculture throughout the state.”
at the April meeting. The Nominating Committee,
From Marion Horsle y
See President, page 3 VDACS NEWSRELEASE 10/27/07
www.virginiabeekeepers.org Virginia State Beekeepers Association 1
Master Beekeeper. Funding for the programs was
VSBA Meeting Review approved by the General Assembly last year.
Summary of meeting in Weyers Cave
Before breaking for lunch State Senator Emmett W.
The Fall Meeting of the VSBA was held at Blue Hanger, Jr., gave a brief talk highlighting his role on
Ridge Community College on November 3, 2007, the Agriculture and Finance committees. He spoke
in Weyers Cave. A record number of people and on the economic issues facing Virginia and last
vendors attended. VSBA meetings held at this November’s state elections. Senator Hanger then
location have grown so much that we now make use announced his plan to request extension of funding
of the auditorium and original lecture rooms. for beekeeping programs through next year.
The first speaker was Maryann Frazier from Penn The afternoon session began with a presentation
State University reviewed the latest on CCD. from Mike Embrey of the Wye Research Center at
Several studies show that all pollinators, including the University of Maryland. He spoke on Nosema
honey bees, are in decline in the US. Roughly 1/3 of cerana; its characteristics, affect on bees, and
all bee colonies in the U.S. were lost this past treatment. Unlike Nosema apis, it is not more
winter, causing major attention in the media and common in winter and contributes to lower honey
major concern in the bee industry. Ms. Frazier production in the summer. Mr. Embrey stressed that
reported that CCD is probably due to a combination the best treatment is a strong colony. He also
of factors including known and unknown pathogens recommended feeding Fumagillin with syrup in the
in adult bees and brood, parasite load in bees and fall for this Nosema. His second lecture stressed
brood, chemical contamination of wax, poor being proactive in addressing honey bee issues. We
nutrition, higher stress levels, and a lack of genetic can learn from each other and incorporate other
diversity in the bee population, to name a few. One beekeepers ideas into our practices while
recommendation was to get rid of old comb! Ms. diversifying our honey bee genetic material.
Frazier's second lecture addressed the history,
The effect of miticides on bee reproduction was
functions, goals, and benefits of the Mid-Atlantic
presented by Rick Fell. All the chemicals now used
Apiculture Research and Extension Consortium.
for varroa have negative effects on the reproductive
Wyatt Mangum gave an update on his untreated health of both queens and drones. Coumaphos is
survivor hives in North Carolina. This population of worse than Apilife Var; and, Apistan appears to be
bees has had no varroa treatments for 5 years. They the least detrimental of the three. He surmised that
are surviving, or coexisting, with virtually no the effects of chemicals on bee reproductive health
Deformed Wing Virus and mite counts below the may contribute to queens being quickly superceded.
treatment threshold. Dr. Mangum will continue to
The last speaker was Holly Gatton from the
monitor these hives, and report on their condition.
Virginia Tech Pesticide Program. Ms. Gatton gave a
The State Apiarist, Keith Tignor, reported on slide presentation on a Pest Management Strategic
beekeeping issues in Virginia. He stressed that Plan for honey bees. This plan is being developed
drought conditions in Virginia are the worst seen in by beekeepers, growers, commodity associations,
many years. Low rainfall levels reduce brood land grant specialists, extension agents, food
production and food stores. He advised everyone to processors, crop consultants, and the EPA. It
check the amount of stored honey in their hives. addresses the major diseases and disorders, as well
Dr. Fell followed with a description of plans to as large and small pests and predators of honey
start several teaching apiaries and efforts to increase bees. She detailed the many benefits of this plan and
the numbers of beekeepers raising queens in the explained why it is important to beekeepers.
state. He detailed advantages of local queens to Following closing comments by Alan Fiala, the
delay the introduction of AHB into our area. meeting was adjourned at 4:30 P.M. The next
Training for handling AHB incidents are planned. VSBA meeting will be held on April 11 and 12,
Funds are also available for promoting pollination. 2008, in Loudoun County, VA.
Finally, Dr. Fell announced a Master Beekeeper Submitted by Kathy Miller
program in Virginia. The program consists of three Secretary, VSBA
levels; Certified beekeeper, Journeyman level, and
www.virginiabeekeepers.org Virginia State Beekeepers Association 2
Bee Video Wins Award General Assembly Update
VAFB presents media award for honey bee report General Assembly receives results of summer study
At its 2007 annual meeting the Virginia Farm There were seven bills introduced in the General
Bureau presented Journalism Awards for Assembly this year that either directly or indirectly
outstanding reporting in agriculture. The awards are affect beekeepers. The two most important are
given to newspapers, radio stations, TV stations, amendments to allow funds received last session to
and other media outlets for outstanding and be used over two years. Sen. Emmett Hanger with
dedicated year long coverage of agriculture. co-sponsoring by Sen. Harry Blevins introduced
Henrico County Television, HCTV, was a co- such an amendment. Del. Ben Cline did the same.
winner in the television category of the competition. Other bills include HB1331 and HB1372 from Del.
Their report entitled "Angels of Agriculture - The Steven Landes, SJ114 and SJ121 from Sen. Janet
Plight of Henrico's Honeybees" was featured during Howell, and SB272 from Sen. Creigh Deeds.
the presentations as an example of award winning At the time of this writing, SB272 was in the Senate
coverage of agriculture. HCTV, a local government Agriculture, Conservation, and Natural Resources
cable channel, produced the 20 minute video last Committee. This bill exempts food processed in the
summer with the help of individuals from the
home and sold to individuals from inspection by the
Richmond Beekeepers Association and Central Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.
Virginia Beekeepers Association – East. The video The other bills were introduced to clean up wording
presents the beekeeper’s enthusiasm for their bees in the Bee Law and appointments to the Plant
and problems they confront. A streaming video of Pollination Advisor Board. For example, HB1372
this and other productions is available on HCTV’s removes sanitary inspection of honey houses from
website at http://www.co.henrico.va.us/pr/view the Bee Law. This bill clarifies that the inspections
programs.htm. would be done so under food safety regulations.
From Virginia Farm Bureau press release
The most important pieces of legislation are Budget
amendments introduced by Del. Cline and Sen.
President, from page 1 Hanger. The amendments, referred to as Caboose
chaired by Brenda Kiessling, is putting together a Bills, carries forward funding for beekeeping
list of nominees. If you have suggestions, please let programs to fiscal year 2009. This would allow the
her know by email at firstname.lastname@example.org. Cooperative Extension Service, specifically Dr.
Also, if you have any matter for the business Rick Fell, to continue research and training projects
meeting, notify the Executive Committee in next year. Some of these projects, such as
advance to allow for planning. establishing demonstration apiaries around the state
and the Master Beekeeper program, will barely get
This is the time of year for beekeeping classes. The started by the original ending date.
enrollment across my area, northern Virginia, is
increasing yet again, to over 250, so that some VSBA members are encouraged to contact the
classes have to be split. This will contribute yet members of the Senate Finance Committee and
more to our membership. I hope that all of you will House Appropriations Committee to request their
support any such class in your own area, through support of the beekeeper funding amendments to
mentoring or other assistance. the 2008 budget. A list of these committee members
is on the General Assembly Legislative Information
Something I have not accomplished during my term System at http://leg1.state.va.us/. You may find the
in office is to explore ways the VSBA can help e-mail and phone information for each Senator and
Virginia beekeepers other than through the two state Delegate from these pages. Then, contact your
meetings, tracking legislative issues, and spreading Senator and Delegate to request their support for the
information through the newsletter and website. If budget amendments and other beekeeping
you have suggestions, please contact me. legislation under consideration.
Submitted by Alan Fiala Submitted by Lannie D. Ballard
President, VSBA VSBA Legislative Chairperson
www.virginiabeekeepers.org Virginia State Beekeepers Association 3
Upcoming Classes & Events Colony Collapse Disorder
Disorder continues to draw national attention
Beekeeping Class Jan – Feb, 2008
Cent’l VA Beekeepers – West By now most beekeepers have heard the results of
Charlottesville, VA last summer’s research reports, Congressional
hearings, and many beekeeper meetings on Colony
Beekeeping: Getting Started Feb – March,
Collapse Disorder, CCD. The disorder was first
Dabney S. Lancaster CC 2008
reported in November, 2006, by a Pennsylvania
beekeeper. Shortly afterwards other commercial
MD State Beekeepers Assoc Feb 16, 2008 beekeepers reported mysterious disappearance of
Howard Co. Fairgrounds their bees. After a year of worries, questions, and
West Friendship, MD investigations there are still more questions than
answers. We now know that there are more and new
Middle Peninsula Business Feb 23, 2008
diseases in our bees, most notably Nosema cerana
and Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus. CCD may not
Saluda Professional Center
have a singular causing agent.
N. cerana, IAPV and other disorders are being
Beginner Beekeeping Class Feb – March,
considered as possible markers and maybe involved
Lewis Ginter Botant.Garden 2008
in CCD. They may be working in conjunction with
other stressors like Varroa mites, pesticides, and
Beekeeping for Beginners Feb – April, 2008 poor nutrition. The most recent research indicates
NOVA Teaching Consortium that IAPV has been in the United States since at
least 2002. There may be other previously unknown
Introduction to Beekeeping March 1 & 8,
pathogens affecting our bees. Drought and other
Central VA Beekeepers - East 2008
environmental factors may be compounding the
problems inflicting stress on the bees.
NC State Beekeepers Assoc. March 7-8, 2008
Experiments begun last summer using irradiation,
Ramada Inn Conv. Center
acetic acid, and comb from supers in hive
equipment exposed to CCD were disappointing. No
Queen Rearing Class April 5, 2008 differences were found in survival of untreated
New River Beekeepers Assoc. hives and equipment treated with acetic acid or on
Christiansburg, VA super comb. Survival of colonies in each of the
VA State Beekeepers Assoc. April 11-12, 2008 three groups was about 50 percent. Colonies placed
Loudoun County Fairgrounds in irradiated equipment was better but still dismal.
Leesburg, VA Colony survival in this group was 30 percent. The
researchers concluded that CCD is “likely” caused
Adv. Beekeeping Short Course April 19, 2008 by a living organism, though pesticides, habitat, and
Cent’l VA Beekeepers – West nutrition may have a contributory role.
Reports of CCD affected hives are already coming
Honeybee Pest Short Course June 13-14, 2008 in from commercial operations. Sideline and other
Va Tech Dept. of Entomology beekeepers are reporting disappearance of bees. The
Blacksburg, VA USDA has put out the following management
Heartland Apicultural Society July 10-12, 2008 recommendations regarding CCD.
Marshall University 1) Keep Varroa under control;
Huntington, WV 2) Treat for Nosema if present;
3) Do not re-use equipment from dead hives; and,
Eastern Apiculture Society Aug 4-8, 2008
Murray State University 4) Maintain a healthy well fed colony.
Murray, KY Submitted by VaBeeman
www.virginiabeekeepers.org Virginia State Beekeepers Association 4
health clinics and more than 30 schools. The
Telling the Bees gangling New Zealander devoted much of his life to
Holger Ravn Christensen aiding the mountain people of Nepal and took his
Born in Nebraska of Danish immigrant parents, fame in stride, preferring to be called Ed, and
"Chris" Christensen was a lifelong resident of considered himself just an ordinary beekeeper.
Highland Springs, VA. Mr. Christensen was a Life Dr Eva Crane
member of the Richmond Beekeepers Association.
He was known throughout the Richmond area for After a very brief period in the hospital Dr Eva
his beekeeping knowledge and willingness to help Crane passed away peacefully on the September 6,
others. He will be remembered for his gentle spirit, 2007. Founder and long time Director of the
kind heart and big smile. His legacy will continue International Bee Research Association she was a
through his gift of several decades of beekeeping towering figure in the world of apiculture. The
journals to the library at Virginia State University. legacy of her written work has been, and will
continue to be, a beacon to guide and inspire others
George Wady Imirie Jr. for many years to come.
George Imirie, a master beekeeper who tirelessly Eva grew up in Dulwich, South London. She
promoted the value of bees and beehives, passed completed studies in mathematics before earning a
away on September 6, 2007. A Bethesda native, he Masters degree in quantum mechanics and later a
was born to a family that had been in the area for Doctorate. Her interest in honey bees began with a
298 years. Mr. Imirie started tending hives at age 9, hive of bees received as a wedding present in 1942.
following in the footsteps of his father and
In 1949 Dr. Crane became editor of Bee World.
grandfather. After a break for education and service
She expanded its pages to include abstracts from
in the U.S. Army, he returned home to the family
articles on bees and bee science throughout the
auto parts business and beekeeping in Rockville,
world. Soon the abstracts needed its own
MD, and soon after returned to keeping bees.
publication, “Apicultural Abstracts,” forming the
Mr. Imirie helped improve the knowledge and basis of one of the most comprehensive databases of
management skills of fellow beekeepers. He was an bee related information in the world. Also in 1949
Eastern Apiculture Society certified Master she founded the Bee Research Association, later
Beekeeper, founded the Montgomery County known as the International Bee Research
Beekeepers, and shared his knowledge and opinions Association (IBRA), serving as its director for over
through a worldwide newsletter called the "Pink three decades. In 1962 she founded The Journal of
Pages." In his writings Mr. Imirie coined a phrase Apicultural Research, the premier English language
now popular in bee circles, "Be a bee-keeper, not a publication of apicultural research.
bee-haver." The Maryland State Beekeepers
Through the years Dr. Crane authored over 180
Association honors Mr. Imrie’s memory by naming
publications including the “The World History of
its annual award for education after him.
Beekeeping and Honey Hunting.” From her travels
Sir Edmund Hillary she acquired a huge eclectic collection of
beekeeping artifacts that, combined with other
Sir Edmund Hillary was an unassuming beekeeper materials, constitute the IBRA Historical Collection
who conquered Mt. Everest just days before the containing some 2000 items.
coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953. Sir
Hillary's life was marked by grand achievements, Eva Crane received many honors for her work. In
high adventure, discovery, excitement, and personal 1985 she was awarded an Honorary Doctorate from
humility. He only admitted being the first man atop Ohio State University in recognition of her
Everest after the death of his climbing companion, contribution to the science of beekeeping; it was an
Sherpa Tenzing Norgay. The Himalayan Trust, honor of which she was particularly proud. She was
established by Sir Edmund in 1960 is symbolic of made an officer of the Order of the British Empire
his affection for the people of the regions. Over the in 1986; an award that many felt under-rated her
years the Trust has helped build three hospitals, 13 achievements.
www.virginiabeekeepers.org Virginia State Beekeepers Association 5
VSBA Spring Meeting Apiarist Report
Annual spring meeting news from Leesburg Next steps in beekeeping
The Loudoun County Beekeepers’ Association I recently read an article in the “American
(LCBA) is hosting the spring 2008 Virginia State Entomologist” listing the top five insect news
Beekeepers Association meeting from April 11th events of 2007. Honey bees occupied two spots on
thru April 12th. The meeting will be held at the 4-H the list, while a third adversely affected our bees. At
Fairground in Leesburg, Virginia. Invited speakers number five was the discovery of 3000 year old
include Nancy Ostiguy, Associate Professor at Penn beehives in Israel. Number four on the list was the
State University, Phil Craft, State Apiarist from effects of drought on insect populations, including
Kentucky, and Michael Palmer, a commercial beneficial insects and plant pests. And in the
beekeeper and President of the Vermont Beekeepers number one position of the top five insect stories in
Association. 2007 was Colony Collapse Disorder.
Besides the excellent meeting program, there are CCD seemed to be the story that would never die.
many places to visit and things to do in Northern Despite our best efforts we are no closer to a cause
Virginia. Everyone from history buffs to wine or cure than when CCD was first reported. Israeli
aficionados to museum enthusiasts to shoppers will Acute Paralysis Virus and/or Nosema cerana being
find many interesting sites within a short distance of the cause is now doubtful. Both were found to have
the meeting. Equestrian fans will find some of the been in the United States much longer than first
finest stables in the state. The area offers believed, a discovery that greatly pleases Australian
breathtaking scenery and beautiful landscapes. beekeepers. They were facing the loss of an
History fans can see the smallest national cemetery emerging market worth millions to their industry.
and Civil War battle site at Balls Bluff or visit the CCD has raised awareness that we have little
historic Oatlands Mansion. Many other historic sites knowledge of what diseases (and pests) are
including Harpers Ferry, Gettysburg, and Antietam affecting our bees. It also points to a skill
are only a short drive. Strolling through the streets beekeepers may need to master in the near future,
of Leesburg, Middleburg, Hillsboro, and Waterford the art of dealing with the media.
is fun for everyone, especially antique collectors. Several years ago the Apiary Inspectors of America
Loudoun County is also home to the excellent called for a national survey of honey bees to
Smithsonian Udvar-Hazy Air and Space Museum. document the presence, or absence, of pests and
If you can plan an extra day or two in the Northern pathogens affecting honey bees. Since then our
Virginia area, a trip to Washington D.C. or borders have been opened to importation of queens
Arlington National Cemetery are good excursions. and bees from other countries. A few years ago the
And then there is the shopping. Besides the one-of- United States Department of Agriculture agreed that
a-kind shops in downtown Leesburg the Leesburg a national survey was a necessary program and
Premium Outlet mall, with more than 110 stores, is developed a plan to accomplish this goal. Despite
close to all accommodations. This destination mall the need no funding has been appropriated for such
is a favorite with anyone who likes a bargain. And, a survey. It would be difficult to complete a
did we mention Washington D.C. is just down the comprehensive survey without suitable funding.
road. The USDA national survey calls for sampling hives
Information on things to do in Loudoun County can in each state for diseases and pests of major concern
be found at http://www.visitloudoun.org/. Meeting found in other countries. There isn’t enough money
or personnel to sample all hives. And, testing for all
information is on the VSBA website at http://www.
virginiabeekeepers.org or obtained by email at diseases and pests would be cost prohibitive. A
national survey could prevent introduction of new
email@example.com. The LCBA looks
forward to welcoming you April 11-12, 2008. and potentially devastating pests; and, allow the
USDA to say no to nations wanting to ship queens
Submitted by Suzy Jampoler and bees into the U.S. CCD research helped
See Apiarist, page 7
www.virginiabeekeepers.org Virginia State Beekeepers Association 6
Apiarist, from page 6 Langstroth Award
complete some work, but a more complete survey is
The Virginia State Beekeepers Association is
need to satisfy the international community.
soliciting nominations for the L.L. Langstroth
The second recognized need for beekeepers is Achievement Award. The award recognizes the
experience in being interviewed for the many achievements and contributions of a Virginia
newspaper, magazine, television, and internet beekeeper in their advancement of beekeeping in
reports on the fate of bees. Africanized honey bees the State. Nominations must be received by VSBA
first exposed this need. Many beekeepers were on or before March 14, 2008, to be eligible for
approached by local reporters for opinions and consideration. The recipient of the 2008 L.L.
stories. Most handled the interviews well. Some Langstroth Achievement Award will be announced
discovered that sometimes less is better when on April 12, 2008 at the spring VSBA meeting in
answering a reporter’s questions. Alan Fiala, Rick Loudoun, VA. Contact Keith Tignor at 804-786-
Fell, and I are already in discussions to offer 3515 or send emails to vabees@virginiabeekeepers.
training sessions to interested beekeepers. Look for org for further details. All nominees are encouraged
these workshops along with the many beekeeping to attend this meeting and be recognized for their
classes being offered this year. contributions to fellow beekeepers.
Submitted by Keith Tignor
Christmas Basket Winners
State Fair Honey Competition SVBA announces basket winner from fund drive
State Fair proves profitable for all Winners of the annual Christmas basket raffle by
the Shenandoah Valley Beekeepers Association are
Interest in honey and honey bees was exceptionally Jim Skinner of Gloucester, VA, and Mary Ann
high this past Fall. Once again the bee cage and Beverage of Hillsboro, WV. Special thanks to all
exhibits were a favorite of children and adults. Fair who participated in this important fund drive. The
goers made the 2007 sales the highest recorded. In SVBA raised around $700.00 for speaker expenses
addition to an opportunity to share their experiences and outreach activities.
in beekeeping volunteers completed over $14,000 in
consignment sales for beekeepers from across SVBA
Virginia. A portion of the sales was divided among
the local associations of each volunteer. The Open
Honey competition was particularly notable for the CheckMite+ Availability
liquid honey categories. First Place winners for the Section 3 permit sought for mite and beetle control
2007 Virginia State Fair Honey Competition are:
Nine years ago the Virginia Department of
Light Extracted Honey Pamela Fisher Agriculture received its first Section 18 emergency
Light Amber Extracted Honey Robert Gibson exemption for using CheckMite+ in beehives with
Amber Extracted Honey Robert Gibson Varroa mites or small hive beetles. The exemption
Dark Extracted Honey Pamela Fisher from the Environmental Protection Agency allows
Frame of Honey Robert Stapleton use of an unregistered pesticide for a limited time if
Lt/Lt Amber Cut Comb Honey Robert Stapleton EPA determines that an emergency condition exists.
Amber/Dark Cut Comb Honey Anne McCracken Bayer, Inc., announced late last year they would no
Lt or Amber Chunk Honey Robert Stapleton longer support Section 18 applications for
Amber or Dark Chunk Robert Stapleton CheckMite+. The company anticipates Section 3,
Creamed Honey Robert Gibson general use, registration of the product to be
Beeswax, 1 pound mold Gay Stapleton approved in Spring 2008. Virginia’s Section 18
Beeswax, pair candles Gay Stapleton exemption is due to expire on February 1, 2008.
Beeswax, 3 fancy mold Gay Stapleton
Submitted by Keith Tignor
Submitted by Robert Gibson
State Fair Coordinator, RBA
www.virginiabeekeepers.org Virginia State Beekeepers Association 7
VSBA Spring Meeting
April 11-12, 2008
Loudoun County Fairgrounds
Details for the meeting are contained in this newsletter and on the
VSBA website, www.virginiabeekeepers.org.
1214 North Poes Rd.
Flint Hill, VA 22627
ADDRESS CORRECTION REQUESTED