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Jake the Drake Know It All


									The Wind At Work
Story Vocabulary
             flickering
             expands
             propel
             gusty
             reliable
             revolving doors
             converts
             currents
             fossil fuels
             economical
        As soon at the wind started
        blowing hard, the lights started


                      As I sat on the back porch, I
                      saw some fireflies flickering in
                      the grass and air.

   flickering- burning or shining in an irregular way
    A rubber band expands
    as you stretch it.


                             The balloon expands as the
                             boy blows air into it.

           expands- becomes larger
The people aim to propel
the ball down the street.

                                             Each push the puppy made
                                             against the wagon would
                                             propel the wagon further
                                             across the lawn .

 propel- to cause to move forward

         Up on deck the lady could feel
         the gusty breeze blowing against
         her face.

  The gusty wind blew the
  leaves right off the tree.

gusty - blowing in strong sudden
She was shopping for a
reliable car that would not
break down on her.

                                                   The safety patrol at our
                                                   school are very reliable.
                                                   They are always at their ../Images/safety.gif
 reliable- able to be depended on
                                                    revolving doors
                         He scratched his head as he
                         watched the people get                             http://image63.

                         confused by the revolving                          069546009063


                                            The store had revolving doors
                                            for the customers to come in
                                            and out of the building

    revolving doors- plural of revolving door;
    a door at the front of a building that
    moves in a circle around a central point
               If the school converts to using
               computers for one third of its
               paperwork, imagine the
               savings it would have.

When the girl converts her trash
into usable material, it saves
space in the landfills.

converts- changes something into
something different
               The new energy efficient
               light bulbs use the same
               currents that the old ones

Currents flow easily
through copper wire.

currents- plural of current; a flow
of electricity
                                        fossil fuels
                   The coal that is mined in
                   Carbon, Utah is one of the
                   nonrenewable fossil fuels.

 Most homes are heated
with fossil fuels like oil,
coal, and natural gas.

     fossil fuels- plural of fossil fuel; a fuel formed
     from the remains of plants and animals.
     Coal and petroleum are fossil fuels.
                                                It is more economical to recycle
                                                soda cans than to throw them

     He bought an economical car that
     wouldn’t cost a lot to run.

            economical- a good use of resources; not
Focus Questions:
 How did people
  harness the power
  of the wind several
  hundred years ago?
 How do people
  harness the power
  of the wind today?
                Genre: Expository Text
      Expository text tells something. It contains
      facts about real people, things or events.

The purpose of expository
text is to share information
with the reader in a
straightforward way.
The factual information can
often be checked by
referring to other sources
such as science articles,
reference books and
 More renewable         Word Structure
 Most renewable
 heavier
 heaviest

These lines contain comparatives and superlatives.
Comparatives are adjectives or adverbs that compare one
person, thing or action to another.
Superlatives are adjectives or adverbs that compare one
person, thing, or action to several others.
   More About Comparatives
       and Superlatives
Comparatives are formed by adding -er to
most short modifiers, or using the word more
for longer modifiers.
Superlatives are formed by adding -est to
most short modifiers, or using the word most
for longer modifiers.
Do not use more and most with words that
end with -er or -est.
         What are the changes?
  What changes were made to the base word
  to form the words heavier and heaviest ?
  The y in heavy was changed to an I, then
  the ending was added.
 serious     - more serious, most serious
 happy       - happier, happiest
How would the comparative and superlative for
each of these words be formed?
Can you use the words in a sentence?
  What are the structures represented in
  the following words?

 villagers    village      suffix -er, plural s

 flooded      flood        inflectional ending -ed
                             prefix dis-, inflectional
 discovered  cover
              try
                              ending ed
 trying                     inflectional ending -ing
  The structure of the word villagers
  villag - er- s which means people from a
  particular village.
  What are the words’ base words?
        What are the definitions?
villagers           people from a particular village

flooded            overflowing of water into dry land

discovered         to be the first to observe or find
                    something, to reveal

trying             to attempt to do or accomplish

Can you put the word in a sentence?
              Building Background
 What do you know about windmills and how they
 What do you know about the history of
 Windmills have been used for centuries to
  capture wind energy and use it for many
  purposes. Today wind energy is used to produce
  What do you know about wind energy?
  What do you think would be some benefits
  and problems with using the wind as an
  energy source?
         Background Information
 Windmills are not harmful to the
  environment because they use a renewable
  resource - the wind - to produce energy.
 The energy from the windmills is used to
  power cities.
 Unlike fossil fuels wind power is not in
  limited in supply and it doesn’t threaten the
  environment by creating toxic fumes.
          Browse the Selection
What I Know What I Want    What I
             To Know      Learned
Big Question
How does energy
effect your life?
Writing a Persuasive Letter
  Writing to persuade is different than when
   writing to inform or entertain.
  Your purpose is to change the readers mind
   about a way they think or feel about a topic.
  The writer tries to make the audience see a
   particular point of view or motivate them to
   take action.
  To do this the author has to grab and keep the
   attention of the readers.
  You will be writing a letter to the school
   principal this week to make an appeal on a
   school issue of your choosing.
       Organization of a
     Persuasive Argument
 states a viewpoint (the controlling idea)
 provides supporting arguments, or gives
  reasons in the form of facts and examples,
  and/or expert opinions that the reader should
  adopt or support a particular point of view
 identifies opposing argument and provide
  evidence that refutes it
 restate the opinion or goal, summarize
  reasons, and if appropriate requests or urges
        Techniques Used in
        Persuasive Writing
 Word Choice
 hyperbole (extreme exaggeration)
 repetition
 emotional appeal
  Emotional appeals include strong
  statements that create a certain feeling in
  the audience and intend to make them
  sympathetic to a point of view. They often
  appear as part of the conclusion.
    Your Assignment Today
 Choose your topic.
 Research using the Internet and other
  tools information to support your view
  on the topic.
 Use Skills Practice p.109 to plan your
Spelling Words Prefix re- and
Words with Greek Roots
   refurnish      reinforce
   meter          thermometer
   diameter       reformulate
   reorganize     synchronize
   reintroduce    repurchase
   revisit        chronology
   chronic        regenerate
   chronicle      centimeter
   reaffirm       chronological
   barometer      reapply
       Grammar, Usage, and
The car made a right turn. Then it
 pulled into a parking lot.

 To change these two sentences into a
 compound sentence, you would write it
 like this.

 The car made a right turn, but
 then it pulled into a parking
       Compound Sentences

Compound sentences consist of
two or more independent

The clauses should be connected
by a semi colon or a comma, and
a conjunction such as and, or,
and but.
Here are a couple other examples
of compound sentence.
Wind powers wind turbines, and they
produce electricity.

Wind powers wind turbines; they
produce electricity.

Can you come up with a compound
sentence on your own?
                      Vocabulary Quiz
                      changes something into
                      something different
   revolving doors   a good use of resources, not
   converts          wasteful
   currents          fuels formed from the remains
   fossil fuels      of plants and animals
   economical
                      doors in front of a building that
                      move in a circle around a central

                      flows of electricity
                 Vocabulary Quiz
                  becomes larger
   flickering
   expands
   propel        blowing in strong sudden
   gusty         bursts
   reliable
                  able to be depended on

                   burning or shining in an
                  irregular way

                  to cause to move forward
            Word Structure
These words have the prefix re- which means anew or
The word renewable literally means able to be made
new again.
The prefix can also mean back or backwards as in
recall, meaning to call something back again.
     What are the base words?
    renewable        new
    revisit          visit
    reconstruct      construct
    replay           play
What are the definitions to the last three
revisit - to stay with as a guest again
reconstruct- to build again
replay- to show a video clip again
These words are derivatives of the
Greek root chron which means time.
                      - something out of time, or in the
  anachronism          wrong time period
  chronicle          - record of historical events ordered
                        according to the time they occurred
  synchronize        - make things work at the same time
  chronological      - in order of time

   Learning and being able to identify basic Greek roots
   will help expand your vocabulary by providing hints to
   the basic meanings of words and to help you define
   difficult and unfamiliar words.
   Can you define the words?
 Use the words in sentences.

                 Comprehension Check
 Why do the Dutch use windmills?
 They use windmills to pump water back into the sea.
 How did people make flour before windmills?
 They turned millstones using water, human, or
  animal power.
 What are windmills used for?
 They can be used for many things, but today they are
  mostly used to make electricity.
 How has the use of wind changed over time?
 When the windmill was first invented, it was used to
  turn millstones and water pumps. When other
  engines were invented, people use wind energy less.
  Today people are turning back to wind energy for
   Writing- Persuasive Letter
Addressing Audience Needs

Different readers have different needs.
If a writer doesn’t know what their
reader knows, likes, and believes, it’s
hard to grab their attention. It is
important to provide reasons that will
appeal to the reader, which in this
case the principal.
   Our school rules should be partly decided
   by the students, not only the teacher,
   school or district.
1) 1. If students decide rules, students can
      play video games in class.
2) 2. Studies show that when students are
      given more responsibilities their school
      performance improves.
   Which of these two reasons better
   addresses the needs of the principal?
   To what audience might the other reason
                           Spelling Word Sort
   ology           meter           chron           re-
                meter         chronic
                diameter      chronicle
chronology      barometer     synchronize
chronological                                 revisit
                thermometer   chronology
                centimeter    chronological
 Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics
           dog, hero
           dogs, heroes

  A singular noun can be made plural by adding
  s or es.
Here are some examples of regular plurals.
Can you come up with some other examples?
 Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics
              leaf, country
              leaves, countries
    Sometimes nouns change the ending of the word
    before adding s or es.
Change the singular noun into plural.
 city           blanket       fox       rose

                               foxes          roses
 cities         blankets
                               park           knife
 hamster        bush
 hamsters       bushes         parks          knives

 Write five sentences that include plurals.
   What vocabulary word goes
       best in each sentence?
The light from the candle was
A balloon ___________ when air is blown into it.
 Wind was used to _________ ships long
 before windmills were invented.
There was a ______ wind blowing across
the summer prairie.
The car was very reliable in the cold
winter months.
What vocabulary word goes best
      in each sentence?
The store’s _______________ got stuck.
             revolving door
People couldn’t get out of the store.

The engine _________ water power to electricity.

The underground cables bring the electric
_____________ to the homes.
                     fossil fuels
Coal is one of the _____________ used to heat
Wind is an ___________ way to generate
electrical power.
            Word Structure
           What is the comparative an superlative
           form of each word?

delicate               more delicate, most
rigorous               more rigorous
                       most rigorous
simple                 simpler, simplest
kind                   kinder, kindest
              Word Structure
         Can you convert the words to adverbs by adding
         the correct suffixes? Then name the comparative
         and superlative form of each new word.

delicately              more delicately,
                         most delicately
rigorously              more rigorously,
                         most rigorously
                        more simply, most
                        more kindly, most
Meet the Author Gretchen Woelfle
  Why do you think the author is interested in
  She loves nature and wants to conserve it.
  Where does Woelfle live?
  She lives in California.
  Are there any wind turbines there?
  Yes there are many.

        Theme Connections
 Where is a good place to build a wind turbine?
 on top a hill or mountain
 Why did people stop building windmills during
  the 1800s?
 More reliable energy sources were discovered.
 Why is wind a good energy source?
 Wind doesn’t produce pollution.
 What is one problem with using tornadoes as an
  energy source?
 A tornado is too powerful and dangerous to be
     Writing in Formal Language
 Writing in formal language is one way to
  meet the needs of particular audiences.
 Formal language should be used when
  writing to an adult especially one you don’t
 It should also be used when writing to get
  information, and much of the writing done
  in school such as reports.
 Formal language is serious, polite and
  carefully written.
 It contains no contractions, slang, or
  shortened words.
Now check your persuasive letter…
  Are the readers needs being
   addressed in your letter?
  What revisions do you need to
  Is there any informal language in
   your letter?
    Prefix re- and Greek Roots
 meter- measure
 chron- time
 therm- heat
 ology- study or science of

 The prefix re- means again.
         reintroduce
         reaffirm
         reorganize
         inflamed

What are some other words that share the
same base word as these words?
Examples: introduction, affirmative,
   Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics

                Some nouns don’t add s
 man      men or es when forming plural
 goose    geese nouns. Some change the
moose    moose  Some nouns stays
                the same in singular
salmon   salmon
                an plural forms.
child    children   Irregular plurals
person   people     change altogether.
  Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics

I have seen a volcano.
Before Adam sleeps, he brushes his tooth.

  Rewrite the sentences changing the
  singular nouns with plural nouns.

I have seen volcanoes.
Before Adam sleeps, he brushes his teeth.
                Genre- Interview…
 Shows exact words of a conversation
 Are labeled with speakers initials

Footnotes are used to give the reader
  information that will help the reader
  understand the text or give the reader extra
  knowledge about a subject. Footnotes often
  identify the source of information given in
             Think Link
What is a CFL?
It is a compact florescent light bulb.
What are the three main fossil fuels?
Oil, coal and natural gas
In additional to being renewable energy
sources, solar power and wind power
produce little or pollution. Can you think of
a reason that they might not be good energy
They are not as powerful or as readily
available gas and coal.
Editing Your Persuasive Letter
 Editing is where you look for errors in
  grammar, usage, and mechanics.
 Make sure your letter is properly formatted.
 It needs a heading with date, inside address,
  salutation, body, closing and signature.
 Compound sentences can add variety to a
 Have a classmate peer edit your letter.
 Make necessary changes to your letter based
  on editing checklist and peer advice.

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