The Planet

Document Sample
The Planet Powered By Docstoc
					A nebula, the remains of
stars from previous
generations, are
composed of various
gases including:
•Hydrogen
•Helium
•Lithium
•Other elements

They drift about an area,
the heavier atomic
elements pulling the
lighter elements to them,
forming great clouds
star nurseries—areas
where stars are born.
The star nursery
continues to condense,
pulling in more and
more gases.
The gases begin a pattern of rotation
forming into a disc shape. Across
the disc gases have varying densities
and temperatures, with the hottest
most dense area of gas being in the
center.
The density of the center reaches
a critical mass at which point it
implodes into itself and ignites into
a gigantic reaction of nuclear fusion.




                                         Hydrogen is fused into Helium &
                                         other lighter elements sending
                                         temperatures to 1000’s of
                                         degrees Kelvin.
At the same time, all across the disc,
pockets of gas are condensing into
smaller non-fusion cores.

These smaller planetessimals are
made up of heavier elements
suspended in the planetary disc.
The debris drifts about,
                                                                           SYSTEM SCHEMATIC
colliding, merging, collecting
                                                                           •Hydrogen Cloud (sphere)
until it has formed a set of
                                                                           •Ort Cloud (sphere)
bodies which perpetually
                                                                           •Solar Halo (sphere)
orbit the solar sphere.
                                                                           •Planetary disc (plane)
                                                                           •Solar Center
                                                                           •Kuiper Belt (near plane)




               Comets
                                  Inner
                                 Planets

                                           Habitable
                                            Zone
                                                        Outer
                                                       Planets
                                                                 *Kuiper
                                                                  Belt
       Planetary
        Orbital
         Plane




                                                Solar
                                                Rotational
                                                Axis                              *Kuiper Belt orbits diverge
                                                                                  from planetary disc
THE PLANETARY PLANE
   From The Planetary Disc


The entire solar system is
made from a permutation of        Inner Planets
the 88 natural elements of the    (Rocky Geomorphic)                  Mars
periodic table.                                               Earth
                                                                    2 moons                           Comet
                                                     Venus   1 moon
This includes the basic
building blocks of known life:         Mercury

      Carbon                                                                   Asteroid Belt
      Hydrogen                                                             (Between Mars & Jupiter)
      Oxygen
      Nitrogen
      Phosphorous
                                      Jupiter
In addition, water (H2O) is            Rings
abundant throughout the              63 moons     Saturn
system, although its existence                     Rings            Neptune
                                                 48 moons                                Uranus
in liquid form is restricted to                                      Rings
                                                                                          Rings
                                                                   13 moons
suitable temperatures.             Outer Planets                                        27 moons
                                      (Gas Giants)



                                     Kuiper Belt
                                          Pluto          Quaoar    Sedna       Xena
                                        2 moons
                                        Askew of
                                     Planetary plane
A typical planet will
build through condensing
and sedimentation of layers                     UV & Solar rays
of various materials.



 Lithosphere,                                    Solid Iron (Fe),
 “Crust”,                                        High heat.
 Solid                                           High pressure
 Plastic, or
 Liquid
 (depending
 upon size of
 The planet)

                       Out
  Heavy gases,         gasing,
  Gas compounds        volcanic                  Liquid Iron (Fe),
                                                 High heat,
                                                 High pressure



   “Out gases”                                    Non-Hydrogen,
   emitted by                                     Plastic-Liquid,
   condensing                                     “rock-metal”
   planetary                                      Elements & compounds
   sphere-                        Light gases
   NXn                            H2, He …
   SXn
   CXn
                         Planet formation is not uniform, but it is predictable.
                         In our solar system there are two major groups of
                         planets…



INNER PLANETS                                  OUTER PLANETS
Closer to the Sun                               Further from Sun
 are warmer and                                    are cooler and
will lose the lighter                        will retain lighter gases
H2 and He gases                                    of H2 and He.


                            Planet                        Out Gasing
           Out Gasing     Formation



           H2 Escapes from                  Remaining H2 reacts
           heat of sun leaving              with heavier out gases
           behind heavier gases,            forming an atmosphere
           such as O2, N2,                  of CH(n), NH(3) & H2O…
           CO(n) and NO(n)…
DESIGNATE PLANETS OF SOL SYSTEM

     Name                  Mass               Diameter               Atmosphere   Feature

I    Mercury                 0.06                 4,878               He       Caloris basin
N    Venus                   0.86                12,104               CO2      Maxw Mont’s
N
E    Earth                   1.00                12,755               N2, O2   Liquid H2O
R    Mars                    0.11                 6,790               CO2      Olym Mons


O    Jupiter 318   142,796 H, He                                               Red Storm (s)
U    Saturn   95   120,660 H, He                                               Rings
T
E    Uranus   14.5 51,118 H, He                                                98 Axial Tilt
R    Neptune 17.2 49,520 H, He                                                 Dark Storm
    * Pluto, Quaoar, Sedna, & Xena are consider part of the Kuiper Ice belt…
Planet 1           Planet 2           Planet 3               Alien Moon




 INNER PLANETS                                         OUTER PLANET
                                                               (Moon)




           All three planets and the moon have Iron cores,
           And surrounding spherical layers of
           H2, He, N2, O2, CO, CO2, plus other gases.
           As the cores condense, they out gas additional
           N2, O2, CO, CO2 plus other gases.
Planet 1           Planet 2           Planet 3         Alien Moon




 INNER PLANETS                                     OUTER PLANET
                                                          (Moon)

 The planetary cores continue to expel N2, O2,     The planetary cores
 CO, CO2 plus other gases. The O2 combines         continue to expel N2, O2,
                                                   CO, CO2 plus other gases.
 with H2 to form water (H2O and ionized OH).       The O2 combines with H2 to
 The heat and gravity of the sun cause the inner   form water (H2O and
 planets to lose their free floating H2 and He.    ionized OH). However,
                                                   the heat and gravity of the
                                                   sun of the outer planets is
                                                   not enough free the H2 and
                                                   He. They remain in the
                                                   atmosphere.
Planet 1             Planet 2            Planet 3     Alien Moon




 INNER PLANETS                                       OUTER PLANET
                                                         (Moon)


Planet 1 is closest to the solar center. It’s heat
is such that water cannot remain in liquid form.
In addition, OH ions float free from the planet’s
atmosphere breaking the chain that leads to
water. N2, O2, CO, CO2 continue to
accumulate. N2 & O2 react to form NO(n).
Greenhouse gases predominate in the form of
CO2, while the other gases continue to deplete
into space or onto the surface.
Planet 1            Planet 2            Planet 3      Alien Moon




 INNER PLANETS                                       OUTER PLANET
                                                         (Moon)

Planet three is the furthest of the inner planets
from the solar center. However, its density is
much less than Planets 1 or 2. Again, H2 & He
and OH are lost. Liquid water forms initially, but
cannot be sustained in the atmosphere. CO,
CO2 become the dominant gases.
Planet 1            Planet 2            Planet 3       Alien Moon




 INNER PLANETS                                        OUTER PLANET
                                                          (Moon)
Planet 2 is between planets 1 & 3. Like the other
two it continues to out gas N2, O2, CO, and CO2
plus other gases. Like Planet 3, the H2 and O2
form water. Planet 2 is more dense than Planet 3
and it retains the OH ions. In addition, unlike the
warmer Planet 1, Planet 2’s water can remain in a
liquid state. Liquid H2O combines with CO & CO2
leaving N2 and O2 to dominate.
Planet 1             Planet 2             Planet 3             Alien Moon




 INNER PLANETS                                              OUTER PLANET
                                                                    (Moon)

           Like the three inner planets, the outer Alien Moon
           expels N2, O2, CO, CO2 and other gases.
           However, it is too cold and too far from the solar
           center to free the H2 & He. Instead, alternative
           gases of CH4, NH3, H2O and others are formed.
           UV rays from the solar center merge the gases
           into heavy organic chemical deposits (called Tholins),
           which precipitate to the surface. N2 becomes the
           dominant gas in the atmosphere.
Planet 1            Planet 2            Planet 3        Alien Moon




 INNER PLANETS                                         OUTER PLANET
                                                           (Moon)


All four planetary bodies have the potential to bear
life as we have witnessed it on earth. Planets 1, 3
and the Alien Moon could bear Anaerobic life. For
life on these planets, high concentrations of O2
would be toxic. In addition, the lack of liquid H2O
prevents a sustained hydrologic cycle.
Photosynthesis is minimal if at all. Complex
aerobic ecosystems cannot evolve.
Planet 1             Planet 2           Planet 3       Alien Moon




 INNER PLANETS                                        OUTER PLANET
                                                          (Moon)
The chemical evolution on a planet, which brings
about the atmosphere is highly dependent upon
the proximity of the solar center with its heat and
gravitational pull. These two factors govern how
much H2 of the original planetary disc remains in
the planet body’s immediate surroundings, and in
what state of water can be sustained. The
composition of the atmosphere and the presence
of a hydrologic cycle with liquid water permits
aerobic respiration and complex aerobic
biospheres.
                TWO BASIC ECOSYSTEMS


   An aerobic ecosystem                 A theoretical hydrogen based
   like that of earth…                  Anaerobic ecosystem…




                  Decomposers                           Decomposers
  Consumers
                                        Consumers

        Producers

 UV + CO2 + H2O = C6 H12 O6 + O2               UV + CH3 = C2 H2
C6 H12 O6 + O2 = Energy + CO2 + H2O        C2 H2 + H2 = Energy + CH3

 Where C6 H12 O6 is synthesized by         Where C2 H2 is synthesized in
 photosynthetic plants which are then     the atmosphere and precipitates
       consumed by other life.            out of the atmosphere as Tholin
Planet 1            Planet 2           Planet 3        Alien Moon




 INNER PLANETS                                        OUTER PLANET
                                                          (Moon)


Planet 2 on the other hand has liquid H2O and can
produce aerobic respiration. Aerobic life can
survive. In addition, the presence of liquid H2O, a
Hydrologic cycle, with CO2 gas with solar UV,
permits the synthesis of sugars. Photosynthesis
replaces the O2 used in respiration. A sustainable
ecosystem of producers and consumers can
evolve.
                                IN SUMMARY



PLANETARY FORMATION
•Nebula condenses forming Protoplanetary Disc
•Protoplanetary Disc has fusionable core
•Temperature & Gravitational fluctuations in the disc form perturbations
•Disc Perturbations condense into nonfusionable cores
•Nonfusionable cores draw disc gases
•The gases condense around the core
•Planetessimals form
•Planetessimals come together via gravity
•Planetessimals aggregate into larger units including
•Asteroids, planetoids & Planetary Discs
•Planetary Discs accrete into planets with rings & moons
•The Discs condense into Geomorphs and Gas Giants
                                 THE EVOLUTIONARY
NUCLEAR EVOLUTION
                                    PROCESSES             ENERGY REDUCES
 Fragments (dark matter?)            OF MATTER
 Subatomic particles
 Atoms



CHEMICAL EVOLUTION
 Elements                            EVOLUTIONARY
 Molecules                             PROCESS
 Molecular Compounds
     Inorganic                      Holons
     Organic                            spreading to
                                    Heterarchies
 Prions                                 transcending to
 Proteins                           Hierarchies
 Nucleic Acids                          Evolving to
      Replication
                                    Higher Hierarchies
      Metabolism


BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION                                       ORGANIZATION
 Proto-living (a.k.a. replicating proteins, viruses)        INCREASES
 Achaeans
 Prokaryotes
 Eukaryotes
     THE EVOLUTIONARY PROCESSES OF ENERGY



                        Critical Points
Energy (dark energy?)                     Energy-Thermodynamics
    Fragments
    Vibrations

Nuclear Forces
    Strong
    Weak

Molecular Forces
    Ion charge
    Heat—Pressure
    Physical State

Gravitational Forces                        Self-Organization
    Gravity
    Centripetal
A PLANET IS BORN
AND BEGINS ITS OWN
DEVELOPMENT WITHIN
THE CONTINUING, OFTEN
VIOLENT, DEVELOPMENT
OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM,
THE GALAXY AND
THE COSMOS.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:10
posted:1/7/2012
language:English
pages:24