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									                                         The 20th Century
      Date received
          Date due

                       Standards                                  Can you … (Essential Questions)?
Traces the development of British fiction through        1. … anaylze and describe how British literature
various literary periods (ie, Anglo-Saxon, Medieval,     developed during this time period?
Renaissance, Romantic, etc.
Identifies and analyzes patterns of imagery or           2. … identify and explain symbols in each story?

Relates identified elements in fiction to theme or       3. … analyze several excerpts and determine the
underlying meaning.                                      following: tone, mood, style, setting, and theme?

Locates and analyzes such elements as … irony … satire   4. …analyze and interpret instances of satire?
                                           The 20th Century
1. In the PURPLE literature book, answer the following questions from p. 907 - 922
            1. What colonies gained their independence from Britain in the 1900s?
           2. Click on the tab below named "Graphic Org" and follow the directions.
           3. What is considered the truly great disaster of the first half of the 20th century?
           4. Describe how young men in England historically displayed their patriotism (p. 913).
           5. Click on the following link and answer this question: Although there were MANY things going
           on in the world that contributed to World War 1, what is generally considered the catalyst (the trigger)
           that started the war?
           6. How many British soldiers died in the Great War (World War I) (p. 914)?

           7. On page 915, discuss how one of the works mentioned challenged traditional values of beauty and
           order, opening new avenues of expression.
           8. Novelists were moving from a concern with _____________ to a focus on ____________. (p.

           9. Why was the novel Lady Chatterley's Lover by D.H. Lawrence banned in England until 1960?

           10. What common political developments occurred in Italy, Germany, and Russia shortly before World
           War II?
           11. What is Fascism? (p. 917)
           12. What is Communism? Was it a successful form of government in Russia? Why or why not?
           13. P. 918. Why did Hitler target Jews and other minorities for systematic destruction?
           14. How is the literature written shortly after World War II characterized?

           15. P. 919. What is a welfare state? Use the link below if you can't find it in the reading…
           http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-welfare-state.htm \
           16. P. 191. What did the group of writers called Angry Young Men criticize?
           17. What is it that British authors excel at?
           18. Name the countries in which native authors write novels in English.. (p. 920).

           P. 920 - 921. Dry, Delicious Parody (purple box)
           19. Why do foreigners often not get the British sense of humor.?
           20. What is the specialty of Monty Python's Flying Circus?
           21. P. 921. What topics do writers from former British Colonies often explore?

2. Click on the link below and watch the entire video on D. H. Lawrence. Then answer the questions that
           1. Why was D.H. Lawrence's childhood unhappy?
           2. Why does the narrator say that “Lawrence was never afraid to be a Daniel, no matter how many
           lions might be roaring at him”?
           3. How were Lawrence's writing and artwork similar?

3. Click on the link below and watch the entire video on Virginia Woolf. Then answer the questions that follow.
           1. Virginia Woolf grew up in what social class - lower, middle, upper-middle, upper? What evidence in
           the video makes you believe that?
           2. Describe Virginia Woolf as a young woman.

4. Click on the link below and watch the entire video on George Orwell and his novel 1984. Then answer the
questions that follow.
           1. George Orwell wrote 1984 as a warning. What was he warning against?
           2. Define "utopia" - you may need to use a dictionary.
           3. What is a totalitarian government?
           4. How does the Ministry of Love ensure total loyalty?
           5. What are some privacy issues in the story?
           6. What are some privacy issues in real life today?

5. Click on the link below and watch the entire video on Joseph Conrad and his novel Heart of Darkness. Then
answer the questions that follow.
           1. How did Conrad feel about the ivory trade in Africa?
           2. Why did missionaries go to the European colonies?
           3. What does the title Heart of Darkness refer to?

6. Click on the link below and watch the entire video on William Golding and his novel Lord of the Flies. Then
answer the questions that follow.

           1. People often act one way when they are alone, and another way in a group setting. Why is this?
           2. How does fear affect a person’s behavior?
           3. According to the boys, what separates savages from civilized people like the English?

7. Click on the tab below named "Irony-Satire", then follow all directions for the activities listed.
           British humor relies heavily on irony and satire. These activities will refresh your memory on them in
           prepartion for the next assignment called Analyzing British Humor.
                                                             Graphic Organizer
Type/write as much information as you can about each man. Be sure to include the following: the names of important works they wrote, what their theories
were, and why they were controversial - as well as any other information you learn.

                                              Darwin, Marx, and Freud: Undermining Victorian Ideas

 Charles Darwin                                       Karl Marx                                             Sigmund Freud
                                                Satire and Irony
British humor relies heavily on irony and satire. These activities will refresh your memory on what irony and
satire are - in prepartion for the next assignment called Analyzing British Humor.

1. Define irony. Use dictionary.com

2. Review what you know about irony. Go to My Computer/Student folder/English folder/ and open the Irony
           1. Name and describe the three types of irony.

3. Click on the link below.
             1. Choose a quote on irony.
             2. Create a visual that interprets the quote.
                          Include the quote in your visual.
                          Visual may be a poster, a diorama, a postcard, a bumper sticker, or a Power Point.

1. Define satire. Use dictionary.com

2. Click the link below and watch the video segment named "A Satire: The Emperor's New Clothes". Then answer
the following questions:
            1. Describe what is being satirized in this story.

Still confused about the difference between irony and satire? The following information might help clear it up for

        Irony is twist of fate! It is best illustrated in O Henry's Gift of the Magi. A young man was married to a
beautiful woman with long golden hair. They lived in a very cold climate and it was Christmas time. He worked
outdoors and his coat was badly worn and he had no gloves. With the few dollars he had left he wanted to buy
warmer clothes but he also wanted to get his wife a comb for Christmas so she could keep her lovely hair neat. She
wanted one so very badly. And he loved her so much! So he bought her a lovely ivory comb for a gift.

        She, also being very much in love, feeling sorry for her husband who came home every night frigid from
the cold and his thread-bare coat wanted to get him a new one for Christmas. She, too, had no money! All she had
was her beautiful golden hair. Alas, she sheared her hair and sold it to a merchant and bought the coat.

      The irony rests in the fact that now she has no hair to comb with her beautiful ivory comb. That's IRONY.

        Satire is making fun of something or someone, generally, to improve it or them. Alice in
Wonderland and Wizard of Oz are excellent of how we make fun of or exaggerate people's shortcomings to expose
our weakness as humans.
from http://en.allexperts.com/q/General-Writing-Grammar-680/Satire-Irony.htm - accessed 4/3/09
                         Analyzing British Humor/Humour
1. Click on the link below and read the article comparing British humor to American humor. Then answer the
following questions.
           1. List some words the article uses to describe British humor.
           2. Define the words you just listed in #1 - use a dictionary or dictionary.com
           3. How does the article compare the British version of "The Office" to the American version?
           4. British humor is about ____ people doing ____ things while American humor is about ____
           people doing _____ things.

2. Read the following examples of British humor (taken from the website http://www.anglik.net/britishjokes.htm)

           A man walks into a doctor's office. He has a cucumber up his nose, a carrot in his left ear and a banana
           in his right ear. "What's the matter with me?" he asks the doctor. The doctor replies, "You're not eating

           An English teacher wrote these words on the whiteboard: "woman without her man is nothing". The
           teacher then asked the students to punctuate the words correctly.
           The men wrote: "Woman, without her man, is nothing."
           The women wrote: "Woman! Without her, man is nothing."

           1st Eskimo: Where did your mother come from?
           2nd Eskimo: Alaska
           1st Eskimo: Don't bother, I'll ask her myself!

           Charles was getting annoyed and shouted upstairs to his wife," Hurry up or we'll be late." "Oh, be
           quiet," replied his wife. "Haven't I been telling you for the last hour that I'll be ready in a minute?"

           Why did the bald man paint rabbits on his head? Because from a distance they looked like hares!

           What kind of ears does an engine have? Engineers

           Jim was speeding along the road one fine day when the local policeman, a friend of his, pulled him
           over. "What's wrong, Eric?" Jim asked. "Well didn't you know, Jim, that your wife fell out of the car
           about five miles back?" said Eric. "Ah, praise God!" he replied with relief. "I thought I'd gone deaf!"

           What's green and looks like a bucket? (See your teacher for the answer)

3. Watch the film Monty Python and the Holy Grail. Then complete the following:
           1. Remember WAY back in 4A when you learned about Beowulf and King Arthur. Discuss how this
           film satirizes each story.
           2. Find AT LEAST THREE examples of ironic humor.
                       a. Describe the circumstances
                       b. Illustrate the irony.
                       c. Do this in a poster, power point, or some other creative way.

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