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					                Country review: Thaila


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The data presented in this document was revie
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the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitabi
provided by the different country reviewers.

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or person without the specific prior written per

Please refer to the full T-MAPPER report (www
information.
eview: Thailand


this spreadsheet is for general information purposes only.
 ument was reviewed by the T-MAPPER project team. The
ns or warranties of any kind, expressed or implied, about
 eliability, suitability or availability with respect to the data
ntry reviewers.

adsheet is subject to copyrights. The contents of this
duced in whole or in part, not passed to any organisation
prior written permission of the European Commission.

PER report (www.sutp.org/T-MAPPER) for further
                                                             Level of
                                                                       Implementin                                                                     Pax or
                    Area                                   implementat             Status                                                                                                                            Mode
                                                                         g actor                                                                         Frt
                                                               ion
                             City / Region (if specific)




                                                                                                                Private businesses




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Domestic aviation
     Country Code




                                                                                                                                     Current (C) or




                                                                                                                                                                                   Rail/light rail
                                                                                             Government




                                                                                                                                                                                                     International




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   International
                                                                                                                                      Planned (P)




                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Sea/inland
                                                                                                                                                      Passenger




                                                                                                                                                                                                                       waterway
                                                                                 Municipal




                                                                                                                                                                                                       maritime
                                                                      Regional
                                                           National




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      aviation
                                                                                                                                                                  Freight
                                                                                                                                                                            Road
                                                                                                          NGO

TH                         0                                     1          0          0            1       0                0       C                      0          1       1              1                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         0                                     1          0          0            1       0                0       C                      1          0       1              1                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         0                                     1          0          0            1       0                1       C                      0          1       0              0                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         0                                     1          0          0            1       0                1       C                      1          1       1              0                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         0                                     1          0          0            1       0                0       C                      0          0       0              0                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         0                                     1          0          0            0       0                1       C                      1          1       1              0                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         0                                     1          0          0            1       0                0       C                      1          1       1              0                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         0                                     1          0          0            1       0                0       C                      1          1       1              1                 1            1                1                        1
TH                         BMA                                   0          1          1            1       0                0       C                      1          0       1              0                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         0                                     1          0          0            1       0                0       C                      1          1       1              0                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         0                                     1          0          0            1       0                0       C                      1          1       1              0                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         0                                     1          0          0            1       0                0       C                      1          0       1              1                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         0                                     0          1          0            1       0                0       C                      1          0       0              1                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         0                                     1          0          0            1       0                0       C                      1          1       1              0                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         BMA                                   0          1          1            1       0                0       C                      1          1       1              0                 1            1                0                        0
TH                         0                                     1          0          0            1       0                0       C                      0          0       0              0                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         0                                     1          0          0            1       0                0       C                      1          0       1              1                 0            1                1                        0
TH                         BMA                                   0          1          1            1       0                0       C                      1          1       1              0                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         0                                     0          1          0            1       0                0       C                      1          0       1              0                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         0                                     1          0          0            1       0                0       C                      1          1       1              0                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         0                                     1          0          0            1       0                0       C                      1          1       1              0                 0            0                0                        0
TH                         0                                     1          0          0            1       0                0       C                      1          0       0              0                 0            1                0                        0
TH   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   C   1   1   0   0   0   0   0   0
TH   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   C   1   1   1   0   0   0   0   0
TH   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   C   1   1   1   0   0   0   0   0
TH   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   C   0   0   1   0   0   0   0   0
TH   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   C   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
TH   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   C   1   1   0   0   0   0   0   0
TH   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   C   1   1   1   0   0   0   0   0
TH   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   C   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
TH   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   C   1   0   1   0   0   0   0   0
TH   BMA   0   1   0   1   0   0   C   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
TH   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   C   1   1   1   0   0   0   0   0
TH   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   C   1   1   1   0   0   0   0   0
TH   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   C   1   1   0   0   0   0   0   0
TH   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   C   1   1   1   1   0   0   0   0
TH   0     0   0   0   1   0   0   C   1   1   1   1   0   0   0   0
TH   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   P   1   1   0   0   0   0   0   0
TH   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   P   1   1   1   0   0   0   0   0
TH   BMA   0   1   1   1   0   0   P   1   0   1   1   0   0   0   0
TH   0     1   0   0   1   0   0   P   1   1   1   0   0   0   0   0
                         Name of policy /measure                                Package                            Impact                            Type of policy




                                                                            common number to
                                                                             package, allocate a


                                                                              the same package
                                                                              all policies under
                                                                               If part of policy




                                                                                                                                                                                            Technological
                                                                                                                                                                              Information
                                                                                                                                                      Regulatory
                                                                                                                                                                   Economic
  Give name of policy /measure. For packages of policies, start name with




                                                                                                                                          Planning
                                                                                                                            Improve
                                                                                                   Avoid
                                                                                                           Shift
    "PACKAGE - ", Detail contents of the package using extra rows. Then,
   allocate ID number to policy package as described on the next column.


Logistics Development Strategy                                                 0                 0 1                                  1         1            0           0            0              0
Energy Conservation Program -Park and Ride                                     3                 0 1                                  0         0            0           0            0              0
                                                                               3                 0 0
Transportation Incentive Program : Feasibility Study on Oil Consumption Reduction in the Goods TransportBusiness                      1         0            0           0            0              0
                                                                               3                 0 0
Transportation Incentive Program: Promotion and Demonstration of Energy Efficiency Improvement in theTransport Sector                 1         1            0           1            0              0
Energy Conservation Program -Alternative Fuels                                 3                 0 0                                  1         1            0           0            0              0
Fuel Economy - Labelling                                                       0                 0 0                                  1         0            1           0            1              0
                                                                               0                 0
Reduction of Excise Tax on Gasohol and Biodiesel (Notification of Ministry of Finance dated 21/9/09) 0                                1         0            0           1            0              0
Alternative Energy Development Plan                                            0                 0 0                                  1         1            1           0            0              0
Improving the public bus system in BMA                                         4                 0 1                                  1         1            0           0            0              0
Energy Conservation Program -General                                           3                 0 1                                  1         0            0           1            0              0
Energy Conservation Promotion Fund                                             3                 0 0                                  0         0            1           1            0              0
National Strategy on Climate Change B.E. 2551-2555 (2008 - 2012) : Shift       2                 0 1                                  0         0            1           0            0              0
Mass Transit Systems                                                           0                 0 1                                  0         1            0           0            0              0
Ban on imported second-hand vehicles                                           0                 0 0                                  1         0            1           0            0              0
Improving the traffic system in BMA                                            4                 1 0                                  1         1            0           1            0              0
Energy Conservation Program -Transport System Efficiency                       3                 1 1                                  1         1            1           1            0              0
National Strategy on Climate Change B.E. 2551-2555 (2008 - 2012) : Avoid 2                       0 1                                  0         0            1           0            0              0
Promoting the use of Biofuels in BMA                                           4                 0 0                                  1         1            0           0            1              0
Anti-idling Campaign                                                           0                 0 0                                  1         0            0           0            1              0
Land Transport Act                                                             0                 0 0                                  1         0            1           0            0              0
Fuel Quality Standards                                                         0                 0 0                                  1         1            0           0            0              0
Motorboat pollution                                                            0                 0 0                                  1         0            1           0            0              0
Prohibition of smoky vehicles                                               0                  0 0      1   0   0   0   0   0
Standards and measures for measuring smoke from vehicles                    0                  0 0      1   0   1   0   0   0
Regulating air pollution discharged from vehicles                           0                  0 0      1   0   1   0   0   0
Manufacturing of engines                                                    0                  0 0      1   0   1   0   0   0
Tenth National Economic and Social Development Plan 2007-2011 (TNESDP) 0                       0 0      1   1   0   0   0   0
National Strategy on Climate Change B.E. 2551-2555 (2008 - 2012) : Improve 2                   0 0      1   0   1   0   0   0
                                                                            3                  0
Transportation incentive programPromotion of Smart Driving for Energy Saving in the Transport Sector0   1   0   0   0   1   0
Eco-car/ Green Car                                                          0                  0 0      1   0   0   1   0   0
Promotion of Alternative Fueled Vehicles                                    0                  0 0      1   0   0   1   0   0
BMA’s Energy Conservation Policy                                            0                  1 0      1   1   1   0   0   0
Registration of Vehicles                                                    0                  0 0      1   0   1   0   0   0
Notification No. 16 of the National Executive Council of 1971               0                  0 0      1   0   0   0   0   0
                                                                            0
use of measuring instruments for smoke density and loud noise from motor vessels               0 0      1   0   0   0   0   0
Energy Conservation Promotion Act, B.E. 2535 (1992)                         3                  0 1      1   0   0   1   0   0
Compact City Development                                                    0                  0 0      0   0   0   0   0   0
Fuel Flexible Vehicles                                                      0                  0 0      1   1   0   1   0   0
Fuel Economy - Standards Development                                        0                  0 0      1   0   1   0   0   0
Expanding the mass transit rail system within the Bangkok metropolitan area 4                  0 1      1   1   0   0   0   0
Street Lighting EE for national highways and public spaces                  0                  0 0      0   1   0   0   0   0
                      Objective                                         Description of policy                                         Sources




                                                          Please provide further details of the policy here
          Primary objective(s) of the policy                                                                   Relevant links and literature/publications if available
                                                                       (Aims, Main Features)



                                                         To support the management of transport for energy-saving purposes. This Development Strategy (2007-2011) at both business and national lev
Lower logistics cost as a proportion of GDP from 19% in 2005 to 16% in 2011.                                      Thailand's Logistics will eventuallylower transport costs
promote the use of trains                                                                                         support from ONG   ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN THAILAND Final Report
                                                         More “Park & Ride” areas have been established, with PEER REVIEW the
 overnment’s ENCON Fund, in order to facilitate people travelling inbou
                                                         This is their fleets
assist private companies achieve efficiency improvements in designed for operators who have not seriously implemented energyefficiency improvement in their business but who are interested in re
                                                         This is designed for operators who have analyzed and planned for energyefficiency improvement in their business but implementation has not b
to give financial support to private institutions towards achieving energy efficiency improvements in their fleets
to reduce oil consumption by 15% (2008)                                                                           125-133.Thailand's Energy 
  G
                                                         The use of gasohol, biodiesel and natural gas for vehicles (NGV) will be promoted.
 asohol: to increase the use of gasohol to 8 million litres/day
                                                          a voluntary program launched in 2005 by
give information to customers regarding the fuel economy of vehicles that are to be purchased the Pollution Control Department limiting the level of CO2 emissions and the National Energy Policy
promote biofuels                                         Notification of Ministry of Finance dated 21/9/09 re bases and conditions respecting reductionof rates of excise tax on gasohol and diesel oil co
                                                         The 15-year alternative energy•  development plan security into 3 phases: (1) short term, 2008-2011, (2) medium term, 2012-2016, integrated
                                                                                                                  http://www.ctlo.com/data/summary%2015year%20alt%20energy0409.pdf
                                                                                                                                                            •
• To make Thailand use alternative energy as its main energy in place of imported oil;
 To strengthen theis dividedof supplying energy to the country;
 To promote the use of energy for anand (3) long
                                                         Implementation of a BRT System: The reduction(million ton p.a.) = 0.19 million tons per annum
                                                                                                                  Bangkok Metropolitan Administration Action Plan 2008. An
Warming ...
                                                                                                                                                                              a
Aims to encourage passenger car drivers to utilize public transportation.Target CO2 emission pilot route, Chongnontri – Rajapruck section, will be operational in on Global dditional four routes are sch
                                                                                                                  PEER REVIEW ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY and biodiesel promotion
                                                         Comprised of 3 sub-programs :1)Renewable Energy Development Program - wherein ethanol IN THAILAND Final Reportare included in the scope
divert fuel income to energy conservation                                                                         Thailand Clean diesel, Policy and Programs –
                                                         –collect small levy (0.05-0.25 baht per liter) from the sale of gasoline, Energy fuel oil, and kerosene
Annual Revenue around 2 – 2.5 billion baht
                                                         Promoting travel energy transit systemPromoting travel by walking
                                                                                                                  Thailand's National Strategy in Climate Change
Reduce greenhouse gas emissions in energy sector Increase efficiency ofby mass using and saving in transportation sector for motorcycleon short distance - Slide 1
expand mass transit systems in thailand                  In 2003, URMAP-2 Study proposed a Mass Transit Systems of a total of 291 km (includingexisting Green Line and Blue Line systems) that will be
ban second hand imported vehicles
                                                         Improve              network, n 23 February 2004 the decision of Metropolitan Administration Action Plan Traffic 1/2547,
 emissions
arget CO2
                                                                                     O
Increase the efficiency of Bangkok’s traffic system by improving the road network
 including
onstructing flyover bridgeCommission for tunnels in order toof Roadon Global Warming announced with o
                                                                                               c                  Bangkok and underpass the Management reduce congestion and as ...w           T
                                                                                                                                                                                               

to reduce oil consumption by 10%(2008)                                                                            125-133.Thailand's transporta tion of goods and commodities by land transport.
 Promo
                                                         Promotion of the use of rail and waterway transport modes instead of the Energy                                                            •
                                                         Reducing travel wanted by communication support in private sector
                                                                                                                  Thailand's National Strategy on Climate Change Slide 1
Reduce greenhouse gas emissions in energy sector Increase efficiency of energy using and saving in transportation sector and government sectorControlling-amount of private vehicle using in the h
                                                         Supporting activities:
ampaign for                       Bangkok Metropolitan – use of liquefied gas, e.g. on Global Warming ...
                                                                                                                                                                           •
promote use of gasohol and biodieselTarget CO2 emission reduction(millionCton p.a.) 0.61use of low carbon emission petroleum fuelAdministration Action Plan CNG.
 Bangkok Metropolitan Administ
                                                         a campaign to encourage passenger cardrivers to turn off their engine when parked. If 5.5 million drivers in Bangkok turn off theirautomobile en
                                                         The Land Transport Act B.E. 2522 (A.D. 1979), as amended by the Land renewal Act No. 11 B.E. 2550 (A.D. 2007), determines that vehicles use
Under this law, the Ministry of Transport issues notifications which control new registration of the motor vehicles and annualTransportthe registrations.
Move towards cleaner fuels                                Leaded gasoline was phased out from Thailand completely in 1995. Thailand is working towards gasoline reformulation for benzene and sulfur
                                                         prescribes air pollution caused by motorboats smoke and carbon monoxide discharged from automobiles and the law are subject to fine of T
                                                                                                                  http://www.tillekeandgibbins.com/publications/thailand_legal_basics/protecting_enviro
National Executive Council No. 16 B.E. 2514 (A.D. 1971) regulatesstandards with regard to dangerous which discharge dangerous smoke. Those convicted of violating motorcycles, while theaNotificat
apprehend and penalize smoky vehicles                                                                            http://www.tillekeandgibbins.com/publications/thailand_legal_basics/protecting_enviro
                                                       The Land Traffic Act B.E. 2522 (A.D. 1979), as amended by the Land Traffic Act No. 8 B.E. 2551 (A.D. 2008), prohibits using automobiles and mo
                                                       New standards and methods for measuring the smokehttp://www.tillekeandgibbins.com/publications/thailand_legal_basics/protecting_enviro
identification of standard for measuring smoke from automobiles                                                  from automobiles are prescribed under the Notification of the Ministry of Science, Tech
regulate air pollution from vehicles                                                                             dated April 17, 1995, in addition to regulating air pollution discharged from motor vehicl
                                                       Notification of the National Environment Board No. 10http://www.tillekeandgibbins.com/publications/thailand_legal_basics/protecting_enviro
                                                                                                                 http://www.tillekeandgibbins.com/publications/thailand_legal_basics/protecting_enviro
                                                       Additionally, in October 1991, under the policy of the Ministry of Industry, a notification was issued by the Ministry of Industry to reduce air pol
                                                       reform of innovationsystems, reduction of the capital cost ofTechnology Fund Investment Plan
                                                                                                                 Clean emission per logistics
reduce the usage ofpetroleum in the transport sector to 30 per cent of total energy usageThe Plan seeks to cap CO2transport and capita to 3.5tCO2/person, well below current level.
                                                       Specific fuel economy standards along with new vehicle standards
                                                                                                                 Thailand's National Strategy on Climate vehicle and mass
Reduce greenhouse gas emissions in energy sector Increase efficiency of energy using and saving in transportation sector improving, including privateChange - Slide 1 transit Promoting engine main
train people on eco-driving                            This part of activities will foster energy conservation conscience of the personneland their participation in energy saving of the organization.
                                                                                                                 Thailand BOI
                                                       The BOI and the Ministry of Finance are offering maximum incentives to eco-car manufacturers in Thailand. Under the new program, the BOI ex
                                                                        •                                        Thailand EST from abroad                                            •
                                                       CNG Promotion
 Due to the high price of gasoline, most is importedpresentation caused significantly to the trade deficit
 CNG price has been f
energy conservation                                                                                              Bangkok State manual? switching 2001
                                                       ? regularly maintain the fleet vehicles asrecommended by the vehicleof the Environment off engines while parking? minimize use of vehicles an
regulate vehicle registration                          Motor Act B.E.2522 (CA 1979) latest updated 2007. This act covers cars, motorcycles, trailers, tractors and others. Under this law, the Ministry
vehicle emission standard                              law controlling exhaust smoke and noise level emitted from vehicles, automobiles, motorcycles, and motor vessels, by prescribing smoke dens
vehicle emission standards                             Notification No. 177/2527 of the Harbor Department This Notification prescribed smoke density measuring instrument and characteristics of sm
                                                                                                                 Under this Act, the Energy Conservation THAILAND Final Report
to promote the energy conservation discipline and energy conservationinvestment in factories and buildings. PEER REVIEW ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN PromotionFund (ENCON Fund) has been establis
compact development                                                                                              http://www.ghb.co.th/en/Journal/Vol2/15.pdf
                                                       Bangkok will be a compact city (based onland-use planning, focusing on higherdensityand better accessibility which reducesautomobile depend
promote flexi-fuel vehicles                                                                                      THAILAND : MAKING TRANSPORT MORE ENERGY EFFICIENT,
                                                       The government plans to introduce the Fuel Flexible Vehicles (FFVs), which can better utilize gasohol with higher ethanol content such as E20 (g
improve the fuel economy of the fleet                  The Department of Energy Development and Alternative Energy prepared a draft royal decree for highly efficient vehicles based on the “Top Ru
                                                       The Bangkok Metropolitan Administration is responsible for theMetropolitan Administration Action operated by Bangkok Mass
                                                                                                                 Bangkok = 2.4 million per annum t
Aims to encourage passenger car drivers to utilize public transportation.Target CO2 emission reduction(million ton p.a.)extension of the mass
ransit system Plan on Global Warming ... Transit System
                                                       Technology 500,000 lamps, is proven to reduce energyconsumption by at least 25 percent from the base line case. The investment involvesinst
Total 100 MW and expected annualelectricity savings of 325 GWh that will be usedUS$ 67 million
                                               Further information on Economic instruments
                                                                                                                                                          Potential to deliver change in GHG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Feasibility
                                                                                                                                                               (during 10 year period)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Financial      Technical
                         Administration body
  Charge, Trading etc)




                                                      Secondary purposes



                                                                           Revenue generation




                                                                                                (purpose, amount)




                                                                                                                                                         improving emission
   Type of economic




                                                                                                                                       implementation.
                                                                                                                    enabling factors




                                                                                                                                                         private motorised
                                                                                                  Use of revenue




                                                                                                                                                         (emission/pkm or
     (Subsidy, Tax,




                                                                                                                                        Challenges to
                                                                                                                     Prerequisite/
                                                                              (mechanism,




                                                                                                                                                                                                Cost to private
      instrument




                                                                                amount)




                                                                                                                                                                                                                   government
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    households




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  constraints
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Technical
                                                                                                                                                         PKM/VKM of
                                                                                                                                                         Potential for




                                                                                                                                                         Potential for




                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Costs to

                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Costs to

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      budget
                                                                                                                                                         reduction in




                                                                                                                                                                                                    sector
                                                                                                                                                         transport


                                                                                                                                                         factor




                                                                                                                                                                                        Total
                                                                                                                                                         tkm)
                                                                                                                0                 1         0      0       0      2              0
                                                                                                                1                 0         1      0       0      2              0
                                                                                                                0                 1         1      0       0      1              0
                                                                                                                1                 1         1     -1       0      1              1
                                                                                                               -1                 1         1      0       0      2              1
                                                                                                               -1                 1         1      1      -1      0              1
excise tax reduction                                                                                           -1                 1         1     -1      -1      1              0
                                                                                                               -1                 1         1      1       0      2              1
                                                                                                                2                 1         1     -1      -1      2              0
                                                                                                                0                 1         1      0       0      1              1
                                        collect small levy (0.05-0.25for energy conservation sell of gasoline, diesel, fuel oil, and kerosene
 nnual Revenue around 2 – 2.5 billion baht
                                                         To be used baht per liter) chaired by Deputy Prime Minister
                                                                                                                0                 0
                  Supervised by Energy Conservation Promotion Fund committee – from the promotion including research, study, development, demonstration, incentives (grants/soft loan), capacit
                                                                                                                                            0A     1       1     -1              0
                                                                                                                2                 1         1      0      -1      2              0
                                                                                                                1                 1         1      0       0      3              0
                                                                                                                1                 1         1      0       0      1              0
environmental fee surcharge into gasoline pricing structure                                                    -1                 1         1     -1      -1      2              0
taxes,                                                                                                          2                 1         1      0       0      2              0
                                                                                                                2                 0         2     -1      -1      2              1
                                                                                                               -1                 1         1     -1      -1      2              0
                                                                                                                1                 1         1     -1      -1     -1              0
                                                                                                                0                 1         1      1       1      1              0
                                                                                                                0                 2         1      2       1      1              0
                                                                                                                0                 1         1      1       0      1              0
                                                0   2   1    1    1   1   0
                                                0   1   1    0    0   1   0
                                                0   2   1    1    1   1   0
                                                0   1   1    2    0   0   0
                                               -1   0   0   -1    0   1   0
                                               -1   2   1   -1    1   1   1
                                               -1   1   1   -1   -1   1   0
                  BOI and Ministry
tax breaks, duty-free importation of Finance   -1   1   1   -1    0   2   1
duty exemption Ministry of Energy              -1   1   1   -1   -1   2   0
                                                0   1   1    0    0   1   0
                                                0   1   1    1    1   1   0




import duty exemption                          -1   1   0   -1   -1   1   1
                                               -1   1   1    2    1   1   1
                                                2   1   1   -1   -1   2   0
                                                0   0   0    0    0   2   0
                                         Evaluation                                                                                                                                                                                                                       International support


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Indicate whether the




                                                                                                                                                                                           To Annex-1 countries incl. EU
Feasibility                                             Cost Effectiveness                                                              Broader Impacts                                                       Transferability
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              measure can benefit from:




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               To non-Annex-1 countries
                                                           Private US$/tCO2 saved


                                                                                        Public US$/tCO2 saved
      Public/political              Institutional                                                                   Economic            Social            Environmental




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Technology transfer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      (incl. source such as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ODA, Climate funds
         voters/politicians




                                                                                                                                                                       Congestion relief
                                                                                                                    Creation of green

                                                                                                                    Creation of other




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Capacity building
                                   implementation
                                  institutions (and

                                   between them)
          disapproval by




                                                                                                                                         enhancement

                                                                                                                                         improvement
                                                                                                                      Redistributive
                                    Likelihood of

                                    coordination
           Likelihood of




                                                                                                                                          Air pollution
                                                                                                                                          Accessibility




                                                                                                                                           reduction


                                                                                                                                           reduction
                                                                                                                                           Noise and
                                      to restrict




                                                                                                                                            vibration
                                                                                                                         effects



                                                                                                                                              Safety
                                                                                                                           jobs

                                                                                                                           jobs




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Finance


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      etc)
                              0                     2                               1                           1       2   1       0            0   0      1      0               1                                       0                              2                       1                           1                         1
                              0                     1                               1                           1       2   1       0            1   1      1      0               1                                       0                              1                       0                           1                         0
                              0                     1                               1                           1       0   1       0            0   0      1      0               0                                       0                              1                       1                           1                         0
                              0                     1                               1                           1       0   0       0            0   0      1      0               1                                       0                              1                       1                           1                         0
                              0                     1                               1                           1       1   1       0            0   0      1      0               0                                       0                              1                       1                           1                         1
                              0                     1                               1                           1       0   0       0            0   0      1      0              -1                                       0                              2                       1                           1                         1
                              0                     1                               1                           1       0   0       0            0   0      1      0              -1                                       0                              1                       1                           1                         1
                              0                     1                               1                           1       1   1       0            0   0      1      0              -1                                       0                              2                       1                           1                         1
                              0                     1                               1                           1       0   0       2            2   2      2      0               2                                       1                              1                       1                           1                         1
                              0                     1                               1                           1       0   0       0            0   0      1      0               0                                       0                              1                       1                           1                         1
                              0                     1                               1                           1       0   0       0            0   0      0      0               0                                       0                              1                       0                           0                         0
                              1                     1                               1                           1       2   1       2            2   2      2      0               1                                       0                              1                       1                           1                         1
                              1                     1                               1                           1       2   1       1            1   1      1      0               1                                       0                              2                       1                           1                         0
                              1                     1                               1                           1       0   0       0            0   0      1      0               1                                       0                              1                       1                           1                         1
                              1                     1                               1                           1       2   1       1            0   1      0      0               1                                       0                              1                       1                           1                         1
                              1                     1                               1                           1       2   1       0            0   0      1      0               1                                       0                              1                       1                           1                         0
                              0                     0                               1                           1       0   0       0            0   0      2      0               2                                       0                              1                       1                           1                         1
                              0                     0                               1                           1       0   0       0            0   0      1      0              -1                                       1                              2                       1                           1                         1
                              0                     0                               1                           1       0   0       0            0   0      1      0               0                                       0                              2                       1                           1                         0
                              0                     0                               1                           1       0   0       0            0   0      1      0               0                                       0                              2                       1                           1                         1
                              0                     0                               1                           1       0   0       0            0   0      2      0               0                                       0                              2                       1                           1                         1
                              0                     0                               1                           1       0   0       0            0   0      2      0               0                                       0                              1                       1                           1                         1
0   0   1   1   0   0   0   0   0   2   0     0   0   2   1   1   1
0   0   1   1   0   0   0   0   0   1   0     0   0   2   1   1   1
0   0   1   1   0   0   0   0   0   2   0     0   0   2   1   1   1
0   0   1   1   0   0   0   0   0   1   0     0   0   2   1   1   1
0   0   1   1   0   1   0   0   0   2   0     0   0   2   0   0   0
0   0   1   1   0   0   0   0   0   1   0    -1   0   1   1   1   1
0   0   1   1   0   0   0   0   0   1   0     0   0   1   1   0   0
0   0   1   1   2   1   0   0   0   1   0    -1   0   2   1   1   1
0   0   1   1   0   0   0   0   0   1   0    -1   0   1   1   1   1
0   0   1   1   0   0   0   0   0   1   0     0   0   2   1   1   1
1   0   1   1   0   0   0   0   0   2   0     0   0   1   1   1   1




0   1   1   1   0   0   0   0   0   1    0   -1   0   2   1   1   1
0   1   1   1   0   0   0   0   0   2    0   -1   0   2   1   1   1
1   1   1   1   2   1   1   1   0   2   -1    2   1   1   1   1   1
0   0   1   1   1   1   1   1   1   1    0    0   0   2   1   1   1

				
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