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					               the                                   A Quarterly Newsletter for Fishing Guides and Charterboat Operators
Charter                                                       Published by the University of Alaska Marine Advisory Program
   Log                                                                                                              Issue 40, Spring 2002

Inside this issue...
                                                       Sample Reveals Differences in
Sample Reveals Differences in
Operator Perspectives on IFQ’s . 1
                                                       Operator Perspectives on IFQ’s
                                                       If the sampling provided by a small informal       commented that they don’t really want the
New Coastal Endorsements may
                                                       survey this spring is indicative, charter boat     IFQ but prefer it to the GHL which has
be required .................................. 2       operators are divided on the IFQ plan,             already been mandated by the North Pacific
Task Force Addresses Annual                            and are having different results from the          Fishery Management Council
                                                       9/11 tragedy.
King Limits ................................. 2                                                           On question #2 most did not have a reply.
Halibut Dropped from ADF&G                             Just before this issue went to press, I sent a     Those that did indicated they would
Charter Logbook ........................ 3             brief questionnaire by e-mail to a short list of   diversify their charter business, do longer
                                                       charterboat operators around the state             trips, do multi-species trips, or reduce their
GHL Implementation Delayed ... .3                      derived from a contact list provided by Bob        involvement in halibut fishing.
Coast Guard Withdraws < 13                             Ward. There was no attempt to randomize
                                                       or to adjust for sample biases based on            On questions #3 and 4 most respondents did
PFD Rule ................................... .4
                                                       geographical location or that could result         not answer or answered that it is premature
New License Forms in Use                               from using a list of indi-viduals who had          to guess what share values would be.
this Year ...................................... 4     asked to keep informed about industry              Among those that provided figures, the
                                                       political developments. This survey has no         range was $3 to $9 per pound to sell and $2
Preston Replaces Ward on AP .... 4                     scientific or policy significance but was          to $9 to buy.
Fish Magazine and Some                                 merely an attempt to get a sense of the mood
Useful Websites ........................... 5          of the industry going into the 2002 season.        Most operators reported that their bookings
                                                                                                          to this point in the spring are about the same
Halibut Subsistence and                                I posed six questions, summarized here:            as last year. Three reported bookings down
Community IfQ’s ......................... 5               1. Do you favor the IFQ plan?                   and seven reported them up.
                                                          2. Are you changing your business in
NewMarine Engines Soon Coming
                                                             anticipation of the IFQ program?             On question #6 pertaining to insurance rates,
On Line ....................................... 6         3. If you could sell what you anticipate to     five reported them the same, while one said
OSHA Authority is Limited ......... 6                        be your quota shares, how much would         up less than 5%, one said up $50, three said
                                                             you ask for them?                            up 10%, one said up 20% and two said up
Southcentral Regulation                                   4. If you could buy out someone else’s          by 30%.
Changes Summarized ................. 7                       right to their shares, how much would
Drug Testing-Failure to Test ...... .8                       you pay now?                                 Several respondents included articulate and
                                                          5. Are your bookings up or down this            even elegant explanations of their
                                                             season?                                      positions on the issues. Clearly there is a lot
                                                          6. Is your boat insurance premium up or         of concern about the implications of IFQs
                                                             down this season?                            and many find the idea repugnant even if
                                                                                                          they feel the situation the industry is in
                                                       On short notice some 19 operators replied          warrants it.
                                                       to the questionnaire, and their answers
                                                       differed widely.                                   Thanks to those who replied to my survey.
                                                                                                          If you would like to suggest questions for
                                                       The clearest difference was evident on the         future informal surveys, send them to me at
                                                       IFQ question: seven are in favor, and 12           rftlj@uaf.edu.
                                                       opposed. Respondents on both sides                                         - Terry Johnson, Ed.
Near Coastal Endorsements may be Required
The Coast Guard Marine Safety               some of the prime fishing grounds out      Coast Guard will not accept operating
Detachment Kenai reports quite a bit of     of ports like Craig, Port Alexander,       days for qualification that were
response to a recent newsletter they        Sitka, Pelican and Elfin Cove. At the      obtained illegally by operators carrying
distributed to Kenai River guides in        outer boundary of Prince William           passengers for hire outside the line.
which they reminded operators of the        Sound the line runs from Point
need for a Near Coastal endorsement         Whitshed to Hinchinbrook to Schooner       Guides with “Rivers” licenses obtained
on their licenses if they plan to operate   Rock to Montague Island to Point           for guiding on the Kenai and other
outside the Boundary Line.                  Erlington to Cape Puget to Cape            rivers cannot operate on any tidal
                                            Resurrection to Aialik Cape.               waters without upgrading to an Inland
In Cook Inlet the Boundary Line runs                                                   or Near Coastal license.
from the southernmost extremity of the      Mariners are responsible ensuring that
Kenai Peninsula to the East Amatuli         they have the proper Coast Guard           The Coast Guard office in Anchorage
Island Light to the northwesternmost        license endorsement for the waters they    says that several charter boats from
extremity of Shuyak Island at Party         want to fish, and for knowing the          Cook Inlet have been found to be
Cape, and to the easternmost extremity      locations of the Boundary Line. The        operating outside the Resurrection Bay
of Cape Douglas. This means that it is      line was established long before           line and that any operators caught
possible to fish most of the Barren         creation of local fishing district         doing so will be prosecuted.
Islands waters with an Inland               boundaries and has no relation to any
endorsement, but to circumnavigate the      state designations; it delineates the      If you have any questions about your
islands or to go around to Kenai Fjords     dividing line between waters where         situation, check with the Coast Guard
requires Near Coastal.                      Inland and International rules of the      or with Marine Advisory for a detailed
                                            road apply.                                description of the Boundary Line
The boundary of Resurrection Bay is         Skippers who got their license             locations in your waters.
from the southernmost extremity of          qualifying time on tidal waters behind
Cape Resurrection to Aialik Cape,           the Boundary Line in most cases only       Also, be aware that during the winter
which leaves some of the prime sport        qualify for Inland endorsements and        the Anchorage regional exam center
fishing grounds outside the line.           can’t carry passengers outside those       has a four to five week delay in license
                                            lines. If they wish to do so they must     application processing, and that time
Boundary lines for Southeast Alaska         apply for an extension of route, and to    gets longer during the busy spring
generally run headland to headland          do that they must show the required 90     period.
along the outside coast, and bi-sect        operating days outside the line. The



Task Forces Address Annual King Limits
The local area management plan              and largely unknown, and that the Kodiak   and Jim Calhoun, with Bob Moss as
(LAMP) process will get its first good      fishery is “growing moderately.”           alternate.
workout in Cook Inlet and Kodiak this
year as task forces are organized to find   The moves drew vehement protests and       On the Kodiak group are: Fred
alternatives to the five-king-salmon        special meetings with Board members,       Christonson, Mike Anderson, Allen
annual limit.                               but the Board has not changed its          Thielen, David Olsen, Mike Amberg,
                                            position. Instead it appointed LAMP        Chris Lund, Pete Danielski, Andy
The Board of Fisheries angered anglers      task forces in the two areas and charged   Christoferson and Al Burch.
and guides in Kodiak and lower Cook         them with devising alternatives to the
Inlet buy declaring kings in those areas    five-king limits that would meet the       The groups are to meet over the next
fully utilized and capping anglers’         Board’s objective of slowing or halting    four months and may, by August 30,
catches by including Cook Inlet’s six-      growth in the fisheries.                   submit agenda change requests to the
month “winter king” fishery within the                                                 Board to submit proposals to reform the
five-fish limit, and by imposing the        Appointed to the Cook Inlet group are:     regulations.
same limit on Kodiak area anglers. The      Lynn Whitmore, Marvin Peters, Frank
Board justified its action by claiming      Libal, Don McLean, Keith James,
that the origins of those fish are mixed    Bruce Peska, Don Donich, Don Flynn,



2
Halibut Dropped from ADF&G Charter Logbook
By Scott Meyer, ADFG Homer                          logbook could not be used to manage a charter         Enforcement of the logbook was inadequate to
                                                    IFQ fishery because of the time delays in             ensure total compliance, and ADF&G lacked the
Beginning in 2002, Department of Fish and           processing logbook data. If an IFQ program is         resources to track down all discrepancies in a
Game charter logbooks no longer have a              put into place, it is the National Marine Fisheries   timely manner. Given the data issues and costs
column for reporting halibut. The department        Service&rsquo;s responsibility to institute a         involved, ADF&G decided it would be
dropped the requirement because of data quality     reporting system, and they currently favor some       irresponsible to continue to collect questionable
issues, the cost of gathering and analyzing         type of electronic reporting.                         halibut harvest information for a fishery in which
halibut data, and the fact that the department                                                            they lack management authority.
lacks management authority for the halibut          Last fall the Department of Fish and Game
fishery.                                            evaluated the logbook by comparing data from          The Department of Fish and Game is required by
                                                    1998, 1999, and 2000 to harvest estimates from        regulation to continue the logbook program for
The lack of ADF&G logbook data will not             the statewide harvest survey (SWHS) and by            other species, and it still provides valuable
constitute an obstacle to implementation of the     comparing daily logbook data to matching              information needed by the Board of Fisheries.
IFQ program approved by the North Pacific           interviews from port sampling and creel surveys.      ADF&G also intends to continue on-site
Fishery Management Council (NPFMC) in               The total halibut harvest reported in the logbook     sampling and interviews to monitor the harvest
April 2001. The Council has already established     was higher than the SWHS estimates, and the           for changes in the species and sizes of harvested
the amount of halibut that would be allocated to    discrepancy increased each year. The evaluation       fish. ADF&G will continue to evaluate logbook
the charter fleet under either a GHL or IFQ         also revealed poor correlation between logbook        data and will consider modifying the program as
program, and has established the rules for          reports and information provided through on-site      needed to ensure that it is providing the best
determining how the charter quota share will be     interviews. In Southcentral Alaska in 1999, for       possible information. For additional information
distributed to individual charter operators based   example, the number of halibut reported kept in       contact Mike Jaenicke (Juneau, 465-4301) or
on logbook data collected prior to 2000. In         the logbook was more than 5 fish higher or lower      Scott Meyer (Homer, 235-1742).
addition, the federal halibut management            than what was reported during interviews 16% of
agencies decided in April 2001 that the ADF&G       the time.

GHL Implementation Delayed by Technical,
Legal Problems
The halibut charter boat GHL has run into a         undertaken, and government lawyers say                accurate way of reporting catches can be
couple of snags at the NMFS level and will          that imposing catch restrictions in                   applied, neither the GHL nor the IFQ can be
not be implemented this season.                     subsequent years after the charter fleet              effectively managed.
                                                    exceeds the GHL falls under that                      Various enforceable means of reporting
             Despite the NPFMC’s vote last          requirement. In other words, the remedies             landings have been proposed, including tail
fall to initiate an IFQ program on the fishery,     that would be triggered by exceeding the              tags issued to operators and magnetic cards
the GHL had received prior approval and             GHL would have to undergo a review                    like those used by the commercial fleet.
had been scheduled for implementation this          process that would take so long that it would         Ginter says that even if ADFG doesn’t
year. NMFS and the Council staff had                probably be two years later that they could           design its logbooks to be used for reporting
anticipated it would take two to three years        be applied. NMFS is looking at ways to                halibut landings, NMFS could devise its
to finalize IFQ language and secure                 rewrite the GHL plan to avoid this lengthy            own logbook system for that purpose.
Secretary of Commerce approval, and that            delay, and will probably publish another
approval is not certain in the face of political    proposed rule on the GHL. It is virtually             While many charter operators would like to
opposition back east. So the two agencies           certain that this cannot be done in time to           see both the GHL and IFQ go away, that’s
are proceeding with the process of GHL              apply it to this fishing season, says Jay             not likely to happen. What might occur is
implementation as required until the IFQ            Ginter with NMFS, and it’s not certain that           that NMFS decides that with this new
program is put into place.                          it can even be done for next season.                  wrinkle in the GHL program that will delay
                                                                                                          its implementation by one or two years, the
However, NOAA General Counsel                       The other problem pertains to reporting.              agency might just save itself staff time and
attorneys have turned up two problems with          ADFG does not include halibut in its charter          go straight to finalizing IFQ. However,
the GHL, one administrative and one                 boat logbook program and says that                    with organized resistance to IFQ mustered
technical.                                          logbooks are not an accurate way of                   in D.C. it’s likely that NMFS will be forced
                                                    reporting landings. Without a reliable                to continue to iron out GHL so that it will be
Under the Administrative Procedures Act             means of recording landings NMFS has no               ready to go in case IFQ gets stopped on
each time a regulatory measure is to be put         way of establishing whether charter catches           political grounds.
in place a public review process has to be          are staying within the GHL. Until an
                                                                                                                                                          3
Coast Guard Withdraws <13 PFD Rule
Shortly after it was published in the       life jackets. However, state jurisdiction   PFD or lifejacket while on board a
Federal Register the Coast Guard has        stops at the three-mile line. There is no   recreational vessel, except when in the
withdrawn a rule that would have            exemption for uninspected charter           cabin or below deck.
required children under 13 years of age     vessels. Inspected passenger vessels
to wear a PFD while on deck.                are exempt because they are built with      The Coast Guard rescinded the federal
                                            railings and other features to keep         rule March 27 after learning that it may
The change makes little difference in       children from going overboard.              be in conflict with laws in other states
Alaska since state law already requires                                                 that set different maximum ages for
children in that age group to wear their    Alaska’s law requires that persons          mandatory PFD use.
                                            under the age of 13 wear an approved


New License Forms in Use this Year
Boat operators renewing, upgrading, or      part in which vessel days is entered is     Documentation System (MMLDS).
applying for their first merchant           called Record of Underway Service.          The new license will look neater and
mariners licenses this year will                                                        will have space for incorporating
confront a new application form.            The new forms can be view and printed       STCW (Standards of Training ,
                                            from the Coast Guard’s website              Certification and Watchkeeping)
The Coast Guard has determined that         at’www.uscg.mil/STCW/m-pers.htm.            qualifications, eliminating the need for
57 per cent of application packages                                                     a separate STCW form.
submitted to the Regional Exam              Also starting this year, Coast Guard
Centers contain errors requiring            licenses will have a new look. The          The change comes about because the
corrections or additional information.      service is using a new form, CG-2849,       service was running out of the old
These errors cost Coast Guard staff         for all merchant mariners licenses,         forms and reproducing them would
time to process and contribute to the       including Master, Chief Engineers and       have resulted in poorer quality.
average four to eight week processing       Radio Officers.                             Furthermore, because the old forms
time that applicants endure. A task                                                     came from two different government
force determined that most errors           The new form will use the same              printing offices, text alignment was
resulted from complex forms or              graphics and border designs, but will       imperfect. The new forms, printed by
confusing instructions, so the service      not have the pre-printed text with blank    the U.S. Bureau of Engraving and
issued a new application form last fall     spaces for name and route entries.          Printing, will have precise alignment
for a six-month trial period, and will      Instead, the text will be printed on the    and will look more professional, says
likely make additional changes before       license using the Coast Guard’s             the Coast Guard.
issuing the final version.                  Merchant Marine Licensing and

In addition to the application page
itself, high error rates were associated    Preston Replaces Ward on AP
with the physical exam form, the sea
service form, and the drug test
documentation, so these sections have       Jim Preston of Juneau has replaced Bob      charter boat catch. He spearheaded the
been revised. The new application uses      Ward as the charter industry’s represen-    move to develop an IFQ program to
larger, easier to read type and some        tative on the Advisory Panel to the         replace the GHL as a way of protecting
sections are in bold face to help clarify   North Pacific Fishery Management            individual charter operators’ ability to
instructions.                               Council.                                    stay in business. The IFQ plan was
                                                                                        adopted by the Council and will soon
Because the physical requirements for       Ward was the first charter industry         be sent to Washington, D.C. for
initial issuance are different from those   participant on the AP and worked on         Secretary of Commerce approval.
for renewal and raise in grade, the         several thorny issues including the
physical exam form (719K) has               industry’s unsuccessful effort to head      Preston is owner of big Jim’s Charters
instructions that direct persons doing      off the Guideline Harvest Level (GHL)       and runs a 34’ twin diesel Catalina
renewal and raise in grade only to the      proposal that was introduced by the         Islander doing day trips for fishing and
required sections. The format of the        commercial halibut industry to cap the      whale watching out of Auk Bay.
sea service form has changed and the


4
New Fish Magazine and Some Useful Websites
A new magazine and several websites        Pacific Lure Communications,                serves as the voice for the Alaska
are providing a range of information on    apparently as a medium for advertising      Salmon Action Committee, which has
Alaska’s fisheries and the sport fishing   fishing tackle as well as providing         formed to fight new restrictions such as
industry.                                  focused editorial content on halibut        the five-king-salmon annual limit. But
                                           fishing destinations, regulations,          the site and postings sent to an e-mail
Fish Alaska published issue Vol. 2, no.1   equipment and techniques. It includes       list by the Libals contain useful updates
in January of this year, and March and     classified ads, a “halibut directory” and   on regulation changes and other news.
April issues are now on the streets.       fishing trip stories from Washington,
The glossy, well-illustrated magazine,     British Columbia and Alaska.                The public review draft of the statewide
averaging around 80 pages, is                                                          stocking plan for recreational fisheries
published by Fish Alaska Publications      Considerably more local and political is    is available at http://www.sf.adfg.ak.us/
LLC of Anchorage. Publishers are           Alaska Outdoor Journal (http://             statewide/hatchery/html/stkpln02.stm.
Melissa Norris and Marcus Weiner, and      alaskaoutdoorjournal.com), which is
editor is Troy Letherman. It appears to    taking a strong stand on issues such as     A lot of misinformation is currently
be well supported by local Alaska          changes to salmon management on the         being circulated about the halibut
advertisers. Sections include Alaska       Kenai River. It also contains a lot of      charter GHL and IFQ plans. The facts
Fishing News, Gear Review, Featured        useful information, and has sections        are available on the GHL in the form of
Fish Recipe and a letters to the editor    including Outdoor Tips, News Briefs,        the Federal Register, Vol. 67 No. 18,
section. Each issue contains several       Salmon Run Charts, Events Calendar,         which can be downloaded at http://
well-illustrated feature articles about    Tide Charts, Weather Central,               www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/aces/
particular Alaska sport fishing            Classified Ads and much, much more.         aces140.html. The factually correct
destinations.                              The site is published by Visual Media       Summary of the Halibut Charter IFQ
                                           Design & Alaska Outdoor Journal.            Program, produced by the North Pacific
Not Alaska-based, but of interest to                                                   Fishery Management Council is
Alaska anglers and guides is a website     Another fact-filled and useful site is      available at http://www.fakr.noaa.gov/
dedicated to the pursuit of the wily       circulated by Frank and Donna Libal         npfmc/Committees/Halibut%20Issues/
halibut, is a website called               and is found at http://www.pensac.org.      401IFQmotion.pdf.
www.halibut.net. It is produced by         It has an activist bent as well, and


Halibut Subsistence and Community IFQ’s
The North Pacific Fishery                  Alaska Native tribes, would be eligible     to purchase commercial quota shares
Management Council has approved            for halibut subsistence rights.             which can then be leased to community
two plans that could have some impact                                                  residents. The revision does not
on charter boat operators that target      In Cook Inlet halibut subsistence fishing   provide for free issuance of quota
halibut.                                   would be allowed only south of              shares, but allows the communities to
                                           Seldovia.                                   purchase shares from existing holders,
One formally conveys subsistence                                                       something that previously only initial
fishery rights to qualified rural          Charter operators are divided on            recipients or qualified crewmembers
residents and native tribe members.        whether the new regulation will impact      were permitted to do. The intent of the
The plan, if approved by the Secretary     their business. Some say that codifying     program is to provide a means for
of Commerce, would allow subsistence       subsistence in law and permitting cash      remote village residents who received
fishermen to take up to 20 halibut per     sales will result in increased harvests     few if any shares in the original halibut
day, instead of the two allowed under      that will have to be subtracted from        IFQ program to gain entrance to the
sport fishing rules, and would allow       sport and commercial quotas. Others         fishery.
use of non-sport gear, such as             say that the specifics of the plan will
longlines. It also would allow             prevent any significant increase in         Although the new plan does not
subsistence fishermen each to sell up      subsistence harvest, and all it does is     directly affect the charter industry,
to $400 worth of halibut per year.         decriminalize a traditional activity.       speculation is that communities will bid
                                                                                       up prices for commercial q.s., making it
According to a recent Anchorage Daily      The other, a revision to the Gulf Fishery   more difficult for charter operators to
News article, up to 82,000 persons,        Management Plan, provides for certain       buy the additional shares they may
including residents of 117 rural           small communities located on the coast      need to fill out their seasons.
communities and members of 120             adjacent to halibut areas 2C, 3A and 3B
                                                                                                                               5
New Marine Engines Soon Coming On-Line
If you’re planning to build or re-power a       Mercury will continue offering                everything from 4- to 225-h.p. according
boat any time in the next four years it’s       carbureted two-strokes until 2006, when       to BIIOL, its DI engines are mainly
time to start paying attention to changes       it will discontinue the line in the U.S. It   directed at the freshwater bass boat
coming in marine engines. Makers of             currently sells carbureted two-strokes, DI    market.
diesel inboards, IOs and outboard motors        two-strokes and four-stroke engines but
all have plans to change technologies and       not in the same horsepower sizes.             Suzuki plans to drop the equivalent two-
offer new product lines.                                                                      stroke model for every four-stroke it adds
                                                Honda, the company that really proved         to its line, and all the two-strokes will be
The Japanese business press recently            the four-stroke outboard, has no reason to    eliminated by 2006. Its U.S. offerings
announced a three-way joint venture             deviate from an all-four-stoke lineup. It     now are 91 per cent four-stroke and it has
involving’Toyota, Yamaha and Yanmar             is planning to fill the horsepower gap        introduced four-strokes in Europe in the
to develop a new diesel engine line for         between its 130 and 200 h.p. models.          4- and 5-h.p. sizes.
small recreational vessels. It will be
based on Toyota’s successful 4.2 liter          Consumer preference is expected to            All outboards 30-h.p. and less offered by
sport utility vehicle engine block. Each        determine the direction Yamaha takes          Nissan and Tohatsu will soon be four-
of the three companies will market the          since it already offers four-stroke, DI       stroke and all 40-horse and over will be
engine under its own brand name, both in        two-stroke and carbureted two-stroke          DI. The company doesn’t plan to build
their own boats and through other boat          models. Its DI lineup currently includes      anything bigger than 140-h.p. By 2006
manufacturers.                                  only 150, 175 and 200 h.p. models,            all carbureted two-strokes will be off its
Cummins Marine and Mercury Marine               whereas its four-stroke offerings cover       U.S. product line.
have formed a new venture, Cummins
MerCruiser Diesel Marine, to develop
integrated propulsion systems. The plan         OSHA Authority is Limited
is to make the company the leader in
integrated diesel marine propulsion units.
Cummins will supply various lines of            Alaska charter boat operators do not          uninspected vessels, OSHA has the
diesel engines in sizes 15 liters and           have to worry about being boarded by          right to do so.
smaller, says the trade publication             inspectors from the federal
Boating Industry International Online.          Occupational Safety and Health                It ain’t gonna happen, says the
Mercury will supply diesel engines in the       Administration. That’s the word from          Anchorage office of OSHA, at least not
1.7, 2.8, 4.2 and 7.3 liter sizes, plus stern   the Anchorage OSHA office.                    to charter boats. The agency has far too
drive units and electronic controls. Both                                                     much work to do and few people to do
companies will retain their other product       Earlier this year the National                it, and sport fish charter boats are not
lines.                                          Association of Charterboat Operators          considered a dangerous work
                                                (NACO) and marine industry journals           environment. OSHA could conceivably
Outboard Changes Coming                         sounded the alarm about a court case          be called in to investigate in the case of
In outboard motors the impetus for              that raises the specter of OSHA agents        a serious accident involving death or
change is the EPA’s emission regulations        applying workplace safety and                 injury of a crewmember resulting from
that go into effect in 2006. Some               ergonomics standards on uninspected           unsafe working conditions.
companies already are switching their           passenger-carrying boats.
lines to 2006-compliant models, so if you                                                     In the past OSHA has claimed authority
want to buy a carbureted two-stroke             In January decision the U.S. Supreme          over uninspected vessels in the
engine you better do it now while they’re       Court ruled that uninspected vessels,         commercial fishing industry, and there
still available.                                which includes “six pack” charter             has been concern about possible
                                                boats, fall under the OSHA authority.         requirements for hearing protection,
Another article in Boating Industry             The decision came in the case of an oil       equipment guards, and protections
International Online provides a rundown         drilling barge in Louisiana which             against repetitive motion injuries.
of company plans.                               sustained an explosion that killed four       However, the agency has confined its
                                                crewmembers and injured two others.           inspections to processing vessels and
Bombardier, which bought the OMC                Although the company that owned the           left fishing boats alone, even though
lines, is emphasizing the Ficht type direct     barge didn’t dispute the findings about       fishing vessels constitute the most
injection (DI) two-strokes offered as           the incident, it challenged OSHA’s            hazardous workplace in the country.
Evinrude engines. It will also offer four-      authority, claiming that the Coast            Also, OSHA authority applies only to
strokes made by Suzuki with the                 Guard has purview in marine safety            working conditions of employees, so it
Johnson label.                                  matters. The court ruled that since the       has no say in safety matters aboard
                                                Coast Guard does not inspect                  vessels run by a single individual.
6
Southcentral Regulation Changes Summarized
The Board of Fisheries has been hard at           larger may be retained, one per day, and       •Ship Creek is closed to fishing 11 p.m. to
work since last summer changing                   single hook unbaited artificial lures only.     6 a.m. May 15-July 13.
regulations pertaining to sport fishing.          June 11-30 only kings 55 inches and longer     •Indian Creek is closed to salmon fishing
Following is a brief list of changes for the      can be kept, one per day and in possession,     upstream of the Seward Highway bridge.
Southcentral part of the state. This is not       but bait is allowed. All kings 55 inches and    Below the bridge it is open year-around for
necessarily a complete listing, but only lists    longer must be sealed by ADFG in                fishing except for king salmon. Bag and
those changes highlighted by ADFG in              Soldotna.                                       possession limits are three, of which only
recent mini-publications. Changes in             •Daily and possession limits on other            two may be coho.
Southeast, Northern and Western Alaska are        Kenai river salmon are reduced to three,       •Fish Creek is open to dipnetting only by
not included herein. Old regulations remain       including no more than two coho, except         emergency order.
in effect until the new reg books reach the       that pinks can total six.                      •Wasilla Creek, including Rabbit slough
vendors, which should have occurred by the        In the Kenai between Moose River and            is re-opened to salmon fishing (except
time you read this newsletter.                    Skilak Lake no rainbow/steelhead 18             kings) on Saturdays and Sundays, 6 a.m. to
                                                  inches or longer may be retained.               6 p.m. downstream from the railroad
Two of the changes are turning out to be         •Dipnetting is closed 11 p.m. to 6 a.m. in       bridge, June 15-April 14. Bag and
highly controversial. One is the five-king-       the Kenai.                                      possession limits are three, of which only
salmon annual limits imposed in Cook             •The Kenai between Skilak Lake and the           two may be coho.
Inlet and Kodiak. Previously the Cook Inlet       Mile 53 Sterling Highway bridge is closed      •Parts of the Chulitna River are open to
limit pertained only to the summer fishery        May 2-June 10.                                  catch and release only fishing. See regs for
and the “winter king” fishery was regulated      •On the Kenai River below Skilak Lake            details.
solely on a two-fish-a-day bag limit. Both        unguided fishing and drift-only fishing is     •In the Deshka River waters open to king
guides and anglers in places like Homer are       permitted on Mondays in May and June.           salmon bait fishing is allowed June 8-Aug.
very unhappy about this decision and plan to     •The Kasilof river is open to drift-only         31.
fight it in the courts or wherever feasible.      fishing Jan. 1-July 31.                        •The Little Susitna is closed to bait fishing
The Board’s apparent rationale was that it is    •In the Kenai at the Killey Rivers area, the     during the king salmon fishery
a mixed stock fishery, and that the new           closure of the “Third Hole” has been           •Larsen Creek, from a quarter mile above
limits bring those two area into alignment        extended upstream. From the mouth of            the Talkeetna River, is closted to all salmon
with other parts of the state like the Alaska     Upper Killey River to Skilak Lake only          fishing.
Peninsula and Bristol Bay that have five-         unbaited single-hook artificial lures are      •The Nancy Lake drainage from a quarter
king annual limits.                               allowed Aug. 1-Dec. 31.                         mile above the Little Susitna, is closed to
                                                 •In the Kenai River above Upper Killey           all salmon fishing.
The other is a change pushed through by           River only one Dolly Varden per day and        •The Theodore & Lewis rivers are open to
some Kenai River guides that prohibits            in possession is allowed, and none 18           catch-and-release fishing for kings Jan. 1-
retention of kings between 40 and 55              inches or longer. From Aug. 3 to Dec. 31        June 30.
inches long in the early season and all kings     anglers can continue to fish for rainbows      •Parts of the Clearwater and Roscoe
under 55 inches in the later season, while        and Dolly Varden after taking their bag         Creeks are closed year around to all sport
allowing bait in the trophy-only fishery          limit of coho.                                  fishing.
(see below).                                     •Only unbaited artificial lures are allowed     •On some Westside Susitna waters the
                                                  in the Kenai River downstream of the            king salmon possession limit has been
Other changes include the following:              Soldotna bridge Aug. 1-3, and coho fishing      increased to two.
•In Resurrection Bay king salmon 20               remains closed during that time.               •Two hooks are allowed for northern pike
 inches or longer that are retained are          •Personal use gilletting in the Kasilof is       and in some Kenai Peninsula waters bow-
 counted against the five-king annual limit.      allowed June 16-24 from 6 a.m. to 11 p.m.       and-arrow is allowed. All sizes of pike
•The Anchor River is open to king fishing         only. Kasilof dipnetting is open June 25-       may be retained on Trapper Lake and
 only four weekends instead of five, starting     Aug. 7, but no kings may be retained.           additional gear types are allowed. Several
 May 25 and ending June 17. A weekend is         •Kasilof guides may have only one set of         new lakes in the Mat-Su and Kenai
 12:01 a.m. Saturday to midnight Monday.          clients per day and may not fish while          Peninsula were added to the list of waters
•At China Poot only sockeye may be                guiding clients. Their boats must display       on which five lines are allowed for ice
 taken. The bag limit is six per person per       an ADFG triangle number or State Parks          fishing.
 day.                                             registration number in numerals at least
•Rainbows and steelhead may not be                1x6 inches.                                    Be sure to check the detailed regulation
 removed from the water if they are to be        •Beads must be free-sliding the length of       books for more complete information on
 released.                                        the line or pegged within two inches of        these changes.
•The Kenai and Kasilof River king fishery         the hook.
 now has a split season. June 1-10 only           Only three of the five king salmon annual
 kings less than 40 inches or 55 inches and       limit may come from the Kasilof River.
                                                                                                                                             7
 Charter Log                                                                                                                                    Non-Profit
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 Marine Advisory Program                                                                                                                           PAID
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                                                                                                                                             Anchorage, Alaska
 Homer, AK 99603




 Drug Testing – Failure to Test Letters Appearing
  The Coast Guard says that it often                    enroll at the end of the season, and then                the onus is on the mariner to ensure that
  receives “failure to test” letters from               take a pre-employment test when re-                      his or her own paperwork is completely
  drug testing consortiums on                           enrolling before the season.                             in order.
  employees who do not dis-enroll at
  the end of the season but do not                      Several companies offer drug testing                     When selecting a company to provide
  appear when called for a random test.                 “consortium” services for a fee, and                     drug testing “consortium” service it is
                                                        that fee varies widely from one                          advisable to check the Coast Guard’s
  They letters are treated the same as a                company to the next. In exchange for                     list of accepted consortiums, and to
  positive test and can result in loss of               the fee the company is supposed to                       inquire about not only enrollment, but
  license. The same applies to failure to               enter the individual into a computer                     also testing and analysis fees. Some
  appear for a test when called during                  program that randomly picks names for                    companies include all the services in a
  the season.                                           testing on some regular basis, and is                    single annual fee, while others bill
                                                        supposed to generate paperwork that                      separately for sample collection and
  Mariners have two options: they can                   satisfies the law. The Coast Guard                       analysis done at a local medical facility,
  remain enrolled year around, and be                   cautions that not all consortiums                        and they mark up that facility’s fees
  prepared to show up for a random                      actually provide full compliance and                     significantly.
  drug test if called. The other is to dis-
Publication of Charter Log is made possible through funding from the Alaska Sea Grant Program which is cooperatively supported by the U.S. Department of
commerce, NOAA Office of Sea Grant and Extramural Programs, under grant number 86RG0050, project number A/151-01 and by the University of Alaska with
funds appropriated by the state. The University of Alaska Fairbanks, provides equal education and employment for all, regardless of race, color, religion, national
origin, sex, age, disability, status as a Vietnam era or disabled veteran, marital status, pregnancy, or parenthood pursuant to applicable state and federal laws.

                      Publisher: University of Alaska Fairbanks       Editor: Terry Johnson, MAP Agent           Design & Layout: Beverly Bradley
                                 Marine Advisory Program                      907-235-5643
                                 Donald E. Kramer, Director                   rftlj@uaf.edu

				
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