Documents
Resources
Learning Center
Upload
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out

Daily-Oral-Language

VIEWS: 14 PAGES: 100

									                                                    Slide 1




                               Complete Sentences
A sentence has 2 parts:
 1. A predicate

  2. A subject

A sentence does 4 things:
1. Gives a command or request.
2. States a fact.
3. Expresses strong feeling.
4. Asks a question.

Circle the number of the complete sentence.

 1. Tony, following directions, lowered the sail.

 2. While putting his foot onto the dagger board.
                                                                         Slide2




                              Kinds of Sentences


There are 4 kinds of sentences. Each kind begins with a capital letter and
ends with some kind of punctuation.


 A Declarative sentence makes a statement. It ends with a period.
“We are ready to sail.”

 An Interrogative sentence asks a question. It ends with a question
mark. “Did you bring a lunch?”

 An Imperative sentence gives a command or a request. It ends with
a period. “Untie the knot.”

 An Exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling. It ends with an
exclamation point. “What a great day this is!”
                                                                            Slide 3




                             Sentence Fragments

  A sentence fragment is a group of words that looks like a sentence, but
  does not express a complete thought.


Create the following chart:

       Fragment                               Sentence

       1. very frightened

       2. pretty foolish

       3. hard working

       4. lots of fun
                                                         Slide 4




               Capital Letters


Sentences begin with capital letters. Write 3
sentences that describe what you would buy if you
had $300.




Switch with a neighbor and correct for capital letters
and complete thoughts.
                                                              Slide 5




                           Sentence Kind Review

    Use the end punctuation to determine what kind of sentence.


1. How could you earn some extra money?

2. Jamal wants to walk his neighbor’s dog.

3. Take the leash with you.

4. I collected fifty dollars this summer!


Write a declarative and an imperative sentence of your own.
                                                      Slide 6




                 Subjects and Predicates

       A complete sentence has a subject and a predicate.
The subject is the word or group of words that the sentence
is about. All words in the subject make up a complete
subject. The most important word in the complete subject is
the simple subject. It is usually a noun or a pronoun.



 Our class read Teammates today.
                                               Slide7




            Subjects and Predicates

        A predicate is the word or group of words
 that tells something about the subject. All the
 words in the predicate make up the complete
 predicate. The most important word in the
 complete predicate is the verb. It is called the
 simple predicate.


We enjoyed this book.
                                                     Slide 8




             Subjects and Predicates

 What part of the sentence is underlined?

1. Rosa plays baseball with her family.

2. The Vikings and the Rangers won every game this
season.
                                                      Slide 9




         Subject and Predicate Review
  Make a list of 5 nouns.
  Make a list of 5 verbs.

      Using the 5 nouns and 5 verbs you wrote, create 5
sentences. Circle the complete subject and underline the
complete predicate.


The dog walked through the park.
                                                 Slide 10




              Sentence Combining
A conjunction joins words or a group of words.
And adds information
But shows contrast
Or gives a choice
A compound sentence is two sentences joined with
a comma and a conjunction.
Use a semicolon to separate two parts of a
compound sentence when they are not connected
by a conjunction.
                                                   Slide 11




                 Sentence Combining

 A compound subject has two or more subjects
 that have the same predicate.
      I like to ski. Carlos likes to ski.
       Carlos and I like to ski.
A compound predicate has two or more
predicates with the same subject.
     Aidan likes soccer. Aidan likes basketball.
     Aidan likes soccer and basketball.
                                         Slide 12




              Combining Sentences
Combine the following sentences.

1. My father wants to move to California.
   My mother doesn’t.
2. Fritz doesn’t like football. Fritz doesn’t
   like squash.
3. Audrey can go to the movies on Friday.
   She can go on Saturday.
                                         Slide 13




                 Subjects in Sentences
Circle the subject of each sentence.
 1. Tom still has a scraggly beard.
 2. Susan’s thick, wavy hair had turned gray
   early.
 3. The idea made April sick.
 4. The bus kitchen was like a playhouse.
 5. April and Gus slept in berths.
                                                    Slide 14




                Combining Sentences
Rewrite the paragraph; combining short sentences with a
conjunction to form compound subjects, compound predicates,
or compound sentences.

 People put on their clothing every day. They do not think
 about how their pants stay put. They do not think about how
 their jackets stay put. Jackets have zippers. Pants have
 zippers. The zipper was invented in 1893 by Judson. He
 called his invention a “clasp-locker.”
                                                      Slide 15




     Independent and Dependent Clauses

       An independent clause is a sentence part that has a
subject and a verb and makes sense by itself. A dependent
clause is a sentence part that has a subject and a verb but
does NOT make sense by itself. A dependent clause cannot
stand alone.

Lee’s family likes music, and they each play an
instrument.
After eating dinner, everyone gathers to learn a new song.
                                                        Slide 16




      Independent and Dependent Clauses
 Tell whether the underlined words are independent
 clauses or dependent clauses.

1. Christina hoped her parents could come, but she also felt
   pretty nervous.
2. She wondered if they would like her new poem, which she
   had just written.
3. During her poetry reading, her parents smiles and nodded
   their heads.
                                                          Slide 17




            Independent Clause Review
 An independent clause is a sentence part that has both a
 subject and a verb and makes sense by itself.


For each sentence below write the independent clause.

1. After we had eaten our fill, we drifted away from the table to go
  outside.
2. In Los Angeles, Yoshiko Uchida was the youngest of all
  thirteen children.
3. Obah San was the first to go, every Sunday.
                                                        Slide 18




              Dependent Clause Review
 A dependent clause is a sentence part that has both a subject
 and a verb and does not make sense by itself.


For each sentence below write the dependent clause.

 1. Before the ship pulls out, the captain must check the
   compass and the map.
 2. Caught up in the festival excitement, I used to wish I were
   the one sailing off to Japan.
 3. The morning we docked, she was up early.
                                                        Slide 19




    Independent/Dependent Clause Review
 Rewrite these sentences. Put the dependent clause in
 parentheses.

1. The girls continued their raking, even though they were
  tired.
2. Yellowstone is a national park in the West that is famous for
  the geysers.
3. The dog did a flip whenever I clapped my hands.
                                                           Slide 20




          Compound/Complex Sentences
      Compound sentences contain two independent
clauses. They are joined with a comma and a word such as or,
and, or but (conjunctions).
The boat was leaving, and the passengers threw confetti.

      Complex sentences contain one independent clause
and one or more dependent clauses. These are joined by
words such as if, because, or when.
 The children felt sick when the ship started to pitch and roll.
                                                          Slide 21




            Compound/Complex Sentences

Read the following sentences. Write the sentence and tell
whether each is a compound or a complex sentence.

1. We packed our clothes, which had already been washed.
2. The boat is ready to leave, but the passengers have not
  yet arrived.
3. They wrote to us, and a week later we wrote back.
4. Whenever she goes, she collects recipes.
5. Her collection is huge, but the recipes are all different.
                                                       Slide 22




 Writing Compound and Complex Sentences
 REMEMBER:
Compound sentences are joined together with conjunctions.
You may also see so, nor, for or yet.
Complex sentences use the words because, although, if,
before, after, or when.
Make #1 a compound sentence. Make #2 a complex
sentence.
1. Yoshiko Uchida had not met all her relatives. Her parents
   took her to Japan.
2. Yoshiko liked Japan. She looked like everyone else.
                                                                    Slide 23




                 Compound Sentence Review
A compound sentence contains two or more independent
clauses or simple sentences. They are joined together with a
comma and a word such as yet, so, nor, for, and, but, or or.

In the following sentences, identifying the joining words.
1. Uncle Douglas’s red car was parked outside the garage, so I knew they
   were there.
2.   Mother’s voice was still pleasant, but she was considerably firmer.
3.   He walked to the door, so he could go outside.
4.   Do you want to go to the store, or do you want to stay home?
                                                       Slide 24




                 Sentence Combining
      Simple sentence after simple sentence makes for
choppy writing. Writers often combine sentences together to
make their writing smoother. They turn simple sentences into
complex sentences.

     Two simple sentences with the same predicate can
become a sentence with a compound subject. For
example:
•Jake liked the movie. Eliza liked the movie
•Jake and Eliza liked the movie.
                                                        Slide 25




                    Sentence Combining
Two simple sentences with the same subject can become a
sentence with a compound predicate. For example:
•Marva loves fish. Marva loves burritos.
•Marva loves fish and burritos.
  Combine the following sentences using the word and.

1. Hassan was sick. Hassan didn’t go to school.
2. He had a fever. He had a rash.
3. His mother called the doctor. His father called the doctor.
                                                       Slide 26




           Common Nouns and Proper Nouns

      A proper noun names a specific person, place, or thing.
For example: Martin Luther King Jr., The Rock and Roll Hall of
Fame, and Christmas. Proper nouns are capitalized.


       Common nouns do not name a particular person, place,
or thing. The words school, museum, and day are all common
nouns. Common nouns are not capitalized.
                                                                 Slide 27




                   Common and Proper Nouns

    Rewrite the paragraph below. Underline each
common noun and circle each proper noun.

        My mother has always loved birds. She once had a parakeet from
New Zealand and a Mynah bird from the jungles of South Africa. She fed
them Tweety Bird Birdseed, which we bought from Dr. Pete’s Pet Store.
Those two birds adored Mom. Whenever she went near their cages, they
would chirp, twitter, and sing.
                                                           Slide 28




        Practicing Proper and Common Nouns

       Rewrite the following paragraph. Make sure that
 you capitalize proper nouns.

       One day mom took a quick peek inside the Cage. “My
new Zealand bird is not chirping!” she cried. “Call dr. Pete!” I
ran for the Phone. When miss Monroe answered, I explained
the situation. “Bring that Bird here,” she ordered. “We’re at 222
Valley lane, just north of Beckman park,” she explained.
                                                                    Slide 29




             Identify Proper and Common Nouns
         Proper nouns name particular places, things, people and ideas.
  Proper nouns are capitalized.

        Common nouns do not refer to particular people, places, things, or
ideas. These begin with a lower case letter.
Create the chart below. Fill in the missing information.

              Proper Nouns                   Common Nouns
        1. Mrs. Nelson                  1. teacher
        2.                              2.   boy
        3.                              3.
        4.   M & M’s                    4.
                                                              Slide 30




                            Plural Nouns
           A plural noun names more than one person, place,
   thing, or idea. There are two kinds of plural nouns: regular
   plural nouns and irregular plural nouns.


 Regular Nouns
• Add - s to form the plural of most nouns: sign – signs.

• Add –es to nouns that end in ch, sh, s, ss, or x: church-churches,
dish-dishes, fox-foxes, loss-losses.
• If a noun ends in a consonant and a y, change the y to I and ad es:
party-parties.
                                                               Slide 31




                         Plural Nouns
• Some nouns have the same singular and plural form: fish-fish.
• Other nouns have a spelling change: mouse-mice.
• Form the plural of some nouns ending in f or fe by changing the f
or fe to ve and add es: wife-wives, wolf-wolves.
• Add –s to most nouns that end in f and ff: roof-roofs, sheriff-
sheriffs.
• Add –s to nouns ending in a vowel and o: video-videos.
• Use a dictionary to help with words like potato-potatoes.
                                                     Slide 32




                      Plural Nouns


           Form the plural of the following words.

1. calf         2. mosquito
3. raspberry    4. grass
5. fluff        6. mouse
                                                                   Slide 33




                      Practicing Plural Nouns
 Write the correct plural noun that completes the sentence.

1. A group of five (women, woman) and a guide were climbing Mount
  Everest.
2.   Slowly the (climber, climbers) made their way to the top.
3. They felt like (heroes, heros) as they approached the summit.
4. This climb would make a great story for their (grandchilds,
  grandchildren).
5. This was the most exciting adventure of their (lifes, lives).
                                                               Slide 34




                       Practicing Plural Nouns
 Write the sentence making the noun, in parentheses, plural to
 complete the sentence.
1. Hector has been collecting (rock) for many years.
2.   He keeps them in (box) in the attic.
3.   He sometimes brings (berry) to eat on his hiking trips.
4.   Hector thinks these are sturdy (shelf).
5.   Sunlight shone through the (leaf) on the trees.
6.   (bunch) of wild grapes grew on the vines.
                                                             Slide 35




                  Irregular Plural Nouns

To form the plural of some nouns ending in f or fe, change the f to
v and add – es.

To form the plural of nouns ending in a vowel followed by o add –
s.

To form the plural of nouns ending in a consonant followed by o,
add – s or - es.
                                                            Slide 36




                  Irregular Plural Nouns
 Rewrite the sentences creating the correct plural of the
 noun.

1. A local farmer reported that three of his youngest (calf) were
   missing.

2. The farmer worried that they had lost their (life).

3. The clown preformed in several of the (rodeo).

4. Baked (potato) are a favorite at dinner.
                                                           Slide 37




                 Irregular Plural Nouns

 Some nouns, like woman and child, have a special plural form
that does not end in – s
     woman            women
     child            children

 Some nouns, like fish and moose, stay the same whether
singular or plural.
                                                             Slide 38




                  Irregular Plural Nouns
 Rewrite the sentences creating the correct plural of the
 noun.
1. After hearing about the storm, (person) swarmed to the stores.

2. Meteorologists said the storm met all the (criterion) for being a
   blizzard.

3. Cans of food became as scarce as hen’s (tooth).

4. The (loaf) of bread were the first to go.

5. My sister found two frightened (mouse) behind a box.
                                                           Slide 39




                  Irregular Plural Nouns
 Rewrite the sentences creating the correct plural of the
 noun.

1. Many of the (shelf) at the supermarket had already been
   emptied.

2. People lined up like (sheep) at the registers.

3. No one had any battery-operated (radio) left to sell.

4. My sister found a case of diced (tomato) in the basement.
                                                        Slide 40




                   Possessive Nouns

A possessive noun names who or what owns something

A possessive noun can be singular or plural

A possessive noun can be common or proper

A possessive noun is formed by adding an apostrophe and an –s
to a singular nouns, even when they end in s
                                          Slide 41




               Possessive Nouns
     Possessive nouns show that one or
more nouns own something. Possessive
nouns are formed with an apostrophe and s
or with only an apostrophe.
• Add ‘s to form the possessive of most
singular nouns: horse’s stall, farmer’s barn.
• Add ‘s to form the possessive of plural nouns
that do not end in s: mice’s nest, men’s hat.
                                                  Slide 42




                Possessive Nouns

Write the correct possessive form of the underlined
word.
1. Last weekends thunderstorm
 was fierce!
2. My parents party was
 cancelled.
                                      Slide 43




          Possessive Plural Nouns
• If a plural possessive noun is regular
  and ends in –s, add an apostrophe
  • Three baseball players’ paycheck
     was more than three doctors’
     paycheck.

• If a plural possessive noun is irregular
  and does not end in –s, add an
                                            Slide 44




              Possessive Noun Review
Rewrite each sentence to show possession.

1. the color of the sky (The sky’s
 color.)
2. the legs of the sheep
3. a purse belonging to a woman
4. the young of the horse
                                         Slide 45




                  Appositives
• An appositive is a noun or pronoun placed
  next to another noun or pronoun to identify
  or explain it

• An appositive includes the appositive and
  the words that modify the appositive

Example: Dr. Campbell, our veterinarian,
  gave Kimba her annual physical.
                                                       Slide 46




                       Appositives
 Tell whether each underlined word is an appositive.
1. Kimba is my sister’s pet cat.

2. The doctor found a strange spot, a
   pink blister, just behind Kimba’s ear.

3. She said it was probably nothing to
   worry about.
                                     Slide 47




                Appositives
• Some appositives are nonessential to
  the meaning of a sentence
Non-essential example: Dan, an
  excellent cook, made dinner for us
  tonight.
• Other appositives are essential to the
  meaning of a sentence. (These
  usually consist of one word)
                                                        Slide 48




                        Appositives
Tell whether the underlined appositive in each sentence is
essential or nonessential.
1. Our drama coach, Mr. Wright, had to
   call in the understudy.
2. My brother Alan had hoped for a
   chance to play the part.
3. He tried out for the play along with my
   youngest brother, Vince.
4. Of course, Alan auditioned for the role
   of Buckley, the hero.
                                 Slide 49




             Appositives
• If an appositive comes:
  • at the beginning of a sentence,
     it is usually followed by a comma
  • at the end of a sentence, it
     should be proceeded by a
     comma
  • In the middle of a sentence, it
     should be proceeded and
                                     Slide 50




           Direct/Indirect Objects
• An action verb followed by a word that
  answers the question what? or whom?
  is called the direct object
• An action verb that only tells what
  someone or something does or only
  tells when, where, or how is called an
  indirect object
  Jason kicked Kaylee the ball.
     action verb: kicked
                                        Slide 51




             Direct/Indirect Objects

• The direct object receives the action of the
   verb in a sentence and tell who or what is
   affected by the verb’s action.
• An indirect object always appears before
   the direct object and tells to whom or for
   whom the action is done.
Underline the verb, put () around the direct
   object, and circle the indirect object.
1. The men prepare everybody a feast.
                                           Slide 52




            Direct/Indirect Objects

Tell whether the underlined words are
   direct or indirect objects.
1. Trey had a rather embarrassing habit.

2. His classmates gave him the nickname
   “Hopalong.”

3. Trey liked the name because it reminded
   him of Hopalong Cassidy.
                                 Slide 53




       Direct/Indirect Objects

Label the direct objects (DO) and
  indirect object (IO).
1.The wrangler brought the two
  friends their horses.
2. Her mother taught her everything
  she knew.
3.Greg attended his first riding
                                     Slide 54




           Direct/Indirect Objects

Circle the direct objects and underline
   the indirect objects.
1. Katie brought the red ball to Kathy.
2. Rita knew how to ride well.
3. Fred learned how to add on Friday.
4. Mike rode his bike to the store.
5. The teacher taught her sixth grade
   class how to divide.
                                        Slide 55




             Past Tense Verbs
• The past tense of most verbs is
  formed by adding -d or –ed to the
  base form of the word.
• Some verbs form their past tense with
  a completely different word, these are
  called irregular. (draw/drew,
  bring/brought, lose/lost, speak/spoke)
Make these sentences show past tense.
1. Jamie (walk) down to the beach
                                     Slide 56




             Future Tense Verbs

• To form the future tense, place the
   helping verb will before the base form
   of the verb.
   • I will go to the store tonight.
Make these sentences show future
   tense.
1. Jeff (walk) down to the store.
2. Kathy (run) a race this weekend.
                                     Slide 57




       Past and Future Tense Verbs
Tell whether the sentences are past
   tense or future tense.
1. She will drink pots and pots of coffee
   to keep herself awake.
2. Two hours past her bedtime, Katie fell
   into a deep sleep.
3. When everyone hears the music, they
   will dance all night long.
                                       Slide 58




         Past and Future Tense Verbs

Correct the sentences below. Pay special
  attention to the tenses of the verbs.
1. Jane runned home, when she heared
   that her parents bought a boat.
2. “When did you buy it?” she ask them.
3. Jane asked, “When will we are able to
   go sailing?”
4. Her father thinked, that he should
                                   Slide 59




     Past and Future Tense Verbs
Change the sentences below into
  the tense indicated.
1.The starters’ flare will tell us when
  the race begins. (past)
2. Franco leapt ahead of the others.
  (future)
3. Trish threw her javelin the
                                      Slide 60




           Main and Helping Verbs

A verb phrase is made up of a main
  verb, something you can do, and one
  or more helping verbs.
Common helping verbs: am, are, is,
  was, were, have, has, had, do, does,
  did, be, being, been, will, shall, can,
  could, would, should, might, must.
A helping verb places an action at
                                                          Slide 61




                 Main and Helping Verbs
Tell which words are helping verbs and which are main verbs.
    Write the sentences underlining the verbs, circle the
    helping verbs.

1. Gaby had been thinking about summer.

2. She had read an article about vacations.

3. She is spending far too much time day dreaming.

4. Her father said that he would pay for a summer camp.
                                                          Slide 62




                  Main and Helping Verbs
Helping verbs place an action or event in time.

•   Present progressive: happening now action
•       I am laughing.
•   Present perfect: action occurred at some point in time       I
    have laughed.
•   Past perfect: happened before another event
•              I had laughed.
•   Past progressive: action happening while another action is
    happening I was laughing.
•   Future progressive: an action that will happen while another
    action happens I will be laughing.
                                                                     Slide 63




                    Main and Helping Verbs
Tell which tense is shown. Refer back to slide 62.

1. My sister Cara is working on an energy monitoring project for school.

2. Her class had studied resource consumption before last semester.

3. For the next month, we will be recording our electricity usage.

4. I have always wondered just how much energy we use.

5. I was planning to do something similar.
                                                       Slide 64




                    Main and Helping Verbs
Rewrite the sentence and the correct version of the helping
  verb and main verb in parentheses.

1. Carol (have look) over my homework yesterday.

2. Right now, the birds (be eat) at the .

3. Danny (be attend) a new school next year.
                                                             Slide 65




                         Linking Verbs
A linking verb links the subject of the sentence with a noun or
    adjective in the predicate

Common linking verbs include: be, become, seem, appear, look,
  grow, turn, taste, feel, and smell

Some of these verbs can be used as action verbs.
  I tasted the cake.

In the following sentence the cake isn’t performing the action of
    tasting so tasting is a linking verb.
    The cake tastes delicious.
                                                            Slide 66




                          Linking Verbs
A predicate noun follows a linking verb and tells what the subject
   is.
   Example:
   Maury Obleck is the best sculptor in our community.

A predicate adjective follows a linking verb and tells what the
   subject is like.
   Example:
   Over the years, his work has become quite famous.
Identify the two following sentences.

1. His biggest piece, Sitting Soldier, is quite tall!
2. Sitting Soldier is a young man sitting on a log.
                                                             Slide 67




                         Linking Verbs
Underline the subject. Circle either the predicate noun or the
  predicate adjective.

1. My favorite group’s new CD is a masterpiece!

2. The name of the disc is Ten Steps Around.

3. The guitar sounds a lot fuzzier than on their first CD.

4. The pounding bass drum on “Who Knows” feels amazing.
                                                            Slide 68




                          Linking Verbs
Underline the subject. Circle either the predicate noun or the
  predicate adjective.

1. The song is a ballad written in memory of the guitarist’s mother.

2. When I first heard the song, I felt incredibly sad.

3. The wailing melody turns very tender toward the end.

4. The band seems read for superstardom!
                                                Slide 69




                          Linking Verbs
Use linking verbs to make complete sentences.

1. Jordan/restless

2. seedlings/bountiful plants

3. ice/safe

4. Soup/spicy

5. explorers/frightened
                                                             Slide 70




                   Regular/Irregular Verbs

•   To make the past tense or past participial form of a regular verb
    an ed is added at the end.
    • walk             walked have walked
    • help             helped       have helped


•   An irregular verb can form its past tense and past participle by
    changing a vowel or the spelling.
    • begin            began          have begun
    • go               went           have gone
                                                             Slide 71




                         Irregular Verbs
•   An irregular verb can form its past tense and past participle by
    changing a vowel or the spelling.

    do         did            done
    drive      drove          driven
    hide       hid            hidden

•   Some irregular verbs have special spelling when used with the
    helping verbs have, has, or had.

I tore my sleeve.
I had torn my sleeve.
                                                             Slide 72




                         Irregular Verbs
•   An irregular verb can form its past tense and past participle by
    changing a vowel or the spelling.

    do         did            done
    drive      drove          driven
    hide       hid            hidden

•   Some irregular verbs have special spelling when used with the
    helping verbs have, had, or had.

I tore my sleeve.
I had torn my sleeve.
                                                                 Slide 28




                     Combining Sentences
        Rewrite the following paragraph so that it is more
 interesting to read. (Hint: use compound and complex
 sentences!!)

         “The Telephone Call,” is a terrific story. It is about a family.
The family is kind. The family is loving. An orphan child comes to
live with them. The family has some trouble adjusting. The child’s
name is Maggy. Ms. L’Engles’s characters are realistic. Her writing
style is simple. Her writing is never dull. I recommend this story.
                                                            Slide 29




                             Test Review

Answer the following questions.

1.   What is a complete sentence?
2.   What is a sentence fragment?
3.   What does a sentence start with?
4.   List the four types of sentences.
5.   Write a sentence for each sentence type in number 4.
6.   What does a sentence end with? Name all that apply.
                                                       Slide 30




                           Test Review

7. What is a subject?
8. What is a complete subject?
9. Write a complete subject for the following sentence: Sarah
  and her sister went to the store.
10. What is a predicate?
11. What is a complete predicate?
12. Write the complete predicate for the following sentence:
  We went to Lagoon on Friday.
                                                               Slide 31




                            Test Review
13. What is a simple subject?
14. Write the simple subject for the following sentence: Sarah bought
   some cake.
15. What is a simple predicate?
16. Write the simple predicate for the following sentence: She ran from
   the dog.
17. What is an independent clause?
18. What is a dependent clause?
19. Write the independent clause for the following sentence: We went to
   the store, so we could buy some snacks.
                                                           Slide 32




                          Test Review

20. Write the dependent clause for the following sentence: She went
  to Japan, because she looked like everyone else.
21. What is a compound sentence?
22. Write a compound sentence.
23. What is a complex sentence?
24. Write a complex sentence.
25. What are the three conjunctions that are good for combining
  sentences?
                                                                   Slide 33




      Complete Subject and Simple Subject Review
      The complete subject is all the words in the subject of the sentence.
The most important word is the simple subject. It is usually a noun or a
pronoun.

 Rewrite the sentences. Underline the complete subject, circle the
 simple subject.

 1.   The crow walked the children to the bus stop.
 2.   The house sits on a wooded hillside.
 3.   His eyes widened as he understood the problem.
 4.   The neighbor stormed into Dr. Tollman’s office.
                                                               Slide 34




                  Compound Subject Review
       When 2 sentences have different subjects and the same predicate,
you can combine the subjects using the word and. The result is a
compound subject.

• The author worked on the book.
• The illustrator worked on the book.
• The author and illustrator worked on the book

        Rewrite each sentence using a compound subject.

1.   Craig cried. Luke cried.
2.   The crow was hungry. The cat was hungry.
                                                                   Slide 35




            Using Complete and Simple Subjects
  A Simple Subject is just the noun the sentence is talking about. A Complete
  Subject is everything from the beginning of the sentence to the noun.

 • The house sits on a wooded hillside.
 • Some owners of pet dogs have taught their dogs to sit on command.


  Write sentences for each of the complete and simple subjects below.


1. The author of the story _____.         2. Crows
3. One child on the playground____.       4. tree
                                                            Slide 40




                           Noun Review
       Nouns are words that name persons, places, things, and
ideas. Concrete nouns identify things that exist in the physical
world. Abstract nouns name things that cannot be touched,
seen, felt, or heard.

       In the following list, circle the concrete nouns;
underline the abstract nouns. If the word is not a noun leave
it alone.
father cave          was            is          self-pity
courage       am            quill        hunger        sadness
or            nice          hatchet      survival      candy
                                                             Slide 48




                  End Punctuation Review
The end punctuation of a sentence helps clarify the writer’s meaning.
For example, a statement or a command, a writer uses a period. If a
writer wants the sentence to show strong emotion, then an
exclamation mark is used. If a writer asks a question, the sentence
will end in a question mark.


Rewrite the sentences with correct punctuation.
1. Laura found a sea turtle
2. How happy she was to find it
3. Should she tell her father about the turtle
                                              Slide 49




In the following paragraph, correct the end
punctuation and comma usage. Rewrite the
entire paragraph correctly.

I looked around and there were more gulls gathering
They were silent, watching, waiting, and I knew well
enough what they were waiting for I pulled away
more of the seaweed and I saw that the gulls had
been at him already
                                                             Slide 50




            Commas in Compound Sentences
 A comma is used to set off a word or group of words from other
 words in the same sentence. In a compound sentence, a comma
 and a conjunction are used to “join” the two sentences.
 • Laura found a turtle, and she realized she had to help him.



Rewrite the sentences. Put the comma in the correct place.
1. Laura tried to help the turtle but he would not move.
2. She covered him with sand and then he got better.
                                                          Slide 51




                    Commas with Nouns

        Commas are used to set off a group of words from the
rest of the sentence. They set off items in a series. A series is
3 or more words or groups of words listed together in a
sentence. A comma is used after each item in the series
except the last.

• We packed ham, salad, pickles, and chips.
• Mom, Dad, and Virginia were waiting in the car.
                                                          Slide 52




             Commas with Nouns Practice
Rewrite each sentence placing a comma in the correct
places.

1. Eleanor Joe and Terry work at Stewart Beach Aquarium.
2. Eleanor gives tours on Monday Tuesday and Wednesday.
3. The aquarium has been attracting students teachers and
  tourists.
4. Stewart Beach Aquarium is easy to reach by train bus or car.
                                                            Slide 53




          Review Complete and Simple Subject
 Complete Subject: All the words in the subject of the sentence. All
 the words from the beginning of the sentence to the noun.
 Simple Subject: The most important word in the complete subject,
 usually a noun or pronoun.


 Rewrite the following sentences. Underline the Complete
 Subject, circle the Simple Subject.

1. The forest was a beautiful place.
2. A huge ship spilled oil along the shoreline.
3. The extremely delicate environment was damaged.
                                                     Slide 54




     Complete Predicate and Simple Predicate Review
Complete Predicate: all the words in the predicate, from the
verb to the end of the sentence.
Simple Predicate: the most important word in the complete
predicate, the verb.
Rewrite the following sentences. Underline the complete
predicate, circle the simple predicate.

1. The wildfire was hurt by the spill.
2. The fishermen demanded that the company clean up.
3. The community started the cleanup themselves.
                                                  Slide 55




     Complete and Simple Subjects and Predicates
Rewrite the sentences below. Circle the complete subject
and underline the complete predicate.


We can clean up after ourselves.

1. We can pick up the trash.
2. Our class can write a clean-up newsletter.
3. We can recycle used paper.
                                                      Slide 56




                     Test Review

1. What is a complete subject?
2. Write the complete subject for the following sentence.
  Underwater photographers record the mysteries below
  the water.
3. What is a simple subject?
4. Write the simple subject for the following sentence.
  The secrets of the ocean are being explored.
                                                  Slide 57




5. What is a compound subject?
6. Write the compound subject for the following
  sentence. Tammy and Jim are partners on this project
7. Define a common noun.
8. List five common nouns.
9. Write the common nouns for the following sentence.
  There was a pencil on that desk.
10. What is a proper noun?
                                                    Slide 58




11. Write three proper nouns.
12. Write the proper noun for the following sentence. We
  are going to play at Parker’s Fun House.
13. Write the definition of a noun.
14. Write the nouns for the following sentence. There was
  a dog, a cat, and a bird at the pet store.
15. What is a plural noun?
16. Write a sentence that uses a plural noun.
                                                          Slide 59




17. What is a possessive noun?
18. Write the following words as possessives.
dogs   children   men     pigs   mouse
19. What 2 sentences kinds can end with a period?
20. Write a sentence for each answer in question 19.
21. What kind of sentence can end with a question mark?
22. Write a sentence for your answer in question 21.
23. What kind of sentence can end with an exclamation point?
                                                            Slide 60




24. Write a sentence for your answer for question 23.
25. What is a comma?
26. What is a compound sentence?
27. Write a compound sentence and put the comma in the correct
  place.
28. Put the commas in the correct places. I want to eat a
  banana an apple a piece of cake and a sucker.
29. What is a complete predicate?
30. Write the complete predicate for the following sentence. The
  dog was running around his pen.
                                                       Slide 61




               Subject Verb Agreement
       The subject and verb must work together, or agree. A
sentence with a singular subject must have a verb that
agrees with it. A sentence with a plural subject must have a
verb that agrees with a plural subject.


• For a singular subject, add s or es to most verbs: Julianna
rides her bike.
• For a plural subject, do not add s or es to the verb: Her
parents watch from the porch.
                                                             Slide 62




•    For compound subjects joined by and or both, use the verb
    form for a plural subject: Julianna and her sister have new
    bikes.
•    For compound subjects joined by or, either/or, neither/or the
    verb must agree with the subject closest to it: Neither Julianna
    nor her sister wants to wait.
Choose the verb that correctly completes each sentence.
1. The fishermen sets up booms.
2. In some spots, the oil splash over the booms.
3. Thousands of dead murres, loons, and other birds washes ashore.
                                                          Slide 63




           Practice Subject Verb Agreement


Write the correct form of the verb to complete the
  sentence.
1. The company (search, searches) the seas for old sunken
  ships.
2. They (find, finds) special maps.
3. First, people (look, looks) for clues to find ships that were
  lost.
4. Next boats (survey, surveys) likely seas.
                                                                Slide 64




        Review Complete and Simple Predicates
     The complete predicate tells what the subject is or does. It
     can be one word or more than one word. The most
     important word in the complete predicate is the verb, which
     is called the simple predicate.
Circle the simple predicate, underline the complete predicate.
1. Everyone said that Elizabeth Blackwell would never be a doctor.
2.    People told her a woman’s place was in the home.
3.    Elizabeth Blackwell never gave up her fight.
                                                             Slide 65




             Review Compound Predicates
  When two sentences have the same subject, the predicates
  can be combines to form one sentence.
The amendment forbid slaver and made citizens of all slaves.
Rewrite the following sentences. Write yes after those that have
  compound predicates and no that do not.
1. Elizabeth Blackwell studied her books and worked hard.
2. The students laughed and jeered.
3. They denied her request, and she was upset.
                                                      Slide 8




           Writing Different Kinds of Sentences
Write a paragraph about someone you admire. You need
to use one of each sentence kind (declarative, imperative,
exclamatory, interrogative)

I admire my father. He is a super guy! When he comes home
from work, he says, “Can I help you with your homework?”
On the weekends, we go skating in the park. He always tells
me feed the cat. I love my dad very much.

								
To top