PROVINCE OF NEGROS ORIENTAL

      Locatio n.  Ne gros Oriental is one of the four provinces com prising
Central Visayas Region. I t is also one of the two provinces com prising
Negros Island. The other province is Negros Occi dental that b elongs to
Western Visayas Region.

      Negros Oriental occupies the e astern por tion of Negros Island and is
separate d from Negros Occi dental by a chain of rugge d mountains. It is
bounded on th e south by the Mindanao and Sulu Seas and on the east by
Tañon Strait. The la tter separa tes Ne gros Oriental from the province of

      The capi tal of the province is Dumaguet e City.

       Topography.      The province is charac terize d by low but serrated
mountain ranges that are mostly close to the shoreline.             Towards the
interior, volcanic peaks, hills and oc casional plateaus are found.

      At the southern end of the province is a group of volcanic mountains,
the highest of which is Cuernos de Ne gros with a height of 2,00 0 met ers. At
the northern end is Mt. Canlaon, the highest peak in the island, with 2,4 65
meters elevation. The small crater lakes in the interior are evidenc es of the
volcanic charact er of the province. These lakes are Danao, Balanan and

       Climate. The climate of Negros Oriental is influenced by the mountain
ranges stretching from north to south of Negros Island. The eas tern par t of
the province has Type II I climate under the Corona Climate Classification
System. Type II I climate is charac terize d by the lack of a pronounced
maximum rain period and a short dry season lasting from one to three
months. The other half of the province has Ty pe I climate charac terize d by
distinct we t and dry seasons.

      The averag e tempera ture in the province is b et ween 26.1°C to 27.7°C.
The averag e humidity is 78 perc ent.

      Political Subdivisio n. Ne gros Oriental consists of five cities, tw enty
municipalities, and five hundred fifty-seven baran gays. I t is divide d into
three congressional districts.

      Dumaguete, Bais and Canlaon be came cities be twe en 194 8 an d 19 68.
Bayawan an d Tanjay were convert ed into cities only in 20 00 and 2 001,

        Under the lat est Bureau of Local Government Finance (BLGF) income
classification system, Dumaguet e an d Bais are 2 n d class cities while Canlaon
is 6 t h class.    Three-fourth of the municipalities in the province are
considered 4 t h an d 5 t h class.

                                                Province of Negros Oriental

                                                         Ta b le 3
          L oc a l Gov e rnme nt U nit s b y Cong re s s iona l D is t ric t , Cla s s if ic a t ion, A re a ,
                   P op ula t ion L e v e l, D e ns it y a nd A ve ra g e A nnua l Grow t h R a te

        Political           Classification 1/       Area 2/         Population3/      Pop’n.         1995-2000
      Subdivisions                                       2
                                                     (km )                            Density       Ave. Annual
                                                                                     (Persons/      Growth Rate
                                                                                       km2)             (in %)
 First District
     Ayungon                        4th               153.60           40,744            265             2.13

     Bindoy                         4th               173.70           34,773            200             3.61
     Canlaon City                   6                 160.70           46,548            290             2.58
     Guihulngan                    2nd                422.80           83,448            197             0.73
     Jimalalud                      5                 139.50           26,756            192             2.81
     La Libertad                    4                 139.60           35,122            252             1.71
     Manjuyod                       4                 264.60           37,863            143             1.98
     Tayasan                        4th               154.20           30,477            198             (0.75)
     Vallehermoso                   4th               152.90           33,914            222             1.87
 Second District
     Amlan                          5th                 59.40          19,227            324             3.23
     Bais City                     2                  316.90           68,115            215             1.56
     Dumaguete City                2                    55.80         102,265           1,833            2.14
     Mabinay                        3                 142.60           64,451            452             0.51
     Pamplona                       4th               202.20           32,790            162             2.49
     San Jose                       5                   54.40          15,665            288             1.00
     Sibulan                        4                 163.00           37,523            230             4.03
     Tanjay City 4/                                   539.30           70,169            130             1.44
 Third District
     Bacong                         5th                 25.00          23,219            929             4.18
     Basay                          4                 237.80           21,366             90             3.13
     Bayawan City                                     637.90          101,391            159             2.35
     Dauin                          5                 114.10           21,077            185             1.56
     Sta. Catalina                 2                  523.10           67,197            128             1.56
     Siaton                         3                 335.40           64,258            192             2.48
     Valencia                       3rd               148.30           24,365            164             4.16
     Zamboanguita                   5                   85.50          23,338            273             4.62
1/    Sourc e: Bur e au of Loc al G o ver nm e nt Fi na nce - DOF , Regio n 7
2/   Sour c e: Ne gros Orie nt al Pro vi nci al Physic al Fr am ewor k Pla n
3/   Sourc e: 20 00 C ens us of Po pul atio n a nd Ho using, N atio nal St atisti cs Offic e
4/   Convert e d i nto a com po ne n t cit y pe r RA 90 26 a p prove d o n 05 Mar c h 200 1
5/   Convert e d i nto a com po ne n t cit y pe r RA 89 93 a p prove d o n 05 D e cem b er 20 00

                               Province of Negros Oriental

       Agricul tur e and Fisher y Prod ucts. The major agricultural produc ts
of Negros Oriental are co conut, corn, sugarcane, rice, ve get ables, fruits,
abaca , t oba cco and roo t cro ps.

     Its t wo major fishing grounds are the North Sulu Sea and Tañon S trait.
Commercial fish species are cau ght all year round from these fishing

       There are also many freshwater areas in the province. These are ide al
for the culture of shrimp, milkfish and various mollusks.

      Mineral Reso urces. The province is endow ed with a variety of
mineral resources.   Some of these minerals are found in commercial
quantities. Among these are cop per, silica, sulfur, magnesium, phosphate,
manganese, dolomite limestone, coal an d iron.

       Industrial Ac tivities. B ecause the e conomy of Ne gros Oriental is
largely agri-based, almost all its industries are enga ged in sugarcane,
coconut an d fruit proc essing. I ts major expor ts are also principally agri-
based produc ts.

    Airport Facilities. The province has a trunk line airport loca ted in
Dumaguete City. This airport serves daily flights to and from Manila.

      Port Facilities. The province’s main port is the Port of Duma guete.
This port serves regular passeng er and fast ferry services t o and from Cebu
City, Dipolog City, Manila, Ozamis City, Zamboanga City, Siquijor and
Tagbilaran City.

     The other major ports in the province are the ports of T andaya g
(Amlan), Guihulngan, and Bais.

      Utilities. There are three NPC power genera ting plants in Negros
Oriental. These are the Palimpinon Geothermal Power Plants I and II with
combined ra ted ca pacity of 1 92.5 MW and the Amlan Hydroelec tric Pow er
Plant with a ra ted ca paci ty of 0.8 MW.

      The island of Negros forms part of the Cebu-Negros-Panay-Ley te-
Samar Transmission Grid. These islands are interconnecte d with each other
through high voltag e submarine ca bles.

    Electricity in the province is distributed by two elec tric coo pera tives:

       Level I, L evel I I an d Lev el III wa ter sup ply systems provide the wa ter
requirements of the province. Either the local government units or w ater
districts manage the Level I II wat er supply systems.

                             Province of Negros Oriental

      Communicati on Facilities. PLDT, Islacom, and Cruztelco           provide
local exchange service in Negros Oriental.    In a ddition to these     private
companies, the Telecommunications Office (Telof) also provides this     service
but only in the municipality of Guihulngan. As of 1999, th ere were     42,1 92
telephone lines throughout the province.

      The cellular mobile telephone service providers in Negros Oriental are
Smart, Islacom, Globe, Piltel and Extelcom.            There are also 23
telegra phstations and 15 tele graphic transfer stations throughout the
province. These are all o perat ed by the government.

      Banks. There are many gov ernment, privat e an d rural banks in the
province.    Most of the government and commercial bank branches are
located in Dumague te City. The rural banks are generally found in the

       Tourism. Ne gros Oriental’s peac eful and cle an environment, unhurried
pace of life, and wide variety of tourist attra ctions make it a perfec t place
for rest and re creation.

      Among the province’s many tourist at tractions are:

Apo Island. This island is a haven for scub a divers and snorkelers with its
crystal clear wa ters and kaleidosco pe of coral an d marine life. Apo Island is
home to the Ne gros Oriental Marine Conservation Park and K an-upe B each

Dolphin and Whale Wa tching. Off the co ast of B ais City, tourists can
experience a once-in-a-lifetime encounter with dolphins and whales. Boats
for hire are available wi th a marine biologist and spot ter on boar d t o make
the trips more educ ational.

Beaches. Negros Oriental has many white sand bea ches. Most of these have
been develo ped into beach resorts equip pe d with facilities to suit the ne eds
of tourists.

Mountain Trekking. For mountain lovers, trekking at Mt . Talinis, popularly
known as the Cuernos de los Negros, is the pla ce to go. This mountain,
which rises to an eleva tion of 1,8 00 me ters, is blessed with rare flora an d
fauna, verdant forests and lak es.

Spelunking. Cave explorers will be fascinated with Odloman Cave in Ma binay,
the second longest cav e in the country.

Coconut Planta tion Inn. Lo cat ed in Dauin, this is a sprawling hot el complex
that offers mod ern amenities. I t is a haven for scuba divers an d serves as a
take-off point for quick trips to Apo Island.

                             Province of Negros Oriental

Casiroro Falls. For nature lovers, this falls is a must. Casiroro is one of the
three wa terfalls found in Kampesa, Valencia.        I t is surrounded by lush
vege tation an d provides sanctuary to wildlife.

Rizal Boulevard. This is the most po pular landmark of Dumague te City. This
is a favorite place by loc als and tourists alike for picnics, playing or simply
gathering around.

Landmarks. The Gat es of Op portunity and the Museum of Silliman University
and the Bell Tow er, all locat ed in Dumaguet e City, are famous historical and
architectural landmarks.

Festivals. Dumaguete City is famous for its Kasadya-an, Santacruzan and
Sandurot Festivals.


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