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					                                                                                             T-34 ASSOCIATION, INC.
                                                                                              Charles H. Nogle      James H. Nogle         Julie Clark
                                                                                              President             Editor,Tres.           Membership Chairman
                                                                                              P.O. Box 1618       1009 Wilshire Crt. 3114 Boeing Rd.
                                                                                              Champaign, IL 61820 Champaign,IL 61821 Cameron Pk, CA 95682
                                                                                              217-356-3063        217-359-7990       916-677-0634

                                                                                              Travis Edwards        Lou Drendel            Ken Williamson
                                                                                              Vice President        Secretary              Merchandise Sales
                                                                                              102 N. Leadbetter     98155 Chandelle Dr. P.O. Box 238
                                                                                              Ashland, VA 23005     Naperville, IL 60540   State College, PA 16804
                                                                                              804-798-4643          312-355-5440           814-237-3716

 SeptemBcr 1988                                                                                                                    9{e.vjsktter   Issue.         $0

                                        THE                  MENTOR                                              MONITOR

T h i s is the 50th issue o f the T - 3 4 Newsletter, or T h e M e n t o r M o n i t o r as i t is
n o w k n o w n . W h a t started 13 years ago as a loose g r o u p o f about 75 M e n t o r                             IN THIS ISSUE:
owners w i t h a single page newsletter (albeit m o n t h l y f o r a short while) has
g r o w n into a f o r m a l and respected Association o f nearly 350 current members                          T-34 News by Charlie Nogle                   2
— over 600 d u r i n g the 13 year lifespan. A n d this issue is a T - 3 4 Association
record - 36 pages l o n g .                                                                                         Oshkosh '88 Report                      2
                                                                                                                    T-34 Judging                            3
O u r newsletter isn't the o n l y publication w r i t i n g about T-34s. Pat Patrick,                              USAF/Silver Hill Trip                   4

€          r i c k , M a r y l a n d , has j u s t reported that AOPA Pilot is d o i n g a photo shoot
            T - 3 4 for the cover o f their N o v e m b e r issue. Last month, M a r k
           i b l y , AOPA Pilot senior editor, was here i n C h a m p a i g n researching his
article w h i c h he is w r i t i n g w i t h R i c h a r d C o l l i n s . W e gave M a r k a complete
checkout i n our 285 H P B m o d e l and then gave h i m some solo time. H e had
                                                                                                                    Chile Mentors
                                                                                                                    Airshow Regulations
                                                                                                               Photographing a Flighty Subject

n o t h i n g but enthusiasm and praise f o r the airplane. The T - 3 4 is to be one o f
                                                                                                                    by Steven Smith
their feature articles and we expect that M e n t o r w i l l receive some really                              Afternoon Delight                            11
favorable press. T h e N o v e m b e r issue should be c o m i n g out w i t h i n the next                         by Charlie Biielia
several weeks, please w a t c h f o r it.
                                                                                                               Tails of Our Members                         12
Over the last f e w months I have received numerous requests f o r a member-                                   Details                                      14
ship directory. W e used to p r i n t these f a i r l y regularly, b u t as our newsletter                     Oshkosh 1988 Report                          16
grew i n size and as the postage rates went up, w e curtailed this yearly
publication. I n deference to demand, however, I a m pleased to p r i n t a                                         by Lou Drendel
complete up-to-date directory. T h e p r i m a r y listing is in alphabetical order                            Mentor Maintenance                           18
and includes b o t h addresses a n d phone numbers. A second abbreviated                                            Proposed A.D.Note
directory is also printed w h i c h organizes everyone by state. Use this to f i n d
out w h o lives i n y o u r region, and cross reference to f i n d out exactly where.                          Mentor Insurance Update                      20
                                                                                                               Fall Gatlinburg Fly-in                       21
W e have some really nice articles i n this issue and I w o u l d l i k e to give special                      Propeller Preservation                       21
thanks to Steve S m i t h f o r his 5 page w r i t e - u p o n air to air photography. It is
                                                                                                               Dues & New Memberships                       21
an excellent h o w - t o piece w h i c h is sure to stir some thought and perhaps
some arguments. Please be sure to share y o u r perspectives, hints, and ideas                                 Board of Directors Election                  22
as Steve has. I feel and hope that this w i l l become an o n g o i n g topic f o r the                        Minutes of Last Board Meeting                24
newsletter. H o w m u c h air to air f i l m have y o u exposed over the years?
                                                                                                               New Philadelphia Fly-in Report               26
The table o f contents to the r i g h t w i l l g i v e y o u a q u i c k o v e r v i e w o f what is          Formation Committee Report                   26
inside. A couple o f q u i c k reminders, though: First, please, d o n ' t forget to                           Summer 1989 Fly-in Goodland, KS..,.27
return your enclosed ballot and museum trip questionnaire. A n d second, are
                                                                                                               For Sale                                     28
 " J current w i t h y o u r dues? W e started another fiscal year i n June and dues
   r J u n e 1988 to June 1989 are n o w due.                                                                  Membership Directory (Alphabetical) .29
                                                                                                               Gross Reference Directory by State ...35
Jim Nogle, Editor

                                                                                                                         T-34 Association, Inc. 1988
T'34 News by Charlie                                                       Nogle:
O S H K O S H 1988 was hot and busy and w i t h T-34s well                 w i t h us at previous Oshkosh and Lakeland fly-ins had hoped to
represented. W e reached a total o f 50 Mentors in attendance, the         bring i n a Grumman C - 2 C.O.D. aircraft from San Diego, b u t ^
same as 1987. However, w e were down in numbers o f qualified              the last minute the trip was called o f f by higher authorities, w h ^
formation pilots w i t h access to airplanes. This year our Sunday         cited fuel budget restrictions. M a r k has just completed a 2 year
formation consisted o f 20 ships, w i t h top cover being f l o w n by     deployment to the Mediterranean f l y i n g the new C - 2 aircraft and
Forrest M o l b e r g in his SX-300. Last year w e mustered a record       hopes to complete some of the next 4 years, before retirement,
formation w i t h a total o f 34 T-34s- B y Tuesday we were d o w n        back at Pensacola instructing i n the T-34C.
to a diamond formation o f 9 ships. I remember f l y i n g on that
Tuesday and l o o k i n g d o w n at a still huge number o f spectators    W a r b i r d Airshow A i r Boss was changed again this year w i t h
along the 1/2 m i l e long crowd control line. The temperature was         Ralph Royce being tiie man. Ralph is better k n o w n as the
w e l l over 100°F and there was no shade, anywhere.                       executive director o f the C A P . Each time the A i r Boss is
                                                                           changed a lot o f confusion is created between the different f l y i n g
Oshkosh is still something that has to be experienced to be                elements as to what they w o u l d like to do and how they can do
believed. I t was great to see the folks w h o m we only meet each         it. This year the fighters were happy with their participation (as
year at Oshkosh. The formations this year, w h i l e being smaller,        they usually are because they are the main event), but the T-28,
retained the excellent form that the T-34s have been k n o w n for         T - 6 , & T-34s, were not pleased as w e were forced on some
these past 5 years. This year the T-6s had their largest turnout           passes to be as high as 2700 ft. A G L and w i t h the haze that
ever w i t h 87 on the f i e l d at Oshkosh! They arrived in mass on       existed and strong 20 knot winds even our engine and prop
Thursday, o v e r f l y i n g Fond du Lac where the T-34s were practic-    noise was dissipated. So it is doubtful that many spectators
ing. They had 54 ships i n one big wave w i t h one B I G sound —          viewed our first high pass w i t h 20 ships in a very good forma-
this gave most observers a case o f goose bumps even though the            tion built up o f diamonds and vies. Walt Troyer, the Warbird
temperature was around 100°. The T-6s are celebrating the 50th             announcer was very vocal i n his feelings, as were E d Lovejoy
anniversary o f the first T - 6 flight, and this event really pulled the   and myself. I n fact w e unloaded on Ralph, the first time that this
T-6s out en masse. The T - 6 population, by the way, in the U.S.           has ever happened that I k n o w about. I n fact, we probably over-
stands at about 500 f l y i n g airplanes, about 2 1/2 times the           unloaded, and for this I feel badly. Ralph is really a super guy
number o f f l y i n g T-34s.                                              and totally devoted to the cx-military ships that the Warbirds
                                                                           bring to Oshkosh. W e feel that next year, should Ralph return^
                                                                           we w i l l all understand each other better and this problem w i l l i
This was the first year in many that the Navy failed to have a T -
                                                                           occur again. I n closing on this subject, let me say that Ralph
34C in attendance. L t . Cmdr. M a r k Humphries, who has been
                                                                           handled our complaints w i t h class and professionalism, and I
                                                                           sincerely hope to see h i m return next year as A i r s h o w A i r Boss.

   The Mentor Monitor is the newsletter o f the T-34 Associa-              W h i l e on the C.A.F. subject, I want to report that Dr. Hal
   tion, Inc., an independent non-profit corporation dedicated             Fenner, longtime 34 Association member and chief of Staff of
   to the preservation, restoration, and safe f l y i n g o f T-34         the C.A.F., was w i t h us at Fond du Lac and practiced with us,
   Mentor aircraft. Articles and conu-ibutions are welcome,                and qualified for the Formation Patch. W e were looking forward
   please credit photographers. I f photos are to be returned,             to his participation in tiie Sunday show, but he experienced a
   please indicate so. Photos that are not to be returned w i l l be       problem w i t h his propeller pitch control that forced him to stand
   added to the Association's collection. Membership is open               down.
   to all. Dues are $35 for the first year f o r new members, $25
   per year there after. To j o i n , contact Julie Clark, Member-         The f o l l o w i n g list o f pilots is for t w o purposes. First to let
   ship Chairman, 3114 Boeing Rd., Cameron Park, C A                       everyone k n o w who flew at Oshkosh, and second to see i f I may
   95682.                                                                  have missed any names on the fuel reimbursement list. I f you
                                                                           flew in the airshow T-34 formations and your name is not listed
   The maintenance and operating comments, suggestions, and                below properly, please let me k n o w pronto:
   recommendations and cautions contained in The Mentor
   Monitor and supplements thereto, as w e l l as other T-34                     Friday, July 29                 Saturday, July 30
   Association, Inc. publications, have been provided by                         Lou Drendel                     Gene Popma
   aircraft owners, operators, maintenance personnel, and other                  Ted Adams                       Gene Grengs
   publications. A l l maintenance, modification, or other                       Gene Martin                     Terry Brennan
   mechanical or safety actions presented in The Mentor                          Bob Morse                       Don Newman
                                                                                 Frank Fastner                   Bob Farrell
   Monitor, should be reviewed and implemented by properly
                                                                                 Charlie Nogle                   Steve Dillon
   qualified personnel. The T-34 Association, Inc. and its
                                                                                 Gordy Drysdale                  George Kubal
   Board of Directors shall not assume any liability for the
                                                                                 BillCherwin                     Dick McGuire
   f o l l o w i n g or failure to f o l l o w any or all of the same.                                           Gordy Drysdale

page. 2
       Sunday, July 31                 Monday August 1                    the Presidency after serving four consecutive years, during
       Lou Drendel                     Bob Farrell                        which time Warbirds have made tremendous advancements in
       Gene Martin                     Lou Drendel                        every conceivable category. I have the highest regard for John
       Ed Lovejoy                      Gene Martin                        and for what his leadership has meant to Warbirds of America
       DonMcNall                       Charlie Nogle
                                                                          and indirectly to the T-34 Association. What is good for one is
       Charlie Nogle
                                                                          good for both and John has been a jewel. I hate to see him step
       Walter Mayer                    Tuesday August!
                                                                          down, but it would be to selfish to ask him to continue after the
       Ted Adams                       Ted Adams
                                       Gene Popma                         effort and sacrifice that he has had to make to his business and
       Dave Miller
       Frank Fastner                   Bill Cherwin                       personal hfe. A n d John is starting a new personal life On
       Bill Seward                     Steve Smith                        Wednesday, just before Oshkosh, John married Debra Retcher at
       Julie Clark                     Charlie Nogle                      the E A A chapel. M y warmest congratulations to this fine
       Bob Morse                       Gene Martin                        couple. I t was a very beautiful wedding. And, for those of you
       Forrest Molberg                 Forrest Molberg                    who are not aware, John is an enthusiastic member of the T-34
       Terry Brennan                   DonMcNall                          Association, Inc. and is personally restoring a T-34B to Warbird
       Rick Gretz                      Bill Seward
                                                                          award winner quality.
       Bob Russell
       Bill Chenvin                    Wednesday A ugust 3
                                                                          The new Warbird President is D o n Davidson. D o n is devoted to
       Reid Garrison                   Bill Cherwin
                                       Reid Garrison                      Warbirds and I am looking forward to working with him. Don
       Gordy Drysdale
                                       Jud Nogle                          has a tough act to f o l l o w , and w o n ' t lead in the same way that
       Mike Brady
                                       Charlie Nogle                      John has, as John is truly one of a kind. But you can bet that
                                                                          Don w i l l be effective in his own style, as he is a very organized
                                                                          person and he is sincerely motivated to keep Warbirds moving
 I am happy to report that Travis Edwards made Oshkosh and is             forward.
 making his way back to good health. He didn't feel quite up to
 flying the air shows and wisely stayed in the shade.                     When mentioning Baugh and Davidson it is only fair to mention
                                                                          B i l l Harrison, who preceded them and started the ball rolling.
       had one member make it to Oshkosh by sheer determination           He receives credit for embarking Warbirds in the leadership roll
       much overtime work. I w i l l omit his name in case he wants       in the U . S . representing all of those who are interested in the
  to keep this private, but the story needs to be told. This person       general warbird movement. W e are truly fortunate to have a
  purchased a T-34 last fall, worked on it aU winter, even had the        person o f B i l l ' s intellect and motivation stay as active as he has
  top of the wings reskinned to remove some hail dents. The               w i t h W B and E A A after completing a three year term as W B
  airplane was repainted inside and out, all o f the major systems        President. Other presidents have done their term and then
  were overhauled, and the airplane was sitting pretty for his first      somewhat faded away (which they are entitled to do) but B i l l has
  trip to Oshkosh. Then Murphy and his L a w intervened about 9           stayed on the team and it is a good bet that John Baugh w i l l too.
  days before Oshkosh. The reconditioned T-34 came to grief,
  wheel up and belly down on a concrete runway. Well, this guy            I should also mention that B i l l deserves f u l l credit for the new
  was determined to make Oshkosh, so he jumped into a Bonanza             Eagle Squadron addition to E A A . It was his, and only his,
  and started rounding up all o f the things that needed replacing.       efforts that put this ambitious project into motion. W e can all be
  This list included flap, aileron, gear doors, prop blades, retract      happy to have been a small part o f something that w i l l endure to
  rods, and other miscellaneous and sundry items. He installed all        fumre generations. The dedication speeches of Francis Gabreski
  of these parts on the airplane and went back to the recently            and Barry Goldwater leave little doubt about the true unselfish
  departed paint shop and talked them into doing the necessary            worth of this project.
  paint work on an emergency ( A O G ) basis. He then arrived at
  Oshkosh looking great on the first Saturday. I f that isn't determi-    Oshkosh Judging: A big part o f Oshkosh is the aircraft judging
  nation, I don't know what is. Nice going and a tip o f the T-34         that is done in each o f the E A A divisions. N o other airshow has
  cap to you. Next issue we w i l l supply a name to this story i f the   the criteria and standards of judging so refined and respected as
  party i n question is willing.
                                                                          it is at Oshkosh. These awards truly have the respect of the main
                                                                          stream o f the aviation community. The Best T-34 Award was
   A t the annual Warbird general membership meeting, three new           made to T-34 N 3 4 B A , owned by M i k e Brady. M i k e has worked
   Board members were elected to 3 year terms and four current            very hard to make every detail on his aircraft a strong point and
   directors completed their terms on the Board. I am very happy          i t really shows. There are no negatives on this ship, just one
   to announce that T-34 Association members L o u Drendel and            positive after another. This plane can be remembered by the
M i j ^ Blackwell and North American Trainer Association                  longtime members as having been restored by Bob Abemathy in
^ B l s i d e n t Stoney Stonich were the three new members. This         the late 70's. It was then sold to Fred Smith of Federal Express
   w i l l give the best balance ever between the heavy iron represen-    fame. M i k e started out with a great ship and redid everything.
   tation and that of the trainers. John Baugh stepped down from          Congratulations M i k e and crew.

Another coveted award was made to a T-34. The Peoples'                       the museum's size and is by far the largest in the world. The
Choice A w a r d was given to a T-34B owned by Don Newman o f                restored T-34A w i l l be on exhibit in the new area. For those
Tulsa, O K and restored by M i l o DeGrassi of Stockton, C A for             who get into Dayton in the early afternoon on Thursday, we w i l l
Walter Mayer (who sold the airplane to D o n —• Walter you                   again tour the McCauley Propeller factory at the Dayton
should have kept this one!)                                                  M i k e Brady has agreed in principal, hmited by his s c h e d u ^ ^ to
                                                                             let up to 33 f l y the "dead head" trip to and/or from Dayton with
The Silver Wrench award was given to Brady's Bunch on the                    the aircraft as it commutes from its operations base, which we
Best T-34 and to M i l o DeGrassi on the Peoples' Choice Award.              guess w i l l be Memphis, Tennessee. Departure times have not
This award was new last year and is sponsored by Snap-On                     been determined.
Tools Corp. This award is the best thing that has happened to
the judging process since it all started back in Rockford, Illinois.         As we have a l i m i t of 66 total seats, we w i l l have to limit one
It is an award to recognize the efforts and skills of the person or          guest per Association member (note that this is not an effort to
persons who did the actual work to make the aircraft the award               sell memberships, but to serve our members). I f we are lucky
winner that it is. In the case o f the Grand Champion, it is called          we just might hit the cherry blossoms at our nation's capital.
the Gold Wrench Award. This year the G.C. was the T-28B of                   M i k e Murray is helping out at the Washington, D.C. end and I
John Harrison. I t should be noted that M r . & Mrs. Gregory, the            w i l l handle the Dayton end. Over and above 66, we w i l l gladly
chief executives of Snap-On Tools, were in attendance at the                 take care of members coming just to the Dayton or just the
W B banquet and that they own and fly a T-6 and a T-34B. The                 Washington, D.C. portions and Piedmont Airlines could take
wrench award was the idea of Jack Hooker who is well known in                care of the cross counury transportation, as they have several
the parachute and safety harness business.                                   direct non-stop flights between these two cities.

Don Newman's plane was only at Oshkosh a short time, just                    Reservations with our flight w i l l go to the first ones sending in
long enough to be judged and I didn't get a chance to even look              round trip air fare. Once we have the necessary members we
it over. By next newsletter, we hope to have a picture and a                 w i l l f i r m up all times and details and advise by direct first class
rundown on this fine ship.                                                   mail. Y o u could travel the entire world over and in total not see
                                                                             this many historic aircraft as you can on this trip. I get excited
Proposed        1989 USAF             and                                    just writing about it!

Silver Hill        Museum           Trip:                                    M E N T O R W I T H A V A R I E D A N D B U S Y P A S T — N771NS,
This is a repeat of an effort that was put forth in 1984. One that           BG-160: I saw this aircraft on the Univ. o f Illinois A i r p o ^ ^
was a real bell ringer. Many people who have heard about i t                 ramp today. I looked it over and went home to get my camera
have asked for it again, so here is the plan:                                only to come back and (you guessed it) f i n d that it was gone.
                                                                             This ship was painted civilian — white with green trim. It has
In early A p r i l (Fri-Sat-Sun) M i k e Brady w i l l make 66 seats         an IO-470-N 260 H P engine installation as done by the U.S.
available in the form of two round trip flights in one o f his               Forestry Service. The plane was without rear rudder pedals and
Northwest Express One A i r L i n k S A A B 33 passenger airliners.          rear instrument panel, which is standard for the Forest Service.
W e w i l l base out of Dayton, Ohio and w i l l split our group in          However, this plane did have a stick strapped down on the rear
two. Half w i l l visit the A i r Force Museum on Friday, while the          deck behind the seat. It also has tip tanks and a bunch of radio
other flies o f f to Washington to tour the Silver H i l l Smithsonian       gear including a modem military T A C A N . A box in the rear
rebuilding facilities. They w i l l return to Dayton that evening            seat was addressed to the U.S. Border Pau-ol. The F A A registra-
and the entire group w i l l be together for dinner. Saturday, the           tion shows this 34 had been with the Wisconsin Department of
other group w i l l fly o f f to Washington.                                 Natural Resources all through the 70's and was taken over by the
                                                                             U.S. Department of Justice in 1983. The N number must be new
M i k e is offering to charge only the direct per person cost o f            as m y latest listing shows it still being N32NR. Most of, i f not
these flights, which is estimated to be only about $150 each                 all, U.S. Forest Service T-34Bs left the Navy and went to the
round trip! Departure w i l l be early in the morning from Dayton,           Border Patrol in the early 60's. They were used primarily in
                                                                             Florida to enforce an embargo against the Castro regime in
with the return late that evening, to allow as much time at Silver
                                                                             Cuba. A t the end of this program, they became available for
H i l l and the Smithsonian as possible. The aircraft's bar w i l l be
                                                                             other government entities and most found their way into either
open on the return segment. A charter bus w i l l be available at
                                                                             the state or federal Forestty Services. BG-160 has seen contin-
Washington National with a catered lunch at Silver H i l l . A
                                                                             ual service by 4 government agencies since it was built in 1955,
special tour at Silver H i l l w i l l be given by an employee and w i l l
                                                                             and it is still looking good and going strong.
include completed aircraft, restorations in progress, and their
incredible aircraft in storage . The A i r & Space Museum and
Annex at Dulles may also be included depending on time.                      Imported Exports:
                                                                             The number o f Beech built export version Mentors (CG s a j ^
We w i l l be staying at the motel located at the Dayton Airport             numbers) has just jumped from 2 to 19. Finally, the C h i l ^ P P l s ,
which is about 15 minutes from the A i r Force Museum. The A i r             are back home after having been gone for 30 years. I have just
Force Museum has now opened the new addition which doubles                   returned from a trip to California, and while there I stopped in

page. 4
Hollister to see these airplanes at the O K Aircraft facility. It is
really quite a sight to see 17 T-34s all in the same paint scheme
at one location. A l l but one, which has been assembled, are
    stled together in two hangars with wings and fuselages lined
 [Tp in separate rows. O K reports that they have logged over 800
telephone calls seeking information since going public about
their acquisition. I was there just one afternoon and I heard at
least three past and present T-34 members names over the
intercom as Jack Kendall and Jon Mayer were paged to take
their calls. I hope that at least one o f these airplanes w i l l make it
to our fall fly-in in Gatlinburg, T N this November.

These Mentors came by ship to San Francisco and then by truck
to Hollister. Rumors have had them coming for the past 4 years,
but these 17 aircraft are no longer a rumor, but welcomed
additions to the U.S. civilian fleet. A n d they w i l l make some
new owners mighty happy. A l l are in camouflage paint and are
reported to be corrosion free. A l l ships had underwing external
stores at one time, but these have been removed. The engine in-
stallation was done under a Beech STC and, w i t h an F A A
inspection for conformity, should receive a standard license.
The wings w i l l need a determination o f airworthiness by the
F A A , however, due to the hard point modifications. O K w i l l
probably have this worked out with the F A A before any sales are
made. O K also received a large number o f spare parts which
came with the purchase.

 The IO-470-N is an excellent engine, and one that is still
 supported by Continental. It is an entirely different engine from
 l i e 0-470-13. The majority of Beech Barons and Cessna 310s
"have very similar engines. A 285 hp IO-520 can be installed, but
 this w i l l take some airframe modification to meet an STC. Also
 the prop is approved for only this airframe/engine combination.
 Most owners w i l l decide to keep the 260 in operation as the
 conversion to 285 hp w i l l not give the performance increase
 necessary to justify the cost, unless of course the cost is not a

Thanks O K for getting these fine ships back to our sbores. For
information: Eastern Time Zones call Jim Bourke at 402-390-
9775, Central & Mountain call Jon Mayer at 408-636-9581, and
                                              Continued on page 25
Photos by: Top Right, CharlieNogle; Below and
Middle Right, Bob Farrell; Lower Right, Neal Weaver.

Photographing                                        a Flighty                        Subject
Introduction                                                               Filters
To those of you who are constantly pleased with photographs of             As a starting point, all lenses should be protected from dust,
your favorite bird, your T-34, this article w i l l be of little conse-    damage, and moisture by some type o f filter. The most popular
quence. However, there are many o f us remaining who are                   is the U V (ultraviolet) which helps minimize haze. I f you are
constantly frustrated by the many snapshots and the few "keep-             using color film, some persons like the sky-darkening effect
ers" for that special place in the office or den wall. The follow-         produced by the use of a polarizing filter; however, professional
ing observations may be of some help to get that exceptional               photographers sometimes avoid its use becausc of the unnatural
photograph you have tried to get but just can't make happen.               effect. The commonly preferred method seems to be the use of
Professional photographers and experienced amateurs w i l l find           the U V filter only. (Note: Do not "stack" filters; use only one at
these suggestions elementary, but hopefully they w i l l be of help        a time.)
to some to encourage getting started to obtain a decent, i f not ex-
ceptional, print.                                                          Black-and-white f i l m contrast can be improved by the use of a
                                                                           medium yellow (Y-48) filter. Further contrast and haze removal
The C a m e r a                                                            can be achieved during printing by the use of a red filter. (Don't
This is the easiest part o f all in that most any single lens reflex       forget to remove the yellow filter when you switch back to color
35mm camera w i l l give excellent results. Fully automatic                film.) Although you may not consider the use of black-and-
cameras in the auto mode are not recommended, and i f a manual             white f i l m as your first choice, it is still well regarded for taking
mode can be selected it should be used. Required w i l l be a              photos for newspapers and magazines.
camera with an adjustable F stop (lens opening), shutter speed
and focus. Although decent photos can be obtained with the fully           F i l m Processing
automatic cameras, the exceptional photo w i l l be the exception.         Many a well composed and properly exposed photograph has
                                                                           been put aside because it lacked the "punch" needed to be a
Lens Selection                                                             keeper. I t has often been said that the taking of the photograph
The 50mm lens is considered by many to be the ideal for air-to-            is only half the work necessary to obtain a good print. Never,
air photography. Certainly the 35mm and wider lens covers too              never rely on the print you receive as an indication o f the
wide a field o f view. Longer focal length lens, such as 1 0 0 m m         potential o f the negative. When contact sheets are obtainable,
and up, presents a number of problems: (1) more difficult to               they are most helpful in seeking what your negatives are like
hold steady; (2) subject is farther away and f i l m is sensitive to       before they are run through the automatic print-making machine
imperceptible haze. Z o o m lenses in the range of 50mm to                 that "averages" everything you took. Individual hand printing is
80mm are very desirable, but care must be taken to prevent                 by far the best and, generally, the only answer to good prints.
movement of the zoom at the moment of shutter release. Some                And, don't forget, cropping is invariably required on every print.
zoom lenses can be moved by the slip-stream when you least                 Here's where your artistic ability comes into play. Think about
expect it. Y o u may want to consider taking a r o l l of masking          how much it costs to get both airplanes up and how much
tape with you on the flight and taping the zoom lens position              planning it took to get those precious negatives. Y o u w i l l be
before starting the exposures.                                             amazed at the exceptional results obtainable by cropping, hand
                                                                           printing, and color balancing.
F i l m Choices
Print f i l m seems to be the favorite of today's photographers, and       Weather
100 A S A is certainly very popular. It would be hard to imagine           Moisture, both observed and that not apparent to the naked eye,
so little light to need 200 A S A and faster f i l m , but, nonetheless,   is one of the leading causes of poor to barely average prints.
good results can be had on both 100 A S A and 200 A S A . For the          The f i l m is more sensitive to minute particles of moisture than a
few times you may need black-and-white f i l m . Plus X 100 A S A          person can see, and, therefore, we need to look for evidence of
produces excellent results.                                                the presence of moisture-related haze. I f it's hazy in the
                                                                           background, there is probably haze between the lens and the
Slide f i l m is still very popular when you are seeking an enlarge-       subject airplane that you cannot see. The ideal weather is that
ment of exceptional detail and clarity. The best, of course, is            which follows the passing of a cold front and, preferably, in
still Kodachrome 25 A S A , and, when used in bright sunlight,             early morning when the shadows are strong in order to get good
w i l l continue to produce photographs o f National Geographic            depth to your picture. The shadows help define the subject and
quality. Many professionals choose Kodachrome 64 A S A ,                   separate it from die background. Bright sun is not necessary for
claiming quality virtually equal to 25 A S A . Both films excel in         a good photograph, and cloudy bright to cloudy w i l l produce
red and yellow colors. The major advantage in starting with                ample light for a good exposure. However, keep on the lookout
slides for your enlargements is that, projected, you can see the           for the hidden haze. Explained differently, a cloud deck or
slightest flaws of focus and exposure. And, of course, prints can          broken deck may be satisfactory i f it is clear below.
never achieve the dramatic effect of a brighUy-lit 4' x 4' projec-
tion of your favorite airplane.

page. 6
                                                                                                          hy Steven E,                          Smith
   ust-related haze is equally d i f f i c u l t to overcome, particu-
  arly in the late afternoon when the angle o f the sun intensifies              b. The p i l o t o f the subject aircraft should describe i n detail, or,
 the effect. Once o n the f i l m negative, i t cannot be removed or                better yet, i n w r i t i n g , the positions o f each exposure to both
 the print salvaged to any degree.                                                  the camera plane p i l o t and the cameraman. I f left to chance,
                                                                                    your photos w i l l be chancy. Details should be written down,
There is a lot o f support to the theory that, i f the weather is                   discussed and clarified; such as:
bright, clear and free o f dust and moisture, i t is time to get those
pictures; and, i f not, reschedule for a better time, i f possible.                 (1)   Area over w h i c h photos are to be taken, such as green
                                                                                          field, lake, etc;
 Remember also that the sun provides different color f o r different                (2)   Altitude;
 times o f the day—orange to y e l l o w i n the early morning,                     (3)   Airspeed;
 " n o r m a l " i n the midday, y e l l o w to orange i n the late afternoon.      (4)   Canopy open or closed;
 Early morning is considered by many to provide the best color                      (5) Radio frequency;
 and contrast, noon has good color but little contrast, and after-                  (6)   D i r e c d o n o f turns;
 noon yellow as a last choice (the exception, o f course, being                     (7)   Hand signals for position;
 sunset pictures).                                                                  (8) Signals when subject i n proper position for photo;
                                                                                    (9) L i s t o f types o f photos desired, i.e., turns, take-offs, etc.
 F l y i n g the M i s s i o n                                                     (10) Type o f background sought, i.e., sky, horizon, clouds,
 H o w many times have y o u hastily handed your camera to a                            river, lake, fields, etc.
 passenger in another T - 3 4 and said, "Press the red button and                 (11)    Number o f exposures f o r each type o f photograph.
 take some pictures of m y plane"? W e all have. A n d how many
 dmes have you been disappointed at the results? W e all have.                   V e r y little radio communication should be required. It is
 Here's a good place to set d o w n some useful rules:                           d i f f i c u l t , i f not impossible, to give instructions during the flight.

 a. T w o T-34s plus one rear-seat photographer are needed. The                  W h a t is the Best A n g l e ?
    photographer should be thoroughly familiar w i t h the camera                T o test theories and demonstrate the effects o f angles, Steven
k   and how to correct a l l those things that can, and do, go                   Smith i n 3 3 4 A as camera plane, and Dean Spencer i n 33391 as
    wrong. Particularly, he should be able to change f i l m ,                   the subject, spent a cold February morning w i t h die camera.
    lenses, and make aperture and shutter speed settings. It's a                 Straight and level f l i g h t is ideal for formation f l y i n g but gives
    good idea to tape d o w n all settings that w i l l not need re-             bland photos for your scrapbook or office wall. L o o k at Exp. 2,
    setting during the flight, such as shutter speed.

              Straight     and
              Level      Flight

                                                    Exp.l   Aft   10feet                      Exp. 2 Aft 20 feet                     Exp. 3 Aft 30 feet

              Straight and Level    Flight
              Below 10 Feet

                                                   Exp. 4 aft 10 feet                        Exp. 5 Aft 20 feet                      Exp. 6 Aft 30 feet
                                                                                                                Straight and
                                                                                                                Level Flight
                                                                                                                Below 20 Feet

        Exp. 7 Aft 10 feet                Exp. 8 Aft 20 feet               Exp. 9 Aft 30 feet

a common position for photos. I t ' s just barely okay. Compare            with shallow bank and then increased to a continuous steep
it with Exp. 5 , 1 0 feet down, w h i c h is better. N o w look at Exp.    bank. As most persons operate cameras with their right hand,
8, 20 feet down, w h i c h is even better. And, i f you like more          left turns are preferred for ease o f operation.
frontal area, try E x p . 6 and 9, w h i c h are better yet. Exp. 1
through 9 should demonstrate that level pictures are " b l a h " , and     Shutter Speed
the lower and rearward positions improve the perspective.                  N o w for a continuation o f the debate over shutter speeds for air-
                                                                           to-air photos. A i l o f the photos shown above were taken at 1/
The E f f e c t o f T u r n i n g                                          125 second. There were a number o f exposures discarded due to
Note the effect o f banking on the subject plane. The outside              camera shake. However, i f the camera is not allowed to touch
w i n g is lifted and included in the picture, giving more depth o f       the aircraft, slower shutter speeds (down to 1/60) can be ob-
perception. A steeper bank than used in the example would                  tained. The f o l l o w i n g pictures w i l l demonstrate that speeds o f 1/
give more action to the shot. Banking for a picture should not             250 second still give a nice prop blur, but higher settings w i l l
be attempted during straight and level flights, as there is a sffong       partially or f u l l y stop the prop in an unnatural position. A t 1/125
tendency for closure between leader and wingman. Banking                   second, the white tip o f a prop w i l l scribe a circle which many
shots can be done easily w i t h continuous 360-degree turns, first        viewers f i n d pleasing.

                Turning  Flight
                Below 10 Feet

                                                    Exp. 10 Aft 10 Feet              Exp. 11 Aft 20 Feet                  Exp. 12 Aft 30 Feet

                     Turning  Flight
                     Below 20 Feet

                                                     Exp. 13 Aft 10 Feet             Exp. 14 Aft 20 Feet

       Exp. 16                                 Exp. 17                           Exp. 18                                 Exp. 19
       11125 Second                            11250 Second                      11500 Second                            inOOO Second

W h e r e S h o u l d the Sun Be?                                            a light- colored plane, look for a dark lake, a freshly-plowed
The answer is: "Wherever y o u want it. Although most people                 f i e l d or a dark green f i e l d for contrast. D u r i n g certain times o f
prefer the sunlight to reflect from the side o f the aircraft facing         the year, the sky w i l l read dark blue. H y i n g at lower altimdes is
the camera, d o n ' t overlook some dramatic possibilities o f               often helpful i n getting darker ground colors.
backlighting and sidelighting obtained f r o m other positions. I f
you want to see the pilot's face or the aircraft markings, direct            For darker aircraft, look for the p u f f y white clouds, snow-
sunlight is required. B u t you may also f i n d that the darker             covered fields, white sand beaches, water w i t h light reflection
aircraft w i l l produce a better contrast w i t h a pale or light sky.      and green fields w h i c h are always excellent contrasts for any
A n unusual picture can be obtained by placing the subject                   color. I n early morning, the sun w i l l highlight the plane before
directly between the camera and the sun, producing a block-out               the ground is f u l l y lighted w h i c h also helps separate the plane
picture. T r y this w i t h a late evening sunset, exposing on the sky       from the background.
90 degrees away f r o m the subject; the plane should go black,
w i t h a burst o f red-orange color through the canopy. But y o u           Sometimes the horizon w i l l show i n the background and may
can give yourself lots o f choices w i t h numerous shots taken              distract the viewer f r o m the subject aircraft. I f the horizon line
during a 360-degree turn, and then pick the print that pleases.              passes through the plane, it may p u l l attention from the plane.
                                                                             The most favored method is not to show the horizon. But, i f you

       Exp. 20                                 Exp. 21                           Exp. 22                                 Exp. 23
       South Sun                               South Sun                         South Sun                               South Sun
       Looking  North                          Looking West                      Looking South                           Looking East

Background                                                                   cannot avoid having the horizon in your print, make sure it is a
Separation is the name o f the game. Grey on grey is not okay.               level line and away from the plane to minimize any distraction.
A silver plane on a grey sky w i l l not do much for your photo-
graphic ego. B y many standards, the background can do more                  Color Accuracy
for your ego as a photographer than films, weather, or good                  A period o f time beginning t w o hours after sunrise and continu-
sunhght. In every exposure, concentrate on the background                    ing until t w o hours before sunset w i l l produce the most accuratc
before snapping the shutter. I f there is not a substantial differ-          colors to your prints. The angle o f sunlight on the subject w i l l
ence in contrast, you are in for a disappointment when you see               be such that all o f the colors o f the spectrum w i l l be reflected o f f

f  e print. Y o u r eye is selective and w i l l be focused on the subject
   ane, not on the background. However, the f i l m is non-selec-
tive and w i l l give both the plane and the background equal
                                                                             the subject plane. The early morning and late evening prints w i l l
                                                                             run to the orangy tones, due to the angle o f the sun and the
                                                                             additional atmosphere through which the sun must pass. For
emphasis. Before the flight, pre-plan the shots for contrast. For            midday shots, i f the side o f the plane is in the shade, or is

shadowed, you w i l l not obtain an accurate color on the print.       Failure to f i l l the frame is probably the most repeated mistake
Therefore, in order to obtain the most vibrant and accurate            seen in air-to-air photos. A typical print is 6 inches wide. I f
colors, the sun needs to directly shine on the side of the aircraft    the subject occupies 4 of the 6 inches, a pleasing picture w i l l
being photographed.                                                    result. This is 66% coverage. A 2-inch plane uses 33%, and a ^
                                                                       inch plane is lost in the picture. The 35mm negative only              ^
Although not dealing with the subject of color, you may also           provides 7/8 inches x 1 7/16 inches o f f i l m area. I f your subjcct
observe through the view finder, that as you reach an oblique          uses 66% of the negative area, you w i l l need to enlarge 7 times
angle (between 0 ° and 45°) between the camera and the subject         the negative image to obtain an 8xlO-inch print in which the
plane, that many imperfections in the sheet metal w i l l appear.      airplane occupies 66% o f the print. It's obvious that, under
A n otherwise excellent shot may be discarded due to this              ideal circumstances, a lot of detail w i l l be affected or lost.
unpleasant view of what appears to be poor sheet metal work.
This is not limited to T-34's, in that often a brand new airplane      Normally, you can expect to properly f i l l the frame to 66% by
could not stand the scrutiny of a narrow-angle photograph.             the use of a 50mm lens, w i t h the subjcct wingman in his proper
                                                                       position. Longer lenses are generally not required. A n
The Camera Doesn't L i e ( O r Does I t ? )                            exception, o f course, is when the subject wants further spacing to
When taking frontal views with a long lens, you may experience         allow more maneuvering area.
some "compression" effect on your print, making the plane
appear shorter than seen by your eye. Portrait photographers           F i n a l Thoughts
use compression to advantage to reduce nose size by 105mm to           Exceptional photos need not be the exception. Ground planning
I35mm lens and place the subject farther from the camera. On           time w i l l always be the deciding factor to getting the "just right"
the contrary, a wide-angle lens w i l l tend to enlarge the wingtip,   photo. I f both pilots, and the cameraman all know exactly the
particularly with a side view. Elongation may also be accom-           type of print you want, the odds of success are in your favor.
plished in the darkroom by raising one end o f the easel (3" to 4"     Since so many great photos have been already made of T-34s,
for an llx 14-inch print) and using a small F stop on tlie enlarger    perhaps some other readers could share their special ideas on
to keep the print in focus. A good compromise w i l l be to plan       capturing the "outer" beauty of the magnificent Mentor.
your exposure to show approximately 3/4ths frontal area and 1/
4th side area, but this is largely a matter of personal choice.        A u t h o r ' s Favorite
                                                                       No how-to-do-it article would be complete without selection of
Three Rules of   Good Photography                                      the author's favorite o f the different demonstrations shots.  ^
           1.    F i l l the frame.
           2.    F i l l the frame.                                    Steven Smith
           3.    F i l l the frame.

page. 10
  Afternoon                          Delight                                                                              Bv: Charles W. Bilella

    |fe agreed to meet "over the lake", altitude "leaders discretion",           I immediately pulled into a hard left c l i m b i n g turn to gain some
     he weather was clear w i t h more than 20 miles visibility and              altitude and to keep him in sight.
  scattered clouds at 4,500 feet. M y wingman. Jay Sarver, f l y i n g a
  gleaming y e l l o w T - 3 4 B was holding tight formation on m y right        "Jay, pick up D i c k and keep h i m busy."
  w i n g as w e climbed through 3,000 feet. I signaled h i m to spread          " Roger, he's turning right and d i v i n g for the deck."
  out for more visual coverage and continued the chmb towards
  the lake hoping to reach 8,000 feet prior to being spotted by our              Williamson's aircraft had been modified w i t h a Continental 10-
  "adversaries".                                                                 520 o f 285 horsepower, as almost one half of the T-34 fleet now
                                                                                 have been, g i v i n g h i m a sizable climb advantage along w i t h the
  Our adversaries were 2 other T-34s, piloted by D i c k Phillips and            ability to disengage when the going gets tough and then come
  K e n Williamson, W e had pre-arranged a meeting over the lake                 back for another go at it.
  for a little air-to-air
                                                                                                                            Missing m y first chance

  exercise and "unusual                "   —^"        ^
  attitude proficiency".                                                                                                    to get behind him, he
                                                                                                                            flashed by under me as I
  CUmbing through 5,000                                                                                                     reversed my turn hoping
  feet w e S-turned slightly                                                                                                to catch h i m making a
  to catch a glimpse o f the                                                                                                wrong turn back into me.
  other t w o airplanes that
  we knew were out there                                                                                                    Pulling tighter to get the
  somewhere.                                                                                                                advantage, the T-34
                                                                                                                            started to shudder as the
  The other t w o aircraft,                                                                                                 red stall warning light
  also both T-34s, were                                                                                                     began to blink. Easing up
  piloted by K e n W i l l i a m -                                                                                          slightly on the stick, I
  son a Honda Motorcycle
  son,                                                                                                                      looked over my shoulder
^ a : ler from State                                                                                                        to see that I was losing the
   College, P A and D i c k                                                                                                 advantage. I f I continued
  PhiDips, an executive                                                                                                     the turn this "game"
  Vice-President for Exide                                                                                                  w o u l d shortly be over.
  Battery. D i c k lives i n
  Chalfont, P A and bases             This is a photo of an oil painting done by Charlie Bilella. It goes well with the   I saw his landing light go
  his aircraft at Doylestown          story, which, by the way Charlie terms as "fictional".                              on indicating he would be
  Airport.                                                                                                                w i t h i n 75 yards to m y 6
                                                                                  o'clock. (Our signal that the trailing aircraft was in firing
   M y wingman. Jay Sarver, is a lab tech supervisor at the Naval                 range.)
   A i r Development Center at Warminster, P A . Jay built his
   airplane from spare parts and upon completion has w o n many                   O n l y one way out that I could figure at this time, to avoid
   awards including the 3rd best W a r b i r d at Oshkosh in 1985, a              embarrassment and I acted accordingly. Hard right aileron and
   notable feat considering the T-34s were generally not included in              over on my back letting the nose drop through into a split S,
   the j u d g i n g w i t h the big iron P-51s, P-40s, etc.                      d i v i n g for the ground and some airspeed. Glancing at the air
                                                                                  speed indicator which was rapidly approaching 210 knots, 1
   C l i m b i n g through 7,300 feet m y headphones came alive; " R e d          started easing back on the stick and pulling up into a loop trying
   Lead, I ' v e got them, 8 O ' c l o c k high and coming right at us."          to zoom up past Ken, hopefully still on his way down.

   "Roger, I got em, I ' m turning into them. Stay w i t h me. W e ' l l          In the middle of all this I hear, " R e d Lead, H o w ' r e you doing?"
   go right at them and see what they do."                                        " C o u l d be doing better, how about you?"
                                                                                  " I ' v e got dog-meat over here. One more turn and it's all over for
   As we broke hard left, I pushed the throttle to the stop, prop                 M r . Phillips."
   control to 2,600 R P M and headed for the lead airplane. W e were              "Great! Come on over and give me a hand. I f I had a tail
   closing at a very high closure rate, somewhere i n the range o f               gunner, I ' d have Ken right where I want h i m . "
  _300 knots.
   I                                                                              I was right, Ken was on his way d o w n but not for long. As I
   Cen's aircraft passed o f f m y left at some 50 feet, the U.S. A i r           rolled over at the top o f the loop, trying to keep the white T-34
   Force painted on the side was a blur as he began a hard left turn.
                                                                                                                                 Continued on page 27

                                                                                                                                              pc^e 11
                                            Tails of Our                             Members
Rick Gretz:               In our last issue of the Mentor Monitor I     spacing. In fact the backing paper is a masking tape product that
ran a picture of N300SH, wtiich is based in Naperville, Illinois        allows you to temporarily hold the sign in place while the decals
and jointly owned by Ray M o r i n , Jim Porter, and L o u Drendel.     are applied.
The point o f interest was that the airplane was painted yellow
and that all of the other detail was done via the application of        The actual application is done w i t h a little soapy water and a
vinyl lettering. Rick Gretz, who is also one o f the L i m a L i m a    plastic squeegee. The soap water helps in two ways, it allows
Naperville guys, owns and operates The Signery, which                   you to move the v i n y l around for prccise positioning and it
specializes in custom v i n y l signage.                                makes it easy to squeegee out the bubbles. After the liquid has
                                                                        dried, one final go over w i t h the squeegee is required to be sure
While at Oshkosh I had the chance to talk with Rick about his           that everything is well adhered. Small letters can be applied
product and his company. Rick, who is now 42, married and               direct, without soap water, and then there is no waiting for it to
father of one, is a Vietnam Veteran having done his tour with the       dry before you can fly.
U.S. A r m y as a sergeant in 1968-69. In 1977 he founded a very
successful lawn care company. Spring Green L a w n Care Corp.           The vinyl is a premium grade manufactured by 3 M and is
He franchised this business to over 100 locations in 14 states.         available in all common colors. Many have the impression that
Rick is proud of the fact that each and every franchise was             v i n y l decals are something cheap, temporary, and generally
successful, and there were no failures and no lawsuits (which in        inferior to painted lettering and graphics. " N o t so, and actually
the franchise business are all too prevalent). In 1985 he left the      the opposite", claims Rick. "Today's v i n y l applications are
lawn care franchise business for a new concept in commercial            actually superior to paint. They have guarantees from 3 M to not
sign manufacturing.                                                     crack, peel, or fade for 5 to 7 years outdoors. These are the same
                                                                        products auto manufacturers use for pin striping and the wood
Rick's new company. The Signery, is now one o f the top 50              grain effect for station wagons. In fact, most outdoor signs a n d '
franchise opportunities in the countty, according to the                graphics in common use today are v i n y l applications, not paint!"
entrepreneurial and franchise trade publications. In his effort to
spread the word and sell more franchises, Rick uses his T-34            Rick believes that The Signery is going to be a bigger franchise
extensively. According to Rick the airplane really grabs their          success than his lawn care business, and you can certainly hear
attention especially when it is pointed out that the vinyl signs        the excitement in his voice. I f you are interested in vinyl
decorate the airplane and easily withstand the high airspeeds the       lettering for your T-34, contact Rick Gretz at The Signery (312)-
airplane is capable of. His unique marketing approach has no            357-2300. H e ' l l be glad to sell you a franchise, too!
doubt helped him secure more publicity than he could have
without the airplane.

Rick has used the military lettering style to produce star & bars,
emblems, and all o f the numbering and lettering required for
                                                                                            Rick Gretz, Naperville, Illinois.
authentic T-34 restorations. He is producing stock sets of decals
which the owner can apply himself with easy to follow
application instructions, or as is commonly done, he can do the
application for you.

For those of you w h o have seen the L i m a L i m a squadron
airplanes, you can probably remember their squadron insignia.
This finely detailed emblem is a fine example of the detail the
vinyl is capable of. I have also seen vinyl emblems installed on
helmets. Y o u would swear that they were painted.

The graphic image is drawn or input into a computer which
drives a special plotter. The plotter actually die cuts the vinyl
with a special 30° angled knife out of 15" v i n y l rolls. The
pressure sensitive v i n y l cutouts are held in relationship to each
other with a backing paper, to insure proper placement and

page. 12
Chris Patterakis                     is new to the Association but          the U S A F to run for a seat in the U.S. Congress. Starting out as
not new to T-34s. In fact Chris started his flying career by                a political unknown, campaign funding was a major problem,
learning to fly i n an A i r Force Mentor i n 1961. Since then his          but even so he nearly succeeded and the race was quite close.
flying has taken him to Vietnam twice and through 3 tours with
U.S.A.F. Thunderbirds, two years as ThunderbirdLead. Just                   After the campaign, Chris went overseas to work for Northrup,
recently, his carreer has taken him f u l l circle i n that he is back in   selling the F-18 and was involved in the early stages o f the F-20
a T-34, having just f l o w n the Allison Turbo-Prop Mentor                 program. Since then, he has been flying w i t h N e i l Weaver in the
conversion , the AT-34, to South America on a demonstration                 corporate world, flying a North American Saberliner and has
tour. W e think that you w i l l find his biography interesting:            f l o w n Neil's 285 H P T - 3 4 A on several occasions. On one of the
                                                                            SaberUner trips, their passenger was President Gerald Ford. The
Chris Patterakis joined the A i r Force in 1956, just out o f high          President and Chris reminisced about the A i r & Space Museum
school. He badly wanted to f l y , and he took and passed all of            opening, and President Ford clearly recollected that Chris was
the required tests. Flight slots were hard to obtain, however, and          "exactly on time" and he was quite impressed.
he was sent to Europe for two years where he performed ground
duties at a US A F airbase in France.                                       Most recently, Chris was working for Allison Aircraft Engines,
                                                                            Division of General Motors, as a demonstration pilot for the AT-
  Upon return to the States, Chris left the service, only to hitch up       34. This mission included 58 flight hours, in less than two
  with the California A i r Guard at Fresno in 1961, when he was            weeks of time, and an overwater flight leg o f 570 nautical miles.
  informed that a pilot training slot w o u l d be open to him. He was      Demonstrations were made i n several South and Central
  sent to Bainbridge, Georgia to attend the contract school                 American countries (fortunately, Chris speaks Spanish). Chris
operated b y Hawthorn F l y i n g Service under the leadership o f          reports that the airframe and powerplant performed flawlessly on
   (5evo Howard. His primary training was in the Beech T - 3 4 A , in       the entire tour and that he has a great respect for the T-34.
' w h i c h he received his first 30 hours o f flight time. His class was
  the first to skip the T-28 and he went du-ectly to the T-37 Jet.          Chris Patterakis lives in Modesto, California. He has four grown
                                                                            children and a very understanding aviation wife, V i c k i .
 After pilot training, Chris went back to California as a new 2nd
 Lt. in the A i r National Guard flying the F-86. Soon, however,
                                                                            Chris Patterakis in front of the AT-34 just prior to departure to South
 his services were needed in Vietnam and while there he applied             America. Photo by: Charlie Nogle
 for and received a position with the "T-Birds". During this first
 tour he flew in the number 7 (narrator) position in the F-100. By
 this time he had decided to make the A i r Force his career and
 within the next year he moved to the number two wingman.

After this tour w i t h the T-Birds Chris returned to Vietnam, this
time flying F-4 Phantoms. W h i l e on this tour he came close to
getting a Mig-19 on two different occasions. In both instances,
however, he had to p u l l o f f a tail chase due to critically low fuel
levels. Just before leaving Viemam, Chris was called back to
lead the Thunderbirds in their first and second seasons in 1975
and 1976 w i t h the Northrup T-38 Tallon. During the bicenten-
nial year Chris' team flew more performances than any other
team in Thunderbird history. One of these shows included the
grand opening o f the National A i r and Space Museum in
Washington, D.C. During this event. President Gerald Ford
controlled a button which relayed a signal, via satellite, to
Patterakis. The signal was the cue to bring the formadon over-
  ead, w i t h only a 5 second window!

Feeling strongly that Congress was not property supporting our
military services, Chris gave up his highly successful career with

                                                                                                                                      page. 13
Detai               M

This column of The Mentor Monitor is devoted to those im-
provements, personalizations, and "details" that our members
have been doing to their airplanes. When Julie Clark was in
town early this summer, I was able to get a few pictures of her
airplane's details. I was really impressed with her baggage
compartment which contained a w e l l designed smoke system, a
chromed tow bar, flashlight, overhead compartment light, and
even carpeting. For those o f you interested in smoke systems, I
think you'll find the following brief article informative and

N134JC's Smoke System: Julie flies a very demanding
airshow schedule (27 shows all across the U.S. and over 100 per-
formances this summer alone) and therefore requires a reliable
and quality smoke system. The pump she uses is made by
Weldon Tool Co. in Cleveland Ohio. This is a 28 volt positive
displacement pump custom designed for this application. Julie
reports that this pump has been extremely reliable, after having
experienced repeated failures with other brands (Homsley and
Holly). Most of these pump failures, she estimates, were the                  Above: Julie Clark's well appointed baggage compartment. At the rear
result of contamination and debris in the Corvus oil. Therefore,              is her specially engineered smoke system which is capable of 11
Julie stongly believes, that regardless of which pump you are                 minutes of continuous dense white smoke. On the wingtips Julie has
using, the Corvus o i l needs to be filtered. To be extra sure of             mounted brackets which each hold two red smoke grenades. The
clean o i l in her system, she filters her Corvus both before f i l l i n g   military type grenades are specially modified by her crew chief, Larry
the aircraft's tank (with a funnel filter) and again in-line between          Littlepage, to be electrically ignited inflight, (photo by: JimNogle)
the tank and the pump. The filter she uses between the tank and
the pump is simply an automotive type fuel filter (she uses Pro
                                                                              Below: Two of the components in the N134JC smoke system. On the
Gauge Gas Filters), which can be purchased at automotive
                                                                              left is the solenoid valve made by Valcor. The 28 volt positive
supply houses.                                                                displacement pump on the right is made by the Weldon Tool Co. of
                                                                              Cleveland, Ohio, (photo by: JimNogle)
Another important part of the system is the solenoid valve. The
valve that Julie has had good results with is made by Valcor. It
is mounted to the cockpit's side o f the firewall between the
rudder pedals. On the engine side of the firewall is a bulkhead T
fitting, splitting the o i l to each exhaust manifold.

The corvus oil tank mounted in the baggage compartment, was
once a 5 1/2 gallon freon tank which has been customized by
Julie. I t allows approximately 11 minutes of "smoke on" at a
flow rate of 1/2 gallon per minute (thick visible white smoke).
A sight tube is mounted on the forward end of the tank and
provides an accurate and easily readable quantity gauge. This
makes refilling the tank quite easy.

Also, noteworthy in Julie's baggage compartment is a baggage
light. I t is a 28 volt cockpit sidepanel flood light and is mounted
to the ceiling of the baggage compartment and is aimed down at
the smoke system. It's wired directly to the rotating beacon and
is on whenever the rotating beacon is on. This not only makes it                W e w o u l d appreciate a detail o r t w o about y o u r air-
very easy to install and wire but helps guard against the situation             plane. Please send pictures a n d descriptions of y o u r
where the battery switch could be left on inadvertently.                        favorite personal touches to: T - 3 4 Association, Inc., do
                                                                                J i m Nogle, 1009 W i l s h i r e C r t . , C h a m p a i g n , I L 61821

page. 14
                                                                           The photo above shows the front cockpit circuit breaker panel just
                                                                           before installation into N7CN. Note that the entire top panel is hinged
                                                                           to allow easy access to the wiring below. N7CN, which is about to
                                                                           make its first flight after a ground-up total rebuild, will also sport new
                                                                           80 gallon internal fuel wings, a 300 HP 10-550powerplara, and a fresh
                                                                           authentic military paint scheme, (photo by: JimNogle)

A very good detail is replacement of the original equipment baggage
 door latch with this flush-mounted and more positive latch, which still
 kllowsfor use of a key lock,
fphoto by: LouDrendel)

                                                                           Left: This instrument panel, about to be installed in N7CN, is a little
                                                                           different from most you have probably seen in T-34s. First, this panel
                                                                           incorporates for the first time in a T-34, the new generation of engine
                                                                           instruments that Beech is using in current production Bonanzas and
                                                                           Barons which use the new Continental IO-5SO 300HP powerplcmt.
                                                                           These instruments require a remote transmitter forward of the firewall,
                                                                           thus eliminating the usual fuel and oil lines to the cockpit. You may
                                                                           have also noticed the new fuel quantity gauges, which are standard
                                                                           Bonanza gauges and work with the 80 gallon fuel system the airplane
                                                                           will have. The Northstar Loran has been positioned in a prominent
                                                                           position near the top of the radio stack as Lorans are becoming the
                                                                           most popular method of navigation, (photo by: Charlie Nogle)

Right: The MOPAR "Free Spirit" support van. As we reported in our
last issue, Julie Clark had landed a national sponsorship contract with
Chrysler's parts division, Mopar. Her crew chief, Larry Littlepage,
Urives this van all around the country, meeting Julie at each airshow.
The van is crammed with crucial spares, smoke grenades and oil, and
other essentials of the aerobatic circuit. The van is painted to match
N134JC's paint scheme, (photo by: JimNogle)

                                                                                                                                       pc^e    IS
I t has become a sort of tradition for the T-34 Association                         his way to a pre-Oshkosh retreat at H o l y H i l l , in Hartford, Wis-
members at Naper Aero Club to welcome Oshkosh-bound                                 consin and had decided to stay over Sunday night w i t h Gene
Mentor crews at a pre-Fondulac/Oshkosh warmup i n the friendly                      Martin. N o sooner had L o v e j o y departed than Terry Brennan
skies o f Naperville on the weekend preceding the b i g show. W e                   came in f r o m California, on his way to p i c k up his stepfather in
were precluded f r o m doing that this year by our             that is to say,      Michigan C i t y , Indiana. W e had lunch w i t h Terry and sent him
the L i m a L i m a Team's       appearance i n the 30th annual                     on his way. O n Tuesday, Dean Spencer's airplane showed up
Chicago Park District A i r and Water Show on the weekend o f                       w i t h his Oshkosh crew. (Dean was delayed w i t h business, and
July 23 and 24.                                                                     d i d n ' t show up at Oshkosh u n t i l Friday.)

The Chicago show is one o f the longest-running air shows and                       Our f l i g h t o f five to Oshkosh on Wednesday morning included
draws some o f the biggest name performers, so it was a distinct                    Gene M a r t i n , B i l l Cherwin, L o u Drendel, Rick Gretz, and
honor to be invited. W e practiced long and hard for the show,                      Terry Brennan. After a quick stop for registration, we took o f f
developing a routine w h i c h w o u l d hold the interest o f the crowd,           for Fondulac and the business o f getting wingmen qualified.
(we hoped) w h i l e showing o f f the Mentor to its best advantage.                M o r e arrivals came i n on Wednesday, and several practice
Also      we d i d n ' t want to screw up! ( I f you remember your T o m            flights were arranged. H a l Fenner qualified for his Wingman
Wolfe...["The Right S t u f f ] , you w i l l remember that the fighter             Patch early on Thursday morning. Hal had been looking forward
pilot's number one fear is not o f getting killed. It is the fear o f               to flying in the Oshkosh formations and had planned w e l l in
"screwing the pooch"....making a faux pas w h i c h w i l l forever                 advance to get the patch and get up to speed on " T h e B i g One".
live in his contemporaries memories, insuring endless jokes and                     After qualifying (easily), he was beset by a gremlin that caused
                                                                                    propeller problems that could not be easily or quickly resolved,
off-hand remarks.)
                                                                                    and he had to stand down. Before that happened, we got a flight
 The L i m a L i m a act consisted o f a six plane wedge pass, w i t h 5            of 16 up for a pass over Oshkosh, w h i c h was rapidly f i l l i n g up in
and 6 pulling out at the end o f the pass to become "solos". The                    anticipation o f the o f f i c i a l opening on Friday. That flight of four
solo section pulled tight to bring it back at the crowd, breaking                   diamonds included E d L o v e j o y , Terry Brennan, D o n M c N a l l ,
right and left ( w i t h smoke going, o f course) w h i l e the diamond             Reid Garrison, L o u Drendel, Charlie Nogle, R i c k Gretz, Juhe            ^ ^
positioned themselves for a curving pass in front o f the crowd.                    Clark, Bob Russell, Ted Adams, Gene Martin, H a l Fenner, M i k ^ ^
A t the end o f this pass, the diamond pulled up, did a 90 left, 270                Brady, Frank Fastner, B i l l Cherwin and D i c k Tews, w i t h Bob
right, while dropping gear and flaps for an 80 knot " d i r t y " pass              Morse flying top cover. Those who observed our flyover from
in front o f the crowd. Solo section rejoined and climbed above                     the ground said it looked as though we were " w i r e d together".
the diamond, then dove and passed the diamond at 200 knots in                       ( A n d w h y not, since 13 o f the 16 i n this formation were experi-
front o f the crowd. Once past the diamond, solo section pulled                     enced Oshkosh formators.)
up into a 30 degree pitch climb. The diamond cleaned up, and
got turned around for its final pass, w i t h solos j o i n i n g in their          T w o o f the pilots i n this formation were flying "loaned" air-
original position. I t was a tough act to get just right, and to fit                planes. Gene Grengs and D i c k M c G u i r e allowed Rick Gretz and
into the five minutes allotted.                                                     Bob Russell to fly their airplanes i n the formation, since they
                                                                                    were not yet formation qualified, but still wanted to see their
The airshow boss ran the show w i t h "hard" times. There were                      ships i n the formation.
over 30 individual performances in the 3 hour show, and each
one had to be on and o f f stage center at their precise times. There               Our arrival at Oshkosh on Friday was not quite the crowd
were no exceptions made        i f you d i d n ' t get o f f , you might f i n d    pleaser o f recent years. W e did the customary fly-over prior to
yourself face to face w i t h a B - 5 2 , which was one o f the military            arrival, but the tower was swamped and they did not give us the
performers. (Also included were the B - 1 , F - 1 1 1 , F - 1 5 , C - 1 4 I , C -   long show runway for our three ship landings. Instead, we were
5A, C - 1 3 0 S , F 4 s , A - l O s , K C - 1 3 5 and the Canadian Snow-            forced to take 27 and break for single-ship landings like (yech!)
birds.) Civilian performers were the French Connection, Gene                        T-6s!. Speaking of the T-6/SNJ, i t was their 50th birthday, and
Littlefield and Cheryl Rae, the RayBan Gold, T i m Nealy, the                       they turned out in record numbers. There were 82 o f them
Fort Bragg Parachute Team, and the L i m a L i m a Team. W e flew                   registered, and 57 had arrived from Kenosha (where they held
a press preview show on Friday, and the f u l l show on both                        their reunion the week prior to Oshkosh) in one formation!
Saturday and Sunday. I n between times, there was plenty o f
extra-curricular activity to keep us occupied, including an                         W e got our first briefing from the 1988 Oshkosh airshow boss
eventful boat ride on the Chicago River and a cocktail party for                    on Friday. Ralph Royce is an experienced Confederate A i r Force
all participants. That was our Oshkosh warmup.                                      airshow coordinator, and his briefing was very snappy. F r i d a y ' ^ ^
                                                                                    show was an abbreviated version o f the " b i g " show scheduled
W e returned to Naper Aero mid-afternoon on Sunday. W i t h i n a                   for Sunday. The Warbirds were allocated a 20 minute slot in the
couple o f hours Red D o g One (Ed L o v e j o y ) landed. He was on                show, just enough time to allow our two diamonds o f four T-34s

page. 16
                                                                                                                         hy Lou         Drendel

^      follow the formation of a dozen T-6s on two parade passes.                    showtime the w i n d was 180 at 16....more crosswind than we
    Our formation on Friday included Ted Adams, Gene Martin,                         wanted to tackle. When it came time to recover, the airboss
    Bob Morse, Frank Fastner, George Kubal, L o u Drendel, Charlie                   called for a landing on the 18 taxiway. That meant getting into
    Nogle, and Gordy Drysdale. On the last pass the tail-end charhe                  trail with the whole flight     a guaranteed snakedance. Com-
    T-6 had his landing gear drop out, causing him to fall behind the                pounding that problem was the air boss' admonition to land long
    rest of his group. Since formation flying demands great attention                and stay on the taxiway, which meant that the second guy to land
    to the airplane you are f l y i n g on, Ted Adams, who was leading               (and everyone after him) had to stop before they chewed up the
    our formation, thought the hapless T - 6 driver might not realize                tail of the guy in front. That was also guaranteed to string out the
    what his problem was. Ted transmitted on airshow frequency,                      landings, and by the time the second half o f the formation ap-
    letting him know that his gear was down.                                         proached to land, they were interfering with landing traffic on
                                                                                     27. (The airboss had called for the T-28s to make their break
    Jerry Walbrun has been the leader of the T-6s in general, and the                pass on 18, then land on 27, while we were on long final to the
    Six o f Diamonds formation team in particular, for many years.                   18 taxiway.)
    His status as leader of that group was vastly enhanced by what
    happened next. The lagging T - 6 driver, upon hearing Ted's                      When it became apparent that there was crossing traffic, airboss
    report, immediately assumed that Jerry had eyes in the back of                   called for the T-34s to go around. Unfortunately, we were still
    his head (X-Ray vision, at that), and replied; " I can't get it up               on our frequency and did not hear him. Everybody landed safely,
    Jerry, but I think I can keep up w i t h f u l l power!"                         but that situation caused an intense debriefing in Warbirds
                                                                                     headquarters. Ralph was most upset that we had left his fre-
    By the time Sunday rolled around, our big show formation had                     quency without telling him about it. He stated that he could have
    grown, and was configured like this;                                             given us 18 for our three ship landings had he known of our
                                                                                     capability. The T-34 and T-28 formation leaders were unhappy
                                                                                     that they had been largely ignored during the show. In the
                               McNALL     ^       BRENNAN
                                                                                     language o f the State Department, it was a "Frank and construc-
            RUSSELL                                               ADAMS
                                                                                     tive exchange of views." It was a learning experience for all
^GRETZ        C       MILLER                                GARRISON   a   PARSONS   involved, and should result in better shows in the future.

                               DRYSDALE       B   MARTIN                             Monday's show was a very abbreviated affair, with one pass by
            CHERWIN                       CLARK                    MORSE             the T-34s. Bob Farrell led Gene Martin, Charlie Nogle, and I on
    MAYER     E       SEWARD                                 FASTNER   E    BRADY
                                                                                     a high speed, curving pass and we didn't hang around after-
                                                                                     wards. (The temperature reached 108 degrees that day, setting a
                                                                                     record.) I went home the next day, and so missed the wind-down
    Forrest Molberg flew top cover for us in the SX-300. (If the SX                  of another memorable Oshkosh.
    doesn't stand for sex, it should.)

    Unlike previous years, in which we were allocated unencum-
    bered airspace for our formation passes, this year's show was
    built around continuous action. I t was a real crowd-pleaser, but it                                           .V.
    forced us up to 2,700 feet for our formation passes, while the
    fighters and bombers did their zoomie thing down low in front of
    the crowd. W e spent two hours in the cockpit on Sunday, and
    though it was long, the flight was not particularly fatiguing,
    since most o f it was in smooth air.

 A serious glitch developed in the recovery phase of our flight.
 The airshow boss was unaware o f our capability to land in our
 three-ship "vies". He was also unaware o f the fact that our whole
 formation (with the exception o f the leader) was on our discreet
 frequency, rather than the airshow frequency. W e had been
 briefed for two passes, with a third pass down runway IS, a 90
 degree left turn, followed by a left ISO for an initial on runway
  ^7. Our plan was to get into flights in trail after the 90, then into
'echelon for a right break and landing on 27. W e had considered
 breaking as flights and landing in the vies on 27, but by

                                                                                                                                            page. 17
MENTOR                           MAINTENANCE
Proposed Airworthiness Directive                                            include the following:

A new A . D . is in the making and a Notice of Proposed Rule                        casting                                         #of
Making is expected shortly. It w i l l cover T-34s with elevator                    description                                     castings
torque fittings (part #s 45-660031 and 45-660031-1) which are                 1)    landing gear transmission housing                2
made out o f magnesium. This means that almost all T-34s w i l l             2)     nose gear upper casting                          1
be affected. The mandatory fix that w i l l be called for is to              3)     trim tab actuator housing                        4
replace all o f the magnesium torque fittings with ones made                 4)     control stick yoke                               2
from aluminum. Beechcraft is really pushing for this A . D . and             5)     elevator bellcrank                               1
Norm Colvin, from the American Bonanza Society, tells me that                6)     control system torque tube supports              8
it is not the engineering people at Beech, but the legal depart-             7)     flap actuator housings                           2
ment who are behind it. In addition to T-34s, this A . D . w i l l           8)     emergency gear housing                           2
affect V tail Bonanzas and the older straight tail Bonanzas and              9)     trim tab console unit                            2
Barons. Reportedly, Beech quit making this part from magne-                  10)    canopy emergency handles                         3
sium back in 1969 so those parts manufactared since then should              11)    idler arms                                       5
be exempt. Beech currently has a mandatory service bulletin out              12)    aileron bellcrank                                1
calling for this replacement and at least one T-34 owner has                 13)    nose gear hinges                                 2
made this change based on the insistence of an F B O who was                 14)    elevator center hinge                            1
doing his annual. Net cost was just under $900. Hey, FBOs                    15)    torque tube plug fitungs                        10
love this k i n d of A . D . I t makes them extra money, even though         16)    elevator torque arms                             2
they rave, as they hand you the bill, about how terrible it is that          17)    rudder bell crank                                1
the F A A and Beech w o u l d do such a despicable thing to you.             18)    rudder hinge post                               JL

W e l l we intend to put up a strong fight against this A . D . because      Total number o f magnesium castings (at least)         50
we believe that it is totally unwarranted. A B S plans to fight it
too, on the same grounds. Steve Smith, Assoc. member and                     Total number of castings would be at least 50 and at an esti-
attorney for the T-34 Association, Inc. has already been in touch            mated cost of over $5,000 (assuming that you can get them i i ^ ^
with the F A A individual in Wichita who has written the A . D .             aluminum). Then add: labor to build up assemblies e s t i m a t c ^ P
We plan to fight it at his level and then at a Public Hearing to be          at $2,000; labor to remove the magnesium assemblies
held in Kansas City this fall.                                               estimated at $2,000; all new bearings, $1,000; reassemble
                                                                             and re-rig aircraft, $5,000; and reweigh aircraft for new CG
Here is the rationale that makes us believe we need to fight this:           determination, $250. This could easily total to more than
                                                                             $15,000 with months of down time, and this assuming that all
1) N o record of any failure of this part exists over the 35 year            replacements were done at one time. I f they are to be done
   service life o f the T-34 A or T-34B.                                     one at a time, the labor cost would be much higher!

2) Almost all original T-34 elevator surfaces have been reskin-           5) If the owner wants to change to the new aluminum parts, and
   ned in the past 10 years. If they have not then they w i l l              i f they are available, he/she should be able to make the deter-
   require this in the near future. A n y responsible facility doing         mination himself/herself and at a time of his/her choosing,
   this work would thoroughly check this torque fitting for                  and not under mandatory pressures.
   cracks, corrosion, or wear and replace them i f they are
   defective.                                                             6) The V tail Bonanza, under a scenario of a broken ruddervator
                                                                             torque fitting, with one ruddervator being disconnected from
3) It is the considered judgment o f knowledgeable aviation                  the aircraft's control system would be much more serious.
   people whom I have recently spoken with that the total failure            Affected would be rudder action as well as elevator. I have
   of this part in a way to disconnect the affected elevator from            heard a difference o f opinion f r o m knowledgeable people
   the control system, would not in itself, become a catastrophic            about the V tail being controllable in this situation. There are
   event. The plane should be controllable to a safe landing.                no recorded events of this torque arm having ever broken in
   Proof in point is the Navy 1962 incident where the entire                 flight over the long history o f the Bonanza.
   stabilizer and elevator on one side separated from a T-34B in
   flight, and the plane was brought into a safe landing.                   The part for the T-34, Barons, and the Bonanzas start out as
                                                                            the same casting, but are machined differently due to their
4) I f a precedent is set that magnesium castings are inherently            respective functions. The T-34 unit is much stronger in the ^ ^
   unsafe and should be replaced, the T-34 is in for heavy costs            arm area as i t is machined very litde, while the Bonanza p a r ^ P
   and long down time. Almost every casting in the aircraft is              is more than 65% machined away in the same area, obviously
   made from magnesium. T o replace all magnesium would                     making it much more likely to fail. The reported failure.

page. 18
   however, was not in the arm area but i n the round hollowed
   out portion where the torque fitting attaches to the elevator.

7) There are about 6,000 Bonanzas and 2,000 Barons/Travelairs
   affected by this A . D . w h i l e T-34s operated under F A A juris-
   diction total under 250 aircraft. There is only one report of a
   magnesium elevator torque arm failure i n the history o f
   Bccch aircraft and that in a Baron. The Baron pilot noticed
   an unusual but not alarming vibration in flight and made a
   precautionary and uneventful landing.

8) The majority o f T-34s, nearly 90% by estimation, are now
   hangared and therefore protected f r o m the corrosive elements
   o f weather and w i n d gust loads.

 Since 1969 all o f the elevator torque arms produced by Beech
 have been reportedly machined f r o m aluminum castings. I f your
 T-34 received new elevator torque arms, purchased from Beech,
 since 1970 then you probably have the aluminum castings. The
 only way to be sure, however, is to perform an Alodine test as
 specified in the Beechcraft Service B u l l e t i n #2242 w h i c h address
 this elevator torque arm issue. A copy o f the service bulletin is
 published w i t h this issue o f the newsletter. A f t e r completion of
 the test, and i f the part is determined to be magnesium but f i t for
 service, the part must be recoated w i t h a corrosion protection,
 again as specified in the service bulletin. A n d , the bulletin calls
^for reinspection for cracks, corrosion, and wear every 25 hours.

 This is the first time since the T - 3 4 Association was founded that
 a proposed A . D . has appeared that has been obviously unneces-
 sary and needs to be opposed. This was one o f the goals and
 objectives that the T-34 Association was formed for back i n
 1975 — to keep the T-34s as safe as possible and minimize the                 The above elevator torque fittings are all machined from the same
 cost of owning and operating this great aircraft!                             casting. The top fitting attaches to the rudder-vator onaV tail
                                                                               Bonanza. The middle fitting fits a straight tail Bonanza (Debonair).
 Notice: Just before going to press we learned that one of the                 And the bottom fitting belongs to a T-34. (photo by: Steven Smith)
 Lima Lima Squadron airplanes turned up a cracked torque
fitting.    The crack found, however, does not fit the description of
 what the service bulletin tells to look for. In this case, corrosion
 was found under each washer on each of the four bolts which
 attach the fitting to the elevator. The crack, which was very tiny
 and hard to see, ran the 114" distance between one of the bolt
                                                                                                 Elevator           Trim        Tab
 holes and the end of the fitting. It is doubtful that this particular             The September 1 issue oi Aviation Safety reported that a Beech
                                                                                   Model 95 Travelair had a problem with the elevator trim tab
 crack would have led to failure of the part, due to the fact that
                                                                                   push-pull tube. It is important to note that the T-34 and the
 the bolt and nut in the affected area were still secure as were the
                                                                                   Travelair share a similarily designed tail assembly and that this
 other three unaffected ones. To inspect for these types of cracks
                                                                                   problem could possible happen to a T-34 as easily as a
 the fitting would have to be removed from the elevator and                        Travelair. Following is the Aviation Safety report:
 stripped of all paint. (Be careful to not remove the DOW
 treatment which protects the part from corrosion.) We ask that                    "The pilot experienced extreme vibration after takeoff.
 anyone who discovers a cracked elevator torque fitting or                         Investigation revealed that the forward attach bolt for the
 entirely removes their fittings for inspection or replacement, to                 elevator trim tab push-pull tube had sheared at the cotter key
 please notify the T-34 Association,    Inc..                                      hole. The loss of the bolt allowed the tab to flutter, causing the
                                                                                   push-pull tube to thrash about inside the elevator and break the
                                                                                   forward elevator spar and both upper and lower elevator skins.
                                                                                   The sheared end of the bolt, with the nut and cotter key intact,
                                                                                   was found inside the elevator. Part total time: 3,573 hours."

                                                                                                                                            page. 19
Mentor Insurance                                                 Update:
Open Pilot                      Warranty                                  Market            Conditions                                         '
by Walter         Mayer                                                   by Glen       Trovers

There w i l l be a time when you are approached w i t h a request to      What is happening w i t h aircraft insurance? W e can safely say
allow a pilot, other than yourself, to f l y your T-34. The caution       that conditions are volatile. The good news is that premiums
flag should be raised! A r e you C O V E R E D ? Check your policy        continue to slide downward and higher limits o f liability arc
to ascertain i f it permits other pilots to operate your aircraft.        readily available. There arc fewer new aircraft to insure, thereby
                                                                          inspiring the aircraft insurance companies to go after the busi-
Your policy may be written on a N A M E D P I L O T O N L Y basis.        ness.
I f you have what is k n o w n as an Open Pilot Warranty (OPW), be
sure to know its requirements prior to allowing another p i l o t f l y   Also, we seem to have an easier time placing insurance on the
your T-34. The p i l o t must meet A L L o f the requirements o f the     lower time pilots in high performance singles and twins. I t is
O P W , i n addition to having current medical and BER. I f any           also apparent that the direct writers o f aircraft insurance (a
one of the O P W requirements is not met, then the coverage is            company that you call directly) are keeping their pricing well
V O I D . I t is the owner's responsibility to determine these facts.     above the marketplace w h i c h may explain the steady increase in
                                                                          the number o f calls we are receiving.
I t is better to say N O than to expose yourself and your aircraft to
an uninsured loss.                                                        Even though better insurance conditions prevail, w e continue to
                                                                          push the instrument rating along w i t h any refresher courses and
Walter Mayer                                                              formal training.
Mayer Insurance
409-832-8401                                                              Glen Travers
                                                                          Travers & Associates

                        John Parsons flying 0767 and Walter Mayer flying 0334 at Oshkosh 1988. (photo by: Mike Brady)

page. 20
 Fall   Fly-in                                                           Propeller
^atlinburg,                                       Tenn.                  Preservation
                                                                         by Bill       Cherwin
 Nov. 10-13
 Joe Howell is organizing a T-34 Fly-in for Gatlinburg, Tennes-          Bugs don't damage propellers, rocks do! I ' m sure this is not
 see to be held November 10-13. This has become a real popular           news to all of you, but do you know how to avoid bringing rocks
 event with a lot o f good fun flying. The Smoky Mountains               in contact with the prop? Bugs are hard to avoid, rocks are not.
 provide for unlimited sightseeing flights and excursions.
                                                                         When the prop produces thrust, a low pressure is created in front
 Joe H o w e l l reports that last year over 60 people and at least 28   o f the blades. The higher the thrust, the lower the low pressure.
 airplanes were in attendance and expects an even larger turnout         On the ground, when static or at low ground speeds, the low
 this year. He has arranged for lodging at the Capli Hotel, which        pressure creates a small tornado (or vortex) in front of the prop.
 have nicer rooms than last year and better rates. They w i l l be       This tornado works just like a vacuum cleaner, and it vacuums
 providing a hospitality room and 2 free vans for transportation.        the ground in front o f the prop. Small to medium stones or any
 I f you need to fly in to Knoxville, Joe says that transportation       other foreign material w i l l be picked up and hit by the prop.
 w i l l be arranged to pick you up.
                                                                         T o avoid POD (foreign object damage) do not use high power
 To make your room reservations, contact the Capli Hotel:                settings over areas that has any material (sand, gravel, rocks, etc)
 615-453-7147. Rates should be about $24 per night. The airport          that could be vacuumed up by the prop. The higher the power,
 manager can be contacted at 615-453-8393. I f you change your           the bigger the object that can be picked up. Always run-up into
 plans or can't make the trip, please be sure to call and cancel         the wind. A downwind run-up increases the vacuum effect.
 your reservations.                                                      Grassy areas are usually good for run-ups or acceleration poinLs,
                                                                         so as to have adequate speed before entering gravelly areas.
 For more details, please contact D r . D a w g (Joe Howell) at 803-
 288-5827. Be sure to make plans to attend!                              Occasionally one must operate on gravel. Use the lowest power
                                                                         setting possible to get around. Even consider omitting the run-
                                                                         up altogether. H o l d the stick all the way back. Accelerate
                                                                         slowly, using low power settings early in the take-off roll. Once

                                 Dues:                                   sufficient speed is attained, the vortex problem disappears and
                                                                         f u l l power can then be used.

    As you probably know, we operate the Association on a                Sharp pilots rarely have to use high power on the ground, and
    June to June fiscal year. Dues are currently $25 per                 use only small amounts o f braking. The simultaneous use of
    year. The quick and easy to way confirm your standing                power and brakes is contradictory and only used to maneuver the
    with regard to your Association's dues, is to just look at           airplane in a tight turn.
    the mailing label on the envelope o f your most recent
    mail from tlie Association. A two digit code following               The point I am trying to emphasize is: Be aware of the surface
    your name indicates the year you are paid up to. If the              environment, and do not use high power settings anywhere there
    code is an "88" it means that your current dues just                 is a chance of sucking up foreign objects! O m i t the run-up (not
    expired in June. A n "89" indicates that you are paid up             the warm-up) where there is no suitable area, or perform the run-
    through June o f 1989. A n d a "99" shows that you have              up during a fast taxi, or on take-off roll (runway permitting).
    L i f e Membership status.

     I f your mailing label code is an "88" (your dues expired
     a couple of months ago), please take a minute now to
                                                                                   New             Memberships:
     renew and save me the time and the Association the
     expense of having to send you a bill.                                  A l l new memberships should be routed through our
                                                                            Membership Chairperson, Julie Clark. She w i l l mail out a
     Please remit your dues to:                                             new member package which includes a complete up-to-

                                                                            date maintenance compilation and copies o f our last two
     J i m Nogle, T r e a s u r e - E d i t o r                             newsletters. The new membership fee is $35 and also
     1009 W i l s h i r e C r t .                                           covers the first year's dues. Please send requests for
     C i i a m p a i g n , I L 61821                                        membership and $35 to Julie Clark, Membership Chair-
                                                                            person, 3114 Boeing Rd., Cameron Park, C A 95682.

                                                                                                                                page. 21
Board of Directors                                                Election.
In our last issue o f The Mentor Monitor we reported that we
were due for another election to the Association's Board o f
Directors. A request for nominations was made, but to date, I
havereceived no responses. Therefore, the three members whose
terms are expiring are running unopposed.

Although these elections are turning out to be somewhat o f a
formality, they are nonetheless required by our by-laws, and they
do give us a chance to introduce the Board members to the
Association through the newsletter.

This year the three members up for reelection are: Charlie
Nogle, current and founding President o f the T - 3 4 Association,
yours truly (Jim Nogle), Treasurer and Editor o f The Mentor
Monitor, and Julie Clark, our membership chairperson.

As in the t w o years previous, w e are printing a short biography
of each o f the Board members up for reelection. This seemed
like a good idea t w o years ago.... but now that I have to write my
o w n biography, I ' m having second thoughts!

A ballot is enclosed on w h i c h w e w o u l d appreciate your votes.   Julie         Clark:
Space has been allotted for write-ins as has space for comments          Most o f you need no introduction to Julie Clark, as she is one of
and suggestions. Also on the ballot is a questionnaire regarding         the most w e l l k n o w n members we have i n our Association. As
the proposed U.S.A.F. Museum and Silver H i l l tours. Your              membership chairperson she is often the first person in the
response on this w i l l help us gauge the demand for this trip and      organization that our new members meet, and our records show
aid us in the planning.                                                  that she has welcomed into the Association w e l l over 1/3 of our ^ ^
                                                                         membership (about 120 people in just 3 years). A s reported in ^ ^
                                                                         our last newsletter, she has teamed up w i t h a national sponsor
                                                                         and now helps the Chrysler Corporation promote their Mopar
                                                                         parts division. A f t e r w o r k i n g for years i n maintaining a beauti-
                                                                         f u l " A i r Force One" type paint scheme, i t was a painful moment
                                                                         when she had to strip o f f some o f her military paint in order to
                                                                         make room for the new Mopar decor. (The accompanying photo
                      Our           Current                              is o f Julie w i t h paint stripper in hand.)

               Board          of       Directors:                        When she's not welcoming new members or flying the summer
                                                                         airshow circuit, Julie flys as a Captain for Northwest Airlines in
                                                                         both their DC-9s and Convair 580s. She has accumulated over
         Elected A t -Large f r o m the Membership:
                                                                         13,500 hours o f f l i g h t time o f w h i c h at least 3,500 are in T-34s.
         Charlie Nogle - President                                       Julie first flew the T - 3 4 as a civilian flight instructor for the U.S.
         Travis Edwards - Vice-President                                 Navy at N A S Lemoore in California. She then purchased her T-
         L o u Drendel - Secretary                                       34, N134JC, sight unseen w i t h a high b i d o f $18,000 in March of
         Julie Clark - Membership           Chairperson                  1977 from a government surplus sale in Anchorage, Alaska.
                                                                         Since then, Julie has totally restored the aircraft and converted
         Ken W i l l i a m s o n - Merchandising    Ojficer
                                                                         the engine to an IO-520 285 HP. This airplane is truly one o f the
         Jim Nogle - Treasurer,          Editor                          finest T-34s f l y i n g and keep in m i n d that she has added over
         Bob Farrell - Formation Committee                               3,000 hours to the airplane since the initial restoration. This
         E d Lovejoy - Oshkosh Lead                                      airplane is cleaned and polished after each and every flight!

         Earle Parks
                                                                         Julie's contributions and dedication o f time to the Association
                                                                         are truly invaluable, and we are fortunate that she is enthusiastic
         Appointed by the Elected Board:
                                                                         about the possibility o f serving another term on the Board. W e ^ ^
         Walter Mayer                                                    have referred to her before as the T-34 Ambassador, and the t i t l ^ ^
         Bob Mahanor                                                     is well deserved.

page. 22
^im       Nogle:
 As anyone in the Association might guess, I have been around
 T-34s for nearly as long as I have been around. I am 32 , 1 have
 been married for nine years to m y wife Gayle, and we have one
 child, Joel, who is 3. I became a licensed pilot when I was 18
 and have since added glider and instrument ratings.

 Although somewhat involved in the family T-34 business o f
 Nogle & Black Aviation, and the A T - 3 4 Allison Mentor
 conversion, I also help represent Pilatus Aircraft in the United
 States as an independent sales agent. On all of this however, we
 would no doubt starve, and fortunately our real source of income
 comes from the ownership and management of student
 residential and commercial property on and around the
 University o f Illinois Campus (from which I graduated w i t h a
 degree in Business Administration).

 In 19801 assumed the position of Secretary, Treasurer, and
 Editor for the T-34 Association, taking over from Bob Morse.
 L o u Drendel has since accepted the role of Secretary, however, I
 am still serving in the capacity o f Treasurer and Editor with
 responsibilities which include: billing and processing of dues,      Charlie         Nogle:
 maintaining the membership roster and mailing list, management       I have been interested in Mentors for 39 of my 57 years and
 of Association funds, writing, producing, and mailing the            hands on for the past 28 years. T w o of my three sons and a
 newsletters.                                                         teenage daughter have grown up with T-34s and seem to share
                                                                      my same passion.
  roducing these newsletters is a rewarding, but very time
 consuming task. B y necessity, this is strictly a spare time         M y interest in the Mentor occurred at the 1949 Cleveland
 endeavor and spare time is becoming harder and harder to find.       National A i r Races where the M o d e l 45 Beechcraft was publicly
 Since publication schedules are pretty much impossible to meet,      introduced by Bevo Howard. This changed my lust from
 my concentration has been in the quality and formatting.             Bonanzas to Mentors. M y next contact with the T-34 came on
                                                                      M a y 3rd, 1954 as I was passing Spence A.F.B. at Moultrie,
 I value the friendships and acquaintances this position has made     Georgia. From the road near the end o f the runway, I watched
 possible, and I'm looking forward to another term, if 1 am so        them take-off and land for nearly 2 hours. I was on my honey-
 elected.                                                             moon at the time and I discovered much later that this day was
                                                                      the first date that the T-34 As were ever used by the A i r Force in
                                                                      a regular training class.

                                                                      A l l but 5 years of my life have been spent in Champaign, Illinios
                                                                      where my career occupation was in the contracting and construc-
                                                                      tion industry and from which I retired ten years ago.

                                                                      I n 1975 I helped in the founding of the T-34 Association along
                                                                      with 30 or so other enthusiastic owners o f Mentors. This has
                                                                      given me a great deal of satisfaction as well as keeping me busy.
                                                                      I became involved with the E . A . A . - Warbirds ten years ago in
                                                                      an effort to establish an active role for the T-34s and their
                                                                      owners in this fine organization. W i t h a lot o f help from our
                                                                      members and our Warbird friends, I feel that we have been very
                                                                      successful and I hope that the results speak for themselves.

                                                                      The T-34 fleet just gets better and better and I hope to be
                                                                      actively involved in this process for many years to come. As the
                                                                      wine advertisement says, "Thank you for your support".

                                                                                                                             page. 23
Minutes                                                                         bad j o b o f coordinating them. The formation committee resolved
                                                                                to review procedures w i t h h i m more thoroughly i f he returns for
Board of Directors                                                              next year's airshow.
Meeting  7-31-88
                                                                                Jim Nogle reported on the bootleg version of "Formation
H O L I D A Y INN, FON D U LAC, WISCONSIN                                       F l i g h t " now being sold by Banaire, a California-based military
                                                                                surplus sales company. Julie Clark discovered this very poor
D I R E C T O R S PRESENT: Charlie Nogle, Jim Nogle, L o u                      (xeroxed) copy and reported it to Jim, w h o immediately at-
Drendel, K e n W i l l i a m s o n , Bob Farrell, Travis Edwards, Julie         tempted to contact A r t Medore at Banaire. Medore was incom-
Clark, Walter Mayer, Dan Blackwell.                                             municado, and his secretary said he "was not in the habit o f
                                                                                returning phone calls", so Jim asked Tracy Nugent, an attorney
Several Association members and guests were also present,                       and Association member, to write Medore a letter explaining that
including Gordy Drysdale, D i c k Tews, Terry Brennan, M i l o                  the manual was copyrighted (now) and that any profits from the
DeGrassie, Steve Smith, D i c k M c G u i r e , Ed L o v e j o y , Jud Nogle,   sale o f the manual w o u l d have to be turned over to the Associa-
and Bob Russell.                                                                tion. Medore replied that Nugent "must have landed gear-up, on
                                                                                his head" and that he w o u l d sell what he had on hand, which (he
The meeting was called to order at 2100 local time by President                 claimed) he had bought from a Canadian supplier. He did say
Charlie Nogle.                                                                  that he w o u l d not sell any more after these were gone. Though
                                                                                Medore was very uncooperative and abusive, Jim offered to sell
Jim Nogle read the Treasurer's Report and presented the Board                   him the real manual at the normal bookseller price. Assuming
members and guests w i t h copies o f the Association's 5 year                  Medore does not sell any more o f the bootleg bogus copies, we
comparative income statement and balance sheet. O n a motion                    w i l l not pursue this further.
by Bob Farrell, seconded by L o u Drendel, the Treasurer's
Report was accepted as presented.                                               President Charlie discussed the proposed A D note on the
                                                                                Bonanza and T-34 elevator horns, pointing out that Beech is
Merchandiser K e n W i l l i a m s o n reported that he is w o r k i n g on a   pushing the F A A to adopt this as a result of one horn breaking
catalog o f T-34 merchandise, w h i c h he expects to have in the               on a V - t a i l Bonanza after it was blasted tail-on by jet wash while
hands of members prior to the Christmas season. Gordy                           parked. H e also pointed out that the T-34 horn is much heavier
Drysdale suggested that w e should consider setting up a booth at               and that there is no record o f one ever having broken. Charlie
various events, including Oshkosh, for the purpose of selling                   suggested a letter w r i t i n g campaign to the F A A to oppose this
merchandise. Charlie explained that the E A A does not allow                    A D note for T-34s. (See Charlie's column for more details.)
independent merchandise sales operations. I f y o u want to sell at
Oshkosh, it has to be in one o f their buildings or the H y Market.             T-34 imports from Chile and Indonesia were discussed. The
The cost o f such a booth might be prohibitive and it w o u l d                 Chilean airplanes are due in California momentarily and w i l l be
certainly be tough to man during the show.                                      sold " o n the dock, in a b o x " for $100,000 each. Or, at least, that
                                                                                is the asking price. A l s o advertised in O . K . A i r c r a f t ' s brochure
Membership Chairman Julie Clark reported that she has signed                    are quantity discounts o f $95,000 each for 2, $90,000 each for 3,
up 163 new members since taking over the membership job.                        or $85,000 each for 4 o f these ships. ( A total o f 17 w i l l be
Julie inquired about the possibility o f printing Association                   imported.) Gordy Drysdale, D i c k Tews, and M i l o DeGrassi
business cards for the purpose of promoting the Association at                  reported on their attempts to buy these airplanes, and on their
various events. The Board agreed that this was a good idea, and                 trip to Chile to look them over. According to Gordy, there are
Jim Nogle w i l l look into a generic card w h i c h could be personal-         six good ones, six so-so, and f i v e not-so-good examples. A l l arc
ized by each member. M i l o DeGrassi suggested that we might                   equipped w i t h the Continental 260 H P engine, and some old
make up some sign boards promoting the Association and                          K i n g military radios, (one C O M and one A D F according to the
encouraging membership, f r o m w h i c h merchandise sales w o u l d           brochure.) The consensus o f those in the meeting was that these
naturally f l o w . This idea was discussed and approved, w i t h the           airplanes are probably overpriced and may eventually sell for a
stipulation that regional sign boards be made up to carry to                    good deal less than this asking price. There is no f i r m word on
different airshows. This discussion led to questions about the                  the Indonesian airplanes. (See Charlie's column for details.)
growth and income goals o f the Association. Jim Nogle agreed
to come up w i t h a long-range plan for the Association which w i l l          Future Association events were discussed. The fall f l y - i n w i l l
be presented to the Board at a future board meeting.                            once again be held in Gatlinburg, probably early i n November.
                                                                                W e w i l l also offer a reprise of the A i r Force M u s e u m / N A S M
The Formation Committee o f B o b Farrell, Ken Williamson, and                  Silver H i l l facility tour that was so successful t w o years ago.
L o u Drendel reported that the Formation Manual is due for                     M i k e Brady, C E O o f Northwest A i r l i n k , has offered to provide
reprinting and that it w i l l be updated w i t h basic formation               one of his S A A B 340 airliners at cost to the Association to make
training procedures and suggestions. Discussion o f the perform-                the trip from Dayton to Washington, D.C. Details and costs w i ^ ^
ance o f new Oshkosh air boss Ralph Royce seemed to indicate                    be worked out in the future. The organizers o f the Goodland,
that members o f the formation felt he had largely ignored the                  Kansas "Reunion F l y - i n " have approached the Association
formations until it was time to recover them, and then he did a                 requesting that w e hold a fly-in/airshow in Goodland early i n

page. 24
  June. They provide some incentives sucii as fuel and transporta-             Charlie Nogle, Continued from page 5
  tion. I t was generally agreed that Goodland is no garden spot,              Pacific, call Jack Kendall at 408-636-9581. These good folks
  but there is the possibility o f drawing more airplanes f r o m Texas        obviously enjoy the aircraft business and are successful at it.
^ ^ the West Coast and that fact, coupled w i t h the incentives is            They are not up to speed on T-34s, yet, but they are learning fast
^ K o u g h to mandate that we give it a try, so it looks as though            and certainly have an inventory to learn on. A s to value and
  Goodland, Kansas w i l l take the place o f New Philly next year.            price, i t w o u l d appear to me that w i t h this many aircraft (17), die
                                                                               market w i l l establish what they are worth at the retail level. W e
    President Charlie reported on the status o f the T-34 book w h i c h       have never seen this many T-34s on the market at one time, and
    the Association w i l l publish. The book started out as a buyer's         w e have never seen the 260 H P engine before, except for in one
    guide to the Mentor, covering basic history, numbers, and things           fine ship w h i c h has done w e l l in the market place.
    to be aware o f when buying your first T-34. Charlie's basic
    research into some o f the Mentor history has led to many                  A i r Show Regulations: The E . A . A . has been beseiged by the
    interesting and previously unpublished facts, and leads to more            media w i t h questions regarding air show safety f o l l o w i n g the
    new data. W e feel that all o f these leads should be followed up,         tragic events at the U S A F base at Ramstein, West Germany. The
    since we w i l l probably only do this book once. W e are still            E . A . A . is an excellent source o f information regarding airshows
    interested i n pictures of T-34s in foreign service, and i n stories       i n general and the Italian team i n particular since the Italian
    about how the Mentor was used in foreign service. The book is              aerobatic team performed at Oshkosh in 1986. A t Oshkosh the
    not on the back burner, i t ' s just getting bigger, belter, and more      maneuver that caused the tragedy was not permitted by either the
    complete         be patient, the wait w i l l be worthwhile!               E . A . A . or the F . A . A . As you probably are w e l l aware, the
                                                                               Italian team accident happened while the solo pilot was headed
     The "Glossy M e n t o r " concept discussed in the last newsletter        directly towards the crowd. The t w o aircraft he collided w i t h
     was brought up. M o s t of those taking part i n the discussion felt      were parelling the c r o w d line and they came down a safe
     that there was no need for another contest. I t was explained that        distance from the spectators.
     this was not meant to be a contest, and that any airplane that met
     a set of as-yet-to-be-determined standards w o u l d qualify for a        Paul Poberezny has had discussions w i t h F . A . A . Chief M c A r t o r
     "Glossy M e n t o r " A w a r d . This was only meant to be further in-   since the accident and he reports that the F . A . A . sees no reason
     ducement to improve the standard o f the fleet in general. Others         to change the existing F . A . A . rules regarding air shows, which
     argued that those w h o could not afford anything more than a             are believed to be w o r k i n g well. These rules prohibiting flight
    ^ a s i c airplane should not be made to feel inferior. It was pointed     above the c r o w d have been around for some time. About 10
        j t that economics w i l l dictate standards anyway, regardless o f    years ago, a w e l l k n o w n and respected W a r b i r d member and T -
    "whether there is a "Glossy M e n t o r " program or not, and that this    34 owner was violated at Oshkosh for r o l l i n g over the crowd in a
     program w o u l d not change the fact that there are great restora-       Curtis P-40. The F.A.A.'s action was s w i f t and sure and he lost
     tions, good restorations, and no restorations. A f t e r more conver-     his license over the violation.
     sation, which resulted i n a lack of consensus, the discussion was
     tabled. ( I f you favor this concept, drop a note to the Editor.)         This is about all that I have for n o w , however, please be sure to
                                                                               read elsewhere in this issue about the elevator attach fitting A.D.
    President Charlie reported that he expects to do acrobatic                 note which we may be facing. This is potentially a very serious
    certification testing on both the A l l i s o n Turbine Mentor and the     and costly A . D . and could set a precedent w i t h regard to magne-
    B model T-34 w i t h i n 60 days, and that w i t h the addition o f the    sium castings w h i c h w o u l d be d i f f i c u l t to live with. A s you w i l l
    w i n g leading edge wedges, (now in place on the Turbine Men-             read, the proposed Airworthiness Directive w i l l call for the
    tor) the B model should pass the spin test and finally be certifi-         replacement o f the magnesium fitting w i t h one made from
    cated acrobatic.                                                           aluminum. There is no record o f such a fitting ever failing on a
                                                                               T-34 and w e believe that we should mount a strong fight against
     Dan Blackwell submitted his resignation from the Board o f                this A . D .
     Directors, citing his lack o f ownership o f a T-34, and his current
     deep involvement w i t h the North American Trainer Association.          I hope everyone has enjoyed a summer o f good f l y i n g fun. I
     The Board accepted his resignation w i t h regret. Dan has been a         hope to see many o f you in Gatlinburg in November.
     valuable member o f the Board, and one o f the great leaders o f
     the formation movement. E d Lovejoy was appointed by the f u l l          Best Regards,
     Board to f u l f i l l B l a c k w e l l ' s unexpired term.              Charlie Nogle

     Jim Nogle reminded the Board that he needs more newsletter
     submissions i n order to bring tiie Newsletter out more often. H e
     particularly mentioned the new columns "Details" (in which neat
      ittie detail items are discussed and illustrated) and "Tails o f our
        embers" (In w h i c h interesting items about our members, non-
4      -34 related, are discussed.).

     The meeting was adjourned at 2359 local.

                                                                                                                                                    page 25'
New Philadelphia                                            Ohio Report,                                    by Lou           Drendel
Maybe we should quit calling i t a "pre-Oshkosh warmup".               L o u Drendel, Gene Martin, Ted Adams, Bob Morse, Charlie                 ^
Maybe that is too intimidating for some o f the members, who           Nogle, Jud Nogle, Ray M o r i n , George Kubal, John O'Connor,            ^
may not be all that excited about formation flying. Maybe then         Gene Popma, Gene Gartner, K e n Williamson, Dan and Chris
the attendance would be better than the sixteen airplanes that         Blackwell, Blake Bacon, Frank Smith, Russ Borstelman, Orlan
ultimately showed up during the June 8, 9 , 1 0 , 1 1 , and 12 T-34    Wichman, and Jim Falcione. Ken Williamson qualified Gene
Association fly-in at Clever Field in N e w Philadelphia, Ohio.        Popma for the Leader Patch.
True, there was a lot o f formation flying, but there was also
plenty of solo action and some great parties! There was plenty to      The local populace could not have been more friendly, lining the
entertain you i f you didn't want to be in the air every minute.       airport fence daily to watch us perform, and to beg rides. Dan
                                                                       Blackwell brought his Pitts S2B over on Friday for an im-
The folks at A i r Delphia (the FBO) could not have been more          promptu airshow, and returned on Saturday with his T-28. It's
accomodating. They dragged airplanes all over the big ramp.            big, it's fast, and it bums 197 gallons an hour at full power!
Need fuel? Just park it and tell them....they took care of it, and     Danny's Trojan is one of the nicest ones around, but that's no
the price of gas was very competitive. Maintenance problem?            excuse not to own a T-34! On Saturday afternoon Ken
When Ted Adams lost his starter late Saturday afternoon, he had        Williamson's brother Karl showed up in his Stearman. His
visions of leaving his airplane there and going back for it next       wingman for the flight from State College was Bob Himes in a
week. A call to the local mechanic had him back to the airport         Brousard, the French liason airplane that cruises at 100 knots on
within an hour, and a used starter located shortly thereafter.         450 horsepower. A pair o f Marchetti's showed up on Saturday
                                                                       also, thrilling us (and scaring each other) with formation acrobat-
Transportation to and from the airport from the local Best             ics. The jet-powered Turbine Mentor was also in attendance,
Western? Local car dealers supplied free cars for the troops. The      flown by Jud Nogle. (Can there be any doubt in anybody's mind
Hangar restaurant right next to the ramp served good food and          that this is the ultimate Mentor?)
reasonable prices. (How about a breakfast special of two eggs,
bacon, and toast for $1.39?) A n d Bassetti's Italian restaurant       W e would sure like to have the same k i n d of attendance we used
right down the road was great! Then, to top it all o f f , the F B O   to see at the late seventies fly-ins at Horseshoe Bend and
threw us a hangar party on Saturday night that included free           Gastons, when better than 30 T-34s showed up. New Philly is a
beer, pop, grilled hot dogs, hamburgers, and home-made hot             much better facility than either o f the Arkansas locations, and
sausage.                                                               yet a lot of the eastern Mentors did not show up. Maybe we
                                                                       should look for a location which would encourage the southern
Oh yeah, the weather was middle-of-the-longest-drought-since-          and southwestern T-34s to show up. 1 understand that Doctor
the-dustbowl severe clear. Those attending included Ed Lovejoy,        Dawg is planning b i g things for Tennessee in the fall.

                                                                       The most significant item to report on the formation front is the
Formation                      Committee                               imminent reprinting of F O R M A T I O N F L I G H T . One of the

Report                                                                 most often heard criticisms of the manual is its lack of guidance
                                                                       when it comes to the basics of formation flying. The formation
                                                                       committee w i l l attempt to rectify this shortcoming with an
                                                                       additional section in the manual on the basics of formation. This
                                                                       should help to make our formations even better and promote
                                                                       safety to boot. The manual w i l l also feature a new cover, which
                                                                       w i l l demonstrate that even such diverse types as the T-34, T-6,
                                                                       T-28, and P-51 can formate when standard signals and proce-
                                                                       dures are used.

                                                                       A n d speaking of basics, we w i l l try to pass along a formation
                                                                       hint or tip in every newsletter. Here is one for you: Our basic
                                                                       formation position is 45° angle o f f the lead airplane, with nose to
                                                                       tail and w i n g tip separation. Because of where you sit in the
                                                                       Mentor, it is fairly easy to tell i f you have nose to tail separation
                                                                       on the lead airplane but how do you know when you have
                                                                       wingtip overlap? The easiest way to tell i f you are approaching
                                                                       wingtip overlap is through control feedback. The wingtip
                                                                       vortices o f f of the leader w i l l l i f t your wing, causing you to bail
                                                                       away from him. This is a nice natural warning that you are
                                                                       getting close.

page. 26
                                                                       Afternoon Delight, Continued from page 11
                                                                       i n sight, I saw nothing but bright landing lights.

                                                                       Checking altimeter and air speed I rolled the wings level and
                                                                       half rolled right into a tight turn, kept it there and started down
                                                                       again trying to shake my shadow.

                                                                       Since I was already slow after the r o l l at the top I noticed Ken
                                                                       was now to m y outside and putting less distance between us. As
                                                                       a last option I cut the throttle, pulled up to get as slow as
                                                                       possible and it worked. K e n shot past and underneath mc. A
                                                                       hard left wing-over and I was 50 yards behind him. Flashing my
                                                                       landing lights as I closed to 25 yards, I called the rest o f the
                                                                       f l i g h t that the fight was over and to start j o i n i n g up.

                                                                       Head throbbing, heart pounding, soaked i n perspiration after this
Goodland^    Kansas                                                    all-day fight that lasted a f u l l 2 minutes, I was ready to go home.
                                                                       Everyone else agreed.
1989 Summer      Fly-in
                                                                       W e joined up in a diamond formation and headed for home.
June 9, 10, 11                                                         Approaching the airport on a crosswind for downwind, I called
                                                                       for a change to echelon-right for the break for landing.

As mentioned in our last newsletter, the folks i n Goodland,           I announced our intentions on unicorn, although there was no
Kansas have asked us to make their airshow next June as our            otlier traffic i n sight. W e approached the long final at 160 knots
primary T-34 gathering of the year. This offer was a topic at our      for a l o w 360 degree approach and a break to landing.
recent Board meeting at Oshkosh, and as our recent fly-ins have
been relatively far east o f the Mississippi (Gatlinburg, Tennessee    " N u m b e r 1, breaking   N o w ! " T w o , three, and four followed
and N e w Philadelphia, Ohio), the Board agreed that this should
                                                                       in sequence.
    a good location to unite some o f our western members w i t h
  ur eastern members. Goodland isn't really close to anywhere,
                                                                       "Check gear d o w n and locked." "Check fuel."
but it is just about right in the middle of the country. W e do
                                                                       " T w o , down and locked."
hope to have a strong turnout.
                                                                       "Three, d o w n and locked."
                                                                       "Four, d o w n and locked "
The theme o f the Goodland event is "Reunion A i r s h o w " and
each year they pick a different group to host for a reunion. The       Landing, taxi, and shut d o w n went without fanfare w i t h just a
T-34 Association is their group o f choice for 1989 and they           few onlookers wondering w h y this multitude o f various military
intend to cover most o f our expenses. They plan to treat us to a      hardware w o u l d be landing at this small airport out in the middle
Friday evening picnic, Saturday morning breakfast, and a               o f nowhere.
banquet dinner and show on Saturday night. Additionally, they
w i l l provide one free motel room per engine and at least 2 1/2
                                                                       A f t e r numerous arguments and loud discussion regarding who
hours o f fuel. One o f their hopes is that enough airplanes w i l l
                                                                       did what to whom, when and how, we all settled into the pilots
arrive on Friday that some formations can be put up to overfly
                                                                       lounge for some much needed l i q u i d refreshment and more ego-
the surrounding towns in effort to bring in the crowds.
                                                                       building hangar flying.

From what I understand, the 1989 Reunion Airshow w i l l have
some top name airshow performers and a good number o f
warbirds. They are doing their level best to talk Beech into
bringing over their newly certificated Starship and a T-34C dem-

I w i l l be providing the Goodland Chamber o f Commerce w i t h a
set o f Association mailing labels, and M r . Braun has indicated
that everyone w i l l receive a mailing around the end of the year
which w i l l provide registration and reservation cards and
 p n c r a l l y f i r m up the details.

Please make plans to attend. It is really great to have an airshow
organization actively search us out and ask us to be their guests.                  Left to Right: Jay Sarver and Charlie Bilella.

                                                                                                                                 page. 27
      CONTINENTAL                                             0 - 4 7 , 0 - 1 3
                                                                                                     From            The Company                            Store
                                                                                                    Our Merchandising Officer, Ken Williamson, reports that he has sold
 C O N T R O L L O G I S T I C S , I N C . is n o w                                                 his Honda Motorcycle dealership. T-34 Merchandise sales will now
 stocking a huge i n v e n t o r y of 0 - 4 7 0 - 1 3
 p a r t s t o m e e t the needs o f T - 3 4 o w n e r s                                            conducted from his home, and he will have a recorder on line to field ^ ^ ^
 a n d e n g i n e o v e r h a u l shops.                                                           phone calls when he is not in.
 A l l N e w S u r p l u s m a t e r i a l s , we
 h a v e e n g i n e cases, pistons,                                                                                                                          $15.00
                                                                                                    T-34 Silk Ties. Blue or Maroon
 valves, lifters a n d about e v e r )
 gear a n d bearing in the engine.

 W e also c a r r y a l a r g e stock o f
                                                                                                    Sweaters, with embroidered Ass'n emblem, available
 spares for Bendix S T A R T E R S                                                                  m Blue, Grey, or White. Normally $30, special price       $15.00
 a n d , for the t r u l y o r i g i n a l T - 3 4 ;
 generator parts! PS5 C A R B
 parts & Overhauls!!                                                                                Association Emblems (minor stitching flaws)                $2.00
 Also available:         parts for Beech 258 propellers and governors!                  Spinners!   T-34 Association patch                                     $4.00

             C A L L US A T (301) 694-5556, T E L E X                              4 99 0 4 6 1 I
                                                                                                    T-34 Wings (metal) Gold or Silver                          $7.00
                           F A X (301) 694-5060
                     FREDERICK      MLMCIPAL        AIRPORT   FREDERICK,   MD   21701

                                                                                                    Decals, interior or exterior, normally $1 each, special sale price 50^
                                                                                                    each (minimum order of 5).

                                                                                                    Gatsby Cap, white cotton cap with Ass'n emblem as made famous by
                             FOR                              SALE                                  internationally renowned banjo picker and top cover pilot. Bob Morse.
                                                                                                    $6.00 each.

2 (two) Beech M o d e l 278 Propellers. B o t h                                                     Helmets — SPH-5. Olive Drab, Large and medium only. Fair to good
                                                                                                    condition $95. Add $4.80 shipping, (sizing pads with helmet for
props are a f u l l 88" diameter, one prop has a
                                                                                                    custom fit)
cracked h u b , b u t blades are good. I n c l u d e d
are t w o spinners w i t h mounts. $2,000 for the                                                   Military Audio Panel - this item is available through the Association by
                                                                                                    special order. It is a very high quality audio panel with six station
works. Contact: B i l l C h e r w i n 312-377-9181.
                                                                                                    intercom built by N A T (Northem Airbome Technology) primarily for
                                                                                                    the helicopter industry. The AMS40 and AMS41 models have been
                                                                                                    adapted for fixed wing use by eliminating much of the helicopter
                                                                                                    specific equipment in order to significantly reduce the price. This is a
                                                                                                    very military looking piece of equipment with too many functions and
                                                                                                    capabilities to name here. Contact Ken, who is installed one in his T-
                                                                                                    34, for more details. Cost for AMS40 which has push to talk or hot
                      T'34 Cradle                                     Jacks                         mike is $1395 and the AMS41 which has the added capability of VOX
                                                                                                    intercom is $1495.

        L a r r y Littlepage, Julie C l a r k ' s crew chief, is currently                          Brown or Black Leather Wings Name Badge                             $7.50
        developing a production prototype o f the A i r Force                                          Velcro for the above, add each                                   $1.00
        style T-34 cradle jack. His jack w i l l be an exact copy
        o f the ones developed by the m i l i t a r y during the 50's,                              T-34 Assoc. Maintenance Compilation                                $15.00
         w i t h the exception o f new style hydraulics. L a r r y ' s                              Decals, interior & exterior (min. of 5)                             $1.00

        jacks w i l l have a 6,000 pound l i f t i n g capacity which
                                                                                                    T-34 Assoc. tie tacks and lapel pins                                $3.50
         w i l l l i f t a Beech Baron, w h i c h is double the capacity
                                                                                                    T-34 Association Wings                                              $9.50
         o f the standard Beech jack.

                                                                                                    T-34 Assoc. Hats - solid or mesh, with or without scr. eggs        $10.00
         The price o f each jack w i l l be less than half the price                                T-34 Assoc. Shirts - embroidered wings or emblem                   $19.00
         o f a new one f r o m Beech. Right now the prototype is
         being completed and testing w i l l begin soon. The                                        T-34 Jackets - like 'Members Only', grey or navy                 $39.50
        jacks w i l l be painted i n y e l l o w military color or                                  Complete 4 volume T-34A manual set                              $125.00
         custom colors on request. A n electro-hydraulic                                              (please add $4 shipping & handling)
         powerpack w i t h remote or air powered w i l l also be
         available at additional cost. L a r r y w o u l d like to k n o w                          T o order write to K e n at the address below or give h i m a call at
         what k i n d o f interest there is among the Association                                   814-237-3716, or i f no answer, 814-237-2105.
         members for cradle jacks. Please contact h i m by
         w r i t i n g to: L a r r y Littlepage, 737 Catahna Dr., L i v e r -                                      Ken Williamson
         more, C A 94550.                                                                                          Merchandise Sales
                                                                                                                   P.O. B o x 238
                                                                                                                   State College, P A      16804

page. 28
                                                             T-34 ASSOCIATION. INC. M E M B E R S f f l P DIRECTORY

FULL     NAME                         STREET ADDRESS                                E X T R A LESTE               a T Y                   SI   ZIP     PHONE

I ^ A M S ,   C.K.                    2230 W . 41ST S T R E E T                                                   CASPER                  WY   82604   307-234-6162

P)AMS,        TED                     930 G A R Y CT.                                                             WHEATON                 IL   60187   312-668-4692
ALDERSON,            DON              H C R - 1 4440 K N O X       AVE                                            ROSAMOND                CA   93560   805-256-4622
ALLEN,        GARY                    RT2    B O X 321                                                            M T . JUT ,TFT          TN   37122

ANDERSON,            GROVER           995 M I L L S DR.                                                           COVINGTON               GA   30209   404-787-6153

ASLESEN,         DON                  2600 L A K E V I E W       DR.                                              FERGUS     FALLS        MN   56537   218-739-3819
AVARS,        ROBERT                  9676 B O C A G A R D E N S        PKWY        #69C                          BOCA     RATON          FL   33434   305-479-3014
B A C O N , O.                        576 M A I N ST. #1                                                          SCHWENKSVILL            PA   19473   215-287-9095
BAIER, PETER                          8 1 4 5 S. C E N T R A L                                                    BURBANK                 IL   60459   312-636-8322
BANAY.        ARIE                    8 4 1 9 B E A C O N A V E . S.                                              SEATTLE                 WA   98118   206 865-5319
BARRY,        RICHARD                 312 K I L L I N G S W O R T H     CIR.                                      VACAVILLE               CA   95688   707-447-4504

BARTON,        FLORENCE               B O X 301                                                                   ORVILLE                 WA   83501
BAUGH, JOHN                           1325    6THAVE.N0RTH                                                        NASHVILLE               TN   37208   615-256-6694

BAUGH,        JOHN                    309 H I G H L E A R D .                                                     BRENTWOOD               TN   37027

BEITLER,       WILUAM                 P . O . B O X 113                                                           EIGHTY     FOUR         PA   15330   412-945-5112
BELLEK,        DON                    P.O. B O X     1873                           322 U T E W A Y               ZEPHYR     COVE         NV   89448   702-588-3727

BENCK,         RICHARD                9S075 C H A N D E L L E      DR.                                            NAPERVILLE              IL   60540   312-355-6737
BENNERT,         RICK                 5 DIANA        HILL                                                         HUNTINGTON              NY   11743   516-549-0913
BENNETT,         CHARLES              2430 P A Y N T E R S RD.                                                    MANASQUAN               NJ   08736   201-528-9335
BENNETT,         C.PAUL               2430 P A Y N T E R S RD.                                                    MANASQUAN               NJ   08736   201-528-9335
BENNETT,         PAUL                 215 E D G E W A T E R D R .                                                 BILOXI                  MS   39531   601-388-2623
BERGER,          WILUAM               52 L A K E     DRIVE                                                        NEW     MILFORD         CT   06776   203-345-3242
BIGELOW,         BILL                 C/O PORTA K A M P MFG.                        P.O. B O X 7 0 6 4            HOUSTON                 TX   77248
BILELLA,         CHARIFS              1166 D E K A L B      PIKE                                                  CENTER     SQUAR        PA   19422   215-275-3900
BLACKWLL,              DANIEL         507 M A L A B A R      DRIVE                                                PITTSBURGH              PA   15239   412-327-8579
BORSTELMAN,             RUSS          1710 R I V E R V I E W     RD                                               NAPOLEON                OH   43545   419-599-9556
BOWEN,         CHUCK                  11 F A I T H    DRIVE                                                       VERNON                  CT   06066   203-872-4004
BRADY,         MICHAEL                355 D K L E E ' O N      DRIVE                                              FAIRBURN                GA   30213   404-461-8188
^RAME,         YANCEY                 P.O. B O X 1478                                                             BRISTOL                 CT   06010   203-583-1847
P^ENNAN,          TERRY               240 H I D D E N V A L L E Y RD.                                             HOLLISTER               CA   95023   408-636-0244
BREWER. JOHN                          5810 W E Y B R I D G E CT.                                                  FORT    WAYNE           IN   46815
 BROACH,         HENRY                P.O. B O X 7 4 5 2                                                          U'lTLE    ROCK          AR   72217   501-223-6502
 BROTZ, RALPH                         415 R I D G E    COURT                                                      KOHLER                  WI   53044   414-452-4505
 BROTZ, RALPH                         2422 COOPER A V E .                                                         SHEBOYGAN               WI   53081
 BROWER, ROGER                        1401 C O T T G E # B                                                        ALAMEDA                 CA   94501   415-865-6819
 BROWN.        MIKE                   26<X) L O C K H E E D      WAY                                              CARSON      CUT         NV   89701   800-321-8105
 BRYAN.        BUDDY                  P . O . B O X 1663                                                          TIFTON                  GA   31794   912-386-2088
 BUNCH, BEN                           7016 W . A S T O R                                                          PEORIA                  AZ   85345
 BURNHAM.            WESLEY           P.O. B O X 9850                                                             PANAMA       CITY       FL   32407   904-235-4044
 BUTLER,       MANLEY                 6399 L I N D B E R G H      BLVD.                                           CAUFORN.CTY             CA   93505
 BYRUM, JOHN                          S O U T H E A S I E R N EQUIP. CO.            P.O. B O X 5 4 3 8            AUGUSTA                 GA   30906
 CAHILL,       BOYD                   7545 M O R N I N G S I D E       DR.                                        LOOMIS                  CA   95650   916-791-4966
 CAHNERS, JOHN                        420 L O S P A J A R O S CT.                                                 LOS ALTOS               CA   94022   415-941-6932
 CALLINAN,           DICK             4 6 0 0 S. O C E A R N B L V D .              #802                          HIGHLAND         BCH    FL   33431   305-394-2390
 CALLJS, JAMES                        2817 W E S T E R N       PARKWAY                                            OWENSBORO               KY   42301   502-926-3600
 CAMPBELL,           DAVE             2520 S O U T H      MAIN                                                    SIOUX    FALLS          SD   57105   605-336-1348
 CAMPBELL,           KEN              P.O. B O X 707                                                              TROY                    AL   36081
 CARTER. JERRY                        1718 M A L C O M B                                                          CHARLESTON              IL   61920
CARTER,        SHERBURNE              THE CARTER CRANBERY                      CO   INDIAN POND           ROAD    KINGSTON                MA   02364
 CASH.        NORMAN                  543 T A R A     LANE                                                        WICHFIA                 KS   67206   316-681-0207
 CATALANO,           GEORGE           68 I N D E P E N D E N C E       CIRCLE                                     EVANSTON                WY   82930   307-789-4949
 CERNAN,         EUGENE               900 T O W N & C O U N T R Y            LANE   S U I I E 300                 HOUSTON                 TX   77024   713-827-9922
 CHAMBERLAIN,               DOUGLAS   111 S. M A D R I V E R S T .                                                BELLEFONTAIN            OH   43311   513-593-3655
 CHAMBERS,           LAIiRY           C / O A L U S O N F L I G H T OPS             4101 B D A N D Y      TRAIL   INDIANAPOUS             IN   46254
 CHERWIN,        WILLIAM              4 2 W 423 A U D U B O N CT.                                                 ST. C H A R L E S       IL   60174   312-377-9181
 CHESSER,        FREDERICK            CAP SUPPLY            DEPOT                   14400 A I R P O R T   BLVD    AMARILLO                TX   79111   806-335-2001
CLARKE,        MICHAEL                1713 Q U A I L R U N                                                        PRESCOTT                AZ   86303   602-778-2158
m A R K ,     JULIE                   3114 B O E I N G      ROAD                                                  CAMERON          PARK   CA   95682   916-677-0634
^ A R K ,     MARK                    5233 F A L C O N R O A D                                                    ROCKFORD                IL   61109   815-299-5112
CLAUSEN, ROY                          8025 W O O D G L E N        U N I T 205                                     DOWNERS          GROV   IL   60516
CLIFFORD.         DANIEL              1092 P E N S A C O L A                                                      FOSTER C r i Y          CA   94404   415-574-9030

                                                                                                                                                               page 29
                                                           T-34 ASSOCIATION. INC. M E M B E R S f f l P DIRECTORY

FULL     NAME                    STREET        ADDRESS                       EXTRA      LINE                a T Y                     ST   ZIP     PHONE

C L Y M A N , JEFF               1045 P A R K     AVENUE                                                    NEW     YORK              NY   10028   212-410-0661
COLYER.       GREGORY            1318 N O R T O N S T R E E T                                               SAN MATEO                 CA   94401   415-341-2248
CONKLIN,           WENDELL       212 A M H E R S T CT.                                                      VACAVILLE                 CA   95688   707-449-1146
COORDES,           HEINZ         233 W E S T M A I N ST.                                                    ASPEN                     CO   81611
COPADIS,       DEMETRIOS         16 P I L O T P O I N T R D .                                               CAPE    ELIZABE           ME   04107   207-799-2313
COX, KRIS                        TORRANCE WARBIRDS                  INC.     P . O . B O X 128              GROVELAND                 CA   95321   213-541-3214
CRAIG, STEPHEN                   819   AVALONRD.                                                            LAWRENCE                  KS   66044   913-841 3100
C R A W F O R D , R.R.           P.O. B O X 9 2 9                                                           WHITESBURG                KY   41858   606-633-2226
CROW,      DAVID                 900 T R A V I S P L A C E                                                  SHREVEPORT                LA   71101   318-226-8910
CULLUM,        LANDON            2306 K I R K    DRIVE                                                      WICHITA       FALL        TX   76308   817-766-1632
CUMBLAD,           FRED          1131 SO. T H I R D ST.                                                     ST. C H A R L E S         IL   60174   312-584-0720
CUMMINS,           GEORGE        C / 0 A L L I S O N F U G H T OPS           4101 B D A N D Y      TRAIL    INDUNAPOUS                IN   46254
DAHLGREN,           DAHLGREN     N A V A L SURFACE W E A P O N S CTR POC G A R Y                 FRIEDMAN   DAHLGREN                  VA   22448
DAULTON,           RODNEY        P.O. B O X 422                                                             MINOOKA                   IL   60447
DAY, ROBERT                      BOX     160                                                                BLOOMFLD        HIL       MI   48013   313-646-6031
DEAKINS, JUD                     P.O. D R A W E R         A-G                                               PT. S A L E R N O         FL   33492   305-287-2030

D E A R D E N , E.A.             168 B R U C E R D .                                                        WASH.     CROSSI          PA   18977
D E N M A N , JOSEPH             4546 S W H U M P H R E Y         BLVD                                      PORTLAND                  OR   97221   503-641-0628
DIAPER,      RANDY               21, 1901 V A R S I T Y E S T . N       W    CALGARY,            ALBERTA    CANADA                    T3           403-247-0345
DILLON.       M K E              7442 E. B U T H E R U S D R .                                              SCOTTSDALE                AZ   85260   602-948-8009
DODD,      DENNIS                R O U T E #3    B O X 237                                                  PITTSFIELD                IL   62363   217-285-4650
DONLEY,        RON               85 M O O R I N G S R D .                                                   MARION                    MA   02738   617-748-2469
DRENDEL,           LOU           9-S-155 C H A N D E L L E        DR.                                       NAPERVILLE                IL   60540   312-355-5440
DRYSDALE,           GORDY        8 A T H E R T O N ISL.                                                     STOCKTON                  CA   95204   209-463-7326
DUNDON.         ARTHUR           P.O. B O X 4 2 4                                                           TRAVERSE       CTY        MI   49685   616-946-7780
DURBANO,           DAVID         P.O. B O X     1544                                                        OGDEN                     UT   84402
EAGLESTON,           JOHN        2945 C A R L T O N        WAY                                              OKLAHOMA            CIT   OK   73120   405-751-9492
EASTON,       DAVE               25 W E S T M A I N ST.                                                     MADISON                   WI   53703   608 249-1211
EBY,    ARTHUR                   313 P A R M L E Y        DR.                                               GOSHEN                    m    46526   219-534-3673
EDWARDS,           TRAVIS        102 N . L E A D B K i ' l h R D R .                                        ASHLAND                   VA   23005   804-798-8226
ELUS,     BRUCE                  5932 H E N L E Y         DRIVE                                             SAN DIEGO                 CA   92120   619-265-7276
ENGEL, G A R Y                   9S120 S K Y L A N E DR.                                                    NAPERVILLE                IL   60565   312-983-4204
ENK,    WILLIAM                  1213 H O R I Z O N D R .                                                   BLUE    SPRINGS           MO   64015   816-229-0086
E S K I L D S E N , G.           AIRPORT DESERT AIRE                                                        MATTAWA                   WA   99344
FALaONE,           JAMES         220 T Y R O L DR.                                                          PITTSBURGH                PA   15227   412-882-4851
FANCHER, ROY                     602 W .    COLUMBIA                                                        CHAMPAIGN                 IL   61820
FARRELL,           ROBERT        2328 G L E N E L L E N C I R C L E                                         SACRAMENTO                CA   95822   916-393-3375
FASTNER,           FRANK         1309 N . E A G L E ST.                                                     NAPERVILLE                IL   60540   312-961-0147
FENNER,       HAL                2410 N. F O W L E R                                                        HOBBS                     NM   88240   505-392-5571
FIEBER, GREG                     2675 H U R O N ST.                                                         ST. P A U L               MN   55113   612-633-1268
nSCHER,        LOUIS             4912 S W 72 A V E N U E                                                    MIAMI                     FL   33155   305-667-3600
FISHER, JOSEPH                   C/O M E R I D L A N       HELICOPTERS       729 S E V E N T H     AVE      NEW     YORK              NY   10019   212-734-2688
FLANDERS,           GARY         4 2 0 W A B A S H P.                                                       DANVILLE                  CA   94526
FLECKENSTEIN,              DR.   4800A N.E. S T A L L I N G S       OR       #1100                          NACOGDOCHES               TX   75961
FLETCHER,           DEBORAH      1325 6 T H A V E N O R T H                                                 NASHVILLE                 TN   37208
FOSTER,       LYNN               B O X 333                                                                  CLIFION                   TX   76634
FRANQS,        DAVID             8024 H I G H D R I V E                                                     LEAWOOD                   KS   66206   913-341-0410
FRANK, JOHN                      P.O. B O X     12948                                                       WICHITA                   KS   67277   316-9464777
FRASCA,       RUDY               6 0 6 S. N E I L S T .                                                     CHAMPAIGN                 IL   61820   217-359-3951
FREEMAN,           GAYLE         P.O. B O X 168                                                             WOOSTER                   OH   44691   216-262-1040
FREY, GEORGE                     1917 H A F E R R D .                                                       FAYETTEVILLE              PA   17222
FRITZLER, ROBERT                 B O X 343                                                                  KEENSBURG                 CO   80643
GARRISON,          REID          P.O. D R A W E R 3 8 0                                                     ANDERSON                  SC   29622   803-225-3171
GASTEL, JAMES                    3515 S O U T H B A n , F Y V I L L RD.                                     FREEPORT                  XL   61032   815-232-3506
G I B B S , B.E.                 4618 S O U T H Q U I N C Y       AVE.                                      TULSA                     OK   74105   918-742-8716
GLENVIEW.           GLENVIEW     N A V A L AIR      STATION                                                 GLENVIEW                  IL   60026   312-358-5098
GOBEL, CHRIS                     83 T H O M P S O N , R E S E A R C H 3095   VICTORIA                       AUSTRAUA                               034371743
GOLDBERG,           MICHAEL      P.O. B O X 523118                                                          MIAMI                     FL   33152   305-261-8900
GOLDFELTY,           JIM         LONE STAR          AVIONICS                 P.O. B O X   1403              NEDERLAND                 TX   77627
GOMEZ,       EDWARD              55 W I N D Y H O L L O W         WAY                                       STATEN ISLAN              NY   10304   212-351-6060
G O R M A N , JEFF               P.O. B O X 1667                                                            MANSFIELD                 OH   44901   419-755-1011

page 30
                                                               T-34 ASSOCIATION. INC. M E M B E R S f f l P DIRECTORY

FULL      NAME                        STREET        ADDRESS                        EXTRA     LINE                OTY                    ST    ZIP     PHONE

^ ^ S S I ,    MILO                   7018 SO. C . E . D I X O N                                                 STOCKTON               CA    95206   209-983-0229
^ I E N W O O D ,       BILL          P.O. B O X 4778                                                            ASPEN                  CO    81612   303-925-8858
GREEN,        WILLIAM                 1205 W H I S P E R I N G      OAKS                                         RICHARDSON             TX    75081   214-680-8059
GREGORY,         FAY                  161 4 3 R D    AVENUE                                                      KENOSHA                WI    53142   414-552-8493
GRENGS, GENE                          P . O . B O X 183                                                          EAU    CLAIRE          WI    54702   715-832-9669
GRETZ,        RICHARD                 9 S 069 A E R O DR.                                                        NAPERVTLLE             IL    60565   312-357-7379
GRICE, P A U L                        5400 C O R W I N R D .                                                     WAYNESVILLE            OH    45068
GRINNELL,            HOWARD           3783 S H A D Y H I L L D R .                                               DALLAS                 TX    75229   214-352-4406
GRUETT,        DONALD                 2119 L E X I N G T O N D R .                                               MANTTOWOC              WI    54220   414-684-6996
GUGGEMOS,             DAVID           8 2 4 S. J A C K S O N                                                     JACKSONVILLE           TX    75766   214-586-2255
GULLEY,        RICHARD                25 H O G A N     DRIVE                                                     MAUMELLE               AR    72118   501-374-7433
HACKLANDER,              JOHN         R.R.1 B O X     158                                                        lANESVILLE             WI    53545   608-752-4260
HADLEY,         LTC                   1388 B R E T M O O R       WAY                                             S A N JOSE             CA    95129   408-446-1234
HANSEN,         KENNETH               27 W I N G    ROAD                                                         POCASSET               MA    2559    617-563-6392
HAWKINS,         DALE                 RT. 1 B O X     86D                                                        CHELAN                 WA    98816
HEALAN,         JACK                  75 S E A M A R S H RD.                                                     AMEUA         ISL.     FL    32034   704-261-6161
HEGENBERGER,                 RICK     2 CATAMOUNT              ROAD                                              WESTPORT               CT    06880   203-226-7662
HIBISKE,       THOMAS                 503 W O O D S       ROAD                                                   BATTLE        CREEK    MI    49015   616-965-5919
HICKS, ED                             4N385 K N O L L C R E E K        DRIVE                                     ST.CHARLES             IL    60175   312-377-2097
HILL,     KEN                         P . O B O X 1617                                                           WICKENBURG             AZ    85358
HILL,     MARTY                       P.O. B O X 70304                                                           MARIETTA               GA    30007   404-587-3052
H I T C I I C O C K , C.E.            8 5 9 5 E. 2 0 4 T H                                                       PRIOR    LAKE          M N   55372   612-447-6428
HOFFMAN,             M K E            RT. 1 B O X 2                                                              QUINN                  SD    57775   605-381-2551
HOLDEN, JACK                          2500 C T T Y W E S T B L V D .               S U I T E 1350                HOUSTON                TX    77042   713-974-3737
HOMSLEY,          MARVIN              2000 R E M O U N T       ROAD                                              N. L U T L E RO        AR    72118   501-758-8892
 HOPS, N O E L                        7595 N O R T H L A N D        PLACE                                        SAN    RAMON           CA    94583   415-493-3526
HOWARD,          DEAN                 14126 S U 5 A N C R E S T                                                  SAN    ANTONIO         TX    78232   512-496-9466
H O W E L L , JOE                     R T . 2, R A V E N R O A D                                                 GREENVILLE             SC    29607   803-288-5827
HUTTNER,         MICHAEL              2100 W . 8 6 T H ST                                                        BLOOMINGTON            MN    55431   612-445-6636
          RICHARD                     191 C A R D I G A N C I R C L E                                            LILBURN                GA    30247   404-923-5663
IRVINE, DR.                           SOUTHWEST BIOSCIENCE                  LABS   16700 H W Y . 281 S O U T H   SAN    ANTONIO         TX    78221
I S B E L L , J.W.                    7101    EVANSTONRD.                                                        SPRINGFIELD            VA    22150   703-451-3992
JEFFREYS, PAT                         529 S O U T H P A L M         WAY                                          LAKE    WORTH          FL    33460
JENKINS, JON                          2235 E N C I N n A S       BLVD.                                           ENdNHAS                CA    92024   619-942-2934
JOHNSON, M I L O                      1605 O A K D A L E       LANE                                              REDDING                CA    96002   916-222-2072
JONES, F R E D                        P.O. B O X     1446                                                        CHELAN                 WA    98816   206-932-5122
JONES, R A Y                          11402 L A K E S I D E P L A C E D R                                        HOUSTON                TX    77077   713-497-2792
KANDER,         STEVEN                ONE WEST ARMOUR                  BLVD.                                     KANSAS        GUY      MO    64111   913-631-0417
KANODE,         RICHARD               925 R A M B L I N G      DRIVE                                             BALTIMORE              MD    21228   301-242-1600
KEENE,        ROBERT                  2 LEEWOOD            CIRCLE                                                EASTCHESTER            NY    10707
KELLY,        TOM                     2395 W . O R C H I D       LANE                                            CHANDLER               AZ    85224   602-899-6139
KERBER,        CHARLES                4444 T O P A T O P A DRTVE                                                 LA    MESA             CA    92041   714-292-4156
KINGEN,        CHARLES                141 E . F A I R W A Y     RD.                                              HENDERSON              NV    89015   702-565-9528
KINSLOW, JERRY                        438 J A C K S O N A V E .                                                  AZUSA                  CA    91702   818-334-5227
KLYM,         DAVID                   4503 R T V E R C L I F F D R .                                             LILBURN                GA    30247   404-979-4726
KNIGHT,        WILLD\M                210 E . 7 3 R D S T R E E T # 2 A                                          NEW    YORK            NY    10021   212-517-3157
KOEPPEN,         DOUGLAS              10 P U M P K I N H I L L      LANE                                         NEW    MILFORD         CT    06776   203-354-3591
KOPER, JUDI                           BLAIR MILL           EAST                    APT. # 236M                   HORSHAM                PA    19044   215-441-8069
KRAUTKRAMER,                 JOSEPH   71 D A L E S R O A D                                                       BARRINGTON             IL    60010   312-381-7189
KUBAL,        GEORGE                  610 P O P L A R                                                            ELMHURST               IL    60126   312-832-8427
LAKEY,LEROY                           4017 S E Y M O U R       HIGHWAY                                           WICHITA        FALL    TX    76309   817-692-0320
LANDAU,         VICTOR                PALMER         COMMUNICATIONS                1801 G R A N D   AVE.         DES M O I N E S        lA    50308   517-278-7664
LANDES, JOHN                          7 F E R N I L E E CT.                                                      AURORA                 IL    60506   312-466-4584
LANGER,         MICHAEL               1127 K A R Y L       PLACE                                                 ST. P A U L            MN    55113   612-488-0419
L A W S , H.R.                        GLEN COVE ROUTE                                                            COLEMAN                TX    76834   915-636-4382
LEE, R O N                            5719 S E A S I D E     WALK                                                LONGBEACH              CA    90803   213-433-7993
^ V A N ,     MARTIN                  2814 S H O R E V I E W      CIRCLE                                         WESTLAKE         VLG   CA    91361   805-373-0999
H L Y ,       PAUL                    331 S H A D E C R E S T DR.                                                PANAMA         CITY    FL    32404   904-784-9840
OMANOWSKI,              DAVE          P.O. B O X 472                                                             MONEE                  IL    60449   312-864-6869
U'llLEPAGE,            LARRY          737 C A T A L I N A     DR.                                                LIVERMORE              CA    94550   415-447-7822
LIV»JGSTON,            ROBERT         2775 H A C K N E Y R D .                                                   FT.   LAUDERDA         FL    33331   305-432-1161

                                                                                                                                                              page 31
                                                         T-34 ASSOCIATION, INC. MEMBERSHI? DIRECTORY

FULL    NAME                     STREET       ADDRESS                       EXTRA      LINE                a T Y                 ST    ZIP     PHONE

LOVEJOY,       EDMUND            B O X 195, R D 4                                                          BELLE    VERNON       PA    15012   412-872-0261

LOWRANCE,            DARREL      12000 E. S K E L L Y D R .                                                TULSA                 OK    74128

LUDWIG,       CARL               P.O. B O X 504                             M I N E R A L SPRING R.        CORNWALL              NY    12518   914-534-9412

M A B E E , JOE                  400 W . I L L I N O I S                    S U I T E 1500                 MIDLAND               TX    79701   915-682-2726

MACMILLAN,            ROBERT     1706 Q U A I L     RUN                                                    PRESCOTT              AZ    86303

MAGUIRE,       RICHARD           2112 FIRST S T R E E T W E S T                                            BRADENTON             FL    33508   813-747-5588

MAHANOR,           ROBERT        STAR ROUTE 1                               BOX    151                     CRESCENT     C n      FL    32012

MAHAR,       THOMAS              7604 C H A R L E S T O N DR.                                              BETHESDA              MD    20817

MALOCO,        MICHAEL           3165 N. S U B I D A CIR.                                                  RNCHO SNTA R          CA    93010   818-366-8535

MARCO,       DAVID               50 S E M I N O L E L A N D I N G      RD                                  ATLANTIC    BEA       FL    32233   904-249-3990

MARTtN,      BILL                P.O. B O X 8557                                                           GREENVILLE            SO    29604

MARTIN,      GENE                9 S 015 A E R O D R I V E                                                 NAPERVILLE            IL    60565   312-420-0329

MARTIN,       MARK               1651 H A M P S H I R E                                                    ELKGROVE     VIL      IL    60007   312-894-6009

MARTIN,      W.W.                112 O L D C R E E K R D .                                                 PALOS    PARK         IL    60464   312-654-1855

MASON,       ALLEN               5312 R I V E R V I E W     DR.                                            LISLE                 IL    60532   312-969-4915

MAYER, JOHN                      OK     AVIATION                            200 S K Y L A N E DR.          HOLLISTER             CA    95023

MAYER,       WALTER              P.O. B O X    1391                                                        BEAUMONT              TX    77704   409-832-8401

MCDADE,        NOLAN             2150 R A D N O R CT.                       P.O. B O X   14434             N PALM    BEACH       FL    33408   305-848-8613

MCDADE,        THOMAS            S U I T E 800                              BANK      S.W.BLDG             HOUSTON               TX    77002   713-651-5355

MCGOVERN,            HAL         3033 N . W . N O R T H R I V E R DR.                                      MIAMI                 FL    33142   305-232 6272

MCLAUGHLIN,            KENNETH   5 EAST DUNSTABLE                 RD                                       NASHUA                NH    03060   603-888-2592

MCLAUGHLIN,            SHANE     21 A S H L A N D       STREET                                             NASHUA                NH    03060

MCMAHON,             BILL        B O X 486                                                                 CHARLESTON            IL    61920   217-345-5729

MCNALL,       DON                425 I N N I S F I L ST.                    BARRIE,       ONTARIO                                      L4N3    705-726-5969

M C N U T T , B.                 218 A S P E N                                                             HEREFORD              TX    79045

M C W H O R T E R , R.           R T E 2 B O X 2457                                                        PROSSER               WA    99350   509-973-2297

MESSICK, ED                      P.O. B O X 3396                                                           CARMEL                CA    93921   408-625-1430

M E T C A L F , E.               2749 G A N N E T        DRIVE                                             COSTA    MESA         CA    92626   714-979-6644

MILLER,      DAVID               120 N . T H I R D      AVE                                                STURGEON     BAY      WI    54235   414-743-4219

MIRICH,      BERNIE              P.O. B O X      10351                                                     MERRILLVILLE          IN    46411

MOLBERG,FORREST                  2903    OAKLEAF                                                           SAN     ANTONIO       TX    78209

MONEY,       CHARLES             632 C R E S C E N T B L V D . S.W.         CALGARY          ALBERTA       CANADA.               T2S 1L2.      403-243-4486

MOORE, LESLIE                    2701 N I F O N G B L V D #8                                               COLUMBIA              MO    65201   515-683-1901

MORGAN,        WILKES            C/O M O R G A N AERO             COMPANY   P . O . B O X 607              HEALDSBURG            PA    95448   707-575-5360
MORSE, ROBERT                    1 RIVER       PLACE                                                       OTTAWA                IL    61350   815-433-0472

MOSKO,       MILTON              P.O. B O X 641                             NASSAU                         BAHAMAS

MOUHOT,        EMILE             2120 C A S E Y K E Y RD.                                                  NOKOMIS               FL    33555   813-966-6903

MUHICH,       EDWARD             R O U T E #1                                                              OGLESBY               IL    61348   815-667-4678
M U R R A Y , D.                 8915 B E L A I R                                                          POTOMAC               MD    20854   301-983-2075
N A V Y CLUB,         MONTEREY   806 A I R P O R T R O A D                                                 MONTEREY              CA    93940   408-372-7033
NEARBURG,            CHARLES     3517    LINDENWOOD                                                        DALLAS                TX    75205   214-528.4411

NESI, DR.                        725 H A R V E S T H I L L      DRIVE                                      CHALFONT              PA    18914   215-822-1620

NEWMAN,         DONALD           2 2 0 2 E. 2 6 T H S T .                                                  TULSA                 OK    74114   918-747-6075
NIESER,     DONALD               C/O C O M M A D O R E A E R O SPACE        6221 C O M M A D O R E   DR.   OKLAHOMA        CTY   OK    73162   405-722-4079
NOBLE,      FRANK                35 C E S S N A    LANE                                                    STOCKBRIDGE           GA    30281   404-474-6251
NOBLE,      ROBERT               P.O. B O X 5 8 2                                                          GARBERBILLE           CA    95440   707-923-2403
NOGLE,      CHARLES              P.O. B O X      1618                                                      CHAMPAIGN             IL    61820   217-356-3063

NOGLE, JAMES                     1009 W I L S H U I E C R T .                                              CHAMPAIGN             IL    61821   217-359-7990

NOGLE, JUD                       1606 A L Y N D H U R S T D R .                                            SAVOY                 IL    61874   217-359-9221
NOSTRANT,            DONALD      2660 C R Y S T A L SPRINGS RD.                                            CAMINO                CA    95709   916-644-6503

NUGENT,       TRACY              2315 C L O V E R       LANE                                               CHAMPAIGN             IL    61821   217-352-2141
OLSON, T O M                     736 C A R L A     LANE                                                    LITLE    CANADA       MN    55109   612-645-5816
OTTO,     GARY                   4872 SCOTTS M T I I ,          WAY                                        DULUTH                GA    30136   404-449-1976
O'CONNOR,            JOHN        15404 C A M E U A          LANE                                           ORLANDO     PARK      IL    60462   312-349-8912
O'NEILL,      BARRY              1308 T I M B E R L A N D       DR.                                        MARIETTA              GA    30067
PAGE, T H O M A S                5738 T R A S K R D .                                                      MADISON               OH    44057   216 255-7899
PAGNINI,       CHARLES           SOUTH MEADOW                  RD.          PLYMOUTH            M.AIRPORT PLYMOUTH               MA    02360   617-747-1660
PAGNINI,       CHARUE            TOPFLIGHT,             INC.                PLYMOUTH            AIRPORT    PLYMOUTH              MA    02360   617-7471660
COMMANDER-PALM                   POUCE AERO              SQUADRON           P . O . B O X 1827             PALM     SPRINGS      CA    92263
PARKS, EARLE                     8609 V A L L E Y        VIEW                                              AMARILLO              TX    79110   806-622-0602
PARSONS, JOHN                     14500 S A N P E D R O                     S U I T E 200                  SAN     ANTONIO       TX    78232   512-496-5603

 page. 3Z
                                                      T-34 ASSOCIATION, INC. MEMBERSHIP DIRECTORY

FULL     NAME                 STREET      ADDRESS                          EXTRA    LINE              g T Y                   SI      ZIP      PHONE

PATRICK, PAT                  12516 T R I P P L E C R O W N R D                                       GAITHERSBURG            MD      20878    301-662-5984

PENNER,      lAY              13 F A I R L A N E    DR.                                               BROWNSBURG              IN      46112    317-852-6126

PETERS, P A U L               2 8 0 S. W I L L I A M S                                                SALINE                  MI      48176       429-4643

PETERS,     RONALD            28128 P A C I F I C C O A S T      HWY       #99                        MALIBU                  CA      90265

PETTERSON,          GEORGE    19613 C O V I N A H I L L S R D .                                       CO VINA                 CA      91724

PHILUPS,       RICHARD        R,D.l                                        BOX   120A                 NEW     HOPE            PA      18938

PHIPPS, B I L L               TUSCOLA        AIRPORT                                                  TUSCOLA                 EL      61953

PHIPPS, T O M                 9 3 0 S. B R O A D M O O R       AVE                                    W.COVINA                CA      91790    818-337-2536

PHOCAS, GEORGE                5020 G O O D R I D G E       AVE.                                       RIVERDALE               NY      10471

PIERSON,       DAVID          2 3 8 8 0 M A D I S O N ST.                                             TORRANCE                CA      90505    213-373-8988

PINDER,     STAN              9102 C O L U N G W O O D          DR.                                   AUSTIN                  TX      78745    800-531-1652

PINGLETON. PHILIP             1728 G O L D E N      GATE                                              KINGMAN                 AZ      86401    602-757-7000

PITTS,    DOYLE               3411 C A M E R O N CT.                                                  OKLAHOMA          CIT   OK      73112    405-528-5858

PEA,     SAUL                 OKLAHOMA             147                     M E X I C O D.F. 03810     MEXICO
PLAY AN,     DICK             405 R A N G E R R D .                                                   FALLBROOK               CA      92028    714-728-3285

P O I N T M U G U , PT.       P.O. B O X 42-277                            N A V A L AIR    STATION   PT. M U G U             CA      93042    805-482-8513

POPMA, GENE                   9S215 A E R O D R .                                                     NAPERVILLE              IL      60565    312-420-0997

PORTER, JIM                   714 S . P A R K      AVE                                                HINSDALE                IL      60521    312-786-3001

POWERS,       ARTHUR          A E R I E L E R O Y CORP.                    16 B A R R O W   STREET    NEW     YORK            NY       10014

PRIBBLE,      PAUL            11933 J U L I U S     AVENUE                                            DOWNEY                  CA      90242    213-869-5029
P U N D Z A K , JOE           4710 L A K E V I E W       DR.                                          DBS MOINES              lA      50311    515-274-0104

PURNELL,       HARRY          323 P O m a A N A          DR.                                          BIRMINGHAM              AL      35209    205-871-6032

REMBOLD,        PAUL          P . O . B O X 457                                                       DANVILLE                VA      24543    804-793-7033

RENAUD,        VERN           B O X 983                                                               COCOA      BEACH        FL      32931

REITINGER,          GERRY     7516 S U F F O L K      AVE                                             ST. L O U I S           MO      63119

RICHARDSON,           LARRY   524 W . B A I L E Y ST.                                                 ASHEBORO                NC      27203
RICHEY,     JACK              15 A D L E R    CIRCLE                                                  SACRAME>rrO             CA      95864    916-481-8422

RICHIE,    ROBERT             4997 I V E Y RD.                                                        ACWORTH                 GA      30101

RICKETTS,       DALE          11318 O V E R B R O O K          LANE                                   HOUSTON                 TX      77077    713-266-5100

RICKETTS,       TRENT         11318 O V E R B R O O K          LANE                                   HOUSTON                 TX      77077    713-558-3880
R I V E R A , DR.             1395 N . C O U R T N E Y         PARKWAY                                MERRITT ISLA            FL      32952

R O A , JOSE                  AIR ADS HANGAR/ANDREWS A V DOMEST.AIRPORT, PASAY                          CTIY                  PHILIPPINES
ROBESON,        KYLE          1300 W A V E R L Y         DR.                                          CHAMPAIGN               IL      61820

RODGERS,        WILUAM        P.O. B O X 85                                                           SHADY      GROVE        PA       17256   717-597-3171
ROHLES, JERRY                 17 S E G O V I A                                                        SAN     CLEMENTE        CA      92672    714-498-9365
ROMAN.      STEPHEN           S U I T E 3900 R O Y A L B A N K P L A Z A   TORONTO                    ONTARIO CANADA               M5J2K2      416-865-1991
ROUNDS, D.W.                  802 L O W R Y        STREET                                             MANCHESTER              TN      37355    615-728-2095
RUDIGIER,       WILLIAM       300 W .    GALINABLVD                                                   AURORA                  IL      60506
RUSSELL, JOHN                 5725 N. E A S T R I V E R R D .                                         CHICAGO                 IL      60631    312-693-3810
RUSSEL, ROBERT                2308 D E B O R A H         DRIVE                                        PUNTA     GORDA         FL      33950    813-637-1639
SADLER,      DALE             DANBURY           AIRPORT                                               DANBURY                 CT      06810
SANDFORD,           GRAVES    636 W .    LOGAN                                                        MOBERLY                 MO       65270   314-263-6928
SARVER, JAY                   611 W A D E       AVE                                                   HORSHAM                 PA       19044   215-643-3091
SCHINDLER,          ROBERT    8767 S U N R I D G E D R .                                              SANDY                   UT       84092   714-242-4574
SCHMITT,       FRANK          R D l B O X 131 D E H A V E N R D .                                     BEAVER      FALLS       PA       15010   412-846-7604
SCHWEIBOLD,           JACK    C / 0 A L L I S O N F U G H T OPS            4101 B D A N D Y   TRAIL   INDIANAPOLIS            IN       46254   317-242-3120
SCOTT,     DREXEL             240 A R C A D I A                                                       VACAVILLE               CA       95688   707-446-0099
SELESKY, JOHN                 P.O. B O X 5 0 2                                                        ROSE     CIIY           MI       48654   517-685-2308
SHEPARD,        CURT          6 ADAMS        LANE                                                     ST. L O U I S           MO       63122   314-434-3511
SHERWOOD,           WILUAM    317 V I C T O R E G Y P T R D                                           VICTOR                  NY       14564   716-924-3204
SIERCHIO, JOHN                P.O. B O X 3 1 6 4                                                      SPRING     HILL         FL       33526   201-667-9312
SILBERMAN,          JOHN       1801 B A Y S H O R E       BLVD.                                       TAMPA                   FL       33606   813-259-1552
SUSZ, ROGER                   644 W . S U N S E T        AVE                                          LOMBARD                 IL       60148   312-629-2007
S L O A D , H.C.               1230 C O L L E G E D R .                                               OWENSBORO               KY       42301   502-683-7777
SMITH,     DOUGLAS            2862 N E S H E R W O O D          PLACE                                 CORVALLIS               OR       97330   503-753-9629
SMITH, JAMES                  9-S-031 C H A N D E L L E        DR.                                    NAPERVILLE              IL       60565   312-357-5202
SMITH, MIKE                   B O X 430                                                               lOHNSON         CTIY    KS       67855   316-492-6840
SMITH,     STEVEN              1201 4 T H N A T L B A N K         BLDG                                TULSA                   OK       74119   918-582-4107
SNEED,      FRANK             14070 N . W . P I O N E E R R D .                                       BEAVERTON               OR       97006   503-644-6931
SOZIO,     ALBERT             25 E A S T M A N A V E .                                                FOXBORO                 MA       2035    617-543-2418
SPENCER, DR.                  5319 S L E W I S #200                                                   TULSA                   OK       74105   918-743-2752

                                                             T-34 ASSOCIATION. INC. M E M B E R S f f l P DIRECTORY

FULL     NAME                       STREET       ADDRESS                       EXTRA      LINE                QTY                     ST   ZIP     PHONE

STADLER,         DAVID              1719    LEXINGTON                                                         WENATCHEE               WA   98801
STAFFORD,            ROY            5333 D I A Z    PLACE                                                     JACKSONVILLE            FL   32210
STEPHENSON, JON                     332 H E R N A N D O                                                       FT. P I E R C E         FL   34949
STEPHENS,            BRADFORD       RT. 1 BOX       1562                                                      LA    GRANDE            OR   97850   503-963-8578
STONER,        HAL                  2736 W A L T H A M        CROSS                                           BELMONT                 CA   94002   415-591-8855
STOUT, KETTH                        P.O. B O X 7 1 9 0                                                        BEAUMONT                TX   77706
STOWE,       KENNETH                1401 W . 3 R D                                                            U'T'lLE ROCK            AR   72201
STRIMPLE,            LARRY          R D 2 B O X 128                                                           PERRYSVILLE             OH   44864   419-938-7841
STROUHAL,            TOM            2216 P O L E R O A D ,      BOX 2                                         MOORE                   OK   73160   405-794-2638
SUKOSKY,         MIKE               5838 A B E R N A T H Y      DR                                            LOS    ANGELES          CA   90045   213-645-3847
SULMERS,        J.GEORGBS           4701 F L A T S H O A L S RD.                                              UNION CITY              GA   30291   404-964-5418

SUTTON,        WAYNE                150 E A S T K E L L E Y L A K E D R .                                     BROOKS                  GA   30205   404-599-3987

52 Y A C H T S , S2                 7 2 5 E. 4 0 T H S T .                                                    HOLLAND                 MI   49423

TALBOT,        MIKE                 401 S I G N A L R D                                                       NEWPORT           BCH   CA   92663   714-640-7035
TALLEY, JAMES                       P 0 . B O X 354                                                           INGLESIDE               TX   78362
TATE,     DON                       R.R.#1      BOX200C                                                       JONESBURG               MO   63351   314-488-5218
TEDDUE,         BUD                 11 T I M B E R C R E E K                                                  N. LTTTLE RO            AR   72118
TEWS, DICK                          1530 B E L T U N E       ROAD                                             REDDING                 CA   96003   916-275 3280

THELEN,        BOYCE                3998 D O U G L A S       BLVD                                             ROSEVILLE               CA   95661   916-791-1156
THOMPSON,             LARRY         4387 P A P E R M I L L R D .                                              MARIETTA                GA   30061   404-955-9611
T I D W E L L , J,                  13406 V E S T A V I A       COURT                                         HOUSTON                 TX   77069   713-652-9101
TRAVERS,         GLEN               404 Y O R K S H I R E     PLACE                                           ST. L O U I S           MO   63115   314-966-0558
TRICE in, DICK                      7 2 5 0 S . W . 142 T E R R .                                             ML\MI                   FL   33158   305-238-0306
TROYER,        WALT                 3131 W . O A K R I D G E        RD.        B L D G . 11 A P T . 2         ORLANDO                 FL   32809   305-345-1344

TRUSSELL,            SAM            P.O.BOX 791913                                                            SAN    ANTONIO          TX   78279   512-496-1666
TUCKER,        SHELDON              14921 S A N D R A        STREET                                           MISSION         HILL    CA   91345   818-365-1949
TYLER,      KEN                     5 WASHINGTON              PLACE                                           SPRXNGHELD              IL   62701   217-525-1122
V A N ES, E D W A R D               1607 C O R P U S     CHRISTI                                              LAREDO                  TX   78040   512-727-1288
VERVTLLE,            MARK           333 O R A N G E A V E # 4 !                                               CORONADO                CA   92118   619-435-5576
VIEN, A L F                         1804 W I L L I A M S                                                      CLEVELAND               TX   77327   713-592-4257
VILLEGAS,            ANITA          2015 G R E E N S     BLVD.                                                RICHMOND                TX   77469   713-431-1619
WAITE, LEE                          301 N . S A G I N A W     STREET                                          DURAND                  MI   48429   517-271-8463
WAPELHORST, JOE                     1275 C H A R M W O O D          DR.                                       KIRKWOOD                MO   63122
WASKE,        EDWARD                4331 C L O Y N E                                                          OXNARD                  CA   93033   805-488-8692
WATSON,         n M                 R O U T E 3 B O X 125                                                     HIGHLAND                IL   62249   314-625-1830
WEAVER, NEIL                        4130 K I N G S C A N Y O N R D                                            CARSON          CIIY    NV   89703   702-972-4614
WEBBER,         DAVID               B O X 97                                                                  CHADDS          FORD    PA   19317   225-793-1129
WEBB,       DAVID                   6727 H U N T E R S       GLEN                                             DALAS                   TX   75205   214-521-1125
WEBB,      WILLIS                   R O U T E 2 B O X 320                                                     FORT     VALLEY         GA   31030   912-825-8223
WEHRHEIM,             ED            P . O . B O X 1675                                                        BOERNE                  TX   78006   512-249-9386
WEIFFENBACH,               CONRAD   THE     FOREST                              16942 T L M B E R L A K E S   FORT MYERS              FL   33908   813-482-7851
WEINBERG,            RICK           2206 B E L M O R E DR.                                                    CHAMPAIGN               IL   61821
WEISS,      SHERMAN                 P.O. B O X 5 9 9                                                          STREATOR                IL   61364   815-672-0502
WESTMORELAND,                GEO.   1126 S O U T H       13TH                                                 ROGERS                  AR   72756   501-636-6010
W H E E L E S S n , L.              4772 H I L L    COURT                                                     ROSWELL                 GA   30075   404-993-7180
WHIDBEY,             WHIDBEY        P.O. B O X 37                                                             OAK    HARBOR           WA   98277   206-675-5200
WICHMAN,             ORLAN          D - 2 1 6 R D . 10 A                       ROUTE 1                        HAMLER                  OH   43524   419-274-2677
WIITA, RON                          7363 B E A C H RD.                                                        WADSWORTH               OH   44281   216-336-5319
WILKINSON,            CALVIN        1 9 4 7 0 - 1 2 2 N D P L A C E S.E.                                      RENTON                  WA   98058   206 859-2384
WILKINS,        WARD                1909 A D R I E L C T .                                                    FORT     COLLINS        CO   80524   303-221-5501
WILLIAMSON,            KEN          1246 E. C O L L E G E       AVE.                                          STATE     COLLEG        PA   16801   814-237-2581
WILSON,        GLEN                 3630 F A Y RD.                                                            HEMET                   CA   92343   714-997-4205
WOLFE,       ROBERT                 396 K E L U N G       LANE                                                GLENCOB                 IL   60022
WOMACK,          FRED               4025 S U N N Y D E L L D R .                                              WINSTON-SALE            NC   27106   919-922-1370
YOAK,       BILL                    M E T A L C A G E 2016A P A L O M A R AIRPORT R D                         CARLSBAD                CA   92008   619-438-2262
Y O U N G , TEVI                    B O X 452                                                                 TEMPLETON               CA   93465   805-239-3367
YOUNKIN,         BOB                55 A P P L E B Y     ROAD                                                 FAYETTEVILLE            AR   72701   501-442-2722

page 34
                                                 T-34 Association M e m b e r s h i p D i r e c t o r y B y S t a t e
 St. Nqme                                            St, Name                               St. Name
U n i t e d States:                                  CA   TEM Y O U N G                     IL   FRANK       FASTNER                    MN    DON     ASLESEN
       KEN     CAMPBELL                              CA   JOHN     MAYER                    IL   RUDY      FRASCA                       M N   GREG FIEBER
W L    H A R R Y S. P U R N E L L                    CO   HEINZ     COORDES                 IL   J A M E S F. G A S T E L               MN    C.E.HITCHCOCK
  AR   HENRY        BROACH                           CO   ROBERT       FRITZLER             IL   Glenview Navy Flying Club              MN    MICHAEL W. HUTTNER
  AR   RICHARD          GULLEY                       CO   BILL    GREENWOOD                 IL   RICHARD        GRETZ                   MN    M I C H A E L G. L A N G E R
  AR   MARVIN         HOMSLEY                        CO   WARD       WILKINS                IL   ED HICKS                               M N   TOM     OLSON
  AR   KENNETH          STOWE                        CT   W I L U A M H. BERGER             IL   JOSEPH      KRAUTKRAMER                MO    W I L U A M A. E N K
  AR   BUD     TEDDLIE                               CT   CHUCK       BOWEN                 IL   GEORGE        KUBAL                    MO    STEVEN       KANDER
  AR   GEORGE         WESTMORELAND                   CT   YANCEY        BRAME               IL   JOHN     LANDES                        MO    L E S L I E D. M O O R E
  AR   BOB     YOUNKIN                               CT   RICK     HEGENBERGER              IL   DAVE      LIMANOWSKI                   MO    GERRY RE ITINGER
  AZ   BEN     BUNCH                                 CT   DOUGLAS          KOEPPEN          IL   W.W.     MARTIN                        MO    GRAVES       SANDFORD
  AZ   MICHAEL          CLARKE                       CT   DALE SADLER            AVIATION   IL   GENE      MARTIN                       MO    CURT     SHEPARD
  AZ   MIKE      DILLON                              FL   R O B E R T G. A Y A R S          IL   MARK      MARTIN                       MO    D O N E. T A T E
  AZ   KEN     HILL                                  FL   W E S L E Y B U R N H A M , JR.   IL   ALLEN      MASON                       MO    GLEN W      TRAVERS
  AZ   TOM      KELLY                                FL   DICK     CALLINAN                 IL   BILL    MCMAHON                        MO    JOE R. W A P E L H O R S T
  AZ   ROBERT         MACMILLAN                      FL   JUD    DEAKINS                    IL   ROBERT A. M O R S E                    MS    PAUL     BENNEl'I
  AZ   PHIUP        PINGLETON                        FL   L O U I S E. F I S C H E R        IL   E D W A R D J. M U H I C H             NC    LARRY      RICHARDSON
  CA   DON      ALDERSON                             FL   MICHAEL        GOLDBERG           IL   C H A R L E S H. N O G L E             NC    F R E D D. W O M A C K
  CA   R I C H A R D I. B A R R Y                    FL   lACK     HEALAN                   IL   JAMES H. N O G L E                     NH    KENNETH          MCLAUGHLES'
  CA   TERRY        BRENNAN                          FL   P A T JEFFREYS                    IL   JUD NOGLE                              NH    SHANE      MCLAUGHLIN
  CA   ROGER        BROWER                           FL   P A U L H. L I L L Y              IL   TRACY       NUGENT                     NJ    C.PAUL     BENNETT,JR.
  CA   M A N L E Y C. B U T L E R                    FL   ROBERT       LIVINGSTON           IL   JOHN     O'CONNOR                      NJ    C H A R L E S P. B E N N E T T H I
  CA   BOYD       CAHILL                             FL   RICHARD        MAGUIRE            IL   B . P H I P P S / S. C A M P B E L L   NM    H A L F E N N E R JR. M . D .
  CA   l O H N D. C A H N E R S                      FL   R O B E R T F. M A H A N O R      IL   GENE     POPMA                         NV    DON    BELLEK
  CA   J U L I E E. C L A R K                        FL   DAVID      MARCO                  IL   JEVI P O R T E R                       NV    MIKE     BROWN
  CA   D A N I E L T, C L I F F O R D                FL   NOLAN       MCDADE                IL   KYLE     ROBESON                       NV    C H A R L E S R. K I N G E N
  CA   GREGORY           COLYER                      FL   HAL     MCGOVERN                  IL   W I L L I A M B RUDIGIER               NV    NEIL    WEAVER
  CA   WENDELL & LYNN                  CONKUN        FL   EMILE W.       MOUHOT             IL   JOHN RUSSELL                           NY    RICK    BENNERT
  CA   KRIS COX                                      FL   VERN      RENAUD                  IL   ROGER       SUSZ                       NY    JEFF   CLYMAN
  CA   GORDY         DRYSDALE                        FL   DR. M I G U E L    RIVERA         IL   JAMES      SMITH                       NY    JOSEPH K. FISHER
  CA   BRUCE        ELLIS                            FL   R O B E R T F. R U S S E L        IL   KEN    TYLER                           NY    EDWARD           GOMEZ
  CA   R O B E R T J. F A R R E L L                  FL   JOHN M. SIERCHIO                  IL   JIM WATSON                             NY    ROBERT W.         KEENE
  CA   GARY       FLANDERS                           FL   J O H N P. S I L B E R M A N      IL   RICK     WEINBERG                      NY    W I L L I A M G. K N I G H T

       M I L O DE GRASSI                             FL   ROY     STAFFORD                  IL   S H E R M A N WEISS                    NY    C A R L H. L U D W I G
       L T C H A R R Y A.       HADLEY               FL   JON STEPHENSON                    IL   ROBERT K. W O L F E                    NY    G E O R G E J. P H O C A S
  CA   N O E L HOPS                                  FL   DICK TRICE         m              IN   JOHN A. B R E W E R                    NY    A R T H U R C. P O W E R S
  CA   JON JENKINS                                   FL   WALT      TROYER                  IN   LARRY       CHAMBERS                   NY    W I L L I A M H. S H E R W O O D
  CA   MILO      JOHNSON                             FL   CONRAD K          WEEFFENBACH     IN   GEORGE        CUMMINS                  OH    RUSS     BORSTELMAN
  CA   CHARLES          KERBER                       GA   GROVER        ANDERSON            IN   ARTHUR W.          EBY                 OH    DOUGLAS          CHAMBERLAIN
  CA   JERRY        KINSLOW                          GA   M I C H A E L J. B R A D Y        IN   W A L T E R H.     LAWMASTER           OH    GAYLE & DAN          FREEMAN
  CA   RON LEE                                       GA   BUDDY       BRYAN                 IN   BERNIE      MIRICH                     OH    JEFF G O R M A N
  CA   MARTIN LEV A N                                GA   JOHN     BYRUM                    IN   JAY    PENER                           OH    PAUL GRICE
  CA   LARRY        UTTLEPAGE                        GA   MARTY       HILL                  IN   JACK     SCHWEIBOLD                    OH    T H O M A S H. PAGE
  CA   MICHAEL          MALOCO                       GA   R I C H A R D C. H U X            KS   N O R M A N E. C A S H                 OH    LARRY      STRIMPLE
  CA   ED    MESSICK                                 GA   D A V I D J. K L Y M              KS   STEPHEN I. C R A I G                   OH    O R L A N R. W I C H M A N
  CA   E. D A L E    METCALF                         GA   F R A N K C, N O B L E            KS   D A V I D V. FRANCIS                   OH    RON W n T A
  CA   Monterey Navy Flying Club                     GA   GARY      OTTO                    KS   JOHN M.      FRANK                     OK    J O H N H. E A G L E S T O N
  CA   R O B E R T E. N O B L E                      GA   BARRY       O'NEILL               KS   MIKE     SMITH                         OK    B.E. G I B B S
  CA   DONALD          NOSTRANT                      GA   ROBERT RICHIE                     KY   J A M E S H. C A L U S                 OK    D A R R E L J. L O W R A N C E
  CA   COMMAKDER-PALM                     SPRGS      GA   J.GEORGES         SULMERS         KY   R.R. C R A W F O R D                   OK    DONALD           NEWMAN
  CA   R O N A L D L. PETERS                         GA   W A Y N E A. S U T T O N          KY   H.C. S L O A D                         OK    DONALD       NIESER
  CA   GEORGE         PETTERSON                      GA   LARRY       THOMPSON              LA   DAVID      CROW                        OK    D O Y L E E. PTTTS
  CA   TOM      PHIPPS                               GA   WILUS       WEBB                  MA   SHERBURNE           CARTER             OK    S T E V E N E. S M I T H
  CA   D A V I D R. PIBRSON                          GA   L. D A V I D WHEELESS H           MA   RON     DONLEY                         OK    DR. D E A N SPENCER
  CA   DICK      PLAVAN                              lA   VICTOR M.         LANDAU          MA   K E N N E T H P. H A N S E N           OK    TOM     STROUHAL
  CA   Pt. M u g u N a v y F l y i n g C l u b       lA   JOE P U N D Z A K                 MA   CHARLIE        PAGNINI                 OR    JOSEPH      DENMAN
  CA   PAUL      PRIBBLE                             IL   TED    ADAMS                      MA   CHARLES        PAGNINI                 OR    D O U G L A S O. S M I T H
  CA   lACK      RICHEY                              IL   PETER BAIER                       MA   A L B E R T A. SOZIO                   OR    FRANK      SNEED
  CA   JERRY ROHLES                                  IL   RICHARD W.          BENCK         MD   RICHARD W.          KANODE             OR    B R A D F O R D A. STEPHENS
  CA   DREXEL         SCOTT                          IL   J E R R Y C. C A R T E R          MD   T H O M A S P. M A H A R               PA    0. BLAKE         BACON
  CA   HAL     STONER                                IL   W I L L I A M F. C H E R W I N    MD   D. M I C H A E L   MURRAY              PA    WILLIAM I         BEITLER
  CA   MIKE      SUKOSKY                             IL   MARK      CLARK                   MD   PAT PATRICK                            PA    CHARLES W.         BILELLA
  CA   MIKE      TALBOT                              IL   R O Y A. C L A U S E N            ME   DEMETRIOS          COPADIS             PA    D A N I E L D.   BLACKWELL
  CA   DICK     TEWS                                 IL   FRED     CUMBLAD                  MI   R O B E R T E. D A Y                   PA    E.A.   DEARDEN
  CA   BOYCE        THELEN                           IL   R O D N E Y D.    DAULTON         MI   A R T H U R F. D U N D O N             PA    J A M E S C. F A L a O N E
  CA   SHELDON          TUCKER                       IL   DENNIS      DODD                  MI   T H O M A S A. HIBISKE                 PA    GEORGE       FREY

       MARK        VERVILLE                          IL   JAMES A.       DOUGHERTY          MI   P A U L PETERS                         PA    JUDI KOPER
       E D W A R D F. W A S K E                      IL   LOU    DRENDEL                    MI   J O H N L. S E L E S K Y               PA    E D M U N D J. L O V E J O Y
  CA   GLEN      WILSON                              IL   GARY      ENGEL                   MI   S2 Y A C H T S                         PA    WILKES      MORGAN
  CA   BILL YOAK                                     IL   ROY    FANCHER                    MI   LEE WAITE                              PA    DR. D A N I E L A. N E S I

                                                                                                                                                                   page 35'
                                            T-34 Association M e m b e r s h i p D i r e c t o r y B y State

St, Namt                                        SL Nam^                                    SL Nam?                                               St, Nam^
PA     RICHARD        PHILLIPS                  TX   W I L L I A M E. G R E E N            TX   SAM      TRUSSELL                                W1         R A L P H R. B R O T Z
PA     W I L U A M E. R O D G E R S             TX   H O W A R D C G R I N - N E L L JR.   TX   E D W A R D V A N ES                             WI          DAVEEASTON
PA     JAY SARVER                               TX   DAVID      GUGGEMOS                   TX   ALF VIEN                                         WI         FAY   GREGORY
PA     F R A N K M . SCHiVUTT                   TX   JACK     HOLDEN                       TX   ANTTA DE VILLEGAS                                WI          GENEGRENGS
PA     D A V I D V. W E B B E R                 TX   DEAN      HOWARD                      TX   D A V I D R. W E B B                             WI         DONALD            GRUETT
PA     KEN     WILLIAMSON                       TX   DR, L A W R E N C E A. I R V I N E    TX   ED W E H R H E I M                               WI         JOFIN R. H A C K L A N D E R
SC     REID    GARRISON                         TX   RAY lONES                             T3   RANDY         DIAPER                             WI        D A V I D G. M I L L E R
SC     JOE H O W E L L                          TX   LEROY      LAKEY                      UT   D A V I D L. D U R B A N O                       WY         GEORGE           CATALANO
SC     B I L L R. M A R T I N                   TX   H.R. L A W S                          UT   R O B E R T G. S C f f l N D L E R               WY         C.K. A D A M S
SD     DAVE      CAMPBELL                       TX   JOE M A B E E                         VA   Dahlgren Navy Flying Club
SD     MIKE     HOFFMAN                         TX   WALTER        MAYER                   VA   TRAVIS        EDWARDS                            Canada:
TN     GARY      ALLEN                          TX   T H O M A S R. M C D A D E            VA   J . W . I S B E L L , SR.                        A U
                                                                                                                                                 A ll b e r t a    C H A R L E 7S J. Mj O ^N L
                                                                                                                                                                             T C T
                                                                                                                                                                   / " " T J A O T   A f / M F
TN     J O H N T. B A U G H , JR.               TX   B. N E I L M C N U ' I T              VA   PAUL       REMBOLD
                                                                                                                                                 Ontano            DON           MCNALL
TN     J O H N T. B A U G H     ffl             TX   FORREST       MOLBERG                 WA   ARIE B A N A Y
                                                                                                                                                 Ontario           STEPHEN           ROMAN
TN     DEBORAH          FLETCHER                TX   CHARLES        NEARBURG               WA   FLORENCE B . B A R T O N
TN     D.W. ROUNDS                              TX   EARLE M. PARKS                        WA   G. B R U S E E S K I L D S E N
TX     BILL    BIGELOW                          TX   JOHN PARSONS                          WA   DALE       HAWKINS                               Other Countries:
TX     E U G E N E A.   CERNAN                  TX   S T A N PINDER                        WA   F R E D S. J O N E S                             AustraUa           CHRIS W. GOBEL
TX     F R E D E R I C K J. C H E S S E R       TX   DALE     RICKETTS                     WA   R . J. M C W H O R T E R                         Bahamas            MILTON           MOSKO
TX     LANDON        CULLUM                     TX   TRENT      RICKETTS                   WA   D A V I D I. S T A D L E R                       Mexico             S A U L J. P E A
TX     DR. L O R E N F L E C K E N S T E I N    TX   K E I T H B. STOUT, M . D .           WA   W h i d b e y Isl. N a v y H y i i i g C l u b   Philippines JOSE R O A
TX     L Y N N FOSTER                           TX   JAMES      TALLEY                     WA   CALVIN         WILKINSON
TX     JLM G O L D F E L T Y                    TX   J. P A U L T I D W E L L              WI   R A L P H T. B R O T Z

                                                                                                                     One of a series of shots taken for the new cover
                                                                                                                     of "Formation Flight". This formation is led by
                                                                                                                     Gene Martin, with Dick Dieter (T 28), Jeff
                                                                                                                     Ethel (P-51), and Marion Gregory (SNJ) on his
                                                                                                                     wing. Photos taken by Lou Drendel and Rick
                                                                                                                     Gretz during "Hoosier Hoopla 88", the first
                                                                                                                     big airshow put on by the folks in Gary,
                                                                                                                     Indiana. This represents the four main groups
                                                                                                                     which have adopted the Patch qualification
                                                                                                                     process and manual use pioneered by the T-34

             Jud Deakins submitted this
             photo of his newly re-
              engined (300HP) A model,
              which was used as a prop
             for a photo session with
             Miss Budweiser. Really
             gorgeous! (Nice airplane,

pt^e      36

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