HMC WINS TEEN IDOL YANG ICTQATAR JUSTIN SURPRISES GOLD BIEBER NEXT WORLD NO.3 AWARD FOR MICHAEL TIANWEI E-LEARNING JACKSON? PAGE 17 | NATION PAGE 28 | CHILL OUT PAGE 36 | SPORTS www.qatar-tribune.com First with the news and what’s behind it SATURDAY FEBRUARY 12, 2011 RABI AL-AWWAL 9, 1432 I Newsline I Nationline I Businessline I Lifeline I Sportsline VOL. 5 NO. 1622 QR 2 MUBARAK TOPPLED Egypt celebrates, army takes over (Left) Protesters erupt with joy inside Tahrir Square and (right) an Egyptian boy kisses a soldier outside the presidential palace after the announcement of the resignation of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak (centre), in Cairo, on Friday. (REUTERS/AFP) I Jubilations in Tahrir Square & across Egypt I Protesters hope for democracy I 5 killed in El-Arish clashes REUTERS into the streets of Cairo and CAIRO Military chief salutes cheering crowds Alexandria, Egypt’s second city. Drivers honked car horns and waved THE MAN AT THE HELM EGYPTIAN cities erupted in celebra- THE top ﬁgure in Egypt’s new mili- announced he was stepping down, ﬂags from their windows. EGYPT’S Defence Minister tion when President Hosni Mubarak tary regime, Defence Minister Field the foreign ministry said. In Tahrir Square, they chanted: “God Mohamed Hussein Tantawi is stood down on Friday and the crowds Marshal Mohammed Hussein Stocks rise, oil falls, gold gains is Greatest”. The square, which takes its the head of the Higher Military who had protested against him claimed Tantawi, drove past Hosni World stocks rallied and oil prices name from the Arabic word for Council that took control of a victory over their ‘Pharaoh’ that they Mubarak’s former palace on Friday fell on Friday after Mubarak stepped ‘Liberation’, turned into a sea of red, Egypt after Hosni Mubarak hardly dare to believe. and saluted the cheering crowds. down. Prices of gold and US white and black Egyptian ﬂags. resigned his post as president on Mubarak handed power to the army, Switzerland orders freeze on Treasury bonds partly erased early Outside Egypt’s state television Friday. ending his three decades at the helm of Mubarak assets gains as Mubarak’s departure par- building, protesters shook hands with Tantawi’s resume: the Arab world’s largest nation. Vice The Swiss government on Friday tially revived investors’ appetite for soldiers who had been stationed there G Born on October 31, 1935 President Omar Suleiman said a mili- ordered a freeze on any assets risk. The US dollar brieﬂy pared to protect the building. Some jumped and joined the armed forces in tary council would run the affairs of the belonging to Hosni Mubarak and his gains, but remained strong against a up on to their tanks. 1956. nation. Mubarak, 82, had ﬂown with entourage shortly after it was basket of major currencies. “I can’t believe I am going to see G Tantawi holds the rank of Field his family from Cairo to the Red Sea another president in my lifetime!” said Marshal and has served in the resort of Sharm el-Sheikh earlier on Sherif el-Husseiny, a 33-year old government of Egypt as minister Friday, a ruling party ofﬁcial said. the hopes of our great people.” “We have done something unprece- lawyer. of defence and military production since 1991 and a gen- Egypt’s higher military council said Hundreds of thousands packed into dented in 7,000 years, we have brought Five people died and 42 were eral commander for the armed forces since 1995. it would announce measures for a Tahrir Square, the heart of protests down the Pharaoh. Egypt is free, it will wounded in clashes between Egyptian G Served in three wars against Israel, starting with the transitional phase. In a statement, that toppled Mubarak in a show of peo- never go back to what it was, we won’t protesters and police in the north 1956 Suez Crisis and both the 1967 and 1973 Middle titled ‘Communique No. 3’, it praised ple power unprecedented in Egypt’s let it,” said Tareq Saad, a 51-year-old Sinai town of El-Arish on Friday, wit- East wars. Mubarak for stepping down “in the modern history. “We have brought carpenter in the square. nesses said. G He was appointed deputy prime minister, in addition to interests of the nation” and said it down the regime, we have brought Some declared an end to injustice. Three of those who died were police- his post as defence minister, after Mubarak sacked his “salutes the martyrs” who lost their down the regime,” they chanted. Others said they ﬁnally saw hope for the men. Police evacuated the building, cabinet in a failed attempt to calm mass protests on lives in the unrest. “We know the They waved ﬂags, cried, cheered and future in a country which they feel has which was partly destroyed by ﬁre, and January 29. extent of the gravity and seriousness of embraced when the news reached lost its place as the political, cultural prisoners managed to escape. Five G His military background and seniority had led to specula- this issue and the demands of the peo- them through a public address system. and economic heart of the Arab world. police vehicles were set on ﬁre. tion he could be a possible runner for presidency, though ple to initiate radical changes,” the Fireworks burst over Tahrir Square as Most were just proud to be Egyptian on some analysts said he had limited support among the statement said. “The higher military Egyptians wept in joy and disbelief at a a day when history was made. SEE QT SPOTLIGHT: PAGE 2 armed forces’ rank and ﬁle. council is studying this issue to achieve day they never thought would come. When the news broke, cars poured SEE ALSO PAGE 16 World leaders react as Mubarak is ousted he transition of rance pays hom- sitional period of co-sharing of power e are all wit- and in particular there really must be look forward to the t is important now that the dialogue T F W I I “ power in Egypt to age to this between the army and the people. ness to a his- a move to civilian and democratic future to build a is accelerated leading to a broad- the Supreme Military courageous and — Mohamed ElBaradei toric change. We rule as part of this important transi- national consensus based government which will respect Council is a positive necessary decision expect the future tion to an open, democratic and free in the coming period. the aspirations of, and deliver stability and important step towards achieving the aspirations of the Egyptian people for democracy, reform, and a decent life. Qatar hopes Egypt will regain its leading role in the Arab and Muslim world. —Qatar gyptians have inspired us and ue their march towards liberty. — French President Nicolas Sarkozy V been heard. and calls on all Egyptians to contin- oice of the Egyptian people has — UN chief Ban Ki-moon W C e salute the great people of Egypt in their battle. We salute the army, which kept its promises. —Essam el-Erian, a senior leader of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood ongratulations to the Egyptian peo- ple. And we hope that a system meeting the expectations of the Egyptian govern- ment to continue to keep the peace in the Middle East, in that the agreements made with Israel are respected and Israel’s security is guaranteed. — German Chancellor Angela Merkel hat has happened today should Egypt. — British Prime Minister David Cameron I t’s too early to foresee how (the resignation) will affect things. We hope that the change to democracy in Egypt will happen without violence and that the peace accord will League Amr Moussa T There is a big chance now and a window has opened after this white revolution. — Secretary-General of the Arab he conquest by the will of the great Egyptian nation over the resistance and persistence of ofﬁcials who were for the Egyptian people. The future rightly remains in the hands of the Egyptian people. — European Union foreign affairs chief Catherine Ashton A rab regimes should learn a lesson from what happened. All Arab peo- ples suffer from the cor- “ E made it clear that nothing less than genuine democracy will carry the day. W e all look forward to working with the military to prepare for free and Egyptian people will emerge. —Turkey’s Foreign Minister Ahmet W only be the ﬁrst step. Those who now run Egypt have a duty to reﬂect remain. — An Israeli ofﬁcial dependent on the world powers is a great victory. ruption of their regimes. — Jordan’s Muslim — US President Barack Obama fair elections. I look forward to a tran- Davutoglu the wishes of the Egyptian people —Iran’s foreign ministry spokesman Brotherhood spokesman 02 Saturday, February 12, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com QT SPOTLIGHT ON EGYPTIAN CRISIS Inside M/E V-P names military council to run country’s affairs The making of Egypt and CAIRO Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak has stepped down and the vice- president has named a the unmaking of Mubarak military council to run AFP the country’s affairs, CAIRO state television said on Friday after 18 days of EGYPTIAN protesters who mass protests against have been camping out for 18 his rule. days in central Cairo’s Tahrir A ruling party ofﬁcial Square said they will go home said earlier that after the celebrations follow- Mubarak and his fami- Egypt’s vice-president ing the resignation of ly had left Cairo for the Omar Suleiman President Hosni Mubarak on glitzy Red Sea resort of Friday. Sharm el-Sheikh where there is a presidential residence. “We can ﬁnally go home!” He added that this proved Mubarak had handed powers to cried Mohammed Ibrahim, deputy Omar Suleiman. 38, a protest organiser. “We In the morning, Egypt’s powerful military gave guaran- have been here for 18 days tees that promised democratic reforms would be carried waiting for him to leave, and out but angry protesters intensiﬁed an uprising against we did it.” Mubarak by marching on the presidential palace and mob- The protesters who took bing the state television hub. over the square have no cen- The army’s gesture was an effort to defuse an 18-day- tral organisation to direct old revolt unprecedented in modern Egypt but, in ignoring them, but several who spoke the key demand of protesters for Mubarak’s ouster now, it to AFP said they would spend failed to stop turmoil disrupting the economy and rattling the night there to celebrate the Middle East. their victory before packing Mubarak had promised only that he would not for re- up and heading home. election in September and that he would preside over “Who would have thought reforms until then. we could ﬁnish the job in such This was not enough for the many hundreds of thou- a short time?” shouted Ahmed sands of mistrustful protesters who rallied in cities across Zahran, as he joined hundreds the Arab world’s most populous and inﬂuential country on of thousands who packed into FESTIVE MOOD Anti-government protesters celebrate inside Tahrir Square after the announcement of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak’s Friday, fed up with high unemployment, a corrupt elite and Tahrir Square to celebrate resignation, in Cairo, on Friday. (REUTERS) police repression. Mubarak’s overthrow. The escalating confrontation has raised fear of uncon- “We had been so depressed who called for demonstra- to the authorities. Around 23 million “We will be celebrating all trolled violence in the most populous Arab nation, a key and so unsure. This is the tions on January 25, inspired But on January 28, Egypt’s Egyptians have either regular night. It’s been a long difﬁcult US ally in an oil-rich region where the chance of chaos happiest moment of my life,” by the uprising in Tunisia that four main Internet service or occasional access to the two weeks, but we did it,” said spreading to other long stable but repressive states troubles added Zahran, a protest forced veteran strongman providers cut off access to their Internet, according to ofﬁcial Ihab Omar, a protester who the West. (REUTERS) organiser and cyber activist. Zine El Abidine Ben Ali out of customers in a bid to break the ﬁgures, more than a quarter has been demonstrating there “This is the happiest day for power after 23 years. momentum of the demonstra- of the population. since January 25. everyone in Tahrir Square The protest movement in tions. “We are the Internet youth, “I have hardly seen my wife and in Egypt.” Egypt had mobilised the It was restored ﬁve days we are the freedom youth”, a and children in over two Zahran was one of an army crowds using the Internet and later after the ban attracted group chanted, dancing and weeks, I can’t wait to go home of tech-savvy young activists social networks in a challenge global condemnation. hugging in Tahrir Square. and start our new life.” CALENDAR OF HOSNI MUBARAK’S 30-YEAR RULE OCTOBER 6, 1981 - Vice-President to install his son Gamal in his place. Hosni Mubarak is thrust into ofﬁce Days before, police say they detained NOVEMBER 19, 2006 - Mubarak says he when Islamists gun down President about 200 members and supporters will retain his responsibilities for the Anwar Sadat at a military parade. He of the Muslim Brotherhood. rest of his life. is approved as president in a referen- dum in November and re-elected in MAY 11, 2005 - Parliament votes to JUNE 4, 2009 - US President Barack October 1987 and October 1993. change the constitution to allow con- Obama in a speech in Cairo calls for a Mohamed Hussein Tantawi spoke with Gates tested presidential elections, dismiss- “new beginning” in ties between WASHINGTON US ofﬁcials see the head of Egypt’s military JUNE 26, 1995 - Gunmen attack ing opposition complaints that strict Washington and the Islamic world. council as an ally committed to avoiding another war with Mubarak’s car as he arrives at an rules would prevent genuine competi- Israel but have in the past criticised him privately as being Organization of African Unity summit tion. A referendum later in May over- MARCH 26, 2010 - Former UN nuclear resistant to political and economic reform. in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa. He whelmingly conﬁrms the constitu- chief Mohamed ElBaradei makes ﬁrst Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, the head of the Higher is unhurt and returns to Egypt. tional change. public appearance after his return to Military Council that took control of Egypt on Friday after Mubarak later blames a Sudanese Egypt in February. ElBaradei has said President Hosni Mubarak was swept from power, has spo- man for the attempt. SEPTEMBER 27, 2005 - Mubarak is he would consider a presidential bid if ken with US Defence Secretary Robert Gates by phone ﬁve sworn in for a ﬁfth consecutive term demands are met, including constitu- times since the crisis began, including as late as on NOVEMBER 17, 1997 - Egypt’s biggest after winning the ﬁrst contested presi- tional changes to limit power. Thursday evening. Islamic militant group, al-Gama’a al- dential election on September 7. Rival The ties are long-standing and important to Washington, Islamiya (Islamic Group) kill 58 Ayman Nour is the only member of MARCH 27, 2010 - Mubarak returns to which provides about $1.3 billion in military aid to Egypt tourists and four Egyptians at an DECEMBER 22, 1999 - Egypt agrees to parliament to remain seated during Egypt to reassure presidential powers each year. ancient temple near the southern town sell its natural gas through what the ceremony, apparently to show his after three weeks recovering from Pentagon ofﬁcials have been tight-lipped about the talks of Luxor. Six gunmen and three police Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak’s refusal to accept the ofﬁcial vote count. gallbladder surgery in Germany. between Tantawi and Gates but the US defense chief has also die. The state crushed groups ofﬁce dubs a “Pipeline of Peace.” After publicly praised Egypt’s military for being a stabilising force including al-Gama’a al-Islamiya and years of negotiations alongside the DECEMBER 8, 2005 - The Muslim NOVEMBER 29, 2010 - The Muslim during the unrest. On Tuesday, Gates said Egypt’s military Islamic Jihad, which targeted tourists, strains of Middle East peacemaking, Brotherhood increase their seats in Brotherhood says a rigged election had “made a contribution to the evolution of democracy.” Christians, ministers in a 1990s cam- Barak’s ofﬁce says gas will be piped parliament after an election marred has all but wiped out its presence in But in private, US ofﬁcials have characterised Tantawi as paign for an Islamic state and has kept from El-Arish in Egypt to Israel and by violence, but Mubarak’s party parliament, virtually eliminating someone “reluctant to change” and uncomfortable with the a tight lid on such groups since. the Palestinian Authority, and later to retains a big majority. Eight people opposition to Mubarak’s ruling party US focus on ﬁghting terrorism, according to a 2008 State Turkey, Syria and Lebanon were killed on the last day of voting on before a 2011 presidential vote. The Department cable released by the WikiLeaks website. OCTOBER 5, 1999 - Mubarak is sworn in December 7. The Muslim group skirts a ban on religious parties Tantawi, 75, has served in three conﬂicts with Israel, as president for his fourth term and MARCH 2005 - Street protests by the Brotherhood says it has won 12 seats, by running independents. starting with the 1956 Suez Crisis and in both the 1967 names Atef Obeid as prime minister Kefaya (Enough) Movement draw expanding its parliamentary bloc to and 1973 Middle East wars. (REUTERS) after the government led by Kamal hundreds across Egypt to oppose a 88, nearly a ﬁfth of the seats and its FEBRUARY 11, 2011 President Hosni Ganzouri resigns. ﬁfth term for Mubarak or any attempt strongest showing ever. Mubarak resigns. Milestones of the democratic upsurge in the Arab world EGYPT — Vice President Zine al-Abidine overhaul the network of ernment opponents who which was expected to start appealed to the opposition Bakhit, a conservative for- President Omar Suleiman Ben Ali ﬂed to Saudi Arabia police, security forces and demanded the emergency this week, had been delayed to call off protests. mer prime minister to said on Friday a military last month after 23 years in spies built up by Ben Ali powers be scrapped. so that it could consult with Saleh promised direct head a new government council would run the affairs charge of a police state. over two decades. Interim Several Algerian towns opposition ﬁgures outside election of provincial gover- after accepting the resig- of the Arab world’s most Mohamed Ghannouchi, head of state Fouad including the capital experi- the Arabian Peninsula nors and also agreed to re- nation of Samir Rifai. He populous nation following prime minister under Ben Mebazza has promised the enced days of rioting and country, a US ally in the open voter registration for asked the new government the resignation of Mubarak. Ali since 1999, now heads start of a national dialogue protests last month, pro- ﬁght against al Qaeda. elections due in April after to take speedy and tangible An army statement ear- an interim government. He to try to address citizens’ voked by a jump in food Yemeni President Ali opposition complaints that steps to launch political lier on Friday noted that appointed opposition fig- demands. prices. Two people died and Abdullah Saleh said on around 1.5 million Yemenis reform. Mubarak had handed pow- ures to a national unity ALGERIA — Algeria’s hundreds were injured, ofﬁ- February 3, he would not were unable to sign up. Jordan has announced ers to govern the country of coalition and later, after state of emergency, in force cials said. To calm the situa- seek to extend his presiden- JORDAN — King a $225 million package of 80 million people to his more violent protests, for the past 19 years, is to be tion, Algeria cut the cost of cy, in a move that would Abdullah of Jordan, a close cuts in the prices of some deputy the previous day. It purged the new cabinet of lifted soon, ofﬁcial media some basic foodstuffs and end his three-decade rule U.S. ally, replaced his prime types of fuel and staples further promised to guaran- most of the remnants of Ben quoted President Abdelaziz increased wheat supplies to when his current term minister on Tuesday after including sugar and rice. tee free and fair elections Ali’s regime. Bouteflika as saying on markets. expires in 2013. protests, but the Islamist Rifai had also announced and other concessions made Tunisia’s interior min- Thursday. YEMEN — Yemen’s Saleh also vowed not to opposition dismissed the wage increases to civil ser- by Mubarak. istry also replaced 34 sen- The announcement fol- opposition said on pass on the reins of govern- move as insufﬁcient. vants and the military in an TUNISIA — Tunisia’s ior security officials, to lowed pressure from gov- Wednesday a dialogue, ment to his son. He The king asked Marouf attempt to restore calm. GULF / MIDDLE EAST Saturday, February 12, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com 03 Iran marks 32nd anniversary of 1979 REUTERS President Mahmoud in a speech at Tehran’s Azadi the Zionist regime as it has TEHRAN Ahmadinejad reiterated the (Liberty) square, to chants of been imposed ... by you.” authorities’ view — challenged “Mubarak, congratulations on People in the square waved HUNDREDS of thousands by their political opponents — the Egyptians’ uprising.” ﬂags and carried pictures of the turned out on Friday to mark that the uprisings in Tunisia Ahmadinejad also predicted late leader of Iran’s revolution, the 32nd anniversary of Iran’s and against Egypt’s President the fall of the “arrogant pow- Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Islamic Revolution in a rally Hosni Mubarak are an ers” and called on them to and his successor Supreme the clerical establishment “Islamic awakening” similar “dismantle the Zionist regime Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. billed as a chance to show sol- to Iran’s revolution. (Israel) which is the main State television said “tens of idarity with “Islamic” protest- Most opposition groups in cause of all crimes.” Iran does millions of people” rallied to ers in Egypt. Egypt, including the banned not recognize Israel. support the revolution across “Death to America,” and Muslim Brotherhood, have “Soon a new Middle East the country. “Death to Israel,” shouted stressed the secular nature of will be created ... a Middle A dispute over the presiden- demonstrators, repeating the their protests. East in which there is no place tial election in 2009 provoked ritual chant of the revolution “Victory is imminent ... arro- for arrogant powers,” the worst unrest in three which toppled the US-backed gant powers are close to hitting Ahmadinejad said, his speech decades in Iran itself, and also Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (centre)) waves to supporters during a rally, on Tehran’s Shah in 1979 and swept the the end ... Our nation supports broadcast live on state televi- led to a deepening rift among Azadi Square, on Friday. (AFP) Shiite Muslim clergy to power. your choice,” he told the crowd sion. “You have to dismantle the ruling elite. South Sudan clashes toll reach 105 AFP JUBA A SPATE of attacks by rebels against the south Sudanese army in the region’s troubled Jonglei state killed 105 people, 39 of them civilians, an army spokesman said on Friday, leaving a hard-won truce in tatters. “On the side of the military that includes the SPLA, the police and the prison services, 20 were killed in Fangak town, while 30 of Athor’s men were killed,” Philip Aguer told AFP. He was referring to rene- gade southern general George Athor whose supporters attacked troops of the south’s Sudan People’s Liberation Army on Wednesday evening shattering a “permanent ceaseﬁre” they signed just last month. The number of casualties is high because the attacks were a sur- prise. This is some- thing we were not expecting because we trusted the ceasefire that was signed. “Sadly, there were 39 civil- ians killed, including women and children, and 65 others wounded,” as well as 30 wounded SPLA troops, Aguer said, adding that the ﬁghting had now halted. The latest reported deaths from clashes in Fangak town on Wednesday evening and Thursday morning represent a dramatic jump from an ear- lier toll of 16 people killed in ﬁghting between southern troops and the rebels in the Door area of Fangak county. “The number of casualties is high because the attacks were a surprise. This is something we were not expecting because we trusted the ceaseﬁre that was signed,” Aguer said. There was no immediate response from Athor when AFP tried to contact him by phone, but speaking to the independent Sudan Radio Service on Thursday he accused the SPLA of starting the attacks. Medics at Malakal hospital, in neighbouring Upper Nile state, said that several people wounded in the ﬁghting had already arrived and they were expecting to receive more. “We are preparing ourselves to be ready for any help we can give to those who may come,” said Tut Gony, the hospital’s medical director. Athor launched his rebellion last year after claiming he was cheated in an election for the governorship of Jonglei state, the south’s most populous. Athor’s men signed the January ceaseﬁre with the southern army just days before a landmark referen- dum on independence for the south but he himself stayed away from the signing cere- mony in the regional capital Juba. 04 Saturday, February 12, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com UK/EUROPE Inside Italy on alert as MADE FOR EACH OTHER Claude Chirac (right), daughter of former French president Jacques Chirac, and husband Frederic Salat-Baroux outside the town hall after their civil wedding ceremony, in Paris, on Europe Friday. (REUTERS) Facebook set to launch mobile phone boatloads arrive from Tunisia LONDON After reaching heights of success, Facebook is now out with its phone for millions of users. A mobile phone manufacturer is set to launch the ﬁrst Facebook phone. AFP “They all said they were the island of Favignana. INQ Mobile on Friday LAMPEDUSA from Tunisia,” the “The problem is that the revealed two new Android spokesman said. bilateral agreement that we smartphones for the UK ITALY on Friday warned of a The latest boat, carrying 181 have with Tunisia and which market that are designed looming immigration ‘emer- people including 16 minors, allowed up until now for an expressly for 18/28-year- gency’ and appealed for was found early on Friday in efﬁcient management of ille- old Facebook users — the European Union assistance, Italian waters and taken to gal immigration is not being INQ Cloud Touch and the as coast guards intercepted Lampedusa by coast guards. implemented because of the INQ Cloud Q. six boats carrying hundreds crisis situation,” Maroni said. Working closely with of immigrants from Tunisia. Foreign Minister Franco the team behind “There is a risk of a real Italy needs Euro- Frattini said: “We are faced Facebook, London-based humanitarian emergency,” pean help and with a real immigration emer- INQ has given the home Interior Minister Roberto made a request for gency and we cannot conceive screen a visual feed that Maroni said. The uprisings in the EU’s justice that Italy should be the place lets users quickly access Egypt and Tunisia are leading and home affairs where everyone arrives and updates, pictures, videos, to a “mass ﬂight” to Italian council later this everyone stays. We had an and other Facebook con- shores by undocumented month to discuss excellent collaboration with tent, the Daily Mail immigrants, Maroni said. the crisis in North Tunisia.” reports. Maroni said Italy needed Africa and its Frattini said Tunisian The phones provide European help and had made effects on immi- Foreign Minister Ahmed quick links to all the pop- a request for the EU’s justice gration and inter- Abderraouf Ounais will visit ular Facebook features, and home affairs council later nal security in Italy next week “to re-conﬁrm including chat, messages, this month to discuss “the cri- Europe. the cooperation agreements.” wall postings and notiﬁca- sis in North Africa and its INTERIOR MINISTER ROBERTO MARONI The Italian foreign ministry tions. Facebook messages effects on immigration and website said the visit was and instant online chat internal security in Europe.” expected next Thursday. facilities are what today’s The next justice and home They will undergo health Giuseppe Lumia, a senator generation now uses for affairs council meeting is set checks and will then be taken from the opposition centre- communication. for February 24-25. to immigrant detention cen- left Democratic Party, criti- Facebook Events Meanwhile, a spokesman tres ahead of eventual repatri- cised the government for fail- replaces the traditional for Italy’s coast guard in ation, he added. ing to prepare for the immi- diary and lets people Lampedusa, a tiny island ANSA news agency also gration ﬂux. schedule events and sync between Sicily and Tunisia’s quoted ofﬁcials at the Sicilian “There is a real immigration these with Google shores, said that a total of 641 port of Trapani saying that emergency... The situation Calendar, and instead of undocumented immigrants coast guards had rescued nine risks exploding any moment an address book there is had been intercepted by coast Tunisian immigrants from a and the government is com- simply a ‘friend list’. (IANS) guards since late on Thursday. sinking boat on Friday near pletely unprepared,” he said. Search for 9 Turkish coal ﬁeld workers on ANKARA Rescuers on Friday struggled to save nine workers unaccounted Swedish PM makes Assange Father ‘killed’ enemy No. 1, says lawyer girls: Police for after a large cave-in at a coal ﬁeld in southern Turkey, Anatolia news agency quoted ofﬁcials as saying. Dozens of rescuers, AFP Mediterranean island of aided by sniffer dogs, AFP of Reinfeldt’s comments. GENEVA Corsica on February 1. were working at the site LONDON The hearing, which had ini- “In all likelihood they are in of Thursday’s accident at tially been scheduled to last THE father of missing Swiss Corsica,” said Sauterel, as the privately-run facility in A LAWYER for Julian two days, was expected to end six-year-old twins wrote to dozens of French police Kahramanmaras province. Assange argued on Friday later Friday but the judge is their mother to say he had combed various parts of the One person was killed that Sweden’s prime minister likely to defer his decision on “killed” the girls, shortly island but focusing on the and seven others injured had ruined the WikiLeaks whether the extradition can before he committed suicide northwest, where Schepp had in the accident. (AFP) founder’s chances of a fair take place until later this in southeastern Italy, Swiss visited on holidays and for his trial over rape claims as he month. If the decision goes police revealed on Friday. work in recent years. EU lawyers studying attempted to stall his extradi- against Assange, he can appeal. Police, who have Police in Switzerland, tion from Britain. Assange was in the dock, described Matthias Schepp France and Italy have been Hungarian response In closing arguments in after arriving at the court in as a “desperate person” dur- engaged in an increasingly BRUSSELS Hungary is Assange’s extradition case, south London ﬂanked by his ing his three-country dash, gloomy hunt for clues about making every effort to lawyer Geoffrey Robertson lawyers and WikiLeaks said that the letter was post- the fate and whereabouts of ensure its controversial attacked Prime Minister spokesman Kristinn marked February 3, the day the fair-haired girls after media law complies with Fredrik Reinfeldt’s comments Hrafnsson. he threw himself under a Schepp failed to return them EU rules but it is too early which indicated that the The former computer hack- train. to his estranged wife in to say if proposed amend- whistleblowing website’s er was arrested in London in “The last envelope dated Switzerland on January 30. ments meet all EU con- chief had taken women’s WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange (left) with his lawyer Jennifer December on a European February 3 contained a letter Schepp killed himself in cerns, the European rights “lightly”. Robinson (centre) at Belmarsh Magistrates’ Court, in London, on warrant issued by Sweden in which the father said he Cerignola four days later, in Commission said on Friday. Robertson told Belmarsh Friday. (REUTERS) and spent a week in killed the two girls, saying he apparent desperation at his The EU executive said it Magistrates Court that Wandsworth Prison before was in Cerignola (southern separation from his wife Irina received a letter from the Assange was “enemy number case but his attempt to have stems from WikiLeaks’ being released on bail. Italy) where he was about to Lucidi and a custody dispute Hungarian government on one as a result of the prime the case adjourned as a result release of thousands of classi- Assange’s supporters say kill himself,” Vaud regional over the daughters. Thursday detailing pro- minister’s statement”. was turned down. ﬁed US cables. they fear that extradition to police spokesman Jean- Investigators revealed late posed amendments. “In a small country it has Sweden wants to extradite Clare Montgomery, the Sweden will lead to him even- Christophe Sauterel told jour- Thursday after examining his Lawyers would have to created a toxic atmosphere,” Assange to face questioning British lawyer acting for tually being delivered to the nalists. computer that Schepp had determine if the changes he said. “Media is reporting it over allegations he raped and Sweden, dismissed United States, where some “I can conﬁrm that in his consulted websites on sui- would bring Hungary into and using it as a basis for sexually assaulted two Robertson’s argument as politicians have called for him letter he also said that they cide, poisoning and ﬁrearms full and complete compli- comment.” women, although he has not “hyperbole” and district judge to face the death penalty for did not suffer and were rest- as well as travel to Corsica ance with EU law, its The lawyer asked to be been charged. Howard Riddle, who is hear- leaking state secrets. ing in peace,” he added, as the before his turn for custody of spokesman Jonathan Todd allowed to bring extra evi- But the 39-year-old ing the extradition case alone, His lawyers have attacked 12-day search for the children the girls. said. (REUTERS) dence about how the com- Australian insists the attempt rejected the attempt to have the Swedish justice system in homed in on one of Schepp’s However, no guns have ments could have affected the is politically motivated and the case adjourned as a result the extradition hearing. last stops on the French been found. Berlusconi accuses magistrates of plotting political coup REUTERS everyone, am a sinner but the type Berlusconi, who is clinging to dancer Karima El Mahroug. ROME of moralistic justice being waged power after a split in the ruling The deposition also alleges that against me is ... simply scandalous,” PDL party last year. he later exerted improper pressure PRIME Minister Silvio Berlusconi he said in the interview with Il In his latest broadside against the on ofﬁcials to have El Mahroug, on Friday acknowledged he Foglio’s editor Giuliano Ferrara, a magistrates, who the prime minister known by her stage name Ruby, “sometimes is a sinner” but former Berlusconi minister. says are politically motivated, released from a Milan police sta- accused magistrates who want Prosecutors accuse the prime Berlusconi said their investigation tion after she was detained on him to stand trial over a sex scan- minister of paying for sex with a was “farcical and worthy of the espi- unrelated theft allegations. dal of using Soviet-style spying to nightclub dancer when she was onage hunting expeditions on other He has acknowledged making a oust him in a political coup. under 18, which is against the law people’s lives that were carried out call to police on El Mahroug’s The embattled prime minister in Italy. They also accuse him of in communist (East) Germany.” behalf, saying he had been told she used an interview in Il Foglio, an abusing the powers of his ofﬁce by He said he was the target of those was Egyptian President Hosni inﬂuential opinion daily, to raise pressuring police to have her who wanted to carry out a political Mubarak’s niece. He says he was the stakes in his war of nerves with released from custody over sepa- “coup by moralists”. only trying to avoid a potential Milan magistrates ahead of a rate theft allegations. The prosecutors’ request for a diplomatic embarrassment. judge’s decision next week on Their request for an immediate trial had hundreds of pages of evi- Both Berlusconi and El Mahroug whether he should stand trial on trial, indicating that they believe dence alleging Berlusconi paid for denied that they had sex but she has charges of paying for sex with a they have enough evidence to skip sex with a “signiﬁcant number” of acknowledged she received 7,000 minor and later abusing his power a preliminary hearing, adds to the young women, including then-17- euros after attending a party with to help her. “I, sometimes, like considerable pressure on year-old Moroccan nightclub other young women at his villa. PHILIPPINES / EAST ASIA Saturday, February 12, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com 05 Seven suspected Somali pirates Man who filmed to be put on trial in Malaysia Indonesia AFP KUALA LUMPUR mob attack A MALAYSIAN court on Friday charged seven suspect- ed Somali pirates for ﬁring at goes into hiding Malaysian forces during a Gulf of Aden raid to free a AFP West Java province, and hijacked tanker, under laws JAKARTA others seen in the video were that carry the death penalty. being hunted down. Malaysia became the ﬁrst AN INDONESIAN man who More than 1,000 extrem- nation in Asia to lay charges risked his life to ﬁlm a mob ist Muslims took part in the against suspected Somali brutally lynching members assault, armed with pirates, as part of growing of his minority Islamic sect is machetes, sticks and stones, legal moves around the world in grave danger and has and wearing blue ribbons to to deal with the piracy crisis gone into hiding, rights identify themselves from off lawless Somalia, which has activists said on Friday. their targets. surged in recent years. The harrowing video of Arif ﬁlmed them entering Three of the accused Sunday’s attack shocked the the front yard and pushing brought to Malaysian court on mainly Muslim nation and police aside with shouts of Friday are just 15 years old graphically illustrated rising “inﬁdel” and “burn the and if found guilty would not levels of intolerance and vio- Ahmadiyah.”A small group of face the possibility of execu- lence directed at religious Ahmadiyah inside responded tion, a penalty that is carried minorities such as the with rocks and punches but out by hanging in Malaysia. Ahmadiyah sect. were quickly overwhelmed. Looking calm, the young It showed police running Apparently mistaken for a men dressed in orange jump away as hundreds of Muslim journalist by the mob, Arif suits with their hands cuffed thugs screaming “Allahu kept ﬁlming as the attackers behind their backs were akbar” attacked a house began destroying the house brought under heavy security belonging to an Ahmadiyah and hunting down any into a packed courtroom. Detained Somali pirates escorted by police as they leave a courthouse, in Kuala Lumpur, on Friday. (REUTERS) leader. Three sect members defenders who had tried to They were charged with ﬁr- were stabbed, clubbed and ﬂee. ing at members of the Malaysia became ty of Malaysia” and “against the sion to prosecute the pirates. Somali pirates last month stoned to death. “There was One half-naked man was Malaysian armed forces while the first nation in citizens of Malaysia,” he said. The Somali pirates must also hijacked a South Korean a warning from the national ﬁlmed being clubbed and committing a robbery, with Asia to lay charges “By virtue of this, we have realise that the world is seri- chemical tanker in the Arabian police detective that if the stoned to death in the yard, the intention to cause death against suspected jurisdiction to try them,” ous about eradicating the Sea, but the ship and its crew man appears in public, his while the bodies of two oth- or injury, in the January 20 Somali pirates, as Abazafree said, adding that menace and will not hesitate were rescued by South Korean life could be in danger,” ers were ﬁlmed being raid. They did not enter a part of growing the prosecution was conﬁdent to capture and charge them naval commandos in a dramat- National Human Rights clubbed, stoned and other- plea. legal moves that it had a strong case. accordingly.” ic raid six days later. Commission deputy chair- wise deﬁled as onlookers The seven have been held around the world Noel Choong, head of the The MT Bunga Laurel was Five captured Somalis man Joseph Adi Prasetyo laughed and took photo- on remand in Malaysia since to deal with the International Maritime bound for Singapore with a were later taken to the south- told reporters. “Based on graphs. Police knew of the January 31, when they arrived piracy crisis off Bureau (IMB) Piracy cargo of lubricating oil worth ern port of Busan and for- information from the police attack but failed to intervene on board the tanker MT lawless Somalia, Reporting Centre, hailed the more than $10 million when mally arrested for suspected intelligence unit, the situa- to protect the Ahmadiyah. Bunga Laurel, which was which has surged decision to prosecute the raiders armed with AK-47 maritime robbery, attempted tion was very dangerous and The footage shows police seized by pirates along with its in recent years. seven as a bold move. assault riﬂes boarded and murder and ship hijacking. could lead to his death.” ﬂeeing the initial clash and crew of 23 on January 20. “In our view, this is exactly took control of the ship. The case has been handed The commission can- milling around in the mob On the historic decision to threatened the security of what should be done and if Malaysian naval comman- over to South Korean state celled a press conference passively observing the charge the pirates, prosecutor Malaysians. this kind of action is taken, dos from a vessel protecting prosecutors, who are with the man, identiﬁed mayhem. Mohamad Abazafree The attorney-general, the then we would see a reduction shipping in the Gulf of Aden, responsible for bringing for- only as a civil servant called A police spokesman said Mohamad Abbas said government’s top lawyer, was in the scale and violence of the along with a navy attack heli- mal charges. Attempted Arif, due to the unspeciﬁed that provincial police chief Malaysia had the jurisdiction empowered to lay charges attacks,” he told AFP. copter, responded to a distress murder can be punishable threats. Arif was seen being Agus Kusnadi, who super- to put the pirates on trial since under Malaysian laws against “We commend the call and captured the pirates by life imprisonment in led away to secure location vised the area, had been the their alleged actions had anyone that “affects the securi- Malaysian government’s deci- after a brief ﬁreﬁght. South Korea. wearing dark sunglasses. demoted. “The demotion National police was caused by the interest spokesman Boy Raﬂi Amar of the organisation. There conﬁrmed that Arif, a mem- was a system that did not Indonesia arrests 13 men Philippine govt,ceasefire agree on 7-day Maoists ber of the Ahmadiyah com- munity, which numbers in the hundreds of thousands in Indonesia, was under run well,” police spokesman Anton Bachrul Alam said. Similar attacks in the past have been attributed to over religious violence REUTERS MANILA Alexander Padilla, the head of the government’s ﬁve-mem- police protection. “Arif is being questioned as a witness related to the Cikeusik incident,” he Ahmadiyah “provocations”, and while some Muslim lead- ers have tried to blame the victims again this week the AFP lar abuse and persecution ber peace panel, told added. The Ahmadiyah dif- ﬁlm speaks for itself. JAKARTA since their sect was slapped Philippine government and reporters. fer from orthodox Muslims Two days later another with restrictions at the urging Maoist guerrillas have agreed Active in 69 of 80 provinces in that they do not believe mob of enraged Muslims INDONESIAN police said on of mainstream Muslims in to observe a seven-day cease- across the country, mostly in Mohammed (PUBH) was rampaged through the Friday they had arrested 13 2008. ﬁre as formal peace negotia- poor but resource-rich rural the last prophet. Under pres- streets of Temanggung, men over two incidents of Two days later another mob tions resume next week in areas, the 4,000-member sure from hardliners in Central Java, and set ﬁre to religious mob violence which of enraged Muslims ram- Oslo to end an insurgency New People’s Army, armed 2008, the government churches after a Christian left three people dead and paged through the streets of that began in the 1960s. wing of the Communist Party issued a decree restricting man was jailed for insulting churches in ﬂames. Temanggung, Central Java, Since 1986, there have been of the Philippines, has been their religious freedoms. Islam. The crowd wanted Five people have been and set ﬁre to churches after a stop-start talks to ﬁnd a polit- ﬁghting to overthrow the Police earlier ﬁve people him executed. Police said detained over the brutal Christian man was jailed for ical solution to one of the national government. had been arrested over the eight people had been arrest- lynching of three members of insulting Islam. The crowd world’s longest-running The conﬂict has killed lynching in Cikeusik village, ed over the incident. a minority Islamic sect in wanted him executed. Communist insurgencies. 40,000 people and discour- West Java on Sunday, after President Susilo Bambang Police said eight people The talks, brokered by aged investment in resource- graphic footage of the inci- Yudhoyono had been arrested over the Norway, had been stalled rich rural areas due to rebel dent was released on the incident. since 2004 after the Maoists attacks and extortion. The Internet, police said. searching for them,” he said. President Susilo Bambang were placed on terrorist Maoists want to ban mining “A total of ﬁve people More than 1,000 extremist Yudhoyono has ordered the blacklists by Washington and activity, distribute agricultural involved in the attack against Muslims assaulted a house police to go “all-out” against some Western European land to farmers and nationalise Ahmadiyah followers have belonging to a leader of the any extremist groups behind states. There was a also industries. Manila is unlikely to been arrested. More will be Ahmadiyah sect, screaming the unrest, although none has ceaseﬁre over Christmas. accede to rebels’ demand, but it arrested as they have been “Allahu Akbar” (God is great- claimed responsibility. “Our most optimistic pro- wants to pursue talks to pre- identiﬁed through the est) as they beat and stoned Human rights activists say jection is that this process can vent violence. Manila has been YouTube video,” Banten three sect members to death. the ex-general has repeatedly be completed in 18 months, negotiating separately with the province police spokesman Police knew of the attack failed to tackle the sources of and peace achievable in three main Muslim separatist group Gunawan Setiadi told AFP. but failed to intervene to pro- intolerance in the country of years if both sides are focused to end four decades of sepa- Video footage shows villagers attacking people of minority “At least ﬁve people are still tect the Ahmadiyah, who 240 million people, 80 per- and sincere in ﬁnally ending ratist rebellion that has killed Ahmadiyah sect, in Pandeglang, on Sunday. (AFP) at large and our team is still have been subjected to regu- cent of whom are Muslims. senseless violence,” 120,000 people. Thai constitution amendments for early elections AFP based members of parliament end of this year, when his tions, have held a series of BANGKOK and 125 from party lists. term ﬁnishes. peaceful one-day rallies in the Prime Minister Abhisit Mass protests in April and capital in recent weeks. THAILAND’S parliament on Vejjajiva has said the amend- May of last year by the “Red Rival “Yellow Shirt” nation- Friday approved constitution- ments to the charter — intro- Shirt” movement, which is alist activists meanwhile have al amendments that the prime duced following a 2006 coup broadly loyal to fugitive for- been rallying near minister had set as a condition and approved in a referendum mer premier Thaksin Government House calling for for early elections, as protest- the following year — are neces- Abhisit to step down over his ers gathered in Bangkok to sary before parliament can be Abhisit said on handling of a deadly border demand his resignation. dissolved for snap polls. Wednesday he dispute with Cambodia. The legislation, approved by Abhisit said on Wednesday would call a vote in Several thousand Yellows 347 to 37 votes, includes a he would call a vote in the ﬁrst the first half of gathered in Bangkok on switch to a single-seat con- half of this year if there was no this year if there Friday, easily outnumbered stituency system from multi- fresh political violence. was no fresh by police ofﬁcers, according to ple seats, and an increase in The British-born, Oxford- political violence. an AFP photographer. the number of lawmakers educated head of the estab- Shinawatra, left 90 people The cabinet on Tuesday elected through party-list pro- lishment Democrat Party, dead in street clashes between agreed to invoke the Internal portional representation. who came to power in 2008 demonstrators and the army. Security Act in Bangkok to Under the new system, through a parliamentary vote, Thailand’s Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva during a parliamentary session at the Parliament, in The Reds, who where cam- cope with renewed political there will be 375 constituency- must call an election by the Bangkok, on Friday. (REUTERS) paigning for immediate elec- rallies in the capital. 06 Saturday, February 12, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com INDIA PM presents Jnanpith Award to O N V Kurup Congress refutes IANS THIRUVANANTHAPURAM College. The 79-year-old poet was named for the award for the besides being a hugely popu- lar lyricist, was also named for the Padma Shri in 1998 am honoured that this has come through me.î Earlier, Chief Minister V S Shourie’s PRIME Minister Manmohan Singh on Friday handed over year 2007. O N V, as he is popularly and Padma Vibhushan in 2011. Achuthanandan said the award once again brought claim on the prestigious Jnanpith Award to O N V Kurup. “This award has estab- known in Kerala and literary circles, is the ﬁfth Malayalee writer and the second poet O N V Kurup is the fifth Malayalee Malayalam language to the limelight. The chief minister also 2G scam lished itself as the most from Kerala after late G writer to be named referred to Kurup’s strong IANS prestigious literary award. Sankara Kurup to be named stand against excluding NEW DELHI for Jnanpith. The works of great authors for Jnanpith. Malayalam from the status from all languages in our The other awardees from Speaking at the function, of classic languages. THE Congress on country should be made Kerala were S K Pottekad, the poet said: “Anyone who He urged the prime minis- Friday described as available to all through Thakazhi Siva Sankara Pillai writes in any Indian lan- ter to help make study of the “baseless and irrespon- translations,” Manmohan and M T Vasudevan Nair. guage is an Indian poet and I language compulsory in all sible” former commu- Singh said in his address at O N V, among the great am more happy that my lan- schools in the state following nications minister the Government Women’s living poets of the country Malayalee writer O N V Kurup. guage has got this award. I any curriculum. Arun Shourie’s state- ment that he had apprised Prime Minister Manmohan Resumption MUMBAI’S DABBAWALLAHS Singh of the 2G spec- trum scam two years of talks with US Commerce Secretary Gary Locke (centre) poses with ‘dabbawallahs’ - Mumbai’s famous army of lunchbox delivery men, in Mumbai, on Friday. Locke spent six days in India accompanied by leaders of 24 US companies, including major players in defence and nuclear power. (AFP) ago but there was no response. Pakistan a At Congress the routine brieﬁng, spokesperson Manu conscious Abhishek Singhvi said: “It is a baseless and decision: Govt irresponsible state- ment about the prime minister and his IANS ofﬁce.” NEW YORK “It is aimed at divert- ing the attention from INDIA on Friday said its the acts of the National move to resume talks with Democratic Alliance Pakistan on all outstanding (NDA) government, in issues was a “conscious deci- which Shourie was a sion” but made it clear that it member,” the Congress expected Islamabad to take leader added. steps to bring to justice the Shourie, talking to perpetrators of the 26/11 journalists of the Mumbai carnage. Indian Express group “It is a conscious decision on Thursday, said he that was made,” Krishna, who had “apprised touched down on Thursday Manmohan Singh and on a two-day visit, said. subsequently alerted “We will have to sort out all the Central Bureau of the outstanding issues Investigation (CBI)” between our two countries,” about the 2G spectrum said Krishna, who has come corruption under min- here on his ﬁrst visit to the ister Andimuthu Raja United Nations after India in the United became a non-permanent Progressive Alliance member for a two-year term (UPA) government. Jan 1, 2011. Shourie also claimed “We are hopeful the talks that he even intro- between the foreign secre- duced a whistleblower taries will go in a direction to the CBI. that is positive and pave the Shourie said he “had way for a bigger meeting asked the PM in 2009 Himachal govt gives clean (between the foreign minis- if he could meet his ters) whenever that will be,” principal secretary T K he stressed. A Nair to give the “Nothing is static in rela- details”. But there was tionships between countries,” no response from the Krishna replied when asked PMO, he added. chit to Karmapa Lama what made India agree to Singhvi wondered talks at this stage amid wide- why Shourie was com- spread perception in India ing out with the state- that Pakistan has not done ment two years after he enough to punish the perpe- claims to have apprised trators of the Mumbai the prime minister. attacks. The Congress “India expects that IANS Gyuto Tantric University and “Police are questioning the spokesman pointed out Pakistan will continue to take SHIMLA monastery near Dharamsala, monastery functionaries and that Shourie has spo- steps to bring to justice all the where the the Dalai Lama is the law will take its own ken after the Justice perpetrators of the Mumbai THE Himachal Pradesh gov- heading his government-in- course,” she said. Shivraj Patil attacks,” he said. ernment on Friday gave a exile. Sandhu said: “The Seven people, including the Commission report “Having taken that position clean chit to the 17th Karmapa Karmapa is a religious head Karmapa’s aide Rubgi made critical observa- it is necessary for our two Ogyen Trinley Dorje in any and has followers across the Chosang, also known as Shakti tions about the way countries to engage on vari- ﬁnancial irregularities, and world. We respect their reli- Lama, are in police custody. Shourie and the NDA ous other issues where we will categorically ruled out the pos- gious activities. We don’t On recommending to the government tackled be able to come to reasonable sibility of any action against central government to deport the 2G spectrum issue. agreements, which will be him. Police on January the Karmapa from India, the “Why was he keeping beneﬁcial to the people of “There is no involvement of 28 recovered near- chief secretary said: “There is mum all this time?,” both the countries,” he added. the Karmapa (in any ﬁnancial ly Rs 70 million no question at all.” Singhvi asked. The 2G India on Thursday irregularities). We have rea- worth of unac- She also clariﬁed that there spectrum allotment in announced that it was ready sons to believe that some counted foreign was no communication from 2008 under minister A to resume discussions with donations came for the and Indian curren- the central government to go Raja, now in CBI cus- Pakistan on all issues after monastery and the Karmapa cy from the slow on the Karmapa issue. tody, has raised a wide-ranging talks between has nothing to do with that. Karmapa Lama’s Police still believe the seized major controversy. foreign secretaries of the two Monastery functionaries were monastery, money was meant for some The Comptroller countries in the Bhutanese managing the affairs (ﬁnancial “illegal” land deal in and Auditor General capital Sunday. While agree- transactions),” Chief Secretary interfere in any religious Dharamsala with the involve- of India, in its report ing to resume talks, New Rajwant Sandhu told affairs.” ment of the Karmapa’s aide submitted to parlia- Delhi, however, refrained reporters. She said police are still Shakti Lama. ment in November, from mentioning the compos- Police on January 28 recov- investigating where the seized However, Sandhu said: “The put the notional loss ite dialogue that covered ered nearly Rs 70 million currency, the bulk of it Chinese government is conducting the to the public excheq- structured talks on eight worth of unaccounted foreign yuans, as also $600,000, survey to know the ‘benami’ uer at as high as Rs issues of interest between the and Indian currency from the came from, its origin and for properties acquired by the 1.76 lakh crore. two countries. The 17th Karmapa Ogyen Trinley Dorje, in Dharamshala, recently. (AFP) Karmapa Lama’s monastery, what purposed it was kept for. exiles across the state.” Supreme Court seeks status of Afzal Guru’s mercy plea IANS and Delhi governments on a er, senior counsel V C to the petition. Kashmir Valley, Guru was NEW DELHI A resident of petition by Guru seeking his Sopore in Kashmir Mahajan told the court that Mahajan told the court found guilty of plotting the transfer from Tihar Jail to a Valley, Guru was under the rules, a convict that the family members of Deccember 13, 2001 par- THE Supreme Court on prison in Srinagar. found guilty of should be lodged in a jail at Guru incur expenses when- liament attack and sen- Friday enquired about the The court, at the outset, plotting the Dec- the place of his residence. ever they come to Delhi to tenced to death in 2002. status of the mercy petition enquired about the status of cember 13, 2001 He told the court that Afzal meet him. The Delhi High Court con- of Afzal Guru, on death row the mercy petition. The parliament attack Guru’s 90-year old mother, He sought the court’s firmed the death penalty for his role in the 2001 par- court was told that it was and sentenced to 11-year-old son and his wife direction to the government in 2003. liament attack. pending. At this, the court death in 2002. have to travel repeatedly to reimburse their board- The Supreme Court also The apex court bench of enquired if Afzal Guru or his from Srinagar to Delhi to ing-lodging expenses during upheld the capital punish- Justice Aftab Alam and family has got any intima- apex court was told that meet him. Mahajan pleaded their visits to Delhi to meet ment. Guru’s wife filed a Justice R M Lodha also tion from the government Parliament attack accused there was no intimation. that the court ask the cen- Guru. mercy petition to the issued notice to the central on his mercy petition. The Afzal Guru. Appearing for the petition- tral government to respond A resident of Sopore in President of India. INDIA Saturday, February 12, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com 07 PM opens mega container terminal IANS longer have to rely on ports like KOCHI Colombo, Dubai and Singapore. Thanks to the ter- PRIME Minister Manmohan minal, the cost of freight of a Singh on Friday dedicated to container is expected to come the nation the International down by $300 and the trans- Container Transshipment shipment time by almost 10 Terminal (ICTT) in Kerala. It’s days. the largest single-operator con- The total number of contain- tainer terminal in the country. ers handled in the ﬁrst phase Manmohan Singh, launch- would be one million and ing the Rs 3,250 crore ﬁrst would touch four million con- phase of the project in tainers annually when fully Vallarpadam off the Kochi operational. coast, said it is a symbol of the The terminal has been devel- government’s commitment to oped on a build-operate-trans- Kerala’s development. fer (BOT) basis by the Dubai “This is also a symbol of the Port World (DPW), which won how private public partnership a global tender after quoting a can be a commitment to the gross revenue share of 33.3 public good. Also this is a sym- percent to the Cochin Port bol of cooperation with our Trust (CPT). Rs 1,650 crore has West Asian neighbours,” said come from the central govern- Singh. ment while the DPW invested He said it would will give a Rs 1,600 crore. The BOT is for major boost to reducing the 30 years. cost of exports and imports. Manmohan Singh had laid “Through this Kochi is all set the foundation stone for the become as an attractive invest- project in February 2005. ment area not only for Kerala Chief Minister V S but for the country and also Achuthanandan on Friday this could well be the start of used his speech to demand more investment from UAE more from the central govern- where a large number of our ment. “ diaspora work,” said Deputy Chairman of Dubai Manmohan Singh. Executive Council Sheikh The new terminal is expect- Ahmed bin Saeed Al ed to become a transhipment Maktoum was also present on hub that and country will no the occasion. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh addressing a meeting, in New Delhi, recently. (AP) Kerala ministers feel left out of Vallarpadam evictees Budget gives Rs 722 crore more for Kerala higher education PM’s function IANS awaiting rehabilitation AGENCIES AGENCIES THIRUVANANTHAPURAM THE higher education sector from the Congress-led tained that the rehabilitation for permission to construct Kalathunkal. has cornered Rs 722.78 crore KOCHI United Democratic Front KOCHI package has already been houses at the land allotted to In a related development, more in the State budget for government - were not implemented. “Except for them. Union Minister of State for 2011-12 over the previous one. KERALA Fisheries Minis- only invited but were given EVEN as Prime Minister the provision for providing The evictees were given the Food and Agriculture K V The four arts and science uni- ter S Sharma and Trans- seats on the dais. We have Manmohan Singh commis- jobs to the evictees, which is option to rent houses till the Thomas visited the tempo- versities in the State would get port Minister Jose no problem in not being sions the Vallarpadam not in the purview of the dis- construction is over or stay in rary shacks in which those Rs 15 crore each and would Thettayil Friday expressed invited to the dais, but this International Container trict administration, every FACT quarters. However, evicted from Moolampilly share a Plan outlay of Rs displeasure at state minis- ‘untouchability’ is not Transhipment Terminal on other aspect of the package some of them chose to stay in had been staying. The state 144.75 crore. ters not being invited to good,” said Sharma. Friday, the stalemate between has been implemented,” temporary shacks, she said. government should initiate The Sree Sankaracharya join the prime minister on district administration and Beena said. steps to implement the reha- University of Sanskrit, Kalady, the dais during the inaugu- “Union govern- those displaced for the project The special package The evictees were bilitation package that it had would get Rs 10 crore and the ration of the International ment played poli- is continuing. announced was actually a given the option to notiﬁed and the Union gov- Cochin University of Science Container Transhipment tics over the pro- District Collector M Beena step ahead of the announced rent houses till the ernment was willing to and Technology (CUSAT), Rs Terminal. gramme by leav- had announced special hous- package, she said, citing that construction is extend all support, he said. 12 crore. The Plan aid to Prime Minister ing out the Left ing scheme for the evictees at the original package men- over or stay in Senior Congress leader V M Kerala Agricultural University Manmohan Singh earlier Front ministers a meeting held with represen- tioned only that evictees FACT quarters. Sudheeran had visited the would be Rs 45 crore. in the day dedicated the from the func- tatives of evictees recently. should be given priority in However, some of area and said that the delay in The inter-university cen- largest single operator con- tion.” The coordination commit- allotting water and power them chose to stay the implementation of the tre for study and research in tainer terminal in India to tee for those displaced by connection as they complete in temporary rehabilitation package for Malayalam, to be estab- the nation. Only the federal cabinet development projects has the houses. In place of this, shacks. Vallarpadam International lished in the University of Expressing their dis- ministers and a union min- rejected this. “All we request the special scheme envisages Container Transhipment Kerala, had been given a pleasure, Sharma and ister of state were on the is a time-bound implementa- to use Rs 34 lakh Goshree On their part, the Terminal was a major failure seed money of Rs 10 crore. Thettayil told reporters dais while state ministers tion of the rehabilitation Island Development Coordination Committee on the part of the govern- While the Budget allocates after the function that the and Leader of Opposition package already notiﬁed by Authority (GIDA) fund to alleged that a similar special ment. Rehabilitation is as Rs 3 crore for the K N Raj union government played in the state assembly the State government and provide water and power con- package was announced important as the project itself Centre for Public Finance politics over the pro- Oommen Chandy, who was signed by Nivedita P Haran, nection to the plots identiﬁed when the Chief Minister dis- and it should be implemented and Planning to be set up in gramme by leaving out the the chief minister when the Revenue Principal Secretary,” for rehabilitation in tributed title deeds in in a convincing manner, he the Mahatma Gandhi Left Front ministers from foundation stone was laid, said Francis Kalathunkal, Kadamakudy. February 2009. The district had said. The Coordination University, Rs 5 crore had the function. were seated among the general convenor of the com- The title deeds to all dis- administration did not make Committee is hoping to bring been set apart as matching “When the foundation audience. The ministers mittee. placed families have been a commitment for time- in more social and political grant for the proposed stone was laid for this proj- also referred to the adver- At the same time, the dis- handed over. But many of bound implementation of leaders to the site and high- Mundassery Centre for Mass ect in 2005 by Manmohan tisements about the termi- trict administration main- them have not even applied package then also, said light the issue. Communication. Singh, the then state minis- nal’s inauguration that did ters Dominic Presentation not carry Chief Minister V S and Ibrahim Kunju - both Achuthanandan’s photo. AeroIndia breaks record with 1.7 lakh footfalls Maudany’s bail IANS BANGALORE THE eighth AeroIndia air show ﬁve-day airshow, which opened on Wednesday at the Yelahanka air base, were all about business. plea rejected here has broken all records for the number of visitors, with over 1.75 lakh footfalls recorded till Friday. But the show will be open for the general public to visit the ﬂying and static display during Saturday and Sunday. IANS The focus of attention A large number of aviators BANGALORE remained on the biggest tender and enthusiasts have gathered Justice V Jagan- nathan accepted India has ﬂoated to buy 126 here to watch the spell-binding THE Karnataka High Court the state govern- medium multi-role combat air- manoeuvres such as sharp on Friday rejected the bail ment’s plea that it craft (MMRCA). turns, rolls and spins by ﬁghter plea of Abdul Nasir Maudany, was not safe to The contract is expected to be jets from all major global man- leader of the Kerala-based grant bail to Mau- awarded to one of the six con- ufacturers, including US People’s Democractic Party dany as he was tenders by September this year, Lockheed Martin’s F-16s, and an accused in the “involved in terror according to ofﬁcials. Boeing’s F/A-18s, Saab’s Banglaore blasts case. activities and most “The MMRCA is the primary Gripen and the Dassault’s Maudany has been in a witnesses in the focus. With the orders likely Rafale. These are part of the 95 Bangalore jail since August 17 case are being soon, what will happen in the military aircraft lined up in the last year after his arrest in threatened”. next edition in 2013, I wonder,” static display area. Kerala. said Guy Douglas from BAE AeroIndia also has a large Justice V Jagannathan Systems India. civilian aviation component accepted the state govern- The blasts in 2008 killed a The increase in the number with 54 percent aircraft on dis- ment’s plea that it was not woman and injured 15 peo- of aircraft manufacturers and play from this sector. safe to grant bail to Maudany ple. air forces participating in the Russian Sukhoi, Brazilian as he was “involved in terror Justice Jagannathan said show this year indicates the Embraer and Ukranian activities and most witnesses Maudany was free to increasing interest in Antonov are some of the pas- in the case are being threat- approach the Supreme Court Indian Air Force Sukhoi SU-30MKI ﬁghter aircraft ﬂy in formation during the AeroIndia 2011 inaugu- AeroIndia, he added. senger plane manufacturers ened”. with his bail application. ration ceremony at the Yelahanka Air Force station, in Bangalore, on Thursday. 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Planet Food 12:00 Friday Night Lights 22:30 Weird And Wonderful Hotels OSN SERIES HD 23:00 The Deep End 12:00 Inside Luxury Travel- Varun Sharma 13:00 The Vampire Diaries 23:00 By Any Means 00:00 30 Rock 13:00 Globe Trekker 14:00 TapouT 00:30 Two And A Half Men 14:00 Australia’s Great Wildlife Islands 15:00 Law & Order: Criminal Intent 01:00 The Pacific 15:00 Taste Takes Off 15:45 The Mentalist 02:00 The Philanthropist 16:00 Planet Food 16:30 The Vampire Diaries 03:00 The Philanthropist SHOW MOVIES 17:00 Globe Trekker 17:15 Friday Night Lights 00:00 Long Weekend TCM 18:00 Tall Ship Explorers 04:00 The Pacific 00:40 Pat Garrett And Billy The Kid 21:00 Human Target 05:00 30 Rock 02:00 Paper Man 19:00 Short History Of Convict Australia 04:00 The Princess And The Frog SHOW SPORTS 2 02:35 Home From The Hill 20:00 Globe Trekker 05:30 How I Met Your Mother 05:00 Shaft In Africa NAT GEO WILD 06:30 The Ellen Degeneres Show 06:00 Hachiko: A Dog’s Story 00:45 PGA European Tour 21:00 Globe Trekker 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08:00 The All Sports Show 01:30 Fame 08:00 Shark Men 22:00 Couples Retreat 21:20 Easter Parade VH1 14:00 The Philanthropist 09:00 ICC Cricket World 00:00 VH1 Music 02:15 Wanted Men 09:00 Wet And Wild 09:30 European Tour Weekly 23:00 The Carey Treatment 15:00 No Ordinary Family 03:00 Chill Out 03:00 The University of the Middle East 10:00 Predator Battleground 16:00 The Simpsons 10:00 Total Rugby 04:00 Entertainment Tonight and Insider 11:00 Wild Rescue 05:00 Smooth Wake Up 16:30 Coronation Street 10:30 Trans World Sport 07:00 Aerobic 04:15 The Insider 12:00 In The Womb: Dogs 17:00 The Ellen Degeneres Show 11:45 Live NRL All Star Match 04:45 Late Show with David Letterman 13:00 Hooked 08:00 VH1 Hits 18:00 Law And Order 12:45 Live NRL All Star Match 09:00 Music For The Masses 05:30 Real Housewives Of NY 14:00 Predator CSI 19:00 CSI 14:00 The All Sports Show 06:15 Hellcats 15:00 Inside Nature’s Giant 10:00 Top 10- Love Song 20:00 Glee 15:00 Trans World Sport 11:00 Music For The Masses 07:00 Medium 16:00 Monkey Thieves SHOW MOVIES ACTION 16:00 Live Super League THE HISTORY CHANNEL 21:00 24 01:00 Blood River 12:00 Sexiest Male Singers Weekend 07:45 Entertainment Tonight and Insider 16:30 Monkey Thieves 22:00 The Pacific 18:00 Live Super League 00:40 The Universe 17:00 Bite Me With Dr Mike Leahy 03:00 Pride And Glory 15:00 Final Countdown 08:00 The Insider 23:00 The Ellen Degeneres Show 20:00 Live Super League 01:30 Dead Men’s Secrets 17:00 Guess The Year 08:15 Late Show with David Letterman 18:00 Dangerous Encounters With Brady Barr 05:15 Halloween 2 22:00 Live Super League 02:20 The Korean War 19:00 Predator CSI 07:15 House Under Siege 18:00 Beyonce Top 20 Pt1 09:00 Rules of Engagement 03:10 Clash Of The Gods 20:00 Beyonce Top 20 Pt2 09:30 Medium 20:00 Inside Nature’s Giant 09:00 The Mummy: Tomb Of The Dragon Emperor 04:00 Decoding The Past 11:00 The One 21:00 Saturday Night Fever 10:15 Days Of Our Lives 21:00 Monkey Thieves 04:55 The Crusades 23:00 VH1 Music 11:00 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Grey’s Anatomy 06:30 Western Sport Fishing 05:00 PGA European Tour 14:20 The Korean War 02:30 Yoga 4 U 21:00 Forbidden Love 00:30 Just Shoot Me 07:20 Western Sport Fishing 09:30 Futbol Mundial 03:00 Gurbani 01:00 The Daily Show With Jon Stewart 15:10 Mega Disasters 22:00 Fame 08:00 Tarpon Of Boca 10:00 Aviva Premiership 16:00 Decoding The Past 04:00 Bhakti Sutra 23:00 Wanted Men 01:30 The Colbert Report SHOW MOVIES COMEDY 12:00 Live PGA European Tour 04:30 Narain Sewa Sansthan 09:15 Ultimate Match Fishing Pro 00:00 The Wedding Singer 16:55 The Crusades 02:00 Late Night With Jimmy Fallon 09:40 Cast And Blast 16:00 NRL All Stars Match 17:50 How The Earth Was Made 05:00 Gurbani 03:00 Nut Case 02:00 Marci X 16:30 Futbol Mundial 05:30 Agle Janam Mohe Bitiya Hi Ki Jo 10:30 Trev Gowdy’s Monster Fish 04:00 Cloudy With A Chance Of Meatballs 18:40 The Universe 03:30 Weeds 11:45 Adventures In Hawaii 17:00 ICC Cricket World 19:30 Dead Men’s Secrets 08:00 Dance India Dance Doubles 04:00 South Park 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Rishta 06:20 Criminal Law 08:30 Coach 18:00 Fisher’s ATV World 08:10 Madhouse 09:00 Yes, Dear 22:00 High Life 20:00 Apno Ke Liye Geeta Ka Dharmayudha 19:15 Adventures In Hawaii 20:30 Sanjog Se Bani Sangini 09:40 Breakheart Pass 09:30 The Drew Carey Show 19:40 Savage Wild 11:15 It Runs In The Family 10:00 The New Adventures Of Old Christine 21:00 Agle Janam Mohe Bitiya Hi Ki Jo 20:55 Salmon, Trout And Steelheader SHOW SPORTS 4 21:30 Yahan Mein Ghar Ghar Kheli 12:40 The Aviator 10:30 Brothers 21:45 Fisher’s ATV World 01:00 WWE Smackdown TRACE 14:15 Walk Like A Man 11:00 Coach 00:17 Playlist 22:00 Marathi Movie- Nakshatrache Dene 22:10 Fisher’s ATV World 03:00 WWE Bottom Line 15:40 Breakin’ 2: Electric Boogaloo 11:30 Yes, Dear 23:00 Wingshooting The World 04:00 WWE NXT 01:00 New 17:15 Johnny Be Good 12:00 The Tonight Show With Jay Leno 05:00 UFC Unleashed 01:30 Playlist 18:40 Scorpio 13:00 Family Biz SHOW MOVIES KIDS 06:00 UFC Unleashed 02:00 Urban Hit 20:35 Black Mama, White Mama 13:30 Coach 00:00 Scooby-Doo Meets The Boo Brothers 02:45 Playlist 07:00 WWE Bottom Line 03:17 Playlist 22:00 Sheba, Baby 14:00 Yes, Dear 01:00 Scooby-Doo Meets The Boo Brothers 08:00 WWE NXT 23:30 River’s Edge 14:30 The Office 02:00 Scooby-Doo And The Reluctant Werewolf 07:17 Playlist 09:00 WWE SmackDown 08:00 Rnb 10 15:00 Brothers 04:00 The Archies In Jugman 11:00 WWE Vintage Collection ZEE AFLAM 08:45 Playlist 01:00 Risk 15:30 The Daily Show With Jon Stewart 06:00 The Tale Of Despereaux 12:00 Abu Dhabi Adventure Challenge 09:17 Playlist 16:00 The Colbert Report PLAYHOUSE DISNEY 08:00 The Jetsons Meet The Flintstones 13:00 V8 Supercars Championship 11:00 Club 10 03:30 Khoobsurat 16:30 The Drew Carey Show 08:00 Imagination Movers 10:00 The Thief Of Baghdad 15:00 Total Rugby 11:40 Playlist 06:00 Sheesha 17:00 Late Night With Jimmy Fallon 08:10 Jungle Junction 12:00 The Jungle Book II 15:30 Live Aviva Premiership 13:00 Urban Hit 08:00 Risk 18:00 Family Biz 08:35 Higglytown Heroes 14:00 The Archies In Jugman 17:30 Live V8 Supercars Championship 13:45 Playlist 10:30 Aa Dekhen Zara NAT GEO ADVENTURE 18:30 The New Adventures Of Old Christine 09:00 Timmy Time 16:00 The Three Musketeers 19:30 Full Throttle 14:00 Focus 13:00 De Taali 00:00 Market Values 19:00 Melissa And Joey 09:10 Special Agent Oso 18:00 Batman: Under The Red Hood 20:00 WWE Vintage Collection 15:00 Guest Star 16:00 Badhaai Ho Badhaai 00:30 Weird And Wonderful Hotels 19:30 The Office 09:25 Jungle Junction 20:00 Blank Check 21:00 WWE SmackDown 15:17 Playlist 19:00 Dil To Pagal Hai 01:00 The Frankincense Trail 20:00 The Tonight Show With Jay Leno 09:45 Handy Manny 22:00 The Jungle Book II 23:00 V8 Supercars Championship 16:00 French Only 22:00 Ru-Ba-Ru 10 Saturday, February 12, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com OPINION HAMAD BIN SUHAIM AL THANI CHAIRMAN ESTABLISHED SEPTEMBER 3, 2006 ADEL ALI BIN ALI MANAGING DIRECTOR West’s Moral Debt to Egypt DR HASSAN MOHAMMED AL ANSARI AJIT KUMAR JHA EDITOR -IN-CHIEF EDITOR After actively supporting Mubarak’s corrupt rule, the West has a duty to help end it PRINTED AT ALI BIN ALI PRINTING PRESS W HEN the Egyptian military AHMED SALAH | GUARDIAN NEWS SERVICE declared that it would not turn on its own people early Westside last week, Cairo’s opposition groups breathed a sigh of relief. With the military taken out of the The Kilogram to Come equation, the path to peaceful regime change in Egypt seemed clear. This week has seen the biggest protest in the history of Egypt. Millions have The longstanding search for a new official kilogram has gained urgency demonstrated in Cairo and other cities all over the country - north, south, east, and west. All had the same demands. T HE official kilogram, a cylinder of platinum and iridium maintained by the International Bureau of Weights and of the path travelled by light in a vacuum during a time interval of 1/299,792,458 of a second.” Precise, if not an everyday The first, as the world knows now, is that the dictator Hosni Mubarak must step down. Measures, is more than 130 years old. It measuring stick. We managed to lay siege to the par- is stored under three glass domes in a The kilogram would be making the leap liament, the government, and the noto- safe in a basement in Sèvres, France, from the 19th century to the present in a rious ministry of interior, sites that have and can be accessed only with three single jump, its only redefinition since witnessed the murder and injury of independent keys. 1889 when the first meeting of the hundreds of Egyptians, and where I was Technically, the cylinder is not even General Conference on Weights and hit by a sniper’s rubber bullet. This was the official kilogram until it has been Measures was held. The trouble is that proof that - contrary to the regime’s cleaned in an authorised manner to metrologists — scientists of measurement belief that time is on their side, and that remove contaminants. — don’t agree on what the new standard the revolution will grow weaker as pro- It is the only remaining international should be. testers tire and lose momentum - the standard in the metric system that is still We reserve judgment, if only because revolution is actually getting stronger a man-made object. Some scientists now the two possibilities — one based on by the day. believe the official kilogram may be los- Planck’s constant, the other on the This revolution is not for bread as ing mass, which Avogadro constant, each much as for freedom. It was made prin- defeats its only pur- yielding a slightly differ- cipally by the educated, rather than the pose: constancy. ent mass — fall well out- crushed poorer classes. And it is getting This adds new side our competence. more and more popular as Egyptians urgency to a longstand- The hope, in which we balance values such as democracy, free- ing search for a new offi- heartily join, is that the dom, justice, dignity and transparency cial kilogram, based, kilogram will be rede- on one hand, and despotism, oppres- like the meter, on one of fined successfully in sion, injustice, humiliation and corrup- nature’s fundamental 2015, at the next meet- tion on the other. numbers, called con- ing of the General Understanding this, the regime has stants. Conference on Weights gone back to the language of threats. So, Over the years, the and Measures. the newly appointed vice-president, for- official meter has been Until then, we will mer intelligence chief Omar Suleiman, redefined several times just have to live with now warns that he won’t tolerate this and is now “the length uncertainty. much longer and that Mubarak is not leaving any time soon. Meanwhile, tions encompass all elements of society security forces are still kidnapping, The western powers and seek values aspired to by people interrogating and torturing activists, around the world - the most important Eastside even taking them from their homes. must take a moral of which is freedom. We were systemat- Some of them are still in unknown loca- tions. They do not understand that we, stand in support of ically punished for decades for a notion that only resides in the minds of west- New Spectrum Scam the people of Egypt the activists, no longer control the will ern politicians and the lies of tyrants. of the people. The will of the people has We lived in a police state, occupied by a its own impulse and power. and their demand for two million-strong militarised police But why is this regime clinging to force. Given this, isn’t there now a The dizzying succession of scandals has shocked India power so hard? Why are they willing to the right to be free. moral responsibility that the west do whatever it takes to stay in control? They still murder protesters in parts of This should not be bears? The western powers must take a E VERY well-informed schoolchild knows this is rising India’s Age of enough is known about the 2G spectrum allocation scam to place it at the top of the the country where they believe they can get away with it. On Tuesday, they shot mere diplomatic moral stand in support of the people of Egypt and their demand for the right to Uninterrupted Scams. No government list of independent India’s corruption scan- dead two and injured scores more in the words: real tangible be free. This should not be mere diplo- before the present United Progressive dals. But what is the essence of the S-band city of Sohag, in the south. On Monday matic words: real tangible support Alliance regime has had to deal with such a spectrum deal concluded in January 2005 dozens were injured in the Oasis of support should should include measures to ensure dizzying succession of exposés of corrup- tion scandals — 2G spectrum, the between ISRO’s commercial arm, Antrix Corporation, and Devas Multimedia which Elkharga after live bullets were fired at them. The regime had done this only to include measures to power is passed to the people, and to put an end to the regime’s efforts to kill Commonwealth Games, Adarsh Housing, was born of an incestuous relationship with protect its loot. The wealth of Mubarak, ensure power is this revolution. money laundering, and the rest that have India’s space programme? The agreement in British and Swiss banks alone, is esti- This is the least compensation our come tumbling out. The latest in the series relates to two customer-specific satellites, mated at between $40bn and $70bn. passed to the people people deserve for the years of western is the Indian Space Research GSat-6 and GSat 6-A, which ISRO is con- And what about his bank accounts in support for these injustices. The money Organisation’s deal — hatched in secret and tractually committed to design, build, and other countries, property and real killing? The West has been complicit in looted from Egypt should be returned sought to be covered up over a period of six launch in order to make available to Devas estate, gold and diamonds? He is not all these crimes by providing support and a democratic government should years — to launch two customer-specific the S-band spectrum for commercialising a alone, either. All members of his and safe havens. It has mistakenly use it to resolve the huge problems this satellites and give away 70 MHz of high- range of broadband services across India. regime, past and present, have huge for- believed that democracy and freedom is regime has been creating for decades. value S-band for unfettered commercial It is a matter of satisfaction that the deal tunes in western banks that resulted dangerous if implemented in the Dare we hope that these calls for sup- exploitation at a scandalously low price of now seems to be heading for annulment — directly from obscene corruption. Middle East, fearing that Islamists port won’t be ignored again? just over Rs 1000 crore to a private compa- but no thanks to due diligence and oversight Why has the West been silent about would take power. (Ahmed Salah was a co-founder ny, Devas Multimedia Private Limited. by a central government whose procrastina- this corruption, about the terrible viola- The world can see now, in both of the 6th April Youth Movement Despite Telecommunications Minister tion, lack of transparency and delinquency tions of human rights in Egypt and the Tunisia and Egypt, how false this and of the Egyptian Movement Kapil Sibal’s defence of the indefensible, in this affair have shocked the nation. region, and about the torture and assumption was. It is clear those revolu- For Change) (NYT/ The Hindu) The Importance Of Tolerating Doubt Whether with science or religion, only by embracing doubt can we learn and grow W E live in an age intolerant called the art of doubt too? For, in MARK VERNON | GUARDIAN NEWS SERVICE like Thomas Aquinas. of doubt. Communicating truth, without doubt there is no explo- And the false gods we cling to must uncertainty is well nigh ration, no creativity, no deepening of The confusion is be exposed; the idols we erect must be impossible across fields as our humanity - which is why the indi- smashed. It’s another negative diverse as politics, religion vidual who claims to know something understandable. process, known in religion as entering and science. There’s a fear of doubt abroad too. beyond all doubt is a person to shun, not emulate. Doubt is unsettling. the “cloud of unknowing”. But finally, when an individual can no longer say It’s most palpable, at the moment, Stick to what you know and you’ll It’s not for nothing that no to the true God, they find what is whenever there’s news of economic find some security, but you’ll also find old maps inscribed terra known as faith. uncertainty. Waves of nervousness ripple through financial markets and yourself stuck in a rut. Learn to wel- come the unknown, to embrace its incognita with the words There are differences between the two, of course. Science seeks evidence supermarkets alike. And yet, at the thrill, and new worlds might open up “here be dragons”. to make its knowledge stand. Religion same time, few would deny that only before you. must rely more on the fullness of the fool believes the future is certain. My old physics tutor, Carlos Frenk, The tremendous success human experience: evidence can’t take And who doesn’t fear that most shad- is an excellent case in point. He is one of science screens us you very far because the divine is dark- owy figure of our times, the funda- of the world’s leading researchers on er even than dark matter. mentalist - with their deadly, steadfast dark matter - as is advertised by a large from many of the But there are similarities, particu- convictions? poster that hangs outside his office. It troubling uncertainties Emily Dickinson larly the need to tolerate doubt. The The confusion is understandable. is inscribed with five bold words: that our ancestors must lust for certainty leads to the death of Doubt is unsettling. It’s not for noth- “Dark Matter - Does It Exist?” To put it in science, he tells me. Science is both. But embrace doubt and the ing that old maps inscribed terra another way, Professor Frenk has have been so practised organised doubt. It’s only when scien- world grows. You gain the humanis- incognita with the words “here be dragons”. Further, the tremendous forged a career out of navigating the terra incognita of the cosmos. He in handling tists can no longer say no to a thesis that it stands. ing virtues of humility, curiosity and hope. And uncertainty’s promise is a success of science, and the transfor- believes there is dark matter. It makes ative process by which they hope to In religion, the parallel is called the glimpse of what Emily Dickinson cel- mation of our lives by technology, sense of the way visible matter in the prove him wrong. That’s what you via negativa, or negative way. It is as ebrated as “truth’s superb surprise”. screens us from many of the troubling universe hangs together. But there are have to live with when your expertise essential to theology as falsifiability is (Mark Vernon is the presenter uncertainties that our ancestors must no guarantees. Moreover, that’s a fact is on what’s uncertain. And yet, to science because of the nature of the- of the BBC Radio 4 series In have been so practised in handling. that his peers ache to exploit. Professor Frenk remains persistently ology’s subject matter: God. We can’t Doubt We Trust, which begins But are we losing what might be They seek to falsify his thesis, a neg- sanguine. Falsity is the only certainty understand God, observe theologians on 6 March) THE VIEWS EXPRESSED ON THE OPINION AND ANALYSIS PAGES ARE THE AUTHORS’ OWN. QATAR TRIBUNE BEARS NO RESPONSIBILITY. ANALYSIS Saturday, February 12, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com 11 To many Egyptians, the US is Health is conspiring with the regime to push only cosmetic reforms while keeping the basic structure in power. That’s creating profound ill will. Bloggers’ Wealth Wide Angle Lens I watched as young people predisposed to admire America expressed a growing sense Borough STEVEN REINBERG | HEALTHDAY NEWS NICHOLAS D KRISTOF | NYT NEWS SERVICE of betrayal. ROBERT LANZA | HUFFINGTONPOST.COM Wireless Device Can Why Death May Cut Heart-Related Hospitalisations OBAMA AND Not Be The End Of Existence R ESEARCHERS report that a wireless implanted device monitors fluid build-up in the lungs of heart failure patients and alerts doctors when intervention is needed. As a result, the device reduces hospitaliza- EGYPT’S FUTURE Y OU’VE laughed and cried. And you may even fall in love and grow old with someone, only to be ripped apart in the end by death and dis- ease. The universe leaves you dead or grieving with a hole in you as big as infinity. tions and improves quality of life for these The Facebook generation in Cairo has been betrayed by America Are we part of a depraved cosmic joke, the patients, they added. product of a vast and ruthless universe? I “It is the build-up of fluid pressure in the N Tahrir Square, I saw a That raises a basic question: instinctively repressive. Through the eyes of science, you’re a speck of lungs that causes symptoms such a shortness young man holding a sign Why does our national policy On my blog, junk spinning around the core of the Milky of breath and leads to fluid leaking into the over his head. The sign urged seem to be that democracy is good nytimes.com/ontheground, I’ve Way galaxy, which itself is whirling through the lung, which is the major cause of hospitalisa- President Hosni Mubarak to for Americans and Israelis, yet linked to a video that appears to unfathomable blackness of space. It’s all in the tion in heart failure patients,” explained study flee the country: “Hurry up! dangerous for Egyptians? show Egyptian forces shooting an equations, you know. Nothing to get philo- author Dr William T Abraham, director of the My arms are tired.” One answer is simple. American unarmed, unthreatening protest- sophical about. Nobel physicist Steven division of cardiovascular medicine at Ohio Lots of Egyptians seemed to feel officials worry that Mubarak has er in cold blood and to another Weinberg summed it up best: State University Medical Center in Columbus. the same way. They said they’re for decades stifled any secular that apparently shows a govern- The effort to understand the universe is one By monitoring the fluid pressure in the sick of Mubarak and the entire democratic opposition, so the ment vehicle driving through a of the very few things that lifts human life a lit- lungs, the doctor can adjust the patient’s med- regime — and are increasingly only organised dissent comes group of protesters, striking them tle bit above the level of a farce and gives it ication to bring the pressure levels down and resentful that the Obama admin- from the Muslim Brotherhood. and hurtling on. some of the grace of a tragedy. Can life really be keep the patient out of the hospital, he noted. istration continues to seem more Those videos are heart-wrench- reduced to the laws of physics? Or are we — as “This promises to revolutionise the way we manage patients who have moderate or severe comfortable with the regime than with people power. Human Rights ing, and it is because of long expe- rience with the regime’s callous- all the great spiritual leaders of the world have intuited — part of something higher, which is heart failure,” Abraham said. “Prior to this, the My sense is that we’re not only Watch has ness that ordinary Egyptians more noble and triumphant? tools that we could use to evaluate how heart on the wrong side of history but confirmed 302 don’t trust people like Suleiman The latter is hard for us to rationally compre- failure patients were doing were not very that we’re also inadvertently one bit. They think he’s stalling in hend, since we’ve had more years of scientific revealing and so we have failed to keep patients strengthening the anti-Western deaths in the Egypt an effort to retain the system — indoctrination than monks get in monasteries. In out of the hospital.” The report is published in elements that terrify us and drive upheavals, based and they’re probably right. Robert Heinlein’s “Stranger in a Strange Land,” the February 9 online edition of the Lancet. our policy. Human Rights Watch has con- Jubal said we’re prisoners of our early indoctri- For the study, Abraham’s group randomly President Obama and his aides on visits to firmed 302 deaths in the Egypt nations, “for it is hard, very nearly impossible, to assigned 550 patients with moderately severe were blindsided by the crisis from hospitals in three upheavals, based on visits to hos- shake off one’s earliest training.” We’ve been heart failure to have the device implanted or the beginning (as were we in the pitals in three cities, and says the taught since grade school that life is an accidental not, in addition to standard medical care. news media), and I fear that they’ve cities, and says the real toll may be significantly high- byproduct of the laws of physics, and that the The device is placed in the pulmonary artery mishandled it since. When the real toll may be er. To put that in perspective, that Universe is a dreary play of billiard balls. in the lung using a catheter, so the procedure is minimally invasive, Abraham added. protests began, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton described. significantly higher is several times the toll when Iran crushed its pro-democracy move- True, science has brought us countless insights that have transformed our lives. It’s During the first six months, 83 patients with Mubarak’s government as “stable” ment in 2009. And it’s approach- amazingly good at figuring out how the parts devices were hospitalised for heart failure-relat- and “looking for ways to respond to The fear is that if elections come ing the toll when the Chinese work. The clock has been taken apart, and we ed problems, compared with 120 patients who the legitimate needs and interests too soon, before secular groups Army opened fire on pro-democ- can accurately count the number of teeth in did not have the device, the researchers found. of the Egyptian people.” can organise, the Brotherhood racy protesters in Beijing in 1989. each wheel and gear. We know Mars rotates in That’s a 30 percent reduction in hospitaliza- Then our special envoy, Frank will do well. Yet when it’s our ally that does the 24 hours, 37 minutes and 23 seconds. What tions, they noted. Over the entire 15 months of Wisner, called for Mubarak to That’s a legitimate concern, but killing, we counsel stability, grad- alludes us is the big picture, which unfortu- follow-up, those with the device had a 39 per- stay in power, saying: “President it’s one that the Egyptian opposi- ualism and order. nately encompasses all the bottom-line issues: cent reduction in hospitalizations, compared Mubarak’s continued leadership tion is fully aware of and has a These are Egypt’s problems to What is the nature of this thing we call reality? with those who didn’t, Abraham’s team found. is critical.” The White House has variety of mechanisms to address. work out, not America’s. But Any honest summary of the current state of Data from the device is picked up by an tried to backtrack, but it has been And a new opinion survey shows whatever message we’re trying to explaining the universe as a whole: a swamp. antenna outside the body that sends the infor- backtracking from backtracks so that the Muslim Brotherhood has send, the one that is coming And in this Everglade, the alligators of com- mation to physicians and also keeps the device much that on Egypt its symbol only 15 percent approval and its through is that we continue to mon sense must be evaded at every turn. powered, Abraham said. The device has not yet might as well be a weather vane. leaders get just 1 percent support embrace the existing order, and Some scientists insist a Theory of Everything been approved by the US Food and Drug When well-known journalists in a presidential straw poll (the that could taint our future rela- is just around the corner. But it hasn’t hap- Administration, Abraham noted, but it is like Anderson Cooper of CNN candidate to watch: Amr Moussa, tions with Egypt for many years to pened and won’t happen until we understand a undergoing the approval process now. were being beaten up in Tahrir the chief of the Arab League). come. critical component of the cosmos — a compo- If approved, it is expected to cost about Square, the White House found its To many Egyptians, the US is Many years ago, when I studied nent that has been shunted out of the way $15,000, Abraham said. “A single hospitalisa- voice. But now that foreign conspiring with the regime to Arabic intensively at the because science doesn’t know what to do with tion for heart failure costs somewhere in the reporters are no longer being rou- push only cosmetic reforms while American University in Cairo, I it. “Consciousness” isn’t a small item; it’s an neighbourhood of $12,000 to $14,000. So, just tinely harassed, it has lost its sense keeping the basic structure in was bewildered initially because utter mystery, which we think has somehow avoiding one hospitalisation can make this cost- of urgency. “Now” is no longer in power. That’s creating profound for the first couple of months I arisen from molecules and goo. effective,” he said. Moreover, patients seem to the White House lexicon. ill will. In Tahrir Square, I learned only the past tense. That’s In short, the attempt to explain the nature of like the device, Abraham noted: “One of our America seems to favour watched as young people predis- the basic tense in Arabic, and so the universe and what’s really going on requires patients said it gives them a sense of connective- reforms under Mubarak’s vice posed to admire America — the in any Arabic conversation I was an understanding of how the observer — our ness to the physician and a sense of security.” president, Omar Suleiman, while Facebook generation — locked into the past. presence — plays a role. Our entire educationre- Dr Gregg Fonarow of the University of perhaps throwing Mubarak him- expressed a growing sense of The Obama administration volves around a mindset that assumes a separate California, Los Angeles said that “this study rep- self overboard. But Suleiman is betrayal. In a country where half seems equally caught in the past, universe “out there.” It’s further assumed we resents a major advance in the management of every bit as much an autocrat as the population is under 24, we in ways that undermine the secu- accurately perceive this external reality and play patients with heart failure.” Heart failure results Mubarak himself, and our are burning our bridges. lar pro-Western forces that are little or no role in its appearance. in substantial health care expenditures, with emphasis on stability, order and Americans, perhaps, don’t fully Egypt’s best hope. I hope the However, starting in the ‘20s, experiments more than 1 million hospitalizations for heart gradualism suggests a profound appreciate that the regime is White House learns the future have shown the opposite: The observer critical- failure each year in the US alone, he said. allergy to popular will. mind-bogglingly corrupt and tense. ly influences the outcome. The experiments have been performed so many times, with so many variations, it’s conclusively proven that a particle’s behaviour dependents upon the very act of observation. The results of these experi- ments have befuddled scientists for decades. Some of the greatest physicists have described Have them as impossible to intuit. Amazingly, if we accept a life-created reality, it all becomes simple to understand, and you your say Never again KINDLY refer to your recent cover- age of the political crisis that Keep talking! THIS is with reference to your India-page story on Monday head- “I’m excited to know about the Doha Food Festival can explain some of the biggest puzzles of sci- ence. For instance, it becomes clear why space and time — and even the properties of matter itself — depend on the observer. Remember: You can’t see through the bone surrounding engulfed India’s parliamentary lined “Rao, Bashir discuss Indo- which will be held from your brain. Space and time are simply the democracy over the issue of the Pak relations.” February 23 to 26, near the mind’s tools for putting everything together. Is there an issue you feel Opposition’s demand for a JPC Going by the story, the talks Exhibition Centre. Being a According to current scientific myth, all your strongly about, or an article probe into the 2G spectrum scam . It appears that wisdom has at last between the Foreign Secretaries of India and Pakistan at Thimphu on foodie,I’m again struggles and tears are ultimately in vain. After you die and the human race is long gone, it’ll be you want to comment on? QT dawned on the UPA government, the resumption of bilateral dialogue awaiting for it ! as if nothing in your life ever existed. after wasting the winter session of appear to have gone off well. Since Not so, says biocentrism: Reality isn’t a will carry your voice to the Parliament by refusing to agree for February 2010, attempts by the two R UHI A KHLAQ thing, it’s a process that involves our con- D OHA public and to places where it a JPC probe into the 2G spectrum scam. Besides the presumptive loss sides to restart the bilateral engage- ment that India broke off over the sciousness. Life is a melody so vast and eternal that human ears can’t appreciate the tonal matters. Write to us at of 1.76 lakh crore in the allocation November 2008 Mumbai attacks range of the symphony. Time is the mind’s tool of 2G spectrum, the government have not made much headway. that animates the notes, the individual frames ended up causing a further loss of Despite initial promise, the July of the spatial world. “There’s no way to remove about Rs 80 crore to the exchequer 2010 meeting between External the observer — us — from our perceptions of by its intransigent attitude. Affairs Minister S M Krishna and the world,” said Stephen Hawking. “The past, ADDRESS At last, I think, we can be opti- Pakistan Foreign Minister Shah like the future, is indefinite and exists only as a mistic that the budget session will Mahmood Qureshi in Islamabad spectrum of possibilities.” You, the observer, PO Box 23493, Doha, Qatar proceed smoothly and meaningful ended up in another impasse. collapse these possibilities, the cascade of TELEPHONE debate will take place during the Despite what cynics on both sides events we call the universe. +974.44422077 session. The government and the say, engagement is the only way “What we see we Our consciousness animates the universe like FAX Opposition now seem to have forward for India and Pakistan. become. Choose your an old phonograph. Listening to it doesn’t alter reached a broad consensus. Talking may not lead to an immedi- seeing wisely.” the record, and depending on where the needle +974.44416790 India is a poor country and we ate resolution of all the problems is placed, you hear a certain piece of music. This EMAIL can’t afford such a scenario time and between the two countries but it D EEPAK C HOPRA is what we call “now.” The songs before and email@example.com again and hence both sides must will certainly help diffuse the ten- I NDIAN -A MERICAN S PIRITUAL G URU after are the past and future. In like manner, make sure that the show must go on. sion between the neighbours. you, your loved ones and friends endure always. MASOOD ALAM SHRUTHI VERGHESE The record doesn’t go away. All nows exist DOHA DOHA simultaneously, although we can only listen to the songs one by one. Time is On Demand. 12 Saturday, February 12, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com PAKISTAN/SOUTH ASIA Nepal PM sidesteps first foreign trip row IANS hosted by Beijing, he now KATHMANDU attributes the fall of his gov- ernment in 2009 due to ADROITLY sidestepping the India’s anger at being row dogging the ﬁrst foreign bypassed. trips of Nepal’s prime minis- Prachanda was succeeded ters, new premier Jhala Nath by communist leader Madhav Khanal said his ﬁrst destina- Kumar Nepal, who avoided tion abroad would be neither rufﬂing Beijing’s feathers by India nor China. ﬁrst heading for an unusual The 61-year-old communist destination - Cairo. leader, who was sworn in The 15th Summit of the Sunday after winning the Non-Aligned Movement in prime ministerial election the Egyptian capital in 2010 with the surprise backing of gave Nepal the opportunity to the Maoist party, told the sidestep the controversy. media that his ﬁrst trip But a row is certain to fol- Pakistani Army Chief General Ashfaq Kayani (right) with President Asif Ali Zardari, in Islamabad, recently. (AFP) abroad would be to Cambodia low Khanal even if he heads on the invitation of the for Cambodia. Pakistan downsizes cabinet, swears International Conference of Asian Political (ICAPP), an organisation Parties with its secretariat in Seoul. Traditionally, Nepal’s new prime ministers used to 22 ministers in the first phase This week, ICAPP announced that it had sent a visit India first with three-member delegation to the subcontinent Nepal to invite the republic’s being the top political leaders to partic- Himalayan repub- AFP swore in are members of his constitution, which stipulates implement a raft of reforms, are disappointed. The 45-day ipate in a “peace consultation lic’s largest trade ISLAMABAD Pakistan People’s Party (PPP). it should be no larger than 11 in order to head off any possi- period will be over before the on Nepal” to be held in partner and the Eighteen were members of the percent of parliament, which ble threat of a call for early end of the month but they Phnom Penh. most influential PAKISTAN’S president on outgoing cabinet, which num- would be a maximum of 49 elections from opposition have done nothing tangible,” It said the chiefs of Nepal’s neighbour. Friday swore 22 ministers into bered more than 50 and members. Government ofﬁ- leader and former prime min- said party spokesman three major political parties ofﬁce in the ﬁrst phase of a gov- resigned on Wednesday. cials said more cabinet minis- ister Nawaz Sharif. Siddiqul Farooq. had said they would be free to ernment reshufﬂe designed to ters would be sworn into Sharif in January gave the Analysts have also dis- attend the conference in the Still unable to name a full reduce the size of the cabinet Government offi- ofﬁce at a later date, including government 45 days to imple- missed the reshufﬂe as win- fourth week of February. cabinet and failing to even and curb public spending. cials said more members of other parties in ment key reforms or risk hav- dow dressing, which alone is Traditionally, Nepal’s new allocate portfolios to the three Struggling from unprece- cabinet ministers the fractious coalition. ing the PPP kicked out of gov- insufﬁcient to satisfy the IMF prime ministers used to visit ministers in the mini cabinet, dented ﬂooding last year that would be sworn Each minister swore to ernment in Punjab province. and international donors. India ﬁrst with the subconti- Khanal may not be able to caused damages of $9.7 bil- into office at a undertake their duties “hon- Sharif’s Pakistan Muslim “The government will have nent being the Himalayan take time off for a junket any- lion, the government is under later date, includ- estly” and “faithfully in accor- League-N party said this week to slash the number of min- republic’s largest trade part- time soon. huge pressure to introduce ing members of dance with the constitution” that the government needs to istries and surplus people in ner and the most inﬂuential The Maoists, his former economic reforms and meet other parties in the and “always in the interest of do far more to curb spending order to ensure substantive neighbour. allies, refused to join his gov- International Monetary Fund fractious coalition. the sovereignty, integrity, sol- than simply appointing a new expenditure cuts. Merely In 2008, when the former ernment over a power-shar- (IMF) targets agreed in a idarity, well-being and pros- cabinet. downsizing the cabinet cabi- Maoist guerrillas came to ing row and now have warned 2008 bailout package. A reduction in the size of perity of Pakistan”. “We have demanded a 30- net will not do any good,” eco- power for the ﬁrst time, their that they could withdraw sup- Most of the 22 who the cabinet is required under The government is under percent reduction in govern- nomic analyst Salman Shah chief Pushpa Kamal Dahal port. Nor has the prime min- President Asif Ali Zardari the 18th amendment to the huge domestic pressure to ment expenditure... So far we has said. Prachanda chose to break ister been able to rope in any away from the tradition by other party in his cabinet. making China, Nepal’s north- He is also under acute pub- ern neighbour, his ﬁrst port of lic disapproval for his oppor- Qureshi dropped as Pakistan foreign minister call. Though Prachanda said it was an informal visit mainly to attend the conclusion of tunistic alliance with the Maoists and his maiden address to parliament Thursday virtually went IANS the oath taking remained Khurshid Shah. the 2008 Olympic Games unnoticed. ISLAMABAD inconclusive. Four new faces — Qureshi had been at the Shaukatullah, Khuda A DAY after India and forefront of Pakistan’s for- Bakhsh Rajar, Changez Pakistan decided to resume eign policy initiatives in the Jamali and Umer Gorgej — their stalled dialogue, last three years at crucial were included in the cabinet. Pakistan’s Foreign Minister junctures. In the next phase, 17-18 Shah Mahmood Qureshi was He was also set to spear- more ministers were likely dropped from the new, head the long-awaited to take oath as the overall pruned 22-member cabinet resumption of bilateral talks ministry size was likely to be sworn in Friday by President with India by visiting New cut to around 40 from the Asif Ali Zardari. Delhi in July. previous 80. Qureshi was among the Qureshi was to travel to Qureshi’s exit has also ministers who were sup- Washington this month to come at a time when posed to take oath but he meet his US counterpart Pakistan-US relations have missed out at the last minute Hillary Clinton as part of an touched a new low as following differences over a ongoing strategic dialogue Islamabad refused to free change of his portfolio, between both countries. American diplomat media reports said. Others who missed a berth Raymond Davis after he shot “Qureshi was being in the cabinet included for- dead two Pakistani men on a offered the ministry of water mer information minister Lahore street. On Friday and power but he refused, Qamar Zaman Kaira, Davis was charged with considering it a demotion,” replaced by Firdous Ashiq murder. The Pakistani cabi- Geo TV said, adding a meet- Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi (left) with his Awan, as well as Raja net resigned Wednesday to ing with Prime Minister Afghan counterpart Zalmai Rassoul at the foreign ministry, in Pervaiz Ashraf, whose water make way for a new smaller- Jhalnath Khanal (centre) at the parliament after being elected as Yousuf Raza Gilani before Islamabad, recently. (REUTERS) and power ministry went to sized one. the Prime Minister, in Kathmandu, recently. (REUTERS) Poor early precipitation not a good sign for Afghanistan REUTERS cerned drought, which could who sends the rain has noth- warlords, mujahideen and early rains had meant less win- KABUL be averted if rain and snow fall ing to do with your politics, Soviet invaders. Last year, con- ter wheat, Afghanistan’s most heavily in coming weeks, the Taliban can say the gov- sultants Maplecroft listed reliable, resilient cereal crop, AFGHANISTAN could face a could further destabilise ernment is not providing for Afghanistan as the world’s had been planted and that ger- serious drought in 2011 that Afghanistan as Washington (them),” he said. most food insecure country. mination was low. Major food would make millions of poor races to prove it can turn back Afghanistan’s population is Two thirds of Afghans are con- shortages can be avoided, the go hungry and fuel instability a tenacious Taliban before an about 30 million. Afghanistan sidered food insecure, meaning report said, “if regional trade as foreign troops seek to initial withdrawal in July. needs about 5.2 million they don’t have enough food, ﬂows function normally and reverse surging violence in “Many Afghans live right tonnes of wheat, the staple or the right kind of food, to eat, higher than normal food assis- the battle against the Taliban. on the edge of starvation and crop, a year. This year, the or are teetering on the brink. tance can be coordinated and Low rainfall early in the wet without necessary water there agriculture minister says the “A shock to the system like implemented”. season will likely threaten will be communities that will country will need to import, drought, conﬂict displacement That is a big if for a nation Afghanistan’s irrigated har- be on the move, seeking pas- or receive donations, to cover or natural disaster can push now in its tenth year of conﬂict vest, US forecasts show, which ture and agricultural work in about a ﬁfth of that amount. those people into food insecuri- since the Taliban were ousted with a surge in global grain other areas,” a senior US Once an important regional ty,” said Challiss McDonough, in 2001. Roads and other infra- prices could be devastating for defence ofﬁcial said on condi- producer of raisins and other spokeswoman for the United structure needed to transport a nation already ranked as tion of anonymity. fruit, Afghanistan watched its Nations World Food crops and food, shattered by having the world’s worst food “That has potential to put vineyards become mineﬁelds An Afghan woman with her children begs on a roadside, in Herat, Programme (WFP) in Kabul. decades of conﬂict, are also security. US ofﬁcials are con- pressure on society ... While during years of war between Afghanistan, on Thursday. (EPA) The US forecast said poor plagued by homemade bombs. WORLD Saturday, February 12, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com 13 3,000 protest on ‘Friday of rage’ in Yemen REUTERS tions in the south were the ADEN ﬁrst by the separatists since the mass protests in Egypt AROUND 3,000 people took and Tunisia electriﬁed the to the streets across southern Arab world. Yemen in a “Friday of Rage”, North and South Yemen demanding secession from united in a bumpy merger in the north, but heavily 1990 that later devolved into deployed security forces civil war four years later. quickly stamped out protests, Saleh’s forces crushed the residents said. secessionist south and reunit- The protests come in the ed the country. lull after a wave of anti-gov- Saleh, eyeing the unrest ernment rallies spread across spreading in the Arab world, Yemen over the past two indicated last week he would weeks, inspired by the revolts leave ofﬁce when his term that ousted Tunisia’s former ends in 2013. The president president and the uprising in had previously cut taxes and Egypt that threatens promised salary raises to civil President Hosni Mubarak’s servants and the military. 30-year rule. Such concessions could “Revolution, revolution for tempt his political opposition the South,” protesters chant- into joining him in a unity ed in the ﬂashpoint cities of government — they have yet Aden, Dalea and Zinjibar. to take an ofﬁcial stand. But Yemen experts say the real southern separatists may not danger to the three-decade be satisﬁed. rule of President Ali Abdullah Many in the south, which Saleh, a key US ally against Al holds most of Yemen’s oil Qaeda, is if protesters from installations, complain that his political opposition join northerners usurp their with rebel groups such as the resources while denying them separatists in the south and their identity and political the Shi’ite insurgents he has rights. made a shaky truce with in Army tanks rolled into the north. Zinjibar, the capital of Abyan, Though small compared to where suspected Al Qaeda mil- protests by Yemen’s political itants have been active and opposition that attracted tens over a thousand protesters of thousands, the demonstra- gathered on Friday. Anti-government protesters stage a demonstration in the southern Yemeni city of Zinjibar, on Friday. (REUTERS) Opposition blamed for violence in US takes two disputes Several feared dead in Swiss Zimbabwe AP tions. with China to WTO plane crash REUTERS ZURICH HARARE Western nations argue AFP imports of the electrical steel, SEVERAL people were not enough has been WASHINGTON used by the power-generating killed when a plane THE party of Zimbabwe’s done by Mugabe’s party industry in transformers, crashed in western authoritarian president in the coalition to hon- THE United States said on reactors, and other large elec- Switzerland on Friday, blamed their opponents’ our its pledges to restore Friday it had taken trade dis- tric machines. local police said. supporters for a recent law and order, free up putes with China over US steel China imposed duties on “There were several spate of politically moti- the media and guarantee imports and electronic pay- speciﬁc steel imports in April victims,” said Markus vated violence. democratic reforms and ment services to the World 2009, saying the American Rieder, spokesman for Scores of families were free expression. Trade Organisation. steel had been dumped — sold displaced from their Tsvangirai’s party has The US requested the at less than fair market value homes near the capital of condemned the state Geneva-based WTO to estab- — into its market and was The bi-motor Harare when violence broadcaster for “hate lish two panels to settle the subsidised. Beechcraft air- surged in January. speech” and distortion of disputes, US Trade The USTR said that China’s plane crashed The nation’s sole broad- events. Representative Ron Kirk said antidumping and subsidy at around 1145 caster, which is controlled The state media said in a statement. determinations in the case GMT in the Val by loyalists of President police agreed to a demon- The WTO action marked an US Trade Representative Ambassador Ron Kirk, in Washington, appeared to violate numerous d’Anniviers. Robert Mugabe, on stration on Monday by escalation in the long-running recently. (REUTERS) WTO requirements, including Wednesday cited top Mugabe loyalists. The pro- list of trade disputes between initiating the proceedings the cantonal police of Mugabe ofﬁcials who testers opposed a recent the world’s largest economy US attempts to resolve the two prise, to the exclusion of “without sufﬁcient evidence” Valais. “Fewer than denied their supporters decision by the and its fast-growing Asian disputes directly with China American credit and debit and failing to disclose “essen- 10.” The aircraft was started any violence. They Tsvangirai-led city council rival. had failed, the USTR said. card companies.” tial facts” underlying its con- presumed to have been said supporters of the for- to award a car-parking One case addresses China’s “We are troubled by the Kirk said that in each of clusions. “We have watched a private plane, he mer opposition leader, contract in downtown imposition of antidumping procedures and decision- those disputes, the “USTR will with growing concern said. Prime Minister Morgan Harare to a South African duties and countervailing making employed by China in be pressing to ensure that we China’s resort to additional According to the Tsvangirai, are to blame. ﬁrm that protesters said duties on imports of grain-ori- its trade remedy investiga- obtain the trade beneﬁts pro- duties on US exports,” Kirk Swiss newspaper Blick’s Police cited nine alleged broke local laws that ented ﬂat-rolled electrical tions, which have now led to vided by the WTO agreement, said. website, the bi-motor cases of violence by require all businesses to steel from the United States, serious restrictions on exports in particular the American “It is important to ensure Beechcraft airplane Tsvangirai’s party since be majority black-owned. the statement said. of American steel,” Kirk said. jobs and economic growth at that China is held to the WTO crashed at around 1145 January. 6. The state broadcaster The other case challenges “We also remain deeply stake as a result of China’s rules and so prevent any GMT in the Val But witnesses have reported the protest was China’s allegedly discrimina- concerned about China’s con- actions.” unjustiﬁed duties from d’Anniviers, some 110 reported that Mugabe loy- “hijacked” by unruly mobs tory and restrictive treatment tinuing efforts to reserve its The US accuses China of affecting hundreds of mil- km (68 miles) east of alists in party regalia and Tsvangirai supporters of US suppliers of electronic domestic payment card mar- ﬂouting WTO rules in apply- lions of dollars of US steel Geneva. chanted party slogans and who stormed a ﬂea market payment services. Previous ket for one state-owned enter- ing additional duties on exports to China,” he added. led looting of a ﬂea market and looted stalls. and other recent clashes. State television showed In an intense campaign two stall holders who said dominating radio and tele- vision reports Wednesday, ZANU-PF chairman Simon Khaya Moyo, the fourth-ranked on they were Mugabe party members who were vic- tims of the looting. Other witnesses told independent reporters Russia, Japan crisis talks end in failure ofﬁcial in Mugabe’s party, that shops owned by AFP differences,” the Japanese told the broadcaster that Nigerian and Congolese MOSCOW foreign minister said ﬂatly rivals in the nation’s two- nationals were ransacked after talks that included a year power-sharing coali- by Mugabe’s militants. CRISIS talks between Russia brief but unscheduled one- tion aimed to create chaos The state broadcaster and Japan over four Paciﬁc on-one meeting with Lavrov. ahead of a European reported that some 700 islands ended in acrimo- The difﬁcult talks opened Union summit that will people took part in the ﬂea nious failure on Friday when with the two delegations star- discuss economic sanc- market attack, and eight Tokyo reafﬁrmed its claim ing coldly at each other from tions and Western policies were arrested. on the chain and Moscow opposite sides of a long table toward Zimbabwe. Tvangirai’s party said in accused its neighbour of and Lavrov telling Maehara in He said some European a statement about 100 of extreme behaviour. a stern voice that he found leaders favoured easing its supporters took refuge The two-hour meeting Japan’s recent actions unac- travel and ﬁnancial bans in a church western between Russian Foreign ceptable. affecting Zimbabwe. Harare Monday to ﬂee vio- Minister Sergei Lavrov and “To be honest, I expected to Britain, the former colo- lence in the city and its his Japanese counterpart receive you in Moscow nial power, the United townships. Police later Seiji Maehara was marked by against a better backdrop,” a States and the EU raided the church and an icy atmosphere and indica- stern-looking Lavrov said as imposed those bans tar- took away some of the tions of an increasingly tense he opened the talks. geting Mugabe and his fugitives for questioning stalemate in the Kuril Islands “Your visit comes against elite to protest abuse of on their role in the vio- dispute. the background of a series of human and democratic lence. Japan slapped down a completely unacceptable rights in a decade of polit- Human rights groups Russian proposal to form a actions,” he added. ical and economic turmoil. say political violence and joint commission to help The meeting followed a The broadcaster said intimidation has surged as resolve the crisis and the two tense week in which the Khaya Moyo met with US the government prepares diplomats notably failed to Japanese prime minister embassy ofﬁcials on for national elections later discuss a mooted visit to called Russian President Tuesday to demand the this year, though no date Moscow by Japanese Prime Dmitry Medvedev’s lifting of Western sanc- has been set. Japanese Foreign Minister Seiji Maehara with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, in Moscow, on Minister Nato Kan. November visit to the islands Friday. (AP) “We could not bridge our an “unforgivable outrage”. 14 Saturday, February 12, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com UNITED STATES Conservatives line up behind Republicans REUTERS Newt Gingrich, the former “making Barack Obama a crowd of the day and criticised complaining the United States So perhaps it was inevitable from Palin for a television inter- WASHINGTON speaker of the House of one-term president.” The Obama’s economic policies. needs to get tougher with that when he declared he view in which he seemed to Representatives who is ﬂirt- party is on a roll after wrest- Nobody knows whether China over its currency policy would decide by June suggest Palin was skipping the POTENTIAL US Republican ing with a run next year, ing control of the House from and with OPEC nations for whether to become a candi- conference because she would presidential candidates ﬂocked declared that Republican vic- the Democrats in November’s The gathering high oil prices. date, someone yelled from the not be paid for appearing. to a gathering of conservatives tories in congressional elec- elections and battling Obama came as sniping “If I decide to run, I will not crowd, “You’re hired.” The “I will not call him the on Thursday to road-test a tions last year were only the on spending cuts. broke out between be raising taxes,” Trump said. crowd also got an unexpected knuckle-dragging message that basically boiled start. “2010 was the appetis- But Obama may be hard to two potential can- “We will be taking hundreds appearance from former Vice Neanderthal. I’ll let his wife down to this: Beat President er, 2012 is the entree,” he told beat. He appears to be enjoy- didates — former of billions of dollars from President Dick Cheney, who call him that instead,” Palin Barack Obama in 2012. the Conservative Political ing an improved standing Alaska Governor other countries that are introduced former Defence told Fox News. Republicans have no obvi- Action Conference. with Americans by making Sarah Palin and screwing us.” Secretary Donald Rumsfeld. The conference resumes on ous heir-apparent for 2012, Representative Michele some centrist moves after his former Senator Trump is perhaps The gathering came as snip- Friday and will include leaving 11,000 conservatives Bachmann, a Tea Party Democrats were routed in the Rick Santorum. America’s most famous busi- ing broke out between two speeches by possible 2012 at a conference to ponder a champion often mentioned as elections. nessman. He presided over potential candidates — former candidates Mitt Romney, a crowded ﬁeld ﬁghting for a potential 2012 contender, Celebrity real estate tycoon Trump is serious about run- the popular NBC programme Alaska Governor Sarah Palin former Massachusetts gover- attention 21 months before told the group that Donald Trump, a surprise ning for president. But he came “The Apprentice” with the and former Senator Rick nor, and former Minnesota the election. Republicans’ main goal was speaker, drew the largest with plenty of talking points, signature line “You’re ﬁred.” Santorum. Santorum drew ﬁre Governor Tim Pawlenty. Inside US Lawmakers concerned Priests charged with Obama budget to ignite simmering deficit debate by Huawei deal sexual abuse of boys WASHINGTON US law- WASHINGTON Criminal makers expressed concern charges were ﬁled on on Thursday over the sale Thursday in Philadelphia of US computer ﬁrm 3Leaf against Roman Catholic Systems to Chinese tech- priests accused of raping nology giant Huawei, say- boys, as well as against REUTERS ing the deal could pose a their supervisor for failing WASHINGTON “serious risk” to US to protect the children. national security. A grand jury in the city of PRESIDENT Barack Obama’s In a letter to Commerce Philadelphia, home to the 2012 budget plan will bring a Secretary Gary Locke and sixth-largest Catholic dio- simmering deﬁcit debate to a Treasury Secretary Timothy cese in the United States, head when he sends it to Geithner, Democratic investigated allegations of Congress on Monday, but the Senator Jim Webb of assault against two boys, United States is still far from Virginia, Republican and made the rare determi- tackling its huge ﬁscal gap as Senator Jon Kyl of Arizona nation that the supervisor bond markets watch anxiously. and three other lawmakers also should be charged. With the deﬁcit expected to accused Huawei of having Monsignor William Lynn, widen in 2011 and 2012 — “ties with the People’s who as secretary of clergy due largely to the December Liberation Army, the for the Archdiocese of extension of George W Bush- Taliban, and the Iranian Philadelphia was responsi- era tax cuts — there is a risk of Revolutionary Guard.” ble for investigating sexual a damaging stand-off They asked to be updat- abuse claims, was charged between Republicans and ed on the status of the with two counts of endan- Obama’s Democrats that pro- review of the 3Leaf acqui- gering the welfare of a duces little concrete action on sition by the Committee on child. the deﬁcit. Foreign Investment in the “He had all the informa- Election wins in November United States (CFIUS), tion he needed to protect by Republicans backed by the which reportedly began them. Instead, he lied to conservative Tea Party move- looking into the transaction parishioners and went out ment have brought new in December. Citing press of his way to put known members to the House of reports, they said Huawei abusers into contact with Representatives who cam- had bought 3Leaf’s intel- adolescents,” Philadelphia paigned aggressively for lectual property and hired district attorney Seth slashed spending and smaller President Barack Obama at the South Lawn of the White House, in Washington, on Thursday. (EPA) a number of its employees Williams said in a state- government. in May 2010. (AFP) ment. (AFP) Republicans control the much and borrows too The White House sees the we need to put our budget out Republicans balk at House and Democrats have a much,” Boehner told budget as a starting point for there and focus on near-term Obama’s spending plans and majority in the Senate, which reporters on Thursday. the debate on spending and deadlines,” Obama’s budget say his cuts do not go nearly makes harder the process of The current political land- reducing the deﬁcit, forecast director Jack Lew told Reuters far enough. ﬁnding a compromise on the scape “reminds me an awful to reach $1.48 trillion this ﬁs- last week. They are also critical of the budget proposal of Democrat lot of winter of 1995-’96,” said cal year, or 9.8 percent of US Obama’s budget will include White House’s likely refusal Obama. William Hoagland, a budget GDP. This would be down a ﬁve year freeze on non-secu- to lay out a plan to tackle The top Republican, House expert who used to advise from 10.0 percent of GDP in rity discretionary spending to spending on entitlement pro- Speaker John Boehner, Republican senators. Back 2010, but still very high for lower the deﬁcit by $400 bil- grams — Social Security, already was attacking the then, the government the United States on a histor- lion over the next 10 years. But Medicare and Medicaid White House budget effort. endured partial shutdowns ical basis. it will back investment in edu- retirement and healthcare “We’re concerned he’ll send after a Democratic White “There are a lot of different cation, innovation and infra- programs — that many say Congress a budget that House and a Republican-led ideas on Capitol Hill right now structure, for example with $8 will drive the deﬁcit and debt destroys jobs because it House could not settle their that have started to develop billion earmarked for high to unsustainable levels unless spends too much, taxes too budget disputes. over the last 10 days. I think speed trains. they are reformed. Arnold Schwarzenegger to be back in Hollywood LOS ANGELES Arnold Schwarzenegger is changing his famous catch-phrase to “I’m back” from “I’ll be back.” The Astronaut tells tales of Rockets, doughnuts former governor of California said on Thursday that he was returning to his former role as a Hollywood action hero. “Exciting news,” he wrote on Twitter. “My friends at CAA (Creative Artists Agency, his talent ﬁrm) have been asking space flight to children may face axe in US me for 7 years when they can take offers seriously. Gave them the green light today.” The 63-year-old actor’s two terms as governor of America’s most populous state ended AFP WASHINGTON budget cuts last month, leading to much speculation as to whether he AFP held hearings on how to get rid would upgrade to national political ofﬁce or return to the WHEN NASA astronaut WASHINGTON of waste and fraud. silver screen. Leland Melvin thinks back on NSF is spending 500,000 In between failed efforts to plug a state deﬁcit now his 12-year career, he esti- HUNDREDS of millions of dollars per year on refresh- pegged at about $25 billion, Schwarzenegger took time to mates he must have read to a US taxpayer dollars have ments at meetings, even make a few movie cameos, most recently as a mercenary half million children, some- been wasted on everything though attendees are already leader in pal Sylvester Stallone’s hit action thriller “The times in classrooms, some- from doughnuts to rockets, compensated for food and Expendables.” His movie career had been on the wane times via videolink from space. auditors told Congress on other expenses, Inspector before he announced a surprise bid for the governorship in But he showed no weari- Thursday as budget-minded General Allison Lerner said. 2003, running as a moderate Republican. (REUTERS) ness on a gray Tuesday lawmakers prepared to slash Other problems include the afternoon when he strode science funding. way the agency spends half of into a public elementary For example, hundreds of its budget for contracts on ‘Activists on Facebook need more protection’ school in a downtrodden millions of dollars are being pay-in-advance schemes in WASHINGTON Facebook has become an important tool for section of the US capital spent each month on a NASA which contractors get paid democracy and human rights activists and it needs to do where crime is high and test programme to return ahead of time whether the more to protect them, including allowing the use of pseu- scores are low. Americans to the moon, even work is ﬁnished or not. donyms, a US senator said on Thursday. The Ferrebee Hope though the US space agency, “The risk of fraud, waste and “Recent events in Egypt and Tunisia have again high- Elementary School, which Leland Melvin, a former astronaut and NASA’s Associate Congress and President abuse by NSF contractors will lighted the signiﬁcant costs and beneﬁts of social network- teachers and students refer to Administrator for Education, in Washington, recently. (AFP) Barack Obama have agreed continue to be high until NSF ing technology like Facebook to democracy and human as “The Hope,” is surrounded not to proceed with it. Old, implements fully adequate rights activists,” Senator Dick Durbin said in a letter to by a tall chainlink fence and you can do anything you put trated book that described a rundown buildings are drain- cost surveillance procedures,” Facebook co-founder and chief executive Mark Zuckerberg. encircled by brick apartment your mind to, right?” Melvin young girl who was inspired ing 300 million dollars a year she told the House “I commend you for providing an important tool to buildings, many with board- asked the several dozen chil- to become an astronaut. from NASA in repair costs Appropriations Subcommittee democracy and human-rights activists,” the Democrat from ed-up windows. dren, aged eight to 11, who sat He peppered the reading alone, and at least one space on Science, State, Justice and Illinois said. Inside the school library, a on the ﬂoor in front of him. A with tales of space travel. telescope project has run bil- Commerce. A recent audit of “However, as millions of people around the world use group of children handpicked handful responded weakly: A video of him eating candy lions over budget, more than large construction projects Facebook to exercise their freedom of expression, I am con- for good behaviour were “Yes.” from a ﬂoating water bubble four times initial estimates. undertaken by NSF revealed cerned that the company does not have adequate safeguards rewarded with an opportunity “What?” Melvin shouted. in space got plenty of laughs, The National Science more than 169 million dollars in place to protect human rights and avoid being exploited by to see an astronaut up close, “Yes!” the children shouted and one mention of moving at Foundation, a 6.9 billion dol- in “unallowable contingency repressive governments,” Durbin said. “Facebook has facilitat- look at space artifacts and back. Melvin, one of 14 speeds of 25,000 miles per lar federal agency that dispers- costs,” because “no barriers ed efforts by activists to organise demonstrations and publi- hear stories of a world far African-American astronauts hour drew astonished mut- es grants to researchers, also existed to prevent the funds cise human-rights abuses,” he said. (AFP) beyond their own. who have ﬂown in space, read ters of “Dang!” from a few of came under the microscope as from being drawn down in “As you get your education, to the children from an illus- the students. the House of Representatives advance,” she said. US / AMERICAS Saturday, February 12, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com 15 Arizona sues Inside Americas govt on Mexico border security REUTERS enforced,” she added. laws, and protect Arizona PHOENIX The desert state straddles a from “harms associated with Mexican court furiously trafﬁcked corridor rampant illegal immigration.” upholds French ARIZONA on Thursday ﬁled for human and drug smug- Brewer locked horns with a lawsuit against the federal glers from Mexico, and is the the federal government last woman’s conviction government, alleging that principal gateway for illegal April, when she signed the MEXICO CITY An appeals Washington has failed to immigrants entering the state’s controversial measure court on Thursday upheld secure the state’s porous bor- United States. cracking down on illegal the conviction of a French der with Mexico. In Washington, a spokesman immigrants into law. woman imprisoned in Governor Jan Brewer and for the US Department of It provoked protests in Mexico for kidnapping, a state Attorney General Tom Homeland Security dismissed Arizona and around the coun- case that has ignited pas- Horne, both Republicans, try, although opinion polls sions in both Mexico and told a news conference that Arizona will not showed that a majority of France and caused fric- they ﬁled a counter suit rest until our bor- Americans supported the law, tion between the two gov- against the government in der is secured and At the heart of the state law ernments. federal court in Phoenix. federal immigra- is the requirement that police France’s foreign minis- The suit is in response to a tion laws are determine the immigration ter reacted strongly, call- government lawsuit last year enforced. status of a person they have ing the decision blocking key parts of the JAN BREWER detained and suspect of being deplorable and saying it state’s tough law cracking in the country illegally. would affect relations down on illegal immigrants. the suit as a “meritless court But before it could take with Mexico. “Because the federal gov- claim” that “does nothing to effect last July, US District Mexico’s Foreign ernment has failed to protect secure the border.” Court Judge Susan Bolton Relations Department the citizens of Arizona, I am “Smart strategies, dedicat- blocked key parts of the state rejected the charge that left with no other choice,” ed law enforcement person- law, arguing immigration an injustice was done and Brewer told reporters at a nel, and strategic partner- matters are the federal gov- said it regretted “pro- news conference in central ships with state, local, and ernment’s responsibility. foundly” that France Phoenix, as several boisterous tribal governments and agen- In November, a three-judge would allow relations to protesters attempted to shout cies do,” spokesman Matt panel of the US Court of be harmed by the case. her down. Chandler said. Appeals for the Ninth Circuit The court said in a state- “We did not want this ﬁght. The suit detailed ﬁve sepa- heard arguments in the case. ment that the conviction We did not start this ﬁght. rate counts, including allega- It has yet to issue a ruling. and 60-year-sentence of But, now that we are in it, tions that the government Brewer said the state would Florence Cassez would Arizona will not rest until our had failed to achieve “opera- most likely have to pursue its stand. The court said that border is secured and federal tional control” over the bor- claims all the way to the US prosecutors had proved Arizona Governor Jan Brewer during a programme at the Arizona Capitol, recently. (AP) immigration laws are der, enforce immigration Supreme Court. Cassez’s guilt in three 2005 kidnappings and that irregularities alleged by her defence attorney did White House says no to emergency Cuba, Venezuela may face not hinder the case. (AP) Gunmen kill eight in Mexico’s border city AK-47 regulation instability: US intelligence AFP CIUDAD JUAREZ Gunmen barged into a bar in the battered border city of Ciudad Juarez and opened ﬁre late Thursday, become even more dependent killing seven women and AP weapons and put them in the WASHINGTON on subsidised oil shipments one man, authorities said. PHOENIX bumper of your car and drive from Venezuela and earnings Three other people them around or even down to PRESIDENT Hugo Chavez from over 40,000 health were wounded at the “Las The US agency that monitors the border,” said ATF will face increasing protests workers, teachers and advis- Torres” bar and were in gun sales has suffered a set- spokesman Scot Thomasson. as the Venezuelan economy ers in that country,” read the critical condition, said back in its effort to increase “This would just allow us to deteriorates and the opposi- report. Arturo Sandoval, scrutiny of the bulk sale of put out an investigative lead tion strengthens, while politi- “We doubt that the Cuban spokesman for Chihuahua high-powered assault riﬂes in at the time of the sale.” cal instability is also possible economy can quickly absorb state prosecutors. border state gun shops that Twenty people were indict- in Cuba, a US intelligence all the dismissed state work- Sandoval said investiga- are a chief source of weapons ed on federal charges last report said on Thursday. ers given the many bureau- tors were still trying to smuggling into Mexico. month for allegedly partici- The dire news for the two cratic and structural hurdles determine who was The Bureau of Alcohol, pating in a ring that bought leftist Latin American to increased private sector behind the attack. (AP) Tobacco, Firearms and more than 700 guns to be regimes came in the annual employment.” Explosives wants to require smuggled into Mexico for use Worldwide Threat Cuban President Raul Toll from dengue gun dealers in California, by a drug cartel. In that case, Assessment, a report issued Castro has announced sweep- mounts in Latin Arizona, New Mexico and individuals on several occa- by the ofﬁce of Director of ing reforms that include Texas to report the sales of sions bought dozens of AK- National Intelligence James slashing half a million gov- America two or more riﬂes to the same 47s as well as 50-caliber high- Clapper. ernment jobs and making it MONTEVIDEO An out- customer within a ﬁve-day powered riﬂes capable of “Facing an energised oppo- easier for private entrepre- break of dengue fever period, similar to a rule that shooting down airplanes, even sition in the coming year, neurs to work. across much of Latin exists for handgun sales. The after riﬂes they purchased ear- Chavez may have to deal with The report noted that there America has killed 31 goal of the plan is to crack lier had been seized. more popular protests over is “little organised opposition people since the start of For example, police in his continued push to imple- Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez addressing military personnel to the Cuban government, the year and is showing Douglas, Arizona, found nine ment 21st Century at a military base, in Maracay, southwest of Caracas, recently. (AFP) and Cuba’s security forces are no sign of relenting. AK-47 riﬂes hidden in a car Socialism,” read the report. capable of suppressing There is no vaccine for Gun matters bumper in late 2009. The guns were tracked back to Sean Venezuela “currently suf- fers from nearly 30 percent however “remains secure, despite his party’s lacklustre tourism have decreased, resulting in a foreign currency localised public protests.” However it warned that “a dengue, a mosquito-borne viral disease endemic to Christopher Steward, who had inﬂation and negative performance” in September reserve drop that has “forced heavy-handed Cuban put- tropical regions across the bought them in a batch of 40 growth,” and Chavez will 2010 legislation elections. As dramatic cuts to imports, espe- down of protests could spark world, including Asia and The goal of the AK-47 type riﬂes at Lone Wolf “struggle to improve his for Cuba, “the economic situ- cially food imports, and we wider discontent and Africa. Since January 1, plan is to crack Trading Co., in Glendale, country’s poor economic per- ation is dire,” the report said. have seen increases in the price increased violence which nearly 46,600 conﬁrmed down on problem Arizona, the day before. formance.” Foreign revenue coming of oil, food, and electricity. could lead to a level of politi- or suspected cases have gun dealers and Just ﬁve days after this Chavez’s hold on power from nickel exports and “As a result, Havana has cal instability.” been detected in the region, buyers at a time of seizure, Steward bought 43 according report. (AFP) heightened drug more AK-47 riﬂes and pistols, cartel violence according to court records. along the border. down on problem gun dealers and buyers at a time of Altogether, Steward bought at least 143 more weapons after the seizure, mostly AK-47s from Lone Wolf. Almost all of 13 US states seek aid for execution drug heightened drug cartel vio- the hundreds of guns identi- AFP Justice Department “For those jurisdictions “Therefore we solicit your Texas and Ohio, still have lence along the border. ﬁed in the indictment were WASHINGTON spokesperson Alisa Finelli that have the drug available, assistance in either identify- enough doses to carry out The agency asked the White sold by the Lone Wolf Trading told AFP. their supplies are very small ing an appropriate source for executions. House for an emergency Co., which was also identiﬁed THE US Department of Sodium thiopental is part of — measured in a handful of sodium thiopental or making Other states like Oklahoma order that would allow ATF to in a Washington Post inves- Justice said on Thursday it a three-drug cocktail normal- doses. The result is many supplies held by the federal have modiﬁed their protocol quickly impose the require- tigative series last year as the was reviewing a request from ly that the US Supreme Court government available to the by substituting thiopental ment without public review. top seller of weapons found at 13 states asking for help in has approved for use in exe- The complaint states,” the letter read. with pentobarbital, a drug But the White House denied Mexican crime scenes. obtaining a drug used for exe- cutions. It effectively puts the requests that the The last doses of thiopental normally used to euthanize the request and told the The shop is in a cookie cut- cutions that is no longer man- person to sleep, before a dose FDA be held made in the United States will animals. agency that the proposal has ter strip mall off a busy ufactured in the United of pancuronium bromide responsible for not reach expiration this spring, Six death row prisoners to undergo a standard three- Phoenix area street that also States. paralyses the muscles and stopping states which will put the 35 US claim in a lawsuit ﬁled on month review period that is has a brake shop and a gro- The only company autho- potassium chloride stops res- from importing states that practice the death February 2 that the US gov- open to public comment. cery store. Target practice rised by the US Food and piration. thiopental from penalty at a crossroads. ernment has allowed what The plan could still be posters outlining the human Drug Administration (FDA) “Sodium thiopental is in Europe last fall. The letter was signed by the they argue is the illegal implemented, but not on the body hang on its windows fac- to produce on US soil sodium very short supply worldwide attorneys general of Oregon, importation of a drug used for expedited timetable that the ing outward. thiopental — an anaesthetic and, for various reasons, jurisdictions shortly will be Alabama, Colorado, executions. agency had wanted Dozens of assault riﬂes used in lethal injection execu- essentially unavailable on the unable to perform executions Delaware, Florida, Idaho, The complaint requests “It’s not against the law, blanket the walls behind the tions — announced on open market,” the states said in cases where appeals have Mississippi, Missouri, that the FDA be held respon- and it’s not going to be glass counter, and the hand- January 21 that it permanent- in a late January letter to the been exhausted and gover- Nevada, Tennessee, Utah, sible for not stopping states against the law, for you to buy guns are displayed beneath ly stopped production. federal government, US nors have signed death war- Washington and Wyoming. from importing thiopental 40, 50, even 100 of these the glass. “We will review the letter,” media reported. rants. Several states, including from Europe last fall. 16 Saturday, February 12, 2011 www.qatar-tribune.com THE LAST WORD DOWN IN THE DUMPS Hosni Mubarak: a survivor for 30 years comes undone AP from power was hard to con- suggested that violence lay at ocratic reform early in his approved of the 2003 US CAIRO ceive for most Egyptians just the core of his system. presidency but pulled back invasion that toppled a short time ago. Year after As he clung to power, the toward the dictatorial style Saddam Hussein of Iraq, HE survived assassination year, as the president aged status quo he personiﬁed that eventually propelled the which he believed was in attempts and wave after and ailed, people watched became increasingly loathed. protests that began on need of a “‘tough, strong wave of Middle East crises, a his scripted appearances on And as it turns out, beneath January 25. military ofﬁcer who is fair’” solid ally of the West whose television — the suit and tie, the stern facade of authority, Assessments described as leader. stable image reassured many the wagging finger, the the 82-year-old was a ﬁgure Mubarak as a man deeply “This telling observation, Egyptians. Hosni Mubarak “father of the nation” aura. in steep decline, unable to suspicious of reform. A we believe, describes ended his presidency on After protests and check boiling currents of 2009 cable from the US Mubarak’s own view of him- Friday as a symbol of what upheaval swept Egypt, popular fury, or harness the embassy in Cairo, released self as someone who is tough Former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak was wrong with Egypt: the Mubarak sought to portray history unfolding in his by the secret-sharing but fair, who ensures the repression, the corruption, himself as the only obstacle nation of 80 million — the WikiLeaks website, called basic needs of his people,” The 18 days that the lost hopes of a swelling, impoverished class. Mubarak, in power for nearly three decades, was to chaos, as he had done suc- cessfully so many times in the past. Yet attacks by his sup- porters, who roamed down- largest in the Arab world. A former pilot and air force general with a combat- ive, stubborn streak, he took him “a tried and true realist, innately cautious and con- servative,” and with “little time for idealistic goals.” the cable said. Mubarak’s mind, it is far “In better to let a few individuals suffer than risk chaos for shook Egypt and such a ﬁxture that his exit town Cairo with impunity, tentative steps toward dem- It noted that Mubarak dis- society as a whole.” the Arab world REUTERS CAIRO political transition to start immediately. Qatar hails Egypt transition as people celebrate February 3 - Gunmen ﬁre AFP HERE is a timeline of the on anti-government pro- DOHA events in the uprising testers in Cairo, where against Egyptian President about 10 are killed and more THOUSANDS of people cel- Hosni Mubarak who than 830 injured in ﬁghting. ebrated in Qatar on Friday stepped down on Friday, the The UN estimates that 300 after the toppling of Egypt’s 18th day of protests. people have died in the president Hosni Mubarak as January 25 - Thousands of unrest. Doha described the transi- Egyptians demand an end February 4 - Thousands tion of power there to the to President Hosni gather in Tahrir Square to military as “positive and Mubarak’s rule and clash press again for an end to important”. with police in a “Day of Mubarak’s rule in a “Day of A palace statement said Wrath” inspired by Ben Ali’s Departure.” that the Emir His Highness downfall. February 5 - Gamal Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al January 26 - Police ﬁght Mubarak, son of the presi- Thani “respects the will of with thousands of Egyptians dent, resigns from the lead- the Egyptian people and who defy a government ban ership of Egypt’s ruling their choices”, and that “the to protest against party. transfer of power to the Mubarak’s rule. February 6 - Opposition supreme council of the January 27 - Mohamed groups, including the armed forces is an impor- ElBaradei, reform cam- banned Muslim tant, positive step toward paigner and former head of Brotherhood, hold talks achieving the aspirations of the International Atomic with the government, the Egyptian people.” Energy Agency, arrives in chaired by the vice-presi- Earlier, a statement car- Cairo. dent. ried by state news agency January 28 - At least 24 — Banks re-open after a QNA called the transition in people are killed and more week-long closure. Egypt to military rule “a pos- than 1,000 hurt in clashes — Thousands gather in itive and important step throughout Egypt. Mubarak Tahrir Square joining noon towards achieving the aspi- Egyptians go on a festival mood after the resignation of Hosni Mubarak at the Corniche, in Doha, on Friday. (JALAL PATHIYOOR) extends a curfew to all cities. prayers to honour “martyrs” rations of the Egyptian peo- — Mubarak orders killed in the bloodshed. ple for democracy, reform, added the QNA statement. Revellers who gathered on and ‘Egypt is free, the dent Gamal Abdel Nasser, troops and tanks into February 7 - State news and a decent life.” Thousands of Egyptians the Corniche sang the thieves are gone”. who died in 1970. Cars cities overnight to quell agency MENA reports Qatar hopes “Egypt will and other Arabs gathered in Egyptian national anthem Some carried Egyptian adorned with Egyptian ﬂags demonstrations. Mubarak has set up two regain its leading role in the Doha on Friday to celebrate ‘Biladi — My Country’ — and ﬂags, while others held por- cruised past in a chorus of Thousands cheer at the committees to draw up Arab and Muslim world,” Mubarak’s departure. chanted ‘Long live Egypt’ traits of Egypt’s late presi- blaring horns. news of the intervention of changes to the constitution. the army, which is seen as — The stock market neutral, unlike the police remains closed, to reopen who are regularly on February 13. deployed to stiﬂe dissent. January 29 - Mubarak sacks his cabinet but refuses — Opposition ﬁgures report little progress in talks with the government. Sharm el Sheikh: Hosni People have Mubarak’s Red Sea bolt hole to step down. Protesters February 8 - Egyptians stream back into Cairo’s stage one of their biggest central Tahrir Square in the early hours after Mubarak’s announcement. — Mubarak names intelli- protests. — Vice President Suleiman says Egypt has a timetable for the peaceful transfer of AFP CAIRO hotels and casinos, diving resorts and golf courses Begin. The Israelis had begun spoken out in Egypt: Obama gence chief Omar Suleiman power. He promises no attracted about a quarter of developing Sharm el Sheikh as vice-president. reprisals against the pro- THE Red Sea resort of Sharm 12.5 million tourists to Egypt as a resort, building a few January 30 ElBaradei testers. el Sheikh, bolt hole for presi- in 2009. hotels there in the late 1980s. joins protesters. February 9 - Four people dent Hosni Mubarak who Sharm el Sheikh, lavishly Since then, it has grown — Thousands of protesters are killed and several stepped down on Friday, is advertised as the heart of the into a major resort attracting roam the streets after a cur- wounded in clashes both a popular tourist haunt Red Sea riviera at the south- Western and Arab investors AFP ible in the eyes of the few starts. Egyptians form between security forces and and favoured place to show- ern tip of the Sinai where the and thousands of tourists, WASHINGTON Egyptian people,” Obama vigilante groups to guard about 3,000 protesters in case Egypt’s role as Middle Suez and Aqaba gulfs meet, is mostly scuba divers and said, warning there could be property against looters. the western province of New East peacebroker. also important for Egypt as a snorkellers attracted by the US PRESIDENT Barack “difﬁcult days ahead.” January 31 - The army Valley, south of Cairo. Mubarak was known for symbol of sovereignty clear warm waters and shoals Obama said on Friday the “Over the last few weeks, says it will not use force — Pro-democracy protest- showing off development in regained in the Sinai. of exotic ﬁsh. people of Egypt had spoken the wheel of history turned against Egyptians staging ers consolidate a new the area, where he has a holi- Conquered by Israel during Over the years, the arid vil- after history moved at a at a blinding pace, as the protests. It says freedom of encampment around day home, to foreign guests the June 1967 war along with lage of Sharm el Sheikh has “blinding pace,” and called Egyptian people demanded expression is guaranteed to Cairo’s parliament building he invited there for political the rest of the Sinai, Sharm el spawned a town, its residents on the now-ruling military their universal rights,” he all citizens using peaceful as Tahrir Square remains meetings and conferences. Sheikh was restored to Egypt a mix of tourists, hotel staff, to ensure a transition said. means. crowded. Tucked between the moun- under the 1979 peace accord building workers, tourist towards “genuine democra- As well as praising — Egypt swears in a new February 10 - On the 17th tains of the Sinai desert and signed by late president guides and taxi-drivers as cy.” Egyptians, Obama also government. Suleiman says day of protests against his waters of the Red Sea, the Anwar el Sadat and Israeli well as a slew of diving and “The people of Egypt have sought to make a wider Mubarak has asked him to rule, Mubarak says Egypt is glitzy strip of golden beaches, prime minister Menahem water-sports instructors. spoken — their voices have point, apparently seeking to start dialogue with all politi- heading “day after day” to a been heard and Egypt will connect with Muslims else- cal forces. peaceful transfer of power never be the same,” Obama where who felt marginalized February 1 - Mubarak and he was committed to said in his first public and may be easy prey for declares he will surrender protect the constitution response to the earlier resig- extremists. power when his term ends until that happens. nation of President Hosni “Egyptians have inspired in September, offering a — He hands powers to his Mubarak after days of raging us and they’ve done so by mixture of concessions and vice-president but spurned protests. putting the lie to the idea that deﬁance in a televised state- protesters’ demands that he “By stepping down, justice is best gained through ment. quit ofﬁce immediately. He President Mubarak respond- violence,” Obama said. Around one million also expressed regret over ed to the Egyptian peoples’ “For Egypt, it was the Egyptians protest through- protesters’ deaths. hunger for change,” Obama moral force of non-violence, out the country for Mubarak February 11 - Mubarak said, in his only reference to not terrorism, not mindless to step down immediately. steps down, handing over to a deposed Arab strongman killing, but non-violence, February 2 - The army the army and ending 30 who had been a staunch US moral force, that bent the calls for protesters to leave years of rule. ally for three decades. arc of history towards justice the streets and curfew hours — Suleiman says a military “Egyptians have made it one more.” are eased. council will run the affairs of clear that nothing less than The president also drew — Troops make no attempt the Arab world’s most popu- genuine democracy will parallels to the “echoes of to intervene as violence lous nation. carry the day,” Obama said, history” mentioning breaks out between pro- — Thousands break down in praising the military for Germans tearing down the and anti-Mubarak groups in tears, celebrate and hug serving responsibly to pre- Berlin Wall, Indonesians Tahrir Square. each other chanting: “The serve the state. revolting against the presi- — The government rejects people have brought down The armed forces would dent Suharto, and Indian US and European calls for the regime.” now have to ensure a politi- independence icon A view of the beach at the Red Sea resort of Sharm el Sheik, in Egypt. (EPA) cal transition that was “cred- Mahatma Gandhi.
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