Rome in the first century AD
• Rome was the most important city in the world. It
was the centre of the Roman Empire
• As it was such an important place, the disciples
of Jesus carried the Gospel to Rome.
• Peter, who had been given the main
responsibility of leading the church when Jesus
died, went to Rome to try to encourage the
Christians to keep their faith in Jesus.
• The Romans persecuted the Christians for
believing in Jesus.
A Roman Solider fighting
What happened to Peter?
• Peter was arrested and crucified. The Romans
did not like him preaching about Jesus. (Paul
another disciple of Jesus, was also killed at this
time for the same reason. His head was cut off
with a sword!)
• When Peter died a successor was chosen to
carry on his work. He became the bishop of
• The first six bishops of Rome were all Martyrs.
What is Rome like today?
• Peter’s Successor still live in Rome today.
He is called the Pope which means ‘father’
• Rome is still a very holy place for
Catholics today because in the Vatican
City is St Peter’s, the church that stands
on the place where Peter was martyred
• This is Pope
Benedict, the current
• What do you think is
difficult about his job
• In small groups, spend 10 minutes discussing
about everything you know about Rome. This
can be as it is today or as it was in the past.
• Perhaps someone has been to Rome and can
remember what they saw and did there.
• Every year, Catholics from all over the world
travel to Rome on a pilgrimage. Why do you
think they do this?
• Now feedback to the class.
• Design a poster about Rome for display in
a travel agents.
• You may like to include some historical
points about Rome which would be of
interest to the tourists.
• You should include written information and