Philae by mahmoud.ibm5000


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									The island of Philae, is an island in the middle of the River Nile, one of the forts strongest along the
border of southern Egypt, and separates the Nile into two channels Maackstan in Aswan, the Temple of
Philae and moved from its original location on the island of Philae was collected on the island of Ojeljka,
in the wake of the High Dam [1].

This is because the name of elephants or Vilay to the Greek language which means the (beloved) or
(granules) The Arabic name to her that he (Anas exist), the proportion of the myth once in the story of the
Thousand and One Nights The name of the ancient Egyptian and Coptic is Bilak or Balakh means to
reduce or end because it was last borders of Egypt in the south. And a set of worship dedicated to the
worship of the goddess Isis, is that the island contained the temples of Hathor and Amenhotep, and other

Built temples, "elephants" in the origin to the worship of the goddess "Isis"

In all the centuries elephants have gained a special place in worship to the extent that a crowd of
followers that worship were meeting to revive the story of the death and sent Osiris.

The great temple was built during the third century BC, was followed by the temples of Amenhotep and
Erssanovas. The Temple of Hathor is the last major impact Ptolemaic and construction was completed
before the year 116 BC by Aiorgits II. He added Btalma other inscriptions to the elephants, which is one
of the masterpieces of the temple. From Egypt, the worship of the gods Isis spread to Greece and Rome
and in various parts of the empire even when the application of Roman rule in Egypt, the rulers tried to
beauty the island has the Holy Emperor Augustus Caesar built a temple in the northern tip of elephants in
the ninth century BC. The Tibirius and others have added edifices and inscriptions, as Claudius built
Hadrian and Trajan and Diocletian and new buildings on the island continued to work there until the fourth
century AD.

To control the intensity of the worship of Isis in Philae Island led to the extension of the worship for many
centuries in defiance of the decree of the emperor Theodosius I, issued in 391 AD and which imposes on
the Christian religion throughout the empire of Romania. In 550 AD, under the rule of Justinian and
Christianity arrived to the island of Philae and started a new page in its history. A new society and be a
Christian on the island of Philae and the hall turned columns to be suitable for the practice of the new
religion. Stones were taken from some of the effects to build Christian churches on the island. The new
village grew around the temple of Isis. [2]

When Islam came, was considered a bulwark elephants represented in one of the legendary story of the
Thousand Nights and gained the name Anas being named after a hero of these stories, stories of a
thousand and one nights.

This temple dedicated to the goddess Isis, who was swamped with waters of the Nile was divided and
re-assembled in a new location on the island of Ajeljka a distance of about 500 m from its original location
on the island of Philae and includes buildings of the temple of Hathor and the visitor can see the light and
sound at night, which offers a variety of languages.
Egypt was a prosperous part of the Romanian parts of the empire, the right to become rich has built
several new cities where the most famous establishments in Egypt in Roman times, the so-called
Pharaoh's bed any kiosk of Trajan and the impact on the island of Philae was built by Emperor Trajan, the
Roman governor.

Held a large number of temples on the island of "elephants" Perhaps the oldest of the temples dating to
the reign of King Tuthmosis III (1490-1436 BC). In the fourth century BC, built the King "Nakht Npf"
(378-341 BC). And a huge temple was built on its impact, "Ptolemy Veladlv" (third century BC) the great
temple, and was followed by many of the Ptolemaic kings and the governors of the Romans until the
crowded island of Philae temples , the best known is called the "chamber of Pharaoh."

There is also a large number of statues of the kings of ancient Egypt on an island Philae
Back ruins the first on the island of Philae to the reign of King Taharqa (family and Twenty-fifth) and the
Temple of Isis, one of the largest and most important effects in the group of temples, large and small on
the island of Philae and the running of this temple is about a quarter of the island Among other effects on
the island of Philae limited "Nkhtnpo I" (family xxx), and two rows of columns dating back to Roman times,
the Temple of Erassanovas Greek - Roman Temple of Mandolees (from the Roman era), and the Temple
of Amahotb (from the Ptolemaic period) and the most important small temples that surround the group
temples, the great temple of Hathor (Ptolemaic period) Trajan and limited

Island Ajeljka

Nz complete the construction of the Aswan Dam, the first in 1902 and the surrounding waters of the Nile
island of Philae most of the year, in the island with all its stock of precious ancient temples, including
cabins, columns, and gates Pharaonic, embodying all the architectural styles Romanian - Greek and

The Nkhtnpo which is one of the last kings of Egypt built the original temple on the island of Philae in the
first half of the fourth century BC, and after him came the Ptolemies, who ruled the country for 300 years
and embraced the cult of Isis, supplementing the private tombs on the island.

This has led to build the High Dam to change the situation radically For the consideration that the island
will be located between the new dam and the old dam, it will become partially submerged, but throughout
the year.

In addition, the daily draw of water to drive turbines that generate electricity may mean the presence of
ripples going in nearly 3 meters from the water level which in turn leads to the destruction of the stones
quickly and then the failure to find a solution to this problem would have led to this island floating long
Khlapt the lives of tourists to the disappearance from the map.

When the problem was put Philae Island as an urgent problem, the response at the Nubia Campaign, a
quick Maeks international community's determination to save this area of beauty and historical
importance of this issue and then save the elephants were not or not as a patchwork how to save them.

However, after studying the results of this project and in particular the impact of artesian water on the
effects of the project and what it requires great cost, experts also suggested another project submitted by
the Egyptian government, this project aims to transfer the effects to the island of Ajeljka.

Began the process of saving elephants in 1972, when the ships began may Piles installed the first plate
steel, from between 3000 board and in the bottom of the Nile in order to gain a temporary dam to hold the
water around the island and it took two years to inform the island by two rows of piles interlocking length
of 12 meters, and within this space has been Pour a mixture of water and washed sand quarries in the
waterfall at a distance of 5 km, were connected to this mixture across the lake through the tubes, were
allowed to leak water, leaving the sand to support the steel against the pressure of the lake, and thus
escape complete belt around the island

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