WW 2 DIEPPE - Newspaper Headlines by keralaguest

VIEWS: 15 PAGES: 10

									Handout # 1: Source A: Newspaper Headlines


1.   DIEPPE: HOW WE STORMED HITLER’S
               STRONGHOLD
Nazi circles have desperately tried to prove that the Dieppe Raid was unsuccessful. They
have failed.
       Editorial, Sunday Pictorial, 6 Sept 1942, quoted by Tim Saunders, Dieppe: Operation Jubilee, p72



2. Some day there will be two spots on the French coast sacred to the British and their Allies.
One will be Dunkirk where Britain was saved because a beaten army wouldn’t surrender.
       The other will be Dieppe, where brave men died without hope for the sake of proving
that there is a wrong way to invade. They will have their share of glory when the right way is
tried…
              New York Times, 19 August 1943, quoted by Tim Saunders, Dieppe: Operation Jubilee, p6




3.LAND WITH TANKS, HEAVY WEAPONS;
 WAGE FIERCE FIGHT WITH BOCHES IN
    DYNAMIC DIEPPE AREA ATTACK
Fight savagely with British, Americans and Free French to overcome German
resistance – Task successfully accomplished under mammoth umbrella of 1,000 Allied
planes. Battling continues.

… First units of the Allied commandos who smashed at the French coast returned to a British
base in [high] spirits this afternoon…

         Hamilton Spectator, 19 August1942, taken from the website of the Canadian War Museum at
                                               http://warmuseum.ca/cwm/newspapers/intro_e.html



                             4.   WHY SUGAR THE PILL?
‘Almost the turning point of the war’ was one phrase Defence Minister Ralston is quoted as
using to describe the action at Dieppe for a group of veterans in Ottawa last week… In
possession of information which must be his as Minister of Defence, how can he have the
effrontery to say any such thing? ...Even were failure not the real failure of Dieppe, with what
realism could the Minister regard that raid as the turning point of the war?
           The Globe and Mail, 27 April1943, taken from the website of the Canadian War Museum at
                                                http://warmuseum.ca/cwm/newspapers/intro_e.html
                             Attachment 2 - Graphic Organizers

Instructions: Read Attachment 1 and 2 (Newspaper Headlines and Historical Perspectives) and
complete the following organizers.

Source Raid a success (evidence – key words)   Raid unsuccessful (evidence – key words)

A1      date:                                  date:




A2      date:                                  date:




A3      date:                                  date:




A4      date:                                  date:
Source Raid a success (evidence – key words)   Raid unsuccessful (evidence – key words)
B1




B2




B3




B4




B5




B6




B7




B8
Handout # 3: Source B: Historical Perspectives
1. The Duke of Wellington said that Waterloo was won on the playing fields of Eton. I say that
D-Day was won on the beaches of Dieppe.
Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, Chief of Combined Operations,
quoted by Tim Saunders, Operation Jubilee, p205 (2005)


2. Strategically the raid served to make the Germans more conscious of danger along the
whole coast of occupied France. This helped to hold troops and resources in the West, which
did something to take the weight off Russia. Honour to the brave who fell. Their sacrifice was
not in vain.
Winston Churchill quoted by C. Somerville, Our War, p154 (1998)


3. At the very least, the raid was a reality check and served to concentrate the minds of
Allied planners on the extent of the measures that they must take to breach Hitler’s […]
Atlantic Wall… Hence D-Day’s massive integrated air, sea and land fire plan designed to
subdue the defenders, while specially designed armoured vehicles crossed the beach and
breached the concrete defences… Arguably, causing the enemy to adopt a strategy based
on static coastal positions was the greatest result of the Dieppe Raid.
Historian, Tim Saunders, Operation Jubilee, pp207-208 (2005)


4. Allied propaganda tried to play Dieppe as a rehearsal from which critical lessons were
learned, lessons that were applied on June 6, 1944. But in fact the only lesson learned was Do
Not Attack Fortified Ports Head-On. Dieppe was a national disaster. The Canadians owed the
Germans a bit of pay-back. They got it on Juno Beach.
Historian, Stephen Ambrose, D-Day, p531 (1995)


5. Dieppe, in retrospect, looks so recklessly hare-brained an enterprise that it is difficult to
reconstruct the official state of mind which gave it birth and drove it forward… It is as
illuminating to say of Dieppe – as it was and is often said – that it taught important lessons
about amphibious operations as to say… of the Titanic disaster that it taught important
lessons about passenger liner design.
Historian, John Keegan, Six Armies in Normandy, abridged from pp120-121 & 124 (1982)


6.   …the tragic Dieppe raid demonstrated some of the hazards of cross-Channel operations.
Historian, Max Hastings, Overlord, p25 (1984)


7. Of the risks to Overlord, Churchill was all too aware… The raid on Dieppe in the summer of
1942 had sharply reminded him of the risks.
Historian, David Stafford, Ten Days to D-Day , p18 (2005)


8. [The Raid] demonstrated in stark terms to both sides the pathetic state of Allied
preparations for a Second Front.     Historian, Carlo D’Este, Decision in Normandy, p31 (1994)
                     Attachment 4 - The Dieppe Raid: Significance Over Time

Questions:

1. Summarize how opinion of the raid changed over time: initial response, soon after, historical
perspective.

Initial Response                 Soon After                        Historical Perspective




2. Why might the “initial response” be different than the opinions “soon after” and even later on in the
“historical perspective”? Did opinions change much from “soon after” to “historical perspective”?
Why might opinion about the raid be different over time?




3. Winston Churchill was the prime minister of Britain during the war. Louis Mountbatten was in
charge of the Dieppe Raid, having initially planned it. What does this information suggest about their
opinions about the significance of the raid?
 Is the Dieppe raid a significant historical event? Why or why not?
Criteria              1                      2                      3                  4
A                     Does not summarize Summarizes the             Summarizes the     Summarizes the
Summary of            the opinion(s) of      opinion(s) of one of opinion(s) of two of opinion(s) of all
opinion about the any of the time            the time periods       the time periods   three time periods
Dieppe Raid over periods correctly           correctly              correctly          correctly
time                  (initial response,
                      soon after, and
                      historical
                      perspective)
B                     Does not provide Provides one or two Provides three or Provides three or
Changes of opinion valid reasons for         valid reasons for      more valid reasons more valid reasons
over time             change of opinion change of opinion for change of                for change of
                      over time              over time              opinion over time opinion over time
                                                                                       and provides
                                                                                       original insight
C                     Does not apply any Applies one or two Explicitly applies Explicitly applies
Significance          of the criteria to the of the criteria to the three or more      three or more
(Criteria: Change - topic or uses criteria topic correctly or criteria to the topic criteria to the topic
Profundity,           incorrectly            uses criteria          correctly          correctly and
Quantity,                                    implicitly                                provides new
Durability; and                                                                        insights
Revealing)
D

E

F
Dieppe Raid - Significance Over Time

Concept(s) Historical Significance, Primary Source Evidence

Prepared for Grade(s) 11

Province BC

By George Panagopoulos, Jacqueline Siller

Time Period(s) 1900-present

Time allotment 2X70 Minute Classes

Brief Description of the Task

The Dieppe raid has been described as a complete disaster and as a learning tool for the Allies.
Historians and military experts have debated this point since the end of the raid. In this task, we ask
students to examine primary and secondary documents to see how and why the opinion of the raid
changed over time. The students are also asked why the Dieppe Raid is historically significant for
Canadians.

Required Knowledge & Skills

1. an understanding of the concept of Historical Significance
2. an understanding of the difference between primary and secondary sources
3. knowledge and understanding of the Dieppe Raid
4. knowledge and understanding of Canada's role in WW II

Detailed Instructions

Use one class period to teach background information:
1. The events of the Dieppe Raid
2. The criteria for historical significance (change - profundity, quantity, durability; and revealing)
Use the second class period to examine the historical significance of the Dieppe Raid over time:
1. Put students in groups of two or three.
2. Distribute "Attachment 1 - Newspaper Headlines" and "Attachment 2 - Graphic Organizers."
3. Ask students to read the newspaper headlines and ask students to find key words that reveal that the
Dieppe Raid was a success. Write them in on the left side of Graphic Organizer A. Ask students to find
key words that demonstrate that the Dieppe Raid was unsuccessful and write them on the right side of
the graphic organizer.
4. Distribute "Attachment 3 - Historical Perspectives." Ask students to repeat the instructions from step
3 using secondary resources.
5. As a class, ask students to share some of their evidence orally.
6. Distribute "Attachment 4 - Short Answers - Significance Over Time" which has the 3 key questions.
7. Ask students to fill out Attachment 4 in point form or in paragraphs (it's up to you).
8. Go over the rubric to make sure the students use the evidence from the graphic organizers and
historical signicance criteria.
9. Have students submit Attachment 4 for evaluation.

Outcomes

British Columbia: SS 11

1. apply critical thinking skills
2. demonstrate effective written, visual, and oral communication skills
3. demonstrate collaboration skills
4. demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the Dieppe Raid
5. demonstrate Canada's contribution to WW II

http://historybenchmarks.ca/lesson/342

								
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