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Increasing Science Vocab

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Increasing Science Vocab Powered By Docstoc
					Name ________________________      Period __________________ Date ______________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
                             The Language of Science
                                    Applying Concepts
_______________________________________________________________________________

Etymology is the study of the origin and the development of words. Many scientific words
are made up of roots, prefixes, and suffixes that have Latin and Greek origins. In this
activity, you will examine the parts of some scientific words.

You can often out find the meaning of a scientific word by recalling the meanings of each
of these parts. For example, the word biology comes from the Greek word bio, meaning
“life,” and –ology, meaning “the study of.” Therefore, the word biology means “the study
of life.”

Below is a chart that shows the prefixes, suffixes, and the meanings of some scientific
words. Complete the chart by filling in the blanks.

   Scientific     Latin        English         Latin         English
                                                                              English Definition
     Word         Prefix       Meaning         Suffix        Meaning
                                                                             study of parts of the
                   Ana-          Away          -tomy            cut
                                                                                    body

                                                                             drawing of the heart's
  Cardiogram      Cardio-                                     record
                                                                                 movements

 Encephalitis    Encephal-       Brain                    inflammation

                                                          bony support
  Exoskeleton                   Outside       -skeleton
                                                             system
 Herbivorous      Herbi-                                      eating              plant eating
                                                             standing,       maintenance of stable
 Homeostasis                   Same. Like      -stasis
                                                             stopping        internal environments

 Hypertension                    Above        -tension    stress, pressure

                               Below, less                                   injection beneath the
                  Hypo-                       -dermic          skin
                              than normal                                             skin
                  Intra-         Within        -stellar                          within a star

  Protozoan                       First        -zoan                              first animal

  Pseudopod                       False                        foot                false foot

  Sarcoplasm      Sarco-      Flesh, muscle                 Formation

 Tonsillectomy    Tonsil-        Tonsil                       cut out
  Scientific    Latin       English          Latin          English
                                                                           English Definition
    Word        Prefix      Meaning          Suffix         Meaning
  Histology                   tissue         -ology         study of
                           mind, mental                   movement of      movement of objects
                Psycho-                      kinetic
                             process                        objects           by the mind

                                                                            study of air acting
Aerodynamics     Aero-          air                        active force
                                                                           on bodies of motion

                                                                            hardening of the
                Arterio-                    -scerlosis     hardening
                                                                                arteries
                                                                           study of the nervous
 Neurology      Neuro-                       -ology
                                                                                 system
                                                                             instrument for
                                                         instrument for
 Microscope     Micro-                                                       viewing small
                                                            viewing
                                                                                 objects
  Cytology                      cell         -ology                           study of cells

 Protoplasm     Proto-                                     formation         first formation

   Biology       Bio-           life

 Hemologist     Hemo-         blood         -ologist     one who studies

                             ancient,
                Archeo-                      -ology
                            primitive

                Arthro-    joint, jointed                     foot             jointed foot

                Anthro-       of man                        study of          study of man

  Arthritis     Arthr-                                   inflammation of

  Herbicide                                                  killing

 Carnivore      Carni-                        -vore                            a meat-eater

                                                                           inflammation of the
  Hepatitis                    Liver
                                                                                  liver
                                                                              Study of the
  Ecology                  Environment       -ology
                                                                              environment

Dermatologist   Derma                       -ologist     one who studies
Using the Roots Reference Sheet word lists, figure out the meanings of the following words:
         Example: cardiology – heart study or science (study of the heart)

1.    arthritis—
2.    arthropod—
3.    echinoderm—
4.    epiglottis—
5.    dysplasia—
6.    hypodermic—
7.    anthropology—
8.    hypothermic—
9.    gymnosperm—
10. pseudopod—
11. photograph—
12. hypertrophy—
13. neuralgia—
14. decapod—
15. hepatitis—
16. cytology—
17. zoology—
18. microbiology—
19. geology—
20. biology—

Notice that several prefixes can mean the same thing:
21. What are two prefixes that mean ONE or SINGLE? __________ __________
22. What are two suffixes that mean CUT or CUT OUT? __________ __________
23. What are two prefixes that mean ABOVE or ON? __________ __________
24. What are two prefixes that mean TWO? __________ __________

Just knowing one part of a word gives you a clue to the whole word:

25.   Would you want to be careful when touching an animal called an ECHINDNA?       Yes      No
26.   What does a CARNIVORE eat? _______________
27.   Is a NEONATE a tiny baby or an old person? ____________________
28.   Is a CRANIOTOMY a serious surgery?      Yes      No
29.   An ALBINO rabbit is what color? _______________
30.   Does an AMPHIBIAN live on land or water? _______________
31.   If a medicine is CONTRAINDICATED for you, should you take it?      Yes     No
32.   A DERMATOLOGIST works with what part of the body? _______________
33.   How does a tiny animal called a ROTIFER travel through the water? _____________________ (hint: look up
      roto-)
34.   If you visited the Elysian Park ARBORETUM, what would you expect to see? _______________
35.   In 1969, where did the LUNAR mission land? _______________
36.   What is another name for a CHRONOMETER? _______________
37.   Why do they call this symbol (*) an ASTERISK? __________________________________

				
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