Docstoc

Approved

Document Sample
Approved Powered By Docstoc
					342            UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

reorganization places the Board within the framework of the Depart-
ment of Commerce solely for "administrative housekeeping" purposes.
   In general, the Board performs three chief functions: (1) regula-
tion of economic aspects of air carrier operations; (2) promulgation
of safety standards and civil air regulations; (3) investigation of
aircraft accidents.
   ECONOMIC REGULATION.-The Board issues certificates of public
convenience and necessity to air carriers and permits to foreign air
carriers; regulates the filing of tariffs; regulates rates for the carriage
of persons and property; prescribes rates of compensation for the car-
riage of mail; and regulates accounts, records and reports, .mergers,
loans and financial aid, methods of competition, and interlocking
relationships.
   SAFETY REGTULATION.-The Board prescribes safety standards, rules,
 and regulations and has the power to suspend and revoke safety
 certificates after hearing (including the disposition of any petition
 for the reconsideration of the denial by the Administrator of an
 application for the issuance or renewal of an airman certificate under
 section 602 (b) of the act).
    ACCIDENT PREVENTION.-The Board makes rules on notification and
 report of accidents involving aircraft; investigates such accidents and
 reports the facts, circumstances, and probable causes; makes its re-
 ports and recommendations public in such manner as it deems to be
 in the public interest; investigates complaints and conducts special
 studies and investigations to reduce aircraft accidents and prevent
 their recurrence.
    Approved.
                                               Approved. WALLACE
                                               HENRY A.
                                                 Secretary of Commerce
                       Department of Labor
                Fourteenth Street and Constitution Avenue NW.
                          EXecutive 2420, Branch 24

                                   OFFICIALS
Secretary of Labor    ------------------------      L. B. SCHWELLENBACH
Under Secretary of   Labor--------------------      (VACANCY)
Assistant Secretary  of Labor ------------------    JOHN W. GIBSON
Assistant Secretary  of Labor------------------     (VACANCY)
Assistant Secretary of Labor_ ------------   _---   (VACANCY)
Special Assistant to the Secretary-------------     ALBERT ABRAHAMSON
Special Assistant to the Secretary------------      Louis SHERMAN
Director of Information ----------------------      LESLIE EICHEL
Solicitor----------------------------------- WILLIAM S. TYSON
Director of Personnel ------------------------ ROBERT M. BARNETT
Chief Clerk and Budget Officer---------------- JAMES E. DODSON
Librarian----------------------------------- LAURA A. THOMPSON
Director, U. S. Conciliation Service------------ EDGAR L. WARREN
Commissioner of Labor Statistics-------------- A. F. HINRICRH, Acting
Chief, Children's Bureau--------------------- KATHARINE F. LENROOT
Chief, Women's Bureau --------------------- FRIEDA S. MILLER
Director, Division of Labor Standards --------   VERNE A. ZIMMER
Administrator, Wage and Hour and Public
 Contracts Divisions------------------------ L. METCALFE WALLING
Director, Apprentice-Training Service----------     WILLIAM F. PATTERSON
Director, U. S. Employment Service-----------       ROBERT C. GOODWIN
Chairman, Wage Adjustment Board -----------         ARTHUR D. HILL, Jr.
Chairman, National Wage Stabilization Board -       VW.WILLARD WIRTZ
Administrator, Retraining and Reemployment
  Administration----------------------------        MAJ. GEN.   G.   B.    ERSKINE
                                                     (USMC)
Chairman, Shipbuilding Stabilization Committee- E. A. MCMILLAN


   CR 1ATION AND AUTHORITY.-The Department of Labor, tenth execu-
tive department, was created and established in the President's Cabinet
by act of Congress approved March 4, 1913 (37 Stat. 736; 5 U. S. C. 1).
A Bureau of Labor was first created by.Congress in 1884 under the
Interior Department. The Bureau of Labor later became independent
as a Department of Labor without executive rank. It again returned to
bureau status in the Department of Commerce and Labor which was
created by act of February 14, 1903 (32 Stat. 827; 15 U. S. C. 591).
   Additional duties related to the statutory functions of the Depart-
ment of Labor subsequently have been assigned to the Department by
new legislation and by Executive order.
   PURPOSE.-The Organic Act of the Department states that "the pur-
pose of the Department of Labor shall be to foster,. promote, and de-
velop the welfare of the wage earners of the United States, to im-
prove their working conditions, and to advance their opportunities
for profitable employment." The Department, through its Children's
Bureau, has the responsibility of investigation and report on "all
matters pertaining to the welfare of children" including child labor
under the Fair Labor Standards Act.
                                                                          343
gl344          •UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

  ORGANIZATON.-The Secretary of Labor directs the Department and
establishes its policies. The Secretary by general order has delegated
to the Assistant Secretary of Labor administrative responsibility
for directing the organization and activities of many of the bureaus,
divisions, and other units of the Department.
   The Department of Labor as at present constituted includes:
Apprentice-Training Service            United States Conciliation Service
Bureau of Labor Statistics             United States Employment Service
Children's Bureau                      Wage Adjustment Board
Division of Information                Wage and Hour and Public Contracts
Division of Labor Standards              Divisions
National Wage Stabilization Board      Women's Bureau
Office of the Solicitor        -       Office of Chief Clerk and Budget Cfficer
Retraining and Reemployment Admin-     Library
    tation                             Office of the Director of Personnel
Shipbuilding Stabilization Committee

                             ACTIVITIES
                     Apprentice-Training Service
    The Federal Committee on Apprentice Training, established in the
 Department of Labor, Division of Labor Standards. under the pro-
 visions of an act of August 16, 1937 (50 Stat. 664; 29 U. S. C. 50), was
 transferred to the Federal Security Agency by Executive Order 9139
 of April 18, 1942. It was transferred to the War Manpower Com-
 mission by Executive Order 9247 of September 17, 1942, and returned
 to the Department of Labor by Executive Order 9617, dated Septem-
    In cooperation with national advisory committees appointed by the
 Secretary of Labor, the Service develops and formulates standards of
 apprenticeship for the training of skilled workers by industry. Such
 standards deal primarily with the welfare of the apprentice as an
 employed worker and deal with such matters as adequate work experi-
 ence, length of apprenticeship, provisions for supervisor, related tech-
 nical instruction, and employer-eimployee participation. Through its
 field staff the Service, in cooperation with State apprenticeship agen-
 cies, endeavors to extend the application of these standards by bringing
 together employer and labor for the formulation of programs of ap-
 prenticeship, and by giving technical and advisory service in the de-
 velopment of programs and in their maintenance and operation.
     The Service acts as a clearing house for the national apprenticeship
 program. This is done by providing services for the review of ap-
 prenticeship programs. for conformity with accepted standards and
 practices and for the registration of apprentices and apprenticeship
 programs; by conducting research on matters affecting apprentice-
 ship and compiling statistics regarding apprentices and apprenticeship
  programs; and by the preparation of information for the advancement
  of understandinof   f apprenticeship and the creation of general interest
 in the training of skilled workers through apprenticeship.
                                             DEPARTMENT OF LABOR                                              345
                        FIELD OFFICES-APPRENTIC-E-TRAINING SERVICE

                                   [AD-Assistant Director; RS-Regional Supervisor]

                 Field office                          Officer in charge                    Address

 District 1--               ......-.......    .   . . K. Jenkins, AD-         Room 744, 55 Tremont St., Bos-
                                                                               ton 8, Mass.
     Region I. Massachusetts, New                 JosephE. Johnson,RS         Room 744, 55 Tremont St., Bos-
      Hampshire, Maine, Vermont,                       .                       ton 8, Mass.
      Rhode Island, Connecticut.
     Region II. New York-..............              John M. Marion, RS-.-. 617 Old New York State Building,
                                                                                  124 E. 28th St., New York, N.Y.
 District 2 -...-........                      _... William J. Moore, AD.... 601 Feller Building, 3d and Market
                                                                                  Sts., Harrisburg, Pa.
     Region II1. New Jersey, Pennsyl- J. P. Kenney, RS                      . 811-812 Stephen         irard Bldg
        vania, Delaware.                                                         21 S. 12th St., Philadelphia 7,
                                                                                 Pa.
     Region IV. Virginia, West Virginia, Robert F. Handley, RS... 433 3d St. NW.,
       Maryland, District of Columbia,                                                              Washington 25,
                                                                                 D. C.
       North Carolina.
     Region V. Michigan, Ohio, Ken- John R. Newland, RS.... 674 Union Commerce
                                                                                                      Bldg., Cleve-
       tucky.                                                                    land 14, Ohio.
District 3      --           .............--
                                        ------      Maurice M. Hanson, AD. Room 211, 1 W. Wilson St. Madi-
                                                                                 son, Wis.
     Region VI. Illinois, Indiana, Wis- Cecil L. Utterback, RS.__ W. Adams St.,
                                                                              222                    Chicago 6, Ill.
        oensin.
    Region VIII.       Minnesota, Iowa, John F. Barrett, RS-.... 500 Midland Bank Bldg., Min-
       Nebraska, North Dakota, South                                             neapolis 1, Minn.
       Dakota.
District 4         .     ..............-... Fred W. Erhard, AD                Washington 25, D. C.
    Region VII. Georgia, Florida, South Charles N. Conner, RS... 622 Grand Theater
                                                                                                    Bldg., Atlanta
       Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi,                                          3 Ga.
      Tennessee.
    Region X. Louisiana, Texas, New Travis J. Lewis, RS .... Sixth Floor, MercantileBankBldg.
-     Mexico.                                                                   Dallas 2, Tex.
District 5 .............................            Edward E. Goshen, AD.. Room 614, 810 14th St., Denver,
                                                                                Colo.
    Region IX. Missouri, Kansas, Okla- Taylor F. Custer, RS....               1509 Fidelity Bldg., 911 Walnut
      homa, Arkansas.                                                           St., Kansas City 6, Mo.
   Region XI. Colorado, Idaho, Mon- Clifford B. Noxon, RS-....                Room 614, 810 14th St., Denver,
      tana, Utah, Wyoming.                                                    Colo.
   Region XII. Washington, Oregon, Broncel R. Mathis, RS... 627 Western Furniture
                                                                                                         Exchange
      California, Arizona, Nevada.                                              and Merchandise Mart, 1355
                                                                                Market St., San Francisco 3,
                                                                                Calif.



                     Bureau of Labor Statistics
   The Bureau of Labor Statistics operates under an act of Congress
approved March 4,1913, which defined its function as that of acquiring
and diffusing information on subjects connected with labor "in the
most general and comprehensive sense of that word." The Bureau is
the Government's principal fact-finding agency in the field of labor
economics, particularly with respect to the collection and analysis of
data on employment and manpower developments, wages, industrial
relations and accidents, price trends, and costs and standards of living.


       684356'-46                23.
346            -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

     The Bureau of Labor Statistics has no enforcement or administra-
tive functions. Practically all of the basic data it collects from work-
ers businessmen, and from other governmental agencies are supplied
by those individuals or agencies through voluntary cooperation based
on their interest in and need for the analyses and sumnmaries which
result. The research and statistical projects planned by the Bureau
grow out of the needs of these same groups for information and are
based on these requirements as they are made known by the representa-
tives of labor, management, and other Government agencies. The            and
 information collected by the Bureau is issued in special bulletins
 in its official publication, the Monthly  Labor Review.
     EIPLOYIENT AND THE LABOR FoRCE.-One of the
                                                              Bureau's most
 important functions is the task of     providing current informationon
                                                                        labor
 the status and characteristics of the employed segment of the
 force both on a national and State basis.      Regular or periodic reports
                                                                           150
 are issued on the trends of employment of the workers in about
 manufacturing industries and in the        more important non-manufac-
 turing industries such as retail trade, construction, and utilities.
 Analyses are also made of special problems relating to the character-
                                                                           the
 istics of the labor force, the long-range outlook for employment in on
  future, and allied subjects. Information        is compiled regularly
  trends on productivity and unit labor costs in a number of industries
  and segments of the economy.
      EARNINGS AND WAGES AND HoURs.-Gross average
                                                                 hourly and
  weekly earnings, and average weekly          hours, based on reports of
  employment and pay rolls supplied by 150,000 cooperating companies,
  are issued currently-by the Bureau for approximately 200 industries.
      The Bureau collects data on straight time average hourly earnings
  for selected manufacturing and non-manufacturing industries. Sepa-     plant
  rate information is presented for key occupations and for all
   workers for the most important localities    and selected regions and for
                                                                         to pe-
   the country as a whole. The industries studied vary from period
   riod depending on current needs. Prevailing       practices with regard to
                                                                   provisions
   vacations, methods of wage payments, sick leave, and similar
   are also presented. An index of changes    in wage rates for broad indus-
                                                                  is prepared
   try groups by city, region, and for the country as a whole
   semiannually. The Bureau makes         annual surveys in about 75 cities
                                                                        print-
   of the wage rates agreed upon in union contracts for key jobs in
    ing and publishing, local streetcar and     bus operations, the building
   trades, motor trucking, and bakeries.
       ACCIDENTS AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS.-The Bureau
                                                               conducts regu-
    lar surveys   on the incidence of work injuries and special studies of
    the causes of accidents, effects of long working hours,, shift rotation,
    relative performances of impaired workers, and related subjects. The
    Bureau's file of current union agreements is used as factual back-
    ground by unions, employers, and conciliation agencies in the settle-
    ment of industrial disputes and as guidance in the preparation of new
     agreements over working conditions. Analyses are published cover-
    ing union agreements in individual industries or occupations or con-
     cerning such subjects as vacation provisions, overtime, and grievance
     procedures. Current statistics on work stoppages from industrial
     disputes are issued monthly by the Bureau.
                                  DEPARTMENT OF LABOR                                            347
    PRICES AND COST OF LIVING.-The Bureau of Labor Statistics has
 for many years published the indexes of wholesale and retail prices,
 rents, and consumers prices. It has been the principal price-collect-
 ing a gency of the Federal Government outside the field of agriculture.
 It has also, as a regular function, conducted surveys of goods bought
 by city workers' families, their family incomes, and their c
 standards of living.
    Retail prices are collected regularly from 10,500 stores in 56 cities
 for food, and from 3,900 outlets in 34 cities for other items such as
 clothing, housefurnishings, and miscellaneous goods and services.
 Rents are obtained from tenants for about 54,000 dwelling units in
 34 cities.
    The wholesale index includes primary market prices of approxi-
mately 900 raw materials, semi-manufactured goods, and manufac-
 tured goods divided into 10 major commodity groups and 47 sub-
 groups. The Bureau's files include price data for over 10,000 com-
modities regularly sold in primary markets. Indexes of retail prices
are published monthly for 21 large cities and quarterly for 34. Pri-
mary market prices are published weekly and monthly.
    Studies of consumers' expenditures have been conducted from time
to time. The most recent published report covers a study made in
1944 of 102 communities. The Bureau is doing a similar st
large city areas in 1946.
   Currently and throughout the war the Bureau's price data were used
extensively by labor groups, business, Federal, State, and local govern-
ments, the several war agencies, and private individuals. Its staff
has rendered technical assistance to State and local governments in
matters relative to prices and costs of living. It has acted as a sta-
tistical collection agency for the Office of Price Administration on
rent statistics, the National Housing Agency on vacancy and occu-
pancy studies, for the War Production Board on supplies of important
commodities, and for the Office of War Mobilization and Reconver-
sion on a varied list of problems.
   LABOR CONDITIONS IN OTHER COUNTRIES.-The analysis of informa-
tion on developments in the labor field in other countries was included
in the Bureau's original program. Discussions of the general labor
situation in individual countries throughout the world or summaries
of available information on a particular subject in the field of labor
economics appear in each issue of the Monthly Labor Review.
                  REGIONAL OFFICES-BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

                Region                      Officer in charge                   Address

No. 1. Connecticut, Maine, Massa-        Wendell D. Macdonald-    Old South Building, 294 Washington
 chusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode                                    Street, Boston 8, Mass.
 Island, Vermont.
No. 2. New Jersey, New York, Dela-       Charles C. Center.----   1000 Parcel Post Building, 341 Ninth
 ware, District of Columbia, Maryland,                              Avenue, New York 1, N. Y.
 Pennsylvania.
No. 3. Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio, West     Adolph 0. Berger....-    420 Williamson Building, 215 Euclid
 Virginia, Michigan.                                                Avenue, Cleveland 14, Ohio.
348                   UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT                        MANUAL

            REGIONAL OFFICES-BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS-Continued

                 Region                        Officer in charge                 Address


No. 4. Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mis-       Harris P.Dawson,Jr_   308 Carl Witt Building, 249 Peachtree
  sissippi, North Carolina, South Caro-                              Street NE., Atlanta3, Ga.
  lina, Tennessee, Vilginia.
No. 5. Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas,           Arthur A. Smith -.    522 Irwin-easler Building, Commerce
  Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, Iowa                                   and Ervay Streets, Dallas 1, Tex.
   (wage work only), Nebraska (wage
 'work only).
No. 6. Illinois, Indiana (wage work only),   John B. Parrish     312 National War Agencies Building,
   Minnesota. North Dakota, South                                  226 W. Jackson Boulevard, Chicago
   Dakota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Nebraska.                              6, 111.
No. 7. Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New         Edison H. Cramer-   406 Burns Vault Building, 1536 Welton
   Mexico, Utah, Wyoming.                                          Street, Denver 2, Colo.
No. 8. Arizona, California, Nevada,          WilliamA. Bedsoe .- 643 Furniture Mart, 1355 Market
   .Washington, Oregon.                                            Street, San Francisco 3, Calif.



                                        Children's Bureau
    CREATION AND AUTIORITY.-The Children's Bureau was created by
act of Congress, April 9, 1912 (37 Stat. 79; 29 U. S. C. 18-18c) ; under
the act of March 4, 1913 (37 Stat. 736; 5 U. S. C. 1), it was placed in the
Department of Labor. The Bureau exercises administrative functions
under title V, parts 1, 2, and 3, of the Social Security Act (49 Stat. 629,
as amended by 53 Stat. 1380; 42 U. S. C. 701-31) and under the Fair
Labor Standards Act of 1938 (52 Stat. 1060; 29 U. S. C. 201-19).
    The purpose of the Bureau is to protect child life and to increase
opportunity for the full development of all our children by promoting
the health, social welfare, and educational advantages, and protecting
children and youth from harmful employment. This purpose is car-
ried out through research and reporting; consultation service; admin-
istration of grants-in-aid to the States for maternal and child health,
 crippled children's and child-welfare services; and administration of
the child-labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act.
    ORGANIZATION.-Under the Chief and Associate Chief, the Bureau
 functions throiigh seven divisions and four interdivisional units;
 Division of Research in Child Development, Division of Health Serv-
 ices, Special Service Division, Industrial Division, Division of Sta-
 tistical Research, Division of Reports, Business Management Divi-
 sion; Mental Health Unit, Merit System Unit, State Audits Units,
 and Inter-American Unit.
     The Division of Health Services, which administers grants to States
 for maternal and child health services and for services for crippled
 children, provides regional medical, nursing, nutrition, and medical-
 social consultant service in 8 regions. The Social Service Division,
  which administers grants to States for child-welfare services, has
  II regional child-welfare consultants. The Industrial Division, which
  administers the child-labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards
  Act, has 6 regional child-labor consultants assisted by 8 associate
  child-labor consultants.
      RESEARCII AND ADVISORY FUNCTIONS.-In carrying                                out the respon-
  sibility assigned by the organic act, namely, to study and report on
                         DEPARTMENT OF LABOR                          349
  all that pertains to the welfare of children, the Bureau makes studies,
  compiles statistics, develops standards, gives advisory service, and
  issues publications, both technical and popular. The research work
  of the Bureau and its publications relate to such subjects as: the care
  by parents of the baby and of older children, the medical and nursing
 care of premature babies, the statistics of infant and maternal mortal-
  ity, child mortality from specific causes, child nutrition, the mental
  health and the physical handicaps of children, social services for chil-
 dren who need help in their own homes or in foster care and for un-
 married mothers and their babies, adoption, guardianship, services for
 children of emiployed mothers, prevention and control of juvenile de-
 linquency, juvenile court statistics, prevention of child labor, extent of
 youth employment, protection of young workers from hazardous
 occupations, and legislation affecting children and youth.
     Three of the Bureau's most widely used publications for parents are
 PrenatalCare, Infant Care, and Your Child from One to Six. For
 professioinal workers and citizens interested in health and social serv-
 ices for children, the Bureau publishes a monthly bulletin, The Child.
     GRANTS TO STATES FOPR MATERNAL AND CHILD-HEALTH SERVICES.-
 Under title V, part 1, Social Security Act, the Bureau administers,
 through its Division of Health Services, grants to State health agen-
 cies for extending and improving health services for mothers and
 children (annua appropriation $5,820,000). In some but not all
 counties, as yet, these services include maternity clinics for prenatal
 and postnatal care of mothers, and child-health conferences for super-
 vision of the health of children under school age by physicians, assisted
 by public health nurses and other professional and technical workers
in the health field. Health services for school children are also part
of the program, including health supervision by physicians, dentists,
public health nurses, and nutritionists. Many of the State programs
include dental care for children, nutrition education, inspection and
licensing of hospital maternity services, maternal and infant mortality
and morbidity studies, and postgraduate education for physicians,
dentists, and nurses.
    The Bureau provides medical consultation service (obstetric, pedi-
atric, and orthopedic) and dental, nursing, and medical-social consulta-
tion service to State health agencies administering the program.
    Since 1943 Congress has appropriated funds, administered by the
Bureau through the same division, Health Services, for emergency ma-
ternity and infant care of -wives and babies of men in the four lowest
pay grades of the armed forces and of aviation cadets ($44,189,500 for
the year ending June 30, 1946). From these funds, without regard to
financial need or residence in a State, State health agencies authorize
prenatal, delivery (including hospitalization), and postnatal care for
wives of servicemen, and health supervision and medical, nursing, and
hospital care for their babies as needed in the first year of life.
  GRANTS TO STATES FOR SERVICES FOR CRIPPLED CHILDREN.-Under
title V, part 2, Social Security Act, the Bureau administers, through
the Division of Health Services, grants to State crippled children's
agencies for extending and improving services for crippled children
 (annual appropriation $3,870,000). These agencies, usually in the
health or welfare department, use the funds to provide medical, surgi-
350            'UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT           MANUAL

                                                                          are
cal corrective, and other services and care for children who to
crippled or suffering from conditions    that may lead to crippling and
provide facilities for diagnosis, hospitalization, and aftercare for
these children. Most of them are suffering from conditions due to
infantile paralysis, congenital defects, birth injuries, accidents, rickets,
osteomyelitis, bone and joint tuberculosis, and rheumatic fever or heart
disease. Each State maintains a register of the crippled children
found within its borders.
    The Children's Bureau provides consultation service to the State
agencies on methods and procedures; standards for the selection of
physicians, surgeons, and hospitals participating in the care of crippled
 children; and the provision of medical and social aftercare services V,
    GRANTS TO STATES FOR CHILD-WELFARE SERVICEs.-Under
                                                                    title
 part 3, Social Security Act, the Bureau administers through its Social
 Service Division grants to State public welfare agencies for the pur-
 pose of extending and strengthening, especially in predominantly
 rural areas, public welfare services for the protection and care of
 homeless, dependent, and neglected children and children in danger
 of becoming delinquent (annual appropriation $1,510,000).
     For each State public welfare agency, the division responsible for
 services to children plans and directs the program for child welfare
 services. Federal funds are used in part to provide State staff mem-
 bers to give supervisory service in the development of county or other
 local child welfare programs.
     In developing local services, most of the State agencies use Federal
                                                                          of a
  funds in selected counties or local areas to pay part of the cost
  child welfare program     within the county or other local subdivision.
                                                                       under
  A child may be referred to the child welfare worker employed
  such a program by the school,     the police, the juvenile court worker,
                                                                   problems
  the child's nei-hbors, or his family. The worker studies the with his
  of the child to determine    with the aid of others concerned
                                                                      met at
  welfare, what the child needs and whether his needs can be
  home, at school, or, if necessary,    in a hospital, a foster home, or a
                                                                       to aid
  children's institution. In some States, Federal funds are used child
  the child welfare programs     in all counties, thus strengthening
  welfare services throughout the State.                       of the Social
      In the administration of these grants the regional staff
   Service Division   participates in the joint development of plans and
                                                                    agencies.
   gives advisory and consultant service to State public welfare
                                                             of the
      CHILD LABOR ADMINISTRATION.-The child labor provisions
                                                               employ-
 Fair Labor Standards Act exclude children under 16 frominterstate
 ment in establishments   producing goods for shipment in
 commerce except that children of 14 and 15 may work in occupationsHaz-
 other than manufacturing and mining under certain conditions.
                                                                for em-
 ardous-occupations orders setting a minimum age of 18 years Chief
                                                              the
 ployment in particularly hazardous occupations are issued by
 of the Bureau after investigation and public hearing.     these provi-
    The Children's Bureau program for administration of use of em-
 sions includes (1) a certification program to promote the to detect
 ployment and age certificates and (2) an inspection program     are the
 violations. Basic to all observance of child labor standards
 systems now existing in  all States for the issuance of employment or
                        DEPARTMENT OF LABOR                         351
 age certificates for boys and girls before they go to work-certificates
 showing that they have met age and other requirements for taking the
 job. The Bureau accepts certificates issued under State laws as proof
 of age under the Federal act and assists the agencies responsible for
 issuance of the certificates in developing programs that meet accepta-
 ble standards. The inspection program is conducted with the coopera-
 tion of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of. the De-
 partment of Labor which are responsible for enforcing Federal wage-
 and-hour standards for workers of all ages.
    NATIONAL COMMISSION ON CHILDREN IN WARTIME.-The Children's
 Bureau works in cooperation with Federal and State agencies, with
 State committees concerned with children, and with National, State,
 and local organizations to strengthen services for children and youth.
    The National Commission on Children in Wartime was appointed
 by the Bureau in 1942 and reappointed in 1944 to review all aspects of
 the needs of children in wartime and in the transition to peace. Its
 membership of some 80 representative citizens interested in the health
 and social welfare of children include the chairmen of the Children's
 Bureau advisory committees. The Commission has made specific pro-
 posals as a guide to national, State, and local organizations and agen-
cies in planning for the active extension and improvement of children's
 services slowed up by the war. These proposals the Bureau presented
in April 1945 in Building the Future for Children and Youth.
    COOPERATION WITH OTHER COUNTRIES.-The Children's Bureau re-
ceives information and responds to requests for information and
advice on services for children and youth from agencies in other coun-
tries and from international organizations such as the United Nations
Relief and Rehabilitation Administration and the International Labor
Organization.
   The Bureau cooperates with the other American republics under
a program sponsored by the Department of State through the Inter-
departmental Committee on Scientific and Cultural Cooperation.
Consultants on maternal and child health and social services are as-
signed to the other countries on request and administrators of official
health and social services are invited to the United States for observa-
tions and for training. The Chief of the Bureau represents the United
-States on the Council of the American International Institute for the
Protection of Childhood. Spanish, Portugese, and French editions of
the Bureau's publications for parents, translated by the Department
of State, are distributed in the other American republics by the diplo-
matic missions of the United States. -

                      Division of Information
  The Division of Information prepares and distributes information
dealing with the work of- all bureaus, offices, and divisions of the
Department and operates as a clearing house for all information of
value to labor and to the general public which originates in those
bureaus, offices, and divisions. The Director of the Division is the
agent through whom knowledge of the programs and facilities of the
Department is transmitted to the public. He is responsible for ade-
quate distribution of economic, technical, and statistical materials
352           UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

developed through research and analysis in the various bureaus, offices,
and divisions and for review of materials prepared in the various
offices of the Department for conformity with general policy, accuracy,
and presentability. The Director supervises relations with the press
and issuance of releases to the public and, as clearance officer of the
Department, determines the need and suitability of format of all infor
mational publications planned and prepared in the Department.

                    Division of Labor Standards
   The Division of Labor Standards, established by departmental order
in 1934, is a service agency to State labor departments and State
officials, and to labor, employer, and civic groups interested in the
improvement of working conditions. The Division is authorized to
develop desirable labor standards in industrial practice, labor legisla-
tion, and labor law administration.
  PROMOTION OF LABOR STANDARDS.-The Division is responsible for
technical service on labor legislation and its administration given to
State labor departments, trade unions, and other agencies working
.toward improved labor legislation; preparation and distribution of
legislative digests and reports, summaries of labor laws and regula-
tions, analyses of court decisions relating to labor laws; publication of
 bulletins on all phases of the program of the Division general cor-
 respondence relating to labor legislation and working conditions, with
 special reference to grievance procedures, hours of work, and per-
 sonnel practices.
    FEDERAL-STATE COORDINATION.-The Division is charged with the
 coordination of Federal and State activities relating to the enforce-
 ment of wage, hour, industrial home work, child labor, and safety
 and health legislation for the purpose of reducing duplication of
 inspection and providing for the most effective use of Federal and
 State staffs.
    SAFETY AND HEALTH.-The Division is also responsible for assistance
 in developing and applying standards of safety and health in industry,
 technical advice and service on safety and health to State labor de-
 partments, trade unions, and employers; promoting safety training
 programs for industrial supervisory personnel and union safety repre-
 sentatives; publication of technical safety bulletins.
    LABOR EDUCATION STANDARDS.-The Division prepares guides for
  use by labor and management in industrial relations training and
  labor education. It assists individual groups in carrying out demon-
  stration projects along these lines and advises on work of other or-
  ganizations in this field.
     VISUAL INFORMATION BRANCH.-This branch translates labor prob-
  lems and research concerning the welfare of wage earners into large
  scale exhibits, illustrated material, and photographs. This material
  is used at expositions, conventions, conferences of industrial associa-
  tions, labor groups, and in industrial plants.

                 National Wage Stabilization Board
   CREATION AND AtmTHORITY.-The National Wage Stabilization Board
 was established within the Department of Labor by Executive Order
                          DEPARTMENT OF LABOR                           353
    9672 of December 31, 1945. The Board is tripartite in composition
    with members representing employers, employees, and the public.
   IThe Executive order provides that the Board shall be administered
   as an organizational entity and shall be independent with respect
   to its policies, decisions, and control of personnel. The same Executive
   order terminated the National War Labor Board which had been
   created by Executive Order 9017 of January 12, 1942, and had subse-
   quently been transferred to the Department of Labor by Executive
   Order 9617 dated September 19, 1945.
      The National Wage Stabilization Board, by virtue of Executive
   Order 9672, succeeded to all the powers, functions, and responsibilities
   of the National War Labor Board relating to the stabilization of wages
   and salaries. In addition, certain functions of the National War Labor
   Board relating to the settlement of labor disputes were transferred
   to the National Wage Stabilization Board. These limited dispute
   settlement functions included only the continued operation of the
   Steel, Textile, and Meat-Packing Commissions, previously established
   by the War Labor Board; the appointment of arbitrators to the
  extent necessary under War Labor Board orders or under collective
  bargaining agreements; the disposition of applications filed pursuant
  to section 5 of the War Labor Disputes Act; and the receipt of strike
  notices pursuant to section 8 of that act. None of the other labor dis-
  pute settling functions of the War Labor Board was transferred to
  the National Wage Stabilization Board.
     ACTIVITITrs.-The National Wage Stabilization Board's functions re-
  lating to the stabilization of wages and salaries include: acting on
  applications for approval of wage or salary increases; acting on appli-
  cations for approval of wage or salary decreases; and carrying out
  the program for the enforcement of the stabilization rules.
     Under the Executive orders and regulations promulgated pursuant
  to the Stabilization Act of October 2, 1942 (56 Stat. 765; 50 App.
 U. S. C. 961), any wage or salary increase with certain exceptions,
 may lawfully be made after August 18, 1945, without approval. The
 stabilization rules, however, limit the effect which may be given to
 such wage or salary increases for purposes of increasing price or rent
 ceilings or increasing the cost of goods or services furnished under
 contract to the Federal Government. Therefore, the National Wage
 Stabilization Board is called upon to determine, on the basis of volun-
 tary applications, whether wage or salary increases are approvable so
 that they can be used as a basis for seeking price relief or for increasing
 costs to the Government.
     Under the Wage Stabilization rules, wage decreases may not be made
lawfully without approval. Therefore the Board must act on all ap-
plications seeking approval of decreases of wages and salaries subject
to the Board's jurisdiction.
    The Stabilization Act and the rules issued thereunder provide for
the imposition of certain penalties in the event of violation of the
stabilization rules. The National Wage Stabilization Board is charged
with the responsibility for enforcing these rules and determining the
extent to which any of the prescribed sanctions shall be applied in
cases where there has been a violation of the rules.
354                UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

  In addition to the foregoing stabilization functions, the National
Wage Stabilization Board also carries out the limited functions relat-
ing to labor dispute cases which are prescribed in Executive Order
     EGIONAL BOARDS AND BOARD AGENTS.-The National Wage Sta-
bilization Board has delegated authority to 12 regional boards, each
composed of representatives of employers, employees, and of the public,
to carry out the functions of the National Board in the regions served
by such regional boards. In addition, the Wage Adjustment Board or
the building construction industry, acts as the agent of the National
Wage Stabilization Board with respect to applications for approval
of wage adjustments involving employees in the building construction
industry. The Steel Commission, the Meat Packing Commission, and
the Textile Commission also act as agents of the National Wage Sta-
bilization Board for the purpose of carrying out certain provisions
of directive orders issued by the National War Labor Board prior to
its termination.
           REGIONAL BOARDS-NATIONAL WAGE STABILIZATION BOARD

               Region                    Regional Chairman                      Address


No. i. Maine, New Hampshire, Ver- Lester S. Cramer           .- 209 Washington Street, Boston , Mass.
 mont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island,
    onneeticut.
No. 2. New York, northern New Jersey Sidney Sugarman -...---    299 Broadway, New York 7, N.Y.
No.3. Pennsylvania, Delaware, Mary- Joseph Bell -_        _..- 21 S. Twelfth Street, Philadelphia 7,
 land, District of Columbia, southern                             Pa.

No. 4. Georgia, North Oarolina, South   Henry Meyer.-..--..-      116 Candler Building, Atlanta 1, Ga.
 Carolina, Florida, Tennessee, Ala-

No. B. Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky- George Maxwell---           3d Floor, Guardian Building, 629 Eu-
                                                                    clid Avenue, Cleveland 14, Ohio.
No. 6. Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin,    John 0. McCurry ---       McCormick Building, 332 S. Michigan
 Minnesota, North Dakota, South                                     Avenue, Chicago 6, Ill.

No. 7. Missouri, Arkansas, Nebraska,    A. T. Granoff--1.--.-     11th Floor, Fidelity Building, Kansas

 No. 8. Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma--    A. Langley Coffey---      New Mercantile Bank Building, Dallas

                                                                  Paramount Building, Denver 2,
 No. 9. Colorado, New Mexico, Mon- J. Glenn Donaldson-. 300
  tana, Wyoming,     Utah, Idaho.                              Co.
 No. 1O. California, Nevada, Arizona --- Thomas F. Neblett - 1355 Market Street, San Francisco 3,
                                                               Calif.
 No. lt. Michigan--------                John P. Boyce----— 230 Fenobscot Building, Detroit 26,'

 No. 12. Oregon, Washington, Alaska-- John MCourt.--            .. 1411 Fourth Avenue Building, Seattle 1,
                                                                     Wash.



                                   Office of the Solicitor
   The Solicitor is the chief law officer of the Department of Labor.at-
 Responsible to him is an immediate staff of assistants and various the
 torneys stationed in field offices of the Department throughout
 United States and Puerto Rico.                                       to
   The Solicitor acts as legal adviser to the Secretary of Labor and
 the other  administrative officers of the Department. The Solicitor
                                     DEPARTMENT OF LABOR                                                355
 and attorneys on his staff perform legal services for the Wage and
  i-our and Public Contracts Divisions, the Children's Bureau, the U. S.
Conciliation Service, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Women's
Bureau, the U. S. Employment Service, the Retraining and Reemploy-
ment Administration, and other bureaus and divisions within the
Department and assist in the preparation of administrative rules and
regulations and interpretations of statutes administered by the Depart-
ment. They assist also in the preparation of and reports on proposed
legislation. The Solicitor's staff prepares or reviews all contracts and
bonds entered into by or with the Department.
   The Solicitor's Office supervises the predetermination of prevailing
rates of wages on Federal contracts pursuant to the Davis-Bacon law.
   The Solicitor is in charge of the litigation of the Department. He
represents the Administrator of the Wage and Hour Division and the
Chief of the Children's Bureau in all court actions involving the Fair
Labor Standards Act. In litigation involving departmental activi-
ties handled by the Department of Justice, the Solicitor's Office assists
in the preparation, trial, and briefing of the cases. His staff prosecutes
complaints of violations of the Public Contracts Act, and represents
the Department officials in administrative hearings.
   The regional attorneys on the staff of the Solicitor act as legal ad-
visers to the regional offices of the Department. Their principal ac-
tivity relates to the administration and enforcement of the Fair Labor
Standards Act, the Public Contracts Act, and other laws under the
jurisdiction of the Department.
                      REGIONAL OFFICES-OFFICE OF THE SOLICITOR

                  Region                         Regional attorney                     Address

No. 1. Maine, New Hampshire, Ver- George H. Foley-.....                    Old South Bldg., 294 Washington
  mont, Rhode Island, Massachusetts,                                          St., Boston 8, Mass.
  Connecticut.
No. 2. New York, New Jersey-....... Irving Rozen              .......... 341 9th Ave., New York, N. Y.
No. 3. Pennsylvania, Delaware -          .-. Ernest N. Votaw.-....... 1216 Widener Bldg., Chestnut and
                                                                             Juniper Sts., Philadelphia 7, Pa.
No. 4. West Virginia, Virginia, Mary- Lemuel H. Davis-........ 627 East Main St., Richmond 19;
  land.                                                                      Va.
No. 5. Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, George A. Downing-..... 249 Peachtree St. NE., Atlanta 3,
  North Carolina.                                                            Ga.
No. 6. Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana- Jerome A. Cooper -...          —. 1007 Comer Bldg., Birmingham 3,
                                                                           .Ala.
No. 7. Tennessee, Kentucky -...----          Glenn M. Elliott -     ...- 119 7th Ave. N., Nashville 3, Tenn.
No. 8. Michigan, Ohio ---           .......- Aaron A. Caghan ...-...-     4237 Post Office Bldg., Cleveland
                                                                             13, Ohio.
No. 9. Illinois, Wisconsin, Indiana ----     Kenneth P. Montgomery- 222 West North Bank Dr., Chicago
                                                                             54, III.
No. 10. Minnesota, North Dakota, James M. Miller-...—-- 730 Hennepin Ave., Minneapolis
  South Dakota, Montana.                                                     3, Minn.
No. 11. Kansas, Iowa, Missouri, Nebras- Reid Williams---                    t.....-
                                                                          911 Walnut St., Kansas City 6, Mo.
  ka, Wyoming, Colorado.
No. 12. Texas, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Earl Street --.-                    .- 1100 Main St., Dallas 2, Tex.
  New Mexico.
No. 13. California, Washington, Oregon, Dorothy M. Williams -             785 Market St., San Francisco 3,
  Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Arizona.                                              Calif.
San Juan, P. R-..-             .......       George W. Kretzinger,Jr_
356           -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

         Retraining and Reemployment Administration
   The Retraining and Reemployment Administration, created by Ex-
ecutive Order 9427 of February 24, 1944, and by title III of the War
Mobilization and Reconversion Act of 1944 (58 Stat. 788; 50 U. S. C.
1661) was transferred from the Office of War Mobilization and Re-
conversion to the Department of Labor by Executive Order 9617 of
September 19, 1945. The Administration is authorized to have general
supervision and direction of the activities of all existing executive
agencies (except the Veterans Administration and the Administrator
of Veterans Affairs) relating to retraining, reemployment, vocational
education, and vocational rehabilitation of persons discharged or re-
leased from the armed services or other war work and to coordinate
such activities and eliminate overlapping functions; to issue regula-
tions in connection with such work already provided for by law; and
to coordinate the activities of Federal agencies with those of State
and local agencies engaged in retraining, reemployment, vocational
education, and vocational rehabilitation.

              Shipbuilding Stabilization Committee
   The Shipbuilding Stabilization Committee, first organized by the
National Defense Advisory Commission in 1940, was established in
its present form in August 1942 by the War Production Board as a
committee of 31 members, consisting of 12 representatives from ship-
building management, 6 representatives from the Metal Trades
Department of the American Federation of Labor, 6 representatives
from the Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of
America, two representatives from the Navy Department, 2 repre-
sentatives from the Maritime Commission, 2 representatives from the
War Department, and 1 representative from the War Production
   Executive Order 9656 of November 15, 1945, transferred the Ship-
building Stabilization Committee to the Department of Labor from
the Civilian Production Administration, the successor agency estab-
lished upon the termination of the War Production Board.
   Basic wage rates and certain working conditions in the shipbuild-
ing industry are stabilized by four uniform, voluntary, tripartite
agreements between Government, management, and labor in four
shipbuilding zones (Atlantic, Pacific, Gulf, and Great Lakes).
   Under the authority of the Chicago Amendments to the Zone
 Standards Agreements, the Shipbuilding Stabilization Committee
 administers the Zone Standards Agreements. Through conferences
 conducted under the auspices of the Shipbuilding Stabilization Com-
 mittee, the Zone Standards Agreements are amended from time to
 time and are the basic framework for the stabilization of labor con-
 ditions in the shipbuilding industry.

                 United States Conciliation Service
   Under the organic act establishing the Department, March 4, 1913,
 the Secretary is authorized to act as a mediator or to appoint com-
 missioners of conciliation whenever such action is necessary in the
 interests of industrial peace. This task of dealing with industrial
                                                    DEPARTMENT                      OF LABOR                                    357
  controversies is carried on by the Conciliation Service, which seeks
  to bring about peaceful settlements of disputes arising in various
 sections of the country between employers and employees.
    The settlement of industrial disputes is carried out by 3 operating
 branches under the supervision of the Director of Conciliation: Field
 Operations, Arbitration, and Technical Service.
    The Field Operations Branch, through 7 regional offices, furnishes
 mediation services at the request of either of the parties in dispute, or
 offers its services in the case of strikes or threatened strikes. The
 assigned commissioner of conciliation attempts to bring about a set-
 tlement of the issues involved which is acceptable to both labor and
 management.
    The Arbitration Branch at the request of both parties in a dispute
 appoints arbitrators who make final decisions on those issues failing
 of mediation. Such an arbitration award is binding on both parties
 since they have previously stipulated to be bound by the decision. A
 large part of the work is carried on in connection with the appoint-
 ment of arbitrators to make final and binding decisions on grievances
 arising under the terms of existing contracts. In addition, where
 mediation has failed and both parties request the appointment of an
 arbitrator to make final and binding decisions on the terms and con-
 ditions of employment to be included in the contract, the Branch
 appoints such arbitrators.
    The Technical Service Branch makes specific plant studies at the
request of either the commissioner assigned to a dispute or at the joint
request of the parties. The factual findings of the Branch are used
by the parties in arriving at a mutually agreeable solution to the con-
troversy. Studies are made by the Branch on such problems as wage
incentive and piece-rate plans, job evaluation and classifications, merit
systems, and other related areas of industrial relations.
    The training of new commissioners is under the supervision of the
Procedures and Training Branch, which also conducts refresher courses
for commissioners in the field in the latest techniques and methods of
conciliation, summarizes new labor legislation, current trends in indus-
trial relations, and other related fields. The Branch prepares hand-
books on various industries with regard to contracts and industrial
relations, summarizes Federal and State legislation and court decisions,
and compiles manuals of policy and operation. The Branch collects
operating statistics for the conciliation Service and reviews and
analyzes individual case files.
                REGIONAL OFFICES-UNITED STATES CONCILIATION SERVICE

                      Region                                    Regional director                           Address

No. 1. Maine, New Hampshire, Ver- Howard Durham,                                              294 Washington St., Boston 8, Mass.
 mont, Massachusetts, Connecticut,            Acting.
 Rhode Island.
No. 2. New York, New Jersey, Pennsyl- H. R. Colwell .......-                                  Room 1016, 341 9th Ave., New York 1,
 vania, Delaware, Maryland, District                                                                N. Y.
 of Columbia.
   Branch Office -..........................................-                                 1200 Tower Bldg., 222 East Baltimore
                                                                                                St., Baltimore 2, Md.
   Branch Office--..................- ........................                                1617Widener Bldg., Philadelphia 7, Pa.
   Field Office                 ------------...............................................   608 May Bldg., Pittsburgh 22, Pa.
358                     TJUNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

      REGIONAL OFFICES-UNITED STATES CONCILIATION SERVICE-Continued

                   Region                                  Regional director                     Address


No. 3. Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky, E. J. Cunningham                         .. 258 Federal Bldg., Cleveland 14, Ohio.
  Indiana (except Lake County), lower
     Michigan.
    Branch Office                        - '-———--                                 321 Federal Bldg., Detroit 26, ich.
    Field Office -------------------.---                                           445-6 Post Office Bldg., Cincinti 2,
                                                                                     Ohio.
    Field Office                   ......----------                                Room 1301,108 East WashingtonBldg.,
                                                                                    R-
                                                                                     Indianapolis 4, Ind.
No. 4. Virginia, North Carolina, South                 C. H. Williams --           Rooms 515-23, 10 Forsyth St. Bldg.,
  Carolina, George, Florida, Tennessee,                                               Atlanta 3, Ga.
  Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana,
  Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Panama
    CanalZone.
    Field Office                                              _                        1212 Comer Bldg., Birmingham 3, Ala.
          Office ------------------.---
       Field                                                                           214 Federal Bldg., Chattanga 2,
                                                                                          Tenn.
    Field Office              ...-....................----.           .........         1115Richards Bldg., New Orleans 12,
                                                                                          La.
    Field Office-      .----------------                      _- _-         _          Rooms 4-b, State Capitol Bldg., Rich-
                                                                                          mond 19, Va.
    San Juan, P. R., Office                -                -       -                  P. 0O.Box 2584, San Juan, P. R.
No. S. Iowa, Missouri (including St. W. F. White                                  .- - 11408Fidelity Bldg., Kansas City 6, Mo.
 Cair, Madison, and Monroe Counties
  in Illinois), Arkansas, Nebraska, Kan-
 sas, Oklahoma, Texas (except El Paso
  and Hudspeth Counties).
    Branch Office               -                     -                                 1100 Main St., Dallas 2, Tex.
    Branch Office ---                                                                    400old Customhouse, St. Louis I, Mo.
    Field Office ----- :-------               --                                ----- 0 Equitable Bldg., Des Moines 9,
                                                                                          4-0-'-1--------

     Field Office—---       -     --           --- -              -     -      -      Rooms 710--12, Federal Office Bldg.,
                                                                                       Houston, Tex.
 No. 6. Illinois (including Lake County, J. S. Spillane-                       ---.. Room 375, 222 West Adams St., Chi-
  Ind., but excluding St. Clair, Madison,                                              cage 6, 111.
  and Monroe Counties, Ill.), Wisconsin,
  the upper peninsula of Michigan, Min-
  nesota, North Dakota, South Dakota.
    Branch Office             -           -                                         210 U. S. Courthouse, Minneapolis I,
                                                                                      Minn.
     Field Office                       -        —--                                632 Federal Bldg., Milwaukee 2, Wis.
 No. 7. Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, E. P. Marsh -1-                                 533 Phelan Bldg., San Francisco 2,
  New Mexico (including El Paso and                                                    Calif.
  Hudspeth Counties, Tex.), Idaho,
  Utah, Nevada, Arizona, Washington,
   Oregon, California, Hawaii, Alaska.
     Field Office                 ———- -1                                      02 Chamber of Commerce Bldg.,
                                                                               Denver 2, Colo.
      Field Office                                    -1       ——-           345 Federal Bldg., Honolulu, T. H.
      Field Office------------------------1                                            dal Bldg., Los Angeles 12,
                                                                                        r-------
                                                                                Calif.
      Field Office                      —--            ---            —- — — 303 Old U. S. Courthouse, Portland 4,
                                                                                Oreg.
                  -_
      Field Office-                                   _ --         -.        420 Seaboard Bldg., Seattle 1, Wash.
                        DEPARTMENT OF LABOR                         359
                 United States Employment Service
     Government participation in placement of workers originated with
  the creation in 1907 of the Division of Information of the Bureau of
  Immigration and Naturalization in the Department of Labor. The
  Employment Service, established as a unit in the Department of Labor
 in 1918 by departmental order, was abolished in 1933 upon the estab-
  lishment of the United States Employment Service.
     The United States Employment Service was established in the De-
 partment of Labor by act of Congress approved June 6, 1933 (48 Stat.
  113; 29 U. S. C. 49). Its functions were to promote and develop a
 national system of public employment offices; to maintain a veterans
 service to be devoted to securing employment for veterans; to main-
 tain a farm placement service; to maintain a public employment serv-
 ice for the District of Columbia; and to assist in establishing and
 maintaining systems of public employment offices in the several States,
 to assist in coordinating such systems throughout the country and in
 increasing their usefulness by developing and prescribing minimum
 standards of efficiency, promoting uniformity .in administrative and
 statistical procedure, furnishing information as to opportunities for
 employment and other information of value in the operation of the
 system, and maintaining a system for clearing labor among the several
 States.
    IUnder the President's Reorganization Plan 1, effective July 1,1939,
 the United States Employment Service was consolidated with the
unemployment compensation functions in the Social Security Board
in the Federal Security Agency. As of January 1, 1942, the State
Employment Services were brought directly under Federal operation.
Executive Order 9247, of September 17, 1942, transferred the United
States Employment Service to the War Manpower Commission where,
during the war period, it carried the major burden of the manpower
program.
    By Executive Order 9617 of September 19, 1945, the War Manpower
Commission was terminated and the United States Employment Serv-
ice was transferred to the Department of Labor.
                    VETERANS EMPLOYMENT SERVICE

   The Veterans Employment Service functions through local offices
of the United States Employment Service. It operates -under the
jurisdiction of the Veterans Placement Service Board which con-
sists of the Administrator of Veterans Affairs, as chairman, the direc-
tor of the Selective Service System, and the Secretary of the United
States Department of Labor. Policies and programs of the Veterans
Employment Service are determined by the Board and are carried
out through its executive secretary, who is also chief of the Veterans
Employment Service, and by State Veterans Employment Representa-
tives who are functionally responsible for supervision- of -the employ-
ment interests of veterans registered with local offices of the United
States Employment Service.
360                      UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

                                                     EMPLOYMENT
 STATE OFFICES-U. S. EMPLOYMENT SERVICE AND VETERANS
                       SERVICE REPRESENTATIVE

                                                                              Veterans Employment Service
           State                       U. S. Employment Service                       Representative


Alabama .             .------ -- 326 First National Bank Building, 326 First National Bank Building,
                                     Montgomery.                             Montgomery.
Alaska-........                    315 Federal Building (Box 471),
                                     Juneau.
.Arizona---------                  428 Security Building, Phoenix-——- Security Building, Phoenix.
                                                                           811
      a s    .---      -           Old Post Office Building, Little Rock_ Old Post Office Building (Box 2019),
                                                                              Little Rock.
                                                                                   Sharon Building, 55 New Mont-
California (Northern) -- 153 Kearny Street, San Francisco--..... 401-02
                                                                              gomery Street, San Francisco 5.
California (Southern)-- 1031 S. Broadway, Los Angeles' 1--                 1031 S. Broadway, Los Angeles 15
C l         o --                   201 Chamber of Commerce Building, 214 Chamber of Commerce Building,
                                      Denver.                                 Denver.
Connecticut                    --- 122 Washington Street, Hartford 6       122 Washington Street, Hartford 6.
                                                                                                         and King
Delaware -               -- - DiSabatino Building, 200 W. Ninth U. S. Customhouse, Sixth
                                      Street, Wilmington.                     Streets, Wilmington.
                                                                                       Street NW., Washington 25.
District of Columbia -— 433 Third Street NW., Washington 25- 433 Third
 Florida----------                  409 W. Adams Street (P. 0. Box 1979), 1312 Barnett National Bank Building
                                      Jacksonville.                           (Box 1499), Jacksonville.
                                                                                                              1276),
 Georgia --.-.-------               86S Luckie Street NW., Atlanta 1 . 86 Luckie Street NW. (Box
                                                                              Atlanta 1.
 Hawaii                             P. 0. Box 3680, Honolulu --      —- — P. 0. Box 3680, Honolulu.
         .------ .
 .... Idah.                         802 Grove Street, Boise    ----------- 159 S. Eighth Street (Box 877), Boise.
 Illinois-----            .....     Room 414, 222 W. North Bank Drive, Room 414, 222 W. North Bank Drive,
                                       Chicago 54.                            Chicago 54.
                                                                                                     Indianapolis 4.
           Indiana -   .--------- 105 S. Meridian Street,Indianapolis 4- 105 S. Meridian Street,
                          -        112Eleventh Street, Des Moines    ---    419 Federal Office Building, Des
Iowa ---
                                                                              Moines 9.
                                                                            512 New England Building, Topeka.
 Kansas------------------439 New England Building, Topeka.--
                              S. Fifth Street, Louisville -- ---            520 Federal Building, Louisville 2.
 Kentucky -620
                          742 Laurel Street, Baton Rouge—- -                127 Elk Place, New Orleans 13.
 Louisiana-
                          33iWater Street, Augusta..-----     --            76 Pearl Street, Poriland 3.
 Maine ------
                          3002 O'Sullivan Building, Baltimore 2-            935 O'Sullivan Building, Baltimore 2.
 Maryland-1-
                          881 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston.-                 881 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston.
 Massachusetts--
                          1164 Penobscot Building, Detroit 26-              800 Boulevard Building, 7310 Wood-
 Michigan -
                                                                               ward Avenue, Dstroit.
                                   369 Cedar Street, St. Paul 1--——-        Si9 Cedar Street, St. Paul 1.
 Minnesota-
                    --               IW N. State Street, Jackson-.—- -
                                      los                                   319 N. President Street, Jackson.
 Misssssippi -
                              -    310 E. Capitol Avenue, Jefferson City-   310 E. Capitol Avenue (Box 86), Jeffer
 Missouri-1-.
                                                                               son City.
                     -             3321 Fuller Avenue (P. 0. Box 1718),     322 Fuller Avenu3 (Box 953), Helena.
 Montana—---

                                    220 Street, Lincoln 8--       ----      1220 N Street (Box 1033), Lincoln 8.
 Nebraska-
              -                -       N. Virginia Street, Reno --     -    Bradley Building (Box 2071), Reno.
 Nevada--
                                   32 1"" Main Street, Concord-———
                                      S.                                    34 S. Main Street, Concord.
 New Hampshire'-
                                   219 E. Hanover Street (P. 0. Box 170),   Room 222, 219 E. Hanover Street,
 New erSey-
                                     Trenton.                               Trenton.
                         ---           S. Sixth Street, Albuquerque ---   III S. Sixth Street (Box 1492), Albu-
 New Mexico -
                                                                            querque.
                                                                                                 II W. Forty-
 New York -11                         W. Forty-second Street, New York Twenty-second Floor,
                                     18.                                    second Street, New York 18.
                                     aswellBuilding (Box 2209), Raleigh   COaswellBuilding (Box 2209), Raleigh.
 North Carolina-
                           "       305 N. Broadway, Bismarck-         --  211 Walker Building (Box 829), Fargo.
 North Dakota"-
                                   427 Cleveland Avenue, Columbus 16-     427 Cleveland Avenue, Columbus 16.
   io --
                                     olcord Building, Oklahoma City 2--   600 Colcord Building, Oklahoma,
 Oklahoma--C
                                                                             City 2.
                                       Central Building, Portland --    —-218 Pioneer Post Office Building,
 Oregon-300
                                                                             Portland 4.
                                    DEPARTIVIENT OF LABOR                                               361
   STATE OFFICES-U. S. EMPLOYMENT SERVICE AND VETERANS EMPLOYMENT
                     SERVICE REPRESENTATIVE-Continued


           State                  U. S. Employment Service            Veterans Enmployment Service Repre-
                                                                                  sentative

 Pennsylvania-..........         1835 N. Third Street, Harrisburg...... 1835 N. Third Street. Harrsburg
 Puerto Rico--...........        5 Barbosa Street (P. O. Box 4384), San 5 J. C. Barbosa Street (Box 4384), San
                                   Juan 22.                                Juan.
Rhode Island---.......-.. 901 Union Trust Building, Providence. 901 Union I rust Building, Providence
South Carolina ...... ..- Senate Street, Columbia -—..-
                           -     1429                                    Federal Land Bank Building, 1401
                                                                           Hampton Street (Box 1227), Colum-
                                                                           bia.
South Dakota-.......... 422k S. Main Street, Aberdeen-..... 422½2 S. Main Street, Aberdeen
Tennessea-             ...... . 1110 Warner Building, Nashville -      . 316-18 Cotton States Building, Nash-
                                                                           ville 3.
Texas--------...........        204 Brown Building, Austin -..-      ..- 208 Brown Building (Box 957), Austin.
Utah---..........._             610 Newhouse Building, Salt Lake 617 Newhouse Building, Salt Lake
                                   City 1.                                 City 1.
Vermont -————                 —_- School Street, Montpelier --
                                7                                   —- 14 Cottage Street, Rutland.
Virginia--——--1-——--.__     _   306 Broad-Grace Arcade, Richmond 19- 201 Broad-Grace Arcade, Richmond 19.
Washington----...-.....- 201 Ranke Building, Seattle 1------ 201 Ranke Building, Seattle 1.
West Virginia_-........ 614 Chamber of Commerce Building, 510 Chamber of Commerce Building,
                                   Charleston 1.                           Charleston 1.
Wisconsin—-------..-...-_ One W. Wilson Street, Madison 2          -     One W. Wilson Street, Madison 2.
Wyoming----....-....... P and R Building (P. 0. Box 760), 200 N. Wolcott Street (Box 760),
                                   Casper.                                 Casper.



                                 Wage Adjustment Board
    The President in a memorandum dated May 14, 1942. directed the
 Secretary of Labor to create the Wage Adjustment Board and to give
 to it such service and assistance as it might require. To accomplish
 the purpose of the act of March 3, 1931 (46 Stat. 1494; 40 U. S. C.
 276a), as amended by the act of August 30, 1935 (49 Stat. 1011; 40
 U. S. C. 276a), and of section I (a) of the act of January 30, 1942 (56
 Stat. 23; 50 App. U. S. C. 901), as amended, and to provide the ma-
 chinery for the Wage Stabilization Agreement of the international
and national labor organizations in the building and construction
industry, the Secretary of Labor on May 29, 1942, established the
Wage Adjustment Board. The jurisdiction of this Board was limited
to construction work done for or financed by the United States.
   In order to coordinate the administration of this program with the
stabilization of wages and maintenance of harmonious industrial
relations on private construction work, the National War Labor
Board requested the Secretary of Labor to amend the order and to
reconstitute the Wage Adjustment Board for the building and con-
struction industry so that in addition to its administration of the
Wage Stabilization Agreement of May 22, 1942,. it might administer
the duties and functions delegated to it by the National War Labor
Board. To accomplish this, the Secretary of Labor on October 13,
1943, ordered the reconstitution of the Board in the Department of
Labor, to consist of nine members, three representing labor, three
representing industry, and three, including the chairman, represent.-
ing the public.

      684356°-46e           24
362-           UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

  The Board has the power to investigate and act upon adjustment
of wage rates under the Wage Stabilization Agreement of May 22,
      in the building and construction trades upon requests prese
by local labor organizations with the approval of the international
or national labor organization and submitted through and approved
by the Building and Construction Trades Department of the Aeri-
can Federation of Labor, and also to consider and act upon requests
for wage adjustments when presented by employers, Government
contracting agencies, or any group of workers not specified above.

               Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions
   These Divisions were consolidated by order of the Secretary of
Labor on October 15, 1942. One Administrator, appointed by the
President with the advice and consent of the Senate, heads the two
    divisions.
   CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-The Wage and Hour Division
                                                                         was
established pursuant to the provisions of the Fair Labor Standards
Act of June 25, 1938 (52 Stat. 1060; 29 U. S. C. 201-19). The act
provides minimum wages and time and one-half overtime pay for
all hours worked over 40 in a week for workers engaged-in interstate
commerce or the production of goods for interstate commerce unless
they are specifically exempt. It set 40 cents an hour as a minimum
to go into effect October 24, 1945, with a machinery of industry
committees, equally representative of the public, employers, and
labor, whereby the 40-cent minimum was to be reached by industry            of
before October 24, 1945. Under this procedure, a minimum wage
40 cents       an hour for all industries in the continental United States
                                                                        based
was reached by July 17, 1944, by orders of the Administrator, Emer-
upon recommendations of industry committees. Section 3 of the
                                                                            as
gency Relief Appropriation Act of 1941, approved June 26, 1940,
 a(mended       (54 Stat. 615; 29 U. S. C. 205), exempts industries in Puerto
                                                                          con-
 Rico and the Virgin Islands from wage orders issued for the
tinental       United States and provides a special industry committee
 procedure for the Islands.
     The Fair Labor Standards Act also forbids "oppressive child
                                                                           act
 labor." The administration of the child labor provisions of the of
 was assigned        to the Chief of the Children's Bureau. Violators
 the act are subject to injunction proceedings, criminal prosecution,
 and employee suits to recover unpaid minimum wages, or overtime
 compensation, and an additional equal amount as liquidated damages.
 The act authorizes the Division to enjoin the shipment in interstate
 or foreign commerce of goods produced in violation of the act.
     The Public Contracts Division was created to administer the
                                                                           35-
 Walsh-Healey Act, of June 30, 1936 (49 Stat. 2036; 41 U. S. C.
 45). The act provides          for the inclusion in every Government sup-
  ply contract in excess of $10,000 stipulations calling for the payment
  of prevailing minimum wages as determined by the Secretary of
  Labor, overtime pay at the rate of time and one-half theand healthbasic rate
  for hours worked over 8 a day or 40 a week, safety
                                                                          Any
  standards and restrictions on child labor and convict labor. cause
  breach or violation of       these provisions of the contract may be
                                     DEPARTMENT               OF LABOR                                363
for cancellation of the contract and may render the violator liable for
liquidated damages amounting to $10 per day for each minor or con-
vict laborer knowingly employed. Contractors found to have
breached any of the provisions of the contract may become ineligible
to receive Government contracts for a period of 3 years.
   The national office of the Divisions is located at 165 West 46th
Street, New York 19, N. Y. A Washington office is located in the
Department of Labor Building, Washington 25, D. C.
   The inspection work of the Divisions is conducted through 13
regional offices. In addition, some regions have branch offices. Each
regional office is headed by a regional director directly responsible to
the Administrator.
     REGIONAL OFFICES-WAGE AND BOUR AND PUBLIC CONTRACTS DIVISIONS

              Region                      Officer in Charge                        Address

No. 1. Massachusetts, New          Leo A. Gleason, Regional Direc-   Old South Building, 294 Washington
  Hampshire, Maine, Ver-             tor                               Street, Boston 8, Mass.
  mont, Rhode Island, Con-
 necticut
No. 11. New York, New Jersey       Arthur 1. White, Regional Dl-     Parcel Post Building, 341 Ninth
                                     rector                            Avenue, New York 1, N. Y.
    Branch.--.................     John L. Kelly, Supervising In-    Essex Building, 31 Clinton Street,
                                     specter                           Newark 2, N. J.
    Branch---.................     Joseph F. Morrison, Supervising   304 State Tower Building, Syracuse
                                     Inspector                         2, N. Y.
No. III. Pennsylvania, Dela        Frank J. 0. Dorsey, Regional      1216 Widener Building, Chestnut and
 ware.                               Director                          Juniper Streets, Philadelphia 7, Pa.
   Branch.-------------------      Stanton W. B. Wood, Supervis-     Clark Building, Libterty Avenue and
                                     ing Ispector                      Seventh Street, Pittsburgh 22, Pa.
No. IV. Virginia, West Vir-        W. C. Cole, Regional Director..   215 Richmond Trust Building, Rich-
 ginia, Maryland, and Dis-                                             mond 19, Va.
 trict of Columbia
    Branch.-------------------     Christian C. Shelton, Supervis- 408 Old Town Bank Building, Gay and
                                     ing Inspector                   Fallsway Streets, Baltimore 2, Md.
No. V. Georgia, Florida,           James 0. Johnson, Regional Fifth Floor, Carl Witt Building, 249
 South Carolina                      Director                        Peachtree Street NE., Atlanta 3, Ga.
   Branch--------------------      John M. Bean, Jr., Supervising Federal Land Bank Building, Colum.
                                     Inspector                       bia 29, S. C.
    Branch.-.................      Vernon K. Giimson, Supervising 456 New Post Office Building, Jackson.
North Carolina I                     Inspector                       ville I, Fla.
No. VI. Alabama, Mississippi,      Joseph C. Noah, Regional Di- 1107 Comer Building, BIrmingham 3,
 Louisiana                           rector                         Ala.
    Branch.-------------------     Wm. L. Crunk, Jr., Super- 1lC8 Comer Building, Birmingham 3.
                                     vising Inspector               Ala.
    Branch.-...............-       J. Sidney Gonsoulin, Supervis- 016 Richards Building, New Orleans 12,
                                     ing Inspector                  La.
    Branch ------       ........   Floyd A. Powell, Supervising 405 Deposit Guaranty Bank Building,
                                     Inspector                      Jackson 14, Miss.
No. VIl. Tennessee, Ken-           WilliamM.Eaves,RegionalDi- t09 Medical Arts Building, Nashville 3,
 tucky                               rector                         Tenn.
 I In North Carolina and Minnesota the Fair Labor Standards Act and the Walsh-Healey PublicContracts
Act are administcreI by State authorities under a cooperative agreement with the Wage and Hour
                                                                                                   and
Public Contracts Divisions and the Children's Bureau. The officers in charge are, respectively: Forrest
H. Shuford, Commissioner, North Carolina Department of Labor, Salisbury and Edenton Streets,
Raleigh, N. C.; and J. D. Williams, Commissioner, State Department of Labor and Industry, St. Paul,
Minn.
364                      UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

          REGIONAL OFFICES-WAGE AND HOUR AND PUBLIC CONTRACTS
                            DIVISIONS-Continued

            Region                        Officer in Charge                           Address


No. VIII. Ohio,        Michigan-   William S. Singley, Regional         4237 Main Post Office, West Third and
                                    Director                              Prospect Avenue, Cleveland 13, Ohio.
   Branch -
          ......--..               Thomas A. Hermansen, Super-          1216 Francis Palms Building, 2111
                                    vising Inspector                      Woodward Avenue, Detroit I, Mich.
   Branch -H..-------              H. Paul Engle, Supervising           1312 Traction Building, Cincinnati 2,
                                    Inspector                              Ohio.
No. IX. Illinois, Indiana,         Thomas D. O'Malley, Regional         1200 Merchandise Mart, 222 West
 Wisconsin                           Director                              North Bank Drive, Chicago 54, III.
No. X. North Dakota, South         Leslie A. Hill, Regional Director-   406 Pence Building, 730 Hennepin
 Dakota, Montana                                                           Avenue, Minneapolis 3, Minn.
   Minnesota
No. XI. Kansas, Nebraska,          Walter W. King, Regional Di-         911 Walnut Street, Kansas City 6,Mo.
  Iowa, Missouri, Colorado,         rector  -
    Wyoming
       tBh ..--.---                Earl V. Powers, Supervising          316 Old Customhouse, 815 Olive Street,
                                    Inspector                             St. Louis 1, Mo.
   Branch              .-...       Henry M. Roberts, Supervising        300 Chamber of Commerce Building,
                                     Inspector                            1726 Champa Street, Denver 2, Colo.
No. XII. Texas, Oklahoma,          William J. Rogers, Regional          Rio Grande National Building, 110
 Arkansas, New Mexico                Director                             Main Street, Dallas 2, Tex.
No. XII. California, Arizona,      Wesley 0. Ash, Regional Di-          501 Humboldt Bank Building, 785
 Nevada, Washington, Ore-           rector                                Market Street, San Francisco 3, Calif.
 gon, Idaho, Utah, Hawaii
      Alaska
    and
    Branch .-...... .....
                  _                John A. Stellern, Supervising        417 H. W. Hellman Building, Spring
                                     Inspector                            and Fourth Streets, Los Angeles 13,
                                                                          Calif.
   Branch --               Walter T. Neubert, Supervising
                       ...---                                           305 Post Office Building, Seattle 31,
                            Inspector                                     Wash.
   Branch -    .---    --- Charles H. Elrey, Supervising                208 Old U. S. Courthouse, Portland 4,
                            Inspector                                     Oreg.
Puerto Rico and Virgin Is- Russell Sturgis, Territorial Rep-            Banco Popular Building, Tetuan and
 lands                      resentative                                    San Justo Streets (P. 0. Box 112),
                                                                           San Juan 1, P. R.


  I See footnote on preceding page.

                                         Women's Bureau
  The Women's Bureau, first established as the Woman-in-Industry
Service in 1918, and made permanent by congressional act of June 5,
1920 (41 Stat. 987; 29 U. S. C. 11), is charged with formulating stand-
ards and policies for promoting the welfare of wage-earning women,
improving their working conditions, increasing their efficiency, and
advancing their opportunities for profitable employment. It investi-
gates and compiles reports upon all matters pertaining to the welfare
of women in industry, publishing such of this information as the Sec-
retary may direct.
  In the quarter century since the creation of the Women's Bureau,
the number of women employed outside their homes has virtually
doubled.
                                       DEPARTMENT OF LABOR                                         365
     The Women's Bureau is the only Government agency charged with
   promoting the welfare of wage-earning women. As such, it works
  extensively in a consultative capacity with both State and Federal
   agencies, with trade unions, women's organizations, and other civic
   groups.
     At present the Women's Bureau program is geared primarily to
  the needs of women workers in the reconversion and post-war periods.
  Since wage differentials and other discriminatory practices applied
  to women result in an undercutting of men's wages and threaten to
  undermine the national objective of full employment at fair wage
  levels, the safeguarding of women's interests during the present
 period is a matter of national concern.
     The Bureau has a program of cooperation with other agencies
  in an effort to improve legislative standards and to obtain more effec-
  tive enforcement of labor laws for women; a series of studies on
  post-war occupational outlook and opportunities for women in vari-
 ous employment fields; development and strengthening of an inter-
 national program of cooperation and exchange in order to reach
 mutual understanding on programs which will reduce the danger of
 conflicts growing out of substandard conditions of work and fife in
 any part of the world; cooperation with trade unions having large
 women memberships on programs of education and development of
 standards for women's participation in their organizations; and
 work with representatives of management on development of stand-
 ards for the employment of women.
     State agencies consult with the Women's Bureau concerning prob-
 lems arising in the administration of protective State laws. The
 Bureau renders technical assistance in drafting statutory language and
 cooperates with the State agencies and private groups which are work-
 ing to obtain improvements in legislative standards.
              FIELD OFFICES AND REPRESENTATIVES-WOMEN'S BUREAU

    Region               Representative                               Address

No. 1-........    Mrs. Mary G. Currier---..   294 Washington St., Boston 8, Mass.
No. 2..........   Mrs. Helen B. Sater-       ...
                                              919 Parcel Post Bldg., 341 9th Ave., New York, 1 N. Y.
No. 3-.......     Rebecca G. Smaltz ...-..    1215 Widener Bldg., Philadelphia 7, Pa.
No. 9- ....       Martha J. Ziegler -.......  1200 Merchandise Mart, 222 West North Bank Dr.,
                                                Chicago 54, III.
No. 11......... Elsie 1. Wolfe -............. 618 New Federal Bldg., 12th and Market Sts.,
                                                                                           St. Louis 1,
                                                Mo.
No. 13-........ Margaret Kay Anderson ... 1607 Humboldt Bank Bldg., 785 Market St., San
                                                                                             Francisco
                                                3, Calif.



                  Office of the Chief Clerk and Budget Officer
   The Chief Clerk and Budget Officer of the Department is respon-
sible for the proper administration of all the functions in the field
of business administration (except personnel administration) neces-
sary to meet the requirements of the entire Department, including
all of its bureaus, offices, and divisions.
     .
  g366        -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

                                                               and the
  This includes budgetary administration, control thereof, contin-
preparation of estimates of personnel    requirements, travel,
                                                                   wth
gent, miscellaneous expense, and printing and binding; planning for
Bureau heads, review and approval of      organizational structure
                                                            as may be
new activities and revision of established organization
necessary, and the preparation of management        procedures in con-
                                                                    of
nection with such changes; the review, clearance, and coordination
bureau programs; financial and all fiscal    administration, including
the payment and audit of grants-in-aid.
                                Library
                                                                   the Sec-
   The Librarian operates under the direct supervision of adminis-
rety     and is responsible for the effective  organization and
                                                                  Librarian
tration of the library services of the Department. The
                                                                  and othe
           all purchases of books, newspapers, periodicals, functional
approves
publications. The    Library is organized into the following
                                                             room and loan
   READErS SERvIcEs.-Maintains the reference reading
                                                        officials and other
desk, gives bibliographical aid to departmental            prepares special
readers, answers telephone requests for information, files.
bibliographies, maintains the book stacks     and special
                                                       them to the bureau
    PEsODICALS.'-Maintains periodicals and routes
 staff soperates the periodical reading room,    performs reference work

    CATALOGING.-Classifies, catalogs, and develops
                                                        and maintains col-
 lections of all publications received.

                  Office of the Director of Personnel
                                                  matters relating to
   The Director of Personnel is in charge of all is the liaison officer
 personnel within the Department   of Labor. He
                                                       and with other
 for the Department with the Civil Service Commission
 departments and agencies of the  Government on matters relating to
 personnel administration.
   Approve.                                .L. B. SCHWELLENBACH
                                                    Secretary of-Labor
                          Federal Loan Agency'
             811 Vermont Avenue NW.; Information: EXecutive 3111

                                 OFFICIALS
Federal Loan Administrator ___________._____       CHARLES B. HENDERSON Acting
Assistant Federal Loan Administrator _______ (VACANCY)
                                        …


   CREATION AND AUTHIIRITY.-The Federal Loan Agency was created
by the President's Reorganization Plan I, dated April 25, 1939, pursu-
 ant to the provisions of the Reorganization Act of 1939. Under Ex-
ecutive Order 9071, dated February 24, 1942, the functions, powers,
and duties of the Federal Loan Agency and of the Federal Loan Ad-
ministrator which related to the Reconstruction Finance Corporation
and certain subsidiary corporations, together with all functions
powers, and duties not transferred by the Executive order establishing
the National Housing Agency, were transferred to the Department of
Commerce to be administered under the direction and supervision of
the Secretary of Commerce. Pursuant to the act approved February
24, 1945 (59 Stat. 5; 12 U. S. C. 1801), all powers, functions and
duties of the Department of Commerce and of the Secretary of Com-
merce relating to the Federal Loan Agency were transferred to the
Federal Loan Agency, to be administered under the direction and
supervision of the Federal Loan Administrator. Agencies grouped
under the Federal Loan Agency are explained in the pages immediately
following.
   PURPOSE.-The Federal Loan Agency was established to supervise
and coordinate the functions and activities of the corporations and
agencies grouped under the Federal Loan Agency.
  Approved.
                                        CHARLES B. HENDERSON
                                Acting FederalLoan Administrator


                   Reconstruction Finance Corporation
                      811 Vermont Avenue NW.; EXecutive 3111

                               BOARD OF DIRECTORS
Chairman_______..-._.__________                           CHARLES B. HENDRSON
    HENRY A. MULLIGAN                                     HARVEY J. GUNDERSOI
    HENRY T. BODMAN                                       GEORGE E. ALLEN
                                       OFFICIALS
General Counsel-          _-__-_-___________________
                             --- .----                    JOHN D. GOODLOE
Secretary__________________________________________-      A. T. HOBSON
Treasurer_________-___-__________------------------       HENRY A. MULLIGAN
            Information: A. B. Merritt, Chief, Division of Information

 I Organization   chart on page 584.
                                                                         367
368            'UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

  CREATION AND AgTrHoRrry.-The         Reconstruction Finance Corpora-
tion was   created as a body corporate by the Reconstruction Finance
Corporation Act, approved January 22, 1932 (47 Stat. 5; 15 U. S. C.
601 et seq.). The Corporation was formally organized and its oper-
ations were begun on February 2, 1932. The scope of the Corpora-
tion's functions has been extended or modified from time to time by
amendatory and supplemental legislation, and its succession, originally
established at 10 years, has been extended 5 years to January 22, 1947.
   PuRPosE.-The enactment creating the Corporation authorized it to
extend financial assistance to agriculture, commerce, and industry,
through direct loans to banks, trust companies, building and loan asso-
ciations, insurance companies, mortgage-loan companies, and various
agricultural credit agencies. Loans were also authorized to closed
banks to aid in their reorganization or liquidation and, upon approval
of the Interstate Commerce Commission, to railroads or receivers of
railroads to provide temporary financial assistance. The original
enactment also authorized the Corporation to accept drafts and bills
of exchange drawn upon it arising from the sale of agricultural or
other products to buyers in foreign markets.
   Through amendatory and supplemental legislation the Corporation
has been authorized: (1) to purchase the capital stock of banks, in-
 surance companies, agricultural credit corporations, national mortgage
associations, and various governmental agencies; (2) to make loans
 to business enterprises, mining interests, agricultural improvement
 districts, public school authorities, and various other classes of bor-
rowers; and (3) to assist in financing the construction of public works
 and various self-liquidating projects.
    ORGANIZATION.-The management of the Corporation is vested in
 a Board of Directors appointed by the President, by and with the
 advice and consent of. the Senate. The executive committee of the
 Corporation is composed of the chairman and two other members
 of its Board of Directors. The principal administrative units of the
 Corporation are: Office of the Secretary, Office of the Treasurer, Office
 of Defense Plants, Office of Defense Supplies, Office of Rubber Reserve,
 Office of Metals Reserve, and the Examining, Legal, Statistical and
 Economic, Information, Personnel, Self-Liquidating, Agency, and
 Auditing Divisions.
    The Corporation functions through a principal office at Washington,
 D. C.; a special representative in Honolulu, T. H-I.; a special representa-
 tive in San Juan, P. R.; and loan agencies located in the following
 cities:
 Atlanta, Ga.            Jacksonville, Pla.        Philadelphia, Pa.
 Birmingham, Ala.        Kansas City, Mo.          Portland, Oreg.
 Boston, Mass.           Little Rock, Ark.         Richmond, Va.
 Charlotte, N. 0.        Los Angeles, Calif.       St. Louis, Mo.
 Chicago, ili.           Louisville, Ky.           Salt Lake City, Utah
 Cleveland, Ohio         Minneapolis, Minn.        San Antonio, Tex.
 Dallas, Tex.            New Orleans, La.          San Francisco, Calif.
 Denver, Colo.           Nashvime, Tenn.           Seattle, Wash.
 Detroit, Mich.          New York, N. Y.           Spokane, Wash.
 Helena, Mont.            Oklahoma City, Okla.
-Houston, Tex.            Omaha, Nebr.
                         FEDERAL LOAN AGENCY                         369
    Federal Reserve Banks act as depositories, custodians, and fiscal
 agents for the Corporation. Funds of the Corporation are deposited
 with the Treasurer of the United States.
   CAPITAL STOCK.-The capital stock of the Corporation was fixed by
 section 2 of the RFC Act at $500,000,000, all of which was subscribed
 by the Secretary of the Treasury on behalf of the Government of the
 United States on February 2, 1932. The entire capital stock has been
 paid in by the Secretary of the Treasury. Pursuant to the provisions
 of section 2 of the RFC Act, as amended by the act approved June 25,
 1940 (54 Stat. 572), the Corporation retired $175,000,000 of its capital
stock at par.
   BORROWING AUTHORITY.-The RFC Act authorizes the Corporation
to issue, within stated limits as to aggregate amount, its notes deben-
tures, bonds, or other obligations. Such obligations are fully guaran-
teed, both as to principal and interest, by the United States The
limitation upon the aggregate amount of such obligations which the
Corporation may have outstanding at any one time has been variously
increased and decreased by subsequent legislation. Some of such
authorizations affect the borrowing authority available for general
purposes and some the borrowing authority available for specific
purposes.
                             ACTIVITIES
    FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.-Section 5 of the RFC Act authorizes the
  Corporation to make loans to banks, trust, insurance and- mortgage-
 loan companies, building and loan associations, credit unions and
 various agricultural credit institutions. Such loans may be made
 upon the assets of banks and building and loan associations which are
 closed or in process of liquidation.
    In order to accelerate the repayment to depositors in banks and trust
 companies closed between December 31, 1929, and January 1, 1934, the
 Corporation is authorized by section 5e (a) of the RFC Act to make
 advances upon the assets, including segregated assets, of such banks
 and trust companies.
   Section 304 of the act approved March 9, 1933, as amended
 (12 U. S. C. 51d), authorizes the Corporation, upon the request of
 the Secretary of the Treasury approved by the President, to pur-
 chase, or to make loans upon, the capital stock of any bank or trust
 company requiring funds for capital purposes in connection with its
organization or reorganization. Provision is made for the purchase
of the capital notes of banks organized in States which subject
holders of preferred stock to double liability and for the sale of any
stock or notes purchased under this authority.
   Section 5c of the RFC Act includes an authorization for the pur-
chase of, or the making of loans upon, the non-assessable stock of.
national mortgage associations organized under title III of the Na-
tional Housing Act (48 Stat. 1252; 12 U. S. C. 1716-23), any mortgage-
loan or trust company or any savings and loan association engaged
primarily in making real estate loans. Provision is made for the pur-
chase of capital notes in certain instances and for the sale of all such
obligations. The financing of the Federal National Mortgage Asso-
ciation and The RFC Mortgage Company is handled pursuant to this
authority.
370            -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

    INSURANCE COMPANIES.-The Corporation is authorized by sections
1, 2 and 3 of the act approved June 10, 1933, as amended (15 U. S. C.
605e-i), to subscribe for the preferred stock of insurance companies
and to make loans upon the security of such stock, when such action
is requested by the Secretary of the Treasury and approved by the
President as necessary to provide capital funds for any such com-
pany. The Corporation is authorized, if such stock is subject to assess-
ments or additional liabilities. to purchase or to make loans upon the
capital notes of insurance companies. Provision is made for the sale
of obligations purchased under this authority.
     RAILROAD LOANs.-Section 5 of the RFC Act authorizes the
                                                                    Corpo-
 ration, upon approval    of the Interstate Commerce Commission, to aid
 in the financing, reorganization, consolidation, maintenance, or con-
 struction of railroads by: (1) purchasing obligations of railroads,
 including equipment trust certificates, (2) guaranteeing the payment
 of principal, interest, or both on such obligations, or (3) making
 loans directly to railroads. Such financial assistance may be extended
 to the receivers or trustees of railroads, but may not (except to finance
 equipment and maintenance) be extended to a solvent railroad unless
 it is determined that any such road will be able to meet its fixed
 charges without reorganization.
     LOANS TO BUSINEss ENTE'rarIsE.-Section 5d of the RFC
                                                                   Act au-
  thorizes the Corporation for the purpose-in the terms of the stat-
  ute-of maintaining and promoting the economic stability of the
  country or-encouraging the employment of labor, to make loans to,
  or to purchase the obligations of, any business enterprise. Such
  financing can be undertaken, however, only when capital or credit is
  not available from private sources at rates prevailing for the type of
  loan in question.
     In addition to making direct loans to business enterprises, the Cor-
  poration participates with private banks under a Blanket Participa-
  tion Agreement, pursuant to which there is made available to approved
  banks a guarantee up to 75 percent of any loan which meets the require-
  ments of the agreement. The agreement includes, in addition to other
  business enterprises, loans made by banks to contractors and others
   engaged in construction of residences.
      The lending activities of the Corporation are designed to hasten
   reconversion of the Nation's productive. capacity from a wartime to a
   peacetime basis, and in this connection the RFC is providing veterans
   with aid in establishing their own businesses as well as the credit needs
   of small business establishments, which frequently need loans of longer
   maturity than commercial banks ordinarily extend.
      Pursuant to Executive Order 9665 dated December 27, 1945, the
   functions of the Smaller War Plants Corporation relating to loans or
    advances to small business concerns were transferred to the Recon-
   struction Finance Corporation.
       LOANS TO DRAINAGE AND IRRIGATION DisTRicrs.-The Corporation is
    authorized by section 36 of the Emergency Farm Mortgage Act of
    1933, as amended (43 U. S. C. 403), to make loans to, or for the benefit
    of, drainage, levee, irrigation and similar districts, nonprofit corpo-
    rations, and various political subdivisions of States and Territories
                              FEDERAL LOAN AGENCY                                     371
 to enable such borrowers to reduce and refinance indebtedness incurred
 in connection with projects designed to improve agricultural lands.
 Such loa~ns may be made to enable such borrowers to purchase or build
 such facilities for the improvement of agricultural lands, including
 drainage, levee, or irrigation works. No loans may be made under
 this authority to finance the development of new land outside the
 boundaries of established districts.
    LOANS TO PUBLIC AGENCIES.-Section 5d of the RFC Act also au-
 thorizes the Corporation, for the purpose-in the terms of the stat-
 ute-of maintaining and promoting the economic stability of the
 country or encouraging the employment of labor, to aid in financing
 the construction of public works projects undertaken by States, munici-
 palities, and various public agencies, corporations, boards, and similar
 bodies. Such financial assistance may be provided by direct loans,
 purchase of obligations, or such other means as the Corporation may
 determine.
   MINING LOANS.-The Corporation is authorized by section 14 of the
 act approved June 19, 1934, as amended (15 U. S. C. 606d), to make
 loans to individuals, partnerships, or corporations engaged in the busi-
 ness of mining, milling, or smelting ores.
   DISASTER LOANS.-Pursuant to the act approved February 11, 1937,
 as amended (15 U. S. C. 605k-l), the Reconstruction Finance Corpo-
ration provides loans made necessary by floods or other catastrophes
occurring during the period between January 1, 1936, and January 22,
1947."
   Pursuant to Joint Resolution approved June 30, 1945 (59 Stat. 310),
the Reconstruction Finance Corporation succeeded to the functions,
powers, duty, and authority of the Defense Plant Corporation, Defense
Supplies Corporation, Metals Reserve Company, and Rubber Reserve
Company, which are performed through the Offices of Defense Plants,
Defense Supplies, Metals Reserve, and Rubber Reserve, as stated
below:
   OFFICE OF DEFENSE PLANTS.--Under authority of section 5d of the
RFC Act, the Defense Plant Corporation was established on August
22, 1940, (a) to produce, acquire, carry, sell, or otherwise deal in
strategic and critical materials as defined by the President; (b) to
purchase and lease land, purchase, lease, build, and expand plants,
and purchase and produce equipment, facilities, machinery, materials,
and supplies for the manufacture of strategic and critical materials,
arms, ammunition, and implements of war, any other articles, equip-
ment, facilities, and supplies necessary to the national defense, and
such other articles, equipment, supplies, and materials as may be
required in the manufacture or use of any of the foregoing or other-
wise necessary in connection therewith; (c) to lease, sell, or otherwise
dispose of such land, plants, facilities, and machinery to others to
   Pursuant to the provisions of Joint Resolution approved June 30, 1945 (59 Stat. 310),
Disaster Loan Corporation, which was created by the act approved February II, 1937
(15 U. S. C. 605k-i), was dissolved as of July 1, 1945, and its functions, powers, duties,
and authority were transferred to Reconstruction Finance Corporation, to be performed,
exercised, and administered by it in the same manner and to the same extent and effect
as if originally vested in the Reconstruction Finance Corporation.
372             -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

engage in such manufacture; (d) to engage in such manufacture itself,
if the President found that it was necessary for a Government agency
to engage in such manufacture; (e) to produce; lease, purchase, or
otherwise acquire railroad equipment (including rolling stock), and
commercial aircraft, and parts, equipment, facilities, and supplies
necessary in connection with such railroad equipment and aircraftand
to lease, sell, or otherwise dispose of the same; (f) to purchase, lease,
build, expand, or otherwise acquire facilities for the training of avia-
tors and to operate or lease, sell, or otherwise dispose of such facil
to others to engage in such training; and (g) to take such other action,
 within a specified dollar limitation, as the President and the Federal
 Loan Administrator deemed necessary to expedite the War Program.
     The Reconstructiovn Finance Corporation, through its Office of De-        as
 fense Plants, is now continuing to perform such functions, as well or
 the termination       of the War Program contracts and the disposalf,
 the declaration as surplus of, the land, plants, equipment, facities,
 machinery, materials, and supplies that were acquired or produced
 connection with such War Program when excess to its needs and
     responsibilities.
     OFFICE OF DEFENSE SUPPLIEs.-The purpose of the Defense
                                                                        Supplies
  Corporation,      created on August 29, 1940, under authority of section
  5d of the RFC Act, was to produce, acquire, carry, sell, or otherwise
  deal in strategic and critical materials and supplies; to purchase and
  lease land; to engage in the manufacture of arms, ammunition, and
  implements of war; to produce, lease, purchase, or otherwise acquire
  railroad equipment and commercial aircraft, and to lease, sell, or           of
  otherwise dispose of same; to acquire facilities for the training
  aviators, and to take such further         action, within a specified dollar
  limitation, as the President and the Federal Loan Administrator
  deemed necessary to expedite the War Program.                               De-
      The Reconstruction Finance Corporation through its Office of
   fense Supplies continues certain subsidy         programs and certain pur-
                                                                                of
   chase and sale operations of essential commodities, the liquidation of
   contracts and programs which were            terminated upon cessation
                                                                           which
   hostilities and handles certain foreign procurement activities
   were previously handled by the U. S. Commercial            Company.
      OFFICE or RUBBER RESERvE.-The Rubber Reserve Company,
                                                                          created
                                                                        Act, was
   on June 28, 1940, under authority of section 5d of the RFC Corpora-
   engaged in purchasing through the Rubber Development
                                                                         into the
   tion all crude rubber, guayule, and cryptostegia imported
   United States; in producing       in plants operated for its account various
                                                                                all
   types of synthetic rubber; and in warehousing and distributingpro-
   natural rubber which       it purchases, all synthetic rubber which it
    duces, and all scrap rubber now held in inventory.
      The Reconstruction Finance Corporation through its Office of Rub-
   ber Reserve continues to perform such functions.
       OFFICE OF METALS RESERVE.-The purpose of the Metals Reserve
                                                                            of the
    Company, created on June 28, 1940, under authority of section 5d
    RFC Act was to produce,        acquire, carry, and sell, or otherwise deal in,
                                                                              nec-
    strategic and critical materials (primarily metals and minerals) vari-
    essary in connection with      the War Program. Reserve stocks of
    ous materials were accumulated by the Company when the supplies
                         FEDERAL LOAN AGENCY                          373
  available permitted. In the acquisition and distribution of these
 materials to manufacturers, the Company worked in cooperation with
 the priority and consumption programs of the War Production Board
 and. the Office of Price Administration.
    The Reconstruction Finance Corporation, through its Office of
 Metals Reserve, is now continuing such public procurement activities
 as are required, including, since December 31, 1945, certain foreign
 procurement activities heretofore handled by the U. S. Commercial
 Company. It also continues to sell to industry those commodities
 which remain under allocation by the Civilian Production Admin-
 istration.
   SUBIDIES.-Section     2 (e) of the Emergency Price Control Act of
  1942 authorizes the Price Administrator, an office created by the act
   upon a determination that such action is necessary in order to secure
  the maximum necessary production of any commodity (as defined in
  section 302 (c)), to purchase, store, sell, or use, or to make subsidy
  payments to domestic producers of, any such commodity. In the in-
  stance of materials defined as strategic and critical for the purpose of
  section 5d of the RFC Act, the determinations as to the necessity for
  such action are to be made by the Federal Loan Administrator with
  the approval of the President; and all buying, selling, and other opera-
  tions are to be undertaken, and all subsidy payments are to be made by
  corporations created pursuant to section 5d.
     . MISCELLANEOTyJ FINANCING.-The Corporation is also authorized
  under the RFC Act and various enactments amendatory or supple-
 mental thereof to make other types of loans, including loans (1) to
  finance the carrying and orderly marketing of agricultural commod-
  ities and livestock, (2) through the acceptance of drafts and bills of
  exchange, to facilitate the financing of the exportation of agricultural
 products, and (3) to finance sales of agricultural commodities in
 foreign markets.
     The Corporation is authorized to purchase marketable securities
 held by the Public Works Administration.
     The Federal Highway Act of 1940, approved September 5, 1940
  (54 Stat. 871), authorizes the Corporation to cooperate with States
 to finance, or to aid in financing, the acquisition of real property or
 interests in property necessary or desirable for road projects eligible
 for Federal aid. under the Federal Highway Act (42 Stat. 212), as
 amended and supplemented.
     Pursuant to the act approved December 22, 1944 (58 Stat. 907), the
 Corporation may purchase certain bonds issued by the town of Seward,
Alaska.
     Executive Order 9543, of April 23, 1945, designates the Corporation
 as the agency authorized to sell, exchange, or otherwise dispose of,
or to enter into arrangements for the extension of the maturity of any
bonds, notes, or other securities taken, held, or exchanged with respect
to loans made to the Seaboard Airline Railway Company and the
Seaboard-Bay Line Company pursuant to the provisions of section
210 of title II of the Transportation Act, 1920.
    The Corporation also provides funds, as directed by Congress; to
various other agencies of the Federal Government. In this-category
the Corporation is directed by the following statutes to undertake
the financing indicated:
374               -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

   1 The Corporation is required, under section 5e (b) of the RFC
Act, to purchase obligations of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corpora-
tion upon the request of its directors.
   2. Section 4 of the National Housing Act (48 Stat. 1247; 12 U. S.the C.
1705) requires the Corporation     to make such funds available to
                                                                      nec-
Federal Housing Administration as the Administrator may deem and
essary for the purpose of carrying    out the provisions of titles II
                                                                  provide
III (48 Stat. 1247-55; 12 U. S. C. 1707-23) thereof and to title VI
funds for the War Housing       Insurance Fund created under
      Stat. 55; 12 U. S. C. 1736-37).
    (55                                                                  5,
    3. The Agricultural Appropriation Act of 1946, approved May
1945    (59 Stat. 136), authorizes and directs the Corporation to make  in
funds available to the Secretary of Agriculture to make (a) loans
 accordance    with title I of the Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant
approved July 22, 1937 (7 U. S. C. 1000-1006), and section 505 b)        S.
 of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (58 Stat. 293; 38 U.
 C 694e); and (b) rural rehabilitation    loans.
    4. The Agricultural Appropriation Act of 1946 and the Second De-
                                                                      Stat
 ficiency Appropriation Act of 1945, approved July 5. 1945 (59
 412),   authorizes the Corporation to make loans to the Secretaryof
 Agriculture to carry into effect the provisions of the Rural Electri-
    ation Act of 1936, as amended (7 U. S. C. 901-914).
    REQUESTS FOR'INFOBMATION.-Detailed information regarding loans
 may be obtained from the various loan agencies, or from the Wash-
 ington office, 811 Vermont Avenue, Washington, D. C.
    Approved.                              CHARLES B. HENDErSON
                                             Chairman,Board of Directors
                                                   JOHN D. GOODLOE
                                                        General Counsel


                          War Damage Corporation
                     811 Vermont Avenue NW.; EXecutive 3111
                                   DIRECTORS
      GEORGE E. ALLEN                               CHARLES B. HENDERSON
      HENRY T. BODMAN                               SAm H. HUSBANDS
      HARVEY J. GUNDERSON                           H. A. MULLIGAN

                                     OFFICIALS
                                                         HENRY A. MULLIGAN
 President-                                                    A. CHRISTENSEN
 Executive Vice President-FRANK


 Vice President—---------                  -----    _-   _WILLARD E. UNZICARm
                                                                   W. KNAR
 Secretary-MATT----------MTTAS

                                                           ROBERT C. GOODAfE
 General Counsel:-:::::::::::::::::::-
              Information: A. B. Merritt, Chief, Division of Information
                           FEDERAL LOAN AGENCY                                  375
   CREATION    AND AUTHoRITY.-The War Damage Corporation was cre-
ated as the War Insurance Corporation by the leconstruction Finance
Corporation on December 13, 1941, pursuant to authority of section 5d
of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation Act, as amended, with a
capital of $100,000,000. The act approved March 27, 1942 (15U. S. C.
606b-2), further delineated the powers of the War Damage Corpo-
ration by adding section 5g to the Reconstruction Finance Corpora-
tion Act, as amended.
   PuRPosE.-The purpose of the Corporation is to provide, through
insurance, reinsurance, or otherwise, reasonable protection against loss
of or damage to property, real and personal, which may result from
enemy attack, including any action taken by the military, naval, or
air forces of the United States in resisting enemy attack.
   OKGANIzAIa0oN.-The Corporation is managed by a board of directors,
appointed by the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, and by officers
and agents appointed by the Corporation. The principal office of
the Corporation is located in Washington, D. C.
   Approved.
                                                  HENRY A. MULLIGAN
                                                                    President
                                                  ROBERT C. GOODALE
                                                             General Counsel

                Federal National Mortgage Association
                   811 Vermont Avenue NW.; Executive 3111


    GEORGE E. ALLEN                           CHARLES B. HENDERSON
    HENRY T. BODMAN                           SAM H. HUSBANDS
    W. C. COSTELLO                            HENRY A. MULLIGAN
    JAMES L. DOUGHERTY                        HARVEY J. GUNDERSON

                                   OFFICIALS
President------------------------------                  __ SAM H. HUSBANDS
Vice President and General Counsel----------------- JAMES L. DOUGHERTY
Secretary----------------------____________ MATTHIAS W. KNARB
Assistant Secretary…----_-_____________________ EDWARD J. SINGER
Treasurer______- _________- ___- _______________. JEROME T. KELLEY
Assistant Treasurer_----------          __________________ JAMES W. CONSIDINE
Assistant General Counsel—-______________________ E. A. STANSFIELD
Assistant General Counsel-     -______________________      NEWELL K. RICKS
            Information: A. B. Merritt, Chief, Division of Information

   CREATION AND AtTTHORITY.-The Federal National Mortgage Asso-
ciation, originally The National Mortgage Association of Washing-
ton, was organized and established on February 10, 1938, pursuant to
the provisions of title III of the National Housing Act, as amended,
(12 U. S. C. 1701 et seq.) herein designated "the act." The Associa-
tion has a paid-in capital of $10,000,000 and a paid-in capital surplus
of $1,000,000. Its capital stock is owned by the Reconstruction
Finance Corporation.
  g376        UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT          MANUAL


   PURPOSE.-The principal objectives of the Association are (a) to
establish a market for first mortgages, insured under title II of the
act covering properties upon which are located newly constructed
houses or housing projects; (b) to facilitate the construction and
financing of economically sound rental housing projects, apartment
buildings which may be operated at a moderate scale of rentals, and
groups of houses or multi-family dwellings for rent or sale, by making
loans secured by first mortgages, insured under section 207 of the act,
covering such projects, apartment buildings, or groups of houses or
multi-family dwellings; and (c) to make available to individual and
institutional investors, notes, bonds, or other such obligations issued
by the Association pursuant to the provisions of section 302 of title III
of the act, and the regulations of the Federal Housing Administrator,
herein called the Administrator.
   ORGANIZATION.-The Federal National Mortgage' Association is
managed by a board of directors and is represented by agents
 whose offices are in the loan agencies of the Reconstruction Finance
 Corporation. (See p. 368.) The principal divisions of the Associa-
tion are the Examining Division., Legal Division, Secretary's Office,
 Treasurer's Office, and Mortgage Service Division.
   PURCHASE OF MORTGAGES INSURED UNDER SECTION 203.-The Asso-
 ciation will purchase, without recourse, mortgages insured by the
 Administrator under the provisions of section 203 of the act from
 institutions or organizations, other than loan correspondents, which
 have been approved as mortgagees by the Administrator and have a
 net worth satisfactory to the Association, at a price equal to the
 principal unpaid balance of such mortgages plus accrued interest to
 the date of purchase, provided such mortgages constitute first liens
 on property located within a radius of 200 miles from the principal
 home office or approved branch office of the approved mortgagee,
 bear interest at a rate of not less than 4.5 percent per annum, cover
 improvements constructed on or after January 1, 1936, which were
 insured by the Administrator on or after January 1, 1937, and other-
 wise meet the Association's requirements.
  PURCHASING AND SERVICING AGREENIENT.-Approved              mortgagees
desiring to offer mortgages insured under section 203 of the act to
the Association for immediate purchase, or for purchase at a future
date, are required to enter into a purchasing and servicing agreement
with the Association. In instances in which commitments to purchase
at a future date are made, the Association requires the approved mort-
gagee to deposit a commitment fee equal to 1 percent of the principal
amount of the mortgage, which fee will be returned when the mortgage
is delivered to the Association for purchase. Commitments are made
 for a period of 6 months.
   PURCHASE OF MORTGAGES INSURED UNDER SECTION 207.-The Associ-
 ation will consider applications from approved mortgagees for com-
 mitments to purchase mortgages insured by the Administrator under
 the provisions of section 207 of the act. Applications for such com-
 mitments must be submitted to the Association and the commitment
 of the Association be obtained prior to the beginning of the construc-
 tion of the project to be covered by such mortgages.
                                         FEDERAL LOAN AGENCY                        377

   LOANS SECURED BY MORTGAGES INSURED UNDER SECTION 207.-The
Association will consider applications for loans secured by mortgages
insured by the Administrator under the provisions of section 207 of
the act where the estimated income from the mortgaged property is
sufficient to pay the operating expenses, taxes, insurance, interest on
the indebtedness, and reasonable amortization, and provide a rea-
sonable margin in excess of required reserves. Applications for such
loans must be submitted to the Association prior to the beginning of
construction of the project to be covered by the mortgage.
   Loans made by the Association secured by mortgages insured under
section 207 of the act will bear interest at the rate of 4 percent per
annum. An initial service charge of 1.5 percent of the principal
amount of the loan will be made by the Association if it is required
to make disbursements during the period of construction.
   FILING OF OFFERINGS AND APPLICATIONS.-All inquiries concerning
the activities of the Association, all applications for loans secured by
mortgages insured under section 207 of the act, and all offerings of
mortgages insured under sections 203 or 207 of the act to the Associ-
ation for purchase, should be filed with the agent serving the territory
in which the mortgaged property or property to be mortgaged. is
located. Application loan forms, forms for offering mortgages for
purchase, and other forms prescribed by the Association may be ob-
tained from the Association's agents at the BF.C loan agencies. (See
p. 368.)
   Approved.
                                                SAM H. IHUSBANDS
                                                             President
                                            JAMES L. DOUGI-IMRYy
                                 Vice President and General Counsel


                                  The RFC Mortgage Company
                           811 Vermont Avenue NW.; EXecutive 3111

                                                  DIRECTORS
       HENRY T. BODMAN                                            CHARLES B. HENDERSON
       W. C. COSTELLO                                             SAM H. HUSBAN\DS
       JAMES L. DOPGHERTY                                         M. J. McGRATH
       HARVEY J. GUNDERSON                                        HENRY A. MULLIGAN

                                                  OFFICIALS

President -------------------------------------                 HENRY T. BODMAN
Vice President--------------------------------                  M. J. MCGRATH
Vice President--------------------------------                  W. C. COSTELLO
Secretary-------------------------------------                  MATTHIAS W. KNARB
Assistant Secretary----------------------------                 EDWARD J. SINGER
Treasurer-------------------------------------                  JEROME T. KELLEY
General Counsel------------------------------                   E. A. STANSFIELD
Assistant General Counsel----------------------                 NEWELL K. RIcKs
                 Information: A. B. Merritt, Chief, Division of Information

   CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-Section 5c of                      the Reconstruction Finance
Corporation             Act, as amended, added by the act approved January 31,
          CS4S5G°—46—25
378           UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL


1935 (49 Stat. 1; 15 U. S. C. 606i), authorizes the Reconstruction
Finance Corporation, with the approval of the President, to "sub-
scribe for or make loans upon the nonassessable stock of any class
of any national mortgage association organized under title III of the
National Housing Act and of any mortgage loan company, trust
company, savings and loan association, or other similar financial
institution . . .. "
   Pursuant to this authority the Reconstruction Finance Corporation
has subscribed to $25,000,000 of the capital stock of The RFC Mort-
gage Company, which was organized under the laws of Maryland on
March 14, 1935.
   PRPosE.-To aid in the (a) maintenance of a market for sound
mortgages on urban income-producing properties when credit is not
 otherwise available at reasonable rates and terms, and (b) maintenance
 of a market for mortgages insured under titles I and II of the National
 Housing Act, as amended; and to facilitate the construction of war
 housing by the purchase of mortgages insured under title VI of the
 National Housing Act, as amended, and by making loans secured by
 mortgages insured under section 608 of title VI of said act, as amended.
  ORGANIZATION.-The      principal office of The RFC Mortgage Com-
pany is located in Washington, D. C. The Company transacts business
in all the States and Territories of the United States. The business
of the Company is handled through agents whose offices are located
 in the loan agencies of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation
throughout the United States. (See p. 368.)
   ACTIVITIES.-The Company considers applications for mortgage
loans on urban income-producing properties such as apartment houses,
hotels, business and office buildings to be made directly (1) to assist in
the refinancing or aid in the reorganization of such properties which
are in distress, (2) to finance the new construction of such properties,
provided there is an economic, need for such construction, and (3) to
defray taxes and other fixed charges of such properties which are in
distress through the loss of income directly attributable to the opera-
tion of wartime restrictions and regulations. Such loans will be made
only upon-compliance with the standards of the Company as to sound-
ness and economic necessity, and only in instances in which credit is
not otherwise available at reasonable rates and terms and when the net
income from the property, after payment of taxes, insurance, and
 operating costs, is sufficient or will be sufficient in normal times to pay
 interest and the required amortization.
    LOCAL AGENTS SUPPLY APPLICATION FoRMs.-All applications for
 loans or offerings of Federal Housing Administration insured mort-
gages should be filed with- the Company's agent at the RFC loan
 agency serving the territory in which the property is located. Infor-
mation concerning loans may also be obtained from the agents. (Loca-
 tion of loan agencies listed on p. 368.)
                                               HENRY T. BOD1AAN
                                                                President
                                                El. A.   STANSFIELD
                                                          General Counsel
                              FEDERAL LOAN AGENCY                                           379
                        Rubber Development Corporation
              101 Indiana Avenue NW.; EXecutive 3111, Branch 406

                                       DIRECTORS
     CHARLES B. HENDERSON                                         ALAN         L.   GRANT
     W. C. BECK, JR.                                              DONALD KENNEDY
     RAYMOND J.      CONSLEY                                      W.     J.    MCNAMEE


                                        OFFICIALS
Chairman of the Board of Directors -                           CHARLES B. HENDERSON
President-----------                 --------               _ ALAN L. GRANT
Vice President ------------------.-
                   _--                          --          ._ W. J. MCNAMEE
Vice President ----------
                __-----                       -------     ___ L. BPO-TOR
Vice President -----------.-          .-.-.            ______ H. J. COESON
                          -------..--
Secretary ._-GEO-------_-_-                      _----    _-   GERG E- H. H1TERT
AssistantSecretary-------------- -------                --   -   FEi           B. THOMAS
General Counsel ---------------------.               AYMOND J. CONSLEY
Assistant General Counsel, Litigation .........---...
                                                   JAMES L. DO       TY
Treasurer------------------------------,,,-.     . W.-C. BECK, JR.
Assistant Treasurer ---------------     --------- CHARLES      BELLE
Assistant Treasurer--------------   ---      -- - ROBET L. BYNUM


  CREATION AND PuirPOSE.-The Rubber Development-Corporation is
a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the State of
 Delaware. All of its capital stock is owned by the Reconstruction
 Finance Corporation, which by Executive Order 9630, of September
27, 1945, has supervisory control over it.              -
- The Rubber Development Corporation is managed- by a 'Board of
-Directors electcd by the stockholders and by officers apointed .by the
Board of Directors. The principal office of the Rubber Development
 Corporation is in Washington, D. C. Representatives of the Rubber
Development Corporation are stationed in all principal foreign coun-
-tries in which the Corporation is engaged in business.
   The Corporation is engaged in carrying on all activities connected
with, arising out of, or in any way related to the exploration, develop-
ment, and procurement of crude rubber, balata, cryptostegia, guayule.
and other gums of similar utility in all areas outside the continental
-United States for which the United States has assumed responsibility.
It is also engaged in the procurement of liquid latex, scrap rubber.
and reclaimed rubber and rubber products in foreign countries.
   Approved.

                                                                                    President
                                                        RAYMOND J.            CONSLEY
                                                                       General Counsel
380               UNITED STATES. GOVERNMENT MANUAL

                         U. S. Commercial Company
2708 Temporary Building T, Fourteenth Street and Constitution Avenue NW-
                       REpublic 7500, Branch 2615

                                       DIRECTORS
      CHARLES B. HENDERSON                                    ANSEL F.    LUXFOED
      STUART K. BARNES                                        PTER A. MDEMOTT
      ARTHUR Z. GARDINER                                      DEWITT C. SCIECK
      RAYMOND L. HARRISON                                      AILLAEDE. INZICKE
      MORRIS LEVINSON                                         CLAIR WILCOX

                                       OFFICIALS

Chairman of the Board of Directors-------------                    CHARLES B. HENDESON
President-------------------                                       DEWITTC.SCIEC
                                                                          Z. GARDINEE
Vice President -_ _ARTHUR
Vice President                     .----                           PETER A. MCDERMOTT
Vice President-                    .-                              STUART K. BANES
Secretary                        -------------------               LEO NIELSON.
Assistant Secretary-POL                                   -             WBGT
                                                                        WR:--------
Assistant Secretary -FRANCIS                                               P.   COLLINS,
Treasurer__   -----                                                WILLARD E. UNICEER
Assistant TreasurerH -                    ----                 .      B     .BASSETT
Assistant Treasurer                     _MOYE           ---        FLOYD B.
Assistant Treasurer--------------------                            JAMES J.ROMEO
General Counsel-----             —--      —    ————--              GEORGE B-.STONER



   CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-The       U. S. Commercial Company was
created March 27, 1942, as a subsidiary of the Reconstruction Finance
Corporation. Executive Order 9361 of July 15, 1943, transferred con-
trol of the U. S. Commercial Company to the Office of Economic War-
fare, which, by Executive Order 9380 of September 25, 1943, was
consolidated into the Foreign Economic Administration. Pursuant
to Executive Order 9630 the U. S. Commercial Company was trans-
ferred to the Reconstruction Finance Corporation on October 21, 1945.
   ACTIVITIEs.-The activities of the Company include facilitating the
resumption of American trade with areas with which direct commer-
cial dealings have been cut off or restricted by reason of the war and
the operation of certain special projects for the Army, the Navy,
the Department of State, and other sponsoring agencies in liberated
and occupied areas.
      Approved.                              DEWITT C. SCHIECK
                                                                                President
                                                          GEORGE B. STONER
                                                                      General Counsel
                        Federal Security Agency1
         Social Security Buildirg, Fcurth Street and Independence Avenue SW.
                             EXecutive 6500, Branch 2321

                                        OFFICIALS
Administrator ..........-     _     ......      ..... __ WATSON B. MILLR
Assistant Administrator                    _-.... ....         MAURICE COLLINS
Executive Assistant to the Administrator . LEO L. MILLER
General-Counsel------------------------- JACK B. TATE
Administrative Consultant -.             ____________ JAMES C. PENMAN
Assistant to the Administrator--.._______ MARY E. SWITZER
Assistant to the Administrator-___-____._ _ HARRY N. ROSENFIELD
Assistant to the Administrator -.------ _                     PERRIN LOWREY
Assistant to the Administrator                     .----.-- _ HENRY C. ILER
Director of Research -------.------ ___.__ THOMAS J. WOOFTER
Director of Information ----             ---..---_---.        ZILPHA C. FRANKLIN
Budget Officer --.        .__---.-----.                 .. _ MARION A. STEPHENS
Director of Personnel ---.----.-----                  .--.. ARTHUR B. MCLEAN
Assistant General Counsel ---------------- BERNICE LOTWIN
Assistant General Counsel---------------- EARLE SIMRELL
Assistant General Counsel--------------.- DANIEL P. WILLIS
Assistant General Counsel --------------                      GLADYS HARRISON
Assistant General Counsel-------------- A. DELAFIELD SMITH
Assistant General Counsel---------------- ALANSON W. WILLCOX
Director, Service Operations ----------.-- TAYLOR H. MCCAULEY
Office of Community War Services:
     Executive Officer --..--- ----      —          _----_    DEAN SNYDER
     Director of Recreation -..-.-----                 .--- SHERWOOD GATES
       Director of Social Protection----------      THOMAS DIVINE
Office of War Property Distribution:
     Director--------------------------             ROBERT    C.   AYERS




     CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-The                 Federal      Security Agency was
created by the President's Reorganization Plan I, dated April 25,
1939, in accordance with the provisions of the Reorganization Act of
1939 (53 Stat. 561; 5 U. S. C. 133). The agencles grouped in the Fed-
eral Security Agency under the first plan were the Civilian Conserva-
tion Corps (substantially liquidated), National Youth Administra-
tion (substantially liquidated), the Office of Education, the Public
Health Service, the Social Security Board, and the United States
Employment Service (see page 359).
   The second plan on Government reorganization transferred to the
Federal Security Agency, for administration in the Office of Educa-
tion, the Film and Radio Services of the former National Emergency
Council. (These services were terminated June 30, 1940.) Federal
participation in the work of the American Printing House for the
Blind was also transferred to the Federal Security Agency.
   The fourth plan on Government reorganization transferred to the
Federal Security Agency the Food and Drug Administration from the
 1   Organization chart on page 585.                                               381
382           -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

Department of Agriculture, and St. Elizabeths Hospital, Freedmen's
Hospital, Howard University, and Columbia Institution for the Deaf
from the Department of the Interior.
    Executive Order 9338, dated April 29, 1913, transferred to the Fed-
eral Security Agency from the Office for Emergency Management the
functions of the Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services.
Under this order, and a Federal Security Agency order implementing
it the Office of Community War Services and a Committee on Physical
Fitness were established as integral parts of the Office of the Adminis-
trator, Federal Security Agency. The Committee on Physical Fit-
ness was terminated June 30, 191-5. Executive Order 9338 also trans-
 ferred to the Federal Security Agency the Health and Medical
 Committee and the other advisory and subcommittees appointed pur
 suant to the establishment of the former Office of Defense Health and
Welfare Services. This Committee also functions in the Office of the
 Administrator.
     A new Office of Vocational Rehabilitation was established within
 the Federal Security Agency to administer the expanded program of
 vocational rehabilitation under the Barden-LaFollette Act of July
 6, 1943.
     PURPOSE.-The Federal Security Agency was established to carry
 out the purposes of the Reorganization Act of 1939, which are:
     1. To reduce expenditures.
     2. To increase efficiency.
     3. To consolidate agencies according to major purposes.
     4. To reduce the number of agencies by consolidating those having
 similar functions and by abolishing such as may not be necessary.
     5. To eliminate overlapping and duplication of effort.
     Grouped in the Federal Security Agency are those agencies of the
 Government the major purposes of which are to promote social and
 economic security, educational opportunity, and the health of the
  citizens of the Nation.                                             of the
     The Office of Community War Services, which was the war arm
 Federal    Security Agency, continues its services in helping comnmuni-
  ties to provide health, medical care, welfare, recreation, education,
  social protection, and related services to families and individuals in
  congested areas. Since the end of the war these activities have been
  somewhat reduced in scope, and in some instances changed in emphasis.
     The two major functions of the Office of Community War Services
                                                                        and
  have been carried on by its two main divisions, Social Protection
  Recreation.
      The Social Protection Division, while continuing its cooperation
  with the Army, the Navy, and the United States Public Health Service,
  is working closely with local officials and agencies to stimulate com-
  munity action to prevent an increase of the ills of venereal disease and
  prostitution during the period of demobilization.
      The Recreation Division now restricts its activities largely to carry-
                                                                         and
  ing on its responsibility in relation to the USO in the mamitenance
   operation of 400 recreation buildings built with Federal funds.
      ORGANIZATION.-In addition to the Administrator's Office,
                                                                    with its
                                                                        con-
   continuing and emergency functions, the Agency, & presently
   stituted, includes the  following constituent units: the Public Health
   Service, under which is Freedmen's Hospital; St. Elizabetls Hospital;
   the Office of Education; the Social Security Board; the Food and Drug
                       FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY                            383
Administration; and the Office of Vocational Rehabilitation. It also
represents Federal participation in the work of Howard Univerity,
Columbia Institution for the Deaf, and the American Printing House
for the Blind.
   The affairs of the Federal Security Agency are under the direction
and supervision of the Federal Security Administrator. He is as-
sisted by the Assistant Administrator, who acts as Administrator in his
absence, and by a staff of administrative, special, anrid technical assis-
tants who aid in the activities and correlation of the different units of
the A Igency.
  To coordinate work in the field, the Regional Directors and the
regional offices of the Social Security Board serve the Office of Com-
munity War Services in a regional capacity.
  .Approved.
                                             WATSON B. MILLER
                                                        Administrator


                United States Office of Education
   Temporary Building M, Twenty-sixth Street and Constitution Avenue NW.
                       Executive 6500, Branch 3208

                                 OFFICIALS
Commissioner-----------------____.-._-__--_-.            JOHN W. STUDEBAKER
Assistant Commissioner and Director, Division of
  Elementary Education-  -______________-__________BESS GOODYKOONTZ
Director, Division of Secondary Education,-----------    GALEN JONES
Assistant Commissioner for Vocational Education---       JOHN C. WRIGHT
Director, Division of Higher Education-         -------  FRED J. KELLY
Executive Assistant to the Commissioner and Director,
  Division of Central Services,- ,,,,,,..,.__,-          KENNETH 0. WARNER
Director, Division of International Educational Re-
  lations-----------------------------------------_ H AR OLD BENJAMIN
Director, Division of Auxiliary Services, and Acting
  Director, Division of School Administration-          H------- 1. GEIGSBiY
                                                         RALL


  C.EATION AND AUTao.RrrIY.-The United States Office of Education
was established by an act of Congress approved March 2, 1867 (14 Stat.
434; 20 U. S. C. 1), "for the purpose of collecting such statistics and
facts as shall show the condition and progress of education in the
several States and Territories, and of diffusing such information
respecting the organization and management of schools and school
systems, and methods of teaching, as shall aid the people of the United
States in the establishment and maintenance of efficient school systems,
and otherwise promote the cause of education throughout the country."
Since the passage of this organic act the functions of the Office have
been expanded by further legislation and Executive orders to include
 (1) the administration of funds appropriated as aids to education,
and (2) the conduct of special studies and the operation of specified
programs.
384           UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

   The Federal Board for Vocational Education was created by the
Smith-Hughes Act, of February 23, 1917 (39 Stat. 929; 20 U. S. C.
11-28). This act makes continuing appropriations to be expended in
the States under State plans for the promotion of vocational education.
The work has been expanded and appropriations increased through
the George-Reed Act, the George-Ellzey.Act, and the George-Deen
Act.
   Under Executive Order 6166, of June 10, 1933, the functions of the
Federal Board for Vocational Education were transferred to the De-
partment of the Interior. These functions were assigned to the Com-
missioner of Education on October 10, 1933.
   The United States Office of Education, with all of its functions,
was transferred from the Department of the Interior to the Federal
Security Agency, effective July 1, 1939, in accordance with the provi-
 sions of the President's Reorganization Plan I.

                            ACTIVITIES
   The legislation which established the United States Office of Educa-
tion made it the agency of the Federal Government for educational
matters. The Office (1) collects educational statistics and other forms
of information on schools and school systems, colleges and universi-
ties libraries, and programs of instruction and administrative pro-
cedures; (2) makes and reports studies on problems for which re-
search is needed to guide educational practices; (3) serves in an
advisory and consultative capacity to State and local school officials,
to the administrative and professional staffs of colleges and univer-
sities, to representatives of foreign countries, and to students of edu-
cation; and (4) administers (a) funds as grants in aid to education,
and (b) special programs.
   The Office administers the acts for the promotion of vocational edu-
cation, including agricultural, trade and industrial, home economics,
and business education, compiling information and cooperating with
and assistinig the States in all such matters.
   It administers all other functions originally assigned to the Federal
Board for Vocational Education, except Vocational Rehabilitation,
including investigations to determine whether the States are properly
utilizing their Federal grants, examination and approval of State
plans, cooperation with public and private institutions, and the com-
 pilation of information and reports to aid local authorities in this
work.
    The Office of Education publishes documents based upon research,
 studies, and other activities in practically all educational fields and
 for all educational levels.
    It supervises the administration of funds appropriated for land-grant
 colleges.
    It makes a yearly inspection and report to Congress on the condition
 of Howard University.
                         FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY                        285
     COOPERATIVE ACTIVITIES WITH OTTHER AcGNCIES.-Cooperative activi-
  ties are carried on by the Office of Education with the War Assets
 Administration on problems of the utilization and disposal of surplus
 property for educational uses; with the Children's Bureau in recom-
 imending minimum standards relative to school attendance and child
 labor; with the Department of Agriculture in the provision of
 Federal assistance for school lunches; with the Treasury Department
 on a program of school savings; and with various other governmental
 agencies in the relationship of their programs to the schools and
 colleges.
      :ITER:NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL RELATIONS.-The Office of Education
 is promoting the development of international understandino and
 cooperation in the field of education through such activities as ex-
 change of students and teachers; promotion of language studies;
 preparation and distribution of exhibits, loan packets, and other
 teaching materials; and assistance to international clubs and teacher
 education programs in the field of international relations. For the
 Inter-American Educational Relations phase of this program funds
 are received from the Interdepartmental Committee on Scientific
 and Cultural Cooperation through the Department of State.
    Appro ved.
                                              JOHN W. STUDEBAKER
                                                        Commisioner




              Columbia Institution for the Deaf
                    Seventh Street and Florida Avenue NE.
                                 LIncoln 2450
President, Board of Directors-
                             -_____                         PERCIVAL HALL
President, Gallaudet College_-------------   ---       -LEONARD M.   ELSTAD




    CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-The Columbia Institution for the In-
 struction of the Deaf and the Dumb and the Blind was incorporated by
 act of February 16, 1857 (11 Stat. 161-2; 24 U. S. C. 231, 235). An
 amendatory act of February 23, 1865 (13 Stat. 436; 24 U. S. C. 231,
249), changed the name to Columbia Institution for the Instruction
of the Deaf and Dumb. Its name was changed to the present one by
act of March 14, 1911 (36 Stat. 1422; 24 U. S. C. 231 note). Its
functions under the Department of the Interior were transferred to
the Federal Security Agency by-section 11 (d) of Reorganization
Plan IV, effective June 30, 1940.
   PURPoSE.-All deaf mutes of teachable age of the District of Co-
lumbia are admitted to this institution without charge. Pay pupils
386   ~           ~-UN'ITED   STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

and students may receive instruction for $600. The advanced de-
partment, known as Gallaudet College, offers the only advanced
course especially for deaf students given anywhere in the w
     proved.
                                                           PERCIVAL HALL
                                            President,Board of Directors


                              Howard University
                               2401 Sixth Street NW.
                                   DUpont 6100

President -----------------------------------------            MORDECAI JOHNSON



  CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-Howard University was established by
act of March 2, 1867 (14 Stat. 438). Its functions under thDe-
partment of the Interior were transferred to the Federal Security
Agency by section 11 (c) of Reorganization Plan IV, effective June
   1940.
  30,
   PURPOSE.-The lack of higher educational facilities for Negroes in
the States in which most of them live has resulted in a serious de-
ficiency in professional services for Negroes essential for their better
development and greater security. Howard University, jointly sup-
ported by congressional appropriations and private funds, is a com-
prehensive university organization, offering instructions in nine
schools and colleges as follows: the college of liberal arts, the school
                                                                      of
of engineering and architecture, the school of music, the college
medicine, the college  of dentistry, the college of pharmacy, the school
                                                                       a
of law, the school of religion, the graduate school, and, in addition,
summer school.
   Approved.                                   MORDECAI JOHNSON
                                                                      President


                       U. S. Public Health Service
                 1901 Constitution Avenue NW., REpublic 7409
             Temporary Building T-6, Bethesda, Md., OLiver 4200
           National Institute of Health, Bethesda, Mdl., WIsconsin 7000

                                     OFFICIALS

 Surgeon Generl -                                          THOMAS PARRAN, M. D.
                                                       -   WARREN F. DRAPER,
 Deputy Surgeon General:---::-::::--:-:                      Mv. D.
                                    FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY                                                   387
 Assistant Surgeon ;General, Director, National Insti-
   tute of Health -.       _..-.                 . _ _.________ ___  .        .     .
                                                                                    ROLLA E. DYE        M. D.
Assistant, Surgeon General, Chief, Bureau of State
   Services -L..                                ....                                L. R. THOMPSON, M. D.
Assistant Surgeon General, Associate Chief, Bureau of
  State Services -__...                                .____________                C. L. WILLIAMS, M. D.
Assistant Surgeon General, Chief, Bureau of Medical
  Services -..........                       ___...__                               R. C. WILLIAMS, M. D.
Assistant Surgeon General, Chief Medical Officer,
    XWar Shipping Administration ....................                               JUSTIN K. FTLLR, M D
Assistant Surgeon General, Chief, Division of Den-
  tistry- -- ---- ___.____
                        --                               ____                       W. T. WRIGHT, Jr., M. D
Assistant Surgeon General, Chief, Division of Sani-
  tary Engineering       .- .J._.___________________                                JOHN K. Hos
                                                                                             OS        s C.
Assistant Surgeon General, Chief Medical Officer,
   United States Coast Guard- .....                  ,......,.,....                 PAUL M. STEWART, M D
Executive Assistant ...- _..._..-.-....                     __..._..._.             IVAN PAUL ASAY
Chief Clerk                   _          _                                          DANIEL MASTESON
Chietf Division of Commissioned Officers-                          _______          W. F. OSSENFORT M. D.
Chief, Division of Public Health Methods -----                                      G. ST. J. PRROTT
Chief, Division of Nursing ........................                                 LUCILE PETRY, R. N.
Chief, Hospital Division ...-           ............                      ,...      OTIS L. ANDERSON, M. D.
Chief, Mental Hygiene Division -....... __...__.-                               _   ROBERT H. FELIX M. D.
Chief, Foreign Quarantine Division ---.-.-                        ..-....           G. L. DUNNAHOO, M. D.
Chief, States Relations Division ------ __.-----__-                                 JOSEPH W. MOUNTIN M.
                                                                                       D.
Chief, Venereal Disease Division ___.-.-- _.____                                    J. R. HELLER, Jr M D
Chief, Industrial Hygiene Division ..---------
                                       _-..-                                        J. G. TOWNSEND, M. D.
Chief, Tuberculosis Control Division -.....---                                      HERMAN K HILLEBO
                                                                                       M.D.
Chief, National Cancer Institute -----...............                               ROSOE R. SPENCER, M.
                                                                                      D.
Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases ------                       __.----         CHARLES ARMSTRONG, M.
Chief,   Division of Physiology--------------..---                                  W. H. SEBBELL, M. D.
Chief,   Biologics Control Laboratory--------------                                 M. V. VELDEE, M. D.
Chief;   Chemistry Laboratory.--                   ------- ------                   CLAUDE S. HUDSON
Chief,   Pathology Laboratory----------------------                                 RALPH D. LILLIE, M. D.
Chief,   Zoology Laboratory--------....-----.,.---                                  WILLARD H. WRIGHT
Chief,   Industrial Research Laboratory----------                                   PAUL A.   NEAL,   M. D.



    CREATION AND AUT-HOITY.-The U. S. Public Health Service had
 its origin in an act of Congress of July 16, 1798 (ch. 77, 1 Stat. 605;
24 U. S. C. 2), creating the marine hospitals for the care of American
merchant seamen. Subsequent legislation has vastly broadened the
scope of activities to include the functions of a national health service.
In accordance with the Reorganization Act of 1939 (53 Stat. 561;
5 U. S. C. 133r), and Reorganization Plan I. effective July 1, 1939,
the Public Health Service and its functions are administered as a part
of the Federal Security Agency under the direction and supervision
of the Federal Security Administrator. The Public Health Service
Act of July 1, 1944 (58 Stat. 682), codifies substantially all existing
public health legislation, and embodies provisions of title VI of the
Social Security Act. In addition, it provides for greater assistance to
States in establishing and maintaining adequate public health serv-.
ices; development of coordinated research into causes and prevention
of all diseases; establishment of a national tuberculosis control pro-
              UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT          MANUAL

granm; expansion Cf. the commissioned corps of the Public Health
Service to include scientific personnel and nurses.
   PuRroSE.-The U. S. Public Health Service, under the Surgeon Gen-
eral is the Federal agency specifically charged with matters relating to
the protection and improvement of the public health. Its authorized
functions are research and promotion of research relating to the
causes, diagnosis, treatment, control, and prevention of physical and
mental diseases and impairments of man, control of biologic products,
cooperation with State and other health agencies, prevention of the in-
troduction of disease from abroad and the spread of disease in the
United States, medical care of legal beneficiaries, and the dissem-
ination of health information.
  FEDIEAL-STATE COOPERATIVE PROGRAM.-The           U. S. Public Health
Service cooperates with other Federal agencies, with State and local
health departments, and with unofficial health agencies on matters
pertaining to public health, health education, and sanitation. Under
the Public Health Service Act of 1944 it assists States, counties, health
districts, and other political subdivisions of the States in establishing
and maintaining adequate public health services, including the train-
in of personnel. For this purpose an annual appropriation not to
exceed $20,000,000 is authorized. The appropriation for the fiscal
year 1946 is $11,467,000.
    To enable the Public Health Service to develop more effectiveimeas-
ures for the prevention, treatment, and control of tuberculosis and
to assist States and their political subdivisions in tuberculosis control,
 a.n appropriation of $6,047,000 was made under the Public H-alth
 Service Act for the tuberculosis control program in the 1946 fiscal
    Provisions of the Venereal Disease Control Act (of July 9, 1918),
 and the amendment to the act (approved May 24, 1939), are embodied
 in the Public Health Service Act of 1944. Appropriations authorized
 for- venereal disease control through the States for the fiscal year
 1946 total $8,756,876.
    The Public Health Service assisted State and local health authori-
 ties in maintaining proper sanitation facilities and providing other
 health protective measures in military, naval, and industrial areas
 where there were large concentrations of troops or abnormal increases
                                                                 For the
 in population as the result of war industrial activities.
 conduct of these     emergency health activities, an appropriation of
 $2,615,000 was made for the fiscal year 1946.
    REsEAECH—-TheNational Institute of Health and field stations in-
                                                                 of man.
 vestigate the causes and methods of prevention of diseases
  Appropriations totaling $2.638,000    have been authorized under the
  Pblic Health Service Act for the fiscal year 1946. The Public     Can-
 Health Service Act, which embodies provisions of the National
  cer Institute Act of August 5, 1937, also authorizes an appropriation
                                                               year 1946.
  of $490,000 for the National Cancer Institute for the fiscal studied,
    Problems    of control of communicable diseases are being
                                                                 Labora-
  and nutritional research is in progress. The Rocky Mountain for the
  tory continues   to be a chief source of yellow fever, vaccine
  Nation.
                       FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY                         389
      Laboratory investigations have been expanded to establish toxi-
   cological standards, study new industrial substances and processes
   and to further research in aviation medicine.
      CONTrOL OF BIOLOGIC PRODUCTS.-By means of inspection of plants
   tests of products, and license, the Public Health Service supervises the
   manufacture and sale, in interstate commerce, of biologic and analo-
  gous products used in the prevention and treatment of disease The
   purpose is to insure, to the highest degree possible, the purity and
  potency of standard products.
     PREVENTING THE INTRODUCTION AND SPREAD OF DISEASE.-In
                                                                       pre-
  venting the introduction of disease from abroad, the Public Health
  Service conducts the national maritime quarantine activities makes
  physical examinations of immigrants, conducts medical examinations
  at foreign ports, and inspects passengers and crews of vessels and
  airplanes arriving from foreign ports. It also acts to prevent the
  spread of communicable diseases between the States through inter-
  state traffic.
     Quarantine surveillance, especially at airports of entry, maritime
  ports, continental borders, and in the Caribbean area, has been
  intensified. New quarantine regulations and international sanitary
  conventions, geared to increased air travel, are being developed.
     HOSPITALIZATION AND INSTITUTIONS.-The U. S. Public Health Serv-
 ice furnishes outpatient and hospital treatment to its legal beneficiaries
 in 136 ports of the United States and its possessions, provided by 27
 marine hospitals and 112 other relief stations, located in ports not
 served by the marine hospitals. It operates a hospital for the care
 and treatment of persons having leprosy, conducts two hospitals for
 the treatment and rehabilitation of drug addicts, furnishes care under
 Executive Order 9079 of February 26, 1942, for certain classes of
 mental patients, and administers Freedmen's Hospital in the District
 of Columbia. It also studies and issues information on mental
 diseases, and furnishes and supervises the medical and psychiatric
 services in Federal penal and correctional institutions under the
 Department of Justice, as provided by the act of May 13, 1930.
     The principal legal beneficiaries of the U. S. Public Health Service
 are Public Health Service officers and their dependents, personnel of
 the United States Coast Guard and their dependents, members of the
 United States Merchant Marine, United States Maritime Service
 enrollees, and beneficiaries of the United States Employees' Compen-
sation Commission.
    DISSEMINATION OF PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATION.-It publishes the
results of research, collects, compiles, and publishes reports of com-
municable diseases in the United States and foreign countries and
other information-relating to public health, and disseminates general
health information through publications, exhibits, moving picture
films, film strips, posters, and other educational means.
    ADMINISTRATION OF REGULATORY LAWs.-The regulatory functions of
the Public. Health Service concern the administration of the laws and
the regulations issued under the authority thereof relating to mari-
time and interstate quarantine and to the control of manufacture and
sale of biologic and analogous products.
390                  1UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

                                      Other Activities
   Personnel of the Service are cooperating with military authorities
and other Federal agencies in the development of their medical and
  public health programs for demobilization and rehabilitation. Of-
  cers of the Service are assigned to duty with other Federal agencies,
among which are the Army and Navy, the War Shipping Adminis-
tratio, the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administra-
tion, the Department of Agriculture, the Federal Public Housing
Authority, War Assets Administration, State Department, U. S. Coast
Guard, and Veterans Administration.
   Venereal disease control activities have been intensified and rapid
treatment centers for infected persons have been established. Special
wartime programs, set up for the control of malaria and typhus, are
being continued. Services to the States in the development of in-
 dustrial hygiene programs have been expanded.
   TRAINING FOR         NmiSEs.-Under the provisions of the act of June
15 1943 (57 Stat. 153; 50 App. U. S. C. 1451-1460), the Public Health
Service administers a program of nurse education. Trainees enrolled
in the U. S. Cadet Nurse Corps receive free training, maintenance,
 an    monthly stipend. A total of $59,957,000 was appropriated for
the fiscal year 1946 to carry out the program. Recruitment has been
terminated, and no students have been enrolled as cadet nurses in
courses beginning after October 15, 1945. Cadet nurses enrolled
through that date may complete their training under Federal scholar-
ship.
                 DISTRICT MEDICAL DIRECTORS-PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE

                                       Medical Director                           Address
      District

               -- E. t. Coffey, M. D--..---         ---------           New York, N. Y.
 No. 1-
                  W. T. Sharp, Jr., M. D----          -------           Richmond, Va.
 No. 2""'---
                    .V. Meriwether, M. D—-——————————                    Chicago, Ill.
 No. S-
 No. 4-c-----     C. 0. Applewhite, M. D-       ---------       -- —-- New Orleans, La.
                  W. T. Harrison, M. D -        —-—-- —---       -   - San Francisco, Calif.
 No. 5-
                  R. A. Vonderlehr, M. D---                             San Juan, P. R.
 No. 6-
                  Estella Ford Warner, M. D—-———————                 — Kansas City, Mo.
 No. 7-""
                  Fred T. Foard, M. D--———————————Denver,                        Colo.
 No.8-F"'
     9-""-------K. E. Miller, M. D—--         -          -    -      -- Dallas, Tex.
 No.
             -"    Robert H. Onstott, M. D --      --------------     - Honolulu, T. H.
 No. 10
                                                                        Juau, Alaska.
 No.  11U---- - E. W. Norris, M. D-—.nen--



                                      Freedmen's Hospital
                                Sixth and Bryant Streets NW.
                                        MIchigan 6262

                            -------                       -----            ----   JAMES L. HALL
  Superintendent-


      CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-Freedmen's Hospital, created in 1865,
  was incorporated by act of March 3, 1871 (16 Stat. 508; 24 U. S. C.
  261). Its functions were transferred from the Department of the
                         FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY                                 391
Interior to the Federal Security Agency by section 11 (b) of Reor-
ganization Plan IV, effective Juie 30. 1940.
  PumrosOE-Freedimene's Hospital, rated as Class A by the American
College of Surgeons and the Amnerican Medical Association, is a gen-
eral hospital with specialized departments and a school of nursing
approved by the Nurses Examining Board of the District of Columbia.
It has 348 beds, 54 bassinets, and a 150-bed tuberculosis unit, and
imaintains an out-patient department. The Hospital is affiliated with
Hlooward University Medical School.
  Approved.
                                             THOMAS PARIRAN
                                                 Surgeon General


                                    Elizabeths Hospital
                      Nichols Avenue, Congress Heights
                               LIncoln 1424
Superintendent.--     ----.-......-....-..........              WINFRED OVERHOLSER


   CREATION AND AUTr-xoRriTy-The Hospital was first established by
 act of March 3, 1855 (10 Stat. 682; 24 U. S. . 161--65), as the Gov-
ernment Hospital for the Insane. It became Saint Elizabeths Hos-
pital by act of July 1,1916 (39 Stat. 309; 24 U. S. C. 165). Its func-
tions were transferred from the Department of the Interior to the
Federal Security Agency by section 11 (a) of Reorganization Plan
IV, effective June 30. 1940.
   PuRKPosE.-Saint Elizabeths Hospital provides for treatment of the
mentally ill members of the military services of the United States,
including the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. It also
provides such treatment for certain civilians, including residents of
the District of Columbia, beneficiaries of the United States Public
Health Service, Indians under the Office of Indian Affairs of the
Department of the Interior, persons charged with Federal crimes who
are insane, expatriated American citizens from Canada, and the
mentally ill from the Canal Zone and the Virgin Islands.
   Approved.
                                                       WINFRED OVERHOLSER
                                                                  Superintendent


                        Social Security Beard
                                  1825 H Street NW.
                      EXecutive 6500, Branches 3101-03

                                          ME1EMBERS
ChaARman---                      -----               I--------- ARTHUR J. ALTMEYER
    GEORGE E. BIGGE                                          ELLEN S. WOODWARD
392             TUNiTED   STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

                                 OFFICIALS
                  -.------
Executive Director-           —--------                    OSCAR M. POWELL
Assistant Executive Director ---------------------- WILLIAM L. MITCELL
Director, Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance_ OSCAR C. POGGE
Director, Bureau of Frnployment Security ------------ EWAN CLAGUE
Director, Bureau of Public Assistance---------------- JANE M. HOEY
Director, Bureau of Research and Statistics ---------- I. S. FALK
Director, Bureau of Accounts and Audits-—----------LEONARD J. WILBERT
Director, Informational Service        ------------     -- ROBERT HTJSE
Actuarial Consultant       .-- —- ———               — — — W. R. WILLIAMSON
Chairman, Appeals Council -          _----------------     JOSEPH E. McELVAIN



    CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-The Social Security Board was estab-
lished under the provisions of the Social Security Act (49 Stat. 620;
29 U. S. C. 45b, also title 42), approved August 14, 1935. It became
part of the Federal Security Agency on July 1, 1939, in accordance
with Reorganization Plan I, under the Reorganization Act of 1939
 (53 Stat. 561; 5 U. S. C. 133r).
    PURPOSE.-Responsibilities assigned to the Social Security Board
under the Social Security Act, as amended by the Social Security Act
Amendments of 1939 (53 Stat. 1360; 42 U. S. C. 302), include general
determination of policies and specific action in: (1) Administering
Federal old-age and survivors insurance and certifying to the Secre-
tary of the Treasury amounts to be paid to entitled persons as monthly
benefits or lump sums under that program. (2) Approving State
unemployment compensation laws; determining and certifying to
the Secretary of the Treasury Federal grants to States for adminis-
tration of such laws; reviewing the laws and their administration to
 determine compliance with Federal requirements; and certifying
 State laws to the Secretary of the Treasury to permit employers to
 credit against the Federal unemployment tax amounts which they
have paid-or would have paid in the absence of authorized rate vari-
 ation-to State unemployment funds. (3) Approving State plans
 for old-age assistance, aid to dependent children, and aid to the blind;
 determining and certifying to the Secretary of the Treasury Federal
 grants to States for such plans; and reviewing State plans and ad-
 ministration to determine compliance with Federal requirements.
  (4) Conducting studies and making recommendations on the most
 effective methods of providing economic security through social in-
 surance and related measures.
     As additional responsibilities, assigned through later legislation or
 other authorization, the Board participates with the Administrator
  of Veterans Affairs in certifying to the Secretary of the Treasury
  amounts to be paid for administrative expenses incurred or to be
  incurred by States in connection with their responsibilities under
  title V of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (58 Stat. 295)
  and has been operating, or participating-with States in operating,
  three war emergency programs-civilian war benefits, civilian war
  assistance, and assistance and services to enemy aliens and others
  affected by restrictive governmental action.
                       FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY                       3
      CENTRAL ORGANIZATION.-The Board consists of three members-not
   more than two of whom may be of the same political party-appointed
   by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate
   IThe President designates one of the three members as chairman.
     The Executive Director, under the general supervision of the Board
    inembers, is responsible for administrative and executive action in
  general supervision and coordination of the work of all bureaus and
  offices of the Board, in maintaining Federal-State relations, in super-
   vising regional and territorial offices, and in providing certain cen-
  tralized services. Within the Office of the Executive Director are or-
  ganizational units specifically concerned with personnel and business
  mana~gement; training activities; library and reference services;
  publications and review; operations in regional offices; advisory
  services to States in establishing and maintaining their merit systems
  of personnel administration; and budget, general coordination and
  procedures.
     The Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance administers the
 -Federal program designated by its name; the Bureau of Employment
  Security administers Federal aspects of Federal-State unemployment
 .compensation; and the Bureau of Public Assistance is responsible
 for Federal functions in connection with Federal-State programs for
 old-age assistance, aid to dependent children, and aid to the blind
 Three service bureaus carry general over-all responsibilities designated
 by their titles-the Bureau of Accounts and Audits, the Bureau of
 Research and Statistics, and the Informational Service. In addition
 the Office of the Actuary advises the Board and its staff on technical
 and long-range aspects of population, employment and wages, and
 other factors needed in planning operations, determining costs, and
 considering proposals for social security. The Office of Appeals Coun-
 cil, consisting of 3 members, a consulting referee, and 12.regional ref-
 erees-independent of the Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insur-
 ance-hears and reviews appeals on claims for wage credits, monthly
benefits, and lump-sum payments under the programs administered
by that Bureau. The General Counsel of the Federal Security Agency
provides legal services for all units of the Board.
    The Bureau of Research and Statistics conducts the basic studies
necessary to analyze aspects of social security which are beyond the
immediate scope of any other bureau, and reviews and integorates the
statistical and analytical work of the program bureaus. Its activities
are concentrated on over-all financial and economic aspects of the
Board's programs; the relation of these programs to other social secu-
rity and related measures; and development of findings and recom-
mendations on the most effective methods of providing social security
through social insurance, with particular reference to unmet needs
for protection during illness and disability.
    The Bureau of Accounts and Audits maintains the Board's system
of accounts covering all funds budgeted, appropriated, collected, or
disbursed; keeps accounting -controls over expenditures; pre-audits
and certifies administrative expenditures; and furnishes advisory
     684356°-46—26
394                  TUNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL'

services to all other units on budgeting, accounting, and other fiscal
matters. Its regional staff conducts field audits of State public as-
sistance agencies and of administrative expenditures of State employ-
ment security agencies; furnishes constructive accounting services to
State public assistance agencies; and reviews the fiscal aspects of
State public assistance plans and State requests for Federal funds
under such plans.
    The Informational Service informs the public on the provisions of
the Social Security Act, for which the Board carries administrative
responsibilities, to increase the effectiveness of operations through
wider understanding of the rights, benefits, and responsibilities of
-individuals under these programs. It advises the Board and its staff
on matters of public information and public relations and, through
 regional representatives, assists State public assistance and employ-
ment security agencies in planning and developing informational
     activities.
    REGIONAL AND FIELD ORGANIZATION.-To the greatest extent con-
 sistent with effective and uniform administration, operations of the
 Board are decentralized to provide local and regional services to
 workers covered by old-age and survivors insurance, to claimants for
 benefits under that program, and to State agencies administering laws
 and plans approved by the Board under the Social Security Act.
 Each of the 11 regional and 2 territorial offices maintained by the
 Board is under the supervision of a regional or territorial director
 with a staff includino representatives of the Board's program and
 service bureaus and offices. Representatives of the Bureau of Old-
 Age and Survivors Insurance supervise the activities of more than 450
 field or branch offices and some 1,700 stations -with itinerant service
  which are concerned with operations of that program; representa-
  tives of the other two program bureaus advise regional directors and
  State agencies on matters relating to unemployment compensation
  and public assistance; and informational service representatives,
  regional auditors, regional attorneys, and personnel methods con-
  sultants of the technical advisory service on merit-system adinis-
  tration provide the appropriate specialized assistance to regional
  directors, representatives of the program bureaus, and State agencies.
                      REGIONAL OFFICES-SOCIAL SECURITY BOARD

                Region                           Director                     Address


 No. 1. Maine, New Hampshire, VTr-        Jobn F. Hardy-.-.-— 120 Boylston Street, Boston 16, Mass.
   mont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island,

 Nos.2andF. New York, New Jersey,         Peter Kasius ---     —11  'West Forty-Second Street, New
  Pennsylvania, Delaware.                                         York I, N. Y.
 No. 4. Maryland, Virginia, North         Lavinia Engle ---     1523 L Street NW., Washington 25,
                                                                   3
  Carolina, West Virginia, District of                            D. C.

 No. 5. Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio---       Mary E. Woods—--- 521 Union Commerce Building, Cleve.
                                                                 land 14, Ohio.
 No. 6. Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin—-_   Robert W. Beasley--- 188 W. Randolph Street, Chicago 1,111.
                             FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY                                            395
              REGIONAL OFFICES-SOCIAL SECURITY BOARD-Continued

                Region                        Director                         Address

No. 7. South Carolina, Georgia, Ten-   Richard H. Lyle --      - 441 West Peachtree Street, Atlanta 3,
 nessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Flor-                               Ga.
 ida.
No. 8. North Dakota, South Dakota,     Chester B. Lund      ...-
                                                              Midland Bank Building, Fourth
  Nebraska, Iowa, Minnesota.                                    Street and Second Avenue, Min.
                                                                neapolis 1, Minn.
No. 9. Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas, Ed McDonald.......... 1006 Grand Avenue, Kansas City 6
 Oklahoma.                                                      Mo.
No. 10. Louisiana, Texas, New Mexico- James B. Marley -.....- Maverick Building, North Fresa and
                                                                East Houston Streets, San Antonio 5,
                                                                Tex.
No. 11. Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Heber R. Harper .---         730 Seventeenth Street, Denver 2 Colo.
 Utah, Colorado.
No. 12. California, Oregon, Washing- Richard M. Necustadt. _ 786 Market Street, San Francisco 3,
 ton, Nevada, Arizona.                                          Calif.
Territory of Alaska -....-.......-.-  Hugh J. Wade-...-       P. 0. Box 1331, Juneau.
Territory of Hawaii           ..--.-- Harold
                                      I-H...- S. Burr-....-   434 Dillingham Building, Honolul
                                                                16.


                           Program Activities
    BUREATU Or OLD-AGE AND SURVIVORS INSURANCE.-The statutory pro-
 visions of the Social Security Act which relate to old-age and sur-
 vivors insurance are contained in title II of that act, as amended, and
 in chapter 9, subchapter A, of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended
  (formerly title VIII of the Social Security Act). The Bureau of Old-
 Age and Survivors Insurance is responsible for assigning identifying
 account numbers to workers covered by the program, maintaining
 wage records of amounts which can be used as each worker's credits
 toward benefits under the program, determining rights of workers or
 their dependents and survivors to monthly benefits or lump-sum pay-
 ments, and certifying to the Treasury the amounts which should be
 paid on individual claims. The Treasury Department, under the Fed-
 eral Insurance Contributions Act, collects the employer and employee
 contributions, which are appropriated to the old-age and survivors
 insurance trust fund from which benefits and administrative costs of
this program are paid.
    The purpose of the program is to provide continuing income for
workers and their families as partial replacement of earnings lost
through old-age retirement or death of the wage earner. Workers
covered by the program are those who receive wages and salaries in
industrial or commercial jobs; those excluded are self-employment,
agricultural labor, domestic service, or service for certain nonprofit
organizations and Government agencies. Monthly retirement bene-
fits based on the wage credits of covered workers are payable to the
workers themselves at age 65 or over, to their wives aged 65 or over,
and to unmarried dependent children under age 16, or 18 if attending
school. Monthly survivor benefits are payable to children meeting the
same age requirement, to widows with child beneficiaries in their
336            TUNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

care to widows aged 65 and over, and if no widow or unmarried child
under age 18 survives the wage earner, to his or her dependent parents
on attainment of age 65 or over. Total monthly benefits payable range
from a minimum of $10 to a maximum of $85 a month with respect
to the wage record of an insured worker, in accordance with his past
covered earnings and the number and relationship of the persons
entitled to benefits. If no monthly benefits are payable for the month
in which the insured worker dies, a lump sum is payable to a widow,
child, or parent, or, in the absence of such survivors, to a person who
paid his burial expenses.
    Entitlement to monthly benefits or lump-sum payments depends on
the insured status of the worker (determined by number of quarters
 of coverage under the program), the age and relationship of worker
   and dependents, and application for such benefits or payments.
Monthly benefits of entitled persons are not payable for any month
 in which the beneficiary or the wage earner on whose wage credits
 benefits are based earns more than $14.99 from services in covered
 employment.
    Field offices of the Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance as-
 sist workers in establishing their wage credits, aid potential claimants
 in filing applications for benefits or lump-sum payments and in deel-
 oping the evidence required to establish their rights, determine eligi-
 bility of claimants, and compute the amounts of payment due.
     Five area offices review field office determinations and certify to the
 Treasury Department the persons to receive payments and the amounts
 to be paid. Any claimant dissatisfied with the determination of his
 ri ghts may request reconsideration by the Bureau, may request a hear-
 ing before a referee and review by the Appeals Council, and may take
 his case to court.
     The Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance studies the ac-
 tuarial, economic, fiscal, and administrative factors which affect the
 number of covered workers, the amounts of their wage credits, the
  effect of their wage history on their insurance status, trends in claims,
  and the extent to which the program fulfills and is likely to fulfill its
 purpose in providing social security.
     BUREAU OF EMPLOYMENT SECURITY.-In contrast to similar functions
  for Federal old-age and survivors insurance, States, rather than the
  Social Security Board, are responsible for recording wage credits to-
  ward unemployment benefits, determining benefit rights and eligibility,
  collecting contributions, and paying benefits. The Social Security
  Act serves essentially as an enabling statute, to facilitate enactment and
  administration of State unemployment compensation laws. If these
  laws meet certain conditions specified in title III of the Social Security
  Act, as amended, and chapter 9, subchapter C, of the Internal Revenue
  Code (formerly title IX of the Social Security Act), they are approved
  by the Social Security Board. States then become eligible for Federal
   grants to pay necessary administrative costs of their unemployment
                       FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY                          397
  compensation laws, and employers within those States become entitled
  to certain credits against Federal taxes for which they are liable under
  the Federal Unemployment Tax Act. The Treasury Department is
           rble for determining liability for this tax, which applies to in-
  dustrial and commercial employers of eight or more workers on some
  day in each of 20 different weeks of a calendar year.
     The Bureau of Employment Security carries primary responsibility
  for the Board's functions in connection with State unemployment
  compensation laws and their acdministration. Conditions for approval
  of State laws include requirements that benefits shall be paid through
  public employment offices or such other agencies as the Board may ap-
  prove; that a worker's rights to benefits when he refuses a job which
  fails to meet certain labor standards shall be safeguarded; that all
  contributions collected by the State shall be deposited in the unem-
 -ployment trust fund established in the Federal Treasury; that State
  funds withdrawn from their accounts in that fund shall be used only
  to pay benefits; and that State administration assures prompt payment
  of benefits when due and affords workers whose claims for benefits
  are denied an opportunity for a fair hearing before an impartial
 tribunal. State laws-within the conditions for approval-differ
 widely in coverage, benefit provisions, eligibility and -disqualification
 requirements, contribution rates, and other financial factors.
     The Board's statutory responsibilities entail analysis of the provi-
 sions of State laws and their proposed and enacted amendments, review
 of State administrative operations and expenditures of Federal funds,
 determination of proper administrative costs on a basis which will take
 account of differences among States in coverage, compensable unem-
 ployment, and administrative and legislative provisions; and analysis
 of statistical reports which States are required to submit on the ad-
 ministration and operations of their programs. The Bureau of Em-
 ployment Security furnishes guides to the States in these and related
 fields, to explain and interpret Federal responsibilities and reouire-
 ments in relation to the State programs. The Bureau also aids State
employment .security agencies in constructing administrative budgets
 as a basis for requesting Federal grants; applying or adapting more
 effective administrative procedures developed by the Bureau or by
individual States; analyzing past and forecasting future trends in cov-
erage, contributions, benefit rights, and benefit payments in comparison
with other States and the Nation as a whole; coordinating financial
and administrative relations with the United States Employment
Service of the Department of Labor; and studying and recommiending
methods of improving the unemployment compensation program.
Assistance is also given to States in matters relating to their part
in the program for Federal readjustment allowances to veterans.
    BUREATU Or PUBLIC ASSISTANcE.-As in the unemployment compensa-
tion program, eligibility conditions for public assistance and amounts
of payments are State responsibilities; Federal financial participation
398            UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

in State public assistance is greater, however, for the Federal Govern
ment shares costs of payments to persons eligible for assistance under
 approved State plans as well as costs of administering State pro-
 grams. The programs themselves are State-initiated and State-ad-
  iinistered and reflect State differences in historical background, ad-
 ministrative structure, degree of community concern, and legislative
 framework and appropriations.
     In general, the conditions stipulated by the Social Security Act for
 the Board's approval of a State plan are the same for all three' assist-
 ance programs--old-age assistance (title 1), aid to dependent children
  (title IV), and aid to the blind (title X). State plans may not impose
 eligibility conditions more restrictive than certain maximums spei-
 fied; States must participate financially in the plan and must admin-
 ister or supervise administration through a single State agency; must
 assure that the plan will be in effect in all political subdivisions; must
 provide such methods of administration as are found by the Board
  Mecessary for the proper and efficient operation of the plan; must safe-
  guard the confidentiality of information pertaining to applicants and
  recipients; must afford opportunity for a fair hearing before the State
  agency for all individuals whose claims are denied; and, in determining
     eed, must take into account any other income or resources of the
  applicant for assistance.
      When a State plan is submitted to the Board and approved, th
  State becomes eligible for Federal funds to bear approximately half
  the total costs of assistance payments to recipients and costs of admin-
  istration. The Federal contribution toward payments to individuals
  may not exceed $20 a month for each aged or blind recipient or $9 a
  month for the first child aided in a family receiving aid to dependent
   children and $6 for each additional child aided. The Social Security
   Act however, merely defines the limits and scope of Federal financial
   participation; the State plan may be broader. Federal participation is
   restricted to persons who are needy, who are not inmates of public
   institutions, who receive money payments (as distinct from services or
   payments in grocery orders and the like), and who meet certain eligi-
   bility conditions. These eligibility conditions preclude Federal shar-
   ing-in old-age assistance to persons under age 65, or to children age I8
   and over or age 16 and over if not attending school, or to children who
   are living with someone not included in a specifisd list of relatives in
    a residence maintained by such relative as a private home. In all other
   respects, Federal sharing, within the maximums specified, is condi-
    tioned on the State's action in determining eligibility for assistance
   under its plans and in providing funds to be matched by the Federal
    grant. As a result, Federal funds are made available to States roughly
    in proportion to the State's ability and intent to relieve need among
    those groups rather than to the extent of need in the State.
       Throug-h its regional representatives and central staff, the Bureau
    of Public Assistance reviews the provisions and operations of State
                                  FEDERAL. SECURITY AGENCY                      39
plans for these three special types of assistance to determine their
initial and continuing conformity with specifications of the Social
Security Act and recommends the amounts of Federal funds to be
certified as the Federal share of expenditures under each approved
plan. The Bureau also collects and analyzes data on the operation
of all forms of public assistance in the States-including general
assistance, toward which the Federal Government does not grant
funds.
  Approved.
                                       ARTHUR J. ALTMEYEB
                                                         Chairman
                             Feed and Drug Administration
                            Room 3460, Social Security Building
                         Fourth Street and Independence Avenue SW.
                                Executive 6500, Branch 2061

                                                    OFFICIALS
Commissioner of Food and Drugs ----.-...........                PAUL B. DUNsAR
Associate Commissioner_--------------------------_              CHARLES W. CRAWFOR
Assistant Commissioner ----------   __---__---__                Louis D. ELLIOTT
Assistant Commissioner --------------------------               GEORGE P. LARRICK
Medical Director---.-...O..---------------------                ROBERT P. HEEWICK,
                                                                  M. D.
Executive Officer.--...--------------------------               F. MUNCHMEYER



    CREATION AND AuTriioITY.-The name "Food and Drug Adminis-
 tration" was first provided by the Agricultural Appropriation Act
 of 1931, approved May 27, 1930 (46 Stat. 392) although its law-enforce-
 ment functions had been carried on under different organizational
 titles since January 1, 1907, when the Food and Drugs Act of 1906
 (34 Stat. 3915; 21 U. S. C. 1 secs. 1-15) became effective. The Food
and Drug Administration and its functions necessary for the enforce-
ment of the five acfs named below were transferred from the Depart-
ment of Agriculture to the Federal Security Agency, effective June 30,
1940, in accordance with the provisions of the President's Reorganiza-
tion Plan IV.
    ENFORCEMENT OF LAWS.-The Food and Drug Administration en-
forces the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, Tea Act, Import Milk Act,
Caustic Poison Act, and Filled Milk Act. Its activities are directed
mainly toward promoting purity, standard potency, and truthful and
informative labeling of the essential commodities covered by the pro-
visions of these five acts.
4,00                    'UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MIANUAL

   INSPECTION AND ANALYSIS.-It inspects factories where foods, drugs,
and cosmetics are processed or manufactured. It analyzes products
coming within the jurisdiction of the five laws enforced in order to
detect adulterated or misbranded articles and to institute appropriate
action to bring about correction. At the request of the War and Navy
Departments samples of foods and drugs intended for the armed forces
are tested to see that they comply with specifications and are otherwise
suitable for acceptance. Tests are also made upon request for other
agencies of the Government that purchase foods and drugs. Standards
for foods are formulated and methods of analysis developed. Close
cooperation is maintained with State and city food and drug law-
enforcement agencies.
  Approved.
                                                 PAUL B. DUNBAR
                                    Commissioner of Food and Drugs


                        Office of Vocational Rehabilitation
                 Rochambeau Building, 815 Connecticut Avenue NW.
                           EXecutive 6500, Branch 2373

                                     OFFICIALS
 Director------------   _             _-----_----------        MICHAEL J. SHORTLEr


AssistantDirector, Divisionof Rehabilitation Standards-        Tnxcy CoPp
Chief. Division of Administrative Standards-------             JOSEPH V. HTJNT
Chief, Informational Service-W..---                       --   W.OLIVER KINCANNON
                      ----
•Administrative Officer-——                                —     MAR ET PAULICK



    CrEEATION AND AwrHOKITY.-The Office of Vocational               Rehabilitation
 was created within the Federal Security Agency to administer the
 expanded program of vocational rehabilitation provided by the
 Barden-La Follette Act of July 6, 1943 (57 Stat. 374), in a series of
 amendments to the Vocational Rehabilitation Act of June 2, 1920.
    PURPOSE.-The Office of Vocational Rehabilitation cooperates with
 the States in providing vocational rehabilitation to prepare for and
 place in remunerative employment persons who are vocationally
 handicapped because of a permanent disability caused by accident,
 disease, or congenital defect. (The Veterans Administration maii-
 tains a program for the rehabilitation of veterans with disabilities of
  service origin; act of Congress, a pproved March 24, 1943, 57 Stat. 43;
 38 U. S. C. 701, and chap. 12 note.) The mentally as well as the physi-
  cally handicapped may receive rehabilitation. The blind may be re-
  habilitated on the same terms as other groups of the disabled. There
  is specific provision for war-disabled civilians (defined as members
                       FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY                        401
 of civilian defense corps, aircraft warning services, civil air patrol
 and merchant seamen), and for civil employees of the United State
 Government injured in line of duty.
    The broadened program is designed as a permanent service for th-
 civilian disabled. During the fiscal year 1945, 41,925 men and women
 were fully rehabilitated into employment. Of these, 79 percent were
 unemployed when services were begun and 18.1 percent had never
 worked. IThe average monthly income of rehabilitants before services
 Were started was $24; after rehabilitation actual earnings avraged

       ACIVITIEs.-Through the cooperative Federal-State plan, the func-
   tions of operating the program rest with the State Boards of Voca-
   tional Education, each having a Division of Vocational Rehabilita-
     tion with a full-time director and professional staff. Vocational
   rehabilitation for the blind is provided by the State commissions or
   agencies for the blind where legal authority exists for rendering re-
  habilitation services. Otherwise, rehabilitation for the physl aly
  bandicapped becomes a function of the Division of Rehabilitation of
  the State Board of Vocational Education.
      The Office of Vocational Rehabilitation is a constituent unit of the
  Federal Security Agency. It is responsible for the establishment of
  standards in the various areas of service; for technical assistance to
  the States; and for certification of Federal funds for grants-in-aid to
  the States upon the approval of State plans for vocational rehabili-
  tation meeting the requirements of the authorizing act of Congress.
  Special assistance is furnished the States by regional offices, conform-
  ing to the general pattern of the Federal Security Agency organiza-
 tion.
     Professional guidance is furnished the program by two national
 committees: the Rehabilitation Advisory Council, composed of out-
 standing representatives of business and industry, labor, medicine,
 social welfare, and other interests closely allied to the problems of
 rehabilitation; and the Professional Advisory Committee, represent-
 ing the medical specialties most actively concerned with the adjust-
 ment of the disabled. Similar comimittees have been established in the
 States.
     Rehabilitation services available under the program include medi-
 cal and vocational diagnosis, vocational counselinmg, physical restora-
tion, vocational training, funds for maintenance during training, occu-
pational tools and equipment, placement in employment, and super-
vision in employment until adjustment has been made. These services
are provided without cost to the individual, except for physical resto-
ration, prosthetic appliances, maintenance during training, and occu-
pational equipment, and even these services are provided without cost
to the individual if it is shown that he is unable to pay for them.
     The enumerated rehabilitation services (with the exception of main-
tenance) are available to war-disabled civilians and civil employees
of the United States injured in the performance of their duties with-
402           UNTITED STATES GOVERNMENT       MANUAL


out' regard to their financial need. Eligibility for physical restora-
tionis also determined by an employment handicap that is static (rela-
tively stable), and remediable. Hospitalization is limited to 90 days
for any one disability. Necessary State administrative costs are as-
sumed by the Federal Government; the costs of rehabilitation services
 are shared by the State and Federal Governments on a fifty-fifty
basis; State expenditures for services to war disabled civilians are
fully reimbursed by the Federal Government.
   D. C. REHABILITATION SERVICE.-In the District of Columbia, all
 actual rehabilitation services to individuals are rendered by and
through the D. C. Rehabilitation Service at 402 Sixth Street NW.
 (EXecutive 6500.)
    Approved.                            MICHAEL J. SHORTLEY
                                                            Director
                       Federal Works Agency'
               Federal Works Building, Eighteenth and F Streets NW.
                          EXecutive 4900, Branch 4511

                                         OFFICIALS
 Administrator ............- ......          ......        _ MAJ. GEN. PHILIP B. FLBiNG
 Assistant Administrator --------    _---                _---_. BAIRD SNYDER
 Executive Officer .----      .,------.-              ..----    ERNEST E. HALL
 General Counsel .---.----           ----------------- ALAN JOHNSTONE
 Director of Information ----------------.----               ATJREY E. TAYLOR


   CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-The Federal Works Agency was created
 by the President's Reorganization Plan I, dated April 25, 1939, under
 the provisions of the Rsorganization Act of 1939. The units brought
 together under the Federal Works Agency were the Public Roads
 Administration, formerly the Bureau of Public Roads of the Depart-
 ment of Agriculture; the Public Buildings Administration, consisting
 of the Consolidated Public Buildings Branch of the Procurement
 Division of the Treasury Department, the Bureau of Buildings Man-
 agement of the National Park Service, Department of the Interior, so
 far as the latter was concerned with the operation of public buildings
 for other departments or agencies, and the United States Housing
 Corporation; the Public Works Administration, formerly the Fed-
eral Emergency Administration of Public Works; the Work Projects
Administration, formerly the Works Progress Administration, with
the exception of the National Youth Administration; and the United
States Housing Authority, formerly in the Department of the Interior.
   By Executive Order 8194, dated July 6, 1939, the Federal Fire
Council was placed under the Federal Works Agency.
   By Executive Order 9070, dated February 24, 1942, all housing
activities of the Federal Works Agency were transferred to the newly
established National Housing Agency.
   Executive Order 935' of June 30, 1943, transferred the functions and
powers of the Public Works Administration and of the Commissioner
of Public Works to the office of the Federal Works Administrator,
where they are in process of liquidation.
   PURPosE.-The Federal Works Agency was established to con-
solidate those agencies of the Federal Government dealing with public
works not incidental to the normal work of other departments, and
which administer Federal grants or loans to State and local govern-
ments or other agencies for the purposes of construction.
  ORGANIZATION.-The work and activities of the Federal Works
Agency are under the supervision and direction of the Federal Works
Administrator. The Administrator is assisted by the Commissioners
of Public Roads, Public Buildings, and Community Facilities and
staff officers. There is also a Policy Review Board whose member-
 I Organization chart on page 5S0.                                               403
404            UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

ship is composed of the Assistant Federal Works Administrator as
Chairman. the Commissioner of Public Buildings, the Commissioner
of Public Roads, the Commissioner of Community Facilities, the Exec-
utive Officer, and the General Counsel.
   Approved.
   Approved.                             PHILIP B. FLEMING
                                                         Administrator


                 PubWlc Buildings Admiistration
            Federal Works Building, Eighteenth and F Streets NW.
                              EXecutive 4900

                                OFFICIALS

Commissioner of Public Buildings     ---- -        . REYNOLDS
Assistant Commissioner-----------           H. G. HUNTE
Deputy Commissioner, in charge of-
    Design and Construction---J.                . STANTON

    Buildings Management------------------     A. PETER
    Real Estate Management--------------      L. NALE
     Administration --             ----     R. 0. .JENNINGS


  CREATION AND AUTHoRITY.-The Public Buildings Administration
was established as a part of the Federal Works Agency under the
provisions of Reorganization Plan I, section 303, following the Reor-
ganization Act of 1939 (53 Stat. 561; 5 U. S. C. 133).
  PLRr'oSE.-The Public Buildings Administration, under the direction
of the Commissioner of Public Buildings, is responsible for the ad-
ministrative, technical, and clerical functions incident to the design,
construction, operation, maintenance, and repair of Federal buildings.
                              ACTIVITIES
      DEPUTY CoMMIsSIoNER FOR   DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION.-Is respon-
 sible  for architectural and engineering designs and specifications.
 Manages contracts and supervises contractors operations for the con-
 struction, reconstruction, extension, and remodeling of public build-
 ings under the jurisdiction of the Public Buildings Administration.
    DEPUTY COi-MMISSIONER FOR BuILDINcs MANAGEMENT.-Operates,
 maintains, and protects all buildings under the jurisdiction of the
 Public Buildings Administration. Repairs buildings, including
 leased properties, operated by the Public Buildings Administration in
 the District of Columbia. Does all moving of Government agencies
 into, out of, or within buildings operated by the Public Buildings
  Administration.
      DEPUTY COMMISSIONER FOR REAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT.-Collects
 preplanning data for determining building projects and assigns space
                                                                      of
 in buildings throughout the country. Administers the acquisition of
 space on a rental  basis for all Federal activities in the District
                                                                     the
 Columbia and the housing of Federal agencies in buildings outside real
 District of Columbia.    Administers leasing and sale of surplus
                                    FEDERAL WORKS AGENCY                                            405
 estate and maintains an inventory of Government-owned real estate.
 For the account of the National Housing Agency, operates and man-
 ages residence halls projects in and near the District of Columbia.
    DEPUTY COMMISSIONER FOR ADMINISTRATION.-Directs administra-
 tive, fiscal, and personnel functions and services, legal functions and
 budgetary and administrative planning.
             MAIN FIELD OFFICES-PUBLIC BUILDINGS ADMINISTBRATION


                     Field Office                                          Address

Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts,          1201 U. S. Customhouse, Boston 9, Mass.
   Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York State.
Metropolitan New York City and New Jersey ....         731 Customhouse, New York 4. N. Y
Washington, D. C., Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland,       3102 City Post Office, Washington 25, D. 0
   Virg'.nia, West Virginia, Delaware, Puerto Rico,
   Vi g In Islands.
Georgia, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina,    213-M Federal Post Office Annex, Atlanta 3, Ga.
   Alabama, Florida, Mississippi.
Illinois, Kentucky, Indiana. Michigan, Wisconsin,      377 U. S. Courthouse, Chicago 4, Ill.
   Minnesota.
Missouri, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota,        514 New Post Office, Kansas City 8, Mo.
   South Dakota, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana.
Texas, Louisiana,Arkansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico-       550 New Post Office, Dallas 1I Tex.
California, Arizona, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Wash-      838 Appraisers Stores Building, 630 Sansoma
  ington, Utah, Alaska, Hawaiian Islands, Philippine     Street, San Francisco 11, Calif.
  'Islands.*                                                                            '



   Approved.
                                                                E.
                                                            W'W. REYNOLDs
                                                Commissioner of Public Buildings



                          Public Roads Administration
               Federal Works Building, Eighteenth and F Streets NW.
                                         EXecutive 4950

                                           OFFICIALS
Commissioner -------------------------..-- THOMAS H.                                    MACDONALD
Deputy Commissioner, in charge of-
     Finance and Business Management---C -----..                          D. CURTISS
     Construction and Maintenance-..,,-_-_      _                     J. S. BRIGHT
     Research --..-       - ----    -- --   ..--.                     H. S. FAIRBANK
     Design -       ..---   _.--.------       ....                    H. E. HILTS
Solicitor--------___L.                                                    E. BOYKIN
Chief, Inter-American Regional Office.-'----- .                        E. W. JAMES


   CREATION AND ArTHoBITY.-The Public Roads Administration had
its beginning as the Office of Road Inquiry, created by the Secretary of
Agriculture in 1893 under authority of the Agricultural Appropriation
Act for the fiscal year 1894. It has since functioned under various
.406           UN.ITED STATE'S GOVERNMENT MANUAL

names. The Federal-Aid Road Act of July 11, 1916 (39 Stat. 355;
16 U. S. C. 503; 23 U. S. C. 15, 48), initiated Federal aid for highways
and-placed administration under the Secretary of Agriculture, who     of
functioned through this organization, known then as the Office the
Public Roads and Rural Engineering,        and after July 1, 1918, as
Bureau of Public Roads. The authority of the Secretary of Agri-        9,
culture was continued by the Federal Highway Act of November
1921 (42 Stat.  212; 23 U. S. C. 1-4, 6-25), and he continued to act
through the Bureau of Public Roads. Under the reorganization
effected July 1, 1939, all functions of the Secretary of Agriculture
relating to the administration of the Bureau of Public Roads were     be-
 transferred to the Federal Works Administrator and the Bureau
 came the Public Roads Administration       of the Federal Works Agency.

                             ACTIVITIES

   The organization is the principal road building agency of thetoFed-
                                                                    aid
eral Government. It administers large annual authorizations
the States in road construction and cooperates     with the Department
of Agriculture and the Department of the Interior in the construction
of roads in national forests, national parks, and other Federal areas.
   In the cooperative work with the States, annual authorizations are
                                                                   law
apportioned to the States according to formulas prescribed by
      law also places
      e               with the'States responsibility for initiation o
projects, preparation of plans, and supervision of construction, sub-
 jectto Federal approval. It is the responsibility of the Public Roads
                                                                   Fed-
 Administration to see that all steps are taken in coniormity with
 eral law and  in a manner that will best accomplish the objectives
                                                                   offices
    Contact with the States is maintained through nine division
 with a district office in nearly every State. The three western districts
 are contacted throuf-h a western headouarters at San Francisco.
    The Federal-aid Highway Act of December 20, 1044, authorized
 funds for needed highway improvements during the first 3 post-war     for
 fiscal years. These funds are assigned as follows: $2225,000.000
 the Federal-aid    system, $150,000,000 for secondary or feeder roads,
                                                                      con-
 and $125,000,000 for the Federal-aid system in urban areas-toand a
 struct express   highways through cities, main rural highways,
 system of secondary or farm-to-market roads.
                                                            the principal
    A National Interstate Highway System to connect
                                                                  through
 metropolitan areas and industrial centers is being designated
 joint action by the  State highway departments and the Public Roads
                                                               and is to be
 Administration. The system may not exceed 40,000 miles
 included as a part of the Federal-aid system.
                                                                will be di-
    The future work of the Public Roads Administration
 rected toward development     of the projected National Interstate High-
                                                           modernization
 way System and a secondary road system in each State,
 of rural and urban sections     of the Federal-aid system and adminis-
                                                      the act.
 tration of highway expenditures as authorized by
  - As a- necessary guide   in planning the national highway program
                                                                      a re-
  and administering large highway construction expenditures,
  search staff is engaged in  a study of the physical and economic prob-
                                    FEDERAL WORKS AGENCY                                           407
 lems of road construction. Methods of road construction and road
 materials are studied and tested. Data on highway use, sources of
 highway revenue, and purposes of highway expenditure are collected
 and analyzed to determine highway needs and the best methods of
 linancing.
                  DIVISION OFFICES-PUBLIC ROADS ADMINISTRATION

                         Division                                         Headquarters


 No. 1. Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massa-           76 State Street, Albany 1, N. Y.
   chusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York,
 - New Jersey.
 No. 2. Delaware, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania,         1415 IC Street NW., Washington 25, D. C.
  District of Columbia, Virginia, West Virginia.
No. 3. Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Ten-     208 Ten Forsyth Street Building, Atlanta 3, Ga.
  nesase, North Carolina, South Carolina.
 No. 4. Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan -.......
                                                    South Chicago Post Office Building, 2938 E. Nine-
                                                       ty-second Street, Chicago 17, Ill.
No. 5. Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebreska-..   ..... 729 U. S. Courthouse, Kansas City 6, Mo.
    Suboffice: North Dakota, South Dakota, Minne 1109 Main Pest Office Building, St. Paul 1, Minn.
      sota, Wisconsin.
No. 6. Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas----..       £E02 S. Courthouse, Fort Worth 2, Tex.
                                                            U.
No. 7. Arizona, California,-Nevada, Hawaii---.------    720 Phelan Building, San Francisco 2, Calif.
No. 8. Montana, Oregon, Idaho, Washington, Alaska-      Bedell Building, Portland 8, Oreg.
No. 9. Colorado, New Mexico, Wyoming, Utah --...        254 New Customhouse Building, Denver 2, Colo.
Western Region (Divisions 7, 8, and 9)....-.-........   720 Phelan Building, San Francisco 2, Calif.
Eastern Forests and Parks..-..-- .........-.........-   1440 Columbia Pike, Arlington, Va.


   Approved.
                                                           THOMAS H. MACDONALD
                                                                                 Commissioner

                                    Federal Fire Council
               Federal Works Building, Eighteenth and F Streets NW.
                           EXecutive 4900, Branch 4248

                                     GOVERNING BODY
COMMISSIONER        OF PUBLIC        BUILDINGS,         DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL PARK
  Chairman                                                SERVICE
CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY                          DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL BUREAU
FOURTH    ASSISTANT POSTMASTER                            OF STANDARDS
  GENERAL                                               ARCHIVIST OF THE UNITED STATES
CHIEF OF THE BUREAU OF YARDS AND
  DOCKS
                                            OFFICIALS
Chairman (Commissioner of Public Buildings)-..W.               E. REYNOLDS
Vice Chairman (Associate Director, National Park Service)' A. E. DEMARAY
Secretary (Engineer Assistant, Public Buildings Adminis-
  tration) ---  -   -- ---       ........                  WALTON C. CLARY


   CREATION AND ArTHORITY.-The Federal Fire Council was organ-
ized in April 1930, by collective action of Government departments
408             -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

and establishments. It was established by Executive Order 7397,
of June 20, 1936, as an official advisory agency in matters relating
to the protection of Federal employees and property from fire. By
Executive Order 8194, dated July 6, 1939, the Council was placed
under the jurisdiction of the Federal Works Agency.
   PRPOSE.-The Council is authorized to develop standards, pro-
cedures, and forms, and, on request, to conduct surveys or such othe
investigations as may be necessary to determine what measures should
be taken to safeguard life and property from the hazards of fire.
The Council also is authorized to make such independent studies o
Federal buildings and property as it may deem desirable from the
standpoint of fire protection; to maintain a record of fire losses on
Government property; and to review plans for new construction.
    ACITVITIES.-Reports of surveys and other committee actions are
 submitted for adoption at periodic meetings of the Council. Reports
 and recommendations involving matters of general policy are subject
 to the approval of the governing body.
    These reports and other informative material are distributed to the
 membership, to the heads of bureaus and establishments, and to other
 interested Federal, State, and city officials.
    A manual covering the general subject of fire-loss prevention is
 issued by the Council, together with a fire report form and self-inspec-
 tion forms. The latter are intended -for use within departments and
 establishments in connection with regular routine inspections. The
 information on the fire loss is used to determine the principal fire
 caues, the general ratio of fire loss to the total of values subject to
 loss, and its trend.
   Approved.                                              W. E. REYNOLDS
                                                                    Chairman

                        Federal Real Estate Board
                             Federal Works Building
                           EXecutive 4900, Branch 3470

                                       MEMBERS



 Bureau of the Budget---F--              -----       F J. LAWTCN
 Department of the Treasury -R----------               oy BOUH
 War Department-           -           -     —---     J. J. O'BRIEN
 Department of Justice—---         -        ——       J. EDWARD WILLIAMS
 Department   of   the Navy-         --    -  — ANDREW J. MURPHY, Jr.
 Department   of   the Interior-J---          - J     D. WOLFSOHN
 Department   of   Agriculture ----       —- —-- E. H. WirCKING
 Department   of   Commerce -L-—---------        L. W. CLARK
 United States Maritime Commission ---------         PAUL PAGE, Jr.
 National Housing Agency-         ------------       DAVID L. KEOOTH
  Tennessee Valley Authority———-            —-----   JOHN 1. SNYDER




    CREATiON AND. ArTHoiTY.-The Federal Real Estate Board
                                                               was
  established by Executive Order 8034, dated January 14, 1939.
                                FEDERAL WORKS AGENCY                              409
    ORGANIZATION.-The Board is composed of representatives desig-
 nated by the heads of 12 executive departments and agencies. They
 serve without additional compensation and without entailing additional
 expense to the Government.
    ACTIVITIEs.-The Board studies and makes appropriate recommen-
 dations regarding the situation in communities adversely affected by
 the loss of tax revenue on Government-owned land; consults with de-
 partments and agencies concerned where any real property in Federal
 ownership is determined available for the use of a department or an
 agency contemplating acquisition of additional real property; and
 consults and makes recommendations to the department and agencies
 concerned with respect to the disposition of surplus real property.
   Approved.
                                                  R. G. CHURCH
                                                  Acting Clwiiro  an

                  Bureau of Community Facilities
             Federal Works Building, Eighteenth and F Streets NW.
                        EXecutive 4900, Branch 4511

                                     OFFICIALS
Commissioner.     _-.........
                           _..........
                                   _.           _.         GEORGE H. FIELD
Solicitor                .----------------------.......... JOSEPH GUANDOLO
         ommissioner for Research --.-
        eputy                                      .... COL. ARTITUR D. MORRELL
JDeputy Commissioner for Administration -...               WALTER H. DUNCAN
Deputy Commissioner for Engineering---                     PERE F. SEWARD
Deputy Commissioner for Construction,-'..,.                RFE B. NEWMAN
Deputy Commissioner for Service Projects---.      Mrs. MARY G. MOON


   Responsibility for the administration of the provisions of title V of
 the War Mobilization and Reconversion Act of 1944 (58 Stat. 791;
 50 App. U. S. 0. 1671), of the Virgin Islands public works program
 as authorized by the act approved December 20, 1944 (58 Stat. 827),
 and the community facilities program of the Lanham Act, approved
 June 28, 1941 (55 Stat. 361; 42 U. S. C. 1523), as amended, is placed
in the Bureau of Community Facilities, under the general supervision
 *and direction of the Federal Works Administrator.
   Title V of the War Mobilization and Reconversion Act authorizes
the masking of Federal loans or advances to States and other non-Fed-
eral public agencies to assist in the preparation of plans for their
proposed postwar public works. The Seventy-ninth Congress ap-
propriated $30,000,000 for this purpose. The act provides that Fed-
eral funds advanced under this authority are to be repaid without
interest, when construction of projects for which funds have been
thus advanced is undertaken. The act also provides that Congress
is not to be committed, by the making of such advances, to undertake
any project so planned.
   The act of December 20, 1944, authorizes the Federal Works Admin-
istrator to provide or undertake useful public works projects in the
Virgin Islands. The projects include hospitals, sanitation, sewers,
water supply, schools, roads, recreation, markets, etc.
      684356°—46—27
410                -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

   Under the Lanham Act the Federal Works Administrator is, with
the approval of the President, authorized to acquire lands or interest
therein and to construct certain public works on such lands; to make
loans and/or grants to public agencies and to nonprofit private agen-
cies to finance their construction of certain public works; and also
to make contributions to public agencies and to nonprofit private
agencies to assist their operation and maintenance of certain public
works. As the provisions of the Lanham Act administered by the
Federal Works Agency were of a wartime nature, upon the surrender
 of Germany and Japan an orderly liquidation of the program was
initiated and is now in progress.

                                       ACTIVITIES
   Under the Lanham Act program. allotments had been made for
4,082 construction projects as of December 31, 1945-1,144 schools,
872 general hospitals. 725 recreation facilities, 460 water systems,
and lesser numbers of venereal disease hospitals, fire and police sta-
tions, streets and highways, and miscellaneous facilities. These con-
struction activities carried into every State and the Territories and
island possessions.
   The service projects under the Lanham Act were to assist in the
maintenance and operation of public services in connection with the
war effort, and included child care services, regular school services,
 and services for recreation of the service personnel and civilians.
   The advance planning program under title V of the War Mobiliza-
tion and Reconversion Act provides for the making of advances of
.Federal funds to State and political subdivisions to aid them in the
 preparation of drawings and specifications for public works. The
 Bureau of Community Facilities had received, through December
 1945, 4,175 applications from State and local governments for planning
 advances totaling $42,324,000 for public works with total estimated.
 costs of $1.686,097,000. As of the same date 1,826 applications had
 been approved for planning advances totaling $13,248.000 for public
 works with total estimated costs of $564,932,000. The applications
 for these advances are submitted to the Division Engineers in the
 respective areas of the country, who forward them to the Central
 Office of the Bureau in Washington for final action.
    The Virgin Islands public works program for which the Bureau
 is responsible is a 5-year program involving the construction in the
 Islands of public buildings and facilities, ineluding hospitals, sanitary
 sewers and works, water supply, markets, recreation, and road work;
 The Bureau in carrying out this program cooperates with the Public
 Buildings Administration and the Public Roads Administration.
                DIVISION OFFICES-BUREAU OF COMMUNITY FACILITIES

                                   Division                                         Headquarters


                                                                      Rhode      New York17, N. Y.
 No. 1. Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut,
  Island, New York, New Jersey.
                                                                            of   Washington 25, D. C.
 No. 2. Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, West Virginia, District
  Columbia, Ohio.
                                  FEDERAL WORKS AGENCY                                                411
         DIVISION OFFICES-BUREAU OF COMMUNITY FACILITIES-Continued

                                     Division                                            Headquarters

No. 3. North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Tennessee, Alabama,         Atlanta 3, Ga.
  Mississippi.
No. 4. Kentucky, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin ....-   .............        Chicago 6, Ill.
No. 5. Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska,              Kansas City 6, Mo.
 Kansas.
No. 6. Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, Oklahoma -    ......   _____............___..     Fort Worth 2, Tex.
No. 7. Nevada, Arizona, California, Hawaii-.................__....._..._             Berkeley 1, Calif.
No. 8. Montana, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, Alaska --          .......         ....   Seattle 4, Wash.
No. 9. Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming                                           Denver 2, Colo.
Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and the Canal Zone are assigned to the Cen-
 tral Office of the Bureau.


      Approved.
                                                                    GEORGE H. FIELD
                                                                           Commissioner
    American Battie Alenuments Comnmission
               Room 707, Albee Building, 1426 G Street NW.
                         District 2200, Branch 515

                                 OFFICIALS

Chairman                             ..---------   GEN. JOHN J. PERSHING
Vice Chairman ----------------------        -      ROBERT G. WOODSIDE
Commissioner ----------------                      DAVID A. REED
Commissioner -------                               D. JOEN MIARKEY
Commissioner----          —        -   -- ----     FINIs J. GARRETT
Commissioner                  :---                 MRS. CORA W. BAKER
Commissioner -LESLIE                                       L. BIFFLE
Secretary -(VACANCY)


   CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-The American Battle Monuments
Commission was created by act of Congress approved March 4, 1923
(42 Stat. 1509; 36 U. S. C. 121). It derives its authority,from this and
subsequent acts and Executive orders (36 U. S. C. ch. 8; Executive
Orders 6614 of February 26, 1934, 6690 of April 25, 1934, and 9704
of March 14, 1946).
   PURPosE.-The principal purposes of the American Battle Monu-
ments Commission have been (1) to commemorate the services of the
American forces in Europe during World War I by the erection of
suitable memorials, the preparation and publication of historical
information, and in other ways; (2) to administer and maintain World
War I American national cemeteries and memorials in Europe; and
 (3) to exercise control over the erection of memorials in Europe by
American citizens, States, municipalities, or associations. The scope
of its authority was extended by Executive Order 9704, which provides
that the Commission "shall control as to materials and design, and
provide regulations for and supervise the erection of, all memorial
monuments and buildings in American cemeteries located outside of
 the United States and its Territories and possessions, and shall also,
 when authorized by any foreign country or political subdivision
 thereof in which the American armed forces have served, control as to
 materials and design, and provide regulations for the erection of,
 all memorial monuments and buildings located in, and commemorat-
 ing the services of the American armed forces in, any such foreign
 country or political subdivision."
    CoNSTRmuCTION OF AMERICAN MEMORIALS IN EUROPE.-The com-
 pleted construction program of the Commission 'for World War I
 included:
    1. The erection of a memorial chapel in each of the eight American
 cemeteries in Europe, and the construction of service buildings, care-
 takers' houses, and masonry walls at the cemeteries where needed.
 The names of these cemeteries' and their locations are as follows:
        412
                                                                                      University of Minnesota Library - link page




                                   University of Minnesota Library - link page
    PREVIOUS................PART 05 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL 1946 FIRST EDITION (REVISED TO MAY 1)
.
    NEXT....................PART 07 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL 1946 FIRST EDITION (REVISED TO MAY 1)
.
.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:76
posted:1/6/2012
language:English
pages:72