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342 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL reorganization places the Board within the framework of the Depart- ment of Commerce solely for "administrative housekeeping" purposes. In general, the Board performs three chief functions: (1) regula- tion of economic aspects of air carrier operations; (2) promulgation of safety standards and civil air regulations; (3) investigation of aircraft accidents. ECONOMIC REGULATION.-The Board issues certificates of public convenience and necessity to air carriers and permits to foreign air carriers; regulates the filing of tariffs; regulates rates for the carriage of persons and property; prescribes rates of compensation for the car- riage of mail; and regulates accounts, records and reports, .mergers, loans and financial aid, methods of competition, and interlocking relationships. SAFETY REGTULATION.-The Board prescribes safety standards, rules, and regulations and has the power to suspend and revoke safety certificates after hearing (including the disposition of any petition for the reconsideration of the denial by the Administrator of an application for the issuance or renewal of an airman certificate under section 602 (b) of the act). ACCIDENT PREVENTION.-The Board makes rules on notification and report of accidents involving aircraft; investigates such accidents and reports the facts, circumstances, and probable causes; makes its re- ports and recommendations public in such manner as it deems to be in the public interest; investigates complaints and conducts special studies and investigations to reduce aircraft accidents and prevent their recurrence. Approved. Approved. WALLACE HENRY A. Secretary of Commerce Department of Labor Fourteenth Street and Constitution Avenue NW. EXecutive 2420, Branch 24 OFFICIALS Secretary of Labor ------------------------ L. B. SCHWELLENBACH Under Secretary of Labor-------------------- (VACANCY) Assistant Secretary of Labor ------------------ JOHN W. GIBSON Assistant Secretary of Labor------------------ (VACANCY) Assistant Secretary of Labor_ ------------ _--- (VACANCY) Special Assistant to the Secretary------------- ALBERT ABRAHAMSON Special Assistant to the Secretary------------ Louis SHERMAN Director of Information ---------------------- LESLIE EICHEL Solicitor----------------------------------- WILLIAM S. TYSON Director of Personnel ------------------------ ROBERT M. BARNETT Chief Clerk and Budget Officer---------------- JAMES E. DODSON Librarian----------------------------------- LAURA A. THOMPSON Director, U. S. Conciliation Service------------ EDGAR L. WARREN Commissioner of Labor Statistics-------------- A. F. HINRICRH, Acting Chief, Children's Bureau--------------------- KATHARINE F. LENROOT Chief, Women's Bureau --------------------- FRIEDA S. MILLER Director, Division of Labor Standards -------- VERNE A. ZIMMER Administrator, Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions------------------------ L. METCALFE WALLING Director, Apprentice-Training Service---------- WILLIAM F. PATTERSON Director, U. S. Employment Service----------- ROBERT C. GOODWIN Chairman, Wage Adjustment Board ----------- ARTHUR D. HILL, Jr. Chairman, National Wage Stabilization Board - VW.WILLARD WIRTZ Administrator, Retraining and Reemployment Administration---------------------------- MAJ. GEN. G. B. ERSKINE (USMC) Chairman, Shipbuilding Stabilization Committee- E. A. MCMILLAN CR 1ATION AND AUTHORITY.-The Department of Labor, tenth execu- tive department, was created and established in the President's Cabinet by act of Congress approved March 4, 1913 (37 Stat. 736; 5 U. S. C. 1). A Bureau of Labor was first created by.Congress in 1884 under the Interior Department. The Bureau of Labor later became independent as a Department of Labor without executive rank. It again returned to bureau status in the Department of Commerce and Labor which was created by act of February 14, 1903 (32 Stat. 827; 15 U. S. C. 591). Additional duties related to the statutory functions of the Depart- ment of Labor subsequently have been assigned to the Department by new legislation and by Executive order. PURPOSE.-The Organic Act of the Department states that "the pur- pose of the Department of Labor shall be to foster,. promote, and de- velop the welfare of the wage earners of the United States, to im- prove their working conditions, and to advance their opportunities for profitable employment." The Department, through its Children's Bureau, has the responsibility of investigation and report on "all matters pertaining to the welfare of children" including child labor under the Fair Labor Standards Act. 343 gl344 •UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL ORGANIZATON.-The Secretary of Labor directs the Department and establishes its policies. The Secretary by general order has delegated to the Assistant Secretary of Labor administrative responsibility for directing the organization and activities of many of the bureaus, divisions, and other units of the Department. The Department of Labor as at present constituted includes: Apprentice-Training Service United States Conciliation Service Bureau of Labor Statistics United States Employment Service Children's Bureau Wage Adjustment Board Division of Information Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Division of Labor Standards Divisions National Wage Stabilization Board Women's Bureau Office of the Solicitor - Office of Chief Clerk and Budget Cfficer Retraining and Reemployment Admin- Library tation Office of the Director of Personnel Shipbuilding Stabilization Committee ACTIVITIES Apprentice-Training Service The Federal Committee on Apprentice Training, established in the Department of Labor, Division of Labor Standards. under the pro- visions of an act of August 16, 1937 (50 Stat. 664; 29 U. S. C. 50), was transferred to the Federal Security Agency by Executive Order 9139 of April 18, 1942. It was transferred to the War Manpower Com- mission by Executive Order 9247 of September 17, 1942, and returned to the Department of Labor by Executive Order 9617, dated Septem- In cooperation with national advisory committees appointed by the Secretary of Labor, the Service develops and formulates standards of apprenticeship for the training of skilled workers by industry. Such standards deal primarily with the welfare of the apprentice as an employed worker and deal with such matters as adequate work experi- ence, length of apprenticeship, provisions for supervisor, related tech- nical instruction, and employer-eimployee participation. Through its field staff the Service, in cooperation with State apprenticeship agen- cies, endeavors to extend the application of these standards by bringing together employer and labor for the formulation of programs of ap- prenticeship, and by giving technical and advisory service in the de- velopment of programs and in their maintenance and operation. The Service acts as a clearing house for the national apprenticeship program. This is done by providing services for the review of ap- prenticeship programs. for conformity with accepted standards and practices and for the registration of apprentices and apprenticeship programs; by conducting research on matters affecting apprentice- ship and compiling statistics regarding apprentices and apprenticeship programs; and by the preparation of information for the advancement of understandinof f apprenticeship and the creation of general interest in the training of skilled workers through apprenticeship. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 345 FIELD OFFICES-APPRENTIC-E-TRAINING SERVICE [AD-Assistant Director; RS-Regional Supervisor] Field office Officer in charge Address District 1-- ......-....... . . . K. Jenkins, AD- Room 744, 55 Tremont St., Bos- ton 8, Mass. Region I. Massachusetts, New JosephE. Johnson,RS Room 744, 55 Tremont St., Bos- Hampshire, Maine, Vermont, . ton 8, Mass. Rhode Island, Connecticut. Region II. New York-.............. John M. Marion, RS-.-. 617 Old New York State Building, 124 E. 28th St., New York, N.Y. District 2 -...-........ _... William J. Moore, AD.... 601 Feller Building, 3d and Market Sts., Harrisburg, Pa. Region II1. New Jersey, Pennsyl- J. P. Kenney, RS . 811-812 Stephen irard Bldg vania, Delaware. 21 S. 12th St., Philadelphia 7, Pa. Region IV. Virginia, West Virginia, Robert F. Handley, RS... 433 3d St. NW., Maryland, District of Columbia, Washington 25, D. C. North Carolina. Region V. Michigan, Ohio, Ken- John R. Newland, RS.... 674 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleve- tucky. land 14, Ohio. District 3 -- .............-- ------ Maurice M. Hanson, AD. Room 211, 1 W. Wilson St. Madi- son, Wis. Region VI. Illinois, Indiana, Wis- Cecil L. Utterback, RS.__ W. Adams St., 222 Chicago 6, Ill. oensin. Region VIII. Minnesota, Iowa, John F. Barrett, RS-.... 500 Midland Bank Bldg., Min- Nebraska, North Dakota, South neapolis 1, Minn. Dakota. District 4 . ..............-... Fred W. Erhard, AD Washington 25, D. C. Region VII. Georgia, Florida, South Charles N. Conner, RS... 622 Grand Theater Bldg., Atlanta Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, 3 Ga. Tennessee. Region X. Louisiana, Texas, New Travis J. Lewis, RS .... Sixth Floor, MercantileBankBldg. - Mexico. Dallas 2, Tex. District 5 ............................. Edward E. Goshen, AD.. Room 614, 810 14th St., Denver, Colo. Region IX. Missouri, Kansas, Okla- Taylor F. Custer, RS.... 1509 Fidelity Bldg., 911 Walnut homa, Arkansas. St., Kansas City 6, Mo. Region XI. Colorado, Idaho, Mon- Clifford B. Noxon, RS-.... Room 614, 810 14th St., Denver, tana, Utah, Wyoming. Colo. Region XII. Washington, Oregon, Broncel R. Mathis, RS... 627 Western Furniture Exchange California, Arizona, Nevada. and Merchandise Mart, 1355 Market St., San Francisco 3, Calif. Bureau of Labor Statistics The Bureau of Labor Statistics operates under an act of Congress approved March 4,1913, which defined its function as that of acquiring and diffusing information on subjects connected with labor "in the most general and comprehensive sense of that word." The Bureau is the Government's principal fact-finding agency in the field of labor economics, particularly with respect to the collection and analysis of data on employment and manpower developments, wages, industrial relations and accidents, price trends, and costs and standards of living. 684356'-46 23. 346 -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL The Bureau of Labor Statistics has no enforcement or administra- tive functions. Practically all of the basic data it collects from work- ers businessmen, and from other governmental agencies are supplied by those individuals or agencies through voluntary cooperation based on their interest in and need for the analyses and sumnmaries which result. The research and statistical projects planned by the Bureau grow out of the needs of these same groups for information and are based on these requirements as they are made known by the representa- tives of labor, management, and other Government agencies. The and information collected by the Bureau is issued in special bulletins in its official publication, the Monthly Labor Review. EIPLOYIENT AND THE LABOR FoRCE.-One of the Bureau's most important functions is the task of providing current informationon labor the status and characteristics of the employed segment of the force both on a national and State basis. Regular or periodic reports 150 are issued on the trends of employment of the workers in about manufacturing industries and in the more important non-manufac- turing industries such as retail trade, construction, and utilities. Analyses are also made of special problems relating to the character- the istics of the labor force, the long-range outlook for employment in on future, and allied subjects. Information is compiled regularly trends on productivity and unit labor costs in a number of industries and segments of the economy. EARNINGS AND WAGES AND HoURs.-Gross average hourly and weekly earnings, and average weekly hours, based on reports of employment and pay rolls supplied by 150,000 cooperating companies, are issued currently-by the Bureau for approximately 200 industries. The Bureau collects data on straight time average hourly earnings for selected manufacturing and non-manufacturing industries. Sepa- plant rate information is presented for key occupations and for all workers for the most important localities and selected regions and for to pe- the country as a whole. The industries studied vary from period riod depending on current needs. Prevailing practices with regard to provisions vacations, methods of wage payments, sick leave, and similar are also presented. An index of changes in wage rates for broad indus- is prepared try groups by city, region, and for the country as a whole semiannually. The Bureau makes annual surveys in about 75 cities print- of the wage rates agreed upon in union contracts for key jobs in ing and publishing, local streetcar and bus operations, the building trades, motor trucking, and bakeries. ACCIDENTS AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS.-The Bureau conducts regu- lar surveys on the incidence of work injuries and special studies of the causes of accidents, effects of long working hours,, shift rotation, relative performances of impaired workers, and related subjects. The Bureau's file of current union agreements is used as factual back- ground by unions, employers, and conciliation agencies in the settle- ment of industrial disputes and as guidance in the preparation of new agreements over working conditions. Analyses are published cover- ing union agreements in individual industries or occupations or con- cerning such subjects as vacation provisions, overtime, and grievance procedures. Current statistics on work stoppages from industrial disputes are issued monthly by the Bureau. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 347 PRICES AND COST OF LIVING.-The Bureau of Labor Statistics has for many years published the indexes of wholesale and retail prices, rents, and consumers prices. It has been the principal price-collect- ing a gency of the Federal Government outside the field of agriculture. It has also, as a regular function, conducted surveys of goods bought by city workers' families, their family incomes, and their c standards of living. Retail prices are collected regularly from 10,500 stores in 56 cities for food, and from 3,900 outlets in 34 cities for other items such as clothing, housefurnishings, and miscellaneous goods and services. Rents are obtained from tenants for about 54,000 dwelling units in 34 cities. The wholesale index includes primary market prices of approxi- mately 900 raw materials, semi-manufactured goods, and manufac- tured goods divided into 10 major commodity groups and 47 sub- groups. The Bureau's files include price data for over 10,000 com- modities regularly sold in primary markets. Indexes of retail prices are published monthly for 21 large cities and quarterly for 34. Pri- mary market prices are published weekly and monthly. Studies of consumers' expenditures have been conducted from time to time. The most recent published report covers a study made in 1944 of 102 communities. The Bureau is doing a similar st large city areas in 1946. Currently and throughout the war the Bureau's price data were used extensively by labor groups, business, Federal, State, and local govern- ments, the several war agencies, and private individuals. Its staff has rendered technical assistance to State and local governments in matters relative to prices and costs of living. It has acted as a sta- tistical collection agency for the Office of Price Administration on rent statistics, the National Housing Agency on vacancy and occu- pancy studies, for the War Production Board on supplies of important commodities, and for the Office of War Mobilization and Reconver- sion on a varied list of problems. LABOR CONDITIONS IN OTHER COUNTRIES.-The analysis of informa- tion on developments in the labor field in other countries was included in the Bureau's original program. Discussions of the general labor situation in individual countries throughout the world or summaries of available information on a particular subject in the field of labor economics appear in each issue of the Monthly Labor Review. REGIONAL OFFICES-BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS Region Officer in charge Address No. 1. Connecticut, Maine, Massa- Wendell D. Macdonald- Old South Building, 294 Washington chusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Street, Boston 8, Mass. Island, Vermont. No. 2. New Jersey, New York, Dela- Charles C. Center.---- 1000 Parcel Post Building, 341 Ninth ware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Avenue, New York 1, N. Y. Pennsylvania. No. 3. Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio, West Adolph 0. Berger....- 420 Williamson Building, 215 Euclid Virginia, Michigan. Avenue, Cleveland 14, Ohio. 348 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL REGIONAL OFFICES-BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS-Continued Region Officer in charge Address No. 4. Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mis- Harris P.Dawson,Jr_ 308 Carl Witt Building, 249 Peachtree sissippi, North Carolina, South Caro- Street NE., Atlanta3, Ga. lina, Tennessee, Vilginia. No. 5. Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas, Arthur A. Smith -. 522 Irwin-easler Building, Commerce Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, Iowa and Ervay Streets, Dallas 1, Tex. (wage work only), Nebraska (wage 'work only). No. 6. Illinois, Indiana (wage work only), John B. Parrish 312 National War Agencies Building, Minnesota. North Dakota, South 226 W. Jackson Boulevard, Chicago Dakota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Nebraska. 6, 111. No. 7. Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Edison H. Cramer- 406 Burns Vault Building, 1536 Welton Mexico, Utah, Wyoming. Street, Denver 2, Colo. No. 8. Arizona, California, Nevada, WilliamA. Bedsoe .- 643 Furniture Mart, 1355 Market .Washington, Oregon. Street, San Francisco 3, Calif. Children's Bureau CREATION AND AUTIORITY.-The Children's Bureau was created by act of Congress, April 9, 1912 (37 Stat. 79; 29 U. S. C. 18-18c) ; under the act of March 4, 1913 (37 Stat. 736; 5 U. S. C. 1), it was placed in the Department of Labor. The Bureau exercises administrative functions under title V, parts 1, 2, and 3, of the Social Security Act (49 Stat. 629, as amended by 53 Stat. 1380; 42 U. S. C. 701-31) and under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (52 Stat. 1060; 29 U. S. C. 201-19). The purpose of the Bureau is to protect child life and to increase opportunity for the full development of all our children by promoting the health, social welfare, and educational advantages, and protecting children and youth from harmful employment. This purpose is car- ried out through research and reporting; consultation service; admin- istration of grants-in-aid to the States for maternal and child health, crippled children's and child-welfare services; and administration of the child-labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act. ORGANIZATION.-Under the Chief and Associate Chief, the Bureau functions throiigh seven divisions and four interdivisional units; Division of Research in Child Development, Division of Health Serv- ices, Special Service Division, Industrial Division, Division of Sta- tistical Research, Division of Reports, Business Management Divi- sion; Mental Health Unit, Merit System Unit, State Audits Units, and Inter-American Unit. The Division of Health Services, which administers grants to States for maternal and child health services and for services for crippled children, provides regional medical, nursing, nutrition, and medical- social consultant service in 8 regions. The Social Service Division, which administers grants to States for child-welfare services, has II regional child-welfare consultants. The Industrial Division, which administers the child-labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act, has 6 regional child-labor consultants assisted by 8 associate child-labor consultants. RESEARCII AND ADVISORY FUNCTIONS.-In carrying out the respon- sibility assigned by the organic act, namely, to study and report on DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 349 all that pertains to the welfare of children, the Bureau makes studies, compiles statistics, develops standards, gives advisory service, and issues publications, both technical and popular. The research work of the Bureau and its publications relate to such subjects as: the care by parents of the baby and of older children, the medical and nursing care of premature babies, the statistics of infant and maternal mortal- ity, child mortality from specific causes, child nutrition, the mental health and the physical handicaps of children, social services for chil- dren who need help in their own homes or in foster care and for un- married mothers and their babies, adoption, guardianship, services for children of emiployed mothers, prevention and control of juvenile de- linquency, juvenile court statistics, prevention of child labor, extent of youth employment, protection of young workers from hazardous occupations, and legislation affecting children and youth. Three of the Bureau's most widely used publications for parents are PrenatalCare, Infant Care, and Your Child from One to Six. For professioinal workers and citizens interested in health and social serv- ices for children, the Bureau publishes a monthly bulletin, The Child. GRANTS TO STATES FOPR MATERNAL AND CHILD-HEALTH SERVICES.- Under title V, part 1, Social Security Act, the Bureau administers, through its Division of Health Services, grants to State health agen- cies for extending and improving health services for mothers and children (annua appropriation $5,820,000). In some but not all counties, as yet, these services include maternity clinics for prenatal and postnatal care of mothers, and child-health conferences for super- vision of the health of children under school age by physicians, assisted by public health nurses and other professional and technical workers in the health field. Health services for school children are also part of the program, including health supervision by physicians, dentists, public health nurses, and nutritionists. Many of the State programs include dental care for children, nutrition education, inspection and licensing of hospital maternity services, maternal and infant mortality and morbidity studies, and postgraduate education for physicians, dentists, and nurses. The Bureau provides medical consultation service (obstetric, pedi- atric, and orthopedic) and dental, nursing, and medical-social consulta- tion service to State health agencies administering the program. Since 1943 Congress has appropriated funds, administered by the Bureau through the same division, Health Services, for emergency ma- ternity and infant care of -wives and babies of men in the four lowest pay grades of the armed forces and of aviation cadets ($44,189,500 for the year ending June 30, 1946). From these funds, without regard to financial need or residence in a State, State health agencies authorize prenatal, delivery (including hospitalization), and postnatal care for wives of servicemen, and health supervision and medical, nursing, and hospital care for their babies as needed in the first year of life. GRANTS TO STATES FOR SERVICES FOR CRIPPLED CHILDREN.-Under title V, part 2, Social Security Act, the Bureau administers, through the Division of Health Services, grants to State crippled children's agencies for extending and improving services for crippled children (annual appropriation $3,870,000). These agencies, usually in the health or welfare department, use the funds to provide medical, surgi- 350 'UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL are cal corrective, and other services and care for children who to crippled or suffering from conditions that may lead to crippling and provide facilities for diagnosis, hospitalization, and aftercare for these children. Most of them are suffering from conditions due to infantile paralysis, congenital defects, birth injuries, accidents, rickets, osteomyelitis, bone and joint tuberculosis, and rheumatic fever or heart disease. Each State maintains a register of the crippled children found within its borders. The Children's Bureau provides consultation service to the State agencies on methods and procedures; standards for the selection of physicians, surgeons, and hospitals participating in the care of crippled children; and the provision of medical and social aftercare services V, GRANTS TO STATES FOR CHILD-WELFARE SERVICEs.-Under title part 3, Social Security Act, the Bureau administers through its Social Service Division grants to State public welfare agencies for the pur- pose of extending and strengthening, especially in predominantly rural areas, public welfare services for the protection and care of homeless, dependent, and neglected children and children in danger of becoming delinquent (annual appropriation $1,510,000). For each State public welfare agency, the division responsible for services to children plans and directs the program for child welfare services. Federal funds are used in part to provide State staff mem- bers to give supervisory service in the development of county or other local child welfare programs. In developing local services, most of the State agencies use Federal of a funds in selected counties or local areas to pay part of the cost child welfare program within the county or other local subdivision. under A child may be referred to the child welfare worker employed such a program by the school, the police, the juvenile court worker, problems the child's nei-hbors, or his family. The worker studies the with his of the child to determine with the aid of others concerned met at welfare, what the child needs and whether his needs can be home, at school, or, if necessary, in a hospital, a foster home, or a to aid children's institution. In some States, Federal funds are used child the child welfare programs in all counties, thus strengthening welfare services throughout the State. of the Social In the administration of these grants the regional staff Service Division participates in the joint development of plans and agencies. gives advisory and consultant service to State public welfare of the CHILD LABOR ADMINISTRATION.-The child labor provisions employ- Fair Labor Standards Act exclude children under 16 frominterstate ment in establishments producing goods for shipment in commerce except that children of 14 and 15 may work in occupationsHaz- other than manufacturing and mining under certain conditions. for em- ardous-occupations orders setting a minimum age of 18 years Chief the ployment in particularly hazardous occupations are issued by of the Bureau after investigation and public hearing. these provi- The Children's Bureau program for administration of use of em- sions includes (1) a certification program to promote the to detect ployment and age certificates and (2) an inspection program are the violations. Basic to all observance of child labor standards systems now existing in all States for the issuance of employment or DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 351 age certificates for boys and girls before they go to work-certificates showing that they have met age and other requirements for taking the job. The Bureau accepts certificates issued under State laws as proof of age under the Federal act and assists the agencies responsible for issuance of the certificates in developing programs that meet accepta- ble standards. The inspection program is conducted with the coopera- tion of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of. the De- partment of Labor which are responsible for enforcing Federal wage- and-hour standards for workers of all ages. NATIONAL COMMISSION ON CHILDREN IN WARTIME.-The Children's Bureau works in cooperation with Federal and State agencies, with State committees concerned with children, and with National, State, and local organizations to strengthen services for children and youth. The National Commission on Children in Wartime was appointed by the Bureau in 1942 and reappointed in 1944 to review all aspects of the needs of children in wartime and in the transition to peace. Its membership of some 80 representative citizens interested in the health and social welfare of children include the chairmen of the Children's Bureau advisory committees. The Commission has made specific pro- posals as a guide to national, State, and local organizations and agen- cies in planning for the active extension and improvement of children's services slowed up by the war. These proposals the Bureau presented in April 1945 in Building the Future for Children and Youth. COOPERATION WITH OTHER COUNTRIES.-The Children's Bureau re- ceives information and responds to requests for information and advice on services for children and youth from agencies in other coun- tries and from international organizations such as the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration and the International Labor Organization. The Bureau cooperates with the other American republics under a program sponsored by the Department of State through the Inter- departmental Committee on Scientific and Cultural Cooperation. Consultants on maternal and child health and social services are as- signed to the other countries on request and administrators of official health and social services are invited to the United States for observa- tions and for training. The Chief of the Bureau represents the United -States on the Council of the American International Institute for the Protection of Childhood. Spanish, Portugese, and French editions of the Bureau's publications for parents, translated by the Department of State, are distributed in the other American republics by the diplo- matic missions of the United States. - Division of Information The Division of Information prepares and distributes information dealing with the work of- all bureaus, offices, and divisions of the Department and operates as a clearing house for all information of value to labor and to the general public which originates in those bureaus, offices, and divisions. The Director of the Division is the agent through whom knowledge of the programs and facilities of the Department is transmitted to the public. He is responsible for ade- quate distribution of economic, technical, and statistical materials 352 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL developed through research and analysis in the various bureaus, offices, and divisions and for review of materials prepared in the various offices of the Department for conformity with general policy, accuracy, and presentability. The Director supervises relations with the press and issuance of releases to the public and, as clearance officer of the Department, determines the need and suitability of format of all infor mational publications planned and prepared in the Department. Division of Labor Standards The Division of Labor Standards, established by departmental order in 1934, is a service agency to State labor departments and State officials, and to labor, employer, and civic groups interested in the improvement of working conditions. The Division is authorized to develop desirable labor standards in industrial practice, labor legisla- tion, and labor law administration. PROMOTION OF LABOR STANDARDS.-The Division is responsible for technical service on labor legislation and its administration given to State labor departments, trade unions, and other agencies working .toward improved labor legislation; preparation and distribution of legislative digests and reports, summaries of labor laws and regula- tions, analyses of court decisions relating to labor laws; publication of bulletins on all phases of the program of the Division general cor- respondence relating to labor legislation and working conditions, with special reference to grievance procedures, hours of work, and per- sonnel practices. FEDERAL-STATE COORDINATION.-The Division is charged with the coordination of Federal and State activities relating to the enforce- ment of wage, hour, industrial home work, child labor, and safety and health legislation for the purpose of reducing duplication of inspection and providing for the most effective use of Federal and State staffs. SAFETY AND HEALTH.-The Division is also responsible for assistance in developing and applying standards of safety and health in industry, technical advice and service on safety and health to State labor de- partments, trade unions, and employers; promoting safety training programs for industrial supervisory personnel and union safety repre- sentatives; publication of technical safety bulletins. LABOR EDUCATION STANDARDS.-The Division prepares guides for use by labor and management in industrial relations training and labor education. It assists individual groups in carrying out demon- stration projects along these lines and advises on work of other or- ganizations in this field. VISUAL INFORMATION BRANCH.-This branch translates labor prob- lems and research concerning the welfare of wage earners into large scale exhibits, illustrated material, and photographs. This material is used at expositions, conventions, conferences of industrial associa- tions, labor groups, and in industrial plants. National Wage Stabilization Board CREATION AND AtmTHORITY.-The National Wage Stabilization Board was established within the Department of Labor by Executive Order DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 353 9672 of December 31, 1945. The Board is tripartite in composition with members representing employers, employees, and the public. IThe Executive order provides that the Board shall be administered as an organizational entity and shall be independent with respect to its policies, decisions, and control of personnel. The same Executive order terminated the National War Labor Board which had been created by Executive Order 9017 of January 12, 1942, and had subse- quently been transferred to the Department of Labor by Executive Order 9617 dated September 19, 1945. The National Wage Stabilization Board, by virtue of Executive Order 9672, succeeded to all the powers, functions, and responsibilities of the National War Labor Board relating to the stabilization of wages and salaries. In addition, certain functions of the National War Labor Board relating to the settlement of labor disputes were transferred to the National Wage Stabilization Board. These limited dispute settlement functions included only the continued operation of the Steel, Textile, and Meat-Packing Commissions, previously established by the War Labor Board; the appointment of arbitrators to the extent necessary under War Labor Board orders or under collective bargaining agreements; the disposition of applications filed pursuant to section 5 of the War Labor Disputes Act; and the receipt of strike notices pursuant to section 8 of that act. None of the other labor dis- pute settling functions of the War Labor Board was transferred to the National Wage Stabilization Board. ACTIVITITrs.-The National Wage Stabilization Board's functions re- lating to the stabilization of wages and salaries include: acting on applications for approval of wage or salary increases; acting on appli- cations for approval of wage or salary decreases; and carrying out the program for the enforcement of the stabilization rules. Under the Executive orders and regulations promulgated pursuant to the Stabilization Act of October 2, 1942 (56 Stat. 765; 50 App. U. S. C. 961), any wage or salary increase with certain exceptions, may lawfully be made after August 18, 1945, without approval. The stabilization rules, however, limit the effect which may be given to such wage or salary increases for purposes of increasing price or rent ceilings or increasing the cost of goods or services furnished under contract to the Federal Government. Therefore, the National Wage Stabilization Board is called upon to determine, on the basis of volun- tary applications, whether wage or salary increases are approvable so that they can be used as a basis for seeking price relief or for increasing costs to the Government. Under the Wage Stabilization rules, wage decreases may not be made lawfully without approval. Therefore the Board must act on all ap- plications seeking approval of decreases of wages and salaries subject to the Board's jurisdiction. The Stabilization Act and the rules issued thereunder provide for the imposition of certain penalties in the event of violation of the stabilization rules. The National Wage Stabilization Board is charged with the responsibility for enforcing these rules and determining the extent to which any of the prescribed sanctions shall be applied in cases where there has been a violation of the rules. 354 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL In addition to the foregoing stabilization functions, the National Wage Stabilization Board also carries out the limited functions relat- ing to labor dispute cases which are prescribed in Executive Order EGIONAL BOARDS AND BOARD AGENTS.-The National Wage Sta- bilization Board has delegated authority to 12 regional boards, each composed of representatives of employers, employees, and of the public, to carry out the functions of the National Board in the regions served by such regional boards. In addition, the Wage Adjustment Board or the building construction industry, acts as the agent of the National Wage Stabilization Board with respect to applications for approval of wage adjustments involving employees in the building construction industry. The Steel Commission, the Meat Packing Commission, and the Textile Commission also act as agents of the National Wage Sta- bilization Board for the purpose of carrying out certain provisions of directive orders issued by the National War Labor Board prior to its termination. REGIONAL BOARDS-NATIONAL WAGE STABILIZATION BOARD Region Regional Chairman Address No. i. Maine, New Hampshire, Ver- Lester S. Cramer .- 209 Washington Street, Boston , Mass. mont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, onneeticut. No. 2. New York, northern New Jersey Sidney Sugarman -...--- 299 Broadway, New York 7, N.Y. No.3. Pennsylvania, Delaware, Mary- Joseph Bell -_ _..- 21 S. Twelfth Street, Philadelphia 7, land, District of Columbia, southern Pa. No. 4. Georgia, North Oarolina, South Henry Meyer.-..--..- 116 Candler Building, Atlanta 1, Ga. Carolina, Florida, Tennessee, Ala- No. B. Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky- George Maxwell--- 3d Floor, Guardian Building, 629 Eu- clid Avenue, Cleveland 14, Ohio. No. 6. Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, John 0. McCurry --- McCormick Building, 332 S. Michigan Minnesota, North Dakota, South Avenue, Chicago 6, Ill. No. 7. Missouri, Arkansas, Nebraska, A. T. Granoff--1.--.- 11th Floor, Fidelity Building, Kansas No. 8. Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma-- A. Langley Coffey--- New Mercantile Bank Building, Dallas Paramount Building, Denver 2, No. 9. Colorado, New Mexico, Mon- J. Glenn Donaldson-. 300 tana, Wyoming, Utah, Idaho. Co. No. 1O. California, Nevada, Arizona --- Thomas F. Neblett - 1355 Market Street, San Francisco 3, Calif. No. lt. Michigan-------- John P. Boyce----— 230 Fenobscot Building, Detroit 26,' No. 12. Oregon, Washington, Alaska-- John MCourt.-- .. 1411 Fourth Avenue Building, Seattle 1, Wash. Office of the Solicitor The Solicitor is the chief law officer of the Department of Labor.at- Responsible to him is an immediate staff of assistants and various the torneys stationed in field offices of the Department throughout United States and Puerto Rico. to The Solicitor acts as legal adviser to the Secretary of Labor and the other administrative officers of the Department. The Solicitor DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 355 and attorneys on his staff perform legal services for the Wage and i-our and Public Contracts Divisions, the Children's Bureau, the U. S. Conciliation Service, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Women's Bureau, the U. S. Employment Service, the Retraining and Reemploy- ment Administration, and other bureaus and divisions within the Department and assist in the preparation of administrative rules and regulations and interpretations of statutes administered by the Depart- ment. They assist also in the preparation of and reports on proposed legislation. The Solicitor's staff prepares or reviews all contracts and bonds entered into by or with the Department. The Solicitor's Office supervises the predetermination of prevailing rates of wages on Federal contracts pursuant to the Davis-Bacon law. The Solicitor is in charge of the litigation of the Department. He represents the Administrator of the Wage and Hour Division and the Chief of the Children's Bureau in all court actions involving the Fair Labor Standards Act. In litigation involving departmental activi- ties handled by the Department of Justice, the Solicitor's Office assists in the preparation, trial, and briefing of the cases. His staff prosecutes complaints of violations of the Public Contracts Act, and represents the Department officials in administrative hearings. The regional attorneys on the staff of the Solicitor act as legal ad- visers to the regional offices of the Department. Their principal ac- tivity relates to the administration and enforcement of the Fair Labor Standards Act, the Public Contracts Act, and other laws under the jurisdiction of the Department. REGIONAL OFFICES-OFFICE OF THE SOLICITOR Region Regional attorney Address No. 1. Maine, New Hampshire, Ver- George H. Foley-..... Old South Bldg., 294 Washington mont, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, St., Boston 8, Mass. Connecticut. No. 2. New York, New Jersey-....... Irving Rozen .......... 341 9th Ave., New York, N. Y. No. 3. Pennsylvania, Delaware - .-. Ernest N. Votaw.-....... 1216 Widener Bldg., Chestnut and Juniper Sts., Philadelphia 7, Pa. No. 4. West Virginia, Virginia, Mary- Lemuel H. Davis-........ 627 East Main St., Richmond 19; land. Va. No. 5. Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, George A. Downing-..... 249 Peachtree St. NE., Atlanta 3, North Carolina. Ga. No. 6. Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana- Jerome A. Cooper -... —. 1007 Comer Bldg., Birmingham 3, .Ala. No. 7. Tennessee, Kentucky -...---- Glenn M. Elliott - ...- 119 7th Ave. N., Nashville 3, Tenn. No. 8. Michigan, Ohio --- .......- Aaron A. Caghan ...-...- 4237 Post Office Bldg., Cleveland 13, Ohio. No. 9. Illinois, Wisconsin, Indiana ---- Kenneth P. Montgomery- 222 West North Bank Dr., Chicago 54, III. No. 10. Minnesota, North Dakota, James M. Miller-...—-- 730 Hennepin Ave., Minneapolis South Dakota, Montana. 3, Minn. No. 11. Kansas, Iowa, Missouri, Nebras- Reid Williams--- t.....- 911 Walnut St., Kansas City 6, Mo. ka, Wyoming, Colorado. No. 12. Texas, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Earl Street --.- .- 1100 Main St., Dallas 2, Tex. New Mexico. No. 13. California, Washington, Oregon, Dorothy M. Williams - 785 Market St., San Francisco 3, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Arizona. Calif. San Juan, P. R-..- ....... George W. Kretzinger,Jr_ 356 -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL Retraining and Reemployment Administration The Retraining and Reemployment Administration, created by Ex- ecutive Order 9427 of February 24, 1944, and by title III of the War Mobilization and Reconversion Act of 1944 (58 Stat. 788; 50 U. S. C. 1661) was transferred from the Office of War Mobilization and Re- conversion to the Department of Labor by Executive Order 9617 of September 19, 1945. The Administration is authorized to have general supervision and direction of the activities of all existing executive agencies (except the Veterans Administration and the Administrator of Veterans Affairs) relating to retraining, reemployment, vocational education, and vocational rehabilitation of persons discharged or re- leased from the armed services or other war work and to coordinate such activities and eliminate overlapping functions; to issue regula- tions in connection with such work already provided for by law; and to coordinate the activities of Federal agencies with those of State and local agencies engaged in retraining, reemployment, vocational education, and vocational rehabilitation. Shipbuilding Stabilization Committee The Shipbuilding Stabilization Committee, first organized by the National Defense Advisory Commission in 1940, was established in its present form in August 1942 by the War Production Board as a committee of 31 members, consisting of 12 representatives from ship- building management, 6 representatives from the Metal Trades Department of the American Federation of Labor, 6 representatives from the Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America, two representatives from the Navy Department, 2 repre- sentatives from the Maritime Commission, 2 representatives from the War Department, and 1 representative from the War Production Executive Order 9656 of November 15, 1945, transferred the Ship- building Stabilization Committee to the Department of Labor from the Civilian Production Administration, the successor agency estab- lished upon the termination of the War Production Board. Basic wage rates and certain working conditions in the shipbuild- ing industry are stabilized by four uniform, voluntary, tripartite agreements between Government, management, and labor in four shipbuilding zones (Atlantic, Pacific, Gulf, and Great Lakes). Under the authority of the Chicago Amendments to the Zone Standards Agreements, the Shipbuilding Stabilization Committee administers the Zone Standards Agreements. Through conferences conducted under the auspices of the Shipbuilding Stabilization Com- mittee, the Zone Standards Agreements are amended from time to time and are the basic framework for the stabilization of labor con- ditions in the shipbuilding industry. United States Conciliation Service Under the organic act establishing the Department, March 4, 1913, the Secretary is authorized to act as a mediator or to appoint com- missioners of conciliation whenever such action is necessary in the interests of industrial peace. This task of dealing with industrial DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 357 controversies is carried on by the Conciliation Service, which seeks to bring about peaceful settlements of disputes arising in various sections of the country between employers and employees. The settlement of industrial disputes is carried out by 3 operating branches under the supervision of the Director of Conciliation: Field Operations, Arbitration, and Technical Service. The Field Operations Branch, through 7 regional offices, furnishes mediation services at the request of either of the parties in dispute, or offers its services in the case of strikes or threatened strikes. The assigned commissioner of conciliation attempts to bring about a set- tlement of the issues involved which is acceptable to both labor and management. The Arbitration Branch at the request of both parties in a dispute appoints arbitrators who make final decisions on those issues failing of mediation. Such an arbitration award is binding on both parties since they have previously stipulated to be bound by the decision. A large part of the work is carried on in connection with the appoint- ment of arbitrators to make final and binding decisions on grievances arising under the terms of existing contracts. In addition, where mediation has failed and both parties request the appointment of an arbitrator to make final and binding decisions on the terms and con- ditions of employment to be included in the contract, the Branch appoints such arbitrators. The Technical Service Branch makes specific plant studies at the request of either the commissioner assigned to a dispute or at the joint request of the parties. The factual findings of the Branch are used by the parties in arriving at a mutually agreeable solution to the con- troversy. Studies are made by the Branch on such problems as wage incentive and piece-rate plans, job evaluation and classifications, merit systems, and other related areas of industrial relations. The training of new commissioners is under the supervision of the Procedures and Training Branch, which also conducts refresher courses for commissioners in the field in the latest techniques and methods of conciliation, summarizes new labor legislation, current trends in indus- trial relations, and other related fields. The Branch prepares hand- books on various industries with regard to contracts and industrial relations, summarizes Federal and State legislation and court decisions, and compiles manuals of policy and operation. The Branch collects operating statistics for the conciliation Service and reviews and analyzes individual case files. REGIONAL OFFICES-UNITED STATES CONCILIATION SERVICE Region Regional director Address No. 1. Maine, New Hampshire, Ver- Howard Durham, 294 Washington St., Boston 8, Mass. mont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Acting. Rhode Island. No. 2. New York, New Jersey, Pennsyl- H. R. Colwell .......- Room 1016, 341 9th Ave., New York 1, vania, Delaware, Maryland, District N. Y. of Columbia. Branch Office -..........................................- 1200 Tower Bldg., 222 East Baltimore St., Baltimore 2, Md. Branch Office--..................- ........................ 1617Widener Bldg., Philadelphia 7, Pa. Field Office ------------............................................... 608 May Bldg., Pittsburgh 22, Pa. 358 TJUNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL REGIONAL OFFICES-UNITED STATES CONCILIATION SERVICE-Continued Region Regional director Address No. 3. Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky, E. J. Cunningham .. 258 Federal Bldg., Cleveland 14, Ohio. Indiana (except Lake County), lower Michigan. Branch Office - '-———-- 321 Federal Bldg., Detroit 26, ich. Field Office -------------------.--- 445-6 Post Office Bldg., Cincinti 2, Ohio. Field Office ......---------- Room 1301,108 East WashingtonBldg., R- Indianapolis 4, Ind. No. 4. Virginia, North Carolina, South C. H. Williams -- Rooms 515-23, 10 Forsyth St. Bldg., Carolina, George, Florida, Tennessee, Atlanta 3, Ga. Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Panama CanalZone. Field Office _ 1212 Comer Bldg., Birmingham 3, Ala. Office ------------------.--- Field 214 Federal Bldg., Chattanga 2, Tenn. Field Office ...-....................----. ......... 1115Richards Bldg., New Orleans 12, La. Field Office- .---------------- _- _- _ Rooms 4-b, State Capitol Bldg., Rich- mond 19, Va. San Juan, P. R., Office - - - P. 0O.Box 2584, San Juan, P. R. No. S. Iowa, Missouri (including St. W. F. White .- - 11408Fidelity Bldg., Kansas City 6, Mo. Cair, Madison, and Monroe Counties in Illinois), Arkansas, Nebraska, Kan- sas, Oklahoma, Texas (except El Paso and Hudspeth Counties). Branch Office - - 1100 Main St., Dallas 2, Tex. Branch Office --- 400old Customhouse, St. Louis I, Mo. Field Office ----- :------- -- ----- 0 Equitable Bldg., Des Moines 9, 4-0-'-1-------- Field Office—--- - -- --- - - - - Rooms 710--12, Federal Office Bldg., Houston, Tex. No. 6. Illinois (including Lake County, J. S. Spillane- ---.. Room 375, 222 West Adams St., Chi- Ind., but excluding St. Clair, Madison, cage 6, 111. and Monroe Counties, Ill.), Wisconsin, the upper peninsula of Michigan, Min- nesota, North Dakota, South Dakota. Branch Office - - 210 U. S. Courthouse, Minneapolis I, Minn. Field Office - —-- 632 Federal Bldg., Milwaukee 2, Wis. No. 7. Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, E. P. Marsh -1- 533 Phelan Bldg., San Francisco 2, New Mexico (including El Paso and Calif. Hudspeth Counties, Tex.), Idaho, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, Washington, Oregon, California, Hawaii, Alaska. Field Office ———- -1 02 Chamber of Commerce Bldg., Denver 2, Colo. Field Office -1 ——- 345 Federal Bldg., Honolulu, T. H. Field Office------------------------1 dal Bldg., Los Angeles 12, r------- Calif. Field Office —-- --- —- — — 303 Old U. S. Courthouse, Portland 4, Oreg. -_ Field Office- _ -- -. 420 Seaboard Bldg., Seattle 1, Wash. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 359 United States Employment Service Government participation in placement of workers originated with the creation in 1907 of the Division of Information of the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization in the Department of Labor. The Employment Service, established as a unit in the Department of Labor in 1918 by departmental order, was abolished in 1933 upon the estab- lishment of the United States Employment Service. The United States Employment Service was established in the De- partment of Labor by act of Congress approved June 6, 1933 (48 Stat. 113; 29 U. S. C. 49). Its functions were to promote and develop a national system of public employment offices; to maintain a veterans service to be devoted to securing employment for veterans; to main- tain a farm placement service; to maintain a public employment serv- ice for the District of Columbia; and to assist in establishing and maintaining systems of public employment offices in the several States, to assist in coordinating such systems throughout the country and in increasing their usefulness by developing and prescribing minimum standards of efficiency, promoting uniformity .in administrative and statistical procedure, furnishing information as to opportunities for employment and other information of value in the operation of the system, and maintaining a system for clearing labor among the several States. IUnder the President's Reorganization Plan 1, effective July 1,1939, the United States Employment Service was consolidated with the unemployment compensation functions in the Social Security Board in the Federal Security Agency. As of January 1, 1942, the State Employment Services were brought directly under Federal operation. Executive Order 9247, of September 17, 1942, transferred the United States Employment Service to the War Manpower Commission where, during the war period, it carried the major burden of the manpower program. By Executive Order 9617 of September 19, 1945, the War Manpower Commission was terminated and the United States Employment Serv- ice was transferred to the Department of Labor. VETERANS EMPLOYMENT SERVICE The Veterans Employment Service functions through local offices of the United States Employment Service. It operates -under the jurisdiction of the Veterans Placement Service Board which con- sists of the Administrator of Veterans Affairs, as chairman, the direc- tor of the Selective Service System, and the Secretary of the United States Department of Labor. Policies and programs of the Veterans Employment Service are determined by the Board and are carried out through its executive secretary, who is also chief of the Veterans Employment Service, and by State Veterans Employment Representa- tives who are functionally responsible for supervision- of -the employ- ment interests of veterans registered with local offices of the United States Employment Service. 360 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL EMPLOYMENT STATE OFFICES-U. S. EMPLOYMENT SERVICE AND VETERANS SERVICE REPRESENTATIVE Veterans Employment Service State U. S. Employment Service Representative Alabama . .------ -- 326 First National Bank Building, 326 First National Bank Building, Montgomery. Montgomery. Alaska-........ 315 Federal Building (Box 471), Juneau. .Arizona--------- 428 Security Building, Phoenix-——- Security Building, Phoenix. 811 a s .--- - Old Post Office Building, Little Rock_ Old Post Office Building (Box 2019), Little Rock. Sharon Building, 55 New Mont- California (Northern) -- 153 Kearny Street, San Francisco--..... 401-02 gomery Street, San Francisco 5. California (Southern)-- 1031 S. Broadway, Los Angeles' 1-- 1031 S. Broadway, Los Angeles 15 C l o -- 201 Chamber of Commerce Building, 214 Chamber of Commerce Building, Denver. Denver. Connecticut --- 122 Washington Street, Hartford 6 122 Washington Street, Hartford 6. and King Delaware - -- - DiSabatino Building, 200 W. Ninth U. S. Customhouse, Sixth Street, Wilmington. Streets, Wilmington. Street NW., Washington 25. District of Columbia -— 433 Third Street NW., Washington 25- 433 Third Florida---------- 409 W. Adams Street (P. 0. Box 1979), 1312 Barnett National Bank Building Jacksonville. (Box 1499), Jacksonville. 1276), Georgia --.-.------- 86S Luckie Street NW., Atlanta 1 . 86 Luckie Street NW. (Box Atlanta 1. Hawaii P. 0. Box 3680, Honolulu -- —- — P. 0. Box 3680, Honolulu. .------ . .... Idah. 802 Grove Street, Boise ----------- 159 S. Eighth Street (Box 877), Boise. Illinois----- ..... Room 414, 222 W. North Bank Drive, Room 414, 222 W. North Bank Drive, Chicago 54. Chicago 54. Indianapolis 4. Indiana - .--------- 105 S. Meridian Street,Indianapolis 4- 105 S. Meridian Street, - 112Eleventh Street, Des Moines --- 419 Federal Office Building, Des Iowa --- Moines 9. 512 New England Building, Topeka. Kansas------------------439 New England Building, Topeka.-- S. Fifth Street, Louisville -- --- 520 Federal Building, Louisville 2. Kentucky -620 742 Laurel Street, Baton Rouge—- - 127 Elk Place, New Orleans 13. Louisiana- 33iWater Street, Augusta..----- -- 76 Pearl Street, Poriland 3. Maine ------ 3002 O'Sullivan Building, Baltimore 2- 935 O'Sullivan Building, Baltimore 2. Maryland-1- 881 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston.- 881 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston. Massachusetts-- 1164 Penobscot Building, Detroit 26- 800 Boulevard Building, 7310 Wood- Michigan - ward Avenue, Dstroit. 369 Cedar Street, St. Paul 1--——- Si9 Cedar Street, St. Paul 1. Minnesota- -- IW N. State Street, Jackson-.—- - los 319 N. President Street, Jackson. Misssssippi - - 310 E. Capitol Avenue, Jefferson City- 310 E. Capitol Avenue (Box 86), Jeffer Missouri-1-. son City. - 3321 Fuller Avenue (P. 0. Box 1718), 322 Fuller Avenu3 (Box 953), Helena. Montana—--- 220 Street, Lincoln 8-- ---- 1220 N Street (Box 1033), Lincoln 8. Nebraska- - - N. Virginia Street, Reno -- - Bradley Building (Box 2071), Reno. Nevada-- 32 1"" Main Street, Concord-——— S. 34 S. Main Street, Concord. New Hampshire'- 219 E. Hanover Street (P. 0. Box 170), Room 222, 219 E. Hanover Street, New erSey- Trenton. Trenton. --- S. Sixth Street, Albuquerque --- III S. Sixth Street (Box 1492), Albu- New Mexico - querque. II W. Forty- New York -11 W. Forty-second Street, New York Twenty-second Floor, 18. second Street, New York 18. aswellBuilding (Box 2209), Raleigh COaswellBuilding (Box 2209), Raleigh. North Carolina- " 305 N. Broadway, Bismarck- -- 211 Walker Building (Box 829), Fargo. North Dakota"- 427 Cleveland Avenue, Columbus 16- 427 Cleveland Avenue, Columbus 16. io -- olcord Building, Oklahoma City 2-- 600 Colcord Building, Oklahoma, Oklahoma--C City 2. Central Building, Portland -- —-218 Pioneer Post Office Building, Oregon-300 Portland 4. DEPARTIVIENT OF LABOR 361 STATE OFFICES-U. S. EMPLOYMENT SERVICE AND VETERANS EMPLOYMENT SERVICE REPRESENTATIVE-Continued State U. S. Employment Service Veterans Enmployment Service Repre- sentative Pennsylvania-.......... 1835 N. Third Street, Harrisburg...... 1835 N. Third Street. Harrsburg Puerto Rico--........... 5 Barbosa Street (P. O. Box 4384), San 5 J. C. Barbosa Street (Box 4384), San Juan 22. Juan. Rhode Island---.......-.. 901 Union Trust Building, Providence. 901 Union I rust Building, Providence South Carolina ...... ..- Senate Street, Columbia -—..- - 1429 Federal Land Bank Building, 1401 Hampton Street (Box 1227), Colum- bia. South Dakota-.......... 422k S. Main Street, Aberdeen-..... 422½2 S. Main Street, Aberdeen Tennessea- ...... . 1110 Warner Building, Nashville - . 316-18 Cotton States Building, Nash- ville 3. Texas--------........... 204 Brown Building, Austin -..- ..- 208 Brown Building (Box 957), Austin. Utah---..........._ 610 Newhouse Building, Salt Lake 617 Newhouse Building, Salt Lake City 1. City 1. Vermont -———— —_- School Street, Montpelier -- 7 —- 14 Cottage Street, Rutland. Virginia--——--1-——--.__ _ 306 Broad-Grace Arcade, Richmond 19- 201 Broad-Grace Arcade, Richmond 19. Washington----...-.....- 201 Ranke Building, Seattle 1------ 201 Ranke Building, Seattle 1. West Virginia_-........ 614 Chamber of Commerce Building, 510 Chamber of Commerce Building, Charleston 1. Charleston 1. Wisconsin—-------..-...-_ One W. Wilson Street, Madison 2 - One W. Wilson Street, Madison 2. Wyoming----....-....... P and R Building (P. 0. Box 760), 200 N. Wolcott Street (Box 760), Casper. Casper. Wage Adjustment Board The President in a memorandum dated May 14, 1942. directed the Secretary of Labor to create the Wage Adjustment Board and to give to it such service and assistance as it might require. To accomplish the purpose of the act of March 3, 1931 (46 Stat. 1494; 40 U. S. C. 276a), as amended by the act of August 30, 1935 (49 Stat. 1011; 40 U. S. C. 276a), and of section I (a) of the act of January 30, 1942 (56 Stat. 23; 50 App. U. S. C. 901), as amended, and to provide the ma- chinery for the Wage Stabilization Agreement of the international and national labor organizations in the building and construction industry, the Secretary of Labor on May 29, 1942, established the Wage Adjustment Board. The jurisdiction of this Board was limited to construction work done for or financed by the United States. In order to coordinate the administration of this program with the stabilization of wages and maintenance of harmonious industrial relations on private construction work, the National War Labor Board requested the Secretary of Labor to amend the order and to reconstitute the Wage Adjustment Board for the building and con- struction industry so that in addition to its administration of the Wage Stabilization Agreement of May 22, 1942,. it might administer the duties and functions delegated to it by the National War Labor Board. To accomplish this, the Secretary of Labor on October 13, 1943, ordered the reconstitution of the Board in the Department of Labor, to consist of nine members, three representing labor, three representing industry, and three, including the chairman, represent.- ing the public. 684356°-46e 24 362- UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL The Board has the power to investigate and act upon adjustment of wage rates under the Wage Stabilization Agreement of May 22, in the building and construction trades upon requests prese by local labor organizations with the approval of the international or national labor organization and submitted through and approved by the Building and Construction Trades Department of the Aeri- can Federation of Labor, and also to consider and act upon requests for wage adjustments when presented by employers, Government contracting agencies, or any group of workers not specified above. Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions These Divisions were consolidated by order of the Secretary of Labor on October 15, 1942. One Administrator, appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate, heads the two divisions. CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-The Wage and Hour Division was established pursuant to the provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act of June 25, 1938 (52 Stat. 1060; 29 U. S. C. 201-19). The act provides minimum wages and time and one-half overtime pay for all hours worked over 40 in a week for workers engaged-in interstate commerce or the production of goods for interstate commerce unless they are specifically exempt. It set 40 cents an hour as a minimum to go into effect October 24, 1945, with a machinery of industry committees, equally representative of the public, employers, and labor, whereby the 40-cent minimum was to be reached by industry of before October 24, 1945. Under this procedure, a minimum wage 40 cents an hour for all industries in the continental United States based was reached by July 17, 1944, by orders of the Administrator, Emer- upon recommendations of industry committees. Section 3 of the as gency Relief Appropriation Act of 1941, approved June 26, 1940, a(mended (54 Stat. 615; 29 U. S. C. 205), exempts industries in Puerto con- Rico and the Virgin Islands from wage orders issued for the tinental United States and provides a special industry committee procedure for the Islands. The Fair Labor Standards Act also forbids "oppressive child act labor." The administration of the child labor provisions of the of was assigned to the Chief of the Children's Bureau. Violators the act are subject to injunction proceedings, criminal prosecution, and employee suits to recover unpaid minimum wages, or overtime compensation, and an additional equal amount as liquidated damages. The act authorizes the Division to enjoin the shipment in interstate or foreign commerce of goods produced in violation of the act. The Public Contracts Division was created to administer the 35- Walsh-Healey Act, of June 30, 1936 (49 Stat. 2036; 41 U. S. C. 45). The act provides for the inclusion in every Government sup- ply contract in excess of $10,000 stipulations calling for the payment of prevailing minimum wages as determined by the Secretary of Labor, overtime pay at the rate of time and one-half theand healthbasic rate for hours worked over 8 a day or 40 a week, safety Any standards and restrictions on child labor and convict labor. cause breach or violation of these provisions of the contract may be DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 363 for cancellation of the contract and may render the violator liable for liquidated damages amounting to $10 per day for each minor or con- vict laborer knowingly employed. Contractors found to have breached any of the provisions of the contract may become ineligible to receive Government contracts for a period of 3 years. The national office of the Divisions is located at 165 West 46th Street, New York 19, N. Y. A Washington office is located in the Department of Labor Building, Washington 25, D. C. The inspection work of the Divisions is conducted through 13 regional offices. In addition, some regions have branch offices. Each regional office is headed by a regional director directly responsible to the Administrator. REGIONAL OFFICES-WAGE AND BOUR AND PUBLIC CONTRACTS DIVISIONS Region Officer in Charge Address No. 1. Massachusetts, New Leo A. Gleason, Regional Direc- Old South Building, 294 Washington Hampshire, Maine, Ver- tor Street, Boston 8, Mass. mont, Rhode Island, Con- necticut No. 11. New York, New Jersey Arthur 1. White, Regional Dl- Parcel Post Building, 341 Ninth rector Avenue, New York 1, N. Y. Branch.--................. John L. Kelly, Supervising In- Essex Building, 31 Clinton Street, specter Newark 2, N. J. Branch---................. Joseph F. Morrison, Supervising 304 State Tower Building, Syracuse Inspector 2, N. Y. No. III. Pennsylvania, Dela Frank J. 0. Dorsey, Regional 1216 Widener Building, Chestnut and ware. Director Juniper Streets, Philadelphia 7, Pa. Branch.------------------- Stanton W. B. Wood, Supervis- Clark Building, Libterty Avenue and ing Ispector Seventh Street, Pittsburgh 22, Pa. No. IV. Virginia, West Vir- W. C. Cole, Regional Director.. 215 Richmond Trust Building, Rich- ginia, Maryland, and Dis- mond 19, Va. trict of Columbia Branch.------------------- Christian C. Shelton, Supervis- 408 Old Town Bank Building, Gay and ing Inspector Fallsway Streets, Baltimore 2, Md. No. V. Georgia, Florida, James 0. Johnson, Regional Fifth Floor, Carl Witt Building, 249 South Carolina Director Peachtree Street NE., Atlanta 3, Ga. Branch-------------------- John M. Bean, Jr., Supervising Federal Land Bank Building, Colum. Inspector bia 29, S. C. Branch.-................. Vernon K. Giimson, Supervising 456 New Post Office Building, Jackson. North Carolina I Inspector ville I, Fla. No. VI. Alabama, Mississippi, Joseph C. Noah, Regional Di- 1107 Comer Building, BIrmingham 3, Louisiana rector Ala. Branch.------------------- Wm. L. Crunk, Jr., Super- 1lC8 Comer Building, Birmingham 3. vising Inspector Ala. Branch.-...............- J. Sidney Gonsoulin, Supervis- 016 Richards Building, New Orleans 12, ing Inspector La. Branch ------ ........ Floyd A. Powell, Supervising 405 Deposit Guaranty Bank Building, Inspector Jackson 14, Miss. No. VIl. Tennessee, Ken- WilliamM.Eaves,RegionalDi- t09 Medical Arts Building, Nashville 3, tucky rector Tenn. I In North Carolina and Minnesota the Fair Labor Standards Act and the Walsh-Healey PublicContracts Act are administcreI by State authorities under a cooperative agreement with the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions and the Children's Bureau. The officers in charge are, respectively: Forrest H. Shuford, Commissioner, North Carolina Department of Labor, Salisbury and Edenton Streets, Raleigh, N. C.; and J. D. Williams, Commissioner, State Department of Labor and Industry, St. Paul, Minn. 364 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL REGIONAL OFFICES-WAGE AND HOUR AND PUBLIC CONTRACTS DIVISIONS-Continued Region Officer in Charge Address No. VIII. Ohio, Michigan- William S. Singley, Regional 4237 Main Post Office, West Third and Director Prospect Avenue, Cleveland 13, Ohio. Branch - ......--.. Thomas A. Hermansen, Super- 1216 Francis Palms Building, 2111 vising Inspector Woodward Avenue, Detroit I, Mich. Branch -H..------- H. Paul Engle, Supervising 1312 Traction Building, Cincinnati 2, Inspector Ohio. No. IX. Illinois, Indiana, Thomas D. O'Malley, Regional 1200 Merchandise Mart, 222 West Wisconsin Director North Bank Drive, Chicago 54, III. No. X. North Dakota, South Leslie A. Hill, Regional Director- 406 Pence Building, 730 Hennepin Dakota, Montana Avenue, Minneapolis 3, Minn. Minnesota No. XI. Kansas, Nebraska, Walter W. King, Regional Di- 911 Walnut Street, Kansas City 6,Mo. Iowa, Missouri, Colorado, rector - Wyoming tBh ..--.--- Earl V. Powers, Supervising 316 Old Customhouse, 815 Olive Street, Inspector St. Louis 1, Mo. Branch .-... Henry M. Roberts, Supervising 300 Chamber of Commerce Building, Inspector 1726 Champa Street, Denver 2, Colo. No. XII. Texas, Oklahoma, William J. Rogers, Regional Rio Grande National Building, 110 Arkansas, New Mexico Director Main Street, Dallas 2, Tex. No. XII. California, Arizona, Wesley 0. Ash, Regional Di- 501 Humboldt Bank Building, 785 Nevada, Washington, Ore- rector Market Street, San Francisco 3, Calif. gon, Idaho, Utah, Hawaii Alaska and Branch .-...... ..... _ John A. Stellern, Supervising 417 H. W. Hellman Building, Spring Inspector and Fourth Streets, Los Angeles 13, Calif. Branch -- Walter T. Neubert, Supervising ...--- 305 Post Office Building, Seattle 31, Inspector Wash. Branch - .--- --- Charles H. Elrey, Supervising 208 Old U. S. Courthouse, Portland 4, Inspector Oreg. Puerto Rico and Virgin Is- Russell Sturgis, Territorial Rep- Banco Popular Building, Tetuan and lands resentative San Justo Streets (P. 0. Box 112), San Juan 1, P. R. I See footnote on preceding page. Women's Bureau The Women's Bureau, first established as the Woman-in-Industry Service in 1918, and made permanent by congressional act of June 5, 1920 (41 Stat. 987; 29 U. S. C. 11), is charged with formulating stand- ards and policies for promoting the welfare of wage-earning women, improving their working conditions, increasing their efficiency, and advancing their opportunities for profitable employment. It investi- gates and compiles reports upon all matters pertaining to the welfare of women in industry, publishing such of this information as the Sec- retary may direct. In the quarter century since the creation of the Women's Bureau, the number of women employed outside their homes has virtually doubled. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 365 The Women's Bureau is the only Government agency charged with promoting the welfare of wage-earning women. As such, it works extensively in a consultative capacity with both State and Federal agencies, with trade unions, women's organizations, and other civic groups. At present the Women's Bureau program is geared primarily to the needs of women workers in the reconversion and post-war periods. Since wage differentials and other discriminatory practices applied to women result in an undercutting of men's wages and threaten to undermine the national objective of full employment at fair wage levels, the safeguarding of women's interests during the present period is a matter of national concern. The Bureau has a program of cooperation with other agencies in an effort to improve legislative standards and to obtain more effec- tive enforcement of labor laws for women; a series of studies on post-war occupational outlook and opportunities for women in vari- ous employment fields; development and strengthening of an inter- national program of cooperation and exchange in order to reach mutual understanding on programs which will reduce the danger of conflicts growing out of substandard conditions of work and fife in any part of the world; cooperation with trade unions having large women memberships on programs of education and development of standards for women's participation in their organizations; and work with representatives of management on development of stand- ards for the employment of women. State agencies consult with the Women's Bureau concerning prob- lems arising in the administration of protective State laws. The Bureau renders technical assistance in drafting statutory language and cooperates with the State agencies and private groups which are work- ing to obtain improvements in legislative standards. FIELD OFFICES AND REPRESENTATIVES-WOMEN'S BUREAU Region Representative Address No. 1-........ Mrs. Mary G. Currier---.. 294 Washington St., Boston 8, Mass. No. 2.......... Mrs. Helen B. Sater- ... 919 Parcel Post Bldg., 341 9th Ave., New York, 1 N. Y. No. 3-....... Rebecca G. Smaltz ...-.. 1215 Widener Bldg., Philadelphia 7, Pa. No. 9- .... Martha J. Ziegler -....... 1200 Merchandise Mart, 222 West North Bank Dr., Chicago 54, III. No. 11......... Elsie 1. Wolfe -............. 618 New Federal Bldg., 12th and Market Sts., St. Louis 1, Mo. No. 13-........ Margaret Kay Anderson ... 1607 Humboldt Bank Bldg., 785 Market St., San Francisco 3, Calif. Office of the Chief Clerk and Budget Officer The Chief Clerk and Budget Officer of the Department is respon- sible for the proper administration of all the functions in the field of business administration (except personnel administration) neces- sary to meet the requirements of the entire Department, including all of its bureaus, offices, and divisions. . g366 -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL and the This includes budgetary administration, control thereof, contin- preparation of estimates of personnel requirements, travel, wth gent, miscellaneous expense, and printing and binding; planning for Bureau heads, review and approval of organizational structure as may be new activities and revision of established organization necessary, and the preparation of management procedures in con- of nection with such changes; the review, clearance, and coordination bureau programs; financial and all fiscal administration, including the payment and audit of grants-in-aid. Library the Sec- The Librarian operates under the direct supervision of adminis- rety and is responsible for the effective organization and Librarian tration of the library services of the Department. The and othe all purchases of books, newspapers, periodicals, functional approves publications. The Library is organized into the following room and loan READErS SERvIcEs.-Maintains the reference reading officials and other desk, gives bibliographical aid to departmental prepares special readers, answers telephone requests for information, files. bibliographies, maintains the book stacks and special them to the bureau PEsODICALS.'-Maintains periodicals and routes staff soperates the periodical reading room, performs reference work CATALOGING.-Classifies, catalogs, and develops and maintains col- lections of all publications received. Office of the Director of Personnel matters relating to The Director of Personnel is in charge of all is the liaison officer personnel within the Department of Labor. He and with other for the Department with the Civil Service Commission departments and agencies of the Government on matters relating to personnel administration. Approve. .L. B. SCHWELLENBACH Secretary of-Labor Federal Loan Agency' 811 Vermont Avenue NW.; Information: EXecutive 3111 OFFICIALS Federal Loan Administrator ___________._____ CHARLES B. HENDERSON Acting Assistant Federal Loan Administrator _______ (VACANCY) … CREATION AND AUTHIIRITY.-The Federal Loan Agency was created by the President's Reorganization Plan I, dated April 25, 1939, pursu- ant to the provisions of the Reorganization Act of 1939. Under Ex- ecutive Order 9071, dated February 24, 1942, the functions, powers, and duties of the Federal Loan Agency and of the Federal Loan Ad- ministrator which related to the Reconstruction Finance Corporation and certain subsidiary corporations, together with all functions powers, and duties not transferred by the Executive order establishing the National Housing Agency, were transferred to the Department of Commerce to be administered under the direction and supervision of the Secretary of Commerce. Pursuant to the act approved February 24, 1945 (59 Stat. 5; 12 U. S. C. 1801), all powers, functions and duties of the Department of Commerce and of the Secretary of Com- merce relating to the Federal Loan Agency were transferred to the Federal Loan Agency, to be administered under the direction and supervision of the Federal Loan Administrator. Agencies grouped under the Federal Loan Agency are explained in the pages immediately following. PURPOSE.-The Federal Loan Agency was established to supervise and coordinate the functions and activities of the corporations and agencies grouped under the Federal Loan Agency. Approved. CHARLES B. HENDERSON Acting FederalLoan Administrator Reconstruction Finance Corporation 811 Vermont Avenue NW.; EXecutive 3111 BOARD OF DIRECTORS Chairman_______..-._.__________ CHARLES B. HENDRSON HENRY A. MULLIGAN HARVEY J. GUNDERSOI HENRY T. BODMAN GEORGE E. ALLEN OFFICIALS General Counsel- _-__-_-___________________ --- .---- JOHN D. GOODLOE Secretary__________________________________________- A. T. HOBSON Treasurer_________-___-__________------------------ HENRY A. MULLIGAN Information: A. B. Merritt, Chief, Division of Information I Organization chart on page 584. 367 368 'UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL CREATION AND AgTrHoRrry.-The Reconstruction Finance Corpora- tion was created as a body corporate by the Reconstruction Finance Corporation Act, approved January 22, 1932 (47 Stat. 5; 15 U. S. C. 601 et seq.). The Corporation was formally organized and its oper- ations were begun on February 2, 1932. The scope of the Corpora- tion's functions has been extended or modified from time to time by amendatory and supplemental legislation, and its succession, originally established at 10 years, has been extended 5 years to January 22, 1947. PuRPosE.-The enactment creating the Corporation authorized it to extend financial assistance to agriculture, commerce, and industry, through direct loans to banks, trust companies, building and loan asso- ciations, insurance companies, mortgage-loan companies, and various agricultural credit agencies. Loans were also authorized to closed banks to aid in their reorganization or liquidation and, upon approval of the Interstate Commerce Commission, to railroads or receivers of railroads to provide temporary financial assistance. The original enactment also authorized the Corporation to accept drafts and bills of exchange drawn upon it arising from the sale of agricultural or other products to buyers in foreign markets. Through amendatory and supplemental legislation the Corporation has been authorized: (1) to purchase the capital stock of banks, in- surance companies, agricultural credit corporations, national mortgage associations, and various governmental agencies; (2) to make loans to business enterprises, mining interests, agricultural improvement districts, public school authorities, and various other classes of bor- rowers; and (3) to assist in financing the construction of public works and various self-liquidating projects. ORGANIZATION.-The management of the Corporation is vested in a Board of Directors appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of. the Senate. The executive committee of the Corporation is composed of the chairman and two other members of its Board of Directors. The principal administrative units of the Corporation are: Office of the Secretary, Office of the Treasurer, Office of Defense Plants, Office of Defense Supplies, Office of Rubber Reserve, Office of Metals Reserve, and the Examining, Legal, Statistical and Economic, Information, Personnel, Self-Liquidating, Agency, and Auditing Divisions. The Corporation functions through a principal office at Washington, D. C.; a special representative in Honolulu, T. H-I.; a special representa- tive in San Juan, P. R.; and loan agencies located in the following cities: Atlanta, Ga. Jacksonville, Pla. Philadelphia, Pa. Birmingham, Ala. Kansas City, Mo. Portland, Oreg. Boston, Mass. Little Rock, Ark. Richmond, Va. Charlotte, N. 0. Los Angeles, Calif. St. Louis, Mo. Chicago, ili. Louisville, Ky. Salt Lake City, Utah Cleveland, Ohio Minneapolis, Minn. San Antonio, Tex. Dallas, Tex. New Orleans, La. San Francisco, Calif. Denver, Colo. Nashvime, Tenn. Seattle, Wash. Detroit, Mich. New York, N. Y. Spokane, Wash. Helena, Mont. Oklahoma City, Okla. -Houston, Tex. Omaha, Nebr. FEDERAL LOAN AGENCY 369 Federal Reserve Banks act as depositories, custodians, and fiscal agents for the Corporation. Funds of the Corporation are deposited with the Treasurer of the United States. CAPITAL STOCK.-The capital stock of the Corporation was fixed by section 2 of the RFC Act at $500,000,000, all of which was subscribed by the Secretary of the Treasury on behalf of the Government of the United States on February 2, 1932. The entire capital stock has been paid in by the Secretary of the Treasury. Pursuant to the provisions of section 2 of the RFC Act, as amended by the act approved June 25, 1940 (54 Stat. 572), the Corporation retired $175,000,000 of its capital stock at par. BORROWING AUTHORITY.-The RFC Act authorizes the Corporation to issue, within stated limits as to aggregate amount, its notes deben- tures, bonds, or other obligations. Such obligations are fully guaran- teed, both as to principal and interest, by the United States The limitation upon the aggregate amount of such obligations which the Corporation may have outstanding at any one time has been variously increased and decreased by subsequent legislation. Some of such authorizations affect the borrowing authority available for general purposes and some the borrowing authority available for specific purposes. ACTIVITIES FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.-Section 5 of the RFC Act authorizes the Corporation to make loans to banks, trust, insurance and- mortgage- loan companies, building and loan associations, credit unions and various agricultural credit institutions. Such loans may be made upon the assets of banks and building and loan associations which are closed or in process of liquidation. In order to accelerate the repayment to depositors in banks and trust companies closed between December 31, 1929, and January 1, 1934, the Corporation is authorized by section 5e (a) of the RFC Act to make advances upon the assets, including segregated assets, of such banks and trust companies. Section 304 of the act approved March 9, 1933, as amended (12 U. S. C. 51d), authorizes the Corporation, upon the request of the Secretary of the Treasury approved by the President, to pur- chase, or to make loans upon, the capital stock of any bank or trust company requiring funds for capital purposes in connection with its organization or reorganization. Provision is made for the purchase of the capital notes of banks organized in States which subject holders of preferred stock to double liability and for the sale of any stock or notes purchased under this authority. Section 5c of the RFC Act includes an authorization for the pur- chase of, or the making of loans upon, the non-assessable stock of. national mortgage associations organized under title III of the Na- tional Housing Act (48 Stat. 1252; 12 U. S. C. 1716-23), any mortgage- loan or trust company or any savings and loan association engaged primarily in making real estate loans. Provision is made for the pur- chase of capital notes in certain instances and for the sale of all such obligations. The financing of the Federal National Mortgage Asso- ciation and The RFC Mortgage Company is handled pursuant to this authority. 370 -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL INSURANCE COMPANIES.-The Corporation is authorized by sections 1, 2 and 3 of the act approved June 10, 1933, as amended (15 U. S. C. 605e-i), to subscribe for the preferred stock of insurance companies and to make loans upon the security of such stock, when such action is requested by the Secretary of the Treasury and approved by the President as necessary to provide capital funds for any such com- pany. The Corporation is authorized, if such stock is subject to assess- ments or additional liabilities. to purchase or to make loans upon the capital notes of insurance companies. Provision is made for the sale of obligations purchased under this authority. RAILROAD LOANs.-Section 5 of the RFC Act authorizes the Corpo- ration, upon approval of the Interstate Commerce Commission, to aid in the financing, reorganization, consolidation, maintenance, or con- struction of railroads by: (1) purchasing obligations of railroads, including equipment trust certificates, (2) guaranteeing the payment of principal, interest, or both on such obligations, or (3) making loans directly to railroads. Such financial assistance may be extended to the receivers or trustees of railroads, but may not (except to finance equipment and maintenance) be extended to a solvent railroad unless it is determined that any such road will be able to meet its fixed charges without reorganization. LOANS TO BUSINEss ENTE'rarIsE.-Section 5d of the RFC Act au- thorizes the Corporation for the purpose-in the terms of the stat- ute-of maintaining and promoting the economic stability of the country or-encouraging the employment of labor, to make loans to, or to purchase the obligations of, any business enterprise. Such financing can be undertaken, however, only when capital or credit is not available from private sources at rates prevailing for the type of loan in question. In addition to making direct loans to business enterprises, the Cor- poration participates with private banks under a Blanket Participa- tion Agreement, pursuant to which there is made available to approved banks a guarantee up to 75 percent of any loan which meets the require- ments of the agreement. The agreement includes, in addition to other business enterprises, loans made by banks to contractors and others engaged in construction of residences. The lending activities of the Corporation are designed to hasten reconversion of the Nation's productive. capacity from a wartime to a peacetime basis, and in this connection the RFC is providing veterans with aid in establishing their own businesses as well as the credit needs of small business establishments, which frequently need loans of longer maturity than commercial banks ordinarily extend. Pursuant to Executive Order 9665 dated December 27, 1945, the functions of the Smaller War Plants Corporation relating to loans or advances to small business concerns were transferred to the Recon- struction Finance Corporation. LOANS TO DRAINAGE AND IRRIGATION DisTRicrs.-The Corporation is authorized by section 36 of the Emergency Farm Mortgage Act of 1933, as amended (43 U. S. C. 403), to make loans to, or for the benefit of, drainage, levee, irrigation and similar districts, nonprofit corpo- rations, and various political subdivisions of States and Territories FEDERAL LOAN AGENCY 371 to enable such borrowers to reduce and refinance indebtedness incurred in connection with projects designed to improve agricultural lands. Such loa~ns may be made to enable such borrowers to purchase or build such facilities for the improvement of agricultural lands, including drainage, levee, or irrigation works. No loans may be made under this authority to finance the development of new land outside the boundaries of established districts. LOANS TO PUBLIC AGENCIES.-Section 5d of the RFC Act also au- thorizes the Corporation, for the purpose-in the terms of the stat- ute-of maintaining and promoting the economic stability of the country or encouraging the employment of labor, to aid in financing the construction of public works projects undertaken by States, munici- palities, and various public agencies, corporations, boards, and similar bodies. Such financial assistance may be provided by direct loans, purchase of obligations, or such other means as the Corporation may determine. MINING LOANS.-The Corporation is authorized by section 14 of the act approved June 19, 1934, as amended (15 U. S. C. 606d), to make loans to individuals, partnerships, or corporations engaged in the busi- ness of mining, milling, or smelting ores. DISASTER LOANS.-Pursuant to the act approved February 11, 1937, as amended (15 U. S. C. 605k-l), the Reconstruction Finance Corpo- ration provides loans made necessary by floods or other catastrophes occurring during the period between January 1, 1936, and January 22, 1947." Pursuant to Joint Resolution approved June 30, 1945 (59 Stat. 310), the Reconstruction Finance Corporation succeeded to the functions, powers, duty, and authority of the Defense Plant Corporation, Defense Supplies Corporation, Metals Reserve Company, and Rubber Reserve Company, which are performed through the Offices of Defense Plants, Defense Supplies, Metals Reserve, and Rubber Reserve, as stated below: OFFICE OF DEFENSE PLANTS.--Under authority of section 5d of the RFC Act, the Defense Plant Corporation was established on August 22, 1940, (a) to produce, acquire, carry, sell, or otherwise deal in strategic and critical materials as defined by the President; (b) to purchase and lease land, purchase, lease, build, and expand plants, and purchase and produce equipment, facilities, machinery, materials, and supplies for the manufacture of strategic and critical materials, arms, ammunition, and implements of war, any other articles, equip- ment, facilities, and supplies necessary to the national defense, and such other articles, equipment, supplies, and materials as may be required in the manufacture or use of any of the foregoing or other- wise necessary in connection therewith; (c) to lease, sell, or otherwise dispose of such land, plants, facilities, and machinery to others to Pursuant to the provisions of Joint Resolution approved June 30, 1945 (59 Stat. 310), Disaster Loan Corporation, which was created by the act approved February II, 1937 (15 U. S. C. 605k-i), was dissolved as of July 1, 1945, and its functions, powers, duties, and authority were transferred to Reconstruction Finance Corporation, to be performed, exercised, and administered by it in the same manner and to the same extent and effect as if originally vested in the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. 372 -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL engage in such manufacture; (d) to engage in such manufacture itself, if the President found that it was necessary for a Government agency to engage in such manufacture; (e) to produce; lease, purchase, or otherwise acquire railroad equipment (including rolling stock), and commercial aircraft, and parts, equipment, facilities, and supplies necessary in connection with such railroad equipment and aircraftand to lease, sell, or otherwise dispose of the same; (f) to purchase, lease, build, expand, or otherwise acquire facilities for the training of avia- tors and to operate or lease, sell, or otherwise dispose of such facil to others to engage in such training; and (g) to take such other action, within a specified dollar limitation, as the President and the Federal Loan Administrator deemed necessary to expedite the War Program. The Reconstructiovn Finance Corporation, through its Office of De- as fense Plants, is now continuing to perform such functions, as well or the termination of the War Program contracts and the disposalf, the declaration as surplus of, the land, plants, equipment, facities, machinery, materials, and supplies that were acquired or produced connection with such War Program when excess to its needs and responsibilities. OFFICE OF DEFENSE SUPPLIEs.-The purpose of the Defense Supplies Corporation, created on August 29, 1940, under authority of section 5d of the RFC Act, was to produce, acquire, carry, sell, or otherwise deal in strategic and critical materials and supplies; to purchase and lease land; to engage in the manufacture of arms, ammunition, and implements of war; to produce, lease, purchase, or otherwise acquire railroad equipment and commercial aircraft, and to lease, sell, or of otherwise dispose of same; to acquire facilities for the training aviators, and to take such further action, within a specified dollar limitation, as the President and the Federal Loan Administrator deemed necessary to expedite the War Program. De- The Reconstruction Finance Corporation through its Office of fense Supplies continues certain subsidy programs and certain pur- of chase and sale operations of essential commodities, the liquidation of contracts and programs which were terminated upon cessation which hostilities and handles certain foreign procurement activities were previously handled by the U. S. Commercial Company. OFFICE or RUBBER RESERvE.-The Rubber Reserve Company, created Act, was on June 28, 1940, under authority of section 5d of the RFC Corpora- engaged in purchasing through the Rubber Development into the tion all crude rubber, guayule, and cryptostegia imported United States; in producing in plants operated for its account various all types of synthetic rubber; and in warehousing and distributingpro- natural rubber which it purchases, all synthetic rubber which it duces, and all scrap rubber now held in inventory. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation through its Office of Rub- ber Reserve continues to perform such functions. OFFICE OF METALS RESERVE.-The purpose of the Metals Reserve of the Company, created on June 28, 1940, under authority of section 5d RFC Act was to produce, acquire, carry, and sell, or otherwise deal in, nec- strategic and critical materials (primarily metals and minerals) vari- essary in connection with the War Program. Reserve stocks of ous materials were accumulated by the Company when the supplies FEDERAL LOAN AGENCY 373 available permitted. In the acquisition and distribution of these materials to manufacturers, the Company worked in cooperation with the priority and consumption programs of the War Production Board and. the Office of Price Administration. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation, through its Office of Metals Reserve, is now continuing such public procurement activities as are required, including, since December 31, 1945, certain foreign procurement activities heretofore handled by the U. S. Commercial Company. It also continues to sell to industry those commodities which remain under allocation by the Civilian Production Admin- istration. SUBIDIES.-Section 2 (e) of the Emergency Price Control Act of 1942 authorizes the Price Administrator, an office created by the act upon a determination that such action is necessary in order to secure the maximum necessary production of any commodity (as defined in section 302 (c)), to purchase, store, sell, or use, or to make subsidy payments to domestic producers of, any such commodity. In the in- stance of materials defined as strategic and critical for the purpose of section 5d of the RFC Act, the determinations as to the necessity for such action are to be made by the Federal Loan Administrator with the approval of the President; and all buying, selling, and other opera- tions are to be undertaken, and all subsidy payments are to be made by corporations created pursuant to section 5d. . MISCELLANEOTyJ FINANCING.-The Corporation is also authorized under the RFC Act and various enactments amendatory or supple- mental thereof to make other types of loans, including loans (1) to finance the carrying and orderly marketing of agricultural commod- ities and livestock, (2) through the acceptance of drafts and bills of exchange, to facilitate the financing of the exportation of agricultural products, and (3) to finance sales of agricultural commodities in foreign markets. The Corporation is authorized to purchase marketable securities held by the Public Works Administration. The Federal Highway Act of 1940, approved September 5, 1940 (54 Stat. 871), authorizes the Corporation to cooperate with States to finance, or to aid in financing, the acquisition of real property or interests in property necessary or desirable for road projects eligible for Federal aid. under the Federal Highway Act (42 Stat. 212), as amended and supplemented. Pursuant to the act approved December 22, 1944 (58 Stat. 907), the Corporation may purchase certain bonds issued by the town of Seward, Alaska. Executive Order 9543, of April 23, 1945, designates the Corporation as the agency authorized to sell, exchange, or otherwise dispose of, or to enter into arrangements for the extension of the maturity of any bonds, notes, or other securities taken, held, or exchanged with respect to loans made to the Seaboard Airline Railway Company and the Seaboard-Bay Line Company pursuant to the provisions of section 210 of title II of the Transportation Act, 1920. The Corporation also provides funds, as directed by Congress; to various other agencies of the Federal Government. In this-category the Corporation is directed by the following statutes to undertake the financing indicated: 374 -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL 1 The Corporation is required, under section 5e (b) of the RFC Act, to purchase obligations of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corpora- tion upon the request of its directors. 2. Section 4 of the National Housing Act (48 Stat. 1247; 12 U. S.the C. 1705) requires the Corporation to make such funds available to nec- Federal Housing Administration as the Administrator may deem and essary for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of titles II provide III (48 Stat. 1247-55; 12 U. S. C. 1707-23) thereof and to title VI funds for the War Housing Insurance Fund created under Stat. 55; 12 U. S. C. 1736-37). (55 5, 3. The Agricultural Appropriation Act of 1946, approved May 1945 (59 Stat. 136), authorizes and directs the Corporation to make in funds available to the Secretary of Agriculture to make (a) loans accordance with title I of the Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant approved July 22, 1937 (7 U. S. C. 1000-1006), and section 505 b) S. of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (58 Stat. 293; 38 U. C 694e); and (b) rural rehabilitation loans. 4. The Agricultural Appropriation Act of 1946 and the Second De- Stat ficiency Appropriation Act of 1945, approved July 5. 1945 (59 412), authorizes the Corporation to make loans to the Secretaryof Agriculture to carry into effect the provisions of the Rural Electri- ation Act of 1936, as amended (7 U. S. C. 901-914). REQUESTS FOR'INFOBMATION.-Detailed information regarding loans may be obtained from the various loan agencies, or from the Wash- ington office, 811 Vermont Avenue, Washington, D. C. Approved. CHARLES B. HENDErSON Chairman,Board of Directors JOHN D. GOODLOE General Counsel War Damage Corporation 811 Vermont Avenue NW.; EXecutive 3111 DIRECTORS GEORGE E. ALLEN CHARLES B. HENDERSON HENRY T. BODMAN SAm H. HUSBANDS HARVEY J. GUNDERSON H. A. MULLIGAN OFFICIALS HENRY A. MULLIGAN President- A. CHRISTENSEN Executive Vice President-FRANK Vice President—--------- ----- _- _WILLARD E. UNZICARm W. KNAR Secretary-MATT----------MTTAS ROBERT C. GOODAfE General Counsel:-:::::::::::::::::::- Information: A. B. Merritt, Chief, Division of Information FEDERAL LOAN AGENCY 375 CREATION AND AUTHoRITY.-The War Damage Corporation was cre- ated as the War Insurance Corporation by the leconstruction Finance Corporation on December 13, 1941, pursuant to authority of section 5d of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation Act, as amended, with a capital of $100,000,000. The act approved March 27, 1942 (15U. S. C. 606b-2), further delineated the powers of the War Damage Corpo- ration by adding section 5g to the Reconstruction Finance Corpora- tion Act, as amended. PuRPosE.-The purpose of the Corporation is to provide, through insurance, reinsurance, or otherwise, reasonable protection against loss of or damage to property, real and personal, which may result from enemy attack, including any action taken by the military, naval, or air forces of the United States in resisting enemy attack. OKGANIzAIa0oN.-The Corporation is managed by a board of directors, appointed by the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, and by officers and agents appointed by the Corporation. The principal office of the Corporation is located in Washington, D. C. Approved. HENRY A. MULLIGAN President ROBERT C. GOODALE General Counsel Federal National Mortgage Association 811 Vermont Avenue NW.; Executive 3111 GEORGE E. ALLEN CHARLES B. HENDERSON HENRY T. BODMAN SAM H. HUSBANDS W. C. COSTELLO HENRY A. MULLIGAN JAMES L. DOUGHERTY HARVEY J. GUNDERSON OFFICIALS President------------------------------ __ SAM H. HUSBANDS Vice President and General Counsel----------------- JAMES L. DOUGHERTY Secretary----------------------____________ MATTHIAS W. KNARB Assistant Secretary…----_-_____________________ EDWARD J. SINGER Treasurer______- _________- ___- _______________. JEROME T. KELLEY Assistant Treasurer_---------- __________________ JAMES W. CONSIDINE Assistant General Counsel—-______________________ E. A. STANSFIELD Assistant General Counsel- -______________________ NEWELL K. RICKS Information: A. B. Merritt, Chief, Division of Information CREATION AND AtTTHORITY.-The Federal National Mortgage Asso- ciation, originally The National Mortgage Association of Washing- ton, was organized and established on February 10, 1938, pursuant to the provisions of title III of the National Housing Act, as amended, (12 U. S. C. 1701 et seq.) herein designated "the act." The Associa- tion has a paid-in capital of $10,000,000 and a paid-in capital surplus of $1,000,000. Its capital stock is owned by the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. g376 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL PURPOSE.-The principal objectives of the Association are (a) to establish a market for first mortgages, insured under title II of the act covering properties upon which are located newly constructed houses or housing projects; (b) to facilitate the construction and financing of economically sound rental housing projects, apartment buildings which may be operated at a moderate scale of rentals, and groups of houses or multi-family dwellings for rent or sale, by making loans secured by first mortgages, insured under section 207 of the act, covering such projects, apartment buildings, or groups of houses or multi-family dwellings; and (c) to make available to individual and institutional investors, notes, bonds, or other such obligations issued by the Association pursuant to the provisions of section 302 of title III of the act, and the regulations of the Federal Housing Administrator, herein called the Administrator. ORGANIZATION.-The Federal National Mortgage' Association is managed by a board of directors and is represented by agents whose offices are in the loan agencies of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. (See p. 368.) The principal divisions of the Associa- tion are the Examining Division., Legal Division, Secretary's Office, Treasurer's Office, and Mortgage Service Division. PURCHASE OF MORTGAGES INSURED UNDER SECTION 203.-The Asso- ciation will purchase, without recourse, mortgages insured by the Administrator under the provisions of section 203 of the act from institutions or organizations, other than loan correspondents, which have been approved as mortgagees by the Administrator and have a net worth satisfactory to the Association, at a price equal to the principal unpaid balance of such mortgages plus accrued interest to the date of purchase, provided such mortgages constitute first liens on property located within a radius of 200 miles from the principal home office or approved branch office of the approved mortgagee, bear interest at a rate of not less than 4.5 percent per annum, cover improvements constructed on or after January 1, 1936, which were insured by the Administrator on or after January 1, 1937, and other- wise meet the Association's requirements. PURCHASING AND SERVICING AGREENIENT.-Approved mortgagees desiring to offer mortgages insured under section 203 of the act to the Association for immediate purchase, or for purchase at a future date, are required to enter into a purchasing and servicing agreement with the Association. In instances in which commitments to purchase at a future date are made, the Association requires the approved mort- gagee to deposit a commitment fee equal to 1 percent of the principal amount of the mortgage, which fee will be returned when the mortgage is delivered to the Association for purchase. Commitments are made for a period of 6 months. PURCHASE OF MORTGAGES INSURED UNDER SECTION 207.-The Associ- ation will consider applications from approved mortgagees for com- mitments to purchase mortgages insured by the Administrator under the provisions of section 207 of the act. Applications for such com- mitments must be submitted to the Association and the commitment of the Association be obtained prior to the beginning of the construc- tion of the project to be covered by such mortgages. FEDERAL LOAN AGENCY 377 LOANS SECURED BY MORTGAGES INSURED UNDER SECTION 207.-The Association will consider applications for loans secured by mortgages insured by the Administrator under the provisions of section 207 of the act where the estimated income from the mortgaged property is sufficient to pay the operating expenses, taxes, insurance, interest on the indebtedness, and reasonable amortization, and provide a rea- sonable margin in excess of required reserves. Applications for such loans must be submitted to the Association prior to the beginning of construction of the project to be covered by the mortgage. Loans made by the Association secured by mortgages insured under section 207 of the act will bear interest at the rate of 4 percent per annum. An initial service charge of 1.5 percent of the principal amount of the loan will be made by the Association if it is required to make disbursements during the period of construction. FILING OF OFFERINGS AND APPLICATIONS.-All inquiries concerning the activities of the Association, all applications for loans secured by mortgages insured under section 207 of the act, and all offerings of mortgages insured under sections 203 or 207 of the act to the Associ- ation for purchase, should be filed with the agent serving the territory in which the mortgaged property or property to be mortgaged. is located. Application loan forms, forms for offering mortgages for purchase, and other forms prescribed by the Association may be ob- tained from the Association's agents at the BF.C loan agencies. (See p. 368.) Approved. SAM H. IHUSBANDS President JAMES L. DOUGI-IMRYy Vice President and General Counsel The RFC Mortgage Company 811 Vermont Avenue NW.; EXecutive 3111 DIRECTORS HENRY T. BODMAN CHARLES B. HENDERSON W. C. COSTELLO SAM H. HUSBAN\DS JAMES L. DOPGHERTY M. J. McGRATH HARVEY J. GUNDERSON HENRY A. MULLIGAN OFFICIALS President ------------------------------------- HENRY T. BODMAN Vice President-------------------------------- M. J. MCGRATH Vice President-------------------------------- W. C. COSTELLO Secretary------------------------------------- MATTHIAS W. KNARB Assistant Secretary---------------------------- EDWARD J. SINGER Treasurer------------------------------------- JEROME T. KELLEY General Counsel------------------------------ E. A. STANSFIELD Assistant General Counsel---------------------- NEWELL K. RIcKs Information: A. B. Merritt, Chief, Division of Information CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-Section 5c of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation Act, as amended, added by the act approved January 31, CS4S5G°—46—25 378 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL 1935 (49 Stat. 1; 15 U. S. C. 606i), authorizes the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, with the approval of the President, to "sub- scribe for or make loans upon the nonassessable stock of any class of any national mortgage association organized under title III of the National Housing Act and of any mortgage loan company, trust company, savings and loan association, or other similar financial institution . . .. " Pursuant to this authority the Reconstruction Finance Corporation has subscribed to $25,000,000 of the capital stock of The RFC Mort- gage Company, which was organized under the laws of Maryland on March 14, 1935. PRPosE.-To aid in the (a) maintenance of a market for sound mortgages on urban income-producing properties when credit is not otherwise available at reasonable rates and terms, and (b) maintenance of a market for mortgages insured under titles I and II of the National Housing Act, as amended; and to facilitate the construction of war housing by the purchase of mortgages insured under title VI of the National Housing Act, as amended, and by making loans secured by mortgages insured under section 608 of title VI of said act, as amended. ORGANIZATION.-The principal office of The RFC Mortgage Com- pany is located in Washington, D. C. The Company transacts business in all the States and Territories of the United States. The business of the Company is handled through agents whose offices are located in the loan agencies of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation throughout the United States. (See p. 368.) ACTIVITIES.-The Company considers applications for mortgage loans on urban income-producing properties such as apartment houses, hotels, business and office buildings to be made directly (1) to assist in the refinancing or aid in the reorganization of such properties which are in distress, (2) to finance the new construction of such properties, provided there is an economic, need for such construction, and (3) to defray taxes and other fixed charges of such properties which are in distress through the loss of income directly attributable to the opera- tion of wartime restrictions and regulations. Such loans will be made only upon-compliance with the standards of the Company as to sound- ness and economic necessity, and only in instances in which credit is not otherwise available at reasonable rates and terms and when the net income from the property, after payment of taxes, insurance, and operating costs, is sufficient or will be sufficient in normal times to pay interest and the required amortization. LOCAL AGENTS SUPPLY APPLICATION FoRMs.-All applications for loans or offerings of Federal Housing Administration insured mort- gages should be filed with- the Company's agent at the RFC loan agency serving the territory in which the property is located. Infor- mation concerning loans may also be obtained from the agents. (Loca- tion of loan agencies listed on p. 368.) HENRY T. BOD1AAN President El. A. STANSFIELD General Counsel FEDERAL LOAN AGENCY 379 Rubber Development Corporation 101 Indiana Avenue NW.; EXecutive 3111, Branch 406 DIRECTORS CHARLES B. HENDERSON ALAN L. GRANT W. C. BECK, JR. DONALD KENNEDY RAYMOND J. CONSLEY W. J. MCNAMEE OFFICIALS Chairman of the Board of Directors - CHARLES B. HENDERSON President----------- -------- _ ALAN L. GRANT Vice President ------------------.- _-- -- ._ W. J. MCNAMEE Vice President ---------- __----- ------- ___ L. BPO-TOR Vice President -----------.- .-.-. ______ H. J. COESON -------..-- Secretary ._-GEO-------_-_- _---- _- GERG E- H. H1TERT AssistantSecretary-------------- ------- -- - FEi B. THOMAS General Counsel ---------------------. AYMOND J. CONSLEY Assistant General Counsel, Litigation .........---... JAMES L. DO TY Treasurer------------------------------,,,-. . W.-C. BECK, JR. Assistant Treasurer --------------- --------- CHARLES BELLE Assistant Treasurer-------------- --- -- - ROBET L. BYNUM CREATION AND PuirPOSE.-The Rubber Development-Corporation is a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the State of Delaware. All of its capital stock is owned by the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, which by Executive Order 9630, of September 27, 1945, has supervisory control over it. - - The Rubber Development Corporation is managed- by a 'Board of -Directors electcd by the stockholders and by officers apointed .by the Board of Directors. The principal office of the Rubber Development Corporation is in Washington, D. C. Representatives of the Rubber Development Corporation are stationed in all principal foreign coun- -tries in which the Corporation is engaged in business. The Corporation is engaged in carrying on all activities connected with, arising out of, or in any way related to the exploration, develop- ment, and procurement of crude rubber, balata, cryptostegia, guayule. and other gums of similar utility in all areas outside the continental -United States for which the United States has assumed responsibility. It is also engaged in the procurement of liquid latex, scrap rubber. and reclaimed rubber and rubber products in foreign countries. Approved. President RAYMOND J. CONSLEY General Counsel 380 UNITED STATES. GOVERNMENT MANUAL U. S. Commercial Company 2708 Temporary Building T, Fourteenth Street and Constitution Avenue NW- REpublic 7500, Branch 2615 DIRECTORS CHARLES B. HENDERSON ANSEL F. LUXFOED STUART K. BARNES PTER A. MDEMOTT ARTHUR Z. GARDINER DEWITT C. SCIECK RAYMOND L. HARRISON AILLAEDE. INZICKE MORRIS LEVINSON CLAIR WILCOX OFFICIALS Chairman of the Board of Directors------------- CHARLES B. HENDESON President------------------- DEWITTC.SCIEC Z. GARDINEE Vice President -_ _ARTHUR Vice President .---- PETER A. MCDERMOTT Vice President- .- STUART K. BANES Secretary ------------------- LEO NIELSON. Assistant Secretary-POL - WBGT WR:-------- Assistant Secretary -FRANCIS P. COLLINS, Treasurer__ ----- WILLARD E. UNICEER Assistant TreasurerH - ---- . B .BASSETT Assistant Treasurer _MOYE --- FLOYD B. Assistant Treasurer-------------------- JAMES J.ROMEO General Counsel----- —-- — ————-- GEORGE B-.STONER CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-The U. S. Commercial Company was created March 27, 1942, as a subsidiary of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. Executive Order 9361 of July 15, 1943, transferred con- trol of the U. S. Commercial Company to the Office of Economic War- fare, which, by Executive Order 9380 of September 25, 1943, was consolidated into the Foreign Economic Administration. Pursuant to Executive Order 9630 the U. S. Commercial Company was trans- ferred to the Reconstruction Finance Corporation on October 21, 1945. ACTIVITIEs.-The activities of the Company include facilitating the resumption of American trade with areas with which direct commer- cial dealings have been cut off or restricted by reason of the war and the operation of certain special projects for the Army, the Navy, the Department of State, and other sponsoring agencies in liberated and occupied areas. Approved. DEWITT C. SCHIECK President GEORGE B. STONER General Counsel Federal Security Agency1 Social Security Buildirg, Fcurth Street and Independence Avenue SW. EXecutive 6500, Branch 2321 OFFICIALS Administrator ..........- _ ...... ..... __ WATSON B. MILLR Assistant Administrator _-.... .... MAURICE COLLINS Executive Assistant to the Administrator . LEO L. MILLER General-Counsel------------------------- JACK B. TATE Administrative Consultant -. ____________ JAMES C. PENMAN Assistant to the Administrator--.._______ MARY E. SWITZER Assistant to the Administrator-___-____._ _ HARRY N. ROSENFIELD Assistant to the Administrator -.------ _ PERRIN LOWREY Assistant to the Administrator .----.-- _ HENRY C. ILER Director of Research -------.------ ___.__ THOMAS J. WOOFTER Director of Information ---- ---..---_---. ZILPHA C. FRANKLIN Budget Officer --. .__---.-----. .. _ MARION A. STEPHENS Director of Personnel ---.----.----- .--.. ARTHUR B. MCLEAN Assistant General Counsel ---------------- BERNICE LOTWIN Assistant General Counsel---------------- EARLE SIMRELL Assistant General Counsel--------------.- DANIEL P. WILLIS Assistant General Counsel -------------- GLADYS HARRISON Assistant General Counsel-------------- A. DELAFIELD SMITH Assistant General Counsel---------------- ALANSON W. WILLCOX Director, Service Operations ----------.-- TAYLOR H. MCCAULEY Office of Community War Services: Executive Officer --..--- ---- — _----_ DEAN SNYDER Director of Recreation -..-.----- .--- SHERWOOD GATES Director of Social Protection---------- THOMAS DIVINE Office of War Property Distribution: Director-------------------------- ROBERT C. AYERS CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-The Federal Security Agency was created by the President's Reorganization Plan I, dated April 25, 1939, in accordance with the provisions of the Reorganization Act of 1939 (53 Stat. 561; 5 U. S. C. 133). The agencles grouped in the Fed- eral Security Agency under the first plan were the Civilian Conserva- tion Corps (substantially liquidated), National Youth Administra- tion (substantially liquidated), the Office of Education, the Public Health Service, the Social Security Board, and the United States Employment Service (see page 359). The second plan on Government reorganization transferred to the Federal Security Agency, for administration in the Office of Educa- tion, the Film and Radio Services of the former National Emergency Council. (These services were terminated June 30, 1940.) Federal participation in the work of the American Printing House for the Blind was also transferred to the Federal Security Agency. The fourth plan on Government reorganization transferred to the Federal Security Agency the Food and Drug Administration from the 1 Organization chart on page 585. 381 382 -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL Department of Agriculture, and St. Elizabeths Hospital, Freedmen's Hospital, Howard University, and Columbia Institution for the Deaf from the Department of the Interior. Executive Order 9338, dated April 29, 1913, transferred to the Fed- eral Security Agency from the Office for Emergency Management the functions of the Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services. Under this order, and a Federal Security Agency order implementing it the Office of Community War Services and a Committee on Physical Fitness were established as integral parts of the Office of the Adminis- trator, Federal Security Agency. The Committee on Physical Fit- ness was terminated June 30, 191-5. Executive Order 9338 also trans- ferred to the Federal Security Agency the Health and Medical Committee and the other advisory and subcommittees appointed pur suant to the establishment of the former Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services. This Committee also functions in the Office of the Administrator. A new Office of Vocational Rehabilitation was established within the Federal Security Agency to administer the expanded program of vocational rehabilitation under the Barden-LaFollette Act of July 6, 1943. PURPOSE.-The Federal Security Agency was established to carry out the purposes of the Reorganization Act of 1939, which are: 1. To reduce expenditures. 2. To increase efficiency. 3. To consolidate agencies according to major purposes. 4. To reduce the number of agencies by consolidating those having similar functions and by abolishing such as may not be necessary. 5. To eliminate overlapping and duplication of effort. Grouped in the Federal Security Agency are those agencies of the Government the major purposes of which are to promote social and economic security, educational opportunity, and the health of the citizens of the Nation. of the The Office of Community War Services, which was the war arm Federal Security Agency, continues its services in helping comnmuni- ties to provide health, medical care, welfare, recreation, education, social protection, and related services to families and individuals in congested areas. Since the end of the war these activities have been somewhat reduced in scope, and in some instances changed in emphasis. The two major functions of the Office of Community War Services and have been carried on by its two main divisions, Social Protection Recreation. The Social Protection Division, while continuing its cooperation with the Army, the Navy, and the United States Public Health Service, is working closely with local officials and agencies to stimulate com- munity action to prevent an increase of the ills of venereal disease and prostitution during the period of demobilization. The Recreation Division now restricts its activities largely to carry- and ing on its responsibility in relation to the USO in the mamitenance operation of 400 recreation buildings built with Federal funds. ORGANIZATION.-In addition to the Administrator's Office, with its con- continuing and emergency functions, the Agency, & presently stituted, includes the following constituent units: the Public Health Service, under which is Freedmen's Hospital; St. Elizabetls Hospital; the Office of Education; the Social Security Board; the Food and Drug FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY 383 Administration; and the Office of Vocational Rehabilitation. It also represents Federal participation in the work of Howard Univerity, Columbia Institution for the Deaf, and the American Printing House for the Blind. The affairs of the Federal Security Agency are under the direction and supervision of the Federal Security Administrator. He is as- sisted by the Assistant Administrator, who acts as Administrator in his absence, and by a staff of administrative, special, anrid technical assis- tants who aid in the activities and correlation of the different units of the A Igency. To coordinate work in the field, the Regional Directors and the regional offices of the Social Security Board serve the Office of Com- munity War Services in a regional capacity. .Approved. WATSON B. MILLER Administrator United States Office of Education Temporary Building M, Twenty-sixth Street and Constitution Avenue NW. Executive 6500, Branch 3208 OFFICIALS Commissioner-----------------____.-._-__--_-. JOHN W. STUDEBAKER Assistant Commissioner and Director, Division of Elementary Education- -______________-__________BESS GOODYKOONTZ Director, Division of Secondary Education,----------- GALEN JONES Assistant Commissioner for Vocational Education--- JOHN C. WRIGHT Director, Division of Higher Education- ------- FRED J. KELLY Executive Assistant to the Commissioner and Director, Division of Central Services,- ,,,,,,..,.__,- KENNETH 0. WARNER Director, Division of International Educational Re- lations-----------------------------------------_ H AR OLD BENJAMIN Director, Division of Auxiliary Services, and Acting Director, Division of School Administration- H------- 1. GEIGSBiY RALL C.EATION AND AUTao.RrrIY.-The United States Office of Education was established by an act of Congress approved March 2, 1867 (14 Stat. 434; 20 U. S. C. 1), "for the purpose of collecting such statistics and facts as shall show the condition and progress of education in the several States and Territories, and of diffusing such information respecting the organization and management of schools and school systems, and methods of teaching, as shall aid the people of the United States in the establishment and maintenance of efficient school systems, and otherwise promote the cause of education throughout the country." Since the passage of this organic act the functions of the Office have been expanded by further legislation and Executive orders to include (1) the administration of funds appropriated as aids to education, and (2) the conduct of special studies and the operation of specified programs. 384 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL The Federal Board for Vocational Education was created by the Smith-Hughes Act, of February 23, 1917 (39 Stat. 929; 20 U. S. C. 11-28). This act makes continuing appropriations to be expended in the States under State plans for the promotion of vocational education. The work has been expanded and appropriations increased through the George-Reed Act, the George-Ellzey.Act, and the George-Deen Act. Under Executive Order 6166, of June 10, 1933, the functions of the Federal Board for Vocational Education were transferred to the De- partment of the Interior. These functions were assigned to the Com- missioner of Education on October 10, 1933. The United States Office of Education, with all of its functions, was transferred from the Department of the Interior to the Federal Security Agency, effective July 1, 1939, in accordance with the provi- sions of the President's Reorganization Plan I. ACTIVITIES The legislation which established the United States Office of Educa- tion made it the agency of the Federal Government for educational matters. The Office (1) collects educational statistics and other forms of information on schools and school systems, colleges and universi- ties libraries, and programs of instruction and administrative pro- cedures; (2) makes and reports studies on problems for which re- search is needed to guide educational practices; (3) serves in an advisory and consultative capacity to State and local school officials, to the administrative and professional staffs of colleges and univer- sities, to representatives of foreign countries, and to students of edu- cation; and (4) administers (a) funds as grants in aid to education, and (b) special programs. The Office administers the acts for the promotion of vocational edu- cation, including agricultural, trade and industrial, home economics, and business education, compiling information and cooperating with and assistinig the States in all such matters. It administers all other functions originally assigned to the Federal Board for Vocational Education, except Vocational Rehabilitation, including investigations to determine whether the States are properly utilizing their Federal grants, examination and approval of State plans, cooperation with public and private institutions, and the com- pilation of information and reports to aid local authorities in this work. The Office of Education publishes documents based upon research, studies, and other activities in practically all educational fields and for all educational levels. It supervises the administration of funds appropriated for land-grant colleges. It makes a yearly inspection and report to Congress on the condition of Howard University. FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY 285 COOPERATIVE ACTIVITIES WITH OTTHER AcGNCIES.-Cooperative activi- ties are carried on by the Office of Education with the War Assets Administration on problems of the utilization and disposal of surplus property for educational uses; with the Children's Bureau in recom- imending minimum standards relative to school attendance and child labor; with the Department of Agriculture in the provision of Federal assistance for school lunches; with the Treasury Department on a program of school savings; and with various other governmental agencies in the relationship of their programs to the schools and colleges. :ITER:NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL RELATIONS.-The Office of Education is promoting the development of international understandino and cooperation in the field of education through such activities as ex- change of students and teachers; promotion of language studies; preparation and distribution of exhibits, loan packets, and other teaching materials; and assistance to international clubs and teacher education programs in the field of international relations. For the Inter-American Educational Relations phase of this program funds are received from the Interdepartmental Committee on Scientific and Cultural Cooperation through the Department of State. Appro ved. JOHN W. STUDEBAKER Commisioner Columbia Institution for the Deaf Seventh Street and Florida Avenue NE. LIncoln 2450 President, Board of Directors- -_____ PERCIVAL HALL President, Gallaudet College_------------- --- -LEONARD M. ELSTAD CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-The Columbia Institution for the In- struction of the Deaf and the Dumb and the Blind was incorporated by act of February 16, 1857 (11 Stat. 161-2; 24 U. S. C. 231, 235). An amendatory act of February 23, 1865 (13 Stat. 436; 24 U. S. C. 231, 249), changed the name to Columbia Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb. Its name was changed to the present one by act of March 14, 1911 (36 Stat. 1422; 24 U. S. C. 231 note). Its functions under the Department of the Interior were transferred to the Federal Security Agency by-section 11 (d) of Reorganization Plan IV, effective June 30, 1940. PURPoSE.-All deaf mutes of teachable age of the District of Co- lumbia are admitted to this institution without charge. Pay pupils 386 ~ ~-UN'ITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL and students may receive instruction for $600. The advanced de- partment, known as Gallaudet College, offers the only advanced course especially for deaf students given anywhere in the w proved. PERCIVAL HALL President,Board of Directors Howard University 2401 Sixth Street NW. DUpont 6100 President ----------------------------------------- MORDECAI JOHNSON CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-Howard University was established by act of March 2, 1867 (14 Stat. 438). Its functions under thDe- partment of the Interior were transferred to the Federal Security Agency by section 11 (c) of Reorganization Plan IV, effective June 1940. 30, PURPOSE.-The lack of higher educational facilities for Negroes in the States in which most of them live has resulted in a serious de- ficiency in professional services for Negroes essential for their better development and greater security. Howard University, jointly sup- ported by congressional appropriations and private funds, is a com- prehensive university organization, offering instructions in nine schools and colleges as follows: the college of liberal arts, the school of of engineering and architecture, the school of music, the college medicine, the college of dentistry, the college of pharmacy, the school a of law, the school of religion, the graduate school, and, in addition, summer school. Approved. MORDECAI JOHNSON President U. S. Public Health Service 1901 Constitution Avenue NW., REpublic 7409 Temporary Building T-6, Bethesda, Md., OLiver 4200 National Institute of Health, Bethesda, Mdl., WIsconsin 7000 OFFICIALS Surgeon Generl - THOMAS PARRAN, M. D. - WARREN F. DRAPER, Deputy Surgeon General:---::-::::--:-: Mv. D. FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY 387 Assistant Surgeon ;General, Director, National Insti- tute of Health -. _..-. . _ _.________ ___ . . . ROLLA E. DYE M. D. Assistant, Surgeon General, Chief, Bureau of State Services -L.. .... L. R. THOMPSON, M. D. Assistant Surgeon General, Associate Chief, Bureau of State Services -__... .____________ C. L. WILLIAMS, M. D. Assistant Surgeon General, Chief, Bureau of Medical Services -.......... ___...__ R. C. WILLIAMS, M. D. Assistant Surgeon General, Chief Medical Officer, XWar Shipping Administration .................... JUSTIN K. FTLLR, M D Assistant Surgeon General, Chief, Division of Den- tistry- -- ---- ___.____ -- ____ W. T. WRIGHT, Jr., M. D Assistant Surgeon General, Chief, Division of Sani- tary Engineering .- .J._.___________________ JOHN K. Hos OS s C. Assistant Surgeon General, Chief Medical Officer, United States Coast Guard- ..... ,......,.,.... PAUL M. STEWART, M D Executive Assistant ...- _..._..-.-.... __..._..._. IVAN PAUL ASAY Chief Clerk _ _ DANIEL MASTESON Chietf Division of Commissioned Officers- _______ W. F. OSSENFORT M. D. Chief, Division of Public Health Methods ----- G. ST. J. PRROTT Chief, Division of Nursing ........................ LUCILE PETRY, R. N. Chief, Hospital Division ...- ............ ,... OTIS L. ANDERSON, M. D. Chief, Mental Hygiene Division -....... __...__.- _ ROBERT H. FELIX M. D. Chief, Foreign Quarantine Division ---.-.- ..-.... G. L. DUNNAHOO, M. D. Chief, States Relations Division ------ __.-----__- JOSEPH W. MOUNTIN M. D. Chief, Venereal Disease Division ___.-.-- _.____ J. R. HELLER, Jr M D Chief, Industrial Hygiene Division ..--------- _-..- J. G. TOWNSEND, M. D. Chief, Tuberculosis Control Division -.....--- HERMAN K HILLEBO M.D. Chief, National Cancer Institute -----............... ROSOE R. SPENCER, M. D. Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases ------ __.---- CHARLES ARMSTRONG, M. Chief, Division of Physiology--------------..--- W. H. SEBBELL, M. D. Chief, Biologics Control Laboratory-------------- M. V. VELDEE, M. D. Chief; Chemistry Laboratory.-- ------- ------ CLAUDE S. HUDSON Chief, Pathology Laboratory---------------------- RALPH D. LILLIE, M. D. Chief, Zoology Laboratory--------....-----.,.--- WILLARD H. WRIGHT Chief, Industrial Research Laboratory---------- PAUL A. NEAL, M. D. CREATION AND AUT-HOITY.-The U. S. Public Health Service had its origin in an act of Congress of July 16, 1798 (ch. 77, 1 Stat. 605; 24 U. S. C. 2), creating the marine hospitals for the care of American merchant seamen. Subsequent legislation has vastly broadened the scope of activities to include the functions of a national health service. In accordance with the Reorganization Act of 1939 (53 Stat. 561; 5 U. S. C. 133r), and Reorganization Plan I. effective July 1, 1939, the Public Health Service and its functions are administered as a part of the Federal Security Agency under the direction and supervision of the Federal Security Administrator. The Public Health Service Act of July 1, 1944 (58 Stat. 682), codifies substantially all existing public health legislation, and embodies provisions of title VI of the Social Security Act. In addition, it provides for greater assistance to States in establishing and maintaining adequate public health serv-. ices; development of coordinated research into causes and prevention of all diseases; establishment of a national tuberculosis control pro- UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL granm; expansion Cf. the commissioned corps of the Public Health Service to include scientific personnel and nurses. PuRroSE.-The U. S. Public Health Service, under the Surgeon Gen- eral is the Federal agency specifically charged with matters relating to the protection and improvement of the public health. Its authorized functions are research and promotion of research relating to the causes, diagnosis, treatment, control, and prevention of physical and mental diseases and impairments of man, control of biologic products, cooperation with State and other health agencies, prevention of the in- troduction of disease from abroad and the spread of disease in the United States, medical care of legal beneficiaries, and the dissem- ination of health information. FEDIEAL-STATE COOPERATIVE PROGRAM.-The U. S. Public Health Service cooperates with other Federal agencies, with State and local health departments, and with unofficial health agencies on matters pertaining to public health, health education, and sanitation. Under the Public Health Service Act of 1944 it assists States, counties, health districts, and other political subdivisions of the States in establishing and maintaining adequate public health services, including the train- in of personnel. For this purpose an annual appropriation not to exceed $20,000,000 is authorized. The appropriation for the fiscal year 1946 is $11,467,000. To enable the Public Health Service to develop more effectiveimeas- ures for the prevention, treatment, and control of tuberculosis and to assist States and their political subdivisions in tuberculosis control, a.n appropriation of $6,047,000 was made under the Public H-alth Service Act for the tuberculosis control program in the 1946 fiscal Provisions of the Venereal Disease Control Act (of July 9, 1918), and the amendment to the act (approved May 24, 1939), are embodied in the Public Health Service Act of 1944. Appropriations authorized for- venereal disease control through the States for the fiscal year 1946 total $8,756,876. The Public Health Service assisted State and local health authori- ties in maintaining proper sanitation facilities and providing other health protective measures in military, naval, and industrial areas where there were large concentrations of troops or abnormal increases For the in population as the result of war industrial activities. conduct of these emergency health activities, an appropriation of $2,615,000 was made for the fiscal year 1946. REsEAECH—-TheNational Institute of Health and field stations in- of man. vestigate the causes and methods of prevention of diseases Appropriations totaling $2.638,000 have been authorized under the Pblic Health Service Act for the fiscal year 1946. The Public Can- Health Service Act, which embodies provisions of the National cer Institute Act of August 5, 1937, also authorizes an appropriation year 1946. of $490,000 for the National Cancer Institute for the fiscal studied, Problems of control of communicable diseases are being Labora- and nutritional research is in progress. The Rocky Mountain for the tory continues to be a chief source of yellow fever, vaccine Nation. FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY 389 Laboratory investigations have been expanded to establish toxi- cological standards, study new industrial substances and processes and to further research in aviation medicine. CONTrOL OF BIOLOGIC PRODUCTS.-By means of inspection of plants tests of products, and license, the Public Health Service supervises the manufacture and sale, in interstate commerce, of biologic and analo- gous products used in the prevention and treatment of disease The purpose is to insure, to the highest degree possible, the purity and potency of standard products. PREVENTING THE INTRODUCTION AND SPREAD OF DISEASE.-In pre- venting the introduction of disease from abroad, the Public Health Service conducts the national maritime quarantine activities makes physical examinations of immigrants, conducts medical examinations at foreign ports, and inspects passengers and crews of vessels and airplanes arriving from foreign ports. It also acts to prevent the spread of communicable diseases between the States through inter- state traffic. Quarantine surveillance, especially at airports of entry, maritime ports, continental borders, and in the Caribbean area, has been intensified. New quarantine regulations and international sanitary conventions, geared to increased air travel, are being developed. HOSPITALIZATION AND INSTITUTIONS.-The U. S. Public Health Serv- ice furnishes outpatient and hospital treatment to its legal beneficiaries in 136 ports of the United States and its possessions, provided by 27 marine hospitals and 112 other relief stations, located in ports not served by the marine hospitals. It operates a hospital for the care and treatment of persons having leprosy, conducts two hospitals for the treatment and rehabilitation of drug addicts, furnishes care under Executive Order 9079 of February 26, 1942, for certain classes of mental patients, and administers Freedmen's Hospital in the District of Columbia. It also studies and issues information on mental diseases, and furnishes and supervises the medical and psychiatric services in Federal penal and correctional institutions under the Department of Justice, as provided by the act of May 13, 1930. The principal legal beneficiaries of the U. S. Public Health Service are Public Health Service officers and their dependents, personnel of the United States Coast Guard and their dependents, members of the United States Merchant Marine, United States Maritime Service enrollees, and beneficiaries of the United States Employees' Compen- sation Commission. DISSEMINATION OF PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATION.-It publishes the results of research, collects, compiles, and publishes reports of com- municable diseases in the United States and foreign countries and other information-relating to public health, and disseminates general health information through publications, exhibits, moving picture films, film strips, posters, and other educational means. ADMINISTRATION OF REGULATORY LAWs.-The regulatory functions of the Public. Health Service concern the administration of the laws and the regulations issued under the authority thereof relating to mari- time and interstate quarantine and to the control of manufacture and sale of biologic and analogous products. 390 1UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL Other Activities Personnel of the Service are cooperating with military authorities and other Federal agencies in the development of their medical and public health programs for demobilization and rehabilitation. Of- cers of the Service are assigned to duty with other Federal agencies, among which are the Army and Navy, the War Shipping Adminis- tratio, the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administra- tion, the Department of Agriculture, the Federal Public Housing Authority, War Assets Administration, State Department, U. S. Coast Guard, and Veterans Administration. Venereal disease control activities have been intensified and rapid treatment centers for infected persons have been established. Special wartime programs, set up for the control of malaria and typhus, are being continued. Services to the States in the development of in- dustrial hygiene programs have been expanded. TRAINING FOR NmiSEs.-Under the provisions of the act of June 15 1943 (57 Stat. 153; 50 App. U. S. C. 1451-1460), the Public Health Service administers a program of nurse education. Trainees enrolled in the U. S. Cadet Nurse Corps receive free training, maintenance, an monthly stipend. A total of $59,957,000 was appropriated for the fiscal year 1946 to carry out the program. Recruitment has been terminated, and no students have been enrolled as cadet nurses in courses beginning after October 15, 1945. Cadet nurses enrolled through that date may complete their training under Federal scholar- ship. DISTRICT MEDICAL DIRECTORS-PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE Medical Director Address District -- E. t. Coffey, M. D--..--- --------- New York, N. Y. No. 1- W. T. Sharp, Jr., M. D---- ------- Richmond, Va. No. 2""'--- .V. Meriwether, M. D—-—————————— Chicago, Ill. No. S- No. 4-c----- C. 0. Applewhite, M. D- --------- -- —-- New Orleans, La. W. T. Harrison, M. D - —-—-- —--- - - San Francisco, Calif. No. 5- R. A. Vonderlehr, M. D--- San Juan, P. R. No. 6- Estella Ford Warner, M. D—-——————— — Kansas City, Mo. No. 7-"" Fred T. Foard, M. D--———————————Denver, Colo. No.8-F"' 9-""-------K. E. Miller, M. D—-- - - - -- Dallas, Tex. No. -" Robert H. Onstott, M. D -- -------------- - Honolulu, T. H. No. 10 Juau, Alaska. No. 11U---- - E. W. Norris, M. D-—.nen-- Freedmen's Hospital Sixth and Bryant Streets NW. MIchigan 6262 ------- ----- ---- JAMES L. HALL Superintendent- CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-Freedmen's Hospital, created in 1865, was incorporated by act of March 3, 1871 (16 Stat. 508; 24 U. S. C. 261). Its functions were transferred from the Department of the FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY 391 Interior to the Federal Security Agency by section 11 (b) of Reor- ganization Plan IV, effective Juie 30. 1940. PumrosOE-Freedimene's Hospital, rated as Class A by the American College of Surgeons and the Amnerican Medical Association, is a gen- eral hospital with specialized departments and a school of nursing approved by the Nurses Examining Board of the District of Columbia. It has 348 beds, 54 bassinets, and a 150-bed tuberculosis unit, and imaintains an out-patient department. The Hospital is affiliated with Hlooward University Medical School. Approved. THOMAS PARIRAN Surgeon General Elizabeths Hospital Nichols Avenue, Congress Heights LIncoln 1424 Superintendent.-- ----.-......-....-.......... WINFRED OVERHOLSER CREATION AND AUTr-xoRriTy-The Hospital was first established by act of March 3, 1855 (10 Stat. 682; 24 U. S. . 161--65), as the Gov- ernment Hospital for the Insane. It became Saint Elizabeths Hos- pital by act of July 1,1916 (39 Stat. 309; 24 U. S. C. 165). Its func- tions were transferred from the Department of the Interior to the Federal Security Agency by section 11 (a) of Reorganization Plan IV, effective June 30. 1940. PuRKPosE.-Saint Elizabeths Hospital provides for treatment of the mentally ill members of the military services of the United States, including the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. It also provides such treatment for certain civilians, including residents of the District of Columbia, beneficiaries of the United States Public Health Service, Indians under the Office of Indian Affairs of the Department of the Interior, persons charged with Federal crimes who are insane, expatriated American citizens from Canada, and the mentally ill from the Canal Zone and the Virgin Islands. Approved. WINFRED OVERHOLSER Superintendent Social Security Beard 1825 H Street NW. EXecutive 6500, Branches 3101-03 ME1EMBERS ChaARman--- ----- I--------- ARTHUR J. ALTMEYER GEORGE E. BIGGE ELLEN S. WOODWARD 392 TUNiTED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL OFFICIALS -.------ Executive Director- —-------- OSCAR M. POWELL Assistant Executive Director ---------------------- WILLIAM L. MITCELL Director, Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance_ OSCAR C. POGGE Director, Bureau of Frnployment Security ------------ EWAN CLAGUE Director, Bureau of Public Assistance---------------- JANE M. HOEY Director, Bureau of Research and Statistics ---------- I. S. FALK Director, Bureau of Accounts and Audits-—----------LEONARD J. WILBERT Director, Informational Service ------------ -- ROBERT HTJSE Actuarial Consultant .-- —- ——— — — — W. R. WILLIAMSON Chairman, Appeals Council - _---------------- JOSEPH E. McELVAIN CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-The Social Security Board was estab- lished under the provisions of the Social Security Act (49 Stat. 620; 29 U. S. C. 45b, also title 42), approved August 14, 1935. It became part of the Federal Security Agency on July 1, 1939, in accordance with Reorganization Plan I, under the Reorganization Act of 1939 (53 Stat. 561; 5 U. S. C. 133r). PURPOSE.-Responsibilities assigned to the Social Security Board under the Social Security Act, as amended by the Social Security Act Amendments of 1939 (53 Stat. 1360; 42 U. S. C. 302), include general determination of policies and specific action in: (1) Administering Federal old-age and survivors insurance and certifying to the Secre- tary of the Treasury amounts to be paid to entitled persons as monthly benefits or lump sums under that program. (2) Approving State unemployment compensation laws; determining and certifying to the Secretary of the Treasury Federal grants to States for adminis- tration of such laws; reviewing the laws and their administration to determine compliance with Federal requirements; and certifying State laws to the Secretary of the Treasury to permit employers to credit against the Federal unemployment tax amounts which they have paid-or would have paid in the absence of authorized rate vari- ation-to State unemployment funds. (3) Approving State plans for old-age assistance, aid to dependent children, and aid to the blind; determining and certifying to the Secretary of the Treasury Federal grants to States for such plans; and reviewing State plans and ad- ministration to determine compliance with Federal requirements. (4) Conducting studies and making recommendations on the most effective methods of providing economic security through social in- surance and related measures. As additional responsibilities, assigned through later legislation or other authorization, the Board participates with the Administrator of Veterans Affairs in certifying to the Secretary of the Treasury amounts to be paid for administrative expenses incurred or to be incurred by States in connection with their responsibilities under title V of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (58 Stat. 295) and has been operating, or participating-with States in operating, three war emergency programs-civilian war benefits, civilian war assistance, and assistance and services to enemy aliens and others affected by restrictive governmental action. FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY 3 CENTRAL ORGANIZATION.-The Board consists of three members-not more than two of whom may be of the same political party-appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate IThe President designates one of the three members as chairman. The Executive Director, under the general supervision of the Board inembers, is responsible for administrative and executive action in general supervision and coordination of the work of all bureaus and offices of the Board, in maintaining Federal-State relations, in super- vising regional and territorial offices, and in providing certain cen- tralized services. Within the Office of the Executive Director are or- ganizational units specifically concerned with personnel and business mana~gement; training activities; library and reference services; publications and review; operations in regional offices; advisory services to States in establishing and maintaining their merit systems of personnel administration; and budget, general coordination and procedures. The Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance administers the -Federal program designated by its name; the Bureau of Employment Security administers Federal aspects of Federal-State unemployment .compensation; and the Bureau of Public Assistance is responsible for Federal functions in connection with Federal-State programs for old-age assistance, aid to dependent children, and aid to the blind Three service bureaus carry general over-all responsibilities designated by their titles-the Bureau of Accounts and Audits, the Bureau of Research and Statistics, and the Informational Service. In addition the Office of the Actuary advises the Board and its staff on technical and long-range aspects of population, employment and wages, and other factors needed in planning operations, determining costs, and considering proposals for social security. The Office of Appeals Coun- cil, consisting of 3 members, a consulting referee, and 12.regional ref- erees-independent of the Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insur- ance-hears and reviews appeals on claims for wage credits, monthly benefits, and lump-sum payments under the programs administered by that Bureau. The General Counsel of the Federal Security Agency provides legal services for all units of the Board. The Bureau of Research and Statistics conducts the basic studies necessary to analyze aspects of social security which are beyond the immediate scope of any other bureau, and reviews and integorates the statistical and analytical work of the program bureaus. Its activities are concentrated on over-all financial and economic aspects of the Board's programs; the relation of these programs to other social secu- rity and related measures; and development of findings and recom- mendations on the most effective methods of providing social security through social insurance, with particular reference to unmet needs for protection during illness and disability. The Bureau of Accounts and Audits maintains the Board's system of accounts covering all funds budgeted, appropriated, collected, or disbursed; keeps accounting -controls over expenditures; pre-audits and certifies administrative expenditures; and furnishes advisory 684356°-46—26 394 TUNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL' services to all other units on budgeting, accounting, and other fiscal matters. Its regional staff conducts field audits of State public as- sistance agencies and of administrative expenditures of State employ- ment security agencies; furnishes constructive accounting services to State public assistance agencies; and reviews the fiscal aspects of State public assistance plans and State requests for Federal funds under such plans. The Informational Service informs the public on the provisions of the Social Security Act, for which the Board carries administrative responsibilities, to increase the effectiveness of operations through wider understanding of the rights, benefits, and responsibilities of -individuals under these programs. It advises the Board and its staff on matters of public information and public relations and, through regional representatives, assists State public assistance and employ- ment security agencies in planning and developing informational activities. REGIONAL AND FIELD ORGANIZATION.-To the greatest extent con- sistent with effective and uniform administration, operations of the Board are decentralized to provide local and regional services to workers covered by old-age and survivors insurance, to claimants for benefits under that program, and to State agencies administering laws and plans approved by the Board under the Social Security Act. Each of the 11 regional and 2 territorial offices maintained by the Board is under the supervision of a regional or territorial director with a staff includino representatives of the Board's program and service bureaus and offices. Representatives of the Bureau of Old- Age and Survivors Insurance supervise the activities of more than 450 field or branch offices and some 1,700 stations -with itinerant service which are concerned with operations of that program; representa- tives of the other two program bureaus advise regional directors and State agencies on matters relating to unemployment compensation and public assistance; and informational service representatives, regional auditors, regional attorneys, and personnel methods con- sultants of the technical advisory service on merit-system adinis- tration provide the appropriate specialized assistance to regional directors, representatives of the program bureaus, and State agencies. REGIONAL OFFICES-SOCIAL SECURITY BOARD Region Director Address No. 1. Maine, New Hampshire, VTr- Jobn F. Hardy-.-.-— 120 Boylston Street, Boston 16, Mass. mont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Nos.2andF. New York, New Jersey, Peter Kasius --- —11 'West Forty-Second Street, New Pennsylvania, Delaware. York I, N. Y. No. 4. Maryland, Virginia, North Lavinia Engle --- 1523 L Street NW., Washington 25, 3 Carolina, West Virginia, District of D. C. No. 5. Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio--- Mary E. Woods—--- 521 Union Commerce Building, Cleve. land 14, Ohio. No. 6. Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin—-_ Robert W. Beasley--- 188 W. Randolph Street, Chicago 1,111. FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY 395 REGIONAL OFFICES-SOCIAL SECURITY BOARD-Continued Region Director Address No. 7. South Carolina, Georgia, Ten- Richard H. Lyle -- - 441 West Peachtree Street, Atlanta 3, nessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Flor- Ga. ida. No. 8. North Dakota, South Dakota, Chester B. Lund ...- Midland Bank Building, Fourth Nebraska, Iowa, Minnesota. Street and Second Avenue, Min. neapolis 1, Minn. No. 9. Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas, Ed McDonald.......... 1006 Grand Avenue, Kansas City 6 Oklahoma. Mo. No. 10. Louisiana, Texas, New Mexico- James B. Marley -.....- Maverick Building, North Fresa and East Houston Streets, San Antonio 5, Tex. No. 11. Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Heber R. Harper .--- 730 Seventeenth Street, Denver 2 Colo. Utah, Colorado. No. 12. California, Oregon, Washing- Richard M. Necustadt. _ 786 Market Street, San Francisco 3, ton, Nevada, Arizona. Calif. Territory of Alaska -....-.......-.- Hugh J. Wade-...- P. 0. Box 1331, Juneau. Territory of Hawaii ..--.-- Harold I-H...- S. Burr-....- 434 Dillingham Building, Honolul 16. Program Activities BUREATU Or OLD-AGE AND SURVIVORS INSURANCE.-The statutory pro- visions of the Social Security Act which relate to old-age and sur- vivors insurance are contained in title II of that act, as amended, and in chapter 9, subchapter A, of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended (formerly title VIII of the Social Security Act). The Bureau of Old- Age and Survivors Insurance is responsible for assigning identifying account numbers to workers covered by the program, maintaining wage records of amounts which can be used as each worker's credits toward benefits under the program, determining rights of workers or their dependents and survivors to monthly benefits or lump-sum pay- ments, and certifying to the Treasury the amounts which should be paid on individual claims. The Treasury Department, under the Fed- eral Insurance Contributions Act, collects the employer and employee contributions, which are appropriated to the old-age and survivors insurance trust fund from which benefits and administrative costs of this program are paid. The purpose of the program is to provide continuing income for workers and their families as partial replacement of earnings lost through old-age retirement or death of the wage earner. Workers covered by the program are those who receive wages and salaries in industrial or commercial jobs; those excluded are self-employment, agricultural labor, domestic service, or service for certain nonprofit organizations and Government agencies. Monthly retirement bene- fits based on the wage credits of covered workers are payable to the workers themselves at age 65 or over, to their wives aged 65 or over, and to unmarried dependent children under age 16, or 18 if attending school. Monthly survivor benefits are payable to children meeting the same age requirement, to widows with child beneficiaries in their 336 TUNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL care to widows aged 65 and over, and if no widow or unmarried child under age 18 survives the wage earner, to his or her dependent parents on attainment of age 65 or over. Total monthly benefits payable range from a minimum of $10 to a maximum of $85 a month with respect to the wage record of an insured worker, in accordance with his past covered earnings and the number and relationship of the persons entitled to benefits. If no monthly benefits are payable for the month in which the insured worker dies, a lump sum is payable to a widow, child, or parent, or, in the absence of such survivors, to a person who paid his burial expenses. Entitlement to monthly benefits or lump-sum payments depends on the insured status of the worker (determined by number of quarters of coverage under the program), the age and relationship of worker and dependents, and application for such benefits or payments. Monthly benefits of entitled persons are not payable for any month in which the beneficiary or the wage earner on whose wage credits benefits are based earns more than $14.99 from services in covered employment. Field offices of the Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance as- sist workers in establishing their wage credits, aid potential claimants in filing applications for benefits or lump-sum payments and in deel- oping the evidence required to establish their rights, determine eligi- bility of claimants, and compute the amounts of payment due. Five area offices review field office determinations and certify to the Treasury Department the persons to receive payments and the amounts to be paid. Any claimant dissatisfied with the determination of his ri ghts may request reconsideration by the Bureau, may request a hear- ing before a referee and review by the Appeals Council, and may take his case to court. The Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance studies the ac- tuarial, economic, fiscal, and administrative factors which affect the number of covered workers, the amounts of their wage credits, the effect of their wage history on their insurance status, trends in claims, and the extent to which the program fulfills and is likely to fulfill its purpose in providing social security. BUREAU OF EMPLOYMENT SECURITY.-In contrast to similar functions for Federal old-age and survivors insurance, States, rather than the Social Security Board, are responsible for recording wage credits to- ward unemployment benefits, determining benefit rights and eligibility, collecting contributions, and paying benefits. The Social Security Act serves essentially as an enabling statute, to facilitate enactment and administration of State unemployment compensation laws. If these laws meet certain conditions specified in title III of the Social Security Act, as amended, and chapter 9, subchapter C, of the Internal Revenue Code (formerly title IX of the Social Security Act), they are approved by the Social Security Board. States then become eligible for Federal grants to pay necessary administrative costs of their unemployment FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY 397 compensation laws, and employers within those States become entitled to certain credits against Federal taxes for which they are liable under the Federal Unemployment Tax Act. The Treasury Department is rble for determining liability for this tax, which applies to in- dustrial and commercial employers of eight or more workers on some day in each of 20 different weeks of a calendar year. The Bureau of Employment Security carries primary responsibility for the Board's functions in connection with State unemployment compensation laws and their acdministration. Conditions for approval of State laws include requirements that benefits shall be paid through public employment offices or such other agencies as the Board may ap- prove; that a worker's rights to benefits when he refuses a job which fails to meet certain labor standards shall be safeguarded; that all contributions collected by the State shall be deposited in the unem- -ployment trust fund established in the Federal Treasury; that State funds withdrawn from their accounts in that fund shall be used only to pay benefits; and that State administration assures prompt payment of benefits when due and affords workers whose claims for benefits are denied an opportunity for a fair hearing before an impartial tribunal. State laws-within the conditions for approval-differ widely in coverage, benefit provisions, eligibility and -disqualification requirements, contribution rates, and other financial factors. The Board's statutory responsibilities entail analysis of the provi- sions of State laws and their proposed and enacted amendments, review of State administrative operations and expenditures of Federal funds, determination of proper administrative costs on a basis which will take account of differences among States in coverage, compensable unem- ployment, and administrative and legislative provisions; and analysis of statistical reports which States are required to submit on the ad- ministration and operations of their programs. The Bureau of Em- ployment Security furnishes guides to the States in these and related fields, to explain and interpret Federal responsibilities and reouire- ments in relation to the State programs. The Bureau also aids State employment .security agencies in constructing administrative budgets as a basis for requesting Federal grants; applying or adapting more effective administrative procedures developed by the Bureau or by individual States; analyzing past and forecasting future trends in cov- erage, contributions, benefit rights, and benefit payments in comparison with other States and the Nation as a whole; coordinating financial and administrative relations with the United States Employment Service of the Department of Labor; and studying and recommiending methods of improving the unemployment compensation program. Assistance is also given to States in matters relating to their part in the program for Federal readjustment allowances to veterans. BUREATU Or PUBLIC ASSISTANcE.-As in the unemployment compensa- tion program, eligibility conditions for public assistance and amounts of payments are State responsibilities; Federal financial participation 398 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL in State public assistance is greater, however, for the Federal Govern ment shares costs of payments to persons eligible for assistance under approved State plans as well as costs of administering State pro- grams. The programs themselves are State-initiated and State-ad- iinistered and reflect State differences in historical background, ad- ministrative structure, degree of community concern, and legislative framework and appropriations. In general, the conditions stipulated by the Social Security Act for the Board's approval of a State plan are the same for all three' assist- ance programs--old-age assistance (title 1), aid to dependent children (title IV), and aid to the blind (title X). State plans may not impose eligibility conditions more restrictive than certain maximums spei- fied; States must participate financially in the plan and must admin- ister or supervise administration through a single State agency; must assure that the plan will be in effect in all political subdivisions; must provide such methods of administration as are found by the Board Mecessary for the proper and efficient operation of the plan; must safe- guard the confidentiality of information pertaining to applicants and recipients; must afford opportunity for a fair hearing before the State agency for all individuals whose claims are denied; and, in determining eed, must take into account any other income or resources of the applicant for assistance. When a State plan is submitted to the Board and approved, th State becomes eligible for Federal funds to bear approximately half the total costs of assistance payments to recipients and costs of admin- istration. The Federal contribution toward payments to individuals may not exceed $20 a month for each aged or blind recipient or $9 a month for the first child aided in a family receiving aid to dependent children and $6 for each additional child aided. The Social Security Act however, merely defines the limits and scope of Federal financial participation; the State plan may be broader. Federal participation is restricted to persons who are needy, who are not inmates of public institutions, who receive money payments (as distinct from services or payments in grocery orders and the like), and who meet certain eligi- bility conditions. These eligibility conditions preclude Federal shar- ing-in old-age assistance to persons under age 65, or to children age I8 and over or age 16 and over if not attending school, or to children who are living with someone not included in a specifisd list of relatives in a residence maintained by such relative as a private home. In all other respects, Federal sharing, within the maximums specified, is condi- tioned on the State's action in determining eligibility for assistance under its plans and in providing funds to be matched by the Federal grant. As a result, Federal funds are made available to States roughly in proportion to the State's ability and intent to relieve need among those groups rather than to the extent of need in the State. Throug-h its regional representatives and central staff, the Bureau of Public Assistance reviews the provisions and operations of State FEDERAL. SECURITY AGENCY 39 plans for these three special types of assistance to determine their initial and continuing conformity with specifications of the Social Security Act and recommends the amounts of Federal funds to be certified as the Federal share of expenditures under each approved plan. The Bureau also collects and analyzes data on the operation of all forms of public assistance in the States-including general assistance, toward which the Federal Government does not grant funds. Approved. ARTHUR J. ALTMEYEB Chairman Feed and Drug Administration Room 3460, Social Security Building Fourth Street and Independence Avenue SW. Executive 6500, Branch 2061 OFFICIALS Commissioner of Food and Drugs ----.-........... PAUL B. DUNsAR Associate Commissioner_--------------------------_ CHARLES W. CRAWFOR Assistant Commissioner ---------- __---__---__ Louis D. ELLIOTT Assistant Commissioner -------------------------- GEORGE P. LARRICK Medical Director---.-...O..--------------------- ROBERT P. HEEWICK, M. D. Executive Officer.--...-------------------------- F. MUNCHMEYER CREATION AND AuTriioITY.-The name "Food and Drug Adminis- tration" was first provided by the Agricultural Appropriation Act of 1931, approved May 27, 1930 (46 Stat. 392) although its law-enforce- ment functions had been carried on under different organizational titles since January 1, 1907, when the Food and Drugs Act of 1906 (34 Stat. 3915; 21 U. S. C. 1 secs. 1-15) became effective. The Food and Drug Administration and its functions necessary for the enforce- ment of the five acfs named below were transferred from the Depart- ment of Agriculture to the Federal Security Agency, effective June 30, 1940, in accordance with the provisions of the President's Reorganiza- tion Plan IV. ENFORCEMENT OF LAWS.-The Food and Drug Administration en- forces the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, Tea Act, Import Milk Act, Caustic Poison Act, and Filled Milk Act. Its activities are directed mainly toward promoting purity, standard potency, and truthful and informative labeling of the essential commodities covered by the pro- visions of these five acts. 4,00 'UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MIANUAL INSPECTION AND ANALYSIS.-It inspects factories where foods, drugs, and cosmetics are processed or manufactured. It analyzes products coming within the jurisdiction of the five laws enforced in order to detect adulterated or misbranded articles and to institute appropriate action to bring about correction. At the request of the War and Navy Departments samples of foods and drugs intended for the armed forces are tested to see that they comply with specifications and are otherwise suitable for acceptance. Tests are also made upon request for other agencies of the Government that purchase foods and drugs. Standards for foods are formulated and methods of analysis developed. Close cooperation is maintained with State and city food and drug law- enforcement agencies. Approved. PAUL B. DUNBAR Commissioner of Food and Drugs Office of Vocational Rehabilitation Rochambeau Building, 815 Connecticut Avenue NW. EXecutive 6500, Branch 2373 OFFICIALS Director------------ _ _-----_---------- MICHAEL J. SHORTLEr AssistantDirector, Divisionof Rehabilitation Standards- Tnxcy CoPp Chief. Division of Administrative Standards------- JOSEPH V. HTJNT Chief, Informational Service-W..--- -- W.OLIVER KINCANNON ---- •Administrative Officer-—— — MAR ET PAULICK CrEEATION AND AwrHOKITY.-The Office of Vocational Rehabilitation was created within the Federal Security Agency to administer the expanded program of vocational rehabilitation provided by the Barden-La Follette Act of July 6, 1943 (57 Stat. 374), in a series of amendments to the Vocational Rehabilitation Act of June 2, 1920. PURPOSE.-The Office of Vocational Rehabilitation cooperates with the States in providing vocational rehabilitation to prepare for and place in remunerative employment persons who are vocationally handicapped because of a permanent disability caused by accident, disease, or congenital defect. (The Veterans Administration maii- tains a program for the rehabilitation of veterans with disabilities of service origin; act of Congress, a pproved March 24, 1943, 57 Stat. 43; 38 U. S. C. 701, and chap. 12 note.) The mentally as well as the physi- cally handicapped may receive rehabilitation. The blind may be re- habilitated on the same terms as other groups of the disabled. There is specific provision for war-disabled civilians (defined as members FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY 401 of civilian defense corps, aircraft warning services, civil air patrol and merchant seamen), and for civil employees of the United State Government injured in line of duty. The broadened program is designed as a permanent service for th- civilian disabled. During the fiscal year 1945, 41,925 men and women were fully rehabilitated into employment. Of these, 79 percent were unemployed when services were begun and 18.1 percent had never worked. IThe average monthly income of rehabilitants before services Were started was $24; after rehabilitation actual earnings avraged ACIVITIEs.-Through the cooperative Federal-State plan, the func- tions of operating the program rest with the State Boards of Voca- tional Education, each having a Division of Vocational Rehabilita- tion with a full-time director and professional staff. Vocational rehabilitation for the blind is provided by the State commissions or agencies for the blind where legal authority exists for rendering re- habilitation services. Otherwise, rehabilitation for the physl aly bandicapped becomes a function of the Division of Rehabilitation of the State Board of Vocational Education. The Office of Vocational Rehabilitation is a constituent unit of the Federal Security Agency. It is responsible for the establishment of standards in the various areas of service; for technical assistance to the States; and for certification of Federal funds for grants-in-aid to the States upon the approval of State plans for vocational rehabili- tation meeting the requirements of the authorizing act of Congress. Special assistance is furnished the States by regional offices, conform- ing to the general pattern of the Federal Security Agency organiza- tion. Professional guidance is furnished the program by two national committees: the Rehabilitation Advisory Council, composed of out- standing representatives of business and industry, labor, medicine, social welfare, and other interests closely allied to the problems of rehabilitation; and the Professional Advisory Committee, represent- ing the medical specialties most actively concerned with the adjust- ment of the disabled. Similar comimittees have been established in the States. Rehabilitation services available under the program include medi- cal and vocational diagnosis, vocational counselinmg, physical restora- tion, vocational training, funds for maintenance during training, occu- pational tools and equipment, placement in employment, and super- vision in employment until adjustment has been made. These services are provided without cost to the individual, except for physical resto- ration, prosthetic appliances, maintenance during training, and occu- pational equipment, and even these services are provided without cost to the individual if it is shown that he is unable to pay for them. The enumerated rehabilitation services (with the exception of main- tenance) are available to war-disabled civilians and civil employees of the United States injured in the performance of their duties with- 402 UNTITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL out' regard to their financial need. Eligibility for physical restora- tionis also determined by an employment handicap that is static (rela- tively stable), and remediable. Hospitalization is limited to 90 days for any one disability. Necessary State administrative costs are as- sumed by the Federal Government; the costs of rehabilitation services are shared by the State and Federal Governments on a fifty-fifty basis; State expenditures for services to war disabled civilians are fully reimbursed by the Federal Government. D. C. REHABILITATION SERVICE.-In the District of Columbia, all actual rehabilitation services to individuals are rendered by and through the D. C. Rehabilitation Service at 402 Sixth Street NW. (EXecutive 6500.) Approved. MICHAEL J. SHORTLEY Director Federal Works Agency' Federal Works Building, Eighteenth and F Streets NW. EXecutive 4900, Branch 4511 OFFICIALS Administrator ............- ...... ...... _ MAJ. GEN. PHILIP B. FLBiNG Assistant Administrator -------- _--- _---_. BAIRD SNYDER Executive Officer .---- .,------.- ..---- ERNEST E. HALL General Counsel .---.---- ----------------- ALAN JOHNSTONE Director of Information ----------------.---- ATJREY E. TAYLOR CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-The Federal Works Agency was created by the President's Reorganization Plan I, dated April 25, 1939, under the provisions of the Rsorganization Act of 1939. The units brought together under the Federal Works Agency were the Public Roads Administration, formerly the Bureau of Public Roads of the Depart- ment of Agriculture; the Public Buildings Administration, consisting of the Consolidated Public Buildings Branch of the Procurement Division of the Treasury Department, the Bureau of Buildings Man- agement of the National Park Service, Department of the Interior, so far as the latter was concerned with the operation of public buildings for other departments or agencies, and the United States Housing Corporation; the Public Works Administration, formerly the Fed- eral Emergency Administration of Public Works; the Work Projects Administration, formerly the Works Progress Administration, with the exception of the National Youth Administration; and the United States Housing Authority, formerly in the Department of the Interior. By Executive Order 8194, dated July 6, 1939, the Federal Fire Council was placed under the Federal Works Agency. By Executive Order 9070, dated February 24, 1942, all housing activities of the Federal Works Agency were transferred to the newly established National Housing Agency. Executive Order 935' of June 30, 1943, transferred the functions and powers of the Public Works Administration and of the Commissioner of Public Works to the office of the Federal Works Administrator, where they are in process of liquidation. PURPosE.-The Federal Works Agency was established to con- solidate those agencies of the Federal Government dealing with public works not incidental to the normal work of other departments, and which administer Federal grants or loans to State and local govern- ments or other agencies for the purposes of construction. ORGANIZATION.-The work and activities of the Federal Works Agency are under the supervision and direction of the Federal Works Administrator. The Administrator is assisted by the Commissioners of Public Roads, Public Buildings, and Community Facilities and staff officers. There is also a Policy Review Board whose member- I Organization chart on page 5S0. 403 404 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL ship is composed of the Assistant Federal Works Administrator as Chairman. the Commissioner of Public Buildings, the Commissioner of Public Roads, the Commissioner of Community Facilities, the Exec- utive Officer, and the General Counsel. Approved. Approved. PHILIP B. FLEMING Administrator PubWlc Buildings Admiistration Federal Works Building, Eighteenth and F Streets NW. EXecutive 4900 OFFICIALS Commissioner of Public Buildings ---- - . REYNOLDS Assistant Commissioner----------- H. G. HUNTE Deputy Commissioner, in charge of- Design and Construction---J. . STANTON Buildings Management------------------ A. PETER Real Estate Management-------------- L. NALE Administration -- ---- R. 0. .JENNINGS CREATION AND AUTHoRITY.-The Public Buildings Administration was established as a part of the Federal Works Agency under the provisions of Reorganization Plan I, section 303, following the Reor- ganization Act of 1939 (53 Stat. 561; 5 U. S. C. 133). PLRr'oSE.-The Public Buildings Administration, under the direction of the Commissioner of Public Buildings, is responsible for the ad- ministrative, technical, and clerical functions incident to the design, construction, operation, maintenance, and repair of Federal buildings. ACTIVITIES DEPUTY CoMMIsSIoNER FOR DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION.-Is respon- sible for architectural and engineering designs and specifications. Manages contracts and supervises contractors operations for the con- struction, reconstruction, extension, and remodeling of public build- ings under the jurisdiction of the Public Buildings Administration. DEPUTY COi-MMISSIONER FOR BuILDINcs MANAGEMENT.-Operates, maintains, and protects all buildings under the jurisdiction of the Public Buildings Administration. Repairs buildings, including leased properties, operated by the Public Buildings Administration in the District of Columbia. Does all moving of Government agencies into, out of, or within buildings operated by the Public Buildings Administration. DEPUTY COMMISSIONER FOR REAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT.-Collects preplanning data for determining building projects and assigns space of in buildings throughout the country. Administers the acquisition of space on a rental basis for all Federal activities in the District the Columbia and the housing of Federal agencies in buildings outside real District of Columbia. Administers leasing and sale of surplus FEDERAL WORKS AGENCY 405 estate and maintains an inventory of Government-owned real estate. For the account of the National Housing Agency, operates and man- ages residence halls projects in and near the District of Columbia. DEPUTY COMMISSIONER FOR ADMINISTRATION.-Directs administra- tive, fiscal, and personnel functions and services, legal functions and budgetary and administrative planning. MAIN FIELD OFFICES-PUBLIC BUILDINGS ADMINISTBRATION Field Office Address Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, 1201 U. S. Customhouse, Boston 9, Mass. Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York State. Metropolitan New York City and New Jersey .... 731 Customhouse, New York 4. N. Y Washington, D. C., Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland, 3102 City Post Office, Washington 25, D. 0 Virg'.nia, West Virginia, Delaware, Puerto Rico, Vi g In Islands. Georgia, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, 213-M Federal Post Office Annex, Atlanta 3, Ga. Alabama, Florida, Mississippi. Illinois, Kentucky, Indiana. Michigan, Wisconsin, 377 U. S. Courthouse, Chicago 4, Ill. Minnesota. Missouri, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, 514 New Post Office, Kansas City 8, Mo. South Dakota, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana. Texas, Louisiana,Arkansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico- 550 New Post Office, Dallas 1I Tex. California, Arizona, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Wash- 838 Appraisers Stores Building, 630 Sansoma ington, Utah, Alaska, Hawaiian Islands, Philippine Street, San Francisco 11, Calif. 'Islands.* ' Approved. E. W'W. REYNOLDs Commissioner of Public Buildings Public Roads Administration Federal Works Building, Eighteenth and F Streets NW. EXecutive 4950 OFFICIALS Commissioner -------------------------..-- THOMAS H. MACDONALD Deputy Commissioner, in charge of- Finance and Business Management---C -----.. D. CURTISS Construction and Maintenance-..,,-_-_ _ J. S. BRIGHT Research --..- - ---- -- -- ..--. H. S. FAIRBANK Design - ..--- _.--.------ .... H. E. HILTS Solicitor--------___L. E. BOYKIN Chief, Inter-American Regional Office.-'----- . E. W. JAMES CREATION AND ArTHoBITY.-The Public Roads Administration had its beginning as the Office of Road Inquiry, created by the Secretary of Agriculture in 1893 under authority of the Agricultural Appropriation Act for the fiscal year 1894. It has since functioned under various .406 UN.ITED STATE'S GOVERNMENT MANUAL names. The Federal-Aid Road Act of July 11, 1916 (39 Stat. 355; 16 U. S. C. 503; 23 U. S. C. 15, 48), initiated Federal aid for highways and-placed administration under the Secretary of Agriculture, who of functioned through this organization, known then as the Office the Public Roads and Rural Engineering, and after July 1, 1918, as Bureau of Public Roads. The authority of the Secretary of Agri- 9, culture was continued by the Federal Highway Act of November 1921 (42 Stat. 212; 23 U. S. C. 1-4, 6-25), and he continued to act through the Bureau of Public Roads. Under the reorganization effected July 1, 1939, all functions of the Secretary of Agriculture relating to the administration of the Bureau of Public Roads were be- transferred to the Federal Works Administrator and the Bureau came the Public Roads Administration of the Federal Works Agency. ACTIVITIES The organization is the principal road building agency of thetoFed- aid eral Government. It administers large annual authorizations the States in road construction and cooperates with the Department of Agriculture and the Department of the Interior in the construction of roads in national forests, national parks, and other Federal areas. In the cooperative work with the States, annual authorizations are law apportioned to the States according to formulas prescribed by law also places e with the'States responsibility for initiation o projects, preparation of plans, and supervision of construction, sub- jectto Federal approval. It is the responsibility of the Public Roads Fed- Administration to see that all steps are taken in coniormity with eral law and in a manner that will best accomplish the objectives offices Contact with the States is maintained through nine division with a district office in nearly every State. The three western districts are contacted throuf-h a western headouarters at San Francisco. The Federal-aid Highway Act of December 20, 1044, authorized funds for needed highway improvements during the first 3 post-war for fiscal years. These funds are assigned as follows: $2225,000.000 the Federal-aid system, $150,000,000 for secondary or feeder roads, con- and $125,000,000 for the Federal-aid system in urban areas-toand a struct express highways through cities, main rural highways, system of secondary or farm-to-market roads. the principal A National Interstate Highway System to connect through metropolitan areas and industrial centers is being designated joint action by the State highway departments and the Public Roads and is to be Administration. The system may not exceed 40,000 miles included as a part of the Federal-aid system. will be di- The future work of the Public Roads Administration rected toward development of the projected National Interstate High- modernization way System and a secondary road system in each State, of rural and urban sections of the Federal-aid system and adminis- the act. tration of highway expenditures as authorized by - As a- necessary guide in planning the national highway program a re- and administering large highway construction expenditures, search staff is engaged in a study of the physical and economic prob- FEDERAL WORKS AGENCY 407 lems of road construction. Methods of road construction and road materials are studied and tested. Data on highway use, sources of highway revenue, and purposes of highway expenditure are collected and analyzed to determine highway needs and the best methods of linancing. DIVISION OFFICES-PUBLIC ROADS ADMINISTRATION Division Headquarters No. 1. Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massa- 76 State Street, Albany 1, N. Y. chusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, - New Jersey. No. 2. Delaware, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania, 1415 IC Street NW., Washington 25, D. C. District of Columbia, Virginia, West Virginia. No. 3. Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Ten- 208 Ten Forsyth Street Building, Atlanta 3, Ga. nesase, North Carolina, South Carolina. No. 4. Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan -....... South Chicago Post Office Building, 2938 E. Nine- ty-second Street, Chicago 17, Ill. No. 5. Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebreska-.. ..... 729 U. S. Courthouse, Kansas City 6, Mo. Suboffice: North Dakota, South Dakota, Minne 1109 Main Pest Office Building, St. Paul 1, Minn. sota, Wisconsin. No. 6. Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas----.. £E02 S. Courthouse, Fort Worth 2, Tex. U. No. 7. Arizona, California,-Nevada, Hawaii---.------ 720 Phelan Building, San Francisco 2, Calif. No. 8. Montana, Oregon, Idaho, Washington, Alaska- Bedell Building, Portland 8, Oreg. No. 9. Colorado, New Mexico, Wyoming, Utah --... 254 New Customhouse Building, Denver 2, Colo. Western Region (Divisions 7, 8, and 9)....-.-........ 720 Phelan Building, San Francisco 2, Calif. Eastern Forests and Parks..-..-- .........-.........- 1440 Columbia Pike, Arlington, Va. Approved. THOMAS H. MACDONALD Commissioner Federal Fire Council Federal Works Building, Eighteenth and F Streets NW. EXecutive 4900, Branch 4248 GOVERNING BODY COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS, DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL PARK Chairman SERVICE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL BUREAU FOURTH ASSISTANT POSTMASTER OF STANDARDS GENERAL ARCHIVIST OF THE UNITED STATES CHIEF OF THE BUREAU OF YARDS AND DOCKS OFFICIALS Chairman (Commissioner of Public Buildings)-..W. E. REYNOLDS Vice Chairman (Associate Director, National Park Service)' A. E. DEMARAY Secretary (Engineer Assistant, Public Buildings Adminis- tration) --- - -- --- ........ WALTON C. CLARY CREATION AND ArTHORITY.-The Federal Fire Council was organ- ized in April 1930, by collective action of Government departments 408 -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL and establishments. It was established by Executive Order 7397, of June 20, 1936, as an official advisory agency in matters relating to the protection of Federal employees and property from fire. By Executive Order 8194, dated July 6, 1939, the Council was placed under the jurisdiction of the Federal Works Agency. PRPOSE.-The Council is authorized to develop standards, pro- cedures, and forms, and, on request, to conduct surveys or such othe investigations as may be necessary to determine what measures should be taken to safeguard life and property from the hazards of fire. The Council also is authorized to make such independent studies o Federal buildings and property as it may deem desirable from the standpoint of fire protection; to maintain a record of fire losses on Government property; and to review plans for new construction. ACITVITIES.-Reports of surveys and other committee actions are submitted for adoption at periodic meetings of the Council. Reports and recommendations involving matters of general policy are subject to the approval of the governing body. These reports and other informative material are distributed to the membership, to the heads of bureaus and establishments, and to other interested Federal, State, and city officials. A manual covering the general subject of fire-loss prevention is issued by the Council, together with a fire report form and self-inspec- tion forms. The latter are intended -for use within departments and establishments in connection with regular routine inspections. The information on the fire loss is used to determine the principal fire caues, the general ratio of fire loss to the total of values subject to loss, and its trend. Approved. W. E. REYNOLDS Chairman Federal Real Estate Board Federal Works Building EXecutive 4900, Branch 3470 MEMBERS Bureau of the Budget---F-- ----- F J. LAWTCN Department of the Treasury -R---------- oy BOUH War Department- - - —--- J. J. O'BRIEN Department of Justice—--- - —— J. EDWARD WILLIAMS Department of the Navy- -- - — ANDREW J. MURPHY, Jr. Department of the Interior-J--- - J D. WOLFSOHN Department of Agriculture ---- —- —-- E. H. WirCKING Department of Commerce -L-—--------- L. W. CLARK United States Maritime Commission --------- PAUL PAGE, Jr. National Housing Agency- ------------ DAVID L. KEOOTH Tennessee Valley Authority———- —----- JOHN 1. SNYDER CREATiON AND. ArTHoiTY.-The Federal Real Estate Board was established by Executive Order 8034, dated January 14, 1939. FEDERAL WORKS AGENCY 409 ORGANIZATION.-The Board is composed of representatives desig- nated by the heads of 12 executive departments and agencies. They serve without additional compensation and without entailing additional expense to the Government. ACTIVITIEs.-The Board studies and makes appropriate recommen- dations regarding the situation in communities adversely affected by the loss of tax revenue on Government-owned land; consults with de- partments and agencies concerned where any real property in Federal ownership is determined available for the use of a department or an agency contemplating acquisition of additional real property; and consults and makes recommendations to the department and agencies concerned with respect to the disposition of surplus real property. Approved. R. G. CHURCH Acting Clwiiro an Bureau of Community Facilities Federal Works Building, Eighteenth and F Streets NW. EXecutive 4900, Branch 4511 OFFICIALS Commissioner. _-......... _.......... _. _. GEORGE H. FIELD Solicitor .----------------------.......... JOSEPH GUANDOLO ommissioner for Research --.- eputy .... COL. ARTITUR D. MORRELL JDeputy Commissioner for Administration -... WALTER H. DUNCAN Deputy Commissioner for Engineering--- PERE F. SEWARD Deputy Commissioner for Construction,-'..,. RFE B. NEWMAN Deputy Commissioner for Service Projects---. Mrs. MARY G. MOON Responsibility for the administration of the provisions of title V of the War Mobilization and Reconversion Act of 1944 (58 Stat. 791; 50 App. U. S. 0. 1671), of the Virgin Islands public works program as authorized by the act approved December 20, 1944 (58 Stat. 827), and the community facilities program of the Lanham Act, approved June 28, 1941 (55 Stat. 361; 42 U. S. C. 1523), as amended, is placed in the Bureau of Community Facilities, under the general supervision *and direction of the Federal Works Administrator. Title V of the War Mobilization and Reconversion Act authorizes the masking of Federal loans or advances to States and other non-Fed- eral public agencies to assist in the preparation of plans for their proposed postwar public works. The Seventy-ninth Congress ap- propriated $30,000,000 for this purpose. The act provides that Fed- eral funds advanced under this authority are to be repaid without interest, when construction of projects for which funds have been thus advanced is undertaken. The act also provides that Congress is not to be committed, by the making of such advances, to undertake any project so planned. The act of December 20, 1944, authorizes the Federal Works Admin- istrator to provide or undertake useful public works projects in the Virgin Islands. The projects include hospitals, sanitation, sewers, water supply, schools, roads, recreation, markets, etc. 684356°—46—27 410 -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL Under the Lanham Act the Federal Works Administrator is, with the approval of the President, authorized to acquire lands or interest therein and to construct certain public works on such lands; to make loans and/or grants to public agencies and to nonprofit private agen- cies to finance their construction of certain public works; and also to make contributions to public agencies and to nonprofit private agencies to assist their operation and maintenance of certain public works. As the provisions of the Lanham Act administered by the Federal Works Agency were of a wartime nature, upon the surrender of Germany and Japan an orderly liquidation of the program was initiated and is now in progress. ACTIVITIES Under the Lanham Act program. allotments had been made for 4,082 construction projects as of December 31, 1945-1,144 schools, 872 general hospitals. 725 recreation facilities, 460 water systems, and lesser numbers of venereal disease hospitals, fire and police sta- tions, streets and highways, and miscellaneous facilities. These con- struction activities carried into every State and the Territories and island possessions. The service projects under the Lanham Act were to assist in the maintenance and operation of public services in connection with the war effort, and included child care services, regular school services, and services for recreation of the service personnel and civilians. The advance planning program under title V of the War Mobiliza- tion and Reconversion Act provides for the making of advances of .Federal funds to State and political subdivisions to aid them in the preparation of drawings and specifications for public works. The Bureau of Community Facilities had received, through December 1945, 4,175 applications from State and local governments for planning advances totaling $42,324,000 for public works with total estimated. costs of $1.686,097,000. As of the same date 1,826 applications had been approved for planning advances totaling $13,248.000 for public works with total estimated costs of $564,932,000. The applications for these advances are submitted to the Division Engineers in the respective areas of the country, who forward them to the Central Office of the Bureau in Washington for final action. The Virgin Islands public works program for which the Bureau is responsible is a 5-year program involving the construction in the Islands of public buildings and facilities, ineluding hospitals, sanitary sewers and works, water supply, markets, recreation, and road work; The Bureau in carrying out this program cooperates with the Public Buildings Administration and the Public Roads Administration. DIVISION OFFICES-BUREAU OF COMMUNITY FACILITIES Division Headquarters Rhode New York17, N. Y. No. 1. Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Island, New York, New Jersey. of Washington 25, D. C. No. 2. Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, West Virginia, District Columbia, Ohio. FEDERAL WORKS AGENCY 411 DIVISION OFFICES-BUREAU OF COMMUNITY FACILITIES-Continued Division Headquarters No. 3. North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Tennessee, Alabama, Atlanta 3, Ga. Mississippi. No. 4. Kentucky, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin ....- ............. Chicago 6, Ill. No. 5. Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas City 6, Mo. Kansas. No. 6. Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, Oklahoma - ...... _____............___.. Fort Worth 2, Tex. No. 7. Nevada, Arizona, California, Hawaii-.................__....._..._ Berkeley 1, Calif. No. 8. Montana, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, Alaska -- ....... .... Seattle 4, Wash. No. 9. Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming Denver 2, Colo. Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and the Canal Zone are assigned to the Cen- tral Office of the Bureau. Approved. GEORGE H. FIELD Commissioner American Battie Alenuments Comnmission Room 707, Albee Building, 1426 G Street NW. District 2200, Branch 515 OFFICIALS Chairman ..--------- GEN. JOHN J. PERSHING Vice Chairman ---------------------- - ROBERT G. WOODSIDE Commissioner ---------------- DAVID A. REED Commissioner ------- D. JOEN MIARKEY Commissioner---- — - -- ---- FINIs J. GARRETT Commissioner :--- MRS. CORA W. BAKER Commissioner -LESLIE L. BIFFLE Secretary -(VACANCY) CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-The American Battle Monuments Commission was created by act of Congress approved March 4, 1923 (42 Stat. 1509; 36 U. S. C. 121). It derives its authority,from this and subsequent acts and Executive orders (36 U. S. C. ch. 8; Executive Orders 6614 of February 26, 1934, 6690 of April 25, 1934, and 9704 of March 14, 1946). PURPosE.-The principal purposes of the American Battle Monu- ments Commission have been (1) to commemorate the services of the American forces in Europe during World War I by the erection of suitable memorials, the preparation and publication of historical information, and in other ways; (2) to administer and maintain World War I American national cemeteries and memorials in Europe; and (3) to exercise control over the erection of memorials in Europe by American citizens, States, municipalities, or associations. The scope of its authority was extended by Executive Order 9704, which provides that the Commission "shall control as to materials and design, and provide regulations for and supervise the erection of, all memorial monuments and buildings in American cemeteries located outside of the United States and its Territories and possessions, and shall also, when authorized by any foreign country or political subdivision thereof in which the American armed forces have served, control as to materials and design, and provide regulations for the erection of, all memorial monuments and buildings located in, and commemorat- ing the services of the American armed forces in, any such foreign country or political subdivision." CoNSTRmuCTION OF AMERICAN MEMORIALS IN EUROPE.-The com- pleted construction program of the Commission 'for World War I included: 1. The erection of a memorial chapel in each of the eight American cemeteries in Europe, and the construction of service buildings, care- takers' houses, and masonry walls at the cemeteries where needed. The names of these cemeteries' and their locations are as follows: 412 University of Minnesota Library - link page University of Minnesota Library - link page PREVIOUS................PART 05 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL 1946 FIRST EDITION (REVISED TO MAY 1) . NEXT....................PART 07 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL 1946 FIRST EDITION (REVISED TO MAY 1) . .
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