WISE Women

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    WISE Women
    Women have been making strides in
    the sciences for years. A new program
    at NC State seeks to help them be
    even more successful.

    IN THIS ISSUE     New lab building dedicated 2   Statistics reunion 8   Molecular data storage 13
College leads in finding                                                                                                                        PAMS
better ways to teach                                                                                                                           2004 Board of
   There’s an evolution taking

                                                                                                                        PHOTO BY SALLY RAMEY
place in the way science and
mathematics is taught—to                                                                                                                       Officers
students of all ages.                                                                                                                          Connie W. Moreadith, President
   For decades, the traditional                                                                                                                W. Donald Johnson, Vice President
classroom consisted of an instruc-                                                                                                             Anita C. Stallings, Secretary
tor dispensing knowledge to                                                                                                                    Kathryn S. Hart, Treasurer
a group of students who were                                                                                                                   George Worsley, Assistant Treasurer
expected to absorb the information.
   However, research into educa-                                                                                                               General Members
tional effectiveness has shown                                                                                                                 Charles D. Case
that this traditional classroom                                                                                                                Roy Cromartie
doesn’t always produce optimal                                                                                                                 Eric L. Doggett
results. There is a great difference                                                                                                           Maureen S. Droessler
in how various groups, even vari-                                                                                                              Natalie H. English
ous individuals, process different                                                                                                             Stephen V. Frye
types of information.                                                                                                                          Nathaniel B. Guttman
   Faculty within the College are                                                                                                              Stephen E. Howe
committed to helping students                                                                                                                  R. Lawrence Ives
achieve success. We are on the         Dean Daniel Solomon speaks with prospective students and their parents at a                             Charles T. Joyner
leading edge of using modern           student recruitment social hosted by Charlotte-area alumni at the Lowe’s Motor                          C. Preston Linn
                                       Speedway Club.
technology to improve the learning                                                                                                             Martin P. Mascianica
process. We have designed tools                                                                                                                Mark F. Molinaro
based on the latest in Web tech-       tive atmosphere, and several other        in a traditional classroom.                                   J. Allen Morgan
nology, redesigned and reorgan-        universities have adopted our                However, we now know how                                   Dale A. Newton
ized curricula, and even written       methods. As reported on page 15,          different groups—and even indi-                               Glenn D. Osmond
new textbooks.                         a team of researchers reported in         viduals—process information and                               Emily Mann Peck
   Our Physics Department has an       Science that we need more such            experiences and how better to                                 W. Michael Peirson
entire area of research devoted to     programs.                                 reach them.                                                   Thomas M. Rhodes
finding more effective ways to              Recently, the College partnered          By accommodating different                                 Nancy A. Ridenhour
teach physics at the undergradu-       with University Housing and the           learning styles, we benefit all                                John A. Ryals
ate level. And The Science House       College of Engineering to start a         students, who must enter a world                              John P. Sall
helps thousands of K–12 science        living and learning community for         in which effective citizenship                                Cecil O. Smith
and mathematics teachers               female students of both colleges.         requires an understanding of                                  Glen Snider
enhance instruction for their          The Women in Science and                  science.                                                      Robert R. Starbuck
students.                              Engineering (WISE) Program pro-                                                                         Herbert R. Strickler
   We also are redesigning the         vides women with an environment                                                                         Michael A. Thompson
learning environment itself. Our       designed to help them make the                                                                          Wilson R. White
SCALE-UP classroom environment         most of their college experience.                                                                       Meredith J. Williams
combines lectures and labs, but        You’ll find more details about             Daniel L. Solomon, Dean                                       Christian J. Wypasek
also breaks large classes into very    WISE on page 4.
small groups who must work                 So many talented students                                                                           Emeritus
together to solve problems.            have been turned off to science                                                                         Richard F. Cook
   Women and minorities                and mathematics because of a
especially excel in this collabora-    difficulty grasping the information

In this issue…
                                       THE COLLEGE OF                        PHYSICAL AND MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES                                            SPRING/SUMMER 2004

College news
    Undergraduate Science Teaching Laboratory dedicated                                                     2
    Trustees rename USTL to honor departing chancellor                                                      2
    NC State welcomes WISE women                                                                            4

Research highlights
    First-time study to analyze air quality of animal farms                                               10
    Penguin bones from “Land of Fire” rewrite bird evolution                                              11
    Can dinosaur size teach us something about global warming?                                            11
    Chemists “harness evolution in a beaker”                                                              12
    Team proves molecular data storage possible                                                           13
    Physicists make waves in naval mine detection                                                         14
    Scientists say science courses need overhaul                                                          15

    Five faculty members receive NSF CAREER Awards                  5
    Wertz honored with PAMS Faculty Award                           6
    Sall receives honorary doctorate                                7
    Bioinformatics Research Center holds symposium in Weir’s honor 9
    Gunnoe receives Sloan Fellowship                               12
    Math team makes book club list                                 14                                                                                                  see page 11
    Johnson wins prestigious Gates Cambridge Trust Scholarship     15

                                                                      Alumni and Development news
                                                                           Hemrick speaks at Emerging Issues Forum                                                                7
                         9                                                 Kimberly-Clark technology boosts molecular memory research                                            13
           8                                   11                          Wes Doggett honored with endowment                                                                    16
                  5          6
                                                                           Science House challenge grant attracts donors                                                         16

    4                                 7
                                                                      Just for fun
                                                                           Walk of Discovery makes public debut                                                                   3
          1                       2            3                           Statistics Department hosts first-time family reunion                                                   8
                                                                           Young alumni called upon for ACC Challenge                                                            17

On the cover: A few of the College’s many women of science: 1. Christine Hemrick, Mathematics ‘74, vice president for technology policy and consulting engineering for Cisco Systems Inc.
2. Yanli Liu, Chemistry graduate student; 3. Andrea Hernandez, senior in Mathematics and Mathematics Education; 4. Maria Gallardo-Williams, lecturer and coordinator of organic chemistry
laboratories 5. Allison Hill, Chemistry ‘04 and 2003-04 president of PAMS Student Council; 6. Eliana Asciutto, Physics doctoral graduate student; 7. Carrie Thomas, visiting assistant professor
in marine sciences; 8. Suzanne Gordon, Mathematics and Computer Science, ‘73, MS Statistics, ‘80, chief information officer and vice president, information technology at SAS Institute
and member of the NC State Board of Trustees; 9. Jacqueline Hughes-Oliver, associate professor of statistics; 10. Celeste Sagui, assistant professor of physics; and 11. Connie Moreadith,
Statistics, ‘77, professional consultant and president of the PAMS Foundation. (Photo by Roger Winstead)
2 SPRING / SUMMER 2004    scope

                                   Undergraduate Science
                                   Teaching Laboratory dedicated
                                       Beneath a three-story canopy             Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS).                                instructional facility needs for both
Trustees                           of light, accented by bright maple
                                   paneling and red and white bouquets
                                                                                   “We had justification for the
                                                                                building, and CALS had the property,”
                                                                                                                                                     colleges. The research greenhouses
                                                                                                                                                     were demolished and replaced with
rename USTL                        of balloons, about 150 people                said John Partridge, a former member                                 new facilities elsewhere on campus.
                                   celebrated the dedication of the             of the Chemistry Department Board                                        This left enough space for USTL-
to honor                           Undergraduate Science Teaching               of Visitors and one of the original                                  Phase One—the new building and a
                                   Laboratory (USTL) on June 1.                 supporters of the facility. “We saw an                               large open area that has added green
departing                              The USTL was built at the corner         opportunity to work together to                                      space in that section of campus,
                                   of Brooks and Yarbrough, on land             benefit both colleges.”                                               providing a vital link in the All Campus
chancellor                         once occupied by several research               The result was a two-phase                                        Path.
                                   greenhouses for the College of               project that meets modern laboratory                                     USTL-Phase Two is a complete
   The NC State Board of                                                                                                                             renovation of the David Clark

                                                                                                                           PHOTO BY ROGER WINSTEAD
Trustees announced July 13 that                                                                                                                      Laboratories and a 50,000-sq-ft.
the Undergraduate Science and                                                                                                                        addition that will occupy a former
Teaching Laboratory will be                                                                                                                          parking lot between Brooks Avenue
renamed the Marye Anne Fox                                                                                                                           and Dan Allen Drive. It will contain
Science Teaching Laboratory in                                                                                                                       new undergraduate biology teaching
honor of the departing chan-                                                                                                                         laboratories.
cellor and her six years of                                                                                                                              The four-story, 82,500 square-foot
service to the university. Fox                                                                                                                       USTL contains seven undergraduate
was recently named chancellor                                                                                                                        physics teaching labs, 14 undergradu-
of University of California-San                                                                                                                      ate chemistry labs, seven instrument
Diego.                                                                                                                                               rooms, a physics tutorial center, a
   Peaches Gunter Blank, board                                                                                                                       chemistry tutorial center, 10 faculty
chair, said, “Marye Anne Fox was                                                                                                                     offices, five classrooms and various
the driving force behind NC                                                                                                                          laboratory preparation and support
State’s continued evolution into                                                                                                                     rooms. Chemistry and physics facilities
a comprehensive community of                                                                                                                         occupy the first, second and third
scholars nationally recognized                                                                                                                       floors.
for its excellence. We’re sad to                                                                                                                         The ground level houses the
see Marye Anne go, but we hope                                                                                                                       Horticultural Science teaching green-
the newly named Marye Anne                                                                                                                           houses, a wet lab, a Plant Pathology
Fox Science Teaching Laboratory                                                                                                                      lab, offices and support space.
will commemorate her                                                                                                                                     The most stunning feature of the
dedication and service to the                                                                                                                        building is the abundance of reading
university. The building will                                                                                                                        room and open gathering space
serve as a lasting legacy of                                                                                                                         where students and faculty interact.
Marye Anne’s commitment to                                                                                                                           The main entrance opens into a
NC State.”                                                                                                                                           spectacular, three-story atrium with
   Board member Wendell                                                                                                                              comfortable furnishings on each level.
Murphy added, “This is the                                                                                                                               It’s obvious that the new sur-
least we could do to honor                                                                                                                           roundings are having a positive
Chancellor Fox. She had more                                                                                                                         impact on the students. Both tutorial
to do with the passing of the                                                                                                                        centers stay full with students, who
higher education bond refer-                                                                                                                         also make much use of the atrium’s
endum than anyone else. It’s                                                                                                                         gathering spaces.
important for NC State to                                                                                                                                “The students love it,” said Susan
thank her in this way.”                                                                                                                              Hendrickson, chemistry instructor. “It’s
                                                                                                                                                     bright. It’s cheerful. They can work in
                                                                                                                                                     the tutorial center, and if they have
                                   In this view from the second floor elevator lobby, one can see the bright gathering
                                   spaces on each level of the USTL’s three-story atrium. The doorways on the first floor
                                                                                                                                                     questions, our offices are conveniently
                                   behind the dedication ceremony’s podium lead to the Physics tutorial center. The                                  located on the same floor.”
                                   doorways to the left on the mezzanine level are Chemistry faculty offices. The windows                                 All laboratories are filled with natu-
                                   on the wall to the right let natural light into laboratories on all three floors.                                  ral light, either from exterior windows,
                                                                                                                                                                                                    PHOTO BY ROGER WINSTEAD
                       or windows overlooking the atrium.            Throughout the process, a small
                           “Our student survey scores             group of tenacious faculty and volun-
                       improved this semester, yet we are         teers continued to push the USTL to
                       not teaching differently,” said            the forefront of construction projects.
                       Dr. Maria Gallardo-Williams. “We              Chancellor Marye Anne Fox said in
                       think that’s just a sign of how the        her dedication ceremony comments,
                       building itself is positively influencing   “Perhaps the most impressive thing
                       the learning experience.”                  about this building is that it was
                           Of course, this was just what a        championed by a group of faculty
                       team of faculty, university volunteers     and volunteers who worked diligently
                       and campus architects had in mind          to ensure that it was built.”
                       when they designed the USTL.                  A plaque was then unveiled and
                           “You must teach science in facili-     greeted by a round of enthusiastic
                       ties that are as close as possible to      applause. It reads:
                       facilities students will find in the real
                       world,” said Ken Hanck, chemistry pro-     In deep appreciation for the tireless
                       fessor and USTL construction project       efforts of the following individuals,
                       leader. “The USTL is specifically           whose leadership and vision made
                       designed for laboratory education.”        this facility possible
                           Until the USTL, all undergraduate         Raymond E. Fornes
                       laboratories were taught in Withers, a        Kenneth W. Hanck
                       65-year-old building that was never           Robert W. Morrison, Jr.
                       intended to serve 5,000 students              Robert A. Osteryoung
                       each semester.                                John J. Partridge
                           Even though the reasons for               Jerry L. Whitten
                       replacing Withers were obvious to
                       faculty and friends of the College, it        Chancellor Fox then dedicated
                       was not at the top of the university       the building, “as a gateway through
                       or state legislature’s priority list.      which our students will enter the
                       When the voters of North Carolina          world of scientific discovery, and in
                       approved the construction bond             recognition of the dedicated faculty,
                       referendum in 2000, it made money          staff and friends who have fought so      Ceremony guests chat in a physics laboratory displaying visualization technologies.
                       available for many such projects           long and so hard to make this dream       Several labs were on tour after the ceremony.
                       across all UNC system campuses.            a reality.”

                       Walk of Discovery makes public debut
                                                                                                               The Walk of Discovery was dedi-             Dean Daniel Solomon invited the

                                                                                                            cated June 1 in conjunction with the           crowd to browse the sidewalk for
                                                                                                            Undergraduate Science Teaching                 familiar names.
                                                                                                            Laboratory (USTL) building dedication             The College is developing an
                                                                                                            ceremony.                                      online grid diagram to assist alumni
                                                                                                               A commemorative stone has been              and friends in locating their brick on
                                                                                                            installed in the brick sidewalk just           the walkway, and the Web address
                                                                                                            outside of the building’s main                 will be announced in the next issue
                                                                                                            entrance.                                      of Scope.
                                                                                                               Dedication ceremony attendees                  To permanently etch your name
                                                                                                            who had purchased a laser-engraved             into NC State history, see the Walk of
                                                                                                            brick were identified with a Walk of            Discovery information inside the
                                                                                                            Discovery logo on their name badges.           back cover. Proceeds benefit scholar-
                                                                                                               During his ceremony comments,               ships in the College.
4 SPRING / SUMMER 2004   scope

                                 NC State welcomes WISE women

                                                                          PHOTO COURTESY OF WISE PROGRAM
                                    NC State is among a growing
                                 number of universities that have
                                 introduced a living and learning
                                 community specially designed to help
                                 female students achieve success in
                                 science, engineering and technology.
                                    The Women in Science and
                                 Engineering (WISE) Program is based
                                 on effective national models and
                                 customized to fit NC State’s unique
                                 academic environment. The WISE
                                 program allows female students pur-
                                 suing degrees in science and engi-
                                 neering the opportunity to network
                                 with each other, along with female
                                 faculty, alumni and other role models,
                                 throughout the university setting.
                                    Why is such a program necessary?
                                    “Research shows that female
                                 students do best in supportive, col-                                      WISE Program members get to know each other while participating in a team-building
                                 laborative learning environments,”                                        exercise during the Summer Bridge program.
                                 said Dr. Jo-Ann Cohen, associate
                                 dean for academic affairs in PAMS.                                        become successful professionals.                WISE has finished its first year and
                                 “In the interest of finding ways to                                            “The WISE Village offers a variety      students gave very positive feedback
                                 help all students achieve their per-                                      of benefits for first-year female             about the program.
                                 sonal best, it was obvious that our                                       students. In addition to living on the          “My mentor is not only there to
                                 campus needed this type of program,                                       same floor in Lee Hall, participants         help me with my academics, but she
                                 which elsewhere has dramatically                                          are also provided with upper-class          also takes time out of her busy
                                 reduced the number of women                                               mentors, who live on the floor with          schedule to visit with me often, and
                                 transferring out of the sciences.                                         them,” said Cohen. “This gives them         on many occasions we eat together,”
                                    This is important because society                                      around-the-clock access to more             said Lenovia McCoy, a freshman
                                 needs more scientists, Cohen said.                                        senior students who can help them           Chemistry major. “She’s like a big
                                                                                                           with their studies and serve as             sister to me.”
                                                                                                           valuable role models.”                          Along with colleagues across
                                                                                                               There is also a special library on      campus, Cohen led efforts to
   “More women than ever are                                                                               the WISE floor that offers reference         establish the program. WISE is
                                                                                                           materials and other books.                  sponsored by University Housing,
   pursuing careers in the sciences,                                                                           The program also includes guided        and the colleges of Physical and
                                                                                                           study programs, cultural trips, com-        Mathematical Sciences (PAMS),
   and we need them to succeed.”                                                                           munity service opportunities, dinners       Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS),
                                                                                                           with female professors, industry            Engineering (COE) and Natural
                                           — Jo-Ann Cohen                                                  visits, supplemental instruction and        Resources (CNR).
                                                                                                           seminars.                                       The first student participants were
                                                                                                               A special speaker series introduces     majors of PAMS and COE, but the
                                     “More women than ever are                                             the students to PAMS alumni and             program will expand this fall to
                                 pursuing careers in the sciences, and                                     other female role models who can            include students from CALS and CNR.
                                 we need them to succeed,” she said.                                       give them a glimpse into the real               “We already know this program
                                     The heart of the program is the                                       world. These speakers have included         has made a difference for the
                                 WISE Village, an environment in                                           Suzanne Gordon, chief information           students enrolled in it,” Cohen said.
                                 which future mathematicians, stat-                                        officer and vice president for infor-        “And we’re already finding that WISE
                                 isticians, scientists and engineers                                       mation technology at SAS Institute,         is also attractive to potential
                                 can engage in focused inquiry                                             and Christine Hemrick, vice president       students, who do want to make
                                 within their disciplines and develop                                      for technology policy and consulting        the most of their college experience
                                 the skills and talents necessary to                                       engineering for Cisco Systems Inc.          and educational investment.”
Five faculty members receive

                                                                                                                                                                                           PHOTO BY ROGER WINSTEAD
                                          PHOTO BY SALLY RAMEY
   Any college would be delighted
when one faculty member is selected
to receive a National Science
Foundation (NSF) Faculty Early Career
Development Award (CAREER).
However, five members of the PAMS
faculty earned this prestigious honor
this year—and by coincidence, one in
each department.
   “The odds of getting five in a sin-
gle year are pretty low, and receiving
one in each department is amazing,”
said Dean Daniel Solomon. “But it
speaks very well of the dedication of
these young faculty members, and
the belief the NSF has in the direc-                             Subhashis Ghosal                         Maria Oliver-Hoyo                        Celeste Sagui
tion and quality of their research.”
   NSF established the CAREER
Award program in 1995 to help the                                with graduate student support,           and develops highly interactive          in areas such as robotics, geometric
most promising scientists and engi-                              equipment, supplies and other            instructional modules, among other       modeling, computer vision and fluid
neers early in their careers to develop                          resources as he develops extensions      projects.                                dynamics. Szanto’s project seeks
simultaneously their contributions                               of the existing theory as well as com-                                            to combine both symbolic and
and commitment to research and to                                putation techniques and software for     Celeste Sagui                            numerical methods to improve
education.                                                       implementing his procedures. This is        A five-year, $400,000 grant was        the reliability and efficiency of the
   The PAMS recipients are:                                      the first NSF CAREER Award received       awarded to Dr. Celeste Sagui, assis-     computations involved in solving
                                                                 in the Statistics Department.            tant professor of physics, for her       these systems.
Subhashis Ghosal                                                                                          research in the field of computa-            The award extends the scope of
   Dr. Subhashis Ghosal, assistant                               Maria Oliver-Hoyo                        tional biophysics designed to            a previous three-year, $153,000 NSF
professor of statistics, received a                                 Dr. Maria Oliver-Hoyo, assistant      improve understanding of protein         research grant Szanto received
five-year $400,000 grant for further                              professor of chemistry, received a       solvation and protein/nucleotide         in 2003. This is the first CAREER
research into non-parametric                                     five-year, $552,900 grant.                recognition.                             Award received in the Mathematics
Bayesian procedures, an area in                                     Her research team designs                This research builds on method-       Department.
which he has contributed signifi-                                 chemistry experiments for physically     ological advances made by Sagui and
cantly to recent breakthroughs.                                  challenged students, finds innovative     her colleagues aimed at improving        Yang Zhang
   The award will provide Ghosal                                 approaches to chemistry instruction,     the treatment of delicate long-range        Dr. Yang Zhang, assistant
                                                                                                          electrostatic interactions between       professor of marine, earth and
                                                                                                          biomolecules. This effort is part of a   atmospheric sciences, received a
                                                                                                          $3 million, NSF-funded grant to          five-year, $578,105 grant. Her
                                                                                                          develop new multiscale methods for       research interests include air
                                                                                                          large-scale biomolecular simulations.    pollution modeling and forecasting,
                                                                                                          Sagui leads the Triangle-area team       atmospheric chemistry and transport,
                                                                                                          conducting the research.                 chemistry and dynamics of aerosols
                                                                                                                                                   and clouds, sensitivity and uncer-
                                                                                                          Agnes Szanto                             tainty analysis, and the interactions
                                                                                                             Dr. Agnes Szanto, assistant           among atmospheric chemistry,
                                                                                                          professor of mathematics, received a     meteorology, climate change and
                                                                                                          $440,000 five-year grant. Over-           health effects.
                                                                                                          constrained systems occur frequently

Agnes Szanto                                                     Yang Zhang
                       6 SPRING / SUMMER 2004   scope

                                                        Wertz honored with
                                                        PAMS Faculty Award
                                                           Dennis Wertz knew something was      tive operation and intellectual life     ted to finding a better way to teach.
                                                        up when Chemistry Department Head        of a department within the College.         The result is greater student
                                                        Bruce Novak told him he must attend        Wertz was nominated by the            comprehension and success. The tra-
                                                        the spring PAMS Faculty Meeting.        Chemistry Department for spear-          ditional disparity in student success
                                                           But he was completely surprised      heading an effort to dramatically        based on math skills has all but
                                                                                                redesign the way chemistry is taught     disappeared, student performance

                                                                                                at NC State and beyond.                  has improved, and students are better
                                                                                                   The traditional approach involves     prepared to pursue multiple directions
                                                                                                as much algebra as it does chemistry     with subsequent chemistry courses.

                                                                                                   “Having spoken to competing
                                                                                                   publishers and participated in
                                                                                                   several national chemistry education
                                                                                                   functions, I have frequently heard
                                                                                                   the ‘Wertz text’ used as a new
                                                                                                   standard by which other concepts-
                                                                                                   based chemistry texts are judged.”
                                                                                                                                               — James D. Martin

                                                                                                and many students leave such a               These are significant achieve-
                                                                                                course without fully understanding       ments considering that more than
                                                                                                the processes themselves. As a result,   80 percent of NC State students take
                                                                                                student performance seems to be          at least one chemistry course.
                                                                                                determined more by math skills than          “This bold approach toward a
                                                                                                a comprehension of chemistry.            concepts-based curricular reform in
                                                                                                   As reported in the Fall 2002 issue    chemistry has been duly noted at the
                                                                                                of Scope, the new approach is to start   national level,” said James D. Martin,
                                                                                                students off with a one-semester con-    professor of chemistry, in a
                                                                                                cepts course, followed by either         nomination letter.
                                                                                                organic chemistry or a semester              “Having spoken to competing
                       Dennis Wertz                     when he was honored with the pres-      emphasizing the quantitative prob-       publishers and participated in several
                                                        tigious PAMS Faculty Career             lem-solving associated with the con-     national chemistry education
                                                        Achievement Award, a distinction        cepts taught in the first semester.       functions, I have frequently heard the
                                                        only periodically bestowed upon a          Included in the effort are two new    ‘Wertz text’ used as a new standard
                                                        deserving faculty member through        textbooks, innovative Web-based          by which other concepts-based chem-
                                                        peer nominations.                       teaching tools, and new computer         istry texts are judged,” Martin said.
                                                            Established in 1999, the PAMS       animations that effectively illustrate       Recognizing curriculum reform as
                                                        Faculty Award recognizes a faculty      chemical processes at the molecular      an ongoing process, Wertz continues
                                                        member who has made accomplish-         level.                                   to chair a committee looking into
                                                        ments over many years that                 The work included a team of both      revising the chemistry curriculum at
                                                        contribute significantly to the effec-   research and teaching faculty commit-    NC State.
Hemrick speaks at Emerging Issues Forum
                                           PHOTO BY SALLY RAMEY
                                                                      Christine Hemrick, PAMS 2003           public and private sectors.               educational institutions to bring
                                                                  Distinguished Alumna, was a speaker           The 2004 forum focused on global       up-to-date technical skills training to
                                                                  at the 2004 Emerging Issues Forum,         trade, the merging of old and new         the populations in least-developed
                                                                  held on campus in February. Hemrick,       industries, regional solutions to eco-    nations and some adjacent countries.
                                                                  (Mathematics, ‘73) is vice president       nomic development, and reducing           Now four years old, the company’s
                                                                  for technology policy and consulting       inequality in North Carolina.             programs include 42 nations, 148
                                                                  engineering at Cisco Systems in Palo          Hemrick’s presentation was part        institutions and more than 5,600
                                                                  Alto, California.                          of the discussion “Bridging New           students. A focused effort to include
                                                                      The Institute for Emerging Issues      Divides in the Global Economy,”           gender as a priority in all its inter-
                                                                  is a “think and do” tank committed to      a topic that meshed well with             national development initiatives
                                                                  helping government, business, and          Hemrick’s leadership in Cisco             has resulted in a 32 percent female
                                                                  nonprofits make sense of the future.        Systems’ corporate initiatives toward     enrollment in least developed
                                                                  Through its prestigious forum, now         promoting effective public- and           nations—35 percent in Africa.
                                                                  in its 19th year, the Institute            private-sector partnerships to                For more on the Institute for
                                                                  identifies emerging trends in North         positively influence economic              Emerging Issues and to review
                                                                  Carolina, sharpens public debate on        development.                              presentations from this year’s forum,
                                                                  their impact, proposes strategic              Cisco works with international         visit
Christine Hemrick                                                 responses, and stimulates action by        development partners and

Sall receives honorary doctorate
    One of the College’s most enthu-

                                                                                                                                                                                                 PHOTO BY ROGER WINSTEAD
siastic, long-time friends received an
honorary doctor of sciences degree
at NC State’s December 2003
commencement ceremony.
    The honor was bestowed on
John P. Sall, co-founder and execu-
tive vice president of SAS Institute,
the world’s largest privately held
software company. SAS grew from
research efforts in the Statistics
    Sall designed, developed and
documented many of SAS Institute’s
earliest analytical procedures while
still a graduate student in Statistics.
    “John and his wife, Ginger, have
been important supporters of NC
State and the College through the
years,” said Dean Daniel Solomon.
“Their insight and perspective are
invaluable to us, and their friendship
is deeply appreciated. We are very
proud that the university chose to                                Chancellor Marye Anne Fox with John and Ginger Sall at the Fall 2003 Commencement.
recognize John with an honorary
doctorate.”                                                          Sall has supervised the start-up of     the JMP product team. Sall also is        degree from Beloit College, a
    Sall is in his third term of service                          a number of SAS initiatives. He also       responsible for the SAS InSchool          master’s degree from Northern
on the PAMS Foundation Board of                                   was principal designer and developer       division.                                 Illinois University, and studied
Directors, and is co-chair of a                                   of JMP, a graphically oriented statis-        He was elected Fellow of the           graduate-level statistics at NC State.
fundraising advisory committee for                                tical package developed originally for     American Statistical Association in
the College.                                                      Macintosh computers, and now leads         1998. He earned his bachelor’s
8 SPRING / SUMMER 2004    scope

                                  Statistics Department hosts first-tim
                                      More than 60 people attended a           department. A former department                                    said. “Do you remember when Ron
                                  Statistics Department reunion lunch-         head, Solomon retold the familiar                                  Gallant bought two wrecked Mercury
                                  eon this spring to renew old acquain-        story of a chance discussion on a                                  Cougars, cut them in half and welded
                                  tances and celebrate their time at           train in 1940 between Frank Porter                                 the two good halves together? Do
                                  NC State.                                    Graham, president of what                                          you remember when a lady from the
                                      By the thunder of voices in the          is now the UNC System, and                                         Glamour Girls Bridge Club called up
                                  lobby of the University Club, it was         W.F. Calendar of the U.S. Department                               Oscar Wesler and told him the girls
                                  clear that they had a lot of catching        of Agriculture that resulted in the                                had been dealt four perfect bridge
                                  up to do. They greeted each other            establishment of the department.                                   hands and wanted to know the
                                  with warm smiles and hugs. They                  Larry Nelson, Stu Hunter and Al                                probability of that? It made the
Faculty/Staff                     shared personal news and asked
                                  about old friends. Eruptions of laugh-
                                                                               Finkner took turns to reminisce at the
                                                                                                                                                  national wires.”
                                                                                                                                                      Stu Hunter, former president of
Notables                          ter followed a good joke, a funny
                                  story, or a reminder of an amusing
                                                                                   “We were fortunate to have out-
                                                                               standing beginnings, and continuing
                                                                                                                                                  the American Statistical Association,
                                                                                                                                                  recalled fondly the old “Patterson
   Chris Gorman (Chemistry)—      event “back then.”                           outstanding leadership,” said Nelson,                              Hall Open” golf tournament.
Alumni Outstanding Research           Although it was a gathering of           assistant dean for international pro-                                  “One year I won a prize for the
Award                             current and retired faculty and staff,       grams, College of Agriculture and Life                             best poker hand,” he laughed. “I had
   Bruce Novak (Chemistry)—       spouses of former faculty, and other         Sciences. He shared memories of                                    five thirteens.” Coincidentally, the
Fellow of the International       friends of the department, the mood          department founder Gertrude Cox                                    reunion marked Hunter’s 50th
Union of Pure and Applied         was more like what one would expect          and the “family” environment started                               anniversary of receiving his Ph.D.
Chemistry                         at a family reunion.                         by faculty in the department’s earli-                                  Al Finkner had words of praise for
   Al Riordan (MEAS)—Alumni           The Department exhibited a collec-       est years. He then entertained the                                 the organizers of the event, which
Distinguished Undergraduate       tion of photos and other memorabilia         crowd with a humorous “do you                                      was the first such gathering since the
Professor                         in a special display, which attracted a      remember when” list.                                               department’s 50th anniversary event
   Dave Aspnes (Physics)—         crowd throughout the event.                      “Do you remember when Clark                                    in 1991.
President, American Vacuum            After a brief social, the group          Cockerham and Bob Monroe caught                                        “This department is made up of
Society                           gathered for a luncheon, which fea-          ample fish to feed the whole depart-                                scientists who work hard all the time.
   John Hubisz (Physics)—         tured a presentation by Dean Daniel          ment at the annual beach trip after                                It’s made up of family. Families have
Alumni Outstanding Extension      Solomon on the founding of the               many years of trying in vain?” Nelson                              reunions and I think it’s important
and Outreach Award                                                                                                                                that our family have a reunion like
                                                                                                                           PHOTO BY SALLY RAMEY

   John Rowe (Physics)—Fellow                                                                                                                     this,” said Al Finkner. Finkner himself
of the American Association for                                                                                                                   was key to the event’s success, hav-
the Advancement of Science                                                                                                                        ing provided advice and counsel, and
   Bruce Sherwood (Physics)—                                                                                                                      helped in generating the guest list.
Fellow of the American Physical                                                                                                                       A microphone was passed around
Society                                                                                                                                           the room and various participants
   Marie Davidian (Statistics)—                                                                                                                   shared their own personal stories
President, Eastern North                                                                                                                          about their experiences in the
American Region of the                                                                                                                            department.
International Biometric Society                                                                                                                       Harvey Gold discussed how
   Ryan Boyles (State Climate                                                                                                                     Gertrude Cox influenced and inspired
Office)—Alumni Outstanding                                                                                                                         Curly Lucas to create the biomathe-
Extension and Outreach Award                                                                                                                      matics program. Vi Rigney recalled
                                                                                                                                                  serving refreshments to graduate
                                                                                                                                                  students studying in her home.
                                                                                                                                                  B.B. Bhattacharyya recalled how a
                                                                                                                                                  chance meeting led to an impromptu
                                                                                                                                                  offer to join the department.
                                                                                                                                                      Department Head Sastry Pantula
                                                                                                                                                  thanked the reunion team for organ-
                                                                                                                                                  izing the event and the group spent a
                                                                                                                                                  few last minutes together posing for
                                                                                                                                                  a group photograph.
                                                                                                                                                      Photos and a complete video of
                                                                                                                                                  the event are available on the
                                  Marc Genton and Yanyuan Ma look on as Jeanne Freeman Williams discusses an item on                              Department of Statistics’ Web site at:
                                  the Statistics Department’s reunion display. In 1946, Williams became the department’s                
                                  second master’s degree recipient, and the first female recipient.
me “family” reunion

                                                                                                                                                                                                                 PHOTO BY BECKY KIRKLAND
  Front Row: Joyce Cockerham, Lillian Hunter, Jeanne Williams, Vi Rigney, Elaine Wakely, Vicki Gerig, Sandy Donaghy, Joy Smith, Barbara Wasik, Sastry Pantula, Charles Smith. Second Row: Peter
  Bloomfield, Diana Bloomfield, Tommie Bennett, Bill Stines, Dorie Monroe, Yanyuan Ma, Dan Solomon, Jacquelin Dietz, Mary Ellen Harris, Faye Childers, Selma McEntire, Peg Giesbrecht, Sheila
  Goodman. Third Row: Carolyn Chromy, Chuck Proctor, John Koop, Stu Hunter, Dudley Wallace, B.B. Bhattacharyya, Joanne Wallace, Joyce Poole, Bruce Weir, Joe Childers, Janice Gaddy, Charles
  Quesenberry. Fourth Row: Jeff Thompson, Jim Chromy, Shirley Gold, Harvey Gold, Betty Finkner, Dorothy Hader, Elaine Mason, Bob Mason, Helen Ruffin, Tom Gerig, Len Stefanski, Bill Swallow,
  Janie Rawlings, Herb Kirk, Larry Nelson. Fifth Row: Pam Linnerud, A.C. Linnerud, Jane Lucas, Bob Lucas, Marc Genton, John Wasik, Francis Giesbrecht, Al Finkner, Bob Steel, John Monahan, Roger
  Berger, Cavell Brownie, Don Ridgeway, John Rawlings, Tom Johnson, Major Goodman.

  Bioinformatics Research Center
  holds symposium in Weir’s honor
                                                                                                  PHOTO BY BECKY KIRKLAND

                                                                                                                                The Bioinformatics Research            celebrate the enduring friendships
                                                                                                                            Center (BRC) recently organized a          generated within his wide circle of
                                                                                                                            symposium on Statistical and               associates,” said Dean Daniel
                                                                                                                            Population Genetics in honor of            Solomon.
                                                                                                                            Dr. Bruce Weir, founding BRC director,        More than 120 speakers and partic-
                                                                                                                            William Neal Reynolds Professor of         ipants came from across the nation
                                                                                                                            Statistics and Genetics, and director      and from as far away as New Zealand
                                                                                                                            of the Summer Institute in Statistical     and China. Dr. Zhao-Bang Zeng of the
                                                                                                                            Genetics.                                  BRC opened the symposium with a
                                                                                                                                Recognizing Weir for his enduring      presentation on Weir’s contributions
                                                                                                                            and continuing contributions to the        to statistical and population genetics.
                                                                                                                            field of bioinformatics, the symposium      He was followed by John Buckleton,
                                                                                                                            featured speakers who were either          ESR Forensic, New Zealand, who
                                                                                                                            Weir’s colleagues, collaborators or        discussed Weir’s contributions to
                                                                                                                            former students, and internationally       forensic science.
                                                                                                                            renowned scientists.                          The symposium featured a series
                                                                                                                                “The symposium was an opportu-         of presentations on a wide range of
                                                                                                                            nity to address the state of research in   topics, representing the richness,
  Bruce Weir and Zhao-Bang Zeng pause for a photo during the symposium’s                                                    statistical genetics, to honor Bruce’s     depth and mystery of the field Weir
  evening festivities.                                                                                                      far-reaching contributions, and to         has pioneered.
10 SPRING / SUMMER 2004            scope
                                                     First-time study to analyze air
                                                     quality of animal farms
                                                         Atmospheric scientists will soon                   a regulated substance called fine par-       Dr. John C. Fountain, head of the
                                                     help clear the air around the complex                  ticulate matter, or PMfine. That’s        Department of Marine, Earth and
                                                     issue of large animal farms and their                  what we’ll be studying.”                 Atmospheric Sciences and co-
                                                     effects on their neighbors.                                The team will work directly with     principal investigator for the study,
                                                         The U.S. Department of                             the NC Environmental Management          said that the three-year project
                                                     Agriculture (USDA) awarded a grant                     Commission, which is responsible for     has research, extension and
                                                     of nearly $500,000 to a team led by                    implementing regulations to protect      education goals.
                                                     Dr. Viney Aneja, a professor in the                    air quality.                                “This is a multi-institutional,
                                                     Department of Marine, Earth and
                                                     Atmospheric Sciences, to study
                                                     ammonia and hydrogen sulfide
                                                     emissions from NC animal farms—the                         “In addition to our scientific findings,
                                                     first USDA grant program to investi-
                                                     gate air-quality issues associated
                                                                                                                which may help modify regulations
                                                     with animal-feeding operations.                            and policies, we’ll also use the research
                                                         USDA Undersecretary Rodney J.
                                                     Brown presented the grant to Aneja                         for new undergraduate and graduate
                                                     and his NC State colleagues at the
                                                     Environmental Protection Agency
                                                                                                                courses in agricultural air quality and
                                                     (EPA) offices in Research Triangle                          the transport, dispersion and diffusion
                                                     Park. The grant is part of $5.1 million
                                                     in competitive grants being awarded                        of air pollutants.
                                                     to 11 institutions to study air- and
                                                     water-quality issues.                                                                                  — John C. Fountain
                                                         The award builds on NC State’s
                                                     efforts to make animal-feeding
                                                     operations both environmentally                            “Using on-site chemical and physi-   multidisciplinary team of air-quality,
                                                     responsible and economically viable.                   cal measuring devices, we’ll quantify    agricultural and environmental
                                                         According to Aneja, project princi-                the atmospheric sources and sinks of     scientists,” Fountain said. “In addition
                                                     pal investigator, previous studies of                  ammonia, ammonium, hydrogen sul-         to our scientific findings, which may
                                                     the contained animal feeding opera-                    fide and PMfine compounds,” Aneja          help modify regulations and policies,
                                                     tions (CAFOs) have focused on soil                     said. “Our findings will be incorpo-      we’ll also use the research for new
                                                     and water contamination.                               rated into a comprehensive regional      undergraduate and graduate courses
                                                         “The levels of ammonia and                         air-quality model, and we’ll dissemi-    in agricultural air quality and the
                                                     hydrogen sulfide linked to CAFOs                        nate our results to agribusiness,        transport, dispersion and diffusion of
                                                                                                                                                     air pollutants. Short-course versions
                                                             Gas                                                                                     will be offered to stakeholder com-
                                                                                          Air masses                                                 munities, as well.”
                                                                                                                                                         NC State plays a leading role in the
                                                                        Local or long-distance
                                                      Particulate       transport
                                                                                                                                                     state’s ongoing efforts to make CAFOs
                                                        matter          Changes in                                                                   both profitable and “green.” NC State
                                                                        chemical/physical forms    Indirect                                          received a $15 million grant in 2000
                          SOURCES OF TRACE GASES
                                                                                                  deposition*      Dry
               Anthropogenic sources                         Natural sources                                     particle              Air/water     to coordinate the identification and
                                                                                                                deposition           gas exchange    development of better technologies for
                                                                                                                                                     hog-waste treatment—an agreement
                                                                                                                                                     involving the state and Smithfield
                                                                                                                                                     Foods—and another $2.5 million from
                                                                                                                                                     a similar agreement with Premium
                                                                                                                 Direct deposition                   Standard Farms.
                                                                                                                Surface waterbody                        In addition, the Air Quality
    *Indirect deposition is direct deposition to land followed by runoff or seepage
     through groundwater to a surface waterbody.                                                                                                     Research Group, headed by Aneja,
                                                                                                                                                     has conducted related research
Viney Aneja uses this diagram to                     don’t, by themselves, violate current                  regulators and concerned citizens,       funded by the EPA, the NC
illustrate atmospheric emissions,
                                                     EPA standards, so scientific scrutiny                   through local meetings, workshops,       Department of Environment and
transport, transformation and
deposition of trace gases.                           has been elsewhere,” he said. “But we                  fact sheets, news articles and Web       Natural Resources and other state
                                                     believe these gases combine to form                    sites.”                                  and federal agencies.
Penguin bones from “Land of Fire”
rewrite bird evolution
    Fossilized bones found in Tierra        and a leg and dates to the Eocene          America during a comparatively            climates, and slowly adapted as their
del Fuego, Argentina, are likely those      epoch of Earth’s history—about             warm period in Earth’s history,” said     habitats grew icier.
of the earliest known South                 40 million years ago—sometimes             Clarke, “coincident with the begin-           Clarke says that a larger, more
American penguin, which probably            called the “early age of mammals.”         ning of, or just before, a major global   comprehensive study of the penguin
lived 20 million years earlier than         The fossilized bones are sufficiently       cooling trend that occurred in the        family tree is necessary before the
scientists had supposed. The new            different from known penguin               mid-Eocene. All other South               full story of early penguins in the
find doubles the known fossil record         anatomy to rewrite the story of            American penguin fossils date to          Land of Fire can be told. But she’s
of penguins in South America.               penguin evolution.                         long after that ‘icehouse’ phase          confident that the discovery will help
    That’s the conclusion of Dr. Julia A.       Tierra del Fuego, or “Land of Fire,”   began, and after the Antarctic icecap     clarify the timing and pattern of
Clarke, assistant professor in the          is the southernmost portion of the         is inferred to be present.”               penguin diversification.
Department of Marine, Earth and             South American continent.                      The new find may tell a radically          “This is the first vertebrate from
Atmospheric Sciences and her                Argentinean geologist Eduardo B.           different story from previous             that distant epoch ever found in
Argentinean colleagues, who pub-            Olivero’s team discovered the fossils      discoveries about penguins and their      Tierra del Fuego,” she says. “As
lished their findings in the December        at Punta Torcida on Tierra del Fuego’s     prehistoric travels. Despite the popu-    modest as these fossilized bones are,
2003 issue of the journal Novitates         Atlantic coast in 1999, and Olivero        lar association of penguins with cold     they’ll tell us a great deal about the
of the American Museum of Natural           asked Clarke to help identify the          polar regions, said Clarke, species of    morphological evolution of penguins
History.                                    bones.                                     the birds live near the equator as        and the travels of these birds some
    According to Clarke, the specimen           “This early part of the penguin        well. The earliest penguins, then,        40 million years ago on a very
consists of parts of a pelvic girdle        lineage must have arrived in South         might have developed in warmer            different planet Earth.”

Can dinosaur size teach
us something about global
   Scientists have often wondered           lumbering prey for their carnivorous
how and why dinosaurs grew to be so         cousins. Does that explain the
large. The answer is probably a lot of      massive size of the dinosaurs?
hot air, according to doctoral student      It might, but Decherd prefers to
Sara Decherd of the Department of           focus on the plant-growth
Marine, Earth and Atmospheric               aspects of her research.
Sciences.                                      “My work is focused on
   Decherd studies the ecology of           understanding the ecol-
the Cretaceous period, about 160            ogy of the Cretaceous
million years ago, when Earth’s             period, adding our data
atmosphere contained more oxygen            to environmental and
and more carbon dioxide and was, in         climatic models, and
her words, “a hothouse.”                    perhaps gaining some
   She believes, and is working to          insight into current con-
demonstrate, that this richer atmos-        cerns about greenhouse
phere helped plants grow bigger and         gases and global warming,”
faster. With lots of food, herbivorous      she said.
dinosaurs thrived—and became
                         12 SPRING / SUMMER 2004   scope
                                                           Chemists “harness evolution
                                                           in a beaker”
                                                              Scientists at North Carolina State

                                                                                                                                                                                            COURTESY OF EATON/FELDHEIM
                                                           University have discovered that RNA
                                                           can be used to create tiny, novel,
                                                           inorganic particles.
                                                              Dr. Bruce Eaton, professor of
                                                           chemistry, Dr. Daniel Feldheim,
                                                           associate professor of chemistry,
                                                           and doctoral student Lina Gugliotti
                                                           used a new technique to coax spe-
                                                           cific sequences of lab-manufactured
                                                           ribonucleic acid to catalyze the syn-
                                                           thesis of an inorganic material—in
                                                           this case palladium—into hexago-
                                                           nally-shaped particles less than a
                                                           millionth of a meter in size.
                                                              Particles like these cannot be
                                                           easily produced by other known
                                                           methods, the researchers say. The       This is a transmission electron micrograph image of palladium particles formed in the
                                                                                                   presence of an RNA pool.
                                                           research could speed the discovery of
                                                           new materials for many applications,
                                                           including electronic devices and fuel       “The method exploits the ability of          The researchers have applied for a
                                                           cells. The research appeared in the     RNA to evolve in response to selec-           provisional methods patent on the
                                                           April 16 issue of Science.              tion pressures,” Feldheim said. “In this      technique used to form the inorganic
                                                              The NC State researchers found       case we forced RNA sequences to               particles. Future work will center on
                                                           that these particle formations          evolve until they were capable of             explaining how the process works
                                                           occurred rapidly, usually within one    organizing palladium atoms into               and creating particles with other
                                                           minute. They also discovered that       hexagonally shaped palladium                  inorganic materials.
                                                           only very small amounts of metal—       nanoparticles that cannot be formed              Research funding came from NC
                                                           and even smaller amounts of RNA—        in the absence of RNA.”                       State and the David and Lucile
                                                           were required for particle growth.          “This research shows RNA as a             Packard Foundation. Much of the
                                                              Eaton and Feldheim say the           ‘smart’ catalyst because it can be            DNA sequencing work on the project
                                                           technique allows them to “harness       replicated,” Eaton said. “Most other          was accomplished in the university’s
                                                           evolution in a beaker.”                 catalysts can’t be replicated.”               Genome Research Lab.

                                                           Gunnoe receives Sloan Fellowship

                                                                                                      Dr. T. Brent Gunnoe, assistant pro-        toward the development of new
                                                                                                   fessor of chemistry, has been chosen          catalytic technologies with improved
                                                                                                   as an Alfred P. Sloan research fellow         efficiency.
                                                                                                   by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.                The research efforts could result in
                                                                                                      The two-year, $40,000 fellowship           the development of catalyst systems
                                                                                                   was awarded to Gunnoe to support              that allow the preparation of new
                                                                                                   his research on the study of inor-            materials as well as the potential to
                                                                                                   ganic and organometallic complexes.           improve routes for the preparation of
                                                                                                      Chemical synthesis is a large-scale        existing materials by reducing energy
                                                                                                   venture that requires significant              consumption and chemical waste.
                                                                                                   energy and material resources and                 The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
                                                                                                   produces substantial waste.                   awards fellowships to young scien-
                                                                                                   Research efforts in the Gunnoe                tists and economists based upon
                                                                                                   group are directed toward under-              their promise to contribute to the
                                                                                                   standing fundamental interactions of          advancement of knowledge.
                                                                                                   transition metal systems with organic
                                                                                                   compounds including application
                                                                                 T. Brent Gunnoe
                                                                     Team proves molecular data storage possible
                                                                        In the ongoing quest to create        beyond the limits of traditional              which involve high temperatures and        molecules—with specific electronic
                                                                     computing devices that are both          semiconductors—have been working              up to one trillion operational cycles.     properties to an electroactive surface,
                                                                     incredibly small and incredibly pow-     to use molecules for information              But scientists at NC State and             storing information in the form of
                                                                     erful, scientists—envisioning a future   storage and processing.                       University of California-Riverside         the molecules’ positive charges.
                                                                                                                 Until now, researchers were                have demonstrated that molecular               After a series of tests, the scien-
                                                                                                              skeptical that such molecular devices         memories are indeed both durable           tists found that the resulting

                                                                                                              could survive the rigors of real-world        and practical—a finding that could          molecular memories were “extremely
                                                                                                                       manufacturing and use,               spur development of the technology.        robust” and offered clear advantages
                                                                                                                                                                The scientists’ results were           over traditional semiconductor-
                                                                                                                                                            described in the Nov. 28 issue of the      based technology.
                                                                                                                                                               journal Science. Dr. Jonathan S.            In addition, their testing showed
                                                                                                                                                                          Lindsey, Glaxo               that such molecule-based infor-
                                                                                                                                                                             Distinguished             mation-storage devices meet the
                                                                                                                                                                            University Professor of    processing and operating challenges
                                                                                                                                                                          Chemistry at NC State        required for use in electronic devices.
                                                                                                                                                                         and one of the paper’s        In particular, the molecules are stable
                                                                                                                                                                        authors, said the team was     under extremes of temperature
                                                                                                                                                                       faced with a very basic         (400°C) and large numbers of read-
                                                                                                                                                                      problem.                         write cycles (1 trillion).
                                                                                                                                                                        “If molecular materials            That demonstrated stability indi-
                                                                                                                                                                    can’t compete against semi-        cates that these molecular structures
                                                                                                                                                                  conductor materials under the        can be adapted to current semicon-
                                                                                                                                                                 rigorous conditions of the real       ductor fabrication technology and
                                                                                                                                                                world,” he said, “then trying to       operated under conditions required
                                                                                                                                                             implement them in electronic              for a practical device.
                                                                                                                                                              devices would be pointless.                  By establishing the practicality of
                                                                                                                                                                   Because our goal is to develop      molecular memories, says Lindsey,
                                                                                                                                                                       molecule-based memory           the findings should help eliminate
                                                                                                                                                                          devices, we first had to      doubts about the role of organic
                                                                                                                                                                           test their durability and   materials in electronic devices.
                                                                                                                                                                            stability.”                    “There is a perception that organic
                                                                                                                                                                                 The team attached     molecules are fragile,” Lindsey said.
                                                                                                                                                                              porphyrins—disk-         “The critical question has been
                                                                                                                                                                             shaped organic            whether, given the high tempera-
                                                                                                                                                                                                       tures and other stresses of produc-
                                                                                                                                                                                                       tion and use, any molecule-based
                                                                                                                                              This illustration, prepared by NC State design student   devices could meet functionality
                                                                                                                                    Troy Barber, represents the immense amount of information          standards. I believe our research has
                                                                                                                             researchers believe could be stored in a memory cube system using         laid this question to rest, and
                                                                                                                        molecular data storage technology. The current contents of the Library
                                                                                                                                                                                                       demonstrated that appropriately
                                                                                                                   of Congress could be stored in 50 to 100 1-cm cubes. Carol M. Highsmith
                                                                                                                Photography, Inc. provided the photograph portion of the illustration.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       chosen molecules can readily
                                                                                                                                                                                                       function in practical devices.”
                                                                                                                                                                                                           That knowledge, he said, should
                                                                                                                                                                                                       speed development of molecule-
                                                                                                                                                                                                       based electronics, which promise
                                                                     Kimberly-Clark technology boosts                                                                                                  smaller, faster and far more powerful
                                                                                                                                                                                                       computers and other applications.
                                                                     molecular memory research                                                                                                             The UC-Riverside team is led
                                                                                                                                                                                                       by Professor David F. Bocian
                                                                                                                                                                                                       (Chemistry, ‘72).
                                                                        Dr. Jonathan S. Lindsey and his       records, research samples and tech-           Clark technology significantly                  The research was funded by
                                                                     graduate students will benefit from       nical assistance, along with $200,000         improves the synthetic process,            ZettaCore Inc. and the Defense
                                                                     technology and patents recently          in funding to support development             creating possibilities for commercial      Advanced Research Projects Agency
                                                                     donated by Kimberly-Clark                of the donated technology.                    applications.                              (DARPA) Moletronics Program.
                                                                     Worldwide Inc.                               Porphyrins are naturally occurring           Lindsey described the donated
                                                                        The company’s gift includes por-      compounds, such as heme and                   technology as “a significant
                                                                     phyrin synthesis technology and a        chlorophyll. The porphyrin derivatives        contribution to our ongoing study
                                                                     related patent. The gift comes with      used in information storage are pre-          of compounds for molecular
                                                                     Kimberly-Clark’s internal research       pared synthetically. The Kimberly-            information storage.”
                       14 SPRING / SUMMER 2004      scope
                                                                     Physicists make waves in
                                                                     naval mine detection
                                                                        Since 1776, when naval mines           suppresses the response from the           signals were never recognized.”
                                                                     were invented, navies have feared the     seafloor itself, making the underwater         Using time-reversal to find buried
                                                                     stealthy and relatively simple            terrain “transparent.”                     mines requires only one transceiver,
                                                                     weapons, which can disable or destroy         Dr. David M. Pierson, while a doc-     although more can be used, and the
                                                                     warships and paralyze vital shipping.     toral student in physics at NC State,      method isn’t limited by the composi-
                                                                        Navies worldwide employ a host of      demonstrated the new approach in           tion of the ocean floor.
                                                                     mine-detection techniques, most of        research he conducted with Dr. David          “Previous methods incorporated
                                                                     them complicated, expensive, and far      E. Aspnes, Distinguished University        lots of complex modeling of the
                                                                     from perfect. So a simpler, more          Professor of Physics, in late 2003. The    seafloor and the ocean environment,”
                                                                     effective method for detecting these      project was supported by a grant from      Pierson said, “and required sophisti-
                                                                     mines, developed by a physicist at NC     the Office of Naval Research. Pierson       cated software and hardware sys-
                                                                     State, could make big waves.              has since joined the Applied Physics       tems. My time-reversal technique
                                                                        Unlike current mine-detection          Laboratory of Johns Hopkins University     not only simplifies the needed equip-
                                                                     techniques, the patented methodol-        in Baltimore, where his work is sup-       ment, but also can be implemented
                                                                     ogy finds objects buried in the ocean      ported in part by the U.S. Navy.           using existing sonar equipment,
                                                                     floor without the use of complex,              According to Aspnes, the young         with minor software changes. More
                                                                     unreliable modeling and without the       physicist’s research is a breakthrough.    elaborate analyses of echoes are also
                                                                     usual arrays of sonar transmitters and        “Time-reversal is a technique          made possible.”
                                                                     receivers. Instead, the method records    that has been used before in various          The NC State discovery should
                                                                     the return echo of a sonar trans-         contexts, including optics and             please naval mine-detection experts,
                                                                     ceiver’s “ping,” then time-reverses and   acoustics, but before David’s work         who now use everything from dolphins
                                                                     transmits that signal. The following      the advantages of time reversal for        to divers to sophisticated computer
                                                                     echo clearly shows buried objects, and    isolating targets in back-scattered        modeling and elaborate sonar arrays.

                                                                     Math team makes book club list
                                                                         It may not be the New York Times      the Center for Research in Scientific       “Modeling and Imaging Techniques
                                                                     best seller list, but selection of a      Computation (CRSC) made significant         with Potential for Application in
                                                                     mathematics-based book by                 contributions to Bioterrorism:             Bioterrorism.” The chapter focuses
                                                                     Scientific American for its book club      Mathematical Modeling Applications         on fundamental aspects of modeling
                                                                     list is both a rare achievement and a     in Homeland Security, edited by            in the presence of uncertainty of
                                                                     professional honor.                       H.Thomas Banks and Carlos Castillo-        potential chemical, biological and
                                                                         Four researchers associated with      Chavez. Published in November 2003,        radiological agents that may pose
                                                                                                               it was selected for the Scientific          serious threats to populations. The

                                                                                                               American Book Club this spring.            chapter also covers electromagnetic
                                                                                                                   It is the first book published by the   interrogation for detection of hidden
                                                                                                               Society for Industrial and Applied         substances in the context of surveil-
                                                                                                               Mathematics (SIAM) in the organiza-        lance technologies for biodefense.
                                                                                                               tion’s 51-year history to be chosen            “Scientific American ordered 450
                                                                                                               for this distinction.                      copies, which is extraordinary for an
                                                                                                                   In addition to editing the book,       advanced, mathematically oriented
                                                                                                               Banks, Director of the CRSC, teamed        book,” Banks said. The book was pub-
                                                                                                               with two of his former graduate            lished in the SIAM series “Frontiers
                                                                                                               students and a postdoctoral student in     in Applied Mathematics” for which
                                                                                                               writing a chapter. The group included      Banks also serves as editor-in-chief.
                                                                                                               David Bortz, assistant professor of            According to SIAM, “Scientific
                                                                                                               mathematics at the University of           American Book Club sees a lot of
                                                                                                               Michigan; Gabriella Pinter, a former       manuscripts and invests heavily to
                                                                                                               postdoctoral student now an assistant      promote the titles to a broad scien-
                                                                                                               professor of mathematics at the            tific market. This is an honor and a
                                                                                                               University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee;         mark of prestige that the book has
                                                                                                               and Laura Potter, a research scientist     been chosen for inclusion in the
                                                                                                               at GlaxoSmithKline in Research             club’s offerings.”
                       H. Thomas Banks and Laura Potter display copies of Bioterrorism: Mathematical
                                                                                                               Triangle Park.                                 The 250-page book is available
                       Modeling Applications in Homeland Security.
                                                                                                                  The team collaborated on Chapter 6,     at
Scientists say science courses need overhaul
    Introductory college science              The views were expressed in a          small groups and take an active role          reduced by a factor of four.
courses—traditionally composed of          Policy Forum paper published in the       in class learn more and get better               The general public also benefits
impersonal “transmission-of-infor-         April 23 edition of Science. The paper    grades. Beichner has used this                from SCALE-UP efforts, Beichner
mation” lectures and “cookbook” lab        referred specifically to Beichner’s        method in his classes since 1997,             says. “Our scientists and engineers
sessions—need to be completely             SCALE-UP design—or Student-               and has found that the overall fail-          are learning problem-solving tech-
overhauled.                                Centered Activities for Large             ure rates are one-half of what they           niques, and picking up critical think-
    That’s the recommendation of           Enrollment Undergraduate                  are in traditional classes. For women,        ing and team-building skills. This
Dr. Robert Beichner, professor of          Programs—as one example of                the failure rate is one-fifth that of          means that our graduates will
physics at NC State, and a team of         inquiry-based learning that can           their male peers in regular classes,          be better prepared to solve the
university researchers and administra-     serve as a model for reinvigorating       while minority failure rates are              problems facing all of us.”
tors pressing for changes in the way       scientific teaching and learning.

                                                                                                                                                                              PHOTO BY SALLY RAMEY
science is taught at the college level.    SCALE-UP was featured in the fall
    Eschewing traditional, more pas-       2002 issue of Scope.
sive class formats, the researchers           In place of traditional approaches,
call for institutions of higher            the SCALE-UP method combines lec-
learning to implement inquiry-based,       ture and lab components to create a
problem-solving, and active-learning       new classroom paradigm in NC State
strategies in introductory science         physics and chemistry classes. It
courses. That means requiring stu-         divides large classes of about 100
dents to “develop hypotheses, design       students into groups of nine stu-
and conduct experiments, collect           dents at a table. Each table is split
and interpret data, and write about        into teams of three students, and
the results,” the team says.               each three-member group has its
    Revolutionary courses utilizing        own laptop computer for problem
these new methods have been imple-         solving and research.
mented and assessed at a handful of           These student teams collectively
institutions of higher learning across     develop solutions to problems posed
the United States, including NC State,     by a roving instructor. Thought-pro-
and have proven to spark student           voking problems are based on real-
interest in science, help students—        world quandaries, forcing students
especially women and underrepre-           to collaborate and think critically. In   Dr. Robert Beichner leads a physics SCALE-UP class, which requires a combination of
sented minorities—learn more and get       this classroom, students interact         technologies. He wears a wireless microphone headset, allowing him to mingle among
                                                                                     the students, yet still be heard by everyone. The projector on the desk broadcasts the
better grades, and lead students to        with physical phenomena every day.
                                                                                     image from his desk to screens on both ends of the classroom, allowing an excellent
enroll in advanced science courses,           Research has shown that                view from all seats. The student tables are equipped with laptop computers connected
the scientists say.                        students who work collaboratively in      to Web-based instruction tools.

Johnson wins prestigious Gates
Cambridge Trust Scholarship
   David R. Johnson of Greenville, S.C.,   their applications in cryptology and      and the 2001 Meritorious Winner in
a 2003 graduate of NC State, has been      computing. He plans to obtain his         the COMAP Math Modeling Contest.
awarded a 2004 Gates Cambridge             doctorate in mathematics.                 He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and
Trust Scholarship. He is one of only 31       He graduated summa cum laude           the Golden Chain Honor Society.
recipients of the prestigious award        with a bachelor’s degree in mathe-            Johnson is one of only four NC
and one of only two chosen this year       matics and a minor in physics. Both a     State students to ever receive the
from North Carolina.                       John T. Caldwell Alumni Scholar and       scholarship. Established in 2000 by the
   He will use the annual $32,000          a Robert C. Byrd Scholar, Johnson         Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation,
merit scholarship to pursue a certi-       earned many honors while at NC            the Gates Cambridge Trust hopes to
ficate of advanced mathematics at           State, including the 2003 Physical and    create a network of future leaders
Cambridge University—a master’s            Mathematical Sciences Graduating          from around the world who will bring
course of study that will allow him to     Senior Award for Scholarly                new vision and commitment to
focus on number theory, particularly       Achievement, the 2002 Levine-             effecting change and addressing
the study of large prime numbers and       Anderson Award for Mathematics,           global problems.
                                                                                                                                                             PHOTO BY ROGER WINSTEAD
16 SPRING / SUMMER 2004    scope

Student                             Wes Doggett honored with endowment
Notables                               Retired physics professor Wesley     curiosity and provide encouragement       are those who participated in the
   James Lamb, a doctoral           O. Doggett was recently honored         for thousands of children.”               ceremony: David Haase, director of
student in Marine, Earth and        with an endowment established in           Doggett recalled fond memories         The Science House; Jo-Ann Cohen,
Atmospheric Sciences was            his name that will support The          of spending time in his father’s lab at   associate dean for academic affairs;
featured on an episode of           Science House, and its K-12 science     NC State, and building things in his      Stephen Jones, vice chancellor
Turner South Broadcasting’s         and mathematics outreach mission.       back yard.                                for extension and engagement;
series “The Natural South.”         He and his wife, Leonor, attended a        “Dad was always great at explain-      Wes Doggett, professor emeritus
The episode, “Dinosaurs Gone        recent ceremony where their son, Eric   ing everything in a correct but com-      of physics; Leonor Doggett; Eric
South” explored the amazing,        (Physics, ‘81), signed documents        prehensible fashion, and we did a lot     Doggett; Anita Stallings, executive
enormous creatures that             establishing the endowment.             of hands-on tinkering. Fortunately,       director of development and college
roamed and swam through the            “I remember how my dad encour-       my unauthorized modifications to           relations; Daniel Solomon, dean;
southern United States millions     aged my curiosity and influenced my      my rocket engines did not burn the        Terry Wood, vice chancellor for
of years ago.                       interest in science,” Doggett said.     house down, and I recovered fully         university advancement and Chris
   Nancy Ridenhour (Statistics,     “Through this endowment, The            from the burns,” he joked.                Gould, department head, Physics.
‘73) was elected to the national    Science House can nurture that same        Shown in the photograph above
board of directors for the
Independent Computer
Consultants Association.
   Lily Jeng (Chemistry, ‘05) and
Laura Wingler (Chemistry, ’06)
                                    Science House challenge                                                              You’ve
both received the prestigious
Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship
                                    grant attracts donors                                                                got mail!
for the 2005 academic year.
                                       Everyone loves a chance to double    depends on competitive grants for               Alumni have given positive
                                    their money, and in fundraising,        most of its funding.                         feedback about PAMS Focus,
                                    there’s no exception.                      “Endowment funds are necessary            the College’s periodic e-mail
                                       Due to the generosity of an          to provide ongoing funding to fill            news bulletin.
                                    anonymous donor, anyone making a        the gaps between grant cycles, and              PAMS Focus is distributed
                                    contribution toward endowment for       to ensure that The Science House             every several weeks to alumni
                                    The Science House before Dec. 31,       continues to fulfill its mission,” said       and friends, keeping them up-
                                    2004, will have their contribution      Anita Stallings, executive director          to-date on the latest news.
                                    matched.                                of development and college relations.        Items are short and include
                                       This “challenge grant” is designed      Donors whose employers offer              Web links for those who want
                                    to encourage donors to consider sup-    charitable matching gifts can use both       additional details.
                                    porting The Science House, a proven     their company program and the chal-             PAMS Focus doesn’t include
                                    outreach program dedicated to the       lenge grant to quadruple their gift.         graphics that can clog up
                                    enhancement of K-12 science and            For more information, contact             one’s e-mail box.
                                    mathematics education. Despite its      Stallings at 919-515-3462, or see               To receive PAMS Focus,
                                    achievements and position as a          “How to make a gift” on the opposite         send an e-mail to
                                    national model, The Science House       page.                              
Young                                                                                                                       How to
alumni                                                                                                                      make a gift
called                                                                                                                          Many alumni remember how
upon                                                                                                                        difficult it was to manage the expense
                                                                                                                            of higher education and want to find
                                                                                                                            a way to help today’s students achieve
for ACC                                                                                                                     their dreams.
                                                                                                                                The PAMS Foundation provides

Challenge                                                                                                                   many ways to support students,
                                                                                                                            faculty and programs of the
                                                                                                                            College. Whether you want to con-
                                                                                                                            tribute to an existing scholarship,
    The annual giving offices of each                                                                                        support a departmental enhance-
Atlantic Coast Conference univer-                                                                                           ment fund, make a memorial gift,
sity have teamed up to launch a
friendly competition to test the
                                         Add your name to the                                                               or consider more significant
                                                                                                                            support, our staff is available to
loyalty of their young alumni.
    Called the ACC Challenge, the
competition invites alumni who have
                                         Walk of Discovery                                                                  help you explore the options.

                                                                                                                            To support existing funds
graduated since 1995 to express their                                                                                           To contribute to a scholarship,
school spirit by giving to the annual       Now that the first installation of         If you would like us to install a     fellowship or other fund, simply mail
fund at their alma mater.                engraved bricks has been placed in        brick in the Walk of Discovery in your   a check to the NC State Physical &
    While there is no minimum gift       the Walk of Discovery, visitors to        name, or in honor of a loved one,        Mathematical Sciences Foundation,
required, the ACC schools will track     campus can see the names perma-           contact the PAMS Development             Campus Box 8201, Raleigh, NC,
the results against each other.          nently etched into NC State’s history.    Office at 919-515-3462 and we will        27695. Make checks payable to PAMS
Alumni can keep up with the                 Located near the entrance of the       mail or fax an order form to you. We     Foundation and write the name of the
“score” by visiting www.acc-chal-        Undergraduate Science Teaching            can accept orders by fax with credit     fund on the “notes” or “for” line.                               Laboratory, the Walk of Discovery         card information.                            And if your employer provides
    To make a gift, call (800)258-       features laser-engraved bricks               Bricks must be engraved in lots of    matches for charitable donations,
1057 or visit       bearing the names of alumni, faculty,     100 and we are currently collecting      please send a completed matching
fund. Remember to designate your         students and friends. Each has            orders for the next lot. You will be     gift form with your contribution.
gift to PAMS.                            contributed $100 to support PAMS          notified when your lot has been               There are many funds not
                                         scholarship funds in exchange for an      installed.                               mentioned in this issue of Scope,
                                         engraved brick.                                                                    and several have specific designated
                                                                                                                            uses. If you would like information
                                                                                                                            on our various funds to help you
      Send us your news! We want to hear from alumni, students, faculty and staff members,                                  decide the best fit for your support,
                                                                                                                            please give us a call at 919-515-3462.
      and other supporters of the College. Awards, accomplishments, career changes—Let us hear from you!
                                                                                                                            To explore other options
      NAME                                                        EMPLOYER                                                     If you have questions about gift
                                                                                                                            planning, we can help you identify
      DEGREE/YEAR AWARDED                                         E-MAIL                                                    tax benefits, choose between per-
                                                                                                                            manent endowment vs. one-time
      ADDRESS                                                                                                               support, and explore estate plan-
                                                                                                                            ning or life-income options.
      HOME PHONE                                                  WORK PHONE                                                   There are many ways to match
                                                                                                                            your interests with specific College
      HERE’S MY NEWS (PLEASE PRINT)                                                                                         needs, and several possibilities for
                                                                                                                            making your vision a reality.
                                                                                                                            Whether using cash, appreciated
                                                                                                                            assets, real estate or a bequest, we
                                                                                                                            can help you find the best way to
                                                                                                                            make the most of your gift.
                                                                                                                               Contact us today at
      Clip and mail to: NC State College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Box 8201, Raleigh NC 27695–8201             919-515-3462 or by e-mail at
      Or send an e-mail to:                                                            
     A work of fine art?
         Actually, it’s a photograph of
     a new liquid crystalline material
     developed by Dr. James D. Martin
     and his team of undergraduate
     and graduate students in the
     Department of Chemistry.
         Most liquid crystals, like those
     in a digital watch or calculator,
     are based on organic molecules.
     However, at NC State, we have
     developed the ability to control
     the structure of inorganic materi-
     als in the crystalline, glass and
     liquid states.
         This results in the creation of
     new liquid crystalline materials
     with the highest known metal
     content. The high metal content
     is important because it enables us
     to produce materials with unique
     optical, magnetic and electronic
         The liquid crystals in this
     image are the circular and fan-
     shaped objects on the black
     background. The photograph is
     entitled, “The Visitors,” by James
     D. Martin.

       scope                                         College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
                                                     North Carolina State University
                                                     Campus Box 8201
                                                     Raleigh, North Carolina 27695–8201
                                                                                                     FIRST-CLASS MAIL
                                                                                                        US POSTAGE
                                                                                                        RALEIGH, NC
             The College of Physical and                                                             PERMIT NO. 2353

   Mathematical Sciences is made up of
internationally recognized departments:

  Molecular & Structural Biochemistry
 Marine, Earth & Atmospheric Sciences

                     Scope is published by
                the College twice per year

                 Dean Daniel Solomon
                 Editor Anita Stallings
                   Writer Sally Ramey
     Contributing Writers Paul Mueller,
                          Pat Westphal
                  Design Zubigraphics

      11,000 copies of this public document were
   printed at a cost of $6,265.00 or 56¢ per copy.

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