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					With Acknowledgement to Angela Byron, Tracy Considine
and Maria Sotiropoulous




 Backward Mapping

 . . . beginning with the end in mind . . .




  NSW Department of Education & Training
  NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
                     Where are we heading?

        “If the ladder is not leaning against the
        right wall, every step we take gets us to
        the wrong place faster.”




NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
      What is backward
        mapping?

 A framework used to
 improve curriculum design
 in order to develop and
 deepen students‟
 understanding.



NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
                    Where did it come from?

                         Jay McTighe & Grant Wiggins

                             “Understanding by Design”




NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
                  Why the backward mapping
                         framework?

     Without building courses „backward‟ from
     key tasks, big ideas and performance
     standards, there are no clear priorities.

                                                            Wiggins & McTighe „05


NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
                  Why the backward mapping
                         framework?

     By thinking through the assessment upfront,
     we ensure greater alignment of our goals
     and therefore teaching is focused on the
     desired results.




NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
      Backward Mapping Framework

            • Stage 1: Desired Results

            • Stage 2: Assessment Evidence

            • Stage 3: Learning Plan



NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
                   The “big ideas” of each stage
                                                                  Standard(s):

   Unpack the content, and                                            Understandings                     Essential Questions

     focus on big ideas                                       s
                                                              t
                                                              a
                                                              g
                                                              e

                                                             What are the big ideas?
                                                              1




                                                                                           Assessment Evidence
Analyse multiple sources of                                                         Assessment Evidence
                                                                    Performance Task(s):              Other Evidence:
  evidence, aligned with Stage 1                              s
                                                              t
                                                              a
                                                              g
                                                              e

                                                             What’s the evidence?
                                                              2




  Plan the learning                                                                         Learning
                                                                                                   Activities

  experiences implied from                                    s
                                                              t

  Stages 1 & 2                                               How will we get there?
                                                              a
                                                              g
                                                              e

                                                              3

 NSW Department of Education & Training
 NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
                                       Desired Results




NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
                                                                       nice to know


                                                                      foundational
                                                                      knowledge and
                                                                      skills

                                                                     „big ideas‟ and
                                                                     core tasks worth
                                                                     exploring in depth
                                                            Wiggins & McTighe 2005

NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
                Identifying the BIG IDEAS




NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
     You‟ve got to go below the surface...




Concept
NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
                            to uncover the
                          really ‘big ideas.’

NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
                        Assessment Evidence
    How will we know if students have achieved
    the desired results and met the syllabus
    standards?

    What will we accept as evidence of student
    understanding and proficiency?

NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
                        Assessment Evidence




NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
                                                   GRASPS
                •    Goal
                •    Role
                •    Audience
                •    Situation
                •    Performance
                •    Standards

NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
           Plan learning experiences
                 and instruction
        • What knowledge will students need to
          perform effectively?
        • What activities will be needed to allow
          students to construct their own
          learning?
        • What will need to be taught?

NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
        Learning experiences must be
                                 E
                                                            E
                                 F
                                                            N
                                 F
                                                            G
                                 E                          A
                                 C                          G
                                 T                          I
                                 I                          N
                                 V                          G
                                 E

NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
     How does this align to our Quality Teaching
             targets for this project?
   • Focuses on developing deep knowledge and deep
     understanding through careful planning of learning
     experiences
   • Focuses on deep understanding through consideration
     early in the process of the anticipated evidence of
     learning
   • Focuses on high expectations through designing
     authentic assessment task with explicit quality criteria
     negotiated with students


NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
                           Starting your planning
     W                                                       Where are we headed?

     H                                             How will the student be „hooked‟?

                                       What opportunities will there be to experience and
      E                                               explore key ideas?
                                       What will provide opportunities to rethink, rehearse,
     R                                                  refine and revise?

      E                                         How will students evaluate their work?

      T             How will the work be tailored to individual needs, interests and styles?

                          How will the work be organised for maximum engagement and
     O                                                          effectiveness?

NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way    www.det.nsw.edu.au
                      Quality Teaching Model

   • What do we want the students to learn?

   • Why does this learning matter?

   • How will they demonstrate their learning?

   • How well do we expect them to do it?


NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
                      In the words of Covey . . .
“To begin with the end in mind means to start
with a clear understanding of your destination.
It means to know where you‟re going so that
you better understand where you are now so
that the steps you take are always in the right
direction.”
Stephen R Covey,
“The Seven Habits Of Highly Effective People”


NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
                  In conclusion …


            All I really need to
            know about
            curriculum
            change, I learned
            from the Story of
            Noah‟s Ark!!!

NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
                                Noah‟s lessons ….
   • Don‟t miss the boat!
   • Don‟t forget we‟re all in the same boat
   • Planning is important – it wasn‟t raining when Noah built
     the ark
   • Don‟t listen to critics – just get on with what has to be
     done
   • For safety‟s sake, travel in pairs (teams)
   • Build your future on high ground
   • Speed isn‟t always an advantage; after all the snails
     were on the same ark with the cheetahs.



NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au
                  And finally, remember ….


          The ark was built
           by amateurs ….

                the Titanic was
                built by
                professionals!
NSW Department of Education & Training
NSW Public Schools – Leading the Way   www.det.nsw.edu.au

				
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