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					         Living and working
              in Poland

Katarzyna Kawka-Kopeć
EURES Adviser
                        TORINO, 9-10.10.2009
                 Entry into Poland
A European Union (EU) citizen may enter the territory
of Poland on the basis of a valid travel document or
another document confirming his/her identity and
citizenship.
If an EU citizen remains in the territory of Poland for
more than three months he/she is required to register
his/her residence, and a family member who is not an
EU citizen is required to obtain an EU citizen's family
member's residency card.

More information:
www.udsc.gov.pl - Office for Aliens
         Residing in Poland for more than 3
                       months
An EU citizen may remain in Poland for a period longer
than three months if:
1 is an employee or self-employed,

2. is covered by general health insurance or is entitled to
health care benefits on the basis of regulations on the
coordination of social insurance systems, and has
sufficient funds to support himself/herself and family
members in Poland,

3. is a student or undergoes job training

4. is the spouse of a Polish citizen.
POLAND in Europe
              Administrative division
                      Baltic Sea

                                                                   Russia
                                   Gdańsk

                             POMORSKIE
                                                                          Olsztyn
                                                                                                     Lithuania
                                              WARMIŃSKO-
           Szczecin                                                                     PODLASKIE
                                   KUJAWSKO- MAZURSKIE
ZACHODNIOPOMORSKIE                 POMORSKIE
                                            Toruń                                             Białystok
                                                                MAZOWIECKIE
Germany
           LUBUSKIE       Poznań
                                                                   Warszawa
                                                                                                           Bielarus

                          WIELKOPOLSKIE                                                LUBELSKIE
          Zielona Góra
                                                         Łódź


                                             ŁÓDZKIE                                    Lublin
                DOLNOŚLĄSKIE
                                                                 Kielce
                Wrocław
                                    Opole                  ŚWIĘTOKRZYSKIE
                                              Katowice
                                                                                                          Ukraine
                            OPOLSKIE
                                            ŚLĄSKIE                                 Rzeszów
                                                                Kraków
          Czech Republic                            MAŁOPOLSKIE               PODKARPACKIE


                                                                 Slovakia
             General information

• Full country name: Republic of Poland;
• Member of UE: 1 May 2004
• Political system: paliamentary democracy – two
  chamber parliament
• Population: 38.1 million;
• Capital city: Warszawa (Warsaw) – population 1.7
  million;
• Official language: Polish;
• Currency: 1 Zloty (PLN) = 100 Groszy,
  1 EUR approx. 4,17 PLN (15.09.2009);
• Time: GMT+1h;
              General information
•Nationalities: 98.5% Polish, 0.6% Ukrainians, 0.5%
Germans, 0.4% others;

•Religion: 90.7% Roman Catholics, 1.4% Russian
Orthodox, 7.9% other

•The biggest cities: Warszawa, Łódź, Kraków,
Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, Szczecin, Bydgoszcz,
Białystok (listed according to the number of
inhabitants);

•Climate: Moderate.
the average summer temp. are 16,5°C - 20°C
the average winter temp. are -6°C - 0 °C
            General information

• Public Holidays:
   • 1 January: New Year’s Day,
   • Easter Sunday and Monday (first Sunday after
     the first spring full moon),
   • 1 May: Labour Day,
   • 3 May: Constitution Day,
   • Corpus Christi: (Thursday of the ninth week after
     Easter),
   • 15 August: Assumption of Virgin Mary, Polish
     Army Day,
   • 1 November: All Saints’ Day,
   • 11 November: National Independence Day,
   • 25,26 December: Christmas.
            Main economic indicators


•The average gross monthly pay in January 2009
           3361,90 PLN = 810 EUR

•The lowest gross monthly pay in 2009
             1276 PLN = 275 EUR



Currency – the Polish zloty (PLN)
      € 1 buys PLN 4.15
         (16.09.2009)
   Labour market situation

Unemployment rate in July 2009
           10,8 %
Employment rate in 2nd quarter
            50,1%
      Unemployment benefit
        PLN 575 = € 138
    Labour market situation
         as of the end of July 2009



    GENERAL DISTRIBUTION – REGISTERED
UNEMPLOYED

    52,7%- WOMEN
    43,6%- RURAL RESIDENTS
    22,3%- POSSESSING BENEFITS RIGHTS
    22,0%- UNEMPLOYED AGED 18-24
     LABOUR MARKET SITUATION
            as of the end of July 2009




28,1% - UNEMPLOYED NOT QUALIFIED
20,4% - 50 YEARS AND MORE
41,8% - LONG – TERM UNEMPLOYED
 ( OVER 12 MONTHS DURING LAST 2 YEARS)
         LABOUR MARKET SITUATION
                      as of the end of July 2009



               UNEMPLOYED PERSONS BY AGE
         as of the end of JUNE 2009 IN THOUSANDS

600           488
      359                         365
400                      305

200                                      120
                                                  22
  0
      18-24   25-34      35-44   45-54   55-59   60-64

                                 YEARS
LABOUR MARKET SITUATION
          as of the end of July 2009


  UNEMPLOYED BY EDUCATION LEVEL
      as of the end of JUNE 2009


          8,4%
29,0%                          teritary
                 22,7%         vocational secondary
                               general secondary
                               basic vocational
             11,1%             primary and incomplete primary
  28,8%
Unemployment rate in EU/EEA
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE BY VOIVODSHIPS (REGIONS)
       JULY 2009   (POLAND 10,8%)



                         Pomorskie
                             10,1%                 Warmińsko-
     Zachodnio                                     Mazurskie
     pomorskie                                      18%
                             Kujawsko-                          Podlaskie
      14,2%                  Pomorskie
                                                                    11,2%
                                 14,5%
    Lubuskie                                         Mazowieckie
                 Wielkopolskie
     14,5%                                              8,3%
                      7,9%
                                         Łódzkie
                                      10,6%
           Dolnośląskie                                         Lubelskie
             11,7%                                                  11,7%
                      Opolskie         Świętokrzyskie
                       11,2%   Śląskie     14,1%
                                     8,4%                Podkarpackie
                                          Małopolskie
                                                            14,4%
                                              8,8%
          Labour market situation
        Shortages of labour force refers to the
                following professions:

Qualified physical
   workers:
- electricians
- carpenters
- joiners
- bricklayers
- plumbers
- welders
Project managers
Sales representatives
       Labour market situation
 Surpluses of labour force refers to the following
                   professions:


Salesmen
Economic assistant
Tailor
Welder
Cook
Locksmith
Unskilled workers
                     Job search
• The Public Employment Services – Local and
  Regional Labour Officers (EURES adviser,
  assistant);
• www.eures.praca.gov.pl
• www.eures.europa.eu
  www.psz.praca.gov.pl
  www.epuls.praca.gov.pl
• Private agencies (check the legality!);
  www.kraz.praca.gov.pl
• Local newspapers
www.gazetapraca.pl
                  Job search


• Labour Offices
  – 16 Regional (Voivodship) Labour Offices
  – 338 Local Labour Offices
  – Vocational courses, on-the-job training, CVs,
    Cover Letters, job-psychologist and advisers
    help
  – Free registration
  – www.epuls.praca.gov.pl
Some portal websites are provided below:


www.praca.interia.pl
www.praca.gazeta.pl
www.pracuj.pl
www.jobspot.pl
www.pracadlaciebie.pl
www.praca.wp.pl
www.praca.onet.pl
www.jobs.pl
www.jobpilot.pl
www.cvonline.pl
www.jobcenter.com.pl
                          At work
•   Full time = 40h/week or individual agreement
•   Overtime = paid 150% or time off
•   Salary – paid monthly
•   Social Security – employer submits employee
•   Taxes, contributions – deducted from salary
•   Holidays – 20-26 working days
•   Working time
    – 7:30 – 15:30 most public companies
    – 8:30 at latest… - private companies
              Personal Income Tax in 2009
- An individual who for the first time takes up gainful employment in Poland must obtain a
Taxpayer Identification Number (NIP). To do so, he must fill out a NIP3 form and file it
with the Tax Office.

- Poland has a progressive income tax system. We have two tax rates.

- Employees are obliged to pay monthly advances which are withheld from their salaries by
the employers.

- The income tax is calculated on the basis of gross wages less compulsory social security
contributions and deductible costs.

-Tax free amount: up to 3 091 PLN


         Taxable base in PLN                                   Tax
       over               up to
                                               18% minus the amount reducing tax
                         85 528
                                                          PLN 556,02
                                                        PLN 14 839,02
     85 528
                                           + 32% of the amount in excess PLN 85 528
        Mazowieckie, Poland

• The capital of
  country – Warsaw
• Area: 35 579 km2
• Population:
  5 164 600
• Unemployment
  rate:8,3% (end of
  July 2009)
            Warsaw, Poland

• Warsaw is known as
  the "phoenix city",
  as it was
  completely
  destroyed during
  World War II, and
  rebuilt with the
  heroic effort of
  Polish citizens.
           Warsaw, Poland

• Area: 517,22 km2
• Population: 1.706.966 (March 2008)
• Unemployment rate: 2,5% (end of August
  2009)
• Warsaw’s emblem
              Warsaw – investement
                 opportunities
• almost half a million firms
• The prevalent economic
  sectors are trade,
  telecommunications,
  financial services,
  insurance, IT, the motor
  industry and
  petrochemicals
• the largest Polish region in
  terms of the population,
  with a young and well
  qualified workforce
       Warsaw – useful links

• http://e-warsaw.pl
• http://www.warsawtour.pl
• http://www.warsaw-life.com
            Own business – 1st step
• Registration in the City Hall or Mayor
  Office (appropriate for the address of
  residence or intended business)
  – Application form must contain
     • Company and owner name
     • Address of the owner and company
     • Type of activities – according to the Polish
       Classification of Activities
     • Place of business
     • Expected date of starting activities
  – Fee – 100 zł (~24 €)
  – Waiting period – till 10 working days
         Own business – step 2

• REGON (statistical number)– information
  system considering running business

  – Apply in Regional Statistical Office
  – Within 14 days from receiving registration
    certificate
  – Must bring ID and registration certificate
  – Is issued free of charge within two weeks
  – Must be included in company seals and forms
         Own business – step 3

• Tax Office registration
  – NIP (number of personal tax identification) is
    a ten-digit code used to identify entities which
    pay taxes in Poland
  – Application NIP-1
  – Copy of registration certificate
  – Copy of REGON decision
  – VAT – registration 170 PLN (41 €) – your
    choice – if incomes > 10.000 € it’s obligatory to
    apply
       Own business – last steps

• Own / company seal
• Bank account
• Social Insurance Office (ZUS)
• If catering – SANEPID (district
  sanitary - epidemiological office)
• National Work Inspection – if
  hired employees
Own business – useful links

     More information:
     www.paiz.gov.pl/ - Polish Agency for
     Information and Foreign Investment
     www.mg.gov.pl/ - Ministry of Economy
     www.twoja-firma.pl/
                   Costs of living
•   Bread – 2 PLN ~ 0,43 €
•   Butter – 3,5 PLN ~ 0,75 €
•   Yogurt – 2 PLN ~ 0,43 €
•   1,5 l water – 2 PLN ~ 0,43 €
•   1 l orange juice – 3 PLN ~ 0,64 €
•   1 kg ham – 25 PLN ~ 5,4 €
•   1 beer – 3 - 10 PLN ~ 0,64 - 2,15 €
•   Cinema ticket – 24 PLN ~ 5,2 €
•   Housing costs depends on the location and it’s
    around 1200 – 2500 PLN which is 290 – 600 € per
    month
Airports in Poland
             Transportation
• Polish Railways PKP
   – www.pkp.pl/english/index.php
• Polish Coaches/Bus service
   – PKS - Only in Polish
   – Eurolines www.biletyautokarowe.com.pl
• Rent a car
   –   www.avis.pl
   –   www.budget.pl
   –   www.europcar.pl
   –   www.hertz.pl
   –   www.sixt.pl
• Warsaw’s Public Transportation
- www.ztm.waw.pl
          Accommodation

• Hotels and accommodation
  – www.staypoland.com/aboutus.htm
  – www.travelpoland.com
  – www.tripadvisor.com
  – www.best4hostels.com
  – www.hotelspoland.com
  – www.warsawshotel.com
      Emergency and informative
           phone numbers

#112
Police 997
Ambulance 999
Fire Brigade 998
Train information 94 36
Medical information 94 39
           Important websites
               in Poland

•   Information about Poland: www.poland.gov.pl
•   President of the Republic of Poland: www.prezydent.pl
•   Polish legal service: www.prawo.lex.pl
•   Ministry of Labour and Social Policy: www.mpips.gov.pl
•   Ministry of Justice: www.ms.gov.pl
•   Ministry of Foreign Affairs: www.msz.gov.pl
•   Ministry of Health: www.mz.gov.pl
•   Poland company browser (company directory –
    Panorama Firm): www.pf.pl
   Polish EURES
www.eures.praca.gov.pl
Thank you for your attention

      Katarzyna Kawka-Kopeć
          EURES Adviser

     Regional Labour Office in
              Warsaw
      Phone +48 22 532 22 35
     k.kawka@wup.mazowsze.pl

				
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