Cyfarthfa Junior School
At Cyfarthfa Junior School we aim to encourage enthusiasm and an awareness of
the rich cultural background that Wales possesses. By doing so, it is hoped that
children will develop a positive attitude towards the Welsh language and a
willingness to learn , so that they leave the school with a solid foundation of
knowledge, skills and understanding of Welsh on which to build. It is also hoped that
children will have gained an understanding of Wales and things Welsh through the
‘Curriculum Cymreig’. We aim to provide equal opportunities in Welsh for ALL pupils,
regardless of their nationality, gender or academic ability.
1. To create a Welsh ethos within the school through showing importance to the
language and encouraging use of incidental Welsh in day to day routines and
2. To develop children’s skills knowledge and understanding of Welsh in
accordance with Curriculum 2000( Welsh Second Language):-
To develop oral skills in Welsh – in listening to a range of Welsh speakers,
Athrawon Bro (Nia Williams) Head Teacher (Mr Morgan), videos and CD ROMs,
understanding and responding intelligibly to the Welsh spoken and using the
correct pronunciation and intonation as much as possible.
To provide plentiful opportunities for children to develop skills in reading
Welsh, understanding and to respond with interest to Welsh being read. Children
should be given access to a wide range of reading material as well as being
encouraged to use their own work as reading matter.
To develop writing skills within pupils through being given opportunities to
write intelligibly in a variety of ways – in order to show meaning, imagination,
information and personal feelings/opinions.
3. To provide opportunities for those children who desire to enhance their Welsh
oral skills and understanding by running an Urdd club within the school and
participating in such out-of-school activities such as the Jambori, Sports and
Mr Morgan – To develop the use of incidental Welsh in our school through
assemblies and classroom visits. To ensure children develop a knowledge and
understanding of the ‘Curriculum Cymreig’. To send classroom teachers on courses,
providing them with opportunities to develop their own knowledge of Welsh
Miss Payne – To ensure the Scheme of Work is a clear and informative document.
To provide opportunities for children to develop speaking and listening, reading and
writing in Welsh. Attend courses run by Athrawes Bro. To order materials and
resources, therefore enhancing children’s learning. To monitor and assess children’s
work and using results to inform future planning. To identify the needs of those with
learning difficulties and differentiate through a range of activities.
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Nia Williams – To support class teachers, curriculum leader and Head Teacher. To
visit our school for eight half day sessions per annum.
Key Skills and Common Requirements
Within the teaching of Welsh at this school there will be plenty of opportunities to
develop the Key Skills and Common Requirements as set out in Curriculum 2000,
- Communication Key Skills
- Numeracy Key Skills
- ICT Key Skills
- Curriculum Cymreig
- Problem Solving Skills
- Creative Skills
- Personal and Social Education Skills
An overview of the Key Skills of Communication, Numeracy and ICT in the Welsh
Scheme of Work is clearly set out in the Appendices.
The Common Requirements, such as ‘Curriculum Cymreig’ and PSED are identified
on the individual Medium term, plans.
A separate policy exists for ‘Curriculum Cymreig’ and this Common Requirement
has been addressed by individual Subject Co-ordinators and identified in their
policies wherever opportunities arise.
Long Term Planning
Welsh as a second language will be taught in both an informal and formal manner.
- it is important to create a positive Welsh ethos within the school and
so we should strive to use Welsh in the day to day running of the
school in the form of greetings, instructions, answering the register
and so on and encouraging pupils to use both Welsh incidentally such
as asking to go and see another member of staff.
A guideline to the Incidental Welsh to be introduced and
implemented in each year appears in the Appendices.
- We should also give importance to the language by displaying Welsh
signs and labels around the school, including Welsh in both
assemblies and concerts and marking St David’s Day as an important
day in our school calendar, whereby children can participate in an
Eisteddfod or concert.
- On a more formal basis, Welsh is to be taught as a curriculum subject
for one half hour session and two fifteen minute sessions a week (Plus
- Welsh will be taught in topics lasting a term in length and based upon
the recommended ESIS Welsh Second Language Scheme of Work.
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The list of topic appears in the Appendices. The topics have been
adapted to suit the needs and requirements of this school and aim to
reflect and incorporate the skills, knowledge and understanding we
are hoping to promote within pupils. Each topic will consist or oral,
reading and writing activities.
Mixed classes – Year 3 / 4, Year 5 / 6
We work on a two year cycle – Year A (Odd year starting in September)
Year B (Even year starting in September)
c) Oral Welsh Language Patterns
- Every class is equipped with a PC, laptop, CD ROMs, TV and Video
player, cassette player, Dictionaries, Incidental language posters, big
books and reading books
- Opportunities will arise for teachers interested in developing their own
ability in Welsh to attend courses run by ESIS etc. and there will also
be staff INSET regarding incidental Welsh within school from time to
- The welsh Co-ordinator will be at hand for guidance and assistance
with incidental Welsh for any teachers who are unsure of the
d) Special Education Needs
- Children with special educational needs should also be catered for.
Teachers need to be aware of the differences in ability between
children and plan work accordingly, whether children are of low or
high level of ability. Gifted children are those who already possess a
knowledge of Welsh (perhaps having transferred from a Welsh
school) should be stretched. Children of lower ability should be given
differentiated work with as much reinforcement work as possible in
order to remember vocabulary and develop their skills in welsh
- The Medium Term Plan offer ideas show to differentiate the work and
activities for each individual/group/class. It is the teacher’s
responsibility to ensure that this is undertaken.
Medium Term Planning
Each Welsh topic will last a term in length and aims to promote a wide range of
Curriculum 2000 Key Skills for Second Language Welsh plus the objectives set out in
this policy. The individual topic plans can be found in the Appendices and each set
out the oral, reading and writing activities that should be included in each topic. The
Curriculum 2000 Common Requirements are also identified where appropriate. To
allow for each teacher preference, these activities may be changed, but the
focus/Learning Objective or Key Skill of the activity should still be covered by the new
- In order to ensure that children are gaining access to Welsh reading
material, at least one reading book, poem or other appropriate reading
material (suitable for second language Welsh) will be concentrated
upon in each topic. These books should be read to the class a
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number of times so that children become familiar with the story and
some of the language used. Discussion of the text will take [place as
much as possible in Welsh and then related activities will be
These reading books .texts should then be displayed in children’s own
classrooms for easy access and future reference.
- Wherever possible, use should be made of the cassette recorder,
listening centres, CD ROMs and video to enhance these reading
b) Cross-Curricular links /ICT
- Welsh is a subject that lends itself to cross-curricular links, such as
History (in learning about Welsh customs, traditions, people and local
places), Music (in learning Welsh songs), English ( in reading Welsh
Legends, Folk Tales & Poems and in using the Group Reading Books
that are set in Wales) and ICT. As mentioned before the @Curriculum
Cymreig’ Policy and individual Subject policies cover this in more
- Use should be made of the computer as often as possible in the form
of Word-processing, Graph work, Spreadsheets, using the Internet
and looking at Welsh CD ROMs etc.
- Many opportunities will also arise to use the television and video,
cassette recorders and the Geo Safari machine in order to reinforce
the language. The Interactive Whiteboard is also an important ICT
resource that will hopefully be used more and more for Welsh lessons
as time passes and teachers become more familiar in using them.
This will then be brought into Medium Term Planning.
Short Term Planning
When planning a Welsh lesson it is important to remember that we are trying to make
the learning of the language as enjoyable as possible and stimulate the children.
The lesson should consist of
3.5 minute Question and Answer revision session in any form of a game or song.
Introducing a new language pattern or vocabulary and an activity as listed in the
Medium Term Plan.
When planning oral lessons, it is necessary to ensure that children do not only
participate in lessons as a class but also get frequent opportunity to converse with
each other in pairs and small groups. For those children who find this difficult, they
could be paired with a good speaker at times, be included in a small group led by the
teacher, or given ‘prompting’ cards to help guide their conversations.
Methodology is up to the individual teacher but please cater for every learners
preferred learning styles and use different methodology to answer these needs i.e.
visual, auditory and kinaesthetic learner.
Dialogues are an extremely useful tool in aiding oral work and children enjoy these
and role-play lessons.
A suggested method in using dialogue is this:-
a. Read to the class and trabslate with the children
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b. Read as a play – teacher to take one part, children another and then swap
c. Children can volunteer to perform the play in front of the class
d. In groups of pairs, children can act out the dialogue.
e. When familiar with it, children could write their own dialogue based on the
prepared dialogue, adapting some of the information.
Activities should consist of paired, group, individual and whole class teaching. Oral
work should be supported by reading and writing the language patterns taught, oral
work alone is insufficient as lesson.
Each lesson should end with a Plenary to recap the focus/learning objective of the
session. Useful games and methodology in developing English also works well in
a) The school
-The Welsh resources available in the school are stored in the Welsh Co-ordinator’s
classroom. Resources may be borrowed at any time, but should be returned after
-Welsh should be shown to have importance in the school. This can be achieved in
Displaying Welsh signs and labels in the corridors(however, it is important
that pupils can actually read & understand these signs)
Holding regular Welsh assemblies (teaching both traditional and modern
hymns and song and encouraging the learning of the Lord’s Prayer in Welsh).
Greeting and dismissing children in Welsh and using incidental Welsh in
corridors, classrooms & playground whenever the chance arises.
Asking children to answer the dinner register in Welsh.
b) The class
-The Welsh being learned by the children needs to be reflected within their own
classrooms. As previously mentioned, Welsh books and Dictionaries could be
displayed in the white book racks in each room so prominence could be given to the
chosen book/poem/song being taught that term and in previous terms. Displays
should often include Welsh vocabulary or sentences, perhaps writing all Welsh labels
in red for reasons of clarity.
-Welsh needs to become a part of the daily class routine e.g. answering both class
and dinner registers in Welsh. Children can be instructed to do simple tasks in Welsh
and become familiar with asking permission to go places or borrow things in Welsh.
A progression of Incidental Welsh Language patterns and phrases is distributed to
each teacher to use in class.
c) Community Links
-Wherever the opportunity occurs, it is important to show children that Welsh is not
just a classroom/school subject, but that it is a living language spoken by many
people. This can be done through attending the annual Jambori and sporting events
such as cross-country, netball and football (which are organised by the Urdd
movement). Also, the choir often participates in concerts within the community and
we encourage Welsh songs/carols to be included in their repertoire.
-Visitors can also play an important role, such as the Urdd organiser’s visits to play
parachute games and teach the children circus skills, visits by the Athrawes Bro and
Afon Taf Welsh teachers.
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Transition KS1 and KS2
To continue language patterns learned at Brecon Road Infants School.
KS2 children to visit Brecon Road Infants School to read their work. To use incidental
language and play games with KS1 children when they visit our school during the
Summer Term in preparation for next academic year.
Transition KS2 and KS3
Cluster schools to meet each term to discuss transition issues – to find out the
progression of current year 6 pupils and how we can further develop language
patterns. To teach one transition lesson designed by Cyfarthfa High and arrange for
Year 6 pupils to meet Welsh Coordinator.
Assessment and Recording
Short and Medium Term Assessment and Recording
Using OAM material we assess the children’s Speaking and listening, reading and
writing. This is organised as an integral part of the lesson and covers language
patterns previously learned. Assessment material and resources are stored in the
coordinators cupboard and distributed to the class teacher when needed (three times
Long term Assessment and Recording
At the end of year, teachers will be required to record every child’s level of ability in
Welsh. Information gained from the teacher’s informal assessment notes completed
during the year should be used to form this assessment.
It should be recorded on the Annual Report to Parents and a copy will then be kept
and passed on to the next teacher.
Cyfarthfa Junior School