Ankle and Leg Anatomy by 17qxSuhn

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									Ankle and Leg Anatomy
Bone Anatomy
                  Ankle Mortise
                      Talus
                           Trochlea
                           Anterior surface vs
                            Posterior surface
                      Leg
                           Tibia
                           Fibula
                      Remember Foot and
                       Ankle are Interrelated
                      Biomechanics of Foot,
                       Ankle and Leg
Articulations and Ligament
Support
   Talocrural Joint
       Comprised of:
       Talus acts as a wedge
       Ligaments of the
        Lateral Talocrural
        Joint
            Anterior Talofibular
Articulations and Ligament
Support
   Talocrural Joint
       Comprised of:
       Talus acts as a wedge
       Ligaments of the
        Lateral Talocrural
        Joint
            Anterior Talofibular
                  Sinus Tarsi
Articulations and Ligament
Support
   Talocrural Joint
       Comprised of:
       Talus acts as a wedge
       Ligaments of the
        Lateral Talocrural
        Joint
            Anterior Talofibular
                  Sinus Tarsi
            Calcaneofibular
            Posterior Talofibular
Articulations and Ligament Support



   Talocrural Joint
       Ligaments of the
        medial Talocrural Joint
            Deltoid
                  Anterior Tibiotalor
                  Tibiocalcaneal
                  Posterior Tibiotalor
                  Tibionavicular
Articulations and Ligament
Support
   Talocrural Joint
       Ligaments of the
        medial Talocrural Joint
            Deltoid
                  Anterior Tibiotalor
                  Tibiocalcaneal
                  Posterior Tibiotalor
                  Tibionavicular
Tibia-Fibula Fixation


                   Interosseous Membrane
                   Distal Tibiofibular
                    Ligament
                       Anterior
                       Posterior
                   3 structures stabilize
                    syndesmosis joint
                   Biomechanics of
                    Syndesmosis Joint
Muscles of the Leg and Ankle
   Anterior Compartment
       Borders
            Lateral Shaft of Tibia
            Medial Shaft of Fibula
            Interosseous membrane
Muscles of the Leg and Ankle
   Anterior Compartment
       Structures
            Tibialis Anterior
            Extensor Hallucis
             Longus
            Extensor Digitorum
             Longus
            Peroneus Tertius
            Deep Peroneal Nerve
            Anterior Tibial Artery
            Anterior Tibial Vein
Muscles of the Leg and Ankle
   Anterior Compartment
       Structures
            Tibialis Anterior
            Extensor Hallucis
             Longus
            Extensor Digitorum
             Longus
            Peroneus Tertius
            Deep Peroneal Nerve
            Anterior Tibial Artery
            Anterior Tibial Vein
Muscles of the Leg and Ankle
   Lateral Compartment
       Borders
            Lateral Fibula
            Intermuscular fascia
             between anterior
             compartment and
             posterior compartment
Muscles of the Leg and Ankle
   Lateral Compartment
       Structures
            Peroneus Longus
            Peroneus Brevis
            Superficial Peroneal
             Nerve
            Peroneal Artery
            Superior and Inferior
             Peroneal Retinaculum
Muscles of the Leg and Ankle
   Lateral Compartment
       Structures
            Peroneus Longus
            Peroneus Brevis
            Superficial Peroneal
             Nerve
            Peroneal Artery
            Superior and Inferior
             Peroneal Retinaculum
Muscles of the Leg and Ankle
   Lateral Compartment
       Structures
            Peroneus Longus
            Peroneus Brevis
            Superficial Peroneal
             Nerve
            Peroneal Artery
            Superior and Inferior
             Peroneal Retinaculum
Muscles of the Leg and Ankle
                  Superficial Posterior
                   Compartment
                      Borders
                           Deep posterior
                            compartment
                           Fascia
Muscles of the Leg and Ankle
                  Superficial Posterior
                   Compartment
                      Structures
                           Soleus
                           Gastrocnemius
                           Plantaris
                           Tibial Nerve
                           Posterior Tibial Artery
Muscles of the Leg and Ankle
                  Superficial Posterior
                   Compartment
                      Structures
                           Soleus
                           Gastrocnemius
                           Tibial Nerve
                           Posterior Tibial Artery
Muscles of the Leg and Ankle
                  Borders
                      Interosseus
                       Membrane
                      Posterior Tibia
                      Posterolateral Fibula
                      Superficial Posterior
                       Compartment
Muscles of the Leg and Ankle
                  Structures
                      Tom, Dick and Harry
                      Tibialis Posterior
                      Flexor Digitorum
                       Longus
                      Flexor Hallucis Longus
                      Tibial Nerve
                      Posterior Tibial Artery
Muscles of the Leg and Ankle
                  Structures
                      Tom, Dick and Harry
                      Tibialis Posterior
                      Flexor Digitorum
                       Longus
                      Flexor Hallucis Longus
                      Tibial Nerve
                      Posterior Tibial Artery
Ankle Bursa
   Retrocalcaneal Bursa
   Subcutaneous
    Calcaneal Bursa

								
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