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BRAZIL ECONOMI

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BRAZIL ECONOMI Powered By Docstoc
					         Group Members are:

1.   UMME KULSUM           ID: 08-11288-2
2.   KHANOM RABEYA         ID: 08-11227-2
3.   SARKAR PALLOB KUMER   ID: 08-10913-2
4.   RAMANI PONKAJ KUMAR   ID: 08-10871-2
5.   RAHMAN FARAH          ID: 08-11349-2
          About
          Brazil-
Aria:8511965 square
kilometers
Total population:
18.41core
Temperatures: 66°F
Capital:Braseles
Religion: Christ
Currency:Croziro
Total education rate:
90%
Language:
Portuguese
Government type:
Federal Republic
                 History of Brazil
Brazil had inhabited for at least
 6000 years by semi-nomadic
   populations when the first
 Portuguese explorers, led by
    Pedro Olivares Cabral
     disembarked in 1500.
  Prince-regent Dom Pedro I
 declared independence on 7
 September 1822, establishing
  the independent Empire of
  Brazil and the next emperor
Dom Pedro II was deposed and
    a federal republic was
 established on 15 November
              1889.
History of Brazil Continuous
   In the late 19th and early
    20th centuries, Brazil
    attracted over 5 million
    European and Japanese
    immigrants.
   Brazilian democracy was
    replaced by dictatorship
    three times — 1930–1934
    and 1937–1945 under
    Getolio Vargas, and 1964–
    1985 under a succession of
    generals appointed by the
    military.
                                 Rio, Brazil
  Brazil occupies most of the eastern
 part of the South American continent
 and its geographic heartland, as well
    as various islands in the Atlantic
               Location and Size
        ocean. Its climate is hot.
    Brazil is also larger country like
    Russia, Canada, China, and the
 United States. The national territory
 extends 4,395 kilometers from north
  to south (5°16'20" N to 33°44'32" S
  latitude) and 4,319 kilometers from
east to west (34°47'30" E to 73°59'32"
              W longitude).
                  Brazil is

 Federative Republic,
  formed for the Union.
 26 States.
 1 Federal District.
 More than 5,500
  Cities.
             Geography of Brazil
   Brazil is characterized by the
    extensive low-lying Amazon
   Rainforest in the north, and a
   more open terrain of hills and
   (low) mountains to the south.
 The coast of the Atlantic Ocean
 are also found several mountain
  ranges and the highest peak is
 the Pico da Neblina at 3,014 m.
 Major rivers include the Amazon,
  the largest river in the world by
  volume and also the longest of
the world and also the Rio Negro,
   So Francisco, Xingu, Madeira
       and the Tapajs rivers.
                Population

► Brazil is the most
  populous country in
  Latin America and the
  sixth most populous
  country in the world
  after China, India, the
  United States,
  Indonesia and the
  Russian Federation.
  Population based on year

19.5                                               Year   Population

                                                 2001     174468575
 19
                                                 2002     176029560
18.5
                                                 2003     182032604
 18                                Population(
                                                 2004     184101109
                                   million)
17.5                                             2005     186112794

 17                                              2006     188078227

16.5                                             2007     190010647
       2001   2003   2005   2007
                                                 2008     191908598
              Population Growth Rate
1.2
                                                            Population growth
                                                     Year
                                                                  rate (%)
 1
                                                    2001          0.91
                                                    2002          0.87
0.8
                                                    2003          1.15
0.6                               Population        2004          1.11
                                  growth rate (%)
                                                    2005          1.06
0.4                                                 2006          1.04
                                                    2007          1.008
0.2
                                                    2008          0.98
 0
      2001   2003   2005   2007
        Ethnic groups in brazil
 White
 Black
 Par do or
  Brown
 Yellow
 Indigenous
Races and ethnicities by region

                     White majority
                     (green), Brown
                     majority
                     (orange) and
                     without a
                     majority (blue).
    Races and ethnicities by region
   Races                 Percentage

   White                   49.4%

   Par do or Brown          42.3%

   Black                     7.4%

   Indigenous                0.3%

   Yellow                    0.6%
      Natural Resources of Brazil
     The major industries   The major agricultural
      resources:            resources:

   Iron and Steel             Sugarcane
   Chemicals                  Corn
   Plastics                   Potatoes
   Machinery                  Cocoa
   Vehicles                   Peanuts
   Fertilizer                 Beef
   Clothing                   Soybeans
   Paper Products             Dry Beans
   Pharmaceuticals            Coffee
   Cement                     Cotton
Natural resources
        Exporting Goods
Sugar.
Coffee.
Beef.
Orange juice.
Vehicles.
Aircraft.
Iron ore.
Steel.
Textiles.
Footwear.
      Top ten countries where Brazil
        Export (% of total exports)
1.    United States (18.9%)
2.    Argentina (8.4%)
3.    China (5.7%)
4.    Netherlands (4.5%)
5.    Germany (4.2%)
6.    Mexico (3.5%)
7.    Chile (3.1%)
8.    Japan (3.0%)
9.    Italy (2.7%)
10.   Russia (2.5%)
    Brazil Exports to U.S

   Crude oil … US$2.8 billion.
   Steelmaking materials … $1.45 billion.
   Semi-finished iron & steel products … $1.38
    billion. Industrial organic chemicals … $1.16
    billion.
   Fully built civilian aircraft … $1.16 billion.
   Engines & engine parts … $1.07 billion.
   Footwear … $902.7 million.
   Finishing materials … $859.8 million.
   Fuel oil … $670.5 million.
Export quantity and Value
          Importing Goods
 Machinery
 Electrical equipment
 Transport equipment
 Transport equipment
 Oil
Top ten countries where Brazil Import (%
            of total imports)
1.    United States (17.2%)
2.    Argentina (8.5%)
3.    Germany (8.4%)
4.    China (7.3%)
5.    Japan (4.6%)
6.    Algeria (3.9%)
7.    France (3.7%)
8.    Nigeria (3.6%)
9.    South Korea (3.2%)
10.   Italy (3.1%)
   Brazil Imports from U.S

Computer accessories, peripherals and parts …
US$1.7 billion.
Civilian aircraft parts … $1.19 billion.
Civilian aircraft engines … $1.18 billion.
Organic chemicals …. $1.14 billion.
Fully built civilian aircraft … $1.06 billion.
Oil field drilling equipment … $894.5 million.
Plastics … $757.7 million.
Semi-conductors … $693.6 million.
Chemical fertilizers … $571.3 million.
Pharmaceutical preparations … $566.2 million.
Import Quantity and Value
Export and Import levels
Brazil Gross domestic product
            (GDP)
               GDP - real                   Percent            Date of
  Year                          Rank
               growth rate                  Change           Information

  2003           1.00 %          159                           2002 est.

  2004            -.20 %         191       -120.00 %           2003 est.

  2005           5.10 %           74      -2,650.00 %          2004 est.

  2006           2.30 %          166        -54.90 %           2005 est.

  2007           3.70 %          138        60.87 %            2006 est.

  2008           5.40 %          101        45.95 %            2007 est.


Source: CIA World Factbook - Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is
accurate as of December 18, 2008
Components of GDP: Brazil
        (2005)
Brazil Gross National Product
            (GNP)




     Total GNP US$ 1.02 trillion.
  CPI of Brazil
 Year             CPI of Brazil


2009/1                5.80

2008/12               5.90

2008/11               6.40

2008/10               n.a.

2008/09               6.24

2008/08               6.15

2008/07               6.35
Inflation rate (consumer prices)

         Inflation rate
  Year   (consumer prices)

  2003          8.3

  2004         14.7

  2005          7.6

  2006          6.9

  2007           3

  2008          4.1
Industrial production growth
             rate
 Year   Industrial
        production
        growth rate (%)

 2003         2.3%

 2004         0.4%

 2005          6%

 2006         3.4%

              3.2%
 2007

 2008         4.5%
Investment (gross fixed) (%)

       Investment
Year    (gross fixed)
            (%)

2004       18


2005      19.8


2006      19.9


2007      20.2


2008       17.9
Unemployment rate of Brazil (%)
       Unemployme
Year      nt rate
           (%)

2003      6.4


2004      12.3


2005      11.5


2006      9.8


2007      9.6


2008      9.8
       Labor force of Brazil
Year     Labor force
         (million)

2003            79

2004           82.59

2005            89

2006           90.41

2007           96.34

2008           99.47
         Present System of
           Transportation
   Three complementary levels of service:
1. Feeder lines.
2. Express lines.
3. Inter-district routes.
   340 routes.
   1,902 busses.
   1.9 million passengers.
   1,100km of roads.
   25 transfer terminals.
            Express system

Bus lanes and transports large numbers of
 passengers to various locations.
Subway system.
          Inter-district routes
 The inter-district routes allow passengers to
  connect to the axis of the express lines
  without entering the central city area.
     Articulated and bi-articulated
                busses
► Capable   of carrying
  170-270 passengers.
► Articulated busses
  have one joint.
► Bi-articulated have at
  least two connected
  units.

				
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