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									Fire Risk Assessment System.                          North Somerset Education.

Generic Guidance: Evacuation Plans for people with
disabilities and, Personal Emergency Evacuation Plans
It is the responsibility of the person(s) having responsibility for the premises / building
and occupants, to provide a fire safety risk assessment that includes an emergency
evacuation plan for all people likely to be in the premises, including disabled people,
and how that plan will be implemented.
An evacuation plan should not rely upon the intervention of the Fire and Rescue
Service to make it work. In the case of multi-occupancy buildings, responsibility may
rest with a number of persons for each occupying organization and with the owners
of the building. It is important that they co-operate and co-ordinate evacuation plans
with each other.
Disabled people who require their escape to be facilitated will need to be considered
in more depth in the fire evacuation plan, and to have more information about the
options available to them. In some instances, they will need to be allocated people to
assist their escape; however, the aim should be to facilitate disabled people’s
independent escape as far as possible.
Disabled staff or students, and regular visitors to a building can be provided with an
individual “Personal Emergency Evacuation Plan” (PEEP). It will be necessary to
allocate responsibility for the provision of a suitable plan for each group of people to
a relevant member of the staff team, and likely that volunteers to provide assistance
to disabled people can be easily recruited from their peer group. (Refer A3 below)
The plan must be tailored to their individual needs and is likely to give detailed
information on their movements during an escape. It is also possible that there will be
some building adaptation or device to facilitate their escape and to reduce the need
for personal assistance.

Summary of recommended control measure options

   1. A senior member of staff should be designated to “coordinate” (not hands-on
      assistance) the disabled evacuation process.
   2. Access to, and egress from upper floors by mobility-disabled persons, should
      be the subject of management developed “Personal Emergency Evacuation
      Plans” (PEEP’s) for individual students. (See appendix A)
   3.    In every case a trained “ evacuation assistant” should accompany the
        disabled person to wait with and attend to their evacuation, with extra staff on
        hand if required.
   4. Designate “Refuges” in a “protected” area with appropriate signage where
      access can be gained horizontally, to either a staircase or an emergency
      escape lift.
   5. Consideration should be given to the provision of an “evacuation chair” in the
      event that a stairway has to be negotiated. (Refer appendix B)
   6. Resilient communication arrangements should be in place, used to facilitate
      liaison between the “evacuation assistant”, and the Evacuation Coordinator.

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Fire Risk Assessment System.                         North Somerset Education.
Appendix A: -Example PEEP. (Personal Emergency Evacuation Plan)

Persons with a mobility disability – (Similar may be devised for other

Requirement (Devise tailor-made script)                  * Options
E.g. -I can walk on the flat but cannot manage stairs at all. I would need to be
assisted / *carried down the stairs.

Escape procedure. (Devise tailor-made instruction)
E.g.: -
Please make your way/ be assisted to the refuge, which is within / immediately
adjacent to, the evacuation stairway at each level of the building.

Please ask for assistance from the Fire Marshall stationed at the refuge / Your
Evacuation assistant -will meet you at the refuge
Our staff are trained to –* Assist you / * Carry-down with the use of an evacuation
chair and two staff.
You will need to – * State your preferred method of assistance / * Sit on the chair,
which has armrests to help support you. The staff members will then carry / wheel
you down the stairs.

Specialist equipment to assist the escape is:……………………………………………

Appendix B        Evacuation Chairs

New legislation now means that it is no longer the fire brigade’s responsibility to get
people out of buildings... It is the responsibility of the building occupier.

NB: Where an evacuation chair is the preferred method of escape, the responsible
person will provide an evacuation chair.

It is essential that when / if purchased, a suitable training system is also
implemented. Regular practices should also take place.

The Evacuation chair will be allocated to a particular person and be kept in the most
suitable refuge close to them. Alternatively, provide an evacuation chair at a central
/ single location, with a communication system that allows it to be brought
immediately to any refuge, which may be an acceptable solution, depending on the
fire safety measures in place and individual circumstances.
Provision of evacuation chairs should always be accompanied by a full system of
escape for disabled people, as they are only a part of the solution.

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Fire Risk Assessment System.                     North Somerset Education.

Appendix B (Cont): - Evacuation Chairs

North Somerset Council Health & Safety dept. has chosen the “Spencer Pro Skid”
as its favoured evacuation chair and schools can purchase from them at discount.

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