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					Alaska Native Harbor Seal Commission




   “Building Research and Management
   Capacity through Partnerships between
       the Alaska Native and Science
                Communities”
         Monica Riedel, Executive Director, ANHSC
                 Acknowledgements
•   Harold Martin, ANHSC Chair 1997-2004, Cultural Advisor 2004-present
•   Speridon Simeonoff, ANHSC Chair 2004-present, Vice Chair 1997-2004
•   Lillian Elvsass, ANHSC Vice Chair 2004-present
•   Matt Kookesh, ANHSC Secretary/Tres 2004-present
•   Helen Chythlook, BBNA Commissioner
•   Walter Meganack Jr, Chugach Commissioner
•   Bruce Foster, Aleutian Is Commissioner
•   Peggy Osterback, Aleut MarineMammal Commission(TechnicalCommittee)
•   Ray Sensmeier, SE Alternate Commissioner
•   John Boone, Chugach Alternate Commission, Hunter/Instructor
•   James Fall Ph.D, Division of Subsistence, ADF&G
•   Brendan Kelly Ph.D, Dean of Arts and Science, UAS
•   Kaja Brix, John Bengtson, Peter Boveng, Mike Payne, NOAA
•   Carol Daniel, Attorney at Law
•   Vicki Vanek, DVM, Division of Subsistence, ADF&G
•   Rex Snyder, ANHSC Harvest Data Coordinator
•   Joni Bryant, ANHSC Harvest Data Coordinator
•   Danielle Savarese, ANHSC Wildlife Biologist
          Alaska Native Harbor Seal Commission
                         Organization Chart
                              Board of Directors


                                  CEO/ ED

               Staff                                Contractual Partners

             Wildlife        Harvest Data            ADF&G         Scientific
Intern
             Biologist       Coordinator           Subsistence     Advisor



         Research Partners                           Harvest
                                                   Assessment
Regional representation
   What does Co-Management
            Mean?
I offer this definition of Co-Management by John
   Bailey, Norman Snow, Andy Carpenter and
   Larry Carpenter from Canada.

“Co-management is the blending of the
  governmental system of highly organized
  scientific data AND the much older system of
  sharing of experience, knowledge and harvests
  by aboriginal subsistence harvesters, usually
  achieved by consensus.”
          Towards a procedure
• Iterative process:


        Users                       Managers

                       Procedure




                       Scientists
                             Indigenous People’s Council for Marine Mammals




•   Alaska Native Harbor Seal Commission             Aleut Marine Mammal Commission
•   Monica Riedel, Executive Director                Peggy Osterback, Executive Director
•
•   Alaska Beluga Whale Committee                    AVCP - IUM
•   Harry Brower, Jr., Vice-Chairman (alt.)          Jennifer Hooper

•   Alaska Sea Otter and                             Maniilaq Association
•   Steller Sea Lion Commission                      Enoch Shiedt, Sr.
•   Lianna Jack, Executive Director
•                                                    North Slope Borough Dept. of Wildlife Management
                                                     Charles D.N. Brower, Director
•
•   Alaska Eskimo Whaling Commission (observer)
•   Maggie Ahmaogak, Executive Director              Sitka Marine Mammal Commission
•                                                    Mike Miller, Sitka Tribe of Alaska
•   Alaska Nanuuq Commission
•   Charlie Johnson, Executive Director              Southeast Inter-Tribal Fish and Wildlife
                                                     Commission
•                                                    Matt Kookesh
•   Bristol Bay Native Assn., BBMMC
•   Myra Olsen (primary)                             Traditional Council of St. George Island
•                                                    Andy Malavansky

•   Bristol Bay Native Assn., BBMMC                  Inuit Circumpolar Conference – Alaska
•   Helen Chythlook (alternate)                      Jack Zayon, Executive Director


•   Cook Inlet Marine Mammal Council                 Eskimo Walrus Commission
•   Peter Merryman, Chairman                         Vera Metcalf, Executive Director
•
  IPCoMM Executive Committee:
   Charles D.N. Brower, Chairman
    Monica Riedel, Vice-Chairman
Peggy Osterback, Secretary/Treasurer
         Charles Johnson,
           Matt Kookesh
  Sound Wildlife Management
1) identification of population boundaries
2) information of population trends
3) quantitative data on harvests and other
      losses to the population
ANHSC has
a strong
partnership
with ADF&G,
Division of
subsistence.
Vicki Vanek,DVM
and Biosample
Demonstrations
One major focus
is teaching
students
        Health Benefits from the
              Harbor Seal
• Harbor seals play a
  crucial role in the culture
  of the Alaska Native.

• Seals are a very
  important part of the
  native diet, providing high
  amounts of iron and other
  important nutrients.
  According to current
  research, the seal’s
  blubber contains
  elements that act as
  antibiotics in the human
  body.
 Over 500 samples
submitted since 1996
                          Samples
•   Muscle genetics
•   Heart, Liver, Kidney contaminants – heavy metals
•   Blubber     contaminants   long-term diet

•   Stomach short-term diet
•   Whiskers diet shifts based on trophic level
•   Skull, teeth age, morphology           species

•   Female reproductive tract                 reproductive history
        Contact information
• ANHSC Web Site:
  – Alaska Native Harbor Seal Commission.org
  – NOAA web site
ANHSC/NMFS Co-Management
       Agreement
• Make up: Three National Marine Fisheries
  Service members and three ANHSC
  members, each side enlists scientific
  advisors
• Management decisions based on: co-
  equal participation, mutual respect and on
  consensus
• Meetings held twice a year or as needed
 Bering
Sea Stock                         Southeast
                                   Alaska
                                    Stock

        Gulf of Alaska Stock




                   NOAA Stock Assessment Report 1998
           Alaska Native




           Harbor Seal
           Commission




The ANHSC-NMFS co-management committee met on September 29, 2005 to discuss proposals for new harbor seal
stock structure in Alaska. The map above reflects the co-management committee’s ideas for new management
stocks, however, this is a work in progress and we need input from the Alaska Native community before we can
move forward with a joint ANHSC-NMFS proposal amending harbor seal stock structure.
Spiritual and Cultural Well Being
• It is imperative for Alaska Natives to
  continue our ancient marine mammal
  hunting practices.
• It provides us with the nutritional needs
  that keeps us healthy and spiritually
  strong.
• It not only helps us survive, but it allows us
  to thrive.

				
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