Oldham County_ Kentucky - University of Kentucky by wuzhenguang

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									            Oldham County, Kentucky
                         “The Most Livable County in Kentucky”

        Oldham County, if properly planned, will develop into the most livable county in Kentucky
           with amenities and services necessary to support growth, while achieving a balance
               necessary to preserve the rural character, history, and beauty of the county.
                                                                                 -5th Year Landscape Architecture Students

                             Fifth Year Landscape Architecture Advanced Studio
                                    Department of Landscape Architecture
                                           College of Agriculture
                                           University of Kentucky
                                            Lexington, Kentucky
                                                 May 2004
Students:                                                                                           Faculty:

Steve Everett Allen                                                                                 Steve Austin
Edmon Michael Asbury                                                                                Brian Lee
Kristen Day Baker                                                                                   Horst Schach
Phillip Armstrong Canfield
Molly Elizabeth Clendenin                                                                           Meeting Facilitator:
Ivy Margaret Clinton
John Colby Gaines                                                                                   Lori Garkovich
Cindy LuAnne Johnson
Emalee Marie Listerman                                                                              Editorial Assistance:
Kelley Anne Parker
Jonathan Edward Perkins                                                                             Karen Goodlet
Carrie Elizabeth Read                                                                               Zina Merkin
John Fredrick Sexton VII
David Michael Singler
Emi Jean Sugg
Harry William Troup II
Andy Allen Watson
Eric David Williamson
Chris Bradley Ziaja
                                                                                   Table of Contents
       Overview


I.     Chapter One: Cultural History and Economics....................................................................................................3
                           History
                           Economics
                           Demographics


II.    Chapter Two: Master Plan........................................................................................................................................17
                    Regional Context
                          Physical Inventory / Analysis
                          Master Plan

III.   Chapter Three: Considerations for Future Development...................................................................................31
                     Development Issues
                           Existing Conceptual Master Plan
                           Waste Water Management
                           Conservation Strategies
                           Viewsheds / Cluster Developments
                           Transportation
                           Airport

IV.    Chapter Four: Recreation..........................................................................................................................................71
                           Recreational Analysis
                           Master Recreation Plan
                           Public Access Trail System
                           Recreation Facilities
                           Riverfront Park
                           Conservation Park


V.     Chapter Five: City Master Plans..............................................................................................................................107
                      Individual City Master Plans
                            City of LaGrange
                            Downtown LaGrange
                            City of Westport
                            City of Crestwood
                            City of Buckner
                            City of Goshen
                            City of Pewee Valley

       Appendix                        Implementation and Funding............................................................................................139
                                       Public Response to Meetings
                                       Historic Registered Sites
                                       References Cited / Consulted
                                                                  Acknowledgments
To the many individuals and groups who have participated in the dialogue for the Oldham County Project, we would like to take this opportunity to say a special
thank you and recognize them for their valuable contributions, time, and assistance shared with our class.

                                    M. Louise Allen- (AICP) Administrator, Oldham County
                                    Russ Barnett- Professor, University of Louisville
                                    Darryl Bare- South Oldham County Little League
                                    Jennifer Bardoff- Senior Health Environmentalist, Frankfort Health Department
                                    Steve Bryant- Oldham County Youth Soccer
                                    Leslie H. Buddeke- Technique Marketing and Development
                                    Paul Cappiello- Executive Director, Yew Dell Gardens
                                    Elsie Carter- Mayor (LaGrange)
                                    Paul G. Clinton- Greenway Commission / Yew Dell Gardens Advisor
                                    Annette Coffey- Kentucky Transportation Cabinet
                                    Ken Cooke- Kentucky Division of Water
                                    Vickie Combs- Louisville Metro Sewer Division
                                    Laura and Will Crawford- Westport General Store
                                    Leslie Ellis- Reporter, Courier Journal
                                    Karen Eldride- Owner-Karen’s BookBarn, LaGrange
                                    James P. Ewalt- Oldham County Schools Architect
                                    Howard Ferriell- Residential, Commercial, Industrial Contractor/Developer
                                    Dave French- River Fields Land Trust / Oldham County Youth Football
                                    Roger Frantz- South Oldham County Little League
                                    Rick Garlock- Main Street Toy Store
                                    Larry Harms- President, Strata Space
                                    Kevin Jeffries- Oldham County Planning and Zoning Vice Chairperson
                                    Mary Ellen Kinser- Oldham County Judge-Executive
                                    Nathaniel Kissel- Staff Writer, Oldham Era
                                    Mike Lucas- Babe Ruth Baseball
                                    Kurt Mason- Soil Conservation Officer, Jefferson and Oldham Counties
                                    Garnett Morgan- Conservation Land Owner
                                    Sarah S. Moser- Community Planner, Oldham County
                                    Amanda D. Ratliff- EIT Transportation Engineer, Wilbur Smith and Associates
                                    James Roark- Executive Director, Oldham County Economic Development Authority
                                    Darleen Rusnak- Water Quality Specialist
                                    Julie Satterly- Managing Editor, Oldham Era
                                    Joseph M. Schoenbaechler- President/CEO, Oldham County Chamber of Commerce
                                    Francis Scott- Architect, President, Scott-Klausing & Company
                                    Scott Shaffer- Oldham County Youth Soccer
                                    Clayton Stoess, Jr.- Mayor (Pewee Valley)
                                    Aaron J. Stump- Director, Oldham County Parks and Recreation
                                    Rock Thompson- Oldham County Kentucky Thoroughbreds Soccer Association (OCYSA)
                                    Roger Wampler- Director, Solid Waste Management in Oldham County

In addition, we would like to thank all those who participated in the project but were not mentioned above.
The Planning Process and County Goals

At the invitation of Oldham County Judge Executive Mary
Allen Kinser, this study began with the intent of creating an
alternative comprehensive master plan by taking a broad
overview of the county. The Planning Process Flow Chart
(on right) is interactive, encouraging stakeholders of Oldham
County to voice their opinions, desires, goals and concerns
which then became the basis for the master planning process.

During the first public meeting, Dr. Lori Garkovich, a
rural sociologist, served as facilitator between county
residents and the landscape architecture students.
Below is a summary of goals expressed by the stakeholders:

- Preserving the open space and rural character
- Controlling the residential growth and development
- Providing more county employment opportunities
- Preserving the historic qualities of specific towns as well as
  the county as a whole.
See the Appendix for a detailed listing of meeting comments.

Landscape Architecture Students and Oldham County
Stakeholders Meet to Discuss the Project



                                                                   The Planning Process


                                                                   These initial goals were then combined with an
                                                                   inventory and analysis of the resources of Oldham County.
                                                                   The inventory included history, demographics, econom-
                                                                   ics, physical features, transportation, infrastructure, and
                                                                   land uses. An analysis of the issues, combined with the
                                                                   stakeholders’ goals, produced a series of preliminary plans
                                                                   and designs. These preliminary design solutions and ideas
                                                                   were presented and discussed at a second public meeting
                                                                   on March 25th.

                                                                                                                                 1
                                           Landscape Architecture Students Share their Preliminary
                                           Plans and Designs with Oldham County Stakeholders




    After receiving community input and direction from                   process and become involved, they cannot view the plan-
    Oldham County citizens, preliminary design ideas were revised.       ning process as a single event. The planning process is a
    The final proposals were presented to the stakehold-                 continual journey and a tool the community can use to ad-
    ers of Oldham County on May 6, 2004, and includ-                     dress issues of development and preservation. The Com-
    ed recommendations and implementation strategies.                    prehensive Master Plan for Oldham County will require
                                                                         periodic review and updating as the county evolves.
    While the active role of the Department of Landscape Ar-
    chitecture has ended, the involvement of the stakehold-              Specific project recommendations in this report are intended to
    ers of Oldham County has just begun to ensure that their             stimulate interest, build consensus and become the foundation
    goals are kept foremost as the county grows and develops.            for garnering financial support. With the careful use and man-
    Stakeholders of Oldham County must embrace the planning              agement of its resources, Oldham County can truly become the
                                                                         Most Livable County in Kentucky.

2
Appendix

           139
Implementation and Funding                                             Large Minimum Lot Zoning

The Oldham County Comprehensive Master Plan was                        By requiring new rural subdivisions to have a much larger lot
formulated in response to the concerns expressed by its citizens       size, say 50 acres or more, the rural character can be preserved
that attended public meetings held during the spring of 2004.          and agricultural zoning can be maintained.
The proposed master plan creates a blueprint for how the county
can ultimately achieve its goals. Having a comprehensive plan          Open Space Zoning
in place is a great beginning, a step toward realizing the future.
However, the key to successful implementation of these ideas           This method allows for development to be clustered on one part
relies on citizen awareness, public education, and community           of a parcel, while the remainder is left open and permanently
involvement in the process.                                            preserved through conservation easements which can be
                                                                       recorded in the deed.
In the process of setting into motion the ideas put forth in
this study, it is recommended that priority be given to those          Purchase of Development Rights (PDR)
ideas that build the foundation for the implementation of the
suggested county-wide land use plans. Large scale issues, such         This technique pays a willing landowner to limit the type, as
as infrastructure and land acquisition, should be implemented          well as amount, of development that can occur on the property,
first, before the more detailed items, in order to assure the most     thereby keeping the property free of development. There are
logical and cost effective progression in the execution of this        many agencies through which these agreements can be made,
plan. Of course, if funding for a particularly small scale project     such as:
should become available before some of the more involved                      •Kentucky Department of Agriculture’s PACE Program
aspects of this plan are realized, that money should be put to                •American Land Conservancy
use while it exists since it will not detract from the overall goals          •Kentucky Heritage Conservation Fund
of the plan.
                                                                       Transfer of Development Rights (TDR)
Oldham County communities have realized the importance
of protecting farmlands, open spaces, and ecologically                 Also known as TDR, this technique encourages the voluntary
sensitive areas from future development, and preserving the            transfer of development rights to direct growth from places
rural character that attracted them to this county in the first        where a community would like to see less development
place. In order to set aside land to use in accordance with            (sending area) to places where a community would like to see
the comprehensive plan, the following techniques can be                more development (receiving area). This is accomplished by
implemented to establish a planning policy.                            having landowners put permanent deed restrictions on their
                                                                       property to ensure that in the future only approved activities
                                                                       are allowed to take place on those lands. Property owners are
                                                                       compensated by selling TDRs to developers of the receiving
                                                                       areas. Developers are partially compensated for buying TDRs
                                                                       by being allowed bonus density in the receiving area.
Land Trusts                                                            Kentucky Division of Water – www.water.ky.gov
                                                                          •Directs funding through the Clean Water State
Land trusts are organizations whose main purpose is the                    Revolving Fund (CWSRF) to help communities comply
preservation of undeveloped open land of conservation value to             with the Clean Water Act. This comes in the form of
the community. There are many of these groups, some of whom                loans for 5-20 years, or grants that require a 20 percent
focus on different types of land, and they employ a variety of             state match to the federal share.
ways in creating protection for these valuable areas. Some of the         •Administers Special Appropriation Funds through
national organizations include:                                            the EPA for infrastructure projects. SPAP grants are
       •American Farmland Trust                                            limited to 55 percent of the estimated eligible project
       •Civil War Preservation Trust                                       cost and require matching funds.
       •Land Trust Alliance
       •Trust for Public Land                                       Recreation Plan/Sports Complex

Funding                                                                Parks Conservancy
                                                                          •Requires the establishment of a separate 501(C)(3)
The following is a compendium of resources, helpful                        nonprofit organization or partnerships
organizations, and funding sources that will be of great                  •Created for the purpose of acquiring land, accepting
assistance in realizing the implementation of the Oldham                   donations of land, funding the development of parks
County Comprehensive Master Plan. Under each heading is a                  and recreation facilities, and raising additional funds
listing of agencies, websites and funding related to that topic,          •Could negotiate and promote easements
however, much of the information provided will apply to more              •Accepts donations, willed lands, and life estates
than one area.                                                            •Would not be as restricted by regulations as are many
                                                                           state and federal agencies
Master Land Use Plan
                                                                       Public/Private Partnerships
   Smart Growth – www.smartgrowth.org                                     •Include amenities that would benefit another area
      •Provides information and advice on relative issues                   business
      •Addresses current problems and concerns for growing                •Gain additional support and backing from additional
       communities                                                          business(es)
      •Provides resources for locating grants and funding
   Kentucky Department of Agriculture, Division of Farmland         Conservation
       Preservation – www.kyagr.com
      •Participates in education about and acquisition of              Natural Resources and Conservation Service –
       conservation easements                                              www.nrcs.usda.gov
                                                                          •Provides programs dealing with a variety of issues
                                                                           concerning conservation matters
                                                                          •Offers assistance, grants and funding resources
   Kentucky Division of Water – www.water.ky.gov                     Department for Local Government – www.kylocalgov.com
      •Makes available NPS Grants for watershed restoration            •Offers county and municipal road aid funds
       projects, watershed implementation plan development,
       and non-point source (NPS) pollution control projects.     LaGrange
       A 40 percent nonfederal match is required to the
       Federal share.                                                Kentucky League of Cities – www.klc.org
                                                                        •Provide information on economic development,
   Kentucky Division of Forestry – www.forestry.ky.gov                   current issues
      •Provides the Kentucky Urban and Community                        •Offers insurance, city loans, and financing
       Forestry Grant to develop community forestry
       programs                                                   Pewee Valley

Public Access Trail System                                           Kentucky Heritage Council – www.state.ky.us/agencies/
                                                                         khc
   National Recreation Trails Program –                                 •Has available a variety of resources towards historic
        www.americantrails.org                                           preservation
      •Promotes the use and care of existing trails                     •Presents tax credit programs
      •Motivates the development of new trails                          •Gives Federal Survey and Planning grants that require
      •Provides promotion, technical assistance                          60/40 matching from applying organizations
      •Provides federal grant funds to acquire land and to              •Offers preservation grants that require a 50/50 match
        develop and renovate existing trails. A 30% match is             that can be given in cash, in-kind services, or a
        required.                                                        combination

   Rail-Trail Development Office                                     Department for Local Government – www.kylocalgov.com
      •Has rail banking concept which allows interested                •Offers a grant program to help maintain and preserve
        agencies to negotiate to acquire rail right-of-ways for          cemeteries and gravesites that do not receive perpetual
        recreational use                                                 care funds. Requires a 1:1 cash match.
     •Provides technical assistance and funding resources
                                                                  Buckner
Scenic Driving Tour/Road Beautification
                                                                     Technology Opportunities Program – www.ntia.doc.gov
   Kentucky Transportation Cabinet – www.kytc.state.ky.us               •Gives grants for model projects demonstrating
      •Directs the Transportation Enhancements (TE)                      innovative uses of network technologies
       Program which funds transportation-related projects.             •Promotes economic development within urban and
       This is a reimbursement program and requires a 20                 rural areas
       percent match for nonprofit organizations.
Crestwood                                                       Airport

   Department for Local Government - www.kylocalgov.com            602 KAR 15:020. State Aid for Airport Development Projects
     •Provides Community Development Block Grants                       – ww.lrc.ky.gov
       (CDBG)                                                         •Provides information and policy regarding airport
     •Makes federal funds available to cities and counties in           development
       the form of state grants for community development             •Allows funding only if project meets state designated
                                                                        regulations
Goshen
                                                                Additional Sources of Funding
   Department for Local Government – www.kylocalgov.com
     •Provides Area Development Funds (ADF) for capital         The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance – www.cfda.gov
       projects ranging from construction and renovation to     Lists programs available to state and local governments that
       infrastructure. No maximum project amount or local       provide assistance and funding on a variety of topics, and
       match required.                                          provides contacts for application
     •Makes available funding that addresses the need for
       public infrastructure, such as sewer and water. Local    KY State Funds
       match is helpful, but not required.                       Makes available funding through state budget surplus, which
                                                                is directed through the Kentucky State Legislature
Westport/Riverfront
                                                                www.grants.gov –source for additional governmental grants
   Department for Local Government – www.kylocalgov.com
     •Provides federal grant funds to acquire land for          General Funds – capital improvements
       outdoor recreation and to develop or renovate public     General Obligation Bonds
       outdoor recreation facilities through the Land and       Revenue Bonds
       Water Conservation Fund. A 50/50 local match is          Tax Levies
       required.
     •Offers CDBG to develop training programs and              Additional Sources for Technical Assistance
       technical assistance for low to moderate income people
       interested in starting a small commercial enterprise.    KIPDA
       Local match is helpful, but not required.                Kentucky Chapter of the American Planning Association
                                                                Kentucky Chapter of American Society of Landscape Architects
                                                                New Cities Foundation
Public Meeting                                                      Question:
                                                                    What do you feel are the real assets or strengths of this
Oldham County, Kentucky                                             community?
February 12, 2004
Public Response to Questions                                        Audience Response:
                                                                         Location
On February 12, 2004, the University of Kentucky Landscape               Quality of life
Architecture students were introduced to the residence of                Beautiful scenery
Oldham County in the first of three town meetings held at the            Good schools
community center in Buckner. The purpose of the meetings                 Historic small town character
was to begin a dialogue between county residents and the                 Strong community ties
students to ensure a successful and detailed Comprehensive               Rural character and small town atmosphere
Master Plan study.                                                       Opportunities to give back to the community
                                                                         County has various areas of potential
University of Kentucky Sociology Professor, Dr. Lori                     Good family atmosphere
Garkovich, served as facilitator at the meetings and presented           Strong focus on youth sports
a series of open ended questions to help guide the residents in          Safe
expressing their goals and concerns for the future of the county.        Close location to other major metropolitan area
The following is a compilation of responses to those questions                  (Cincinnati, Louisville)
as expressed by the town meeting participants.                           Natural resources
                                                                         People who choose to live here
Question:                                                                Willingness of community members to contribute
Imagine that you have been asked to show Oldham County
to visitors from another country. What would you want them          Question:
to see, do, or feel that best represents the unique and special     What are two changes that must be made right now to make
qualities of this place that attracted you to Oldham County         this a better place to live and work?
and keeps you here?
                                                                    Audience Response:
Audience Response:                                                       Transportation/unsound infrastructure
     Utilize and embrace the riverfront                                         - Difficult to navigate
     Westport to have a European feel                                           - Needs improvement
     More public marinas                                                        - Widen US Highway 42 to maintain beauty
     Historic Pewee Valley                                                      - Safer roads (need shoulders)
     Yew Dell Gardens                                                    Unmonitored growth
     Scenic drive along US Highway 42 and Highway 53                     Establishment of inter-urban greenway
     Conservation Park                                                   More job opportunities within the county for youth
     Historic LaGrange                                                   Diversified tax base
      Better sports facilities                               Question:
      More industry                                          What are two actions that need to happen if your vision for
             - More light Industry                           Oldham County is to become a reality?
             - Unseen and unheard
      Diversified housing                                    Audience Response:
      More Bars                                                   Much needed change in actions from County residents
      Community College                                           Eliminate dependency on Louisville
      Access to more waterways                                    Support for local business in the county
      More small business in and around the county                Implementation of state of the art health facilities
                                                                  The design and construction of health facilities
Question:                                                         More mixed use areas
What do you think keeps the community from making these           Designated local youth “hang-out” facilities
changes?

Audience Response:
     Lack of funding
     Community members are afraid of industry
     Members are afraid of change
     Don’t want to change the character of the county
     None of the towns coordinate with each other

Question:
Imagine Oldham County as you would like it to be in 20
years. How would it be different? What would it look like?
What would Oldham County have? What would people be
doing?

Audience Response:
     Preserve the green nature of the county
     Prevent unchecked development
     Better signage to promote the various attractions
     More pedestrian based circulation
     Better infrastructure to support alternative
     transportation
     A better comprehensive park system
     An economic center
     To eliminate the dependency on Louisville
     More sports complex’s to host popular youth sports
Oldham County, Kentucky -Historic Districts
                                                                                           Clifton (added 1997 - District - #9700874)
Ashwood Avenue Historic District (added 1989 - District - #89000951)                       Also known as Cliff View; Woodland Farm; LLC; Wood Island
Also known as Ash Avenue Historic District                                                 4801 Greenhaven Ln., Goshen
Roughly Ash Ave. From LaGrange Rd. To Elm Ave., Pewee Valley                               Area of Significance: Agriculture
Historic Significance: Event, Architecture/Engineering                                     Period of Significance: 1800-1824, 1825-1849, 1850-1874, 1875-1899, 1900-1924,1925-
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown                                                   1949
Architecture Style: Bungalow/Craftsman, Colonial Revival, Queen Anne                       Owner: Private
Area of Significance: Community Planning And Development, Architecture                     Historic Function: Agriculture/ Subsistence, Domestic
Period of Significance: 1875-1899, 1900-1924, 1925-1949                                    Historic Sub-function: Agriculture Fields, Agricultural Outbuildings, Animal Facility,
Owner: Private                                                                             Camp, Single Dwellings
Historic Function: Domestic                                                                Current Function: Agricultural/ Subsistence
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                                     Current Sub-function: Agricultural Fields, Agricultural Outbuildings, Animal
Current Function: Domestic                                                                 Facilities
Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling
                                                                                           Russell Court (added 1988 - District - #88002612)
Central Avenue Historic District (added 1989 - District - #89000950)                       Also known as The Courts
Roughly Central Ave. From Peace Ln. to Mt. Mercy Dr., Pewee Valley                         Roughly bonded by Madison St., Chestnut St., E. Jefferson St., and Maple St.,
Historic Significance: Event, Person, Architecture/Engineering                             LaGrange
Architect, builder, or engineer: Osborne, Charles Marcus                                   Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering
Architecture Style: Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals, Italianate                        Architect, builder, or engineer: Et al., Ratcliff, O.B.
Historic Person: Johnston, Annie Fellows                                                   Architectural Style: Late Victorian, late 19th and 20th Century Revivals, Late 19th and
Significant Year: 1901, 1851                                                               Early 20th Century American Movements
Area of Significance: Architecture, Literature, Community Planning and                     Area of Significance: Architecture, Community Planning and Development
Development                                                                                Period of Significance: 1900-1924, 1925-1949
Period of Significance: 1850-1874, 1875-1899, 1900-1924, 1925-1949                         Owner: Private
Owner: Local Government, Private                                                           Historic Function: Domestic
Historic Function: Commerce/Trade, Domestic, Government, Transportation                    Historic Sub-function: Secondary Structure, Single Dwelling
Historic Sub-function: Courthouse, Finical Institution, Hotel, Rail-Related, Single        Current Function: Domestic
Dwelling,                                                                                  Current Sub-function: Secondary Structure, Single Dwelling
Current Function: Commerce/Trade, Domestic, Recreation, And Culture, Social
Current Sub-function: Business, Clubhouse, Single Dwelling, Theater                        Waldeck Farm (added 1983 - District - #00001618)
                                                                                           5900 W KY 22, Crestwood
Central LaGrange Historic District (added 1988 - District - #88001316)                     Historic Significance: Event
Also known as See Also: Griffith, D.W., House; McMahan House                               Area of Significance: Agriculture
Primarily along Washington, Main, and Jefferson Sts., Kentucky Ave., and First             Period of Significance: 1875-1899, 1900-1924
through Sixth Ave., LaGrange                                                               Owner: Private
Historic Significance: Architecture/Engineering, Event                                     Historic Function: Agriculture/ Subsistence, Domestic
Architect, builder, or engineer: Et al., Wilson, Monroe Q                                  Historic Sub-function: Agricultural Fields, Agricultural Outbuildings, Single
Architecture Style: Other, Bungalow/Craftsman, Late Victorian                              Dwelling
Area of Significance: Architecture, Transportation, Community Planning And                 Current Function: Agricultural/ Subsistence, Domestic
Development, Commerce, Politics/ Government                                                Current Sub-function: Agricultural Fields, Agricultural Outbuildings, Single
Period of Significance: 1825-1849, 1850-1874, 1875-1899, 1900-1924, 1925-1949              Dwellings
Owner: Local Government, Private
Historic Function: Commerce/Trade, Domestic, Government, Transportation                    Woodridge Avenue – LaGrange Road Historic District (added 1983 - District
Historic Sub-function: Speciality Store, Courthouse, Financial Institution, Hotel, Rail-   - #87000952)
Related, Single Dwellings                                                                  Also Known as See Also: Locust, The
Current Function: Commerce/Trade, Domestic, Government, Religion                           Woodridge Ave. And LaGrange Rd., Pewee Valley
Current Sub-function: Courthouse, Multiple Dwelling, Professional, Religious               Historic Significance: Achitectural/ Engineering, Event
Structure, Single Dwelling, Speciality Store                                               Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
                                                                                           Architectural Style: Bungalow/ Craftsman, Italianate, Colonial Revival
Area of Significance: Architecture, Community Planning and Development
Period of Significance: 1850-1874, 1875-1899, 1900-1924, 1925-1949       Carpenter-Smith House (added 1982 - Building - #82002739)
Owner: Private                                                           Also known as Forrest Home Farm
Historic Function: Domestic                                              Covered Bridge Rd., Crestwood
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                   Historic Significance: Architecture/Engineering
Current Function: Domestic                                               Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                    Architecture Style: No Style Listed
                                                                         Area of Significance: Architecture
Oldham County, Kentucky -Historic Sites                                  Period of Significance: 1825-1849
                                                                         Owner: Private
Bate, John Leslie, House** (added 1987 - Building - #87000144)           Historic Function: Commerce/Trade
Also known as John Hanson Wheeler House                                  Historic Sub-function: Speciality Store
E. of Buckeye Ln. Off KY 42, Goshen                                      Current Function: Commerce/Trade
Historic Significance: Architecture/Engineering                          Current Sub-function: Business
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
Architecture Style: Federal                                              Clore, Albert E., House (added 1983 - Building - #83002842)
Area of Significance: Architecture                                       6400 Clore Lance, Crestwood
Period of Significance: 1750-1799                                        Area of Significance: Architecture/ Engineering
Owner: Private                                                           Architect, builder, or engineer: Maddox, Walter
Historic Function: Domestic                                              Architectural Style: Shingle Style, Stick/ Eastlake
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                   Period of Significance: 1875-1899
Current Function: Vacant/Not In Use                                      Owner: Private
                                                                         Historic Function: Domestic, Education
Bondurant– Hustin House (added 1989 - Building - #89001989)              Historic Sub-function: School, Single Dwelling
Also known as OL-335                                                     Current Function: Domestic
104 Castlewood Dr., Pewee Valley                                         Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling
Historic Significance: Architecture/Engineering
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown                                 Confederate Memorial in Pewee Vallley (added 1997 - Object - #97000673)
Architecture Style: Queen Anne                                           Also known as OL-372
Area of Significance: Architecture, Community Planning and Development   Confederate Cemetery. Jct of Maple Ave. and Old Floydsburg Rd., Pewee Valley
Period of Significance: 1875-1899                                        Historic Significance: Event
Owner: Private                                                           Area of Significance: Social History
Historic Function: Domestic                                              Period of Significance: 1900-1924, 1925-1949
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                   Owner: Local Government
Current Function: Domestic                                               Historic Function: Recreation and Culture
Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                    Historic Sub-Function: Monument/ Marker

Building at 301 LaGrange Road (added 1989 - Building - #89001980)        Current Function: Recreation and Culture
Also known as OL-323                                                     Architect, builder, or engineer: Maddox, Walter
301 LaGrange Rd., Pewee Valley                                           Architectural Style: Shingle Style, Stick/ Eastlake
Historic Significance: Architecture/Engineering                          Period of Significance: 1875-1899
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown                                 Owner: Private
Architecture Style: No Style Listed                                      Historic Function: Domestic, Education
Area of Significance: Architecture                                       Historic Sub-function: School, Single Dwelling
Period of Significance: 1900-1924                                        Current Function: Domestic
Owner: Private                                                           Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling
Historic Function: Commerce/Trade
Historic Sub-function: Speciality Store                                  Ellis, Joseph H., House (added 1989 - Building - #89001988)
Current Function: Commerce/ Trade                                        Also Known as OL-349
Current Sub-function: Business                                           320 Maple Ave., Pewee Valley
Historic Significance: Architecture/ Engineering, Event                    Hermitage, The (added 1976 - Building - #82001572)
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown                                   Off U.S. 42, Goshen
Architectural Style: Late Victorian                                        Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering
Area of Significance: Architecture, Community Planning and Development     Architectural Style: No style Listed
Period of Significance: 1875-1899                                          Area of significance: Architecture
Owner: Private                                                             Period of Significance: 1825-1849
Historic Function: Domestic                                                Owner: Private
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                     Historic Function: Domestic
Current Function: Domestic                                                 Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling
Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                      Current Function: Domestic
                                                                           Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling
Forrester– Duvall House (added 1989 - Building - #89001987)
Also Known as OL-592                                                       Ingram, William, House (added 1983 - Building - #83002843)
115 Old Forest Rd., Pewee Valley                                           6800 Sharder Lane, Buckner
Historic Significance: Architecture/ Engineering, Event                    Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown                                   Architectural Style: Federal
Architectural Style: Bungalow/Craftsman                                    Area of significance: Architecture
Area of Significance: Architecture, Community Planning and Development     Period of Significance: 1800-1824
Period of Significance: 1900-1925                                          Owner: Private
Owner: Private                                                             Historic Function: Domestic
Historic Function: Domestic                                                Historic Sub-function: Secondary Structure, Single Dwelling
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                     Current Function: Domestic
Current Function: Domestic                                                 Current Sub-function: Secondary Structure, Single Dwelling
Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling
                                                                           Kellar, Abraham, House (added 1979 - Building - #79001029)
Griffith, D. W., House (added 1976 - Building - #76000935)                 West of Brownsboro off KY 329, Brownsboro
206 N. 4th St., LaGrange                                                   Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering
Historic Significance: Person                                              Architectural Style: Unknown
Historic Person: Griffith, David Wark                                      Architect, builder, engineer: Unknown
Area of Significance: Performing Arts                                      Area of Significance: Architecture
Period of Significance: 1900-1924                                          Period of Significance: 1800-1824, 1825-1849
Owner: Private                                                             Owner: Private
Historic Function: Domestic                                                Historic Function: Domestic
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                     Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling
Current Function: Domestic                                                 Current Function: Vacant/ Not in Use
Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling
                                                                           Locke-Mount House (added 1982 - Building - #82001573)
Harrods Creek Baptist Church and Rev. William Kellar House (added 1976 -   South of Goshen off U.S. 42, Goshen
Building - #76000934)                                                      Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering
NW of Crestwood on Old Brownsboro Rd., Crestwood                           Architectural Style: No Style Listed
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown                                   Area of Significance: Architecture
Architectural Style: No style Listed                                       Period of Significance: 1800-1824
Area of significance: Architecture, Religion                               Owner: Private
Period of Significance: 1800-1824                                          Historic Function: Domestic
Owner: Private                                                             Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling
Historic Function: Domestic, Religion                                      Current Function: Single Dwelling
Historic Sub-function: Religious Structure, Single Dwelling                Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling
Current Function: Recreation and Culture, Social, Vacant/ Not In Use
Current Sub-function: Meeting Hall                                         Locust, The (added 1975 - Building - #75000817)
                                                                           La Grange Rd. Off KY 146, Pewee Valley
Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering, Person                Pewee Valley Confederate Cemetery (added 1989 - Site- #89001984)
Architect, builder, engineer: Unknown                                    Also known as OL-370
Architectural Style: Mixed (More Than 2 Styles From Different Peiods)    Maple Ave., SE of jct. With Old Floydsburg Rd., Pewee Valley
Historic Person: Johnston, Annie Fellows                                 Area of Significance: Military
Significant Year: 1834, 1819                                             Period of Significance: 1900-1924, 1925-1949
Area of Significance: Architecture, Literature                           Owner: Private
Period of Significance: 1800-1824, 1825-1849                             Historic Function: Funerary
Owner: Private                                                           Historic Sub-function: Cemetery
Historic Function: Domestic                                              Current Function: Funerary
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                   Current Sub-function: Cemetery
Current Function: Vacant/ Not in Use
                                                                         Ritter, John, House** (added 1987 - Building - #87000159)
McMahan House (added 1982 - Building - #82002741)                        Also known as Ben N. Cox House
203 Washington St., LaGrange                                             Old Floydsburg Rd. Off KY 1408, Floydsburg
Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering                        Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering
Architectural Style: Other                                               Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
Area of Significance: Architecture                                       Architectural Style: Federal, Late Victorian
Period of Significance: 1800-1824                                        Area of Significance: Architecture
Owner: Private                                                           Period of Significance: 1800-1824, 1875-1899
Historic Function: Domestic                                              Owner: Private
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                   Historic Function: Domestic
Current Function: Work In Progress                                       Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling
Miller, George, House (added 1989 - Building - #89001986)                Current Function: Domestic
Also known as OL-367                                                     Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling
331 Central Ave., Pewee Valley
Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering, Event                 Ritter, John, House** (added 1987 - Building - #87000159)
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown                                 Also known as Ben N. Cox House
Architectural Style: Other, Late Victorian                               Old Floydsburg Rd. Off KY 1408, Floydsburg
Area of Significance: Architecture, Community Planning and Development   Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering
Period of Significance: 1850-1874                                        Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
Owner: Private                                                           Architectural Style: Federal, Late Victorian
Historic Function: Domestic                                              Area of Significance: Architecture
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                   Period of Significance: 1800-1824, 1875-1899
Current Function: Domestic                                               Owner: Private
Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                    Historic Function: Domestic
                                                                         Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling
Pebbles, Dr. Thomas C., House (added 1989 - Building - #89001985)        Current Function: Domestic
Also known as OL-346                                                     Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling
114 Maple Ave., Pewee Valley
Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering, Event                 Ross, Reuben, House (added 1985 - Building - #85003715)
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown                                 Off KY 194, Prospect
Architectural Style: Italianate
Area of Significance: Architecture, Community Planning and Development   Saint, James’ Episcopal Church (added 1985 - Building - #85003072)
Period of Significance: 1850-1874                                        410 LaGrange Rd., Pewee Valley
Owner: Private                                                           Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering
Historic Function: Domestic                                              Architect, builder, or engineer: Redin, William H., Talbot,B
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                   Architectural Style: Other, Gothic Revival
Current Function: Domestic                                               Area of Significance: Architecture
Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                    Period of Significance: 1850-1874, 1875-1899, 1900-1924
                                                                         Owner: Private
Historic Function: Religion                                              Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
Historic Sub-function: Church Related Residence, Religious Structure     Architectural Style: Late Gothic Revival
Current Function: Religion                                               Area of Significance: Architecture, Community Planning and Development
Current Sub-function: Church Related Residence, Religious Structure      Period of Significance: 1900-1924
                                                                         Owner: Private
Sale, Reuben, House (added 1982 - Building - #82001574)                  Historic Function: Religion
3700 Smith Lane LaGrange                                                 Historic Sub-function: Religious Structure
Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering                        Current Function: Religion
Architectural Style: No Style Listed                                     Current Sub-function: Religious Structure
Area of Significance: Architecture
Period of Significance: 1825-1849                                        Tanglewood (added 1989 - Building - #89001981)
Owner: Private                                                           Also known as OL-319
Historic Function: Domestic                                              417 La Grange Rd., Pewee Valley
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                   Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering, Event
Current Function: Domestic                                               Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                    Architectural Style: Late Gothic Revival, Italianate
                                                                         Area of Significance: Architecture, Community Planning and Development
Smith, William Alexander, House (added 1989 - Building - #89001982)      Period of Significance: 1850-1874
Also known as OL-368                                                     Owner: Private
108 Mt. Mercy Dr., Pewee Valley                                          Historic Function: Domestic
Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering, Person, Event         Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling
Architect, builder, or engineer: Smith, William Alexander                Current Function: Domestic
Architectural Style: Italianate                                          Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling
Historic Person: Smith, William Alexander
Area of Significance: Architecture, Community Planning and Development   Taylor, Phillip R., House (added 1983 - Building - #83002844)
Period of Significance: 1850-1874, 1875-1899, 1900-1924                  Shuler Lane, Louisville
Owner: Private                                                           Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering
Historic Function: Domestic                                              Architectural Style: Greek Revival, Italianate
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                   Area of Significance: Architecture
Current Function: Domestic                                               Period of Significance: 1850-1874
Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                    Owner: Private
                                                                         Historic Function: Domestic
Spring Hill (added 1980 - Building - #80001664)                          Historic Sub-function: Secondary Structure, Single Dwelling
S of Ballardsville off KY 53, Ballardsville                              Current Function: Domestic, Work in Progress
Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering, Person                Current Sub-function: Secondary Structure, Single Dwelling
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
Architectural Style: Other, Greek Revival                                Tuliphurst (added 1983 - Building - #89001979)
Historic Person: Taylor, major, William, Berry                           Also known as OL-332
Area of Significance: Architecture, Exploration/ Settlement              115 LaGrange Rd., Pewee Valley
Period of Significance: 1800-1824                                        Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering, Person, Event
Owner: Private                                                           Architect, builder, engineer: Unknown
Historic Function: Domestic                                              Architectural Style: Greek Revival
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                   Historic Person: Butler, Noble
Current Function: Domestic                                               Area of Significance: Architecture, Community Planning and Development,
Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                    Commerce, Education
                                                                         Period of Significance: 1850-1874, 1875-1899, 1900-1925
St. Aloysius Church (added 1989 - Building - #89001983)                  Owner: Private
Also known as OL-330                                                     Historic Function: Domestic
202 Mt. Mercy Dr., Pewee Valley                                          Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling
Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering, Event                 Current Function: Domestic
Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                     Area of Significance: Architecture
                                                                          Period of Significance: 1825-1849
Van Horn– Ross House (added 1983 - Building - #89001978)                  Owner: Private
Also known as OL-364                                                      Historic Function: Domestic
138 Rosswoods Dr., Pewee Valley                                           Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling, Secondary Structure
Historic Significance: Architectural/ Engineering, Event                  Current Function: Domestic
Architect, builder, engineer: Unknown                                     Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling
Architectural Style: Italianate
Area of Significance: Architecture, Community Planning and Development,   Yewell- Snyder House (added 1983 - Building- #83003802)
Commerce, Education                                                       Also Known as Mt. Pleasant Farms
Period of Significance: 1850-1874, 1875-1899                              6206 N. Hitt Lane, Brownsboro
Owner: Private                                                            Historic Significance: Achitectural/ Engineering
Historic Function: Domestic                                               Architectural Style: No Style Listed
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                    Area of Significance: Architecture
Current Function: Domestic                                                Period of Significance: 1800-1824, 1825-1849
Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling                                     Owner: Private
                                                                          Historic Function: Domestic
Wesley Methodist Church (added 1983 - Building - #87000179)               Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling, Secondary Structure
Also Known as Wesley Methodist Chapel                                     Current Function: Domestic
Haunz Ln., Anchorage                                                      Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling
Historic Significance: Achitectural/ Engineering, Event
Architect, builder, or engineer: Jean, Bruce, Bobbit, Silas
Architectural Style: Federal
Area of Significance: Architecture
Period of Significance: 1800-1824
Owner: Private
Historic Function: Religion
Historic Sub-function: Religious Structure
Current Function: Agricultural/ Subsistence
Current Sub-function: Agricultural Outbuildings

Woolfolk, William, House**(added 1983 - Building- #87000202)
Off US Highway 42, LaGrange
Historic Significance: Achitectural/ Engineering
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
Architectural Style: Federal Greek Revival
Area of Significance: Architecture
Period of Significance: 1750-1799, 1800-1824, 1850-1874
Owner: Private
Historic Function: Domestic
Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling, Secondary Structure
Current Function: Domestic
Current Sub-function: Single Dwelling

Yager House (added 1983 - Building- #82002740)
Also Known as Triple Springs Farm
SE of Goshen on Covered Bridge Rd., Goshen
Historic Significance: Achitectural/ Engineering
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
Architectural Style: Other
References Cited/Consulted                                                               Gardner, Jesse. Commissioner, Crestwood City Hall.
                                                                                         Garkovich, Dr. Lori. UK Sociology Professor. First Town Meeting Facilitator.
                                                                                                lgarkovich@uky.edu
Allen, M. Louise, AICP. County Judge Executive, Oldham County, KY.
                                                                                         Garlock, Rick. LaGrange Downtown. F.garlock@insightbb.com
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                                                                                         Gould, Dr. Allen. Pewee Valley Board of Adjustments and Appeals.
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                                                                                         Grace, Vickey. Oldham County Board of Adjustments.
        public services research.
                                                                                         Greyhound Bus Website. www.greyhound.com. February, 2004, Transportation
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                                                                                         Haselton, Blake. Superintendent,
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                                                                                                Oldham County Schools. haselton@oldham.k12.ky.us
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                                                                                         Haynes, Sallie. Editor, Call of the Pewee, Pewee Valley monthly publication.
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        Department. www.pspl.org/fchd/, Jennifer.bardroff@ky.gov
                                                                                         Hoffer, Harry. Pewee Valley Board of Adjustments and Appeals.
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                                                                                         Home Builders Association of Louisville.
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                                                                                         Jacobs, Kathy. Chamber of Commerce. www.oldhamcountychamber.com
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                                                                                                Reference. March, 2004.
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                                                                                                coal/webgeoky/kygeolgy.htm Jan. 19 –April 23, 2003. Physical inventory
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                                                                                                research.
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                                                                                         Kentucky Rails to Trails Council. www.kyrailtrail.org March, 2004. Recreation
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                                                                                         Kentucky State Data Center and Kentucky Population Research.
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                                                                                                www.ksdc.louisville.edu March, 2004. Economics research.
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                                                                                         Kentucky Transportation Cabinet. http://transportation.ky.gov/planning/scenic_
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                                                                                                byways/scenic_byways.shtm. Scenic Byway research.
Dickens, Barbara, General Council Oldham County Schools.
                                                                                         Kincker, Loren. Kentucky Lacrosse Association.
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                                                                                         Kissel, Nate. Oldham Era Reporter. nkissel@oldhamera.com
Donner, Brace. Boat Docktor Westport, KY 40077
                                                                                         Krammer, James P. Mayor of Park Lake City.
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                                                                                         Krauss, Mark. Oldham County Youth Soccer.
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                                                                                         Land Design and Development Inc. Source for LaGrange greenway CADD file.
Ellis, Leslie. Courier Journal Reporter. laellis@louisvil.gannett.com, lellis@courier-
                                                                                         Logsdon, Michael. Commissioner of Pewee Valley. Logsdon@peweevalleyky.org
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                                                                                         Louisville Bus System www.ridetarc.com February, 2004. Transportation Research.
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                                                                                         Louisville Southern Indiana Ohio River Bridges Project. www.kyinbridges.com
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                                                                                                February, 2004. Transportation research.
Falk, Lawrence C. Mayor of Prospect.
                                                                                         Lucas, Mike. Babe Ruth Baseball.
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                                                                                         Mason, Kurt. NRCS, Soil Conservation Officer, Jefferson and Oldham Counties
        iv/index.shtm February, 2004. Physical inventory research.
                                                                                         McCarty, David. Oldham County Country Club.
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                                                                                         McCloskey, Larry. City Clerk of Park Lake City.
        @FMSMengineers.com, smckinley@FMSMengineers.com
                                                                                         McShane, Priscilla. Oldham County Board of Adjustments.
Fox, Boots. Westport Resident. Personal Interview, 2nd Town Meeting.
                                                                                         Merrick, Cynthia. City Clerk of Goshen.
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                                                                                         Milburn, Mel. Engineer of Pewee Valley. mmilburm@construct-solutions.com
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                                                                                         Morse, Jim. jmorse@oldhamcounty.net
Fritz, Anita. Historical Society of LaGrange. ochstryctr@aol.com
                                                                                         Moser, Sarah. Oldham County Planning Liaison. smoser@oldhamcounty.net
National Park Service. “The Economic Impact of Protecting Rivers, Trails, and          Stump, Aaron J. Director, Oldham County Parks and Recreation.
        Greenway Corridors, A Resource Book.”                                                  astump@oldhamcounty.net
National Recreation Trails Program www.americantrails.org/ March, 2004                 Taylor, Kim. City Clerk of Orchard Grass City.
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        Transportation Research.                                                       The Ohio State University. http://ohioline.osu.edu/cd-fact/1270.htm Cluster
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        ohioline.osu.edu/cd-fact/1270.htm May, 2004. Cluster Development               Thompson, Rock. Oldham County Thoroughbreds.
        Research.                                                                      Trummer, Steve. Commissioner, Crestwood City Hall.
Oldham Ahead. www.oldhamahead.org March, 2004. Recreation research.                    Uligian, Greg. Oldham Ahead. G.uligian@insightbb.com
Oldham County Chamber of Commerce. www.oldhamcountychamber.com                         U.S. Census Bureau. www.factfinder.census.gov March, 2004
        February, 2004. Recreation research.                                           U.S. Department of Agriculture and Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station. Soil
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        Recreation research.                                                                   ssurgo/mettadata/ky185.met2.html Physical inventory research.
Oldham County Outlook 2020 Comprehensive Plan. Projected population research.          Virgil, Diana. www.indystar.com “Trails promoted to fight obesity”
Oldham County Tourist and Convention Commission. www.oldhamcounty                      Walser, Suzy. Commissioner of Pewee Valley. walser@peweevalleyky.org
        tourism.com Recreation research.                                               Water Resource Information Systems. http://wris.ky.gov/wris/mapgis/
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        Wastewater Facilities Plan, January 2002.
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        Authority roark@oceda.com
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Scott, Francis. Architect, President, Scott-Klausing & Co., Architects and Planners.
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Stoess, Clayton Sr. Commissioner, Crestwood City Hall.
Strickler, Stuart. Oldham County Schools. sstrickler@oldham.k12.ky.us
Stuedle, Matthew. Pewee Valley Board of Adjustments and Appeals.

								
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