You must locate geographically Greece in the Antiquity
We are going to do a visit to the Acropolis.
You must locate the most important buildings
These sculptures correspond to
what period and author
THE TIMELINE SHOW DETAILS OF THE PERIOD FROM 800 BC UNTIL THE END OF
THE GREEK EMPIRE IN 146 BC.
776 BC The first Olympic games.
about 750 BC Early Greek culture. Homer writes the epics 'The Iliad' and the
650 - 580 BC Corinth is ruled by the tyrant Kypselos and then his son Periander.
508 BC Democracy begins in Athens
490 and 480 BC Greeks defeat Persian invaders at the battles of Marathon (490
BC)and Salamis (480 BC).
by 450 BC Athens becomes a very powerful city, and controls an empire.
472 - 410 BC Greeks theatre thrives in Athens. Many of the most famous Greek plays
are written during this time.
462 - 429 BC Perikles is the popular leader at Athens as the general of the Athenian
432 BC The Parthenon in Athens is finished being built.
431 - 404 BC War between Athens and Sparta (the Peloponnesian war)
428 BC The revolt of Mytilene
404 BC Sparta defeats Athens.
338 BC Philip, king of Macedonia, takes control of Greece.
336 - 323 BC Alexander the Great, son of Philip, conquers most of the known world as
far east as India.
146 BC Rome conquers Greece - Greece becomes part of the Roman empire.
On this page you can find out the meaning of certain
words. You can click on them in the list below, or
just scroll up and down the page.
[In brackets under most of the Greek words
there is a guide on how to pronounce them.]
Acropolis , Aristophanes , Aspasia , assembly ,
Athena, Athens , Attika , aulos , citizen ,
city state , Corinth
Delphi , democracy , Hera , hoplite , isthmus
Kypselos , lyre , Mytilene , oligarchy ,
pankration , Parthenon , Perikles , Persia ,
sacrifice , slave
Sophokles , Sparta , trireme , tyranny , Zeus
Rewiew of key concepts:
1. Is there any country called Greece nowadays?
2. What continent is Greece in?
3. What sea do you think the ancient Greeks used for their expansion?
The Mediterranean sea.
4. What are the Olympic Games? When?
Sport competitions held in Olympia during the summer as a tribute to
The first games date back to 776 BC. Every four years.
5. Who is considered to be the first historian?
6. What periods is the history of ancient Greece divided into?
Archais Age, Classical Age and Hellenistic Age.
7. What was the Athenian political system called?
Democracy ( the power belonged to the people).
8. Who was the traditional enemy of the Greeks?
9. Why was shipping so important for the Greeks?
Because one of the main activities was trade in the Mediterranean sea.
10. Who is the autor of the Odyssey?
11. What did the Athenians do for a living?
Citizens, in trading and industry and peasants, in dry farming
12. What building were located inside the acropolis?
The Propylaeum, the Erectheion and the Parthenon.
13. Why is it said that the Greeks were polytheistic?
Because they believed in the existence of many gods.
14. What three rooms was the Greeks temple divided into?
In the naos, pronaos and opisthodomos.