The Basics Keyboard Shortcuts
These symbols Shortcuts in Windows itself Press these
are all icons. This is the desktop Show Start Menu: keys at the
View Desktop: +D
Open My Computer:
+ F (for find)
+ E (for explore)
ctrl + C
ctrl + V
REFERENCE Cut: ctrl + X
Close the current window: Alt + F4
(this doesn’t mean
GUIDE press F and 4 — it’s
the F4 key near the
top of the keyboard)
Computers One Step at a Time
Common Keyboard Shortcut Combinations
“The easiest way to Find within a document: ctrl + F
learn to use your PC.” Replace within a document: ctrl + H
Instead of just telling you about Select everything (all): ctrl + A
computers, our books show you how to The start The task bar The system tray Undo: ctrl + Z
use them. There are plenty of pictures button (programs that are (with the clock in it) Redo something you’ve undone: ctrl + Y
showing you exactly where to point the running are shown here) Save: ctrl + S
mouse and where to click. There are Open: ctrl + O
even videos to make it as clear as it New document: ctrl + N
possibly can be. Especially important desktop icons Print: ctrl + P
Bold (text): ctrl + B
Find out more at www.osaat.co.uk Italic (text): ctrl + I
= My Computer — double clicking on this
lets you access the different parts of your PC. Underline (text): ctrl + U
= My Documents — this is how you control Common Function Key Shortcuts
and access the files and folders stored on your PC.
Rename a file/folder: F2
= Recycle Bin — this is where any files you Refresh: F5
don’t want any more go when you delete them. eg if you’ve put a new disk in the disk
drive and you want the window to
update to show the files in that disk,
© Tim Wakeling 2005
instead of the one you had in before.
Computers One Step at a Time and this card are products
of The Helpful Book Company, Proprietor Tim Wakeling.
Staying Safe on the Internet What to do if it crashes Useful websites
There are two parts to staying safe on the Computers do crash occasionally. Sometimes for no Some good news pages:
internet: apparent reason at all. Whenever it happens to you, www.bbc.co.uk
follow this checklist to see if it can be recovered www.timesonline.co.uk
The first is to have good anti-virus software without just switching the PC off and on again:
installed and to keep it up to date. Every so often A couple of TV listings pages:
(or if your PC ever seems to be acting strangely), 1) First of all, wait. Make a cup of tea or walk around www.radiotimes.com
run a full scan of your hard drive. Also make sure the room. Sometimes Windows will sort itself out www.uknetguide.co.uk/TV
you have your firewall activated if you’re running given enough time.
Search engines and portals
Windows XP. 2) If just one program has crashed (rather than the
whole system), try pressing escape. Occasionally
The second is to use your common sense that will cancel whatever the program was trying to
• If a web page looks shady, close it down straight www.uk.yahoo.com
do, and bring it to life again.
3) If that doesn’t work, try shutting down all the other
• If an email seems to be doing strange things, programs (saving any work as you go). Sometimes Tourist Information Sites
close it and delete it. that can remove whatever’s causing the problem and www.tourist-information-uk.com
• If you get an email with attachments and you’re the stuck program will leap to life again. www.info-world.com/tourist.info
not sure who it’s from, don’t open them, delete 4) Try closing the program using the close button in
(you can access lots of countries from this one)
it. the top right hand corner (with a cross on) or by Language and foreign phrases
• If you get an email with attachments from a right clicking on the button on the taskbar and Handy phrases in lots of languages:
friend, but it doesn’t sound like them or it’s selecting “close”. If those don’t work, try pressing www.gorin.com/phrase
vague, don’t open it until you’ve checked with Ctrl+Alt+Del all at once, choosing the program in www.omniglot.com/language/phrases
them that they really did send it. Task Manager and selecting “End Task”. Give it a Travel Agents
• Don’t give your email address to dodgy-looking minute or so to try to close. Sometimes it might ask Just one site here, since it brings
websites. if you want to save your work. Say yes, but save it together the standard UK travel agents.
• Don’t give your credit card details to dodgy- under a different name in case it’s been corrupted www.travel-agents.org
looking websites. since you last saved.
• In fact, don’t give anything to dodgy-looking 5) If none of that worked, try restarting your PC.
You can check train times and book
websites. You might still be lucky, though. Some programs can tickets online at:
• Don’t reply to spam, even to say “Don’t send “Auto-recover” what you were working on before a www.nationalrail.co.uk
me any more spam!” crash. Start the program again to see if it works. www.virgintrains.co.uk
And if you ever have anything strange happen, do and this site is good for booking cheap
The other thing you should do is get into the habit of
a full virus scan straight away. flights and hotels:
saving your work often, even before you finish. That
Most of all, though, don’t let this all put you off way, if your PC does crash (or there’s a power cut), you
using the web. Follow those rules and you’ll foil only lose a few minutes work.
the bad guys!