I. Nationalism after War of 1812
A. Citizens proud to be Americans.
B. Primary loyalty to the nation, than to
C. For extending powers to central
D. From a national rather than sectional
point of view.
E. Most nationalistic section - WEST
II. Economic Legislation & Nationalism
• Dem-Rep Party since Jefferson’s
• Party adopted Federalist ideas on the
following issues in Clay’s American
A. Second National Bank/ Rechartering in 1816
1. Charter of 1st National Bank expired.
2. More State banks but no specie
reserves to back paper money
3. No bank to deposit government funds.
4. Charter Signed by Pres. Madison.
5. Even supported by Dem-Rep – with
national interest in mind.
B. Protective Tariff of 1816
1. Tariff more for collection of revenue.
2. “Infant industries” sprouted
after embargo & before the War of
1812, (i.e. New England mills
& PA iron smelters) no
3. After war English dumped low-
priced goods to unload stockpile;
bad for new American industries.
4. Need a tariff supported by all
C. Internal Improvements - 3X vetoed.
1. 1806 - National or Cumberland
Road from MD to Wheeling
2. 1815 - little money – only 20 miles
of National Rd. completed.
3. 1816 - More funds added that
extended Road (110 miles) to
IV. Supreme Court & Nationalism
A. John Marshall
1. Federalist appointed by John Adams
2. Served 34 yrs. (1801-1835) as Chief
3. Nationalistic ideas in decisions
B. Major Cases
1. Marbury vs. Madison (1803)
a. Judiciary Act of 1801 - New circuit
courts; Adam’s Midnight Judges.
b. Marbury went to Supreme Court
to force Madison to deliver
appointment in accordance with
Judiciary Act of 1789.
c. Did not grant request since
this action not mentioned in
d. Marshall declared Constitution
was the supreme law of the land.
e. That section of the Judiciary Act of
1789 was declared
f. Judicial Review
2. Dartmouth College vs. Wood-
a. New Hampshire revised
college’s original charter to
place college under state
b. Marshall held that colleges and
business interests granted by
charters are fixed.
c. State law was unconstitutional.
3. McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819)
a. Maryland placed a heavy tax on
Fed. Bank’s Baltimore branch.
(State was anti-bank)
b. McCulloch (bank official)
refused to pay the tax.
c. Marshall denied power of
state of Maryland to tax a
d. “the power to tax is the power
4. Gibbons vs. Ogden (1824)
a. Ogden operated under a NY state
monopoly- was granted a ferry
line on Hudson River between NY
b. Gibbons ran a competing line
under a federal license.
c. Ogden sued to stop Gibbons.
d. Court declared invalid - NY’s grant
e. This violated Const’s right to
control interstate commerce.
V. The West and Nationalism
A. Routes to the West
1. Turnpikes & Public Roads
a. Lancaster Turnpike, Pa State Road,
Cumberland (National) Road,
b. Steamboats -
•1807 - Robt. Fulton’s Clermont
•1820’s - Several on Miss. R. (for
cargoes & settlers)
c. Canals -
•1825 - Erie Canal - NY (Gov. De
Witt Clinton) NY to Chicago.
•Ohio & Indiana -
B. Growing Frontier Population is more
Nationalistic from 1810 - 20.
1. Availability of cheap land by Fed.
2. Internal improvements.
3. Protection against the Indians
C. Henry Clay’s American System - Proposal
to make U.S. self-sufficient (1816)
1. Protective tariff
2. National Bank
3. Federal program of roads & canals to
unite the country, esp. the West.
VI. Foreign Affairs & Nationalism
A. Rush-Bagot Agreement (1817)
1. Naval Disarmament with British on
Great Lakes & later along border
2. British treated U.S. as equal; mutual
3. Shared longest unfortified border -
5527 miles long- 49th parallel.
B. Convention of 1818 - Treaty Line of
1. Border at 49th parallel from Lake of
the Woods to the Rockies
2. Jointly occupied the Oregon
C. Purchase of Florida (1819)
1. Florida housed hostile Indians &
2. Indians raided American Settlements
3. Western Florida already lost in the
Pinckney Treaty (1795)
4. Andrew Jackson in 1818 led military
to crush Seminoles and capture
two Spanish forts in Florida = a
threat to Spanish control
5. Adams-Onis Treaty
a. Sec of State John Q. Adams &
Sp. Minister Luis de Onis
agreed to sell Florida for $5M
b. Also called Transcontinental
c. Condition: U.S. give up claims to
Texas and Spain & accept the
42nd parallel between Mexico
& Oregon Country
D. Monroe Doctrine (1823)
1. Latin American Independence
2. Causes for Doctrine:
a. European alliances opposed
to these revolutions
b. Russian expansion into NA
3. Basic ideas of Doctrine: NA closed
to further colonization
c. America’s importance in world
5. Russia agreed to 54 /40 parallel as
southern boundary of Alaska