Chapter 13 Early African Civilizations Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. Which two factors contributed most to the survival of early West African villages? a. religion and culture c. work and family b. rulers and geography d. technology and natural resources ____ 2. The traditional religious practice of West Africans was centered on the belief that a. each person lived several lives. c. the spirits of ancestors stayed nearby. b. rituals were very important. d. there was only one god. ____ 3. What are two lasting governmental concepts of Askia the Great? a. public holidays and public schools b. specialized government offices and a permanent professional army c. government-owned companies and the sales tax d. income taxes and toll roads ____ 4. Who were the mansas? a. a group of rebels who fought Sundiata for control of the empire b. a group of elders who counseled Sundiata on important issues c. local leaders who held both political and religious roles in Malian society d. merchants from territories north of the Sahara Desert ____ 5. For special occasions, West African kings and queens wore garments made of a. silk. c. kente. b. cotton. d. animal skins. ____ 6. Many of the West African epics can be read a. in the great library in Mecca. c. in the Dausi and the Sundiata. b. in the Qur´an. d. on the walls of mosques in Timbuktu. ____ 7. Which of the following best explains the usefulness of the practice of silent barter? a. Silent barter allowed people who did not speak the same language to trade. b. Silent barter was the best method to keep the cost of trades to a minimum. c. Silent barter ensured that trading was peaceful and that locations of mines remained secret. d. Silent barter often allowed traders to take advantage of the people they were trading with. ____ 8. Which of the following activities was part of West African religious practices? a. meditating c. dancing in costume b. marking sacred spaces d. traveling to shrines ____ 9. Which activity would both men and women do in a West African village? a. collecting firewood c. caring for children b. farming d. hunting ____ 10. People south of the Sahara traded their gold for a. copper. c. food. b. slaves. d. salt. ____ 11. Why were the Berbers willing to trade with the Songhai? a. They were planning to eventually invade the Songhai Empire. b. Both groups of people were Muslims. c. They shared ancestral history. d. They were so close to the Songhai. ____ 12. How did Ghana’s kings govern such a large empire? a. They delegated power to governors, who then answered only to the king. b. They allowed people in other territories to choose their own leaders. c. They used the army to maintain order and police the people. d. All citizens went to special schools to learn how to be good citizens. ____ 13. Men and women in traditional West African society were loyal to their a. religious and military leaders. c. nobility and elders. b. extended families and age-sets. d. work groups and parents. ____ 14. What does the animistic belief system reveal about traditional West Africans? a. They kept religious practice separate from daily activity. b. They were influenced by Asian culture. c. They relied on nature for survival. d. They were well-traveled. ____ 15. Which geographical feature was most important to people living in West Africa? a. Savannah c. Sahara b. Atlas Mountains d. Niger River ____ 16. Who were the Almoravids? a. Christians from southern Europe who joined forces with Ghana b. Muslims who attacked Ghana and cut off trade routes c. a group of sea-traveling people from the coast of southern Africa d. merchants from the north who controlled the salt trade ____ 17. In West Africa, what do the different regions running east and west have in common? a. They are all covered with grasslands. b. They are all warm. c. They all extend to the Mediterranean Sea. d. They are all on a desert plateau. ____ 18. All of the following happened during the reign of Sundiata except a. Mali took over the gold and salt trades in western Africa. b. Mali won its independence. c. Timbuktu became the center of the empire. d. beans, rice, onions, and cotton were farmed in the empire. ____ 19. Which of the following is a method Sundiata used to gain more power in Mali? a. He killed most of the local chiefs and leaders. b. He hired armies from other empires to work for him. c. He bribed citizens to be his followers. d. He took power away from local chiefs and leaders, including important religious leaders. ____ 20. Why was salt so valuable? a. Salt was used as a fertilizer for crops. b. Salt was used in many religious ceremonies. c. People needed salt in their diets. d. Salt was used as a medicine. ____ 21. Which city that was once the center of the Mali Empire became the center of the Songhai Empire? a. Djenné c. Mecca b. Gao d. Timbuktu ____ 22. Which of the following was not a way Mansa Musa spread Islam and education throughout Mali? a. He stressed the importance of reading and writing in Arabic, the language of the Qur´an. b. He hired artists and architects to build mosques in Mali. c. He outlawed all religions except Islam. d. He sent scholars to study in Morocco and then to set up schools in Mali. ____ 23. Which of the following is the most appropriate response to the statement “Sunni Ali was bad for the empires of western Africa”? a. “This is incorrect. Sunni Ali gave back lands to everyone who had lost territory.” b. “This is true, because he waged war on all the empires in the region.” c. “This is false, because he brought peace and stability to the area.” d. “This is correct. Sunni Ali’s policies destroyed grazing lands.” ____ 24. Which list of regions is in order from most rainfall to least? a. Sahel, savannah, rain forest, Sahara c. rain forest, savannah, Sahel, Sahara b. rain forest, Sahel, savannah, Sahara d. Sahel, rain forest, savannah, Sahara ____ 25. Which of the following best illustrates a similarity between the development of the Ghana and Mali empires? a. Both empires were formed as democracies. b. Both empires took advantage of large gold mines within their empires to fund their armies. c. Both empires were helped by outsiders. d. Both empires lay along the upper Niger River, where fertile soil made food plentiful. ____ 26. Which of the following are traditional West African crops? a. olives and grapes c. dates and kola nuts b. peanuts and soybeans d. sugar cane and rice PRACTICING SOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS Study the passage below and answer the question that follows. ____ 27. Which question could you ask to learn more about the origins of the blues? a. Who is the best modern jazz singer? b. Where is Memphis? c. What purpose did singing serve for slaves in America? d. Where did B. B. King grow up? ____ 28. Which of the following best describes the subject of a West African sculpture? a. a favorite family pet c. an important tree or plant b. a cow or other animal used as food d. the sculptor’s grandfather ____ 29. Farming in Africa improved around 500 BC because a. people began fertilizing the soil. b. people learned how to make iron tools. c. people learned to build structures to transport water. d. people began using animals to help harvest. ____ 30. Great civilizations in West Africa arose a. in the Sahara desert. c. in the Atlas Mountains. b. along the Niger River. d. along the Atlantic coast. ____ 31. Which two uses of iron were the most significant for West Africans? a. celebrating religious rites and using as weapons b. clearing the land and as weapons c. as farm tools and for religious rites d. decorating works of art and clearing land ____ 32. African storytellers who memorize and recite the names and histories of their people are called a. Almoravids. c. griots. b. kente. d. Dausi. ____ 33. Where did traders take West African gold? a. to North Africa c. to America b. to South Africa d. to Asia Short Answer 34. What role did music and dance play in early West African society? 35. How did religion affect the kingdom of Songhai?
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