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Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook

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					VGS-2008 May 15, 2008

Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook
Gary Lucier and Rachael L. Dettmann

Contents Summary Glossary of Specialized Terms Selected Conversion Factors Vegetables at a Glance List of Tables Tables

U.S. production of all vegetables, potatoes, melons, and pulse crops increased 5 percent in calendar year 2007. In addition, fresh and processed imports for these crops were above a year earlier plus inventories of processed vegetables coming into the year were greater. As a result, total vegetable and melon supplies available for domestic use and export were up 5 percent to about 181 billion pounds in 2007. Buoyed by larger supplies, per capita net domestic use (disappearance) of all vegetables, potatoes, melons, and pulse crops increased 2 percent to 444 pounds (fresh-weight basis) in 2007. Potatoes (including potato products) remained the top vegetable crop in the United States (28 percent of total use), followed by tomatoes and products (20 percent), all lettuce (8 percent), sweet corn and products (6 percent), and onions (5 percent). Retail prices for fresh market vegetables increased 3 percent in 2007—the second smallest increase this decade. So far in the 2000s, fresh vegetable retail prices have increased an average of 4 percent annually, about the same as during the 1990s when prices were more variable. Consumer prices for processed fruit and vegetables increased 4 percent in 2007—the largest year-over-year gain since 2002. Although prices for frozen vegetables were little changed from a year earlier, for the second consecutive year, retail prices for canned and dried vegetables rose 3 percent. The farm value share of the retail cost of all fresh vegetables increased 4 percent in 2007 to an estimated 19.6 percent. The farm value share increased for fresh tomatoes and lettuce but declined for broccoli and potatoes. Although it has been relatively steady over the past 5 years, the share of retail value accounted for by the shipping-point price of fresh tomatoes has averaged about 28 percent this decade—down from 31 percent in the 1990s and 37 percent during the 1980s. The vegetable and melon trade deficit widened in 2007 as the value of imports increased more than the value of vegetable and melon exports. In 2007, nearly 17 percent of all the vegetables and melons consumed domestically was imported, with 32 percent of frozen vegetables being sourced from other nations, compared with 18 percent a decade earlier. Keywords: Potatoes, tomatoes, onions, lettuce, dry beans, dry peas, lentils, area, mushrooms, production, consumption, per capita use, prices, exports, imports, trade.

Web Sites Veg. & Melons Potatoes Dry Beans U.S. Trade Data Market News NASS Statistics Organics Transportation -------------The next release is June 26, 2008. -------------Approved by the World Agricultural Outlook Board.

Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook. Market and Trade Economics Division, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, May 15, 2008, VGS-2008.

Contents
Summary……………………………………………………………………… iii Glossary of Specialized Terms……………………………………………….. Selected Conversion Factors…………………………………………………. Vegetables at a Glance……………………………………………………….. List of Tables………………………………………………………………… Tables………………………………………………………………………… Report Coordinator Gary Lucier Voice (202) 694-5253 FAX: (202) 694-5820 E-mail: GLucier@ers.usda.gov Principal Contributors Gary Lucier (202) 694-5253 Rachael L. Dettmann (202) 694-5286 Statistical Assistant Brenda Toland Editor Priscilla Smith 1 4 5 6 13

Approved by the World Agricultural Outlook Board. The Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook may be accessed electronically via the ERS website at www.ers.usda.gov/publications/vgs. The bi-monthly Vegetables and Melons Outlook newsletter can also be accessed from the above link.

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Summary
Industry • Aggregate U.S. output of vegetables, melons, potatoes, and pulse crops rose 5
percent in 2007. Reduced production of honeydew melons and processing sweet corn and snap beans was easily surpassed by stronger processing tomato, sweet potato, potato, and onion crops. Harvested area declined 3 percent to 7.02 million acres due mostly to reductions in pulse crops (dry beans, dry peas, and lentils). According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, producer prices for vegetables averaged above a year earlier across all major product categories in 2007. Fresh-market vegetables (up 11 percent), canned vegetables (up 3 percent), frozen vegetables (up 6 percent), dehydrated vegetables (up 10 percent), melon crops (up 20 percent), and pulse crops (up 41 percent) were higher. In 2007, retail prices for fresh and processed fruits and vegetables averaged 4 percent above the previous year, with the greatest increases in prices occurring during the spring (up 6 percent) and winter (up 5 percent) quarters. Retail prices for fresh market vegetables increased 3 percent in 2007—the second smallest increase this decade (the increase in 2003 was 2 percent). So far in the 2000s, fresh vegetable retail prices have increased an average of 4 percent annually, about the same as during the 1990s when prices were more variable. Consumer prices for processed fruit and vegetables increased 4 percent in 2007—the largest year-over-year gain since 2002. Although prices for frozen vegetables were little changed from a year earlier, for the second consecutive year, retail prices for canned and dried vegetables rose 3 percent. According to preliminary data, cash receipts for all vegetables, potatoes, melons, pulses, and mushrooms rose 9 percent in 2007 from the $18.9 billion received in 2006, driven in part by larger revenues from the marketing of lettuce, broccoli, celery, sweet potatoes, dry beans, and mushrooms. Imports of all vegetables, melons, pulse crops, and seed rose 9 percent to $7.9 billion, led by increases for fresh vegetables, melons, and dehydrated vegetables. Mexico remained the top foreign source with 45 percent of import value (the same as a year earlier), followed by Canada (23 percent), China (6 percent), Peru (4 percent), and Spain (4 percent). Imports accounted for 17 percent of all vegetable, melon, and pulse crop disappearance in 2007, up from 11 percent a decade earlier. Exports of all vegetables, melons, pulse crops, and seed rose 9 percent to $4.6 billion, led by increases for mushrooms, dry peas and lentils, and frozen vegetables. Canada remained the top foreign market with 47 percent of export value, followed by Mexico (11 percent), Japan (11 percent), Taiwan (2 percent), and South Korea (2 percent). About 9 percent of total U.S. vegetable and melon supplies were exported in 2007—little changed from a decade earlier. In 2007, per capita disappearance of all vegetable, melon, and pulse crops increased 2 percent to 444 pounds (farm-weight basis). Potatoes (including potato products) remained the top vegetable crop in the United States (28 percent of total use), followed by tomatoes and products (20 percent), all lettuce (8 percent), sweet corn and products (6 percent), and onions (5 percent).

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Fresh-market Vegetables

• Production of 24 major fresh-market vegetables and melons (excludes potatoes, mushrooms, and pulse crops) increased 2 percent to 49.4 billion pounds in 2007.
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Much of this gain in output was due to a larger bulb onion crop (up 6 million hundredweight (cwt)), as favorable weather resulted in strong yields in important producing States such as Idaho, Oregon, and New York. Production was also higher for many other crops including head lettuce, sweet corn, celery, romaine lettuce, cabbage, and carrots. Smaller crops were seen for broccoli, leaf lettuce, cucumbers, artichokes, and chile peppers. Fresh-market production increased 3 percent in California, which accounts for 50 percent of annual fresh-market vegetable and melon output in the United States. Recovering from weather-impacted output in 2006, Florida regained its position as the second-largest source of fresh-market vegetables and melons, with 8 percent of output. Arizona, which was the third-largest-producing State in 2007, with just under 8 percent of annual output, saw production drop 11 percent as reduced acreage and a hard freeze in January affected yields and crop output. The farm value of production for the 24 top fresh vegetable and melon crops rose 2 percent to $10.9 billion in 2007 as both prices and production increased. Seventeen of the 24 fresh-market vegetable and melon crops generated increased gross farm revenue, while the others experienced lower receipts. The top crop in terms of production value was head lettuce at $1.4 billion (due to a 30-percent surge in price), followed by fresh tomatoes at $1.3 billion (down 21 percent as prices largely returned to average levels), dry bulb onions at $840 million (down 21 percent from the 2006 record high), broccoli at a record $737 million (up 9 percent), and romaine lettuce, up 19 percent to a record $708 million. The farm value share of the retail cost of all fresh vegetables increased 4 percent in 2007 to an estimated 19.6 percent. The farm value share increased for fresh tomatoes and lettuce but declined for broccoli and potatoes. Although it has been relatively steady over the past 5 years, the shipping-point price of fresh tomatoes has averaged about 28 percent of the retail price this decade—down from 31 percent in the 1990s and 37 percent during the 1980s. Imports of fresh-market vegetables (excluding potatoes and melons) increased 7 percent to $4.1 billion in 2007. Mexico accounted for 68 percent of import value, down from 72 percent a decade earlier. Because of lower volume of such key products as tomatoes (down 17 percent), imports from Canada declined 3 percent to $702 million in 2007. Canada now accounts for 17 percent of the fresh-vegetable import market, compared with 19 percent in 2006 and 11 percent a decade earlier. Peru (5 percent of the import market) and China (3 percent) continued to increase their share of the U.S. fresh-vegetable import market. China sold $104 million in fresh vegetables to the United States in 2007, compared with just $3 million in 2000. The value of fresh-market vegetable exports (excluding potatoes and melons) increased 8 percent to $1.7 billion in 2007. Export concentration has increased over the past decade, with Canada now accounting for 80 percent of U.S. freshvegetable export value—up from 70 percent a decade earlier. Mexico (7 percent) and Japan (5 percent) complete the top three markets in 2007. Fresh-vegetable exports to Japan continue to shrink, dropping 11 percent to $81 million as nearby suppliers (such as China) now serve this market. On a per person basis, domestic disappearance for consumption of fresh-market vegetables (excluding melons, potatoes, sweet potatoes, pulses, and mushrooms) rose 2 percent to 155 pounds in 2007. Fresh-market use increased for crops like onions, cauliflower, pumpkins, sweet corn, celery, cabbage, and garlic and dropped for squash, artichokes, eggplant, bell peppers, and broccoli. In 2008, fresh-vegetable use is expected to decline slightly from that of a year earlier.
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Processing Vegetables

• Production of the major vegetables used for processing increased 12 percent to 17.8 million short tons in 2007. Five of the 11 crops registered increased output, with tomatoes again leading the way. In addition to tomatoes, gains in output were realized for crops used for freezing, including snap beans, green peas, broccoli, and spinach. Production of sweet corn used for canned products fell as both area and yields declined. Increased planted area and strong yields drove tomato output up 19 percent to 12.7 million tons. • Improved yields offset reduced area to leave pickling cucumber output up less than 1 percent in 2007. Yields were strong in Florida, which helped continue the growth in the State’s processing sector. Florida, with 14 percent of the crop, has surpassed North Carolina as the second-leading pickling-cucumber state, still a distant second to Michigan (31 percent of the crop). The average price paid at the plant door for cucumbers has increased 29 percent since 2005 as transport costs have risen and processors have had to compete with alternative crops for acreage. • The value of production for processing vegetables rose 20 percent to $1.65 billion. As with production, the top two crops in terms of farm value were tomatoes ($902 million) and sweet corn ($237 million). California ($896 million), Wisconsin ($116 million), Minnesota ($113 million), and Washington ($100 million) remained the top four in terms of processing farm value. • Producer prices for processed vegetables rose in 2007, driven by across-theboard increases for dehydrated vegetables (up 10 percent), frozen vegetables (up 6 percent), and canned vegetables (up 3 percent). As in 2006, much of the wholesale price strength in dehydrated vegetables was likely due to higher prices for garlic and onion powder. • The value of processed (canned, frozen, dried) vegetable and melon imports rose nearly 10 percent from a year earlier during January to December 2007. By value, Mexico (24 percent of the total), Canada (13 percent), and China (13 percent) remain the top three suppliers of processed vegetables. Although volume was down for canned vegetables and flat for dehydrated, import value for the canned, frozen, and dehydrated categories were each above a year earlier. • The value of processed vegetable and melon exports rose 10 percent from a year earlier during calendar year 2007. Export volume and values for the canned, frozen, and dehydrated categories were each above a year earlier. Export volume for frozen vegetables was up 10 percent, while canned export volume was up just 1 percent. Export volume was stronger for frozen sweet corn, canned whole tomatoes, and dehydrated onions, but lower for tomato paste, tomato sauce, and frozen peas. Among the top three U.S. markets for canned vegetables, the value of U.S. products shipped to Canada rose 10 percent, while the value of shipments to Japan (down 2 percent) and Mexico (down 17 percent) were each lower. • Per capita disappearance of processing vegetables (excluding potatoes, sweet potatoes, and mushrooms) increased 3 percent to 119 pounds in 2007, as use of vegetables for canning (up 3 percent) and freezing (up 4 percent) rose. Tomatoes accounted for 72 percent of 2007 canning vegetable disappearance—about the same as a decade earlier. Canning sweet corn use continues to trend lower, posting a 17-percent reduction to 6.9 pounds per person—the lowest since the mid-1930s.

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Melons

• Production of the top three melon crops (watermelon, cantaloup, and honeydew) rose 2 percent in 2007 due to larger watermelon and cantaloup crops. Harvested area for melon crops increased 3 percent to 257,680 acres, with the majority of the gain due to watermelon. • The value of melon production fell 1 percent in 2007 to $871 million due mostly to lower prices for cantaloup (down 14 percent to $14.80 per cwt). The lower prices pulled the value of the cantaloup crop to its lowest level since 1994. Meanwhile, the value of the watermelon crop rose 9 percent to a record $476 million as demand continues to move higher. • The value of melon imports jumped 17 percent to a record $413 million in 2007. Mexico accounted for 50 percent of U.S. melon imports, with watermelon accounting for the majority of shipments. Higher import volume was the primary force behind the 13-percent increase in the value of watermelon imports. For all melons, Guatemala (27 percent) and Costa Rica (12 percent) round out the top three foreign melon suppliers to the United States, with cantaloup accounting for the majority of shipments from these nations. • In 2007, the value of U.S. melon exports increased 7 percent to a record $127 million, with watermelon accounting for about half of the total. Canada (90 percent of export value), Japan (4 percent), and Mexico (4 percent) remained the top three foreign markets for U.S. melons. A 9-percent increase in the average export unit value (to 22 cents/lb) outweighed a 4-percent decline in watermelon export volume to push the value of watermelon exports up 5 percent from a year earlier. • Estimated disappearance of all melons totaled a record high 8.5 billion pounds in 2007—the third consecutive annual gain. On a per capita basis, domestic disappearance of the top 3 melon crops increased 2 percent from a year earlier to 28.1 pounds, with watermelon and cantaloup use each rising. • U.S. potato production increased 2 percent to 449 million hundredweight (cwt) in 2007. Both area harvested and average yield rose 1 percent from the previous year. Average yield reached a second consecutive record-high at 398 cwt per acre. Idaho (29 percent of output), Washington (23 percent), and Wisconsin (6 percent) remained the top producing States in 2007. • According to preliminary estimates, the value of U.S. potato production fell 1 percent to $3.2 billion in 2007. Gross revenue declined in 20 of the 31 surveyed potato States, but production value rose in the top two producing States. Buoyed by strong processing demand, crop value rose 9 percent in Washington to a record $614 million. • The preliminary estimate of the 2007/08 season-average farm price for potatoes for all uses fell 3 percent to $7.12 per cwt (equal to 7.12 cents per pound). Despite strong processing demand, the larger crop in 2007/08 apparently weighed prices down leaving expected prices for both fresh-market (tablestock) (down 7 percent) and processing potatoes (down 1 percent) lower. • Retail prices for fresh white potatoes fell 2 percent in calendar year 2007 from the previous year’s record high (unadjusted for inflation). Retail prices in 2007 also reflected marketings from the 2006 crop during the first half of the year. Average retail prices for potato chips rose 2 percent to $3.53 per pound in 2007. • In 2007, U.S. fresh and processed potato and potato product exports rose 11 percent to a record $1.05 billion. The top three markets remained Japan (26 percent of the total), Canada (23 percent), and Mexico (15 percent). Driven by
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Potatoes

higher potato prices, the value of fresh potato exports (excluding seed) fell 1 percent from the previous year’s record of $129 million. Exports of frozen french-fried potatoes, the top potato export, reached record highs in terms of both volume and value, with export value rising 18 percent to $549 million. • Imports of all potato and potato products (including dextrins) increased 6 percent to a record $908 million in 2007. Canada remained the top foreign source, supplying 93 percent of U.S. potato and potato product import volume, followed distantly by the Netherlands (3 percent) and Germany (2 percent). Frozen french-fried potatoes accounted for 62 percent of all U.S. potato import value in 2007, with almost all entering from Canada. • According to preliminary estimates, per capita disappearance of potatoes increased 2 percent in calendar 2007 to 123 pounds, with both fresh-market and processing potatoes registering gains. Increases in 2007 were estimated for fresh table potatoes, chipping potatoes, potatoes used for dehydrated products, and canning potatoes.

Sweet Potatoes

• U.S. sweet potato production increased 3 percent to 18.5 million cwt in 2007. Average yields increased 1 percent to a record 189 cwt per acre—the fifth consecutive year that yields have set a new standard. Reflecting good demand, strong prices, and favorable weather, area harvested rose 12 percent to 97,500 acres—the largest acreage since 1985. North Carolina (38 percent of the crop), California (23 percent), and Mississippi (19 percent) remained the 3 largest producers. • The preliminary estimate of the value of the U.S. sweet potato crop indicated a gain of 27 percent in 2007/08 to a record $374 million as higher average prices combined with a larger crop. Crop value in North Carolina, the leader in sweet potato crop value, jumped 30 percent to a record $148 million. • The estimated season-average price for sweet potatoes rose 12 percent to a nominal dollar record-high 20.3 cents per pound. Most of the price strength was in North Carolina and Louisiana, with prices lower in California and Mississippi. • The value of U.S. fresh and frozen sweet-potato imports rose 9 percent to $6.0 million (volume was up 13 percent). The Dominican Republic remained the largest foreign source of fresh and frozen sweet potatoes, supplying 85 percent of 2007 U.S. import volume. • The value of fresh and frozen sweet-potato exports rose 10 percent to $36 million, with volume up 2 percent. Much of the gain in value was the result of a 20-percent surge in volume shipped to the United Kingdom. Canada and the United Kingdom remained the two top foreign markets for U.S. sweet potatoes in 2007, with 57 and 35 percent of export value, respectively. • Despite strong export demand, the larger 2006 and 2007 crops pushed domestic disappearance of sweet potatoes for all uses up 15 percent to 1.57 billion pounds. On a per capita basis, use increased 14 percent to 5.2 pounds, the highest since 1985. Given expectations of increased acreage in 2008, another gain in per capita use is expected in 2008. • The U.S. dry edible bean crop was estimated to be 25.4 million cwt—up 5 percent from a year earlier. Harvested area was down 4 percent and hot, dry weather in Michigan, Colorado, and Idaho impacted crop development and yield potential. Despite the effects of dry weather, national per-acre yield averaged
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Dry Edible Beans

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17.2 cwt, up 9 percent from a year earlier and 4 percent above the average of the past 5 years. In North Dakota, again the leading State with 42 percent of the 2007 crop, production jumped 38 percent to a near record 10.6 million cwt. Pinto beans remained the leading dry bean class in 2007, accounting for 46 percent of the U.S. dry bean crop. North Dakota produced 65 percent of the pinto crop, followed by Nebraska (10 percent) and Idaho (5 percent). The preliminary 2007/08 season-average grower price for all dry beans was estimated at $26.40 per hundredweight (cwt)—up 19 percent from a year earlier and 43 percent above the low level of 2 years ago. It was also the highest season-average dry bean price since 1989. Grower prices for dry beans continued to increase in 2007/08, led by higher average prices for navy (pea) beans, light red kidney beans, and Great Northern beans. Reflecting the types of beans produced and relative production costs, grower prices averaged the lowest in North Dakota at $22.80 per cwt and highest in California at $47.30 per cwt. A larger crop combined with stronger season-average prices to push the value of the U.S. dry bean crop up 22 percent to $677 million in 2007/08. The value of the North Dakota dry bean crop was estimated to be $241 million—36 percent of the U.S. crop value and 55 percent greater than a year earlier. Given stronger prices and dwindling stocks, U.S. dry edible bean imports jumped 28 percent to $107 million in calendar year 2007. Miscellaneous beans (e.g., yellow beans, blackgram, etc.), black beans, and garbanzo beans were the leading classes imported. Canada accounted for 33 percent of U.S. dry bean import volume, followed by China (26 percent) and Mexico (17 percent). In 2007, imports accounted for 14 percent of U.S. dry bean consumption, up from 5 percent a decade earlier. In 2007, about 17 percent of U.S. dry bean supplies were exported compared with 24 percent a decade earlier. The value of dry bean exports fell 4 percent to $203 million in 2007 as a 15-percent reduction in volume outweighed higher prices. In terms of volume, Mexico (27 percent), the United Kingdom (9 percent), and Canada (8 percent) were the top foreign destinations. Pinto beans (195 million pounds), black beans (104 million pounds), and navy beans (103 million pounds) were the top three bean classes exported. With greater domestic availability (due to an increase in the 2007 crop, larger imports, and smaller exports) outweighing higher prices, domestic dry bean use rose to just under 2 billion pounds. When expressed on a per person basis, net domestic use of dry beans increased 3 percent to 6.6 pounds. Little change is currently expected in net domestic dry bean use in 2008, with supplies remaining tight and prices high. In 2007, gains in per capita net domestic use were noted for both white and nonwhite bean classes (each up 3 percent). White beans (navy, Great Northern, lima, and small white) accounted for 20 percent of all dry beans available domestically, the same as a year earlier but down from 31 percent a decade ago. With per capita use rising to 5.2 pounds in 2007, nonwhite beans (e.g., pinto, dark red kidney, black, etc.) remained dominant, led by pinto beans, black beans, and garbanzo beans.

Dry Peas and Lentils

• Production of dry peas (including wrinkled seed peas but excluding chickpeas) and lentils increased 16 percent to 20.0 million cwt in 2007. Output of all dry peas increased 18 percent, while lentil production rose 5 percent. Although
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output of Austrian winter peas and wrinkled seed peas fell, production of other dry peas (largely green and yellow peas) were record high. In 2007, dry pea and lentil yields improved in each of the surveyed states over the weather-reduced performance of a year earlier. Improved yields were the key to increased output in 2007, outweighing reductions in harvested area for dry peas (down 8 percent) and lentils (down 28 percent). Based on preliminary estimates of season average prices, the value of all U.S. dry pea and lentil production totaled $254 million in 2007/08—up 82 percent from a year earlier. All dry pea (dry peas, Austrian winter peas, wrinkled seed peas, and small chickpeas) crop value rose 81 percent to $180 million as the larger crop was met by a strong market and sharply higher prices. The value of lentil output jumped 83 percent to $74 million as a slightly larger crop was reinforced by a 75 percent gain in the marketing-year average price. Reflecting good demand and strong prices for most field crops, the preliminary estimate of the 2007/08 season-average grower price for all dry peas soared 60 percent from a year earlier to $10.50 per cwt. Strong demand, low beginning stocks, and competition with grain crops pushed average lentil prices up 75 percent to $21.70 per cwt—the highest since 1990. The value of dry pea and lentil imports declined 8 percent to $40 million during calendar 2007. In terms of volume, Canada (51 percent of the total), New Zealand (13 percent), and Mexico (10 percent) were the top suppliers in 2007. Split peas (24 percent of the total), chickpeas (19 percent), and green peas (16 percent) were the top import classes in 2007. In 2007, the value of dry pea and lentil exports rose 38 percent from a year earlier to $206 million with higher average export prices supporting a 5 percent increase in volume. In terms of volume, India (34 percent of the total), Kenya (6 percent), and Canada (6 percent) were the top foreign destinations for U.S. dry peas and lentils. Whole green peas (33 percent of the total), yellow peas (29 percent), and lentils (18 percent) were the top export classes. Per capita disappearance of dry peas (excluding chickpeas) and lentils for domestic human food was estimated at 0.9 pound in 2007, down from the record high 1.2 pounds the previous year. Exports utilize more than half the annual supply of dry peas and lentils.

Mushrooms

• In 2006/07, total U.S. mushroom sales volume declined 2 percent to 827 million pounds. The volume of Agaricus mushrooms, which accounts for 98 percent of all mushroom sales, declined 1 percent. Total Agaricus area in production (fillings) rose 1 percent to 143.4 million square feet but was outweighed by a 3percent drop in yield per square foot. The yield was the lowest since 1999. • Fresh-market Agaricus sales volume fell 1 percent to 697 million pounds, accounting for 86 percent of all Agaricus sales. On the processing side, Agaricus volume fell 9 percent and now stands 37 percent below a decade earlier. • The sales volume of specialty mushrooms (excluding brown Agaricus), most of which are sold in the fresh market, declined 5 percent to 12.8 million pounds, with the entire drop in Shiitake mushrooms (down 13 percent). • The volume of brown Agaricus mushrooms (including Portabello and Crimini varieties), which have been trending higher, fell 15 percent in 2006/07— effectively erasing all the gain of a year earlier. These varieties now account for 15 percent of Agaricus sales value, down from 18 percent a year earlier. • The total value of the 2006/07 mushroom crop was estimated to be up 7 percent to a nominal dollar record high of $956 million. The gain in crop value was a
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reflection of higher prices for both fresh and processing mushrooms. Growers in Pennsylvania accounted for 48 percent of the farm value of the Agaricus mushroom crop, followed by California with 20 percent. Although demand for fresh-market mushrooms has been creeping higher, average prices rose 7 percent in 2006/07 to a nominal dollar record $1.21 per pound. Meanwhile, reflecting reduced mushroom supplies, the unit value of mushrooms available for processing jumped 50 percent to $0.64 cents per pound—the highest nominal dollar price since 1994/95. According to data from the U.S. Census Bureau, during the 2006/07 crop year the value of all U.S. fresh-market and processed mushroom (excluding truffles and spawn) imports rose 24 percent to $258 million. Import volume expressed on a fresh-weight equivalent basis increased 19 percent to 405 million pounds. In terms of value, China (37 percent of the total), Canada (29 percent), and India (10 percent) were the leading foreign suppliers of mushrooms and mushroom products. The value of canned mushroom imports jumped 48 percent to $136 million, with China (52 percent of the total), India (19 percent), and Indonesia (15 percent) the top sources. One-third of all mushrooms used in the United States were imported in 2006/07, with substantially different situations in the fresh and processing markets. In the fresh market, 9 percent of mushroom consumption was satisfied through imports, while 76 percent of mushrooms consumed in processed form were imported. The import shares in both markets are trending upward. The value of U.S. mushroom and mushroom products exports (excluding spawn and truffles) rose 11 percent to $25 million. The value of exports to Canada, the destination for two-thirds of U.S. mushroom exports, increased 34 percent in 2006/07. For the 2006/07 season, disappearance of all mushrooms on a fresh-weight basis totaled 1.2 billion pounds. While fresh-market use declined 3 percent to 2.55 pounds per person, per capita use of mushrooms for processing recovered from the lows experienced in 2005, increasing 13 percent to 1.47 pounds. In 2007/08, use of all mushrooms is projected to remain steady at 4 pounds per person, with a small increase in fresh-market use offsetting slightly lower processing use.

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Glossary of Specialized Terms
Arrivals: Quantity of produce received by wholesalers and chain stores in selected cities, as shipped from major production areas. Carryover stocks: The quantity of product remaining in storage at the end of the crop year. Cash receipts: The value of commodity marketings during the calendar year, irrespective of the year of production. For program crops, also includes net Commodity Credit Corp. (CCC) loans (there are none for vegetables or potatoes). C.I.F. value: (Cost, insurance, and freight). Terms of sale whereby the seller’s (exporter) price includes the cost of the goods being sold and all transportation charges, including insurance expenses, to the destination point (importer). Cold storage: The quantity of product in refrigerated warehouses at a given point in time. Constant 2000 dollars: Expression of value in terms of purchasing power in the year 2000. Frequently referred to as deflated or real dollars. Contract acreage: Area planted by agreement between processors and growers, generally at an agreed price and conditions, including quality. Customs Import Value: Represents a value in the foreign country and therefore excludes U.S. import duties, freight, insurance, and other charges incurred in bringing the merchandise to the United States. This valuation is primarily used for collection of import duties and frequently does not reflect the actual transaction values (see C.I.F. value). Cwt: Abbreviation for hundredweight, a unit of measure equal to 100 pounds. Dual-purpose vegetables: Commodities that may be sold in fresh or processing markets. Dual commodities include (but are not limited to) asparagus, broccoli, cauliflower, celery, chile peppers, and bell peppers. Dumping: The sale of a commodity in a foreign market at less than fair market value. Fall season: Production period that mainly spans October to December. Farm weight: The raw or unprocessed weight of a product in fresh form prior to any processing; also called fresh-weight, field-run, or orchard-run.

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F.A.S. (free alongside ship) value: A price quotation that includes all costs of transportation and delivery of the goods to the dock alongside the ship (or other means of transport). F.o.b. (free on board) shipping-point price: A price quotation that includes a loading charge at the shipping point but no further transport cost. In this publication, f.o.b. is the average, unweighted unit price received by the shipper or grower-shipper primarily for sales in carload or truckload quantities, but also including mixed loads. Fresh-cut vegetables (fresh-processed): Fresh-market vegetables that have been trimmed, peeled, or cut (but not heated) into a completely usable fresh product, which is marketed in a prepackaged form. Examples include bagged salads, baby peeled carrots, and broccoli florets. In terms of the data in this report, these products are still considered fresh-market commodities. Fresh-market vegetables: Sold primarily as fresh; includes artichokes, asparagus, green lima beans, snap beans, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cantaloupes, carrots, cauliflower, celery, sweet corn, cucumbers, eggplant, escarole and endive, garlic, radishes, honeydews, lettuce, onions, bell peppers, spinach, tomatoes, and watermelons. Includes fresh-cut products such as baby carrots, baby spinach, and bagged salads. Grower-packer return: Price received by the grower-packer. Marketing spread: The difference between the retail price and the grower-packer return. Market year average (MYA) prices: Represent weighted-average prices for crops sold during a specific marketing year. Marketing years generally vary by state and crop, with most U.S.-level fresh-market vegetables on a calendar year basis. State MYA prices are calculated as the weighted average of monthly prices using monthly shipments as weights. U.S. MYA prices are derived by dividing the sum of state-level crop values by the sum of their production volume. Pack: The quantity of fresh or processed product placed in containers (e.g., cans). Generally refers to the output of a processing industry (e.g., frozen pack of broccoli). Pay weight: The weight of useable product delivered to the processing plant and paid for at the rates specified by contract. Per capita use: A measure of commodity disappearance on a per-person basis. Equal to total supply (production plus imports plus beginning stocks) less uses (exports, shrink and loss, seed use, ending stocks) divided by total U.S. population (including military). Also known as per capita net domestic use and presented by
2 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/VGS-2008/May 15, 2008
Economic Research Service, USDA

ERS in both farm-weight equivalent (in this document) and retail-weight equivalent (on the ERS food consumption web site). Price at point of first sale: An average price quotation that may be measured at any of several places in the marketing chain, including f.o.b. shipping point, the farm, farmer’s market, grower auctions, bulk sales to a packer, U-pick operations, and roadside farm stands. Processing vegetables: Commodities sold primarily to processors; include (but not limited to) green lima beans, snap beans, beets, cabbage, sweet corn, cucumbers, chile peppers, green peas, spinach, and tomatoes. Product weight: The weight of a product in its final packaged form. For example, the weight of the contents of a can of tomato paste. Pulses: A term used collectively for dry edible beans, dry edible peas, Austrian winter peas, chickpeas, and lentils. Retail weight: The final weight of a farm product (e.g., fresh tomatoes, frozen broccoli, etc.) delivered to a retailer or foodservice purveyor’s loading dock after adjusting for marketing/ processing losses and/or shrinkage from the product’s original farm (or primary) weight. Season-average price: Average price received by the grower-packer (growershipper), weighted by quantity marketed. Shipments: Quantity of produce marketed from major production areas. Short ton: A unit of measure equal to 2,000 pounds. A metric ton is equal to 1,000 kilograms or 2,204.62 pounds. Specialties: A term for commodities (limited here to vegetables) not generally considered to be mainstream. Examples include jicama, dasheen, and cassava. May also include "minor vegetables," such as okra, chile peppers, pumpkins, and tropical vegetables. Spring season: Production period that mainly spans April to June. Summer season: Production period that mainly spans July to September. Value of production: The value of commodities produced during the crop year. Calculated as production times marketing year average price. May be equal to cash receipts when the crop year for a vegetable runs from January through December. Winter season: Production period that mainly spans January to March.
3 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/VGS-2008/May 15, 2008
Economic Research Service, USDA

Selected Conversion Factors
General factors: 1 hundredweight (cwt) = 100 pounds 1 cwt = 0.04536 metric tons 1 ton = 2,000 pounds 1 short ton = 1 ton (2,000 pounds) 1 kilogram = 2.20462 pounds 1 metric ton = 1,000 kilograms 1 metric ton = 1.102311 short tons 1 metric ton = 2,204.622 pounds 1 hectoliter = 26.41721 gallons 1 short ton per acre = 0.4467 times 1 metric ton per hectare 1 cwt per acre = 1 hectogram per hectare divided by 1120.953 1 hectare = 2.471 acres 1 acre = 43,560 square feet 1 square mile = 640 acres Cents per pound = Dollars per cwt divided by 100. Selected farm-retail weight equivalents: 1 pound iceberg lettuce on farm = 0.97 pound whole unwrapped 1 pound iceberg lettuce on farm = 0.98 pound whole wrapped 1 pound iceberg lettuce on farm = 0.90 pound chopped lettuce 1 pound iceberg lettuce on farm = 0.80 pound shredded lettuce 1 pound cabbage on farm = 0.97 pounds whole unwrapped 1 pound cabbage on farm = 0.75 pounds shredded cabbage 1 pound broccoli on farm = 0.95 pound whole 1 pound broccoli on farm = 0.78 pound broccoli crowns 1 pound broccoli on farm = 0.55 pound broccoli florets 1 pound spinach on farm = 0.86 pound triple-washed bagged (over 3.5 inches) 1 pound spinach on farm = 0.70 pound frozen spinach 1 pound tomatoes on farm = 0.85 pound fresh whole tomatoes at retail 1 pound tomatoes on farm = 0.16 pound tomato paste 1 pound tomatoes on farm = 0.57 pound canned whole tomatoes 1 pound tomatoes on farm = 0.06 pound whole dried tomatoes 1 pound garlic on farm = 0.37 pound dry bulb garlic 1 pound fresh (wet) chile peppers on farm = 0.125 pound dry-weight 1 pound potatoes on farm = 0.95 pound fresh whole potatoes at retail 1 pound potatoes on farm = 0.70 pound fresh-cut refrigerated potatoes 1 pound potatoes on farm = 0.75 pound frozen mashed potatoes 1 pound potatoes on farm = 0.53 pound frozen french fries 1 pound potatoes on farm = 0.23 pound potato chips 1 pound potatoes on farm = 0.20 pound dehydrated potatoes

4 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/VGS-2008/May 15, 2008
Economic Research Service, USDA

Vegetables at a Glance
U. S. vegetable production
Percent of 1982

Prices received by growers for vegetables
Percent of 1990-92

180 160 140 120 100 80
1985 87 89 91 93 95 97 99 2001 03 05 07
Output index Trend

180 160 140 120 100 80 1985 87 89 91 93 95 97 99 2001 03 05 07
Current Deflated 2000=100

Producer price index for vegetables
Percent of 1982 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 1985 87 89 91 93 95 97 99 2001 03 05 07
Frozen Canned Fresh

Vegetable cash receipts
Billion dollars 25

20 15 10 5 0

Potatoes

Lettuce

Tomatoes

Other

1985 87

89

91

93

95

97

99 2001 03

05

07

Billion pounds 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1985 87

U.S. fresh vegetable imports
Other Melons Onions Cucumbers Tomatoes

U.S. fresh vegetable exports
Billion pounds 5 4 3 2 1 0
Other Melons Onions Lettuce Tomatoes

89

91

93

95

97

99 2001 03

05

07

1985 87

89

91

93

95

97

99 2001 03

05

07

Retail price for fresh and processed vegetables
Percent of 1982-84 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 1985 87 89 91 93 95 97 99 2001 03 05 07
Processed Fresh

Per capita vegetable use
Pounds (farm-weight basis) 500 400
Canning Freezing

300 200 100 0 1985 87
Fresh

Potatoes, sweet potatoes, and dry beans

89

91

93

95

97

99 2001 03

05

07

Source: USDA, Economic Research Service.

5 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/VGS-2008/May 15, 2008
Economic Research Service, USDA

List of Tables
Industry
1. U.S. per capita use of selected, commercially produced, fresh, and processing vegetables and melons, 1970-2008……………………… 2. Vegetables: U.S. cash receipts, 1980-2007 ………….……………..... 3. U.S. vegetable and melon industry: Total area harvested and production 1992-2007…………………………………………….…. 13 16 17

Fresh Vegetables
4. Vegetables, fresh market: Selected shipments, 1992-2007…………... 5. Vegetables, fresh market: Harvested acreage of major vegetables, 1980-2007……………….…………………………………………… 6. Vegetables, fresh market: Production of major vegetables, 1980-2007…….…….…….…….…….…….…….…….…….……… 7. Vegetables, fresh market: Value of production of major vegetables, 1980-2007……………………………………………………………. 8. Fresh-market production of selected vegetables for selected States, 1990-2007…..………………………………….…………………...... 9. Vegetables, commercial: U.S. monthly and annual average shipping-point price index, 1979-2008..……………………………… 10. Vegetables, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual producer price index, 1979-2008……………………………………..……………… 11. Vegetables, fresh market, including potatoes: U.S. monthly and annual Consumer Price Index, 1979-2008………………………..….. 12. Vegetables, fresh market: U.S. annual average retail prices, 1980-2007………………………………………………………..…… 13. Vegetables, fresh-market: U.S. imports of major vegetables, 19792007………………………………………………………..………… 14. Selected fresh vegetables: U.S. import value from selected countries and the world, 2002-07…………………………………..… 15. Vegetables, fresh market: Selected U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1979-2008…………………………………………………………….. 16. Vegetables, fresh market: Share of consumption derived from imports, 1980-2008…………………………………..……….………. 17. Vegetables, fresh market: Selected U.S. exports, 1979-2007………… 18. Selected fresh vegetables: U.S. export value to selected countries and the world, 2000-07……………………………………….………. 19. Vegetables, fresh market: Selected U.S. monthly and annual exports, 1979-2008…………………………………………………………….. 20. Vegetables, fresh market: Share of supply exported, 1980-2008…….. 21. Vegetables, fresh market: U.S. per capita utilization, 1979-2008……. 22. Asparagus, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008…………………………………..….. 23. Asparagus, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1979-2008 …………………………………………………………… 24. Broccoli, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008…………………………………..….. 25. Broccoli, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1989-2008.. 18 19 20 21 22 24 25 26 27 28 29 31 32 33 34 36 37 38 39 40 41 42

6 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/VGS-2008/May 15, 2008
Economic Research Service, USDA

26. Cantaloup, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1995-2008……………………………………… 27. Melons: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1980-2008…………….… 28. Melons: U.S. monthly and annual exports, 1989-2008……….……… 29. Carrots, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008……………………………….……… 30. Carrots: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1989-2008………………. 31. Cauliflower, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008….……………………………. 32. Cauliflower: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1989-2008….………. 33. Celery, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008……….……………………………... 34. Celery: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1989-2008……….………. 35. Cucumbers, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1996-2008..……………………………………. 36. Cucumbers: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1989-2008..………… 37. Head lettuce, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008……………………………… 38. Lettuce, iceberg, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual retail price, 1979-2008…………………………………………………….. 39. Lettuce, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual retail price index, 1979-2008…………………………………………………………… 40. Lettuce, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1979-2008…….…….……….…….…….…….…….…….….…….. . 41. Lettuce: U.S. monthly and annual exports, 1990-2008…….…….…. 42. Onions, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008…………………………………….. 43. Onions, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1979-2008…….…….…….…….…….…….…….…….…….……… 44. Onions, fresh dry bulb: U.S. monthly and annual exports, 1990-2008.. 45. Snap beans, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1996-2008. ……………………………… 46. Snap beans: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1989-2008.…………. 47. Sweet corn, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008………………………………. 48. Sweet corn, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual export volume, 1990-2008……………………………………………………………. 49. Tomatoes, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008………….…….……..…….… 50. Tomatoes, field-grown, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual, retail price, 1979-2008……………………………………………….. 51. Tomatoes, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual retail price index, 1979-2008……………………………………………………………. 52. Tomatoes, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1980-2008……………………………………………………………. 53. Tomatoes, all, fresh-market: U.S. monthly and annual exports, 1990-2008………………………………………………… ..

43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70

7 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/VGS-2008/May 15, 2008
Economic Research Service, USDA

Fresh and Processing Supply and Use
54. U.S. fresh tomatoes (field and hothouse): Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008………………………………………... 55. U.S. fresh bell peppers: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 ………………………………………………………..…... 56. U.S. fresh head lettuce: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008………………………..…………………………………… 57. U.S. leaf and romaine lettuce: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1990-2008……………….…………………………………… 58. U.S. fresh onions: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………..….…………………………... 59. U.S. fresh sweet corn: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008…………………………………………………………….. 60. U.S. fresh carrots: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008…………………………………………………………….. 61. U.S. fresh broccoli: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………………………... 62. U.S. fresh cauliflower: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………………………… 63. U.S. fresh asparagus: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………………………… 64. U.S. fresh celery: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………………………… 65. U.S. fresh cucumbers: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………………………… 66. U.S. cabbage: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………………………… 67. U.S. artichokes, all uses: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 …………………………………………………….. 68. U.S. eggplant, all uses: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………………………… 69. U.S. garlic, all uses: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………………………… 70. U.S. fresh-market snap beans: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………….. 71. U.S. fresh-market spinach: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………………. 72. U.S. fresh-market potatoes: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 ……………………………………………………. 73. U.S. honeydew melons: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 ……………………………………………………. 74. U.S. cantaloup: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008…………………………………………………………….. 75. U.S. watermelon: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………………………... 76. U.S. asparagus for freezing: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 ……………………………………………………. 77. U.S. broccoli for processing: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………… 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94

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Economic Research Service, USDA

78. U.S. cauliflower for processing: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………… 79. U.S. green peas for freezing: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………… 80. U.S. snap beans for freezing: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………… 81. U.S. sweet corn for freezing: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………… 82. U.S. potatoes for freezing: Supply and utilization, farm weight, 1979-2008…………………………………………………………….. 83. U.S. spinach for freezing: Supply and utilization, farm weight, 1979-2008…………………………………………………………….. 84. U.S. carrots for freezing: Supply and utilization, farm weight, 1979-2008…………………………………………………………….. 85. U.S. tomatoes for processing: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008………………………………………………. 86. U.S. sweet corn for canning: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008………………………………………………. 87. U.S. snap beans for canning: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008………………………………………………. 88. U.S. green peas for canning: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008………………………………………………. 89. U.S. cucumbers for pickles: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008………………………………………………. 90. U.S. sweet potatoes, all uses: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………….. 91. U.S. squash, all uses: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008…………………………………………………………….. 92. U.S. onions for dehydrating: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 …………………………………………………….

95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109

Fresh Marketing Spreads
93. Broccoli: U.S. monthly average retail price, marketing spread, and shipping-point price, 1995-2008………………………………… 94. Lettuce, iceberg: U.S. monthly average retail price, marketing spread, and shipping-point price, 1979-2008………………………… 95. Tomatoes, fresh field-grown: U.S. monthly average retail price, marketing spread, and shipping-point price, 1979-2008……………... 96. Potatoes, fresh: U.S. retail price, marketing spread, and growerpacker return, 1979-2008……………………………………………... 110 111 112 113

Processing Vegetables
97. Vegetables, selected: Fresh and processing per capita utilization, 1979-2008…………………………………………………………….. 98. Vegetables, processing: Harvested acreage for canning and freezing, 1979-2007…………………………………………………………….. 99. Vegetables, processing: Production for canning and freezing, 1979-2007…………………………………………………………….. 100. Vegetables, processing: Value of production for canning and freezing, 1979-2007…………………………………………………………….. 114 115 116 117

9 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/VGS-2008/May 15, 2008
Economic Research Service, USDA

101. Vegetables, processing: Raw product prices for canning and freezing, 1979-2007…………………………………………………………… 102. Vegetables, processed: U.S. monthly and annual retail price index, 1986-2008…………………………………………………………… 103. Vegetables, processing: Selected U.S. per capita utilization, 1979-2008…………………………………………………………… 104. Vegetables and fruits, dehydrated: U.S. monthly and annual producer price index, 1982-2008………………………………………………. 105. Vegetables, canned: U.S. monthly and annual producer price index, 1979-2008…………………………………………………………… 106. Vegetables, canned: Selected U.S. imports, by type, 1979-2007….… 107. Vegetables, canned: Selected U.S. exports, by type, 1979-2007 ……. 108. Selected canned vegetables: U.S. export value to selected countries and the world, 2002-07………………………………………………. 109. Selected canned vegetables: U.S. import value from selected countries and the world, 2003-07……………………………………. 110. Vegetables, frozen: Pack and carryover, 1979-2007………………… 111. Vegetables, frozen: Annual pack of major vegetables, 1979-2005….. 112. Vegetables, frozen: January 1 stocks of major vegetables, 1979-2008…….…….…….…….…….…….…….…….…….……… 113. Vegetables, frozen: U.S. monthly and annual producer price index, 1979-2008……………………………………………………………… 114. Vegetables, frozen: U.S. imports, by type, 1979-2007………………… 115. Vegetables, frozen: U.S. exports, by type, 1979-2007 ………………… 116. Selected frozen vegetables: U.S. import value from selected countries and the world, 2003-07……………………………………… 117. Selected frozen vegetables: U.S. export value to selected countries and the world, 2000-07…………………………………………………

118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134

Potatoes and Sweet Potatoes
118. Potatoes: Harvested acreage, by season, 1979-2008…………………… 119. Potatoes: Production, by season, 1979-2008…………………………… 120. Potatoes, all seasons: Production, by major State, 1979-2007…………. 121. Potatoes, all seasons: Value of production, by major State, 1979-2007… 122. Potatoes, all seasons: Crop-year utilization, 1979-2006…..……………. 123. Potatoes: Season-average price and value of farm sales by season, 1979-2006……………………………………………………………… 124. Potatoes: January 1 stocks of fresh fall-season potatoes in major States, 1979-2008……………………………………………………..... 125. Potatoes, all: U.S. monthly and season-average grower price, 1986-2008……………………………………………………………… 126. Potatoes, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual retail price index, 1979-2008……………………………………………………………… 127. Potatoes, frozen french fries: U.S. monthly and annual producer price index, 1979-2008………………………………………………… 128. Potatoes: U.S. monthly retail price, by product, 1987-2008…………... 129. Potatoes: Selected U.S. imports, by type, calendar 1979-2007……..…. 130. Potatoes: Selected U.S. exports, by type, calendar 1979-2007……..…. 131. Potatoes: U.S. per capita utilization, by category, 1978-2008………… 132. Sweet potatoes: Production, by State, 1979-2007……………………... 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149

10 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/VGS-2008/May 15, 2008
Economic Research Service, USDA

133. Sweet potatoes: U.S. acreage, yield, production, and value, 1979-2008……………………………………………………………… 150 134. Sweet potatoes: U.S. monthly export and import volume, 1989-2007.... 151

Pulses
135. Dry edible beans: Harvested acreage, by State, 1979-2007…………… 136. Dry edible beans: Production, by class, 1979-2007…………………… 137. Dry edible beans: Production, by State, 1979-2007……………………. 138. Dry edible beans: Value of production, by State, 1979-2007…………. 139. Dry edible beans: Season-average wholesale price, by class, 1979-2007……………………………………………………………… 140. Dry edible beans: U.S. monthly and season-average grower price, crop year 1979/80-2007/08…………………………………………….. 141. Dry edible beans: U.S. imports, by class, 1979-2008………………….. 142. Selected dry beans: U.S. export value to selected countries and the world, 2003-2007……………………………………………… 143. Dry edible beans: U.S. exports, by class, 1979-2008………………….. 144. Dry edible beans: U.S. per capita disappearance (use) for selected classes, 1977-2008………………………………………….… 145. Dry edible peas: U.S. acreage, yield, production, and value, 1979-2008……………………………………………………………… 146. Lentils, dry: U.S. acreage, yield, production, and value, 1979-2008….. 147. Austrian winter peas, dry: U.S. acreage, yield, production, and value, 1979-2008………………………………………………………. 148. Dry edible peas and lentils: U.S. producer price index, 1991/92-2007/08………………………………………………………. 149. Dry peas and lentils: U.S. exports, by class, 1979-2007………………. 150. Dry peas and lentils: U.S. imports, by class, 1979-2007……………… 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167

Mushrooms
151. Agaricus mushrooms: Production, by type of sale, 1970/71-2006/07…. 152. Agaricus mushrooms: Price and value, by type of sale, 1970/71-2006/07………………………………………………………. 153. Specialty mushrooms: Production, price and value, by type of sale, 1986/87-2006/07………………………………………………… 154. Mushrooms: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1992-2008 …………… 155. Mushrooms, fresh-market and canned: U.S. monthly and annual exports, 1989-2008……………………………………………………. 156. Mushrooms, all: U.S. per capita utilization, 1970-2008………………. 157. U.S. fresh-market mushrooms, all: Supply, disappearance, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………….. 158. U.S. mushrooms for processing, all: Supply, disappearance, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008……………………………………………….. 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175

Specialties and World Production
159. Specialty vegetables: Fresh and processed imports, 1980-2007……… 160. Specialty and minor vegetables, fresh and processed: Harvested acreage, California, 1993-2006……………………………………….. 176 177

11 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/VGS-2008/May 15, 2008
Economic Research Service, USDA

161. Specialty and minor vegetables, fresh and processed: Production, California, 1993-2006…….…….…….…….…….…….…….…….… 162. Specialty and minor vegetables, fresh and processed: Value of production, California, 1993-2006…….…….…….…….…….……… 163. Specialty vegetables, fresh market: U.S. domestic and imported shipments, 1992-2007…….…….…….…….…….…….…….…….…. 164. Selected vegetable production in leading countries and the world, 1997-2006………… ………………………………………….. 165. Selected vegetable harvested acreage in leading countries and the world, 1997-2006………………………………………………….

178 179 180 181 184

12 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/VGS-2008/May 15, 2008
Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 1--U.S. per capita use of selected, commercially produced, fresh, and processing vegetables and melons, 1970-2008
Crop Asparagus, all Fresh Canning Freezing Snap beans, all Fresh Canning Freezing Broccoli, all 1/ Fresh Freezing Cabbage, all Fresh Canning (kraut) Carrots, all 2/ Fresh Canning Freezing Cauliflower, all 1/ Fresh Freezing Celery Sweet corn, all 3/ Fresh Canning Freezing Cucumbers, all Fresh Pickling Melons Watermelon Cantaloup Honeydew Lettuce, all Head lettuce Romaine & leaf Onions, all Fresh Dehydrating Green peas, all 4/ Canning Freezing Peppers, all Bell peppers, all Chile peppers, all Tomatoes, all Fresh Canning Other, fresh 5/ Other, canning 6/ Other, freezing 7/ Subtotal, all 8/ Fresh Canning Freezing Potatoes, all Fresh Processing Sweet potatoes Mushrooms Dry peas & lentils Dry edible beans Total, all items 1970 1.3 0.4 0.6 0.3 7.6 1.5 4.7 1.4 1.5 0.5 1.0 11.1 8.8 2.3 9.5 6.0 2.1 1.4 1.2 0.7 0.5 7.3 27.9 7.8 14.3 5.8 8.5 2.8 5.7 21.6 13.5 7.2 0.9 22.4 22.4 -11.3 10.1 1.2 5.1 3.2 1.9 2.2 2.2 -74.2 12.1 62.1 3.7 2.7 2.9 222.0 107.9 97.7 15.2 121.7 61.8 59.9 5.4 1.3 0.8 6.8 358.0 1971 1.3 0.4 0.6 0.3 7.5 1.5 4.6 1.4 1.6 0.7 0.9 11.3 8.8 2.5 9.4 6.1 2.0 1.3 1.3 0.7 0.6 7.3 27.8 7.5 14.8 5.5 8.3 2.8 5.5 20.7 13.0 6.8 0.9 22.4 22.4 -12.2 10.7 1.5 5.3 3.2 2.1 2.3 2.3 -79.6 11.3 68.3 3.7 3.0 3.2 228.2 106.9 104.5 15.3 117.8 56.1 61.7 4.9 1.4 0.7 6.8 359.8 1972 1.2 0.4 0.6 0.2 7.5 1.5 4.6 1.4 1.7 0.7 1.0 10.6 8.4 2.2 10.4 6.5 2.4 1.5 1.3 0.8 0.5 7.1 28.2 7.8 15.0 5.4 8.4 3.0 5.4 20.3 12.3 7.0 1.0 22.4 22.4 -11.6 10.7 0.9 5.1 3.1 2.0 2.4 2.4 -77.0 12.1 64.9 3.8 3.0 3.2 225.2 107.9 101.2 15.2 119.4 57.9 61.5 4.9 1.6 0.8 6.0 357.9 1973 1.2 0.4 0.6 0.2 8.0 1.4 4.9 1.7 1.8 0.8 1.0 11.0 8.9 2.1 10.6 6.7 2.3 1.6 1.4 0.8 0.6 7.6 28.4 7.9 14.5 6.0 8.4 2.7 5.7 19.9 12.7 6.1 1.1 23.1 23.1 -11.4 10.2 1.2 5.3 3.4 1.9 2.5 2.5 -70.9 12.5 58.4 4.0 2.9 3.3 221.7 109.4 94.8 16.3 118.2 52.4 65.8 5.0 1.7 0.6 7.4 354.6 1974 1.1 0.4 0.5 0.2 7.8 1.4 4.9 1.5 1.9 0.8 1.1 11.1 8.8 2.3 10.7 6.9 2.0 1.8 1.5 0.8 0.7 7.4 27.1 7.7 13.5 5.9 8.7 3.0 5.7 17.6 11.3 5.3 1.0 23.5 23.5 -12.7 11.2 1.5 4.9 2.9 2.0 2.7 2.7 -73.1 11.8 61.3 4.0 2.6 2.9 221.3 108.0 95.7 16.1 117.2 49.4 67.8 4.9 1.8 0.7 5.5 351.4 1975 1.2 0.4 0.6 0.2 7.0 1.4 4.4 1.2 2.0 1.0 1.0 11.0 8.9 2.1 9.9 6.4 1.9 1.6 1.5 0.9 0.6 6.9 26.1 7.8 12.0 6.3 8.9 2.8 6.1 17.7 11.4 5.2 1.1 23.5 23.5 -12.5 10.5 2.0 4.7 2.8 1.9 2.5 2.5 -73.9 12.0 61.9 4.2 2.9 2.8 219.2 106.9 94.7 15.6 121.9 52.6 69.3 5.4 1.9 0.4 6.8 355.6 1976 1977 Pounds, farm-weight 1.2 0.4 0.5 0.3 7.8 1.4 4.9 1.5 2.2 1.1 1.1 10.6 8.4 2.2 10.0 6.4 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.0 0.6 7.4 27.0 8.0 13.1 5.9 9.2 3.1 6.1 18.9 12.6 5.3 1.0 24.2 24.2 -11.8 11.0 0.8 4.8 2.9 1.9 2.7 2.7 -78.3 12.6 65.7 4.1 2.8 2.9 227.5 110.7 100.1 15.9 125.2 49.4 75.8 5.4 2.1 0.6 6.4 367.2 1.0 0.3 0.5 0.2 7.5 1.3 4.8 1.4 2.4 1.2 1.2 10.5 8.3 2.2 9.0 5.3 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.1 0.7 7.0 29.1 7.6 14.1 7.4 9.3 3.5 5.8 19.5 12.6 5.8 1.1 25.8 25.8 -12.4 11.1 1.3 4.8 3.0 1.8 2.8 2.8 -75.2 12.4 62.8 5.2 2.7 2.7 228.7 112.4 97.8 17.2 122.1 50.1 72.0 4.7 2.5 0.4 6.7 365.1 1978 0.9 0.3 0.4 0.2 7.5 1.3 4.8 1.4 2.4 1.0 1.4 10.6 8.5 2.1 8.7 5.3 1.6 1.8 1.6 0.8 0.8 7.1 26.3 6.6 13.4 6.3 9.8 3.8 6.0 20.1 11.9 6.6 1.6 25.1 25.1 -12.2 10.9 1.3 4.7 2.9 1.8 2.8 2.8 -71.7 12.9 58.8 5.1 2.7 2.7 222.0 111.6 92.7 16.4 119.5 46.0 73.5 4.9 2.7 0.8 5.1 355.0 1979 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.2 7.4 1.3 4.7 1.4 2.6 1.2 1.4 10.2 8.1 2.1 9.6 5.9 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.1 0.7 7.1 26.0 6.5 12.7 6.8 9.6 3.8 5.8 19.1 11.4 6.1 1.6 25.1 25.1 -13.3 11.4 1.9 4.5 2.6 1.9 2.9 2.9 -76.7 12.4 64.3 6.0 2.4 2.7 227.8 112.2 96.7 17.0 117.8 49.3 68.5 5.1 2.8 0.4 6.2 360.2 1980 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.1 7.3 1.3 4.6 1.4 2.8 1.4 1.4 10.0 8.0 2.0 9.6 6.2 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.1 0.8 7.4 25.9 6.5 13.0 6.4 9.3 3.9 5.4 17.9 10.7 5.8 1.4 25.6 25.6 -12.2 11.4 0.8 4.5 2.7 1.8 5.9 2.9 3.0 76.4 12.8 63.6 5.9 2.6 2.6 228.6 112.6 99.0 16.2 114.7 51.1 63.6 4.4 2.7 0.4 5.2 356.0 1981 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.1 7.6 1.3 4.6 1.7 3.2 1.7 1.5 10.2 8.2 2.0 9.5 6.1 1.5 1.9 2.3 1.4 0.9 7.3 24.6 6.2 12.1 6.3 9.3 4.0 5.3 19.3 11.7 6.1 1.5 24.9 24.9 -11.5 10.7 0.8 4.4 2.7 1.7 6.1 2.8 3.3 71.6 12.3 59.3 5.9 2.3 2.7 223.5 112.4 93.5 16.8 116.5 45.8 70.7 4.7 2.9 0.6 5.9 354.1 1982 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.1 7.0 1.3 4.2 1.5 3.5 2.0 1.5 10.3 8.6 1.7 9.4 6.6 1.1 1.7 2.2 1.3 0.9 7.4 23.4 6.0 11.6 5.8 9.3 4.2 5.1 22.0 12.5 7.7 1.8 24.9 24.9 -14.2 12.2 2.0 4.2 2.5 1.7 6.1 3.0 3.1 73.0 12.9 60.1 6.1 1.8 2.5 228.1 118.9 91.5 15.7 115.0 47.1 67.9 5.5 2.9 0.4 7.8 359.7 1983 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.1 6.8 1.2 4.1 1.5 3.5 2.0 1.5 10.3 8.2 2.1 9.4 6.5 1.1 1.8 2.2 1.4 0.8 7.0 24.3 6.1 11.6 6.6 9.7 4.5 5.2 19.6 11.3 6.5 1.8 22.4 22.4 -13.9 12.2 1.7 4.2 2.4 1.8 6.6 3.3 3.3 74.4 13.5 60.9 6.4 1.6 2.4 223.2 114.7 92.6 16.5 118.7 49.8 68.9 4.6 3.4 0.4 6.6 356.9

See footnotes at end of table.

Continued--

13 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 1--U.S. per capita use of selected, commercially produced, fresh, and processing vegetables and melons, 1970-2008--Continued
Crop Asparagus, all Fresh Canning Freezing Snap beans, all Fresh Canning Freezing Broccoli, all 1/ Fresh Freezing Cabbage, all Fresh Canning (kraut) Carrots, all Fresh Canning Freezing Cauliflower, all 1/ Fresh Freezing Celery Sweet corn, all 2/ Fresh Canning Freezing Cucumbers, all Fresh Pickling Melons Watermelon Cantaloup Honeydew Lettuce, all Head lettuce Romaine & leaf Onions, all Fresh Dehydrating Green peas, all 3/ Canning Freezing Peppers, all Bell peppers, all Chile peppers, all Tomatoes, all Fresh 4/ Canning Other, fresh 5/ Other, canning 6/ Other, freezing 7/ Subtotal, all 8/ Fresh Canning Freezing Potatoes, all Fresh Processing Sweet potatoes Mushrooms Dry peas & lentils 9/ Dry edible beans Total, all items 1984 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.1 6.8 1.3 3.7 1.8 4.3 2.5 1.8 10.3 8.6 1.7 10.6 6.7 1.8 2.1 2.7 1.8 0.9 7.1 24.6 6.4 10.2 8.0 9.9 4.7 5.2 23.9 14.4 7.7 1.8 24.9 24.9 -14.6 13.1 1.5 4.0 2.0 2.0 7.2 3.6 3.6 82.7 14.2 68.5 6.2 1.6 2.4 244.6 125.4 98.6 19.1 122.1 48.3 73.8 4.9 3.6 0.4 5.7 381.3 1985 0.9 0.5 0.3 0.1 7.0 1.3 3.8 1.9 4.5 2.6 1.9 10.3 8.7 1.6 9.6 6.5 1.3 1.8 2.7 1.8 0.9 6.9 26.2 6.4 11.9 7.9 10.2 4.4 5.8 24.1 13.5 8.5 2.1 27.0 23.7 3.3 15.2 13.6 1.6 4.2 2.1 2.1 7.7 3.8 3.9 78.1 14.9 63.2 6.9 1.4 2.5 245.4 129.4 95.3 19.1 122.4 46.3 76.1 5.4 3.6 0.5 7.3 384.6 1986 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.1 6.7 1.3 3.9 1.5 4.7 3.0 1.7 10.2 8.6 1.6 9.3 6.5 1.0 1.8 3.1 2.2 0.9 6.5 25.8 6.1 12.1 7.6 9.9 4.6 5.3 24.6 12.8 9.4 2.4 24.3 21.9 2.4 15.6 13.7 1.9 4.1 2.2 1.9 8.2 4.0 4.2 79.4 15.8 63.6 6.4 1.5 2.7 244.0 128.2 95.7 18.2 125.9 48.8 77.1 4.3 3.8 0.8 6.7 385.5 1987 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.1 6.7 1.2 3.8 1.7 5.3 3.1 2.2 10.7 9.1 1.6 11.3 8.3 0.9 2.1 3.0 2.1 0.9 6.6 24.7 6.3 10.6 7.8 10.6 5.1 5.5 24.3 13.0 9.1 2.2 28.2 25.7 2.5 14.9 13.4 1.5 3.7 2.0 1.7 8.4 4.2 4.2 81.0 15.8 65.2 6.9 1.2 2.5 251.0 135.2 95.3 19.0 126.0 47.9 78.1 4.3 3.6 0.5 5.6 391.0 1988 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.1 6.7 1.2 3.8 1.7 6.2 3.8 2.4 10.4 9.0 1.4 10.4 7.1 1.0 2.3 3.1 2.2 0.9 7.2 24.9 5.8 10.4 8.7 10.1 4.8 5.3 23.8 13.5 7.9 2.4 30.2 27.0 3.2 16.2 14.5 1.7 3.7 1.8 1.9 8.8 4.5 4.3 78.1 16.8 61.3 7.0 1.3 2.8 251.9 138.5 90.9 20.8 122.3 49.6 72.7 3.9 3.5 0.7 7.1 389.4 1989 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.1 7.1 1.2 3.9 2.0 6.0 3.8 2.2 9.9 8.6 1.3 11.5 8.1 0.9 2.5 3.1 2.3 0.8 7.5 24.4 6.5 9.5 8.4 10.0 4.8 5.2 26.5 13.6 10.4 2.5 32.3 28.7 3.6 16.4 14.8 1.6 3.7 1.7 2.0 9.4 4.7 4.7 86.2 16.8 69.4 7.8 1.3 2.8 266.9 146.3 98.2 20.8 127.0 50.0 77.0 3.9 3.6 0.4 5.8 407.6 1990 1991 Pounds, farm-weight 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.1 6.7 1.1 3.7 1.9 5.6 3.4 2.2 9.5 8.3 1.2 11.8 8.3 1.2 2.3 3.0 2.2 0.8 7.2 26.2 6.7 10.9 8.6 9.7 4.7 5.0 24.6 13.3 9.2 2.1 31.5 27.7 3.8 17.1 15.1 2.0 4.1 1.9 2.2 9.6 4.5 5.1 90.8 15.5 75.3 8.3 2.3 2.2 271.2 142.0 106.9 20.3 123.9 46.7 77.2 4.4 3.7 0.4 6.9 410.6 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.1 6.9 1.1 4.0 1.8 5.3 3.0 2.3 9.6 8.2 1.4 11.2 7.7 1.1 2.4 2.6 2.0 0.6 6.7 26.4 5.9 11.1 9.4 9.7 4.6 5.1 23.2 12.7 8.6 1.9 30.0 26.0 4.0 17.3 15.7 1.6 4.2 1.9 2.3 9.8 5.1 4.7 92.5 15.4 77.1 8.6 2.2 2.6 269.8 137.8 108.9 21.5 134.1 50.2 83.9 3.9 3.7 0.5 7.5 419.5 1992 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.1 7.1 1.4 4.0 1.7 5.8 3.4 2.4 9.8 8.7 1.1 12.3 8.3 1.7 2.3 2.5 1.8 0.7 7.3 27.7 6.9 11.9 8.9 9.4 4.9 4.5 25.3 14.7 8.5 2.1 30.5 25.8 4.7 17.5 16.1 1.4 4.1 2.1 2.0 11.7 5.6 6.1 88.7 15.4 73.3 8.9 2.0 2.5 274.1 145.1 107.0 20.6 129.9 48.3 81.6 4.1 3.7 0.4 7.9 420.1 1993 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.1 7.2 1.5 4.0 1.7 5.6 3.3 2.3 10.7 9.3 1.4 14.6 10.8 1.0 2.8 2.8 2.1 0.7 7.3 27.8 7.0 11.1 9.7 9.5 5.2 4.3 24.5 14.2 8.6 1.7 29.4 24.4 5.0 19.2 17.2 2.0 3.5 1.6 1.9 11.3 6.1 5.2 92.1 16.3 75.8 9.1 1.9 2.7 280.2 149.7 106.6 21.9 136.7 50.1 86.6 3.7 3.7 0.2 7.4 432.0 1994 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.1 7.2 1.5 3.8 1.9 6.7 4.4 2.3 10.3 9.1 1.2 16.9 12.7 1.4 2.8 2.6 2.0 0.6 7.2 27.4 8.2 10.1 9.1 10.2 5.4 4.8 25.4 15.0 8.4 2.0 30.7 25.0 5.7 17.8 16.9 0.9 3.5 1.4 2.1 10.7 6.4 4.3 92.5 16.2 76.3 9.7 2.6 2.9 285.2 156.4 106.1 21.8 136.7 49.6 87.1 4.5 4.0 0.6 7.9 438.9 1995 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.1 6.8 1.6 3.5 1.7 6.9 4.3 2.6 9.5 8.1 1.4 15.4 11.2 1.6 2.6 2.2 1.6 0.6 6.9 28.5 7.8 10.4 10.3 10.6 5.6 5.0 26.1 15.2 9.0 1.9 28.1 22.2 5.9 19.1 17.8 1.3 3.7 1.6 2.1 9.9 6.2 3.7 91.4 16.8 74.6 9.2 2.4 2.8 280.5 151.9 104.5 22.8 136.9 49.2 87.7 4.2 3.8 0.7 7.6 433.7 1996 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.1 7.2 1.5 3.8 1.9 7.0 4.5 2.5 9.3 8.3 1.0 16.9 12.4 1.7 2.8 2.2 1.7 0.5 7.0 29.1 8.3 10.4 10.4 10.0 5.9 4.1 28.9 16.6 10.3 2.0 27.4 21.6 5.8 19.1 18.3 0.8 3.4 1.5 1.9 11.7 7.1 4.6 90.8 17.4 73.4 9.7 2.2 3.1 285.9 159.0 102.9 23.2 145.0 49.9 95.1 4.3 3.9 0.5 7.5 447.1 1997 1.0 0.7 0.2 0.1 6.7 1.3 3.6 1.8 7.3 5.0 2.3 10.4 9.0 1.4 18.2 14.1 1.5 2.6 2.2 1.8 0.4 6.5 27.5 8.3 9.1 10.1 11.6 6.4 5.2 28.2 15.5 10.5 2.2 30.5 23.9 6.6 19.7 18.8 0.9 3.5 1.5 2.0 10.9 6.4 4.5 89.9 17.3 72.6 10.0 2.3 3.0 289.4 164.3 101.9 22.3 137.8 47.3 90.5 4.3 4.0 0.9 7.4 443.7

See footnotes at end of table.

Continued--

14 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 1--U.S. per capita use of selected, commercially produced, fresh, and processing vegetables and melons, 1970-2008--Continued
Crop Asparagus, all Fresh Canning Freezing Snap beans, all Fresh Canning Freezing Broccoli, all 1/ Fresh Freezing Cabbage, all Fresh Canning (kraut) Carrots, all Fresh Canning Freezing Cauliflower, all 1/ Fresh Freezing Celery Sweet corn, all 2/ Fresh Canning Freezing Cucumbers, all Fresh Pickling Melons Watermelon Cantaloup Honeydew Lettuce, all Head lettuce Romaine & leaf Onions, all Fresh Dehydrating Green peas, all 3/ Canning Freezing Peppers, all Bell peppers, all Chile peppers, all Tomatoes, all Fresh 4/ Canning Other, fresh 5/ Other, canning 6/ Other, freezing 7/ Subtotal, all 8/ Fresh Canning Freezing Potatoes, all Fresh Processing Sweet potatoes Mushrooms Dry peas & lentils 9/ Dry edible beans Total, all items 1998r 1.0 0.7 0.2 0.1 7.4 1.6 3.8 2.0 7.1 5.0 2.1 9.8 8.4 1.4 13.7 9.5 1.4 2.8 2.2 1.5 0.8 6.5 28.4 9.3 9.2 9.8 10.5 6.5 4.0 27.3 14.3 10.6 2.3 28.9 22.3 6.6 19.5 18.4 1.1 3.3 1.4 1.9 11.1 6.4 4.7 92.5 18.5 74.0 11.0 2.1 2.9 285.2 159.6 102.2 22.3 137.7 46.9 90.8 3.8 3.9 0.8 7.3 438.6 1999r 1.2 0.9 0.2 0.1 7.6 1.9 3.7 2.0 8.3 6.2 2.1 8.8 7.6 1.2 13.1 9.3 1.4 2.4 2.3 1.8 0.5 6.5 28.3 9.1 9.1 10.1 10.9 6.7 4.2 29.0 15.2 11.4 2.5 32.5 24.9 7.6 20.8 18.5 2.3 3.4 1.4 2.0 11.4 6.7 4.7 90.3 19.1 71.2 11.6 2.5 3.2 291.5 167.2 99.6 22.4 136.2 47.7 88.5 3.7 4.1 0.6 7.8 443.9 2000r 1.3 1.0 0.2 0.1 7.9 2.0 4.0 1.8 8.1 5.9 2.3 10.3 8.9 1.4 13.0 9.2 1.1 2.7 2.3 1.7 0.6 6.3 27.1 9.0 9.0 9.0 11.2 6.4 4.9 27.2 13.8 11.1 2.3 31.8 23.5 8.4 20.4 18.9 1.6 3.7 1.5 2.1 12.1 7.0 5.2 89.1 19.0 70.1 18.3 2.6 3.2 295.9 172.6 100.0 21.8 137.9 47.1 90.8 4.2 4.1 0.8 7.6 450.5 2001r 1.2 0.9 0.2 0.1 7.8 2.2 3.8 1.9 7.4 5.4 2.0 10.1 8.8 1.3 12.7 9.4 1.1 2.2 2.0 1.5 0.5 6.4 27.2 9.2 8.7 9.3 10.0 6.3 3.7 28.1 15.0 11.2 2.0 31.0 23.0 8.0 19.5 18.5 1.0 3.3 1.4 2.0 12.0 6.8 5.2 84.7 19.2 65.5 17.2 2.8 3.2 286.7 170.9 93.6 21.2 138.8 46.6 92.2 4.4 3.9 0.8 6.9 441.5 2002r 2003r 2004r Pounds, farm-weight 1.2 1.0 0.2 0.1 7.2 2.1 3.4 1.8 7.5 5.4 2.1 9.5 8.3 1.2 11.6 8.4 1.1 2.1 1.7 1.4 0.3 6.3 26.1 9.0 7.8 9.3 12.0 6.6 5.4 27.3 14.0 11.1 2.2 32.1 22.5 9.6 20.4 19.3 1.1 2.8 1.1 1.7 12.6 6.7 5.8 89.6 20.3 69.3 17.8 2.4 4.3 292.5 172.1 97.7 21.7 132.1 44.3 87.8 3.8 4.1 0.8 6.7 440.0 1.3 1.0 0.2 0.1 7.5 2.0 3.7 1.9 8.1 5.5 2.6 8.7 7.6 1.1 11.8 8.8 1.0 2.0 1.9 1.6 0.4 6.3 26.8 9.5 8.3 9.0 10.6 6.2 4.4 26.5 13.5 10.8 2.2 33.3 22.2 11.1 21.3 19.5 1.8 3.2 1.3 1.9 12.5 6.9 5.6 89.3 19.5 69.8 18.4 2.5 3.9 293.8 172.4 98.0 21.6 138.3 46.9 91.4 4.7 4.1 0.6 6.6 448.2 1.4 1.1 0.2 0.1 7.6 1.9 3.7 1.9 8.2 5.6 2.7 9.5 8.3 1.1 11.9 8.8 1.1 2.0 1.9 1.6 0.4 6.2 26.5 9.2 8.2 9.1 11.3 6.5 4.9 25.2 13.0 10.0 2.2 31.0 21.3 9.7 23.1 21.6 1.5 2.9 1.2 1.7 13.1 7.0 6.1 90.5 20.0 70.6 19.5 2.9 3.8 296.6 173.4 100.0 21.6 134.7 45.8 88.9 4.6 4.2 0.7 6.0 446.7 2005r 1.4 1.1 0.2 0.1 7.6 1.8 4.0 1.8 8.4 5.6 2.7 9.3 8.1 1.2 11.8 8.8 1.1 2.0 1.9 1.5 0.4 5.9 26.9 8.9 8.6 9.5 10.2 6.3 3.8 25.9 14.0 9.8 2.1 31.7 21.1 10.6 22.2 21.1 1.1 2.8 1.0 1.7 13.1 7.1 6.1 93.9 20.2 73.7 20.3 3.1 3.9 300.1 174.3 102.7 21.9 125.6 42.4 83.2 4.5 3.9 0.8 6.2 441.1 2006r 1.4 1.1 0.2 0.1 7.9 2.1 3.9 1.9 8.4 6.2 2.3 9.4 8.2 1.2 11.8 8.7 1.1 2.0 2.1 1.7 0.4 6.1 26.3 8.6 8.4 9.3 9.3 6.4 3.0 27.6 15.9 9.6 2.1 35.2 20.2 15.0 21.6 19.8 1.8 2.8 1.1 1.7 13.4 7.0 6.4 84.4 19.9 64.5 20.4 2.7 3.9 294.7 179.1 92.4 21.5 123.4 37.3 86.1 4.6 4.0 1.2 6.4 434.3 2007p 1.4 1.1 0.1 0.1 7.8 2.2 3.5 2.1 8.7 6.0 2.7 9.8 8.6 1.3 11.2 9.0 0.9 1.4 2.1 1.7 0.4 6.4 26.0 9.1 6.9 10.0 9.8 6.3 3.5 28.1 16.2 9.9 2.0 35.4 20.2 15.1 22.7 21.7 1.0 3.1 1.1 1.9 13.1 6.8 6.3 88.9 20.3 68.6 20.2 2.8 3.9 301.3 182.8 95.0 22.4 126.0 39.2 86.8 5.2 4.0 0.9 6.6 444.0 2008f 1.4 1.1 0.1 0.1 7.3 2.1 3.3 2.0 8.7 6.1 2.6 9.8 8.6 1.3 10.9 8.6 0.8 1.5 2.1 1.8 0.3 6.4 25.2 9.0 6.8 9.5 10.3 6.4 3.9 28.1 16.3 9.8 2.0 35.4 20.1 15.3 20.9 19.6 1.3 3.0 1.1 1.9 13.2 6.8 6.4 91.1 20.1 71.0 20.4 2.8 4.1 301.1 180.5 97.4 21.9 125.3 40.9 84.4 4.8 4.0 0.8 6.6 442.6

f = Forecast. r = Revised. -- = Not available. 1/ All production for processing broccoli and cauliflower is for freezing. 2/ On-cob basis. 3/ In-shell basis. 4/ Includes domestically-produced hothouse tomatoes after 1996 (all years include imported hothouse tomatoes). 5/ Includes artichokes, brussels sprouts, eggplant, endive/escarole, garlic, radishes, green limas, squash, & spinach. In 2000, okra, pumpkins, kale, collards, turnip greens, and mustard greens added. 6/ Includes beets, green limas (1992-2008), spinach, and miscellaneous imports (1990-2008). 7/ Includes green limas, spinach, and miscellaneous freezing vegetables. 8/ Fresh, canning, and freezing data do not sum to the total because onions for dehydrating are included in the total. 9/ Production from new areas in the upper Midwest added in 1998. A portion of this is used for animal feed. Source: Calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

15 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 2--Vegetables: U.S. cash receipts, 1980-2007 1/ All All Year Potatoes Tomatoes lettuce onions 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 f 1,386,309 1,856,639 1,504,029 1,688,551 1,920,908 1,601,253 1,377,302 1,707,248 1,629,859 2,335,442 2,501,702 2,214,195 1,982,197 2,297,263 2,420,556 2,491,516 2,602,111 2,238,987 2,388,650 2,454,070 2,374,994 2,593,315 2,902,011 2,668,919 2,373,515 2,486,938 2,929,648 3,200,000 Cauliflower 903,874 941,068 1,124,848 1,137,016 1,239,586 1,198,246 1,264,914 1,465,832 1,423,140 1,849,856 1,627,414 1,802,383 1,906,363 1,739,897 1,741,302 1,584,252 1,658,314 1,645,818 1,773,721 1,879,263 1,844,929 1,679,508 1,933,691 1,909,739 2,159,857 2,276,784 2,348,598 2,179,320 Cantaloup 565,148 681,612 740,682 711,898 706,271 675,237 757,970 1,003,213 1,040,366 950,278 844,142 817,667 1,171,977 1,484,866 1,346,990 2,003,952 1,325,246 1,696,233 1,592,463 1,468,432 1,863,076 1,839,536 2,357,964 2,288,498 2,020,800 1,985,913 2,003,941 2,750,908 Snap beans 322,762 532,169 384,232 362,618 522,572 371,798 414,544 496,336 446,734 494,336 485,669 574,199 521,266 1,005,937 663,973 705,749 734,877 750,777 718,159 708,680 713,287 683,789 758,302 1,002,725 997,665 1,036,542 856,955 840,002

Dry beans 608,157 813,451 418,577 378,994 344,900 439,058 436,621 444,040 418,606 681,353 687,144 513,917 488,873 522,704 614,381 566,984 714,678 530,341 592,934 594,520 435,996 412,681 452,704 475,098 438,795 491,390 504,115 620,000

Sweet corn -- $ 1,000 -269,031 315,904 341,883 318,516 367,155 367,529 359,742 371,539 363,172 476,527 475,516 505,297 476,955 531,778 637,369 646,692 651,269 670,570 691,719 671,522 709,021 748,837 718,124 779,812 794,313 818,615 825,101 862,447 Watermelons -- $ 1,000 -152,800 159,097 153,920 163,951 170,374 150,364 182,806 206,281 202,508 165,898 124,089 169,399 223,400 255,692 267,828 351,118 270,179 305,017 292,386 265,727 239,893 273,418 328,497 342,918 313,217 410,281 434,861 476,209

Broccoli 144,613 175,132 211,085 210,105 237,884 239,345 239,739 239,548 292,264 276,050 268,220 242,155 284,423 310,675 419,571 443,304 421,910 486,659 513,367 493,087 622,140 484,467 567,767 615,534 638,079 563,673 652,986 736,849 Cabbage

All peppers 175,954 142,360 90,610 125,596 154,404 151,399 163,132 229,489 151,534 174,318 218,148 265,877 453,532 517,075 511,699 490,587 531,611 541,972 568,660 515,668 639,332 581,647 569,419 575,902 661,483 579,914 687,421 588,305 Green peas

Carrots 149,520 197,218 226,887 215,431 247,920 206,429 334,617 248,303 259,962 305,078 280,522 318,665 352,733 391,302 461,297 545,483 464,611 535,598 366,788 484,637 390,002 510,816 521,362 548,785 573,035 586,934 576,760 638,746 Mushrooms

Celery 169,896 200,622 194,280 250,239 228,457 189,527 211,065 198,833 230,762 268,266 214,708 205,689 258,662 328,752 242,463 303,251 204,622 266,321 210,753 224,702 341,391 272,391 239,846 258,965 288,791 274,331 332,117 413,477

Cucumbers 176,728 188,127 56,870 62,062 160,137 181,476 170,072 188,053 195,714 203,195 214,555 230,136 292,325 295,059 290,860 301,567 327,334 350,493 364,835 365,430 382,066 375,127 377,230 365,959 382,837 383,305 399,541 396,123

Sweet potatoes Asparagus

All All others 2/ vegetables 3/

1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 f

95,762 125,811 133,701 139,989 174,931 169,133 191,863 187,555 201,100 203,863 187,991 184,756 193,937 241,577 225,624 243,778 237,342 217,534 226,560 213,833 220,817 190,085 197,568 226,202 195,889 197,419 254,172 237,888

166,800 188,070 36,795 163,467 189,306 189,745 232,100 187,075 203,391 209,088 194,848 99,528 251,059 295,626 299,312 346,504 393,993 374,704 392,831 377,882 371,984 429,281 398,777 372,006 322,428 300,828 340,677 312,700

193,038 216,854 158,469 153,297 165,943 166,723 150,309 171,479 162,630 221,460 197,973 198,534 250,119 271,756 291,315 285,435 310,632 288,344 363,546 394,705 393,273 390,089 404,403 395,875 393,760 403,167 447,532 521,085

114,234 139,393 118,902 161,525 166,354 142,656 141,638 133,144 139,472 172,971 137,192 131,856 156,460 162,168 181,294 197,038 198,332 207,113 190,967 188,403 195,954 211,927 219,981 278,717 289,612 307,650 290,182 336,500

88,246 99,797 52,191 85,034 116,462 137,476 136,969 135,704 146,439 149,779 147,635 150,185 173,015 167,645 177,641 177,974 157,430 182,531 199,482 234,085 219,799 227,436 176,113 165,901 219,760 161,650 134,080 103,399

147,227 150,157 122,888 92,831 172,665 120,767 105,736 117,523 88,678 94,582 124,127 129,521 213,238 285,392 234,655 260,390 237,500 283,666 311,813 248,437 321,113 342,973 309,312 294,984 345,349 326,582 355,995 413,199

101,628 99,059 112,541 92,190 117,265 137,857 93,781 98,614 73,166 119,963 131,494 128,140 135,360 88,004 123,889 131,352 118,219 137,877 135,691 125,996 132,021 103,313 88,439 117,087 99,280 101,080 99,597 111,470

368,597 374,499 418,706 431,421 481,348 490,648 490,560 518,894 572,710 630,086 666,873 661,402 684,537 701,023 742,536 757,824 752,214 782,754 832,009 866,834 866,904 885,735 930,977 942,577 885,604 878,646 838,860 922,580

1,374,834 7,675,158 1,549,373 9,146,412 1,892,580 8,494,676 1,959,146 8,903,877 1,748,347 9,633,189 1,735,796 9,062,462 1,894,433 9,349,913 2,061,071 10,409,774 2,122,572 10,364,779 2,209,419 12,191,808 2,210,816 2,508,410 1,982,532 2,518,523 2,897,670 2,905,977 2,850,461 2,958,284 3,120,280 3,104,362 3,128,550 3,092,131 3,643,760 3,203,366 3,308,168 3,187,439 3,558,407 3,838,793 11,940,778 12,051,911 12,452,963 14,412,714 14,792,225 15,740,727 15,162,885 15,451,593 15,847,614 15,880,275 16,406,542 16,328,502 18,096,247 17,829,569 17,702,237 17,759,081 18,871,546 20,500,000

f = ERS forecast. -- = Not available. 1/ Data series for 1982-91 are not consistent with previous or subsequent years due to program modifications. 2/ Eggplant, escarole, honeydews, dry peas, casaba melons, crenshaw melons, spinach, squash, radishes, taro, beets, Brussels sprouts, and other miscellaneous vegetables. 3/ Total vegetables as described in this table include mushrooms. Mushroom receipts for 1980-83 are estimated. Source: USDA, Economic Research Service (http://www.ers.usda.gov/data/FarmIncome/finfidmuxls.htm).

16 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 3--U.S. vegetable and melon industry: Total area harvested and production, 1992-2007 Item 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Change 2006-07 -- Percent -1,685 258 1,251 1,479 1,130 98 822 295 3 7,020 -0.6 3.5 -0.5 -3.8 0.7 12.3 -9.3 -27.5 0.0 -3.4

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 acres ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Harvested area: Fresh-market 1/ 2/ Melons Processing 3/ Dry edible beans 4/ Potatoes Sweet potatoes Dry edible peas 5/ Lentils Mushrooms, all Total 1,512 365 1,446 1,530 1,315 82 164 126 3 6,544 1,523 332 1,405 1,618 1,321 80 157 143 3 6,582 1,566 331 1,588 1,831 1,385 83 133 178 3 7,098 1,527 325 1,580 1,896 1,376 83 209 163 3 7,163 1,559 328 1,485 1,751 1,426 84 212 140 3 6,987 1,541 309 1,423 1,759 1,354 82 289 183 3 6,943 1,545 296 1,444 1,918 1,387 84 317 159 3 7,151 1,580 310 1,513 1,881 1,332 83 255 175 3 7,132 1,751 288 1,450 1,617 1,348 95 180 214 3 6,945 1,740 281 1,333 1,250 1,221 94 200 197 3 6,319 1,664 267 1,340 1,739 1,266 82 299 215 3 6,874 1,670 259 1,337 1,347 1,249 93 344 237 3 6,538 1,666 251 1,287 1,219 1,167 93 532 329 3 6,547 1,665 250 1,270 1,534 1,087 88 790 439 3 7,128 1,695 249 1,257 1,538 1,122 87 907 407 3 7,264

-- Million cwt -Production: Fresh-market 1/ 2/ Melons Processing 3/ Dry edible beans 4/ Potatoes Sweet potatoes Dry edible peas 5/ Lentils Mushrooms, all Total 332.6 60.6 299.5 22.6 425.4 12.0 3.2 1.6 7.5 1,165.0 330.8 59.7 301.5 21.9 430.3 11.0 4.3 2.0 7.8 1,169.4 354.3 61.9 369.6 29.0 469.4 13.4 3.1 1.9 7.6 1,310.1 334.4 62.7 354.6 30.7 445.1 12.8 5.9 2.2 7.9 1,256.4 343.0 69.0 353.6 27.9 499.3 13.2 3.3 1.3 7.9 1,318.5 370.9 65.6 327.1 29.4 467.1 13.3 6.5 2.4 7.9 1,290.1 350.0 63.7 312.8 30.4 475.7 12.4 6.7 1.9 8.2 1,261.7 379.0 68.0 383.9 33.1 478.1 12.2 5.5 2.4 8.6 1,370.8 383.1 64.4 343.0 26.5 513.5 13.8 4.2 3.0 8.7 1,360.2 376.1 67.8 302.2 19.6 437.7 14.5 4.5 2.9 8.6 1,233.9 375.1 67.1 343.2 30.3 458.2 12.8 5.5 2.6 8.4 1,303.3 403.1 65.6 311.2 22.5 457.8 15.9 6.0 2.4 8.5 1,293.0 415.5 64.0 353.3 17.8 456.0 16.1 12.6 4.2 8.5 1,348.1 407.7 64.4 314.2 26.8 423.9 15.7 15.0 5.2 8.5 1,281.4 415.0 67.6 318.1 24.2 441.3 16.2 14.1 3.2 8.5 1,308.3 424.9 68.7 355.3 25.4 449.3 18.5 16.6 3.4 8.3 1,370.2 2.4 1.7 11.7 4.6 1.8 13.6 17.9 5.1 -2.4 4.7

1/ Due to changes in the estimates program, data for 2000 and 2001 may not be comparable with other years. 2/ Excludes melons, potatoes, sweet potatoes, pulse crops, and mushrooms. 3/ Excludes potatoes, sweet potatoes, mushrooms, pulse crops, and fresh-cut produce. 4/ Includes chickpeas and blackeye peas. 5/ Excludes chickpeas and blackeye peas. Production includes wrinkled seed peas.

Includes fresh-cut/processing.

Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service,Vegetables Annual Summary, Crop Production, and Mushrooms.

17 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 4--Vegetables, fresh market: Selected shipments, 1992-2007 1/ Item 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

-- 1,000 cwt -Cantaloup 2/ Honeydews Watermelon, all Misc. melons Subtotal 12,137 2,653 23,449 1,605 39,844 11,940 2,659 22,457 1,813 38,869 12,292 2,940 23,287 1,833 40,352 13,548 2,777 21,430 1,961 39,716 15,671 3,210 25,953 2,100 46,934 16,487 3,250 26,573 2,660 48,970 16,644 3,319 30,919 2,847 53,729 18,355 4,300 34,906 2,694 60,255 19,998 3,620 34,952 2,789 61,359 20,884 3,359 33,354 2,595 60,192 21,588 3,571 36,269 3,133 64,561 29,211 5,153 35,290 3,529 73,183 26,113 4,944 33,703 3,509 68,269 28,587 6,135 35,110 2,950 72,782 27,378 5,804 40,310 3,416 76,908 28,284 5,571 39,909 3,031 76,795

Artichokes 813 671 731 501 435 566 260 160 615 608 654 615 591 559 676 820 Asian vegetables 152 598 545 569 525 342 407 499 577 576 761 1,320 1,140 1,151 1,172 1,279 Asparagus 1,813 1,802 1,899 1,744 1,766 1,964 2,172 2,711 3,042 2,947 2,947 3,342 3,388 3,680 2,420 3,621 Beets, red 65 131 107 144 195 186 202 191 201 216 177 222 236 208 252 259 Snap beans 1,684 1,570 1,432 1,445 1,718 1,876 2,121 2,431 2,952 2,827 2,945 2,871 3,051 2,596 3,332 3,343 Broccoli 10,279 9,592 8,898 8,756 8,654 9,126 8,595 9,343 9,250 8,895 9,242 9,122 8,972 9,803 9,783 9,538 Cabbage 10,614 11,112 10,637 10,561 10,950 12,155 12,479 12,694 12,576 12,460 12,492 13,424 13,270 13,521 13,049 12,707 Carrots 18,172 18,145 16,127 15,263 15,508 14,382 12,880 12,678 12,401 12,107 12,119 12,227 11,525 11,085 10,897 9,762 Cauliflower 5,558 5,561 5,075 4,258 4,509 4,430 4,188 4,357 4,620 4,773 4,814 4,835 4,927 4,293 4,219 3,944 Celery 17,000 16,505 14,795 14,915 16,463 16,564 16,055 15,944 15,397 15,545 16,511 16,739 17,832 17,848 16,770 16,491 Chinese cabbage 164 223 220 208 206 177 187 157 117 111 543 1,293 1,281 1,197 1,181 1,346 Sweet corn 6,615 6,264 5,803 6,430 7,450 9,757 10,496 11,081 10,373 9,591 10,762 10,698 10,627 9,972 11,438 11,262 Cucumbers 10,072 10,185 9,505 10,346 11,078 11,086 11,324 12,297 12,244 12,265 12,550 12,291 13,870 14,100 14,545 15,538 Eggplant 830 864 819 875 1,070 1,190 1,240 1,308 1,363 1,341 1,371 1,429 1,804 1,922 1,991 2,040 Greens 1,359 1,569 1,430 1,572 1,535 1,588 1,778 1,887 2,179 2,360 2,479 2,845 2,770 2,437 2,137 2,391 Herbs 255 279 252 367 538 540 521 570 628 725 797 1,155 1,347 1,541 1,978 1,958 Lettuce, iceberg 55,348 52,128 46,370 41,891 43,183 41,425 42,391 41,095 40,693 40,577 39,652 39,340 38,150 38,255 36,880 34,934 Lettuce, romaine 5,191 6,071 5,563 6,432 6,999 8,658 8,486 8,965 9,607 9,904 10,095 12,211 13,488 14,510 14,521 15,455 Lettuce, leaf 3,734 4,072 3,403 3,402 3,485 4,450 4,071 4,098 4,335 4,426 4,013 4,006 4,073 4,274 4,141 4,214 Okra 996 556 986 230 236 339 830 424 197 216 230 237 486 338 409 1,138 Onions, dry 35,187 36,743 39,404 39,914 40,084 41,973 42,064 43,734 45,675 47,457 47,725 46,172 50,538 50,296 46,002 48,320 Onions, green 2,301 2,458 2,226 2,120 2,397 2,525 2,857 2,865 2,864 3,207 3,441 3,466 3,389 3,540 3,466 2,931 Peppers, bell 6,363 6,759 6,874 6,454 8,023 10,475 10,979 11,967 12,721 13,735 14,286 14,656 15,916 16,577 17,643 17,860 Peppers, chile 1,340 1,340 1,566 1,870 2,197 2,203 2,538 2,748 2,953 3,163 4,886 3,996 3,739 4,009 4,783 6,097 Radishes 950 1,025 794 783 714 712 679 705 680 713 786 933 978 1,051 1,119 984 Spinach 3/ 389 437 359 430 427 514 469 501 849 959 953 927 975 1,156 1,280 1,264 Squash 4,250 4,333 4,566 4,768 4,933 5,249 5,801 4,989 4,893 5,396 6,133 6,259 6,732 7,019 7,034 7,008 Tomatoes 4/ 31,339 34,728 34,537 35,893 37,695 42,250 40,363 43,452 41,357 40,626 43,648 44,589 46,257 48,486 49,702 50,861 Cherry tomatoes 5/ 1,065 1,075 1,003 1,166 1,243 1,370 1,557 2,527 2,533 2,797 2,749 3,049 4,035 4,227 4,182 4,602 Turnips and rutabagas 498 463 527 486 552 486 343 275 258 259 191 650 247 75 57 29 Subtotal 234,396 237,259 226,453 223,793 234,768 248,558 248,333 256,653 258,150 260,782 269,952 274,919 285,634 289,726 287,059 291,996 Potatoes, all 6/ Sweet potatoes Subtotal Total 163,739 167,135 170,446 168,796 174,536 169,866 179,782 176,892 181,258 170,895 170,622 170,999 176,442 177,031 170,324 172,582 3,980 3,711 3,023 3,308 3,246 3,299 3,685 3,662 3,971 3,677 4,214 3,859 4,080 4,287 5,361 5,944 167,719 170,846 173,469 172,104 177,782 173,165 183,467 180,554 185,229 174,572 174,836 174,858 180,522 181,318 175,685 178,526 441,959 446,974 440,274 435,613 459,484 470,693 485,529 497,462 504,738 495,546 509,349 522,960 534,425 543,826 539,652 547,317

1/ Includes domestic and import shipments. Table units are hundredweight (cwt), with one cwt equal to 100 pounds. 2/ Cantaloup shipments beginning with 1989 are not comparable with prior years due to reduced reporting. 3/ Spinach shipments beginning with 1992 are not comparable with prior years due to reduced reporting 4/ Includes greenhouse tomatoes. 5/ Includes grape tomatoes. 6/ Includes seed Source: USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service, Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Shipments. http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/ams.fetchTemplateData.do?template=TemplateN&page=FVMarketNewsMovementReports

18 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 5--Vegetables, fresh market: Harvested acreage of major vegetables, 1980-2007 1/ Year Asparagus Broccoli Carrots CauliSweet Head Romaine 2/ 2/ 2/ flower 2/ Celery corn lettuce lettuce -- Acres -1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 82,950 81,990 --89,930 91,450 96,180 99,840 100,910 98,510 94,600 89,300 86,120 81,150 76,750 72,340 73,560 74,030 74,430 75,890 77,400 70,150 66,000 58,000 61,500 49,300 43,200 38,200 Artichokes 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 9,900 9,700 ----------9,600 9,200 9,200 8,900 8,900 9,300 9,700 9,800 8,800 8,000 8,200 7,200 7,500 7,900 7,900 8,200 77,850 78,520 92,000 91,500 106,500 109,500 119,100 121,700 114,400 116,800 110,800 101,000 111,400 119,200 134,100 129,400 133,500 130,800 133,500 148,000 144,300 133,100 130,400 131,600 133,800 134,900 138,900 137,700 Snap beans 95,700 88,580 ----------85,150 87,280 84,460 88,700 82,860 82,660 87,200 89,900 92,600 96,500 98,400 92,900 92,700 98,100 96,600 98,400 81,800 84,350 86,850 87,300 93,740 89,800 86,600 99,600 97,550 101,900 94,900 98,000 106,900 102,220 104,530 99,220 113,660 111,380 94,600 90,230 91,810 89,260 86,500 85,800 82,600 82,500 82,800 86,200 43,320 46,220 51,400 54,600 60,800 61,200 67,800 66,100 62,300 67,200 65,000 55,100 55,300 60,600 58,800 53,350 48,200 43,500 44,200 46,400 43,160 44,050 41,000 39,000 37,700 41,900 39,760 39,150 37,250 36,720 36,440 34,780 35,050 33,860 33,340 33,940 33,980 35,330 37,660 33,010 35,580 28,220 28,500 27,550 27,840 26,910 27,200 27,500 26,200 27,800 27,100 27,500 27,900 26,800 27,700 28,300 180,450 183,700 186,100 190,900 193,300 191,100 185,200 194,300 181,700 182,200 193,400 183,200 221,200 209,800 225,900 225,200 227,800 236,400 237,350 236,950 239,200 244,930 245,730 246,800 242,700 237,600 227,600 234,400 236,460 223,840 216,050 205,730 218,280 221,990 211,460 224,920 239,760 243,260 231,300 222,140 215,120 207,810 220,950 197,160 217,600 203,000 198,500 192,800 184,900 184,300 184,500 185,100 181,000 177,400 179,600 183,300 ------------19,980 23,890 29,430 30,540 32,800 34,350 36,450 41,370 48,850 53,100 58,300 76,500 53,200 60,400 86,400 84,900

Leaf lettuce ------------38,420 42,650 39,550 41,070 41,330 48,610 46,220 47,290 47,500 50,500 53,900 56,400 61,500 64,600 91,800 93,100

Onions, all uses Tomatoes Cabbage 113,160 112,030 125,920 123,640 128,450 122,760 115,540 123,720 128,950 132,660 138,340 133,970 141,730 158,080 164,650 166,800 166,210 165,910 172,140 175,500 167,070 164,990 162,720 166,090 169,150 165,220 164,980 159,280 126,250 126,960 119,690 123,100 122,580 123,380 125,710 129,600 140,000 141,730 134,590 131,710 131,910 134,250 135,220 131,020 120,640 115,190 122,590 134,750 126,290 130,840 129,020 121,700 129,700 125,700 122,600 119,200 Watermelon 184,500 203,600 ----------229,540 201,730 202,890 198,480 199,260 179,300 170,390 175,870 164,360 160,720 152,500 149,600 141,700 138,100 141,100 150,700 84,780 82,440 ----------82,150 78,050 72,410 71,080 71,920 75,230 75,630 73,800 76,890 77,030 75,680 74,850 75,550 74,100 73,550 74,000 Cantaloup 87,850 86,400 ----------109,400 106,850 100,790 100,070 101,140 102,710 99,910 106,700 97,800 95,160 89,800 86,000 86,950 89,660 85,700 86,030

Spinach Cucumbers 15,850 15,600 ----------18,500 16,750 18,000 17,650 17,800 22,700 22,600 24,100 29,020 26,450 31,700 36,880 39,600 45,700 45,600 41,800 Honeydews 17,700 19,600 24,900 23,800 23,300 25,700 28,800 28,600 31,200 29,900 26,400 25,900 26,200 23,300 27,100 26,000 27,300 26,600 25,500 27,500 26,000 24,200 24,400 23,200 21,900 22,600 22,200 20,950 54,160 51,350 ----------48,050 56,100 57,440 58,780 56,600 57,450 56,530 58,600 52,130 52,780 54,900 55,000 57,170 55,170 54,550 52,770 Selected total 3/ 997,190 993,930 939,350 935,350 1,071,930 1,070,740 1,069,730 1,122,320 1,130,750 1,149,490 1,126,990 1,073,330 1,131,460 1,124,630 1,176,500 1,128,040 1,156,310 1,133,720 1,130,010 1,155,520 1,126,330 1,113,620 1,097,370 1,084,790 1,087,950 1,063,920 1,049,340 1,046,680

Brussels Escarole/ sprouts Eggplant endive 5,400 5,500 ----------3,500 5,000 3,500 3,400 3,800 3,200 3,200 3,200 2,600 2,200 1,634 1,775 2,071 2,079 2,051 -3,900 3,650 ----------3,600 2,900 3,400 3,300 3,100 3,300 3,200 2,800 6,350 5,830 ------7,840 7,800 ----------4,420 4,220 3,730 3,450 3,560 3,100 2,930 2,880 5,170 5,170 -------

Garlic 15,200 13,200 ----------23,000 26,000 27,000 28,500 35,000 33,000 38,000 40,000 34,800 35,200 32,800 35,000 31,600 29,900 29,520 29,810

Bell Chile Squash Pumpkins peppers peppers -- Acres -55,500 56,200 ----------66,600 66,450 63,900 65,800 66,100 56,200 56,680 56,820 62,080 57,780 53,800 53,800 52,900 56,800 54,600 54,300 --------------------33,300 32,350 30,000 29,000 30,200 32,700 28,200 24,700 --------------------53,800 51,200 52,300 50,700 52,600 55,000 56,600 54,400 --------------------36,900 37,800 41,000 39,800 45,500 43,800 42,800 43,200

-- = Not available. 1/ Includes Hawaii. 2/ Data include fresh and processing uses. Carrots are for fresh use only beginning in 1993. 3/ Total only includes those 10 commodities for which data were available during the 1982-91 period. Excludes asparagus in 1982 and 1983. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service,Vegetables Annual Summary.

19 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 6--Vegetables, fresh market: Production of major vegetables, 1980-2007 1/ Year Asparagus Broccoli Carrots Cauliflower Sweet Head Romaine Leaf 2/ 2/ 5/ 2/ 2/ 5/ Celery corn lettuce lettuce lettuce -- 1,000 cwt -1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 784 819 --1,043 1,152 1,387 1,388 1,481 1,492 1,424 1,370 1,376 1,252 1,311 1,100 1,114 1,248 1,264 1,455 1,504 1,372 1,267 1,194 1,524 1,144 911 918 Artichokes 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 792 1,116 ----------1,104 1,012 1,196 819 890 930 873 1,125 1,012 1,000 943 1,008 825 869 1,067 902 3,795 4,517 5,414 5,582 6,740 7,154 8,442 8,599 10,023 10,744 9,893 9,368 10,602 10,685 14,152 13,843 14,428 15,744 16,128 19,491 19,502 17,755 17,595 17,861 18,081 18,032 19,698 19,462 Snap beans 3,044 2,926 ----------3,932 4,102 4,177 4,441 3,964 3,805 4,856 5,580 5,881 6,193 5,965 5,695 5,769 5,541 6,365 6,465 13,704 14,511 15,685 15,234 15,616 15,345 16,060 20,896 17,857 20,386 21,106 19,973 21,698 28,880 33,509 29,518 33,236 38,589 27,068 26,617 27,080 27,839 25,865 27,114 26,630 26,924 26,199 27,162 2,801 3,489 3,420 3,704 4,817 4,904 5,906 5,928 6,465 6,622 6,540 6,157 6,072 7,011 7,345 6,484 6,801 6,323 5,468 6,666 6,350 5,920 5,842 6,216 6,097 6,164 6,726 6,778 18,655 18,628 19,139 18,287 18,757 18,349 17,614 17,847 19,423 20,276 19,816 19,089 21,052 18,215 18,798 18,120 19,015 18,119 18,000 18,727 18,425 18,856 18,737 19,256 19,479 18,686 19,230 20,272 14,281 14,288 14,435 14,874 15,607 15,754 15,050 15,664 14,574 16,543 17,455 15,527 18,473 18,848 22,121 21,792 23,127 23,641 26,307 25,762 26,027 26,815 26,480 28,503 27,885 27,023 26,690 28,234 63,297 62,649 62,949 57,755 63,976 61,334 58,290 67,877 70,505 75,231 73,201 70,778 70,810 67,811 70,058 62,349 62,072 68,794 65,461 73,181 69,673 68,917 68,140 68,244 66,228 65,749 62,992 63,118 ---------------------

Onions, all uses Tomatoes Cabbage Spinach Cucumbers 33,526 35,155 41,861 39,166 43,068 45,059 43,615 45,113 46,733 47,902 52,781 50,702 54,731 60,124 65,313 65,374 64,106 68,769 67,746 75,032 72,948 69,961 69,844 73,363 83,065 73,504 73,177 79,413 Pumpkins --------------------9,295 8,460 8,509 8,151 10,219 10,756 10,340 11,164 25,393 25,981 26,769 27,262 28,163 29,740 31,361 32,414 35,889 35,962 33,800 33,988 39,033 36,663 37,387 34,098 33,634 32,777 32,906 37,409 38,890 37,701 39,588 35,578 38,066 38,268 36,809 37,032 Watermelon 22,716 26,128 ----------37,783 36,917 39,232 39,426 42,724 39,923 37,205 40,588 37,494 40,478 39,585 38,208 36,882 38,403 42,245 42,869 18,849 19,811 ----------23,268 24,813 24,783 22,104 22,900 25,267 23,773 21,635 25,623 25,460 24,227 22,639 24,973 24,275 24,823 25,824 Cantaloup 12,242 13,346 ----------18,111 18,987 17,957 18,962 21,572 20,840 21,440 22,230 21,774 22,613 22,443 22,107 21,876 21,120 20,451 21,194 1,187 1,426 ----------2,351 1,976 2,230 2,036 1,934 3,265 2,960 3,057 4,239 3,458 4,625 5,569 6,266 7,581 6,207 6,354 Honeydews 3,180 3,419 3,780 3,918 4,031 4,758 5,438 4,811 5,241 5,131 4,503 3,737 4,740 3,792 4,724 4,332 4,737 4,828 5,013 5,160 5,116 4,720 5,065 5,275 5,221 4,873 4,915 4,682 6,143 6,037 ----------9,156 9,335 9,415 10,002 9,836 11,571 11,137 11,770 10,873 10,392 10,939 9,425 10,101 9,691 9,709 9,352 Selected total 4/ 179,416 183,456 193,452 185,782 201,818 203,549 203,163 220,537 228,191 240,289 240,519 230,689 248,587 253,281 274,718 257,010 262,270 278,832 265,361 289,500 285,515 279,856 278,423 282,604 292,276 280,367 277,347 287,071

----5,652 8,235 6,582 8,773 8,154 8,946 8,530 9,344 8,568 9,188 9,858 10,387 10,385 10,382 12,819 11,112 15,045 15,067 18,564 22,703 18,355 19,932 26,500 27,540 11,979 11,394 13,410 13,490 14,790 15,885 22,422 21,910

Brussels Escarole/ sprouts 3/ Eggplant endive 729 743 ----------560 800 630 561 684 512 512 576 468 396 328 320 393 458 419 -719 707 ----------882 753 780 633 713 793 768 712 1,654 1,694 ------1,003 998 ----------537 543 578 532 612 556 580 524 936 933 -------

Garlic 1,976 1,650 ----------3,795 4,160 4,590 4,703 6,125 5,610 5,510 7,400 5,581 5,877 5,650 6,241 5,224 4,771 4,814 4,890

Bell Chile Squash peppers peppers -- 1,000 cwt -5,494 5,875 ----------14,428 15,210 15,368 14,172 16,639 14,959 14,556 15,562 16,879 16,494 15,668 16,118 16,400 16,036 15,243 14,677 --------------------3,681 3,244 3,474 4,443 5,181 5,108 4,779 4,192 --------------------8,812 7,791 8,792 7,685 7,756 8,334 9,224 7,888

-- = Not available. 1/ Includes Hawaii. 2/ Includes fresh-market production only for these dual-use crops. 3/ After 2002, data from California County Agricultural Commissioners. 4/ Only includes those 10 commodities for which data were available during the 1982-91 period. Excludes asparagus in 1982 and 1983. 5/ ERS estimates for 2005. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service,Vegetables Annual Summary.

20 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 7--Vegetables, fresh market: Value of production of major vegetables, 1980-2007 1/ Year Asparagus Broccoli Carrots Cauliflower Sweet Head Romaine 2/ 2/ 4/ Celery corn lettuce lettuce 2/ 2/ 4/ -- $ 1,000 -1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 45,535 57,749 --76,900 91,343 97,941 91,102 104,387 101,760 97,674 108,113 126,607 119,773 131,173 124,171 103,480 134,960 156,734 190,719 176,017 192,346 139,609 125,086 123,945 99,988 81,027 90,967 Artichokes 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 27,473 35,672 ----------43,447 51,435 67,474 61,965 65,416 73,910 61,633 75,395 61,021 58,559 67,425 75,701 37,208 39,453 44,814 49,339 89,327 118,645 144,799 157,426 168,846 173,053 184,665 188,241 240,455 225,472 220,437 206,501 248,819 284,165 389,659 405,286 391,194 457,423 486,332 468,882 607,958 469,694 552,713 583,514 600,289 563,673 664,383 713,608 Snap beans 83,203 86,982 ----------138,518 153,505 157,465 162,260 166,559 154,414 237,508 259,556 250,261 278,511 283,813 280,605 260,993 300,576 321,270 391,448 154,853 178,758 185,897 192,886 224,240 182,265 213,141 225,570 236,837 277,399 251,879 291,039 352,735 337,679 432,017 494,668 443,863 497,202 329,251 445,936 353,544 477,131 493,266 515,035 538,337 564,007 539,028 614,020 79,043 104,862 106,720 118,395 150,031 145,955 170,020 167,728 182,109 186,292 164,255 166,743 175,935 217,450 211,529 225,020 224,168 203,957 188,477 197,767 203,770 172,690 188,340 217,952 188,040 197,419 217,510 232,164 169,896 200,622 194,587 250,185 228,304 189,527 211,065 198,833 230,762 268,266 214,708 205,689 258,662 270,082 220,892 294,971 199,877 266,321 210,753 224,702 341,391 272,391 239,846 258,965 288,791 259,309 350,454 413,477 152,890 564,064 165,669 681,612 176,016 762,846 185,737 710,934 204,978 698,120 200,602 660,855 209,318 699,273 201,555 999,755 216,114 1,036,872 279,260 950,278 261,258 264,185 270,576 335,716 380,213 397,769 390,737 418,617 452,278 436,094 481,016 523,567 509,421 550,024 537,494 596,729 610,885 625,539 844,142 810,186 882,240 1,086,716 934,472 1,463,348 912,586 1,201,899 1,060,070 972,917 1,208,140 1,234,981 1,435,296 1,235,193 1,118,970 1,019,218 1,061,963 1,386,523 Bell peppers 124,922 139,600 ----------386,153 460,998 455,831 445,627 466,151 479,512 506,610 483,807 531,018 473,557 464,401 494,663 516,956 534,703 511,978 468,387 ------------99,743 130,366 163,681 215,026 161,676 190,944 230,234 222,320 299,278 290,934 466,896 624,898 350,223 386,291 593,866 708,030 Chile peppers --------------------108,314 108,090 105,018 102,748 111,236 117,048 104,775 119,918

Leaf lettuce ------------187,153 258,816 245,417 322,875 246,628 299,250 297,219 269,829

Onions, all uses

Tomatoes Cabbage Spinach Cucumbers 151,103 143,110 ----------207,108 279,122 225,970 251,411 228,972 273,032 302,143 238,624 309,171 332,554 307,856 294,564 322,415 326,043 342,923 413,199 Cantaloup 166,800 188,070 ----------251,059 295,626 298,067 345,608 393,333 374,110 392,211 377,360 371,984 429,281 398,302 371,721 322,188 335,818 351,612 312,700 29,472 39,012 ----------54,911 59,809 65,497 65,588 56,735 102,322 106,127 98,166 134,733 112,068 158,385 207,247 138,024 172,114 185,461 204,587 Honeydews 42,864 52,581 53,111 51,540 55,894 58,055 69,132 69,293 75,341 62,334 81,218 68,895 63,811 68,888 77,473 89,193 80,405 91,040 108,155 109,082 98,244 99,500 91,453 98,961 92,133 91,569 88,595 82,498 84,326 91,794 ----------174,740 168,804 150,925 165,280 186,590 204,674 224,018 214,935 216,704 205,689 207,784 187,391 204,091 223,249 245,268 228,292 Selected total 3/ 2,170,445 2,591,738 2,534,507 2,765,708 2,944,017 2,767,247 3,082,218 3,488,099 3,709,885 4,040,230 3,549,404 3,782,670 4,405,354 4,735,428 4,441,388 5,010,601 4,298,130 5,081,775 4,949,212 4,652,963 5,400,729 5,254,071 5,667,739 5,846,365 5,589,302 5,839,538 6,289,347 6,276,357

347,054 524,919 475,470 555,770 307,501 603,030 439,297 659,308 415,196 721,508 347,328 718,264 439,239 788,424 505,163 840,859 413,996 973,012 496,971 1,192,198 488,786 582,556 629,019 856,963 639,397 645,748 604,789 769,974 798,227 641,278 925,047 1,078,763 1,396,950 1,157,996 1,024,563 870,427 947,031 1,040,382 1,158,935 965,586

355,658 735,939 1,194,710 313,621 680,350 1,131,421 452,274 764,994 1,252,801 424,098 929,274 1,332,361 454,677 671,626 1,429,677 530,708 848,798 1,598,828 793,580 1,056,969 1,618,533 656,355 840,002 1,277,559 Squash Pumpkins --------------------87,687 74,679 91,712 81,054 92,651 103,651 102,232 117,492 Watermelon 149,757 159,269 ----------223,400 255,692 267,828 350,770 270,179 305,017 292,386 265,757 239,893 273,418 328,497 342,918 313,217 445,917 436,805 476,209

Brussels Escarole/ sprouts 5/ Eggplant endive 15,680 16,220 ----------17,104 24,756 15,471 14,390 20,120 21,180 20,985 21,419 16,115 14,471 9,213 10,425 14,246 14,426 15,051 -10,196 12,136 ----------20,650 17,721 20,886 16,225 19,150 18,980 21,912 21,492 43,085 42,471 ------16,649 17,199 ----------11,148 13,502 15,151 14,642 13,377 13,235 18,176 14,111 28,922 27,538 -------

Garlic 33,816 35,947 ----------102,854 132,470 183,852 147,714 196,333 268,776 207,511 218,947 154,971 173,020 155,673 160,200 138,622 208,018 152,606 218,686

-- $ 1,000 ---------------------210,287 173,265 202,975 197,020 222,718 214,489 222,884 227,518

-- = Not available. 1/ Includes Hawaii. 2/ Includes fresh-market crop value only for these dual use crops. 3/ Only includes those 10 commodities for which data were available during the 1982-91 period Excludes asparagus in 1982 and 1983. 4/ Estimated by ERS for 2005 based on NASS data for all uses. 5/ After 2001, data come from the California County Agricultural Commisioners Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Vegetables Annual Summary.

21 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 8--Fresh-market production of selected vegetables for selected States, 1990-2007 State and year Tomatoes Cabbage Onions 1/ Snap beans Squash 2/ 3/ Carrots -- 1,000 cwt -Sweet corn Cucumbers 3/ Bell Cantaloup peppers 2/ 3/ 3/ Watermelon 3/

California: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Florida: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Georgia: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 875 793 1,059 980 1,147 1,560 1,200 1,470 910 1,110 1,365 1,716 1,650 1,530 986 2,142 2,160 2,160 --1,710 3,100 2,250 2,480 2,485 2,800 2,475 2,268 2,660 2,700 2,950 1,274 2,500 2,800 2,650 2,880 1,092 660 1,386 1,494 1,957 2,375 1,764 3,476 2,224 2,755 3,162 2,565 1,438 2,188 3,770 2,205 3,255 3,240 --566 520 574 600 500 528 624 595 868 990 731 800 901 700 855 680 ----------2,310 988 1,428 1,244 1,150 1,365 2,080 1,150 ----------576 1,015 750 -------1,170 780 1,920 2,660 2,040 2,340 2,700 3,780 3,360 3,250 3,125 2,800 3,645 3,625 3,410 4,125 ---1,260 1,323 1,920 1,563 2,210 2,600 2,660 1,760 2,275 2,600 2,125 1,960 2,800 2,960 2,400 ----------850 800 880 1,350 663 684 1,134 1,148 --828 480 575 390 630 574 600 1,105 908 848 1,210 1,290 990 851 1,020 1,972 --5,270 3,920 4,420 7,050 6,750 5,250 5,060 4,875 4,680 5,830 5,865 5,375 3,795 5,250 6,815 10,360
Continued --

9,690 9,400 10,080 11,250 11,000 10,260 10,472 9,860 10,320 12,220 12,760 11,340 12,600 10,200 13,020 11,200 11,480 12,300

2,860 3,473 3,853 4,320 3,850 3,700 3,500 4,692 4,620 4,000 4,403 4,142 4,640 5,265 5,576 4,655 5,325 5,807

15,160 13,742 13,913 18,503 17,440 17,150 18,101 18,092 19,696 20,177 20,537 17,885 17,438 22,350 21,490 21,155 22,058 21,548

1,041 938 621 584 525 700 702 450 447 485 550 432 650 580 680 720 600 714

999 1,428 1,172 1,437 1,257 1,106 1,117 1,061 1,112 918 1,494 1,520 1,501 1,463 1,575 1,639 1,394 1,470

15,852 14,240 14,940 22,560 27,324 21,750 25,710 29,998 19,665 19,950 19,665 20,010 20,010 20,400 20,283 20,770 21,045 21,300

1,900 1,956 2,405 2,800 3,024 3,345 3,736 3,915 5,600 4,290 3,960 3,740 4,550 5,415 4,655 4,681 4,302 4,608

1,717 1,449 1,350 1,400 1,250 1,638 1,980 1,985 1,920 2,015 1,283 1,128 1,032 800 1,078 989 964 925

3,962 4,822 5,712 6,330 6,235 6,960 7,650 6,300 6,270 7,425 6,300 7,150 7,030 7,215 7,600 8,515 7,260 7,035

12,910 11,024 11,520 12,350 11,267 11,860 12,980 13,083 12,760 12,810 13,225 13,353 13,000 12,005 13,200 12,240 11,700 11,756

3,879 4,276 6,000 6,720 7,181 6,384 7,524 7,820 6,750 6,321 6,581 6,254 5,865 5,616 6,615 6,860 6,579 6,834

15,240 16,170 20,858 17,160 16,995 15,035 14,484 13,720 13,952 15,820 15,760 14,908 13,975 14,190 15,120 15,540 13,475 14,553

2,774 2,858 2,867 2,850 2,816 2,015 2,390 2,738 2,133 2,083 1,896 2,325 2,560 2,356 2,812 2,652 2,046 2,442

-------------------

1,112 1,120 1,546 1,510 1,265 1,690 1,442 1,303 2,195 2,958 2,691 2,772 2,831 2,639 2,822 2,210 2,727 3,105

1,671 1,586 1,933 1,478 1,911 1,320 847 1,305 1,339 1,482 1,344 1,378 1,500 1,300 1,339 1,066 1,020 1,003

1,080 1,035 1,305 1,530 886 812 840 1,216 700 ----------

6,240 4,630 4,781 4,980 5,369 4,862 5,616 5,978 5,844 5,292 5,610 5,306 5,712 5,626 5,999 5,376 4,866 5,015

3,499 3,735 4,424 3,640 3,392 3,048 2,862 3,286 2,594 3,371 3,650 2,678 2,884 2,712 2,515 2,835 2,375 2,673

3,706 4,022 5,712 5,852 5,757 4,725 6,120 5,910 5,921 5,643 6,348 5,416 5,250 4,956 5,673 4,580 4,046 4,340

-------------------

9,000 7,011 9,000 8,325 8,510 8,250 7,140 7,500 8,640 10,500 8,640 7,440 7,590 7,200 8,000 8,190 8,349 8,110

See footnotes at end of table.

22 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 8--Fresh-market production of selected vegetables for selected States, 1990-2007 (continued) State and year Tomatoes Cabbage Onions 1/ Snap beans Squash 2/ 3/ Carrots -- 1,000 cwt -Sweet corn Cucumbers 3/ Bell Cantaloup peppers 2/ 3/ 3/ Watermelon 3/

Texas: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Michigan: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 New York: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

156 83 83 185 198 288 308 260 140 192 182 180 240 169 116 150 110 143

2,600 2,860 4,120 3,395 4,144 3,638 4,033 2,890 3,400 3,128 4,100 3,627 2,464 2,541 3,237 2,610 2,888 1,458

3,897 3,792 3,533 3,704 5,541 4,633 4,954 3,147 4,067 5,020 5,235 5,655 5,705 4,520 4,911 4,983 4,320 3,520

-------------------

----------218 235 158 256 150 133 286 294

480 733 1,340 793 882 750 907 396 980 1,020 874 960 480 609 704 690 620 300

144 150 175 175 144 170 112 250 432 450 387 390 240 261 152 119 97 154

--322 228 242 231 112 289 113 162 360 378 450 322 525 98 143 121

825 810 1,272 1,000 644 667 540 280 180 252 260 275 160 175 80 105 20 --

1,560 1,965 2,550 2,144 2,358 2,356 2,520 1,358 2,100 1,998 1,836 2,800 2,565 2,040 1,200 1,144 559 432

6,750 6,375 6,480 6,000 7,800 6,650 8,800 7,378 6,528 7,440 5,600 7,200 6,660 7,700 6,050 5,798 7,232 4,218

350 360 400 360 400 360 432 40 483 494 408 378 420 484 546 440 460 483

--420 494 576 374 527 494 442 504 425 576 540 576 432 612 612 544

2,422 2,044 2,448 2,201 2,178 1,856 1,798 1,568 1,092 1,080 945 999 897 1,152 986 754 650 650

--68 84 95 77 60 72 126 88 84 190 176 160 185 226 198 144

--------473 -610 1,278 1,564 1,178 1,120 1,738 1,764 1,482

1,456 1,404 1,479 1,272 1,475 1,938 1,300 1,325 1,334 1,316 1,260 1,680 1,320 1,470 1,302 1,080 800 840

875 934 920 863 1,020 920 893 978 750 742 742 540 800 855 713 800 913 723

--686 918 918 855 1,100 1,280 1,235 1,452 1,340 1,210 1,140 1,024 1,295 936 884 858

--308 368 380 357 400 374 360 400 462 364 400 450 522 392 351 312

-------------------

-------------------

448 378 176 276 400 300 152 384 462 357 540 480 378 322 360 360 400 432

3,960 3,105 4,138 5,371 5,400 5,250 4,200 5,376 4,598 4,961 5,676 5,520 4,060 3,822 3,710 4,606 4,620 5,796

4,636 3,540 4,392 3,720 3,844 4,032 2,736 3,660 3,750 3,528 4,674 4,224 2,829 3,808 5,200 3,808 4,224 4,428

260 322 148 308 483 226 156 316 329 372 517 638 561 392 190 300 587 554

----------726 624 697 874 943 796 756 731

78 216 187 228 277 240 132 168 150 225 ---------

2,120 1,988 1,651 1,955 2,570 2,593 2,033 1,993 2,628 3,202 2,613 3,841 3,278 4,094 2,800 2,679 3,216 3,300

469 522 476 551 429 442 390 600 760 648 798 731 828 528 874 540 760 714

----------315 299 200 234 113 132 119 --

-------------------

-------------------

-- = Not available. 1/ Includes processing production in California. 2/ Also includes production for processing uses. 3/ Data for 1982-91 (and 2002-06 for New York bell peppers) are from the State Statistical Offices. NASS reinstated national data collection in 1992 Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Vegetables Annual Summary.

23 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 9--Vegetables, commercial: U.S. monthly and annual average shipping-point price index, 1979-2008 1/ Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. -- 1990-92=100 -74 77 100 89 85 90 94 85 95 96 111 94 91 102 106 98 98 99 112 121 104 119 125 115 119 100 112 119 126 74 77 93 79 87 100 90 88 92 110 99 98 88 113 111 94 102 116 122 114 106 129 145 121 138 127 118 152 146 Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual average

1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p

95 67 102 136 76 113 98 93 114 160 122 135 95 97 121 116 120 94 111 122 105 98 121 158 112 127 93 128 177 139

102 66 113 110 88 119 94 82 97 93 107 122 84 118 126 113 116 111 105 116 112 86 147 192 113 140 117 115 165 120

83 79 120 95 102 108 111 88 110 107 103 92 114 144 109 93 148 147 118 125 121 107 138 272 123 111 165 133 192 135

76 85 93 94 110 94 93 106 95 93 112 81 107 106 166 88 174 122 113 156 130 136 137 120 129 127 181 151 181 160

77 89 95 87 102 89 85 102 93 86 101 89 131 93 128 97 155 103 106 129 118 131 144 115 138 108 135 156 144

78 85 93 91 100 88 80 88 93 92 100 89 109 94 101 104 121 116 112 110 110 117 120 109 152 107 138 131 133

70 82 89 76 91 94 85 93 93 106 95 102 90 115 113 105 117 102 119 114 105 143 134 119 144 129 127 160 155

72 78 89 78 99 103 83 92 90 95 100 111 88 125 96 117 97 109 145 133 97 125 103 105 143 155 113 123 196

79 85 89 91 98 84 97 101 148 102 90 114 109 109 104 124 98 112 122 113 98 144 109 110 180 158 113 119 139

67 86 109 83 108 86 124 88 134 107 99 100 88 121 127 164 101 96 136 117 116 115 171 104 159 119 152 150 138

79 80 99 92 96 97 95 92 105 104 103 102 100 111 117 109 121 111 118 123 110 121 133 137 138 126 130 136 158

p = Preliminary. 1/ Index based on average f.o.b. shipping-point prices until 2006 when measurement was switched to prices at the point of first sale. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Prices.

24 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 10--Vegetables, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual producer price index, 1979-2008 1/ Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p Jan. 102.2 79.6 108.5 131.8 88.6 128.6 91.3 107.2 85.2 135.9 93.4 164.0 89.3 117.2 128.8 146.3 163.5 133.9 105.2 133.1 131.9 111.3 147.0 146.1 147.8 143.8 122.0 207.6 175.3 200.6 Feb. 123.9 69.1 114.7 126.9 86.5 151.8 110.3 82.7 91.9 96.8 119.9 203.2 87.3 154.7 125.8 99.3 149.2 119.4 126.2 136.6 93.1 100.5 168.6 188.7 127.5 125.9 152.8 138.8 190.3 160.8 Mar. 89.9 68.8 130.3 103.3 100.1 152.0 117.4 92.6 103.9 95.8 111.0 136.6 88.4 147.9 117.4 96.1 159.2 202.5 150.4 148.2 117.4 122.3 178.7 242.5 153.0 140.3 168.5 137.6 222.4 194.1 Apr. 88.4 79.8 114.6 106.4 112.4 110.1 109.3 116.5 102.2 98.5 107.1 74.8 112.8 99.7 178.5 91.4 199.1 155.6 109.6 162.9 144.4 126.8 145.6 101.7 167.7 133.1 174.7 174.4 222.5 May 85.1 95.3 108.3 107.6 107.5 89.3 88.3 116.3 94.4 88.5 140.4 78.0 157.0 89.9 164.3 91.2 167.2 108.2 103.2 123.2 111.3 152.0 144.9 107.2 165.0 132.9 144.2 147.9 142.1 June 83.6 96.6 102.1 109.8 111.3 100.3 88.5 91.0 96.4 86.6 117.0 83.7 138.0 81.3 80.7 94.9 127.2 96.6 112.2 106.5 125.8 128.1 129.4 123.2 138.8 101.0 160.0 128.7 145.4 July Aug. -- 1982=100 -82.9 84.6 101.3 91.7 90.2 96.7 124.8 93.4 101.9 96.9 110.5 93.3 102.0 85.5 98.4 104.8 107.3 108.8 115.7 153.7 103.4 127.2 109.7 127.1 133.3 102.8 126.8 134.1 146.0 88.2 80.2 101.3 78.7 98.0 106.3 103.5 90.1 77.1 94.3 96.3 79.0 82.6 114.8 110.5 95.7 94.8 97.2 125.2 114.9 113.7 136.7 127.2 125.4 136.6 128.3 132.3 179.5 137.8 Sep. 66.4 90.6 91.5 73.7 107.0 100.8 92.1 98.6 98.2 110.4 81.5 79.4 81.8 114.8 117.0 107.1 152.9 91.3 121.8 135.0 117.5 155.9 132.3 116.7 164.7 141.9 153.3 193.1 162.7 Oct. 78.5 84.3 88.3 80.7 125.3 93.1 86.8 99.5 89.6 101.0 101.0 96.2 73.5 149.0 89.5 113.8 116.0 106.0 143.1 161.9 101.6 165.0 112.3 126.9 156.9 200.0 144.0 167.7 218.3 Nov. 86.5 93.3 86.1 84.8 100.1 78.8 84.4 104.3 135.4 103.8 80.0 117.7 113.1 108.2 141.1 128.1 115.8 131.5 124.7 131.2 100.9 173.9 105.9 127.4 148.4 211.1 163.1 138.3 177.4 Dec. 66.8 89.5 108.8 104.6 101.0 73.5 107.4 100.4 112.0 96.7 88.4 87.2 76.1 133.4 167.0 244.7 125.5 99.3 118.5 148.1 151.6 120.3 121.0 119.0 184.7 143.7 200.8 178.3 204.5 Annual 86.9 84.3 104.7 100.0 102.3 106.8 100.3 99.4 99.0 100.4 103.9 107.8 100.2 116.4 126.6 117.8 139.8 120.9 121.3 137.9 117.7 135.0 135.2 137.7 152.0 142.1 153.5 160.5 178.7

p = Preliminary. 1/ Excludes potatoes. The PPI measures wholesale-level prices. Source: U.S. Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/data/home.htm).

25 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 11--Vegetables, fresh market, including potatoes: U.S. monthly and annual Consumer Price Index, 1979-2008 1/ Year 1979 3/ 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Jan. 77.8 72.1 91.7 110.0 88.0 118.6 105.8 118.1 116.2 143.9 141.4 176.9 159.9 152.7 172.4 181.7 209.4 193.8 190.6 233.8 224.5 223.0 235.9 251.6 253.7 265.2 271.0 300.6 298.3 317.5 Feb. 80.5 68.9 97.2 112.9 89.2 126.1 112.9 101.4 123.2 133.7 144.4 186.3 152.5 163.5 171.1 168.1 198.6 188.4 198.6 210.5 209.8 211.0 240.6 258.1 250.9 262.8 263.2 289.7 308.6 305.0 Mar. 76.5 70.3 104.6 99.8 95.9 125.7 111.5 100.8 118.9 125.6 140.2 168.3 151.1 172.7 173.7 167.0 193.6 206.0 202.2 220.2 209.2 212.1 238.2 265.3 250.7 261.3 267.0 279.7 302.4 301.5 Apr. 73.3 76.4 104.2 98.4 103.0 113.3 111.1 108.8 123.7 127.5 144.1 145.6 169.2 175.4 179.3 163.9 220.4 209.2 191.8 219.7 206.2 213.6 232.6 255.9 244.3 251.7 280.1 276.8 299.3 299.8 May 69.7 80.3 95.1 99.5 104.6 103.3 102.5 112.1 123.6 124.5 153.2 139.8 167.3 149.6 189.6 162.8 203.5 190.0 187.3 229.7 207.7 219.1 226.2 238.6 246.3 251.0 280.6 275.6 293.3 June July Aug. -- 1982-84=100 -72.4 80.5 94.9 101.7 101.5 103.4 100.9 106.4 129.2 121.8 150.8 140.0 180.5 146.9 167.1 168.7 194.9 188.0 189.1 214.7 203.1 217.7 226.4 239.3 250.5 247.2 266.9 272.9 283.5 72.5 81.6 96.5 96.7 96.5 104.0 103.7 106.0 121.0 127.0 150.8 143.8 157.7 148.1 155.8 170.2 188.7 188.0 190.3 214.0 206.0 216.7 226.3 241.8 248.3 244.6 268.5 271.5 280.1 68.7 80.1 93.1 84.8 95.8 110.4 98.3 105.0 114.5 125.9 145.1 139.8 142.2 153.8 156.1 163.7 175.4 182.3 192.3 205.6 204.8 217.3 224.9 238.9 245.4 245.6 261.0 274.4 274.4 Sep. 65.3 82.8 87.6 78.6 96.9 98.6 93.5 104.7 114.6 132.1 133.9 137.3 137.6 152.8 157.4 163.5 181.7 175.1 189.5 200.1 208.0 218.9 228.2 236.1 247.2 248.4 265.6 294.2 282.3 Oct. 69.2 82.3 83.7 78.3 99.6 99.8 93.9 107.2 112.5 129.4 134.8 142.2 134.0 155.2 157.7 167.0 182.0 180.9 192.8 213.9 208.9 218.6 229.1 233.5 251.2 270.7 274.1 301.8 292.7 Nov. 71.2 84.1 84.8 81.2 97.0 99.3 97.8 110.5 121.2 126.7 141.9 149.5 149.6 158.4 166.1 178.4 180.3 187.7 205.2 214.9 209.1 224.6 228.6 240.6 253.5 291.0 274.6 288.6 300.4 Dec. 73.6 88.5 91.2 88.3 103.2 96.1 110.3 111.7 140.2 133.0 136.5 144.0 150.7 166.1 174.9 212.7 188.4 181.2 205.2 212.3 214.0 240.2 230.4 245.2 263.8 295.1 288.3 286.1 306.1 Annual 2/ 72.6 79.0 93.7 94.2 97.6 108.2 103.5 107.7 121.6 129.3 143.1 151.1 154.4 157.9 168.4 172.3 193.1 189.2 194.6 215.8 209.3 219.4 230.6 245.4 250.5 261.2 271.7 284.3 293.5

1/ Indexes of retail prices paid in major U.S. cities. This index includes potatoes. 2/ Simple 12-month average. 3/ Data beginning with 1978 are for all urban consumers; earlier data are for urban wage earners and clerical workers Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/data/home.htm).

26 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 12--Vegetables, fresh-market: U.S. annual average retail prices, 1980-2007 Year 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Potatoes 1/ 0.191 0.250 0.211 0.206 0.242 0.208 0.241 0.276 0.261 0.342 0.371 0.330 0.305 0.348 0.374 0.379 0.381 0.356 0.376 0.394 0.380 0.390 0.493 0.459 0.454 0.471 0.534 0.525 Tomatoes 2/ 0.674 0.770 0.739 0.785 0.807 0.778 0.824 0.823 0.834 0.912 1.080 1.007 1.094 1.084 1.086 1.156 1.210 1.293 1.476 1.370 1.382 1.320 1.325 1.509 1.606 1.611 1.732 1.647 Iceberg lettuce 0.452 0.487 0.573 0.554 0.513 0.538 0.528 0.618 0.628 0.605 0.578 0.605 0.577 0.656 0.608 0.801 0.648 0.694 0.757 0.674 0.736 0.793 0.861 0.823 0.798 0.870 0.866 0.928 Romaine lettuce Broccoli Cabbage --------------------------1.393 1.571 ---------------0.860 0.910 0.980 1.096 1.005 1.138 0.985 1.194 1.200 1.195 1.318 1.446 1.586 0.260 0.244 0.299 0.266 0.365 0.293 0.312 0.305 0.328 0.365 0.405 0.406 0.364 0.410 0.369 0.433 0.403 0.398 0.450 0.419 0.437 -----0.615 0.599 Celery 0.384 0.423 0.426 0.476 0.480 0.422 0.470 0.463 0.506 0.531 0.490 0.523 0.507 0.604 0.502 0.677 0.509 0.583 0.602 0.579 0.658 ------0.913 Carrots 3/ 0.332 0.366 0.356 0.368 0.394 0.361 0.382 0.358 0.380 0.400 0.386 0.447 0.466 0.429 0.441 0.533 0.512 0.512 0.559 0.561 0.561 ------0.774 Sweet Dry Green peppers Cucumbers onions 4/ beans Radishes 0.791 0.987 0.863 0.982 0.886 0.936 0.896 0.903 0.788 0.962 1.131 1.111 1.063 1.154 1.132 1.371 1.277 1.343 1.531 1.410 1.455 ----1.927 1.806 2.094 0.433 0.477 0.501 0.529 0.523 0.506 0.507 0.570 0.569 0.656 0.598 0.654 0.669 0.623 0.604 0.694 0.704 0.657 0.903 0.858 1.004 -------0.272 0.400 0.324 0.294 0.369 0.295 0.312 0.418 0.379 0.361 0.389 0.432 0.423 0.479 0.464 0.455 0.438 0.481 ----------0.718 0.734 0.857 0.894 0.889 0.821 0.871 0.940 0.959 1.023 ------------------0.651 0.639 0.712 0.765 0.795 0.764 0.854 0.828 0.872 1.005 -------------------

-- Dollars/pound --

-- = not available. 1/ White potatoes. 2/ Field-grown tomatoes. 3/ Short trimmed and topped carrots. 4/ Yellow onions. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.

27 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 13--Vegetables, fresh-market: U.S. imports of major vegetables, 1979-2007 1/ CauliSweet Year Asparagus Broccoli Carrots flower Cabbage Celery corn -- 1,000 pounds -1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 6,700 7,242 8,763 16,131 20,232 14,308 18,034 24,050 28,354 32,343 34,486 43,779 52,437 57,707 69,311 64,816 79,126 76,135 88,643 109,845 142,285 159,379 156,837 180,253 212,623 203,718 238,800 265,247 269,215 566 667 892 121 362 3,611 4,461 8,534 22,720 35,970 27,780 21,270 20,128 20,726 31,804 22,769 42,731 53,633 70,725 80,463 100,377 110,514 114,079 125,286 117,753 141,597 183,627 174,037 184,378 Bell peppers 3/ 143,660 174,156 126,970 168,807 153,882 217,281 214,721 180,087 198,929 200,211 243,581 220,000 216,717 195,297 268,849 261,464 314,700 377,262 395,089 438,870 455,265 436,935 463,210 534,933 541,634 569,003 652,574 716,124 726,410 94,825 108,683 87,882 105,126 126,680 161,491 147,789 115,013 98,827 117,363 123,570 122,111 136,958 134,342 121,408 158,880 222,166 222,296 223,032 179,170 184,815 167,478 201,417 190,183 187,204 215,204 196,569 248,401 245,496 Chile peppers ------25,115 59,944 63,048 75,987 65,421 79,553 80,092 83,760 78,324 106,914 195,426 234,106 245,458 287,149 298,950 327,314 332,712 349,470 397,888 414,272 425,380 508,621 563,350 4,834 7,292 11,190 10,785 12,546 13,506 16,301 13,763 13,808 14,639 19,537 22,076 17,873 17,592 11,248 10,592 13,137 16,818 37,648 32,072 17,500 17,492 15,031 19,995 19,812 30,999 18,606 19,661 27,857 17,114 29,811 5,884 26,566 30,803 143,199 39,090 28,466 29,143 30,668 57,325 88,222 45,490 39,469 58,139 51,743 78,628 79,208 87,722 89,804 81,378 89,932 113,421 99,608 77,761 83,323 114,565 115,996 116,044 4,748 4,797 7,427 10,225 10,430 7,242 12,756 15,042 27,445 32,503 43,049 40,656 42,922 32,700 38,319 28,758 56,611 56,467 68,065 105,998 84,478 64,366 80,953 90,685 59,664 49,598 58,855 56,148 63,622 212 953 366 328 2,332 8,633 6,809 7,679 15,415 11,915 21,274 14,695 13,476 11,384 6,414 10,639 15,517 23,544 23,047 39,998 53,150 51,701 49,041 52,106 49,697 50,984 56,847 59,810 66,602 Snap beans 24,400 25,353 19,869 16,213 23,590 25,715 25,401 32,758 26,969 30,613 30,814 30,041 24,892 23,401 25,335 23,341 37,661 39,759 45,962 42,787 43,815 49,544 54,363 59,282 56,729 58,585 60,536 62,528 70,062

Head lettuce 12,981 15,144 11,403 14,597 21,436 32,558 37,784 20,432 18,316 37,371 35,580 17,235 21,065 21,160 32,749 20,624 51,793 28,322 39,308 22,911 28,920 31,865 45,798 106,550 94,137 92,019 118,974 110,484 155,290

Other lettuce ----------23,476 12,133 8,306 5,887 6,805 8,930 11,705 16,570 28,605 31,981 28,409 32,764 34,587 33,657 33,140 35,166 51,913 61,247 74,444 Cantaloup 194,635 169,917 138,044 182,483 166,089 246,671 246,042 319,851 300,756 327,038 476,155

Onions 2/ 157,384 132,830 136,145 165,680 204,929 267,161 263,696 247,696 371,160 406,978 359,745 376,998 491,740 417,355 504,097 539,244 478,526 620,519 571,162 593,891 576,821 476,860 632,647 595,782 646,075 689,290 659,191 643,204 902,496 Watermelon 219,134 205,725 125,660 237,436 186,234 283,445 220,021 197,416 307,605 262,423 359,918 228,611 230,933 211,421 216,229 271,179 336,367 455,271 504,210 484,203 481,659 445,957 483,544 451,343 489,245 546,872 659,773 830,523 902,714

All Tomatoes 713,333 651,736 525,887 592,635 738,195 824,294 850,987 981,105 919,489 816,796 867,907 795,857 795,492 432,167 922,400 872,973 1,368,908 1,625,136 1,636,839 1,868,018 1,633,054 1,609,386 1,815,640 1,894,875 2,071,145 2,054,202 2,098,114 2,187,731 2,360,726 Other melons 57,419 45,027 52,007 148,923 95,114 98,434 94,062 145,194 163,146 154,412 241,523 201,256 289,379 229,085 260,889 255,841 274,050 282,336 362,842 418,101 441,094 403,715 362,111 391,162 378,985 376,308 399,267 427,757 425,297

Cucumbers 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 319,967 316,228 374,648 304,552 390,579 388,289 380,484 429,107 475,955 428,620 452,810 394,568 382,910 432,451 502,262 549,117 572,044 686,304 667,548 723,302 749,637 763,361 811,498 868,708 900,259 933,394 955,051 974,222 1,012,455

Squash 93,807 86,912 80,868 104,210 114,813 133,209 122,055 126,194 153,091 141,604 174,590 172,837 178,150 188,753 212,850 230,283 261,884 307,658 310,651 368,727 333,043 334,538 381,840 407,644 475,832 494,758 524,444 530,421 565,736

Eggplant Radishes -- 1,000 pounds -40,016 36,808 34,743 34,333 39,286 39,619 32,035 35,666 34,527 37,073 37,854 35,910 43,769 37,165 40,083 46,962 54,997 67,910 65,998 83,949 71,489 85,798 90,958 89,337 98,535 109,720 119,263 108,181 110,991 14,966 15,568 6,370 7,800 10,749 15,889 14,691 18,758 22,159 23,044 23,323 24,130 27,164 26,156 35,132 33,304 37,285 28,007 28,045 38,021 32,532 35,096 30,965 35,048 36,709 41,431 42,517 45,643 45,854

Garlic 48,023 23,511 18,845 24,080 27,831 37,931 33,674 31,724 38,454 37,695 37,015

39,304 530,255 41,362 602,482 42,308 481,867 86,919 458,140 47,927 523,899 50,238 613,124 48,368 740,784 38,185 921,631 72,676 938,571 95,613 1,108,065 63,293 80,598 106,104 100,652 124,853 152,616 176,033 195,612 1,119,157 1,070,135 1,108,585 1,079,234 910,795 951,976 964,747 1,012,257

-- = Not available. 1/ Except for 1989 to the present, data in this table are taken from the USDA FATUS report. Data after 1988 come directly from the Census Bureau. 2/ Includes pearl onions. 3/ Excludes hot (chile) peppers. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

28 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 14--Selected fresh vegetables: U.S. import value from selected countries and the world, 2002-07 NetherItem Canada Mexico Peru Chile lands -- $ 1,000 -2002: Asparagus Beans, snap Broccoli Cabbage Cantaloup Carrots Cauliflower Celery Sweet corn Cucumbers Eggplant Garlic Lettuce Onions Okra Green peas Peppers, bell Peppers, chile Squash 6/ Tomatoes Selected total 2003: Asparagus Beans, snap Broccoli Cabbage Cantaloup Carrots Cauliflower Celery Sweet corn Cucumbers Eggplant Garlic Lettuce, all Onions Okra Green peas Peppers, bell Peppers, chile Squash 6/ Tomatoes Selected total 2004: Asparagus Beans, snap Broccoli Cabbage Cantaloup Carrots Cauliflower Celery Sweet corn Cucumbers Eggplant Garlic Lettuce, all Onions Okra Green peas Peppers, bell Peppers, chile Squash 6/ Tomatoes Selected total See footnotes at end of table. 378 709 2,537 7,741 108 16,974 3,011 1,677 688 26,468 447 392 10,324 21,807 0 74 71,417 96 1,135 172,587 338,571 1,283 1,061 2,843 6,718 299 18,798 3,854 1,821 261 45,275 411 320 11,735 23,862 0 122 78,661 9,810 1,532 231,350 440,017 1,752 1,558 3,732 7,126 137 22,110 7,086 1,627 434 59,531 591 133 13,078 23,408 0 241 91,262 11,058 2,136 257,191 504,191 73,725 28,397 25,146 4,951 17,549 5,872 1,628 12,749 11,410 168,565 25,798 14,383 26,636 103,449 8,937 9,429 132,727 166,956 153,360 552,241 1,543,908 66,187 29,970 22,246 3,202 2,727 3,652 655 6,373 9,913 219,443 26,889 9,194 17,384 117,608 9,524 8,168 158,147 196,982 172,556 760,938 1,841,761 73,182 30,502 28,694 3,718 4,794 5,536 870 7,417 14,663 279,739 42,104 10,145 19,947 142,874 11,830 8,733 250,040 212,964 176,361 749,963 2,074,075 58,240 40 0 0 0 0 0 0 17 0 0 1,399 1,039 14,802 0 2,817 0 12 0 0 78,364 78,816 226 0 0 0 0 0 0 53 0 0 0 1,328 13,066 0 2,796 21 31 0 0 96,336 98,253 382 0 0 0 0 0 0 92 0 0 285 1,503 13,263 4 4,813 0 145 6 0 118,745 1,117 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,631 76 3,066 0 0 0 0 70 402 6,361 839 0 0 30 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 735 176 5,749 0 2 61 0 8 57 7,657 842 0 0 33 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 297 86 6,749 0 0 44 0 36 304 8,411 23 0 0 0 0 4 0 15 0 298 2,273 0 42 409 0 0 56,844 350 17 45,620 105,895 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 0 1,412 2,401 0 0 321 0 0 63,735 1,108 5 33,908 102,905 0 2 0 8 0 0 0 0 0 807 2,733 2 0 173 0 10 56,544 966 21 27,638 88,905

Other

World

1,855 1,113 454 571 122,393 385 72 8 27 5,436 1,247 35,814 195 3,842 495 5,985 29,601 276 1,071 24,392 235,234 1,628 1,013 579 405 113,692 585 344 0 29 6,505 2,142 32,961 100 4,960 2,323 8,161 38,054 795 3,798 21,377 239,450 2,109 1,103 960 298 112,796 752 375 0 39 8,469 3,601 45,492 139 4,441 5,556 9,970 39,171 1,392 5,544 18,489 260,697

135,339 30,259 28,136 13,263 140,051 23,234 4,712 14,450 12,142 200,767 29,765 53,619 38,311 147,374 9,432 18,305 290,589 167,690 155,653 795,242 2,308,333 148,755 32,269 25,668 10,356 116,717 23,035 4,853 8,207 10,256 272,635 31,844 43,210 30,722 165,565 11,848 19,251 338,679 208,727 177,899 1,047,630 2,728,124 176,138 33,548 33,386 11,182 117,748 28,398 8,331 9,044 15,228 348,545 49,028 56,354 34,752 190,907 17,390 23,767 437,060 226,525 184,105 1,053,587 3,055,025 --continued

29 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 14--Selected fresh vegetables: U.S. import value from selected countries and the world, 2002-07--continued NetherItem Canada Mexico Guatemala Peru Chile lands -- $ 1,000 -2005: Asparagus 2,986 97,954 75 109,948 1,495 10 Beans, snap 1,394 40,690 2,203 268 0 0 Broccoli 3,932 37,583 56 0 0 0 Cabbage 12,361 5,972 0 0 0 15 Cantaloup 234 8,364 53,308 12 268 0 Carrots 25,227 6,547 44 0 0 0 Cauliflower 3,466 1,056 35 20 0 0 Celery 2,048 8,207 0 0 0 3 Sweet corn 382 14,799 0 162 0 0 Cucumbers 63,425 246,479 0 0 0 856 Eggplant 851 38,765 92 0 0 2,311 Garlic 3/ 138 12,986 0 211 241 0 Lettuce, all 16,341 30,076 13 1,895 8 0 Onions 22,770 176,777 927 17,266 7,907 134 Okra 0 12,997 12 7 0 0 Green peas 4/ 282 8,048 15,115 9,787 0 54 Peppers, bell 5/ 115,763 262,401 3 8 86 50,046 Peppers, chile 429 234,642 0 40 0 252 Squash 6/ 1,744 169,843 406 0 21 0 Tomatoes 271,939 781,174 4,016 0 148 16,065 Watermelon 228 98,450 0 0 0 Selected total 2006: Asparagus Beans, snap Broccoli Cabbage Cantaloup 1/ Carrots Cauliflower Celery Sweet corn Cucumbers 2/ Eggplant Garlic 3/ Lettuce, all Onions Okra Green peas 4/ Peppers, bell 5/ Peppers, chile Squash 6/ Tomatoes Watermelon Selected total 2007: Asparagus Beans, snap Broccoli Cabbage Cantaloup 1/ Carrots Cauliflower Celery Sweet corn Cucumbers 2/ Eggplant Garlic 3/ Lettuce, all Onions Okra Green peas 4/ Peppers, bell 5/ Peppers, chile Squash 6/ Tomatoes Watermelon Selected total 545,940 2,293,809 76,305 139,625 10,174 69,746

Other

World

1,432 529 460 448 67,022 530 147 0 6 8,736 3,961 60,922 104 2,653 5,239 69 22,465 1,281 5,853 1,494 10,927 194,277

213,900 45,084 42,031 18,796 129,208 32,349 4,724 10,258 15,349 319,496 45,981 74,498 48,438 228,435 18,254 33,355 450,773 236,642 177,868 1,074,836 109,605 3,329,877

2,673 937 3,096 10,127 577 34,054 4,438 4,809 849 78,536 1,078 267 20,829 32,617 0 190 151,729 831 2,213 284,316 180 634,345

120,390 42,229 37,723 7,042 8,666 7,863 951 6,518 18,226 330,336 33,593 12,285 32,830 123,797 12,637 9,852 289,492 234,279 197,608 918,761 121,617 2,566,694

125 3,603 32 0 66,158 3 0 0 7 40 0 0 19 1,784 4 15,275 39 0 344 5 5,512 92,950

130,072 184 0 0 151 0 0 0 42 0 0 126 1,866 17,104 0 7,186 47 83 0 0 3 156,864

614 0 0 49 98 0 0 0 0 0 0 374 11 6,184 0 0 0 0 62 0 0 7,393

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,605 1,975 0 11 110 0 53 47,908 323 0 17,907 0 69,892

1,390 440 128 540 61,720 1,120 174 (1) 98 10,341 3,340 77,221 526 3,380 6,070 12 24,041 2,161 6,531 12,618 11,934 223,785

255,264 47,392 40,979 17,758 137,370 43,040 5,563 11,326 19,222 420,858 39,986 90,274 56,092 184,977 18,711 32,568 513,256 237,676 206,758 1,233,607 139,245 3,751,922

3,127 294 3,968 11,091 229 31,806 6,698 3,605 1,771 80,010 1,451 366 20,729 39,018 0 126 169,617 325 1,826 238,148 546 614,751

112,538 38,143 46,113 6,859 8,761 10,834 1,225 10,459 15,857 378,681 38,539 9,995 49,881 178,066 12,905 11,377 313,455 255,148 204,525 960,047 140,408 2,803,816

112 7,743 15 0 85,563 66 0 0 14 93 0 0 15 2,039 0 17,524 473 32 1,104 283 6,603 121,679

161,380 346 0 0 37 0 0 0 0 0 0 64 1,904 18,974 0 8,777 250 168 24 0 0 191,924

354 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 682 15 11,662 0 0 0 0 21 0 0 12,734

7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 114 2,007 0 15 59 0 0 28,191 362 0 15,027 0 45,782

1,505 417 20 724 62,141 2,139 174 198 31 12,482 5,223 102,704 1,678 18,526 7,512 69 23,390 4,767 6,458 6,994 10,127 267,279

279,023 46,943 50,116 18,674 156,731 44,845 8,097 14,262 17,673 471,380 47,220 113,811 74,237 268,344 20,417 37,873 535,376 260,802 213,958 1,220,499 157,684 4,057,965

1/ In 2006, Guatemala was $66.5 million, Costa Rica was $39.9 million, and Honduras was $21.3 million. 2/ In 2006, Honduras was $4.3 million. 3/ China accounted for $50.9 million in 2005 and $69.6 million in 2006. 4/ Guatemala accounted for $15.1 million in 2005 and $15.3 million in 2006.. 5/ Israel accounted for $12.7 million in 2005 and $9.0 in 2006. 6/ Excludes chayote. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

30 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 15--Vegetables, fresh market: Selected U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1979-2008 1/ Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual -- 1,000 pounds -1979 1980 1981 2/ 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 2/ 1987 1988 1989 3/ 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p 204,601 264,667 111,524 222,375 344,658 301,213 244,870 270,966 255,230 388,642 461,610 528,876 411,954 378,719 465,486 467,767 529,966 644,507 671,822 680,296 674,921 364,032 358,539 250,332 228,140 177,412 405,166 328,276 251,664 580,215 505,864 471,114 504,243 469,799 346,354 515,902 520,842 593,177 675,973 702,227 701,873 667,829 340,633 321,513 164,101 298,948 194,953 220,650 307,946 497,205 498,113 223,432 345,661 433,194 444,247 498,473 478,190 340,081 575,263 648,997 683,545 782,465 756,825 845,490 711,927 205,422 99,880 219,189 160,437 354,054 312,025 350,601 429,132 292,883 298,142 256,472 380,169 298,198 378,220 348,021 422,318 605,148 495,325 678,163 546,598 532,139 611,858 649,593 697,544 695,755 686,245 704,371 888,651 58,996 127,595 163,488 117,918 185,464 177,758 609,078 156,981 131,090 186,230 146,997 185,739 157,372 214,180 225,443 274,772 311,070 356,365 432,746 426,527 414,206 504,181 475,672 480,362 497,549 552,011 586,131 710,948 52,371 38,428 60,222 32,274 47,468 56,673 36,956 54,100 100,846 93,550 84,628 104,381 110,185 77,967 153,335 110,341 120,711 120,476 159,761 161,169 222,617 268,308 269,480 316,412 332,543 382,250 378,033 425,390 471,062 522,717 555,751 556,335 647,212 68,505 143,343 72,748 63,439 80,060 91,260 94,541 98,115 176,839 173,924 154,691 198,347 173,404 218,586 185,263 241,155 243,633 345,562 378,456 422,231 419,067 457,747 465,941 456,169 534,575 540,316 608,412 661,919 656,979 742,660 81,075 55,229 131,274 156,191 173,479 205,428 188,850 257,013 169,831 304,572 253,332 272,741 315,218 334,926 351,257 442,616 505,833 529,788 515,120 539,280 554,799 523,560 654,787 660,047 744,596 831,353 743,425 808,343 1,837,491 1,749,458 1,529,053 1,557,210 1,712,973 2,419,616 2,255,192 2,498,521 2,667,238 2,558,903 3,038,667 2,892,332 2,993,023 2,613,371 3,442,454 3,542,333 4,362,364 5,145,427 5,217,860 5,788,688 5,607,212 5,556,091 6,177,909 6,600,167 6,964,826 7,249,532 7,629,668 8,000,167 8,755,281

249,828 34,482 26,854 41,226 103,105 189,516 257,076 39,448 86,311 47,750 52,041 51,832 92,511 49,501 45,341 68,952 53,962 89,639 76,599 94,744 71,322 73,631 78,567 82,459 73,849 79,358 86,826 82,677 110,085 82,262 70,667 95,883 81,090 89,513 115,668 118,470 121,806 133,470 135,290 130,504 120,049 133,181 112,777 129,728 160,838 219,970 226,052 274,689 348,392 339,133 310,559 342,887 363,314 370,935 391,478 459,892 510,316 522,415 112,118 104,767 109,905 129,945 131,652 192,604 251,194 242,247 296,293 286,537 285,804 321,737 377,551 382,204 405,308 388,253 481,667 438,987 93,631 110,160 124,503 142,807 148,411 208,055 253,820 245,493 280,438 305,983 310,029 364,274 392,597 396,422 419,688 425,883 478,508 477,841 94,396 107,026 124,505 155,081 134,303 227,162 242,601 251,368 274,398 318,187 312,426 329,528 401,590 419,303 436,901 491,849 482,062 507,908

683,614 660,958 643,366 803,490 713,449 828,744 795,331 744,100 785,667 922,146 768,233 856,253 810,331 789,664 927,132 887,702 806,517 882,292 974,135 918,733 907,505 946,156 982,618 1,081,542 1,020,634 1,067,090 979,434

p = Preliminary. 1/ Excludes melons, potatoes, and mushrooms. 2/ Monthly distribution as reported by the Census is partly in error for 1976, 1980, 1981, and 1986. For July and August of 1981 and May of 1986, some quantities are included that actually arrived in earlier months. 3/ Import data beginning January 1989 are reported under the Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HS) of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

31 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 16--Vegetables, fresh market: Share of consumption derived from imports, 1980-2008 1/ Year Asparagus 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f 10.8 12.3 18.4 20.0 14.9 16.3 16.6 20.7 22.7 24.4 29.8 34.4 37.7 46.9 44.0 53.3 48.9 49.3 54.4 57.0 59.0 59.8 64.9 70.1 61.7 72.2 78.2 77.9 79.8 Artichokes 2/ Broccoli 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.6 1.0 2.6 3.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.4 3.7 2.0 3.7 4.4 5.2 5.8 5.8 6.6 7.4 8.1 7.4 8.7 11.0 9.5 10.1 9.7 Snap beans Carrots 7.8 6.2 6.9 8.3 10.2 9.5 7.4 4.9 6.8 6.2 5.9 7.0 6.3 4.3 4.8 7.4 6.7 5.8 6.8 7.2 6.4 7.5 7.8 7.3 8.3 7.5 9.5 9.1 8.4 Eggplant 2/ Radishes Cauliflower 2.8 3.6 3.5 3.8 3.1 3.7 2.6 2.7 2.7 3.4 4.0 3.6 3.8 2.1 2.0 3.0 3.6 7.8 8.0 3.6 3.6 3.5 4.9 4.4 6.8 4.2 3.8 5.3 5.3 Celery 2/ 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.8 1.0 1.7 1.9 2.3 2.3 2.5 1.7 2.0 1.5 3.1 3.0 3.8 5.9 4.6 3.6 4.4 5.0 3.3 2.7 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.1 Garlic 2/ Head Sweet corn 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.5 1.0 0.8 1.3 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.0 1.6 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Lettuce Leaf/romaine Squash -- Percent imported -1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f 43.8 38.0 41.4 50.0 53.2 47.6 55.7 51.8 47.4 48.8 50.4 45.2 53.3 57.0 62.8 64.7 68.4 68.0 74.7 71.6 72.9 73.6 76.8 77.3 83.1 81.6 79.8 81.1 80.0 8.5 6.9 5.5 8.1 8.1 8.5 10.9 9.1 10.5 10.4 11.2 10.4 6.3 6.4 5.8 8.6 10.2 12.5 9.4 8.3 8.7 8.8 9.8 9.9 10.6 11.3 9.8 10.6 10.3 33.9 33.0 28.8 32.7 35.8 29.3 31.8 30.1 38.8 38.4 36.0 42.0 30.8 32.7 34.5 43.7 42.0 42.8 50.8 47.4 37.7 38.3 43.1 45.4 48.8 43.9 37.6 41.5 39.9 12.1 4.8 6.7 8.4 13.6 12.0 16.8 17.8 17.1 13.3 14.6 19.6 21.4 26.1 29.0 33.8 25.5 20.3 30.9 29.7 25.9 21.4 25.7 35.6 28.7 29.1 28.9 30.4 31.0 12.5 13.2 19.6 12.9 21.5 14.2 25.0 17.4 15.7 17.7 17.4 19.4 17.3 26.1 20.6 19.4 16.2 15.3 35.9 28.5 29.0 31.6 36.5 37.9 44.0 48.0 54.7 55.5 56.9 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.9 1.8 2.5 2.1 ---------2.7 1.3 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.5 16.5 15.1 18.3 19.2 21.5 19.2 18.9 21.9 18.8 22.7 21.9 21.7 23.1 24.5 25.2 29.7 34.5 33.1 35.4 32.8 30.7 36.1 34.8 41.1 41.6 41.3 39.3 42.0 41.5 8.5 4.7 8.2 7.0 8.3 6.8 6.4 9.8 7.9 10.7 6.9 7.2 5.6 5.9 6.9 8.3 10.2 11.9 12.2 11.3 11.4 11.3 11.2 12.5 14.3 15.9 17.5 18.4 19.5 12.8 9.8 10.2 10.8 13.6 12.2 14.1 13.5 17.0 18.6 23.0 27.5 22.1 20.4 23.7 25.6 26.7 32.1 31.9 34.9 35.6 33.6 34.7 34.3 31.0 32.8 33.7 34.0 34.8 8.2 8.2 18.5 9.7 9.6 8.6 10.7 14.6 14.6 21.8 22.3 33.3 20.6 26.2 21.7 24.4 23.0 26.9 28.6 31.3 27.3 24.8 27.2 25.1 25.9 28.2 29.5 30.5 29.4 8.3 7.1 8.0 9.1 10.3 9.4 9.9 10.2 9.6 10.4 10.1 10.8 8.6 10.4 10.5 12.7 14.2 14.3 16.1 15.2 14.1 15.3 15.9 16.5 16.5 17.3 17.8 18.5 18.6 Bell peppers 2/ 26.5 19.8 24.5 19.7 25.4 23.7 18.9 19.4 18.3 21.0 19.7 16.9 13.5 16.8 15.5 19.1 19.8 22.5 24.8 24.4 22.2 23.7 27.6 27.2 27.8 31.1 34.1 35.6 33.9 Onions 5.5 5.9 6.2 7.6 8.5 8.7 8.0 11.9 11.9 10.0 10.1 12.5 10.2 11.4 12.2 10.2 12.7 11.2 11.8 11.3 9.1 12.1 10.9 11.6 11.1 11.0 11.3 14.1 15.0 Tomatoes Cabbage 22.3 18.6 19.8 23.4 24.6 24.0 25.8 23.9 19.8 20.8 20.5 20.4 10.9 21.7 20.4 30.5 34.6 34.7 36.6 30.7 30.0 33.1 32.4 36.5 35.0 35.0 36.7 38.5 37.7 Watermelon 1.6 0.3 1.3 1.6 7.1 1.9 1.4 1.3 1.4 2.7 4.2 2.2 1.8 2.4 2.2 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.6 4.5 4.2 3.5 3.4 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 Cantaloup Spinach Cucumbers ---------4.2 1.5 1.1 1.0 1.5 0.8 1.8 2.4 1.9 2.1 1.3 1.9 5.0 3.2 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.3 3.1 3.7 Honeydews 36.0 40.7 31.3 36.7 35.3 36.3 38.6 38.7 36.3 38.3 33.7 33.1 34.2 37.0 38.9 38.3 42.9 38.1 40.4 39.9 42.6 45.4 45.5 50.1 49.2 50.9 51.3 53.1 52.9 All fresh

-- Percent imported --

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Excludes potatoes, sweet potatoes, and mushrooms. 2/ Includes fresh and processing. Artichoke series revised. Source: Calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

32 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 17--Vegetables, fresh market: Selected U.S. exports, 1979-2007 1/ Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Asparagus 15,089 19,226 19,475 17,895 16,945 22,610 22,261 17,603 29,739 37,807 42,615 39,385 37,187 42,287 46,855 48,540 40,719 31,695 33,649 34,393 38,063 39,635 31,600 29,340 28,638 26,055 22,569 17,328 15,492 Snap beans 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 23,103 30,372 23,429 21,150 21,598 19,338 23,248 30,138 27,653 35,599 29,322 36,528 40,057 44,781 41,173 35,671 45,805 44,660 58,065 75,369 72,463 68,346 55,845 52,683 51,017 81,933 78,237 61,768 56,457 Broccoli 60,335 63,531 73,049 80,149 82,696 96,730 104,913 119,524 128,939 113,508 161,217 168,125 185,597 203,446 232,876 270,870 278,964 278,600 290,042 300,268 329,227 397,905 349,283 343,040 311,262 315,317 314,711 305,282 310,658 Cabbage 101,671 73,532 92,807 78,287 61,234 78,781 62,965 64,747 68,440 50,340 50,280 59,221 76,961 86,904 81,495 82,944 92,273 96,897 95,453 99,539 88,900 85,152 85,508 90,757 98,713 86,570 93,863 92,624 55,592 Carrots 100,520 101,209 143,965 140,436 129,511 143,276 134,352 160,629 174,108 164,764 162,253 158,736 179,072 174,464 186,493 170,225 190,938 210,099 230,088 255,544 262,294 276,450 309,091 351,599 330,557 283,888 284,700 253,071 257,155 Peppers 4/ 64,514 66,512 73,772 71,374 73,382 75,564 73,677 85,526 89,610 94,089 98,267 151,236 167,632 189,435 122,556 117,671 107,960 133,795 133,795 127,767 146,201 157,633 161,737 161,299 159,233 162,790 156,374 139,760 152,512 Cauliflower 31,488 33,575 48,347 44,816 51,381 64,043 68,227 78,463 89,032 123,481 110,032 128,079 138,860 160,522 168,174 212,586 225,087 232,764 188,129 176,125 191,296 161,984 173,552 193,547 186,858 182,228 186,888 179,952 181,686 Garlic 7,355 9,148 18,829 10,662 12,566 8,452 8,867 8,900 9,311 13,315 16,503 19,880 18,071 20,115 25,213 23,696 16,884 19,976 19,976 17,288 19,727 16,257 16,880 17,494 12,644 11,751 11,018 10,578 8,651 Celery 183,326 196,474 200,286 203,137 198,643 201,273 206,970 213,910 211,154 222,200 221,925 222,736 245,108 256,573 255,184 257,210 244,970 257,581 257,251 271,736 271,282 261,842 249,178 247,760 260,241 266,113 269,215 255,284 258,751 Eggplant ----------13,200 15,042 15,747 19,685 18,982 18,417 20,041 20,162 22,034 19,713 22,604 23,316 22,869 22,921 23,452 21,317 21,298 21,222 21,496 Cucumbers 49,285 51,016 58,504 54,862 56,183 54,720 55,897 61,820 59,127 81,416 74,763 83,002 81,617 82,114 79,370 77,890 77,140 70,687 71,772 50,932 52,803 57,146 62,457 54,379 47,593 46,958 47,129 46,264 42,489 Spinach 3/ 16,617 17,534 21,443 19,002 20,614 21,073 21,047 25,677 24,591 28,849 30,583 26,745 26,976 27,383 27,239 26,331 28,003 28,166 29,979 33,852 37,935 42,927 55,068 63,341 61,935 55,665 47,367 37,784 39,316 Head 480,627 488,548 523,864 499,319 519,158 524,055 507,443 553,601 542,508 431,262 463,561 396,918 496,714 476,750 463,569 438,756 377,903 417,452 395,661 404,746 390,023 374,236 378,790 425,929 453,580 476,372 450,114 363,904 352,280 Sweet Peas -----------10,021 8,876 9,943 7,232 10,662 11,064 13,502 21,186 19,630 16,981 16,057 12,215 11,427 6,027 8,186 7,146 7,935 7,643 Lettuce Other 6/ ----------57,900 130,637 152,662 195,004 230,171 223,051 227,868 223,352 253,321 282,304 301,217 367,365 390,444 466,995 433,609 489,799 486,310 460,967 452,216 Sweet corn 42,746 45,624 42,204 46,635 50,529 48,100 52,873 54,186 61,412 43,441 61,017 73,715 68,508 94,157 75,489 74,455 109,492 90,971 105,384 93,576 89,181 101,735 113,346 114,668 133,363 133,473 135,978 144,801 131,244 All 480,627 488,548 523,864 499,319 519,158 524,055 507,443 553,601 542,508 431,262 521,461 527,554 649,376 671,755 693,740 661,807 605,771 640,804 648,982 687,050 691,241 741,600 769,234 892,924 887,189 966,170 936,424 824,872 804,496 Cantaloup 5/ 59,614 62,725 65,465 83,679 87,758 86,520 100,350 105,793 107,061 93,224 84,089 78,831 75,698 115,899 116,157 112,727 118,070 126,834 134,445 143,959 153,869 155,517 146,027 156,105 147,284 160,700 162,215 146,419 157,783 Onions 2/ 187,554 296,590 426,129 163,470 226,657 312,883 195,068 261,113 282,029 322,864 250,036 370,826 339,022 355,879 435,904 797,506 658,323 581,387 596,241 620,474 660,077 763,473 708,226 637,126 679,028 624,483 667,772 658,807 550,863 Watermelon 6/ 61,948 51,924 58,825 73,924 69,488 65,263 44,508 58,227 48,051 58,972 85,209 94,360 101,785 212,132 215,385 242,401 239,243 255,260 268,889 244,789 292,218 293,271 249,438 364,487 383,655 423,994 349,861 297,390 285,429 All tomatoes 248,633 275,272 269,545 249,727 286,036 263,208 271,504 288,053 284,899 254,201 298,025 293,056 300,282 367,480 345,831 340,749 289,227 295,441 341,677 286,324 334,350 410,353 397,936 332,341 314,230 369,269 326,507 317,750 354,453 Other melons 6/ 43,265 37,588 30,884 53,837 42,421 36,151 43,989 47,772 57,898 58,905 54,800 86,630 95,936 93,481 100,033 132,713 114,331 109,914 88,343 87,631 93,887 108,266 125,452 107,625 89,676 96,816 103,694 104,962 99,219

-- 1,000 pounds --

-- 1,000 pounds --

-- = not available. 1/ Data for 1979-89 were adjusted using Canadian data on imports of U.S. vegetables. 2/ Includes sets but excludes pearl onions. 3/ Data for 1979-89 are Canadian imports of U.S. fresh spinach. 4/ Includes pimentos. 5/ Includes melons other than watermelons prior to 1978. 6/ Data for 1979-89 were not adjusted due to a lack of consistent Canadian data. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau and Statistics Canada (1979-89).

33 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 18--Selected fresh vegetables: U.S. export value to selected countries and the world, 2000-2007 United NetherSwitzerSouth Hong land Korea Kong Item Canada Mexico Kingdom lands Germany -- $1,000 -2000: Asparagus 18,259 522 401 62 144 5,117 104 31 Snap beans 21,030 113 12 0 7 4 36 0 Broccoli 50,403 423 47 0 0 31 0 4,108 Cabbage 17,295 272 0 0 0 0 0 19 Carrots 61,757 2,044 137 82 427 0 0 6 Cauliflower 31,037 1,232 18 0 0 0 261 194 Celery 41,831 1,031 135 11 0 388 0 3,519 Sweet corn 14,737 190 2,305 0 43 17 1,165 15 Cucumbers 14,336 102 0 0 0 0 55 8 Eggplant 7,252 39 5 0 0 32 0 0 Lettuce, all 157,122 10,474 782 40 0 0 72 5,668 Melons, all 79,467 1,317 126 15 8 0 0 1,364 Onions 46,624 7,438 2,825 3 19 5 983 1,617 Peppers, all 65,980 1,091 127 43 6 0 6 0 Tomatoes 121,224 22,162 2,193 497 0 0 0 13 Selected total 748,353 48,450 9,112 754 654 5,595 2,681 16,562 2001: Asparagus Snap beans Broccoli Cabbage Carrots Cauliflower Celery Sweet corn Cucumbers Eggplant Lettuce, all Melons, all Onions Peppers, all Tomatoes Selected total 2002: Asparagus Snap beans Broccoli Cabbage Carrots Cauliflower Celery Sweet corn Cucumbers Eggplant Lettuce, all Melons, all Onions Peppers, all Tomatoes Selected total 2003: Asparagus Snap beans Broccoli Cabbage Carrots Cauliflower Celery Sweet corn Cucumbers Eggplant Lettuce, all Melons, all Onions Peppers, all Tomatoes Selected total

Taiwan

Japan

Other

World

1,655 0 7,099 80 15 234 3,612 27 0 17 3,205 227 4,136 79 11 20,395

25,051 224 59,414 453 411 17,551 2,461 93 6 0 6,013 9,455 30,798 107 4,155 156,192

737 4,394 4,570 81 4,916 248 5,044 807 6 44 7,213 850 5,249 191 12,090 46,440

52,082 25,819 126,095 18,199 69,795 50,775 58,031 19,400 14,513 7,390 190,587 92,829 99,697 67,630 162,345 1,055,187

16,885 20,916 46,582 15,964 70,994 29,603 36,476 15,536 16,079 7,543 155,753 82,239 58,045 68,708 114,959 756,283

522 119 676 522 2,289 1,696 550 460 54 19 13,291 2,173 8,952 1,938 20,339 53,602

238 20 88 0 0 36 1,012 2,391 4 0 1,687 10 1,693 93 75 7,348

0 0 0 0 267 0 96 82 0 0 21 143 75 201 0 885

111 6 0 0 405 0 24 14 0 0 50 0 306 50 24 988

2,187 0 10 0 0 0 11 18 0 3 24 13 32 0 4 2,301

79 5 19 3 0 292 5 4,868 0 0 69 3 557 29 109 6,036

18 0 2,186 29 0 206 2,258 90 0 0 4,605 1,445 1,417 3 35 12,292

1,194 0 8,633 228 10 1,702 3,467 50 3 0 3,702 50 5,779 6 4 24,827

17,650 55 43,143 733 210 18,770 2,273 79 10 22 9,179 8,485 22,796 1,177 2,067 126,651

883 2,010 1,327 383 6,301 378 2,784 1,435 34 68 6,657 177 4,501 489 8,722 36,148

39,764 23,132 102,663 17,862 80,475 52,684 48,955 25,023 16,184 7,656 195,038 94,739 104,152 72,695 146,338 1,027,361

18,500 23,794 53,093 17,067 76,568 34,201 34,662 16,640 14,124 7,122 184,845 84,792 54,802 69,414 111,751 801,375

387 161 636 661 3,021 2,248 602 536 12 52 19,680 5,217 12,884 1,313 11,609 59,018

277 11 10 50 0 22 238 1,028 30 6 720 9 1,772 86 1,087 5,346

243 0 0 0 1,019 0 15 19 0 0 49 0 165 770 1,355 3,635

18 24 0 0 133 0 21 4 0 0 0 0 70 127 0 397

3,753 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3,753

116 0 10 3 0 68 10 5,465 17 0 73 4 57 24 0 5,848

26 13 1,601 7 0 250 2,357 0 0 0 3,057 913 877 0 0 9,101

376 57 7,041 121 0 1,883 2,530 0 0 0 2,985 21 4,101 19 186 19,320

13,848 191 45,041 986 183 20,904 1,633 43 43 216 5,361 8,288 13,834 797 1,059 112,426

635 615 96 795 4,234 245 2,952 514 8 98 6,572 346 4,101 883 8,096 30,190

38,179 24,866 107,528 19,690 85,158 59,821 45,020 24,249 14,234 7,494 223,342 99,589 92,663 73,432 135,142 1,050,408

15,616 25,932 52,677 20,466 84,146 40,421 34,142 19,200 12,949 7,907 212,399 90,555 67,955 74,002 126,386 884,752

238 400 625 764 2,854 2,357 861 218 5 0 19,686 2,998 14,863 2,764 8,404 57,037

369 0 90 0 96 0 140 1,662 0 0 1,852 0 3,101 84 703 8,098

135 0 4 0 1,157 37 116 11 0 17 940 0 208 1,216 4,144 7,985

426 0 6 0 168 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 250 189 0 1,044

6,978 0 0 0 0 0 52 0 0 22 3 0 0 0 20 7,076

98 0 51 0 11 0 0 6,987 0 0 420 0 2,990 19 32 10,608

9 0 904 6 0 15 2,197 0 0 0 1,899 742 1,140 0 0 6,912

543 14 8,236 104 0 1,945 2,726 47 28 12 3,804 0 4,982 6 249 22,697

10,685 283 40,954 179 130 17,850 1,987 59 22 85 5,878 8,397 16,319 840 715 104,383

1,861 599 207 245 2,992 206 3,691 447 113 11 7,128 360 7,271 722 5,351 31,203

36,958 27,227 103,753 21,764 91,554 62,832 45,916 28,631 13,117 8,054 254,010 103,052 119,079 79,842 146,005 1,141,795
Continued--

34 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 18--Selected fresh vegetables: U.S. export value to selected countries and the world, 2000-2007--continued United NetherSwitzerSouth Hong Item Canada Mexico Kingdom lands Germany land Korea Kong Taiwan -- $1,000 -2004: Asparagus Snap beans Broccoli Cabbage Carrots Cauliflower Celery Sweet corn Cucumbers Eggplant Lettuce, all Melons, all Onions Peppers, all Tomatoes Selected total 2005: Asparagus Snap beans Broccoli Cabbage Carrots Cauliflower Celery Sweet corn Cucumbers Eggplant Lettuce, head Lettuce, other Melons, all Onions 1/ Peppers, all Tomatoes Selected total 2006: Asparagus Snap beans Broccoli Cabbage Carrots Cauliflower Celery Sweet corn Cucumbers Eggplant Lettuce, head Lettuce, other Melons, all Onions Peppers, all Tomatoes Selected total 2007: Asparagus Snap beans Broccoli Cabbage Carrots Cauliflower Celery Sweet corn Cucumbers Eggplant Lettuce, head Lettuce, other Melons, all Onions Peppers, all Tomatoes Selected total 17,653 29,733 58,018 18,871 86,511 44,373 42,323 19,396 12,739 8,101 226,418 87,428 59,252 80,680 142,315 933,809 18,313 34,844 59,538 24,912 94,657 48,625 42,587 22,430 14,701 8,684 94,892 195,344 105,320 65,815 83,869 149,954 1,064,483 17,033 39,095 66,462 24,776 102,693 50,457 45,725 24,337 17,634 4,912 98,267 240,653 105,918 70,622 76,228 144,373 1,129,184 13,383 38,153 73,428 17,808 117,463 52,826 53,038 26,805 21,754 9,566 101,479 259,317 114,535 91,495 92,698 150,840 1,234,587 99 1,001 681 937 3,549 2,161 936 796 28 44 19,526 4,588 12,440 5,140 19,972 71,899 176 1,320 1,141 670 4,662 2,438 968 938 16 36 9,568 8,308 5,043 14,295 2,260 7,758 59,597 71 343 1,710 918 4,672 3,129 1,860 820 12 9 10,730 8,811 4,895 37,702 1,316 20,928 97,927 200 164 1,220 1,229 5,213 3,620 1,544 1,358 158 62 13,562 11,001 4,758 31,813 1,990 34,614 112,507 985 0 185 0 15 96 15 1,647 6 0 1,042 0 4,620 137 659 9,406 430 0 112 0 8 1,094 146 2,502 0 0 1,576 3,335 25 2,273 104 0 11,605 78 36 0 0 0 0 32 2,413 0 0 712 345 0 2,217 98 0 5,930 417 36 84 0 0 321 129 1,792 0 0 1,211 567 15 2,485 187 0 7,243 4 0 0 0 1,561 0 22 29 0 0 0 0 187 1,331 2,549 5,684 253 0 33 0 2,548 0 12 113 0 0 460 12 0 0 1,384 705 5,520 90 150 0 0 2,202 0 6 1,646 0 0 118 0 0 313 598 4 5,126 156 10 0 0 2,388 0 0 2,502 0 0 212 0 0 261 212 3 5,743 122 0 0 0 119 0 3 65 0 0 0 0 218 207 5 738 63 15 0 0 3 0 13 4 0 0 30 25 0 260 175 7 595 313 0 20 0 0 0 41 4 0 0 63 39 0 48 135 0 663 174 145 0 0 0 0 0 25 0 0 45 62 0 15 25 0 490 6,954 180 0 0 0 0 21 26 0 0 0 0 11 0 0 7,192 4,039 80 0 0 0 0 0 110 0 0 306 0 0 0 0 0 4,534 2,565 10 0 0 0 0 0 20 0 0 0 0 0 9 0 0 2,604 4,423 0 0 0 5 0 0 102 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 31 4,562 97 0 7 0 5 17 0 6,035 0 0 649 0 3,999 71 47 10,926 94 0 95 0 91 10 0 7,766 13 0 400 377 43 263 141 83 9,376 46 0 75 0 194 3 3 7,026 0 0 568 523 168 1,808 196 172 10,783 52 19 23 0 0 0 0 1,203 0 0 1,325 482 163 21 62 88 3,438 31 0 985 0 0 23 1,758 0 0 0 1,436 764 928 0 21 5,945 0 54 812 0 0 0 1,729 0 0 0 1,058 255 684 965 0 0 5,559 3 0 583 0 0 0 1,693 53 0 13 671 22 751 796 0 80 4,666 28 32 618 0 29 0 1,807 0 14 0 525 19 885 614 0 60 4,632 123 3 9,669 120 29 1,493 3,384 0 0 0 5,994 90 4,618 0 0 25,522 220 7 14,349 408 28 2,522 4,537 172 35 0 5,101 2,573 991 8,703 15 62 39,722 527 7 15,138 217 3 1,765 3,924 46 0 0 5,304 3,090 331 7,444 6 156 37,958 440 17 15,761 225 58 2,911 3,372 145 0 0 7,703 2,577 251 7,390 0 81 40,932

Japan

Other

World

8,927 140 38,439 177 187 13,267 2,010 52 29 0 11,983 6,983 16,420 831 4,153 103,600 7,901 19 37,571 67 233 8,709 1,988 355 14 0 1,359 1,685 6,852 19,440 1,108 5,177 92,478 4,369 34 36,865 0 194 8,287 1,591 3,280 0 0 2,279 1,152 5,266 14,299 996 4,860 83,473 4,691 43 39,000 0 179 7,285 1,172 1,717 3 0 2,457 378 5,366 5,120 959 3,945 72,313

1,393 463 415 295 3,086 267 3,310 228 106 3 6,245 457 5,718 1,061 5,067 28,115 1,762 448 671 631 3,726 1,200 3,123 720 23 14 5,734 853 1,402 7,684 1,426 2,535 31,953 727 414 874 690 3,130 981 3,560 479 66 4,009 5,335 1,136 1,906 9,883 1,309 1,929 36,430 776 2,311 559 602 2,427 815 3,478 1,000 124 115 5,216 1,232 1,354 13,013 1,239 2,205 36,466

36,387 31,520 108,399 20,400 95,061 61,696 53,782 28,275 12,909 8,148 273,292 100,310 108,411 89,459 174,787 1,202,836 33,252 36,786 114,324 26,688 105,956 64,597 55,104 35,110 14,802 8,735 120,483 212,766 120,360 119,699 90,482 166,279 1,325,424 25,822 40,089 121,726 26,601 113,088 64,622 58,435 40,125 17,712 8,943 124,047 255,771 119,236 145,141 80,882 172,502 1,414,744 24,740 40,929 130,692 19,864 127,762 67,779 64,540 36,649 22,053 9,743 133,735 275,635 127,326 152,227 97,371 191,866 1,522,912

1/ Excludes pearl onions but includes sets. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

35 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 19--Vegetables, fresh market: Selected U.S. monthly and annual exports, 1979-2008 1/ 2/ Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual

-- 1,000 pounds -1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008p 160,497 119,634 143,160 163,733 183,559 150,246 162,161 174,751 200,189 187,997 201,704 244,124 200,982 218,772 241,162 269,913 237,076 246,227 334,882 288,629 282,808 312,570 304,973 327,442 329,219 320,032 351,108 347,752 364,295 332,006 296,231 305,200 159,237 146,969 130,050 153,270 161,147 166,353 189,970 172,951 182,318 181,462 192,944 227,274 245,371 228,889 217,101 257,104 263,665 244,190 288,546 280,211 304,798 291,405 309,743 339,890 305,434 332,745 307,961 286,314 290,921 163,187 175,039 186,989 168,526 178,368 159,249 165,218 213,593 202,694 229,240 220,233 259,845 305,506 289,608 288,928 254,945 262,766 358,282 295,125 303,105 325,678 322,421 352,448 350,297 339,140 341,791 338,639 304,983 325,045 164,301 183,225 199,457 194,937 178,466 190,261 191,961 235,562 209,946 213,691 199,093 248,838 295,560 321,003 278,944 297,314 312,960 296,915 353,182 325,027 331,184 346,768 360,183 344,750 353,546 368,319 344,254 354,869 312,830 219,034 210,174 220,212 235,534 213,636 276,831 243,593 228,455 271,077 231,607 269,817 267,030 315,817 325,059 343,386 348,036 347,363 327,089 382,745 368,120 368,093 365,932 384,388 389,699 395,061 384,538 394,302 374,712 360,368 220,170 201,855 233,855 214,800 234,590 241,609 235,224 255,987 266,186 220,109 235,066 257,028 247,426 291,955 331,818 328,077 307,799 324,277 316,735 297,745 306,473 365,709 348,776 371,372 362,005 351,263 337,078 324,864 330,342 150,358 173,951 167,698 156,252 180,418 182,239 184,081 206,771 203,242 154,873 173,772 186,450 190,010 196,958 235,160 263,576 230,623 247,520 287,927 223,773 260,210 284,491 291,425 320,321 313,980 303,396 328,336 265,009 283,975 102,644 92,419 93,662 100,268 124,288 118,700 108,719 132,060 104,303 112,092 124,785 122,073 126,264 133,272 207,843 212,934 178,618 190,887 226,448 194,482 210,621 250,293 262,583 267,072 246,884 223,517 263,302 213,163 240,298 70,097 79,366 122,631 84,209 118,222 97,962 82,411 100,609 87,460 114,509 111,703 119,472 137,361 165,383 194,767 238,815 209,565 241,866 193,416 205,668 244,561 298,102 275,400 249,955 220,264 275,626 251,702 235,157 240,680 109,856 131,907 153,700 130,856 221,372 108,424 126,278 121,342 104,944 132,484 142,497 154,209 188,225 205,834 228,928 249,201 249,883 350,205 258,088 303,980 279,866 290,627 342,251 353,526 350,745 298,403 326,196 361,409 311,795 303,110 282,201 161,171 229,562 143,461 167,281 177,499 162,191 186,641 175,383 183,279 198,414 269,665 260,652 272,227 248,427 350,696 291,289 281,707 315,667 313,112 336,032 332,936 337,046 352,344 328,813 326,119 322,915 334,291 339,408 181,358 180,602 166,873 156,002 202,984 155,228 190,957 214,524 186,780 189,713 274,505 256,671 260,819 256,840 334,001 330,435 286,830 305,573 326,379 332,972 383,300 337,551 357,087 327,427 356,658 338,045 346,021 327,904 1,745,358 1,900,532 2,174,618 1,872,043 1,983,138 2,123,693 1,994,143 2,212,711 2,262,866 2,200,285 2,302,272 2,582,845 2,786,969 3,036,666 3,102,641 3,475,910 3,313,672 3,316,130 3,546,839 3,441,174 3,620,685 3,938,973 3,891,141 3,933,227 3,915,470 3,943,171 3,930,559 3,729,802 3,605,534

p = Preliminary. 1/ Includes asparagus, green beans, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, carrots, cucumbers, sweet corn, garlic, celery, lettuce, onions, peppers, tomatoes, and misc. vegetables. Excludes melons, potatoes, pulses, and mushrooms. 2/ With the exception of the "all other vegetables" category, USDC data for exports to Canada during 1979-89 were adjusted using import data from Statistics Canada. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau and Statistics Canada (1979-89).

36 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 20--Vegetables, fresh market: Share of supply exported, 1980-2008 1/ Year Asparagus 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f 22.3 21.4 17.0 14.3 19.1 16.7 10.8 17.8 21.0 23.2 21.2 19.6 21.7 24.1 24.8 21.5 16.9 15.8 14.6 13.2 12.8 10.7 9.6 8.6 7.3 6.4 4.9 4.3 4.1 Artichokes 2/ 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f 2.9 2.9 2.3 1.8 1.9 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.9 2.5 3.0 2.6 2.1 2.0 1.7 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.5 2.0 1.7 2.0 1.5 1.4 3.6 2.6 1.5 1.0 1.0 Broccoli Carrots 16.6 16.1 14.8 14.8 14.3 14.6 14.0 14.7 10.9 14.6 16.6 19.4 18.8 21.2 18.8 19.5 18.6 17.6 17.7 16.1 19.3 18.5 18.2 16.4 16.2 15.8 14.2 14.6 14.2 Snap beans 9.2 7.5 6.7 6.9 5.7 7.2 9.1 8.6 10.9 9.0 12.0 12.1 10.7 9.5 8.1 9.5 10.2 13.6 14.3 12.0 10.7 8.3 8.0 8.1 12.9 12.7 8.9 7.9 9.5 6.7 9.3 8.4 7.8 8.3 8.0 9.3 8.0 8.7 7.5 7.1 8.4 7.6 6.2 4.9 6.0 5.9 5.6 8.9 9.2 9.6 10.4 12.7 11.4 9.9 9.9 8.8 8.7 9.7 Eggplant 2/ --------12.9 11.8 13.1 13.1 14.0 13.4 11.9 13.7 11.1 11.0 9.3 10.8 9.3 8.8 10.0 9.7 8.6 7.3 6.9 7.4 7.0 Radishes 16.8 17.5 16.3 14.7 16.8 16.4 16.8 15.4 15.6 11.4 12.8 15.4 15.4 13.9 15.0 16.4 16.8 14.7 14.3 17.1 13.9 13.2 14.8 19.8 13.5 12.6 11.5 13.0 12.1 Cauliflower 11.5 13.3 12.7 13.4 12.9 13.5 13.0 14.7 18.7 16.1 18.9 21.9 25.7 23.6 28.5 34.0 33.4 28.1 30.4 28.0 24.8 28.6 32.0 29.1 28.4 29.4 26.0 25.7 25.8 Celery 2/ 10.5 10.7 10.6 10.8 10.7 11.2 12.0 11.7 11.3 10.7 11.0 12.6 12.0 11.9 11.9 11.7 12.0 12.6 13.2 12.9 12.9 12.0 12.0 12.5 12.7 13.3 12.3 11.8 12.0 Garlic 2/ 10.0 16.3 12.2 9.9 13.0 7.2 15.9 7.9 10.7 16.4 15.8 14.5 13.9 13.4 13.2 11.2 11.5 13.8 10.2 6.6 7.7 7.1 6.2 5.4 5.7 6.6 5.0 4.4 4.2 Sweet corn 3.0 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.6 3.9 3.0 3.6 4.2 4.4 5.1 4.0 3.3 5.0 3.9 5.2 3.5 3.4 3.8 4.2 4.2 4.6 4.7 4.9 5.3 4.5 4.8 Lettuce Bell peppers 2/ 9.2 10.3 9.4 8.6 8.1 7.5 8.2 8.0 7.9 7.8 11.9 11.5 11.6 7.1 6.5 6.1 6.5 7.1 6.7 7.3 7.4 7.7 7.7 7.4 7.4 6.9 6.3 7.0 6.7 Onions 7.8 11.4 3.9 5.5 6.9 4.0 5.7 5.9 6.3 5.0 6.7 6.1 6.0 6.8 11.6 9.3 8.2 8.0 8.4 8.4 9.6 9.1 8.0 8.4 6.8 7.8 8.0 6.1 7.0 Brussels All tomatoes Cabbage 8.6 8.6 7.6 8.3 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.8 5.8 6.7 7.0 7.2 8.5 7.5 7.4 6.1 5.9 6.8 5.3 5.9 7.1 6.8 5.4 5.3 5.9 5.2 5.1 5.5 5.1 Watermelon 2.1 2.1 2.5 2.6 1.9 1.4 1.9 1.5 1.7 2.5 2.8 3.1 5.3 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.4 6.0 5.8 6.4 7.0 5.5 8.3 8.9 10.0 7.8 5.9 5.5 5.9 3.8 4.7 3.7 3.1 3.7 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.2 2.3 2.6 3.4 3.7 3.2 3.3 4.0 4.1 3.7 4.0 4.0 3.2 3.2 3.6 4.2 3.3 3.7 3.6 2.1 2.9 Cantaloup 4.5 4.4 4.5 5.4 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.6 3.2 3.3 3.3 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.4 4.7 4.5 5.2 5.3 4.9 5.0 5.1 Spinach Cucumbers 14.8 15.0 13.0 14.6 14.4 11.6 15.4 14.8 16.5 16.2 12.4 11.7 11.5 13.6 11.7 13.5 14.3 9.0 11.2 12.3 10.0 15.2 13.3 10.7 8.6 6.0 5.9 6.0 6.4 Honeydews 6.4 4.6 6.9 4.1 3.4 3.9 3.4 4.9 5.3 4.7 8.8 10.0 7.8 9.2 10.2 9.2 8.2 6.2 5.7 6.3 6.8 8.0 7.0 5.7 6.1 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.8 5.5 6.0 5.3 5.0 4.7 5.1 5.3 4.6 6.4 5.9 6.6 6.6 6.1 5.5 5.2 4.9 4.2 3.9 2.8 2.7 3.1 3.4 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.2 Total fresh 6.8 7.7 6.3 6.7 6.5 5.9 6.6 6.3 6.1 6.1 6.7 7.4 7.7 7.5 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.6 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.4 6.6 6.2 6.5

-- Pounds, farm weight --

Head Leaf/romaine sprouts 2/ -- Pounds, farm weight -7.7 8.3 7.9 9.0 8.1 8.2 9.5 8.0 6.1 6.1 5.4 7.0 6.7 6.8 6.2 6.0 6.7 5.7 6.2 5.3 5.3 5.5 6.2 6.6 7.1 6.7 5.7 5.4 5.6 ---------6.2 12.2 13.1 14.0 14.9 13.0 12.7 12.5 12.3 13.4 12.4 13.4 14.6 14.5 11.9 14.6 13.4 9.3 9.0 9.2 4.7 5.7 5.7 3.6 5.9 6.6 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.2 5.2 5.4 5.3 4.3 5.1 5.0 7.2 7.7 6.7 6.6 6.1 8.9 8.3 5.7 5.6 4.9 5.7 5.8 6.4

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Excludes potatoes, sweet potatoes, and mushrooms. 2/ Includes fresh and processing. Source: Calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

37 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 21--Vegetables, fresh market: U.S. per capita utilization, 1979-2008 1/ Year Asparagus 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 Artichokes 2/ 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.3 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.5 Broccoli 1.2 1.4 1.7 2.0 2.0 2.5 2.6 3.0 3.1 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.0 3.4 3.3 4.4 4.3 4.5 5.0 5.0 6.2 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.6 6.2 6.0 6.1 Snap beans 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.1 Carrots 5.9 6.2 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.7 6.5 6.5 8.3 7.1 8.1 8.3 7.7 8.3 10.8 12.7 11.2 12.4 14.1 9.5 9.3 9.2 9.4 8.4 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.7 9.0 8.6 Cauliflower 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.8 1.8 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.8 2.1 2.0 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.8 Celery 2/ 7.1 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.0 7.1 6.9 6.5 6.6 7.2 7.5 7.2 6.7 7.3 7.3 7.2 6.9 7.0 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 5.9 6.1 6.4 6.4 Garlic 2/ 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.1 0.8 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.3 2.0 2.6 3.3 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.8 3.0 3.0 Sweet corn 6.5 6.5 6.2 6.0 6.1 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.3 5.8 6.5 6.7 5.9 6.9 7.0 8.2 7.8 8.3 8.3 9.3 9.1 9.0 9.2 9.0 9.5 9.2 8.9 8.6 9.1 9.0 Bell peppers 2/ 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.5 5.1 5.6 6.1 6.4 6.2 7.1 6.4 6.4 6.7 7.0 6.8 6.7 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.8 Onions 11.4 11.4 10.7 12.2 12.2 13.1 13.6 13.7 13.4 14.5 14.8 15.1 15.7 16.1 17.2 16.9 17.8 18.3 18.8 18.4 18.5 18.9 18.5 19.3 19.5 21.6 21.1 19.8 21.7 19.6 Watermelon 11.4 10.7 11.7 12.5 11.3 14.4 13.5 12.8 13.0 13.5 13.6 13.3 12.7 14.7 14.2 15.0 15.2 16.6 15.5 14.3 15.2 13.8 15.0 14.0 13.5 13.0 14.0 15.9 16.2 16.3 Tomatoes 3/ Cabbage 12.4 12.8 12.3 12.9 13.5 14.2 14.9 15.8 15.8 16.8 16.8 15.5 15.4 15.4 16.3 16.2 16.8 17.4 17.3 18.5 19.1 19.0 19.2 20.3 19.5 20.0 20.2 19.9 20.3 20.1 Cantaloup 6.1 5.8 6.1 7.7 6.5 7.7 8.5 9.4 9.1 7.9 10.4 9.2 8.6 8.5 8.6 8.4 9.0 10.3 10.5 10.6 11.4 11.1 11.2 11.1 10.8 10.0 9.8 9.6 9.9 9.8 8.1 8.0 8.2 8.6 8.2 8.6 8.7 8.6 9.1 9.0 8.6 8.3 8.2 8.7 9.3 9.1 8.1 8.3 9.0 8.4 7.6 8.9 8.8 8.3 7.6 8.3 8.1 8.2 8.6 8.6 Honeydews 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.1 1.9 2.1 1.7 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 Spinach Cucumbers 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.1 1.4 1.8 2.0 2.5 2.0 2.0 2.0 All others 4/ 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9 4.5 4.8 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.1 12.3 11.3 11.5 11.2 12.4 12.8 12.7 12.5 12.7 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.4 4.6 5.1 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.6 5.9 6.4 6.5 6.7 6.4 6.3 6.6 6.2 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.4

-- Pounds, farm weight --

Eggplant Escarole/ 2/ endive 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Lettuce Head Leaf/romaine -- Pounds, farm weight -25.1 25.6 24.9 24.9 22.4 24.9 23.7 21.9 25.7 27.0 28.7 27.7 26.0 25.8 24.4 25.0 22.2 21.6 23.9 22.3 24.9 23.5 23.0 22.5 22.2 21.3 21.1 20.2 20.2 20.1 ------3.3 2.4 2.5 3.2 3.6 3.8 4.0 4.7 5.0 5.7 5.9 5.8 6.6 6.6 7.6 8.4 8.0 9.6 11.1 9.7 10.6 15.0 15.1 15.3

Total 112.4 112.8 112.6 119.1 114.9 125.8 129.7 128.5 135.5 138.8 146.3 142.0 137.7 145.1 149.8 156.4 151.9 158.9 164.3 159.6 167.2 172.6 170.9 172.1 172.4 173.4 174.3 179.1 182.8 180.5

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Excludes potatoes, sweet potatoes, and mushrooms. 2/ Includes fresh and processing. 3/ After 1996, includes an ERS estimate of domestically-produced hothouse tomatoes. Hothouse tomato imports are included in all years. 4/ Includes radishes, Brussels sprouts, squash, green lima beans, and okra. Green lima beans included since 1992; okra since 1990. Beginning with 2000, also includes collards, kale mustard greens, turnip greens, okra, and pumpkins. Source: Calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

38 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 22--Asparagus, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008 1/ Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Season average

-- Dollars per cwt -1979 1980 1981 1982 2/ 1983 2/ 1984 2/ 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p 123.00 120.00 120.00 159.00 --213.00 112.00 110.00 120.00 140.00 120.00 110.00 191.00 121.00 135.00 150.00 84.50 161.00 179.00 141.00 147.00 219.00 218.00 98.90 -----123.00 61.10 106.00 130.00 --151.00 92.80 105.00 120.00 131.00 105.00 89.10 123.00 113.00 141.00 118.00 84.50 140.00 158.00 119.00 99.70 256.00 162.00 96.30 171.00 -122.00 --60.30 64.20 71.40 84.90 --101.00 69.40 69.90 76.50 84.30 75.90 95.10 79.00 80.70 97.60 93.60 87.90 116.00 144.00 178.00 98.60 147.00 119.00 104.00 76.50 88.60 133.00 107.00 88.40 54.70 47.80 63.00 84.90 --76.30 67.10 61.40 65.30 52.50 56.20 71.30 87.80 107.00 88.50 160.00 87.30 109.00 130.00 124.00 136.00 146.00 99.60 130.00 81.70 103.00 110.00 106.00 74.70 63.70 53.30 63.10 ---61.70 61.30 53.50 56.30 55.90 64.90 65.10 77.80 78.70 92.90 93.20 95.40 97.50 105.00 112.00 121.00 114.00 112.00 85.60 74.30 68.70 72.70 91.90 71.60 61.40 68.80 ---71.70 74.60 64.00 65.50 79.30 69.70 92.30 99.70 106.00 97.00 103.00 108.00 109.00 115.00 119.00 112.00 117.00 107.00 68.10 64.60 73.50 94.10 87.70 80.00 65.00 54.40 ---45.10 ---80.00 79.90 65.00 93.00 122.00 143.00 105.00 108.00 101.00 126.00 141.00 141.00 176.00 146.00 189.00 146.00 143.00 105.00 ------------112.00 -178.00 171.00 144.00 ---211.00 -205.00 145.00 -132.00 138.00 150.00 162.00 --------------189.00 176.00 196.00 ---199.00 ----166.00 129.00 162.00 122.00 ----------------------------------------------------64.40 58.10 70.50 --73.70 79.30 70.60 65.60 70.50 68.20 68.60 78.90 92.00 95.70 100.00 113.00 92.90 108.00 124.00 131.00 117.00 140.00 110.00 105.00 81.30 87.40 88.90 99.10

----185.00 -146.00 -151.00 -------152.00 148.00 ----137.00 129.00 --145.00 128.00 127.00 -162.00 -127.00 ----

-- = Not available. p = Preliminary. Note: Dollars per cwt (hundredweight) is equivalent to cents per pound. 1/ Monthly prices are averages received at the f.o.b. shipping point through 2005. Thereafter, prices are measured at the point of first sale. The season average is the weighted average price received by producers at the point of first sale. 2/ Discontinued from May 1982 through December 1984 Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Prices.

39 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 23--Asparagus, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1979-2008 1/ Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1/ 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Jan. 2 443 1,701 269 0 517 0 2,340 1,422 1,587 1,805 4,624 5,638 6,611 8,107 6,840 9,291 5,135 10,674 10,590 15,293 14,747 14,879 12,932 23,497 21,464 31,386 27,591 21,272 30,086 Feb. 713 3,000 1,843 1,055 0 1,761 0 6,515 5,082 8,868 6,752 7,444 14,440 15,895 16,915 8,393 15,352 11,516 10,157 17,412 21,736 25,535 16,059 18,967 29,946 20,282 34,654 32,605 39,044 44,709 Mar. 3,930 1,990 2,701 5,393 0 2,977 0 3,245 8,585 8,997 9,969 13,486 13,280 12,573 13,110 13,193 12,015 10,169 11,483 16,501 21,604 17,042 19,859 25,151 18,328 21,746 20,965 29,812 39,792 42,104 Apr. 627 241 621 4,778 0 3,014 0 329 582 641 1,135 889 1,881 1,721 2,480 1,748 1,991 2,628 1,630 3,846 4,389 4,988 3,309 3,554 6,111 3,566 5,534 11,598 7,472 May 0 87 218 245 0 155 0 193 16 53 91 8 8 16 17 77 490 370 582 596 556 1,319 1,432 1,983 3,431 4,507 4,176 4,115 6,143 June July Aug. -- 1,000 pounds -0 4 3 5 0 58 7 28 201 710 141 353 118 636 917 434 2,122 2,546 2,014 2,805 1,264 5,605 7,060 7,459 8,567 11,697 13,155 15,730 16,234 3 6 6 2 0 8 127 892 2,116 2,651 2,852 2,766 2,280 3,350 5,135 4,819 5,340 5,886 8,274 8,163 8,126 12,416 13,958 15,343 18,855 17,918 19,261 20,791 21,247 164 125 362 754 0 422 968 2,031 2,361 2,017 2,619 2,363 2,355 3,063 3,775 4,983 5,146 6,328 8,717 7,281 11,006 12,256 14,531 16,456 16,861 17,654 17,452 20,106 19,526 Sep. 495 612 666 1,256 0 1,200 1,652 2,145 1,847 1,521 2,027 2,510 2,356 2,053 3,567 5,319 5,591 7,121 7,451 8,104 11,848 14,003 16,504 18,098 18,440 21,352 20,488 25,943 22,546 Oct. 510 390 391 1,283 0 1,660 1,457 1,557 1,985 1,351 2,241 2,844 3,538 3,470 5,012 6,495 7,289 8,627 9,795 13,400 17,693 16,919 18,735 20,365 23,626 22,472 23,328 27,752 28,688 Nov. 238 308 216 892 0 1,627 1,490 1,761 2,388 2,701 2,756 3,590 3,620 4,255 5,307 7,005 7,635 8,485 10,631 11,304 15,574 16,899 16,650 21,687 24,620 20,767 24,644 25,869 29,814 Dec. 20 34 33 201 0 770 1,572 1,825 1,034 1,546 2,097 2,902 2,925 4,065 4,968 5,511 6,864 7,323 7,235 9,843 13,216 17,651 13,861 18,258 20,340 20,294 23,757 23,341 21,694 Annual 6,702 7,240 8,761 16,133 0 14,169 7,273 22,861 27,619 32,643 34,485 43,779 52,439 57,708 69,310 64,817 79,126 76,134 88,643 109,845 142,305 159,379 156,836 180,253 212,623 203,718 238,800 265,253 273,472

1/ Import data beginning in January 1989 are reported under the harmonized tariff schedule (HS), U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

40 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 24--Broccoli, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008 1/ Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p Jan. 21.90 24.30 24.50 42.90 25.40 26.50 25.30 18.40 31.90 35.10 21.70 14.60 19.50 17.50 32.60 23.50 24.70 34.60 36.80 34.90 27.70 22.60 22.70 57.00 25.80 33.60 22.60 32.50 69.80 47.30 Feb. 27.50 28.60 26.60 29.50 21.10 27.80 24.60 24.50 17.70 15.60 14.10 18.10 13.60 14.30 28.10 21.40 34.30 22.00 27.80 27.10 20.10 20.10 32.30 44.30 29.10 28.50 33.30 23.80 25.40 22.90 Mar. 22.50 26.50 26.20 24.00 35.70 27.90 33.00 23.60 23.60 31.10 16.70 14.00 49.80 27.60 28.60 19.50 54.40 30.90 25.90 31.70 23.20 27.40 24.70 33.70 28.10 21.60 42.60 27.60 27.60 30.60 Apr. 22.80 25.20 24.90 29.30 39.80 19.40 21.30 28.00 18.40 14.40 21.20 13.10 23.00 16.70 23.70 21.80 34.00 25.20 24.20 40.50 20.20 23.20 26.90 24.00 27.10 24.00 39.80 32.40 36.90 45.60 May 17.50 23.30 24.70 19.00 28.20 17.60 16.40 21.20 17.30 13.10 15.40 17.30 16.70 22.00 22.30 27.10 26.50 28.20 23.10 27.10 18.60 44.30 25.50 20.80 29.70 27.20 22.40 29.00 26.70 June 19.80 20.80 23.70 22.70 26.50 19.60 16.70 19.90 18.00 16.60 12.50 13.00 14.10 26.30 26.80 21.10 27.30 30.60 30.30 29.60 23.10 30.00 27.00 28.40 24.60 28.70 39.70 51.10 24.80 July 19.40 18.80 24.70 23.60 19.80 18.10 24.40 19.70 17.00 19.60 20.60 22.50 15.70 23.60 24.50 21.60 19.50 24.10 27.50 23.30 18.70 31.50 23.60 27.00 27.00 24.20 22.40 26.20 28.80 Aug. 22.30 19.10 24.10 21.40 20.80 24.00 21.20 18.50 16.50 38.90 17.90 26.10 21.00 27.40 20.00 18.50 31.30 24.10 23.30 27.60 27.40 25.20 27.10 29.60 29.80 29.70 30.50 56.90 38.20 Sep. 22.80 20.90 28.40 20.20 26.70 23.00 25.60 22.10 17.50 37.20 25.20 31.70 23.10 24.00 36.60 38.60 27.70 23.90 31.20 29.20 29.30 27.70 22.90 40.60 49.10 57.00 27.70 39.40 41.80 Oct. 22.00 21.90 26.80 22.50 27.30 35.00 24.50 19.50 19.60 27.20 25.80 37.00 23.30 24.70 22.40 37.00 23.60 24.30 40.70 32.80 23.00 34.10 24.20 24.00 38.90 43.90 22.40 24.60 61.00 Nov. 22.90 23.10 24.60 25.10 26.00 29.70 29.70 19.90 28.80 21.30 23.20 41.70 28.40 30.50 24.20 57.70 20.80 31.10 27.00 25.80 21.60 56.00 21.40 31.80 42.60 43.70 20.40 27.40 38.10 Dec. 24.10 24.60 28.90 24.60 27.50 24.40 28.90 22.90 34.40 32.80 34.30 38.20 29.40 32.80 30.00 46.00 26.90 28.60 30.20 31.20 39.20 34.10 56.10 25.60 52.60 38.50 34.10 52.80 40.70 Season average 22.20 23.50 26.30 26.70 28.20 25.10 24.20 21.90 21.90 24.00 21.00 22.30 22.00 23.50 26.60 27.50 29.30 27.10 29.10 30.20 24.10 31.20 26.50 31.40 32.70 33.20 28.50 33.70 36.70

-- Dollars per cwt --

p = Preliminary. 1/ Monthly prices are averages received at the f.o.b. shipping point through 2005. Thereafter, prices are measured at the point of first sale. The season average is the weighted average price received by producers at the point of first sale. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Prices.

41 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 25--Broccoli, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1989-2008 1/ Year 1989 1/ 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Jan. 6,608 4,007 7,312 5,450 6,380 3,486 3,401 7,211 8,648 12,284 11,815 14,819 13,573 19,025 20,180 22,004 17,560 24,377 36,992 28,491 Feb. 4,543 3,246 2,648 5,104 3,842 2,134 6,057 8,779 9,843 10,653 16,085 10,019 16,592 26,224 16,800 16,015 25,256 24,803 19,134 27,871 Mar. 2,255 2,082 2,615 2,796 4,302 2,318 7,403 5,535 6,718 9,636 13,654 13,241 15,072 14,847 15,668 18,426 23,816 19,472 19,234 19,225 Apr. 1,065 2,171 2,014 533 2,641 649 3,465 6,303 5,469 5,005 7,503 5,700 8,716 8,804 8,918 7,329 20,108 15,483 11,920 May 748 115 96 20 1,121 386 740 2,888 1,733 3,328 730 1,505 2,647 1,390 1,547 3,455 4,866 6,035 6,373 June July Aug. -- 1,000 pounds -248 11 196 0 151 34 593 1,037 1,175 2,018 1,701 1,260 3,430 2,352 1,777 2,224 6,407 8,097 4,796 1,888 181 278 669 1,228 334 966 1,047 1,356 1,918 2,680 3,090 3,430 2,293 3,894 3,164 5,921 6,384 3,337 2,486 1,402 877 1,611 1,405 384 5,293 1,759 1,814 3,616 5,813 5,904 6,848 6,648 4,802 5,168 8,434 10,077 8,980 Sep. 2,685 3,338 950 888 3,597 3,093 3,550 5,022 7,670 6,216 8,864 12,179 8,017 9,996 12,192 15,182 17,254 14,910 12,085 Oct. 992 448 307 599 2,056 3,277 2,832 3,321 9,000 8,913 9,325 12,863 8,789 13,428 10,681 16,754 17,840 14,428 20,068 Nov. 1,305 851 788 1,714 3,258 2,127 3,820 4,331 8,141 7,528 8,891 16,086 8,560 8,269 10,410 14,812 15,792 12,207 17,382 Dec. 2,957 3,417 2,047 1,342 1,823 4,547 4,611 6,400 9,158 9,347 13,315 13,846 18,405 12,010 10,883 17,063 20,372 17,764 24,078 Annual 27,780 21,269 20,128 20,726 31,804 22,769 42,731 53,633 70,725 80,462 100,376 110,512 114,079 125,286 117,752 141,596 183,626 174,037 184,378

1/ Import data beginning in January 1989 are reported under the harmonized tariff schedule (HS), U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

42 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 26--Cantaloup, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1995-2008 1/ Year 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p Jan. --------------Feb. --------------Mar. --------------Apr. --------------May 19.50 17.50 20.40 30.70 25.70 16.60 27.10 25.00 24.30 15.30 22.60 29.20 28.20 June July Aug. -- Dollars per cwt -20.00 23.40 17.60 15.80 15.10 17.90 14.60 12.90 14.40 12.10 18.10 18.40 12.60 15.90 12.00 14.40 16.20 13.10 15.90 18.80 17.00 16.40 11.00 13.80 16.00 12.00 -11.30 15.00 11.80 13.50 12.30 22.00 16.10 15.70 14.30 10.70 20.70 13.30 Sep. -21.70 22.00 15.50 15.90 19.00 13.50 14.80 14.20 15.50 14.90 10.40 13.10 Oct. -24.00 25.30 19.70 17.20 26.10 15.60 19.40 17.10 14.80 14.40 16.10 30.50 Nov. 22.40 23.10 22.10 13.50 19.60 25.00 19.40 14.60 26.70 18.30 15.60 28.20 38.50 Dec. --15.00 18.90 28.70 35.10 23.70 20.00 19.80 33.80 ---Season average 18.20 18.20 18.00 18.30 17.00 17.10 19.00 17.70 16.80 14.70 15.90 17.20 14.80

p = Preliminary. -- = not available. 1/ Monthly prices are averages received at the f.o.b. shipping point through 2005. Thereafter, prices are measured at the point of first sale. The season average is the weighted average price received by producers at the point of first sale. Data collection resumed in 1995 after estimates had been eliminated in 1981. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Prices.

43 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 27--Melons: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1980-2008 1/ Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. -- 1,000 pounds -24,034 37,436 17,329 7,123 9,526 21,684 19,480 16,486 23,748 37,430 1,771 250 572 0 2 34 399 0 5,486 9,854 307 427 0 1,457 2,520 4,283 2,758 0 139 74 62 51 0 0 116 1 1,061 119 51 36 0 293 103 1,704 0 406 350 3,793 280 1,064 283 2,490 2,290 1,093 Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual

Cantaloup: 1990 81,610 1991 44,280 1992 59,206 1993 59,823 1994 64,405 1995 51,583 1996 93,523 1997 101,099 1998 106,839 1999 90,086 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 162,327 211,422 169,771 195,024 147,747 150,682 145,650 148,766 122,121

64,977 86,380 45,284 58,663 59,985 80,891 70,578 103,413 96,304 169,940 156,839 141,465 151,518 148,485 115,232 140,400 119,614 141,743 159,272 17,863 24,637 13,281 31,892 22,205 32,120 42,941 38,141 41,323 46,423 50,606 40,051 44,654 36,728 24,149 51,942 55,917 54,186 80,780 37,011 17,412 40,197 32,080 38,621 76,248 48,718 91,549 78,417 120,401 108,335 148,894 87,061 120,296 112,729 144,582 144,881 183,249 182,028 285,202 257,914 225,098 242,318 230,507 176,576 240,715 218,922 239,516 285,376

75,525 101,553 55,482 74,099 93,802 117,148 114,719 188,393 180,168 210,198 239,511 161,200 227,472 224,006 224,063 211,918 189,146 221,310 216,334 50,982 42,446 41,105 42,917 44,383 70,426 91,601 77,582 77,674 69,831 89,457 69,721 70,360 68,085 57,670 82,172 98,359 91,437 135,760 58,887 56,835 105,464 67,414 109,040 95,485 103,492 102,640 137,379 200,432 162,285 188,703 133,351 173,748 192,446 252,011 247,609 337,058 350,792 345,672 395,363 289,933 358,810 367,520 355,991 361,350 370,082 390,262 413,947

131,854 154,824 104,369 120,862 138,053 160,896 231,911 226,064 238,282 240,102 273,024 256,666 323,333 279,269 225,560 220,417 240,684 236,472

80,376 76,159 110,371 59,115 51,917 65,880 89,265 111,669 163,256 172,098 103,445 101,686 81,453 53,564 69,886 87,271 104,881 81,309

54 0 17 0 0 140 878 2,337 29 568 175 196 235 384 504 179 241 251

2,323 4,244 8,122 2,405 5,116 5,235 12,451 17,716 9,090 7,347 7,680 352 563 757 401 1,260 6,140 1,919

24,283 41,476 42,862 26,448 50,932 40,273 34,288 46,822 55,072 64,749 56,823 69,203 43,195 44,340 28,954 29,354 35,901 40,912

38,672 46,158 38,467 49,139 50,162 67,643 71,069 101,646 63,027 115,142 117,075 123,828 110,130 132,289 98,162 107,971 117,697 138,480

530,255 602,482 481,867 458,140 523,899 613,124 740,784 921,631 938,571 1,108,065 1,119,157 1,070,135 1,108,585 1,079,234 910,795 951,976 962,759 1,012,256

Watermelon: 1990 18,803 1991 18,425 1992 21,694 1993 16,763 1994 19,759 1995 23,602 1996 31,225 1997 34,136 1998 29,611 1999 26,879 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 37,569 28,534 32,117 39,867 38,633 44,376 54,600 59,101 56,934

51,530 48,088 62,216 68,857 118,557 115,348 170,239 179,439 140,691 133,644 141,342 122,539 139,640 132,145 133,795 171,790 193,608 178,887

74,262 53,590 50,321 30,463 20,016 20,777 39,330 84,595 98,353 99,424 53,170 144,438 87,160 95,206 165,053 156,670 200,983 300,007

8,274 25,025 7,357 3,061 9,785 9,491 7,514 8,150 22,825 13,848 1,756 3,879 8,413 22,394 14,373 45,203 61,158 49,380

1,435 2,206 191 342 460 1,175 147 223 453 22 0 48 41 1,080 575 904 3,873 986

1,025 0 0 0 0 495 5 0 0 42 0 5 169 308 854 1,399 5,441 2,828

320 2 174 0 0 400 49 1,004 0 40 56 110 0 71 2,474 605 1,738 2,352

430 5,339 686 653 1,448 7,154 17,946 11,848 16,906 25,091 10,975 11,605 10,104 17,028 23,974 18,955 42,618 40,443

500 2,171 2,054 3,206 8,298 21,030 24,075 30,740 26,730 36,235 30,363 30,114 32,850 49,993 49,501 47,160 60,078 65,752

3,186 9,005 12,342 18,076 26,267 34,348 30,198 38,352 29,638 30,179 30,664 32,500 25,836 26,340 35,821 38,597 52,152 57,354

228,611 230,933 211,421 216,229 271,179 336,367 455,271 504,210 484,203 481,659 445,957 483,544 451,343 489,245 546,872 659,773 830,523 902,713

All melons: 1/ 1980 17,155 1981 13,050 1982 21,939 1983 16,822 1984 20,204 1985 35,825 1986 61,436 1987 62,218 1988 76,235 1989 2/ 117,819 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 125,799 90,093 110,678 111,821 117,185 103,200 158,430 171,120 185,917 161,403 249,099 294,984 249,713 292,528 241,737 243,461 260,455 249,335 231,225

102,032 90,539 150,536 59,719 172,338 139,817 183,137 139,299 174,053 287,791 229,545 260,627 203,194 239,315 301,168 325,227 462,327 478,454 470,769 461,946 493,244 454,051 552,060 476,332 429,808 455,240 498,830 475,003

177,658 107,228 159,816 175,613 203,003 123,556 189,859 178,949 166,195 232,193 179,151 164,496 195,822 108,676 90,291 109,152 160,127 240,528 299,058 306,346 191,151 282,890 205,882 178,608 282,008 294,796 355,970 434,930

23,013 23,261 74,560 66,977 57,358 51,018 22,947 108,351 29,323 23,334 37,263 79,307 39,119 23,393 35,381 41,415 39,727 36,002 68,972 81,334 11,774 14,110 20,016 31,557 26,063 56,263 79,077 67,366

2,674 4,209 2,417 19,312 9,994 11,357 9,550 4,921 5,268 7,167 7,940 18,069 945 2,189 1,310 7,116 4,510 6,246 8,322 6,007 734 2,324 4,064 4,784 1,091 6,608 7,301 2,680

511 445 551 2,615 1,708 714 1,059 588 596 104 2,164 249 51 74 38 905 176 1,710 152 518 483 4,126 1,000 1,541 1,169 4,152 8,123 4,247

194 0 1,547 44 638 212 39 102 33 356 409 36 338 101 60 591 1,065 3,505 114 1,525 1,314 1,060 946 598 3,122 920 2,128 2,891

100 0 78 2 13 201 1,334 552 1,450 878 4,599 16,862 14,911 9,421 16,133 20,941 38,689 44,443 33,214 42,077 31,411 18,502 20,184 25,526 37,066 35,738 67,493 64,193

243 79 1,913 287 1,570 2,735 8,281 18,011 23,360 19,711 36,086 64,076 64,921 49,016 80,395 84,403 76,795 100,242 104,854 132,431 127,661 128,246 108,650 128,337 109,312 110,836 131,432 158,657

1,191 2,654 9,822 1,161 13,192 22,870 29,403 62,090 51,633 59,133 66,548 91,383 71,984 97,209 103,784 133,998 144,056 186,129 136,682 206,357 208,681 200,467 187,449 209,626 178,558 200,935 219,142 251,186

420,669 315,712 568,842 442,044 627,679 560,038 659,255 769,270 743,942 1,069,320 960,122 1,122,795 922,374 935,258 1,050,919 1,223,541 1,478,392 1,788,686 1,840,874 2,030,818 1,968,829 1,915,790 1,951,091 1,947,464 1,842,501 2,011,016 2,218,957 2,340,266

1/ Includes cantaloup, watermelon, and all other melons. 2/ Data beginning January 1989 reported under the harmonized tariff schedule (HS), U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

44 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 28--Melons: U.S. monthly and annual exports, 1989-2008 1/ Year Cantaloup: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. -- 1,000 pounds -13,554 14,639 24,034 21,984 20,372 18,596 19,733 22,611 24,298 24,517 21,129 22,592 30,614 26,978 27,870 30,590 30,302 32,877 14,249 11,174 23,330 18,732 21,155 22,298 27,449 27,696 21,980 23,093 26,836 29,012 30,485 29,039 31,465 31,786 30,503 26,741 10,266 7,560 16,448 18,519 17,238 18,304 15,931 16,082 19,189 20,500 21,000 17,090 20,838 17,942 18,964 22,609 14,943 21,701 Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual

2,693 1,385 2,033 3,030 3,045 1,824 3,755 4,333 3,236 3,203 6,431 6,913 2,623 1,911 2,355 1,797 1,567 1,034 2,067

2,718 2,996 2,486 2,242 2,602 3,633 3,346 3,839 3,045 5,588 5,893 4,257 1,300 2,076 1,194 1,971 885 1,005 1,428 1,436 1,907 938 1,732 1,693 1,905 1,723 1,701 2,878 2,778 4,039 2,323 2,218 2,955 2,154 3,031 2,260 1,876 3,673 4,960 5,269 8,220 5,458 6,050 7,043 8,357 7,411 8,648 7,567 12,556 13,602 9,404 5,948 8,256 4,832 6,269 4,886 4,304 6,168

2,255 2,509 1,926 3,805 2,867 3,191 4,061 5,087 5,561 7,040 8,087 4,380 1,712 2,097 1,644 1,415 1,106 1,784 1,899 2,319 2,302 2,372 3,223 2,122 2,961 3,417 2,745 2,760 3,559 5,884 2,988 3,181 3,901 1,794 2,575 3,587 2,323 4,929 7,642 6,525 8,567 6,417 9,834 7,603 9,213 10,232 11,209 11,283 14,339 17,749 13,037 7,841 9,092 5,385 5,916 6,496 6,197 8,483

3,234 3,678 3,155 4,303 3,868 5,047 4,787 4,076 5,323 5,803 8,093 5,133 2,368 1,957 1,789 1,365 1,171 1,868

7,899 7,059 14,647 10,541 8,011 11,206 14,404 13,873 11,845 13,056 17,084 13,568 10,267 13,399 16,129 10,900 6,911 9,560

7,698 11,182 11,920 16,875 15,835 13,689 13,323 10,741 18,112 19,978 15,874 16,265 24,014 21,132 21,473 24,147 24,789 23,887

8,038 8,119 9,853 10,177 11,188 9,041 10,099 10,396 13,945 15,445 11,903 14,744 16,704 17,336 22,987 21,620 21,497 20,534

4,365 2,545 3,895 4,491 4,111 8,191 6,241 8,843 12,498 10,151 7,856 8,901 11,747 10,757 12,700 12,063 11,195 13,188

1,862 2,852 2,170 1,458 2,435 3,049 3,705 6,868 4,926 5,497 5,329 3,172 3,431 2,660 2,129 1,954 1,549 3,604

78,831 75,698 115,899 116,157 112,727 118,070 126,834 134,445 143,959 153,869 155,517 146,027 156,105 147,284 160,700 162,215 146,419 157,783

Watermelon: 1990 1,032 1991 1,144 1992 1,698 1993 1,719 1994 1,564 1995 2,107 1996 1,959 1997 1,964 1998 2,109 1999 2,449 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2,933 3,020 2,750 2,737 2,353 3,704 3,170 2,841 5,155

5,414 2,896 3,409 3,595 8,287 5,340 7,904 8,946 4,557 12,757 12,052 6,257 9,244 6,198 11,863 5,482 11,646 7,432

17,316 20,966 33,285 31,860 42,213 40,883 30,789 46,347 34,733 49,603 54,282 35,873 54,773 55,927 78,322 45,401 43,971 41,994

24,039 28,494 63,609 59,939 66,592 82,328 75,311 73,641 64,167 74,359 73,352 68,843 95,234 99,568 112,366 73,859 71,718 78,033

21,800 23,529 58,950 63,940 66,686 58,013 73,102 69,583 70,564 84,835 74,474 67,419 102,437 110,469 128,935 110,569 81,311 71,571

11,948 12,064 32,951 34,858 35,941 32,382 41,917 43,966 37,916 40,815 42,369 38,542 52,661 70,146 57,480 58,497 46,329 42,055

4,376 3,635 7,437 7,863 7,578 6,305 10,456 7,349 13,189 12,297 10,401 9,452 18,427 14,853 11,631 23,678 13,567 14,348

1,571 1,961 3,026 3,488 4,739 3,533 3,534 3,828 4,959 3,884 5,366 5,676 11,749 8,631 5,995 14,030 8,629 9,719

1,467 1,220 2,331 1,775 2,431 825 2,604 3,023 3,692 2,164 4,492 4,261 5,605 5,056 5,516 6,187 6,769 7,557

1,644 1,667 2,126 1,392 2,556 2,663 2,544 5,797 3,266 2,719 3,627 4,785 6,209 3,213 5,587 2,846 4,433 5,680

94,360 101,785 212,132 215,385 242,401 239,243 255,260 268,889 244,789 292,218 293,271 249,438 364,487 383,655 423,994 349,861 297,390 285,429

All melons: 1/ 1989 2/ 4,662 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 5,875 6,106 5,631 7,066 8,528 6,088 8,339 10,005 7,634 7,854 13,547 16,193 9,422 7,816 6,716 7,557 6,892 5,446 8,519

9,671 11,180 10,009 9,115 11,335 16,253 14,050 15,596 17,115 13,567 22,097 25,991 17,171 17,152 10,782 17,199 8,850 15,023 10,896

27,559 28,847 32,967 52,593 48,037 55,035 58,184 49,672 65,351 51,885 67,551 80,529 59,011 70,458 74,580 100,053 60,258 55,820 56,683

39,604 44,014 47,990 96,413 88,031 94,979 108,512 104,803 105,046 96,109 107,131 105,290 107,767 136,101 134,562 149,762 114,659 114,088 123,694

44,870 47,530 45,999 98,975 98,082 107,861 96,324 123,029 118,003 100,792 122,834 116,526 116,004 149,923 153,186 177,962 159,818 129,851 114,457

38,895 43,965 44,396 69,889 84,737 92,538 83,739 86,987 77,419 75,633 81,911 83,210 74,948 94,291 103,950 92,418 103,764 80,113 83,304

21,125 29,078 35,604 39,211 42,165 55,861 42,715 41,702 27,282 49,661 47,292 40,196 43,456 64,225 53,826 50,733 67,769 59,561 59,415

13,992 18,751 17,450 21,229 21,508 22,389 20,291 20,607 19,088 28,712 25,360 29,055 30,028 36,376 35,844 42,223 48,715 44,798 39,642

10,780 11,925 8,951 10,230 9,831 12,356 15,573 14,235 16,791 21,995 17,954 18,576 20,662 23,604 20,421 24,116 23,966 22,935 26,260

3,979 6,862 7,160 6,352 4,897 7,396 8,596 9,396 15,721 11,541 13,095 12,781 13,239 12,876 8,300 10,110 8,230 8,305 12,132

227,739 259,821 273,419 421,513 431,575 487,841 471,644 492,009 491,677 476,379 539,974 557,055 520,918 628,217 620,615 681,510 615,770 548,770 542,430

1/ Includes cantaloup, watermelon, and all other melons. 2/ Data beginning January 1989 reported under the harmonized tariff schedule (HS), U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Canadian data for 1989 was adjusted due to a known undercount using U.S. melon imports as reported by Statistics Canada. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau and Statistics Canada.

45 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 29--Carrots, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008 1/ Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p Jan. 12.30 8.65 12.90 13.00 12.20 14.20 13.50 12.50 14.00 15.80 12.20 11.70 21.00 19.00 18.00 10.70 19.20 12.60 15.00 14.00 16.10 9.49 15.90 19.30 19.30 24.50 20.30 21.70 21.00 16.20 Feb. 12.30 8.63 12.90 14.00 12.40 17.30 12.80 11.60 11.10 11.40 13.00 12.80 13.70 17.10 13.20 10.40 16.90 13.80 14.70 13.00 19.60 11.60 16.70 19.70 19.10 24.90 21.00 21.50 28.10 25.90 Mar. 11.10 7.54 10.70 13.10 10.90 16.40 11.00 11.30 11.00 10.10 12.70 14.20 16.30 13.20 11.20 11.50 18.70 15.90 13.40 13.00 21.50 11.80 17.30 21.10 18.70 24.60 21.00 21.50 28.30 25.90 Apr. 9.92 9.07 10.00 13.60 9.72 16.70 10.70 11.30 9.03 10.80 15.10 9.75 13.80 12.80 12.70 10.30 19.40 15.70 12.60 12.60 26.50 12.30 17.30 21.20 19.40 24.20 21.10 21.50 29.60 25.90 May 11.10 9.79 14.00 11.50 10.80 13.00 10.80 13.30 10.30 13.40 18.20 7.99 13.90 11.70 11.20 12.10 19.20 12.00 12.60 12.00 25.40 13.40 17.60 21.30 19.90 24.90 21.20 20.80 32.00 June July Aug. -- Dollars per cwt -10.80 10.80 10.70 10.30 11.20 13.00 9.99 13.60 12.30 14.70 18.60 10.20 11.10 10.80 10.20 12.10 15.20 11.00 12.60 11.90 22.80 14.80 19.80 21.60 19.90 22.50 21.30 21.40 25.90 11.10 12.50 12.40 9.95 15.80 12.30 11.00 13.30 10.00 14.90 20.40 8.74 9.78 16.90 9.04 13.50 15.00 10.50 12.60 10.60 17.20 15.70 21.70 20.60 19.90 20.20 21.80 21.50 19.70 11.20 12.80 12.90 10.30 16.80 14.20 12.90 16.10 8.45 16.60 11.00 9.04 10.60 16.70 10.10 16.10 16.10 14.50 13.10 10.80 13.30 14.50 19.90 20.10 20.40 18.00 21.20 22.40 17.10 Sep. 10.30 14.30 12.70 10.70 15.50 14.40 12.40 14.10 9.30 15.90 10.30 10.50 10.90 14.40 9.98 15.30 16.10 12.60 12.70 10.60 10.10 14.00 15.50 18.10 19.50 16.70 21.00 19.30 16.10 Oct. 10.40 14.70 12.70 9.76 14.40 12.70 12.80 14.80 9.60 13.40 10.20 9.85 11.40 12.80 10.30 15.30 15.30 12.00 12.10 10.90 10.50 14.20 17.40 17.90 18.80 16.20 21.10 19.80 15.80 Nov. 9.39 14.50 13.00 9.79 14.30 13.20 12.50 12.70 9.01 10.70 9.13 16.00 19.20 12.00 11.00 15.10 15.50 16.00 12.50 11.60 11.30 14.30 18.40 18.70 21.30 17.30 23.10 20.20 15.80 Dec. 8.82 16.00 13.40 11.70 14.40 13.50 13.60 12.50 12.70 12.90 10.60 16.60 17.80 13.80 10.90 15.70 13.00 17.20 16.80 11.00 11.50 15.50 19.30 19.50 24.30 17.00 22.00 19.10 16.20 Season average 10.60 11.30 12.30 11.90 12.70 14.40 11.90 13.30 10.80 13.30 13.60 11.90 14.60 14.50 11.90 12.90 16.70 13.40 12.90 12.20 16.80 13.10 17.10 19.10 19.00 20.20 20.90 20.60 22.60

p = Preliminary. 1/ Monthly prices are averages received at the f.o.b. shipping point through 2005. Thereafter, prices are measured at the point of first sale. The season average is the weighted average price received by producers at the point of first sale. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Prices.

46 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 30--Carrots: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1989-2008 1/ Year 1989 1/ 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Jan. 14,204 17,304 15,309 21,334 12,942 13,364 28,780 24,310 20,455 23,454 23,470 18,432 22,051 21,426 20,901 23,867 19,524 23,041 23,547 29,725 Feb. 7,373 12,021 12,544 16,679 9,874 9,492 12,094 15,068 13,186 18,257 15,960 12,762 17,409 14,811 13,619 17,143 14,610 15,248 18,449 22,647 Mar. 6,264 8,366 8,999 7,767 6,771 8,669 11,574 14,589 14,141 14,017 16,851 11,636 14,726 14,714 13,287 20,164 15,145 18,178 21,173 22,169 Apr. 8,507 9,731 7,964 4,790 4,818 7,011 8,942 10,171 12,231 6,892 10,890 9,496 9,930 11,916 12,485 13,684 13,883 14,442 17,812 May 9,051 6,886 8,092 4,533 3,354 5,949 8,814 10,556 11,288 8,492 11,821 9,294 14,578 11,667 11,384 14,842 16,175 15,385 17,604 June July Aug. -- 1,000 pounds -1,544 6,260 1,380 1,725 832 1,128 8,850 11,384 14,368 12,172 13,438 8,281 11,152 14,841 13,028 15,622 10,921 14,882 18,996 916 1,249 878 1,522 849 1,548 9,934 11,676 13,636 6,554 9,682 9,214 12,451 10,094 8,950 16,363 7,640 17,189 20,531 8,108 4,717 8,052 9,428 7,093 8,101 20,432 21,464 16,198 13,662 15,467 12,365 20,223 15,884 14,802 13,849 14,831 21,761 22,422 Sep. 13,796 11,508 12,952 15,376 15,666 18,015 28,016 20,796 21,509 17,223 13,162 13,402 17,124 16,648 17,452 15,524 16,930 24,621 19,387 Oct. 16,776 13,318 17,842 17,718 19,205 25,150 26,781 27,095 26,302 18,976 17,207 18,729 20,980 18,751 19,202 17,356 20,382 30,542 18,639 Nov. 20,600 17,237 22,236 18,437 23,677 29,951 31,994 29,350 33,130 20,206 18,382 22,913 19,890 20,534 21,937 25,282 22,817 28,487 22,550 Dec. 16,430 13,514 20,710 15,033 16,326 30,502 25,956 25,836 26,589 19,266 18,485 20,954 20,904 18,895 20,157 21,507 23,712 24,627 24,385 Annual 123,570 122,111 136,958 134,342 121,408 158,880 222,166 222,296 223,032 179,170 184,815 167,478 201,417 190,183 187,204 215,204 196,569 248,401 245,495

1/ Import data beginning in January 1989 are reported under the harmonized tariff schedule (HS), U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

47 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 31--Cauliflower, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008 1/ Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Season average

-- Dollars per cwt -1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p 23.40 27.00 27.20 46.00 30.40 37.00 26.50 21.70 35.80 32.90 24.30 17.20 21.60 23.70 34.30 24.80 31.40 35.20 30.40 39.10 29.40 23.10 26.00 61.50 24.50 27.20 27.60 33.10 45.70 53.40 32.00 29.30 31.00 34.80 32.60 29.60 29.20 28.20 24.10 20.10 20.10 27.90 23.10 19.60 29.10 24.90 31.50 36.10 34.70 43.20 31.10 30.20 37.30 39.00 30.60 42.20 38.00 24.90 29.40 30.20 27.70 38.00 30.00 38.00 42.80 28.30 38.00 31.00 30.80 50.00 35.80 21.00 50.30 21.90 24.70 23.10 53.90 52.80 32.90 49.10 42.80 32.00 23.60 37.10 33.20 24.20 50.60 35.60 51.40 41.70 32.60 32.50 31.30 38.00 45.50 30.20 38.80 35.00 31.40 24.30 31.10 22.10 33.30 25.00 44.90 20.80 68.40 37.00 27.90 44.70 46.40 34.80 46.50 23.70 27.50 23.50 36.70 44.40 51.60 55.60 24.60 33.80 31.70 28.40 32.60 27.10 23.20 33.30 27.10 21.40 21.60 18.80 24.20 33.90 26.90 32.20 47.70 37.70 20.70 35.50 23.40 46.00 26.30 20.80 39.50 28.80 29.70 27.10 24.90 26.00 27.60 32.40 38.50 29.80 31.70 23.90 27.00 23.00 24.70 25.70 20.50 29.90 37.80 37.00 29.10 37.60 35.70 31.20 26.40 25.50 31.20 37.40 28.40 46.30 46.20 38.10 27.90 30.00 23.50 23.00 33.80 30.80 24.90 29.20 30.20 28.90 23.00 23.10 26.40 22.20 15.40 22.80 28.30 31.40 26.70 24.30 38.90 23.20 19.60 37.50 25.60 27.50 27.40 27.50 25.60 24.00 22.30 24.40 24.60 30.30 27.30 27.20 33.10 33.50 26.60 23.70 29.40 28.60 28.30 21.40 43.40 29.30 24.30 34.20 27.20 23.40 26.10 25.40 25.10 25.70 30.40 24.90 26.00 31.50 28.40 27.90 22.70 24.90 26.10 24.10 27.90 29.20 23.90 30.60 24.10 32.30 24.50 25.70 22.80 26.20 38.70 34.00 25.40 23.80 34.60 32.30 21.70 25.40 24.80 41.30 40.40 31.00 28.50 47.10 27.20 19.20 21.30 27.50 20.80 30.30 28.10 25.70 26.30 24.30 25.40 29.60 31.70 21.70 27.10 27.40 31.30 21.10 29.20 47.10 25.90 22.30 21.60 21.70 24.10 25.80 32.20 19.70 20.90 46.20 24.00 28.10 27.20 27.90 29.80 36.40 28.40 24.10 38.20 23.80 36.80 34.80 26.90 38.00 21.60 42.50 22.60 30.00 27.60 33.20 35.10 65.60 22.50 30.90 57.00 27.10 23.60 34.50 26.60 25.00 26.40 29.40 32.90 32.70 30.40 35.20 28.50 50.50 39.20 28.50 32.80 56.50 40.30 30.90 29.80 33.20 31.10 36.20 37.50 55.50 28.00 56.60 28.70 80.00 40.90 44.30 41.70 52.40 25.20 28.20 30.10 31.20 32.00 31.10 29.80 28.80 28.30 28.20 28.10 25.10 27.10 29.00 31.20 28.80 34.60 33.60 32.30 34.50 29.70 32.10 29.20 32.20 35.10 30.80 30.30 32.30 34.30

-- = not available. p = Preliminary. 1/ Monthly prices are averages received at the f.o.b. shipping point through 2005. Thereafter, prices are measured at the point of first sale. The season average is the weighted average price received by producers at the point of first sale. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Prices.

48 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 32--Cauliflower: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1989-2008 1/ Year 1989 1/ 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Jan. 981 4,899 4,699 3,409 472 869 236 600 227 1,939 627 790 482 1,546 1,160 1,213 969 1,085 1,398 1,279 Feb. 4,248 4,842 3,842 3,167 472 401 1,564 1,617 523 1,697 279 205 403 1,130 295 428 1,179 547 850 809 Mar. 1,996 2,975 1,959 2,016 565 401 1,954 314 163 2,208 882 40 351 632 161 493 341 1,019 842 500 Apr. 1,280 1,212 1,863 294 263 250 2,033 236 11 458 206 0 69 59 121 205 213 118 335 May 712 33 36 29 27 70 219 234 18 193 27 10 0 0 121 49 29 132 128 June July Aug. -- 1,000 pounds -82 0 56 90 4 0 154 18 91 141 133 30 101 269 79 186 160 348 377 211 797 661 1,298 1,192 1,548 1,376 2,065 2,575 4,449 3,290 2,255 4,011 1,985 2,715 3,983 2,214 3,731 4,265 868 1,006 607 3,722 1,776 2,161 2,546 4,714 6,888 5,242 4,478 5,623 4,416 3,830 3,995 8,989 3,678 4,644 6,517 Sep. 2,096 705 874 3,360 3,599 2,479 1,511 5,656 12,060 8,682 5,458 5,327 3,335 5,005 6,430 9,106 5,540 4,602 6,223 Oct. 1,274 989 1,143 205 1,225 1,947 710 377 8,539 5,712 1,353 2,021 1,019 2,881 3,394 4,883 2,211 2,130 5,176 Nov. 1,989 1,225 209 0 828 64 299 135 3,204 691 250 518 404 848 225 561 341 172 269 Dec. 3,800 3,393 1,924 0 826 401 535 850 3,350 660 519 673 440 1,811 1,116 903 1,731 1,133 1,477 Annual 19,537 22,076 17,873 17,592 11,248 10,592 13,137 16,818 37,648 32,072 17,500 17,492 15,031 19,995 19,812 30,999 18,606 19,661 27,857

1/ Import data beginning in January 1989 are reported under the harmonized tariff schedule (HS), U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

49 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 33--Celery, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008 1/ Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Season average

-- Dollars per cwt -1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p 10.80 9.29 13.40 13.10 7.65 22.80 8.31 12.20 14.60 18.00 15.40 19.10 13.00 8.81 24.00 11.40 24.30 7.90 16.20 11.20 9.51 19.20 14.60 10.10 8.29 20.80 12.90 9.64 33.90 16.20 12.00 7.23 8.47 14.30 8.14 21.90 7.56 8.99 12.70 13.00 14.20 11.50 12.50 7.74 35.60 8.85 26.00 8.50 16.20 11.40 8.47 16.00 15.00 19.50 11.80 24.40 22.90 10.80 58.90 13.20 8.88 8.65 7.38 11.60 9.83 14.50 7.38 9.54 12.50 7.48 8.64 6.80 9.06 10.40 27.40 7.78 20.60 12.20 12.30 16.40 8.35 12.90 15.80 23.50 12.60 13.90 28.40 14.90 31.90 13.40 7.31 9.96 11.50 10.30 20.50 12.20 9.73 15.70 11.30 11.40 15.20 8.31 11.10 15.10 16.50 8.34 33.30 11.60 10.50 13.80 10.20 21.20 19.10 18.60 17.00 15.60 20.80 16.60 18.80 10.90 12.40 9.48 14.90 12.70 20.00 13.30 14.20 13.70 11.60 13.60 22.50 13.50 19.30 15.80 14.40 13.50 24.50 8.90 15.40 15.40 12.80 25.60 24.00 12.30 11.00 15.00 15.50 12.70 18.30 14.50 9.65 11.90 13.00 14.10 9.24 9.39 11.50 10.20 8.74 15.50 8.89 12.60 12.10 9.45 8.92 14.40 11.50 9.89 12.40 18.30 29.10 33.70 9.37 9.34 13.80 9.62 17.80 11.60 9.49 6.85 11.30 9.99 11.00 8.09 10.80 12.70 9.52 11.00 17.80 8.72 11.00 11.30 9.41 12.40 11.60 11.50 19.30 10.60 14.00 18.30 13.50 10.90 12.70 11.60 9.69 21.00 11.60 7.24 7.84 10.70 9.16 12.90 9.29 10.40 12.10 10.30 15.20 14.80 8.43 7.71 14.50 11.80 14.90 10.50 10.30 17.00 10.30 10.30 20.30 9.28 10.90 11.80 9.25 9.82 23.20 9.64 6.97 8.26 11.40 10.30 13.10 8.85 10.20 14.40 12.70 16.10 9.08 10.30 7.75 15.90 14.20 12.60 16.50 11.60 14.30 10.50 10.60 15.30 9.38 11.70 13.30 11.20 12.00 27.70 13.80 6.23 7.76 10.30 8.39 12.10 9.46 11.50 13.00 8.14 11.30 9.42 11.70 8.33 13.00 13.30 12.00 13.20 9.79 13.40 10.40 9.14 12.90 8.19 9.98 15.90 14.60 11.70 27.00 13.30 7.97 10.30 10.70 7.88 16.70 11.40 12.80 12.00 9.49 12.50 9.54 14.00 9.62 12.40 11.50 13.90 12.90 12.40 18.40 11.90 12.80 19.40 8.64 14.10 20.60 18.10 13.10 22.00 18.60 8.63 14.50 10.20 7.45 19.30 8.65 12.70 10.40 14.20 11.30 15.20 11.30 8.08 15.60 11.10 25.50 11.40 13.40 19.10 14.00 17.20 21.50 9.62 10.20 15.30 13.40 10.70 20.20 13.50 9.15 9.11 10.80 10.20 13.70 12.20 10.30 12.00 11.10 11.90 13.20 10.80 10.80 12.30 14.80 11.80 16.30 10.50 14.70 11.70 12.00 18.50 14.40 12.80 13.40 14.80 13.90 18.20 20.40

p = Preliminary. 1/ Monthly prices are averages received at the f.o.b. shipping point through 2005. Thereafter, prices are measured at the point of first sale. The season average is the weighted average price received by producers at the point of first sale. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Prices.

50 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 34--Celery: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1989-2008 1/ Year 1989 1/ 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Jan. 729 1,975 3,462 2,149 4,433 3,621 7,589 6,913 7,346 7,481 11,603 5,169 7,018 7,972 6,185 3,801 5,328 3,575 4,966 5,200 Feb. 5,697 7,397 8,969 4,561 7,728 4,182 15,553 9,869 12,553 13,883 16,739 11,616 10,044 13,598 9,949 7,142 10,974 4,983 10,613 9,284 Mar. 10,916 14,675 7,834 5,619 6,532 3,785 9,653 13,034 16,321 25,760 16,672 12,377 20,182 20,497 12,679 9,076 8,577 11,487 9,723 9,187 Apr. 6,107 5,953 9,980 4,913 5,058 2,118 4,736 8,959 5,826 17,265 11,588 11,655 12,232 17,519 11,900 7,837 10,419 7,012 7,395 May 5,540 1,055 4,169 2,755 1,967 1,904 3,348 5,755 5,219 11,568 8,359 5,091 8,611 8,437 3,191 3,209 3,237 3,214 4,210 June July Aug. -- 1,000 pounds -167 82 583 78 39 37 423 136 525 4,838 2,963 27 994 1,633 714 89 644 659 488 342 250 545 435 172 330 467 167 1,155 655 628 393 814 226 154 431 635 1,092 1,162 5,556 2,745 1,697 5,212 3,160 4,166 3,201 2,400 2,617 1,407 2,550 5,661 2,071 2,404 2,141 1,438 2,596 3,736 2,945 Sep. 3,970 3,930 3,031 4,690 5,751 4,090 4,096 3,801 4,339 3,310 3,694 5,761 5,127 6,382 4,137 4,825 4,890 7,543 7,794 Oct. 1,431 1,634 1,941 1,345 885 622 805 1,751 2,920 3,835 3,004 2,894 5,044 3,730 4,832 6,635 5,239 8,216 8,389 Nov. 920 416 470 84 1,168 1,333 2,911 714 3,102 6,027 1,918 363 2,223 3,832 1,434 2,211 3,426 2,422 3,468 Dec. 1,674 545 240 858 1,427 2,569 3,830 2,967 6,142 9,970 4,760 3,358 6,593 4,456 2,349 2,905 2,890 2,211 2,470 Annual 43,049 40,656 42,922 32,700 38,319 28,758 56,611 56,467 68,065 105,998 84,478 64,366 80,953 90,685 59,664 49,598 58,855 56,148 63,622

1/ Import data beginning in January 1989 are reported under the harmonized tariff schedule (HS), U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

51 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 35--Cucumbers, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1996-2008 1/ Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. -- Dollars per cwt -10.80 12.50 19.40 13.20 15.00 16.80 14.30 16.60 15.50 28.70 24.30 23.20 16.10 14.40 20.30 19.00 26.80 19.90 23.40 23.10 18.20 15.70 26.80 18.90 12.30 19.40 20.40 22.70 19.70 24.70 23.10 20.00 23.60 21.10 27.20 24.60 Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Season average

1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p

26.80 17.50 --28.60 ---28.10 20.20 23.90 30.80 38.40

-25.00 --40.00 ---22.20 17.20 27.70 35.30 --

37.10 16.30 --28.50 44.00 22.90 22.20 30.30 32.60 40.70 33.60 20.50

36.30 27.70 30.70 20.40 22.70 31.00 21.50 21.50 23.30 29.30 29.40 21.40 31.80

11.00 20.40 16.10 16.10 17.00 15.60 16.80 20.70 13.60 30.70 21.30 28.50

11.40 17.70 22.90 21.30 22.60 25.80 19.50 24.80 25.00 20.10 22.50 29.10

27.80 12.20 18.30 23.00 21.70 14.70 14.00 13.90 23.70 23.10 18.50 25.00

20.70 13.80 18.00 14.40 12.10 14.40 19.20 13.30 18.70 32.60 29.60 22.00

18.00 19.20 20.40 15.60 24.60 26.40 26.40 19.90 -53.10 27.00 18.50

19.00 17.70 20.00 18.20 19.90 19.80 19.00 19.90 20.20 23.00 25.30 24.40

p = Preliminary. 1/ Monthly prices are averages received at the f.o.b. shipping point through 2005. Thereafter, prices are measured at the point of first sale. The season average is the weighted average price received by producers at point of first sale. Data collection resumed in 1996 after the estimates program had been eliminated in 1981. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Prices.

52 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 36--Cucumbers: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1989-2008 1/ Year 1989 1/ 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Jan. 108,169 92,588 77,951 71,321 104,276 108,838 94,301 112,036 111,428 98,994 105,627 109,773 126,522 135,070 133,676 134,570 147,488 126,170 136,035 146,280 Feb. 79,970 Mar. 69,972 Apr. 38,242 27,125 25,691 39,600 33,698 44,875 41,882 72,381 66,035 82,918 71,630 May 9,445 15,190 12,625 16,465 18,329 23,434 27,518 28,436 43,750 44,789 61,966 60,818 71,825 66,847 54,540 56,314 76,777 78,981 96,942 June July Aug. -- 1,000 pounds -5,984 7,075 12,115 12,039 12,573 14,982 14,878 24,924 19,454 30,860 33,159 30,319 35,040 37,445 37,076 32,145 43,906 47,199 49,532 4,886 6,094 7,263 10,543 8,487 12,245 17,179 19,125 16,535 17,139 26,411 26,777 31,712 35,749 42,341 42,766 37,890 40,571 40,419 3,685 2,910 4,881 5,261 6,506 12,430 10,654 10,852 12,365 21,004 26,958 28,376 34,214 42,497 50,560 50,275 38,582 39,128 36,803 Sep. 2,118 1,969 2,713 4,519 2,526 6,108 5,739 4,917 10,605 12,237 17,805 28,513 22,329 29,281 27,465 29,134 26,076 33,885 29,889 Oct. 5,426 6,929 7,497 9,916 6,204 6,873 14,099 21,805 24,884 26,052 41,545 Nov. 42,508 Dec. 82,406 Annual 452,810 394,568 382,910 432,451 502,262 549,117 572,044 686,304 667,548 723,302 749,637 763,361 811,498 868,708 900,259 933,394 955,051 974,324 1,012,454

73,822 59,873 80,990 50,658 62,983 54,792 104,164 81,069 113,969 85,784 93,761 91,198 96,257 108,498 100,175 77,246 100,550 104,106 97,782 88,810 103,783 101,839 104,969 113,522 115,856 123,546 124,789 113,592 145,956

37,365 63,629 37,365 63,162 46,084 98,928 38,568 85,863 47,181 72,397 70,942 89,895 81,693 105,379 87,434 97,637 80,694 103,958 92,819 85,126

85,026 71,826 94,143 87,937 102,427 85,128 108,331 74,877 114,774 95,019 128,066 94,090 110,834 93,593 129,706 107,241 135,020

47,907 66,165 104,079 35,533 76,366 94,040 37,466 80,061 111,767 43,755 89,590 124,526 44,085 93,799 124,658 43,189 92,965 102,476 53,082 103,855 122,240 52,689 108,814 110,792

1/ Import data beginning in January 1989 are reported under the harmonized tariff schedule (HS), U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Includes field-grown and greenhouse. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

53 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 37--Head lettuce, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008 1/ Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p Jan. 17.50 6.18 8.19 26.30 9.60 8.34 14.80 10.50 14.60 35.00 18.80 9.44 10.20 7.23 10.80 7.91 13.40 11.30 14.90 19.00 10.30 14.60 13.60 25.90 11.00 16.00 11.50 10.60 20.80 17.50 Feb. 19.40 7.03 8.04 12.70 8.54 9.71 9.23 8.56 8.73 10.10 12.40 6.58 6.63 6.75 18.70 11.80 9.32 14.90 9.58 10.90 15.50 9.28 24.10 44.20 11.80 19.70 11.70 12.10 15.50 13.30 Mar. 10.90 10.80 10.60 12.90 8.27 9.45 9.25 9.91 15.10 14.20 13.10 7.69 10.40 11.90 14.30 9.71 27.00 16.50 13.50 12.50 16.30 14.10 15.00 87.30 10.40 10.50 27.80 19.10 29.70 14.80 Apr. 7.00 12.10 7.94 14.40 12.40 7.48 8.68 15.60 8.49 7.03 8.60 8.24 9.00 9.91 37.80 11.70 48.20 13.20 15.70 27.20 20.20 22.80 21.40 14.10 12.50 14.80 30.10 22.40 17.80 21.10 May 6.23 11.20 10.50 10.10 14.90 6.95 9.19 17.90 8.21 7.64 6.85 7.94 23.10 11.20 12.60 11.40 47.00 13.30 10.40 14.30 14.00 23.60 18.80 10.20 21.20 10.50 13.90 33.70 13.60 June July Aug. -- Dollars per cwt -6.13 6.10 8.87 8.43 17.50 9.26 7.09 9.79 8.90 10.70 13.40 8.03 9.51 9.84 11.50 13.80 15.60 15.20 14.90 11.80 11.40 13.50 12.10 10.60 32.20 13.30 17.30 11.80 17.80 5.61 6.22 12.90 11.00 8.68 9.24 12.40 8.44 16.90 7.32 16.20 12.40 6.70 13.00 18.80 10.60 12.60 12.70 17.10 15.50 12.70 15.00 16.40 11.30 11.90 10.70 11.00 12.20 17.30 9.42 7.98 12.50 7.46 11.10 14.50 12.90 10.40 18.00 13.00 10.50 14.20 8.32 19.90 14.90 10.90 15.20 23.50 22.80 16.40 12.00 19.20 26.90 14.60 21.50 17.10 13.50 20.70 23.10 Sep. 8.66 10.10 11.40 7.74 13.30 15.00 11.80 12.60 16.20 11.10 12.60 18.30 11.30 21.00 16.80 17.30 25.60 13.70 22.30 14.00 13.10 29.40 26.20 14.30 23.90 15.20 12.70 16.30 29.20 Oct. 8.39 8.12 9.13 9.17 16.10 20.30 9.90 8.33 13.20 11.50 14.50 19.70 10.80 13.60 12.20 22.10 13.30 15.40 34.80 21.00 13.10 16.20 11.60 13.50 26.30 24.10 12.40 11.80 44.40 Nov. 7.50 11.50 9.84 12.30 13.90 7.78 12.30 12.10 43.10 11.20 8.79 18.80 21.40 9.63 10.50 22.40 11.50 17.70 22.20 10.80 10.70 19.90 11.40 10.70 43.60 14.10 9.81 12.50 17.40 Dec. 6.45 8.01 21.90 12.30 14.90 10.40 21.80 10.50 32.60 14.10 6.98 10.70 9.66 16.30 8.28 37.20 16.10 8.87 25.10 12.50 16.20 12.10 28.50 10.10 26.20 13.60 16.10 22.20 16.00 Season average 9.20 8.91 10.90 12.10 12.30 10.90 10.80 12.00 14.70 14.70 12.60 11.50 11.40 12.50 16.00 13.30 23.50 14.70 17.50 16.20 13.30 17.30 17.90 21.10 18.10 16.90 15.50 16.90 22.00

p = Preliminary. 1/ Monthly prices are averages received at the f.o.b. shipping point through 2005. Thereafter, prices are measured at the point of first sale. The season average is the weighted average price received by producers at the point of first sale. Prices are largely for iceberg-type lettuce. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Prices.

54 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 38--Lettuce, iceberg, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual retail price, 1979-2008 Year 1979 1/ 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Jan. -35.4 44.1 96.8 56.0 54.1 68.4 69.1 -124.8 79.4 60.5 68.0 57.3 62.5 50.6 82.1 76.9 65.1 107.2 64.9 74.8 73.6 100.3 73.4 87.6 81.7 87.4 92.6 95.0 Feb. -36.9 42.9 70.9 43.8 45.5 56.3 44.3 -83.5 68.6 51.1 54.8 50.1 57.9 54.2 60.2 58.7 59.4 64.3 65.8 65.0 84.7 106.1 68.2 80.5 73.0 79.4 92.0 89.5 Mar. -38.5 42.3 50.0 43.0 52.3 50.2 43.8 51.9 64.7 60.2 48.2 51.2 52.4 84.3 61.3 60.7 64.7 61.4 69.5 77.4 67.1 89.5 154.2 65.5 81.3 82.9 81.5 91.5 87.3 Apr. -56.5 44.1 70.1 51.6 42.4 42.8 56.2 50.7 47.1 53.8 50.0 56.3 54.6 85.4 53.2 134.3 64.6 66.6 83.7 75.3 65.0 76.7 114.7 72.3 80.1 100.4 86.9 98.6 90.2 May -56.1 48.6 51.8 58.0 40.3 51.1 65.9 43.3 50.6 50.5 51.3 62.0 53.2 77.9 53.5 134.6 61.3 59.8 87.7 69.1 80.3 87.0 72.0 79.5 71.0 92.6 96.7 87.9 June July Aug. -- Cents per pound --46.2 45.4 50.3 64.9 47.5 40.3 51.2 42.8 48.6 56.6 44.1 73.0 49.8 53.1 51.9 80.4 67.2 59.3 71.1 65.2 68.6 72.2 67.5 83.2 75.1 89.5 84.8 85.6 -38.7 49.9 48.7 47.9 43.6 50.8 46.0 51.8 47.2 58.2 56.9 52.8 50.6 64.8 56.4 60.9 62.7 64.9 69.2 62.7 65.6 66.3 67.4 80.8 73.7 88.5 78.3 84.9 -39.7 55.3 47.3 52.3 57.7 57.1 47.0 60.4 49.3 59.8 56.2 49.5 63.8 65.4 53.1 65.8 61.5 69.4 68.6 65.2 67.3 78.4 68.9 70.9 80.8 85.5 86.4 87.9 Sep. -50.0 54.4 43.7 57.1 59.4 55.6 53.1 64.6 55.3 59.3 64.6 50.9 70.9 64.0 61.7 85.9 59.5 73.7 71.0 62.3 89.7 89.7 70.2 89.8 77.1 84.8 95.3 92.7 Oct. -44.1 47.7 47.2 65.7 66.5 52.9 50.9 54.0 54.5 62.3 74.6 51.7 65.7 58.7 65.2 70.0 63.4 82.3 75.7 66.9 77.2 81.1 68.7 85.8 83.0 92.6 87.3 106.6 Nov. -52.2 45.6 47.6 57.8 60.9 49.8 50.1 73.8 51.4 65.2 78.3 86.8 57.8 60.6 77.6 65.2 74.6 101.0 76.5 67.7 77.4 73.4 75.4 92.7 84.9 87.3 85.0 98.8 Dec. -48.3 64.6 43.4 66.6 44.9 70.7 55.9 125.6 76.8 51.9 57.9 68.6 65.7 52.5 90.5 61.4 62.2 69.9 63.5 66.8 85.1 78.8 68.0 125.5 82.3 85.4 89.6 94.9 Annual -45.2 48.7 55.6 55.4 51.2 53.8 52.8 61.9 62.8 60.5 57.8 60.5 57.7 65.6 60.8 80.1 64.8 69.4 75.7 67.4 73.6 79.3 86.1 82.3 79.8 87.0 86.6 92.8

-- = Not available. 1/ Discontinued from July 1978 through December 1979. Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/data/home.htm).

55 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 39--Lettuce, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual retail price index, 1979-2008 1/ Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual 2/ -- 1982-84=100 -1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 111.7 64.5 76.5 168.0 98.4 107.2 126.0 145.1 121.3 277.6 179.7 152.9 189.3 149.6 181.6 146.3 257.2 201.6 195.9 290.5 207.9 229.3 233.3 272.0 223.8 271.7 258.3 260.8 292.2 292.9 111.5 64.9 72.0 133.6 81.3 91.0 111.0 99.2 117.7 208.0 167.2 134.2 160.9 132.6 187.3 146.5 176.1 165.6 184.5 198.8 200.6 203.9 249.6 301.9 219.7 245.8 237.9 258.0 294.7 282.6 91.9 68.0 73.6 88.5 81.0 94.9 100.2 101.3 120.4 150.0 150.7 130.2 139.9 141.1 222.5 158.8 178.1 208.8 185.8 210.7 217.0 210.0 245.7 398.0 222.9 242.3 253.5 254.2 287.6 278.3 63.9 88.8 74.1 116.0 103.2 79.8 86.1 128.3 121.0 113.0 134.2 137.1 154.0 148.0 213.1 144.9 379.6 189.3 188.6 245.4 213.4 209.4 227.3 299.6 227.4 232.1 287.5 267.2 283.3 277.0 63.4 91.4 82.5 95.3 111.4 76.5 96.5 135.4 99.7 118.5 128.1 134.3 168.4 149.6 195.5 143.3 342.2 176.3 174.8 310.2 207.7 234.0 243.5 219.7 253.1 224.1 271.6 285.5 265.6 63.1 78.0 78.0 87.9 118.7 85.8 79.4 106.8 101.3 113.5 149.1 120.2 180.8 136.9 142.2 147.6 209.5 183.4 173.5 222.9 198.5 211.1 215.1 213.1 266.0 221.7 257.6 264.0 261.6 65.3 67.3 85.4 83.1 91.6 80.4 97.2 96.4 115.5 113.8 145.5 140.8 138.8 135.3 164.5 156.2 167.9 179.7 184.9 212.5 196.0 207.8 211.7 215.1 243.1 219.8 247.7 246.9 254.7 77.0 69.6 94.9 80.5 96.0 103.4 109.2 98.3 139.3 118.7 146.5 142.4 133.8 167.0 173.8 157.3 177.5 175.7 200.1 205.8 202.0 213.1 226.5 213.4 226.1 228.4 247.4 265.8 260.6 71.7 86.9 95.9 77.1 110.1 110.3 113.8 110.5 142.5 134.2 152.6 172.3 140.1 192.5 172.2 178.7 222.0 174.5 212.8 208.1 208.5 262.7 254.1 221.9 260.9 229.2 249.4 274.2 273.3 85.9 81.4 84.4 84.7 117.1 118.8 108.1 108.2 127.7 135.1 160.4 192.8 139.7 176.8 168.1 178.8 193.1 179.8 223.4 221.7 218.5 235.5 238.5 222.5 250.2 236.2 258.4 269.7 298.2 79.8 89.3 84.0 84.7 107.7 114.5 103.2 107.1 158.1 126.8 167.9 194.7 201.8 156.2 165.3 212.3 178.5 209.0 257.9 222.8 216.6 238.5 228.6 229.0 259.4 249.0 258.7 265.1 295.7 74.3 83.4 112.1 109.3 121.4 90.2 143.0 115.1 272.7 174.3 135.8 152.0 170.1 183.0 152.1 273.4 172.2 184.6 218.5 199.3 212.7 281.6 231.6 218.5 301.8 276.9 260.0 281.9 295.3 80.0 77.8 84.5 100.7 103.2 96.1 106.1 112.6 136.4 148.6 151.5 150.3 159.8 155.7 178.2 170.3 221.2 185.7 200.1 229.1 208.3 228.1 233.8 252.1 246.2 239.8 257.3 266.1 280.2

1/ Indexes of retail prices paid by all urban consumers in major U.S. cities. 2/ Simple 12-month average. Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/data/home.htm)

56 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 40--Lettuce, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1980-2008 1/ Year Head: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 4,219 4,813 4,080 3,276 2,305 3,857 3,946 2,533 2,292 2,614 3,072 1,303 4,334 9,698 6,576 7,675 6,883 9,247 17,901 2,772 4,848 1,901 3,617 2,629 1,578 1,793 1,534 1,471 1,810 2,656 4,581 7,233 8,313 7,966 8,352 6,006 10,122 18,624 2,438 1,445 1,067 4,489 1,660 4,358 4,159 1,881 1,686 3,778 3,277 4,252 31,282 8,927 8,280 12,353 9,201 21,186 17,677 8 267 3 5,568 10 10,681 1,731 1,578 4,559 4,389 3,210 2,546 12,111 9,150 6,683 14,114 11,005 15,577 24 214 16 779 44 8,558 399 194 982 1,360 989 1,548 6,100 6,225 5,286 8,734 12,313 13,469 56 313 389 69 497 1,807 648 301 1,888 1,619 928 1,176 4,931 5,456 4,337 6,823 9,862 9,490 1,946 1,911 3,986 6,190 3,109 6,447 3,979 10,883 1,645 3,927 3,962 7,548 7,543 8,192 9,240 10,945 11,521 11,102 1,680 1,965 4,648 4,273 2,694 4,311 4,410 9,305 2,690 2,592 4,358 9,128 10,164 6,430 10,992 11,406 15,293 11,471 2,719 1,636 2,072 1,778 4,252 6,079 4,493 5,442 2,852 2,989 6,552 7,884 9,269 9,302 10,627 12,435 10,289 15,889 133 406 72 144 484 1,350 527 2,089 245 929 761 886 4,186 6,275 8,035 7,375 6,496 14,297 110 1,592 157 434 426 564 380 734 609 478 1,033 800 4,055 7,160 6,353 7,838 5,213 10,112 1,130 1,654 2,767 2,133 2,515 2,203 1,858 2,832 1,992 2,433 1,065 4,146 5,341 9,009 7,642 10,925 6,401 13,327 17,235 21,065 21,160 32,749 20,624 51,793 28,322 39,308 22,911 28,920 31,865 45,798 106,550 94,137 92,019 118,974 110,484 155,290 Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. -- 1,000 pounds -Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual

Romaine & Leaf: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 All Lettuce: 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 2/ 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2,342 1,544 2,603 3,918 4,526 6,528 3,873 1,975 11,107 20,463 11,440 9,604 4,319 3,432 2,665 4,271 6,611 5,993 5,811 5,145 5,490 4,962 5,801 10,797 9,552 11,354 10,480 14,868 26,301 2,748 1,473 1,542 2,747 4,236 5,081 3,307 2,934 11,697 15,044 4,891 5,123 2,308 4,443 2,965 1,796 3,426 4,333 4,179 3,982 4,998 7,324 10,128 9,170 9,183 11,249 8,690 17,562 26,611 865 471 964 2,875 3,624 5,210 2,523 2,079 6,482 11,131 2,805 1,546 2,277 4,925 2,030 5,058 5,988 4,347 5,009 7,087 5,588 6,781 37,003 10,044 10,319 16,357 13,803 29,995 25,698 133 3 57 725 997 1,930 1,124 346 443 143 109 775 104 6,071 258 14,599 1,868 1,988 7,376 5,315 3,496 3,185 13,751 9,856 7,480 17,333 14,252 19,095 161 82 58 200 70 348 1,829 69 108 49 26 587 364 911 235 9,785 460 319 1,416 1,420 1,241 1,811 6,324 6,770 5,966 10,022 14,736 16,098 1,411 114 186 275 244 232 61 365 232 267 64 594 463 274 1,368 2,250 1,506 1,198 5,199 3,350 2,067 3,650 5,356 7,787 6,974 10,312 13,386 14,298 2,888 1,896 1,225 1,347 2,649 5,366 3,730 3,003 1,343 2,596 2,258 2,728 5,021 8,006 5,156 7,890 7,063 15,708 4,899 8,410 9,280 13,830 12,586 15,297 14,934 18,804 20,615 19,372 2,453 2,840 4,243 4,542 7,306 6,448 1,563 1,113 654 4,146 1,937 2,431 5,750 5,459 4,797 5,515 7,156 15,158 7,682 6,857 12,060 17,206 17,474 12,283 17,770 20,033 26,374 19,951 923 438 1,526 2,499 5,340 3,536 693 350 557 603 3,377 1,921 2,943 2,396 5,522 6,926 5,928 9,505 6,716 8,516 13,635 13,334 14,966 15,363 16,469 19,714 17,964 25,278 214 148 201 312 1,491 761 31 198 118 154 204 668 174 441 1,043 1,508 784 3,088 1,027 2,187 1,869 1,654 6,063 9,193 10,217 10,147 9,617 19,411 338 186 206 269 276 160 114 486 128 110 146 1,637 276 744 665 666 658 1,120 923 878 1,932 1,188 4,432 9,038 6,966 10,224 8,598 13,220 670 2,209 1,786 1,729 1,802 2,184 1,959 5,398 4,502 4,350 2,111 1,757 3,046 2,452 2,849 3,237 3,444 5,154 4,654 4,183 2,974 5,459 6,324 11,678 11,352 15,338 13,266 20,584 15,146 11,404 14,597 21,438 32,561 37,784 20,807 18,316 37,371 59,056 29,368 29,371 27,046 39,555 29,554 63,500 44,892 67,911 54,891 57,330 64,629 80,385 140,207 127,277 127,184 170,887 171,781 229,734 7,220 4,791 238 155 360 414 2,665 3,460 3,519 2,531 2,417 3,660 1,467 1,099 2,976 3,679 3,597 5,621 8,401 2,119 275 407 826 335 219 1,633 2,800 2,707 2,172 2,342 2,743 2,894 858 1,217 2,898 2,684 7,440 7,987 367 101 1,210 436 370 700 1,828 2,466 3,323 3,309 2,311 2,529 5,721 1,117 2,039 4,003 4,602 8,809 8,022 101 509 101 503 248 3,917 136 411 2,817 927 286 639 1,640 706 797 3,219 3,247 3,518 2 373 348 132 191 1,224 61 125 434 59 251 264 224 545 679 1,288 2,423 2,629 9 281 74 206 871 443 859 896 3,312 1,731 1,139 2,474 425 2,332 2,637 3,489 3,524 4,808 312 817 1,036 1,816 2,047 1,442 3,084 4,825 3,254 4,482 5,319 6,282 5,043 7,105 5,694 7,859 9,094 8,270 256 466 1,102 1,186 2,103 1,204 2,747 5,853 4,992 4,265 7,702 8,079 7,310 5,853 6,778 8,628 11,081 8,480 658 285 871 618 1,271 847 1,435 4,063 3,864 5,527 7,082 5,450 5,697 6,061 5,842 7,279 7,675 9,389 71 261 102 296 560 158 257 999 782 1,257 1,109 768 1,877 2,917 2,183 2,771 3,121 5,113 36 45 119 310 239 102 278 386 314 400 899 388 377 1,878 613 2,386 3,384 3,109 981 103 279 319 334 1,034 1,586 2,322 2,662 1,749 1,908 1,313 982 2,669 3,710 4,413 6,866 7,257 12,133 8,306 5,887 6,805 8,930 11,705 16,570 28,605 31,981 28,409 32,764 34,587 33,657 33,140 35,166 51,913 61,297 74,444

1/ Head lettuce consists largely of iceberg. 2/ Import data beginning January 1989 are reported under the harmonized tariff schedule (HS), U.S. Department of Commerce. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

57 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 41--Lettuce: U.S. monthly and annual exports, 1990-2008 Year Head: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 31,597 45,184 48,291 40,465 42,039 44,437 30,495 34,082 34,258 32,029 32,675 28,921 30,122 33,545 37,214 37,735 35,640 27,814 25,576 23,227 53,195 41,891 40,481 33,041 36,254 34,481 33,031 32,456 25,712 30,026 22,585 30,293 34,008 33,235 34,728 31,871 23,616 22,289 27,741 49,020 46,367 42,241 41,213 33,748 36,271 35,369 34,419 31,603 29,698 30,582 44,959 38,791 36,581 38,757 34,465 25,115 25,629 31,719 53,680 47,784 31,476 39,675 30,803 44,438 37,049 38,975 31,640 31,285 33,435 39,881 41,984 45,011 39,794 38,720 32,976 36,364 48,156 50,372 53,783 52,050 39,804 42,483 44,595 49,150 43,583 34,362 44,333 38,760 46,524 49,299 46,334 36,615 31,114 41,312 37,276 42,090 50,151 41,519 29,825 36,052 42,676 31,488 32,751 35,517 36,677 34,853 41,937 41,686 39,088 31,116 29,723 22,779 24,727 22,047 23,656 26,053 17,644 23,214 22,289 27,523 23,526 26,454 26,247 30,539 31,913 38,818 38,059 23,695 29,327 22,106 23,537 22,684 24,109 27,442 20,470 22,360 25,198 23,387 28,022 27,720 28,930 31,297 35,241 35,059 31,582 24,829 31,167 25,933 26,272 26,368 30,702 26,738 21,273 36,877 21,912 25,647 30,260 26,867 28,719 29,433 34,677 35,789 32,988 25,422 28,872 45,064 47,691 47,021 44,109 36,733 33,863 38,925 32,431 37,652 43,365 35,662 38,573 38,242 39,468 41,204 41,198 25,699 34,058 42,468 42,703 43,737 41,726 37,293 35,618 34,946 35,333 35,863 35,540 32,327 32,653 39,173 36,730 44,123 36,906 28,909 32,369 46,609 45,273 38,099 40,669 34,960 34,164 36,908 31,697 33,929 31,991 31,642 27,134 38,378 38,761 38,353 32,945 26,923 26,128 396,918 496,714 476,750 463,569 438,756 377,903 417,452 395,661 404,746 390,023 374,236 378,790 425,929 453,580 476,372 450,114 363,904 352,280 Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. -- 1,000 pounds -Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual

Romaine & Leaf: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 All Lettuce: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 45,887 58,036 65,880 61,590 63,555 68,039 52,218 56,555 63,729 62,157 62,844 65,272 69,029 77,911 79,203 87,243 80,595 67,316 67,561 34,750 65,616 58,791 60,663 52,440 56,827 54,111 56,639 57,936 56,885 59,558 56,544 66,813 69,561 71,424 82,842 69,713 59,407 58,710 40,469 64,319 65,069 66,935 64,377 55,291 57,560 59,246 62,729 63,258 63,699 71,734 96,054 77,010 77,839 79,504 76,152 66,159 62,991 44,371 69,043 67,931 55,051 62,252 60,061 67,397 63,026 69,515 61,883 66,785 72,416 84,484 79,957 91,015 83,976 87,663 72,118 48,550 65,036 71,622 82,484 77,786 66,189 66,879 70,852 79,866 79,044 74,460 88,457 83,060 92,059 97,506 92,879 83,274 71,939 50,451 45,301 56,254 65,448 55,179 41,860 52,999 62,823 45,452 48,793 62,842 59,852 70,243 75,116 72,748 73,839 63,862 62,551 29,143 31,581 29,099 32,284 36,746 26,624 31,987 33,829 39,589 35,892 44,723 44,657 59,809 56,118 68,631 66,108 55,474 62,178 28,177 30,202 29,803 33,762 40,327 30,798 31,222 35,737 36,258 42,708 45,413 48,954 56,014 64,150 64,085 64,684 57,600 63,449 32,031 34,478 35,423 44,361 39,460 32,648 49,362 33,443 37,945 43,899 47,394 50,023 55,752 62,006 68,613 64,446 56,308 61,317 55,982 61,385 67,585 63,543 54,822 52,072 58,394 54,402 62,851 69,358 68,279 73,860 79,197 76,212 90,805 83,394 62,212 72,955 56,835 60,432 65,478 64,203 58,364 56,959 58,449 63,299 67,220 64,880 69,516 71,644 85,774 75,973 96,935 81,724 65,708 76,621 60,906 63,946 58,820 63,415 56,498 58,403 60,227 59,131 63,959 62,483 76,088 65,823 86,694 81,115 87,365 75,785 66,311 68,484 527,554 649,376 671,755 693,740 661,807 605,771 640,804 648,982 687,050 691,241 741,600 769,234 892,924 887,189 966,170 936,424 824,871 804,495 14,290 12,851 17,589 21,125 21,516 23,602 21,722 22,472 29,472 30,128 30,168 36,350 38,908 44,366 41,990 49,508 44,955 39,502 41,985 11,523 12,421 16,900 20,183 19,399 20,573 19,630 23,608 25,481 31,173 29,532 33,958 36,520 35,553 38,189 48,113 37,842 35,791 36,421 12,728 15,300 18,702 24,694 23,164 21,543 21,289 23,876 28,310 31,655 34,001 41,152 51,095 38,219 41,257 40,747 41,687 41,044 37,362 12,653 15,363 20,147 23,575 22,576 29,257 22,959 25,977 30,540 30,243 35,500 38,981 44,603 37,973 46,004 44,182 48,942 39,142 12,186 16,880 21,250 28,701 25,737 26,385 24,396 26,257 30,717 35,461 40,098 44,124 44,300 45,535 48,206 46,545 46,659 40,825 9,139 8,025 14,164 15,297 13,661 12,035 16,948 20,148 13,964 16,042 27,325 23,175 35,390 33,179 31,062 34,752 32,746 32,828 6,364 6,854 7,052 8,627 10,693 8,979 8,773 11,541 12,066 12,366 18,270 18,410 29,270 24,206 29,813 28,049 31,779 32,851 6,071 6,664 7,119 9,653 12,885 10,328 8,862 10,539 12,871 14,686 17,692 20,024 24,718 28,909 29,026 33,102 32,770 32,282 6,099 8,206 9,055 13,659 12,722 11,375 12,484 11,532 12,297 13,639 20,526 21,304 26,319 27,329 32,824 31,458 30,886 32,445 10,918 13,694 20,564 19,434 18,090 18,209 19,468 21,972 25,199 25,993 32,618 35,287 40,954 36,744 49,601 42,196 36,513 38,897 14,367 17,730 21,741 22,477 21,071 21,342 23,503 27,965 31,357 29,340 37,189 38,991 46,601 39,243 52,813 44,818 36,799 44,252 14,297 18,673 20,721 22,746 21,538 24,239 23,319 27,434 30,030 30,491 44,445 38,689 48,317 42,354 49,012 42,840 39,388 42,356 130,637 152,661 195,004 230,171 223,051 227,868 223,352 253,321 282,304 301,217 367,365 390,444 466,995 433,609 489,799 486,310 460,967 452,215

1/ Head lettuce is largely iceberg (crisphead). Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

58 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 42--Onions, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008 1/ Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p Jan. 10.60 4.73 15.40 17.60 5.13 17.30 10.20 7.84 16.50 15.70 11.50 10.90 13.80 10.70 16.60 31.40 13.50 10.70 9.71 10.50 16.10 5.86 10.70 8.89 9.27 13.10 5.10 8.53 22.10 4.54 Feb. 11.40 4.34 17.20 17.40 6.35 19.40 8.82 6.89 18.30 15.70 10.90 15.70 10.20 12.80 14.00 33.90 17.60 10.10 7.91 14.00 13.10 4.86 9.69 7.95 12.80 12.20 4.23 8.19 26.20 3.55 Mar. 9.19 5.32 23.60 13.20 7.59 25.20 7.93 7.26 20.60 15.00 9.70 18.40 11.90 20.80 17.30 18.80 17.90 8.11 8.15 19.40 10.00 4.38 9.96 6.12 16.20 11.60 4.44 7.60 35.00 2.71 Apr. 9.08 6.94 26.10 12.70 10.70 25.30 9.09 9.71 26.30 16.80 10.90 19.40 18.40 23.60 31.00 10.80 20.00 8.86 14.80 19.20 14.60 10.00 12.70 15.90 33.60 19.40 17.70 15.20 55.20 13.30 May 8.29 10.00 22.40 12.60 10.60 13.90 12.90 9.45 22.30 8.90 9.47 13.40 21.50 12.40 23.60 8.64 14.70 9.54 13.20 15.80 13.00 12.50 17.90 17.30 32.00 17.60 19.50 16.30 24.20 June 11.40 10.70 18.10 9.43 9.62 11.00 10.90 10.80 16.80 8.52 12.90 10.50 14.10 10.00 10.40 8.49 10.40 11.10 16.40 14.00 15.00 12.10 16.70 17.00 22.80 16.10 17.80 17.80 24.60 July 13.30 9.19 17.70 11.90 10.70 14.00 18.80 11.20 14.90 10.40 16.90 9.49 17.70 12.20 12.70 12.30 13.60 12.10 14.20 19.10 15.70 13.30 16.40 16.00 16.20 13.00 16.80 14.90 15.40 Aug. 9.74 10.30 15.40 12.60 10.90 13.60 11.20 9.72 10.60 8.97 16.00 10.80 12.90 13.80 14.80 9.54 9.56 12.60 13.40 14.00 13.10 12.10 13.70 12.40 12.00 9.92 11.20 13.30 10.50 Sep. 7.92 10.30 11.50 7.83 10.80 11.00 7.61 10.30 9.71 12.50 11.20 9.01 11.20 12.40 13.30 9.32 10.00 12.70 10.10 12.90 10.10 10.60 10.20 9.01 11.40 8.44 10.50 12.40 4.90 Oct. 6.42 10.90 12.80 7.12 11.00 9.52 6.41 11.10 8.77 12.10 10.10 8.29 10.00 11.60 12.10 10.60 9.83 11.50 9.00 12.70 8.18 10.10 9.61 8.86 12.00 6.27 12.80 10.40 4.22 Nov. 6.23 11.50 14.80 6.90 12.90 10.30 6.97 11.50 9.38 12.20 9.62 9.54 10.60 12.00 18.70 12.20 9.48 10.40 10.30 14.00 7.47 10.80 8.85 9.02 12.60 6.28 11.60 11.40 4.66 Dec. 5.54 14.20 14.69 6.35 18.30 11.90 8.19 12.40 10.60 12.00 9.70 10.90 10.40 14.80 24.50 12.70 10.10 10.20 10.90 16.00 6.95 11.20 8.93 10.20 11.50 5.76 9.45 16.60 4.13 Season average 6.98 11.40 14.70 8.24 12.50 10.60 9.08 11.10 12.50 9.75 11.40 10.50 12.50 13.00 16.50 10.80 9.90 10.50 12.60 13.00 9.74 11.20 10.70 12.10 13.70 9.06 12.40 15.70 11.50

-- Dollars per cwt --

p = Preliminary. 1/ Monthly prices are averages received at the f.o.b. shipping point through 2005. Thereafter, prices are measured at the point of first sale. The season average is the weighted average price received by producers at the point of first sale. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Prices.

59 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 43--Onions, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1979-2008 1/ Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual -- 1,000 pounds -1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 2/ 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 18,251 17,274 14,534 7,270 23,762 29,584 24,216 31,424 31,126 48,781 32,390 39,913 38,167 43,558 36,627 51,500 49,439 59,404 62,430 40,849 50,669 50,277 63,269 65,078 61,250 64,272 82,788 80,702 81,757 79,228 22,830 16,145 10,863 12,740 16,796 25,755 31,690 33,932 44,809 51,517 46,587 38,600 46,031 43,804 56,426 80,910 54,943 65,607 61,854 58,787 45,384 33,702 51,318 41,591 45,698 59,135 57,654 45,660 72,067 63,937 38,661 41,002 36,968 34,150 31,636 63,533 65,290 50,076 63,414 112,022 84,937 90,119 125,311 83,543 126,746 163,498 144,630 154,523 129,242 130,701 88,946 45,984 88,757 58,246 72,071 77,203 68,549 61,498 131,086 56,786 43,444 21,771 40,387 51,500 50,317 73,458 40,274 35,183 109,002 85,373 54,735 82,362 111,501 103,960 75,734 75,707 62,771 111,897 96,322 102,572 74,840 58,199 79,437 63,860 91,612 93,509 70,367 54,273 134,131 9,510 7,256 11,749 20,780 29,246 19,261 25,625 23,365 27,123 26,631 33,842 36,189 43,199 30,161 49,929 40,040 38,536 46,237 50,912 45,300 52,686 56,597 53,112 59,756 62,720 47,701 43,852 47,939 76,416 6,768 8,999 5,708 15,790 10,720 8,617 18,763 18,355 14,610 15,048 20,350 14,445 19,336 14,627 18,744 21,356 18,588 25,206 36,211 34,232 37,197 28,665 27,803 35,033 26,605 28,351 28,925 32,572 49,497 3,732 1,842 1,772 2,281 2,004 7,545 11,784 7,688 7,286 6,327 12,083 9,408 12,690 10,870 14,253 10,840 14,002 19,500 15,673 19,343 21,743 18,192 19,066 24,725 23,122 22,791 22,198 23,590 26,146 1,687 872 2,679 4,952 1,267 5,452 9,020 4,278 5,027 6,219 8,509 10,086 11,619 8,695 14,316 12,557 13,781 15,963 11,807 19,788 23,814 21,966 35,001 26,847 32,468 37,540 31,490 32,955 37,014 1,222 648 2,069 1,737 5,148 7,047 2,052 3,233 8,251 6,605 9,013 8,490 10,858 10,254 20,832 14,514 11,280 19,256 15,331 21,351 27,261 26,149 38,545 38,252 53,318 59,735 51,367 48,997 73,803 574 786 1,616 543 2,790 3,745 4,203 3,516 11,408 8,222 11,905 8,929 15,151 15,434 20,734 14,529 13,597 21,771 21,797 25,601 34,889 38,008 62,295 57,987 64,344 66,765 56,970 69,916 94,808 2,998 5,142 2,033 1,998 8,833 8,850 7,918 13,363 20,158 16,958 18,448 18,468 27,261 22,312 33,456 26,558 26,138 32,258 37,275 41,348 66,603 51,911 62,856 66,923 60,787 63,127 70,096 80,400 76,415 7,707 11,093 5,767 11,939 22,410 14,314 22,861 23,283 28,946 23,275 26,946 19,990 30,614 30,139 36,300 27,236 30,820 48,899 39,417 54,021 52,789 47,212 51,189 57,483 52,080 69,163 74,934 64,711 49,355 157,384 132,830 136,145 165,680 204,929 267,161 263,696 247,696 371,160 406,978 359,745 376,998 491,740 417,355 504,097 539,245 478,526 620,521 578,271 593,892 576,821 476,860 632,647 595,782 646,075 689,290 659,191 643,213 902,495

1/ Onion import data as reported by the U.S. Department of Commerce include fresh dry-bulb onions, shallots, onion sets, and pearl onions. 2/ Import data beginning in January 1989 are reported under the harmonized tariff schedule (HS), U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

60 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 44--Onions, fresh dry bulb: U.S. monthly and annual exports, 1990-2008 1/ Year 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Jan. 29,341 32,095 32,496 23,620 16,795 95,334 67,556 61,398 69,095 46,615 66,877 79,929 66,130 73,115 68,443 79,817 65,571 50,953 41,370 Feb. 28,464 22,905 20,432 20,405 10,565 56,066 30,951 35,206 67,344 45,211 59,172 65,966 59,447 90,603 56,514 83,976 54,186 45,084 36,844 Mar. 13,737 19,443 17,023 20,436 21,293 16,528 28,045 28,661 32,384 32,483 44,349 45,619 45,156 55,493 39,225 56,571 50,863 35,332 46,717 Apr. 12,480 15,215 13,761 16,902 22,451 19,897 25,518 20,469 30,586 26,868 26,618 29,867 28,493 19,589 25,717 31,890 30,534 27,241 May 18,510 18,707 22,604 33,436 30,604 34,837 25,502 30,301 38,148 32,613 30,679 35,239 31,202 31,934 30,148 32,240 29,607 33,683 June July Aug. -- 1,000 pounds -19,951 21,684 28,281 39,542 56,396 50,912 31,915 33,499 34,594 34,477 34,505 38,536 35,280 41,605 30,642 33,285 34,172 37,527 24,832 23,529 29,951 45,837 72,224 50,632 34,263 51,910 34,305 39,223 43,486 48,894 47,193 54,535 39,944 43,916 43,707 45,392 22,420 20,143 24,918 74,472 71,361 53,107 52,087 58,303 54,555 45,004 48,353 55,446 63,215 56,597 44,652 62,146 38,741 50,345 Sep. 29,422 33,031 50,534 57,812 99,570 68,556 78,353 57,548 64,446 69,088 93,312 72,415 60,865 47,453 58,729 52,637 53,547 42,126 Oct. 47,607 50,476 46,612 42,888 156,567 61,822 100,253 80,100 73,191 116,841 122,744 95,960 53,829 75,847 88,290 62,548 80,263 56,921 Nov. 68,984 49,341 40,298 32,543 138,359 76,795 58,049 77,523 63,132 94,155 96,500 75,798 78,360 72,435 71,858 58,818 85,674 70,630 Dec. 55,080 32,454 28,970 28,011 101,322 73,837 48,896 61,325 58,695 77,500 96,877 64,558 67,956 59,823 70,321 69,928 91,942 55,630 Annual 370,826 339,022 355,879 435,904 797,506 658,323 581,387 596,241 620,474 660,077 763,473 708,226 637,126 679,028 624,483 667,772 658,806 550,862

1/ Includes onion sets and pearl onions. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

61 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 45--Snap beans, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1996-2008 1/ Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Season average

-- Dollars per cwt -1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p 70.40 50.00 74.80 43.80 41.60 96.70 58.70 75.30 76.20 71.40 44.00 64.90 68.80 72.20 87.70 70.40 47.90 49.60 69.40 53.80 61.40 43.50 77.80 56.00 82.30 98.30 70.90 42.20 68.80 46.00 43.70 44.00 42.10 38.60 42.50 85.30 44.90 102.00 37.70 48.60 60.80 58.90 39.70 46.10 57.80 41.80 66.80 48.60 60.70 44.30 63.50 55.30 44.10 47.70 45.30 40.40 35.10 34.70 35.50 45.00 22.50 55.20 34.50 38.80 44.00 17.90 63.90 28.30 31.20 28.60 34.80 45.10 27.90 38.40 33.40 35.10 39.00 47.00 38.40 51.60 64.30 59.40 52.50 43.80 50.70 58.90 61.10 65.10 35.60 53.60 61.60 54.60 54.70 60.30 59.70 61.30 67.60 72.70 77.00 81.10 32.00 51.20 65.70 50.70 56.10 60.50 70.30 58.20 68.30 65.30 74.60 78.90 39.00 56.60 55.40 63.00 57.20 40.30 51.60 49.10 82.90 40.80 58.60 67.40 42.80 60.00 64.50 78.10 47.70 47.90 54.60 41.70 53.90 89.10 48.30 89.30 42.40 36.60 39.70 72.50 45.20 62.10 62.30 48.40 47.50 82.00 65.50 43.00 42.00 40.60 48.90 46.50 42.60 45.00 47.60 49.30 45.20 54.20 50.50 60.50

p = Preliminary. 1/ Monthly prices are averages received at the f.o.b. shipping point through 2005. Thereafter, prices are measured at the point of first sale. The season average is the weighted average price received by producers at the point of first sale. Data collection resumed in 1996 after estimates had been eliminated in 1981. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Prices.

62 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 46--Snap beans: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1989-2008 1/ Year 1989 1/ 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Jan. 10,502 6,786 5,281 6,366 7,963 5,204 5,426 8,429 11,018 6,864 8,367 8,568 9,924 12,137 9,102 10,484 8,452 11,520 8,317 13,803 Feb. 3,465 6,845 5,266 4,431 4,359 4,881 7,799 8,743 9,316 7,361 6,099 8,274 9,489 10,087 8,255 8,964 7,344 8,650 9,594 12,250 Mar. 4,520 5,521 2,592 2,799 3,656 4,563 6,735 7,479 8,217 7,725 5,921 7,589 9,052 8,691 6,353 9,261 7,492 6,499 10,795 10,065 Apr. 3,709 1,525 2,519 1,595 1,801 2,005 2,128 4,013 2,854 4,080 3,532 4,668 6,352 5,868 4,422 5,057 3,927 5,811 6,323 May 964 402 592 473 895 220 459 484 563 942 620 1,387 1,412 1,875 1,636 1,779 2,052 2,904 3,704 June July Aug. -- 1,000 pounds -199 192 597 205 221 91 436 527 280 314 547 710 636 1,302 1,843 799 1,747 2,717 2,733 424 126 366 168 253 356 624 662 1,507 965 1,236 626 586 1,150 1,576 771 1,525 1,826 2,406 1,126 217 620 463 653 692 1,941 397 1,659 1,280 3,538 2,097 1,035 1,636 2,848 2,005 2,108 1,733 2,604 Sep. 380 472 366 179 270 319 745 452 437 928 1,514 568 446 1,210 1,314 1,528 2,786 1,775 2,300 Oct. 73 341 443 209 60 100 299 407 209 250 182 329 660 679 785 2,025 1,694 2,372 2,592 Nov. 707 1,057 797 647 450 528 2,421 1,579 1,727 1,523 2,116 4,872 4,216 4,805 4,324 4,273 6,852 5,393 5,960 Dec. 4,745 6,557 5,452 5,865 4,756 4,380 8,646 6,586 8,174 10,554 10,142 9,855 10,557 9,842 14,271 11,638 14,557 11,320 12,733 Annual 30,814 30,041 24,892 23,401 25,335 23,341 37,661 39,759 45,962 42,787 43,815 49,544 54,363 59,282 56,729 58,585 60,536 62,521 70,062

1/ Import data beginning in January 1989 are reported under the harmonized tariff schedule (HS), U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

63 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 47--Sweet corn, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008 1/ Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p Jan. 12.30 13.30 15.30 17.30 19.20 29.10 15.30 22.00 15.70 15.30 25.30 -15.90 26.30 23.30 24.50 25.00 29.90 29.00 18.70 19.60 31.50 33.50 23.80 27.70 30.30 21.30 35.00 27.40 30.80 Feb. 15.30 14.80 21.30 23.10 23.70 27.60 -26.70 27.80 24.50 19.90 -14.90 21.90 39.20 15.50 44.70 30.20 25.80 31.60 23.30 25.10 34.00 22.90 24.00 20.90 28.60 35.00 23.70 23.00 Mar. 13.10 14.30 20.00 20.20 24.40 20.90 -24.40 19.10 17.80 26.80 17.60 29.80 28.20 25.20 22.80 27.80 28.90 33.90 24.20 21.80 19.30 26.10 25.20 18.90 20.30 26.10 34.00 30.20 28.60 Apr. 9.20 12.60 12.50 11.30 17.60 16.80 14.60 20.40 16.10 18.90 24.20 15.40 21.20 16.20 23.50 18.50 16.60 21.90 26.10 20.10 18.90 18.70 18.10 17.70 14.90 17.20 21.50 27.10 25.60 19.60 May 9.72 11.40 11.60 13.40 12.90 14.20 17.20 14.00 13.30 11.20 14.40 15.60 19.10 14.70 20.60 20.40 24.50 17.50 21.20 17.10 18.50 14.40 24.70 17.20 16.50 15.60 18.00 15.40 21.40 June July Aug. -- Dollars per cwt -10.00 11.90 9.93 14.20 11.10 12.40 12.10 12.90 13.80 14.20 16.90 14.60 17.70 12.00 17.70 20.20 18.80 14.00 17.10 14.00 15.00 18.00 18.70 18.60 16.90 12.50 22.50 21.50 17.30 10.50 11.60 12.40 12.00 14.10 13.50 12.70 13.50 11.90 16.00 19.80 17.00 15.30 14.80 18.50 19.10 18.60 18.90 18.60 16.40 17.30 22.00 19.60 24.50 20.00 16.60 22.30 21.00 22.20 9.25 8.96 10.70 11.00 11.50 11.80 11.20 13.60 11.90 15.40 18.20 14.60 17.20 14.60 16.80 11.90 17.10 17.40 18.00 16.40 16.60 20.70 18.90 20.90 19.60 20.90 20.40 21.70 22.80 Sep. 8.90 9.55 11.60 10.80 11.00 12.30 11.20 14.60 13.20 15.00 16.30 12.70 15.30 13.70 14.70 15.30 18.50 16.70 16.60 18.10 17.30 20.10 18.80 21.80 19.70 21.30 24.70 25.10 23.20 Oct. 11.90 12.40 14.40 12.10 11.80 10.70 11.10 15.60 12.00 19.40 14.50 13.80 19.50 16.80 22.10 19.70 20.70 17.90 15.20 25.30 16.50 24.00 23.80 22.10 22.90 27.50 25.50 21.10 21.40 Nov. 11.20 11.20 11.40 14.90 10.80 11.50 10.70 13.40 10.00 23.30 14.30 18.60 18.70 20.40 16.60 19.90 24.00 19.40 18.90 24.80 28.40 16.80 18.40 16.80 27.30 29.30 25.70 20.70 20.60 Dec. 9.61 12.10 13.70 18.40 14.40 13.90 10.50 12.10 15.60 18.10 17.00 13.20 17.70 22.60 24.30 26.00 23.30 17.70 19.90 14.30 40.70 33.00 17.50 16.50 33.70 18.10 22.40 20.80 34.10 Season average 9.89 10.70 11.60 12.20 12.50 13.10 12.70 13.90 12.90 14.80 16.90 15.00 17.00 14.60 17.80 17.20 18.30 16.90 17.70 17.20 16.90 18.50 19.50 19.20 19.30 19.30 22.10 22.90 22.20

p = Preliminary. -- = Not available. 1/ Monthly prices are averages received at the f.o.b. shipping point through 2005. Thereafter, prices are measured at the point of first sale. The season average is the weighted average price received by producers at the point of first sale. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Prices.

64 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 48--Sweet corn, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual export volume, 1990-2008 Year 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Jan. 641 2,103 1,836 1,641 1,016 5,526 2,531 1,685 2,659 1,599 2,450 3,553 3,942 4,580 6,345 4,660 4,850 4,981 7,299 Feb. 291 1,108 1,924 1,422 1,570 1,920 5,520 1,664 5,037 2,225 4,231 2,190 2,462 4,347 2,941 5,636 6,467 4,647 6,444 Mar. 3,060 2,402 2,662 2,271 6,129 8,835 3,552 16,958 3,772 3,632 9,262 4,656 4,039 9,822 7,727 8,694 8,875 8,156 9,281 Apr. 10,235 4,956 11,118 3,922 9,782 18,108 8,180 34,178 9,336 19,556 13,831 20,793 16,958 20,960 18,124 20,981 13,394 14,513 May 19,163 18,577 23,072 16,533 20,698 27,517 18,603 1,729 29,694 19,579 19,898 20,438 25,706 23,459 27,577 27,171 37,553 30,795 June July Aug. -- 1,000 pounds -18,775 17,717 25,935 20,189 18,700 18,368 24,800 16,094 22,629 22,487 23,327 26,577 25,118 25,959 29,476 26,950 32,954 33,594 13,078 10,892 19,065 18,181 10,780 11,239 14,055 20,227 10,801 12,557 13,056 15,038 16,014 24,626 17,213 17,207 20,915 20,630 2,857 2,924 1,774 3,936 695 2,006 4,572 3,115 1,009 2,100 4,091 3,795 5,883 4,360 5,785 5,162 4,794 2,269 Sep. 558 596 310 1,695 562 2,550 1,164 2,887 1,065 502 494 3,388 3,830 1,967 3,469 5,054 3,475 1,761 Oct. 2,175 2,260 2,468 1,890 1,766 4,760 2,595 2,341 4,549 2,150 2,506 4,003 3,121 3,639 5,795 5,558 4,718 3,937 Nov. 1,661 2,630 2,432 2,398 1,891 3,231 3,234 2,714 1,302 1,467 4,970 3,912 5,471 4,359 4,379 5,454 3,997 3,044 Dec. 1,222 2,344 1,560 1,410 866 5,433 2,164 1,791 1,724 1,328 3,617 5,002 2,125 5,285 4,642 3,452 2,808 2,917 Annual 73,715 68,508 94,157 75,489 74,455 109,492 90,971 105,384 93,576 89,181 101,735 113,346 114,668 133,363 133,473 135,978 144,801 131,244

Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

65 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 49--Tomatoes, fresh market: U.S. monthly and season-average f.o.b. shipping-point price, 1979-2008 1/ Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Season average

-- Dollars per cwt -1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p 22.00 18.30 31.90 27.90 18.60 40.20 24.90 34.20 28.20 31.50 43.40 116.00 23.10 40.50 38.30 41.50 41.10 18.40 32.10 26.40 33.50 21.40 43.80 38.20 50.90 24.70 15.40 82.70 35.60 58.20 21.70 15.40 46.90 31.20 37.30 44.00 37.40 22.80 25.80 19.40 45.20 97.60 31.60 76.00 21.90 19.30 29.80 40.00 45.90 44.00 23.40 21.10 29.10 28.00 31.70 32.30 40.90 46.50 31.20 45.50
p = Preliminary.

26.80 19.10 48.50 18.10 46.00 34.80 58.20 25.10 32.10 28.60 34.10 32.30 44.00 80.70 21.20 24.50 37.10 81.70 57.40 34.00 22.30 33.00 56.40 41.70 55.60 41.00 40.70 24.80 26.30 66.10

27.50 22.10 22.30 18.10 39.40 25.00 33.20 30.10 26.90 29.90 55.80 14.60 49.30 32.40 45.20 16.50 20.50 50.50 24.90 37.20 23.70 34.80 19.00 34.30 30.00 44.20 65.10 34.40 52.60 55.20

22.10 22.80 14.60 20.70 32.20 27.60 14.80 27.20 27.90 22.90 43.30 22.30 56.10 16.70 58.10 20.60 14.70 24.40 32.20 36.50 21.00 23.10 37.80 29.20 23.70 32.20 49.40 23.30 35.60

24.00 25.20 20.30 32.50 26.60 23.50 17.70 19.50 26.80 24.30 25.00 23.30 59.50 21.90 22.90 31.30 35.70 24.20 30.30 29.00 29.00 21.80 28.40 32.70 45.70 21.10 40.20 30.90 29.60

21.90 21.10 23.00 25.30 19.10 26.70 19.90 20.00 20.10 30.60 26.30 26.80 30.50 28.20 23.30 26.90 24.40 26.00 29.20 40.90 23.10 24.60 27.50 28.30 36.60 22.50 28.20 28.20 26.70

21.10 21.70 21.70 17.30 17.50 32.50 20.30 20.30 17.40 38.30 24.60 26.00 21.90 23.50 32.70 30.60 19.60 22.10 27.60 25.10 25.00 33.90 27.50 25.60 40.00 35.80 26.20 34.70 28.60

18.20 23.00 19.50 17.00 19.00 22.30 19.10 20.80 20.40 32.10 23.10 24.80 21.20 29.30 29.80 22.70 19.50 23.40 25.90 28.40 26.50 29.50 23.30 23.50 33.00 37.30 46.40 82.10 33.10

20.60 20.30 22.00 20.10 22.20 22.00 21.20 30.20 25.50 21.40 29.10 31.50 20.50 60.10 19.40 28.50 22.50 28.30 26.50 43.00 21.30 42.60 29.00 28.20 31.00 70.80 36.40 55.30 41.60

30.00 17.90 17.50 32.20 20.50 17.70 32.20 36.00 45.30 28.40 26.10 30.90 23.90 39.10 31.60 31.20 33.10 29.70 43.60 42.10 26.00 47.80 41.80 43.90 31.80 119.00 32.80 28.00 58.70

20.00 17.50 17.80 20.50 19.40 18.90 43.40 18.90 22.40 18.50 38.80 29.70 15.40 34.30 57.60 37.40 25.00 30.40 40.80 42.20 28.90 37.60 53.20 53.20 32.10 -76.80 21.20 81.20

22.50 20.70 21.40 22.50 24.20 25.60 24.20 25.10 25.90 27.10 33.20 27.40 31.70 35.80 31.70 27.40 25.50 28.10 31.70 35.20 25.80 30.70 30.00 31.60 37.40 37.60 41.80 44.00 34.50

-- = not available.

1/ Monthly prices are averages received at the f.o.b. shipping point through 2005. Thereafter, prices are measured at the point of first sale. The season average is the weighted average price received by producers at the point of first sale. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Prices.

66 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 50--Tomatoes, field-grown, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual retail price, 1979-2008 1/ Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual -- Cents per pound -1979 2/ 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 -70.3 79.2 76.3 72.6 85.4 69.7 110.4 -87.1 79.7 173.5 91.2 93.6 114.1 160.4 132.3 110.3 121.3 145.2 190.4 144.3 141.4 145.1 171.1 147.2 166.0 216.2 162.1 203.2 -58.6 101.6 90.1 81.4 99.8 84.0 75.2 -85.6 105.1 236.1 84.0 143.0 109.8 111.2 130.0 108.4 131.4 135.6 147.6 128.6 131.3 129.8 156.5 151.0 142.8 191.0 164.4 173.5 -64.2 116.6 77.8 108.1 97.3 94.5 77.3 76.0 74.4 89.1 176.5 94.8 172.9 88.0 91.4 108.1 146.7 165.4 151.5 139.5 136.4 133.6 129.2 161.9 152.9 154.8 164.9 155.5 183.5 -63.4 120.1 66.4 108.4 83.9 119.4 80.5 82.0 90.2 97.0 73.2 121.0 162.3 101.6 95.1 129.9 186.7 134.8 139.8 129.8 148.7 143.3 131.9 155.5 151.9 171.0 157.3 163.0 177.3 -73.7 60.7 69.4 95.0 76.6 68.1 87.9 78.8 85.9 132.3 69.7 145.7 82.8 155.3 94.9 98.0 137.9 117.5 147.2 128.4 136.6 124.3 133.2 140.1 151.0 191.1 154.3 168.5 -74.5 63.9 86.9 79.7 77.8 62.4 80.2 88.3 76.5 87.3 79.2 167.2 74.7 127.8 104.7 110.2 112.7 130.0 139.3 130.4 131.8 135.6 129.9 139.8 133.1 165.5 145.7 151.0 -68.3 61.4 83.7 73.2 69.2 66.5 73.7 81.6 79.8 84.7 77.7 116.6 80.2 82.4 99.0 125.2 103.1 114.1 151.5 128.7 128.2 125.7 124.3 146.0 125.3 160.7 147.9 148.6 -64.6 65.9 58.4 58.4 90.1 64.2 68.6 66.4 81.9 79.7 76.5 79.5 80.2 85.6 96.9 93.8 100.6 113.0 131.2 123.2 126.2 118.5 118.1 151.3 131.2 141.6 148.8 148.5 -67.9 60.4 54.8 62.1 74.1 61.6 67.4 73.5 87.4 77.7 77.3 75.9 76.5 109.2 95.8 95.0 98.0 109.1 124.1 127.2 131.9 116.8 115.8 143.8 132.1 142.9 190.8 149.6 -76.4 65.2 63.3 70.9 74.4 67.3 81.1 77.7 85.3 83.6 84.6 71.4 100.1 94.4 97.9 104.1 108.4 116.2 157.3 127.9 138.7 126.7 123.6 143.6 171.5 154.7 218.8 164.9 -60.3 64.6 74.4 72.6 72.4 80.8 91.9 99.2 85.6 88.4 86.2 81.3 124.2 101.0 112.9 109.7 118.2 137.0 168.9 130.0 150.3 146.8 143.0 148.0 233.7 157.4 178.4 185.1 -66.4 64.2 84.9 66.3 67.8 95.3 94.3 99.6 81.2 89.8 85.8 79.3 122.7 131.3 142.8 150.7 121.0 161.7 179.8 140.5 156.7 140.4 165.5 153.3 246.7 184.8 163.9 214.7 -67.4 77.0 73.9 79.1 80.7 77.8 82.4 82.3 83.4 91.2 108.0 100.7 109.4 108.4 108.6 115.6 121.0 129.3 147.6 137.0 138.2 132.0 132.5 150.9 160.6 161.1 173.2 164.7

-- = Not available. 1/ Includes field-grown tomatoes only.

2/ Discontinued from July 1978 through December 1979.

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/data/home.htm).

67 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 51--Tomatoes, all, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual retail price index, 1979-2008 1/ Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual 2/ -- 1982-84=100 -1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 84.9 84.1 96.0 95.4 92.0 110.9 92.4 144.9 111.9 123.2 121.7 246.3 141.1 148.8 182.7 238.5 217.1 178.1 193.6 238.4 299.8 237.0 272.7 279.1 299.5 283.2 309.6 393.1 307.2 385.2 75.7 71.8 121.5 112.0 102.9 129.2 109.7 104.3 113.4 120.1 153.3 321.8 131.6 213.0 170.9 175.1 217.2 178.0 211.7 226.0 239.9 214.0 260.3 256.9 275.3 282.8 274.8 354.7 317.2 329.6 70.9 78.2 142.8 100.2 136.8 123.7 125.2 104.4 109.1 108.9 132.1 248.4 146.0 261.6 139.6 148.5 175.0 237.4 264.5 244.9 224.6 224.4 259.5 255.7 285.2 285.0 297.1 311.5 291.9 345.1 97.4 78.1 145.7 85.6 127.2 108.9 159.2 108.5 119.1 129.2 145.6 117.6 181.3 251.1 159.2 150.7 202.3 292.3 228.0 229.7 215.7 239.6 273.8 262.4 272.0 274.4 310.6 297.9 309.8 334.9 85.3 89.6 77.7 88.0 119.5 98.2 90.4 117.0 114.6 123.5 189.0 108.5 209.3 133.0 235.9 152.7 159.0 227.5 200.3 237.3 214.3 226.8 234.0 244.5 244.2 272.3 333.6 293.9 309.7 86.2 89.5 79.7 107.0 101.9 101.9 85.0 108.3 125.6 113.3 131.6 126.1 243.2 120.9 193.2 170.0 178.2 190.3 218.6 222.3 213.8 221.4 247.8 242.2 252.9 252.9 293.0 276.1 283.5 72.1 81.2 75.3 104.9 94.4 92.1 90.2 99.7 116.6 123.4 124.9 122.7 179.4 126.6 131.1 162.1 200.7 174.2 193.0 247.4 218.6 216.6 235.5 238.9 262.6 243.5 287.3 271.8 278.7 72.6 79.8 81.5 75.5 77.9 120.5 85.2 94.9 97.3 123.4 119.3 122.0 120.4 130.1 134.2 159.2 150.9 170.7 193.4 218.6 198.9 217.5 225.0 230.1 271.5 249.5 267.6 271.8 273.8 69.3 83.2 75.3 71.8 82.4 98.2 83.1 93.1 103.7 129.8 115.7 121.9 119.0 125.5 164.8 154.6 157.2 164.4 186.3 206.6 208.2 224.8 222.6 224.6 262.7 253.8 273.5 336.5 280.8 75.5 92.1 80.5 81.7 93.9 99.1 90.8 111.8 112.5 128.7 126.2 133.2 113.5 161.0 147.7 158.1 175.7 180.4 195.9 248.2 208.4 234.3 238.1 232.3 261.2 316.3 297.2 405.5 304.7 87.5 74.6 80.3 94.3 94.4 95.3 107.8 122.8 138.2 129.2 134.9 131.8 127.9 196.1 159.6 178.5 183.5 192.1 224.6 268.7 213.8 273.7 266.3 256.5 281.0 422.7 299.0 347.8 341.3 88.5 80.0 79.5 105.9 86.3 90.2 124.9 126.2 139.3 124.3 140.3 129.5 124.5 193.4 197.2 233.6 242.6 193.4 253.4 281.9 233.4 285.9 264.2 288.5 284.2 425.0 342.3 318.5 378.7 80.5 81.9 94.7 93.5 100.8 105.7 103.7 111.3 116.8 123.1 136.2 160.8 153.1 171.8 168.0 173.5 188.3 198.2 213.6 239.2 224.1 234.7 250.0 251.0 271.0 296.8 298.8 323.3 306.5

1/ Index of retail prices paid by all urban consumers in major U.S. cities. Includes all types of field-grown and greenhouse tomatoes. Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/data/home.htm).

2/ Simple 12-month average.

68 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 52--Tomatoes, all fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual imports, 1980-2008 Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual

-- 1,000 pounds -All tomatoes: 1/ 1980 76,331 1981 2/ 6,993 1982 45,311 1983 73,759 1984 47,393 1985 45,961 1986 2/ 58,497 1987 67,243 1988 80,120 1989 3/ 105,619 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 153,280 101,374 76,485 128,879 110,583 146,298 192,169 207,517 221,435 192,676 201,298 249,941 222,404 308,228 213,526 211,436 285,407 247,357 286,000 139,082 47,255 157,414 148,666 138,656 91,608 82,165 242,385 180,744 163,738 175,683 146,521 54,665 156,401 138,720 202,284 230,987 251,581 231,070 208,314 202,966 237,091 241,198 238,828 246,370 218,703 308,377 305,488 331,858 58,942 76,050 72,560 78,454 90,895 76,767 109,828 119,635 120,578 12,092 14,441 18,796 22,642 28,096 42,045 61,102 63,470 91,644 11,274 9,026 12,601 14,723 15,367 11,400 16,788 19,236 28,706 120,658 137,574 137,241 123,008 112,012 88,491 120,658 103,147 90,930 95,647 53,303 74,484 137,049 205,685 218,933 58,221 126,226 106,332 103,812 168,105 149,508 46,307 159,678 185,348 212,308 240,041 279,410 280,679 207,369 199,355 298,517 227,493 302,927 320,156 269,627 260,928 317,400 290,199 61,975 93,581 71,989 97,962 103,044 89,713 102,501 117,743 105,835 16,214 20,995 20,227 31,842 40,565 52,976 60,345 76,064 94,497 9,370 9,690 14,375 16,165 18,053 13,884 14,692 18,623 19,777 111,796 174,251 120,902 156,958 158,495 113,054 83,390 104,971 70,089 93,020 23,891 178,446 10,493 61,014 58,104 89,626 90,235 40,874 141,518 39,739 58,553 128,122 104,971 21,349 174,808 102,023 24,657 152,536 335,627 35,921 154,383 68,295 54,167 103,115 53,563 36,882 94,426 66,172 40,271 40,092 129,141 43,188 135,841 102,809 158,129 222,947 146,761 241,074 164,112 165,027 187,311 205,235 239,729 207,632 194,124 197,825 261,351 7,385 3,305 98,015 166,146 20,958 7,669 15,344 7,790 36,814 25,382 28,693 25,004 26,401 35,369 38,429 22,983 43,832 59,971 50,898 41,502 24,616 19,045 30,674 34,380 46,671 62,549 87,784 67,428 93,940 83,201 4,583 7,255 5,215 15,401 31,736 29,376 36,119 37,745 56,924 44,810 24,518 29,852 25,572 34,557 23,716 69,761 74,251 61,359 75,823 93,924 13,233 3,182 13,502 47,630 35,524 31,422 53,756 33,151 42,843 64,073 28,054 25,444 17,280 43,551 33,021 65,560 81,872 62,865 85,114 87,239 9,922 6,700 26,822 28,920 26,221 28,903 69,882 39,462 38,112 47,193 27,496 41,870 18,094 42,187 30,649 74,421 83,988 85,674 93,403 94,646 6,891 7,427 20,509 23,827 22,441 49,599 36,611 35,020 14,358 45,393 43,200 31,512 21,974 54,243 63,301 121,816 123,557 139,234 88,238 124,884 107,885 92,808 151,916 123,430 165,883 202,876 146,725 198,078 651,736 525,887 592,619 738,195 824,294 850,987 981,105 919,489 816,796 867,907 795,857 795,492 432,167 922,400 872,974 1,368,909 1,625,135 1,636,839 1,868,017 1,633,053 1,609,386 1,815,641 1,894,875 2,071,145 2,054,202 2,098,114 2,187,883 2,360,724

30,041 44,358 36,414 51,298 45,099 24,828 38,901 28,680 30,346 62,879 37,189 32,615 56,436 50,394 31,326 89,263 98,749 67,770 110,234 85,875 91,431 130,228 119,746 85,036 179,762 139,193 138,287 141,171 129,897 105,621 122,136 174,098 146,948 157,565 175,270 169,915 177,764 229,633 116,173 136,036 132,080 147,683 144,905 175,820 201,841 188,260 103,320 110,836 140,643 129,068 139,270 135,180 177,600 123,176

78,030 67,317 113,109 132,770 91,924 74,513 80,258 82,307 103,885 96,468 99,243 127,363 111,692 97,751 106,940 107,303 110,736 87,236 103,613 139,604 113,695 118,086 143,468 145,185 112,049 88,779 102,201 128,386 105,494 88,836 134,035 161,616

Roma (plum): 2000 67,484 2001 91,295 2002 71,780 2003 106,765 2004 79,883 2005 80,645 2006 108,771 2007 96,394 2008 106,093 Hothouse: 2000 12,037 2001 16,750 2002 23,120 2003 29,532 2004 31,612 2005 48,258 2006 64,968 2007 64,712 2008 86,406 Grape/cherry: 2000 11,409 2001 8,977 2002 12,370 2003 19,346 2004 18,196 2005 13,415 2006 17,965 2007 16,017 2008 22,790 Round/other: 2000 110,367 2001 132,918 2002 115,134 2003 152,586 2004 83,835 2005 69,119 2006 93,703 2007 70,234 2008 70,710

47,715 68,104 75,304 82,956 80,476 68,289 71,706 106,270

38,413 75,096 52,875 69,284 69,140 60,447 64,998 83,577

36,295 51,379 50,817 53,883 48,535 61,758 82,127 73,910

39,325 37,176 48,406 47,211 50,812 44,178 70,429 47,915

24,832 32,255 43,595 42,885 40,777 39,343 40,435 41,788

23,568 27,984 44,997 43,238 32,185 50,744 27,465 33,146

47,190 30,205 49,551 46,944 41,871 68,247 38,577 59,484

55,188 30,870 58,365 43,213 60,643 60,602 52,437 76,257

43,103 34,039 57,119 51,412 73,887 89,854 53,382 79,985

544,031 648,032 697,360 764,206 772,148 790,589 822,656 936,104

22,635 30,640 26,999 37,106 34,931 42,706 47,588 50,792 55,072 64,136 74,414 75,428 76,834 84,555 86,330 103,991

30,661 36,866 45,568 53,835 58,750 74,689 67,897 82,874

6,176 8,826 16,227 13,877 16,917 56,800 58,522 56,791

5,563 6,119 5,583 4,960 5,628 43,339 48,746 46,858

20,360 21,294 26,688 28,478 37,431 42,664 42,971 42,153

19,888 19,686 25,652 29,601 39,769 44,436 45,679 54,471

18,161 20,232 25,431 33,571 44,803 46,684 47,105 61,301

15,022 19,729 23,311 26,950 44,076 53,985 49,991 74,168

209,449 249,043 308,241 373,667 466,854 655,717 708,716 813,182

7,197 7,423 13,386 12,582 14,732 12,713 13,080 18,028

4,811 7,015 8,889 9,039 13,432 12,880 10,476 12,128

4,867 5,848 8,785 9,669 12,224 11,614 10,081 13,597

6,638 6,150 10,248 7,870 13,252 13,285 10,436 9,460

7,448 8,496 9,224 8,959 13,586 14,669 8,441 7,587

4,741 6,969 7,420 6,358 6,728 8,291 9,555 7,487

7,236 9,403 8,570 8,037 6,798 10,947 10,134 10,200

5,284 5,922 7,701 6,972 8,160 10,924 12,512 10,831

6,034 5,553 12,361 10,025 13,124 13,668 13,181 14,130

86,308 90,472 125,928 129,744 153,652 147,690 147,341 157,323

87,479 84,784 81,613 96,603 57,351 38,707 36,205 50,723

48,272 54,881 42,478 28,450 28,562 21,160 17,735 29,937

44,350 41,943 26,911 30,297 25,396 27,760 41,736 17,880

51,182 58,685 65,762 60,110 58,290 20,917 38,212 9,010

40,188 45,055 45,482 54,887 50,745 16,343 14,427 9,261

18,649 18,267 17,363 19,677 10,892 16,387 8,787 6,050

38,795 20,964 15,470 22,359 15,176 19,838 7,811 9,880

54,137 25,283 35,866 23,548 25,999 26,975 16,332 13,227

43,725 33,487 59,124 35,044 34,795 45,367 30,172 29,795

769,598 828,093 763,346 803,528 661,548 504,118 509,169 454,115

1/ Includes all fresh tomato imports including round, roma (plum), greenhouse (hothouse), cherry, and grape types. 2/ Monthly distribution as reported by the Census Bureau is partly in error for 1981 and 1986. For July and August of 1981 and May of 1986, some quantities are included that actually arrived in earlier months. 3/ Import data beginning January 1989 are reported under the harmonized tariff schedule (HS), U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

69 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 53--Tomatoes, all, fresh-market: U.S. monthly and annual exports, 1990-2008 1/ Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. -- 1,000 pounds -28,776 23,018 34,023 40,760 34,398 26,087 37,248 33,465 31,276 29,945 40,679 38,949 33,983 26,068 32,509 26,837 28,021 28,375 33,351 36,703 30,860 39,866 39,629 35,100 36,208 41,756 29,512 37,295 44,849 38,009 42,982 38,075 35,697 42,234 25,818 35,172 21,979 22,456 26,120 28,355 26,885 22,556 23,644 43,794 23,921 27,150 45,156 47,536 30,648 25,419 31,519 30,014 26,441 29,347 Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual

All tomatoes: 1990 13,508 1991 27,908 1992 26,312 1993 25,764 1994 22,294 1995 19,312 1996 23,837 1997 23,961 1998 23,377 1999 22,974 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 26,951 25,691 23,395 22,730 27,689 30,205 19,235 25,599 29,483

12,229 19,664 22,252 22,651 20,516 16,628 17,341 13,897 14,133 21,406 23,411 27,080 23,333 18,941 22,050 21,444 20,416 26,190 25,126 1,568 1,798 1,320 1,262 1,008 880 1,434 2,933 2,734 605 820 616 691 695 601 576 748 708 21,238 24,462 21,397 16,988 20,348 19,962 18,406 22,509 21,684

21,343 24,371 32,289 30,824 20,895 17,943 9,826 14,222 20,033 26,045 28,375 17,097 18,319 17,798 20,625 25,544 26,346 27,175 26,533 1,401 1,389 894 1,247 1,417 1,122 2,556 2,576 2,484 718 588 751 686 839 634 689 1,323 595 26,256 15,119 16,674 15,865 18,369 23,789 23,101 23,276 23,454

27,319 23,558 35,638 22,273 26,580 21,998 14,306 30,747 21,979 29,531 25,613 34,037 17,674 20,984 24,293 22,759 23,669 21,846

33,870 24,536 35,739 27,910 29,245 33,038 31,242 29,622 25,856 31,486 38,684 28,964 32,923 34,862 33,882 29,591 31,393 32,640

20,004 22,021 20,955 27,210 26,764 21,288 20,503 25,991 20,427 25,208 43,974 32,115 24,938 20,020 45,161 19,856 22,897 39,651

26,152 25,271 28,696 29,380 33,854 27,196 26,022 32,219 22,593 26,832 33,456 38,043 32,770 31,106 44,940 28,151 34,086 29,414

28,196 26,942 36,141 27,582 30,904 22,903 28,555 24,014 23,319 28,400 26,060 33,797 23,575 28,583 20,559 31,663 33,442 27,930

26,328 23,835 38,455 23,256 28,784 25,178 26,708 27,988 29,899 28,079 33,145 36,617 27,800 29,643 30,344 18,209 25,988 31,114

293,056 300,282 367,480 345,831 340,749 289,227 295,441 341,677 286,324 334,350 410,353 397,936 332,341 314,230 369,269 326,507 317,750 354,453

Roma (plum): 2000 1,484 2001 2,054 2002 1,100 2003 2,579 2004 2,379 2005 2,463 2006 2,589 2007 2,653 2008 2,422 Grape/cherry: 2000 1,023 2001 688 2002 500 2003 699 2004 1,064 2005 834 2006 774 2007 906 2008 1,148 Round/other: 2000 24,444 2001 22,949 2002 21,795 2003 19,452 2004 24,246 2005 26,908 2006 15,872 2007 22,040 2008 25,913

1,391 2,165 744 1,384 1,328 1,067 2,144 2,189

1,385 1,349 1,035 1,948 2,617 1,984 2,771 2,975

1,295 1,790 1,286 1,061 2,099 2,077 2,710 2,396

2,209 1,706 2,191 1,376 2,052 2,267 2,245 2,883

1,388 1,341 1,442 922 1,452 1,355 1,317 1,750

1,093 1,017 1,067 843 1,109 1,170 1,262 1,709

1,718 1,408 2,451 1,947 1,370 1,746 2,062 2,040

1,513 1,276 1,531 1,577 1,292 2,461 2,128 1,872

2,047 1,365 1,216 1,276 2,347 1,618 2,309 2,486

18,491 18,660 16,276 17,422 20,470 20,211 25,528 28,461

566 761 779 746 984 775 732 1,217

1,346 1,153 12,244 1,138 2,174 1,035 818 1,715

1,308 1,276 525 1,064 1,079 1,098 646 1,351

2,571 1,057 579 1,103 886 5,439 972 4,195

1,578 1,158 472 626 1,488 4,042 2,175 2,387

1,119 795 263 398 5,495 1,246 1,221 4,257

1,108 924 301 805 2,117 612 3,262 821

670 588 516 217 675 842 2,552 1,744

970 1,067 609 981 1,013 1,217 1,367 1,937

13,582 10,874 18,155 9,154 18,509 18,375 15,783 22,600

23,656 31,111 16,151 18,854 21,980 20,917 20,794 18,440

35,953 26,461 19,644 31,776 29,091 26,572 27,803 27,951

38,076 35,884 32,171 23,943 29,331 23,662 24,665 24,628

40,069 35,246 40,212 35,596 32,759 34,528 22,600 28,095

42,189 45,037 28,734 23,872 28,579 24,617 22,949 25,210

41,762 30,303 23,609 18,779 38,557 17,440 20,413 33,685

30,631 35,711 30,018 28,355 41,453 25,793 28,762 26,553

23,878 31,933 21,529 26,789 18,592 28,361 28,762 24,314

30,129 34,185 25,975 27,385 26,985 15,373 22,312 26,691

378,280 368,402 297,910 287,653 330,291 287,921 276,439 303,392

1/ Includes field-grown and greenhouse. Source: Prepared by USDA, Economic Research Service using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

70 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook/ VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 54--U.S. fresh tomatoes (field and hothouse): Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ 2,361.2 2,556.7 2,607.0 2,676.9 2,726.2 2,816.3 2,974.0 3,136.1 3,241.4 3,588.9 3,596.2 3,380.0 3,398.8 3,903.3 3,666.3 3,738.7 3,409.8 3,363.4 3,424.8 3,525.6 4,026.9 4,162.0 4,061.1 4,289.3 3,909.8 4,181.4 4,220.4 4,094.6 4,122.0 4,155.0 Imports 2/ 713.3 651.7 525.9 592.6 738.2 824.3 851.0 981.1 919.5 816.8 867.9 795.9 795.5 432.2 922.4 873.0 1,368.9 1,625.1 1,636.8 1,868.0 1,633.1 1,609.4 1,815.6 1,894.9 2,071.1 2,054.2 2,098.1 2,187.7 2,360.7 2,350.0 Total Exports 2/ 248.6 275.3 269.5 249.7 286.0 263.2 271.5 288.1 284.9 254.2 298.0 293.1 300.3 367.5 345.8 340.7 289.2 295.4 341.7 286.3 334.3 410.4 397.9 332.3 314.2 369.3 326.5 317.9 354.5 335.0 Utilization Domestic 3/ 2,794.8 2,921.6 2,831.4 2,991.4 3,156.1 3,355.5 3,541.6 3,801.2 3,848.4 4,124.5 4,166.1 3,882.8 3,894.0 3,968.0 4,242.9 4,270.9 4,489.5 4,693.1 4,719.9 5,107.3 5,325.6 5,361.0 5,478.8 5,851.8 5,666.7 5,866.3 5,992.0 5,964.5 6,128.2 6,170.0 Per capita use Pounds 12.4 12.8 12.3 12.9 13.5 14.2 14.9 15.8 15.8 16.8 16.8 15.5 15.4 15.5 16.3 16.2 16.8 17.4 17.3 18.5 19.1 19.0 19.2 20.3 19.5 20.0 20.2 19.9 20.3 20.2 Season-average price Current dollars 1/ 22.50 20.70 21.40 22.50 24.20 25.60 24.20 25.10 25.90 27.10 33.20 27.40 31.70 35.80 31.50 27.40 25.50 28.10 31.70 35.20 25.80 30.70 30.00 31.60 37.40 37.60 41.80 44.00 34.50 -Constant 2000 dollars 4/ 45.41 38.30 36.20 35.87 37.11 37.84 34.71 35.23 35.38 35.80 42.26 33.58 37.54 41.44 35.64 30.36 27.69 29.94 33.22 36.49 26.36 30.70 29.30 30.33 35.15 34.35 36.99 37.75 28.86 -Total U.S. population on July 1 2/ Millions 225.055 227.726 229.966 232.188 234.307 236.348 238.466 240.651 242.804 245.021 247.342 250.132 253.493 256.894 260.255 263.436 266.557 269.667 272.912 276.115 279.295 282.407 285.339 288.189 290.941 293.609 296.329 299.157 302.045 304.961

----------------------------------- Million pounds -----------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f 3,074.5 3,208.4 3,132.9 3,269.5 3,464.4 3,640.6 3,825.0 4,117.2 4,160.9 4,405.7 4,464.1 4,175.9 4,194.3 4,335.5 4,588.7 4,611.7 4,778.7 4,988.5 5,061.6 5,393.6 5,660.0 5,771.4 5,876.7 6,184.2 5,980.9 6,235.6 6,318.5 6,282.3 6,482.7 6,505.0

---------- $/cwt ----------

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Production was adjusted by ERS for 1970-81 to account for States not included in NASS estimates Includes ERS estimates of domestically-grown hothouse tomatoes after 1996. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. From 1978-89, U.S. exports were adjusted using Canadian import data. Imports include hothouse tomatoes. 3/ Includes shipments to U.S. territories from 1978-88. These were previously included in U.S. exports. 4/ Constant dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100 Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

71 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 55--U.S. fresh bell peppers: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Utilization Supply Production Imports Total Exports Domestic Year 1/ 2/ 2/ ---------------------------------- Million pounds ----------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f 581.9 549.4 587.5 592.7 698.7 715.0 765.2 859.3 917.6 990.5 1,014.4 1,050.5 1,236.1 1,442.8 1,449.8 1,542.2 1,443.1 1,663.9 1,495.9 1,455.6 1,556.2 1,687.9 1,649.4 1,566.8 1,611.8 1,640.0 1,603.6 1,524.3 1,467.7 1,525.0 143.7 174.2 127.0 168.8 153.9 217.3 214.7 180.5 198.9 200.2 243.6 220.0 216.7 195.3 268.8 261.5 314.7 377.3 395.1 438.9 455.3 436.9 463.2 534.9 541.6 569.0 652.6 716.1 726.4 705.0 725.6 723.6 714.5 761.5 852.6 932.3 979.9 1,039.8 1,116.5 1,190.7 1,258.0 1,270.5 1,452.8 1,638.1 1,718.6 1,803.7 1,757.8 2,041.2 1,891.0 1,894.5 2,011.5 2,124.8 2,112.6 2,101.7 2,153.4 2,209.0 2,256.2 2,240.4 2,194.1 2,230.0 64.5 66.5 73.8 71.4 73.4 75.6 73.7 85.5 89.6 94.1 98.3 151.2 167.6 189.4 122.6 117.7 108.0 133.3 133.8 127.8 146.2 157.6 161.7 161.3 159.2 162.8 156.4 140.2 152.5 150.0 661.0 657.0 640.7 690.1 779.2 856.7 906.2 954.3 1,026.9 1,096.6 1,159.7 1,119.3 1,285.2 1,448.7 1,596.1 1,686.0 1,649.8 1,907.9 1,757.2 1,766.7 1,865.3 1,967.2 1,950.9 1,940.4 1,994.2 2,046.2 2,099.8 2,100.2 2,041.6 2,080.0

Per capita use Pounds 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.5 5.1 5.6 6.1 6.4 6.2 7.1 6.4 6.4 6.7 7.0 6.8 6.7 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.8

Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 3/ ---------- $/cwt ---------19.90 22.70 23.80 20.91 23.94 21.66 19.52 19.46 27.95 22.31 25.50 24.59 27.78 26.80 30.30 29.70 31.40 28.00 32.10 34.80 31.10 31.50 28.70 29.60 30.70 31.50 33.30 33.60 31.90 -40.16 42.00 40.26 33.34 36.71 32.02 28.00 27.31 38.19 29.47 32.46 30.14 32.90 31.02 34.28 32.91 34.09 29.83 33.64 36.07 31.78 31.50 28.03 28.41 28.85 28.78 29.47 28.83 26.69 --

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Services, USDA. From 1982-91, U.S. production and prices were estimated by ERS based on available State reports. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. From 1978-89, U.S. exports were adjusted using Canadian import data. 3/ Constant dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

72 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 56--U.S. fresh head lettuce: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ 6,143.9 6,336.3 6,268.2 6,294.9 5,775.5 6,397.6 6,133.4 5,829.0 6,787.7 7,050.5 7,523.1 7,320.1 7,077.8 7,081.0 6,781.1 7,005.8 6,234.9 6,207.2 6,879.4 6,546.1 7,318.1 6,967.3 6,891.7 6,814.0 6,824.8 6,622.8 6,574.9 6,299.2 6,311.8 6,375.0 Imports 2/ 13.0 15.1 11.4 14.6 21.4 32.6 37.8 20.8 18.3 37.4 35.6 17.2 21.1 21.2 32.7 20.6 51.8 28.3 39.3 22.9 28.9 31.9 45.8 106.6 94.1 92.0 119.0 110.5 155.3 130.0 Total Exports 2/ 480.6 488.5 523.9 499.3 519.2 524.1 507.4 553.6 542.5 431.3 463.6 396.9 496.7 476.8 463.6 438.8 377.9 417.5 395.7 404.7 390.0 374.2 378.8 425.9 453.6 474.6 448.7 364.2 352.3 360.0 Utilization Domestic 3/ 5,648.5 5,836.9 5,728.6 5,789.9 5,258.6 5,894.7 5,644.9 5,279.2 6,242.2 6,625.4 7,095.1 6,940.4 6,602.2 6,625.4 6,350.3 6,587.7 5,908.8 5,818.0 6,523.0 6,164.3 6,957.0 6,624.9 6,558.7 6,494.6 6,465.4 6,240.2 6,245.2 6,045.5 6,114.8 6,145.0 Per capita use Pounds 25.1 25.6 24.9 24.9 22.4 24.9 23.7 21.9 25.7 27.0 28.7 27.7 26.0 25.8 24.4 25.0 22.2 21.6 23.9 22.3 24.9 23.5 23.0 22.5 22.2 21.3 21.1 20.2 20.2 20.1 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 4/ ---------- $/cwt ---------9.20 8.91 10.90 12.10 12.30 10.90 10.80 12.00 14.70 14.70 12.60 11.50 11.40 12.50 16.00 13.30 23.50 14.70 17.50 16.20 13.30 17.30 17.90 21.10 18.10 16.90 15.50 16.90 22.00 -18.57 16.49 18.44 19.29 18.86 16.11 15.49 16.84 20.08 19.42 16.04 14.09 13.50 14.47 18.10 14.74 25.51 15.66 18.34 16.79 13.59 17.30 17.48 20.25 17.01 15.44 13.72 14.50 18.41 --

-------------------------------------- Million pounds ---------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f 6,156.9 6,351.4 6,279.6 6,309.5 5,796.9 6,430.2 6,171.2 5,849.8 6,806.0 7,087.9 7,558.7 7,337.3 7,098.9 7,102.2 6,813.8 7,026.4 6,286.7 6,235.5 6,918.7 6,569.0 7,347.0 6,999.2 6,937.5 6,920.6 6,918.9 6,714.8 6,693.9 6,409.7 6,467.1 6,505.0

-- = Not available. f = Forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Production data were adjusted by ERS for 1970-81 to account for States not included in NASS estimates. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. Prior to 1989, trade includes leaf lettuce. From 1978-89, exports were adjusted using Canadian import data. 3/ Includes shipments to U.S. territories from 1978-88. 4/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100 Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

73 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 57--U.S. leaf and romaine lettuce: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1990-2008 Supply Utilization Year ProducPer tion Imports Total Exports Domestic capita 1/ 2/ 2/ use --------------------------------------- Million pounds ---------------------------------1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 1,061.6 1,157.5 1,388.7 1,535.5 1,710.0 1,787.4 1,775.6 2,024.5 2,076.7 2,393.1 2,702.4 2,646.1 3,197.4 3,619.3 3,314.5 3,581.7 4,892.2 4,945.0 5,065.0 12.1 8.3 5.9 6.8 8.9 11.7 16.6 28.6 32.0 28.4 32.8 34.6 33.7 33.1 35.2 51.9 61.2 74.4 70.0 1,073.7 1,165.8 1,394.6 1,542.3 1,718.9 1,799.1 1,792.2 2,053.1 2,108.7 2,421.5 2,735.2 2,680.7 3,231.1 3,652.4 3,349.7 3,633.6 4,953.4 5,019.4 5,135.0 130.6 152.7 195.0 230.2 223.1 227.9 223.4 253.3 282.3 301.2 367.4 390.4 467.0 433.6 489.8 486.3 461.6 452.2 475.0 943.1 1,013.1 1,199.6 1,312.1 1,495.8 1,571.2 1,568.8 1,799.8 1,826.4 2,120.3 2,367.8 2,290.2 2,764.1 3,218.8 2,859.9 3,147.3 4,491.8 4,567.2 4,660.0 Pounds 3.8 4.0 4.7 5.0 5.7 5.9 5.8 6.6 6.6 7.6 8.4 8.0 9.6 11.1 9.7 10.6 15.0 15.1 15.3

Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ 3/ dollars 4/ ---------- $/cwt ---------15.60 15.00 20.66 25.35 23.92 30.10 23.00 24.21 25.40 20.57 24.24 22.85 28.75 28.98 24.28 25.60 28.36 27.59 -19.12 17.76 23.92 28.68 26.50 32.68 24.51 25.37 26.33 21.01 24.24 22.31 27.59 27.24 22.19 22.66 24.33 23.08 --

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = Forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA except production and price data for 1990-91 are for California only as reported by the California County Agricultural Commissioners. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. 3/ Leaf and romaine crop value divided by leaf and romaine production. 4/ Constant-dollar prices calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100 Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

74 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 58--U.S. fresh onions: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Year Production 1/ Utilization Ending Shrink stocks and loss Domestic 4/ 1/ ---------------------------------------------------- Million pounds --------------------------------------------Total Exports 2/ 3/ 169.0 143.1 146.3 177.1 217.2 263.6 281.8 263.5 387.9 425.1 364.0 381.8 496.1 421.4 510.2 544.7 483.7 625.2 576.0 598.5 583.9 483.3 639.2 605.0 659.3 702.8 688.8 668.6 920.6 900.0 641.0 758.0 617.5 576.2 698.7 683.7 766.3 752.0 652.1 793.8 792.5 835.6 866.9 905.5 913.6 755.8 1,040.4 999.0 1,008.2 1,062.6 1,163.3 1,263.5 1,184.5 1,274.8 1,167.9 1,183.0 1,420.5 1,213.6 1,096.2 1,345.6 3,960.7 3,803.1 3,748.3 4,149.4 4,134.8 4,552.6 4,851.0 4,620.6 4,801.9 5,093.4 5,177.1 5,614.6 5,629.0 6,016.2 6,480.2 6,899.8 7,109.5 7,188.8 7,545.1 7,503.0 7,995.4 7,983.6 7,907.3 8,004.0 8,083.5 9,283.3 8,630.7 8,263.4 9,092.6 8,250.6 187.6 299.0 426.1 163.5 226.7 312.9 195.1 261.1 282.0 322.9 256.8 378.3 345.0 359.9 437.9 802.1 662.1 586.3 600.9 628.8 667.7 768.1 719.2 639.0 680.0 632.3 676.3 660.7 554.9 575.0 758.0 617.5 576.2 698.7 683.7 766.3 752.0 652.1 793.8 792.5 835.6 866.9 905.5 913.6 755.8 1,040.4 999.0 1,008.2 1,062.6 1,163.3 1,263.5 1,184.5 1,274.8 1,167.9 1,183.0 1,420.5 1,213.6 1,096.2 1,345.6 1,135.0 439.6 297.0 277.5 444.3 374.1 382.8 655.1 401.8 469.8 413.2 433.3 602.4 402.0 606.9 817.0 600.5 708.6 653.2 740.1 630.3 904.8 700.6 643.9 630.0 546.8 879.6 497.3 573.8 642.2 555.0 2,575.5 2,589.6 2,468.5 2,843.0 2,850.4 3,090.7 3,248.8 3,305.6 3,256.3 3,564.8 3,651.5 3,767.0 3,976.5 4,135.8 4,469.5 4,456.8 4,739.8 4,941.1 5,141.5 5,080.6 5,159.4 5,330.4 5,269.4 5,567.1 5,673.7 6,350.9 6,243.5 5,932.7 6,549.9 5,985.6 Supply Imports Beginning 2/ 3/ stocks Per capita use Pounds 11.4 11.4 10.7 12.2 12.2 13.1 13.6 13.7 13.4 14.5 14.8 15.1 15.7 16.1 17.2 16.9 17.8 18.3 18.8 18.4 18.5 18.9 18.5 19.3 19.5 21.6 21.1 19.8 21.7 19.6 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 5/ -------- $/cwt -------6.98 11.40 14.70 8.24 12.50 10.60 9.08 11.10 12.50 9.75 11.40 10.50 12.50 13.00 16.50 10.80 9.90 10.50 12.60 13.00 9.74 11.20 10.70 12.10 13.70 9.06 12.40 15.70 11.50 -14.09 21.09 24.87 13.14 19.17 15.67 13.02 15.58 17.08 12.88 14.51 12.87 14.80 15.05 18.67 11.97 10.75 11.19 13.21 13.48 9.95 11.20 10.45 11.61 12.88 8.28 10.97 13.47 9.62 --

1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f

3,150.7 2,902.1 2,984.5 3,396.1 3,219.0 3,605.3 3,802.9 3,605.1 3,761.9 3,874.4 4,020.7 4,397.3 4,266.0 4,689.3 5,056.4 5,599.3 5,585.4 5,564.6 5,960.9 5,841.9 6,248.2 6,236.8 6,083.6 6,124.2 6,256.3 7,397.5 6,521.4 6,381.2 7,075.8 6,005.0

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = Forecast. 1/ Source: Economic Research Service, USDA. Production data were adjusted by ERS from 1970-81 to account for States not included in NASS estimates. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. From 1980-89, exports were adjusted using Canadian import data. 3/ Includes green onions, onion sets, and canned onions, but excludes dehydrated onions. 4/ Approximated from State marketings. 5/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100 Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

75 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 59--U.S. fresh sweet corn: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ Imports 2/ Total Exports 2/ Utilization Domestic Per capita use Pounds 6.5 6.5 6.2 6.0 6.1 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.3 5.8 6.5 6.7 5.9 6.9 7.0 8.2 7.8 8.3 8.3 9.3 9.1 9.0 9.2 9.0 9.5 9.2 8.9 8.6 9.1 9.0 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 3/ ----------- $/cwt ---------9.89 10.70 11.60 12.20 12.50 13.10 12.70 13.90 12.90 14.80 16.90 15.00 17.00 14.40 17.80 17.20 18.30 16.90 17.70 17.20 16.90 18.50 19.50 19.20 19.30 19.30 22.10 22.90 22.20 -19.96 19.80 19.62 19.45 19.17 19.36 18.22 19.51 17.62 19.55 21.51 18.38 20.13 16.67 20.14 19.06 19.87 18.01 18.55 17.83 17.27 18.50 19.04 18.43 18.14 17.63 19.56 19.65 18.57 --

-------------------------------------- Million pounds ----------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 1,501.5 1,524.5 1,475.2 1,443.5 1,487.4 1,560.7 1,575.4 1,505.0 1,566.4 1,457.4 1,654.3 1,745.5 1,552.7 1,847.3 1,884.8 2,212.1 2,179.2 2,312.7 2,364.1 2,630.7 2,576.2 2,602.7 2,681.5 2,648.0 2,850.3 2,788.5 2,702.3 2,669.0 2,823.4 2,800.0 0.2 1.0 0.4 0.3 2.3 8.6 6.8 7.7 15.4 11.9 21.3 14.7 13.5 11.4 6.4 10.6 15.5 23.5 23.0 40.0 53.1 51.7 49.0 52.1 49.7 51.0 56.8 59.8 66.6 68.0 1,501.7 1,525.5 1,475.6 1,443.8 1,489.7 1,569.3 1,582.2 1,512.7 1,581.8 1,469.3 1,675.6 1,760.2 1,566.2 1,858.7 1,891.2 2,222.7 2,194.7 2,336.2 2,387.1 2,670.7 2,629.3 2,654.4 2,730.5 2,700.1 2,900.0 2,839.5 2,759.1 2,728.8 2,890.0 2,868.0 42.7 45.6 42.2 46.6 50.5 48.1 52.9 54.2 61.4 43.4 61.0 73.7 68.5 94.2 75.5 74.5 109.5 91.0 124.6 93.6 89.2 101.7 113.4 114.7 133.3 132.8 135.4 144.4 131.2 137.0 1,459.0 1,479.8 1,433.4 1,397.2 1,439.2 1,521.2 1,529.3 1,458.5 1,520.4 1,425.9 1,614.6 1,686.5 1,497.7 1,764.5 1,815.7 2,148.3 2,085.2 2,245.3 2,262.6 2,577.1 2,540.1 2,552.7 2,617.2 2,585.4 2,766.7 2,706.7 2,623.7 2,584.4 2,758.8 2,731.0

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Production data were adjusted by ERS for 1970-81 to account for States not included in NASS estimates. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. From 1978-89, exports were adjusted using Canadian import data. 3/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

76 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 60--U.S. fresh carrots: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ Imports 2/ Total Exports 2/ Utilization Domestic Per capita use Pounds 5.9 6.2 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.7 6.5 6.5 8.3 7.1 8.1 8.3 7.7 8.3 10.9 12.7 11.2 12.4 14.1 9.5 9.3 9.2 9.4 8.4 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.7 9.0 8.6 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 3/ ---------- $/cwt ---------10.60 11.30 12.30 11.90 12.70 14.40 11.90 13.30 10.80 13.30 13.60 11.90 14.60 10.80 11.70 12.90 16.70 13.40 12.90 12.20 16.80 13.10 17.10 19.10 19.10 20.20 20.90 20.60 22.60 -21.39 20.91 20.81 18.97 19.48 21.28 17.07 18.67 14.75 17.57 17.31 14.59 17.29 12.50 13.24 14.29 18.13 14.28 13.52 12.65 17.17 13.10 16.70 18.33 17.95 18.46 18.50 17.67 18.91 --

--------------------------------------- Million pounds ----------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 1,330.8 1,393.2 1,463.2 1,568.5 1,523.4 1,561.6 1,534.5 1,606.0 2,089.6 1,785.7 2,038.6 2,110.6 1,997.3 2,169.8 2,888.0 3,350.9 2,951.8 3,323.6 3,858.9 2,706.8 2,661.7 2,708.0 2,783.9 2,586.5 2,711.4 2,663.0 2,692.4 2,619.9 2,716.2 2,675.0 94.8 108.7 87.9 105.1 126.7 161.5 147.8 115.0 98.8 117.4 123.6 122.1 137.0 134.3 141.4 158.9 222.2 222.3 223.0 179.2 184.8 167.5 201.4 190.2 187.2 215.2 196.6 248.4 245.5 220.0 1,425.6 1,501.9 1,551.1 1,673.6 1,650.1 1,723.1 1,682.3 1,721.0 2,188.4 1,903.1 2,162.2 2,232.7 2,134.3 2,304.1 3,029.4 3,509.8 3,174.0 3,545.9 4,081.9 2,886.0 2,846.5 2,875.5 2,985.3 2,776.7 2,898.6 2,878.2 2,889.0 2,868.3 2,961.7 2,895.0 100.5 101.2 144.0 140.4 129.5 143.3 134.4 160.6 174.1 164.8 162.3 158.7 179.1 174.5 186.5 170.2 190.9 210.1 230.1 255.5 262.3 276.5 309.1 351.6 330.6 283.9 284.7 253.1 257.2 275.0 1,325.1 1,400.7 1,407.1 1,533.2 1,520.6 1,579.8 1,547.9 1,560.4 2,014.3 1,738.3 1,999.9 2,074.0 1,955.2 2,129.7 2,842.9 3,339.6 2,983.0 3,335.8 3,851.8 2,630.4 2,584.2 2,599.0 2,676.2 2,425.1 2,568.0 2,594.3 2,604.3 2,615.2 2,704.5 2,620.0

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Production data were adjusted by ERS for 1970-81 to account for States not included in NASS estimates. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. From 1978-89, exports were adjusted using Canadian import data. 3/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

77 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 61--U.S. fresh broccoli: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ Imports 2/ Total Exports 2/ Domestic Utilization Per capita use Pounds 1.2 1.4 1.7 2.0 2.0 2.5 2.6 3.0 3.1 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.0 3.4 3.3 4.4 4.3 4.5 5.0 5.0 6.2 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.6 6.2 6.0 6.1 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 3/ ----------- $/cwt ----------22.20 23.50 26.30 26.70 28.20 25.10 24.20 21.90 21.90 24.00 21.00 22.30 22.00 23.50 26.60 27.50 29.30 27.10 29.10 30.20 24.10 31.20 26.50 31.40 32.70 33.20 28.60 33.70 36.70 -44.81 43.48 44.49 42.57 43.25 37.10 34.71 30.74 29.92 31.71 26.73 27.33 26.05 27.20 30.10 30.47 31.81 28.88 30.50 31.30 24.63 31.20 25.88 30.14 30.73 30.33 25.31 28.91 30.70 --

--------------------------------------- Million pounds -----------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 329.7 381.9 453.1 541.4 558.2 674.0 715.4 844.2 855.9 1,002.3 1,074.4 989.3 936.8 1,060.2 1,068.5 1,415.2 1,384.3 1,442.8 1,574.4 1,612.8 1,949.1 1,950.2 1,775.5 1,759.5 1,786.1 1,808.1 1,803.2 1,969.8 1,946.2 2,000.0 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.1 0.4 3.6 4.5 8.5 22.7 36.0 27.8 21.3 20.1 20.7 31.8 22.8 42.7 53.6 70.7 80.5 100.4 110.5 114.1 125.3 117.8 141.6 183.6 174.0 184.4 180.0 330.3 382.6 454.0 541.5 558.6 677.6 719.9 852.7 878.6 1,038.3 1,102.2 1,010.6 956.9 1,080.9 1,100.3 1,438.0 1,427.0 1,496.4 1,645.1 1,693.3 2,049.5 2,060.7 1,889.6 1,884.8 1,903.9 1,949.7 1,986.8 2,143.8 2,130.6 2,180.0 60.3 63.5 73.0 80.1 82.7 96.7 104.9 119.5 128.9 113.5 161.2 168.1 185.6 203.4 232.9 270.9 279.0 278.6 290.0 300.3 329.2 397.9 349.3 343.0 311.3 315.3 314.7 305.0 310.7 312.0 270.0 319.1 381.0 461.4 475.9 580.9 615.0 733.2 749.7 924.8 941.0 842.5 771.3 877.5 867.4 1,167.1 1,148.1 1,217.8 1,355.1 1,393.0 1,720.2 1,662.8 1,540.3 1,541.7 1,592.6 1,634.4 1,672.1 1,838.8 1,819.9 1,868.0

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Production data were adjusted by ERS for 1970-81 to account for States not included in NASS estimates. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. From 1978-89, U.S. exports were adjusted using Canadian import data. 3/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

78 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 62--U.S. fresh cauliflower: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ Imports 2/ Total Exports 2/ Domestic Utilization Per capita use Pounds 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.8 1.8 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.8 2.1 2.0 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.8 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 3/ ----------- $/cwt ---------25.20 28.20 30.10 31.20 32.00 31.10 29.80 28.80 28.30 28.20 28.10 25.20 27.10 29.00 30.90 28.80 34.60 33.60 32.30 34.50 29.70 32.10 29.20 32.20 35.10 30.80 30.50 32.30 34.30 -50.86 52.18 50.91 49.74 49.07 45.97 42.75 40.42 38.66 37.26 35.77 30.89 32.09 33.57 34.96 31.80 37.57 35.80 33.85 35.76 30.35 32.10 28.52 30.91 32.99 28.14 26.99 27.71 28.70 --

----------------------------------- Million pounds ---------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 271.1 284.6 351.7 342.0 370.4 481.7 490.5 590.6 592.8 646.5 662.2 654.0 615.7 607.2 701.1 734.5 648.4 680.1 632.3 546.8 666.6 635.0 592.0 584.2 621.6 609.7 616.4 672.6 677.8 690.0 4.8 7.3 11.2 10.8 12.5 13.5 16.3 13.8 13.8 14.6 19.5 22.1 17.9 17.6 11.2 10.6 13.1 16.8 37.6 32.1 17.5 17.5 15.0 20.0 19.8 31.0 18.6 19.7 27.9 28.0 275.9 291.9 362.9 352.8 382.9 495.2 506.8 604.4 606.6 661.1 681.7 676.1 633.6 624.8 712.3 745.1 661.5 696.9 669.9 578.9 684.1 652.5 607.0 604.2 641.4 640.7 635.0 692.3 705.7 718.0 31.5 33.6 48.3 44.8 51.4 64.0 68.2 78.5 89.0 123.5 110.0 128.1 138.9 160.5 168.2 212.6 225.1 232.8 188.1 176.1 191.3 162.0 173.6 193.5 186.9 182.2 186.9 180.3 181.7 185.0 244.4 258.3 314.5 308.0 331.6 431.2 438.6 525.9 517.6 537.6 571.7 548.0 494.7 464.3 427.6 532.5 436.4 464.1 481.8 402.7 492.8 490.5 433.5 410.6 454.6 458.5 448.1 512.0 524.0 533.0

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = ERS forecast.

1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Production data were adjusted by ERS for

1980-81 to account for States not included in NASS estimates. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. From 1978-89, U.S. exports were adjusted using Canadian import data. 3/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

79 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 63--U.S. fresh asparagus: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ Imports 2/ Total Exports 2/ Domestic Utilization Per capita use Pounds 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 3/ ----------- $/cwt ----------64.40 58.10 70.50 --73.70 79.30 70.60 65.60 70.50 68.20 68.60 78.90 92.00 95.70 100.00 113.00 92.90 108.00 124.00 131.00 117.00 140.00 110.00 105.00 81.30 87.40 88.90 99.10 -129.97 107.51 119.25 --108.94 113.75 99.09 89.62 93.14 86.82 84.08 93.43 106.50 108.28 110.79 122.68 98.99 113.19 128.53 133.85 117.00 136.72 105.58 98.69 74.28 77.35 76.27 82.91 --

------------------------------------ Million pounds --------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 64.8 78.9 82.1 89.4 98.0 104.3 115.2 138.7 138.8 148.1 149.2 142.4 137.0 137.6 125.2 131.1 110.0 111.4 124.8 126.4 145.5 150.4 137.2 126.7 119.4 152.4 114.4 91.1 91.8 85.0 6.7 7.2 8.8 16.1 20.2 14.3 18.0 24.1 28.4 32.3 34.5 43.8 52.4 57.7 69.3 64.8 79.1 76.1 88.6 109.8 142.3 159.4 156.8 180.3 212.6 203.7 238.8 265.3 269.2 280.0 71.5 86.1 90.9 105.5 118.2 118.6 133.2 162.8 167.2 180.4 183.7 186.2 189.4 195.3 194.5 195.9 189.1 187.5 213.4 236.2 287.8 309.8 294.0 307.0 332.0 356.1 353.2 356.4 361.0 365.0 15.1 19.2 19.5 17.9 16.9 22.6 22.3 17.6 29.7 37.8 42.6 39.4 37.2 42.3 46.9 48.5 40.7 31.7 33.6 34.4 38.1 39.6 31.6 29.3 28.6 26.1 22.6 17.3 15.5 15.0 56.4 66.9 71.4 87.6 101.3 96.0 111.0 145.1 137.5 142.6 141.1 146.8 152.2 153.0 147.6 147.4 148.4 155.8 179.8 201.9 249.7 270.1 262.4 277.6 303.4 330.1 330.6 339.1 345.5 350.0

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Production data were adjusted by ERS for 1970-81 to account for States not included in NASS estimates. ERS estimates for 1982 amd 1983. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. From 1978-89, U.S. exports were adjusted using Canadian import data. 3/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

80 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 64--U.S. fresh celery: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ Imports 2/ Total Exports 2/ Domestic Utilization Per capita use Pounds 7.1 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.0 7.1 6.9 6.5 6.6 7.2 7.5 7.2 6.7 7.3 7.3 7.2 6.9 7.0 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 5.9 6.1 6.4 6.4 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 3/ ---------- $/cwt ---------9.15 9.11 10.80 10.20 13.70 12.20 10.30 12.00 11.10 11.90 13.20 10.80 10.80 12.30 14.80 11.80 16.30 10.50 14.70 12.30 12.00 18.50 14.40 12.80 13.40 14.80 13.90 18.20 20.40 -18.47 16.86 18.27 16.26 21.01 18.03 14.77 16.84 15.16 15.72 16.80 13.24 12.79 14.24 16.75 13.07 17.70 11.19 15.41 12.75 12.26 18.50 14.06 12.29 12.59 13.52 12.30 15.61 17.07 --

------------------------------------- Million pounds ----------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 1,769.4 1,870.3 1,865.2 1,913.9 1,828.7 1,875.7 1,834.9 1,761.4 1,784.7 1,942.3 2,027.6 1,981.6 1,908.9 2,105.2 2,106.7 2,134.8 2,036.8 2,096.1 1,976.5 1,951.5 2,011.1 1,967.7 1,997.7 1,972.7 2,023.6 2,044.9 1,964.6 2,018.0 2,121.2 2,145.0 4.7 4.9 7.4 10.2 10.4 7.2 12.8 15.0 27.4 32.5 43.0 40.7 42.9 32.7 38.3 28.8 56.6 56.5 68.1 106.0 84.5 64.4 81.0 90.7 59.7 49.6 58.9 56.1 63.6 61.0 1,774.1 1,875.2 1,872.6 1,924.1 1,839.1 1,882.9 1,847.7 1,776.4 1,812.1 1,974.8 2,070.6 2,022.3 1,951.8 2,137.9 2,145.0 2,163.6 2,093.4 2,152.6 2,044.6 2,057.5 2,095.6 2,032.1 2,078.7 2,063.4 2,083.3 2,094.5 2,023.5 2,074.1 2,184.8 2,206.0 183.3 196.5 200.3 203.1 198.6 201.3 207.0 213.9 211.2 222.2 221.9 222.7 245.1 256.6 255.2 257.2 245.0 257.6 257.3 271.7 271.3 261.8 249.2 247.8 260.2 266.1 269.2 255.1 258.8 265.0 1,590.8 1,678.6 1,672.3 1,721.0 1,640.5 1,681.7 1,640.7 1,562.5 1,601.0 1,752.6 1,848.7 1,799.6 1,706.7 1,881.3 1,889.8 1,906.4 1,848.4 1,895.0 1,787.3 1,785.8 1,824.3 1,770.2 1,829.5 1,815.6 1,823.1 1,828.4 1,754.3 1,819.0 1,926.0 1,941.0

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Production data were adjusted by ERS for 1970-81 and from 1992 to the present to account for States not included in NASS estimates. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. From 1978-89, exports were adjusted using Canadian import data from Statistics Canada. 3/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

81 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 65--U.S. fresh cucumbers: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Utilization Supply Year Production 1/ Imports 2/ Total Exports 2/ Domestic Per capita use Pounds 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.4 4.6 5.1 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.6 5.9 6.4 6.5 6.7 6.4 6.3 6.6 6.2 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.4

Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ 3/ dollars 4/ ---------- $/cwt ---------14.70 13.70 15.20 12.70 14.05 13.45 12.75 12.75 15.60 15.75 17.00 15.80 19.75 19.10 18.10 16.00 16.50 19.00 17.70 20.00 18.20 19.90 19.80 19.00 19.90 20.20 23.00 25.30 24.40 -29.67 25.35 25.71 20.25 21.55 19.88 18.29 17.89 21.31 20.81 21.64 19.37 23.39 22.11 20.48 17.73 17.91 20.24 18.55 20.73 18.60 19.90 19.34 18.24 18.70 18.46 20.36 21.71 20.41 --

------------------------------------- Million pounds ----------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 592.1 614.3 603.7 722.2 728.6 766.1 723.2 745.7 813.3 834.9 805.2 857.6 854.1 915.6 933.5 941.5 1,000.2 983.6 1,157.1 1,119.7 1,182.6 1,087.3 1,039.2 1,093.9 942.5 1,010.1 969.1 970.9 935.2 965.0 320.0 316.2 374.6 304.6 390.6 388.3 380.5 429.1 476.0 428.6 452.8 394.6 382.9 432.5 502.3 549.1 572.0 686.3 667.5 723.3 749.6 763.4 811.5 868.7 900.3 933.4 955.1 974.2 1,012.5 1,035.0 912.1 930.5 978.3 1,026.8 1,119.2 1,154.4 1,103.7 1,174.8 1,289.3 1,263.5 1,258.0 1,252.2 1,237.0 1,348.1 1,435.8 1,490.6 1,572.2 1,669.9 1,824.6 1,843.0 1,932.2 1,850.7 1,850.7 1,962.6 1,842.8 1,943.5 1,924.2 1,945.1 1,947.7 2,000.0 49.3 51.0 58.5 54.9 56.2 54.7 55.9 61.8 59.1 81.4 74.8 83.0 81.6 82.1 79.4 77.9 77.1 70.7 71.8 50.9 52.8 57.1 62.5 54.4 47.6 47.0 47.1 46.4 42.5 45.0 862.8 879.5 919.8 971.9 1,063.0 1,099.7 1,047.8 1,113.0 1,230.1 1,182.1 1,183.2 1,169.2 1,155.4 1,265.9 1,356.4 1,412.7 1,495.1 1,599.2 1,752.9 1,792.1 1,879.4 1,793.5 1,788.2 1,908.2 1,795.2 1,896.5 1,877.1 1,898.7 1,905.2 1,955.0

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. From 1982-91, U.S. production was estimated by ERS based on available State reports. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. From 1978-89, U.S. exports were adjusted using Canadian import data. 3/ Comparable grower prices are not available for 1982-91. 4/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implict price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

82 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 66--U.S. fresh cabbage: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 1/ Utilization Supply Shrink Production Imports Total Exports and loss Domestic Year 2/ 3/ 3/ 4/ ------------------------------------------- Million pounds ----------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 1,936.9 1,884.9 1,981.1 2,087.7 1,975.0 2,002.3 2,132.2 2,143.4 2,275.9 2,251.2 2,146.5 2,163.4 2,187.1 2,326.7 2,481.3 2,478.3 2,210.4 2,290.0 2,526.7 2,377.3 2,163.5 2,562.3 2,546.0 2,422.7 2,263.9 2,497.3 2,427.5 2,482.3 2,582.4 2,630.0 17.1 29.8 5.9 26.6 30.8 143.2 39.1 28.5 29.1 30.7 57.3 88.2 45.5 39.5 58.1 51.7 78.6 79.2 87.7 89.8 81.4 89.9 113.4 99.6 77.8 83.3 114.6 116.0 116.0 120.0 1,954.0 1,914.7 1,987.0 2,114.3 2,005.8 2,145.5 2,171.3 2,171.9 2,305.0 2,281.9 2,203.8 2,251.6 2,232.6 2,366.2 2,539.4 2,530.0 2,289.0 2,369.2 2,614.4 2,467.1 2,244.9 2,652.2 2,659.4 2,522.3 2,341.7 2,580.6 2,542.1 2,598.3 2,698.4 2,750.0 101.7 73.5 92.8 78.3 61.2 78.8 63.0 64.7 68.4 50.3 50.3 59.2 77.0 86.9 81.5 82.9 92.3 96.9 95.5 99.5 88.9 85.2 85.5 90.8 98.7 86.1 93.5 92.9 55.6 80.0 40.0 20.0 19.5 49.2 21.8 41.8 24.8 27.7 32.5 24.6 25.7 107.1 76.0 53.7 31.7 54.5 31.5 45.4 59.1 40.4 46.3 53.9 55.2 41.7 45.3 49.9 48.6 49.6 51.6 53.0 1,812.3 1,821.2 1,874.7 1,986.8 1,922.8 2,024.9 2,083.5 2,079.4 2,204.1 2,206.9 2,127.8 2,085.3 2,079.6 2,225.6 2,426.2 2,392.6 2,165.2 2,226.9 2,459.8 2,327.2 2,109.7 2,513.2 2,518.7 2,389.8 2,197.7 2,444.6 2,400.0 2,455.8 2,591.2 2,617.0

Per capita use Pounds 8.1 8.0 8.2 8.6 8.2 8.6 8.7 8.6 9.1 9.0 8.6 8.3 8.2 8.7 9.3 9.1 8.1 8.3 9.0 8.4 7.6 8.9 8.8 8.3 7.6 8.3 8.1 8.2 8.6 8.6

Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 2/ dollars 5/ ---------- $/cwt ---------8.09 8.10 7.16 9.20 8.90 11.90 8.80 8.20 7.90 7.70 7.60 7.70 8.30 9.10 11.40 9.32 11.50 10.20 11.10 12.90 11.30 12.30 13.40 12.90 13.20 13.10 13.70 14.10 16.40 -16.33 14.99 12.11 14.67 13.65 17.59 12.62 11.51 10.79 10.17 9.67 9.44 9.83 10.53 12.90 10.33 12.49 10.87 11.63 13.37 11.55 12.30 13.09 12.38 12.41 11.97 12.12 12.10 13.72 --

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Largely head cabbage. End of year stocks and shrinkage are not included. 2/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. From 1982-91, U.S. production and price were estimated by ERS based on available State reports. 3/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. From 1978-89, U.S. exports were adjusted using Canadian import data. Excludes sauerkraut. 4/ New York data through 2002. Estimated by ERS thereafter. 5/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implict price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

83 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 67--U.S. artichokes, all uses: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Utilization Supply Year Production Imports Total Exports Domestic 1/ 2/ 2/ ----------------------------------- Million pounds -------------------------------1979 r 1980 r 1981 r 1982 r 1983 r 1984 r 1985 r 1986 r 1987 r 1988 r 1989 r 1990 r 1991 r 1992 r 1993 r 1994 r 1995 r 1996 r 1997 r 1998 r 1999 r 2000 r 2001 r 2002 r 2003 r 2004 r 2005 r 2006 r 2007 p 2008 f 87.3 79.2 111.6 116.3 89.2 109.9 133.8 105.2 121.7 124.6 129.6 111.4 120.6 110.4 101.2 130.0 92.0 89.0 93.0 87.3 112.5 101.2 100.0 94.3 100.8 82.5 86.9 106.7 125.0 110.0 54.0 58.5 65.4 79.2 86.1 120.0 116.1 125.4 124.8 106.2 117.7 106.7 94.7 120.3 128.1 209.5 159.6 182.5 187.3 243.5 264.1 255.5 258.2 292.9 322.8 332.7 337.3 391.5 367.4 375.0 141.3 137.7 177.0 195.5 175.3 229.9 249.9 230.6 246.5 230.8 247.3 218.1 215.3 230.7 229.3 339.5 251.6 271.5 280.3 330.8 376.6 356.7 358.2 387.2 423.6 415.2 424.2 498.2 492.4 485.0 4.0 4.0 5.1 4.4 3.2 4.3 6.0 5.5 5.4 6.7 6.3 6.5 5.7 4.9 4.5 5.9 5.1 4.7 4.8 5.0 7.7 6.1 7.3 5.8 6.0 15.1 11.0 7.4 4.5 4.5 137.3 133.7 171.9 191.1 172.1 225.6 243.9 225.1 241.1 224.1 241.0 211.6 209.6 225.8 224.8 333.6 246.5 266.8 275.5 325.8 368.9 350.6 350.9 381.4 417.6 400.1 413.2 490.8 487.9 480.5

Per capita use Pounds 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.3 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.6

Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 3/ ---------- $/cwt ---------27.70 34.70 32.00 32.10 38.25 30.65 28.60 34.45 30.20 29.35 26.50 29.50 29.65 39.40 50.80 56.40 75.70 73.50 79.50 70.60 67.00 60.30 58.60 71.50 75.10 45.10 45.40 42.00 54.70 -55.91 64.21 54.13 51.17 58.66 45.30 41.03 48.35 41.26 38.77 33.73 36.16 35.11 45.61 57.48 62.49 82.19 78.31 83.32 73.18 68.46 60.30 57.23 68.63 70.58 41.20 40.18 36.03 45.76 --

-- = Not available. r = revised due to conversion of processed imports to a fresh basis. p = preliminary. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA (1979-81 and 1992-2001), California County Agricultural Commissioners Reports (1982-91 and 2002 to the present). 2/ Includes canned and fresh. Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. From 1978-89, exports were adjusted using Canadian import data from Statistics Canada. Canned imports were adjusted to a fresh-weight basis using a factor of 3.0. 3/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

84 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 68--U.S. eggplant, all uses: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Utilization Supply Year Production Imports Total Exports Domestic 1/ 2/ 2/ ----------------------------------- Million pounds -------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 p 2008 f 67.1 71.9 70.7 85.0 80.8 71.2 77.2 76.6 80.3 72.7 74.0 79.0 76.2 103.2 101.6 107.4 91.0 113.8 110.1 101.0 101.9 165.4 169.4 140.8 141.8 136.2 173.8 201.0 175.0 190.0 40.0 36.8 34.7 34.3 39.3 39.6 32.0 35.7 34.5 37.1 37.9 35.9 43.8 37.2 40.1 47.0 55.0 67.9 66.0 83.9 71.5 85.8 91.0 89.3 98.5 109.7 119.3 108.2 111.0 115.0 107.1 108.7 105.4 119.3 120.1 110.8 109.2 112.3 114.8 109.8 111.9 114.9 120.0 140.4 141.7 154.4 146.0 181.7 176.1 184.9 173.4 251.2 260.4 230.1 240.3 245.9 293.1 309.2 286.0 305.0 ---------14.2 13.2 15.0 15.7 19.7 19.0 18.4 20.0 20.2 22.0 19.7 22.6 23.3 22.9 22.9 23.4 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.5 22.0 107.1 108.7 105.4 119.3 120.1 110.8 109.2 112.3 114.8 95.6 98.7 99.9 104.3 120.7 122.7 136.0 126.0 161.5 154.1 165.2 150.8 227.9 237.5 207.2 216.9 224.8 271.9 287.9 264.5 283.0

Per capita use Pounds 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9

Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 3/ ---------- $/cwt ---------14.70 14.20 17.20 17.45 15.33 17.70 13.03 17.36 18.42 22.15 21.36 25.82 25.03 23.40 23.50 26.80 25.60 26.90 23.90 28.50 30.20 26.00 25.10 29.97 31.84 30.93 28.50 29.08 29.38 -29.67 26.28 29.09 27.82 23.51 26.16 18.69 24.36 25.17 29.26 27.19 31.65 29.64 27.09 26.59 29.69 27.79 28.66 25.05 29.54 30.86 26.00 24.51 28.77 29.92 28.26 25.23 24.95 24.58 --

-- = Not available. r = revised. p = preliminary. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA (1979-81 and 1992-2001). Production estimated by ERS for other years based on available State data. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. From 1978-89, exports were adjusted using Canadian import data from Statistics Canada 3/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100 Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

85 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 69--U.S. garlic, all uses: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Utilization Supply Seed Year Production Imports Total Exports use Domestic 1/ 2/ 2/ 3/ ---------------------------------------- Million pounds --------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 184.6 197.6 165.0 169.6 234.4 173.8 242.0 177.5 268.5 261.9 262.1 341.3 376.6 379.5 416.0 459.0 470.3 612.5 561.0 551.0 740.0 558.1 587.7 565.0 624.1 522.4 477.1 481.4 489.0 485.0 49.2 24.5 20.0 34.5 30.3 39.1 36.0 45.8 39.2 38.8 44.5 57.1 73.3 65.0 118.4 97.3 95.8 100.3 83.4 256.1 262.9 182.0 217.7 263.2 311.5 331.4 346.5 465.3 494.7 520.0 233.8 222.1 185.0 204.1 264.7 212.9 278.0 223.3 307.7 300.7 306.6 398.4 449.9 444.5 534.4 556.3 566.1 712.8 644.4 807.1 1,002.9 740.1 805.4 828.2 935.6 853.8 823.6 946.7 983.7 1,005.0 22.8 22.1 30.1 24.9 26.3 27.7 20.0 35.7 25.0 32.4 50.4 63.1 65.4 61.7 71.8 73.7 63.6 81.8 88.7 82.5 66.6 57.3 57.4 51.5 51.0 48.3 54.2 47.8 42.9 43.0 3.7 4.0 3.3 3.4 4.7 3.5 4.8 3.6 5.4 5.2 5.2 6.8 7.5 7.6 8.3 9.2 9.4 12.3 11.2 11.0 14.8 55.8 58.8 56.5 62.4 52.2 47.7 48.1 48.9 49.0 207.3 196.0 151.6 175.8 233.7 181.7 253.2 184.0 277.3 263.1 251.0 328.5 377.0 375.2 454.3 473.4 493.1 618.7 544.5 713.6 921.5 627.0 689.2 720.2 822.2 753.3 721.7 850.8 891.9 913.0

Per capita use Pounds 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.1 0.8 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.3 2.0 2.6 3.3 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.8 3.0 3.0

Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 4/ ---------- $/cwt ---------15.20 17.10 21.80 17.90 15.00 18.70 30.95 25.65 18.55 15.15 20.15 21.25 22.75 27.10 31.80 40.10 25.70 29.40 41.40 37.70 29.60 27.80 29.40 27.60 25.70 26.50 43.60 31.70 44.70 -30.68 31.64 36.87 28.54 23.00 27.64 44.40 36.00 25.34 20.01 25.65 26.04 26.94 31.37 35.98 44.43 27.90 31.33 43.39 39.08 30.24 27.80 28.71 26.49 24.15 24.21 38.59 27.20 37.40 --

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA (1970-81 and 1992-present). Between 1981 and 1991, production is from the California County Agricultural Commissioners' annual report. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. From 1978-89, exports were adjusted using Canadian import data from Statistics Canada. Includes dried garlic and garlic flour after 1977. Dried adjusted to fresh basis using the factor 2.7. 3/ Seed use estimated as 2 percent of California output until 2000 when seed-producing states were added to the NASS production estimate. 4/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

86 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 70--U.S. fresh-market snap beans: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Utilization Supply Per Year Production Imports Total Exports Domestic capita 1/ 2/ 2/ use ----------------------------------- Million pounds -------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f 292.8 304.4 292.6 297.3 288.2 310.7 298.1 299.1 295.7 296.2 293.8 273.8 300.0 393.2 410.2 417.7 444.1 396.4 380.5 485.6 558.0 588.1 619.3 596.5 569.5 576.9 554.1 636.5 646.5 630.0 24.4 25.4 19.9 16.2 23.6 25.7 25.4 32.8 27.0 30.6 30.8 30.0 30.2 23.4 25.3 23.3 37.7 39.8 46.0 42.8 43.8 49.5 54.4 59.3 56.7 58.6 60.5 62.5 70.1 65.0 317.2 329.8 312.5 313.5 311.8 336.4 323.5 331.9 322.7 326.8 324.6 303.8 330.2 416.6 435.5 441.0 481.8 436.2 426.5 528.4 601.8 637.6 673.7 655.8 626.2 635.5 614.6 699.0 716.6 695.0 23.1 30.4 23.4 21.2 21.6 19.3 23.2 30.1 27.7 35.6 29.3 36.5 40.1 44.8 41.2 35.7 45.8 44.7 58.1 75.4 72.5 68.3 55.8 52.7 51.0 82.0 78.2 62.0 56.5 65.0 294.1 299.4 289.1 292.3 290.2 317.1 300.3 301.8 295.0 291.2 295.3 267.3 290.1 371.8 394.3 405.3 436.0 391.5 368.4 453.0 529.4 569.3 617.9 603.1 575.2 553.5 536.4 637.0 660.1 630.0 Pounds 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.1

Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 3/ ---------- $/cwt ---------27.10 27.30 29.70 34.43 35.33 30.73 29.96 34.10 38.20 40.66 49.50 36.83 45.13 35.20 37.40 37.70 36.50 42.00 40.60 48.90 46.50 42.60 45.00 47.60 49.30 45.20 54.20 50.50 60.50 -54.69 50.52 50.24 54.89 54.18 45.42 42.98 47.86 52.19 53.72 63.01 45.14 53.44 40.75 42.32 41.77 39.63 44.75 42.55 50.69 47.51 42.60 43.95 45.69 46.34 31.30 47.97 43.32 50.62 --

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA except for 1982-91 which was estimated by ERS based on available State data. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. From 1978-89, exports were adjusted using Canadian import data from Statistics Canada. 3/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

87 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 71--U.S. fresh-market spinach: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Utilization Supply Year Production Imports Total Exports Domestic 1/ 2/ 2/ ----------------------------------- Million pounds -------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f 106.4 118.7 142.6 146.7 140.8 146.4 181.7 166.4 166.2 174.8 182.6 213.0 228.5 235.1 197.6 223.0 203.6 193.4 326.5 296.0 305.7 423.9 345.8 462.5 556.9 626.6 758.1 620.7 635.4 625.0 ----------6.7 2.8 2.3 2.1 2.7 1.6 3.3 4.1 5.7 5.6 3.6 7.2 15.4 13.2 20.3 21.6 27.6 20.0 19.1 22.0 106.4 118.7 142.6 146.7 140.8 146.4 181.7 166.4 166.2 174.8 189.3 215.8 230.8 237.2 200.3 224.6 206.9 197.5 332.2 301.6 309.3 431.1 361.2 475.7 577.2 648.2 785.7 640.7 654.5 647.0 16.6 17.5 21.4 19.0 20.6 21.1 21.0 25.7 24.6 28.8 30.6 26.7 27.0 27.4 27.2 26.3 28.0 28.2 30.0 33.9 37.9 42.9 55.1 63.3 61.9 55.5 47.4 37.8 39.3 41.0 89.8 101.2 121.2 127.7 120.2 125.3 160.7 140.7 141.6 146.0 158.7 189.1 203.8 209.8 173.1 198.3 178.9 169.3 302.2 267.7 271.4 388.2 306.1 412.4 515.3 592.7 738.3 602.9 615.2 606.0

Per capita use Pounds 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.1 1.4 1.8 2.0 2.5 2.0 2.0 2.0

Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 3/ ---------- $/cwt ---------23.90 24.80 27.40 25.90 35.60 22.00 27.60 28.30 26.80 21.50 34.20 28.20 31.00 23.40 30.30 29.40 32.20 29.30 31.30 35.90 32.10 31.80 32.40 34.20 37.20 22.00 22.70 29.90 32.20 -48.24 45.89 46.35 41.29 54.60 32.52 39.59 39.72 36.61 28.40 43.54 34.56 36.71 27.09 34.28 32.57 34.96 31.22 32.80 37.21 32.80 31.80 31.64 32.83 34.96 20.10 20.09 25.65 26.94 --

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA except for 1982-91, which was estimated by ERS based on available State data. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau except for exports for 1978-89 which are Canadian imports of U.S. spinach as reported by Statistics Canada. 3/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

88 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 72--U.S. fresh-market potatoes: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Utilization Supply Utilized production Imports Total Exports Domestic Year 1/ 2/ 2/ ----------------------------------- Million pounds -------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 p 2008 f 11,360.7 11,698.0 10,549.0 10,765.4 11,600.9 11,450.1 10,965.7 11,744.8 11,600.2 12,095.2 12,172.8 11,334.8 12,452.1 12,551.8 12,873.9 13,086.2 13,019.5 13,091.4 12,816.0 12,529.8 13,000.0 13,184.8 13,252.1 12,567.2 13,348.7 13,180.7 12,428.1 10,964.3 11,381.2 11,865.0 159.4 218.4 392.4 478.4 349.1 325.1 405.9 344.5 402.8 483.4 670.3 683.9 616.3 401.6 712.6 642.8 684.9 986.5 764.8 1,061.0 923.4 805.5 671.1 883.1 872.3 755.0 787.8 817.4 1,105.8 1,210.0 11,520.1 11,916.4 10,941.4 11,243.8 11,950.0 11,775.2 11,371.6 12,089.3 12,003.0 12,578.6 12,843.1 12,018.7 13,068.4 12,953.4 13,586.5 13,729.0 13,704.4 14,077.9 13,580.8 13,590.8 13,923.4 13,990.3 13,923.2 13,450.3 14,221.0 13,935.7 13,215.9 11,781.7 12,487.0 13,075.0 414.7 274.6 398.6 305.2 283.2 360.3 329.9 340.6 363.2 422.0 467.8 327.3 341.7 537.9 539.3 655.0 583.9 610.1 670.3 650.9 599.1 676.6 635.9 693.2 589.8 478.9 639.4 630.7 645.4 615.0 11,105.4 11,641.8 10,542.8 10,938.6 11,666.8 11,414.9 11,041.7 11,748.7 11,639.8 12,156.6 12,375.3 11,691.4 12,726.7 12,415.5 13,047.2 13,074.0 13,120.5 13,467.8 12,910.5 12,939.9 13,324.4 13,313.7 13,287.3 12,757.1 13,631.2 13,456.8 12,576.5 11,151.0 11,841.6 12,460.0

Per capita use Pounds 49.3 51.1 45.8 47.1 49.8 48.3 46.3 48.8 47.9 49.6 50.0 46.7 50.2 48.3 50.1 49.6 49.2 49.9 47.3 46.9 47.7 47.1 46.6 44.3 46.9 45.8 42.4 37.3 39.2 40.9

Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 3/ dollars 4/ ---------- $/cwt --------------7.54 4.16 6.39 5.08 8.24 10.80 8.01 5.65 6.76 7.96 6.87 8.87 5.05 6.65 6.94 6.94 5.27 10.79 9.59 7.32 6.76 10.36 10.27 9.53 ------11.14 5.97 8.97 6.94 10.89 13.75 9.82 6.69 7.83 9.01 7.61 9.63 5.38 6.97 7.19 7.09 5.27 10.54 9.20 6.88 6.18 9.17 8.81 7.97 --

-- = Not available. r = revised. p = prliminary. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Represents crop year utilization for the past season and the current season distributed on a calendar year basis using NASS potato marketing distributions. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. 3/ Source of season-average price data is NASS, USDA, and includes fresh-market potatoes only. 4/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

89 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 73--U.S. honeydew melons: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Utilization Supply Year Production 1/ 347.7 318.0 341.9 378.0 391.8 403.1 475.8 543.8 481.1 524.1 513.1 450.3 373.7 474.0 379.2 472.4 433.2 473.7 482.8 501.3 516.0 511.6 472.0 506.5 527.5 522.1 487.3 491.5 468.2 480.0 Imports 2/ 28.7 26.5 29.0 78.6 39.9 41.3 42.7 62.7 77.8 83.8 134.3 115.0 160.2 111.2 118.4 114.5 123.2 126.7 162.8 184.6 214.3 174.1 139.9 171.5 163.9 167.8 173.4 186.8 186.3 182.0 Total Exports 2/ 19.3 22.1 17.2 31.7 17.8 15.2 20.0 20.6 27.6 32.0 30.6 49.6 53.3 45.5 46.0 59.7 51.4 49.5 39.8 39.4 46.0 46.8 48.6 47.3 39.4 42.2 45.5 46.2 43.7 45.0 Domestic Per capita use Pounds 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.1 1.9 2.1 1.7 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0

Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 3/ ---------- $/cwt ---------10.90 13.50 15.40 14.10 13.20 13.90 12.20 12.70 14.40 14.40 12.10 18.00 18.40 13.50 18.20 16.40 20.60 17.00 18.90 21.60 21.10 19.20 21.10 18.10 18.80 17.60 18.80 18.00 17.60 -22.00 24.98 26.05 22.48 20.24 20.55 17.50 17.82 19.67 19.02 15.40 22.06 21.79 15.63 20.59 18.17 22.37 18.11 19.81 22.39 21.56 19.20 20.61 17.37 17.67 16.08 16.64 15.44 14.72 --

----------------------------------- Million pounds -------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 376.4 344.5 370.9 456.6 431.7 444.4 518.5 606.5 558.9 607.9 647.4 565.3 533.9 585.2 497.6 586.9 556.4 600.4 645.6 685.9 730.3 685.7 611.9 678.0 691.4 689.9 660.7 678.3 680.0 662.0 357.1 322.4 353.7 424.9 413.9 429.3 498.5 585.9 531.3 576.0 616.8 515.7 480.5 539.7 451.6 527.2 505.0 550.9 605.8 646.5 684.3 638.9 563.3 630.7 652.0 647.7 615.2 632.1 635.4 617.0

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. 2/ Source: Bureau of the Census, Dept. of Commerce. Honeydews do not have a separate HS code. From 1970-79, trade was estimated as 50 percent of the category called "other melons." From 1980-91, shipment data were used to estimate the distribution of the "other melon" category (ranged from 42 to 59 percent). Exports were not adjusted due to data limitations. 3/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

90 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 74--U.S. cantaloup: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Utilization Supply Year Production Imports Total Exports Domestic 1/ 2/ 2/ ----------------------------------- Million pounds -------------------------------1,242.1 1,224.2 1,334.6 1,682.4 1,453.7 1,651.6 1,874.3 2,056.2 2,027.3 1,691.6 2,171.4 1,856.7 1,664.0 1,811.1 1,898.7 1,795.7 1,896.2 2,157.2 2,084.0 2,144.0 2,223.0 2,177.4 2,261.3 2,244.3 2,210.7 2,187.6 2,112.0 2,045.1 2,119.4 2,100.0 194.6 169.9 138.0 182.5 166.1 246.7 246.0 319.9 300.8 327.0 476.2 530.3 602.5 481.9 458.1 523.9 613.1 740.8 921.6 938.6 1,108.1 1,119.2 1,070.1 1,108.6 1,079.2 910.8 952.0 964.7 1,012.3 1,035.0 1,436.7 1,394.1 1,472.6 1,864.9 1,619.8 1,898.3 2,120.3 2,376.1 2,328.1 2,018.6 2,647.6 2,387.0 2,266.5 2,293.0 2,356.8 2,319.6 2,509.3 2,898.0 3,005.6 3,082.6 3,331.1 3,296.6 3,331.4 3,352.9 3,289.9 3,098.4 3,064.0 3,009.8 3,131.7 3,135.0 59.6 62.7 65.5 83.7 87.8 86.5 100.4 105.8 107.1 93.2 84.1 78.8 75.7 115.9 116.2 112.7 118.1 126.8 134.4 144.0 153.9 155.5 146.0 156.1 147.3 160.7 162.2 146.4 157.8 160.0 1,377.1 1,331.4 1,407.2 1,781.2 1,532.0 1,811.8 2,020.0 2,270.3 2,221.0 1,925.4 2,563.5 2,308.1 2,190.8 2,177.1 2,240.7 2,206.9 2,391.3 2,771.2 2,871.2 2,938.6 3,177.2 3,141.1 3,185.4 3,196.8 3,142.6 2,937.7 2,901.8 2,863.4 2,973.9 2,975.0 Per capita use Pounds 6.1 5.8 6.1 7.7 6.5 7.7 8.5 9.4 9.1 7.9 10.4 9.2 8.6 8.5 8.6 8.4 9.0 10.3 10.5 10.6 11.4 11.1 11.2 11.1 10.8 10.0 9.8 9.6 9.9 9.8

Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 3/ dollars 4/ ---------- $/cwt ---------11.30 13.60 14.10 10.15 11.70 12.25 9.45 10.50 9.80 15.45 12.55 14.65 12.25 13.90 15.60 16.60 18.20 18.20 18.00 18.30 17.00 17.10 19.00 17.70 16.80 14.70 15.90 17.20 14.80 -22.81 25.17 23.85 16.18 17.94 18.11 13.56 14.74 13.39 20.41 15.98 17.96 14.51 16.09 17.65 18.39 19.76 19.39 18.87 18.97 17.37 17.10 18.55 16.99 15.79 13.43 14.07 14.76 12.38 --

1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Production data were estimated by ERS for 1982-91 based on available State data adjusted to the national level. Includes all uses. 2/ Source: Bureau of the Census, U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Exports for 1978-89 adjusted using Canadian import data. 3/ Source of season-average price data is NASS, USDA, except 1982-91, which was estimated by ERS using State data. 4/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

91 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 75--U.S. watermelon: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Utilization Supply Year Production 1/ 2,407.6 2,271.6 2,612.8 2,733.9 2,534.0 3,190.5 3,043.8 2,929.6 2,893.1 3,115.5 3,094.9 3,187.1 3,097.4 3,778.3 3,691.7 3,923.2 3,942.6 4,272.4 3,992.3 3,720.5 4,058.8 3,749.4 4,047.8 3,958.5 3,820.8 3,688.2 3,840.3 4,224.5 4,286.9 4,320.0 Imports 2/ 219.1 205.7 125.7 237.4 186.2 283.4 220.0 197.4 307.6 262.4 359.9 228.6 230.9 211.4 216.2 271.2 336.4 455.3 504.2 484.2 481.6 446.0 483.5 451.3 489.2 546.9 659.8 830.5 902.7 970.0 Total Exports 2/ 61.9 51.9 58.8 73.9 69.5 65.3 44.5 58.2 48.1 59.0 85.2 94.4 101.8 212.1 215.4 242.4 239.2 255.3 268.9 244.8 292.2 293.3 249.4 364.5 383.7 424.0 349.9 296.9 285.4 310.0 Domestic Per capita use Pounds 11.4 10.7 11.7 12.5 11.3 14.4 13.5 12.8 13.0 13.5 13.6 13.3 12.7 14.7 14.2 15.0 15.2 16.6 15.5 14.3 15.2 13.8 15.0 14.0 13.5 13.0 14.0 15.9 16.2 16.3

Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ 3/ dollars 4/ ---------- $/cwt ---------4.55 6.59 6.09 5.63 6.47 5.34 4.94 6.24 7.13 6.50 5.23 6.66 8.87 5.91 6.90 6.80 8.90 6.30 7.64 7.86 6.55 6.40 6.75 8.30 8.98 8.49 11.60 10.30 11.10 -9.18 12.19 10.30 8.98 9.92 7.89 7.09 8.76 9.74 8.59 6.66 8.16 10.50 6.84 7.81 7.53 9.66 6.71 8.01 8.15 6.69 6.40 6.59 7.97 8.44 7.76 10.27 8.84 9.29 --

----------------------------------- Million pounds -------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 2,626.7 2,477.3 2,738.5 2,971.3 2,720.2 3,473.9 3,263.8 3,127.0 3,200.7 3,377.9 3,454.8 3,415.7 3,328.3 3,989.7 3,907.9 4,194.4 4,279.0 4,727.7 4,496.5 4,204.7 4,540.4 4,195.4 4,531.3 4,409.8 4,310.0 4,235.1 4,500.1 5,055.0 5,189.6 5,290.0 2,564.8 2,425.4 2,679.7 2,897.4 2,650.7 3,408.6 3,219.3 3,068.8 3,152.6 3,318.9 3,369.6 3,321.3 3,226.5 3,777.6 3,692.5 3,952.0 4,039.8 4,472.4 4,227.6 3,959.9 4,248.2 3,902.1 4,281.9 4,045.4 3,926.4 3,811.1 4,150.2 4,758.1 4,904.2 4,980.0

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Production data were estimated by ERS for 1982-91 based on available State data adjusted to the national level. Includes all uses. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. 3/ Source of season-average price data is NASS, USDA, except 1982-91, which was estimated by ERS using State data. 4/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

92 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 76--U.S. asparagus for freezing: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f 48.1 19.7 19.4 19.1 18.7 18.4 30.8 25.5 29.5 28.2 22.6 24.5 16.8 20.1 24.3 20.9 17.3 17.5 21.0 13.5 11.0 13.8 11.2 7.8 7.6 11.2 6.8 8.2 8.0 7.6 Imports 2/ 1.7 2.5 0.8 0.8 2.3 1.0 1.1 1.9 0.4 0.9 0.4 1.8 2.3 3.6 5.4 3.5 4.4 5.2 4.1 5.5 7.6 9.3 8.3 10.2 16.5 14.2 12.8 19.0 19.1 20.0 Beginning stocks 9.9 22.0 15.3 10.7 17.0 12.2 10.9 17.3 21.9 23.4 22.1 25.9 22.1 18.6 15.0 28.3 18.8 18.6 16.0 13.3 11.8 23.2 21.8 20.5 13.4 14.1 17.8 17.3 11.9 10.4 Total Exports 2/ 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 3.8 4.2 2.0 3.2 1.7 1.9 2.9 1.8 2.7 2.1 0.8 1.9 Utilization Ending stocks Domestic 1/ 22.0 15.3 10.7 17.0 12.2 10.9 17.3 21.9 23.4 22.1 25.9 22.1 18.6 15.0 28.3 18.8 18.6 16.0 13.3 11.8 23.2 21.8 20.5 13.4 14.1 17.8 17.3 11.9 10.4 10.0 37.6 29.0 24.8 13.6 25.8 20.8 25.5 22.8 28.3 30.4 19.2 30.2 22.6 27.2 16.4 33.9 21.9 24.4 24.0 16.3 5.2 21.3 19.1 23.2 20.5 19.9 17.4 30.5 27.8 26.1 Per capita use Pounds 0.17 0.13 0.11 0.06 0.11 0.09 0.11 0.09 0.12 0.12 0.08 0.12 0.09 0.11 0.06 0.13 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.06 0.02 0.08 0.07 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.10 0.09 0.08 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 3/ ---------- $/ton ---------911.00 852.00 984.00 --993.00 909.00 933.00 904.00 1,060.00 1,020.00 978.00 973.00 994.00 1,050.00 1,070.00 1,280.00 1,190.00 1,260.00 1,230.00 1,230.00 1,230.00 895.00 1,040.00 1,200.00 1,240.00 960.00 1,140.00 1,260.00 -1,838.62 1,576.52 1,664.44 --1,467.74 1,303.92 1,309.47 1,235.04 1,400.38 1,298.44 1,198.68 1,152.24 1,150.66 1,188.04 1,185.48 1,389.70 1,267.95 1,320.56 1,274.98 1,256.79 1,230.00 874.03 998.21 1,127.85 1,132.90 849.62 978.01 1,054.16 --

---------------------------------------------- Million pounds -------------------------------------------59.7 44.3 35.5 30.6 38.0 31.7 42.7 44.7 51.7 52.5 45.2 52.2 41.2 42.2 44.7 52.7 40.5 41.3 41.1 32.3 30.4 46.3 41.3 38.5 37.5 39.5 37.4 44.5 39.0 38.0

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Data for 1982-83 estimated by ERS. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. All product-weight data in this table have been converted to a fresh-weight basis using a factor of 1.92. 3/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

93 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 77--U.S. broccoli for processing: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ Imports 2/ Beginning stocks Total Exports 2/ Utilization Ending stocks Domestic 1/ Per capita use Pounds 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.7 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.0 2.1 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.7 2.6 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 3/ ---------- $/ton ---------319.00 374.00 376.00 390.00 385.00 389.00 382.00 357.00 353.00 374.00 365.00 390.00 391.00 386.00 386.00 383.00 386.00 387.00 423.00 388.00 413.00 311.00 316.00 386.00 403.00 431.00 381.50 381.00 516.00 -643.82 692.04 636.01 621.75 590.43 574.98 547.96 501.05 482.27 494.09 464.64 478.00 463.03 446.84 436.75 424.33 419.08 412.35 443.33 402.19 422.00 311.00 308.60 370.49 378.77 393.77 337.63 326.86 431.71 --

---------------------------------------------- Million pounds -------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 304.6 295.8 300.5 340.4 274.4 354.2 347.3 308.7 291.1 277.0 276.9 245.2 182.2 184.6 137.4 156.2 197.2 126.5 113.6 112.3 117.3 81.3 93.5 78.0 158.9 175.4 177.2 50.2 90.1 105.0 20.6 30.1 39.2 42.4 44.6 87.0 102.6 155.8 259.1 236.9 325.8 322.6 355.8 501.0 442.9 417.1 519.4 531.6 498.0 463.7 530.3 489.3 496.7 529.6 542.0 629.0 632.1 591.7 699.5 680.0 94.5 103.3 99.2 84.1 107.2 70.8 92.7 79.4 140.6 152.7 74.7 141.0 150.3 117.4 190.8 180.0 145.1 182.0 160.9 149.4 151.3 209.3 143.6 152.3 155.7 102.6 124.3 130.8 99.1 80.5 419.7 429.2 438.8 466.9 426.2 512.0 542.7 543.9 690.7 666.6 677.4 708.8 688.3 803.0 771.1 753.3 861.7 840.1 772.5 725.4 798.9 779.9 733.8 759.9 856.6 907.0 933.6 772.7 888.7 865.5 ------------------------------103.3 99.2 84.1 107.2 70.8 92.7 79.4 140.6 152.7 74.7 141.0 150.3 117.4 190.8 180.0 145.1 182.0 160.9 149.4 151.3 209.3 143.6 152.3 155.7 102.6 124.3 130.8 99.1 80.5 80.0 316.3 330.1 354.7 359.7 355.4 419.2 463.3 403.3 538.0 591.9 536.4 558.5 570.9 612.2 591.1 608.2 679.7 679.2 623.1 574.1 589.6 636.3 581.5 604.2 754.0 782.7 802.8 673.6 808.2 785.5

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Mainly for freezing. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. All product weight data were converted to a fresh basis using a factor of 1.33. 3/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

94 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 78--U.S. cauliflower for processing: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ Imports 2/ Beginning stocks Total Exports 2/ Utilization Ending stocks Domestic 1/ Per capita use Pounds 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 3/ ---------- $/ton ---------201.00 230.00 242.00 252.00 252.00 266.00 264.00 270.00 274.00 280.00 297.00 388.00 483.00 433.00 441.00 470.00 451.00 477.00 480.00 533.00 410.00 443.00 441.00 488.00 500.00 478.00 474.85 237.00 540.00 -405.67 425.59 409.34 401.75 386.46 393.17 378.70 378.95 374.34 369.91 378.07 475.55 571.98 501.24 498.98 520.72 489.65 508.25 503.07 552.49 418.93 443.00 430.67 468.39 469.94 436.71 420.25 203.32 451.78 --

---------------------------------------------- Million pounds -------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 132.3 145.4 173.2 195.1 171.0 187.1 175.9 162.1 144.7 135.9 118.3 122.4 74.6 83.2 87.3 84.6 83.1 55.3 56.6 142.9 78.4 77.0 78.8 37.8 33.0 32.8 33.2 28.7 21.2 28.0 14.3 13.9 19.4 29.4 30.2 44.1 52.7 60.2 83.7 71.9 85.8 88.9 68.3 60.9 76.7 93.8 61.1 59.1 67.8 59.2 72.8 63.8 52.1 48.2 61.1 92.3 83.1 70.2 86.8 80.0 123.3 118.0 99.3 82.7 99.4 101.9 108.7 115.9 115.4 114.2 90.7 109.0 130.7 126.2 101.7 86.8 110.5 93.0 78.1 83.7 71.9 82.7 64.3 52.1 51.0 40.2 53.1 62.7 54.6 52.5 269.9 277.4 291.9 307.2 300.6 333.2 337.2 338.2 343.8 322.0 294.8 320.3 273.6 270.3 265.7 265.2 254.7 207.4 202.5 285.8 223.1 223.5 195.2 138.1 145.1 165.3 169.4 161.6 162.6 160.5 ------------------------------118.0 99.3 82.7 99.4 101.9 108.7 115.9 115.4 114.2 90.7 109.0 130.7 126.2 101.7 86.8 110.5 93.0 78.1 83.7 71.9 82.7 64.3 52.1 51.0 40.2 53.1 62.7 54.6 52.5 65.0 151.9 178.1 209.2 207.7 198.7 224.5 221.3 222.8 229.6 231.3 185.8 189.6 147.4 168.6 178.9 154.7 161.7 129.3 118.8 213.9 140.4 159.2 143.1 87.1 104.9 112.2 106.7 107.0 110.1 95.5

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Mainly for freezing. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. All product weight data were converted to a fresh basis using a factor of 1.43. 3/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

95 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 79--U.S. green peas for freezing: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ Imports 2/ Beginning stocks Total Exports 2/ Utilization Ending stocks Domestic 1/ 3/ Per capita use Pounds 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.9 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 4/ ---------- $/ton ---------218.00 202.00 206.00 240.00 212.00 244.00 252.00 244.00 238.00 226.00 238.00 256.00 260.00 242.00 239.00 253.00 256.00 268.00 272.00 273.00 261.00 217.00 249.00 236.00 242.00 247.00 259.00 236.00 247.00 -439.98 373.78 348.45 382.62 325.12 360.65 361.48 342.46 325.15 298.57 302.97 313.76 307.90 280.14 270.42 280.30 277.94 285.56 285.07 282.98 266.69 217.00 243.17 226.52 227.45 225.67 229.22 202.47 206.65 --

---------------------------------------------- Million pounds -------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f 489.5 365.8 367.7 461.4 409.7 492.6 564.5 397.3 426.8 372.8 515.2 583.3 541.4 539.1 424.8 548.2 583.4 437.0 552.1 580.9 550.3 614.4 470.4 424.3 517.2 518.0 466.1 502.0 554.9 540.0 9.6 9.5 10.8 17.8 21.2 24.3 19.3 19.1 22.0 40.8 62.8 42.1 36.6 31.9 37.5 38.4 31.9 36.1 41.0 34.5 49.1 42.9 42.6 44.2 68.4 60.9 52.4 58.8 61.8 58.0 248.5 305.9 246.9 196.5 269.3 249.6 275.6 343.3 272.4 273.8 181.8 253.0 307.5 297.2 332.6 284.9 283.9 306.7 227.1 239.3 302.9 301.0 322.4 244.9 186.6 197.1 251.1 233.2 251.1 253.6 747.6 681.2 625.5 675.7 700.3 766.5 859.5 759.7 721.1 687.4 759.9 878.4 885.5 868.2 794.9 871.5 899.2 779.8 820.2 854.7 902.3 958.3 835.4 713.4 772.2 776.0 769.6 794.0 867.8 851.6 17.6 28.6 36.4 21.7 21.5 22.0 17.4 28.9 30.1 38.5 17.8 17.1 18.7 24.5 26.0 25.3 39.2 36.7 28.8 28.9 32.7 34.7 26.3 36.0 35.9 30.1 30.6 33.4 26.9 30.0 305.9 246.9 196.5 269.3 249.6 275.6 343.3 272.4 273.8 181.8 253.0 307.5 297.2 332.6 284.9 283.9 306.7 227.1 239.3 302.9 301.0 322.4 244.9 186.6 197.1 251.1 233.2 251.1 253.6 247.0 424.2 405.7 394.6 384.6 429.2 468.9 498.7 458.4 417.2 467.1 489.1 553.7 569.6 511.1 484.0 562.3 553.3 516.0 552.1 522.9 568.6 601.2 564.2 490.8 539.2 494.8 505.8 509.5 587.3 574.6

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. 2/ Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. All product weight data were converted to a fresh-weight basis using a factor of 1.09. 3/ Excludes green pea stocks used in mixed pea/carrot products. 4/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

96 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 80--U.S. snap beans for freezing: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ Imports 2/ Beginning stocks Total Exports 2/ Utilization Ending stocks Domestic 1/ 3/ Per capita use Pounds 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.5 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.0 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 4/ ---------- $/ton ---------163.00 169.00 176.00 184.00 178.00 194.00 190.00 182.00 181.00 183.00 182.00 189.00 186.00 191.00 184.00 169.00 187.00 189.00 190.00 189.00 185.00 181.00 182.00 181.00 190.00 189.00 198.00 189.00 206.00 -328.97 312.71 297.70 293.34 272.98 286.75 272.55 255.44 247.28 241.76 231.68 231.65 220.26 221.10 208.19 187.24 203.03 201.38 199.13 195.91 189.03 181.00 177.74 173.73 178.58 172.68 175.23 162.14 172.35 --

---------------------------------------------- Million pounds -------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 334.8 321.2 369.0 387.6 356.9 403.2 425.6 378.6 410.1 375.3 545.6 537.0 456.2 383.1 445.6 557.6 457.5 496.4 514.6 521.4 500.6 485.2 508.0 518.0 448.3 523.8 477.9 491.7 539.9 490.0 ----------30.3 15.0 10.4 6.0 12.3 10.9 6.7 10.4 14.2 18.4 35.7 42.6 39.9 56.8 73.0 103.6 92.7 106.7 123.9 115.0 195.0 213.9 224.6 209.8 241.0 250.2 223.9 202.8 215.5 218.8 172.8 245.1 298.8 293.5 224.7 218.4 265.1 264.7 239.1 272.2 251.8 219.9 207.6 189.8 221.1 176.2 205.5 228.5 249.0 254.9 529.8 535.1 593.6 597.4 597.9 653.3 649.5 581.4 625.6 594.1 748.7 797.1 765.4 682.7 682.6 786.9 729.3 771.5 767.9 812.0 788.1 747.7 755.5 764.6 742.4 803.6 776.1 826.9 912.8 859.9 ----------5.8 12.8 11.1 11.8 12.1 12.0 20.6 18.1 17.7 22.2 19.1 22.5 28.1 36.6 25.3 27.7 15.2 18.0 18.3 18.0 213.9 224.6 209.8 241.0 250.2 223.9 202.8 215.5 218.8 172.8 245.1 298.8 293.5 224.7 218.4 265.1 264.7 239.1 272.2 251.8 219.9 207.6 189.8 221.1 176.2 205.5 228.5 249.0 254.9 231.0 315.9 310.5 383.9 356.4 347.7 429.4 446.7 365.9 406.8 421.3 497.8 485.5 460.8 446.1 452.1 509.8 444.0 514.3 478.0 538.0 549.1 517.6 537.6 506.9 540.9 570.4 532.4 559.9 639.6 610.9

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. 2/ Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. All product weight data were converted to a fresh-weight basis using a factor of 1.18. 3/ Dec. 31 stocks. 4/ Deflated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

97 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 81--U.S. sweet corn for freezing: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ Imports 2/ Beginning stocks Total Exports 2/ Utilization Ending stocks 1/ 3/ Domestic Per capita use Pounds 6.8 6.4 6.3 5.8 6.6 8.0 7.9 7.6 7.8 8.7 8.4 8.6 9.4 8.9 9.7 9.1 10.3 10.4 10.1 9.8 10.1 9.0 9.3 9.3 9.0 9.1 9.5 9.3 10.0 9.5 Season-average price Current dollars 1/ Constant 2000 dollars 4/

---------------------------------------------- Million pounds -------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f 1,664.8 1,538.8 1,663.9 2,253.8 1,801.5 1,939.4 2,221.3 2,167.0 2,456.6 2,184.0 2,522.6 2,887.6 2,921.0 2,818.8 2,520.8 3,222.4 3,234.2 3,145.4 3,390.2 3,189.5 3,101.2 2,916.1 3,259.9 3,279.4 3,419.5 3,019.8 3,150.2 3,293.0 3,243.9 3,270.0 ----------109.9 74.0 47.4 58.0 74.8 123.4 71.5 82.5 100.9 114.1 90.1 76.8 80.3 109.6 152.0 128.3 130.7 141.4 185.7 170.0 1,312.3 1,200.8 1,000.5 931.4 1,576.3 1,515.2 1,280.8 1,336.3 1,318.0 1,542.0 1,171.0 1,286.0 1,616.1 1,742.0 1,814.6 1,373.3 1,795.8 1,844.9 1,814.1 1,970.8 1,963.2 1,740.9 1,611.7 1,760.5 1,944.8 2,332.8 2,279.3 2,176.8 2,250.5 2,154.1 2,977.1 2,739.6 2,664.4 3,185.2 3,377.8 3,454.6 3,502.1 3,503.3 3,774.6 3,726.0 3,803.5 4,247.6 4,584.5 4,618.7 4,410.2 4,719.1 5,101.5 5,072.8 5,305.2 5,274.4 5,154.5 4,733.8 4,951.9 5,149.5 5,516.3 5,480.9 5,560.2 5,611.2 5,680.1 5,594.1 235.0 283.5 289.9 271.9 304.7 286.3 281.1 366.0 328.3 420.7 448.5 480.6 471.5 507.1 508.2 525.3 500.4 467.6 589.2 600.4 599.5 570.4 542.2 517.1 567.4 539.0 581.0 573.5 511.4 535.0 1,200.8 1,000.5 931.4 1,576.3 1,515.2 1,280.8 1,336.3 1,318.0 1,542.0 1,171.0 1,286.0 1,616.1 1,742.0 1,814.6 1,373.3 1,795.8 1,844.9 1,814.1 1,970.8 1,963.2 1,740.9 1,611.7 1,760.5 1,944.8 2,332.8 2,279.3 2,176.8 2,250.5 2,154.1 2,170.0 1,541.3 1,455.6 1,443.2 1,337.0 1,557.9 1,887.5 1,884.6 1,819.3 1,904.3 2,134.3 2,069.0 2,150.9 2,371.0 2,297.0 2,528.7 2,398.0 2,756.2 2,791.1 2,745.2 2,710.8 2,814.1 2,551.7 2,649.2 2,687.6 2,616.1 2,662.6 2,802.4 2,787.2 3,014.6 2,889.1

---------- $/ton ---------59.50 57.10 62.90 67.40 62.10 66.60 66.70 62.60 62.80 63.00 69.10 71.40 74.90 68.20 73.10 70.10 73.40 75.70 74.80 76.00 72.80 72.60 72.10 70.20 72.00 73.00 72.30 70.60 80.90 -120.09 105.66 106.40 107.45 95.24 98.44 95.68 87.86 85.80 83.23 87.96 87.51 88.70 78.95 82.71 77.67 79.69 80.66 78.40 78.78 74.39 72.60 70.41 67.38 67.67 66.69 63.99 60.57 67.68 --

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. All product weight data were converted to a fresh weight basis using a factor of 3.7. 3/ Dec. 31 stocks. 4/ Constant-dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

98 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 82--U.S. potatoes for freezing: Supply and utilization, farm weight, 1979-2008 1/ Supply Year Production 2/ Imports 3/ Beginning stocks Total Exports 3/ Ending stocks Domestic 4/ Utilization Per capita use Pounds 38.5 35.4 41.5 38.6 39.2 43.7 45.4 46.3 47.9 43.3 46.8 46.4 51.1 49.9 53.5 55.7 56.2 60.2 57.8 58.1 58.5 57.5 58.2 55.2 57.2 57.3 53.7 53.2 52.2 51.8

---------------------------------------------------------- Million pounds -----------------------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 2000 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 p 2008 f 8,874.0 8,088.1 9,664.1 9,330.3 9,400.5 10,767.2 11,259.7 11,195.2 11,968.2 11,302.4 11,957.4 12,300.7 13,412.8 13,335.9 14,481.7 15,510.6 15,980.3 16,989.0 16,436.7 16,347.1 16,548.1 16,276.0 16,365.7 14,992.2 15,305.2 15,280.5 15,017.6 15,046.8 15,600.0 15,535.0 32.9 21.8 30.0 44.3 53.1 99.5 138.2 147.1 187.8 203.8 208.4 276.4 341.1 391.3 581.0 619.3 710.1 908.6 1,394.5 1,742.1 1,965.3 2,306.3 2,594.5 2,899.4 3,303.4 3,696.6 3,287.8 3,437.7 3,407.0 3,475.0 1,554.9 1,624.4 1,459.8 1,377.4 1,534.6 1,545.9 1,784.6 2,024.6 1,788.1 1,765.1 1,977.4 1,834.7 1,951.5 1,940.0 1,926.3 2,012.8 2,193.2 2,247.5 2,196.8 2,327.1 2,302.6 2,330.8 2,379.3 2,479.5 2,262.4 2,240.7 2,149.6 2,102.2 1,909.6 2,001.9 10,461.8 9,734.3 11,153.9 10,752.0 10,988.2 12,412.6 13,182.4 13,366.9 13,944.1 13,271.3 14,143.2 14,411.8 15,705.4 15,667.2 16,989.0 18,142.7 18,883.6 20,145.1 20,028.0 20,416.3 20,816.0 20,913.1 21,339.5 20,371.1 20,871.0 21,217.8 20,455.0 20,586.7 20,916.6 21,011.9 133.5 168.7 192.8 219.4 242.7 280.9 291.7 393.1 492.0 618.2 726.6 843.2 819.6 927.7 1,055.5 1,276.1 1,668.4 1,715.1 1,918.9 2,075.6 2,149.9 2,294.8 2,266.3 2,203.2 1,981.2 2,231.7 2,426.7 2,776.4 3,133.2 3,225.0 1,624.4 1,459.8 1,377.4 1,534.6 1,545.9 1,784.6 2,024.6 1,788.1 1,765.1 1,977.4 1,834.7 1,951.5 1,940.0 1,926.3 2,012.8 2,193.2 2,247.5 2,196.8 2,327.1 2,302.6 2,330.8 2,379.3 2,479.5 2,262.4 2,240.7 2,149.6 2,102.2 1,909.6 2,001.9 1,995.0 8,665.5 8,062.6 9,540.3 8,968.8 9,182.0 10,325.9 10,829.1 11,137.2 11,620.1 10,611.5 11,581.9 11,617.1 12,945.8 12,813.3 13,920.7 14,673.4 14,967.7 16,233.2 15,782.0 16,038.1 16,335.3 16,239.0 16,593.7 15,905.5 16,649.1 16,836.5 15,926.1 15,900.7 15,781.5 15,791.9

-- = Not available. r = revised. p = preliminary. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Prices are not available. All product weight data were converted to a fresh-weight basis using a factor of 2.0. 2/ Frozen use as reported by the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. 3/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. 4/ From 1978 to 1988, shipments to U.S. territories were subtracted from total available for domestic use. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

99 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 83--U.S. spinach for freezing: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Utilization Year Ending Production Imports Beginning Total Exports stocks Domestic 1/ 2/ stocks 2/ 3/ ---------------------------------------------- Million pounds ---------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f 203.0 181.3 191.4 156.0 110.4 127.6 163.3 129.7 122.4 127.4 123.2 131.4 123.0 131.6 142.8 167.1 150.0 169.1 173.0 136.3 164.3 209.9 214.1 192.4 215.9 238.8 178.8 130.7 166.2 172.0 ------------------8.7 8.6 9.9 10.4 17.5 13.5 17.9 31.2 41.9 28.6 54.8 42.0 39.6 58.8 53.9 63.1 52.5 42.3 45.3 52.6 45.9 50.8 35.0 41.8 90.9 53.3 56.2 67.4 100.1 98.6 68.5 95.9 99.0 104.9 72.6 91.0 80.4 66.5 49.7 60.7 75.3 67.9 242.6 240.1 245.3 219.1 162.9 169.9 208.6 182.3 168.3 178.2 158.2 173.2 213.9 184.9 199.0 234.5 250.1 267.7 250.2 240.8 273.2 325.2 304.2 296.9 314.2 336.5 270.4 220.0 296.3 281.9 6.4 5.5 5.9 5.2 5.3 5.8 5.9 6.3 7.2 6.8 5.4 9.8 10.2 9.2 10.2 10.4 8.4 10.3 13.4 11.3 12.0 12.9 11.9 13.4 12.6 12.2 13.6 14.6 13.4 14.0 58.8 53.9 63.1 52.5 42.3 45.3 52.6 45.9 50.8 35.0 41.8 90.9 53.3 56.2 67.4 100.1 98.6 68.5 95.9 99.0 104.9 72.6 91.0 80.4 66.5 49.7 60.7 75.3 67.9 36.0 177.4 180.7 176.3 161.4 115.3 118.8 150.1 130.1 110.3 136.4 111.0 72.5 150.4 119.5 121.4 124.0 143.1 188.9 140.9 130.5 156.3 239.7 201.3 203.1 235.1 274.6 196.1 130.1 215.0 231.9

Per capita use Pounds 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.8

Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 4/ ---------- $/ton ---------86.71 93.61 83.56 ----------113.00 108.00 105.00 103.00 103.00 103.00 145.00 146.00 131.00 120.00 115.00 107.00 117.00 110.00 130.00 112.00 -175.00 173.22 141.34 ----------130.81 122.20 116.33 111.83 109.75 107.95 150.30 149.18 131.00 117.19 110.38 100.57 106.89 97.35 111.53 93.70 --

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA for 1977-81 and 1992 to the present; other years are ERS estimates. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. All product weight data were converted to a fresh-weight basis using a factor of 1.43. 3/ Source: NASS. Dec. 31 stocks on a fresh-weight basis. 4/ Deflated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

100 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 84--U.S. carrots for freezing: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 r 2002 r 2003 r 2004 r 2005 r 2006 r 2007 p 2008 f 478.8 347.9 491.1 540.0 386.8 465.2 463.3 492.1 536.2 536.3 653.1 598.4 578.8 675.6 733.8 751.1 762.2 724.3 744.5 706.3 772.9 751.2 597.0 529.7 593.4 570.8 605.5 505.4 455.0 522.0 Imports 2/ ----------7.3 8.3 5.3 13.3 11.2 10.8 5.3 5.3 14.9 11.3 10.8 18.0 16.9 18.9 17.4 29.6 24.3 24.9 20.0 22.0 Beginning stocks 297.9 320.9 250.6 273.6 386.3 339.3 298.0 329.1 379.9 390.2 333.3 379.5 408.7 370.6 462.4 475.0 493.5 559.9 512.9 547.6 467.1 559.1 537.6 502.7 441.5 460.1 469.9 508.1 445.2 491.7 Total Exports 2/ 32.5 34.1 34.4 22.0 12.1 15.0 10.1 11.0 15.2 32.9 2.8 7.2 9.3 4.5 7.3 9.6 12.7 12.2 22.6 36.3 11.5 19.2 11.5 3.6 3.1 6.2 4.2 3.0 15.2 10.0 Utilization Ending stocks Domestic 3/ 320.9 250.6 273.6 386.3 339.3 298.0 329.1 379.9 390.2 333.3 379.5 408.7 370.6 462.4 475.0 493.5 559.9 512.9 547.6 467.1 559.1 537.6 502.7 441.5 460.1 469.9 508.1 445.2 491.7 565.0 423.3 384.1 433.7 405.3 421.7 491.5 422.1 430.3 510.7 560.3 611.4 570.3 612.9 592.6 725.1 733.8 688.4 764.4 702.1 761.8 680.2 771.5 637.3 606.2 589.1 584.4 587.4 590.2 413.3 460.7 Per capita use Pounds 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.1 1.8 1.8 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.4 2.7 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.4 1.5 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 4/ ---------- $/ton ---------46.50 53.00 55.20 55.00 59.80 63.90 64.40 62.40 58.90 66.10 60.30 64.90 64.20 68.90 75.60 77.20 79.00 66.90 67.40 68.30 67.30 70.30 74.50 70.00 75.10 80.20 72.90 69.00 71.60 -93.85 98.07 93.37 87.68 91.71 94.45 92.38 87.58 80.47 87.33 76.76 79.54 76.03 79.76 85.54 85.53 85.77 71.28 70.64 70.80 68.77 70.30 72.75 67.19 70.58 73.27 64.52 59.20 59.90 --

---------------------------------------------- Million pounds ---------------------------------------------776.7 668.8 741.7 813.6 773.1 804.5 761.3 821.2 916.1 926.5 993.7 986.2 992.8 1,059.5 1,207.4 1,236.9 1,261.0 1,289.5 1,272.3 1,265.2 1,250.8 1,328.3 1,151.5 1,051.3 1,052.3 1,060.5 1,099.7 1,038.4 920.2 1,035.7

-- = Not available. r = revised. p = preliminary f = ERS forecast. 1/ Derived from pack data published by the American Frozen Food Institute through 2004. After 2004, AFFI ceased reporting frozen pack, so the share of processing carrots use for freezing was set at 61 percent, which was the average share packed based on AFFI data from 1994-2003. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. All product weight data were converted to a fresh-weight basis using a factor of 1.82. 3/ End of Dec. stocks (converted to fresh-weight basis) reported by National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. 4/ Deflated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

101 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 85--U.S. tomatoes for processing: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 14,659.0 12,421.2 11,432.3 14,598.0 14,059.7 15,362.3 14,354.3 14,796.9 15,215.4 14,819.8 18,968.9 20,710.5 21,746.0 17,554.9 19,353.3 23,079.4 22,570.0 22,814.6 19,946.5 18,804.0 25,672.0 21,716.5 18,497.4 23,341.6 19,639.4 24,532.8 20,386.2 21,223.6 25,319.8 24,000.0 Imports 2/ 3/ 308.3 205.6 534.8 1,405.9 1,239.8 1,274.1 1,055.9 1,118.9 883.3 892.3 1,499.1 1,069.5 761.7 450.0 555.7 858.5 703.6 482.8 706.0 931.1 1,339.6 591.4 1,106.9 1,516.7 1,152.8 1,282.7 1,307.6 1,697.8 1,740.9 1,655.0 Beginning stocks 4/ 9,782.8 9,746.4 7,442.1 5,315.3 7,002.9 7,706.6 7,869.6 7,971.8 8,295.2 8,262.0 8,536.2 11,350.4 13,503.3 15,489.1 13,088.2 11,575.8 13,562.2 14,944.7 16,338.4 14,513.6 11,331.8 16,261.6 16,531.9 15,029.7 17,453.6 15,003.1 17,114.4 14,006.2 14,591.7 18,070.0 Total Exports 2/ 3/ 389.0 333.3 341.0 290.8 262.5 226.8 192.6 207.3 230.6 326.3 489.0 789.0 975.3 1,571.5 1,700.5 1,856.5 2,015.9 2,202.9 2,671.5 2,476.2 2,202.8 2,231.3 2,410.4 2,458.3 2,935.6 2,989.8 2,971.0 3,042.2 2,871.3 3,155.0 Ending stocks 9,746.4 7,442.1 5,315.3 7,002.9 7,706.6 7,869.6 7,971.8 8,295.2 8,262.0 8,536.2 11,350.4 13,503.3 15,489.1 13,088.2 11,575.8 13,562.2 14,944.7 16,338.4 14,513.6 11,331.8 16,261.6 16,531.9 15,029.7 17,453.6 15,003.1 17,114.4 14,006.2 14,591.7 18,070.0 18,915.0 Domestic 5/ 14,470.9 14,486.3 13,641.4 13,959.3 14,279.8 16,192.3 15,078.2 15,309.3 15,831.2 15,017.6 17,164.8 18,838.1 19,546.6 18,834.3 19,720.9 20,095.0 19,875.2 19,700.8 19,805.8 20,440.7 19,879.0 19,806.3 18,696.1 19,976.1 20,307.1 20,714.4 21,831.0 19,293.7 20,711.1 21,655.0 Utilization Per capita use Pounds 64.3 63.6 59.3 60.1 60.9 68.5 63.2 63.6 65.2 61.3 69.4 75.3 77.1 73.3 75.8 76.3 74.6 73.1 72.6 74.0 71.2 70.1 65.5 69.3 69.8 70.6 73.7 64.5 68.6 71.0 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 6/ dollars 7/ ---------- $/ton ---------67.60 61.00 67.50 71.60 68.40 67.40 66.30 63.90 59.10 60.70 69.30 67.80 66.40 58.00 60.10 62.10 63.20 62.30 60.70 65.30 71.10 59.80 59.20 58.20 58.70 58.60 60.90 66.40 71.20 -136.43 112.87 114.18 114.15 104.90 99.62 95.10 89.68 80.74 80.19 88.22 83.10 78.63 67.14 68.00 68.80 68.62 66.38 63.62 67.69 72.65 59.80 57.81 55.86 55.17 53.54 53.90 56.96 59.57 --

--------------------------------------------------- Million pounds --------------------------------------------------24,750.1 22,373.2 19,409.2 21,319.2 22,302.4 24,343.0 23,279.8 23,887.6 24,393.9 23,974.1 29,004.2 33,130.4 36,011.0 33,494.0 32,997.2 35,513.7 36,835.8 38,242.1 36,990.9 34,248.7 38,343.4 38,569.5 36,136.2 39,888.0 38,245.8 40,818.6 38,808.2 36,927.6 41,652.4 43,725.0

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = ERS forecast. All data are on a calendar year basis. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. 2/ Source: Bureau of the Census, U.S. Dept. of Commerce. 3/ All product weight were converted to a fresh-weight basis using--Whole=1.553; Paste=5.432; Sauce=3.247; Juice=1.527; Catsup=2.457. 4/ Stocks estimated based on a weighted average Jan. 1 stocks to pack. Source: California League of Food Processors. Stocks for 1989-91 were estimated by ERS based on past relationship to production. After 1991, stocks based on estimates published by the California League of Food Processors. Dec. 1 stocks data for 1994 to the present were adjusted to Jan. 1 by removing an estimate of Dec. shipments. 5/ Excludes shipments to U.S. territories from 1978-88. 6/ Value per ton at the packinghouse door. 7/ Constant dollar prices were deflated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

102 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 86--U.S. sweet corn for canning: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ Imports 2/ 3/ Beginning stocks 4/ Total Exports 2/ 3/ Ending stocks 4/ Domestic Utilization Per capita use Pounds 12.7 13.0 12.1 11.6 11.6 10.2 11.9 12.1 10.6 10.4 9.5 11.0 11.1 11.9 11.1 10.1 10.4 10.4 9.2 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.7 7.8 8.3 8.2 8.6 8.4 6.9 6.8 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 5/ ---------- $/ton ---------47.10 51.80 63.20 57.10 58.30 61.90 61.00 56.20 56.70 58.90 65.20 68.00 68.00 61.60 71.90 67.50 77.50 81.10 74.80 70.80 69.50 74.10 73.90 65.60 68.60 71.20 64.50 62.40 82.80 -95.06 95.85 106.90 91.03 89.41 91.49 87.50 78.88 77.46 77.81 83.00 83.34 80.53 71.31 81.35 74.78 84.14 86.41 78.40 73.39 71.01 74.10 72.17 62.96 64.48 65.05 57.08 53.53 69.27 --

----------------------------------------------- Million pounds -----------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 3,263.0 2,777.3 3,092.4 3,227.1 2,652.6 3,164.9 3,058.7 2,951.9 3,276.7 2,656.8 3,376.1 3,353.6 3,871.2 3,684.4 2,921.6 4,239.7 3,414.1 3,447.2 3,294.5 3,321.6 3,493.6 3,403.9 3,035.1 2,856.0 3,112.6 2,916.5 3,199.4 2,878.1 2,550.9 2,700.0 -14.4 11.0 12.8 21.2 24.5 30.2 36.7 38.3 49.4 70.8 48.3 43.9 39.8 39.1 52.7 49.4 21.1 28.7 46.3 61.7 65.6 95.7 103.5 132.6 182.2 120.7 105.0 93.4 105.0 2,292.0 2,447.0 1,967.1 1,891.9 2,102.8 1,694.6 2,158.7 2,080.4 1,744.6 1,985.7 1,519.7 2,069.6 2,028.7 2,424.1 2,291.4 1,427.1 2,257.1 2,065.5 1,775.5 1,550.1 1,361.4 1,381.5 1,361.6 1,214.1 1,142.4 1,245.0 1,166.6 1,279.8 1,151.2 1,000.4 5,555.0 5,238.7 5,070.5 5,131.8 4,776.6 4,884.0 5,247.6 5,069.0 5,059.6 4,691.9 4,966.6 5,471.5 5,943.8 6,148.3 5,252.1 5,719.5 5,720.6 5,533.8 5,098.7 4,918.0 4,916.7 4,851.0 4,492.4 4,173.6 4,387.6 4,343.7 4,486.7 4,262.9 3,795.5 3,805.4 259.7 301.8 386.8 337.9 358.5 310.7 331.5 416.0 493.7 626.6 537.0 704.2 713.1 811.5 941.4 808.8 883.5 964.3 1,052.0 1,019.4 1,002.8 952.7 796.3 771.9 720.8 766.8 665.0 614.3 707.2 715.0 2,447.0 1,967.1 1,891.9 2,102.8 1,694.6 2,158.7 2,080.4 1,744.6 1,985.7 1,519.7 2,069.6 2,028.7 2,424.1 2,291.4 1,427.1 2,257.1 2,065.5 1,775.5 1,550.1 1,361.4 1,381.5 1,361.6 1,214.1 1,142.4 1,245.0 1,166.6 1,279.8 1,151.2 1,000.4 1,030.0 2,848.3 2,969.8 2,791.8 2,691.1 2,723.5 2,414.6 2,835.7 2,908.4 2,580.2 2,545.6 2,360.0 2,738.6 2,806.6 3,045.4 2,883.6 2,653.6 2,771.6 2,794.0 2,496.6 2,537.2 2,532.4 2,536.7 2,482.0 2,259.3 2,421.8 2,410.3 2,541.9 2,497.4 2,087.9 2,060.4

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. 3/ All product-weight data was converted to a fresh-weight basis using a factor of 2.463. 4/ Computed from data provided by the National Food Processors Association through 1989. Estimated by ERS after 1989. From 2000 forward, Dec 31 stocks were estimated by ERS as 40 percent of production. 5/ Constant dollar prices were calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

103 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 87--U.S. snap beans for canning: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Utilization Year Production Imports Beginning Total Exports Ending Domestic 1/ 2/ stocks 3/ 2/ stocks 3/ ----------------------------------------------- Million pounds -----------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f 1,203.5 1,087.3 975.3 900.1 817.9 929.1 978.4 840.2 961.6 801.3 1,193.8 1,038.0 1,079.4 908.7 857.8 1,076.1 953.5 1,073.4 943.9 940.6 1,056.2 1,181.7 868.2 1,069.4 1,006.9 1,147.9 1,160.6 1,080.0 995.6 930.0 1.6 1.4 1.1 0.9 1.6 3.6 11.7 10.3 3.5 4.3 5.6 5.2 4.2 5.2 12.9 19.3 16.5 17.1 23.6 31.7 34.2 29.2 32.1 27.3 32.1 35.4 34.3 34.4 22.6 35.0 641.7 765.8 803.6 698.7 607.7 465.6 518.5 601.9 511.7 553.9 420.7 653.0 764.9 804.5 685.9 518.6 607.4 632.9 681.6 651.3 581.1 640.7 709.0 520.9 641.7 604.2 688.8 696.4 648.1 597.4 1,846.8 1,854.5 1,780.0 1,599.7 1,427.2 1,398.3 1,508.6 1,452.4 1,476.8 1,359.5 1,620.1 1,696.2 1,848.5 1,718.4 1,556.6 1,614.0 1,577.4 1,723.4 1,649.1 1,623.6 1,671.5 1,851.6 1,609.3 1,617.6 1,680.7 1,787.5 1,883.7 1,810.8 1,666.3 1,562.4 15.2 13.8 15.0 17.9 11.1 11.3 10.8 12.3 10.2 11.8 10.4 8.0 17.8 10.1 7.5 6.7 4.4 4.6 5.0 6.8 7.0 9.3 9.7 8.1 6.6 3.3 2.5 3.5 7.6 5.0 765.8 803.6 698.7 607.7 465.6 518.5 601.9 511.7 553.9 420.7 653.0 764.9 804.5 685.9 518.6 607.4 632.9 681.6 651.3 581.1 640.7 709.0 520.9 641.7 604.2 688.8 696.4 648.1 597.4 560.0 1,065.8 1,037.1 1,066.3 974.1 950.5 868.5 895.9 928.4 912.7 927.0 956.7 923.3 1,026.2 1,022.4 1,030.5 999.9 940.1 1,037.2 992.8 1,035.7 1,023.8 1,133.3 1,078.7 967.8 1,069.9 1,095.4 1,184.8 1,159.2 1,061.3 997.4

Per capita use Pounds 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.2 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.7 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.9 3.6 3.8 3.7 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.7 3.7 4.0 3.9 3.5 3.3

Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 4/ ---------- $/ton ---------150.00 152.00 162.00 158.00 153.00 161.00 160.00 150.00 151.00 161.00 171.00 180.00 172.00 166.00 174.00 164.00 167.00 173.00 168.00 162.00 167.00 167.00 149.00 137.00 143.00 144.00 116.00 142.00 149.00 -302.74 281.26 274.02 251.89 234.64 237.97 229.51 210.53 206.30 212.70 217.68 220.62 203.69 192.16 196.87 181.70 181.31 184.33 176.07 167.92 170.64 167.00 145.51 131.49 134.40 131.56 102.66 121.82 124.66 --

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. All product weight data was converted to fresh-weight basis using a factor of 0.712. 3/ Computed from data provided by the National Food Processors Association through 1989 Estimated by ERS after 1989. From 2000 forward, Dec 31 stocks were estimated as 60 percent of production. 4/ Deflated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

104 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 88--U.S. green peas for canning: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ Imports 2/ Beginning stocks 3/ Total Exports 2/ Ending stocks 3/ Domestic Utilization Per capita use Pounds 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.9 2.1 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 4/ ---------- $/ton ---------205.00 214.00 226.00 215.00 220.00 230.00 228.00 210.00 211.00 244.00 237.00 240.00 261.00 235.00 269.00 255.00 285.00 302.00 310.00 296.00 295.00 291.00 288.00 278.00 261.00 255.00 276.00 254.00 270.00 -413.74 395.98 382.28 342.76 337.39 339.96 327.06 294.74 288.27 322.35 301.70 294.15 309.08 272.04 304.36 282.52 309.43 321.78 324.90 306.82 301.43 291.00 281.25 266.83 245.31 232.97 244.27 217.91 225.89 --

----------------------------------------------- Million pounds -----------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 737.2 602.7 542.4 531.2 441.8 498.1 591.1 432.5 452.3 253.5 494.1 473.0 440.8 599.7 277.3 429.0 401.8 398.3 407.9 386.9 372.9 446.7 311.6 275.4 418.2 277.1 300.2 317.7 317.0 300.0 10.8 8.5 8.3 7.8 11.9 22.8 18.8 14.9 17.4 32.4 38.6 19.9 22.6 18.0 17.3 20.1 15.7 11.9 17.6 21.7 26.2 26.8 28.1 30.0 28.0 32.5 29.9 35.4 33.6 33.0 281.6 440.9 434.8 353.3 311.5 203.7 238.5 356.7 278.1 256.4 111.3 210.5 211.4 180.3 245.3 113.4 175.5 164.3 162.9 166.8 158.2 152.5 178.7 124.6 110.2 167.3 110.8 120.1 127.1 123.0 1,029.6 1,052.1 985.5 892.3 765.2 724.6 848.4 804.1 747.8 542.3 644.0 703.4 674.8 798.0 539.9 562.5 593.0 574.5 588.4 575.4 557.3 626.0 518.4 430.0 556.4 476.9 440.9 473.2 477.7 456.0 3.9 5.7 5.0 4.6 3.8 3.1 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.2 4.9 4.6 10.9 12.6 12.7 8.3 12.4 11.7 18.9 17.8 9.9 11.8 6.2 4.5 6.6 4.9 13.1 13.2 7.5 11.0 440.9 434.8 353.3 311.5 203.7 238.5 356.7 278.1 256.4 111.3 210.5 211.4 180.3 245.3 113.4 175.5 164.3 162.9 166.8 158.2 152.5 178.7 124.6 110.2 167.3 110.8 120.1 127.1 126.8 120.0 584.8 611.6 627.2 576.2 557.7 483.0 489.4 523.4 488.8 428.8 428.6 487.4 483.6 540.1 413.8 378.7 416.3 399.9 402.7 399.4 394.9 435.5 387.6 315.3 382.5 361.2 307.7 332.9 343.4 325.0

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. All product-weight data was converted to a fresh (shelled) basis using a factor of 0.739. 3/ Computed from data provided by the National Food Processors Association through 1989. Estimated by ERS after 1989. From 2000 forward, Dec 31 stocks estimated as 40 percent of annual production. 4/ Deflated by the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

105 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 89--U.S. cucumbers for pickles: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 1,337.9 1,218.3 1,150.8 1,179.3 1,207.9 1,236.5 1,388.9 1,279.1 1,270.9 1,303.2 1,285.4 1,307.0 1,246.1 1,116.1 1,174.0 1,267.0 1,222.4 1,127.4 1,240.2 1,187.4 1,256.7 1,226.3 1,163.1 1,238.6 1,296.9 1,182.8 1,080.2 1,010.4 1,015.1 1,010.0 Imports 2/ 8.0 7.0 5.0 7.1 6.7 7.2 9.8 11.0 9.6 10.3 11.2 11.4 10.6 12.1 16.7 24.7 25.3 35.2 60.5 66.2 85.3 82.7 65.3 57.5 87.9 93.9 92.5 95.9 82.4 91.0 Beginning stocks 3/ 343.9 367.3 356.8 276.5 ---787.0 778.0 688.8 686.1 682.8 732.4 686.9 627.0 671.9 681.7 554.4 584.7 419.9 535.0 673.2 576.7 721.8 447.3 526.1 358.1 372.7 561.1 560.0 Total Exports 2/ 6.3 6.8 7.2 6.7 6.6 8.2 9.4 17.5 25.8 22.7 16.1 19.6 20.4 20.5 19.4 22.9 29.9 33.0 36.7 30.6 30.1 24.1 18.0 13.7 13.3 16.7 20.2 23.9 38.0 30.0 Ending stocks 367.3 356.8 276.5 270.4 ---778.0 688.8 686.1 682.8 732.4 686.9 627.0 671.9 681.7 554.4 584.7 419.9 535.0 673.2 576.7 721.8 447.3 526.1 358.1 372.7 561.1 560.6 430.0 Domestic Utilization Per capita use Pounds 5.8 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.8 5.3 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.1 4.5 4.3 4.8 5.0 4.1 5.2 4.0 4.2 4.9 3.7 5.4 4.4 4.9 3.8 3.0 3.5 3.9 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 4/ ---------- $/ton ---------145.00 166.00 175.00 --168.00 178.00 177.00 180.00 200.00 204.00 209.00 210.00 211.00 215.00 220.00 222.00 248.00 234.00 237.00 238.00 269.00 291.00 273.00 275.00 269.00 256.00 296.00 331.00 -292.65 307.16 296.01 --248.32 255.33 248.42 245.92 264.22 259.69 256.16 248.69 244.26 243.26 243.74 241.03 264.25 245.25 245.67 243.18 269.00 284.18 262.03 258.47 245.77 226.56 253.94 276.93 --

----------------------------------------------- Million pounds -----------------------------------------------1,689.8 1,592.6 1,512.6 1,462.9 1,214.6 1,243.7 1,398.7 2,077.1 2,058.5 2,002.3 1,982.7 2,001.2 1,989.1 1,815.1 1,817.7 1,963.6 1,929.4 1,717.0 1,885.4 1,673.5 1,877.0 1,982.2 1,805.1 2,017.9 1,832.1 1,802.8 1,530.8 1,479.0 1,658.6 1,661.0 1,316.2 1,229.0 1,228.9 1,185.8 1,208.0 1,235.5 1,389.3 1,281.6 1,343.9 1,293.5 1,283.8 1,249.2 1,281.8 1,167.6 1,126.4 1,259.0 1,345.1 1,099.3 1,428.8 1,107.9 1,173.7 1,381.4 1,065.3 1,556.9 1,292.7 1,428.0 1,137.9 894.0 1,060.0 1,201.0

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. (1970-81, 1984-90). ERS estimates 1982-83. 2/ Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. All product weight data were converted to a fresh weight basis using a factor of 0.744. Data are on a calendar year. Imports for 1970-76 were estimated as 15 percent of a misc. pickled vegetable category. 3/ Brine stocks on Oct. 1 from 1970-82 as reported by the Pickle Packers International, Inc. Stocks in tanks, barrels, & fresh pack on Dec. 1 as reported by USDA, NASS. All stocks converted to a fresh weight basis (factor=0.744). Stocks not available 1983-85. 4/ Deflated by the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

106 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 90--U.S. sweet potatoes, all uses: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Year Production 1/ Imports 2/ Beginning stocks 3/ Total Seed Feed, Exports use shrink & 2/ 4/ loss 5/ Utilization Ending stocks Domestic Per capita use Pounds 5.1 4.4 4.7 5.5 4.5 4.8 5.3 4.3 4.3 3.9 3.9 4.4 3.9 4.1 3.7 4.5 4.2 4.3 4.3 3.8 3.7 4.2 4.4 3.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.6 5.2 5.3 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 1/ dollars 6/ ----------- $/cwt ---------8.92 13.60 13.60 8.0 13.6 14.00 8.81 10.90 11.60 12.90 16.40 9.70 13.30 12.20 15.10 14.00 15.90 14.40 15.80 15.30 17.60 15.30 15.30 16.80 19.20 17.50 18.10 18.20 20.30 -18.00 25.17 23.00 12.80 20.86 20.69 12.64 15.30 15.85 17.04 20.88 11.89 15.75 14.12 17.09 15.51 17.26 15.34 16.56 15.86 17.98 15.30 14.94 16.12 18.05 15.99 16.02 15.61 16.98 --

-------------------------------------------------- Million pounds --------------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 1,337.0 1,095.3 1,279.9 1,483.3 1,208.3 1,290.2 1,457.3 1,236.8 1,161.1 1,094.5 1,135.8 1,259.4 1,120.3 1,200.5 1,102.7 1,338.0 1,282.1 1,321.6 1,332.7 1,236.5 1,222.1 1,378.0 1,451.5 1,279.9 1,589.1 1,611.2 1,573.0 1,624.8 1,845.2 1,880.0 13.1 2.5 7.9 10.3 16.7 17.4 21.6 17.0 18.3 18.4 20.1 19.1 17.2 17.4 16.0 17.8 22.0 21.3 17.2 17.8 17.7 15.3 13.7 14.7 11.1 11.4 13.0 15.5 17.4 17.5 131.2 147.9 69.2 91.5 112.9 87.4 60.0 89.4 136.2 97.1 82.1 -------------------1,481.3 1,245.7 1,357.0 1,585.1 1,337.9 1,395.0 1,538.9 1,343.2 1,315.6 1,210.0 1,238.0 1,278.5 1,137.5 1,217.9 1,118.7 1,355.8 1,304.1 1,342.9 1,349.9 1,254.3 1,239.8 1,393.3 1,465.2 1,294.6 1,600.2 1,622.6 1,586.0 1,640.3 1,862.6 1,897.5 19.4 17.4 19.8 13.6 14.7 16.7 18.2 19.4 17.1 14.7 13.9 14.7 16.1 19.3 23.0 22.0 26.0 27.2 29.6 37.6 40.7 39.1 47.7 52.0 59.3 91.0 71.5 86.1 88.4 92.0 92.5 92.4 110.8 98.9 104.7 105.0 103.9 100.2 98.8 95.3 96.7 100.5 85.3 91.6 88.1 91.2 92.4 93.5 92.5 99.5 103.9 104.4 102.3 101.7 102.9 96.6 101.1 106.8 110.2 106.0 81.2 67.8 60.6 107.6 80.2 71.3 72.9 61.8 58.1 54.7 56.8 63.0 56.0 60.0 55.1 66.9 64.1 66.1 66.6 61.8 61.1 68.9 72.6 51.2 79.5 80.6 78.7 81.2 92.3 94.0 147.9 69.2 91.5 112.9 87.4 60.0 89.4 136.2 97.1 82.1 100.0 -------------------1,140.3 998.9 1,074.3 1,252.1 1,050.9 1,142.0 1,254.5 1,025.6 1,044.6 963.2 970.7 1,100.4 980.2 1,047.0 952.5 1,175.6 1,121.6 1,156.1 1,161.2 1,055.4 1,034.1 1,180.9 1,242.6 1,089.7 1,358.5 1,354.4 1,334.7 1,366.2 1,571.7 1,605.5

-- = Not available. r = revised. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. 2/ Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. Calendar-year data. Excludes yams. 3/ Canned stocks estimates were discontinued in 1989. 4/ Seed use estimated by ERS as acres planted times estimated seeding rate per acre. 5/ Estimated by ERS as 5 percent of production. 6/ Deflated by the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100 Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

107 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 91--U.S. squash, all uses: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Utilization Year Production Imports Total Exports Domestic 1/ 2/ 2/ ----------------------------------- Million pounds ---------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f 391.3 438.7 453.8 466.2 484.1 487.2 515.2 541.7 546.0 612.4 661.9 693.2 737.6 762.5 756.0 785.7 713.9 663.0 714.7 754.0 781.1 881.2 779.1 879.2 768.5 775.6 833.4 922.4 788.8 817.0 93.8 86.9 80.9 104.2 114.8 133.2 122.1 126.2 153.1 141.6 194.1 193.1 202.8 227.3 242.9 262.7 298.7 345.8 349.7 408.6 378.4 386.2 435.4 465.0 531.4 545.8 580.3 591.4 565.7 575.0 485.1 525.6 534.6 570.4 598.9 620.4 637.3 667.9 699.1 754.0 856.1 886.3 940.4 989.8 998.9 1,048.4 1,012.6 1,008.8 1,064.4 1,162.6 1,159.5 1,267.4 1,214.5 1,344.2 1,299.9 1,321.4 1,413.7 1,513.8 1,354.5 1,392.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.3 4.7 4.8 6.0 7.0 6.6 7.1 6.9 6.8 7.0 7.5 8.1 8.6 8.3 8.4 8.0 8.0 8.8 6.5 7.7 485.1 525.6 534.6 570.4 598.9 620.4 637.3 667.9 699.1 754.0 853.8 881.6 935.6 983.8 991.9 1,041.8 1,005.5 1,001.9 1,057.6 1,155.7 1,152.0 1,259.3 1,206.0 1,335.9 1,291.5 1,313.4 1,405.7 1,505.0 1,348.0 1,384.3

Per capita use Pounds 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.9 4.2 4.1 4.5 4.2 4.6 4.4 4.5 4.7 5.0 4.5 4.5

Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 3/ dollars 4/ ---------- $/cwt ---------17.88 22.14 23.14 23.07 26.48 24.10 26.19 30.00 29.29 28.10 22.62 21.90 31.67 25.36 21.90 22.62 31.60 32.24 27.76 40.71 36.31 23.90 22.20 23.10 25.60 28.70 25.70 24.20 28.80 -36.09 40.97 39.15 36.78 40.60 35.61 37.57 42.11 40.01 37.12 28.79 26.85 37.50 29.35 24.78 25.06 34.30 34.35 29.10 42.20 37.10 23.90 21.68 22.17 24.06 26.22 22.74 20.76 24.10 --

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Calendar year. Includes both fresh and processing squash of all types. Source: ERS through 1999, USDA, NASS thereafter. 2/ Source: U.S. Dept. o Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. Includes chayote squash since 1989. Exports are estimated as 5 percent of misc vegetables (HS 0709905000). Impor codes = 0709902000, 0709901000. 4/ Through 1999, prices are the season average for Florida squash. The U.S. average price is used for all years after 1999. 3/ Constant dollar prices calculated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100. Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

108 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 92--U.S. onions for dehydrating: Supply, utilization, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 1/ Supply Year Production 2/ Imports 3/ 4/ Beginning stocks 5/ Total Exports 3/ 4/ Shrink and loss 6/ Utilization Ending stocks 5/ Domestic Per capita use Pounds 1.9 0.8 0.8 2.0 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.9 1.5 1.7 1.6 2.0 1.6 1.4 2.0 0.9 1.3 0.8 0.9 1.1 2.3 1.6 1.0 1.1 1.8 1.5 1.1 1.8 1.0 1.3 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 7/ dollars 8/ ----------- $/cwt -----------------------6.10 4.97 5.65 5.60 5.74 6.55 6.55 6.30 5.50 5.30 5.18 5.13 7.14 7.80 7.50 ---------------6.90 5.51 6.13 5.97 6.02 6.79 6.69 6.30 5.37 5.09 4.87 4.69 6.33 6.72 6.34 --

-------------------------------------------------- Million pounds ------------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 722.3 456.0 533.9 790.0 697.6 701.5 703.0 756.4 749.4 798.9 769.5 880.8 804.2 783.8 956.0 932.0 952.0 846.0 916.0 932.7 1,255.0 1,058.0 912.5 860.2 1,080.0 909.0 829.0 936.5 865.5 875.0 0.5 0.8 2.1 0.1 0.3 2.2 1.2 0.8 0.2 2.9 48.1 95.7 46.9 43.8 59.4 13.5 4.6 2.1 8.1 5.3 10.3 10.7 19.5 42.8 48.1 58.5 92.2 121.4 60.3 91.0 21.2 27.1 13.8 14.8 17.9 17.5 19.6 19.3 16.7 20.4 20.3 21.4 22.2 23.2 23.4 19.4 26.7 25.6 25.9 27.2 26.0 32.4 30.4 32.7 29.9 30.3 36.4 31.1 28.1 34.5 744.0 484.0 549.7 804.9 715.8 721.3 723.9 776.5 766.3 822.2 838.0 997.9 873.4 850.8 1,038.8 964.9 983.3 873.7 950.0 965.2 1,291.3 1,101.1 962.4 935.7 1,158.0 997.8 957.6 1,089.0 953.9 1,000.5 265.2 284.2 335.0 310.6 299.1 341.2 304.6 294.8 361.1 379.2 407.7 463.2 443.0 444.7 483.5 675.9 592.2 606.1 665.1 624.6 609.8 616.7 620.6 581.9 579.1 515.2 579.7 521.8 596.0 565.0 18.0 10.5 11.1 11.0 11.0 9.8 24.9 10.0 16.0 14.0 10.0 11.7 8.7 13.8 17.3 13.3 13.3 14.6 13.9 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 27.1 13.8 14.8 17.9 17.5 19.6 19.3 16.7 20.4 20.3 21.4 22.2 23.2 23.4 19.4 26.7 25.6 25.9 27.2 26.0 32.4 30.4 32.7 29.9 30.3 36.4 31.1 28.1 34.5 29.0 433.7 175.5 188.9 465.4 388.2 350.6 375.2 455.0 368.8 408.7 398.8 500.8 398.5 368.9 518.6 249.0 352.1 227.1 243.8 302.1 636.6 441.5 296.6 311.4 536.1 433.7 334.3 526.6 310.9 394.0

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Excludes onions for fresh, canning, and freezing. 2/ From 1979-92, estimated by ERS as 76 percent of California summer crop. After 1992, production for processing estimated by USDA/NASS. Price data also estimated by USDA/NASS starting in 1993 crop. 3/ Product-weight data was converted to fresh basis using factor of 9.0. 4/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau 5/ Stocks are for raw product to be processed and do not include finished inventory. Estimated by ERS as 80 percent o California summer onion stocks from 1970-80. Since 1980, estimated by ERS as 2.5 percent of U.S. Jan 1 onion inventory. 6/ Estimated by ERS as 50 percent of California's summer crop shrinkage and loss (assumes lower shrink in processing) 7/ Unit value of California onions destined for processing. 8/ Deflated by the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100 Source: Prepared and calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

109 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 93--Broccoli: U.S. monthly average retail price, marketing spread, and shipping-point price, 1995-2008 Marketing spread Shipping-point price 3/ Calendar Retail Portion Portion year value 1/ 2/ Actual of retail Actual 1/ of retail ------------ Cents/lb --------------Percent Cents/lb Percent 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f
f = Forecast. 1/ Prices are simple 12-month averages. 2/ Adjusted to allow 5 percent for waste and spoilage incurred during marketing. 3/ Average of monthly f.o.b. shipping-point prices as reported by USDA-NASS. Sources: Computed by ERS using data from U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics ( http://www.bls.gov/data/) and USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Vegetables Summary.

81.7 86.5 93.1 104.1 95.5 108.1 93.5 113.4 114.0 113.5 125.2 137.4 150.7 152.0

52.4 59.2 64.1 74.1 71.1 76.8 65.7 81.2 80.3 80.1 95.4 102.1 112.4 115.0

64.2 68.4 68.9 71.1 74.5 71.0 70.2 71.6 70.4 70.6 76.2 74.3 74.6 75.7

29.3 27.3 29.0 30.1 24.3 31.4 27.9 32.2 33.7 33.4 29.8 35.3 38.3 37.0

35.8 31.6 31.1 28.9 25.5 29.0 29.8 28.4 29.6 29.4 23.8 25.7 25.4 24.3

110 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 94--Lettuce, iceberg: U.S. monthly average retail price, marketing spread, and shipping-point price, 1979-2008 Marketing spread Shipping-point price 3/ Retail Portion Portion Year value 1/ 2/ Actual of retail Actual 1/ of retail ------------- Cents/lb --------------1979 4/ 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f -42.1 45.3 51.8 51.5 47.7 50.1 49.1 57.6 58.4 56.2 53.8 56.2 53.6 61.0 56.5 74.5 60.2 64.5 70.4 62.7 68.4 73.7 80.1 76.5 74.2 80.9 80.5 86.3 86.5 -33.3 34.3 39.7 39.1 37.0 38.5 37.9 40.6 45.7 44.4 41.9 44.8 41.1 45.4 40.9 53.3 45.6 45.9 54.9 48.9 51.0 54.9 57.8 55.5 59.2 65.3 63.4 64.4 68.5 Percent -79.1 75.8 76.7 75.9 77.6 76.8 77.1 70.5 78.2 78.9 78.0 79.7 76.6 74.4 72.5 71.5 75.6 71.2 78.0 78.0 74.5 74.5 72.2 72.5 79.8 80.7 78.7 74.6 79.2 Cents/lb 9.4 8.8 11.0 12.1 12.4 10.7 11.6 11.2 17.0 12.7 11.9 11.8 11.4 12.5 15.6 15.6 21.2 14.7 18.6 15.5 13.8 17.5 18.8 22.2 21.0 15.0 15.7 17.1 21.9 18.0 Percent -20.9 24.2 23.3 24.1 22.4 23.2 22.9 29.5 21.8 21.1 22.0 20.3 23.4 25.6 27.5 28.5 24.4 28.8 22.0 22.0 25.5 25.5 27.8 27.5 20.2 19.3 21.3 25.4 20.8

-- = Not available. f = forecast. 1/ Prices are simple 12-month averages. 2/ Adjusted to allow 7 percent for waste and spoilage incurred during marketing 3/ Average of monthly f.o.b. shipping-point prices as reported by USDA-NASS. 4/ Retail prices not reported in 1979. Sources: Computed by ERS using data from U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics ( http://www.bls.gov/data/) and USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Vegetables Summary.

111 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 95--Tomatoes, fresh field-grown: U.S. monthly average retail price, marketing spread, and shipping-point price, 1979-2008 Marketing spread Year 1979 4/ 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f Retail value 1/ 2/ Actual Portion of retail Percent -66.4 63.2 64.8 62.8 61.6 59.3 65.7 64.1 63.8 57.9 59.2 63.5 59.2 65.7 71.8 74.1 69.5 70.2 73.1 79.5 75.1 70.8 71.6 72.9 69.8 71.3 73.7 73.0 72.4 Shipping-point price 3/ Portion Actual 1/ of retail Cents/lb 23.0 20.4 25.5 23.4 26.5 27.9 28.5 25.4 26.6 27.2 34.6 39.7 33.1 40.2 33.5 27.6 26.9 33.3 34.7 35.7 25.3 30.9 34.7 33.9 36.8 43.7 41.5 41.0 40.1 43.0 Percent -33.6 36.8 35.2 37.2 38.4 40.7 34.3 35.9 36.2 42.1 40.8 36.5 40.8 34.3 28.2 25.9 30.5 29.8 26.9 20.5 24.9 29.2 28.4 27.1 30.2 28.7 26.3 27.0 27.6

------------ Cents/lb ----------------60.6 40.3 69.3 43.8 66.5 43.1 71.2 44.7 72.7 44.7 70.0 41.5 74.1 48.7 74.1 47.5 75.1 47.9 82.1 47.5 97.2 57.6 90.6 57.5 98.5 58.3 97.5 64.0 97.7 70.1 104.0 77.1 108.9 75.6 116.4 81.7 132.9 97.1 123.3 98.0 124.4 93.5 118.8 84.1 119.2 85.3 135.8 99.0 144.5 100.8 145.0 103.5 155.9 114.9 148.2 108.2 155.7 112.7

-- = Not available. f = forecast. 1/ Prices are simple 12-month averages. 2/ Adjusted to allow 10 percent for waste and spoilage incurred during marketing. 3/ Average of monthly f.o.b. shipping-point prices as reported by USDA-NASS. 4/ Retail prices not reported in 1979. Sources: Computed by ERS using data from U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics ( http://www.bls.gov/data/) and USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Vegetables Summary.

112 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 96--Potatoes, fresh: U.S. retail price, marketing spread, and grower-packer return, 1979-2008 Marketing spread Calendar Retail Portion year value 1/ 2/ Actual of retail ---------- Cents/lb ----------1979 4/ 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f -18.34 23.96 20.23 19.81 23.24 19.93 23.09 26.52 25.02 32.80 35.58 31.66 29.23 33.45 35.90 36.42 36.58 34.14 36.05 37.85 36.46 37.44 47.36 44.06 43.58 45.22 51.26 50.40 51.55 -13.5 17.0 15.1 14.8 15.1 14.5 17.8 20.4 20.4 25.5 28.0 25.8 24.2 26.0 28.5 28.7 29.0 28.6 29.5 30.2 30.0 29.6 35.1 36.0 36.6 36.6 40.4 40.5 41.3 Percent -73.7 71.0 74.8 74.9 65.1 72.8 77.2 76.9 81.3 77.9 78.6 81.6 82.9 77.6 79.4 78.9 79.4 83.8 82.0 79.9 82.3 79.1 74.0 81.8 83.9 81.0 78.9 80.3 80.1

Shipping-point price 3/ Portion Actual 1/ of retail Cents/lb 3.16 4.82 6.95 5.10 4.97 8.12 5.41 5.26 6.14 4.67 7.26 7.60 5.84 5.01 7.48 7.38 7.68 7.53 5.52 6.50 7.61 6.44 7.84 12.30 8.04 7.02 8.60 10.82 9.93 10.25 Percent -26.3 29.0 25.2 25.1 34.9 27.2 22.8 23.1 18.7 22.1 21.4 18.4 17.1 22.4 20.6 21.1 20.6 16.2 18.0 20.1 17.7 20.9 26.0 18.2 16.1 19.0 21.1 19.7 19.9

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Prices are simple 12-month averages. 2/ Adjusted to allow 4 percent for waste and spoilage incurred during marketing. 3/ Average of monthly f.o.b. shipping-point prices as reported by USDA-NASS. Includes fresh market only after 1983. From 1970-83, includes potatoes for all uses. 4/ Retail prices not reported in 1979. Sources: Computed by ERS using data from U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics ( http://www.bls.gov/data/) and USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Vegetables Summary.

113 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 97--Vegetables, selected: Fresh and processing per capita utilization, 1979-2008 Asparagus Broccoli Carrots Year Fresh Canning Freezing Fresh Freezing Fresh Canning Freezing 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 2008 f 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.2 1.4 1.7 2.0 2.0 2.5 2.6 3.0 3.1 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.0 3.4 3.3 4.4 4.3 4.5 5.0 5.0 6.2 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.6 6.2 6.0 6.1 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.7 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.0 2.1 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.7 2.6 5.9 6.2 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.7 6.5 6.5 8.3 7.1 8.1 8.3 7.7 8.3 10.8 12.7 11.2 12.4 14.1 9.5 9.3 9.2 9.4 8.4 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.7 9.0 8.6 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.8 1.3 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.7 1.1 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.8 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.1 1.8 1.8 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.4 2.7 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.4 1.5

Cauliflower Fresh Freezing 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.8 1.8 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.8 2.1 2.0 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3

Total Fresh Canning Freezing 8.5 9.0 9.5 10.3 10.3 11.4 11.4 12.3 14.1 13.7 14.8 14.5 13.3 14.1 16.8 19.7 17.7 19.2 21.6 16.8 18.1 17.8 17.2 16.2 16.9 17.1 17.1 17.7 17.9 17.6 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.4 1.4 2.1 1.6 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.5 1.5 2.0 1.4 1.6 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.0 4.2 4.0 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.9 4.7 4.5 5.3 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.4 5.7 5.2 5.6 4.8 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.5 4.5

--------------------------------------------------------------- Pounds, farm weight ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

f = ERS forecast.

Totals may not sum due to rounding.

Source: Calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

114 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 98--Vegetables, processing: Harvested acreage for canning and freezing, 1979-2007 Snap beans Sweet corn Green peas Year Canning Freezing Total Canning Freezing Total Canning Freezing 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 221,450 199,280 162,010 144,450 139,490 154,340 160,080 134,640 158,500 155,190 178,740 166,850 163,560 139,920 137,070 150,250 151,440 144,870 128,380 129,100 147,770 159,980 125,080 136,900 132,600 140,100 143,300 137,250 129,300 63,970 56,410 56,290 59,960 57,240 62,300 62,080 55,920 65,510 62,460 70,260 76,280 67,990 52,470 59,460 71,650 64,600 62,180 66,700 69,600 64,380 58,400 68,900 64,900 57,000 60,890 61,320 65,990 73,270 285,420 255,690 218,300 204,410 196,730 216,640 222,160 190,560 224,010 217,650 249,000 243,130 231,550 192,390 196,530 221,900 216,040 207,050 195,080 198,700 212,150 218,380 193,980 201,800 189,600 200,990 204,620 203,240 202,570 297,920 262,930 274,080 290,280 266,410 283,850 272,970 254,880 265,050 275,990 289,000 287,330 330,420 293,640 293,990 303,490 284,290 276,200 246,500 255,100 256,500 264,100 225,100 204,600 216,200 212,500 217,600 192,600 174,300 119,720 112,470 126,920 156,620 133,390 143,350 162,330 158,500 165,870 170,210 175,450 202,750 215,440 192,730 178,070 212,610 199,620 198,000 219,300 212,200 209,800 196,300 222,050 212,500 210,400 193,300 186,310 192,100 193,300 Spinach Freezing 417,640 375,400 401,000 446,900 399,800 427,200 435,300 413,380 430,920 446,200 464,450 490,080 545,860 486,370 472,060 516,100 483,910 474,200 465,800 467,300 466,300 460,400 447,150 417,100 426,600 405,800 403,910 384,700 367,600 236,940 203,500 174,010 151,250 158,260 171,620 182,440 144,180 158,040 147,250 155,150 155,710 159,690 161,740 95,370 129,240 132,420 119,600 111,400 113,350 110,200 123,300 86,800 93,100 99,600 80,300 91,900 83,700 78,600 155,380 118,160 119,080 152,580 150,540 158,850 171,180 128,240 132,260 136,650 161,350 185,390 173,110 171,080 133,230 160,170 171,580 130,200 159,800 160,550 161,440 153,940 124,840 119,100 132,500 126,600 122,900 116,300 128,800

Total 392,320 321,660 293,090 303,830 308,800 330,470 353,620 272,420 290,300 283,900 316,500 341,100 332,800 332,820 228,600 289,410 304,000 249,800 271,200 273,900 271,640 277,240 211,640 212,200 232,100 206,900 214,800 200,000 207,400 Cabbage 2/ Processing

Tomatoes Processing 312,030 263,030 253,920 295,300 292,020 291,870 265,500 252,330 257,400 274,920 320,850 354,700 355,980 273,910 307,470 340,060 344,380 339,140 283,390 299,960 350,410 289,600 274,860 312,200 293,920 300,620 281,940 299,400 313,600

Cucumbers Processing 131,680 116,410 97,530 --103,580 115,200 110,510 109,630 118,870 124,170 115,490 104,240 102,510 109,150 116,640 117,090 105,200 103,370 102,870 105,300 104,710 108,260 117,800 118,800 113,000 110,500 103,000 95,500 Selected total 1/

------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Acres ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Canning 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Lima beans Freezing Total

Canning

Total

Beets 2/ Carrots Canning Processing

------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Acres ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------26,070 39,300 65,370 8,060 12,720 20,780 17,440 -9,800 1,539,090 21,700 29,120 50,820 10,420 11,220 21,640 13,340 -9,140 1,332,190 20,010 29,670 49,680 8,340 11,530 19,870 9,990 -10,161 1,263,840 ---------1,250,440 ---------1,197,350 ---------1,369,760 ---------1,391,780 ---------1,239,200 ---------1,312,260 ---------1,341,540 ---------1,474,970 ---------1,544,500 ---------1,570,430 8,320 22,970 31,290 5,930 8,400 14,330 7,480 -5,220 1,388,000 7,200 29,900 37,100 7,450 7,900 15,350 8,430 25,180 5,320 1,313,810 9,500 37,800 47,300 7,920 8,900 16,820 9,890 24,040 6,290 1,484,110 9,200 43,100 52,300 7,810 8,400 16,210 10,550 28,300 7,620 1,465,420 9,350 41,450 50,800 7,110 8,500 15,610 10,210 25,720 7,290 1,375,390 12,400 42,030 54,430 5,330 8,990 14,320 7,500 22,360 5,490 1,318,840 10,470 40,170 50,640 5,650 7,050 12,700 6,610 23,780 7,050 1,342,730 8,510 46,470 54,980 4,950 10,480 15,430 7,300 23,060 6,180 1,405,800 7,200 6,900 6,700 4,200 3,500 4,200 4,000 3,200 42,550 44,300 44,700 41,600 28,100 24,620 39,050 36,130 49,750 51,200 51,400 45,800 31,600 28,820 43,050 39,330 3,620 2,060 1,620 1,300 900 1,100 600 700 11,100 11,880 9,800 12,800 11,500 8,500 8,800 10,700 14,720 13,940 11,420 14,100 12,400 9,600 9,400 11,400 7,470 6,650 2,300 2,200 3,900 2,100 2,100 -20,150 18,680 15,600 15,950 15,760 16,170 13,760 13,430 7,510 6,950 --2,000 2,100 3,000 -1,350,330 1,235,890 1,261,100 1,261,020 1,227,310 1,215,770 1,190,340 1,186,670

-- = Not available. 1/ Does not include cucumbers for 1982 and 1983. Includes only the five commodities for which there were data during the 1980s. 2/ New York only after 2001 Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Vegetables Summary, except beets and cabbage from New York Agricultural Statistics Service after 2001.

115 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 99--Vegetables, processing: Production for canning and freezing, 1979-2007 Snap beans Sweet corn Green peas Tomatoes Cucumbers Year Canning Freezing Total Canning Freezing Total Canning Freezing Total Processing Processing ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Short tons ---------------------------------------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 601,730 543,640 487,660 450,050 408,950 464,530 489,210 420,100 480,800 400,630 596,890 518,990 539,720 454,340 438,800 538,050 476,770 536,700 471,930 470,280 528,120 590,870 434,120 534,710 503,470 573,960 580,310 540,110 497,800 167,400 160,590 184,510 193,810 178,460 201,580 213,280 189,300 205,030 187,650 272,810 268,480 228,100 191,560 222,800 278,780 228,770 248,220 257,320 260,710 250,310 242,620 254,020 259,000 224,170 261,920 238,940 245,840 269,970 769,130 704,230 672,170 643,860 587,410 666,110 702,490 609,400 685,830 588,280 869,700 787,470 767,820 645,900 661,600 816,830 705,540 784,920 729,250 730,990 778,430 833,490 688,140 793,710 727,640 835,880 819,250 785,950 767,770 1,631,520 1,388,610 1,546,200 1,613,540 1,326,320 1,582,470 1,529,340 1,475,940 1,638,330 1,328,400 1,688,060 1,676,800 1,935,580 1,842,190 1,460,780 2,119,840 1,707,050 1,723,620 1,647,250 1,660,810 1,746,780 1,701,970 1,517,570 1,428,000 1,556,310 1,458,270 1,599,700 1,439,030 1,275,460 832,420 769,400 831,970 1,126,910 900,740 969,700 1,110,660 1,083,500 1,228,300 1,092,000 1,261,280 1,443,810 1,460,500 1,409,380 1,260,410 1,611,200 1,617,100 1,572,710 1,695,080 1,594,750 1,550,610 1,458,050 1,629,960 1,639,690 1,709,740 1,509,910 1,575,100 1,646,520 1,621,970 2,463,940 2,158,010 2,378,170 2,740,450 2,227,060 2,552,170 2,640,000 2,559,440 2,866,630 2,420,400 2,949,340 3,120,610 3,396,080 3,251,570 2,721,190 3,731,040 3,324,150 3,296,330 3,342,330 3,255,560 3,297,390 3,160,020 3,147,530 3,067,690 3,266,050 2,968,180 3,174,800 3,085,550 2,897,430 368,590 301,330 270,820 265,610 220,900 249,040 295,550 216,230 226,140 126,740 247,040 236,500 220,400 299,840 138,670 214,500 200,910 199,164 203,950 193,450 186,430 223,360 155,800 137,700 209,090 138,550 150,090 158,830 158,480 244,760 182,910 184,230 230,680 204,840 246,300 282,260 198,650 213,390 186,400 257,620 291,650 270,710 269,560 212,410 274,080 291,680 218,508 276,050 290,450 275,160 307,190 235,180 212,160 258,580 259,020 233,030 251,020 277,450 613,350 484,240 455,050 496,290 425,740 495,340 577,810 414,880 439,530 313,140 504,660 528,150 491,110 569,400 351,080 488,580 492,590 417,672 480,000 483,900 461,590 530,550 390,980 349,860 467,670 397,570 383,120 409,850 435,930 7,329,510 6,210,590 5,716,130 7,298,990 7,029,840 7,681,160 7,177,130 7,398,470 7,607,690 7,409,920 9,484,470 10,355,260 10,872,990 8,777,430 9,676,667 11,539,710 11,285,007 11,407,301 9,973,259 9,402,010 12,836,020 10,858,240 9,248,720 11,670,820 9,819,710 12,266,410 10,193,120 10,611,820 12,659,890 Lima beans Processing 668,970 609,170 575,380 --618,240 694,430 639,550 635,450 651,580 642,690 653,480 623,030 558,070 586,980 633,518 611,180 563,689 620,100 593,720 628,360 613,160 581,540 619,310 648,430 591,380 540,080 505,190 507,560 Selected total 1/

Spinach Canning Freezing 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Total

Asparagus Broccoli Cauliflower Processing Processing Processing

Beets 2/ Carrots Cabbage 2/ Canning Processing Processing

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Short tons ---------------------------------------------------------------------------52,920 101,480 154,400 63,500 152,300 74,530 249,720 462,200 237,820 89,170 12,597,430 74,080 90,640 164,720 44,410 147,900 72,720 205,370 359,170 209,020 61,270 10,790,440 57,110 95,720 152,830 44,640 150,240 86,590 155,700 365,960 246,090 65,010 10,444,330 ---44,000 170,220 97,530 -419,830 --11,911,170 ---43,300 137,220 85,510 -393,570 --10,929,650 ---42,690 177,090 93,560 -399,520 --12,725,880 ---49,210 173,660 87,940 -371,370 --12,474,040 ---42,080 154,350 81,060 -373,970 --12,273,200 ---47,880 145,540 72,330 -391,220 --12,892,100 ---47,030 138,480 67,940 -349,390 --11,986,160 ---50,140 138,450 59,130 -458,710 --15,157,290 ---50,600 122,600 61,180 -441,610 --16,120,960 ---43,820 91,100 37,300 -430,020 --16,753,270 44,920 65,800 110,720 48,720 92,290 41,600 117,720 554,700 165,520 39,990 14,539,680 57,870 71,380 129,250 47,540 68,710 43,660 108,210 498,150 134,520 47,150 14,655,577 64,340 83,570 147,910 44,300 78,110 42,290 149,620 559,940 184,960 64,430 17,934,318 60,000 75,020 135,020 46,180 98,590 41,550 150,000 594,300 173,870 71,520 17,199,087 59,300 84,550 143,850 43,780 63,250 27,640 125,870 590,460 141,920 75,050 17,195,042 41,180 86,510 127,690 38,920 56,810 28,300 122,000 569,450 183,670 80,070 15,838,419 42,060 68,130 110,190 35,720 56,148 71,450 103,530 549,280 172,550 74,500 15,178,778 40,800 82,140 122,940 36,070 58,656 39,186 117,200 575,640 177,880 67,580 18,711,342 31,700 104,950 136,650 38,400 40,670 38,480 113,160 518,880 208,270 58,890 16,631,890 20,050 107,050 127,100 35,290 46,750 39,410 111,180 452,240 174,360 67,160 14,630,600 9,990 96,180 106,170 30,050 39,000 18,910 28,060 401,250 -65,540 16,990,600 12,200 107,930 120,130 32,450 79,454 16,500 33,440 449,570 -60,180 15,507,474 10,800 119,420 130,220 26,900 87,680 16,420 39,390 432,400 80,000 45,180 17,622,820 8,850 89,390 98,240 19,500 --35,290 458,710 75,920 42,440 15,588,580 4,200 65,360 69,560 12,100 25,110 14,350 25,100 382,850 72,250 56,330 15,832,770 14,700 83,100 97,800 9,900 45,040 10,600 -345,150 -53,100 17,679,270
2/ New York only after 2001

-- = Not available. 1/ Does not include cucumbers for 1982 and 1983. Includes only the nine commodities for which there were data during the 1980s.

Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Vegetables Summary,except beets and cabbage from New York Agricultural Statistics Service after 2001.

116 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 100--Vegetables, processing: Value of production for canning and freezing, 1979-2007 1/ Snap beans Sweet corn Green peas Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Tomatoes

Cucumbers

Canning Freezing Total Canning Freezing Total Canning Freezing Total Processing Processing ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- $1,000 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90,509 82,820 78,835 70,910 62,553 74,771 78,378 62,903 72,505 64,377 101,798 93,425 92,944 75,518 76,599 88,277 79,601 92,858 79,264 76,013 88,296 98,489 64,756 73,271 71,941 82,392 67,360 76,794 74,060 27,360 27,214 32,559 35,700 31,699 39,164 40,421 34,359 37,104 34,253 49,560 50,824 42,325 36,513 41,091 47,092 42,778 46,897 48,768 49,360 46,205 44,013 46,358 46,919 42,579 49,473 47,288 46,424 55,577 Spinach Canning Freezing Total 13,287 15,139 13,144 ----------13,037 14,267 14,400 13,474 14,465 13,347 14,144 16,298 16,579 14,698 12,150 12,824 15,088 10,667 8,809 10,123 117,869 110,034 111,394 106,610 94,252 113,935 118,799 97,262 109,609 98,630 151,358 144,249 135,269 112,031 117,690 135,369 122,379 139,755 128,032 125,373 134,501 142,502 111,114 120,190 114,520 131,865 114,648 123,218 129,637 76,921 71,883 97,693 92,204 77,294 97,978 93,269 82,998 92,852 78,253 110,119 113,976 131,683 113,504 105,005 143,189 132,381 139,708 123,467 117,539 121,488 126,121 112,150 93,644 106,697 103,832 103,227 89,793 105,649 Asparagus 49,518 43,941 52,355 75,961 55,939 64,552 74,028 67,823 77,132 68,805 87,148 103,064 109,429 96,079 92,107 112,898 118,775 119,132 126,862 121,209 112,930 105,900 117,528 115,059 123,091 110,161 113,884 116,172 131,259 Broccoli 126,439 115,824 150,048 168,165 133,233 162,530 167,297 150,821 169,984 147,058 197,267 217,040 241,112 209,583 197,112 256,087 251,156 258,840 250,329 238,748 234,418 232,021 229,678 208,703 229,788 213,993 217,111 205,965 236,908 Cauliflower 75,710 64,527 61,138 57,147 48,694 57,221 67,312 45,322 47,702 30,950 58,646 56,849 57,572 70,594 37,287 54,687 57,177 60,242 63,282 57,184 55,048 65,034 44,833 38,332 54,632 35,290 41,390 40,370 42,833 Beets 2/ 53,380 36,865 37,918 55,394 43,495 60,045 71,177 48,459 50,874 42,216 61,317 74,645 70,499 65,360 50,717 69,451 74,585 58,668 75,200 79,400 71,877 66,783 58,480 50,107 62,455 63,990 60,345 59,276 68,637 Carrots 129,090 101,392 99,056 112,541 92,189 117,266 138,489 93,781 98,576 73,166 119,963 131,494 128,071 135,954 88,004 124,138 131,762 118,910 138,482 136,584 126,925 131,817 103,313 88,439 117,087 99,280 101,735 99,646 111,470 Cabbage 2/ 495,476 378,853 385,632 522,422 480,926 517,488 475,709 472,927 449,503 449,797 657,284 702,367 722,114 509,413 581,901 716,469 713,479 711,043 604,905 613,954 912,988 649,066 547,473 679,823 576,441 719,285 620,987 704,669 901,761 Lima beans Processing 32,831 25,137 28,600 ----------16,823 19,365 28,570 31,881 34,139 36,648 33,602 31,607 25,442 30,854 28,176 26,615 19,612 17,854 22,444 22,450 97,186 101,264 100,629 --103,823 123,639 113,400 114,374 130,194 131,082 136,313 130,847 117,585 126,255 139,044 135,933 139,985 145,371 140,553 149,839 164,956 168,958 169,006 178,328 158,793 138,391 149,340 167,831 Selected total 1/ 1,107,976 935,007 986,806 1,023,891 898,485 1,173,980 1,183,477 1,067,471 1,080,838 1,040,478 1,400,644 1,481,586 1,480,571 1,222,576 1,242,224 1,510,609 1,511,457 1,498,877 1,390,699 1,395,349 1,680,111 1,431,797 1,262,968 1,351,806 1,327,999 1,435,145 1,246,755 1,336,097 1,613,730

Processing Processing Processing 57,152 36,583 42,408 --39,601 46,149 39,028 44,602 47,721 47,862 49,961 41,865 46,201 47,872 46,468 52,999 53,143 47,571 42,748 42,451 45,282 36,579 33,267 37,815 31,592 20,448 13,874 12,432 48,267 55,286 56,487 66,449 52,824 68,916 66,292 55,074 51,307 51,809 50,578 47,783 35,654 35,604 26,510 29,912 38,018 24,501 24,036 21,769 24,205 12,648 14,773 15,054 32,020 37,790 -9,567 23,241 14,984 16,719 20,949 24,616 21,525 24,900 23,178 21,843 19,827 18,991 17,571 23,736 18,013 18,003 19,231 19,882 18,758 13,174 13,577 38,083 16,066 17,047 17,395 9,228 8,250 7,849 -3,401 5,724

Canning Processing Processing 10,536 9,685 7,348 ----------5,879 6,641 8,133 8,814 8,092 8,153 6,361 6,976 6,925 7,317 2,006 2,204 2,824 2,964 2,108 -21,513 19,052 20,203 23,088 23,536 25,521 23,925 23,335 23,056 23,112 27,679 28,643 27,626 38,202 37,649 43,240 46,973 39,526 38,396 37,537 38,718 36,458 33,685 28,096 33,750 34,698 33,435 26,417 24,726 7,525 7,121 9,045 ----------6,130 6,270 7,385 7,549 6,029 8,299 7,720 7,781 9,862 8,499 --4,040 3,857 3,981 --

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- $1,000 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 4,488 6,654 5,146 ----------5,557 6,548 5,616 5,767 5,776 4,419 4,266 4,265 2,875 1,819 1,093 1,243 1,134 831 336 781 8,799 8,485 7,998 ----------7,480 7,719 8,784 7,707 8,689 8,928 9,878 12,033 13,704 12,879 11,057 11,581 13,954 9,836 8,473 9,342

-- = Not available. 1/ Does not include cucumbers and asparagus for 1982 and 1983. Includes only the nine commodities for which there were data in the 1980s. after 2001.

2/ New York only

Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Vegetables Summary, except beets and cabbage from New York Agricultural Statistics Service after 2001.

117 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 101--Vegetables, processing: Raw product prices for canning and freezing, 1979-2007 1/ Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Snap beans Canning Freezing Average 150.00 152.00 162.00 158.00 153.00 161.00 160.00 150.00 151.00 161.00 171.00 180.00 172.00 166.00 175.00 164.00 167.00 173.00 168.00 162.00 167.00 167.00 149.00 137.00 143.00 144.00 116.00 142.00 149.00 163.00 169.00 176.00 184.00 178.00 194.00 190.00 182.00 181.00 183.00 182.00 189.00 186.00 191.00 184.00 169.00 187.00 189.00 190.00 189.00 185.00 181.00 182.00 181.00 190.00 189.00 198.00 189.00 206.00 153.00 156.00 166.00 166.00 160.00 171.00 169.00 160.00 160.00 168.00 174.00 183.00 176.00 173.00 178.00 166.00 173.00 178.00 176.00 172.00 173.00 171.00 161.00 151.00 157.00 158.00 140.00 157.00 169.00 Beets 2/ Canning 42.20 47.20 47.20 ----------49.90 61.40 54.40 58.80 64.30 66.80 61.40 59.50 61.20 65.80 71.50 65.90 71.70 84.00 84.00 -Canning 47.10 51.80 63.20 57.10 58.30 61.90 61.00 56.20 56.70 58.90 65.20 68.00 68.00 61.60 71.90 67.50 77.50 81.10 75.00 70.80 69.50 74.10 73.90 65.60 68.60 71.20 64.50 62.40 82.80 Sweet corn Freezing Average 59.50 57.10 62.90 67.40 62.10 66.60 66.70 62.60 62.80 63.00 69.10 71.40 74.90 68.20 73.10 70.10 73.40 75.70 74.80 76.00 72.80 72.60 72.10 70.20 72.00 73.00 72.30 70.60 80.90 51.30 53.70 63.10 61.40 59.80 63.70 63.40 58.90 59.30 60.80 66.90 69.60 71.00 64.50 72.40 68.60 75.60 78.50 74.90 73.30 71.10 73.40 73.00 68.00 70.40 72.10 68.40 66.80 81.80 Canning 205.00 214.00 226.00 215.00 220.00 230.00 228.00 210.00 211.00 244.00 237.00 240.00 261.00 235.00 269.00 255.00 285.00 302.00 310.00 296.00 295.00 291.00 288.00 278.00 261.00 255.00 276.00 254.00 270.00 Green peas Freezing 218.00 202.00 206.00 240.00 212.00 244.00 252.00 244.00 238.00 226.00 238.00 256.00 260.00 242.00 239.00 253.00 256.00 268.00 272.00 273.00 261.00 217.00 249.00 236.00 242.00 247.00 259.00 236.00 247.00 Average 210.00 209.00 218.00 227.00 217.00 237.00 240.00 226.00 224.00 234.00 238.00 249.00 261.00 239.00 251.00 254.00 267.00 285.00 288.00 282.00 275.00 248.00 264.00 253.00 250.00 250.00 266.00 243.00 256.00 Tomatoes Canning 67.60 61.00 67.50 71.60 68.40 67.40 66.30 63.90 59.10 60.70 69.30 67.80 66.40 58.00 60.10 62.10 63.20 62.30 60.70 65.30 71.10 59.80 59.20 58.20 58.70 58.60 60.90 66.40 71.20 Cucumbers Canning 145.00 166.00 175.00 --168.00 178.00 177.00 180.00 200.00 204.00 209.00 210.00 211.00 215.00 219.00 222.00 248.00 234.00 237.00 238.00 269.00 291.00 273.00 275.00 269.00 256.00 296.00 331.00 Cauliflower Processing 201.00 230.00 242.00 252.00 252.00 266.00 264.00 269.00 274.00 280.00 297.00 388.00 483.00 433.00 440.00 470.00 451.00 477.00 480.00 533.00 410.00 443.00 441.00 488.00 500.00 478.00 -237.00 540.00

------------------------------------------------------------------ Dollars per short ton -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Lima beans Canning Freezing 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 311.00 350.00 425.00 ----------413.00 372.00 411.00 424.00 424.00 439.00 407.00 475.00 433.00 514.00 340.00 375.00 399.00 249.00 250.00 282.00 389.49 434.88 446.40 ----------423.00 417.00 451.00 450.00 460.00 462.00 462.00 467.00 432.00 452.00 430.00 449.00 438.00 445.00 414.00 435.00

Spinach Canning Freezing 84.81 89.82 90.11 ----------124.00 113.00 87.30 96.10 97.40 107.00 101.00 105.00 90.70 90.70 109.00 102.00 105.00 93.90 80.00 53.10 86.71 93.61 83.56 ----------114.00 108.00 105.00 103.00 103.00 103.00 145.00 146.00 131.00 120.00 115.00 107.00 117.00 110.00 130.00 112.00

Average 86.10 91.90 86.00 ----------118.00 110.00 97.40 99.80 101.00 105.00 128.00 133.00 121.00 116.00 114.00 107.00 116.00 109.00 127.00 104.00

Cabbage 2/ Carrots Asparagus Broccoli Processing Processing Processing Processing 31.60 34.10 36.80 ----------37.00 46.60 39.90 43.40 42.50 45.20 44.70 43.70 47.40 48.70 --50.50 50.80 55.10 -46.50 53.00 55.20 55.00 59.80 63.90 64.40 62.40 58.90 66.10 60.30 64.90 64.20 68.90 75.60 77.20 79.00 66.90 67.40 68.30 67.30 70.30 74.50 70.00 75.10 80.20 72.90 69.00 71.60 900.00 824.00 950.00 --928.00 938.00 927.00 932.00 1,010.00 955.00 987.00 955.00 948.00 1,010.00 1,050.00 1,150.00 1,210.00 1,220.00 1,200.00 1,180.00 1,180.00 1,040.00 1,110.00 1,170.00 1,170.00 1,050.00 1,150.00 1,260.00 319.00 374.00 376.00 390.00 385.00 389.00 382.00 357.00 353.00 374.00 365.00 390.00 391.00 386.00 386.00 383.00 386.00 387.00 423.00 388.00 413.00 311.00 316.00 386.00 403.00 431.00 -381.00 516.00

------------------------------------------------------------------ Dollars per short ton -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-- = Not available. 1/ Average is the U.S. average value per ton (equivalent returns at processing-plant door). 2/ Prices for New York only after 2001. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Vegetables Summary,except beets and cabbage from New York Agricultural Statistics Service after 2001.

118 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 102--Vegetables, processed: U.S. monthly and annual retail price index, 1988-2008 Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1982-84=100 ----------------------------------------------------------------------Processed vegetables: 1988 107.2 107.6 107.9 108.4 108.6 110.0 111.3 113.9 116.4 117.9 118.1 118.9 112.2 1989 120.9 121.8 122.7 124.4 124.9 125.5 126.3 125.9 125.0 124.6 123.8 124.8 124.2 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1/

125.4 126.3 126.6 127.0 127.8 127.6 128.2 128.8 128.8 127.9 127.5 128.1 127.5 127.7 128.4 128.2 128.4 128.7 130.0 129.3 128.7 128.1 128.7 127.7 127.6 128.5 129.2 129.0 128.6 128.6 128.8 129.0 129.2 130.2 129.1 129.1 127.7 127.3 128.8 129.8 128.9 130.2 130.4 129.9 130.9 131.2 131.4 130.9 131.7 131.7 132.8 130.8 135.8 136.1 135.7 136.4 137.2 137.3 138.4 138.5 137.7 136.8 134.0 134.7 136.6 138.0 137.7 136.9 138.1 139.0 138.9 140.2 139.9 138.4 138.1 136.9 137.1 138.3 139.2 140.7 140.8 142.0 143.3 143.7 146.3 147.3 147.0 146.1 145.1 145.1 143.9 148.4 146.6 147.1 147.1 147.3 147.6 147.9 149.1 146.8 145.9 146.2 145.9 147.2 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- December 1997=100 -----------------------------------------------------------------Processed fruits and vegetables: 1998 101.6 100.9 101.7 101.0 102.4 102.3 103.0 103.5 103.2 102.9 102.3 102.0 102.2 1999 104.1 103.8 103.6 103.5 104.9 104.5 105.6 105.7 104.6 105.5 104.4 103.4 104.5 2000 105.4 105.2 105.0 104.3 105.7 105.9 106.2 106.7 105.9 106.6 104.5 105.3 105.6 2001 108.1 107.8 107.1 106.9 108.2 109.1 109.9 110.2 110.0 110.5 109.7 110.1 109.0 2002 112.6 113.0 111.5 112.6 113.4 112.5 114.0 114.3 114.1 113.6 111.7 113.3 113.1 2003 113.0 113.7 113.6 112.0 115.3 115.5 115.6 116.1 114.4 114.6 113.0 112.4 114.1 2004 115.1 115.4 115.4 114.2 115.9 115.3 116.6 117.2 115.6 116.2 115.0 114.2 115.5 2005 117.9 117.1 116.3 118.8 119.3 119.7 121.3 120.6 121.2 120.6 118.8 120.3 119.3 2006 121.8 122.5 122.4 121.3 122.6 122.8 123.8 124.1 123.3 122.8 122.7 123.5 122.8 2007 124.9 125.5 125.4 124.9 126.2 127.7 129.0 129.2 129.6 129.3 126.7 128.5 127.2 2008 130.8 132.9 131.5 134.7 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1982-84=100 ----------------------------------------------------------------------Frozen vegetables: 1988 111.2 111.5 111.6 112.1 111.5 111.7 112.3 112.3 114.3 115.6 115.0 116.3 113.0 1989 118.0 119.8 120.5 122.1 122.2 122.7 123.7 123.8 123.8 124.2 124.2 124.6 122.5 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 125.4 130.0 130.9 132.6 139.1 140.1 141.9 148.3 150.0 154.1 156.8 162.0 172.7 169.0 176.3 177.0 179.4 179.0 184.1 126.7 130.2 131.0 130.8 138.0 140.0 142.5 147.7 149.8 153.2 155.7 164.5 172.8 171.0 177.6 176.3 182.9 182.1 184.0 126.2 129.4 131.9 132.5 138.4 140.2 142.6 146.1 149.4 151.8 154.7 162.5 168.8 170.6 174.9 174.7 179.7 180.4 184.0 106.5 124.4 127.5 128.2 127.5 129.7 135.1 136.0 140.7 148.3 104.5 104.7 105.2 107.6 114.0 115.9 115.7 117.9 126.6 127.6 134.9 126.6 128.6 129.7 132.1 138.0 139.6 141.7 147.6 150.4 152.0 155.0 164.4 169.9 169.0 173.5 177.2 179.7 178.2 187.2 107.1 126.1 127.9 129.0 128.7 130.1 136.3 138.0 142.9 147.6 102.5 104.7 105.6 107.9 117.0 114.8 115.8 120.5 124.1 126.2 141.2 127.2 130.3 130.1 131.6 140.2 140.2 143.7 146.6 152.8 154.2 157.6 166.2 169.9 172.7 176.9 178.6 178.1 181.2 127.6 131.2 131.3 133.4 139.9 140.8 143.5 148.7 151.2 151.9 157.4 166.9 171.5 174.4 174.5 176.5 175.7 178.6 127.8 130.0 130.5 133.6 140.4 141.8 143.6 149.8 151.7 153.7 157.6 169.0 173.8 174.2 177.0 180.2 178.8 182.6 128.4 129.5 132.7 134.1 139.9 141.8 146.2 150.4 153.5 155.2 159.9 166.6 171.4 176.0 178.1 177.7 181.3 182.5 127.9 128.8 131.4 134.7 139.9 141.5 144.9 148.0 152.5 155.2 160.2 168.3 172.1 175.0 177.6 181.5 179.6 183.4 128.2 128.6 130.9 135.8 139.6 141.2 145.3 147.6 152.4 155.6 161.1 169.8 171.7 171.9 177.5 179.1 177.7 181.1 128.0 128.8 130.4 135.8 136.3 141.3 145.0 148.1 150.5 153.9 157.3 168.3 169.4 173.0 173.8 176.8 178.1 180.2 128.5 129.3 130.2 135.4 136.5 140.4 143.7 147.8 150.3 154.3 159.1 168.8 168.6 173.2 171.4 177.5 178.7 179.8 127.4 129.6 130.9 133.5 138.9 140.7 143.7 148.1 151.2 153.8 157.7 166.4 171.1 172.5 175.8 177.8 179.1 180.8

Canned and dried vegetables: 1988 105.8 106.2 1989 122.9 123.3 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 2/ 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 126.0 127.3 129.1 129.0 134.9 137.6 138.5 149.1 103.5 106.7 107.0 110.9 115.7 114.2 116.1 119.3 124.8 127.1 133.1 126.7 128.2 128.7 128.7 135.9 137.3 140.5 146.8 102.1 105.5 106.9 108.8 115.6 115.0 116.0 117.5 125.0 127.0 136.9

107.7 126.9 128.7 128.6 128.8 129.6 136.4 139.1 143.8 148.3 103.3 106.5 107.6 108.5 117.2 118.2 118.0 121.0 126.0 126.7

109.8 127.5 128.3 130.1 128.5 130.3 136.6 138.6 144.5 147.9 104.1 106.1 108.6 111.2 114.5 116.7 116.9 121.0 126.5 130.5

111.4 128.1 129.0 129.6 129.2 130.8 138.1 140.1 148.4 147.7 105.0 107.6 107.5 111.3 117.1 117.9 118.3 125.6 128.1 131.2

115.3 127.5 129.6 129.0 129.6 130.7 138.4 139.6 148.5 149.2 105.1 107.2 107.3 113.3 117.7 118.6 119.7 125.5 127.9 131.7

118.0 126.2 129.9 128.3 128.6 129.7 137.2 137.5 148.8 146.8 104.0 105.8 107.0 112.6 116.7 115.8 117.0 124.8 125.3 133.2

119.5 125.5 128.3 129.4 128.8 130.4 136.1 137.2 147.3 145.8 103.7 107.3 108.4 112.9 115.2 115.3 117.7 126.0 124.7 132.8

120.1 124.1 127.9 127.8 127.0 130.3 133.5 135.4 145.9 145.9 104.1 105.4 104.5 111.3 112.5 114.9 115.9 121.9 125.5 128.4

120.7 125.4 128.5 127.3 126.6 132.1 134.4 136.2 146.5 145.6 103.1 103.6 105.7 113.7 116.1 112.2 116.5 124.4 125.9 131.9

112.3 125.7 128.2 128.6 128.4 130.1 136.1 137.7 144.7 147.4 103.8 105.9 106.8 110.8 115.8 115.8 117.0 122.1 125.9 129.5

----------------------------------------------------------------------------- December 1997=100 ------------------------------------------------------------------

1/ Series discontinued at the end of 1997. 2/ Series was re-weighted to include only canned vegetables and rebased to Dec. 1997=100 at the close of 1997. Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/data/).

119 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 103--Vegetables, processing: Selected U.S. per capita utilization, 1979-2008 Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f Snap beans Sweet corn Green peas Cucumbers Tomatoes Canning Freezing Total Canning Freezing Total Canning Freezing Total Pickling Processing --------------------------------------------------------------- Pounds, farm weight --------------------------------------------------------------------------4.7 4.6 4.6 4.2 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.7 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.8 3.6 3.8 3.7 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.7 3.7 4.0 3.9 3.5 3.3 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.5 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.0 6.1 6.0 6.3 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.7 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.2 5.7 5.4 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.1 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.3 12.7 13.0 12.1 11.6 11.6 10.2 11.9 12.1 10.6 10.4 9.5 10.9 11.1 11.9 11.1 10.1 10.4 10.4 9.1 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.7 7.8 8.3 8.2 8.6 8.4 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.4 6.3 5.8 6.6 8.0 7.9 7.6 7.8 8.7 8.4 8.6 9.4 8.9 9.7 9.1 10.3 10.4 10.1 9.8 10.1 9.0 9.3 9.3 9.0 9.1 9.5 9.3 10.0 9.5 19.5 19.4 18.4 17.4 18.2 18.2 19.8 19.7 18.4 19.1 17.9 19.5 20.5 20.8 20.8 19.2 20.7 20.8 19.2 19.0 19.2 18.0 18.0 17.2 17.3 17.3 18.0 17.7 16.9 16.2 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.9 1.9 2.1 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.9 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.0 4.2 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.1 3.5 3.5 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.3 2.8 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.8 3.1 3.0 5.8 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.8 5.3 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.1 4.5 4.3 4.8 5.0 4.1 5.2 4.0 4.2 4.9 3.7 5.4 4.4 4.9 3.8 3.0 3.5 3.9 64.3 63.6 59.3 60.1 60.9 68.5 63.2 63.6 65.2 61.3 69.4 75.3 77.1 73.3 75.8 76.3 74.6 73.1 72.6 74.0 71.2 70.1 65.5 69.3 69.8 70.6 73.7 64.5 68.6 71.0

Canning 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 6/ 2007 2008 f 6/ 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0

Spinach Freezing 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.8

Total 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.1 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.8

Cabbage Beets for kraut Canning Canning 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.6 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.7 2.1 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.1 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3

Chile Green lima Other Dual use peppers 1/ beans 2/ Onions 3/ 4/ Total 5/ Processing Processing Dehydrating Process Processing processing -3.0 3.3 3.1 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.7 5.1 4.7 6.1 5.2 4.3 3.7 4.6 4.5 4.7 4.7 5.2 5.2 5.8 5.6 6.1 6.1 6.4 6.3 6.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 1.9 0.8 0.8 2.0 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.9 1.5 1.7 1.6 2.0 1.6 1.4 2.0 0.9 1.3 0.8 0.9 1.1 2.3 1.6 1.0 1.1 1.8 1.5 1.1 1.8 1.0 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.6 2.9 2.5 2.7 3.0 3.1 3.5 3.4 3.9 4.8 4.3 4.6 5.1 5.2 4.9 5.1 6.3 6.1 6.3 5.6 5.6 7.0 6.3 5.8 6.5 7.0 6.8 6.9 6.9 7.5 7.3 7.4 7.8 7.8 7.1 7.3 6.7 6.9 6.1 5.9 6.3 6.4 6.4 5.9 5.6 5.5 115.6 116.0 111.1 109.2 110.8 119.2 116.0 115.8 115.9 113.5 120.7 129.2 132.0 129.0 130.6 128.7 128.6 126.6 125.1 125.7 124.2 123.3 115.8 120.4 121.4 123.1 125.8 115.6 118.5 120.7

--------------------------------------------------------------- Pounds, farm weight ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. r = revised. Totals may not sum due to rounding. 1/ Includes fresh and processing uses. 2/ Mostly for freezing. 3/ Includes all other vegetables for freezing except potatoes. After 1989, includes misc. canning vegetables. 4/ Total of canning and freezing from table 83. 5/ Excludes potatoes, sweet potatoes, and pulses for processing. 6/ Canning spinach was less than 0.1 lbs. Source: Calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

120 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 104--Vegetables and fruits, dehydrated: U.S. monthly and annual producer price index, 1982-2008 1/ Year 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p Jan. -99.8 115.5 106.6 101.7 110.1 109.9 120.6 144.1 138.5 134.6 136.1 140.6 138.6 143.3 144.6 142.0 148.0 148.9 139.1 148.2 150.6 145.4 145.6 154.7 175.7 187.5 Feb. -99.9 115.5 106.5 101.6 110.5 109.4 124.9 148.4 137.8 135.3 136.7 140.7 139.3 143.3 144.6 141.1 148.0 149.8 135.6 149.3 150.2 145.1 145.9 156.4 176.2 186.3 Mar. -101.4 114.7 106.5 102.1 110.2 108.8 125.9 154.5 137.9 135.0 137.3 139.9 138.7 144.6 143.6 140.8 148.4 149.9 136.2 150.3 149.8 144.5 145.2 158.1 175.0 188.1 Apr. -100.8 115.1 106.6 101.8 110.2 109.4 126.0 157.0 136.1 134.6 137.2 140.1 138.8 146.6 143.1 140.5 147.7 149.5 136.9 151.0 147.8 144.4 145.7 159.3 176.4 May -101.3 114.8 107.1 100.6 110.2 109.4 129.0 157.5 134.8 134.9 137.4 141.8 140.8 147.3 141.1 143.2 146.1 149.3 139.9 150.1 147.5 144.2 146.8 163.0 180.2 June -100.0 114.8 107.1 100.8 110.0 109.4 130.7 156.0 135.0 134.7 139.0 141.7 140.7 147.6 141.1 143.2 146.1 149.0 140.6 151.2 147.3 144.2 146.0 165.0 179.3 July -99.9 112.9 107.1 101.4 109.8 109.5 131.7 155.6 134.8 134.3 139.2 140.7 140.5 146.9 141.1 142.2 146.0 148.6 140.4 152.6 146.5 144.3 145.3 165.1 179.8 Aug. -99.9 104.3 107.1 108.7 109.4 109.7 133.1 155.6 133.5 134.4 138.9 141.0 140.2 146.1 141.0 144.9 146.5 144.9 140.9 152.3 145.2 144.1 145.9 165.5 179.5 Sep. -102.9 103.5 104.4 108.6 108.6 112.8 132.4 151.8 133.7 134.1 138.5 139.3 140.3 145.8 141.1 143.6 147.1 144.0 142.4 151.2 144.2 145.7 150.4 168.1 179.6 Oct. -103.7 106.5 104.2 108.9 108.6 113.3 133.0 145.7 133.8 134.9 140.5 139.3 140.4 145.3 141.4 142.9 146.7 144.9 142.7 151.1 143.3 144.8 150.6 168.5 180.1 Nov. -104.0 107.0 103.1 109.7 109.8 115.3 135.3 144.9 133.3 134.9 140.2 138.4 141.1 145.5 139.7 142.0 147.4 143.4 144.6 150.2 143.5 143.9 152.3 169.8 184.1 Dec. 100.0 104.2 107.0 102.2 109.6 110.2 119.1 140.4 144.7 135.2 135.2 139.8 138.3 142.4 145.7 141.1 146.2 151.1 140.8 145.9 151.1 146.1 144.5 154.3 171.9 186.0 Annual 100.0 101.5 111.0 105.7 104.6 109.8 111.3 130.2 151.3 135.3 134.7 138.4 140.1 140.1 145.7 142.0 142.7 147.4 146.9 140.4 150.7 146.8 144.6 147.8 163.8 179.3 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- index, 1982=100 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

-- = Not available. p = preliminary. 1/ Beginning with 2004, the individual series for dehydrated vegetables and fruits were dropped by BLS Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/data/).

121 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 105--Vegetables, canned: U.S. monthly and annual producer price index, 1979-2008 1/ Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p Jan. 75.7 77.0 87.3 99.6 100.3 105.6 103.6 99.5 102.1 103.2 118.7 117.9 114.8 110.3 110.1 113.1 112.9 120.4 121.5 121.2 120.6 121.3 121.4 128.3 128.8 131.5 135.7 138.0 142.8 148.5 Feb. 76.2 77.0 88.1 99.8 100.2 105.1 101.1 100.6 102.8 103.3 118.4 117.8 114.8 109.7 109.8 116.1 114.3 119.8 121.1 121.9 120.6 120.8 121.4 128.2 129.0 131.7 135.9 136.8 142.9 148.9 Mar. 76.1 77.6 89.4 100.2 100.5 106.9 103.8 101.2 104.8 103.5 119.8 118.9 115.1 109.3 109.7 116.8 114.9 120.4 120.5 121.8 120.9 121.2 121.3 128.0 128.9 131.9 136.1 137.1 143.1 149.2 Apr. 76.1 77.9 91.1 100.0 99.8 105.9 102.4 100.5 104.6 103.1 118.8 118.8 113.8 108.9 109.1 116.5 113.1 120.4 120.1 121.8 120.9 120.9 121.3 128.2 129.3 131.9 136.3 137.3 143.3 May 76.8 78.5 92.1 99.7 100.4 106.5 101.7 101.0 103.4 103.2 119.1 118.2 114.0 109.8 110.0 117.9 117.6 120.8 119.8 121.9 121.0 121.2 121.4 128.3 129.4 131.7 137.6 138.8 143.5 June 77.0 79.7 93.8 101.3 102.2 105.2 104.4 103.4 105.9 103.1 118.6 118.1 113.3 109.4 109.9 118.0 117.4 121.0 119.9 121.9 121.0 121.5 121.9 128.0 129.3 132.8 137.6 140.2 143.6 July 78.2 81.7 95.8 100.5 101.9 104.2 103.1 101.2 103.6 107.8 118.4 116.5 114.0 109.5 111.1 118.9 118.2 122.6 119.1 122.0 120.8 121.1 124.1 127.7 129.4 133.0 137.7 140.0 143.1 Aug. 78.0 82.3 95.3 99.8 102.8 106.0 104.2 100.9 105.0 112.0 118.8 115.2 112.2 109.6 109.6 118.1 117.5 122.1 119.3 122.0 120.9 120.9 124.9 129.4 129.1 133.3 137.7 140.5 143.1 Sep. 78.0 82.5 96.5 99.4 102.7 101.9 100.7 102.5 102.8 111.7 118.9 115.4 111.4 109.2 110.4 116.0 117.6 121.9 119.3 120.0 120.7 121.1 125.3 128.7 130.0 133.4 137.5 141.4 144.0 Oct. 78.2 84.3 97.9 99.5 105.1 103.3 100.6 100.6 102.9 114.3 117.7 114.6 111.0 109.1 111.5 116.0 117.8 121.8 120.2 119.6 120.7 121.6 126.5 129.5 130.7 134.6 137.7 141.5 143.9 Nov. 77.5 85.9 98.7 99.4 103.2 100.2 99.0 101.7 102.3 116.5 117.8 114.9 109.5 109.5 112.3 114.2 118.4 121.9 120.3 120.0 121.3 121.7 128.0 129.1 131.1 135.4 137.6 142.2 144.2 Dec. 77.3 86.7 99.5 100.9 105.6 101.1 99.1 102.1 102.6 117.3 118.0 114.5 110.4 109.8 112.6 113.1 119.6 121.8 120.7 120.0 121.3 121.3 128.1 129.1 131.3 135.5 138.0 142.2 143.9 Annual 77.1 80.9 93.8 100.0 102.1 104.3 102.0 101.3 103.6 108.3 118.6 116.7 112.9 109.5 110.5 116.2 116.6 121.2 120.1 121.2 120.9 121.2 123.8 128.6 129.7 133.1 137.1 139.7 143.5 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Index, 1982=100 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

p = Preliminary. 1/ Includes canned vegetables and juices, including hominy and mushrooms. Data are not seasonally adjusted Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/data/).

122 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 106--Vegetables, canned: Selected U.S. imports, by type, 1979-2007 1/ Cucumbers Year ArtiAsparaSnap for Carrots Sweet Onions chokes gus beans 2/ pickles corn 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 17,981 19,535 21,777 26,442 28,687 40,027 38,671 41,782 41,569 35,369 39,003 35,160 30,843 39,357 42,197 69,252 52,013 60,178 61,851 79,922 86,883 83,978 85,313 96,834 107,145 110,461 111,874 129,621 121,792 5,163 8,012 4,125 4,599 2,945 6,581 5,249 5,082 5,923 5,499 3,354 1,933 1,771 1,607 3,350 1,837 1,497 2,498 2,106 2,653 2,141 3,642 2,837 3,834 10,360 12,141 18,535 26,939 25,525 2,231 1,951 1,587 1,239 2,251 5,108 16,416 14,409 5,302 5,970 7,884 7,338 5,890 7,572 18,103 27,108 23,125 24,042 33,118 44,559 47,970 41,016 45,040 38,295 45,069 49,697 48,088 44,083 31,677 10,761 9,399 6,733 9,500 9,017 9,674 13,192 14,751 12,965 13,829 15,074 15,316 14,188 16,274 22,380 33,242 33,996 47,308 81,356 88,934 114,613 110,934 87,701 77,297 118,106 126,294 124,295 128,919 110,752 -7,994 8,565 7,716 8,944 9,934 12,264 14,542 11,547 10,796 10,743 9,777 7,606 7,235 7,522 8,423 5,975 5,366 6,369 6,025 5,898 8,916 9,528 10,699 10,787 11,786 14,520 12,913 17,419 -5,860 4,462 5,207 8,587 9,934 12,264 14,875 15,563 20,062 28,756 19,593 17,807 16,142 15,885 21,410 20,064 8,550 11,663 18,795 25,135 26,547 38,840 42,015 53,857 73,980 48,375 42,607 37,908 8,990 7,926 8,307 8,730 9,475 12,121 14,035 12,260 12,992 14,052 3,268 3,698 3,387 3,403 4,704 4,192 4,008 3,625 3,782 3,534 5,191 4,979 5,044 7,146 10,282 10,500 22,916 19,710 14,043

Green peas 14,664 11,452 11,253 10,489 16,047 30,844 25,434 20,130 24,028 43,875 52,246 26,919 30,560 24,395 23,405 27,264 21,304 16,138 23,758 29,418 35,290 36,264 37,950 40,552 37,901 43,952 40,614 48,063 45,430

Pimentos 13,445 12,060 13,910 12,801 12,648 17,036 16,849 21,826 18,029 17,872 29,592 22,455 14,551 16,242 13,956 16,084 17,395 19,946 19,946 30,998 32,640 38,870 42,497 46,740 46,207 46,633 46,553 53,648 60,104

Sauerkraut 849 962 614 978 1,248 1,968 2,421 5,516 2,510 1,895 4,244 1,952 887 1,089 2,105 6,469 1,880 1,570 1,975 2,620 3,180 3,132 3,115 4,719 4,427 5,425 4,981 5,619 4,693

Paste 3/ 42,055 25,466 65,202 198,029 160,742 151,045 111,400 130,625 101,274 107,655 228,400 136,913 94,954 43,759 62,100 95,249 52,386 31,338 26,110 61,987 153,117 29,044 34,473 39,256 18,439 16,512 13,765 65,178 66,164

Tomatoes Sauce 4/ 2,794 1,651 9,116 21,824 23,626 28,000 33,586 31,590 17,201 10,761 29,085 37,017 32,261 29,785 33,222 62,476 39,745 32,010 42,183 39,569 35,877 39,047 170,855 273,075 217,051 235,985 258,035 275,572 283,474

Whole 45,567 39,881 97,230 167,018 186,709 233,567 220,028 197,559 178,587 175,528 111,511 137,292 107,471 95,495 91,994 99,648 131,866 117,729 153,471 154,118 89,592 13,776 25,793 32,419 33,506 28,520 35,915 36,162 28,711

---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 pounds --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-- = Not available. 1/ Imports are in product weight as reported by Census. 2/ Includes snap beans and pickled beans. 3/ Includes sauce prior to 1978. 4/ Tomato-based sauces containing additional seasonings not included prior to 1989. New tomato-based sauce code added in 2001. Excludes purees. Catsup imports peaked at 154.1 million pounds in 2004 and fell to 132.8 million pounds in 2005. Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

123 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 107--Vegetables, canned: Selected U.S. exports, by type, 1979-2007 1/ Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Asparagus 4,114 4,515 4,927 2,683 2,355 2,125 1,570 1,400 2,654 3,596 3,086 3,813 3,122 3,214 3,261 4,637 4,586 7,162 8,946 6,933 3,223 3,866 1,348 1,318 1,408 1,114 856 773 573 Snap beans 2/ 19,176 19,405 21,023 25,117 15,655 15,906 15,223 17,223 14,335 16,601 14,524 11,302 25,059 14,120 10,536 9,360 6,209 6,446 7,034 9,485 9,944 12,897 13,663 11,383 9,315 4,629 3,534 4,908 10,664 Sweet corn 105,445 122,524 157,026 137,161 145,573 126,144 134,588 168,889 200,442 254,403 218,036 285,906 289,519 329,488 382,207 328,368 358,709 391,517 427,111 413,873 407,151 386,817 323,296 313,382 292,643 311,345 264,098 249,124 287,146 Cucumber pickles 8,516 9,136 9,654 9,050 8,836 11,065 12,637 23,488 34,674 30,448 21,658 26,397 27,467 27,514 26,141 30,769 40,196 44,371 49,282 41,125 40,464 32,478 24,118 18,452 17,923 22,457 27,166 32,053 51,088 Green peas 5,214 7,734 6,826 6,296 5,223 4,239 3,177 3,455 3,465 3,017 6,688 6,196 14,806 17,048 17,168 11,216 16,812 15,853 25,623 24,060 13,377 16,028 8,337 6,130 8,931 6,676 17,821 17,872 10,094 Pulp & puree 2,881 3,673 2,088 1,301 875 761 1,398 811 2,506 4,752 11,233 6,439 10,451 14,271 19,884 12,940 14,573 23,354 23,656 21,093 17,947 15,592 30,851 33,631 34,211 30,287 32,970 33,092 35,913 Paste Tomatoes Sauce Juice 3/ 7,395 6,421 9,014 6,315 6,701 5,895 4,723 6,187 6,479 16,662 58,781 50,260 79,145 13,208 138,449 170,771 155,234 164,898 182,744 217,169 228,983 225,201 246,997 255,889 287,327 304,289 318,033 352,306 320,269 25,060 32,512 34,963 29,284 18,552 14,032 11,984 15,000 13,272 18,869 13,034 14,831 20,557 25,796 27,264 37,357 46,855 28,685 20,461 24,912 26,544 40,352 29,807 4,493 2,823 4,354 3,233 8,013 3,877 Catsup & chili 18,078 23,852 27,754 27,580 23,455 20,362 18,082 18,902 23,450 26,447 26,249 32,065 38,647 54,904 53,150 83,412 88,899 92,118 91,027 93,509 90,032 79,179 89,292 85,395 92,271 73,471 77,580 74,143 76,211 Other 4/ 41,685 34,952 32,194 19,987 14,002 11,953 15,939 13,902 8,040 11,842 9,277 13,218 20,510 31,496 56,196 43,381 60,192 68,182 76,817 64,219 76,814 86,113 74,667 75,946 88,000 83,549 104,084 104,754 113,217

---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 pounds ---------------------------------------------------------------------------38,333 25,404 24,554 22,556 23,964 21,203 15,691 17,234 20,440 26,618 30,302 79,305 97,257 161,294 171,301 172,141 199,970 224,800 300,582 245,771 187,778 195,052 207,534 217,911 280,511 293,742 274,189 266,164 247,745

-- = Not available. 1/ Exports are in product weight as reported by Census. Due to under-reporting, U.S. exports to Canada prior to 1990 may be understated. 2/ Excludes shelled beans. 3/ Data were converted from liters to gallons and then to pounds (8.485 pounds per gallon). 4/ Tomato products not elsewhere classified. For 1989-2007, largely represents whole tomatoes. Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

124 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 108--Selected canned vegetables: U.S. export value to selected countries and the world, 2002-07 Item 2002: Asparagus Cucumbers Sweet corn Green beans Green peas Tomato paste Tomato sauce Tomatoes, other Selected total 2003: Asparagus Cucumbers Sweet corn Green beans 1/ Green peas Tomato paste Tomato sauce Tomatoes, other 2/ Selected total 2004: Asparagus Cucumbers Sweet corn Green beans Green peas Tomato paste Tomato sauce Tomatoes, other Selected total 2005: Asparagus Cucumbers Sweet corn Green beans Green peas Tomato paste Tomato sauce Tomatoes, other Selected total 2006: Asparagus Cucumbers Sweet corn Green beans Green peas 3/ Tomato paste 4/ Tomato sauce Tomatoes, other Selected total 2007: Asparagus Cucumbers Sweet corn Green beans Green peas 3/ Tomato paste 4/ Tomato sauce Tomatoes, other 5/ Selected total Canada Hong NetherSouth United Kong Japan Mexico lands Korea Taiwan Kingdom Others World ------------------------------------------------------------------------ $ 1,000 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Norway Germany 28 0 6,189 0 0 0 718 81 7,017 62 0 5,381 23 0 0 852 204 6,521 11 0 5,927 0 16 0 693 193 6,841 25 0 6,640 0 19 0 691 149 7,524 8 0 5,933 0 0 0 956 229 7,125 5 5 5,223 11 0 0 1,014 224 6,482 0 6 514 25 0 33 272 36 886 0 0 786 0 0 38 30 31 885 0 56 532 0 0 0 2,904 22 3,514 0 0 707 0 0 0 3,619 5 4,331 0 10 1,962 5 0 0 896 12 2,884 0 17 4,262 17 0 0 200 23 4,518 3 112 949 20 0 2,123 196 2,020 5,421 19 122 1,005 9 0 1,301 108 1,626 4,191 3 70 2,427 19 0 1,640 1,003 1,929 7,090 0 175 2,788 0 0 2,186 1,272 2,078 8,499 0 109 1,855 13 0 1,507 1,379 1,623 6,487 0 166 1,801 8 0 518 518 961 3,972 4 619 51,858 24 4 8,918 2,393 6,072 69,893 3 536 47,034 0 0 11,915 2,988 5,838 68,314 5 639 43,099 15 0 5,551 3,794 10,486 63,588 20 165 49,819 14 4 7,573 4,407 12,598 74,602 0 17 37,791 316 0 4,040 3,693 12,960 58,817 5 29 38,141 229 3 3,230 2,834 12,897 57,368 8 655 4,453 3,020 19 8,856 7,459 5,395 29,864 48 392 4,949 1,621 229 18,306 8,238 4,273 38,055 76 390 4,783 1,116 68 20,431 10,653 7,476 44,993 11 437 5,580 959 40 18,800 9,085 10,686 45,597 10 443 6,371 869 180 25,713 9,358 11,013 53,957 16 418 7,335 808 393 14,982 9,265 11,507 44,723 0 0 6,368 8 0 19 919 1,325 8,639 19 35 2,257 0 0 0 1,104 146 3,561 10 84 5,626 0 0 0 1,276 31 7,027 0 110 1,765 0 0 4 1,406 20 3,306 4 0 1,759 8 0 0 1,000 19 2,791 0 0 1,038 16 0 0 681 151 1,886 19 688 14,103 14 28 5,323 1,639 5,313 27,126 23 209 15,894 27 0 6,887 1,650 3,357 28,046 0 122 16,819 0 0 6,206 5,013 1,007 29,168 56 28 12,152 0 54 7,223 4,993 1,174 25,679 50 94 12,377 0 9 5,710 5,416 2,569 26,225 0 264 21,612 0 46 3,503 3,328 5,138 33,890 0 88 15,633 7 42 1,697 585 1,173 19,223 0 72 14,826 3 169 1,315 433 758 17,576 0 73 17,691 3 29 118 891 278 19,084 20 103 14,750 7 187 75 897 542 16,582 0 87 14,997 0 91 24 903 436 16,537 0 90 11,442 0 21 35 1,334 580 13,503 240 0 2,478 63 0 3 4,230 5,273 12,288 317 10 3,401 0 0 300 2,961 1,631 8,619 272 0 3,635 0 0 4 2,567 569 7,047 113 0 1,372 0 0 0 2,497 486 4,468 0 15 830 0 0 0 3,578 170 4,592 137 0 1,019 0 0 7 4,815 573 6,550 935 734 18,090 1,128 2,059 9,052 15,239 15,207 62,443 801 751 16,677 4,504 1,940 17,924 16,382 22,881 81,860 658 836 18,455 700 2,182 21,394 15,402 14,435 74,062 614 1,036 15,012 920 3,322 16,185 15,483 13,796 66,367 809 904 16,593 788 6,134 14,845 20,802 14,619 75,494 521 1,256 24,609 984 3,367 31,114 21,012 20,364 103,228 1,280 7,074 124,740 4,798 2,375 69,035 99,415 64,134 372,852 1,368 6,258 115,782 6,338 3,223 83,593 112,864 63,452 392,878 1,052 7,393 120,498 2,045 2,516 90,638 121,701 58,743 404,588 858 8,923 111,091 2,144 3,884 90,858 132,451 64,363 414,573 884 10,577 100,943 2,294 6,498 84,128 149,584 72,408 427,316 684 16,974 117,252 4,372 4,272 88,366 146,825 83,593 462,338

44 4,173 4,104 488 223 33,013 65,766 22,240 130,053 76 4,130 3,573 152 885 25,608 78,120 22,708 135,252 18 5,124 1,504 192 221 35,292 77,507 22,316 142,174 0 6,869 506 244 258 38,811 88,101 22,828 157,618 3 8,898 476 296 84 32,289 101,603 28,759 172,408 0 14,730 769 2,299 443 34,976 101,825 31,176 186,218

1/ Panama was $1.1 million in 2003 and Jamaica was $1.0 million. 2/ In 2003, Italy was $4.5 million and Turkey was $2.0 miilion. 3/ In 2007, Russia accounted for $1.2 million. In 2006, India took $2.7 million and Russia $1.0 million of U.S. canned green pea exports. 4/ In 2007, Italy accounted for $9.6 million and Australia took $5.3 million. In 2006, Haiti was $4.5 million and the Philippines was $3.1 million. 5/ Includes puree, ketchup, whole/pulp, and juice. Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

125 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 109--Selected canned vegetables: U.S. import value from selected countries and the world, 2003-07 Item 2003: Artichokes Asparagus Green beans Sweet corn Cucumbers 1/ Green peas 2/ Tomato paste Tomato sauce Tomatoes, whole Tomatoes, other 3/ Selected total Canada Chile China Dominican Republic Peru Israel Italy Mexico Spain Thailand Others World

------------------------------------------------------------------------ $ 1,000 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------1,046 0 9,900 8,933 12,989 5,040 161 11,883 5,696 28,597 84,245 4,619 0 0 0 0 0 111 653 131 58 5,572 7,376 0 0 0 0 0 67 332 39 40 7,854 14,185 0 153 0 0 0 858 61 67 52 15,376 20,319 0 61 0 0 0 2,723 0 367 82 23,551 23,825 0 163 0 0 0 3,480 13 135 550 28,166 0 1,448 456 0 148 123 292 25 10 472 2,973 63 1,267 555 6 199 221 36 19 28 258 2,652 655 1,272 1,013 103 197 292 579 120 0 110 4,342 1,363 934 322 107 180 754 5,190 489 141 110 9,589 2,585 1,479 555 291 93 1,052 6,310 582 23 85 13,056 0 0 4 0 0 160 0 4,951 0 0 5,116 0 0 0 0 0 233 0 4,437 0 0 4,670 0 0 79 0 0 262 0 4,287 0 0 4,628 0 0 177 0 0 247 27 3,333 0 0 3,783 0 0 207 0 0 311 0 3,862 0 0 4,380 2,842 5,578 235 14 0 1,127 33 58 0 28 9,915 9,766 8,708 161 53 0 1,201 84 3 0 0 19,976 21,831 16,883 190 136 0 2,767 92 8 316 0 42,223 43,978 24,824 66 5 0 4,447 168 25 81 0 73,594 50,600 23,192 163 4 0 2,861 115 4 98 0 77,038 9 0 0 0 1,472 0 712 151 1,257 88 3,688 2 0 0 8 1,527 8 976 1,940 673 102 5,236 5 0 5 4 1,417 16 1,475 1,112 4,472 213 8,719 0 4 21 2 1,923 5 1,214 105 4,534 47 7,855 0 0 5 18 2,042 3 1,471 1,149 1,963 45 6,695 5,318 40 342 0 51 35 779 36,401 207 108 43,280 4,430 9 261 0 18 39 818 41,904 583 233 48,295 5,678 46 292 0 53 81 1,284 42,070 339 738 50,581 6,580 27 206 0 43 71 1,271 44,282 381 1,082 53,943 8,449 0 364 0 12 27 1,710 55,356 397 666 66,979 1,323 0 60 43 6,561 0 3,226 7,502 0 137 18,852 984 0 59 62 9,593 0 3,223 9,227 83 107 23,338 929 0 223 21 7,585 0 0 12,371 404 9 21,542 878 0 2,720 0 1,544 0 1,976 13,924 790 270 22,102 531 0 3,019 0 426 0 7,210 15,579 1,188 389 28,342 81,867 116 85 0 6 89 28 894 88 3 83,176 86,012 186 72 0 8 0 0 549 40 6 86,873 63,074 162 134 0 20 47 0 422 61 0 63,919 49,502 109 49 3 27 0 4,204 151 87 0 54,132 32,875 129 34 26 13 4 260 184 45 2 33,571 0 0 37 4,954 4 1,296 0 72 0 26 6,389 0 0 36 6,718 0 1,390 0 213 0 8 8,365 0 0 35 4,963 5 1,391 0 382 0 0 6,775 0 0 188 4,086 0 2,424 16 127 0 15 6,855 0 0 1,444 5,136 9 3,339 0 162 0 0 10,090 160 163 2,665 30 18,974 6,731 841 1,210 800 1,074 32,649 149 243 3,191 1,697 17,889 6,793 558 986 1,324 689 33,518 970 136 3,391 115 21,625 5,967 521 1,775 2,176 634 37,310 3,267 295 3,846 223 29,166 7,990 3,018 2,176 1,622 761 52,366 4,024 46 4,922 888 28,307 8,232 786 2,303 1,893 773 52,174 97,185 7,344 13,785 13,973 40,205 14,601 6,184 63,800 8,188 30,590 295,856 108,785 10,430 15,660 19,729 42,219 15,939 5,845 71,702 8,023 43,891 342,223 107,335 18,501 16,658 14,514 40,136 16,324 4,839 79,661 12,112 41,144 351,224 125,894 26,193 17,159 12,876 38,024 19,821 20,060 81,893 12,991 52,995 407,908 122,899 24,846 15,179 12,882 33,728 19,052 21,477 95,797 10,473 66,265 422,598

2004: Artichokes 4 Asparagus 18 Green beans 11,325 Sweet corn 11,186 Cucumbers 1/ 12,984 Green peas 2/ 6,055 Tomato paste 82 Tomato sauce 12,091 Tomatoes, whole 5,254 Tomatoes, other 3/ 42,446 Selected total 101,446 2005: Artichokes Asparagus Green beans Sweet corn Cucumbers 1/ Green peas 2/ Tomato paste Tomato sauce Tomatoes, whole Tomatoes, other 3/ Selected total 8 2 11,144 9,172 9,234 5,501 29 17,053 4,277 39,388 95,809

2006: Artichokes 7 Asparagus 0 Green beans 9,504 Sweet corn 8,450 Cucumbers 1/ 5,141 3,885 Green peas 2/ Tomato paste 253 Tomato sauce 17,281 Tomatoes, whole 4,988 Tomatoes, other 3/ 50,628 Selected total 100,137 2007: Artichokes 10 Asparagus 0 Green beans 4,303 Sweet corn 6,519 Cucumbers 1/ 2,826 Green peas 2/ 3,225 Tomato paste 135 Tomato sauce 16,601 Tomatoes, whole 4,732 Tomatoes, other 3/ 63,755 Selected total 102,107

1/ India accounted for $20 million in 2007, $20.6 million in 2006, $13.7 miilion in 2005, $9.6 million in 2004, and $11 million in 2003. 2/ Ecuador accounted for $5.5 million in 2007, $5.3 million in 2006, $2.9 million in 2005, $3.9 million in 2004, and $3.8 million in 2003. 3/ Includes purees, ketchup, and juice Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

126 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 110--Vegetables, frozen: Pack and carryover, 1979-2007 1/ Snap beans Year Pack 2/ Carryover 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Sweet corn 3/ Pack Carryover

Pack

Green peas Carryover

--------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 pounds --------------------------------------------------------------------273,337 73,435 437,438 111,498 427,461 82,921 243,926 91,203 392,213 84,841 315,577 122,456 257,420 80,864 457,699 41,588 333,888 68,808 293,312 68,780 633,897 44,412 404,830 55,000 263,215 86,369 505,603 141,320 354,480 92,530 268,530 81,518 488,530 98,469 423,740 82,478 291,503 75,177 559,514 94,777 485,985 120,333 316,103 71,150 549,345 93,786 373,605 164,019 257,129 74,180 624,626 125,934 400,231 131,779 241,451 59,839 586,105 85,305 358,779 97,626 350,841 38,204 708,303 46,104 469,404 62,448 352,011 85,694 730,331 89,198 482,910 98,956 325,425 113,486 760,817 155,798 488,467 133,028 286,600 116,360 725,537 169,644 465,375 146,827 312,713 73,907 650,830 146,285 391,943 139,168 360,480 71,457 917,921 94,191 499,744 98,583 339,048 87,436 889,250 134,317 505,350 119,577 355,861 80,224 827,024 148,074 369,390 133,570 372,640 84,908 955,347 122,994 468,074 73,376 368,892 91,266 958,118 196,764 491,377 96,482 333,146 82,525 855,746 186,838 440,050 130,427 373,864 378,363 304,069 249,265 257,957 ---64,964 58,310 55,710 66,612 57,741 84,812 62,765 81,480 842,054 784,643 772,253 714,878 603,644 ---181,871 135,861 183,950 234,260 284,749 298,006 214,670 202,961 451,995 446,389 281,493 287,868 323,964 ---121,547 131,960 111,980 49,109 65,225 115,936 84,184 67,839

-- = Not available. 1/ Carryover dates are June 1 for green peas, July 1 for green beans, and August 1 for sweet corn. 2/ Includes regular cut, french style, whole, and wax. 3/ Cut-basis (cob corn converted to cut-basis using factor 0.4706) Sources: American Frozen Food Institute, Pack Book and USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Cold Storage.

127 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 111--Vegetables, frozen: Annual pack of major vegetables, 1979-2004 Year Snap beans 1/ Broccoli Carrots Cauliflower Sweet corn 2/ Lima beans Green peas Potato products Spinach Onions 3/ Others Total

---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 pounds --------------------------------------------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 4/ 273,337 243,926 257,420 293,312 263,215 268,530 291,503 316,103 257,129 241,451 350,841 352,011 325,425 286,600 312,713 360,480 339,048 355,861 372,640 368,892 333,146 373,864 378,363 304,069 249,265 257,957 -298,618 290,657 306,755 335,516 285,358 365,764 356,806 324,519 312,460 289,446 290,566 258,755 174,470 168,518 165,183 151,150 205,471 138,387 109,013 144,361 174,283 138,944 137,705 135,219 97,739 134,514 -263,080 191,151 269,845 296,679 212,500 255,585 254,586 270,363 294,596 294,673 358,848 328,781 318,001 371,232 403,174 412,709 418,816 397,967 409,044 388,094 424,691 412,534 206,085 261,789 246,396 199,244 -101,130 84,766 105,161 111,644 100,541 102,106 94,617 89,120 77,758 78,762 109,822 80,081 69,229 70,317 73,335 66,878 64,207 48,541 44,590 44,607 42,445 40,405 35,550 22,403 33,066 12,908 -437,438 392,213 457,699 633,897 505,603 488,530 559,514 549,345 624,626 586,105 708,303 730,331 760,817 725,537 650,830 917,921 889,250 827,024 955,347 958,118 855,746 842,054 784,643 772,253 714,878 603,644 -124,273 85,908 88,840 123,722 113,217 122,479 117,057 100,855 102,350 103,258 120,734 145,753 89,989 59,721 79,786 114,637 121,784 107,698 123,470 124,719 97,750 87,080 78,920 126,467 98,028 69,225 -427,461 315,577 333,888 404,830 354,480 423,740 485,985 373,605 400,231 358,779 469,404 482,910 488,467 465,375 391,943 499,744 505,350 369,390 468,074 491,377 444,050 451,995 446,389 281,493 287,868 323,964 -4,089,732 3,853,156 4,236,239 4,377,228 4,509,905 4,732,894 5,118,102 5,149,148 5,287,634 5,763,671 5,998,312 6,358,968 6,498,915 6,798,442 7,252,774 7,934,849 8,364,909 8,419,203 8,381,370 8,723,707 8,765,173 7,622,629 7,847,656 7,799,687 8,644,989 8,755,711 -181,279 169,298 183,646 150,667 143,205 171,249 174,802 157,119 171,208 172,849 159,891 211,784 141,644 184,642 167,147 204,495 185,640 182,999 198,715 190,028 174,149 172,543 173,850 211,272 183,751 114,731 -167,239 156,081 159,874 182,344 139,637 156,482 142,008 185,458 185,191 198,916 208,762 243,125 226,486 202,317 213,685 241,275 246,827 259,549 230,092 270,867 310,466 226,179 142,594 387,127 207,195 218,237 -511,572 486,496 572,961 621,359 526,044 593,649 653,980 606,913 687,050 616,757 745,014 571,471 541,137 547,872 525,536 632,792 557,413 500,607 602,671 549,114 499,418 547,270 591,120 461,651 456,095 257,064 -6,875,159 6,269,229 6,972,328 7,531,198 7,153,705 7,681,008 8,248,960 8,122,548 8,400,233 8,704,667 9,520,497 9,763,970 9,634,580 9,880,573 10,236,106 11,536,930 11,898,715 11,607,226 11,895,026 12,253,884 12,121,317 10,915,497 10,822,875 10,763,430 11,219,270 10,947,199 --

-- = not available. 1/ Includes regular cut, french style, whole, and wax. 2/ Cut-basis (cob corn was converted using factor of 0.4706). 3/ Includes breaded, battered, and extruded onion rings. In 2001, reporting of onion ring production was sharply reduced. 4/ Release of frozen pack statistics has been suspended by AFFI Source: American Frozen Food Institute, Pack Book .

128 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 112--Vegetables, frozen: January 1 stocks of selected vegetables, 1979-2008 Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Snap BrocCauliSweet Lima Green Potato Selected beans coli Carrots flower corn 1/ beans peas 2/ products Spinach Onions Total ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 pounds --------------------------------------------------------------------------------165,256 181,277 190,351 177,761 204,200 212,005 189,759 171,884 182,613 182,898 146,418 207,702 253,184 248,737 190,465 184,418 224,681 224,297 202,648 230,661 213,400 186,390 175,959 160,828 187,395 149,341 174,154 193,660 211,043 215,980 94,499 103,310 99,154 84,086 107,177 70,802 92,727 79,405 105,146 114,814 56,169 106,004 113,014 88,286 143,486 134,774 109,076 136,850 120,972 112,311 113,752 157,375 107,960 114,526 117,053 77,320 93,489 98,375 74,483 60,500 163,687 176,305 137,681 150,326 212,236 186,406 163,749 180,809 208,728 214,380 183,128 208,500 224,533 203,637 254,040 260,993 271,144 307,645 283,770 300,870 256,623 307,197 295,376 276,192 242,556 252,802 258,185 279,194 244,608 270,184 86,253 82,546 69,441 57,821 69,533 71,286 75,994 81,051 80,705 79,879 63,398 76,240 91,414 88,234 71,135 60,683 77,243 65,008 54,376 58,512 50,298 57,812 44,974 36,443 35,635 28,146 37,123 43,836 38,196 36,694 354,654 324,543 270,416 251,724 426,019 409,507 346,155 361,174 356,166 416,670 313,648 347,556 436,794 470,816 489,019 371,151 485,361 498,626 494,308 532,645 530,600 450,519 435,589 475,803 525,620 630,473 616,038 588,330 608,236 582,195 104,013 116,004 90,476 61,768 74,778 87,458 83,501 103,804 71,085 55,869 41,827 60,631 91,248 100,392 65,047 49,594 59,440 60,208 60,696 72,221 75,469 71,993 46,930 64,662 58,612 52,367 57,405 48,554 48,392 47,806 228,002 280,654 226,566 180,260 247,109 229,015 252,861 314,974 249,865 251,150 166,799 232,114 282,118 272,691 305,164 261,338 260,487 281,349 224,134 219,533 277,858 276,154 295,784 224,715 171,161 180,850 230,326 214,851 230,351 232,647 777,473 812,208 729,912 688,688 767,309 772,962 892,287 1,012,309 894,052 880,615 988,688 917,349 975,754 970,012 963,167 1,006,416 1,096,576 1,123,744 1,131,642 1,163,547 1,151,294 1,165,389 1,189,663 1,239,757 1,131,212 1,120,418 1,074,819 1,051,099 954,820 1,012,355 39,554 58,780 53,903 63,094 52,532 42,283 45,304 52,633 45,936 50,811 35,045 41,838 90,923 53,293 56,182 47,159 70,010 68,940 46,890 67,092 69,232 73,349 50,765 63,368 56,193 46,492 34,724 42,464 52,674 47,467 24,426 26,743 28,012 28,382 31,879 28,818 23,437 27,434 35,715 29,570 33,388 39,648 34,421 32,137 34,230 36,101 51,244 48,761 40,790 42,218 40,348 58,262 54,905 36,871 39,480 38,632 39,865 48,106 44,919 39,438 2,037,817 2,162,370 1,895,912 1,743,910 2,192,772 2,110,542 2,165,774 2,385,477 2,230,011 2,276,656 2,028,508 2,237,582 2,593,403 2,528,235 2,571,935 2,412,627 2,705,262 2,815,428 2,660,226 2,799,610 2,778,874 2,804,440 2,697,905 2,693,165 2,564,917 2,576,841 2,616,128 2,608,469 2,507,722 2,545,266

1/ Corn expressed on a cut-basis with cob converted using a factor of 0.4706. 2/ Excludes peas in vegetable mixtures. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Cold Storage.

129 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 113--Vegetables, frozen: U.S. monthly and annual producer price index, 1979-2008 1/ Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1/ 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p Jan. 73.7 76.7 81.9 97.8 101.9 101.9 105.5 106.8 107.2 107.0 113.2 117.6 118.4 116.6 118.0 125.5 125.1 125.1 125.9 125.2 125.8 125.4 127.6 130.0 133.4 135.1 137.3 137.3 144.0 153.4 Feb. 73.4 76.7 79.8 98.7 101.3 101.3 106.1 106.8 107.6 106.6 114.5 117.9 118.5 116.1 118.0 126.1 124.7 124.8 125.7 126.0 126.6 126.2 128.5 131.1 134.1 136.0 137.3 137.7 144.0 153.9 Mar. 73.7 76.5 83.3 99.0 101.2 -106.2 106.9 107.4 107.0 114.8 118.5 118.3 116.2 117.9 126.1 124.9 124.6 125.6 124.8 125.6 125.7 127.7 130.1 133.3 135.3 137.4 138.7 144.0 155.6 Apr. 74.1 77.9 88.1 98.9 101.5 103.3 106.7 106.3 107.8 106.8 115.0 118.9 117.9 116.4 118.7 126.4 124.9 124.9 125.6 125.7 126.7 126.3 128.7 131.2 134.0 135.3 137.5 138.6 145.2 May 74.2 78.4 88.4 99.6 101.1 103.4 106.6 106.7 107.5 106.5 115.4 120.1 118.1 116.3 119.9 126.9 124.2 125.0 125.7 125.0 125.9 126.3 128.4 130.7 134.1 134.3 137.5 138.8 145.9 June 74.0 80.0 91.0 100.0 101.3 104.3 106.8 107.0 107.4 106.4 115.7 118.0 117.5 115.5 121.1 127.0 123.6 125.4 125.7 124.6 126.0 124.9 127.7 129.7 133.9 134.7 137.4 139.5 146.7 July 74.0 80.7 92.5 100.3 101.4 104.6 106.9 106.5 107.4 107.3 115.7 118.1 117.8 115.4 121.3 126.4 123.2 125.5 126.9 125.5 126.8 125.9 128.9 131.4 134.9 135.4 137.2 139.4 148.2 Aug. 76.7 81.2 93.9 101.1 101.6 104.8 106.8 106.6 107.5 109.4 116.2 118.3 117.2 115.4 122.1 126.4 123.6 125.8 125.6 125.6 126.1 126.4 128.8 131.3 134.2 135.8 136.8 139.3 149.3 Sep. 78.0 81.9 95.4 100.9 101.3 104.7 106.8 106.6 107.7 110.0 116.2 118.5 117.6 116.7 122.6 125.2 124.4 126.0 125.7 125.3 126.0 126.2 128.8 131.5 134.2 136.8 136.6 139.9 149.9 Oct. 77.3 81.8 96.3 101.4 100.7 104.8 106.9 106.4 107.2 111.4 115.5 118.6 116.8 116.3 123.2 124.9 124.6 125.7 126.6 125.6 126.4 126.9 130.0 132.2 135.2 138.1 136.7 142.0 151.5 Nov. 77.4 79.3 96.6 101.0 101.4 105.0 106.7 106.5 106.6 111.9 116.6 118.6 116.8 117.5 123.7 124.7 123.7 125.8 125.5 125.5 125.5 126.1 129.2 131.9 135.1 137.2 136.1 142.7 152.5 Dec. 77.1 81.6 97.2 101.3 101.0 104.8 106.7 106.7 106.7 112.5 117.1 118.2 116.8 118.0 124.7 125.0 124.0 126.0 125.3 125.2 125.3 126.2 129.1 132.6 135.0 137.0 136.4 142.6 153.2 Annual 75.3 79.4 90.4 100.0 101.3 103.9 106.6 106.7 107.3 108.5 115.5 118.4 117.6 116.4 120.9 125.9 124.2 125.4 125.8 125.3 126.1 126.0 128.6 131.1 134.3 135.9 137.0 139.7 147.9 --------------------------------------------------------------------- Index, 1982=100 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-- = Not available. p = Preliminary. 1/ Average of the 11 reported months. Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/data/).

130 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 114--Vegetables, frozen: U.S. imports, by type, 1979-2007 1/ Year AsparBrussels Cauliagus Broccoli sprouts flower Carrots 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 864 1,305 419 392 1,215 529 567 1,001 220 474 232 954 1,197 1,851 2,823 1,839 2,301 2,708 2,139 2,872 3,950 4,830 4,300 5,334 8,591 7,390 6,576 9,854 9,924 15,451 23,899 27,823 31,870 33,551 65,405 77,147 112,655 194,782 178,152 244,992 242,551 267,523 376,668 333,020 313,626 390,561 399,732 374,470 348,651 398,751 367,862 373,957 397,694 407,630 472,852 475,143 444,848 525,938 2,634 2,359 3,983 3,774 5,730 8,067 7,913 4,502 8,162 5,263 9,087 8,386 5,682 10,995 11,780 7,950 7,720 6,913 9,081 12,138 12,572 12,652 12,537 14,837 17,534 19,919 24,147 24,624 27,322 10,010 9,721 13,574 20,570 21,086 30,835 36,823 42,091 58,513 50,260 60,010 62,172 47,792 42,587 53,655 65,570 42,751 41,319 47,387 41,413 50,941 44,614 36,461 33,727 42,795 64,521 58,087 49,072 60,688 ----------4,010 4,543 2,930 7,314 6,179 5,918 2,885 2,902 8,162 6,185 5,938 9,866 9,286 10,376 9,565 16,265 13,372 13,658 11,007

Okra 10,749 11,599 14,558 24,175 22,381 18,237 19,423 14,760 16,933 11,147 9,095 10,117 14,983 11,893 11,348 33,858 13,459 9,840 13,449 13,218 13,590 10,423 11,912 14,475 16,328 17,953 25,720 21,240 21,742

Green peas 8,812 8,712 9,931 16,343 19,493 22,261 17,745 17,488 20,141 37,416 57,641 38,594 33,549 29,274 34,387 35,204 29,290 33,075 37,600 31,626 45,037 39,346 39,098 40,542 62,775 55,980 48,059 53,896 56,698

Sweet corn ----------29,711 20,006 12,815 15,663 20,210 33,351 19,321 22,297 27,277 30,836 24,363 20,788 21,680 29,631 41,065 34,665 35,309 38,203 50,181

Snap beans ----------25,643 13,760 10,932 7,225 13,660 15,484 10,792 12,316 17,474 24,966 30,253 36,102 33,801 48,161 61,865 87,810 78,565 90,453 104,991

Other 25,250 15,168 13,790 10,401 11,418 20,637 31,160 33,008 36,952 48,729 91,460 104,425 111,181 139,957 136,505 164,003 181,690 215,233 234,312 253,732 291,200 284,917 302,358 351,267 390,700 442,446 505,851 533,119 608,601

Total 73,769 72,762 84,078 107,526 114,872 165,971 190,780 225,504 335,703 331,441 531,880 505,508 508,585 643,429 623,566 676,803 700,769 746,333 771,350 765,637 876,597 831,400 845,391 946,044 1,058,848 1,219,800 1,270,830 1,278,968 1,477,092

---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 pounds ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-- = Not available. 1/ Imports are in product weight as reported by Census.

Excludes potatoes.

Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

131 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 115--Vegetables, frozen: U.S. exports, by type, 1979-2007 1/ Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 3/ 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Carrots 17,857 18,711 18,918 12,099 6,634 8,267 5,529 6,025 8,353 18,082 1,532 3,963 5,129 2,462 3,991 5,260 6,966 6,723 12,430 19,921 6,326 10,572 6,326 1,983 1,692 3,429 2,286 1,624 8,325 Green peas 16,120 26,200 33,440 19,877 19,734 20,150 15,986 26,478 27,675 35,343 16,342 15,731 17,177 22,487 23,809 23,174 35,959 33,673 26,380 26,512 30,029 30,951 24,307 33,625 32,086 27,718 28,273 30,672 24,693 Sweet corn 63,517 76,617 78,363 73,495 82,345 77,384 75,985 98,930 88,727 113,711 121,211 129,895 127,445 137,063 137,364 141,966 135,240 126,383 159,238 162,273 161,526 151,830 146,639 139,845 152,676 146,145 158,196 155,007 138,229 Snap beans ----------4,887 10,811 9,391 10,001 10,249 10,192 17,443 15,362 15,041 18,815 16,166 18,990 23,798 31,062 21,393 23,516 12,861 15,244 15,530 Other 2/ 43,763 54,435 55,346 45,305 44,204 41,813 37,034 46,908 50,877 77,777 67,201 114,529 122,847 131,628 121,913 128,482 142,452 165,856 176,857 203,875 204,621 197,016 190,661 179,063 149,098 130,287 161,574 176,339 231,375 Total 141,257 175,963 186,067 150,776 152,917 147,614 134,534 178,341 175,632 244,913 211,172 274,929 281,988 303,641 297,326 309,074 338,060 347,997 389,946 431,396 418,668 409,358 391,731 385,578 356,945 331,095 363,189 378,886 418,152

---------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 pounds ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

-- = Not available. 1/ Exports are in product weight as reported by Census. Excludes potatoes. 2/ Includes snap beans prior to 1989. 3/ Due to reporting deficiencies, U.S. exports to Canada prior to 1990 may be understated. Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

132 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 116--Selected frozen vegetables: U.S. import value from selected countries and the world, 2003-07 Item 2003: Asparagus Green beans Broccoli Carrots Cauliflower Sweet corn Melons Okra Green peas Spinach Selected total 2004: Asparagus Green beans 1/ Broccoli Carrots Cauliflower Sweet corn Melons Okra Green peas 2/ Spinach Selected total 2005: Asparagus Green beans 1/ Broccoli Carrots Cauliflower Sweet corn Melons Okra Green peas Spinach Selected total 2006: Asparagus Green beans 1/ Broccoli Carrots Cauliflower Sweet corn Melons Okra Green peas 2/ Spinach Selected total 2007: Asparagus Green beans 1/ Broccoli Carrots Cauliflower Sweet corn Melons Okra Green peas 2/ Spinach Selected total Canada China France Guatemala Ecuador Israel Mexico Peru Others World

--------------------------------------------------------------------------- $ 1,000 ----------------------------------------------------------------------0 8,696 861 278 685 14,988 0 0 10,675 6 36,188 0 12,223 1,555 986 1,179 12,576 0 5 10,954 2 39,479 0 12,871 1,242 1,102 492 12,871 0 0 11,183 0 39,761 0 15,202 1,154 1,511 464 12,441 0 0 11,561 0 42,333 0 17,653 1,031 395 338 17,333 0 0 14,735 0 51,483 898 2,068 1,777 0 701 275 0 0 4,268 334 10,321 1,270 5,996 2,965 0 1,511 144 75 23 5,046 1,754 18,785 754 5,643 4,227 145 1,119 240 12 0 4,432 2,816 19,388 940 8,211 5,771 85 1,330 569 0 232 6,540 4,651 28,328 943 11,821 9,487 155 2,030 620 0 693 5,869 6,150 37,767 2 9,534 0 25 0 0 0 0 70 6 9,637 10 11,595 7 49 0 0 0 0 103 5 11,768 39 10,865 0 96 0 0 0 0 23 2 11,025 4 12,981 0 114 0 0 0 0 24 22 13,145 5 16,146 0 138 0 0 0 0 137 33 16,458 0 0 26,117 52 2,116 35 1,709 3,072 1,278 0 34,379 0 195 29,902 86 1,528 88 1,274 4,006 1,788 0 38,867 0 135 22,297 0 1,819 48 1,886 5,954 1,916 0 34,056 10 299 21,031 0 2,529 166 2,287 4,953 2,875 0 34,150 0 493 29,650 0 3,614 153 1,079 4,751 1,609 0 41,349 0 0 9,315 0 0 0 0 0 64 0 9,379 0 0 11,260 0 0 0 0 0 38 0 11,298 0 0 11,559 0 0 0 0 0 281 0 11,840 0 0 17,073 0 0 0 0 0 74 0 17,146 0 0 22,306 0 186 41 0 0 203 0 22,737 0 4 0 2,100 0 2 0 0 12 0 2,119 0 37 0 2,121 0 4 0 0 4 0 2,167 0 6 0 1,938 0 5 0 0 0 0 1,949 0 0 0 1,639 0 1,264 0 0 0 0 2,903 0 0 0 1,811 0 127 0 0 0 0 1,938 1,205 148 110,393 0 12,348 154 975 252 0 3,232 128,708 188 88 122,669 665 18,513 24 195 112 3 4,860 147,317 0 189 136,411 273 18,464 69 500 21 30 6,168 162,125 65 103 125,577 309 13,491 11 731 0 0 4,963 145,250 106 78 146,095 853 16,827 465 508 0 52 5,200 170,184 5,487 111 38 0 0 623 0 0 0 0 6,259 4,731 300 95 0 0 991 0 0 118 0 6,236 5,930 395 40 0 0 1,626 0 0 169 0 8,160 8,513 602 56 0 0 2,069 0 0 41 0 11,281 9,869 945 0 5 0 2,681 0 0 33 0 13,533 648 5,950 98 826 708 710 244 1,242 6,617 362 17,404 344 7,458 169 1,241 927 804 540 795 3,613 283 16,173 36 7,070 42 1,264 539 947 146 1,031 1,455 327 12,857 590 6,401 100 1,053 590 1,102 143 1,275 3,258 392 14,904 548 6,432 40 1,859 148 1,252 186 1,237 3,309 461 15,472 8,239 26,511 148,599 3,281 16,558 16,788 2,928 4,566 22,984 3,940 254,393 6,543 37,891 168,623 5,149 23,658 14,630 2,083 4,940 21,667 6,905 292,090 6,759 37,174 175,818 4,818 22,433 15,806 2,544 7,006 19,489 9,313 301,160 10,121 43,799 170,762 4,711 18,404 17,622 3,161 6,460 24,372 10,028 309,440 11,472 53,568 208,609 5,214 23,144 22,672 1,774 6,681 25,945 11,844 370,922

1/ Belgium was $2.3 million in 2007, $2.5 miilion in 2006, $4.1 million in 2005, and $3.1 million in 2004. 2/ In 2006, New Zealand was $2.2 million. In 2004, Poland accounted for $1.8 million and New Zealand was $1.3 million Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

133 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 117--Selected frozen vegetables: U.S. export value to selected countries and the world, 2000-07 Hong Saudi South Kong Japan Mexico Arabia Korea Taiwan Item Australia Canada China

United Kingdom

Others

World

--------------------------------------------------------------------------- $ 1,000 ----------------------------------------------------------------------2000: Carrots Sweet corn Green beans Green peas Spinach Selected total 2001: Carrots Sweet corn Green beans Green peas Spinach Selected total 2002: Carrots Sweet corn Green beans Green peas Spinach Selected total 2003: Carrots Sweet corn Green beans Green peas Spinach Selected total 2004: Carrots Sweet corn Green beans Green peas Spinach Selected total 2005: Carrots Sweet corn Green beans Green peas Spinach Selected total 2006: Carrots Sweet corn Green beans Green peas Spinach Selected total 2007: Carrots Sweet corn Green beans Green peas Spinach Selected total 0 1,101 616 0 423 2,141 0 220 383 0 366 968 9 473 362 0 813 1,657 0 777 335 0 634 1,746 8 1,195 100 0 300 1,604 0 500 0 0 269 769 0 34 0 0 151 185 0 848 96 158 0 1,102 82 5,260 3,442 3,399 3,590 15,772 58 5,773 5,664 1,572 3,406 16,474 61 7,721 5,283 4,606 3,346 21,017 17 7,505 4,451 4,712 3,528 20,213 30 3,427 4,212 4,430 3,852 15,951 7 3,166 2,971 5,454 4,326 15,924 36 2,629 3,079 4,515 4,629 14,888 15 2,355 3,406 3,453 4,908 14,137 11 2,342 30 34 0 2,418 0 2,151 0 383 0 2,535 0 4,088 11 507 0 4,606 11 10,191 0 79 0 10,282 0 10,039 18 105 0 10,162 12 11,545 30 168 15 11,770 0 13,759 24 266 0 14,048 12 13,776 0 368 0 14,156 0 1,786 0 14 0 1,800 0 1,393 0 31 0 1,424 0 1,472 315 0 0 1,786 0 975 8 22 0 1,005 0 722 4 37 0 764 0 1,154 73 0 0 1,227 0 1,348 140 14 13 1,515 0 1,529 18 12 3 1,562 2,607 35,773 851 3,806 29 43,065 1,520 34,800 624 2,965 8 39,917 443 31,082 1,325 3,226 145 36,221 272 29,705 1,603 3,286 0 34,866 342 30,131 1,073 2,899 10 34,455 274 27,990 1,224 2,397 103 31,988 251 30,544 1,003 2,692 0 34,490 1,037 29,402 1,711 3,041 0 35,191 7 939 221 996 37 2,200 0 1,246 1,055 1,535 52 3,888 25 1,986 356 1,948 112 4,427 13 3,450 515 1,618 84 5,681 0 4,684 368 1,954 194 7,200 49 4,326 422 1,977 30 6,803 15 4,337 348 2,383 475 7,559 36 5,616 339 1,952 185 8,128 0 1,993 144 6 0 2,143 0 1,815 146 0 0 1,961 0 2,044 151 11 0 2,207 0 1,817 356 8 0 2,181 0 2,352 68 0 0 2,420 0 2,664 8 0 0 2,672 0 2,582 173 0 0 2,755 0 2,111 129 19 9 2,267 0 1,026 66 74 0 1,166 42 210 28 43 0 323 95 152 39 35 0 321 146 488 13 70 0 717 102 942 16 93 0 1,152 132 1,002 54 0 0 1,188 129 128 5 99 0 360 2,256 523 52 100 0 2,931 19 762 108 32 0 921 8 648 0 33 0 689 0 431 59 0 0 490 0 247 0 0 0 247 0 144 22 7 0 174 0 804 0 64 0 868 0 245 179 11 0 436 0 199 120 131 0 450 193 1,454 993 370 0 3,009 0 3,076 430 511 0 4,017 5 2,258 79 0 0 2,343 0 1,067 0 0 0 1,067 90 236 0 0 0 326 0 24 0 0 0 24 0 313 3 0 0 316 0 434 26 0 0 460 161 5,408 2,296 774 9 8,647 147 5,071 2,438 691 9 8,356 38 4,208 4,680 609 31 9,565 102 5,551 1,383 923 73 8,032 414 4,741 2,679 431 42 8,307 242 6,371 912 463 99 8,087 129 6,831 1,101 2,583 6 10,651 125 7,418 1,554 1,317 25 10,438 3,080 57,845 8,766 9,504 4,088 83,282 1,775 56,403 10,767 7,764 3,841 80,551 676 55,915 12,658 10,944 4,447 84,640 562 61,773 8,663 10,719 4,319 86,037 986 58,614 8,560 9,957 4,398 82,514 716 59,546 5,694 10,523 4,841 81,319 560 62,750 6,055 12,563 5,274 87,202 3,481 64,212 7,450 10,550 5,130 90,823

Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

134 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 118--Potatoes: Harvested acreage, by season, 1979-2008 1/ Year Winter Spring Summer Fall Total

--------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 acres ------------------------------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p 2/ 11.9 11.5 11.6 11.0 11.3 13.0 13.2 12.3 11.7 12.3 13.1 13.2 12.2 13.4 13.6 12.3 11.9 14.5 16.0 15.0 17.8 17.0 14.0 15.7 14.3 18.5 19.8 17.5 11.5 11.0 83.7 71.6 78.7 81.0 79.6 86.9 87.0 76.2 82.8 79.8 88.9 95.1 87.5 83.0 83.8 90.4 84.3 90.0 87.5 90.4 84.3 75.6 76.2 86.1 84.7 72.2 66.7 67.5 70.2 67.7 103.6 91.1 96.5 101.1 99.1 105.2 111.5 94.0 100.5 91.8 93.5 96.3 97.3 86.0 87.4 90.2 69.2 73.2 65.0 67.5 63.6 62.6 58.2 58.9 58.7 53.9 51.4 53.9 51.3 1,059.1 973.6 1,045.6 1,073.8 1,051.5 1,092.7 1,147.0 1,037.7 1,098.4 1,075.4 1,086.0 1,166.0 1,177.4 1,132.6 1,136.4 1,192.2 1,210.7 1,248.2 1,185.1 1,214.0 1,166.1 1,192.3 1,072.5 1,105.2 1,090.9 1,022.3 949.0 983.0 996.7 1,258.3 1,147.8 1,232.4 1,266.9 1,241.5 1,297.8 1,358.7 1,220.2 1,293.4 1,259.3 1,281.5 1,370.6 1,374.4 1,315.0 1,321.2 1,385.1 1,376.1 1,425.9 1,353.6 1,386.9 1,331.8 1,347.5 1,220.9 1,265.9 1,248.6 1,166.9 1,086.9 1,121.9 1,129.7

p = Preliminary. 1/ Beginning with 2000, Nebraska summer area is included with fall, Wyoming was dropped from the fall estimates program, Iowa summer estimates were discontinued, Alabama spring estimates were moved to summer, North Carolina summer estimates were grouped with spring estimates and estimates for Kansas summer potatoes began. After 2003, fall estimates were dropped for South Dakota and Utah. 2/ Florida winter combined with spring beginning in 2007. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Potatoes Annual Summary and Crop Production.

135 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 119--Potatoes: Production, by season, 1979-2008 Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p 1/
-- = Not available.

Winter Spring Summer Fall Total --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 cwt ------------------------------------------------------------------2,383 2,363 2,198 2,263 2,193 2,640 2,691 2,991 2,501 2,616 2,764 2,343 2,609 2,998 2,552 2,372 2,473 3,273 3,431 2,980 4,070 4,960 4,115 4,206 4,027 4,818 4,892 4,495 2,473 2,640
p = preliminary.

21,348 17,067 20,803 20,964 18,338 23,996 22,986 19,865 18,988 20,110 20,852 24,163 20,636 21,535 19,654 22,646 20,193 22,417 22,299 21,095 25,292 21,921 21,814 22,452 24,433 22,663 18,724 19,766 19,820 19,573

21,917 17,240 20,542 22,770 18,516 22,741 27,294 20,689 22,833 20,154 22,155 23,097 22,647 21,309 20,258 22,062 17,581 19,176 18,171 18,855 18,884 19,134 18,113 17,932 18,766 18,307 17,567 18,166 17,032 --

296,799 267,235 297,080 309,134 294,679 312,662 353,638 318,198 344,998 313,558 324,673 352,507 371,730 379,525 387,885 422,345 404,852 454,388 423,190 432,737 429,847 467,529 393,631 413,581 410,588 410,253 382,743 398,921 409,082 --

342,447 303,905 340,623 355,131 333,726 362,039 406,609 361,743 389,320 356,438 370,444 402,110 417,622 425,367 430,349 469,425 445,099 499,254 467,091 475,667 478,093 513,544 437,673 458,171 457,814 456,041 423,926 441,348 448,407 --

1/ Florida's winter season production was combined with the spring crop beginning in 2007.

Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Potatoes Annual Summary and Crop Production.

136 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 120--Potatoes, all seasons: Production, by major State, 1979-2007 Crop WashNorth ColoWisyear 1/ Idaho ington Dakota rado consin

Oregon

Maine

Minnesota

All other

United States

------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1,000 cwt -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 84,930 79,910 84,480 91,785 85,990 86,600 102,515 90,220 99,710 102,610 102,475 119,070 122,175 127,050 126,192 138,801 132,657 142,800 140,314 138,000 133,330 152,320 120,200 133,385 123,180 131,970 118,288 128,915 131,650 48,450 43,935 52,920 52,800 54,080 56,925 63,630 61,950 66,960 63,250 64,310 67,980 75,435 69,300 88,500 88,920 80,850 94,990 88,160 93,225 95,200 105,000 94,400 92,340 93,150 93,810 95,480 89,900 102,300 18,240 15,680 20,125 17,250 20,480 20,615 23,630 21,600 24,050 15,525 15,070 16,675 30,030 27,690 21,090 28,200 25,410 28,820 22,000 28,670 26,400 26,950 26,400 23,460 27,440 26,765 20,500 25,480 23,660 13,353 12,545 13,504 14,619 15,820 19,213 20,140 20,880 21,359 20,901 22,747 24,874 25,836 24,120 27,812 28,864 26,584 32,556 27,577 27,985 28,237 30,960 23,373 30,153 25,956 25,786 24,748 23,982 21,989 17,010 16,000 18,190 22,575 18,910 21,350 24,130 20,125 22,100 20,000 23,120 23,075 23,275 25,160 24,538 28,440 28,113 33,150 30,175 30,895 34,000 33,800 31,955 30,750 32,800 30,450 27,880 29,370 28,160 25,310 19,745 21,710 21,105 20,710 23,525 26,888 23,172 25,924 20,735 23,308 23,450 22,170 21,075 23,103 27,514 24,788 30,124 27,319 26,229 28,020 30,683 20,730 24,936 20,991 19,775 22,023 18,533 20,238 27,685 24,960 26,520 27,030 22,560 21,360 28,215 21,930 23,240 22,000 22,000 20,520 18,170 24,300 19,890 18,375 17,160 21,175 19,080 18,060 17,813 17,920 16,430 16,960 17,030 19,065 15,455 17,980 16,530 14,716 11,486 14,947 13,401 11,639 15,455 15,933 15,293 18,250 13,557 15,750 16,110 19,314 18,388 14,780 20,035 20,790 24,600 20,440 21,170 18,020 21,240 18,425 18,810 22,330 18,920 17,630 20,400 20,680 92,753 79,644 88,227 94,566 83,537 96,996 101,528 86,573 87,727 77,860 81,664 90,356 81,217 88,284 84,444 90,276 88,747 91,039 92,026 91,433 97,073 94,671 85,760 87,377 94,937 89,500 81,922 86,788 83,200 342,447 303,905 340,623 355,131 333,726 362,039 406,609 361,743 389,320 356,438 370,444 402,110 417,622 425,367 430,349 469,425 445,099 499,254 467,091 475,667 478,093 513,544 437,673 458,171 457,814 456,041 423,926 441,348 448,407

1/ Crop year begins September 1 and ends August 31. The year stated begins crop year. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Potatoes Annual Summary and January Crop Production Summary.

137 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 121--Potatoes, all seasons: Value of production, by major State, 1979-2007 Crop WashNorth ColoWisyear 1/ Idaho ington Dakota rado consin Oregon

Maine

Minnesota

All other

United States

-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 dollars --------------------------------------------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 p 250,444 451,492 401,280 321,248 447,148 420,010 338,300 387,946 348,985 554,094 727,573 595,350 488,700 654,308 586,793 687,065 822,473 549,780 631,413 627,900 659,984 609,280 739,230 666,925 541,992 560,873 674,242 760,599 763,570 123,548 193,314 209,034 198,000 229,840 293,164 219,524 266,385 244,404 284,625 331,197 353,496 286,653 346,500 469,050 417,924 553,823 451,203 431,984 447,480 476,000 446,250 552,240 512,487 489,038 459,669 534,688 561,875 613,800 59,280 107,408 81,506 75,038 100,352 95,860 75,616 90,720 84,175 98,584 96,448 95,048 118,619 125,990 131,813 129,720 137,214 135,454 124,300 151,951 147,840 146,878 158,400 146,625 149,548 155,237 139,400 166,894 156,156 38,819 84,296 63,451 53,320 99,098 90,931 49,533 91,422 44,164 149,993 184,899 115,681 57,576 100,702 169,011 107,377 166,705 60,542 126,164 130,700 122,926 97,756 219,602 191,858 119,252 120,818 213,703 190,528 181,752 73,143 161,600 85,493 92,558 104,951 102,480 76,010 92,575 85,085 128,000 166,464 126,913 97,755 123,284 158,270 142,200 179,923 142,545 171,998 152,930 180,200 160,550 226,881 212,175 186,960 175,088 218,858 229,086 209,792 71,590 90,761 97,228 82,310 96,172 112,105 95,618 96,965 89,953 99,638 135,742 129,556 87,810 115,451 132,036 130,731 166,269 138,574 142,466 132,115 138,945 146,637 132,732 141,269 112,837 101,241 128,835 119,538 146,726 89,976 180,960 119,340 90,551 141,000 91,848 79,002 131,580 98,770 160,600 166,100 124,146 105,386 123,930 138,236 112,088 109,824 97,405 122,112 116,487 113,113 110,208 125,690 119,568 103,032 123,923 127,504 140,244 123,975 45,782 91,731 72,868 52,617 64,369 78,519 46,824 68,282 59,264 85,091 95,414 92,395 79,302 83,334 83,614 98,334 109,148 114,390 113,442 107,967 110,823 108,324 103,180 112,860 112,767 103,114 113,714 125,460 132,352 419,541 617,394 688,276 596,997 651,333 757,381 587,869 664,280 628,149 578,946 809,826 798,398 721,098 662,979 773,876 768,007 750,332 733,583 758,742 766,411 792,597 764,170 797,921 941,543 870,396 774,822 840,551 931,647 869,623 1,172,123 1,978,956 1,818,476 1,562,639 1,934,263 2,042,298 1,568,296 1,890,155 1,682,949 2,139,571 2,713,663 2,430,983 2,042,899 2,336,478 2,642,699 2,593,446 2,995,711 2,423,476 2,622,621 2,633,941 2,742,428 2,590,053 3,055,876 3,045,310 2,685,822 2,574,785 2,991,495 3,225,871 3,197,746

p = preliminary. 1/ Crop year begins September 1 and ends August 31. The year stated begins crop year. Sources: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Potatoes Annual Summary and Crop Values.

138 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 122--Potatoes, all seasons: Crop-year utilization, 1979-2006 Crop year 1/ 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 4/ Table stock 115,109 98,066 111,976 120,232 107,295 113,187 125,006 109,331 129,097 108,348 113,932 119,545 126,953 127,106 125,379 136,106 124,875 131,446 131,670 125,099 133,947 139,590 122,552 131,889 133,143 130,418 120,372 101,383 Chips and shoestring 38,276 37,894 39,344 40,650 43,311 42,339 42,217 45,814 40,593 44,539 43,071 44,489 45,850 48,455 48,987 49,299 47,284 48,305 48,130 51,504 52,941 52,405 54,080 51,640 52,790 50,068 50,998 67,034 Dehydrated 30,784 28,222 29,875 27,720 26,754 27,845 29,958 28,445 30,823 28,786 32,187 38,838 40,395 38,078 40,795 41,381 45,065 54,261 48,389 55,521 50,830 54,332 40,759 51,357 48,418 48,541 42,312 54,590 Processing uses Frozen Other french fries frozen 74,320 67,208 79,829 76,013 74,350 87,350 94,741 96,244 101,377 95,466 100,459 108,455 111,128 112,496 121,087 136,531 129,029 145,489 131,628 142,933 140,196 146,869 126,711 124,875 126,515 131,592 123,298 129,469 14,420 13,673 16,812 17,290 19,655 20,322 17,856 15,708 18,305 17,558 19,115 23,915 23,097 23,016 25,190 26,362 27,073 28,972 33,397 25,162 23,592 26,723 23,598 28,951 23,870 23,003 24,747 24,859 Canned products 4,730 4,047 4,169 4,582 4,131 4,423 4,581 4,098 4,555 4,972 4,996 4,601 4,351 5,267 4,337 5,509 5,727 4,952 5,497 4,694 5,705 5,077 4,312 4,833 4,254 3,827 3,054 2,995 Starch, flour and other 3,574 2,186 2,299 4,636 3,028 3,401 3,489 2,808 2,184 1,416 898 1,699 1,739 1,610 1,691 2,176 1,668 1,956 1,311 1,585 1,310 1,966 1,015 1,050 1,379 1,531 1,582 1,097 Other sales 2/ 25,202 22,992 23,976 25,721 24,604 27,414 27,993 24,692 24,831 24,476 25,088 26,290 25,685 29,609 26,751 28,815 28,993 36,414 29,411 27,956 28,477 37,610 28,033 27,049 26,608 24,857 24,253 25,331 Non-sales uses 3/ 36,032 29,617 32,343 38,287 30,601 35,758 60,768 34,603 37,555 30,877 30,696 34,278 38,424 39,730 36,132 43,246 35,385 47,459 37,658 41,213 41,095 48,972 36,613 36,527 40,837 42,204 33,310 34,590

Total 166,104 153,230 172,328 170,891 171,229 185,680 192,842 193,117 197,837 192,737 200,726 221,997 226,560 228,922 242,087 261,258 255,846 283,935 268,352 281,399 274,574 287,372 250,475 262,706 257,226 258,562 245,991 280,044

------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 cwt ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1/ Crop year begins September 1 and ends August 31. The year stated begins crop year. 2/ Includes livestock feed , seed, and crop diversion. In 2000/01, 4.164 million cwt was diverted for non-feed purposes. 3/ Includes shrink and loss and various on-farm uses such as feed and seed. 4/ Data for 2007/08 will be released on 9/25/08 at: http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/MannUsda/viewDocumentInfo.do?documentID=1123 Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Potatoes Annual Summary.

139 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 123--Potatoes: Season-average price and value of farm sales by season, 1979-2006 Year 1/ Winter SeasonValue of avg. price sales $/cwt 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 8.00 9.40 17.40 12.20 10.70 13.00 14.00 11.80 18.60 10.50 20.50 30.90 24.10 18.50 25.00 31.90 20.70 23.10 17.40 26.40 23.58 17.04 22.22 26.21 26.04 22.37 21.47 24.89 $1,000 18,674 21,798 37,291 26,846 22,691 33,025 36,470 34,184 45,204 26,647 55,060 70,279 61,326 53,877 61,990 73,996 49,645 73,759 58,449 76,574 93,695 79,903 88,159 108,658 103,209 106,379 100,990 108,590 Spring SeasonValue of avg. price sales $/cwt 4.54 6.46 10.20 8.83 8.34 9.56 8.26 7.05 11.60 6.80 11.20 10.10 13.40 7.45 11.70 9.09 9.27 10.60 9.53 10.20 9.09 9.57 9.86 13.28 10.90 10.04 11.29 12.32 $1,000 94,687 107,523 207,546 180,971 149,478 224,658 186,149 137,310 215,994 134,844 229,096 240,171 270,816 157,414 225,947 201,890 182,977 233,298 204,881 209,706 224,583 203,933 205,692 283,753 253,334 216,924 201,357 233,310 Summer SeasonValue of avg. price sales $/cwt 4.33 8.93 8.48 6.30 8.13 9.17 4.86 7.02 6.32 7.55 10.40 8.92 7.16 7.60 7.74 8.14 8.85 7.52 8.40 7.54 7.52 9.00 9.25 10.78 8.72 8.07 9.71 11.05 $1,000 88,988 146,081 164,587 135,629 141,945 195,643 124,866 137,689 135,538 144,018 218,067 194,689 154,265 154,966 150,389 169,414 149,411 138,229 146,878 136,256 136,296 164,374 161,121 186,957 157,111 142,873 165,078 194,486 Fall SeasonValue of avg. price sales $/cwt 3.24 6.36 4.74 3.92 5.46 5.03 3.42 4.68 3.69 5.80 6.75 5.42 4.16 5.17 5.64 5.05 6.43 4.34 5.20 5.07 5.29 4.55 6.54 5.89 5.23 5.08 6.53 6.68 $1,000 850,193 1,520,080 1,261,531 1,067,863 1,449,394 1,402,425 1,007,953 1,335,419 1,142,731 1,650,554 1,996,141 1,734,476 1,393,749 1,762,984 1,991,528 1,923,830 2,383,790 1,772,833 2,011,004 1,994,030 2,064,564 1,910,952 2,348,006 2,232,627 1,943,986 1,877,912 2,290,850 2,445,026 Annual SeasonValue of avg. price sales $/cwt 3.44 6.55 5.42 4.45 5.82 5.69 3.92 5.03 4.38 6.00 7.35 6.08 4.96 5.52 6.16 5.56 6.75 4.91 5.64 5.56 5.77 5.08 6.99 6.67 5.89 5.66 7.06 7.33 $1,000 1,052,542 1,795,482 1,670,955 1,411,309 1,763,508 1,855,751 1,355,438 1,644,602 1,539,467 1,956,063 2,498,364 2,239,615 1,880,156 2,129,241 2,429,854 2,369,130 2,765,823 2,218,119 2,421,212 2,416,566 2,519,138 2,359,162 2,802,978 2,811,995 2,457,640 2,344,088 2,758,275 2,981,412

1/ Crop year. Data for the 2007/08 crop year are scheduled to be released 9/25/2008. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Potatoes Annual Summary.

140 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 124--Potatoes: January 1 stocks of fresh fall-season potatoes in major States, 1979-2008 Crop WashNorth ColoWisyear 1/ Idaho ington Dakota rado consin Oregon Maine

Minnesota

Sum of 8 States

------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 cwt ------------------------------------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 58,500 53,000 55,500 61,000 54,500 54,500 65,000 63,000 65,000 65,500 61,500 77,000 79,000 83,500 85,000 89,500 85,000 92,000 91,500 89,000 86,000 101,000 78,000 82,500 76,500 84,500 75,500 74,500 80,000 84,000 27,300 22,000 25,100 25,700 25,900 25,900 30,000 28,000 32,900 32,100 30,400 29,500 32,200 29,100 38,000 43,000 35,000 42,000 41,500 43,500 41,000 52,000 46,000 43,500 44,000 43,000 46,500 42,500 42,500 54,000 10,700 8,900 11,400 11,500 12,700 12,900 16,000 13,500 15,500 8,600 9,500 11,000 18,500 16,000 12,600 16,200 14,000 18,000 13,800 17,500 13,800 16,200 16,900 14,000 17,300 17,500 11,500 15,000 15,000 12,500 7,100 6,700 7,100 8,250 9,000 10,950 12,900 11,750 13,800 12,950 13,750 14,400 15,600 15,500 15,800 16,300 16,100 20,700 17,000 16,500 17,300 17,700 13,300 18,100 15,300 15,800 15,000 15,200 15,200 13,200 7,400 5,400 7,800 9,400 8,400 9,200 11,000 9,000 10,000 9,300 10,400 11,200 12,000 13,400 12,000 13,600 13,900 17,200 16,800 17,000 17,900 17,400 16,200 16,900 18,500 16,900 15,500 17,000 16,900 16,000 14,600 11,300 12,700 13,200 12,100 12,900 15,700 14,900 16,100 13,100 12,100 13,000 15,500 14,000 16,800 17,600 14,100 21,500 19,000 17,500 20,500 23,000 15,500 15,000 15,800 14,500 16,500 13,900 13,900 16,100 21,200 16,300 18,000 19,600 16,000 15,000 20,200 13,700 15,000 13,300 13,600 12,900 10,300 15,600 12,700 11,400 12,400 15,300 14,100 12,500 13,000 12,500 10,800 11,200 12,100 12,800 11,200 13,000 12,800 11,300 9,500 7,000 8,100 8,100 7,800 10,000 9,900 9,000 10,300 7,900 7,500 9,000 11,300 10,500 7,300 10,800 11,700 14,900 12,000 12,000 9,000 13,000 10,800 10,500 12,400 11,600 11,100 10,700 11,600 11,500 156,300 130,600 145,700 156,750 146,400 151,350 180,700 162,850 178,600 162,750 158,750 178,000 194,400 197,600 200,200 218,400 202,200 241,600 225,700 225,500 218,500 252,800 207,500 211,700 211,900 216,600 202,800 201,800 207,900 218,600

1/ Crop year begins September 1 and ends August 31. The year stated begins crop year. Sources: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Potato Stocks, Potatoes Annual Summary.

141 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 125--Potatoes, all: U.S. monthly and season-average grower price, 1987-2008 Season Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. average --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Dollars per cwt ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Table stock: 1988 3.70 3.74 4.02 4.11 4.62 4.30 5.28 5.91 4.55 4.30 5.72 5.79 8.24 1989 6.24 6.43 7.34 8.33 8.78 8.61 10.60 7.58 5.06 5.03 6.32 6.81 10.80 Year 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p 7.36 5.66 3.79 5.59 7.14 4.70 7.99 3.21 5.76 6.08 6.21 3.54 10.49 8.09 6.26 6.13 9.58 8.53 9.26 7.71 5.53 4.06 5.95 8.03 5.43 8.52 3.82 6.81 6.94 6.62 5.41 11.63 8.54 6.68 6.58 9.13 9.20 9.86 3.73 4.74 5.66 4.99 4.06 4.88 5.12 4.90 5.44 4.90 5.26 4.94 5.27 5.15 5.27 5.32 5.24 5.30 5.59 6.16 6.25 3.74 6.43 7.71 5.53 4.08 5.29 6.37 4.97 6.92 4.56 5.88 5.75 5.78 5.28 7.33 6.47 5.87 5.79 6.76 7.23 7.51 9.17 6.15 5.56 6.73 10.60 5.84 8.86 3.46 7.54 7.85 6.74 4.48 13.19 8.58 7.20 8.04 13.78 11.95 11.42 3.92 5.08 5.70 5.14 3.96 5.14 5.43 4.80 5.71 5.11 5.24 5.14 5.21 5.10 5.34 5.28 5.24 5.37 5.74 6.34 6.15 4.02 7.34 9.17 6.15 4.64 6.06 7.75 5.37 7.51 4.64 6.41 6.12 6.14 5.12 8.24 6.79 6.09 6.44 8.50 8.34 8.37 10.30 7.03 6.39 8.91 7.90 5.97 9.01 3.92 6.83 8.32 6.61 5.53 12.17 8.80 7.82 7.22 12.32 11.68 9.32 7.98 5.18 8.36 8.58 7.26 9.78 4.60 7.31 7.70 7.30 7.23 14.69 9.09 7.76 7.43 10.51 11.08 8.96 7.51 5.82 7.95 8.14 9.85 10.50 5.34 7.23 9.08 7.40 8.31 16.28 9.16 9.04 8.23 11.90 11.78 9.50 7.95 8.52 9.11 8.90 10.70 9.74 7.02 6.94 9.79 8.81 8.93 16.70 8.96 9.07 10.37 13.14 11.33 8.09 5.39 9.23 7.96 8.63 9.63 7.06 9.04 6.73 9.67 8.15 12.96 15.31 8.04 7.87 11.30 13.99 10.47 5.36 4.51 6.27 6.94 5.58 9.31 5.82 7.02 6.62 7.23 5.90 10.96 11.52 7.08 6.97 10.77 9.67 8.11 4.73 4.06 5.73 6.79 4.95 8.00 5.31 6.65 5.75 6.26 4.66 8.69 8.34 6.95 5.09 8.90 9.06 7.82 5.24 3.99 5.56 8.25 5.08 7.87 4.02 6.07 5.77 6.58 4.16 8.68 8.62 6.70 4.89 9.02 8.34 8.17 5.46 4.29 5.43 7.51 5.03 7.54 3.73 6.05 5.41 7.00 4.77 9.37 8.60 6.52 5.56 9.17 8.38 8.72 8.01 5.65 6.76 7.96 6.87 8.87 5.05 6.65 6.94 6.94 5.27 10.79 9.59 7.32 6.75 10.36 10.27 9.53

Processing: 1988 3.71 1989 4.68 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p 5.37 5.04 4.34 4.86 5.08 4.89 5.42 4.98 5.07 5.11 5.18 4.95 5.37 5.38 5.29 5.29 5.65 6.13 6.17

3.80 5.42 5.46 6.00 4.17 6.33 4.96 4.76 5.87 5.02 5.48 5.30 5.41 5.19 5.66 5.33 5.54 5.47 6.04 6.78

3.82 5.99 5.15 7.05 3.71 7.09 4.79 4.82 6.59 6.04 5.97 5.32 5.37 5.10 6.02 5.59 5.64 5.68 6.30 6.87

3.61 5.32 5.98 5.55 3.93 5.37 5.50 5.07 6.47 5.04 5.58 5.30 5.34 4.96 5.83 5.60 5.54 5.51 6.46 6.75

4.29 5.10 5.38 5.41 3.90 5.40 4.95 5.80 5.92 4.33 5.04 5.28 4.89 5.24 6.09 5.39 5.30 5.45 6.51 6.36

4.34 4.62 5.15 5.01 5.05 4.97 4.91 4.98 4.91 4.81 4.83 4.43 4.46 4.43 4.67 4.69 4.76 4.92 5.47 5.48

3.71 4.15 4.63 4.43 4.56 4.55 4.80 4.90 4.67 4.61 4.55 4.59 4.48 4.56 4.62 4.64 4.60 4.65 5.22 5.37

3.82 4.40 4.42 4.09 4.32 4.56 4.51 4.65 4.67 4.60 4.31 4.67 4.34 4.47 4.79 4.52 4.45 4.66 5.10 5.37

4.84 5.09 4.75 4.08 4.43 4.75 4.56 5.37 4.67 4.71 4.61 5.04 4.69 4.89 5.14 4.85 4.88 4.89 5.70 5.60

4.74 5.48 5.03 4.48 4.77 5.04 4.75 5.39 4.77 4.96 5.22 4.95 5.07 5.15 5.35 5.31 5.10 5.51 5.96 6.07

4.39 5.09 4.80 4.55 4.79 4.96 4.83 5.21 4.82 5.00 4.86 4.99 4.70 5.05 5.16 5.10 5.06 5.39 5.90 5.86

All uses: 1/ 1988 3.70 1989 6.24 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p 7.36 5.66 4.07 5.15 6.04 4.83 6.65 4.22 5.41 5.50 5.56 4.72 7.34 6.44 5.70 5.64 7.08 7.06 7.33

4.11 8.33 10.30 7.03 5.16 7.18 6.68 5.41 7.82 4.67 6.27 6.50 6.49 5.47 8.01 6.99 6.62 6.20 8.35 8.53 8.75

4.62 8.78 9.32 7.98 4.43 7.18 6.62 5.86 8.09 5.31 6.46 6.06 6.28 5.22 8.59 6.94 6.47 6.23 7.83 8.27

4.30 8.61 8.96 7.51 4.71 6.45 6.80 7.12 8.16 4.66 6.13 6.54 5.97 5.71 9.38 6.67 6.47 6.30 8.41 8.27

5.28 10.60 9.50 7.95 7.00 7.38 7.38 8.75 7.79 5.66 5.78 7.35 6.58 6.36 10.59 6.84 6.44 7.05 9.77 8.48

5.91 7.58 8.09 5.39 6.64 6.25 6.25 6.64 5.58 6.31 5.38 5.91 5.32 7.20 7.39 5.57 5.60 6.61 7.70 6.87

4.55 5.06 5.36 4.51 4.89 5.06 4.95 5.76 4.92 5.08 5.08 5.33 4.79 6.23 6.29 5.24 5.23 5.69 6.12 5.98

4.30 5.03 4.73 4.06 4.55 4.90 4.57 6.30 4.75 4.93 4.55 4.98 4.39 5.28 5.53 5.03 4.61 5.37 5.76 5.83

5.72 6.32 5.24 3.99 4.90 6.34 4.77 6.39 4.44 5.12 5.02 5.58 4.50 6.16 6.24 5.42 4.89 6.36 6.59 6.74

5.79 6.81 5.46 4.29 5.06 6.15 4.85 6.33 4.28 5.36 5.29 5.68 4.93 6.73 6.62 5.76 5.28 6.89 6.79 7.09

6.00 7.35 6.08 4.96 5.52 6.16 5.56 6.75 4.91 5.64 5.56 5.76 5.08 6.99 6.67 5.89 5.66 7.06 7.33 7.12

p = Preliminary. -- = Not available. 1/ Average price received by growers for all potatoes. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Potatoes Annual Summary and Agricultural Prices.

142 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 126--Potatoes, fresh market: U.S. monthly and annual retail price index, 1979-2008 1/ Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Jan. 59.9 63.8 102.0 90.4 73.9 107.1 103.7 83.8 106.4 104.6 130.8 150.1 139.6 130.9 139.7 169.4 157.1 179.1 164.2 180.2 184.5 196.6 186.6 213.4 230.6 228.2 237.5 261.1 272.4 282.9 Feb. 60.9 63.6 109.6 93.0 75.3 112.5 105.0 82.2 111.7 106.2 138.3 160.1 140.9 131.7 138.9 171.3 157.2 179.0 162.8 179.3 184.0 198.1 186.8 225.7 226.9 226.0 235.8 264.7 269.9 286.3 Mar. 62.6 63.6 113.9 94.2 75.4 113.7 105.8 81.9 111.2 108.5 146.6 170.6 139.6 132.1 142.4 179.8 161.8 183.8 161.2 181.6 185.9 197.9 189.3 230.2 227.5 230.5 228.3 264.6 276.0 285.4 Apr. 61.7 63.1 118.3 95.8 80.9 114.9 107.3 83.7 116.2 111.2 158.9 187.3 144.4 135.6 152.0 186.3 164.6 181.9 163.9 179.9 183.3 194.9 187.0 244.1 225.0 224.3 235.0 261.5 277.6 293.1 May 63.8 65.7 120.3 100.2 88.3 116.4 115.6 87.5 127.1 114.7 164.0 187.4 149.1 136.7 156.0 179.9 165.3 185.5 167.3 187.7 191.5 200.4 192.2 248.0 231.9 229.0 239.1 270.4 284.7 June 69.3 77.1 129.6 107.9 95.3 122.5 125.0 99.3 136.4 122.2 172.5 185.8 165.8 141.0 163.4 185.7 183.1 189.8 172.4 193.1 194.7 201.7 205.0 253.4 231.4 237.4 246.7 276.0 291.6 July 70.6 97.1 129.8 116.0 100.3 142.5 120.4 111.4 139.1 125.7 180.7 179.7 164.3 155.9 165.2 194.1 200.8 195.5 181.9 196.5 205.0 208.3 213.4 260.7 235.1 240.7 256.7 282.5 294.5 Aug. 66.1 102.3 117.4 102.7 107.1 149.6 103.8 112.0 127.6 132.0 182.3 169.8 156.2 164.7 165.8 190.4 195.5 196.6 194.0 192.7 212.1 210.7 224.5 263.8 238.8 238.9 263.8 293.6 283.4 Sep. 62.4 98.0 103.0 85.2 105.2 110.8 88.6 104.9 110.5 124.8 153.1 152.0 143.7 153.1 156.1 168.8 182.8 180.9 191.7 189.1 204.6 195.4 218.3 246.4 233.8 228.5 258.6 290.4 283.0 Oct. 59.8 92.5 90.9 76.3 99.1 101.5 81.3 101.2 101.9 125.2 139.8 139.9 132.1 143.0 152.1 157.3 179.7 172.5 181.6 187.0 194.8 191.5 216.3 232.0 223.7 232.0 265.8 278.2 278.8 Nov. 61.2 91.7 89.6 75.3 95.4 98.0 80.6 101.9 100.6 126.0 135.0 134.5 129.9 136.1 158.3 154.2 172.6 162.0 174.3 176.7 186.1 181.2 203.4 221.8 217.7 226.9 253.5 267.8 278.7 Dec. 64.8 93.1 89.7 75.5 99.4 102.4 81.4 103.9 103.8 128.5 140.0 133.9 129.9 137.2 165.0 154.2 175.3 160.2 175.0 178.0 190.7 179.4 205.2 222.2 214.5 230.5 251.7 266.8 274.7 Annual 63.6 81.0 109.5 92.7 91.3 116.0 101.5 96.1 116.0 119.1 153.5 162.6 144.6 141.5 154.6 174.3 174.7 180.6 174.2 185.2 193.1 196.3 202.3 238.5 228.1 231.1 247.7 273.1 280.4 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1982-84=100 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1/ Index of retail prices paid in major U.S. cities. Data beginning in 1978 are for all urban consumers. Earlier data are for urban wage earners and clerical workers. Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/data/).

143 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 127-- Potatoes, frozen french fries: U.S. monthly and annual producer price index, 1979-2008 Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 p Jan. 73.5 76.0 81.7 99.1 103.3 103.1 110.8 114.0 115.3 114.4 117.2 121.5 127.9 126.6 130.7 140.1 139.0 138.3 137.5 135.1 134.7 135.4 138.4 137.0 142.8 146.1 149.0 148.3 159.7 170.8 Feb. 73.1 76.1 79.2 98.6 102.5 102.5 111.6 114.0 116.3 113.6 118.5 122.2 128.2 125.3 130.8 140.2 138.2 137.7 137.3 135.6 135.1 136.5 138.8 138.1 143.6 146.7 149.2 149.7 159.5 171.8 Mar. 73.4 75.8 83.5 99.0 102.1 108.3 111.9 114.1 115.5 113.6 118.5 122.6 127.9 125.3 131.1 141.6 138.2 137.3 137.0 134.6 135.2 136.7 138.3 137.9 142.7 147.4 149.6 150.9 159.5 171.7 Apr. 73.8 77.1 88.5 98.4 102.5 107.4 112.9 113.4 115.9 114.5 118.2 124.3 127.7 125.7 132.8 140.2 137.4 137.6 137.0 135.4 136.0 136.5 137.7 137.9 142.6 146.3 149.3 150.4 160.0 May 73.7 77.4 88.7 99.0 101.1 107.2 113.0 113.5 115.4 113.3 118.7 126.5 127.8 125.6 134.2 141.3 136.0 137.6 136.6 134.8 135.6 137.1 137.7 138.6 143.7 145.6 149.6 149.9 161.6 June 73.4 79.3 92.0 98.6 101.3 109.8 113.1 113.5 115.5 113.4 118.8 126.5 128.2 123.5 136.0 141.2 134.2 137.8 136.8 134.6 136.1 136.7 137.7 137.5 143.6 146.8 149.4 151.5 160.7 July 73.4 80.2 94.4 98.4 101.2 110.2 113.4 112.8 115.2 114.8 118.8 126.6 128.4 124.1 135.4 139.7 133.5 138.2 137.1 134.4 135.9 137.4 137.6 138.6 143.9 147.0 149.1 150.9 163.1 Aug. 76.7 80.8 94.7 101.1 101.2 110.3 113.2 113.3 114.8 115.6 119.2 127.1 127.8 123.9 135.9 140.1 134.2 138.5 135.1 134.8 135.9 138.7 137.5 138.9 143.7 147.8 148.0 151.3 163.4 Sep. 78.0 82.0 96.5 101.4 100.5 109.9 113.8 112.8 116.2 115.7 119.5 126.9 128.3 126.6 136.5 138.6 136.4 138.2 136.4 134.8 136.4 138.9 137.5 139.7 143.6 148.7 147.9 151.9 164.0 Oct. 77.1 82.0 98.3 102.4 100.7 110.1 114.3 112.8 114.5 117.0 119.5 127.5 127.8 126.4 137.1 138.4 137.7 138.3 137.2 135.0 135.9 138.8 138.3 139.6 145.0 149.4 147.8 155.9 167.4 Nov. 77.2 78.7 98.7 102.0 102.9 110.1 113.8 113.9 113.7 116.7 121.3 126.9 127.7 129.2 137.5 138.2 135.2 137.7 136.2 134.5 135.4 138.1 137.0 140.0 145.5 149.0 146.0 156.7 169.1 Dec. 76.6 81.5 98.9 102.1 102.0 110.0 113.9 113.5 113.8 117.2 121.5 127.0 127.0 131.0 138.6 138.8 136.0 137.8 136.4 134.0 135.4 139.1 136.9 141.5 146.1 149.3 146.6 156.6 171.6 Annual 75.0 78.9 91.3 100.0 101.8 108.2 113.0 113.5 115.2 115.0 119.1 125.5 127.9 126.1 134.7 139.9 136.3 137.9 136.7 134.8 135.6 137.5 137.8 138.8 143.9 147.5 148.5 152.0 163.3 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1982=100 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-- = not available.

p = Preliminary.

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/data/).

144 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 128--Potatoes: U.S. monthly retail price, by product, 1987-2008 Year Fresh: 1/ 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Dollars per pound -------------------------------------------------------------------------------0.244 0.294 0.333 0.332 0.286 0.311 0.369 0.339 0.385 0.335 0.362 0.381 0.392 0.355 0.426 0.483 0.457 0.458 0.504 0.517 0.525 -0.243 0.312 0.355 0.330 0.285 0.311 0.373 0.337 0.385 0.331 0.362 0.382 0.401 0.348 0.447 0.472 0.446 0.448 0.517 0.514 0.531 0.715 0.688 0.713 0.841 0.839 0.924 0.845 0.881 0.839 0.896 0.926 0.990 1.022 1.067 1.077 1.129 1.099 0.976 0.901 2.786 2.597 2.876 2.947 2.982 2.914 2.935 3.018 3.014 2.960 3.099 3.136 3.223 3.448 3.361 3.278 3.462 3.584 3.315 3.370 3.424 3.759 0.264 0.240 0.335 0.387 0.327 0.280 0.327 0.395 0.348 0.392 0.330 0.368 0.384 0.393 0.356 0.465 0.463 0.459 0.440 0.517 0.518 0.542 0.707 0.703 0.713 0.818 0.822 0.853 0.859 0.877 0.854 0.866 0.914 0.999 0.969 1.048 1.061 1.066 1.048 0.969 -2.808 2.604 2.906 2.962 2.954 2.943 2.839 2.970 2.975 3.035 3.145 3.107 3.249 3.354 3.378 3.418 3.546 3.435 3.224 3.517 3.485 3.771 0.276 0.244 0.360 0.434 0.339 0.285 0.354 0.413 0.359 0.394 0.335 0.369 0.380 0.388 0.362 0.493 0.466 0.461 0.450 0.522 0.529 0.546 0.673 0.700 0.735 0.833 0.811 0.841 0.846 0.845 0.841 0.868 0.929 0.985 0.995 1.045 1.049 1.108 1.088 0.981 -2.804 2.580 2.950 2.984 2.960 2.857 2.836 3.012 3.048 3.075 3.184 3.175 3.264 3.409 3.315 3.294 3.581 3.377 3.456 3.457 3.482 3.885 0.300 0.247 0.368 0.427 0.343 0.292 0.360 0.389 0.357 0.392 0.338 0.381 0.388 0.379 0.363 0.508 0.466 0.435 0.452 0.533 0.530 0.320 0.256 0.374 0.422 0.386 0.294 0.379 0.390 0.396 0.401 0.345 0.390 0.391 0.376 0.388 0.517 0.462 0.462 0.455 0.541 0.538 0.323 0.257 0.392 0.405 0.376 0.328 0.376 0.401 0.439 0.408 0.367 0.392 0.411 0.390 0.409 0.549 0.464 0.471 0.477 0.556 0.545 0.288 0.268 0.391 0.381 0.350 0.352 0.370 0.389 0.425 0.403 0.388 0.382 0.429 0.400 0.439 0.559 0.464 0.464 0.491 0.572 0.522 0.256 0.268 0.341 0.348 0.314 0.330 0.341 0.355 0.399 0.375 0.388 0.376 0.413 0.374 0.422 0.511 0.444 0.446 0.482 0.563 0.520 0.244 0.279 0.313 0.322 0.290 0.313 0.341 0.340 0.396 0.359 0.374 0.379 0.393 0.367 0.418 0.492 0.441 0.450 0.505 0.545 0.517 0.245 0.287 0.307 0.315 0.287 0.301 0.347 0.339 0.377 0.343 0.366 0.370 0.384 0.351 0.410 0.473 0.438 0.443 0.499 0.517 0.527 0.247 0.295 0.313 0.318 0.283 0.308 0.364 0.335 0.380 0.335 0.370 0.375 0.395 0.347 0.410 0.479 0.439 0.449 0.498 0.517 0.520 0.276 0.261 0.342 0.371 0.330 0.305 0.348 0.374 0.379 0.381 0.356 0.376 0.394 0.380 0.390 0.493 0.459 0.454 0.471 0.534 0.525

Frozen: 2/ 1987 0.720 1988 0.705 1989 0.716 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Chips: 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 0.809 0.853 0.930 0.870 0.887 0.847 0.854 0.924 0.981 1.000 1.066 1.054 1.133 1.040 0.986 0.959 2.754 2.631 2.711 2.866 2.990 2.942 2.832 2.872 3.079 3.004 3.125 3.149 3.217 3.386 3.391 3.437 3.483 3.428 3.256 3.426 3.359 3.530

0.681 0.691 0.727 0.832 0.832 0.853 0.848 0.871 0.863 0.904 0.912 1.010 1.030 1.054 1.060 1.081 1.029 1.032 -2.776 2.598 2.940 2.940 2.937 2.871 2.898 2.999 2.952 2.989 3.056 3.161 3.212 3.345 3.395 3.162 3.415 3.359 3.377 3.604 3.511

0.692 0.690 0.729 0.831 0.835 0.853 0.873 0.871 0.879 0.906 0.921 1.022 1.003 1.024 1.071 1.143 0.974 0.956 -2.801 2.572 2.883 2.951 3.062 2.906 2.827 2.968 2.987 2.981 3.118 3.153 3.235 3.302 3.564 3.430 3.581 3.446 3.519 3.369 3.473

0.692 0.710 0.767 0.845 0.843 0.858 0.887 0.844 0.869 0.899 0.938 1.023 0.995 0.984 1.099 1.118 0.965 1.014 -2.785 2.616 2.842 2.945 2.929 2.940 2.893 2.902 2.971 3.106 3.117 3.128 3.255 3.310 3.335 3.195 3.367 3.460 3.364 3.467 3.512

0.673 0.694 0.776 0.887 0.861 0.869 0.842 0.856 0.876 0.921 0.961 1.033 1.042 1.037 1.081 1.142 0.987 0.987 -2.717 2.617 2.855 2.949 2.939 2.974 2.966 2.992 3.035 3.086 3.128 3.210 3.279 3.302 3.404 3.312 3.539 3.455 3.363 3.544 3.608

0.666 0.696 0.773 0.829 0.855 0.858 0.862 0.870 0.864 0.909 0.942 1.009 1.036 1.032 1.095 1.126 1.030 0.981 -2.701 2.636 2.824 2.980 2.901 2.856 2.895 2.965 2.970 3.069 3.176 3.121 3.237 3.416 3.397 3.498 3.508 3.244 3.302 3.533 3.558

0.672 0.708 0.780 0.827 0.866 0.857 0.864 0.853 0.852 0.908 0.940 1.007 1.076 1.058 1.055 1.107 1.033 0.965 -2.674 2.620 2.824 3.032 3.021 2.937 2.911 2.924 3.020 3.155 3.152 3.219 3.289 3.341 3.589 3.357 3.425 3.395 3.367 3.494 3.637

0.696 0.691 0.790 0.831 0.900 0.873 0.877 0.846 0.886 0.912 0.967 0.994 1.032 1.075 1.095 1.094 0.961 0.953 -2.734 2.662 2.862 2.971 2.930 2.836 2.843 3.020 2.979 3.102 3.133 3.207 3.299 3.276 3.507 3.418 3.493 3.308 3.412 3.399 3.667

0.698 0.702 0.796 0.850 0.924 0.857 0.871 0.838 0.864 0.897 0.950 1.023 1.039 1.090 1.114 1.093 0.999 0.933 -2.674 2.699 2.853 2.971 2.954 2.840 2.918 3.012 3.026 3.118 3.166 3.177 3.330 3.437 3.477 3.472 3.583 3.350 3.459 3.409 3.646

0.690 0.698 0.751 0.836 0.853 0.869 0.862 0.862 0.861 0.895 0.935 1.006 1.020 1.048 1.076 1.112 1.021 0.978 -2.751 2.619 2.861 2.958 2.963 2.901 2.883 2.971 3.005 3.057 3.133 3.162 3.257 3.361 3.426 3.356 3.499 3.403 3.368 3.466 3.530

-- = Not available. 1/ All fresh-market potatoes. 2/ Frozen french fried potatoes. Data not reported after Feb 2005. Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics ( http://www.bls.gov/data/).

145 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 129--Potatoes: Selected U.S. imports, by type, calendar 1979-2007 1/ Frozen Year Fresh Seed French fries Other 2/ Chips

Dried

Flour

Starch

Dehydrated 3/

Prepared or preserved 4/

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 pounds ----------------------------------------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 98,058 140,675 246,984 348,374 279,557 253,579 300,469 280,813 402,791 388,394 509,346 482,903 437,349 273,515 541,382 405,899 458,925 690,767 512,321 737,222 610,581 502,705 487,888 621,461 635,006 575,374 631,251 611,231 923,529 61,376 77,691 145,369 130,026 69,529 71,570 105,403 63,645 96,995 95,029 160,931 201,043 178,907 128,071 171,200 236,911 225,942 295,698 252,498 323,801 312,908 302,753 183,171 261,647 237,363 179,724 156,578 206,190 182,284 ----------96,224 129,685 163,744 188,608 278,386 289,436 332,427 423,322 650,695 808,800 909,011 1,060,050 1,211,775 1,348,523 1,533,890 1,739,661 1,515,046 1,576,576 1,581,016 16,424 10,915 14,989 22,164 26,557 49,732 69,081 73,527 93,901 101,907 7,982 8,497 6,749 7,022 12,074 20,212 22,573 30,940 46,548 62,233 73,640 93,092 85,603 101,220 117,779 108,871 128,871 142,278 122,497 ----------136 3,807 3,632 4,147 2,511 1,006 0 1,963 1,057 5,145 10,589 38,029 41,259 36,917 61,489 76,172 71,681 61,825 48,911 1,641 151 2,374 1,515 417 3,172 2,571 4,226 3,702 5,022 2,758 1,082 427 277 217 288 266 297 283 229 235 122 151 189 303 261 245 757 1,081 215 623 602 700 775 1,007 1,142 1,305 1,545 571 693 808 833 564 761 537 473 476 271 718 931 582 1,888 1,948 1,788 5,383 8,388 3,145 3,730 14,945 15,917 41,410 26,789 21,795 30,084 61,081 47,422 60,742 77,638 97,406 126,354 92,949 95,598 125,765 100,436 103,221 89,817 122,591 105,799 116,628 127,317 124,928 160,641 178,530 164,153 207,086 178,899 161,590 293 179 136 44 135 364 2,826 1,194 452 201 1,624 880 2,058 1,161 1,679 1,820 3,947 3,064 2,810 5,798 10,762 21,014 23,392 27,929 33,971 16,736 14,969 12,532 16,403 -255 1,529 1,344 1,138 1,822 1,152 1,965 1,963 944 586 1,543 430 1,597 951 1,041 1,334 1,046 2,035 2,555 1,889 2,859 4,273 8,260 5,802 7,252 11,016 12,258 12,984

-- = Not available. 1/ Imports of processed potatoes are in product weight as reported by Census. 2/ Includes french fries prior to 1989. 3/ Includes flakes and granules. 4/ Largely canned. Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

146 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 130--Potatoes: Selected U.S. exports, by type, calendar 1979-2007 1/ Frozen Year Fresh Seed Total Fries Other 2/ 2/

Flakes and granules

Chips

Dried 3/

Prepared or preserved

------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 pounds --------------------------------------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 382,667 248,038 377,198 285,374 265,548 335,228 309,437 313,618 340,934 394,379 444,993 301,890 297,317 499,894 506,630 620,373 536,510 564,010 634,904 607,753 579,378 644,190 579,361 647,119 541,775 433,712 586,226 600,715 621,212 32,000 26,594 21,380 19,782 17,689 25,097 20,448 26,989 22,281 27,606 22,844 25,443 44,365 38,044 32,714 34,653 47,428 46,043 35,366 43,165 19,688 32,387 56,815 49,777 48,577 50,747 53,163 30,009 24,238 66,654 84,544 102,435 109,719 121,352 140,435 145,828 195,066 246,004 309,109 363,318 421,597 409,779 463,826 527,749 638,061 834,178 857,557 959,434 1,037,775 1,074,938 1,147,375 1,132,898 1,100,902 990,751 1,118,931 1,213,363 1,388,186 1,566,617 55,281 73,328 86,711 95,302 106,051 123,134 127,697 171,756 212,982 265,636 319,770 385,884 377,808 429,166 482,543 596,024 778,565 800,473 903,998 991,076 1,022,183 1,072,489 1,082,887 1,051,586 935,923 1,049,414 1,133,521 1,313,372 1,471,885 11,373 11,216 15,723 14,417 15,302 17,300 18,131 23,310 33,022 43,473 43,548 35,712 31,971 34,659 45,206 42,037 55,613 57,084 55,436 46,699 52,755 74,886 50,010 49,316 54,828 69,517 79,842 74,814 94,732 80,985 102,337 58,816 65,634 42,219 42,372 30,739 42,624 48,778 58,829 46,067 41,192 63,800 72,138 57,945 81,368 117,870 85,581 85,432 71,755 264,648 98,451 89,911 65,279 100,080 130,489 123,698 136,284 143,199 13,976 13,232 11,474 13,342 9,138 8,599 7,836 8,802 12,408 16,582 20,658 44,222 54,568 84,369 110,252 155,107 135,759 128,758 136,274 245,529 237,382 201,555 155,147 163,738 125,475 154,621 154,424 134,211 125,988 26,297 10,175 7,924 8,855 8,433 7,984 9,207 8,978 11,068 12,519 5,838 6,389 10,737 13,505 14,482 8,581 14,416 13,505 17,373 15,644 13,605 9,294 11,776 6,083 5,432 8,580 9,267 9,853 15,681

----------6,363 10,234 10,870 15,544 20,348 31,329 34,519 31,714 31,442 51,592 27,565 28,585 23,178 38,660 39,173 37,072 53,960 55,717 42,093

r = revised. -- = not available. 1/ Exports of processed potatoes are in product weight as reported by the Bureau of the Census. 2/ Data for 1978 to 1989 incorporate data on Canadian imports of U.S. potatoes reported by Canada. 3/ Excludes flour and starch. Flour/meal was 8.4 mil. lb in 2006. Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

147 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 131--Potatoes: U.S. per capita utilization, by category, 1978-2008 1/ Processing Chips & Total Fresh Total Freezing shoeDehyCanning strings drating --------------------------------------------------------- Pounds/person/year, farm weight -------------------------------------------------------------119.5 117.8 114.7 116.5 115.0 118.7 122.1 122.4 125.9 126.0 122.3 127.0 123.9 134.1 129.9 136.7 136.7 136.9 145.0 137.8 137.7 136.2 137.9 138.6 131.9 138.2 134.7 125.6 123.4 126.0 125.3 46.0 49.3 51.1 45.8 47.1 49.8 48.3 46.3 48.8 47.9 49.6 50.0 46.7 50.2 48.3 50.1 49.6 49.2 49.9 47.3 46.9 47.7 47.1 46.5 44.2 46.8 45.8 42.4 37.3 39.2 40.9 73.5 68.5 63.6 70.7 67.9 68.9 73.8 76.1 77.1 78.1 72.7 77.0 77.2 83.9 81.6 86.6 87.1 87.7 95.1 90.5 90.8 88.5 90.8 92.1 87.7 91.4 88.9 83.2 86.1 86.8 84.4 42.6 38.5 35.4 41.5 38.6 39.2 43.7 45.4 46.3 47.9 43.3 46.8 46.4 51.1 49.9 53.5 55.7 56.2 60.2 57.8 58.1 58.5 57.5 58.1 55.1 57.2 57.3 53.7 53.2 52.2 51.8 16.5 16.7 16.5 16.6 17.0 17.8 18.0 17.6 18.1 17.6 17.1 17.4 16.4 17.3 17.1 17.7 16.5 16.4 16.4 15.5 14.7 15.9 15.9 17.6 16.5 17.3 16.6 16.0 18.9 19.3 17.6 12.1 11.2 9.8 10.8 10.4 10.0 10.3 11.2 10.9 10.8 10.4 10.8 12.6 13.8 12.8 13.7 13.2 13.2 16.7 15.5 16.5 12.4 15.7 14.8 14.7 15.5 13.8 12.6 13.2 14.4 14.0 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.2 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.0

Year

1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 r 2005 r 2006 2007 p 2008 f

r = Revised. p = Preliminary. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Calendar-year estimates on a fresh-equivalent basis. Note: For the most recent per capita use stats, see: http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/vgs/Tables/Percap.xls Source: Calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

148 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 132--Sweet potatoes: Production, by State, 1979-2007 MissisYear Alabama California Georgia Louisiana sippi 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 627 530 621 660 515 679 648 517 360 472 468 588 682 809 704 798 677 714 540 612 403 450 476 481 475 380 375 368 288 1,632 1,512 1,647 1,748 1,716 1,440 1,443 1,360 1,353 1,207 1,453 1,453 1,517 1,845 1,743 1,681 1,920 2,160 1,989 2,134 2,400 2,625 2,300 2,912 3,210 3,220 3,335 3,721 4,256 633 450 644 819 725 812 848 624 630 720 816 585 589 576 364 345 323 260 120 70 60 70 40 ------2,565 2,125 2,600 2,500 2,280 2,415 2,520 2,500 2,470 2,465 2,880 3,360 2,400 2,720 2,063 3,040 3,150 3,360 3,400 2,200 3,450 3,120 3,080 1,875 3,150 2,325 2,465 2,228 2,925 447 414 494 500 447 504 660 520 495 350 285 420 490 520 660 935 825 1,296 1,092 1,358 1,545 1,476 2,400 1,968 2,380 2,601 3,114 2,480 3,500

New Jersey 311 276 275 319 216 264 338 220 276 173 168 273 228 247 147 154 210 156 116 105 100 120 126 150 138 168 156 162 120

North Carolina 4,800 4,255 4,680 5,940 4,440 5,130 6,000 5,100 4,550 4,420 4,080 4,930 4,050 4,200 4,160 5,270 4,800 4,340 4,960 5,440 3,770 5,550 5,580 4,810 5,880 6,880 5,950 7,020 7,095

South Carolina 341 238 380 663 460 500 625 420 333 300 330 374 276 210 187 219 181 117 121 81 48 51 128 68 150 96 128 84 70

Texas 1,027 520 741 972 852 803 1,001 792 840 518 630 372 770 770 900 837 650 743 899 252 350 230 310 450 448 392 169 137 162

Virginia 507 242 345 330 138 84 143 99 104 113 108 155 165 84 69 80 85 70 90 113 95 88 75 85 60 50 38 48 36

Other 1/ 480 391 372 382 294 271 347 216 200 207 140 84 36 24 30 21 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

United States 13,370 10,953 12,799 14,833 12,083 12,902 14,573 12,368 11,611 10,945 11,358 12,594 11,203 12,005 11,027 13,380 12,821 13,216 13,327 12,365 12,221 13,780 14,515 12,799 15,891 16,112 15,730 16,248 18,452

------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1,000 cwt --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-- = Estimates discontinued in 2002. 1/ Maryland, Arkansas, and Tennessee. Between 1990 and 1994, includes Maryland only. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Crop Production Summary.

149 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 133--Sweet potatoes: U.S. acreage, yield, production, and value, 1979-2008 Acreage Yield Planted Harvested per Year acre --------------- Acres ----------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 p 2008 f
p = Preliminary.

Farm value Production 1,000 cwt 13,370 10,953 12,799 14,833 12,083 12,902 14,573 12,368 11,611 10,945 11,358 12,594 11,203 12,005 11,027 13,380 12,821 13,216 13,327 12,365 12,221 13,780 14,515 12,799 15,891 16,112 15,730 16,248 18,452 Per unit $/cwt 8.92 13.60 13.60 8.03 13.60 14.00 8.81 11.00 11.50 12.90 16.40 9.70 13.30 12.20 15.10 14.00 15.90 14.40 15.80 15.30 17.60 15.30 15.30 16.80 19.20 17.50 18.10 18.20 20.30 Total $1,000 119,093 148,359 174,748 118,864 165,265 181,006 127,836 134,436 133,512 141,202 186,279 121,962 149,367 146,499 166,506 187,206 203,799 190,529 211,177 187,532 214,754 210,351 222,658 214,650 305,448 281,559 282,548 295,313 373,723

Cwt 117 107 117 129 118 125 141 136 131 128 132 141 144 146 138 162 154 158 162 148 147 145 155 156 172 174 178 187 189

117,900 107,800 113,200 118,700 105,300 105,800 108,200 94,500 92,300 89,100 89,500 93,900 81,200 85,900 82,900 86,100 86,900 88,100 85,600 87,100 93,700 97,900 98,300 96,400 95,800 96,900 91,000 95,200 100,600 103,800
f = NASS forecast.

114,200 102,000 109,800 115,400 102,400 102,900 103,300 90,800 88,900 85,500 86,000 89,500 77,800 82,400 80,000 82,700 83,100 83,700 82,100 83,700 83,000 94,800 93,600 82,300 92,600 92,800 88,400 86,800 97,500

Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Crop Production Annual and Crop Values.

150 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 134--Sweet potatoes: U.S. monthly export and import volume, 1989-2007 Year 1/ Exports: 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 p Imports: 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 p 1,490 1,128 1,210 1,478 990 1,500 1,697 1,298 1,142 1,378 1,323 451 1,106 944 635 559 719 897 1,503 1,707 562 979 992 1,445 824 1,523 1,021 897 1,599 1,675 963 1,046 1,011 503 790 914 1,417 1,236 1,609 308 1,248 1,191 882 1,340 1,056 1,977 902 870 1,310 886 1,012 1,515 646 686 968 1,076 1,377 1,891 805 1,576 1,558 1,307 1,328 1,866 1,910 1,036 1,640 1,660 1,342 669 1,220 742 888 828 1,299 1,404 1,289 1,223 1,084 1,188 1,614 1,106 1,345 1,463 1,177 1,655 1,291 1,603 1,521 908 656 1,098 1,003 1,324 1,386 1,730 857 1,715 895 982 1,889 1,736 2,334 1,575 912 1,147 1,272 941 1,008 790 1,061 944 1,552 1,409 2,538 1,678 1,473 1,464 1,519 1,889 2,113 1,533 1,502 1,363 1,353 1,276 1,742 1,369 856 1,471 1,003 1,555 1,215 2,410 1,419 919 1,287 1,808 2,213 1,824 2,118 1,517 1,668 1,172 1,469 834 849 915 1,210 931 1,566 1,324 2,793 2,364 2,222 1,928 2,577 2,771 2,708 2,462 2,113 1,873 2,325 1,604 1,794 1,224 1,655 1,214 1,926 1,448 1,210 2,238 1,395 2,020 1,415 1,446 2,301 2,089 1,572 1,703 1,748 1,328 1,599 1,548 1,461 1,110 1,236 1,349 1,647 2,275 1,136 1,716 1,231 1,352 1,783 1,001 1,258 1,100 1,153 1,495 785 1,103 1,079 783 1,103 1,097 1,442 1,967 1,408 1,763 1,437 1,083 1,777 1,523 1,579 1,793 1,490 856 552 909 990 946 1,267 1,451 1,309 23,938 14,280 17,925 16,065 17,005 20,722 20,481 20,526 16,459 17,350 16,934 13,803 14,226 13,576 10,238 12,584 13,133 16,533 136 447 417 734 905 624 617 834 964 1,514 1,623 1,604 1,709 2,891 2,811 3,775 3,527 4,986 6,017 99 475 602 661 1,020 944 774 980 1,535 1,428 1,871 1,618 1,945 2,524 2,298 3,034 3,388 3,604 5,345 87 1,567 922 1,853 2,107 2,064 2,714 2,146 2,119 4,902 4,408 4,531 5,421 3,611 3,692 5,555 6,351 3,083 7,103 35 2,108 3,076 2,830 3,452 2,941 2,704 4,320 5,084 4,483 4,599 3,926 3,948 6,637 7,179 6,107 5,938 6,880 6,709 13 1,328 1,652 2,164 1,714 1,849 2,344 3,211 2,336 2,966 2,968 3,281 4,106 3,740 4,935 4,452 5,127 6,547 7,602 117 2,912 3,268 3,411 4,007 4,583 4,638 4,736 5,215 5,777 6,160 6,063 7,274 7,364 7,562 7,802 8,843 7,494 9,097 933 1,155 988 1,369 1,546 1,801 1,490 2,484 2,453 2,878 2,912 2,803 3,212 5,306 4,396 5,397 4,802 5,649 9,135 844 916 1,244 1,395 1,535 2,220 2,065 1,975 2,503 2,698 3,253 3,148 3,861 4,568 4,521 5,376 6,747 7,997 10,975 937 2,103 1,516 2,028 2,873 2,684 3,263 3,629 3,331 4,894 3,033 5,591 6,712 5,357 7,159 8,869 10,048 9,825 13,652 1,786 671 2,469 2,471 885 3,381 1,689 1,446 4,006 2,358 4,619 5,613 3,294 6,910 7,454 5,167 12,343 8,042 699 718 654 1,620 1,169 1,259 1,644 1,780 2,634 2,424 1,733 3,229 4,277 3,973 4,812 8,547 9,042 7,432 622 564 747 946 1,024 891 780 1,070 1,638 2,463 1,993 2,771 3,627 4,059 4,498 4,782 6,374 6,635 6,307 14,964 17,556 21,482 22,236 25,241 24,721 28,611 33,818 38,785 39,170 44,178 49,386 56,938 61,318 68,864 82,530 78,173 July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June Annual ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 pounds ------------------------------------------------------------------------

-- = not available.

p = Preliminary.

1/ Crop year is July - August. The year stated begins crop year.

Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

151 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 135--Dry edible beans: Harvested acreage, by State, 1979-2007 Crop year 1/ 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 CaliColoMichMinneNorth WashUnited fornia rado Idaho igan sota Nebraska Dakota ington Wyoming Other 2/ States ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 acres --------------------------------------------------------------------------207 213 224 210 143 191 178 155 168 147 180 166 150 117 106 131 137 123 132 105 132 112 85 89 75 57 65 65 58 165 215 225 185 150 190 205 185 180 155 185 225 180 159 185 195 165 125 120 155 145 110 105 70 73 67 80 60 46 133 179 243 141 88 138 118 139 148 119 168 178 143 88 123 138 108 93 98 103 103 88 73 93 73 78 98 103 89 460 570 590 550 350 390 410 340 395 170 265 330 365 330 380 360 385 320 305 295 350 275 130 265 165 185 230 215 195 36 84 103 73 39 50 62 61 74 60 70 136 120 97 88 122 150 155 165 175 165 150 105 155 110 100 135 135 145 135 150 230 212 131 170 151 205 197 193 208 254 211 153 150 190 205 195 180 188 187 156 148 165 148 110 172 124 107 105 255 415 240 160 200 237 280 359 370 410 550 510 390 380 470 540 570 565 710 570 525 400 690 520 475 565 640 665 40 54 69 37 16 34 33 31 35 36 43 47 50 35 42 40 41 35 38 40 36 32 34 45 28 29 48 61 60 32 45 50 35 18 37 27 32 31 35 45 49 41 32 26 39 28 31 31 37 39 34 24 29 29 24 33 28 24 75 94 121 94 44 60 60 67 78 68 77 149 144 129 138 146 137 104 125 110 154 135 146 138 126 94 108 108 90 1,388 1,859 2,270 1,777 1,139 1,460 1,481 1,495 1,665 1,353 1,651 2,084 1,914 1,530 1,618 1,831 1,896 1,751 1,759 1,918 1,881 1,617 1,250 1,739 1,347 1,219 1,534 1,538 1,479

1/ Crop year begins September 1 and ends August 31. The year stated begins crop year. 2/ Includes Kansas, Montana, New Mexico, New York Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, and Wisconsin (through 2004). Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Crop Production.

152 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 136--Dry edible beans: Production, by State, 1979-2007 Crop year 1/ California Colorado Idaho Michigan Minnesota Nebraska North Dakota Washington Wyoming All other 2/ United States

----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 cwt ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 3,600 3,813 4,105 3,585 2,412 3,218 3,563 2,862 3,138 2,885 3,357 3,058 3,235 2,445 2,210 2,771 2,740 2,325 3,000 1,554 2,455 2,059 1,496 1,762 1,380 1,152 1,385 1,209 1,212 1,667 2,322 3,083 2,128 1,680 2,394 2,788 2,775 2,682 2,558 3,108 4,275 3,330 2,608 2,609 3,140 2,558 2,250 2,280 2,868 2,755 1,980 1,785 1,519 1,168 1,039 1,320 1,140 736 2,460 3,329 4,277 2,594 1,452 2,470 2,006 2,724 2,812 2,249 3,444 3,560 2,932 1,584 2,091 2,691 2,160 1,907 2,156 2,112 2,112 1,716 1,424 1,907 1,497 1,638 1,862 1,906 1,602 6,440 7,752 7,198 7,975 4,550 4,290 5,412 2,720 5,135 2,142 3,975 5,445 6,753 4,290 6,080 4,680 6,930 4,640 4,941 4,425 7,350 4,125 780 4,903 2,475 3,145 3,910 4,085 3,120 562 966 1,277 949 452 700 868 1,007 1,184 480 910 1,768 1,980 1,416 836 2,079 2,055 2,418 2,558 2,538 2,558 2,400 1,575 2,666 1,870 1,150 2,430 2,228 2,610 2,160 2,730 4,025 3,286 2,188 3,230 2,794 4,305 3,507 3,764 3,494 5,004 4,009 2,525 2,100 3,572 3,588 3,705 3,708 3,666 3,740 3,230 3,185 3,465 3,151 2,376 3,870 2,728 2,418 1,418 2,678 4,565 2,520 1,648 2,520 3,010 4,340 5,026 2,701 2,460 5,005 7,548 4,680 2,964 6,110 7,182 7,524 7,119 9,798 8,265 7,613 6,200 10,626 7,800 4,750 8,588 7,680 10,574 800 1,080 1,380 766 355 707 710 670 746 742 929 912 1,000 644 798 840 902 710 850 890 750 640 578 830 525 609 792 968 1,020 608 891 1,050 630 324 759 481 605 595 676 851 965 800 592 339 743 504 699 700 808 788 762 514 624 645 541 776 590 555 837 1,168 1,791 1,130 459 782 666 952 1,206 1,056 1,201 2,387 2,178 1,831 1,835 2,324 2,070 1,734 2,058 1,759 2,373 2,018 2,073 2,010 1,981 1,388 1,839 1,713 1,524 20,552 26,729 32,751 25,563 15,520 21,070 22,298 22,960 26,031 19,253 23,729 32,379 33,765 22,615 21,862 28,950 30,689 27,912 29,370 30,418 33,146 26,543 19,610 30,312 22,492 17,788 26,772 24,247 25,371

1/ Crop year begins September 1 and ends August 31. The year stated begins crop year. Data are clean basis. 2/ Includes Kansas, Montana, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, and Wisconsin. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Crop Production Summary.

153 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 137--Dry edible beans: Value of production, by State, 1979-2007 Crop year 1/ 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 p California 99,000 124,685 117,814 83,531 78,390 90,748 79,455 81,567 86,295 104,437 116,824 94,492 84,757 59,658 78,013 96,431 95,352 89,513 88,200 56,099 66,285 55,181 46,675 58,675 48,714 42,509 56,785 56,339 57,328 Colorado 44,342 66,641 45,628 24,898 30,912 39,980 47,954 42,180 39,157 79,810 94,483 67,973 45,621 49,552 70,443 52,124 47,323 50,625 42,636 44,741 41,601 30,888 42,126 26,886 21,258 29,092 24,684 25,650 20,829 Idaho 60,024 94,211 65,438 30,350 26,281 39,767 37,713 43,312 43,867 65,446 97,465 62,656 42,514 31,522 51,020 50,860 45,144 45,768 44,845 36,326 32,314 29,687 30,189 35,470 28,742 41,114 38,357 43,266 41,492 Michigan 119,140 204,653 186,428 109,258 105,560 84,084 81,180 64,192 75,998 68,330 104,543 99,099 107,373 94,809 123,424 126,828 134,442 100,688 93,385 95,580 123,480 56,513 19,188 75,016 47,768 70,763 76,636 86,194 88,920 Minnesota 10,847 21,735 27,966 11,768 10,306 13,440 12,673 22,255 18,826 13,920 23,478 33,415 31,680 29,170 19,897 44,699 38,840 55,614 44,765 49,745 44,253 38,160 38,273 42,656 34,782 30,475 48,843 54,363 67,338 Nebraska 48,384 73,437 80,098 45,018 43,104 48,127 55,601 70,172 59,970 99,746 91,193 84,568 57,329 46,965 50,610 73,940 78,936 79,658 69,710 65,988 60,962 51,034 58,923 64,449 54,512 54,173 66,951 58,106 70,847 North Dakota 31,905 66,147 90,387 28,476 30,818 40,572 43,344 76,384 64,835 68,876 61,008 77,578 92,086 78,624 68,172 109,369 121,376 152,737 119,599 151,869 114,884 95,924 126,480 151,952 125,580 117,800 133,114 155,136 241,087 Washington 19,200 29,700 25,530 10,341 6,497 12,585 12,922 11,926 11,488 20,850 23,968 18,605 19,200 14,554 18,913 18,144 20,746 17,324 18,445 18,690 13,050 11,712 12,022 16,517 11,025 14,921 17,266 23,619 28,254 Wyoming 14,957 24,681 18,270 7,308 5,929 11,613 8,610 9,196 9,044 19,942 25,445 16,212 11,120 10,893 8,780 13,151 10,634 15,378 13,720 13,332 12,608 12,802 11,822 11,419 11,223 14,012 14,511 12,980 14,930 Other 2/ 20,299 31,557 30,912 12,861 10,070 14,053 12,040 16,195 18,870 33,791 38,228 44,105 36,631 41,522 48,938 45,534 40,827 44,935 41,353 34,873 39,347 34,561 41,357 36,301 39,189 38,012 39,273 40,496 46,421 United States 468,098 737,447 688,471 363,809 347,867 394,969 391,492 437,379 428,350 575,148 676,635 598,703 528,311 457,269 538,210 631,080 633,620 652,240 576,658 567,243 548,784 416,462 427,055 519,341 422,793 452,871 516,420 556,149 677,446

-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 dollars ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

p = Preliminary. 1/ Crop year begins September 1 and ends August 31. The year stated begins crop year. 2/ Includes Kansas, Montana, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, and Wisconsin. Excludes Wisconsin after 2004. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Crop Values.

154 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 138--Dry edible beans: Production, by class, 1979-2007 Crop Great Red year 1/ Pinto Navy Northern Black kidney

Baby lima

Large lima

Small red

Pink

Blackeye

Garbanzo

Other 2/

United States

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 cwt -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 6,114 10,333 14,593 7,217 4,372 7,286 7,628 10,112 9,560 7,199 9,439 13,650 13,643 9,172 8,006 12,703 11,253 12,123 10,920 14,511 10,857 10,778 8,750 13,188 10,453 7,814 12,601 9,618 11,631 5,858 5,717 5,550 7,937 4,618 4,979 6,273 3,515 7,199 3,379 4,457 6,593 8,268 5,018 5,275 5,289 7,314 5,984 5,524 3,887 7,294 4,771 2,311 5,389 2,514 2,142 3,995 4,353 3,815 2,011 2,121 2,690 2,896 1,940 2,404 1,480 2,724 2,476 2,857 2,122 2,822 2,588 1,416 868 1,624 2,142 2,239 2,251 2,173 2,469 2,489 2,108 1,558 2,216 951 1,585 1,190 1,186 288 1,451 2,244 259 48 110 182 717 221 100 466 1,092 741 758 1,270 1,462 2,305 1,350 2,122 3,564 3,371 1,336 783 3,120 1,263 1,870 1,798 2,661 2,773 1,602 1,757 1,542 2,027 997 1,624 1,665 1,381 1,768 1,120 1,717 2,344 2,323 1,964 2,049 2,808 2,254 2,113 2,610 1,976 2,415 2,366 1,512 2,343 1,940 1,488 2,150 1,565 1,465 656 447 661 530 472 546 674 637 485 673 728 570 975 498 351 609 510 517 902 204 620 542 235 501 325 267 385 304 377 529 758 639 580 463 648 931 385 435 574 618 460 681 615 350 429 415 394 718 312 433 437 326 334 369 307 359 239 302 506 646 610 529 302 345 506 549 394 562 699 648 751 607 784 773 745 405 892 660 900 313 172 592 581 601 903 649 535 817 1,750 1,941 880 639 841 816 1,248 829 612 1,235 1,195 822 609 791 815 652 528 699 919 815 320 326 596 612 521 662 731 578 943 698 875 1,050 623 930 780 727 1,110 843 797 936 984 577 622 842 1,091 567 807 653 1,302 382 553 543 785 384 406 533 497 152 67 50 60 47 19 39 48 92 48 35 27 26 264 301 328 473 504 392 418 778 1,334 1,612 861 417 593 1,061 1,539 1,511 1,076 984 1,356 1,598 999 1,338 1,324 917 1,462 1,286 1,416 2,042 1,963 1,117 1,195 1,268 1,535 1,188 1,533 1,141 1,892 1,475 922 1,287 1,017 850 867 865 701 20,552 26,729 32,751 25,563 15,520 21,070 22,298 22,960 26,031 19,253 23,729 32,379 33,765 22,615 21,862 28,950 30,689 27,912 29,370 30,418 33,146 26,543 19,610 30,312 22,492 17,788 26,772 24,247 25,371

1/ Crop year begins September 1 and ends August 31. The year stated begins crop year. 2/ Includes cranberry, small white, and others. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Crop Production Summary.

155 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 139--Dry edible beans: Season-average wholesale price, by class, 1979-2007 1/ Crop year 2/ 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 p Baby lima 3/ 21.12 39.25 26.78 28.61 26.60 23.44 20.38 21.91 38.75 40.16 33.67 37.61 21.83 22.70 34.65 33.81 39.66 45.58 27.51 41.27 28.57 26.26 33.73 32.28 32.34 41.66 38.28 47.32 42.38 Large lima 3/ 43.58 40.68 36.92 32.65 51.07 43.40 23.40 25.85 41.16 45.81 43.06 45.98 38.93 27.48 41.87 44.67 49.97 57.09 39.81 46.80 35.90 34.56 41.65 42.33 42.40 43.51 47.62 66.26 63.20 Great Northern 4/ 27.25 35.13 26.62 20.15 23.47 19.36 27.02 24.53 23.07 30.48 32.95 21.94 18.93 21.25 33.15 37.18 38.55 26.61 27.07 25.84 24.25 23.20 23.52 26.47 22.22 24.78 24.32 31.61 44.35 Pinto 5/ 31.76 35.51 17.82 15.06 21.84 20.72 22.09 19.22 20.22 37.64 40.51 21.19 17.91 23.81 33.28 21.32 25.74 27.56 26.48 20.89 19.75 21.02 31.39 22.87 22.19 35.23 23.47 29.52 36.45 Navy (pea) beans 6/ 22.74 33.47 31.88 17.20 26.49 22.77 18.56 43.22 20.93 37.65 29.82 20.41 17.71 21.15 23.73 31.63 23.88 23.11 20.82 26.33 19.16 16.43 25.65 18.00 23.53 29.64 24.44 29.07 40.35 Light red kidney 7/ 31.22 34.46 31.39 22.05 38.47 30.31 26.80 33.22 26.18 50.42 42.95 23.77 29.88 34.82 30.57 28.77 29.02 37.76 28.44 32.40 26.79 25.32 34.04 29.68 30.29 36.24 27.74 35.33 53.71 Dark red Blackeye kidney 8/ 3/ -----------34.92 26.05 39.43 35.53 27.30 33.82 31.22 28.78 33.40 26.14 25.20 37.98 25.45 29.06 34.42 26.11 33.69 48.52 24.22 31.52 31.18 23.19 30.34 24.47 22.84 34.84 25.46 28.29 31.15 31.73 23.68 25.80 42.72 40.18 29.36 32.57 31.00 37.52 23.40 25.95 29.93 34.48 30.12 31.28 44.26 47.38 40.49 Black 6/ ----------40.50 23.85 19.90 24.25 27.95 32.60 22.86 27.08 33.19 28.56 18.37 18.33 37.44 19.24 24.64 26.51 29.54 30.94 39.64 Small red 9/ 23.06 35.87 21.04 18.78 22.28 23.66 23.24 19.61 22.68 34.06 33.45 31.16 25.62 30.02 29.33 28.19 28.87 39.31 28.16 27.54 21.92 24.33 33.36 28.81 28.53 32.02 27.33 30.95 44.42 Pink Garbanzo 9/ 10/ 31.80 33.79 18.03 16.96 21.63 20.91 22.93 18.88 19.70 35.03 35.16 23.16 20.55 27.21 28.53 26.25 28.19 32.02 28.70 27.14 21.78 23.71 32.83 28.33 28.29 32.07 27.50 30.24 36.89 37.71 40.21 47.20 34.97 30.54 35.53 34.77 29.42 20.58 28.47 36.07 34.62 39.83 41.60 32.44 42.33 46.19 32.26 33.97 34.75 29.77 28.24 21.95 24.77 29.66 38.64 39.47 37.25 40.75

----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Dollars/cwt ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

p = Preliminary. -- = Data not available. 1/ Free on board (f.o.b.) dealer prices. 2/ Crop year begins September 1 and ends August 31. 3/ California origin. 4/ W. Nebraska/Eastern Wyoming origin. 5/ N. Colorado origin. 6/ Michigan origin. 7/ Michigan origin except California origin prior to 1990. 8/ Minnesota/Wisconsin origin. 9/ Idaho/Washington origin. 10/ Idaho/Washington origin except California origin prior to 2000. Source: USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service, Bean Market News Summary,

156 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 140--Dry edible beans: U.S. monthly and season-average grower price, crop year 1979/80-2007/08 Crop Year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 p Season Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. average ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Dollars/cwt --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------19.20 24.50 22.90 14.50 24.00 19.00 16.70 15.90 15.90 27.10 24.50 18.30 15.00 20.10 21.10 21.10 18.30 24.40 16.20 19.00 18.00 15.50 18.40 17.90 17.60 22.80 18.00 18.80 24.50 20.40 25.30 23.70 13.90 23.90 19.90 16.90 19.30 14.40 29.10 25.90 17.60 15.70 20.20 23.20 23.50 19.10 24.00 16.90 19.40 17.10 15.70 19.20 16.60 17.60 24.50 18.80 19.50 25.90 20.80 26.30 23.90 14.20 24.20 19.70 17.50 20.20 14.00 30.50 27.90 18.90 16.00 21.30 26.60 22.60 19.50 25.10 18.60 20.30 17.20 15.50 22.70 15.90 19.10 25.90 18.00 21.80 26.80 23.30 26.40 22.10 13.10 24.30 18.60 17.30 22.00 13.30 29.70 28.40 18.80 15.30 21.50 25.00 22.20 20.60 24.10 20.30 19.90 16.10 14.40 21.70 16.10 17.40 27.00 18.10 21.80 27.00 24.50 27.50 20.60 12.00 22.10 18.10 17.30 21.50 13.50 30.20 30.20 17.20 14.70 21.20 25.90 22.30 19.60 23.20 21.10 19.70 15.80 15.10 21.50 16.40 17.20 27.20 19.20 22.70 27.30 25.00 28.30 19.80 11.90 21.30 19.20 17.10 21.40 14.20 31.20 32.20 18.20 15.20 20.70 25.40 21.10 19.90 23.60 21.20 18.30 15.60 15.30 26.10 19.20 17.50 27.80 17.40 25.40 32.20 24.80 30.00 18.70 12.30 20.30 19.10 17.00 18.60 15.40 32.50 32.40 18.90 15.30 20.00 26.20 21.30 19.90 23.30 20.20 17.00 14.50 14.90 27.10 15.90 20.20 26.60 17.10 25.70 32.40 22.60 31.30 18.00 13.40 21.10 19.80 17.10 18.90 16.40 33.50 33.00 19.60 15.80 18.30 26.10 23.60 22.70 23.00 20.80 16.60 15.70 15.60 27.50 18.70 19.60 28.70 18.90 24.50 34.10 22.90 34.50 19.20 15.50 20.40 19.80 16.90 19.00 18.30 32.30 33.40 20.00 16.30 17.80 25.60 25.30 24.80 22.20 20.80 19.90 16.20 16.90 27.80 19.10 19.90 31.10 19.30 24.40 23.60 36.80 17.30 15.60 20.60 19.20 17.30 18.60 21.80 31.00 34.30 17.80 15.10 16.50 25.00 24.10 25.80 21.20 20.90 18.90 14.70 16.40 27.40 16.60 20.00 27.70 19.00 24.40 25.80 35.40 15.90 19.30 21.60 19.80 17.30 19.40 27.10 31.40 33.20 21.40 16.90 18.60 26.10 24.00 26.80 21.90 21.30 18.50 14.20 16.80 24.50 17.20 19.20 25.40 21.70 28.50 26.30 26.70 16.60 22.30 21.10 19.10 17.00 17.00 25.90 27.40 26.70 15.80 18.20 19.10 25.40 23.00 26.90 20.40 19.60 18.00 13.80 17.40 23.20 18.00 20.90 21.40 19.50 25.70 22.80 27.60 21.00 14.20 22.40 18.70 17.60 19.10 16.50 29.90 28.50 18.50 15.60 19.90 24.60 22.50 20.80 23.50 19.30 19.00 16.40 15.50 22.10 17.10 18.40 25.70 18.50 22.10

p = Preliminary. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Prices.

157 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 141--Dry edible beans: U.S. imports, by class, 1979-2008 Calendar year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f Red kidney 37 26 12 17 14 24 6 17 21 17 72 52 18 43 89 97 85 55 30 34 54 39 92 144 153 167 207 200 206 275 Mung, blackgram, urd beans 1/ 39 92 280 56 56 194 288 171 131 127 264 162 159 89 94 158 145 130 168 156 234 236 275 317 306 303 296 356 316 340 Garbanzo 231 282 286 204 305 266 211 256 271 292 310 308 349 269 241 258 224 287 312 245 259 244 216 219 205 265 203 278 315 350 Blackeye 2/ 8 0 3 0 3 1 4 3 7 27 65 10 4 2 31 2 1 10 1 0 1 1 0 8 16 0 0 100 59 15 Black Navy (pea bean) ----------22 56 20 53 27 2 44 21 54 9 15 143 206 171 163 142 146 159 178 300 Other 3/ 122 62 153 161 117 96 71 88 224 177 216 253 184 193 174 245 326 349 418 430 617 530 890 950 865 988 1,204 961 1,247 1,459 Total 438 461 733 438 495 582 579 534 654 641 971 871 759 678 674 780 853 884 1,009 926 1,256 1,289 1,925 2,458 1,906 2,071 2,249 2,372 2,838 3,264

---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 cwt ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------23 29 24 28 18 17 27 32 26 52 76 96 245 648 199 206 193 317 518 525

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Includes dry beans classified as vigna mungo hepper. 2/ Backeyes and other cowpeas. 3/ Includes lima beans and beans not elsewhere classified. Excludes guar seeds and planting seed. Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

158 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 142--Selected dry beans: U.S. export value to selected countries and the world, calendar years 2003-2007 Dominican Nether- United Item Australia Canada Republic France Haiti Italy Japan Mexico lands Kingdom 2003: Pintos Navy Great Northern 1/ Light red kidney 2 Dark red kidney Black Baby limas Large limas Small red 3/ Garbanzo 4/ Other Total 5/ 2004: Pintos Navy Great Northern Light red kidney Dark red kidney Black Baby limas Large limas Small red Garbanzo Other Total 2005: Pintos Navy Great Northern Light red kidney Dark red kidney Black Baby limas Large limas Small red Garbanzo Other Total 2006: Pintos Navy Great Northern Light red kidney Dark red kidney Black Baby limas Large limas Small red Garbanzo Other Total 2007: Pintos Navy Great Northern Light red kidney Dark red kidney Black Baby limas Large limas Small red Garbanzo Other Total

Angola

Spain

Others

World

-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 dollars --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------219 1,481 322 34 44 95 103 272 0 0 870 3,440 280 283 153 83 49 88 122 177 491 10 442 2,176 177 792 438 41 80 42 149 183 692 29 416 3,039 171 11 531 66 117 183 255 303 502 0 501 2,640 133 0 597 79 183 119 345 349 89 159 529 2,582 0 6,218 0 371 1,202 0 0 715 81 1,343 2,331 12,261 0 2,465 0 313 726 0 0 241 60 1,297 2,612 7,715 0 4,862 0 647 906 0 0 1,199 95 2,020 2,418 12,148 0 8,971 0 502 964 0 0 995 408 3,418 3,558 18,816 0 8,025 0 282 860 0 0 458 192 1,712 4,646 16,176 3,296 0 257 30 0 12 5 292 0 0 428 4,320 3,708 0 113 16 0 22 0 28 0 19 83 3,989 7,193 0 682 197 0 162 0 0 0 3 4,278 12,515 5,628 46 402 0 86 99 0 3 0 82 2,449 8,795 11,312 94 202 328 0 15 119 20 70 323 1,180 13,664 0 12 1,551 0 2,364 26 46 11 0 0 116 4,125 99 0 2,238 36 713 0 133 31 0 0 40 3,291 0 40 2,419 0 673 0 15 12 51 0 75 3,285 0 80 2,403 0 688 0 28 0 0 89 94 3,382 0 0 2,853 0 468 0 0 25 0 0 47 3,393 13,002 0 31 0 0 490 0 0 0 0 17 13,540 11,693 43 15 0 0 520 0 0 0 0 59 12,329 7,738 0 0 0 0 1,095 0 0 0 0 496 9,328 10,969 0 12 0 0 402 0 0 0 0 104 11,487 4,525 0 0 0 0 155 0 0 101 0 119 4,900 0 162 461 0 2,190 64 14 28 0 0 1,461 4,379 20 261 308 0 73 0 74 65 55 0 575 1,431 0 355 381 0 74 14 115 30 29 340 501 1,839 0 89 357 0 234 0 103 52 0 152 633 1,620 910 0 155 0 111 0 82 140 0 766 1,390 3,554 22 13 769 0 92 0 6,310 883 1,014 64 245 9,411 35 14 1,122 0 0 37 5,565 2,155 703 181 230 10,042 33 0 412 0 261 48 5,247 2,011 583 56 322 8,972 25 0 754 0 149 0 9,150 1,211 673 63 546 12,571 12 58 1,056 0 46 7 7,778 1,447 317 153 546 11,422 3,842 3,687 41 0 185 20,117 0 37 473 18 4,407 32,808 5,334 2,044 54 0 0 12,708 0 0 38 16 4,405 24,598 15,081 1,185 0 0 0 14,427 0 0 180 3 8,944 39,819 30,600 2,155 525 543 156 20,804 0 12 0 41 11,079 65,915 17,188 667 419 0 0 25,941 0 0 0 12 10,468 54,696 71 7 276 13 55 11 14 8 150 71 1,234 1,909 175 20 426 0 196 0 13 19 0 0 2,625 3,473 366 44 173 8 354 14 0 0 0 0 1,205 2,165 608 0 383 0 0 10 19 0 392 27 1,141 2,580 711 0 309 3 0 21 0 0 0 25 95 1,165 30 12,062 0 0 500 22 95 1,775 16 368 338 15,206 32 10,358 0 0 263 0 191 2,266 13 52 283 13,456 19 15,168 19 0 329 73 54 1,108 4 45 584 17,404 19 12,567 10 0 247 0 111 1,439 0 132 226 14,751 73 11,204 0 0 270 25 40 1,789 0 130 2,525 16,057 1,447 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 861 0 0 2,308 1,263 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 943 0 0 2,206 3,375 0 238 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3,613 7,160 0 109 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7,269 9,053 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9,053 0 86 731 5 238 64 14 11 4 1,274 646 3,073 0 127 528 0 175 7 14 0 0 1,452 362 2,665 0 350 908 0 203 14 0 0 15 3,935 1,198 6,622 0 381 952 0 182 0 0 0 0 3,692 255 5,461 0 309 674 0 123 0 0 0 0 5,717 1,029 7,852 6,511 3,124 13,294 3,719 3,367 2,146 185 242 2,411 3,077 14,860 30,015 21,957 15,612 4,525 1,449 3,408 1,593 196 268 2,780 3,473 5,347 46,950 12,462 2,510 6,283 2,076 2,773 1,568 650 363 3,061 6,802 6,903 26,105 13,139 2,182 7,979 4,390 4,490 2,323 746 318 2,804 7,783 14,882 32,180 14,275 7,914 5,208 4,983 5,677 3,042 497 642 2,318 11,273 10,190 38,057 28,440 26,765 17,002 4,166 9,999 22,983 6,770 4,263 5,005 4,941 26,308 156,644 44,595 31,099 8,953 1,897 5,428 14,968 6,293 5,250 5,082 5,048 16,701 145,313 46,444 24,957 11,044 2,969 5,451 17,442 6,230 4,905 4,695 9,297 26,143 159,579 68,320 26,101 13,464 5,501 7,131 23,821 10,412 4,333 4,779 11,787 35,213 210,862 58,194 27,962 10,799 5,675 7,615 29,325 8,861 4,871 3,087 14,553 31,736 202,679

1/ Great Northern exports to Iraq in 2003 were $8.242 million. 3/ Rwanda was $0.992 million in 2003. 3/ In 2003, exports to Honduras were $0.845 million. 4/ Exports to Spain were $1.274 million in 2003. 5/ Iraq was $23.2 million in 2003. Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

159 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 143--Dry edible beans: U.S. exports, by class, 1979-2008 1/ Calendar year 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 f Pinto 1,035 5,801 8,429 3,000 349 1,226 1,411 2,635 2,115 1,585 2,661 3,493 2,749 1,174 1,486 2,002 2,621 1,825 1,340 2,588 1,759 1,634 1,723 1,755 1,227 1,826 1,595 2,710 1,952 1,600 Navy 1,451 1,606 2,342 2,043 1,391 1,508 1,469 1,978 1,660 1,923 1,463 2,498 2,769 1,312 2,020 1,620 2,117 1,811 2,265 2,082 2,237 1,634 1,516 1,299 1,369 1,330 1,097 1,169 1,027 1,200 Black 88 1,196 1,653 651 180 77 93 57 138 129 247 464 266 203 325 176 322 580 468 1,015 517 438 571 595 1,011 546 649 854 1,042 950 Great Northern 880 1,331 1,546 1,549 1,309 858 938 1,156 1,316 2,165 1,107 1,408 940 507 339 649 642 628 1,022 1,235 685 1,028 1,053 818 620 350 384 815 370 450 Red kidney beans Light red Dark red All ------------53 72 102 136 106 184 176 198 155 214 351 379 143 53 91 171 163 100 ------------759 819 605 750 612 543 632 507 487 394 281 207 376 180 158 235 232 200 405 879 557 486 415 444 263 398 492 668 477 631 811 890 706 886 718 727 807 705 642 608 632 587 519 233 249 406 396 300 Dry lima beans Baby Other ----198 198 288 432 354 448 387 436 393 335 367 336 339 319 274 225 217 279 249 218 202 182 161 290 224 250 ----100 84 102 151 137 92 69 91 122 95 131 116 75 116 112 154 114 126 79 143 123 129 133 107 116 90 All 283 529 493 465 298 282 390 582 491 541 456 526 515 430 498 452 413 435 387 379 331 404 328 361 325 311 294 397 340 340 Other 2/ 1,106 1,469 1,871 2,228 1,376 1,471 1,599 1,320 1,224 1,181 1,792 2,064 1,918 1,986 1,380 1,986 1,287 1,407 1,522 2,660 2,064 2,075 1,659 1,277 1,351 972 1,330 1,497 1,553 1,160 Total 5,247 12,811 16,892 10,423 5,317 5,866 6,163 8,126 7,435 8,192 8,204 11,085 9,969 6,502 6,753 7,770 8,120 7,413 7,812 10,663 8,234 7,822 7,483 6,692 6,421 5,568 5,598 7,847 6,679 6,000

------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1,000 cwt --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

f = ERS forecast. 1/ Calendar year data. 2/ Excludes seed beans. Includes blackeye cowpeas, garbanzo, small white, and other beans not elsewhere classified.

Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

160 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 144--Dry edible beans: U.S. per capita disappearance (use) for selected classes, calendar year 1977-2008 1/ Year 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 r 2007 p 2008 f Pinto 2.03 1.85 1.90 0.79 1.98 3.27 2.35 1.70 2.77 2.63 2.25 3.34 2.13 3.08 3.28 3.79 3.55 3.31 3.22 3.40 3.47 3.44 3.46 3.47 3.23 3.24 3.05 2.75 2.56 2.72 2.80 2.81 Navy 2.12 1.16 1.98 2.01 1.15 1.56 1.60 1.72 1.85 1.19 1.44 1.12 1.06 1.26 1.47 1.54 1.20 1.84 1.65 1.27 1.37 1.11 1.22 1.16 1.00 0.90 0.85 0.55 0.72 0.88 0.98 0.98 Great Northern 0.37 0.33 0.40 0.41 0.29 0.49 0.45 0.49 0.47 0.47 0.20 0.54 0.44 0.36 0.50 0.49 0.42 0.35 0.36 0.54 0.40 0.35 0.53 0.47 0.45 0.36 0.42 0.34 0.29 0.30 0.25 0.31 All 0.53 0.51 0.48 0.48 0.31 0.51 0.52 0.34 0.45 0.50 0.36 0.31 0.40 0.59 0.52 0.56 0.59 0.61 0.54 0.55 0.55 0.61 0.59 0.49 0.53 0.49 0.59 0.49 0.62 0.50 0.42 0.46 Red kidney Dark red Light red -------------0.18 0.13 0.14 0.13 0.20 0.14 0.19 0.13 0.18 0.17 0.18 0.22 0.26 0.25 0.20 0.28 0.25 0.18 0.19 -------------0.41 0.39 0.42 0.46 0.41 0.40 0.36 0.42 0.43 0.42 0.31 0.31 0.23 0.34 0.29 0.34 0.25 0.24 0.27 Black 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.07 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.05 0.01 0.06 0.10 0.15 0.14 0.21 0.30 0.43 0.36 0.34 0.53 0.62 0.57 0.49 0.46 0.46 0.53 0.49 0.53 0.64 0.65 All Lima beans Baby Large 0.09 0.14 0.17 0.17 0.10 0.17 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.08 0.04 0.10 0.08 0.10 0.07 0.05 0.06 0.10 0.07 0.08 0.13 0.08 0.07 0.10 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.13 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.19 0.25 0.24 0.10 0.16 0.19 0.15 0.14 0.15 0.17 0.14 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.09 0.13 0.10 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.06 0.06 Small red Garbanzo ---0.10 0.16 0.06 0.10 0.04 0.05 0.16 0.08 0.10 0.17 0.12 0.17 0.04 0.19 0.12 0.14 0.17 0.14 0.21 0.22 0.13 0.12 0.09 0.17 0.16 0.25 0.18 0.21 0.19 ---0.14 0.15 0.11 0.14 0.10 0.07 0.09 0.10 0.13 0.13 0.10 0.11 0.10 0.18 0.16 0.13 0.26 0.24 0.16 0.16 0.41 0.36 0.28 0.17 0.25 0.29 0.44 0.44 0.39 Blackeye ---0.23 0.19 0.29 0.26 0.21 0.23 0.19 0.23 0.35 0.30 0.27 0.28 0.29 0.24 0.28 0.26 0.26 0.24 0.22 0.25 0.22 0.22 0.18 0.23 0.13 0.16 0.17 0.17 0.17 Pink Cranberry ---0.19 0.39 0.33 0.14 0.05 0.10 0.30 0.18 0.20 0.07 0.26 0.22 0.16 0.18 0.21 0.18 0.15 0.20 0.21 0.28 0.15 0.09 0.12 0.22 0.19 0.21 0.18 0.20 0.18 ---0.12 0.11 0.11 0.14 0.07 0.07 0.10 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.08 0.12 0.17 0.14 0.18 0.13 0.17 0.17 0.15 0.17 0.14 0.04 0.07 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.04 0.02 0.03 Other 2/ 1.36 0.88 1.14 0.43 0.79 0.70 0.56 0.65 0.91 0.67 0.51 0.74 0.70 0.48 0.44 0.39 0.31 0.32 0.28 0.13 0.02 0.06 0.07 0.26 0.20 0.40 0.28 0.38 0.39 0.34 0.33 0.33 Total 6.68 5.06 6.24 5.21 5.87 7.81 6.57 5.70 7.34 6.68 5.64 7.09 5.80 6.93 7.50 7.89 7.43 7.88 7.56 7.46 7.35 7.27 7.78 7.64 6.94 6.74 6.64 5.97 6.17 6.38 6.56 6.60

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Pounds per person -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------0.26 0.30 0.32 0.30 0.28 0.34 0.28 0.31 0.36 0.35 0.18 0.20 0.29 0.23 0.24 0.22 0.22 0.20 0.24 0.20 0.21 0.22 0.21 0.17 0.21 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.10 0.10

r = revised. p = preliminary. f = ERS forecast. Totals may not sum due to rounding. 1/ Also known as net domestic use per person. Includes small white and all other dry edible beans after 1979. Source: Calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

161 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 145--Dry edible peas: U.S. acreage, yield, production, and value, 1979-2008 1/ Year Planted Acreage Harvested Yield per acre Cwt 1,499 2,433 2,120 1,529 1,839 1,477 1,643 1,785 2,102 2,161 2,232 1,492 1,987 1,635 2,270 1,762 2,372 1,304 2,043 1,920 1,888 1,974 1,957 1,656 1,584 2,249 1,828 1,493 1,960 Farm value Production 1,000 cwt 2,039 3,285 2,290 3,182 3,521 2,973 2,602 3,196 3,385 3,868 3,883 2,372 3,715 2,535 3,292 2,255 4,765 2,671 5,752 5,934 4,731 3,474 3,763 4,727 5,202 11,419 14,003 13,203 15,903 Per unit $/cwt 10.40 9.71 9.88 8.97 8.78 8.65 10.07 8.01 7.58 8.60 8.93 12.10 7.93 8.60 7.23 11.20 9.50 11.10 7.40 6.91 5.64 5.31 5.52 7.79 7.63 5.94 4.78 6.56 10.50 Total $1,000 21,276 31,903 22,614 28,557 30,920 25,714 26,209 25,606 25,663 33,249 34,667 28,701 29,424 21,801 23,796 25,256 45,062 29,638 42,658 40,994 26,693 18,464 20,765 36,842 39,352 66,476 66,046 86,371 166,728

---------- 1,000 acres ---------1979 1980 1981 1982 2/ 1983 2/ 1984 2/ 1985 2/ 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 p 2008 f 139.0 139.0 112.0 208.1 191.4 201.2 158.3 180.0 163.0 181.0 175.0 166.0 190.0 159.0 149.0 131.0 210.4 215.9 303.6 323.4 265.1 184.5 206.8 308.7 337.5 530.0 808.0 925.5 847.5 820.0 136.0 135.0 108.0 208.1 191.4 201.2 158.3 179.0 161.0 179.0 174.0 159.0 187.0 155.0 145.0 128.0 200.9 204.9 281.6 309.1 250.6 176.0 192.3 285.5 328.5 507.8 765.9 884.1 811.3

p = Preliminary. f = NASS forecast. 1/ Excludes cowpeas, Austrian winter peas, and wrinkled seed peas. provided by the USA Dry Pea and Lentil Council.

2/ Not reported by USDA. Estimated from data

Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Crop Production and Crop Values and USA Dry Pea and Lentil Council (as noted).

162 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 146--Lentils, dry: U.S. acreage, yield, production, and value, 1979-2008 Year Planted Acreage Harvested Yield per acre Pounds 903 947 1,023 856 930 830 752 1,107 1,115 1,130 1,136 796 1,317 1,160 1,403 1,043 1,364 952 1,315 1,223 1,359 1,415 1,471 1,196 1,030 1,271 1,176 797 1,155 Farm value Production 1,000 cwt 1,428 2,157 1,974 1,567 939 596 824 1,785 1,696 828 1,072 906 1,679 1,531 2,006 1,856 2,224 1,333 2,406 1,938 2,371 3,029 2,898 2,571 2,442 4,182 5,163 3,244 3,408 Per unit $/cwt 33.70 25.10 16.60 13.25 15.50 26.00 32.20 16.00 10.95 16.90 17.95 23.15 15.55 18.40 15.00 13.80 16.80 17.10 13.00 11.30 11.70 10.00 9.56 14.30 17.20 14.40 11.00 12.40 21.70 Total $1,000 48,127 54,128 32,771 20,766 14,559 15,486 26,521 36,953 19,734 15,109 20,898 20,300 26,068 28,814 30,090 25,613 37,300 22,758 31,351 21,863 27,824 30,157 27,714 36,822 41,407 60,893 53,640 40,322 73,953

--------- 1,000 acres --------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1/ 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 p 2008 f 158.1 227.7 193.0 183.0 101.0 71.8 109.5 161.2 152.1 73.2 94.4 113.8 127.5 132.0 145.0 180.0 169.0 147.2 193.0 162.0 181.0 217.0 201.0 226.0 246.0 345.0 450.0 429.0 303.0 277.0 158.1 227.7 193.0 183.0 101.0 71.8 109.5 161.2 152.1 73.2 94.4 113.8 127.5 132.0 143.0 178.0 163.1 140.0 183.0 158.5 174.5 214.0 197.0 215.0 237.0 329.0 439.0 407.0 295.0

p = preliminary. f = NASS forecast.

1/ Data prior to 1993 comes from the USA Dry Pea and Lentil Council since USDA did not estimate lentils prior to then.

Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Crop Production and Crop Values and USA Dry Pea and Lentil Council (as noted).

163 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 147--Austrian winter peas, dry: U.S. acreage, yield, production, and value, 1979-2008 1/ Year Planted Acreage Harvested Yield per acre Pounds 864 862 1,425 1,326 1,745 1,032 1,055 1,556 2,023 1,242 1,699 1,163 1,056 1,050 1,476 1,109 1,545 1,411 1,513 1,405 1,417 1,780 1,373 1,408 1,115 1,188 1,253 1,151 1,155 Production 1,000 cwt 199 249 148 386 407 328 277 434 521 99 151 119 135 82 155 51 119 103 115 104 68 73 103 183 174 291 307 259 127 Farm value Per unit 2/ $/cwt 9.35 10.10 12.50 8.40 7.95 7.80 9.70 7.45 7.35 11.80 10.65 14.70 13.15 10.20 9.40 12.00 12.10 12.90 10.70 12.00 7.24 8.16 11.00 10.30 10.60 9.19 6.82 7.14 12.60 Total $1,000 1,858 2,520 1,853 3,245 3,236 2,562 2,689 3,233 3,830 1,172 1,611 1,753 1,773 836 1,457 612 1,440 1,329 1,231 1,248 492 596 1,133 1,893 1,833 2,764 2,343 1,924 1,599

--------- 1,000 acres --------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 p 2008 f 23.0 28.9 10.4 29.1 23.3 31.8 26.3 27.9 25.8 8.0 8.9 10.3 12.8 7.8 13.0 7.0 10.9 8.6 8.7 9.0 6.5 5.2 16.3 23.1 21.1 32.5 42.5 46.0 29.0 25.5 23.0 28.9 10.4 29.1 23.3 31.8 26.3 27.9 25.8 8.0 8.9 10.3 12.8 7.8 10.5 4.6 7.7 7.3 7.6 7.4 4.8 4.1 7.5 13.0 15.6 24.5 24.5 22.5 11.0

p = Preliminary. f = NASS forecast. 1/ Prior to 1993, estimates based on data from the USA Dry Pea and Lentil Council as USDA did not make prior estimates. 2/ Prior to 1992, unit prices and values estimated using price data reported by the Bean Market News, Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Crop Production and Crop Values, USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service, Bean Market News Summary, (1979-92), and USA Dry Pea and Lentil Council (1979-92).

164 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 148--Dry edible peas and lentils: U.S. producer price index, 1991/92-2007/08 1/ Crop Year Dry peas: 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 p Lentils: 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 p July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June Annual -------------------------------------------------------------------- Index, Dec. 1991=100 ------------------------------------------------------------------------103.0 103.1 99.2 119.0 137.1 115.2 97.7 87.7 72.5 87.9 126.4 143.1 116.2 86.2 97.2 160.4 -100.5 97.5 101.6 116.5 144.9 102.9 91.1 85.0 72.5 83.4 122.9 120.8 119.8 86.3 96.9 161.9 -105.0 95.1 106.4 115.1 148.2 102.3 84.1 80.8 71.8 86.9 137.4 140.4 111.9 80.1 106.8 175.1 -111.1 94.9 110.6 111.5 137.3 103.4 82.6 80.9 72.6 114.3 143.2 150.0 113.9 78.0 106.8 186.8 -111.8 92.5 124.0 110.7 135.3 107.6 84.3 81.0 75.4 118.6 146.5 136.1 115.8 78.3 114.8 208.7 100.0 111.3 91.8 134.6 110.0 135.2 103.9 84.6 78.8 76.9 119.9 151.6 138.9 113.7 77.5 119.2 211.2 99.9 109.7 90.2 139.4 109.2 138.0 102.6 85.0 78.8 79.8 123.6 159.0 142.4 113.7 77.5 123.8 231.0 100.9 110.5 89.9 148.6 111.3 148.3 103.1 83.8 76.7 85.5 124.8 158.6 150.2 111.3 90.2 128.1 240.2 103.0 109.7 94.1 152.1 116.9 162.4 102.2 84.7 77.2 87.2 124.5 171.3 151.2 98.3 90.2 140.2 262.2 98.8 106.6 94.6 154.8 120.8 160.7 100.4 81.9 76.6 87.4 128.9 171.4 156.5 95.0 97.4 152.5 98.7 107.1 94.4 154.5 121.6 150.1 97.7 82.6 75.7 86.4 127.9 171.0 160.6 99.0 96.8 155.2 100.8 107.8 97.6 151.4 128.9 145.0 99.7 84.8 75.7 85.1 127.7 171.3 122.7 97.1 97.2 158.9 100.3 107.8 94.6 131.4 116.0 145.2 103.4 85.6 79.6 79.4 114.0 152.6 142.7 108.8 86.3 115.4

-115.6 101.6 81.3 93.7 123.4 96.9 71.9 75.0 81.3 60.9 83.6 101.5 107.1 88.3 81.6 114.6

-95.3 96.9 84.4 104.7 131.2 93.8 71.9 75.0 73.4 61.7 82.8 105.2 120.3 86.4 47.9 131.5
p = Preliminary.

-125.0 101.6 80.2 106.2 126.6 87.5 62.5 75.8 -61.7 89.8 107.1 112.8 82.7 49.8 152.2

-128.1 101.6 86.7 96.9 117.2 81.3 60.9 92.3 89.8 85.9 104.7 125.9 116.5 82.7 50.4 161.6

-134.4 103.1 83.3 98.4 114.1 78.1 89.1 81.3 68.0 82.0 106.3 124.0 122.1 92.1 107.1 210.5

100.0 134.4 90.6 81.2 98.4 109.4 71.9 68.8 82.0 68.0 85.2 108.6 120.3 118.4 80.8 109.0 225.5

99.2 137.5 93.8 81.2 98.4 107.0 71.1 67.2 82.0 68.0 82.8 128.1 127.8 118.4 69.5 109.0 225.5

93.7 118.7 93.8 81.2 96.9 109.4 73.4 68.8 77.3 65.6 79.7 139.1 142.8 101.5 62.0 111.8 225.5

96.9 -98.4 82.8 96.9 109.4 71.9 72.7 75.8 63.3 78.1 146.9 142.8 97.7 77.0 110.9 233.0

93.7 92.2 92.2 82.8 96.9 107.8 68.0 70.3 76.6 64.1 84.4 146.9 161.6 97.7 80.8 112.8

92.2 98.4 85.9 87.5 103.1 103.1 67.2 73.4 79.7 61.7 81.3 139.1 157.9 97.7 63.9 112.8

90.6 98.4 82.8 84.4 117.2 103.1 68.0 73.4 79.7 61.7 84.4 150.0 101.5 90.2 74.1 114.6

95.2 116.2 95.2 83.1 100.6 113.5 77.4 70.9 79.4 69.5 77.3 118.8 126.5 108.4 78.4 93.1

-- = not available.

1/ The crop year runs from July 1 through June 30 of the following year.

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (http://www.bls.gov/data/).

165 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 149--Dry peas and lentils: U.S. exports, by class, 1979-2007 Crop Green Split Yellow Austrian year peas 1/ peas peas peas 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 4/ 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 f 98,538 160,993 140,221 186,072 196,846 196,575 177,648 156,503 207,586 211,991 245,340 132,106 160,335 140,300 139,646 178,298 210,923 92,102 132,503 156,146 109,708 110,011 117,020 156,844 143,666 248,104 327,723 370,864 405,000 ----------9,153 2,716 3,405 10,687 11,562 8,372 7,784 14,344 31,810 25,332 14,296 12,538 8,054 12,870 19,934 21,862 19,554 38,073 135,000 19,987 44,701 49,651 56,892 24,570 23,227 23,621 16,269 20,297 22,991 42,669 11,285 13,389 11,831 25,026 6,914 10,289 21,041 13,689 32,900 19,392 16,646 27,364 18,445 88,147 135,308 262,671 354,722 385,000 28,997 31,877 10,581 24,991 31,527 26,733 17,147 20,372 25,511 7,947 9,953 3,774 1,893 3,314 8,383 2,274 5,287 5,979 4,664 1,101 1,723 5,121 2,094 2,055 953 1,043 3,053 4,983 2,950

Lentils 102,460 150,368 158,718 110,075 78,027 69,406 77,266 83,262 90,496 104,090 133,584 105,787 76,881 126,113 189,119 125,395 133,706 115,378 102,709 129,988 143,452 165,157 232,226 196,559 171,802 180,385 349,544 233,279 215,000

Chickpeas ----------3,624 11,468 7,890 8,711 5,088 13,203 19,673 6,523 9,934 22,467 29,334 65,605 52,174 36,592 15,298 22,016 39,106 41,402 52,000

Other dry peas 2/ 39,846 42,873 37,228 39,572 37,452 41,040 36,416 35,956 77,181 44,450 10,529 9,184 7,942 10,597 12,337 8,595 10,800 7,571 16,130 13,101 15,120 17,882 43,651 23,758 20,282 62,070 258,848 112,610 165,000

Seed 3/ ----------63,072 49,085 46,924 38,591 52,359 63,291 56,369 51,107 56,046 56,448 82,135 38,506 36,991 44,927 55,748 96,476 75,413 86,421 84,000

Total 289,828 430,812 396,399 417,602 368,422 356,981 332,098 312,362 421,071 391,469 517,925 325,404 318,660 350,144 443,520 406,342 454,831 262,937 367,484 437,481 415,160 431,467 519,574 492,050 515,831 767,264 1,335,912 1,242,354 1,443,950

-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 pounds ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. Crop year is July 1 through June 30. 1/ Includes split peas prior to 1989. 2/ Prior to 1989, includes planting seed, chickpeas and cowpeas. 3/ Includes pea and lentil planting seed. Excludes chickpea seed. 4/ Prior to crop year 1989, data are reported here on a September-August year Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

166 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 150--Dry peas and lentils: U.S. imports, by class, 1979-2007 Crop year 1/ Dried peas 2/ Green peas Yellow peas Split peas 3/ All lentils All chickpeas Other 4/ Pea & lentil seed 5/ Total

------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1,000 pounds -----------------------------------------------------------------------1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 6/ 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 f 5,660 5,844 6,878 14,013 8,657 12,415 21,717 23,666 29,228 10,698 -----------------------------3,877 4,873 1,596 249 1,102 23,403 5,438 10,120 1,357 1,771 1,680 4,274 6,409 3,565 21,631 9,787 20,915 21,424 21,000 ----------5,695 2,010 531 352 675 1,889 1,959 4,087 2,428 2,197 3,924 5,471 6,089 3,884 6,964 11,839 8,736 8,731 15,500 604 1,374 983 1,992 2,436 2,102 3,239 5,115 4,280 6,500 8,068 6,684 7,044 8,901 7,346 11,331 9,659 16,905 14,319 14,850 17,785 19,715 25,457 24,695 27,257 29,254 26,480 34,413 32,000 1,042 958 1,749 237 2,583 2,163 3,268 4,100 5,898 6,634 7,175 4,953 5,645 6,299 5,329 6,353 5,827 12,833 23,429 14,986 9,819 10,861 15,968 14,235 21,084 17,864 25,996 29,473 18,000 ----------26,063 37,134 30,967 23,551 24,812 26,711 24,952 27,780 28,685 26,164 25,236 22,760 20,445 21,916 22,527 24,136 23,639 29,269 33,500 ----------17,899 11,477 9,003 8,168 10,636 9,191 8,481 8,434 10,229 10,916 6,437 7,141 8,487 7,652 7,845 10,526 15,095 17,048 9,500 ----------8,985 19,543 30,605 40,583 35,343 37,208 43,989 64,728 63,865 49,337 40,221 33,963 37,120 41,905 66,430 52,737 64,998 40,964 40,000 7,306 8,176 9,611 16,242 13,677 16,680 28,223 32,881 39,406 23,832 77,762 86,673 85,391 88,103 85,243 116,086 100,305 144,887 144,311 120,221 105,102 104,185 119,975 117,851 173,738 156,143 185,859 181,322 169,500

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast. 1/ Crop year begins July 1 and ends June 30. 2/ From 1970 to 1988, includes all dried, desicated, and dehydrated peas, other than split peas. After 1988, under the Harmonized Tariff Schedule, green, yellow, and splt peas were shown separately . 3/ From 1979 to 1988, includes green and yellow peas. After 1988, includes split peas only. 4/ Includes Austrian winter peas and misc. dry peas. 5/ Planting seed. Excludes chickpeas. 6/ Pea data series broken following the 1987/88 season due to the January 1989 change to the harmonized system. Data in this table prior to 1989 are on a Sept-Aug year Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

167 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 151--Agaricus mushrooms: Production, by type of sale, 1970/71-2006/07 Crop year 1/ Fresh Processed Total 2/

--------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 pounds ----------------------------------------------------------1970/71 1971/72 1972/73 1973/74 1974/75 1975/76 1976/77 1977/78 1978/79 1979/80 1980/81 1981/82 1982/83 1983/84 1984/85 1985/86 1986/87 1987/88 1988/89 1989/90 1990/91 1991/92 1992/93 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/2000 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 58,269 66,323 76,728 102,293 126,118 142,121 151,247 191,080 229,538 255,846 275,052 319,132 337,234 388,075 419,913 427,204 457,299 468,895 484,675 511,904 511,921 496,959 522,381 516,836 532,232 537,124 553,780 621,537 657,833 668,541 692,630 689,968 697,248 703,496 696,319 704,584 696,709 148,541 165,050 177,274 177,200 172,963 167,695 195,882 207,623 224,469 214,223 194,524 198,014 153,592 173,456 175,768 160,752 157,094 162,924 183,084 203,088 237,230 249,873 253,976 233,963 250,108 240,746 222,897 187,141 189,927 185,853 153,579 141,139 139,150 137,666 141,764 129,093 117,140 206,810 231,373 254,002 279,493 299,081 309,816 347,129 398,703 454,007 470,069 469,576 517,146 490,826 561,531 595,681 587,956 614,393 631,819 667,759 714,992 749,151 746,832 776,357 750,799 782,340 777,870 776,677 808,678 847,760 854,394 846,209 831,107 836,398 841,162 838,083 833,677 813,849

1/ Crop year begins July 1 and ends June 30. 2/ Total production, fresh market, and processing estimates are primarily Agaricus, but also include specialties through 1986. Statistics after 1986 are for Agaricus only. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Mushrooms.

168 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 152--Agaricus mushrooms: Price and value, by type of sale, 1970/71-2006/07 Crop year 2/ Fresh 1/ Price Cent/lb 1970/71 1971/72 1972/73 1973/74 1974/75 1975/76 1976/77 1977/78 1978/79 1979/80 1980/81 1981/82 1982/83 1983/84 1984/85 1985/86 1986/87 1987/88 1988/89 1989/90 1990/91 1991/92 1992/93 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/2000 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 54.40 57.90 55.50 57.10 60.70 71.90 82.40 90.10 94.90 95.80 94.70 96.80 100.00 96.50 93.50 94.80 96.90 94.90 97.90 100.00 98.10 99.50 99.80 103.00 105.00 109.00 109.00 108.00 108.00 107.00 106.00 115.00 112.00 114.00 114.00 113.00 121.00 Value $1,000 31,688 38,386 42,596 58,407 76,552 102,234 124,613 172,159 217,770 245,201 260,439 308,805 338,048 374,327 392,762 404,914 443,037 444,967 474,675 512,055 501,967 494,340 521,566 532,863 560,127 588,126 605,728 670,168 712,000 715,943 736,543 796,522 778,307 805,200 796,493 793,538 840,360 Price Cent/lb 39.00 41.50 38.00 36.70 40.90 53.00 66.90 65.20 64.20 57.60 58.60 55.50 60.80 64.60 57.40 54.90 56.40 61.00 66.50 65.30 61.50 63.80 58.20 66.20 68.40 57.90 55.90 55.30 61.10 60.60 57.90 52.50 55.80 53.20 46.30 42.80 64.00 Processed 1/ Value $1,000 57,932 68,496 67,379 64,947 70,690 88,864 131,065 135,429 144,030 123,396 114,060 109,901 93,373 112,061 100,886 88,179 88,621 99,333 121,663 132,683 145,948 159,501 147,832 154,810 171,046 139,452 124,568 103,449 116,098 112,608 88,957 74,051 77,676 73,205 65,699 55,298 75,001 Price Cent/lb 43.30 46.20 43.30 44.10 49.20 61.70 73.70 77.10 79.70 78.40 79.80 81.00 87.90 86.60 82.90 83.90 86.50 86.10 89.30 90.20 86.50 87.50 86.20 91.60 93.50 93.50 94.00 95.70 97.70 97.00 97.60 105.00 102.00 104.00 103.00 102.00 112.00 All 1/ Value $1,000 89,620 106,882 109,975 123,354 147,242 191,098 255,678 307,588 361,800 368,597 374,499 418,706 431,421 486,388 493,648 493,093 531,658 544,300 596,338 644,738 647,915 653,841 669,398 687,673 731,173 727,578 730,296 773,617 828,098 828,551 825,500 870,573 855,983 878,405 862,192 848,836 915,361

1/ Includes all varieties through 1986. After 1986, data are for Agaricus only. 2/ Crop year begins July 1 and ends June 30. Data for 2007/08 to be released on 8/22/2008. The web link is: http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/MannUsda/viewDocumentInfo.do?documentID=1110 Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Mushrooms

169 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 153--Specialty mushrooms: Production, price, and value, by type of sale, 1986/87-2006/07 Crop year 1/ Production 1,000 lb 1986/87 1987/88 1988/89 1989/90 1990/91 1991/92 1992/93 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/00 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 1,203 1,517 2,112 2,430 2,553 2,802 2,955 5,762 5,649 6,140 7,025 6,624 8,680 8,635 9,391 8,454 7,476 7,731 9,085 8,014 6,865 Shiitake Price $/lb 4.30 4.37 4.43 4.21 3.73 4.01 3.88 3.70 3.86 3.49 3.39 3.15 3.15 3.29 3.17 2.92 3.08 3.24 3.25 3.25 3.36 Value 3/ $1,000 4,924 5,911 8,488 9,293 8,673 10,183 10,677 20,672 20,819 19,757 22,560 19,774 25,978 26,893 28,314 23,407 21,718 24,391 28,005 24,942 22,508 Production 1,000 lb 1,041 574 1,242 1,402 1,242 1,098 1,089 2,089 1,980 1,941 2,695 2,210 3,729 3,573 3,817 4,273 3,997 4,428 5,428 4,765 4,958 Oyster Price $/lb 2.15 2.62 2.76 2.66 2.67 3.14 2.58 2.50 2.65 2.49 2.59 1.94 2.16 2.16 2.13 2.01 1.91 2.08 2.35 2.15 2.41 Value 3/ $1,000 1,926 1,424 3,221 3,494 3,207 3,287 2,579 4,856 4,773 4,467 6,595 4,014 7,675 7,218 7,745 8,092 6,820 8,714 12,035 9,827 11,424 Production 1,000 lb 2,467 2,466 3,835 4,390 4,487 4,676 5,005 8,844 8,794 9,576 11,329 10,111 13,665 13,534 14,605 14,268 12,904 13,850 15,949 14,156 13,241 All specialties 2/ Price Value 3/ $/lb 3.34 3.70 3.64 3.53 3.34 3.76 3.58 3.41 3.56 3.39 3.38 3.01 2.98 3.05 3.04 2.76 2.89 3.03 3.09 3.02 3.16 $1,000 7,541 8,239 12,986 14,320 13,840 16,053 16,356 28,791 29,316 29,953 36,138 28,673 38,710 38,800 42,237 37,226 34,411 40,509 46,541 40,529 40,438

1/ Crop year begins July 1 and ends June 30. Series began in 1986/87. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Mushrooms.

2/ Includes shiitake, oyster, and all other specialty varieties. 3/ Value of sales.

170 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 154--Mushrooms: U.S. monthly and annual imports, crop year 1992-2007 1/ Item/year Fresh: 2/ 1992/93 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/2000 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 Frozen: 1992/93 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/2000 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 Canned: 3/ 1992/93 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/2000 July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June Crop year --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 pounds -------------------------------------------------------------------------------523 342 348 353 952 1,316 1,447 1,998 2,974 3,134 4,060 4,609 4,930 5,490 5,099 5,482 29 61 25 4 116 312 75 50 77 583 223 741 1,780 909 1,291 1,603 8,377 8,505 14,251 15,426 13,430 12,503 9,976 8,748 449 202 221 437 927 1,332 1,560 1,816 3,332 3,534 3,910 4,680 4,392 6,438 5,043 4,889 47 53 149 140 75 116 123 28 172 137 195 394 1,394 1,127 1,845 1,292 9,214 7,098 12,677 12,666 13,515 11,339 5,911 8,601 14,186 12,583 11,196 8,698 11,207 15,951 12,507 8,436 253 290 365 348 213 375 226 260 398 155 447 350 409 474 385 439 500 294 270 347 846 1,392 1,483 1,708 2,842 3,250 3,794 4,263 4,049 5,154 4,863 4,488 102 128 20 33 47 242 46 117 106 121 95 1,224 1,157 1,475 2,258 2,839 7,488 7,263 10,230 10,975 10,709 9,977 7,222 8,184 11,696 10,613 7,941 11,616 9,120 7,442 10,728 7,725 130 170 330 265 148 139 216 192 387 205 284 387 363 337 252 302 311 168 372 391 608 1,355 2,133 1,905 3,302 3,817 4,360 4,743 4,330 6,083 5,797 5,403 44 27 60 72 115 160 111 165 104 235 237 1,191 2,368 1,489 2,203 2,293 11,162 7,303 9,278 8,650 10,736 9,866 7,214 8,896 12,310 12,610 9,814 12,404 8,776 8,136 10,744 8,059 200 210 320 177 220 221 279 258 416 296 269 283 418 380 364 452 312 273 327 473 685 1,593 1,871 2,160 3,040 3,535 4,371 5,064 5,719 6,651 6,050 5,949 270 53 82 40 180 42 120 120 174 130 438 957 1,543 1,870 1,523 1,828 9,242 7,564 9,407 8,557 12,698 9,479 7,320 10,272 13,198 11,966 10,136 13,769 11,992 10,782 10,625 8,365 234 167 240 229 190 242 278 292 454 246 413 296 699 563 481 482 361 288 478 511 1,095 1,758 2,395 2,167 3,159 3,915 4,848 5,273 5,420 6,232 6,299 6,848 769 336 64 54 49 228 278 135 131 134 368 783 1,216 1,040 1,783 1,467 9,930 8,574 8,358 9,293 14,475 12,341 9,943 14,858 12,772 11,586 15,367 11,724 11,509 7,920 9,654 11,875 296 322 579 270 371 365 478 792 699 408 1,088 640 889 425 587 536 320 211 472 548 1,338 1,960 2,238 2,669 2,983 4,073 4,680 5,374 5,730 6,546 6,065 6,548 185 3 233 70 267 115 235 294 210 262 540 1,139 1,402 839 879 2,204 10,016 7,359 12,067 8,489 14,877 10,946 7,556 13,444 10,394 10,844 13,757 14,890 13,636 10,279 11,366 15,324 396 341 512 378 451 504 729 844 699 346 986 773 1,006 485 833 715 202 162 611 712 929 1,599 1,708 2,797 2,759 3,582 4,286 4,815 5,030 5,283 6,275 5,983 41 160 325 34 95 272 227 181 1,146 236 667 899 1,291 687 1,557 1,680 7,706 11,814 13,677 8,650 12,131 17,888 8,852 9,986 10,350 11,093 12,713 11,889 11,044 8,064 13,943 15,073 317 288 401 434 485 464 400 439 335 308 539 385 523 225 758 745 232 327 649 652 1,016 1,378 2,077 2,884 3,520 3,776 4,779 5,708 5,445 5,778 6,081 5,894 115 220 175 67 133 821 376 174 938 264 768 1,150 1,112 1,138 1,399 905 8,443 13,988 16,635 8,849 10,087 26,341 8,835 12,807 10,523 11,085 12,913 17,054 11,201 11,861 21,497 16,343 463 232 353 245 277 401 282 597 432 276 489 597 474 247 563 358 116 345 521 683 937 1,672 2,093 2,861 3,632 4,195 4,695 5,025 5,774 6,002 6,113 107 351 384 841 948 1,599 2,233 3,267 3,242 3,854 5,267 5,240 5,924 6,463 5,794 386 296 324 1,098 1,061 1,824 1,944 3,569 3,398 3,899 4,945 5,057 5,653 6,013 5,451 3,819 3,259 4,976 7,046 11,342 18,777 23,182 29,801 38,183 44,563 53,996 59,851 62,396 72,133 68,930

62 355 260 169 232 249 227 457 839 577 565 1,814 1,562 683 1,343

126 337 241 78 458 247 258 511 1,445 382 524 1,762 694 1,010 1,558

98 173 27 121 114 171 161 167 727 170 711 1,335 906 972 1,243

1,887 1,907 1,660 880 1,882 2,976 2,235 2,400 6,066 3,232 5,330 13,389 16,425 13,239 18,882

8,326 15,430 17,903 9,691 12,700 8,264 9,619 10,938 9,004 10,332 14,828 16,711 14,701 9,828 13,212

9,107 17,855 16,922 11,660 13,231 10,094 10,491 14,045 11,466 11,440 15,450 16,994 18,752 11,118 15,426

6,943 14,682 14,339 12,738 13,142 9,194 8,939 12,609 8,695 9,842 14,899 13,358 12,748 11,763 13,526

105,955 127,434 155,744 125,644 151,729 148,233 101,879 133,387 137,655 136,994 148,090 158,634 149,431 126,017 153,880

2000/01 13,061 2001/02 13,000 2002/03 9,076 2003/04 9,527 2004/05 14,745 2005/06 12,873 2006/07 10,652 2007/08 14,655 Dried/dehydrated: 1992/93 226 1993/94 447 1994/95 269 1995/96 507 1996/97 275 1997/98 293 1998/99 313 1999/2000 290 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 437 318 362 499 477 369 463 628

331 233 578 265 538 523 572 828 511 514 741 763 579 651 836

360 278 530 332 609 547 474 804 583 629 794 647 700 524 927

507 395 554 425 500 299 375 496 582 467 443 615 666 784 696

3,713 3,373 5,030 3,876 4,276 4,371 4,622 6,091 5,933 4,167 6,854 6,234 7,202 5,465 7,144

-- = Not available. 1/ Excludes truffles. 2/ Fresh imports exclude straw mushrooms. 3/ Canned mushrooms are reported on a drained-weight basis. Note: Trade data reported are from U.S. Census Bureau and may not match U.S. Customs data since census data may not capture some small shipments. Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

171 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 155--Mushrooms, fresh-market and canned: U.S. monthly and annual exports, crop year 1989-2007 1/ July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June Crop year --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 pounds -------------------------------------------------------------------------Fresh-market: 1989/90 258 214 479 440 482 357 1,341 1,416 1,318 1,259 1,241 1,124 9,929 1990/91 1991/92 1992/93 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/2000 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 Canned: 1989/90 1990/91 1991/92 1992/93 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/2000 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 1,314 1,292 1,114 1,093 335 734 253 510 458 972 969 1,002 638 381 397 386 839 801 201 290 554 928 483 255 318 318 288 135 245 68 115 276 282 120 674 257 155 1,176 992 1,075 846 514 510 374 439 351 1,036 676 477 521 401 464 307 707 648 67 222 577 706 269 500 128 167 335 309 91 102 87 263 293 108 228 164 119 1,330 1,232 1,087 1,007 752 1,192 762 2,474 658 1,970 716 400 804 623 1,074 696 1,364 1,086 112 340 358 919 328 243 205 40 299 157 106 122 526 150 94 192 82 220 125 2,557 1,299 1,685 1,250 1,677 2,541 2,900 3,233 2,116 1,573 2,823 2,281 957 1,245 1,265 1,059 1,261 2,583 120 419 907 815 268 308 156 232 293 201 180 209 256 134 697 201 179 141 93 2,183 1,333 2,006 1,333 1,251 1,350 1,294 2,323 1,805 1,757 1,793 1,734 792 960 833 932 1,024 1,682 179 620 473 819 357 169 180 308 296 123 276 147 254 169 92 291 135 94 220 1,503 1,369 1,565 1,049 736 786 1,173 1,301 1,198 1,262 1,035 1,127 798 856 744 1,039 873 1,122 420 348 296 1,109 458 233 320 747 286 70 80 94 199 191 165 86 277 38 135 1,290 1,248 1,182 717 562 650 681 844 1,083 759 772 883 889 693 495 705 1,087 1,262 330 433 400 697 290 109 95 579 248 73 88 344 291 171 120 69 92 137 167 1,245 1,151 1,476 599 715 521 1,089 661 909 977 1,086 721 503 485 823 836 753 1,103 291 375 1,151 1,063 1,252 119 175 75 359 118 163 556 110 84 61 76 221 95 111 1,339 1,207 1,916 1,166 963 702 848 803 1,838 983 1,033 571 655 686 628 618 936 1,223 306 434 598 1,492 769 486 407 216 366 61 88 205 40 147 113 100 105 78 125 1,442 1,251 1,291 772 998 602 704 677 1,246 1,124 426 623 414 504 575 819 1,035 1,423 1,113 1,526 1,193 640 487 966 760 1,282 1,337 955 920 691 359 657 765 1,061 1,128 1,037 1,528 619 738 275 696 497 849 1,435 748 894 665 537 372 672 657 17,930 14,524 17,449 11,644 9,881 10,349 11,739 14,520 13,792 15,185 13,031 11,633 8,328 7,731 8,327 8,834 11,598 Year

267 965 648 978 910 359 518 112 259 251 97 154 115 119 569 56 90 116

132 583 467 1,006 919 511 367 229 378 49 116 182 145 152 223 115 191 195

470 412 713 798 304 483 292 517 140 111 192 208 197 239 181 96 126 139

2,894 5,441 7,142 11,331 6,607 3,775 3,161 3,542 3,547 1,659 1,721 2,391 2,336 2,096 2,890 1,510 2,400 1,675

1/ Export data beginning in January 1989 are reported under the Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HS) of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Excludes dried mushrooms, but includes prepared truffles. Source: Prepared by ERS using data provided by U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

172 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 156--Mushrooms, all: U.S. per capita utilization, 1970-2008 Crop year Fresh Processing Total

-------------------------------------------------------------- Pounds, farm weight ----------------------------------------------------1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 f 2008 f 0.28 0.32 0.36 0.48 0.59 0.66 0.69 0.86 1.02 1.13 1.20 1.38 1.44 1.65 1.77 1.78 1.87 1.92 1.98 2.04 1.99 1.93 1.98 1.97 2.02 2.02 2.08 2.30 2.45 2.48 2.58 2.57 2.61 2.63 2.59 2.62 2.55 2.57 2.59 0.98 1.13 1.25 1.22 1.22 1.23 1.45 1.62 1.66 1.73 1.53 1.53 1.51 1.81 1.76 1.81 1.88 1.64 1.54 1.53 1.70 1.74 1.68 1.70 1.93 1.74 1.82 1.65 1.41 1.58 1.48 1.34 1.48 1.51 1.55 1.30 1.47 1.46 1.44 1.26 1.45 1.61 1.70 1.81 1.89 2.14 2.48 2.68 2.86 2.73 2.91 2.95 3.46 3.53 3.59 3.75 3.56 3.52 3.57 3.69 3.67 3.66 3.67 3.95 3.76 3.90 3.95 3.86 4.06 4.06 3.91 4.09 4.14 4.14 3.92 4.02 4.03 4.03

f = ERS forecast. Note: For the most recent per capita use stats, see: http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/vgs/Tables/Percap.xls. Source: Calculated by USDA, Economic Research Service.

173 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 157--U.S. fresh-market mushrooms, all: Supply, disappearance, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Crop year 1/ 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 f 2008 f Production 2/ 255.8 275.1 319.1 337.2 388.1 419.9 427.2 454.8 471.1 488.2 516.0 516.1 501.2 527.0 525.3 541.0 546.0 564.5 631.1 671.5 682.1 707.2 704.2 709.2 716.8 711.4 718.0 709.5 725.0 737.0 Imports 3/ 0.5 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.2 1.9 2.1 3.5 4.6 3.8 3.3 5.0 7.0 11.3 18.8 23.2 29.8 38.2 44.6 54.0 59.9 62.4 72.1 68.9 70.0 70.0 Total Exports 3/ 0.7 0.6 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.9 2.9 2.9 3.2 9.9 17.7 14.5 17.4 11.6 9.9 10.3 11.7 16.9 13.8 15.2 13.0 11.6 8.3 7.7 8.3 8.8 11.6 12.0 13.0 Disappearance Domestic Per capita use 4/ Pounds 1.13 1.20 1.38 1.44 1.65 1.77 1.78 1.87 1.92 1.98 2.04 1.99 1.93 1.98 1.97 2.02 2.02 2.08 2.30 2.45 2.48 2.58 2.57 2.61 2.63 2.59 2.62 2.55 2.57 2.59 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 2/ dollars 5/ ---------- $/cwt ----------95.80 94.70 96.80 100.00 96.50 93.50 94.80 96.90 94.90 97.90 100.00 98.10 99.50 99.80 103.00 105.00 109.00 109.00 108.00 108.00 107.00 106.00 115.00 112.00 114.00 114.00 113.00 121.00 --193.30 175.20 163.70 159.40 148.00 138.20 136.00 136.00 129.70 129.30 127.30 120.20 117.80 115.50 116.50 116.30 118.30 116.10 113.20 111.90 109.30 106.00 112.30 107.50 107.10 104.20 100.20 104.30 ---

------------------------------------ Million pounds -------------------------------------256.3 275.8 319.9 338.3 388.9 420.9 428.2 456.2 472.3 490.1 518.1 519.6 505.8 530.8 528.6 546.0 553.0 575.8 649.9 694.7 711.9 745.4 753.2 763.2 776.7 773.8 790.1 778.4 795.0 807.0 255.6 275.2 318.1 336.7 387.3 419.5 426.3 453.3 469.4 486.9 508.2 501.9 491.3 513.4 517.0 536.1 542.7 564.1 633.0 680.9 696.7 732.4 741.6 754.9 769.0 765.5 781.3 766.8 783.0 794.0

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast as of 04/17/08. Production and price data for the 2007/08 season will be released by USDA/NASS in August 2008. 1/ Crop year begins July 1 of the year listed and ends on June 30 of the following year. 2/ Sales volume for all fresh mushrooms. Source: USDA, Nationa Agricultural Statistics Service. 3/ Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau and Statistics Canada. 4/ Total disappearance divided by total U.S. population on January 1. Represents volume available for consumption per person. 5/ Deflated using the GDP implicit price deflator, 2000=100 Source: Compiled and computed by USDA, Economic Research Service.

174 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 158--U.S. mushrooms for processing, all: Supply, disappearance, and price, farm weight, 1979-2008 Supply Crop year 1/ 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 f 2008 f Production 2/ 214.2 194.5 198.0 153.6 173.5 175.8 160.8 157.1 162.9 183.1 203.1 237.2 249.9 254.0 234.0 250.1 240.7 222.9 187.1 189.9 185.9 153.6 141.1 139.2 137.7 141.8 129.1 117.1 130.0 137.0 Imports 3/ 179.3 155.7 157.2 199.5 252.2 243.3 273.9 297.9 239.0 198.7 190.0 205.2 213.8 203.5 233.8 293.1 234.2 279.8 276.2 210.7 271.4 280.1 256.9 303.9 325.5 326.8 268.3 336.2 338.0 320.0 Total Exports 3/ 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.4 1.1 1.7 12.6 14.6 18.4 22.2 23.7 30.8 9.5 7.6 11.4 8.5 14.2 13.0 12.4 13.5 21.4 10.3 9.1 10.8 25.0 15.0 Disappearance Domestic Per capita use 4/ Pounds 1.73 1.53 1.53 1.51 1.81 1.76 1.81 1.88 1.64 1.54 1.53 1.70 1.74 1.68 1.70 1.93 1.74 1.82 1.65 1.41 1.58 1.48 1.34 1.48 1.51 1.55 1.30 1.47 1.46 1.44 Season-average price Current Constant dollars 2000 2/ dollars 5/ ----- Cents/pound ----57.60 58.60 55.50 60.80 64.60 57.40 54.90 56.40 61.00 66.50 65.30 61.50 63.80 58.20 66.20 68.40 57.90 55.90 55.30 61.10 60.60 57.90 52.50 55.80 53.20 46.30 42.80 64.00 --116.30 108.40 93.90 96.90 99.10 84.80 78.80 79.20 83.30 87.90 83.10 75.40 75.60 67.40 74.90 75.80 62.90 59.60 58.00 63.30 61.90 57.90 51.30 53.60 50.00 42.30 38.00 55.20 ---

------------------------------------ Million pounds -------------------------------------393.5 350.2 355.2 353.1 425.7 419.1 434.7 455.0 401.9 381.8 393.1 442.4 463.7 457.5 467.8 543.2 474.9 502.7 463.3 400.6 457.3 433.7 398.0 443.1 463.2 468.6 397.4 453.3 468.0 457.0 392.5 349.7 354.5 352.7 425.0 418.1 433.7 454.6 400.8 380.1 380.5 427.8 445.3 435.3 444.1 512.4 465.4 495.1 451.9 392.1 443.1 420.7 385.6 429.6 441.8 458.3 388.3 442.5 443.0 442.0

-- = Not available. f = ERS forecast as of 04/17/08. Production and price data for the 2007/08 season will be released by USDA/NASS in August 2008. 1/ Crop year begins July 1 of the year listed and ends on June 30 of the following year. 2/ Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. 3/ Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. Includes canned, frozen, and dried mushrooms. Canned converted to fresh-weight basis using a factor of 1.538, frozen factor is 1.5, and dried factor is 10.0. Dried exports adjusted using Canadian data from 1979-88. 4/ Total disappearance divide by total U.S. population on January 1. Represents volume available for consumption per person. 5/ Deflated using the GDP implicit deflator, 2000=100. Note: Due to lack of data, this table excludes changes in processed mushroom product inventories. Source: Compiled and computed by USDA, Economic Research Service.

175 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 159--Specialty vegetables: Fresh and processed imports, 1980-2007 Year 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Dasheens 1/ 27,721 38,072 38,398 37,479 42,695 55,995 48,277 39,906 44,633 52,958 47,431 49,318 50,568 46,593 53,748 62,851 67,778 60,436 67,305 79,504 82,791 83,421 97,934 92,547 93,626 85,017 92,402 106,244 Endive 1/ 2/ 2,482 2,114 3,303 4,231 5,631 6,237 7,205 7,447 7,187 6,618 5,472 6,473 7,927 4,411 5,123 5,676 3,695 4,391 7,162 5,107 5,511 5,957 5,195 5,189 5,804 5,331 4,732 4,678 Snow peas 1/ 3/ -----2,050 12,667 16,947 16,947 30,268 31,788 32,458 28,950 25,893 25,466 25,974 24,256 28,881 32,605 31,142 34,171 37,565 48,800 53,085 60,790 64,148 62,348 69,722 Chile peppers 1/ -----25,115 59,944 63,048 75,987 65,421 79,553 80,092 83,760 78,324 106,914 195,426 234,106 245,458 287,149 298,950 327,314 332,712 349,470 397,888 414,272 425,381 508,615 563,350 Chayote 1/ 5,232 6,810 8,715 10,247 11,127 11,303 12,472 12,569 13,543 19,528 20,218 24,639 38,584 30,072 32,436 36,848 38,148 39,037 39,861 45,349 51,701 53,585 57,282 55,451 51,037 55,869 60,941 66,368 Fiddlehead ferns 1/ 75 46 62 55 73 73 106 115 73 94 36 6 243 21 54 25 33 25 28 42 55 217 69 51 305 756 193 177 Bamboo shoots 4/ 23,620 35,349 26,870 30,516 35,058 41,396 51,601 64,644 44,652 48,874 55,709 71,291 51,892 63,630 61,240 65,636 57,998 61,986 65,604 55,126 60,005 68,459 59,977 60,697 55,060 60,540 62,615 59,126 Jicama 1/ 5/ 5,148 12,628 13,684 11,274 17,156 12,915 18,728 19,590 17,990 37,410 39,419 39,167 43,180 44,845 47,855 61,180 63,119 57,816 63,392 78,486 84,569 80,608 91,279 91,501 110,687 103,451 110,218 112,542 Waterchestnuts 4/ 25,358 36,647 46,156 44,178 47,690 62,739 72,750 72,345 73,248 68,466 74,215 84,715 77,810 80,334 87,934 68,109 89,822 87,336 71,467 74,704 81,912 76,453 92,629 75,125 91,332 91,335 72,415 70,438

--------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 pounds --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-- = Not available. 1/ Fresh, chilled. 2/ Fresh-market whitloof chicory. 3/ Includes all fresh green peas after 1988. 4/ Canned. 5/ Includes pumpkins and breadfruit. Source: Prepared by ERS from USDA, ERS, FATUS , Calendar Year Supplements (1980-88), and USDC, U.S. Census Bureau (1989-2006).

176 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 160--Specialty and minor vegetables, fresh and processed: Harvested acreage, California, 1993-2006 1/ Year 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Anise (fennel) 691 716 700 1,010 411 700 1,063 822 741 595 636 813 743 786 Horseradish 704 1,151 667 623 623 717 477 661 830 861 861 971 971 717 Snow peas 4,445 3,886 4,847 4,958 4,726 4,805 4,946 4,685 4,569 3,300 3,120 2,589 2,205 1,620 Artichokes 8,929 9,251 8,853 8,921 8,199 8,676 9,593 8,555 7,069 6,684 6,808 7,107 7,867 8,664 Kale 1,929 2,074 1,469 2,036 1,934 1,899 2,035 1,968 1,246 1,798 1,610 2,130 2,618 2,618 Bell peppers 21,071 21,487 23,851 25,262 21,279 20,847 22,204 19,848 20,188 18,188 17,289 18,241 20,048 19,090 Baby vegetables 2,192 4,878 3,905 986 997 577 1,550 302 -----364 Leeks 651 420 341 563 449 486 545 594 493 441 424 612 551 549 Chile peppers 7,505 6,395 3,292 6,475 6,952 5,016 3,064 2,477 1,304 719 746 2,180 1,908 1,962 Beets 656 503 160 372 375 689 1,448 1,617 203 158 185 589 964 2,069 Leaf lettuce 36,436 34,536 36,551 35,807 41,773 37,436 73,461 75,910 42,994 45,116 48,613 52,395 59,460 86,869 Radicchio 1,205 1,416 1,029 1,648 1,838 2,590 2,902 2,833 2,490 2,249 2,231 4,300 4,029 3,672 Brussels sprouts Head cabbage Chinese cabbage -- Acres -4,919 11,848 3,221 10,037 3,057 9,201 3,682 8,762 2,206 9,052 3,216 9,664 3,108 9,599 1,875 9,971 1,931 8,320 1,634 9,625 1,775 13,352 2,071 12,818 2,079 9,758 2,051 14,235 Romaine lettuce Sprouts 16,089 23,991 22,207 23,067 24,677 22,985 -3,520 40,135 46,301 59,823 57,249 38,187 64,428 Radishes 2,778 2,663 2,340 2,636 2,461 1,939 1,474 787 727 1,330 802 1,741 1,252 1,585 52 6 -1 1 1 2 1 ------Rappini 1,947 2,146 -2,815 3,356 3,687 3,643 2,650 2,516 2,570 2,785 4,669 5,289 5,401 1,263 85 -484 779 782 1,511 1,017 3,036 4,143 3,304 4,599 5,008 4,836 Misc melons -------------5,633 Squash 8,971 7,905 5,478 7,338 7,348 7,057 6,411 7,964 4,559 4,340 4,301 5,895 6,504 5,779 ---3,519 3,369 3,360 4,011 3,506 2,030 2,135 2,190 3,693 4,499 4,572 Okra 334 218 230 236 170 237 166 286 121 163 73 410 504 417 Spinach 11,057 11,451 12,463 13,397 20,663 20,840 23,519 21,229 19,929 26,035 24,969 25,752 32,263 27,956 7 8 7 8 9 9 15 15 12 14 14 14 --Shallots & gr. on. 1,918 1,530 1,494 2,044 2,206 2,157 2,100 1,801 1,345 1,221 1,201 1,456 1,946 2,056 Swiss chard 148 85 -69 689 587 671 689 698 671 629 915 1,169 1,163 1,214 1,009 840 1,737 1,252 1,581 1,341 1,429 1,010 949 997 1,041 1,364 1,455 Oriental vegetables 11,148 11,442 10,393 11,956 13,534 13,360 12,913 11,918 9,767 7,344 7,395 8,169 8,829 9,973 722 784 768 874 1,059 1,274 197 356 570 444 686 1,018 1,068 928 Parsley 448 455 456 643 396 902 94 213 209 275 228 325 403 422 Parsnips 165 234 85 66 58 125 149 ----105 70 294 Turnips 1,044 334 4 436 550 761 821 472 6 3 8 141 164 256 26,961 27,594 28,253 35,046 29,663 37,412 40,059 25,286 29,140 33,028 31,189 25,852 25,425 22,855 Green peas 3,683 546 5,327 5,348 3,939 3,761 2,510 3,978 3,081 956 1,520 2,688 2,107 1,900 Misc. vegetables 82,437 84,213 86,413 90,881 126,248 140,047 142,229 136,532 151,500 160,005 150,366 579,694 74,081 74,676 3,783 3,709 -1,195 1,226 1,857 3,503 4,904 991 5,223 8,872 6,124 5,842 2,677 Pumpkins 6,381 5,517 5,381 6,488 6,160 5,974 5,144 5,826 5,605 5,025 4,757 5,060 3,326 5,226 Total 290,597 290,709 283,901 315,329 354,862 371,410 391,725 369,721 370,425 394,619 404,889 845,753 337,225 394,037 Cilantro Greenhouse cucumbers Eggplant Endive Escarole Garlic Herbs & spices

1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

3,141 3,436 2,698 2,982 3,504 2,730 2,573 2,610 670 731 788 1,914 4,238 3,807 Cherry Tomatillos tomatoes 296 101 138 184 161 210 256 251 95 100 103 363 486 452 1,429 1,276 1,003 774 570 457 418 363 295 245 239 50 -24

1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

-- = Not available. 1/ Some counties report commodities under the miscellaneous-vegetable category only. Beginning in 1988, some vegetables previously reported as miscellaneous vegetables were reported in distinct categories Source: California Department of Food and Agriculture, County Agricultural Commissioner Reports, (http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/California/Publications/AgComm/indexcac.asp ).

177 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 161--Specialty and minor vegetables, fresh and processed: Production, California, 1992-2006 1/ Anise Baby Brussels Head Chinese Year (fennel) Artichokes vegetables Beets sprouts cabbage cabbage Cilantro -- Short tons -1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 5,930 4,570 6,400 6,090 2,120 5,999 14,300 6,800 7,200 7,300 8,000 7,830 9,605 12,003 Horseradish -2,678 1,668 1,558 1,558 1,793 1,192 1,653 1,826 2,153 2,153 2,428 2,428 1,793 Snow peas 11,138 10,368 12,719 13,521 10,994 10,683 12,186 12,061 14,492 11,086 9,801 6,485 5,084 4,544 43,087 51,584 40,636 44,334 45,851 50,108 69,633 49,727 46,594 40,972 38,793 38,883 55,498 60,895 Kale 13,891 18,835 16,633 19,481 18,198 14,869 17,359 18,132 10,875 22,161 18,077 23,153 29,058 27,595 Bell peppers 292,603 282,506 342,745 351,574 311,213 285,990 353,338 370,560 355,837 352,197 353,998 394,932 379,589 352,357 -3,128 3,442 ----------728 Leeks 4,315 4,720 3,195 5,448 5,332 4,779 4,836 5,183 4,961 4,302 4,761 6,416 6,369 7,735 Chile peppers 28,523 28,695 25,510 27,743 25,063 -17,816 16,226 18,110 15,424 13,459 48,378 12,769 62,575 78 160 106 61 85 96 95 36 929 1,093 499 4,137 11,579 34,383 Leaf lettuce 368,957 388,617 387,384 364,948 412,315 414,722 -858,409 460,359 573,097 563,923 641,299 978,815 1,030,151 Radicchio 4,488 5,275 9,800 9,760 11,932 13,287 7,409 7,035 7,939 6,858 7,645 13,082 19,140 16,357 39,984 29,246 24,164 33,087 18,311 17,414 19,868 16,455 17,735 16,413 15,982 19,639 22,883 20,950 Romaine lettuce 209,024 355,528 308,226 311,455 399,515 354,178 -48,466 558,711 740,916 887,310 800,133 1,078,418 951,595 Radishes 7,040 7,760 6,641 24,110 26,932 22,081 14,944 8,924 8,486 13,666 9,208 15,471 16,914 20,215 177,529 168,192 161,100 140,023 139,073 133,817 137,098 174,585 160,656 195,326 197,260 185,726 235,038 266,034 Sprouts --------------Rappini ----10,922 9,508 9,890 12,340 12,280 11,937 8,700 14,261 17,716 19,698 ----1,290 955 18,400 10,700 28,765 38,525 32,222 42,794 107,928 78,195 Misc melons -------------69,201 Spinach 113,319 108,898 105,491 99,678 118,069 142,947 146,981 159,478 157,423 200,859 209,439 266,568 310,784 265,689 ---28,347 29,334 25,471 24,280 22,007 18,262 18,191 17,760 28,368 32,072 34,694 Okra 1,500 1,380 2,260 158 837 1,200 824 1,112 726 1,281 290 2,178 2,519 1,664 Squash 71,839 62,866 55,282 55,838 53,069 55,588 45,881 44,145 44,036 41,764 44,559 56,962 60,868 60,077

Greenhouse cucumbers 334 387 1,923 1,878 342 378 432 444 444 532 526 525 2 -Shallots & gr. on. 24,232 19,343 19,209 16,500 23,000 17,900 21,100 17,700 16,070 15,494 15,000 17,836 21,766 21,936 Swiss chard ----4,040 3,700 4,200 4,500 4,910 4,510 4,705 6,651 10,522 9,773

Eggplant 13,135 14,721 13,828 21,271 15,387 12,122 15,369 12,013 11,803 10,657 12,035 14,829 19,741 21,814 Oriental vegetables 66,369 72,654 125,670 132,920 190,173 147,597 152,423 134,855 124,217 124,483 124,237 138,021 138,979 145,943 Tomatillos 185 161 114 165 50 43 145 391 81 101 70 911 5,016 1,029

Endive 3,562 4,738 5,638 5,413 7,938 5,375 --4,975 3,225 16,188 24,166 14,156 11,453 Parsley 28,699 33,034 40,894 45,411 36,022 34,085 19,311 19,177 9,240 11,946 13,789 23,247 25,097 82,910 Cherry tomatoes 25,635 18,348 8,993 7,475 5,506 6,300 7,397 6,560 5,580 3,327 3,001 1,025 -40

Escarole 2,988 4,000 3,225 4,000 3,238 2,638 --1,350 2,700 2,854 3,425 4,480 4,585 Parsnips -----------1,179 306 1,392 Turnips -5,010 11 16 15 121 19 6 11 6 15 1,547 1,679 1,869

Garlic 223,513 211,062 228,339 282,664 263,623 168,221 361,650 193,218 245,252 298,194 308,174 239,454 200,685 192,685 Green peas 5,012 546 8,731 7,585 7,435 6,544 5,073 7,854 4,294 1,582 11,722 12,627 1,256 1,060 Misc. vegetables ------1,279,648 1,570,581 841,366 ------

Herbs & spices 15,916 19,120 -5,247 5,461 7,930 10,274 9,193 15,685 218,808 181,489 27,619 34,034 22,410 Pumpkins 73,964 71,520 76,884 80,171 72,145 78,961 56,752 73,880 67,220 74,706 65,070 67,594 40,829 77,829 Total 1,876,789 2,009,650 2,046,861 2,147,930 2,276,388 2,057,400 2,850,123 3,894,406 3,288,700 3,085,792 3,202,714 3,199,779 3,913,622 3,995,856

1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

-- = Not available. 1/ Some counties report commodities under the miscellaneous-vegetable category only in any given year. Beginning in 1988, some vegetables were reported in categories other than miscellaneous vegetables. Source: California Department of Food and Agriculture, County Agricultural Commissioner Reports, (http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/California/Publications/AgComm/indexcac.asp ).

178 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 162--Specialty and minor vegetables, fresh and processed: Value of production, California, 1992-2006 1/ Anise Baby Brussels Head Chinese Year (fennel) Artichokes vegetables Beets sprouts cabbage cabbage Cilantro -- 1,000 dollars -1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 3,252 2,937 3,883 3,891 1,853 4,750 7,886 3,286 3,303 3,290 3,870 6,027 5,888 6,183 Horseradish 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 880 1,439 834 779 779 896 596 826 913 1,076 1,076 1,214 1,214 897 Snow peas 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 24,888 16,337 20,997 25,061 18,819 19,221 20,432 22,205 27,187 20,264 15,761 12,876 7,956 10,785 37,651 46,324 46,817 49,079 46,562 54,329 59,645 51,722 45,809 43,355 51,883 56,004 70,419 84,661 Kale 10,384 12,321 11,612 14,143 13,251 13,077 12,858 12,042 7,292 15,811 13,671 17,559 20,790 20,291 Bell peppers 115,613 124,566 138,742 138,495 125,395 133,384 177,693 163,535 166,646 192,886 196,871 240,092 237,399 226,598 11,951 21,503 14,910 6,207 8,795 4,748 6,618 2,060 -----1,165 Leeks 5,040 3,845 2,406 3,768 3,292 3,354 3,571 4,774 3,940 3,134 4,037 8,258 6,551 5,096 Chile peppers 32,945 27,889 17,299 27,397 24,823 30,541 15,807 20,929 10,116 7,714 5,119 18,614 12,760 11,206 1,420 1,042 473 658 1,129 1,470 3,152 5,260 554 725 504 2,297 5,447 15,016 Leaf lettuce 165,439 148,635 212,479 150,258 208,441 210,845 410,691 464,983 247,108 291,068 313,845 325,377 449,934 444,654 Radicchio 4,901 7,664 6,545 8,232 9,744 13,502 15,284 16,625 12,565 11,470 11,583 21,119 21,120 21,904 19,179 13,539 10,913 15,725 8,199 10,561 13,677 9,681 9,292 9,213 10,425 14,246 14,426 15,051 Romaine lettuce 72,396 86,015 126,729 111,553 149,320 155,176 -18,057 244,388 382,909 465,307 457,239 459,093 454,200 Radishes 9,732 14,717 10,594 11,163 10,693 9,059 7,434 4,853 4,154 8,294 4,649 11,159 6,638 8,069 44,128 33,025 37,799 30,903 32,333 41,933 30,643 37,810 34,756 42,732 57,715 68,126 65,914 76,601 Sprouts 2,073 750 10,913 6,898 6,700 8,268 7,289 6,900 ------Rappini 7,893 10,420 -8,385 12,941 13,065 14,920 11,357 10,498 10,184 11,308 18,706 22,247 24,133 3,332 293 -1,619 2,856 2,639 9,208 6,659 11,376 12,596 10,964 15,689 22,067 26,221 Misc melons -------------22,507 Squash 31,137 27,655 21,827 28,150 23,264 26,284 22,270 23,935 16,384 18,371 19,245 28,600 26,377 23,897 ---16,822 14,508 15,874 17,427 17,045 9,394 11,078 10,703 20,521 23,851 27,063 Okra 2,728 1,798 2,349 1,181 1,247 1,825 1,174 1,329 723 1,281 406 2,032 2,472 1,568 Spinach 58,339 65,050 55,099 62,048 85,667 87,617 103,591 102,747 105,890 172,752 190,470 253,164 258,282 186,779

Greenhouse cucumbers 892 854 679 690 685 531 2,053 1,874 721 905 852 918 8 -Shallots & gr. on. 15,330 13,350 14,595 18,168 23,772 22,894 23,624 21,693 21,618 17,205 18,830 17,146 21,564 20,396 Swiss chard 1,005 121 -452 2,313 1,922 2,144 3,112 3,015 2,781 3,051 4,556 8,593 7,662

Eggplant 8,031 8,932 9,032 15,055 10,328 9,349 10,437 7,774 5,775 6,202 6,979 8,202 11,697 12,628 Oriental vegetables 52,239 50,590 53,502 48,064 64,665 61,799 64,613 62,984 47,768 47,007 52,160 55,791 60,422 60,595 Tomatillos 826 252 275 300 827 901 822 1,042 110 141 125 2,158 2,880 1,914

Endive 2,365 2,938 3,317 3,606 3,528 4,238 1,320 2,325 2,163 1,484 8,144 11,117 9,557 5,683 Parsley 13,856 15,774 15,588 17,217 14,583 13,817 16,169 21,554 5,329 6,797 8,298 17,290 17,418 20,199 Cherry tomatoes 14,642 12,817 6,271 5,527 6,060 5,241 6,138 5,923 4,025 2,418 2,230 825 -109

Escarole 1,781 2,031 1,999 2,513 1,646 2,101 345 1,244 525 1,186 1,437 1,881 2,413 2,269 Parsnips 1,061 1,025 2,125 165 417 350 451 ----615 328 904 Turnips 2,633 778 -1,281 1,540 4,326 3,599 1,150 9 4 10 678 678 711

Garlic 103,217 131,368 119,751 150,852 125,589 120,258 200,203 115,544 151,866 153,513 159,786 126,173 136,787 127,247 Green peas 3,024 3,727 2,770 4,160 4,140 4,848 4,119 5,753 1,455 838 16,663 16,127 26,939 24,647 Misc. vegetables 355,326 521,512 402,980 402,980 455,704 567,966 561,047 605,526 714,836 977,731 1,052,925 934,276 390,121 404,364

Herbs & spices 32,971 38,468 21,630 27,806 22,378 32,587 35,906 41,536 26,146 41,295 46,258 31,119 45,357 34,440 Pumpkins 7,516 7,561 10,050 13,410 10,767 11,170 9,816 11,757 10,633 12,799 10,008 12,524 9,183 19,299 Total 1,282,016 1,479,862 1,417,784 1,434,661 1,559,553 1,726,715 1,904,672 1,919,411 1,968,281 2,532,509 2,787,167 2,840,314 2,484,789 2,457,613

-- = Not available. 1/ Some counties report commodities under the miscellaneous-vegetable category only. Beginning in 1988, some vegetables were reported in categories other than miscellaneous vegetables. Source: California Department of Food and Agriculture, County Agricultural Commissioner Reports, (http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/California/Publications/AgComm/indexcac.asp ).

179 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 163--Specialty vegetables, fresh market: U.S. domestic and imported shipments, 1992-2007 Year & item Domestic: 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Import: 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Total: 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Chinese cabbage Escarole/ endive Garlic 1/ Greens Romaine lettuce Other lettuce 2/ Misc. Misc. herbs 3/ Asian 4/ -- 1,000 cwt -102 105 56 68 139 104 84 104 60 94 138 468 609 595 927 888 153 164 196 299 399 436 437 466 568 631 659 687 738 946 1,051 1,070 255 269 252 367 538 540 521 570 628 725 797 1,155 1,347 1,541 1,978 1,958 88 528 411 381 285 62 65 88 51 73 272 675 695 558 551 491 64 70 134 188 240 280 342 411 526 503 489 645 445 593 621 788 152 598 545 569 525 342 407 499 577 576 761 1,320 1,140 1,151 1,172 1,279 Tropical 5/ Parsley Southern/ snow peas Chile peppers Misc. vegetables 6/ Total

135 179 152 133 161 124 113 81 84 75 454 1,180 1,119 1,034 1,029 1,069 29 44 68 75 45 56 74 76 33 36 89 113 162 163 152 277 164 223 220 208 206 180 187 157 117 111 543 1,293 1,281 1,197 1,181 1,346

226 203 141 147 185 246 210 156 182 160 197 330 366 323 342 345 157 157 158 164 130 129 179 120 130 154 136 146 160 145 148 139 383 360 299 311 315 375 389 276 312 314 333 476 526 468 490 484

----------------410 864 471 500 463 347 661 932 614 797 1,024 1,006 1,212 1,515 1,760 1,950 410 864 471 500 463 347 661 932 614 797 1,024 1,006 1,212 1,515 1,760 1,950

1,178 1,382 1,273 1,364 1,288 1,328 1,511 1,695 1,962 2,060 2,211 2,553 2,516 2,217 1,954 2,143 181 187 157 208 247 260 267 192 217 300 268 292 254 220 183 248 1,359 1,569 1,430 1,572 1,535 1,588 1,778 1,887 2,179 2,360 2,479 2,845 2,770 2,437 2,137 2,391

5,177 6,022 5,522 6,380 6,945 8,550 8,411 8,918 9,591 9,904 10,095 12,113 13,478 14,508 14,521 15,454 14 51 41 52 54 79 75 47 16 0 0 98 10 2 0 1 5,191 6,073 5,563 6,432 6,999 8,629 8,486 8,965 9,607 9,904 10,095 12,211 13,488 14,510 14,521 15,455

3,680 4,021 3,358 3,279 3,354 4,216 3,817 3,846 4,049 4,172 3,801 3,864 3,846 3,990 3,828 3,769 54 51 45 123 131 223 254 252 286 254 212 142 227 284 313 445 3,734 4,072 3,403 3,402 3,485 4,439 4,071 4,098 4,335 4,426 4,013 4,006 4,073 4,274 4,141 4,214

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 4 0 1 3,508 3,440 3,695 3,927 3,607 3,667 4,187 5,078 5,263 5,378 6,121 6,257 6,720 6,726 7,114 7,793 3,508 3,440 3,695 3,927 3,607 3,667 4,187 5,078 5,263 5,378 6,121 6,257 6,725 6,730 7,114 7,794

159 149 112 101 78 102 80 78 124 146 129 410 342 356 376 347 49 63 49 66 74 99 135 114 114 122 119 122 108 169 161 178 208 212 161 167 152 201 215 192 238 268 248 532 450 525 537 525

15 15 11 8 7 0 0 0 0 0 35 72 60 34 35 44 12 8 1 272 244 309 327 351 367 381 464 553 670 690 650 686 27 23 12 280 251 309 327 351 367 381 499 625 730 724 685 730

287 277 464 389 414 240 220 286 337 302 275 295 276 242 233 278 1,053 1,063 1,102 1,481 1,781 1,963 2,318 2,462 2,616 2,861 4,611 3,701 3,463 3,767 4,550 5,819 1,340 1,340 1,566 1,870 2,195 2,203 2,538 2,748 2,953 3,163 4,886 3,996 3,739 4,009 4,783 6,097

155 196 173 139 92 0 0 0 0 4 2 0 2 1 0 0 429 501 503 694 649 681 537 278 310 365 445 540 647 684 797 753 584 697 676 833 741 681 537 278 310 369 447 540 649 685 797 753

11,202 13,077 11,673 12,389 12,948 14,972 14,511 15,252 16,440 16,990 17,609 21,960 23,314 23,862 23,796 24,829 6,113 6,663 6,620 8,049 8,064 8,529 9,793 10,779 11,060 11,782 14,637 14,302 14,816 15,904 17,500 20,147 17,315 19,740 18,293 20,438 21,012 23,501 24,304 26,031 27,500 28,772 32,246 36,262 38,130 39,766 41,296 44,976

-- = Not available. 1/ Domestic shipments not reported. 2/ Includes Boston, bibb, and red and green leaf lettuce. 3/ Includes anise, basil, chives, cilantro, cipolinos, dill, dry eschallot, horseradish, mint, parsley root, thyme, and watercress. 4/ Includes bean sprouts, bok choy, dikon, gobo, lobah, and others. 5/ Arum, batatas (boniatos), breadfruit, calabaza, chayote, dasheen, ginger root, malanga, tamarind, yams, and yucca. 6/ Alfalfa sprouts, cardoon, domestic celeriac (celery root), chicory root, jerusalem artichoke, jicama, oyster plant (salsify), radicchio, and tomatillos. Source: USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service, Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Shipments: Calendar Year.

180 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 164--Selected vegetable production in leading countries and the world, 1997-2006 1/ Commodity/country 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 ---------------------------------------------------------------- Million cwt ------------------------------------------------------------1,424.6 692.7 389.1 475.8 339.6 3,309.3 6,631.1 376.9 220.7 182.8 136.2 126.8 131.8 930.7 2,105.9 124.7 85.0 22.5 21.5 17.0 79.6 350.3 238.9 117.5 67.3 23.7 23.2 520.8 991.4 99.6 25.6 46.9 21.9 13.6 212.3 419.9 102.9 98.5 6.9 9.6 11.6 67.0 296.5 390.4 117.3 62.3 66.0 52.8 45.3 366.7 1,100.8 2,549.4 34.4 48.0 42.7 33.6 12.4 247.2 2,967.7 1,237.7 691.0 520.5 478.2 280.5 3,430.2 6,638.1 410.3 293.5 197.4 182.3 138.3 159.9 1,011.7 2,393.4 132.4 95.1 23.0 20.7 17.2 83.6 372.0 258.5 108.0 73.6 25.1 24.9 571.1 1,061.2 106.9 30.3 42.8 20.0 14.8 220.8 435.6 105.9 103.4 7.7 10.4 11.1 65.8 304.3 429.1 123.9 86.9 60.4 56.3 47.6 369.4 1,173.6 2,781.0 54.0 51.9 36.7 38.5 12.2 260.3 3,234.6 1,462.1 749.1 544.8 513.6 437.4 3,548.6 7,255.6 492.2 254.8 196.0 163.8 149.6 166.2 965.8 2,388.4 160.0 98.2 22.4 21.4 17.3 83.9 403.2 311.0 104.1 71.7 36.3 29.5 545.2 1,097.8 126.6 35.2 41.0 20.9 16.0 224.5 464.2 127.8 104.1 8.0 10.6 11.4 63.0 324.9 510.5 130.3 77.0 75.5 54.8 57.3 371.8 1,277.2 2,605.5 54.4 52.9 40.3 35.5 13.8 267.5 3,069.9 1,424.1 770.8 495.8 437.9 382.4 3,386.7 6,897.7 531.7 220.5 185.7 159.6 139.5 140.8 968.8 2,346.6 167.7 98.6 21.9 20.4 17.4 85.1 411.1 331.2 115.7 67.7 34.5 29.8 560.5 1,139.4 134.8 34.7 40.5 20.3 16.8 225.9 473.0 136.5 103.4 7.8 9.2 10.2 61.7 328.8 557.1 121.5 85.0 74.6 54.5 54.9 371.7 1,319.3 2,508.5 54.5 55.4 38.6 36.5 14.6 276.3 2,984.4 1,548.2 724.7 527.3 459.8 366.4 3,360.1 6,986.5 598.7 273.0 208.3 164.5 149.4 126.8 1,007.9 2,528.6 198.6 100.1 22.9 20.2 17.4 82.3 441.5 364.7 120.2 69.8 30.5 30.9 564.6 1,180.7 157.2 32.5 33.9 15.3 16.1 229.7 484.7 145.2 107.8 6.6 10.9 10.0 61.4 341.9 619.1 125.2 80.5 56.8 52.8 43.4 355.0 1,332.8 2,497.9 58.0 57.1 39.1 37.6 12.9 280.4 2,983.0 1,502.3 810.1 513.0 457.8 406.8 3,212.1 6,902.1 635.9 232.0 216.5 167.6 157.4 146.6 1,029.6 2,585.6 220.7 104.4 23.0 20.3 17.4 82.2 468.0 386.6 99.3 73.4 31.5 34.5 560.8 1,186.1 178.5 38.3 36.1 18.4 15.4 235.2 521.9 156.3 105.8 6.9 11.2 10.7 69.9 360.8 674.4 127.9 97.9 65.3 51.6 43.7 388.2 1,449.0 2,375.6 61.7 57.5 43.9 34.8 15.9 285.7 2,875.1 1,593.0 791.8 508.4 456.0 457.6 3,474.4 7,281.2 664.6 283.7 208.1 179.1 168.5 169.4 1,115.9 2,789.3 231.6 104.2 23.1 22.0 17.7 86.9 485.5 397.9 130.6 83.0 31.9 36.9 622.6 1,302.9 182.9 38.8 35.3 20.5 16.9 278.0 572.4 161.6 108.9 28.3 10.3 9.1 75.8 394.0 712.6 123.3 89.7 69.2 47.8 25.0 394.1 1,461.7 2,333.3 66.1 58.4 41.9 33.3 16.1 290.4 2,839.5 1,619.5 821.9 521.0 420.9 429.1 3,283.2 7,095.6 697.2 242.1 221.6 190.4 167.6 158.4 1,127.1 2,804.4 242.6 101.6 21.9 22.3 17.9 87.2 493.5 419.8 141.9 73.5 38.9 38.8 613.0 1,325.9 184.9 39.5 36.1 20.5 18.4 278.0 577.4 162.5 99.4 27.2 9.7 9.5 74.7 383.0 745.5 135.5 89.3 57.4 50.4 24.7 386.7 1,489.5 2,214.9 70.7 57.4 40.9 32.2 15.7 285.9 2,717.7 1,550.7 850.4 527.1 434.6 429.2 3,127.2 6,919.2 717.4 249.1 217.3 190.4 167.6 140.0 1,091.3 2,773.0 255.9 111.9 23.6 21.3 17.9 88.1 518.7 432.1 141.9 73.2 45.3 39.4 621.7 1,353.6 191.8 42.3 33.9 18.4 18.4 285.4 590.2 178.2 99.4 27.2 10.1 9.6 72.8 397.3 767.8 135.5 89.8 67.6 50.4 25.2 383.6 1,519.9 2,209.5 76.3 57.9 40.8 32.1 16.2 274.4 2,707.2 --continued

Potatoes: China 1,262.4 Russia 816.6 India 533.9 United States 465.5 Ukraine 368.2 Others 3,241.9 World 6,688.5 Tomatoes: China 360.9 United States 232.2 Turkey 145.5 India 154.3 Egypt 129.5 Italy 122.9 Others 836.4 World 1,981.7 Lettuce: China 121.4 United States 95.9 Spain 22.8 Italy 20.3 India 16.9 Others 78.2 World 355.5 Onions, dry: China 221.4 India 70.5 United States 68.8 Pakistan 24.9 Russia 23.7 Others 481.0 World 890.3 Carrots/turnips: China 98.8 Russia 31.4 United States 50.0 Poland 17.6 Japan 13.7 Others 210.5 World 422.0 Cauliflower/broccoli: China 98.6 India 110.2 United States 6.9 Spain 7.7 Italy 10.9 Others 66.8 World 301.1 Cabbages/brus. sprouts: China 372.8 India 92.6 Russia 66.8 South Korea 63.8 Japan 58.1 United States 2/ 46.3 Others 358.1 World 1,058.5 Sweet potatoes: China 2,262.3 Nigeria 32.9 Uganda 41.8 Indonesia 40.7 Viet Nam 37.3 United States 2/ 13.3 Others 244.5 World 2,672.8

181 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 164--Selected vegetable production in leading countries and the world, 1997-2006 1/--Continued Commodity/country 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 ---------------------------------------------------------------- Million cwt ----------------------------------------------------------------------------Asparagus: China 63.0 Peru 3.2 United States 2.0 Germany 0.9 Mexico 0.8 Others 6.6 World 76.5 Watermelon: China 771.7 Turkey 83.8 Iran 47.9 United States 39.9 Brazil 13.8 Others 353.2 World 1,310.3 Spinach: China 119.4 United States 5.8 Japan 7.3 Turkey 4.0 Indonesia 1.6 Others 21.9 World 160.0 Cantaloupe/other melon: China 100.5 Turkey 38.6 United States 25.7 Iran 20.4 Spain 20.3 Others 152.4 World 357.9 Cucumbers/gherkins: China 314.5 Turkey 30.9 Iran 22.9 Russia 13.0 United States 24.0 Others 192.7 World 598.0 Artichokes: Italy 11.5 Spain 6.1 Argentina 1.7 Egypt 1.2 Peru 0.0 United States 3/ 0.9 Others 6.3 World 27.7 Garlic: China 125.5 India 10.7 S. Korea 8.7 Russia 3.7 United States 5.6 Others 45.3 World 199.5 Mushrooms: China 12.4 United States 8.1 Netherlands 5.3 Spain 1.8 Poland 2.2 Others 18.7 World 48.5 66.3 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.9 6.5 79.7 789.2 86.5 54.5 37.0 13.2 359.3 1,339.7 123.8 5.2 7.1 4.2 2.2 20.1 162.6 110.8 39.7 26.4 25.7 22.5 155.4 380.5 332.4 32.5 28.5 12.1 23.1 198.1 626.7 11.2 5.8 1.7 0.9 0.1 0.9 6.9 27.5 128.2 12.6 8.7 3.6 5.5 44.8 203.4 13.2 8.5 5.4 1.8 2.2 18.9 50.0 71.9 3.9 2.2 1.0 1.2 6.1 86.3 1,026.2 85.1 48.0 41.2 14.5 380.0 1,595.0 128.2 5.5 7.3 4.4 1.8 23.4 170.6 132.3 41.1 27.9 23.3 26.1 149.4 400.1 365.5 36.4 30.1 14.5 24.5 203.0 674.0 10.4 6.4 1.9 1.0 0.1 1.1 6.6 27.5 136.5 10.9 10.7 4.0 7.4 46.3 215.8 15.1 8.5 5.5 2.1 2.2 19.1 52.5 86.2 3.7 2.3 1.1 1.1 6.5 100.9 1,142.5 86.0 36.4 37.2 15.0 357.4 1,674.5 153.6 7.6 7.0 4.5 1.4 34.4 208.5 162.9 42.0 26.5 21.9 22.2 151.0 426.5 438.1 40.2 29.6 18.8 23.2 207.5 757.4 11.3 6.4 1.9 1.9 0.1 1.0 6.8 29.4 165.1 11.6 10.5 4.3 5.6 48.9 246.0 17.8 8.5 5.8 1.4 2.2 21.2 56.9 92.8 4.1 2.8 1.2 1.4 6.6 108.9 1,267.9 88.6 40.0 40.6 13.2 358.5 1,808.8 163.5 6.3 7.0 4.6 1.4 19.6 202.4 260.2 39.1 27.3 23.9 21.7 152.8 525.0 477.9 38.4 27.2 22.1 22.4 204.3 792.3 10.2 6.1 1.9 1.4 0.1 1.0 7.2 27.9 174.1 11.0 9.0 5.0 5.9 49.9 254.9 21.4 8.3 6.1 2.4 2.4 21.1 61.7 110.4 4.0 2.5 1.3 1.3 6.7 126.2 1,367.9 100.9 47.8 39.6 32.9 392.0 1,981.1 198.8 6.7 6.9 4.9 1.6 19.9 238.8 281.7 40.1 27.5 26.9 24.3 148.8 549.3 530.8 36.8 31.5 25.9 23.3 218.2 866.5 10.0 6.4 1.9 1.3 0.2 0.9 7.5 28.2 200.3 11.0 8.6 5.1 5.7 47.7 278.4 23.4 8.3 6.0 3.0 2.6 20.4 63.7 121.4 4.2 2.5 1.4 1.5 6.5 137.5 1,286.2 93.7 26.7 38.2 42.0 415.6 1,902.4 220.8 8.0 6.8 4.9 2.4 20.5 263.4 302.8 38.6 27.4 27.0 23.6 151.3 570.7 552.5 39.2 34.3 28.9 22.4 234.2 911.5 8.6 6.8 1.9 2.4 0.4 1.0 7.1 28.2 222.2 10.1 8.4 4.8 6.2 48.1 299.8 28.9 8.5 5.8 2.8 2.6 21.7 70.3 128.0 4.2 2.6 1.6 1.3 6.8 144.5 1,275.0 84.3 55.7 36.9 37.9 427.8 1,917.6 238.4 8.9 6.4 4.7 2.4 23.0 283.8 314.8 40.2 27.1 25.2 23.6 161.3 592.2 563.5 38.0 37.8 29.1 21.9 234.5 924.8 10.8 6.6 1.9 1.2 0.9 0.8 7.8 30.0 233.6 15.2 7.9 5.2 5.2 48.3 315.4 30.0 8.5 5.7 3.1 2.9 20.9 71.1 130.2 4.5 2.2 1.5 1.3 6.8 146.5 1,525.9 87.5 71.9 38.4 33.2 417.3 2,174.2 242.8 9.5 6.6 5.2 2.7 24.6 291.4 332.1 38.9 26.0 24.8 24.0 165.0 610.8 585.4 38.5 37.9 31.2 20.5 233.3 946.8 10.4 4.4 2.0 1.5 1.5 0.9 7.4 28.1 244.4 14.3 8.3 5.7 4.8 47.0 324.5 31.1 8.5 5.4 3.0 3.0 20.2 71.2 134.6 4.5 2.2 1.2 1.3 6.7 150.5 1,570.1 83.9 71.9 42.2 33.2 411.7 2,213.0 256.0 7.6 6.6 5.3 2.7 21.3 299.5 342.3 38.9 25.4 24.8 23.0 152.9 607.3 603.1 39.7 37.9 31.4 19.8 218.8 950.7 10.3 4.4 2.0 1.5 1.5 1.1 7.2 28.0 255.4 14.3 7.3 5.6 4.8 47.2 334.6 33.3 8.3 5.4 3.0 3.0 19.7 72.7 --continued

182 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 164--Selected vegetable production in leading countries and the world, 1997-2006 1/--Continued Commodity/country Eggplant: China India Egypt Turkey Japan United States 4/ Others World Snap beans: 5/ United States Mexico France Morocco Philippines Others World Pumpkin/squash: China India Russia Ukraine United States Others World Peppers: 6/ China Turkey Mexico Spain United States Others World Sweet corn: United States Mexico Nigeria France Hungary Others World Okra: India Nigeria Sudan Pakistan Egypt United States 7/ Others World Green peas: 8/ China India United States France Egypt Others World All veg/melons: 9/ China India United States Turkey Egypt Russia Others World 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 ---------------------------------------------------------------- Million cwt ----------------------------------------------------------------------------221.1 134.5 12.2 18.7 10.5 0.8 59.8 457.6 18.4 1.5 8.7 0.6 0.0 6.4 35.6 67.8 72.8 18.3 24.5 15.6 161.6 360.6 155.1 24.9 31.9 19.7 15.0 135.5 382.1 90.5 4.2 12.7 8.8 4.1 61.2 181.5 81.6 13.5 0.0 2.4 1.6 0.1 12.6 111.8 22.4 48.5 9.6 11.3 3.4 47.9 143.1 5,351.0 1,273.2 802.9 462.3 275.3 277.9 5,141.0 13,583.6 232.2 170.6 12.3 20.2 10.1 0.8 66.0 512.2 19.5 1.1 8.5 0.6 0.0 6.4 36.1 71.3 73.9 19.1 22.3 16.0 168.8 371.4 160.6 30.9 40.8 19.6 14.6 141.9 408.4 91.4 4.3 12.7 11.0 4.5 63.3 187.2 70.8 14.1 0.0 2.6 1.7 0.2 12.3 101.7 24.3 53.4 9.7 12.1 3.5 47.0 150.0 5,544.2 1,406.2 773.3 516.1 275.7 261.3 5,391.6 14,168.4 300.7 173.7 12.4 21.5 10.4 0.7 66.0 585.4 21.2 1.7 8.5 0.8 0.0 5.8 38.0 73.9 75.0 19.8 17.3 16.4 175.4 377.8 172.9 32.2 39.6 20.4 15.6 148.1 428.8 91.7 4.2 12.7 9.8 5.6 63.0 187.0 74.5 15.9 0.0 2.6 2.1 0.2 11.9 107.2 28.0 59.5 9.2 12.3 4.2 45.3 158.5 6,177.6 1,564.5 873.5 543.9 308.2 270.9 5,597.0 15,335.6 303.9 179.0 15.6 20.4 10.5 1.7 69.4 600.5 22.6 1.7 7.4 0.8 0.0 5.6 38.1 79.3 76.1 21.4 19.6 17.8 178.0 392.2 208.1 32.6 38.2 20.9 20.1 140.2 460.1 89.5 6.6 12.7 10.0 6.4 62.3 187.5 75.4 15.9 0.0 2.2 1.7 0.2 11.3 106.7 32.4 59.7 10.6 12.1 7.5 44.5 166.8 7,250.0 1,593.6 847.0 543.2 333.0 274.6 5,599.9 16,441.3 309.4 169.8 15.5 20.8 9.9 1.4 66.8 593.6 20.1 2.0 7.9 0.9 0.0 5.6 36.5 83.7 77.2 21.2 19.9 15.9 178.1 396.0 217.9 34.4 41.2 21.6 18.9 138.5 472.5 90.2 4.2 12.7 9.8 9.2 64.9 191.0 73.6 15.9 0.0 2.2 1.9 0.2 14.0 107.8 34.0 66.4 7.8 10.4 5.0 43.5 167.1 7,860.9 1,735.7 796.1 532.7 308.9 292.3 5,611.3 17,138.0 340.3 184.1 18.2 21.1 9.5 1.3 69.2 643.7 21.8 2.1 8.2 1.2 0.0 5.4 38.7 112.6 77.2 19.5 17.5 17.3 180.8 424.9 232.3 38.6 39.3 23.3 19.1 144.5 497.1 87.8 4.1 12.7 11.6 10.3 65.2 191.7 73.2 16.1 0.0 2.3 2.1 0.2 14.3 108.2 37.8 45.0 7.0 9.9 5.2 44.1 149.0 8,582.2 1,566.0 827.9 569.3 321.8 287.2 5,708.8 17,863.2 353.5 172.6 22.6 20.6 8.7 1.6 67.9 647.5 20.2 13.2 7.8 0.0 0.0 6.8 48.0 123.0 77.2 22.8 19.7 15.8 177.6 436.1 254.2 39.5 40.9 23.3 20.6 157.8 536.3 93.8 11.1 12.7 11.2 12.5 68.5 209.8 77.8 16.1 5.8 2.2 2.3 0.2 15.2 119.6 44.3 70.5 9.4 9.3 5.7 38.3 177.5 8,876.2 1,733.7 808.0 571.4 342.2 325.8 5,875.0 18,532.3 364.5 186.9 23.1 19.8 8.6 1.5 73.3 677.7 22.5 15.4 8.0 2.8 2.6 6.7 58.0 125.0 79.6 24.5 22.6 18.0 187.0 456.7 265.3 37.5 31.6 23.7 21.6 163.9 543.6 87.2 13.0 12.7 11.5 11.2 69.1 204.7 80.1 16.1 5.3 2.4 2.5 0.2 16.4 123.0 46.5 41.9 8.0 8.0 6.5 39.7 150.6 9,096.5 1,777.2 863.9 558.8 351.1 326.5 6,207.5 19,181.5 375.4 191.9 22.0 20.5 8.7 1.7 72.1 692.3 21.9 16.0 7.9 3.1 2.6 5.9 57.4 127.0 81.1 23.8 23.6 19.1 184.0 458.6 276.2 40.3 35.7 23.4 21.1 158.9 555.6 90.7 13.8 0.0 10.9 7.8 59.2 182.4 77.7 0.0 3.7 2.4 2.4 0.2 15.6 102.0 48.7 42.3 7.8 7.9 6.4 39.4 152.5 9,575.4 1,806.6 812.3 579.6 356.4 339.6 6,161.4 19,631.3 386.5 191.9 22.0 20.4 8.2 1.7 62.1 692.8 22.1 16.0 7.8 3.6 2.5 5.5 57.5 133.6 81.1 26.1 23.5 19.6 176.8 460.7 287.3 40.6 37.1 23.7 20.0 161.9 570.6 90.7 14.2 12.7 10.2 7.8 61.8 197.4 77.7 16.1 3.7 2.5 2.4 0.2 13.1 115.7 53.1 42.3 8.3 7.8 6.4 40.5 158.4 9,886.5 1,806.6 816.9 567.1 356.4 351.2 6,132.0 19,916.7

p = Preliminary. -- = Not available. Units are million hundredweight (cwt). One million cwt is equal to 100 million pounds or 50,000 US tons. 1/ Includes fresh and processing production. U.S. data may not match data elsewhere in this report due to reporting delays. Some U.S. data was updated by ERS. 2/ The U.S. was tenth in cabbage and twelfth in sweetpotatoes in 2006. 3/ The U.S. is the ninth largest producer. 4/ The U.S. is nineteenth. 5/ Largely string beans. 6/ Includes green peppers and chile peppers. 7/ The U.S. is eighteenth largest. 8/ U.S. data revised by ERS to match data reported by USDA, NASS. World total also adjusted. 9/ Excludes potatoes, sweet potatoes, and dry pulses but includes fresh pulses, melons, and mushrooms. Source: Derived from data supplied by United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, FAOStat (April 2008), http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/default.aspx.

183 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 165--Selected vegetable harvested acreage in leading countries and the world, 1997-2006 1/ Commodity/country Potatoes: China Russia Ukraine India Poland United States Others World Tomatoes: China India Turkey Egypt United States Others World Lettuce: China United States India Italy Spain Others World Onions, dry: China India Pakistan Russia Bangladesh United States 2/ Others World Carrots: China Russia United States Ukraine Poland Others World Cauliflower/broccoli: China India United States France Spain Others World Cabbages: China India Russia Ukraine Indonesia United States 3/ Others World Sweet potatoes: China Nigeria Uganda Tanzania Viet Nam United States 3/ Others World 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 ---------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 acres ----------------------------------------------------------------------------9,451.4 8,216.4 3,897.8 3,086.3 3,228.2 1,344.2 17,056.4 46,280.7 1,529.7 988.4 390.4 416.7 398.6 4,692.6 8,416.4 603.4 289.1 286.6 124.6 92.4 411.8 1,807.9 1,237.6 877.2 199.6 224.4 85.0 165.9 3,189.8 5,979.5 551.0 186.4 133.7 91.9 73.3 1,013.5 2,049.8 472.9 716.6 174.3 94.3 43.0 469.6 1,970.7 1,904.5 568.3 385.0 193.7 10,042.2 7,995.2 3,739.1 2,980.0 3,200.0 1,387.7 17,085.0 46,429.2 1,751.4 1,013.1 494.2 438.0 421.7 4,893.9 9,012.3 643.1 285.0 289.1 124.9 90.2 438.5 1,870.8 1,301.8 1,156.7 201.2 244.9 85.1 171.3 3,314.1 6,475.1 626.3 174.2 135.9 81.3 82.5 1,040.2 2,140.4 502.7 617.8 177.7 89.4 51.7 484.0 1,923.3 2,152.5 568.3 375.1 165.6 10,923.6 7,973.2 3,832.8 3,263.0 3,132.8 1,332.4 18,284.9 48,742.7 1,924.5 1,161.4 543.6 468.0 483.3 5,167.3 9,748.1 717.2 287.4 291.6 127.1 93.5 447.4 1,964.2 1,410.3 1,218.9 211.3 270.3 82.0 173.4 3,569.3 6,935.5 676.7 194.8 126.8 93.7 80.7 1,071.9 2,244.6 541.1 617.8 194.4 83.5 56.4 480.0 1,973.2 2,504.7 593.0 435.8 187.8 11,676.4 7,979.0 4,030.2 3,311.1 3,090.3 1,348.0 18,316.2 49,751.2 2,148.2 1,136.7 556.0 482.9 412.8 5,078.0 9,814.6 816.0 289.0 296.5 126.6 90.8 455.9 2,074.8 1,645.0 1,112.0 271.2 272.6 84.0 166.2 3,445.7 6,996.7 794.0 219.0 122.9 101.3 85.3 1,077.9 2,400.4 627.3 617.8 187.5 71.9 59.0 466.7 2,030.2 3,015.3 642.5 430.3 214.0 11,664.4 7,947.2 3,965.2 3,019.3 2,950.9 1,222.2 17,981.8 48,751.0 2,309.0 1,136.7 556.0 446.6 399.1 4,940.8 9,788.2 865.5 296.6 296.5 125.0 90.7 456.1 2,130.4 1,780.7 1,235.5 261.0 273.5 84.0 161.6 3,455.7 7,252.0 847.3 210.5 120.4 90.2 81.7 1,072.0 2,422.1 664.2 642.5 175.2 71.4 56.7 461.3 2,071.3 3,671.1 617.8 426.3 204.6 11,537.5 7,902.5 3,934.6 2,989.9 1,985.2 1,270.3 17,659.4 47,279.4 2,483.8 1,136.7 630.1 472.4 441.2 4,973.9 10,138.1 989.0 296.7 296.5 122.0 91.8 449.6 2,245.6 1,904.4 1,309.6 256.4 277.6 91.0 162.7 3,370.7 7,372.4 921.9 208.9 102.1 89.7 68.6 1,081.5 2,472.7 750.2 667.2 171.4 66.5 62.6 448.6 2,166.5 3,882.2 642.5 425.8 188.3 11,179.7 7,845.4 3,921.2 3,323.5 1,892.2 1,248.6 17,519.6 46,930.2 2,607.2 1,334.3 642.5 476.8 415.6 4,890.4 10,366.8 1,038.4 318.0 296.5 122.0 93.2 452.0 2,320.1 1,978.3 1,075.9 266.9 291.9 93.0 166.1 3,387.7 7,259.8 994.6 219.9 101.7 95.9 74.8 1,182.6 2,669.5 774.6 691.9 170.6 65.6 65.8 531.3 2,299.8 4,013.7 691.9 437.5 189.0 11,358.8 7,734.2 3,844.9 3,185.6 1,762.4 1,166.9 17,791.3 46,844.1 3,101.2 1,242.4 630.1 482.3 431.6 5,282.7 11,170.3 1,235.8 317.7 300.2 122.5 91.1 475.9 2,543.2 2,102.4 1,241.9 269.2 313.8 128.4 168.9 3,438.3 7,662.9 1,118.0 220.4 98.4 103.0 75.1 1,249.9 2,864.8 872.7 662.0 171.5 65.2 63.2 523.5 2,358.1 4,124.9 630.4 418.8 180.4 12,067.1 7,587.2 3,745.8 3,258.0 1,453.4 1,084.6 17,674.6 46,870.7 3,224.8 1,229.6 642.5 481.8 407.6 5,325.3 11,311.6 1,235.7 302.4 302.6 123.6 93.2 465.7 2,523.2 2,226.0 1,356.8 315.8 303.9 213.6 165.2 3,358.8 7,940.1 1,142.8 217.1 98.7 98.1 82.1 1,262.9 2,901.7 897.5 588.6 176.8 67.5 62.6 537.4 2,330.4 4,248.6 717.3 409.1 174.5 12,111.6 7,320.1 3,616.8 3,459.4 1,475.8 1,115.5 17,232.1 46,331.3 3,472.0 1,229.6 642.5 481.8 422.0 4,867.7 11,115.6 1,297.9 357.8 302.6 122.9 92.2 469.6 2,643.0 2,349.6 1,356.8 367.4 301.7 213.6 165.0 3,441.4 8,195.5 1,192.9 223.9 96.2 98.1 80.3 1,286.8 2,978.2 947.6 588.6 178.7 66.2 61.5 522.3 2,364.9 4,250.2 717.3 405.6 174.5

222.4

241.5

238.5

245.4

221.0

148.8

159.4

168.1

158.8

158.8

81.5 1,983.1 5,257.0 14,760.7 822.8 1,307.2 709.2 660.3 82.1 4,328.2 22,670.5

83.5 2,033.0 5,536.0 14,699.6 697.3 1,344.2 918.7 626.4 83.8 4,357.8 22,727.8

81.5 2,045.2 6,005.0 14,692.5 2,018.8 1,331.9 702.0 667.7 83.1 4,376.7 23,872.7

85.4 2,069.5 6,617.0 14,392.0 2,033.6 1,371.4 1,029.4 628.4 94.9 4,487.0 24,036.7

87.0 2,051.2 7,192.0 13,608.4 2,036.1 1,413.4 1,290.6 604.4 94.4 4,502.6 23,549.9

87.0 1,989.4 7,277.0 12,906.1 2,167.1 1,455.4 1,235.5 587.4 83.5 4,592.8 23,027.8

85.2 2,078.5 7,570.0 12,822.0 2,211.5 1,470.2 1,235.5 542.6 92.6 4,696.7 23,071.1

87.0 2,042.4 7,565.0 12,029.5 2,357.3 1,487.5 1,268.2 498.6 92.8 4,713.8 22,447.7

85.8 2,072.7 7,781.0 11,443.7 2,443.8 1,457.9 1,299.8 465.5 86.8 4,812.2 22,009.7

84.8 2,048.6 7,755.0 11,634.7 2,522.9 1,443.1 1,299.8 449.0 97.5 4,429.6 21,876.6 --continued

184 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 165--Selected vegetable harvested acreage in leading countries and the world, 1997-2006 1/--Continued Commodity/country 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 -------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 acres ------------------------------------------------------------Artichokes: Italy 117.2 Spain 45.6 France 34.3 China 12.4 United States 9.3 Others 65.5 World 284.3 Asparagus: China 1,733.6 United States 74.0 33.9 Germany Peru 41.1 Mexico 28.4 Others 174.0 World 2,085.0 Cantaloupe/other melon: China 421.3 286.6 Turkey Iran 180.4 United States 129.3 Spain 106.7 Others 1,080.1 World 2,204.4 Cucumbers/gherkins: China 2,108.7 Cameroon 222.4 Russia 131.0 Iran 165.6 United States 160.8 Others 1,357.7 World 4,146.2 Garlic: China 1,084.7 India 268.8 Russia 62.4 South Korea 89.7 Bangladesh 32.3 United States 5/ 33.0 Others 747.2 World 2,318.1 Spinach: China 940.5 Indonesia 86.7 46.9 Turkey Japan 64.5 United States 37.0 Others 174.7 World 1,350.3 Watermelon: China 2,651.7 353.4 Turkey Iran 280.4 Russia 276.8 Brazil 201.8 155.3 Egypt United States 179.3 Others 2,197.2 World 6,295.9 Eggplant: China 1,436.7 India 1,062.5 Indonesia 100.1 68.0 Egypt 80.6 Turkey United States 6/ 3.3 Others 388.3 World 3,139.5 126.0 45.6 33.6 14.8 9.7 70.5 300.2 1,795.1 74.4 27.8 39.5 32.3 169.2 2,138.3 523.7 271.8 217.4 126.1 108.0 1,099.6 2,346.6 2,357.4 247.1 133.4 182.9 160.1 1,405.0 4,485.9 1,130.0 304.4 62.3 92.3 32.4 38.0 730.7 2,390.1 989.9 94.7 49.4 63.8 35.5 169.0 1,402.3 3,295.8 333.6 309.8 234.7 190.3 134.6 169.4 2,256.0 6,924.2 1,486.7 1,186.1 107.6 69.2 86.5 3.2 419.1 3,358.4 125.9 46.5 32.5 16.1 9.8 67.8 298.6 1,931.2 75.9 28.2 46.1 31.5 168.1 2,281.0 617.3 271.8 183.9 134.8 110.2 1,029.5 2,347.5 2,603.6 259.0 148.3 197.7 165.2 1,440.5 4,814.3 1,205.4 293.6 68.2 104.8 32.0 40.0 731.1 2,475.1 1,076.4 85.5 51.9 63.0 39.7 167.7 1,484.2 3,559.7 345.9 253.2 338.5 198.2 166.5 175.1 2,295.8 7,332.9 1,610.8 1,210.8 97.5 69.2 92.7 2.8 442.2 3,526.0 124.2 48.6 29.2 18.5 8.8 74.8 304.1 2,252.5 77.4 28.7 51.9 33.1 166.6 2,610.2 788.1 284.2 165.6 128.5 97.6 1,029.2 2,493.2 2,875.1 260.8 141.3 192.7 158.0 1,446.8 5,074.7 1,383.3 307.9 69.5 111.0 33.0 34.8 762.7 2,702.2 1,236.7 76.9 53.1 62.3 45.9 171.5 1,646.4 4,039.0 345.9 205.3 311.3 198.9 167.8 164.3 2,201.4 7,633.9 1,817.9 1,235.5 89.4 80.4 87.7 5.7 455.7 3,772.3 121.9 46.2 28.9 19.8 8.0 71.3 296.1 2,376.0 70.2 31.9 47.0 36.0 169.4 2,730.5 1,123.7 266.9 180.4 120.3 95.1 1,042.5 2,828.9 3,097.7 247.8 138.4 185.3 162.7 1,433.7 5,265.6 1,445.3 296.5 73.8 91.7 33.0 35.2 762.2 2,737.7 1,335.6 77.4 53.1 61.0 42.6 160.7 1,730.4 4,544.5 358.3 223.5 279.2 191.1 139.9 160.8 2,071.6 7,968.9 1,931.5 1,161.4 88.6 76.5 90.2 5.3 453.2 3,806.7 124.8 47.7 27.3 19.8 8.2 71.7 299.5 2,573.4 66.0 35.1 46.9 35.9 165.6 2,922.9 1,187.6 271.8 195.2 114.2 96.8 1,038.3 2,903.9 3,221.2 247.1 220.2 190.3 172.7 1,429.6 5,481.1 1,550.4 296.5 73.9 81.9 35.0 32.8 729.3 2,799.8 1,483.8 80.0 55.6 60.3 43.1 155.9 1,878.7 4,704.0 407.7 239.7 263.8 186.3 178.0 152.5 2,096.6 8,228.6 2,035.4 1,235.5 97.2 89.3 91.4 5.2 464.0 4,018.0 123.3 47.2 25.8 22.2 7.2 78.9 304.6 2,671.8 58.0 37.3 45.6 38.7 156.4 3,007.8 1,255.9 254.5 197.7 109.2 96.1 1,024.4 2,937.8 3,343.3 247.1 223.2 190.8 173.8 1,425.7 5,603.9 1,562.5 275.5 74.4 81.9 35.6 35.0 737.1 2,802.0 1,533.3 81.6 55.6 60.0 51.0 163.9 1,945.4 4,576.4 378.1 243.5 301.5 203.3 173.5 149.5 2,229.7 8,255.5 2,104.4 1,235.5 109.7 107.3 89.0 5.2 458.4 4,109.5 123.7 44.8 25.3 22.2 7.5 76.1 299.6 2,844.5 61.5 41.4 46.7 33.4 154.2 3,181.7 1,381.6 254.5 181.4 108.8 92.9 1,052.5 3,071.7 3,714.1 291.0 219.7 193.2 170.2 1,448.8 6,037.0 1,574.6 343.2 75.6 74.7 52.1 31.6 676.2 2,828.0 1,607.4 84.9 53.9 58.8 52.0 171.0 2,028.0 4,138.2 341.0 267.6 280.2 199.9 156.9 141.7 2,237.8 7,763.3 2,227.8 1,276.0 111.9 106.6 86.5 5.2 486.2 4,300.2 123.9 46.4 25.2 24.7 7.9 82.3 310.4 2,869.0 49.3 44.8 45.0 34.3 160.0 3,202.4 1,431.3 254.5 176.1 112.2 99.9 1,079.4 3,153.4 3,837.7 316.0 222.9 186.4 165.7 1,422.2 6,150.9 1,599.4 356.1 76.1 78.5 63.2 29.9 674.7 2,877.9 1,632.1 91.3 59.3 58.6 55.3 169.3 2,065.9 4,972.8 338.5 324.8 253.7 199.3 153.2 138.1 2,198.1 8,578.5 2,351.4 1,310.4 106.3 106.3 86.5 5.3 495.6 4,461.8 124.5 46.4 25.4 24.7 7.9 90.8 319.7 2,968.2 43.2 45.5 45.0 35.2 160.9 3,298.0 1,503.6 254.5 176.1 107.9 92.2 1,050.4 3,184.7 3,962.5 247.1 227.7 190.3 157.6 1,467.4 6,252.5 1,624.1 356.1 73.9 70.7 63.2 29.5 685.2 2,902.7 1,730.9 91.3 61.8 58.6 55.0 166.9 2,164.5 5,717.9 338.5 324.8 290.1 199.3 153.2 141.1 2,234.6 9,399.5 2,475.0 1,310.4 106.3 106.3 86.5 5.3 438.8 4,528.6 --continued

185 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA

Table 165--Selected vegetable harvested acreage in leading countries and the world, 1997-2005 1/--Continued Commodity/country Snap beans: United States Mexico France Philippines Morocco Others World Pumpkin/squash: India China Cameroon Cuba Russia United States 7/ Others World Peppers: 8/ China Indonesia Nigeria Mexico Turkey United States 8/ Others World Sweet corn: United States Nigeria Guinea Indonesia Mexico Others World Okra: India Nigeria Ivory Coast Sudan Ghana United States 9/ Others World Green peas: India China United States United Kingdom France Others World All veg/melons: 10/ China India Nigeria United States Turkey Russia Others World 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 ---------------------------------------------------------------- 1,000 acres -------------------------------------------------------------------------------277.7 20.4 98.1 0.0 0.0 99.3 495.5 852.5 503.8 168.0 75.4 83.2 80.1 1,346.9 3,109.9 946.8 399.3 210.0 246.2 148.3 56.2 1,354.6 3,361.4 702.2 395.4 259.5 207.6 49.3 811.8 2,425.8 914.3 605.4 0.0 0.0 69.2 2.1 288.6 1,879.6 543.6 325.1 271.2 99.6 81.7 928.7 2,249.9 31,363.4 12,624.8 3,088.8 3,357.5 2,251.3 2,144.6 40,882.2 95,712.6 286.5 18.4 97.0 0.0 0.0 107.0 508.9 864.9 541.5 222.4 86.4 91.5 82.6 1,375.9 3,265.2 996.5 407.6 219.9 385.4 173.0 56.7 1,365.5 3,604.6 704.7 395.4 259.5 237.2 46.9 833.0 2,476.7 790.7 630.1 0.0 0.0 69.2 2.3 311.1 1,803.4 667.2 350.4 273.9 96.4 86.6 917.6 2,392.1 34,126.2 13,106.9 3,274.1 3,396.7 2,368.0 2,090.6 42,166.5 100,529.0 302.7 20.5 89.4 0.0 0.0 110.8 523.4 877.2 555.0 242.2 105.2 98.8 85.0 1,424.2 3,387.6 1,096.5 453.1 222.4 404.1 180.4 56.8 1,416.1 3,829.4 703.6 395.4 259.5 212.5 46.9 841.1 2,459.0 815.4 679.5 0.0 0.0 69.2 2.8 267.8 1,834.7 691.9 390.2 271.6 97.1 84.0 920.9 2,455.7 37,863.4 13,447.4 3,368.0 3,522.2 2,482.1 2,075.8 43,077.4 105,836.3 311.5 22.2 78.9 0.0 0.0 113.8 526.4 889.6 592.2 245.8 139.5 111.2 88.6 1,478.0 3,544.9 1,243.5 431.7 222.4 359.4 185.3 93.8 1,416.1 3,952.2 705.8 395.4 259.5 215.0 73.6 844.3 2,493.6 864.9 679.5 0.0 0.0 44.5 2.9 285.6 1,877.4 667.2 448.8 277.2 95.1 84.5 934.8 2,507.6 42,864.8 13,500.6 3,368.0 3,522.0 2,521.4 2,083.1 43,141.6 111,001.5 291.4 23.9 80.8 0.0 0.0 111.5 507.6 889.6 604.8 244.6 159.3 113.7 87.8 1,440.4 3,540.2 1,317.3 352.3 222.4 363.0 192.7 86.6 1,401.5 3,935.8 698.0 395.4 259.5 202.6 46.9 885.6 2,488.0 864.9 679.5 0.0 0.0 44.5 3.0 274.6 1,866.5 790.7 472.8 211.1 86.6 88.2 924.1 2,573.5 46,559.9 14,700.0 3,368.0 3,371.2 2,507.1 2,387.8 42,740.1 115,634.1 300.2 24.0 81.4 0.0 0.0 111.3 516.9 889.6 679.4 242.4 162.6 123.6 93.3 1,443.7 3,634.6 1,415.9 372.1 224.9 346.4 216.2 83.8 1,500.2 4,159.5 662.8 397.8 259.5 192.7 46.9 923.1 2,482.8 864.9 682.0 0.0 0.0 44.5 3.0 281.7 1,876.1 741.3 522.3 212.2 89.0 82.1 940.8 2,587.7 49,129.4 14,403.5 3,443.3 3,278.3 2,651.9 2,148.2 42,861.9 117,916.5 282.5 130.7 82.5 0.0 0.0 125.9 621.6 889.6 700.7 301.2 169.9 134.1 90.5 1,420.1 3,706.1 1,489.0 435.5 224.9 347.7 217.4 82.8 1,476.4 4,273.7 673.4 397.8 259.5 207.6 119.2 968.3 2,625.8 914.3 682.0 0.0 58.1 44.5 3.0 282.0 1,983.9 864.9 571.1 232.1 94.7 79.2 984.6 2,826.6 50,548.0 17,212.7 3,470.5 3,273.3 2,644.7 2,308.5 43,809.7 123,267.4 293.7 174.9 78.2 37.7 14.4 125.1 724.0 917.6 749.2 284.7 230.9 147.5 98.1 1,511.8 3,939.8 1,489.5 480.8 230.7 202.7 217.4 83.1 1,506.1 4,210.3 648.5 397.8 259.5 207.6 149.1 944.4 2,606.9 872.5 682.0 0.0 62.3 44.5 3.0 299.2 1,963.5 704.7 570.8 206.9 80.0 78.2 955.7 2,596.3 53,442.3 17,213.7 3,524.0 3,244.9 2,598.0 2,333.7 44,615.7 126,972.3 302.7 198.8 75.7 37.8 16.4 115.8 747.2 935.1 761.6 268.2 220.7 145.6 98.8 1,403.0 3,833.0 1,514.2 429.5 235.1 227.8 217.4 89.5 1,584.2 4,297.7 641.5 397.8 259.5 216.5 173.3 913.6 2,602.2 885.4 682.0 0.0 60.2 44.5 3.1 279.8 1,955.0 683.7 595.8 204.3 78.9 75.7 973.4 2,611.8 55,641.7 17,391.9 3,698.6 3,229.7 2,619.2 2,292.5 44,840.3 129,713.9 299.8 198.8 74.2 36.3 19.3 91.9 720.3 935.1 785.3 274.3 174.6 154.7 99.4 1,398.7 3,822.1 1,563.6 429.5 227.3 226.6 217.4 82.8 1,599.5 4,346.7 612.3 400.3 271.8 210.0 168.7 909.9 2,573.0 885.4 684.5 104.5 60.2 46.9 3.1 286.5 2,071.1 683.7 620.5 210.9 78.9 74.2 991.4 2,659.6 57,856.0 17,391.9 3,681.8 3,449.8 2,621.2 2,352.8 44,573.1 131,926.6

p = Preliminary. -- = Not available. 1/ Includes fresh and processing acreage. U.S. data may not match data elsewhere in this report due to reporting delays. Some U.S. data was updated by ERS. 2/ The United States is 9th in onion area. 3/ The United States is 14th in cabbage and 24th in sweet potato area. 4/ The United States is 11th in artichoke area. 5/ The United States is 13th in garlic area. 6/ The United States is 28th in eggplant area. 7/ The U.S is 9th in pumpkin/squash area. 8/ Includes both green (mild) peppers and chile (pungent) peppers. The U.S. is 9th largest. 9/ The U.S. is 19th in okra area. 10/ Excludes potatoes and sweet potatoes. Source: Derived from data supplied by United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, FAOStat (http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/default.aspx).

186 Vegetables and Melons Situation and Outlook Yearbook /VGS-2008/May 15, 2008 Economic Research Service, USDA


				
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