May/June 2010 Volume 34, Number 3
Cincinnati, Ohio - The Christ Hospital
The Christ Hospital has created inspiring, accessible designs throughout the property filled with daffodils,
mums, black-eyed susans and more, that dazzle the eye and offer a refreshing departure from what is
traditionally expected in a hospital environment. Read about The Christ Hospital and other 2009 Green
Star winners in this issue of the PGMS Forum.
(See page 6 for more details on these 2009 Green Star Award recipients)
Monica D. Higgins, CGM
Spring Has Sprung...
Ah! Spring has sprung. It’s a great time to just sit back and enjoy
the beauty of nature after a long cold winter. Ahhhh.
But back up—not if you’re a grounds manager. This is the time
The Forum Newsletter is published of year that you are frantic. You’ve finally finished snow removal
six times a year by the chores but now the grass is growing double time. The annual color
Professional Grounds has GOT to be done. Commencement exercises are coming up
Management Society and the weeds need to be GONE. The list goes on and on.
720 Light Street
Baltimore, MD 21230 I’m pretty swamped myself. As I write this, I’m in the middle of
two take-home finals, a pest identification handbook and a pest control report for my
410-223-2861 / Fax 410-752-8295
degree in urban pest management. Next weekend I have the last three finals. Along with
E-mail: email@example.com that, “high season” is winding down at Naples Botanical Garden where I work part-time
www.PGMS.org and my consulting business Habitatofcourse.com is finishing one client’s spring change
out and working on plans for the summer one next. So I, too, am feeling the spring crush.
Board of Directors:
President Monica D. Higgins, CGM But as busy as we all are, it’s still good to take time to keep the professional network
President-Elect Joe Jackson, CGM going. The regional School in Charleston was excellent! Many kudos to Marion Bolick
Vice Pres. Donald Bottger, CGM for all the planning and to The Shaner Company for keeping everything running
Treasurer John Van Etten, CGM smoothly. It was great getting to meet up with the other grounds managers, visiting
Past President Gene Pouly, CGM some of the sights of Charleston and learning new management techniques. I especially
loved seeing “The Angel Oak” and visiting Magnolia Plantation and hearing about the
Directors grounds managers’ efforts toward restoration and conservation of these historic sites.
Walter Bonvell, CGM
John Burns I’m really looking forward to the next School in Boston. One thing I miss about the
Gerald Landby GIE conference being based in Louisville each year is the chance to see new parts of
Ron Hostick the country. That’s where our regional Schools are really great. Not only do you get
the same great leadership training that you get at the GIE, but you get to see new
Michael Loftus, CGM
landscapes, gardens and meet new people. I’m excited about the visit to Boston in July
Marion Bolick, CGM because I’ve never visited that area. Hopefully, I’ll get to meet some of the great PGMS
Kevin Harvey, CGM members that have been unable to make the trip to Louisville. The education line-up is
Mark Feist superb. I’m even planning on taking some extra time to visit the local area. I’m going to
Gerry Dobbs, CGM go visit my “family tree.” But that’s a story for next time. Hopefully, you are planning to
include the Boston School in your summer plans and I’ll see you there.
Thomas C. Shaner, CAE Don Bottger has just sent me the official line-up for the School of Grounds Management
Executive Director for this year’s Louisville GIE. It also looks fantastic. It’s great that our members are
Jenny Smith taking their time to keep these programs in top professional shape. Make plans to be
Society Coordinator there and keep yourself in top professional shape as well! And don’t forget, we are
always looking for our members to volunteer their time to the organization. Have you
Monica Shaner done your share? Contact me for info.
Erika A. Williams Got to go now. Have to get back to those final exams. Hope your Spring is great.
Director of Communications
Opinions expressed in PGMS Forum
are the opinions of the authors and do
not necessarily express the opinions
or policies of the PGMS Board and its
membership. No part of this newsletter
may be reproduced in any manner
whatsoever without written permission.
DENTCO Columbia Country Club
(Jobs available in the following areas: Baltimore, Md., Richmond, Va., Horticulturist
Miami, Fla., St. Louis, Mo., San Antonio, Texas.)
Responsibilities include: General Maintenance and Renovation of
Retirees Welcome - An ideal position for retired individual with landscape beds around clubhouse grounds and on the golf course.
a versatile schedule who wishes to be active and generate some The Horticulturist will manage a staff of 2 full time employees and
income doing so. Part-time work available for those who enjoy one seasonal employee. Superior management skills including strong
working outdoors walking properties to inspect landscaping, irrigation leadership, attention to detail, and superior communication are
and parking lots of commercial facilities. Must be able to walk in essential. Please send resumes and cover letters, preferably via e-mail,
all weather conditions and maneuver on uneven ground. Travel to the following:
throughout the state. Some overnight travel required. Dependable
transportation & basic computer skills required. $100/day plus Steve McCormick, Golf Course Superintendent
mileage along with reimbursable business expenses. Submit resume and Columbia Country Club
references to: firstname.lastname@example.org. Visit web: www.dentco.com. E-mail: email@example.com
Phone: (301) 573-4185
PGMS Announces Scholarship
Winners for 2010
With a new format, the scholarship committee reviewed all scholarship applicants in January and awarded five scholarships to
the following students: First selection went to MacKenzie Patrick from Penn State University, second selection went to Susannah
Horton of Clemson University, third selection went ot Matthew Luks of Sand Hills Community College, fourth selection went to
Matt Stead of University of Delaware and our fifth selection went to Agustin Magana of Fullerton College.
The scholarship committee wants to congratulate all of the 2010 scholarship recipients. We wish them well in the future and hope
the scholarships help to reduce their collegiate expenses. The scholarship program is a wonderful way to recognize interns that
work for you or college students you meet in the industry.
The committee also wants to thank the member sponsors of the scholarship program: Mike Loftus, CGM - University of
Delaware, Marion Bolick, CGM - Lexington Medical Center, Tony Bayless - Carol Woods Retirement Center and Dave Garza -
Are you a Facebook junkie? Then your profile is not complete until you become a fan of the
PGMS Facebook page! As one of the most popular ways of finding and networking with other
professionals that share the same interests as you, the PGMS Facebook page will allow you to
meet and chat with other grounds managers along with keeping up on the latest PGMS news.
The PGMS page is now set up and waiting for you! Join the PGMS Facebook page now at
www.facebook.com. Becoming a fan takes a few simple steps:
1. Log into Facebook at www.facebook.com.
2. Search for the “Professional Grounds Management Society.”
3. The PGMS page should be at the top of the search results. Click on “Become a Fan.”
PGMS encourages you to post information, photos, videos and links that you think would be
relevant and enriching to your fellow grounds managers. Have any questions? Contact Molly
Baldwin at PGMS headquarters, firstname.lastname@example.org or (410) 223-2861.
toro announces 2010 athletic
field maintenance forums
Toro, Beacon Athletics and Diamond Pro are joining forces in 2010 to present
Athletic Field Maintenance Forums. The Forums are scheduled for New York
(May 12), St. Louis (June 9) and Chicago (September 29). A fourth was held in
San Francisco on April 13. Individuals can register at
These comprehensive sessions combine hands-on and classroom instruction
with proven techniques and skills to enhance field maintenance knowledge.
The forums will cover a broad range of topics including:
• An in-depth look at infield soils
• Sport turf essentials: aerification, topdressing, mowing & irrigation
• Managing ballfield skin areas: mounds, home plate and infield areas
• Bullpen Q&A session
• On-field demonstrations
“The networking and educational knowledge available at these athletic seminars is captured for each participant in an informative
binder with reference materials delivered throughout the session,” said Boyd Montgomery, CSFM, CSE, commercial district sales
manager for Toro. “These are not only assets for attendees but also for others as the knowledge is shared with the rest of the
Featured speakers include:
• Dale Getz, CSFM, CSE sports turf sales manager for Toro. Previously, he was athletic facilities manager at the University
of Notre Dame for 17 years.
• Boyd Montgomery, CSFM, CSE, commercial district sales manager for Toro, and former facilities and maintenance
director at Sylvania Recreation Corporation. Montgomery has published numerous articles on sports turf management
• Paul Zwaska from Beacon Athletics, and former head groundskeeper for the Baltimore Orioles. Zwaska has 31 years of
• Tom Burns from Diamond Pro, and former head groundskeeper for the Texas Rangers. Burns is widely known and
respected as one of the top groundskeepers in Major League Baseball.
Participants attending an Athletic Field Maintenance Forum will earn 0.6 CEUs in Continuing Education Points toward their
Certified Sports Field Managers (CSFM) designation. The Sports Turf Managers Association (STMA) certifcation program
recognizes the importance of fostering and improving professionalism within the sports turf industry.
PENNSYLVANIA’S ED HARMON EARNS CGM STATUS
The Professional Grounds Management Society is proud to announce that Ed Harmon of Bryn Mawr, Penn.
has become the 126th grounds management professional to successfully complete its Certified Gounds
Manager (CGM) program.
Harmon currently serves as the assistant director for grounds at Bryn Mawr College where he has been for
the past 18 months. PGMS recently spent a few moments getting to know Ed.
PGMS: How long have you been a PGMS member?
Harman: I’ve been a member since 1999.
PGMS: Why did you want to become a CGM?
Harman: I feel that everyone should apply themselves towards trainings, certifications and degrees to promote professional
relevance in the green industry.
PGMS: What did you think of the program?
Harman: The program is terrific because it validates the investment that grounds managers make to create programs, policies and
procedures which benefit their organizations.
PGMS: What advice do you have for aspiring CGMS?
Harman: The updated information on the PGMS Web site offers great insight to the CGM exam. Remember the entire PGMS
organization is here to assist you, ask questions, seek a mentor, go for it!
Interested in the School of Grounds
Management (SGM) Certificate Program?
by Mark Feist
Are you interested in a return on your investment for attending the 2010 summer seminar and site
visitation in Boston or the 2010 School of Grounds Management & GIE+Expo in Kentucky?
Then read on...
The PGMS School of Grounds Management certificate program started last year at the 2009 School of Grounds
Management & GIE+EXPO. PGMS inaugurated this certificate program to enhance your ability to document education
and site visit experiences. The school has been structured in a manner to identify a core competency division of topics,
classes and credits. The new certificate program concept adds a great deal of credibility to your time and effort spent this
year in Boston (July 22-23) or Kentucky (October 27-30).
The certificate program will:
• Grease the hinges and open doors for you with current and future employers
• Add to your business-human resources-horticulture knowledge base
• Better prepare you for the Certified Grounds Management (CGM) process
• Create a real sense of accomplishment
You will be able to sign up for the SGM certificate as part of the registration process. There is an additional administrative
fee of $10 for the program.
More details about the program:
1. Be sure to check the School of Grounds Management (SGM) Certificate Program participant box on the School
of Grounds Management & GIE+EXPO or Regional Seminar and Site Visitation Registration form.
2. Select courses from the four (4) core competency divisions:
a. Core competency divisions:
(1) Human Resource Management
(2) Business and Financial Management
(3) Technical Management - Horticulture
(4) Technical Management - Non-Horticulture
b. Classes - Each “class” for purposes of the School of Grounds Management shall consist of 1.5 hours of classroom
instruction. One credit equals one hour of instruction.
c. Required credits - Four and one half (4.5) credits (Three classes) will need to be completed in each of the
four areas of core competence: Human Resource Management, Business and Financial Management, Technical
Management - Horticulture, Technical Management - Non-Horticulture. All educational offerings will come under
one of these four headings or be labeled “Elective.” The enrollee will be required to accumulate six (6) hours of
additional credits to complete the 24 credit/hour requirements. These additional six (6) credits may be accumulated
by participating in the field trip associated with the PGMS SGM (valued at 1.5 credit hours - 1/2 day field trip),
PGMS Regional Seminar field trips (valued at 3 credit hours - full day field trip), core competency course or elective
classroom courses. Documentation confirming attendance shall be recorded and tracked through utilization of the
official classroom or field trip roster form provided by headquarters to SGM classroom and field trip monitors and
Regional Meeting coordinators. SGM moderators and regional coordinators will ask each student to sign off on the
official roster at the conclusion of each class or field trip.
Contact Jenny Smith at (410) 223-2861 or email@example.com for more information.
2009 Green Star Award Winners:
The Christ Hospital; Maple Knoll Village;
Along the facade
of the hospital is
a rolling display
of brilliant color,
vibrant red flowers
susans. This bed
runs along the
windows of our
T he Professional Grounds Management Society (PGMS) has recognized 16 grounds management programs
for excellence in the Society’s 2009 Green Star Awards Competition. The 37th Annual awards were
presented in Louisville, Ky. during PGMS’ School of Grounds Management, held Oct. 28-31 in conjunction
with the GIE +Expo.
This awards program brings national recognition to grounds maintained with a high degree of excellence. The
Green Star Competition complements other national landscape award programs that recognize outstanding
landscape design and construction.
This year’s program acknowledged the nation’s top grounds in settings ranging from government buildings to
universities. Overall, PGMS presented nine Grand Awards, its highest honor as well as seven Honor Awards
in eight categories of competition. Three programs were honored with Merit Awards.
The Christ Hospital
High atop Mount Auburn and overlooking Cincinnati, Ohio sits The Christ Hospital, a place that is dedicated to creating a positive
experience for all patients and visitors right from the moment they drive onto the historic grounds. “Our dedicated grounds crew
By Molly Baldwin
Monona Terrace Convention; Smithsonian Zoo
puts patients first by incorporating the hospital’s core values of Excellence, Compassion, Efficiency, Leadership and Safety (ExCELS)
into everything they do. They have created inspiring, accessible designs throughout the property that dazzle the eye and offer a
refreshing departure from what is traditionally expected in a hospital environment,” exclaimed Tom Bates, director of the grounds
and transportation crew. The inspiring and vibrant designs that can be seen throughout the landscape include a variety of plants,
flowers and trees. “This is most notable at our historic entrance and foundation, which had been completely redesigned with carefully
selected, drought tolerant plants and drip irrigation system for water conservation,” he said. The landscape in this area changes
seasonally and includes daffodils in the springtime and mums in the autumn. Overflowing potters filled with petunias and grasses can
be found lining the drive toward the hospital. Landscape beds alongside buildings have a host of color including black-eyed susans and
deep red mums. “The landscape throughout the hospital uses a variety of textures to create interesting visuals. The team has created
a dry streambed with careful placement of stones and large rocks, snaking through the front flowerbed,” explained Bates.
Incorporating unique and interesting designs into the landscape is something the crew does best. Because the hospital setting needs
to be a place of peace and calm, the crew has integrated water features and fountains into their designs. A great example of this is
one particular fountain area that serves as the entrance to the hospital’s Vascular Center and Emergency department and is a tranquil
scene with earth, water, flowers and greenery. “Our grounds crew looks for opportunities to add restful spaces, both high and low.
Flowers growing along a framed trellis on the roof of The Heart and Vascular Center that is accessible to patients and visitors offer
them time in the sun,” Bates explained. Another example of this peaceful landscape design is the area outside of the Hospital Cancer
Center. This quiet nook is open skyward, providing a sunny respite with a mix of shade and sun. “This walled space provides an
especially calm space, where the only sounds are likely to be leaves rustling or a bird snacking at the feeder,” he exclaimed.
The hospital administration, along with the grounds crew, is dedicated to environmental stewardship and it shows in a lot of their
practices and policies. The crew upgraded their turf irrigation system to the new Hunter ICC controllers that measure humidity
so the grass gets watered only when it needs it. New rotor heads were added to the turf irrigation for better distribution and little
overspray. The crew incorporated a recycling component into their front entrance re-design. The benches found in this area are
made from granite slabs that once served as street curbs on the hospital campus. The crew also limits the use of chemicals because
of their concern for the environment and the health of their patients. “As a hospital serving a diverse patient population, the needs of
our patients must be at the forefront of all we do. We must be especially sensitive to chemicals used throughout the campus. Since
The Christ Hospital Top L to R: (1) Continuing up
the driveway, you will pass the College of Nursing and its
landscaped garden. This restful seating areA is popular with
students as a relaxing location for study and socializing. (2)
Patients and visitors to The Christ Hospital are welcomed
at the main entrance by a burst of floral color and mature,
green trees. This area changes seasonally with cheerful
daffodils in springtime and the deep, rich color of mums
in autumn. (3) A recycling component was added to the
redesign of the historic entrance. The benches are made
from granite slabs which once served as street curbs by the hospital.
Bottom L to R: (1) These ample flowerpots line the
driveway leading to the visitor parking garage. (2)The
landscape throughout the hospital uses a variety of textures
to create interesting visuals. The team has created a dry
streambed with careful placement of stones and large rocks
- Continued on page 16 - snaking through the front flowerbed.
FLAWED TURFGRASS RESEARCH STUDY GETS
MASS MEDIA COVERAGE — NOW WHAT? by Jim Novak
On January 19, 2010 the University of California (Irvine) and the American Geophysical Union (AGU) sent out a joint
press release based on a research study conducted by Amy Townsend-Small and Claudi Czimczik titled “Carbon
Sequestration and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Urban Turf.”
The peer reviewed study suggests that turfgrass has a negative impact on the environment and has received extensive
press coverage worldwide.
Unfortunately, the research contained serious miscalculations which have since been acknowledged by the authors.
We have now learned that even the methodology used in conducting the research is in itself is currently under review
and being questioned by leading turfgrass extension specialists and turfgrass research scientists nationwide who are
challenging the results.
Turfgrass Producers International released the following press release intending to undo the negative press that the
study has already generated.
Turfgrass provides numerous environmental benefits and its ability to store carbon is one of them; but when a recently
published and peer reviewed research study regarding the ability of turfgrass to store carbon reached the opposite
conclusion of previous studies, more than a few turfgrass researchers and green industry experts were scratching their heads.
The study in question (containing miscalculations which we’ll address in a moment) got extensive media coverage
because of the negative conclusions it presented. According to Amy Townsend-Small, Earth system science post-doctoral
researcher at University of California, Irvine and the lead author of a study that was accepted for publication in
Geophysical Research Letters, a journal of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) it was suggested that the
carbon-storing benefits of lawns were counteracted by fuel consumption.
Focusing on four parks and lawns in Southern California, the Townsend-Small and colleague Claudia Czimczik study found
that greenhouse gas emissions from fertilizer production, mowing, leaf blowing and other lawn management practices
were four times greater than the amount of carbon stored by grass in parks and lawns. The UCI study was supported by
the Kearney Foundation of Soil Science and the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
The reported conclusion reached by the Townsend-Small and Czimczik study was fundamentally the opposite of previous
research findings regarding carbon sequestration in turfgrass and the amount of carbon resulting from the care and
maintenance of turfgrass.
The study generated plenty of press coverage by way of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) and a press release
distributed by the University of California (Irvine). Publications and Web sites such as USA Today, National Geographic’s
Green Guide, Science Daily, China Meteorological Administration (CMA), First Science, Discovery News, Yahoo News India, and
just about every science publication, newspaper, news outlet, green industry Web site and various blogs carried assorted
headlines that read:
• “Urban Green Space May Aid Global Warming”
• “Green Spaces (Lawns) Are Not So Green”
• “Urban Lawns Contribute to Climate Change”
• “The Grass Isn’t Always Greener”
• “Lawn Care = Bad for the Environment”
• “City Parks May Be Bad For The Environment”
• “Study Fumes Over City Park Grass”
• “New CO2 Threat to the Planet”
There was only one problem: The authors
of the Amy Townsend-Small research report
acknowledge their study contained errors and
So how did the errors in the study come to the
surface? Dr. Thomas Rufty, Bayer distinguished
professor, environmental plant biology, North
Carolina State University questioned the findings
based on the previous research models and
proceeded to point out several discrepancies in
the Townsend-Small research report:
Rufty commented, “Regarding carbon
sequestration and greenhouse gas emissions in
urban turf by Townsend-Small and Czimczik,
we suspected an error in calculations because
their numbers were so different from the models we are developing.” Rufty was challenged to find out why there
was a discrepancy. He reported that two of his Ph. D. students took apart all of the assumptions and calculations in
the Townsend-Small paper and found mistakes. When asked to provide a complete analysis of the situation... they
immediately presented their findings. Rufty reviewed their findings and confirmed they were right and that errors had
Rufty then emailed the authors and confirmed there was a mistake in their spreadsheet that no one had caught during the
writing or peer review. The authors said ‘someone’ had informed them of the mistake and a correction was sent to the
journal. Their corrected calculations showed that CO2 generation was 122 g m-2 yr-1 rather than 1238 g m-2 yr-1 in the paper.
“This is important, because it makes the situation with ‘ornamental lawns’ carbon neutral to positive, depending on some
of their other assumptions about fertilization. The students also are aruging that the authors made another mistake that
will result in decreasing the estimated CO2 further - they did not take into account C speciation during combustion.
Depending on the kind of mowers used, this will lower levels by another 15 to 50%,” according to Rufty.
Rufty added, “The Townsend-Small and Czimczik paper is being viewed as an important publication for the carbon
sequestration debate. I’m hoping our efforts will help correct this misperception.”
It should be noted that Dr. Rufty isn’t alone in questioning the study. More than two dozen leading turfgrass extension
specialists and turgrass researchers from across the nation are currently reviewing the study and they have already
indicated (under independent and non-collaborated review) that they are not only questioning the methodology that was
used, but the absence of critically important information. It is likely the authors can expect to receive numerous questions
and valid concerns following these reviews, and they can also anticipate a request to offer some valid explanations.
Now that it’s apparent that flawed research (miscalculations alone) has received broad media coverage worldwide, and
as of this writing the misinformation is still posted on the Web sites of the University of California (Irvine), the UC Irvine
Today NEWS, the University of California UC Newsroom and on the American Geophysical Union (AGU) Web site
(despite concerns expressed to UCI) the real question is, how do you get the same media coverage for the corrected
version of the research report which will likely show that turfgrass has a positive impact on the environment when it
comes to carbon sequestration? The challenge is much like getting the genie back in the lamp... or trying to get spilled
coffee back in a cup.
To learn more, contact Jim Novak, Turfgrass Producers International. (jnovak@TurfGrassSod.org, (847) 649-5555
PGMS Did the Charleston
How many tea plantations are there Oak which is reportedly the oldest Riley Park, affectionately called “The
in the United States? What’s the largest, thing --living or man-made--east of the Joe,” is a 6,000 seat state-of-the-art
oldest live oak in South Carolina? Rockies. Angel Oak is a live oak tree baseball facility opened in April 1997
How can newspapers help you save aged approximately 1,500 years. It is at a cost of $19.5 million. The Citadel
on planting seedlings? Can you resolve native to the low country and is not very plays all of its baseball games in the park,
conflict with a smile? When selecting tall but has a wide spread canopy. The located just off the campus overlooking
nursery stock for trees, are a few minor Tree (one instinctively capitalizes the the Ashley River. The Citadel shares the
scrapes on the trunk okay? What is the word when talking about this colossal facility with the Charleston Riverdogs (a
history behind the courtyard gardens of site) stands in an obscure wooded area minor league baseball team).
Charleston, S.C.? of John’s Island, some 12 miles beyond Day one was a long one, so when
If you had been one of the lucky the Ashley River. The Tree is huge and it everyone returned to the PGMS
ones to have participated in the recent is ancient. Towering over 65 feet it has headquarters hotel a wonderful
PGMS Regional Visitation program to a diameter of spread reaching 160 feet, reception of cheeseburger sliders,
Charleston, you would know the answers. a circumference of nearly 25 feet, and pulled-pork quesadillas and lollypop
On March 18, as the clouds began covers 17,100 square feet of ground. chicken bites awaited them.
to break and the sun came out to offer Following the jaw-dropping and Friday, March 19 was an outstanding
a beautiful 72-degree day, nearly 75 picture-taking opportunity at Angel Oak, weather day in Charleston, but those
members of PGMS grabbed a box lunch it was back on the bus for a trip to the with PGMS had to spend the first part
and climbed aboard a bus or into their Battery area of Charleston specifically of their day in the hotel attending
cars to begin an exciting horticulturally- to the public White Point Garden park classes. It paid off as the class content
educational-packed two-day visitation and then to Hampton Park where PGMS was excellent and enlightnening
event in Charleston. Their first stop was guests were given a tour of the park as for all. Classes included, “Conflict
the Charleston Tea Plantation, the home well as the city’s greenhouses. Of special Resolution with a Smile” and “Attitude
of American Classic Tea, the ONLY interest during the greenhouse tour and Motivation Wrapped in EASY” as
tea grown in America. It is located on was a briefing on how the city utilizes presented by Chad Connelly of Freedom
picturesque Wadmalaw Island in the and recognizes volunteers as a major Tide, “Tree Mythbusters” as presented
heart of South Carolina’s low country, its cost-cutting labor source. Many of the by Liz Gilland of the South Carolina
grounds include 127 acres of Camellia PGMS members were delighted to learn Forestry Commission, and “Maximizing
Sinensis tea plants and a working tea of an easy-to-use technique for making the Efficiency of Your Irrigation Systems”
factory. Tea plants are disease and pest seedling pots out of newspaper and .
as presented by Justin Watts of W.P Law, Inc.
resistant and the harvesting of crop is to watch as the volunteers assembled After the courses, there was a short
pretty simple - approximately every the paper pots. The advantages were break for another tasty box lunch--this
two weeks during growing season, obvious: no cost for pots and no negative time sitting in the hotel’s courtyard and
just top off the 3½ to 5 inches of new environmental impact in terms of the enjoying the sunshine and cool breeze.
growth and move the leaves to the tea plastic or rubberized containers. Then it was on board the bus for a
production line. Stunned with all that had been trip to the historic Magnolia Plantation
From the tour of the tea plantation, learned already, the PGMS day-one tour and Gardens. Founded in 1676 by the
orginally a cotton plantation, PGMS was still not over--there was one more Drayton family, Magnolia Plantation has
headed to a stop at the amazing Angel stop to make at Joe Riley Stadium. survived for centuries and witnessed the
history of our nation unfold before it
ATTITUDE: DOES YOURS NEED AN ADJUSTMENT? from the American Revolution through
While in Charleston, S.C., the PGMS Board joined together for a dinner at the acclaimed the Civil War and beyond. Opening its
tourist-oriented restaurant, Hyman’s. During dinner, I happened to pick up a couple of cards that I doors to visitors in 1870 to view the
wanted to share with members of PGMS. thousands of beautiful flowers and plants
Said one on attitude, “The longer I live, the more I realize the impact of attitude on life. At- in its famous gardens, it is the oldest
titude, to me, is more important than education, than money, than circumstances, than failures,
public tourist site in the low country, and
than success, than what other people think or say or do. It is more important than appearance,
giftedness or skill. It will make or break a company... a church... a home. The remarkable thing is the oldest public gardens in America.
we have a choice everyday regarding the attitude we embrace for that day. We cannot change our As PGMS strolled the serene gardens a
past... we cannot change the fact that people act in a certain way. We cannot change the inevitable. burst in color from the many camellias
The only thing we can do is play on the one string we have, and that is our attitude. I am convinced and blooming trees (due to the usually
that life is 10% what happens to me and 90% how I react to it. And so it is with you... we are in cold winter this year, many flowers such
charge of our attitudes!”
The other was on persistence. It read, “Nothing in the world can take the place of persistence.
as the azalea were just coming into bud),
Talent will not; nothing is more common than unsuccessful men and women with talent. Genius one could imagine the period of the
will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education will not; the world is full of educated Civil War when gentile ladies dressed
derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent. The slogan ‘press on’ has solved in elegant hoop dresses meandered
and always will solve the problems of the human race.” through the gardens on their way to the
-Contributed by Tom Shaner, executive director PGMS Ashley River, which served as the main
- Continued on Page 13 -
Charleston in Pictures...
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- Charleston Continued from Page 13 -
transportation route from the plantation
While PGMS took another route (a
Conflict Resolution With a Smile
In Chad Connolly’s second classroom presentation, he focused on conflict resolution, and
bus) back to Charleston for its final stop as he’d stressed during his EASY presentation, he noted how important it is to smile. He also
on this delightful visitation program, we noted how we all have separate realities; how we may see the same thing differently and how
were nevertheless amazed to learn how the leader has to weigh these perceptions when motivating employees to action.
the tides of the Ashley River were used to Getting more out of people than ever before can be as simple as how you handle it. For
move traffic inland and back to the city again. instance, Chad offered some tips on handling difficult people.
The final horticulture stop featured a • Don’t let a discussion become an argument
walking tour of the renowned courtyard • Never say “you’re wrong”
gardens of Charleston. These gardens • If you are wrong, admit it
• Begin a discussion in an open and friendly way
often serve as a room-extension to the
• Get them saying “yes” to simpler questions
elegant homes located between Broad • Give yourself time to think before you respond (let them fully finish what they have to
Street and the Battery. Their elegance was say, sometimes a pause will lead them to say more and that more might be the true
divine and again left one to imagine days definer of the issue)
of yore when gentry gathered to sip sweet • Let them do most of the talking
tea while enjoying a cool breeze in the • Make your ideas, theirs
low country. • Try sincerely to see his or her point of view
An imaginative brief tour of a garden Chad went on to provide suggestions on how to win an argument. Included in his
would lead one through the handsome suggestions were that you need to let the other person state his/her case fully. Don’t interrupt,
and remember to pause before answering so that you can be sure they’ve finished.
iron gate onto a terrace made from
Also, don’t insist on winning 100% of the time. It’s just not going to happen and if you
old, salvaged brick. Notice the exotic, insist then others will begin to lose respect for you as a leader. Remember, admit when you
rich green fronds of a sago palm before are wrong.
you. They seem to be hiding something. When it is your time to speak, state your case accurately and without emotion. Speak in a
Move forward onto the formal bluestone third person manner as it lessens the personal argument.
terrace, and look to your left. Not just Finally, always allow a way for the other person to save face. Give them a fine reputation to
one, but a pair of beautiful sago palms live up to. Encourage them to continue to excel.
flank a fountain and basin that’s trimmed There’s really nothing new to what Chad Connolly had to say except to make us all think,
in the same salvaged brick. The fountain what are we doing to get better everyday?
serves as a focal point and also adds the
refreshing sound of splashing water that Attitude and Motivation - It’s EASY
masks outside noise. Your next destination When it comes to getting the most out of the people you work with, Chad Connolly says it
is a small, private sitting area just outside can be EASY. Chad’s fundamental message, “get better at working with people.”
the master bedroom. Though it’s part of Says Chad, “Rules without relationship equals rebellion.” To address this when trying to
the overall garden, it feels distinct thanks motivate your staff, follow the EASY route.
to a few simple techniques. First, a change E is for Engage them. Get them to like you. How? Become interested in them; don’t just ask
in paving material signals a transition. You about the things they like and do, but take a real interest. Smile more; a sincere smile means a
move from formal bluestone papers to lot - try it out and see if you don’t get better results from others. Use a person’s name when
speaking with them; it’s the old adage, the sweetest sound is the sound of your own name.
casual brick and then back to bluestone
Become a great listener; hear them out before you respond and perhaps pause between them
again. Second, the elevation changes speaking and you responding - they may add on to what they were saying and/or you may
as you ascend a trio of steps. Finally, rethink how you wish to respond. Finally, talk in terms of their interest; remember it’s not
partial screening provided by tree-form about you, it’s about them and how you can motivate them to help you get the job done.
ligustrums and a low hedge of Japanese A is for Always make them feel special. Remember their name and use it sincerely when
boxwoods offers the illusion of a separate discussing matters with them. Remember as Dale Carnegie states, “Don’t criticize, condemn
outdoor room. Viewed from the sitting or complain, and you’ll be different and special to them.” (Negative repels - Positive Propels.)
area, the courtyard appears lush, serene Give honest and sincere appreciation; everyone likes to know he or she is doing a good job.
and very private. A beautiful way to end Start by focusing on what someone does good and grow them from there; they become eager
to be given more appreciation as they address and get better at new tasks.
a lovely but highly informative PGMS
S is for Service; Creating “legendary” customer service. Promotion, promotion, promotion.
Regional Visitation program. Do the best you can at all times and do it with a smile. It carries over to those with whom you
Next stop on the PGMS Visitation work. Connolly talks about the “Moment of Truth” when somebody else notices what you
agenda is already causing quite a buzz as are doing. His mind-set is to always keep in your mind, “In everyday, in every way, I’m getting
we head to historic Boston on July 22-23. better,” and then make it true. Stay positive, don’t get down in the mud with pigs. Seek to
Details of this trip are now available online develop what Chad calls “raving fans,” someone outside your realm who notices what you are
at www.pgms.org/2010RegionalBoston.htm. doing such as a parent visiting his/her child at your campus and who notices the excellence in
grounds management/maintenance. The way to get and keep raving fans is to keep doing the
right things over and over and over.
Y is for You! What sets you apart--find and keep an edge. Remember, it’s not hard to be
better. Chad likes to say, “The people you meet and the books you read can make you who
you are.” If you hang with quality people and read valuable information, you’ll be better off.
So, in the end, motivating your crew and adjusting their attitudes can be EASY!
PGMS Books to Pay Attention to...
Bringing Nature Home by Douglas W. Tallamy Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants by C. Colston
This book was a gift from past-president Greg
Nichols. This was a token of appreciation for I recently purchased this book at the New
serving on the board of directors for PGMS. England Grows conference in Boston. As
As a voracious reader, I started reading this we diversify our landscapes and strive for
book on my return flight home from a Dallas sustainability, it is an excellent strategy
board meeting. I found this book to be to incorporate native plants and certainly
excellent reading, as it intricately explained non-invasive plants as well. This book
the interrelationships of native plants to native accomplished a few things for me; first, it
insects and wildlife. It is very thought provoking. made me more aware of invasive species
It substantiated some principals of nature that not only where I landscape but nationally
always thrive and dominate over natives because throughout our country, secondly, it helped
of their adaptive characteristics and lack of natural predators in the me consider alternative plants to consider for replacing invasive
form of insects and diseases. Invasive and sometimes ornamentals ones. This book also refers you to a companion Web site that is
have little to no benefit to native flora and fauna. Often that includes dynamic and is updated at regular intervals. The other aspect of
mammals, birds, insects as well as plant life. Natives not only have this book that I like is that it considers all plants; trees, shrubs,
inherent enemies but provide habitat, food and cover for native herbaceous plants vines and grasses. It is not region specific; it is
species of flora and fauna. inclusive of all regions in the U.S. Each invasive is depicted in a
photo and the distribution of the plant is listed. Alternative plants
Mr. Tallamy cites the diminishing native populations of bird and
share similar growth characteristics, flower/fruit type, texture and
insect species coincides with the diminishing native populations of
hardiness. It proves to be a reflective book that provides solutions
bird and insect species coincides with the disappearance of native
to the invasive plant problems. This book inspired me to go beyond
plant species. This book isn’t an immediate call to arms, but a more
Colston’s list to identify other native plants & trees that are suitable
subtle plan to carefully map out and re-establish what we have lost
replacements as well. The other message I learned was to be
cautious of specie selection, it is of critical importance.
To me this books calls out to all readers, but as professionals
in the green industry it is our call to heed. We are the group of
professionals that can make decisions and create the change that is
needed. This book is another thought provoking piece of the puzzle
to achieve a well designed plan of sustainability. This book reminds Book Reviews by
us that we aren’t just grounds managers we are environmental John Van Etten, CGM
stewards above all else! I feel the message is to be cautiously
proactive, look at past histories and evaluate long term decisions.
Natives aren’t the only solution, but they are an integral part of the plan.
Scratching the Woodchuck: Nature on an Amish Farm by David Kline
This book is a collection of essays on personal observations of nature and farming. Mr. Kline’s acute observations, love
and reverence for all things wild are awe inspiring. His manner of writing transcends his Amish faith, he readily relates to
all sectors of society. He is very in sync with modern day and his insights are spot on.
I recently wrote an article titled, “Are You Green,” targeted to another industry (car care). I started my article giving
homage to our agrarian forefathers as the pioneers of sustainability. I wrote about farming practices, the necessity to
beprudent with resources and to practice sanity measures is the foundation to farming. Farming practices come full
circle as cultural practices gives you the by-products to build your soil, reducing or eliminating pesticide usage and
creating favorable habitat further encourages beneficial insects. My discussion was about utilizing all natural resources in
such a way that it benefits the farm as a whole, which is the essence of sustainability. Currently there are a number of
dairy farms in the Midwest that are completely sustainable; they produce their own energy from methane gas to wind
energy that powers all of the equipment in their operation.
Mr. Kline’s book teaches us to slow down enough to appreciate a good walk in the woods. The therapeutic benefit of self reflection and
appreciation of nature on these sojourns is the main context of the book. It is this journey that surprises us with what wonders are behind
the next stone wall, the Amish that I have met in Ohio are very friendly and inquisitive of all things. I can appreciate their pace in life; it is well
directed and meaningful. Most of us are go-go-go, especially in spring and lately that pace often never slows down no matter the time of year
or the season. My personal escape is to the woods, where I may be perched in a century old red oak tree bowhunting.
Hunting is 99% observation of nature; warm orange sunrises that sends chills over your body as the temperature of the forest floor creates
an inversion of cold to warm, a Rufus-sided towhee skittering around in the leaf liter, vibrant colored sassafras leaves gently spinning toward
the earth relenting to the next season and the sharp metallic stroke of hooves and the scratching sounds of the metal rimmed carriage
wheels over the blacktopped county road, the hint of wood smoke and the solitude of nature, I am in Amish country! - Continued on page 27 -
Green Star Awards continued from page 7
our landscaping is so close to patient
entrances, no artificial chemicals are used
– only natural and organic materials,”
explained Bates. As a commitment to the
environment, Bates and his crew have
expanded the rooftop gardens in the last
two years, helping to absorb rain water
and cut down on the amount of runoff
while also helping to insulate the roof
areas. “This serves as a good example
of how effective landscaping can have
benefits both indoors and outdoors,” he said.
These rooftop gardens, while offering so
many great benefits, can also pose some
challenges. “Many areas of the hospital,
such as this rooftop garden, spend much
of the day in direct sunlight. As we
limit watering and the use of artificial
fertilizers, special consideration is given
to plant selection so that mainly native
and drought-tolerant plants are used,”
explained Bates. With eight acres of paved
surface area, runoff following a heavy rain
can be troublesome. The grounds crew
installed a rain garden, one of the few
found in Cincinnati, alongside the visitors
parking garage which has decreased the
runoff into the city sewer system.
“The Christ Hospital’s grounds and
transportation crew makes a difference
every day for patients and hospital
employees through their thoughtful
planning and maintenance of the
landscape. They are fine examples of why
the Christ Hospital is Caring Above All,”
Bates exclaimed. PGMS agreed, awarding
the Christ Hospital a 2009 Green Star
Honor Award. Maple Knoll Village Top: The Manor House Restaurant is open to the public. Restaurant guests enjoy dining
during lunch and dinner while enjoying a two-tiered pond with fountains that include water iris, water lillies and
Maple Knoll Village wildlife. Middle L to R: (L) The multi-leveled beds are designed and planted by our team. Irrigation, plant division,
concrete cleaning and bed care are general maintenance tasks in this area. (R)The largest waterfall feature located
Cincinnati, Ohio in the Enabling Garden. The bronze statuary is one of nine on campus. Domestic fowl inhabit the area. Our work to
Maple Knoll Village, a retirement home keep predators at bay has been successful. Bottom L to R: (L) The challenge on campus with our three ponds is to
nested in Cincinnati, Ohio is a home maintain beauty and aesthetics. This means keeping them algae free. (R) A view from just outside Bodman Skilled
Nursing Facility. Eye Catching annuals draw attention to guests, residents and visitors. Sweet Autumn Clematis
away from home for its 700 residents. encompasses three wooden arbors. Centrally located within the annual planting is a three-tiered water feature.
This 54-acre property, managed by Brian
Dargis of Viox Services, is made up of 14 The beauty of this landscape property can be seen right from the main entrance. “Maple
acres of turf, five acres of display beds Trace, which is the main entrance to the campus, is lined with beautiful October Glory
and several distinct gardens which make Maple trees. Fall brings an abundance of colorful leaves from the many mature trees on
up a good part of the landscape. Dargis campus,” he said. Dargis has incorporated a variety of plants, flowers and greenery into
works hard year round “to provide the landscape to keep it fresh and lively for the residents and guests. One example is the
a well-manicured landscape for the landscape surrounding the Bodmann Skilled Nursing Facility. “Eye catching annuals draw
enjoyment of our residents, their families and attention to guests, residents and visitors. Sweet Autumn Clematis encompass three
visitors,” he explained. wooden arbors and centrally located within the annual planting areas is a three tiered
water feature,” he said.
Congratulations Award Winners!!
Dargis has incorporated a variety of creative and colorful gardens into the landscape.
One example is the memory garden which contains a water feature with water lilies
surrounded by four table pergola and covered with orange and yellow trumpet vine.
“Memory support residents enjoy the tranquility and peace this garden provides,”
Dargis said. Another example of these gardens is the Millennium Garden which
includes a unique water feature that simulates a rainfall backdrop with illuminating
lights at night. Complementing the water feature are benches, flowering perennials
and mature trees. One last garden to note on the campus is the enabling garden
which hosts the largest waterfall feature to be found on campus. “Located in this
garden is the bronze statuary, which is one of nine on campus, as well as domestic
fowl who inhabit this area,” Dargis explained.
In addition to maintaining and managing the entire property, Dargis also assists
with personal landscape projects on campus for 149 resident cottage homes. He
works alongside the residents to help with mulching, planting, weed extraction,
pruning, plant replacement, irrigation and perennial division. Included in the 149 total
cottages is a group of 80 cottages called Coventry Court that require additional tasks
including weekly lawn mowing, trimming ornamental tree pruning, integrated pest
management and monthly irrigation cycling.
Dargis faces the everyday challenges of keeping up a landscape that all landscape
managers face. Budget issues, safety concerns, problematic soil, weed control and
keeping the ponds and water features aesthetically pleasing are all challenges he
faces. As you can tell, Dargin has his hands full in keeping this landscape pristine
while accommodating the residents. So how does Dargis do it; by using a few simple
practices. “Up-to-date, good working equipment is essential to providing a highly
maintained lawn service. Also our careful work throughout the winter months
guarantees a seamless transition into spring. Edging detail throughout walkways
provides clean and safe walking paths for the residents and visitors,” he explained.
Hard work and dedication to his residents is what keeps Dargis providing a landscape
that is enjoyable for both his residents and their visitors. I am sure they would agree
it is a landscape well worthy of the 2009 Green Star Honor Award it received.
Monona Terrace Convention Center
A city convention center might not be the first place you would think to look to
find beautiful landscape scenery but in Madison, Wis. it is. The Monona Terrace
Convention Center located in downtown Madison features one of the most
distinctive landscapes in Wisconsin’s State Capitol – a multi-level project including
a rooftop terrace. Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and serving as a link between
the City of Madison and its beautiful chain of lakes, Monona Terrace is meticulously
maintained and always ready for visitors - whether they are politicians gathering for a
convention or old friends enjoying lunching along the lake.
One of the biggest attractions to the Monona Terrace is the bright, colorful display
beds and planters that adorn the rooftop terrace. “Frank Lloyd Wright chose plants
native to the Midwest prairies that inspire much of his work. Their hardy nature
ensures brilliant color year after year,” explained Lisa Weiss, landscape manager for Monona Terrace Top to Bottom: (1) Spring color
the David J. Frank Landscape Contracting, Inc., the outside contractor who manages draws people to the Terrace to enjoy the first warm
the site. Plants and flowers that are used most often include a variety of annuals and days. Tulips, redbuds and more are just the beginning
of the three-season beds. (2) Planters outside the 2nd
perennials, tulips and redbuds and can be found both in the three-season landscape level conference room, accessible only by scissors lift,
beds as well as the planters. “Some people liken the look of the Terrace to a space hold a variety of flowers that blend into the horizon.
station. The planting beds including the recently renovated green space, helps brings (3)Trees and shrub roses line the walkways leading to
guests “back to earth,” Weiss said. All in all the entire terrace serves as an “oasis” in a the rooftop terrace. (4) Annual flowers are a priority at
this site, adding vibrant color that suits the
busy urban neighborhood, providing a beautiful scenic view for city dwellers. lively atmosphere.
Green Star Awards continued from page 17
flowers require constant maintenance
to thrive in the non-traditional garden.
In order to keep the 0.5 acres of turf
in good condition Weiss established a
turf maintenance program that includes
regular fertilizing and weed control with
organic products. “Turf maintenance is of
the utmost importance as it represents
much of the green in this space,” she said.
This modest sized site creates its own
share of maintenance challenges including
access to the terrace, heavy foot traffic,
exposure to elements and budgetary
restrictions and not to mention there was
a landscape re-design of 80% of the site
completed in the last two years.
Because this site is very close to the state
capital and is highly visible to both city
dwellers and visitors, the annual displays
must be fresh and interesting every
year making it a maintenance challenge
Weiss and her crew face every year. The
landscape beds themselves, both planting
and turf, are raised which require strategic
planning, heavy lifting and the ability to
work in small areas. Weather also poses
a problem in terms of maintenance.
“The lakefront location often means
exposure to extreme conditions. Plants
are replaced if needed but the key is
the waterfront,” Weiss added. professional care by my staff helps most
of the area to weather the storm,” Weiss
Another unique feature is the floral exclaimed. Both limited access to the
additions alongside the walls and sitting terrace and heavy foot traffic are two
surfaces that help to lighten the look of the biggest challenges. “Access to the
of “concrete garden” while brightening area is a challenge in itself as the dock
the area. Bench walls throughout the and ramps are the only way to get to the
terrace are lined with vibrant flowers to rooftop terrace. Also, the high level of
encourage visitors to sit and relax and activity on the terrace takes a toll on the
take in the pristine scenery. Tree and plantings, which are frequently disturbed
shrub roses line the walkways leading and subjected to litter,” Weiss explained.
to the rooftop terrace. “Colorful native These challenges are overcome by using
The terrace hosts several different perennials line the lakefront walk and smaller equipment to do maintenance and
landscape features in its five acre area, serve as both a beautiful view as well as a daily litter and clean up regiment are
which contains approximately ¾ of an a help to camouflage lighting and other followed, respectively.
acre of gardens and turf. “The colorful utilities,” said Weiss. Lastly, deciduous
trees, evergreens, shrub roses and A historically rich and unique landscape
beds help to diminish the impact of this
ornamental grasses give this unique site design, vibrant native Midwest plants
concrete garden,” Weiss exclaimed.
remarkable depth and texture. and flowers and meticulous landscape
Besides the landscape beds, planters are
detail and maintenance has combined to
used sporadically around the terrace
Keeping this landscape in tiptop shape create an inviting and interesting urban
to add pockets of vibrant color. “The
takes the dedication of the entire 12 landscape known as the Monona Terrance
planters outside of the conference room,
person crew. The terraced beds that Convention Center. You can bet Frank
for example, are home to a variety of
contain a wide variety of shrubs and Lloyd Wright would agree this landscape is
flowers that blend into the horizon along
Congratulations Award Winners!!
well deserving of the 2009 Green Star Grand Award it was given.
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
The Smithsonian National Zoological Park in downtown Washington, D.C. is no
stranger to the Green Star Awards. Having taken home an Honor Award in 2008,
Park Manager Frank Clements and his crew set out to make 2009 a Green Star
Grand Award winning year, and they succeeded.
Alongside 14 full time crew members, Clements strives every day to provide a
landscape that serves the needs and wants of both visitors and the residents of
the zoo, the animals. One of the biggest needs of the animals is to have as close
to a natural habitat as possible. “We attempt to simulate the natural habitat where
the animals are found by using both native and non-native plants, using hardscape
materials to enhance their natural tendencies and make them feel more at home,”
Clements and his crew have worked hard to find a way to use these natural habitats
to educate the visitors of the zoo. An example of this is the Fishing Cat exhibit.
Located within the “Asia Trail” section of the park, this exhibit features a waterfall
that seperates the two Fishing Cat exhibits. “These cats are aptly named as they
really do go fishing for their food. The waterfall was created to feel like a natural
setting for them and also give visitors an understanding of where they might find
them in the wild. The area around the waterfall is highlighted with seasonal color,
grasses and various sizes of cedar driftwood and root flares,” Clements explained. Smithsonian Zoo Top: This flowerbed is at the pedestrian
The entire “Asia Trail” section offers visitors the feeling of walking into a different entrance of the zoo and is the first and last taste of the
part of the world. “The bamboo blowing in the breeze and the low murmur of zoo that some visitors receive. The bed is a three-season
display. In the spring bulbs and pansies are planted; in
the stream help create this feeling of entering a bamboo forest. The effective summer, annual and tropical plants are installed; for cold
representation of an Asian landscape is essential to tying the theme of Asia Trail seasons of the fall and winter, topiaries are installed and
together with Asian animals in their native habitat,” he said. surrounded by plantings with winter interests like red twig
and dogwood. Vines and tree limbs are also used for effect.
Serving as a landscape focal point, visitors can look forward every summer to the Bottom: Gorilla Grove was designed as a photo opportunity
750 square foot Victoria Water Lily pond that is located along the main walkway of for visitors when they visit the outside viewing area of the
Great Ape house. The gorilla statue has a Leatherleaf
the zoo. As the temperatures get warmer, the lilies that were planted in mid-June Viburnum backdrop and is flanked with seasonal color and
establish quickly and soon become one of the most beautiful scenery spots of the foliage like Banana Trees, ginger and asparagus fern to
landscape. As the Victoria Water Lily is a heavy feeder and grows rapidly, the aquatic simulate the jungle where the animals can be found.
gardens crew has to feed the plants every week with large doses of aquatic plant fertilizer tablets. “In a typical season, the pads will
reach four to five feet in diameter. One particular hot summer saw leaves spreading over six feet,” Clements exclaimed.
Often times, the landscape crew is called upon to use their landscaping talents to solve a problem with an exhibit. One example of
this was with the small mammal house exterior. “The horticulture exhibit staff was tasked with visually connecting an exterior animal
exhibit that contained an artificial rock waterfall and pool to the surrounding landscape. By building a cascading streambed which feeds
into a 30’x15’ pond, we were able to create the illusion of a continuous flow of water from within the animal enclosure,” explained
Clements. Adding a touch of beauty to the exhibit, the stream beds were lined with palm sedge, ostrich fern, Virginia sweetspire, giant
Left: The fishing cat exhibit is located within the
“Asia Trail” section of the National Zoo. Featured
here is a waterfall that separates the two Fishing
Cat exhibits. These cats are aptly named as they
really do go fishing for their food. The waterfall
was created to feel like a natural setting for them
and also give visitors an understanding of where
they might find them in the wild. The area around
the waterfall is highlighted with seasonal color,
grasses and various sizes of cedar driftwood and
root flares. Right: This annual and perennial bed if
formally known as the “Red bed” located outside
of the Great Ape house. It now contains seasonal
annuals selected by the horticulture team to
break up the contrast between the concrete walls
- Continued on Page 28 - of the building and the all brick Olmstead walk.
kOCH GREENHOUSES BIG HIT WITH
GREATER CINCINNATI BRANCH
On April 12, 2010 members and non-members of the PGMS Greater Cincinnati Branch were about to begin a journey
into one of Cincinnati’s hidden secrets. Nestled in about 35 acres of a green growing belt in Northside, Ohio are Fred
and Denise Koch’s Greenhouses.
Fred, the fourth generation of Koch’s and current owner, was one of three children. Fred served his country in the
Armed Forces upon completing his study of Architecture at the University of Cincinnati. Fred married Denise during
his military term. Upon completion of his duty he returned to the family business, worked alongside his father and
developed a renewed appreciation for the greenhouse industry. He then introduced bedding plants to its production
schedule in 1974 and the rest is history. Now, 35 years later, Fred and Denise have one of the most dynamic
greenhouses in Cincinnati. Sitting on five acres with two acres under glass, Koch’s Greenhouses consists of 12 glass
houses, with nine additional houses currently in production. Fred also explained to the group that he could remember
the days when his father heated the greenhouses with coal and that, in the middle of winter, it was 65-70 degrees in the
greenhouses (unheard of for these times). Today, Fred is 85-90% wholesale. His staff is very simple, his wife Denise,
one full-time, and two part-time. Don’t tell any one, but his secret is volunteers. So many people are just so happy to
be a part of the Koch’s extended family, that they just love helping them grow the flowers and gladly volunteer their
time. Ninety-five percent of their plants are sold by pre-order, with remainder sold to walk-on retail customers. They
currently produce 8,300 flats, 55 thousand 4 ½-inch pots, and 3,600 10-inch hanging baskets. Additionally, various sizes of
combination plantings and multi-colored containers grace their premises.
With Fred’s 14’ truck and additional 26’ leased truck all of the plants are prepped, carted, loaded, checked and rechecked
to assure all deliveries are on time and correct. He typically averages four to five deliveries per day. Fred and Denise also
grow basil and many other culinary herbs for the local food vendors.
After our one hour tour, the Greater Cincinnati Branch sat down for a very informal dinner at the Greenhouse with
Fred and Denise. Scott Beuerlein of Heritage Gardens and PGMS member, won the door prize of a beautiful hanging
basket donated by Fred and Denise. In addition to growing for Cincinnati’s commercial and institutional needs, Fred and
Denise have committed their lives to serve the people of our city in spring flower production and customer service,
serving schools, churches, scouts and sports teams through spring fundraising. To this end, Koch’s plants have reached far
and wide into the homes and businesses and neighborhoods of our Greater Cincinnati area, adding beauty and bringing
pleasure to this great city of ours. The PGMS Greater Cincinnati Branch proudly extends a big thank you to Fred and
Denise for opening their world of plants to us. For further information, please feel free to contact Fred and Denise at
PGMS Member and Extension the plan. Ellen collaborated extensively with Patrick Byers,
regional horticulture specialist with the University of Missouri
Service Unite Stakeholders Extension Service, and Brad Fresenburg, turfgrass specialist with
the Division of Plant Science, University of Missouri.
For Successful Sports Field
“Patrick met with me multiple times, visited the sites
Maintenance and developed much of the plan,” explained Ellen. “Brad
by Robert Baleck Fesenberg met with Patrick and me, visited sites and made
recommendations which were incorporated into the plan.”
As professional grounds managers, we have many challenges
facing us in the field. From tree care to pest management, So, what does the plan cover? “It’s a general guide for proper
to snow removal, to sports fields, the challenges of in-house field maintenance. All schools have different demands on their
grounds managers come at us from many angles. fields and the plan will need adaptation for the particular needs at
each facility,” explains Ellen.
Sometimes we need to call for reinforcements.
She continued, “The first section of the plan contains an easy
Meet Ellen Littrell, PGMS member in the Greater Ozarks Branch. to follow month-by-month calendar for warm season and cool
Ellen has a bachelor of science degree in urban forestry and many season grasses. It lists maintenance suggestions and what to look
years experience in the grounds managment field. When Ellen for in the area of insect and disease problems. This section is
became grounds management supervisor for Springfield Public followed by specialized sections further explaining maintenance
Schools in Springfield, Mo. in 2006, she encountered the same procedures such as irrigation, compaction and aeration, mowing
challenges that face us all, but one rose above the rest. and fertility.”
The sports fields in the school district needed a management plan. Coming up with the plan was one hurdle. Remember all those
stakeholders and the communication problems? How would she
Ellen described the grounds management situation, “It was not get buy-in from all those booster clubs, coaches and others who
consistent from field to field. Booster clubs, coaches, athletic were involved in field maintenance?
directors, parents and grounds maintenance staff all are players
in the field care. There was a lack of communication and often it Ellen had an idea. “After the plan was completed, I set up
seemed the different agencies were working against one another meetings in each school to introduce and discuss the plan. In
with a duplication of resources or ineffective practices.” attendance were coaches and/or assistant coaches from all
disciplines, athletic directors, principals, and occasionally, booster
She continued, “Every field in the district is very different in club members and band directors.”
respect to use, available financial resources, maintenance goals,
current condition, etc. and it was difficult to develop an overall Ellen says, “I feel the plan developed is an excellent guide.” Each
plan for the district with so much variation site to site.” site will be able to set maintenance goals for their fields and put a
cost in their budget. It allows them to make informed decisions.”
There are seventeen natural grass fields at the high schools, and
one artificial turf stadium. These fields needed to be kept ready Perhaps the key to success with the plan is that it was presented
and useful for football, baseball, soccer and marching band. not as a policy to be enforced, but as a guide to be followed. “I
shared with them the maintenance duties that we could do with
As bad as the outlook seemed for the fields, shortly after Ellen’s SPS district in-house staff and discussed ways to get the other
arrival she was forced to deal with the worst natural disaster to maintenance needs met. I also put together cost estimates for
hit the State of Missouri - ever. the maintenance needs. In all cases it was met with a positive
response,” recounts Ellen.
A huge ice storm in January 2007 destroyed or damaged nearly
every tree in the district. Ellen’s expertise as an arborist was in The forecast is good for the sports field in the Springfield Public
dire need. Once the disaster was mitigated, and other pressing School District.
needs were satisfied, Ellen refocused on the sports fields.
“Due to budget constraints, there will still be many different
Then in January 2008, another destructive ice storm reshuffled entities helping to maintain the fields, but by having a plan to
priorities once again. A replay of downed and damaged trees and follow, energy and resources will be better utilized and we should
other priorities put the sports field management plan on hold. see the fields improve in condition,” foresees Ellen. “Typically the
coaches do not have a turf maintenance background but all have
But Ellen remained persistent on getting a management plan the same goal...have healthy grass on their fields. Now all entities
together. In 2009, the timing was perfect. “Also, we are beginning can work as a team toward the common goal.”
to install SMART irrigation systems on the fields and it made
sense to implement them at the same time,” says Ellen. Ellen Littrell can be contacted at her office (417) 523-0451 or work cell
(417) 234-2190 or by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. Robert Balek can
The expertise of the extension service put a lot of weight behind be contacted by e-mail at email@example.com.
PGMS Member Profile PGMS member profile’s goal is to highlight active members of our society. The biggest benefit of
membership is the ability to network and interact with fellow members, by profiling the societies
most active members we want you to feel more comfortable networking and meeting these
members. John Van Etten, CGM hosts the interview.
This member profile features Ron Hostick. Hostick has been a PGMS member for five years and is
currently the lead groundsworker at San Diego State University. He was interviewed by John Van
JVE: How long have you been a member of PGMS and what do you feel is the most important member benefit?
RH: I’ve been a members since 2005. The best benefits for me are the contacts that I have with other
grounds managers that manage the same issues I do. It’s nice to talk with these managers to see what other ways there are for
dealing with different situations.
JVE: Ron, what is your job title and responsibilities at San Diego State University?
RH: My job title is lead groundsworker. I oversee about half the campus with a crew of none. All athletic areas are
JVE: On our tour of the baseball stadium, I saw 2007 Hall of Famer and Padres great, Tony Gwynn. What is his role with
maintenance of the stadium and your baseball team?
RH: Tony Gwynn is the head baseball coach for our team. Tony is always interested in maintenance of the field, he has always
supported us and proactively works to raise funds for us in maintaining the stadium.
JVE: How large is your campus, how many staff are on the grounds and lastly, how many students attend?
RH: Our campus is roughly 250 acres. The grounds staff for the university is 22. Currently we have a student body of
JVE: What special challenges have you faced at the university with our slumping economy?
RH: Staffing, budget reduction without thought implications, no new hiring, even as we lose staff. Lastly trying to keep moral up
in turbulent times and significant uncertainty.
JVE: Ron, last March I had the privilege to tour your beautiful campus. I am always amazed at the new construction at a
university. Are there any LEED projects going on there?
RH: We have one LEED certified facility. All new construction is designated LEED Silver, but we don’t go through the expense
JVE: Tell us a little bit about your hobbies or outside activities in a climate as wonderful as yours.
RH: I love to garden. For California, we have a nice sized lot so I have many opportunities to try new plant varieties and have
created multiple microclimates allowing for tropical to desert landscapes.
Images Courtesy of Ron Hostick and Tony
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Things and Thoughts of the Garden
William N. Craig, June 1923
PGMS is publishing articles from classic issues of the Gardeners’ Chronicle in recognition of the Society’s approaching centennial. The article
is meant to highlight the issues and topics that grounds professionals faced many years ago and note the similarities or differences in the way
the industry is now. We welcome your thoughts and comments. Please post them online in the PGMS E-Forum, www.pgms.socialgo.com.
How lovely is early June in the garden! Plants of all kinds have a
freshness and beauty which is in a large measure lacking a month
later, when the blistering rays of the sun have seared vegetation
in spite of all artificial efforts to prevent it. There is a peculiar
charm to be found in taking a note day by day of the unfolding
leaves on trees and shrubs. Many of these have now reached
almost their full development, but for the past fortnight it has
been a perfect delight to note the springtime beauty of delicate
colorings in the unfolding of the leaves. There are not the same
rich hues as in the Autumn when scarlets, crimsons, and golden
yellows predominate, but the faint browns of the beaches, the
delicate greens of the willows, the rich emerald of the horse
chestnuts, the ruddy downy leaves of the oaks, the tender greens
of the maples, the soft and graceful hues of the larches should
appeal to everyone who is at all sensitive to the late springtime
beauty of perfection in delicate colorings. One would fain
wish for a prolongation of the season when so much is tender,
beautiful and good but perhaps this is selfish, for all life must run
its course and be finally gathered to its rest. This is, however, no
season for narrowing thoughts, far too many garden enthusiasts
keep their machinery of dislikes constantly oiled, while ‘twould
be vastly better if they utilized their powers of praise and
We have now a fine variety of hardy azaleas adaptable for garden
uses, and the new introductions from China and Japan with
on or two home raised hybrids give us a wide range of forms
and colorations. I am aware that botanically speaking there are
really no azaleas at all, but while botanists may decree one thing
the great army of garden lovers are unlikely to change over to
rhododendrons, and will continue to think of the latter as broad
leaved evergreens, and azaleas in the main as deciduous shrubs. as lovely a combination as can be obtained. The white iris rather
In our colder states none of the evergreen azaleas are reliably closely follows the narcissi and the ferns and iris foliage makes a
hardy and but few of the rhododendrons. Our native azaleas refreshing green right through the hot months. While all of our
contain some beautiful varieties such as arborescens, canescens, native azaleas are really woodland plants, they can be successfully
calendulacea, viscosa, nudiflora, and Vaseyii. I think Vaseyii is the cultivated in the open; but at least partial shade will prolong their
queen of our native varieties if not of the entire hardy azalea blooming season and in such a location the flowers will show up
family. It makes a most graceful shrub and the lovely shell pink much better.
flowers are of a color which the most fastidious cannot possibly
object to. Of the evergreen azaleas the Japanese Kæmpferi is undoubtedly
the best; in the latitude of Boston this is really deciduous but
A number of years ago I had occasion to make a good sized proves very hardy and never fails to give an abundant display
planting of Vaseyii on the shores of a large pond; amongst of flowers each year. It succeeds quite well in full sunshine,
the azaleas, and running down to the water’s edge, bulbs of but shows up to the best advantage with a background of
narcissus and poeticus were planted; also scattered amongst hemlocks or to other tall growing evergreens. While this azalea
them were clumps of that charming pure white Iris, sometimes will withstand temperatures as low as 15 to 20 degrees below
called Sibirica Snow Queen, but more frequently and more zero without any injury, the flower buds when expanding are
correctly as Orientalis Snow Queen; dotted here and there were very easily injured, and this season several growers lost all their
also some clumps of Osmunda cinnamomea. The azaleas and upper buds when the thermometer dropped just a shade below
narcissi flower together and the charming soft pink flowers of the freezing point. The old A. amœna in favorable locations will
the azaleas rising above the groundwork of white narcissi forms winter a little north of Boston and maintain its foliage, as will its
- CONTINUED ON PAGE 26 -
- CONTINUED FROM PAGE 25 -
varieties, Hinomanyo, Fjuimanyo and Hinodigiri. A. ledifolia and overhead and exposure to biting winds. Young plantings in
its pretty lavender colored form, Yodogawa, and A. indica alba our colder latitudes need a little protection the first two years
are seen in quite good condition occasionally. The last named until established, afterwards they are much better without it.
cannot be classed as dependable although succeeding very well The removal of coverings of evergreen branches or burlap is
two hundred miles to the south of us. invariably carried out when we have one of our premature bursts
of heat in March, and the sudden exposure to hot sun, and later
Too many people are still obsessed with the idea that azaleas biting frosty winds is in reality the cause of the “burnings” of the
can only be successfully planted in Spring when, as a matter of foliage so much in evidence each season. If these broad-leaved
fact, they do much better planted in Fall. The Arnold Arboretum evergreens go into the Winter with dry feet and the ground
which grows azaleas very extensively and plants them with remains hermetically sealed for weeks, or maybe months, they
the best possible taste, has made quite extended experiments cannot be expected to come through the Winter well. There
to ascertain which is really the best planting season for these is one other menace to successful rhododendron culture in the
popular flowering shrubs. Last year thousands were planted out lace wing fly which is responsible for the deaths of thousands
in Fall, many of them just before the ground froze and they came of plants, and the disfiguring of many more. This pest is very
through in splendid condition, even Professor C.S. Sargent, the destructive to rhododendrons and kalmias growing in full
venerable and esteemed director of that institution, who has sunshine, but rarely troubles those in the shade. It can be readily
always been more or less prejudiced against the Fall planting of controlled by using a good nicotine spray with some soap added.
tress and shrubs, has seen enough to convince him that nursery Aphine and other proprietary remedies prove effective; care
stock of azaleas planted in the Fall succeeds a great deal better must be taken to use a fine misty spray nozzle and to direct the
than when Spring planted. The Arnold Aboretum, by the way, spray upwards as the pests work below the leaves and must be
when it has completed its azalea plantings, will have set out no hit and suffocated by contact.
less than 300,000 of them which should surely present a glorious
showing in their season. The prices of rhododendrons have advanced enormously since
the passage of Quarantine 37, but our native varieties like
The fact that azaleas do so much better when planted in the Fall maximum, catawbiense, and carolinianum are still obtainable at
should help to kill some of the existing prejudices against Fall reasonable rates. Catawbiense is the parent of our many beautiful
planting. Over thirty years’ experience in boreal New England hardy hybrids. There is a tendency on the part of landscape men
has clearly proved that with a few exceptions deciduous shrubs to overplant maximum, commonly known as “the Great White
do better planted in Fall than Spring; that rhododendrons Laurel.” It has the advantage of being a late bloomer; the trusses
transplant very successfully in August; that hardy roses planted are, however, small compared with those of the hybrids, and I do
about November 1 will easily beat those planted in April or not consider it in any way comparable with Kalmia latifolia, our
May; that apples, pears, plums cherries, gooseberries, currants common “Mountain Laurel,” in beauty. Of the hardy hybrids of
and even raspberries amongst fruits are much better planted catawbiense the following have proven very reliable in the vicinity
in Fall; that nearly all hardy herbaceous perennials succeed of Boston where rhododendrons have been much planted.
far better planted in Fall than Spring; and many evergreens, if Album elegans, blush white, a splendid variety; delicatissima,
carefully planted and properly cared for, will give just as good white suffused with pink, the finest light colored sort we have,
results if moved during August and September as in late April flowers moderately late; roseum elegans, rosy pink; Charles
and May. Nurserymen are simply overwhelmed each Spring and Dickens, scarlet; Everestianum, rosy lilac, sometimes called
have but little Fall business. There would seem to be no solid lavender; Caractacus, a reliable purple crimson variety; album
reason why these conditions should continue. He or she who grandiflorum, a robust sort similar to album elegans in color;
buys fruit trees or deciduous shrubs in Spring usually gets stock atrosanguinea, dark scarlet; Boule de Niege, of dwarf habit, pure
which has been dug the previous Fall, and has been carried over white in color and an early bloomer, good for the front of beds;
Winter in storage house, often the roots are none too damp, C.S. Sargent, an excellent crimson; Kelledrum, deep red; Mrs.
and many plants on receipt will present a more or less shrivelled C.S. Sargent, a lovely pink, and purpureum grandiflorum, purple.
appearance, in no sense can it be compared with stock dug in A number of other varieties have proven hardy but those named
the open. The growers of nursery stock would much appreciate give a fine range of colors and should naturally succeed better
a longer shipping season and they can only get it when people in sections somewhat less sever than here. If broken from the
awake to the fact that Spring is not the only planting season, and morning sun, kept well mulched all the time with leaves, and
that if they would but buy more in the Fall, they would secure moist at the root, there is no reason why rhododendrons should
better stock and have it delivered much more promptly. Why not not succeed well. The one time idea that peat was needed for
plan to relieve the Spring pressure by doing some planting in the their successful culture has been long ago exploded, having
coming Fall? been abundantly proved that they will thrive just as well in loam.
Like other members of the natural order Ericaceæ, they cannot
The hybrid rhododendrons are now in their full glory. The past be gown in soils containing lime, but scientists are now telling
Winter while prolonged was not especially severe and plants us that it is possible to treat such soils and make them grow
almost without exception came through in excellent condition. rhododendrons and allied plants successfully.
We hear much about the Winter killing of these showy plants.
I am of the opinion that the main reasons why so many plants I have been very much interested in the movement started
look miserable in Spring are not so much low temperatures as a recently, to collect a fund, the interest of which will be utilized to
deficiency of moisture at the roots, excessive Winter protection perpetuate the memory of Jackson Thornton Dawson for over
forty years superintendent and propagator of the Arnold Arboretum, the greatest PGMS Welcomes Our
Mecca of living trees and shrubs on the American continent. It is proposed to used Newest Members!
the interest from the invested funds for suitable medals or prizes to be offered
through the Masschusetts Horticultural Society annually. Probably there has been Eric Adams Tom Johnson
Midtown Community Magnolia Plantation and
no more unique figure in the last half century than that of Mr. Dawson, who gave
Benefits District Gardens
practically the whole of a long and very busy life to the propagation, hybridization, Baltimore, MD Charleston, SC
and culture of hardy trees and shrubs. As a propagator he was so successful as to
be almost uncanny, and during his lifetime he raised plants simply by the millions Alan R. Anderson John M. Kerns
Urban Tree Service Kerns Bros. Tree
which were sent to nearly all quarters of the globe. To the present generation of
Rochester, NH Service
tree lovers, the genial face and warm hand clasp of Jackson Dawson is very familiar, Wilmington, DE
but it is fitting that a movement of this kind should have been sarted to keep in James Anthony
fragrant memory one who labored so long and unselfishly for the advancement of St. Louis University Rande Lane
St. Louis, MO City of Charleston
American arboriculture. The treasurer of the Jackson Dawson Memorial Fund is
Thomas Roland, Nahant, Mass., and E. H. Wilson, assistant director of the Arnold Kris Bachtell
Arboretum and noted plant collector, is acting as chairman of the committee. Morton Arboretum Cathy May
Lisle, IL Midwest Rake
In reading the reports of the late Ghent Quinquennial Exhibition held at Ghent,
Rick Balboni Warsaw, IN
Blegium, last April, an exhibition covering over eight acres of space, and containing Nashua, NH
exhibits from not only Belgium but France, Great Britain, Holland and other Danny Nelson
countries, I was particularly struck with the eulogistic references to the wonderful Wayne Blanks Embassy Landscape
J&H Lawn Service Group
display of ranunculus shown in one of the salons by Dr. Attilo Ragionieri, which
Hampton, VA Riverside, MO
appears to have been the real sensation of this immense and well varied show. This
giant form of florists’ ranunculus carried flowers which are all double “and some David E. Bowen Patrick O’Brien
were fully six inches in diameter and set on a begonia plant would have passed One Yard at a Time Hyde Park Golf and
Landscaping Country Club
for very double begonia blooms.” We are told that there were not many white
Dickerson, MD Cincinatti, OH
flowers, but all shades of yellow and gold, red and maroon, mauve and purple,
rose, pink, and almost scarlet. It is to be hoped that the Federal Horticultural Frederick J. Bruno Chip Pybas
Board will permit the importation of some of this new race of rununculi. Surely Horizon Bay Clark University
Leesburg, FL Worcester, MA
they would create something of a sensation at the big Spring shows in 1924. It is
too much to expect that these giant ranunculi will have any value in our climate as Paul Burch Lloyd Singleton
garden plants, but for gently forcing purposes there should be a great field for them. Cincinnati Children’s The Breakers Palm
Hospital Medical Ctr. Beach
Cincinnati, OH Palm Beach, FL
- BOOK REVIEWS, Continued from page 14 - Paul Cappiello John Tarkany
Yellow Dell Gardens John Tarkany Associates
Crestwood, KY Charleston, SC
Past President Gene Pouly gave all board members this book as his appreciation for us
serving on the board of PGMS. Gene had mentioned this book to me because I am Richard Covert
forever quizzing him and his wife, Judy, on the ways of the Amish people. The essays Service Professionals, Inc.
North Little Rock, AR
describe the farmland in mostly Holmes county, I was delighted to see the many
tiny towns referenced that I have traveled through, they have quaint names like: Victoria Coyne
Walnut Creek, Mt. Hope, Elm Grove, Farmerstown and Charm to name but a few. Victoria Gardens
The Amish are kind, gentle and quite interesting people. I appreciate their culture, Rosendale, NY
they are the forefathers of sustainability and whether they know that or not, is not Scott Dolezal
important. They do know they are environmental stewards because they love and Sam Houston State
value mother earth. University
In this book, you will not learn about alien invasives or even farming, it is a light Jose Maria Garcia III
reading piece that is very entertaining. It may prompt you to brush up on birds, Kingsville, TX
insects and wildflowers. I cross referenced these books while reading Mr. Kline’s
essays, “Audubon’s Field Guide to Birds,” “Peterson’s Guide to Wildflowers,” or the Sheryl Hatridge
Davey Tree Expert
pocket sized “Golden Guide to Butterflies and Moths.” Not to give away the book, Company
yes Mr. Kline gets to scratch the woodchuck. I just purchased Mr. Kline’s second Kent, OH
book,” Great Possessions: An Amish Farmers Journal,” stay tuned to my
next review. Carol L. Huntington
Pleasant View Gardens
St. Louis, MO
- Green Stars Continued From Page 19 -
reed grass, dove tree and a Japanese maple.
Another example of the landscape crew being called on to use their talents was with
the “Backyard Zoo.” Located in this exhibit is an overlook that has been renovated
with seasonal color obstructing the view into the former bison exhibit. As the exhibit
is no longer being used, the horticulture crew used annuals and tropical plants
to divert visitors from viewing an empty exhibit. “This provided us with another
opportunity for creating a beautiful space to be viewed by visitors,” Clements said.
Maintaining a 163-acre urban park for two distinctly different audiences brings with it
many challenges. One challenge has to do with a plant that can be found throughout
the zoo. Bamboo, as it is used in many of the exhibits and in the general landscape,
serves as both a reliable plant source and a nuisance. “Within the zoo grounds,
Bamboo is harvested as ‘browse’ for a large population of the animal collection.
Has something exciting happened to you or do
Because of this, the horticulture team practices sustainability in using as little chemical
you know of a PGMS member who doesn’t want
as possible to fight against aggressive weeds,” he explained. Although the Asia Trail
to toot their own horn? Have you been involved
serves as one of the parks focal points it also creates some landscape challenges for in new research or community service programs?
the crew, especially in the wintertime. “Asia Trail is a meandering path that snakes Have you received an award or honor? Have you
downhill slowly and is heavily planted with a combination of Asian and native plants. received a promotion or been named to a new
The walkways are a combination of NaturalPave® a resin-bound aggregate paving, position? Have you had any new additions to
a recycled rubberized pavement and Ipe wood decking. These surfaces are not as the family? Has your grounds crew been making
durable as conventional surfaces when typical snow removal practices are in place,” headlines in your local paper or favorite trade
said Clements. Snow removal in this area can be very challenging as the trail is very magazine? If you have any ideas for topics you
narrow and can’t be accessed with most equipment. The landscape crew deals with would like to see articles on or if you would like
this challenge by hand shoveling and using magnesium chloride to remove the snow to submit articles please contact Erika Williams
and ice to maintain a safe area for both the guests and zoo workers. at firstname.lastname@example.org or 410-223-2861.
A drive to provide a safe and aesthetically pleasing landscape for the animal residents, *JOIN THE ONLINE E-FORUM*
zoo guests and zoo workers is what fuels Clements and his crew. It certainly has paid The E-Forum has a new format! In order to better
off as PGMS crowned the Smithsonian Zoo with a 2009 Green Star Grand Award. serve you, PGMS changed the E-Forum format.
You must sign up to be a part of this exclusive
Smithsonian Zoo Top: This member benefit. The goal of the E-Forum is
fiberglass sculpture of the to put the collective knowledge of the PGMS
triceratops known as “Uncle membership at your fingertips so you can discuss
Beazley” has long been a problems and ideas with your colleagues in real
familiar landmark to visitors time. Go to www.pgms.org/members/index.htm
at the National Mall. He was
to join* the new E-Forum now! *Please allow
the star of a television movie
based on the children’s book up to 24 hours after registering for access to the
The Enormous Egg by Oliver E-Forum to be granted.
Butterworth, and was later
placed outside the rhinoceros
exhibit for a number of years.
Because of exhibit changes, he
was moved off-site until the
horticulture team was inspired
to bring him back on display
as the centerpiece of a garden
focused on plants found in the
age of dinosaurs. These plants
included: monkey puzzle trees,
giant taro, tree ferns, sword
ferns and papyrus.
Bottom: The horticulture
exhibit staff was tasked with
visually connecting an exterior
animal exhibit that contained
an artifical rock waterfall
and pool to the surrounding
landscape. By building a
cascading, streambed which
feeds into a 30’x15’ pond, we
were able to create the illusion
of a continuous flow of water
from within the animal enclosure. The re-circulating water is collected through a skimmer box, which
keeps the surface free of debris, and then pumped to the start of the stream using a pump rated at 3,000
gallons per minute. The stream banks are lined with palm sedge, ostrich fern, Virginia sweetspire, giant
reed grass, dove tree and a Japanese maple.