Discipline Case 4

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                  .      EAsTERN DIsTificT.                  THE AMERICAN LUTHERAN CHURCH
                    -.                      BETHESDA AIR RIGHTs BUILDING     •   SuITE 345W
                                           7315 Wisconsin Avenue, Washington, D. C. 20014
.S’.                                                        301-652-1338
                             President                                                Assistants to the President
                    GORDON   S. HUFFMAN, D.D.                                           EVAN J. BARTELL
                                                           March 14   1977              PAUL G. DIsBR0
                                                                                       H.ou E. Jrisrr
                                                                                       RoBT F. SpmLR, Th.D.




       The Rev. Wayne Stmime
       422 South Fifth Street
       Minneapolis, Minnesota 55415

       Dear Dr. Stuuine:

       In behalf of our Eastern District, and in accord with the conversation
       which I had with you by phone recently, I am asking you to bring to
       gether a team of capable and impartial theological experts who would be
       able to work with you in making determinations concerning a particular
       emphasis of ministry which has been undertaken by two of our Eastern
       District congregations — St. John, Massapequa, L.t., N.Y. and Christ,
       East Meadow, L.L,, N.Y.

       It is no secret that the ministry which these congregations have been
       conducting to people of the Jewish faith has aroused a considerable
       amomt of interest, concern, and in some eases, anger. Our Long Island
       Conference has requested the district Executive Coimaittee to have a
       theological determination of whether this emphasis is within the con
       fessional basis and follows the polity of our church. Therefore, we
       would trust that it would be possible for you to get the type of per
       sons we discussed by phone who would be able to help us answer once
       and for all a problem which has been perplexing.

       In preparation for this study, Dean Harold Jensen and I spent an evening
       with the pastors and church councils of the congregations kivolved, and
       received their consent to participate. Therefore, we await further word
       from you.

                                                             Yours in Christ,



                                                             Gordon S. Huffznan

       GSE: mlk

       cc:   Dean Harold Jensen
         V

                                                                                                    I   -‘

                                                                                                             —j




                                                                                                ‘
                     EASTERN DISTRICT.                             THE AMERICAN LUTHERAN CH’t7t1f
V
                                                   BETHESDA AIR RIGHTS BUILDING   SUITE 345W
                                              7315 Wisconsin Avenue, Washington, D. C. 20014
                                                               301-652-1338
    V




                            Pre8ident                                                  Assi.stant8 to the President
                   GORDON   S.   HUFFMAN,   D.D.               March 15, 1977            EvAN J. BARTEU.,
                                                                                         PAUL G. DzsaRo
                                                                                         E. HAROLD JANSEN
                                                                                         Rosr F. SPIELER,    Ph.D.




         The Rev. John Hove                                           The Rev. Donald Smestad
         The Rev. Jack Hickman                                        757 Bellmore Avenue
         Hicksville Road and Gail Drive North                         East Meadow, New York 11554
         Massapequa, Long Island, New York 11758


         Dear Brethren:

        This note is simply to indicate that I have been in contact with Dr.
        Wayne Stumme at the national church’s Division for Theological Education
        and Ministry, and he has already begun to think about the team of impar
        tial theologians with the kind of expertize which would enable them to
        spend some days in your midst and try to answer some of the perplexing
        questions which have been raised by the special direction of your minis
        try, particularly in regard to the emphasis in the work with people of
        Jewish background.

        I have indicated to Dr. Stumme that the pastors and church councils have
        agreed to cooperate in this matter. Therefore, I have also asked him to
        assemble an impartial group with the kind of insight which would enable
        us to have a better understanding of the theological position you have
        taken in the light of our Lutheran Confessions and in the light of the
        polity of the Church.                  V




        I simply wanted you to know of the effort Ieing made and trust that before
        too long the study can be undertaken.

        We appreciate the opportunity that we had to spend an evening with you.
        We pray that we may all be guided by the Lord’s Holy Spirit to know His
        will and His way in this matter which is of real concern to all of us.

                                                              Yours in His Service



                                                              Gordon S. Huffman


        GSH:inlk


        cc:   Rev. Wayne Stumme
              Rev. Harold Jansen
                                                                   .   AMEN
IN THE NAME [‘F THE FATHER, AND CF THE SON, AND [F THE HOLY SPIRIT

PREAMBLE TC CCNSTITUTIDN
                                                                     Savior,
     Our Christian religion dates back to the birth of’ our Lord end
Jesus Christ. St. John’s Lutheran Church  history dates back to the year of
                                                                       In
our Lord, 1951. In the Fall of that year, St. John’s was organized.
October 1951, application was made in the first officia l act, to the New
                                                                 be the loca
York Regional Home Mission Committee for a site in Plainedge to
tion for the church.

     The application was approved and in the Spring of 1952, definite plans
                                                                    an
were drawn. A spiritual dream began to materialize. Trinity Luther
Church of St. fUbans, New York, voted to loan its building fund of 3O,OOO
for the purchase of a church site and the building of a parsonage.

     In May 1952, a call was extended to the Reverend Russell B. Helgesen,
                                                Jhn first pastor. On
to organize the new congregation and become St.
June 29, 1952, ground breaking services were held for the new parsonage
which was built at 9 Jacqueline Road, Massapequa.
                                                                         s in
      During the Summer of 1952, a search was made for temporary quarter
which to begin Sunday School and Worship Services. When this   proved un
                                                                   before
successful, plans ware made to build the first unit of the church
starting services. This first unit was completed and the first   service was
held on May 3, 1953.

     The rest came about gradually; growth in membership, church choirs,
laymen!s activities, missions, youth camp, women’s organizations, etc.

     St. John’s origin was wholly dependent on the ground work of inspired
                                                                 al leaders
leaders. Its existence and growth continue to. depend on spiritu
whose devotion never wavers and whose Lutheran ministry emphasizes that
salvation comes only through our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ.

      Recognizing our unity in the Christian faith and our common practice
ol’ it, and desiring to express a fellowship in worship and work; knowing
our spiritual needs, mindful of our Christian privileges and duties and
wishing to observe an orderly cooperation, we adopt the fbllowing consti—
tution;      .
                        .
                                                   .     ,




                                                                        C
                                                                        1
                                                              ,1
          ARTICLE I    —       NAME
     The name of this congregation shall be St. John’s Lutheran Church,
Massapequa, New York
     This congregation shall be incorporated under the laws of the State
of New York.
          ARTICLE II       —       CCNFEZSI[N F FAITH (ci’. Section I& II,.By—laws)
     This congregation accepts all the canonical books of the Old and New
Testaments s a whole. and in all their parts as the.:divinely inspired, re
vealed, and inerrant Word of God end submits to this as the only infallible
authority in all matters of faith and life.

     As brief and true statements of the doctrine of the Word of Gad, this
congregation accepts and confesses the following symbols,subscription to
which shall be required of all its members: (1) the ancient ecumenical
creeds: The Apostolic, the Nicena, and the Athanasian (2) the Unaltered
Augsburg Confession and Luther’s Small Catechism.

      As further elaboration of and in accord with these Lutheran Symbols,
this congregation also receives the other documents in the Book of Concord
of. 1580: The Apology, Luther’s Large Catedhism, the Smalcald Articles, and
the Formula of Concord; and redognizes them as normative for its theology.

     This congregation accepts without reservation the Symbolical books of
the evangelical Lutheran Church, not insofar as, but because they are the
presentation and explanation of the pure doctrine of the Word of God. nd a
summary of the faith. of the Evangelical Lutheran Church.

          ARTICLE III          —    LITURGY
             as of this congregation shall conform tn_.iie author—
     The publid serv
                  of The American Lutheran Chu_rch. and the authrr—
i!jmnbok3fthe Church sh1lhs iiri in it worship and itq scoo1s.
          ARTICLE IV       —       PURPL’SE
     The object and purpose of this congregation shall be to proclaim and
propagate the Christian faith through the Means of Grace and to cooperate
in the work and service of the Lutheran Church. To this end it exhorts its
members to cultivate family worship that the Word of God may dwell richly
among them, and, to be diligent in good works that the. life of faith may be
strengthened,and the Kingdom extended.

          ARTICLE V    —       DISTRICT MEMBERSHIP
     1. For the better attainment of its objectives and purposes, this con—
gregatiori shall hold membership in the Eastern District of’ The American
Lutheran Church, and be subject to the policy and discipline of The American
Lutheran Church.
     2. Being affiliated with The American Lutheran Church, this congrega
tion is ready to be served by representatives of the Church in the various
capacities for which they have been called or appointed.
     3. Severance of membership in The American Lutheran Church shall re
quire a two—thirds majority vote of all voting members present at a legally
called meeting. Such a decision shall not be effective until at least
ninety days after the District .President has been notified and until the
initial action has been ratifie1 by a two—thirds majority vote at a sub
sequent legally called meeting.

                                              —2—
                   -u-iiLE VI   —   MEMUERSH1i- (cf.   CTLN III, Uy—1ws)
              1. Members of this congregation shall be those persons who are defined
         as members at the time this constitution is adapted, or who are admitted
         hereafter, and who maintain membership in accordance with the provision of
         the constitution and by—laws.
              2. IUl members shall be classified as (a) Baptized members; (b) Confir
         med members; (c) Voting members.

                  a. Baptized members shall be those who have been baptized in the
                     Name of’ the Triune God and who have been received by the
                     congregation,
                  b. Confirmed members shall be those baptized members who have been
                     confirmed in the Lutheran faith and as such recognized by the
                     congregatian.
                  c, Voting members shall be those baptized and confirmed members of
                     this congregation who have attained the age of’ 18 years and
                     have been duly accorded this status by the cangregatipfl in
                     accordance with its by—laws.
             3. Members of this congregation shall be required:
                a) to make diligent use of the Means of Grace;
                b) to live a Christian life in accordance with the Word of God end
                   the teachings of the Lutheran Church, endeavoring in their con
                   duct to manifest the fruits of the Spirit.   “The fruit of the
                   Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faith
                   fulness, gentleness, self—control” (Gal. 5:22—23);
                c) to support regularly the work of’ the congregation in its local
                   and synodical activities;
        :
               ‘d) to refrain from assDciation with such enterprises as become a
                   cause of offense and stumbling and thus conflict with the prin—
                   iples of’ the congregation.

             4. Discipline in the congregation shall be exercised in accordance with
         •      Matthew 18:15—18,, “If your brother sins against you, go and tell
                him his fault, between you and him alone. If’ he listens to you,
                you have gained your brother. But if he does not listen, take one
                or two others along with you, that every word may be confirmed by
                the evidence of’ two or three witnesses.  If he refuses to listen to
                them, tell it to the church; and if he refuses to listen even to
                the church, let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector.”

                  ARTICLE VII   — THE PSTCRIL CRLL (cf. Section IV, By—laws)
               1. Iuthority to call a pastor shall rest in the congregation, Such
    •   authority to call shall be exercised by at least a two—thirds majority vote
        of members present and voting at a meeting called at least ten days in
•       advance far that purpose. Before a call is issued, the officers, or a com
        mittee authorized by the congregation, shall seek the advice and help of the
        President of the Eastern District of The merican Lutheran Church.
               2. Dn1yac1erayian of The Imerican Lutheran Church in gndin_pr
        one who is recommended 1’ or call by the Church Council of The Imerican1ii—
        tne’xLan Churcn, me called as pastor of this ca_gatiàñ
               3. The pastors, as spiritual leaders of the congregation, shall be
        advisory members of all boards, committees and organizations of the congre
        gation.
               No one shall be permittetaoFficiate in the pastoral office of’
        tcoregiThiwo is not agr in Qood standincLàT!E                      merijO
                                         acceptable acorq tp,, the tpndard Qf
                                             —3-
           5. If, in the judgement of the congregation, the pastor is not able to
     serve it satisfactorily, he may be requested to resign. However, before bhe
     resignation is requested, the matter shall first be carefully considered at
     a meeting of the Church Council in consultation with the District President.
     P request for the pastor’s resignation shall require a two—thirds majority
     vote: of a special meeting of the congregation called at least ten days in
     advance for the consideration of a resolution on this matter. If the
     pastor’s resignation has been requested in the manner here specified, he
     shall vacate the office at the time spacifiad by the congregation.
           6. Matters of discipline involving the pastor for alleged defection in      ‘




     doctrine or for alleged conduct unbecoming a pastor, shall be referred by
     th8 Church Council to the District President for action according to the
     Constitution and By—lawsof The merican Lutheran Church.

                ARTICLE lull     POWER CF THE CONGREGTIUN
             1. In all matters of Christian faith and life the authority of the Word
      of God shall be supreme.
             2. In all matters left undecided by theWordof God and not subject to
      civil laws, the congregation itself, and not any individual or group within
      it, shall have the right of ultimata decision.
             3 P.11 schools, societies, and other organizations within the congre
      gation shall be organized with the approval of the congregation and operate
    • in harmony with the policies of the church.
                  P.RT’ICLE IX — LEGP.L CWNERHIP
             1. Title to all real or personal property acquired by the congregation,
      its organizations, or individuals for use by the congregation and its organ—
     izations, shall be held by the congregation as a corporation.
             2. Real property shall not be purchased, disposed of, ‘or encumbered in
      any manner except by resolution adopted by vote of’ at least two—thirds of
       the members present ‘and voting at a legally called meeting of the congrega
       tion.
             3. Should the congregation for any reason be dissolved, or its property
       fall in d.isuse, title to the land and other estates, reel and personal,
      shall pass to The P.merican Lutheran Church, unless deeded to another Luther
      an congregation.                      ,




                P.RTICLE X   THE CONGREGiTICNP.L MEETING (cf.Section V, By..Laws)
                             —




           1. The power and authority of this congregation shall be exercised
      through the congregational meeting, called and held in confirmity with civil
      laws and the provision of the Constitutionand By—laws of this congregation.
•          2. The annual congregational meeting shall be held on the last Monday
      in January. Notice of the annual meeting shall be given as provided in the
      by—laws.
           3. The congregation shall also hold such special meetings as may be
      called by the congregation, or the pastor, or the president, or the church
      council, or the district president, or by petition of at least 10 of the
      individual voting members.    The official call for all special meetings of
      the congregation  shall state in writing the time, place and purpose of the
      meeting and shall be sighed by the proper officer or individuals authorized
      above and shall be posted prominently in the place where the congregation
      usually worships.
           The calling of any such special meetings including the time, place and
      purpose shall also be announced orally at all public services within ten
      days prior to such meetings, at least one of which such public services
                                                        .




shall be at least ten days before the meeting, or by notice mailed to the
voting members at least five days in advance; provided th3t written notice
of meetings called to consider    calling a pastor or requesting the pastor to
resign must be mailed at least ten days in advance; and provided that meet
ings to consider the disposition or encumbrance of real property must also
be called and held in conformity with such specific provisions of civil law
as may be applicable.
     4. No special meeting of the congregation may be held without properly
notifying the pastor, in, view of his position as amerñber of the congrega
tion and an advisor in alIcongregaticnal affair’s.” No business other than
that stated as the purpose of the meeting shall be acted upon &t such
special meetings.
     5. When necessary to complete the business of the meeting, a congrega
tional meeting may by majority vote recess to reconvene at’ a specified time
and place. I congregational meeting may also decide to recess to reconvene
upon call, but the time and place of such reconvened meeting must then be
announced at no less than one public service in advance or by’ written notices
to the voting members not less than three days in advance.
          .PRTICLE XI   —   THE CHURCH CrUNCIL, (FFICERS IND B[’RDi F THE
                            CCNGREGI-’JILN (ci’. Section VI, ‘By—laws)
       This congregation at its annual meeting shall elect from its membership
 in the manner provided in the By—laws the following officers who shall have
 only such authority as may be delegated to them by the congregation and
 such ‘authority in accordance with .th constitution, by—laws and resolutions
 of the congregation.                       .




              a. The President                      .    “
                 The President shall be elected for a term of three years.
                                                                                /
          :; b. The Vice—President      .       .




                 TheVice—President shall be elected for a term of three years.
              c. The Secretary
                 The Secretary shall be elected for a term of three years.
             d. The Financial Secretary
                 The Financial, Secretary shall be, elected for a term of three
                 years.
             e. The Treasurer
                 The Treasurer shall be elected for a term of three years.
             f. The Board of Church Conservation
                 This Board shall consist of the six members to be elected by
 the annual Meeting for a period of three years, but in such a manner that,
 after the first election, two are elected each year. The chairman shall be
elected from within the board at its first meeting following the lnnual
Meeting.
             g. The Board of Church Education
                 This Board shall consist of six members to be elected by the
fnnual Meeting for a period of three years, but in such a manner that, after
the first election, two are elected each year. The Board shall appoint
the 5unday School Coordinator, who shall be a member ex—officio.        The chair
man shall be elected from within the board at its first meeting following
the’ Innual Meeting.
             h. The Board of Church Extension
                 This Board shall’consjst of’ six members to be elected by the
i-Thnual Meeting for a period of three years, but in such a manner that, after
the first election, two are elected each year. The chairman shall be elec
ted from within the board as its first meeting following the Pnnual Meeting.
             1.. The Board ti’ Church Fellowship
                 This Board shall consist of six members to be elected by the
!nnual Meeting for a period of three years, but in such a manner that, after
the first election, two are elected each year. Provisions shall be made so
that active organizations are represented on this board. The chairman shall
be elected from with the boa’d at its first meeting following the annual
meeting.
                                    —5—
              j. The Board of Church Finance
                  This Board shall consist of The Financial Secretary, Treasurer
                                                                        of three
    and six members to be elected by the Annual Meeting for a period
    years, but in such a manner that, after the first election, two are elected
    each year. The chairman shall be elected from within the board at its first
    meeting following the annual meeting.
              k The Board of Church Operations
                  This Board shall consist of’. six members to be elected by the
    Annual Meeting for a period of three years, but in such a mariner thet,after
    the first election, two are elected each year. The chairman shall be elec
                                                                                  g.
    ted from within the board at its first meeting following the annual meetin
              1. The Board of Church Youth
                  This Board shall consist of’ six members to be elected by the
    Annual Meeting f or a period of three years, but in such a manner that, after
    the first election ,two are elected each year. The chairman shall be elected
    from within,the board at its first meeting following the annual meeting.
              m. The Church Council
                  This Board shall consist of’ the Pastors, President, Vice—
                                                                             of
    President, Secretary, Financial Secretary, Treasurer and the Chairman
                                                                        board is
    each of the seven boards. In the event that the chairman of any
                                                                            another
    unable to attend a meeting of the Church Council, he shell designate
                                                                            desig
    member of that board to attend in his place. Any board member, thus
    nated, shall have the power to vats  at that meeting of the Church Council.
    The President shall serve as chairman.
              ii. No officer or board member shall serve more than two
                                                                         succes
    sive terms in any one elected position and no    more than eight successive
                                                                              ute
    years on the Church Council. Less than one—half term shall flat constit
    a term in considering re—election. The Church Council shall     make appoint
                                                                                  l
    ments to fill vacancies. Such appointments shall-run until the next Annua
    Meeting of the Congregation.

              ARTICLE XII   —   By—laws
                                                                              ary,
         1. The congregation shall adopt such by—laws as may be found necess
    except that no by—laws may conflict with this constitution.
         2. By—laws may be amended at any legally called meeting of the congre
                                                                       the pro
    gation by a two—thirds vote of those present and voting, provided
    posed amendment has been announced and read at a public service or mailed
                                                                       the meet
    to the voting members, in either case at least two weeks prior to
    ing,
               ARTICLE XIII — CON3TITUTIINAL AMENDMENT
          1. The doctrinal basis and the confessional subscription as contained
                                                                            of
    in Article II; the purpose as contained in Articl.e IV; and this Sec. 1
    Article XIII may not bealtered.
          2. To be effective, proposed amendments to other articles of the con—
    stitution must be:
             a. announced and read at a public service or mailed to the voting
                                                                         g at
    members in either case at least two weeks prior to the Annual Meetin
    which it is to be first considered;
             b. approved, with or without change, at the Annual Meeting first
                                                                               ;
    following its announcement by a majority vote of’ those present and voting
             c. ratified without further change at the next Annual Meeting by a
    two—thirds vote of those present and voting;
             d. provided, however, that a proposed amendment that fails to be
    ratified may then be amended by majority vote, and if approved as amended,
    by majority vote, may then be ratified without change at the next Annual
•   Meeting thereafter, by a two—thirds vote of those present and voting.

                                          —   6   —
                                  BY—LAWS
            SECTIC’I’J ±
                     —   CCMhUNIrI’J PARTICIPqTIrrJ
          1. Worthy participation by a communicant requires sincere repentance,
 faith in Jesus Christ as Savior and an earnest desire to amend his sinful
 life, together with an acceptance of the Scriptural teaching regarding the
 Real Presence of Christ with His Body and Blood in the Sacrament. Regis
 tration forms or oral announcements shall be so devised as to make prospec
 tive participants aware of these requirements.
          2. Record of communion participation shell be entered upon the
 books of the congregation and notice regarding members of other congrega
 tions sent to the respective pastors of the congregation of which they are
 members.
              SECTIIN II —CDNFLICTING LCYRLTIE5
           1. This congregation rejects all fellowship with organizations,
  secret or open which are avowedly religious or practice forms of religion
  without confessing the Triune God and in Jesus Christ as the eternal Son of
  God incarnate to be our only avior from sin, and thus teach salvation by
  works.
           2. Ceremonies of lodges or other such organizations shall not be
  permitted. in the church or on the church premises of this congregation.
           3. The pastor of this congregation shall take no part in any such
  ceremonies even if conducted outside of the church premises.
             SECTI[’N III— MEMBER’HIP
       A. Admission to Baptized Membership
           1. Children, one or both of whose parents or guardians are members
 of this congregation, shall, upon receiving Christian baptism, be thereby
 received as baptized members of this congregation.
           2. Children, neither of whose parents or guardians are members of
 this congregation shall, upon Christian baptism duly recorded as a minis—
 terial act performed under the auspices of this congregation, thereby be
 received as baptized members of this congregation unless there is under
 standing that, for good reason, they will be enrolled as baptized members
 of another congregation, in which case notice of the baptism shall be given
 to the congregation in which the child is to be enrolled as a baptized
 member.
          3. Children baptized in other congregations (and baptized adults
 mentally incompetent for confirmation) shall be received as baptized mem
 bers of this congregation upon admission of one or both parents or guardians
 to membership, or by consent of one or both parents or guardians, or by
 action of the Board of Church Extension.
          4. Unbaptized adults who have received instruction and given evi
 dence of having an adequate understanding and acceptance of the teaching
 of the Liord of God as confessed by the Lutheran Church, shell, upon confes
 sion of faith and Christian Baptism duly recorded as a ministerial act
performed under the auspices of this congregation, thereby be received as
baptized members of this congregation.
      8. Admission to Confirmed Membership
          1. Baptized adults, not. previously members of the congregation, who
have received instruction and given evidence of having adequate understand
ing and acceptance of the teachings of the Word of God as confessed by the
Lutheran Church shall be admitted to confirmed membership through the rite
of confirmation.
          2. However, adults received as baptized members according to the
provisions of Section III, A,L. of the By—laws shall be recognized as con
firmed members whether or not, at the discretion of the pastor, they parti
cipate in the rite of confirmation.
          3. Children who are baptized members of the congregation shall be
admitted to confirmed membership through preparation for and participation
in the rite of confirmation.
                                     -7—
            4. Applicants for membership presenting letters of transfer showing
   them to be confirmed members in good standing in other Lutheran Churches
   shall be admitted to confirmed membership upon acceptance of their letters
   of transfer by the Board of Church Extension and the. report of their names
   to the congregation.
            5. Applicants for membership who present evidence of confirmation in
   a Lutheran Church but do not have letters of transfer shall be admitted to
   confirmed membership when the Board of Church Extension has determined that
   they meet the standards of Christian faith and life indicated in the consti—
-  tution and By—laws and when they have reaffirmed their faith before the con
   gregation.
         C. Admission to Voting Membership
            1. The Bcerd of Church Conservation shall be responsible for deter
   mining the voting membership in accordance with the qualifications specified
 ‘in the constitution and by—laws. Any doubtful cases shall be decided by the
   congregation.               .        ..




         0, Discontinuance of Membership
            1. Members who move away shall be encouraged to transfer. Any con
   firmed member in good standing desiring to change his membership to another
• Lutheran Church,. shall upon request, be entitled to a Letter of Transfer.
   Should any confirmed member fail to request a letter of transfer within one
   year after moving from this community, his or her name shall be removed
   from the membership rolls unless there is good reason to believe that St.
   John’s will again be his or her church home in the near future. Baptized
   members who are children of non—member parents may be removed from the
   membership rolls any time after moving from this community. Where possible,
                                                                       mrnbr
   a letter shall be sent from St. John’s to a Lutheran Church in the
   new community urging them to make contact with the member.
            2. Any confirmed member who in the judgment of the Board of Church
   Conservation shows no interest in attending church services, or fails to
   partake of communion and refuses to contribute to the congregational treas
   ury for a period f two years, shall be presumed no longer to desire mem
    bership, shall lose the right to vote, and shall not be counted in the mem
    bership statistics of the congregation. However, his name and record shall
   be kept in the files for a period of five years thereafter. Such a person
    shall be encouraged to participate in the congregational life, or to trans
    fer elsewhere, as the situation may indicate to be advisable. If he re
    sumes activity within the five year period, he shall be restored to the
    active membership list; if not, ha shall be dismissed from the congregation
    and notified accordingly, where possible.
            3. Children, neither of whose parents or guardians are active members
 • of’ this congregation, shall be dropped from the baptized membership roll if
    they fail to participate in the Christian education program of the congre
    gation.
            4. Members who have been excommunicated, dismissed, or who have
    resigned and members who have transferred to other Lutheran congregations,
    or who are definitely known,to have become members of other congregations
    without transfer, shall hereby have lost membership in this congregation and
    all rights appertaining hereto.
            5. The Board of Church Conservation shall be responsible for carry
    ing out the provisions of’ Section III, 0.

         •    SECTION IV   —THE PASTflRL CALL
            1. The congregation, after it has voted to call a pastor by, at isast
    two—thirds majority vote, shall issue a lettar of call in a form approved by
    the Church, to the pastor elect. The letter of call shall bear the sigria—
    tures of’ the chairman and secretary of’ the call meeting, end shall be cer
    tified by the signature of the District President. Calls to clergymen to
    positions of assistance to the pastor shall be issued, in consultation with
    the pastor, in accordance with the proviniona of thin pcirr,rjcnph,
             2. The call shall be for an indefinite time, except that calls
   limited time may be issued to pastors who are qualified for                  for a
                                                                   emeritus status
   and are otherwise eligible for call.
            3. Since the pastor ministers to the congregation primarily
   public preaching of the Word and in the administration of                in the
                                                                 the Sacraments,
   and since both pastor and congregation are parties to the
                                                                 call, no pastor
  shall announce his decision on any subsequent call withou
                                                                t first having
   consulted with the congregation or at least with the Church
                                                                   Council. Should
  the pastor thereupon resign to accept another call,
                                                          his resignation shall
  be presented to the congregation and mutually satisfa
                                                          ctory arrangements
  sought for terminating his services, normally within
                                                           30 days.
           L    P desire for a change in pastorate, either
                1
                                                            by congregation or
  pastor, shall be brought to the attention of the Distric
                                                               t President, who
  shall advise in the matter according to this constitution
                                                                 (P1rticle VII) and
  the established procedure of the Church.
           5. Every pastor serving thi caogrntion shall have
                                                                    an undivided
 yto thTaith and, purpose of the Church.—
                                                       accordinQ to P1rticlejI
 and IV of this constitution, P1ny question concerning
                                                            such
 beadiudicd accordinc to the recommended procedure of the
                                                                    Church.
           6. Clergymen qualified according to P1rticle VII, 4 of this
                                                                           consti
 tution may occasionally perform pastoral functions in
                                                            this congregation with
 the approval of the congregation and its pastor, or
                                                         in case of a vacancy
 in the pastorate, with the approval of the congregation
                                                              and the District
 President,
           7. Upon termination of the services of the pastor, the
 the assistant pastors and parish workers shall termin                services of
                                                          ate within six months
 after the arrival of a new pastor.
                                                        .




              SECTICN V—  THE P1NNUIL MEETING
          1, P1nnouncement of the time and place of the P1nnual Meeting of
                                                                               the
  Congregation shall be made at two public services immed
                                                               iately preceding the
 meeting, said services to be at leasta week apart,
                                                          and in such publica
  tions as the congregation or the pastor may period
                                                        ically issue; or by
 special written notice to the voting members mailed
                                                          at least ten days in
 advance.
          2. The current roster of voting, confirmed, and baptize
 shall be determined prior to each P1nnual Meeting.                    d members
          3. P1 quorum for the conduct of business at P1nnual and
                                                                      Special Con
 gregational Meetings shall consist of 10% of the voting
                                                              members at the time
 the meeting is called to order.
          4. The order of business at the P1nnual Meeting shall be:
              a. Opening devotion
              b. P1pproval of the minutes
              C. Reports of the Pastors, President, The Board
                                                                  Chairmen, The
                  Treasurer, P1uditing Committee, Committees, and
                                                                     others.
              d. P1pproval of Budget
             a, Elections
             f. Unfinished business
             g. New Business
             h. Closing prayer
         5. In the following cases voting shall be by ballot:
             a. To call a pastor or to request his resignation
             b. To excommunicate a member from the congre
                                                             gation or remove a
                 member from office in the congregation.
             c. To sever membership in The P1merlcan Lutheran Church
                                                                        .
             ci. To dispose of, encumber, or purchase real property.
            e. When requested by ten or more voting members
                                                                  present.
         6. Except as otherwise provided in the Consti
                                                          tution and By—laws,
all matters shall be decided by majority vote of
                                                     those present anci voting.
                                   -9-.
                                                                                      received a majority
                                7. No one shall be declared elected unless he has
•                       of the votes cast.
                                8. If no candidate receives a majority in an election it shall be in
                                                                  ting after the first vote to the
                        order by proper motion to limit the ballo
                                                                         of votes, and after the second
•                       three candidates receiving the highest number
                                                                           s receiving the highest
                        vote to limit the balloting tothe two candidate
                        number of votes.                                                                                               V




                                                                               for. Vherein, procedure
                                9. In all matters not specifically provided
                                        V


                                                                                                                V•VV   V




                                                                      r.
                        shall be according to Robert’s Rules of Orde
                                                                                                                                                                        V
                                                                                                                                               V
                                                                                                                                                       V   VV               V




                                                 VI —CHURCH CUNCIL AND BI7ARDS
                                                     V




                                                                 SCTI(N
                                                                                      ncil and Boards
                    V
                                A. Membership and meetings of the Church Cou                   congregation,
                                    1. Since it is encumbent upon all members of the
                                                                                   the Word of God in the
                            V




                         according to Article VI to make diligent use of
                                                                                           board members who
                         public worship as well as the Sacraments,
                                                                                              Vofficers

                                                                                                                       or




                                                                                     to serve in their elected
                         neglect these privileges shall forfeit the right                             V
                                                                                                                                                                    V




                          or appointed capacities.                           V
                                                                                          V




                                                                                              transacted unless a
                                    2. No church board or council business shall be                                                                             V




                         majority of members is present.
                                                                                                  V




                                                                                              Boards shall be held
                                    3. 4leeting of the Church Council and the Church the summer mDnths
                                                                                held during
            V
                          once each calendar month. Meetings shall be
                                                                                  d involved.
                          only if deemed necessary by the council or boar                      cil may be called by
                                    4. Special meetings of the church boards or coun 48
                                                 V




                                                                                cil  at least        hours in
                          notice given to such members of board or coun
                                                                                 the   Church Council may be
                          advance of such meeting, Special meetings of                                     ncil.
                          called by the pastor,      the president or 3 members of the Church Cou
                                                                           be called     by the chairman of such
                          Special meetings of’ the Church Boards may
                        V




                          respective board.                                                   V




                                                                                          Council or a board does
                                     5. In the event that a member of the Church
                                                                                    council or board without
                        • not fulfill his assigned responsibility on such
                                                                               board, he shall forfeit his
                          excuse acceptable to the council or to such
                                                                                d. Any member having two con—
                          membership on the Church Council or such boar
                                                                          meetings shall be notified thereof
                        • secutive unexcused absences from regular                                                                                                              V




                          by the secretary.                                                                            V




                                                                                   Church Council
                                 B. Duties of Cfficers, The Boards and The                 of the congregation
                                       1. The President shall preside over meetings
                                    V




                           and the Church Council unless the               decides otherwise. He shall be
                                                                                    meeting




                           an advisory member of all boards.                                 nce of the President
                                                                                                                                                                                        V




                V

                                       2. The Vice—President shall preside in the abse
                                                                                       further responsibilities
                           unless the meeting decides otherwise.
                                                                                                          any
                                                                                         Assume




                           which shall from time to time be charged to         this boardby the Church Council
                           or the congregation.                                         the council ant of Vthe
                                       3. The Secretary shall keep the minutes of’                                         V




                           congregation.                                                           dian of all funds
                                       4. The Treasurer shill be bonded and shall be custo
                                                                                          disb urse all such funds
                           of the congregation, local and synodical, and shall
                           in accordance with the decisions      of the congregation and the Board of Church
                                                                            report to the Annual Congregationa
                           Finance. He shall present a duly audited the Church Council and any such board as
                           Meeting and such other               to        reports




                           may be   required.
                                                                                            of allindividual con
                                                                                                                                           V




                                       5. The Financial secretary shall keep records
                                                                                      He shall present an account
                                                                                                            V




                                                                             tion.
                            tributions to the treasury of the congrega
                           Of the financial status      ofthe congregation to the Annual Meeting, and
    •                       quarterly to the Church Council.
                                       6. The Scord Of Church Conservation
                                                                                                                                                                                    V




                                                                                                                               V
                                                                                                                                                   V

                                                                                                                                   V




                                     •    It shall be the duty of this board to:
                                                                                                              to
        •
                                              study and recommend to the Church Council possible way
                                                         V




                            further the I%ingdom work within the congregation.                         congregation.
                        •       V

                                           2. Assist the Pastors in the spiritual care of the
                                            VV               V




                                                                   — 10 —
               .  uversee ns worship practices oi the congregation, encourage
  the use of’ Special Service Sundays (Laymen’s, Youth, Scout, etc.), arrange
  for special services as needed and S58 to it that all worship services con
  form to Article III of the constitution.
               1• Have jurisdiction aver communion, includ
                                                           ing the scheduling of
  services and the preparation and assistance in the distribution of the ele
  ments.
              5. Supervise the work of the Altar Guild
              6. Secure supply pastors in the event of a pastoral absence, and
  make temporary arrangements for the usual functions of the Pastoral Office
  in case of a vacancy.
              7. Make a regular check of church attendance and establish a pro
  cedure for contacting lax members.
              8. Determine voter eligibility according to the provisions of the
  constitution.
              9. See to it that the program at’ the congregation is publicized.
 This shall include the making of arrangements for the gathering, editing and
 proper reporting of all newsworthy items from all church organizations to
 parish publications, synodical publications, local newspapers, etc.
             10. See to it that monthly contact is maintained with people of
 the congregation serving in the military or attending distant schools.
             11. See to it that the sick and shut—ins are visited regularly.
             12. Encourage the family altar.
             13. Be aware of’ the welfare needs of the members of the congrega
 tion.
            14. Supervise the Blood Bank.
            15. Set up and maintain a listing of talent, interests, experience
 nd service possibilities for each member.
            16. Be alert to member families moving to new communities and
 forward the names and addresses of such families to Lutheran Churches in the
new communities.
            17. Appoint a historian to prepare and maintain a complete record
of all news events at’ the congregation. This shall include a collection of’
historic documents end pictures.
            l8, Provide and train necessary ushers for all public services of
warship.
            l9.Compile a report on all operations of the board for inclusion
in the Annual Report.
            20. Assume any further responsibilities which shall from time to
time be charged to this board by the Church Council or the cangregation.

         7. The Board of Church Education
             It shall be the duty of this board to:
            1. Supervise the educational work af the congregation, including
Sunday School, Vacation Church School, Adult Education and other such agen
cies as the congregation may have or establish for the purpose of Christian
education.
            2. Appoint the Sunday School Caordintor, who shall conduct the
Sunday School. He shall be an ex—officio member of this board.
            3. Appoint the Directors of the Sunday 9chool, the Vacation Church
School and other such schools established by the congregation.
            4. Study new educational materials and techniques and review
periodically materials and techniques then currently in use.
            5. Promote a Church—home relationship, including the planning
and scheduling of meetings of parents together with teachers.
            6. Skto promote adult education.
            7. Maintain a church library and appoint libr6rians.
            8. Maintain a library of audio—visual materials and be responsible
for the development of an audio—visual program.
            9. Promote interest in Christian institutions of higher
                                                                    education.
                                     — 11 —
                                                          10. Present to the Church Council any need for salaried help nec
                                                essary to direct the educational program af the congregation and recommend
                                                personnel to fill this need.
                                                          11. Compile a report on all operations of the Board for inclusion
                                                inthe Annual Report.                                                                                  V




                                                          12. Assume any further responsibilities which shall from time to
                                                time be charged to this Board by the Church Council or-the congregation.
                                                 ;1.riI                            r                                 V




                                                 •       8. The Board of Church Extension                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      V
                                                                                       V




                                                             It shall be the duty of this 8oard to:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          V
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    V

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           V.




                                                    V      V l Study and recommend to the Church Council possible ways to
                                                                                                 V




                                                further the kingdom work outside the congregation.
V
                                            V

                                                         V   2. Make recommendations to the Board of- Church Finance regarding
                                                                     V,




                                                the distribution of mission funds.
        -                   VV                               3, Make a questionaira with respect tO talents, interests, Expa—
                                                             .




                                                rience and service possibilities available to each new member       the time ha                                                                                                                                                                             Vat




                V




                                                or she is received into membership.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    V

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       V                V
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  V
                                                                                                                                                                                   V




                                                                                                                                                                                                               V




                                                             4. Examine and pass upon the qualifications of applicants for
        V




                                    V           membership in the congregation,                         :                                                         V




                                                                                                                                                                      V
                                                                                                                                                                                           V
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            V                                   V




                                                             5. Be aware of’ the welfare needs of the community.
                                                             6., See to it that new families moving into the community are
                                                                 V
                                                                          V
                                                                                   ,


                                                visited.                                                                                                  V




                                                             7. Establish an evangelism visitation program.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        V




                                                             8. See toit that regular adult instruction classes are scheduled.
                                                             9. Compile a report on, all operations Of the Board for inclusion
                                                in the Annual Report.                                                    V




                                                                                                                                                                                                           V.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            V




                                                                            further responsibilities which shall from time to
    -       V




                                                            10.                                      Assume
                                                                                                               any




                                                time  be charged to VtbS board by the Church Council; or the congregation.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   V




                                                        9. The Board of Church Fellowship
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                V
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    V




                                                            It shall be the duty of this board to:                                                                                                                                              V                       V




                                                            1. Develop ways in which to make membership in St. John’s Lutheran
                                                                      V




                                                Church more meaningful in terms of everyday living, person—to—person rela
                                                tionships, family involvement in organizational                                                                                                                                activities,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                etc.




                                                            2. Analyze periodically the various adult organizations in order
                                                to determine their place and purpose in the congregation, their relationship
                                                to other organizations, their contribution to spiritual growth, and possible
                            V
                                                weaknesses which could be strengthened. It shall          annually represen—                                                                                                       invite
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       V




                                                tatives DfV each adult organization to be present successively at successive
                                                meetings of the board in order to explain their concept of the place and
                                                purpose of the organization in the total program of the congregation.
                                                           3. Study possibi1.ties of a unified      of program theme f or the                                                                                          type




                                -               adult organizations.                                                                                                                               V                       V                                                            V




                                                           4. Give attention to the needs of the Young Adults in the                                                                                                                                                                                                          congre



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           V




                                                gation and seek to develop     a program to meet these needs.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            V                         V




                                                            5. Give               the needs of the older members of the congre
                                                                                                            attention
                                                                                                                                     to




                                                gation and   seek to develop a program to meet these needs.
                                                            6. Seek to promote all adult organizations among all members, in—                                                                                                                                                                                                                  I


                        V   .                   cluding VflSW members at the time that they join the congregation.
                                                            7. Seek to develop a participating leadership among the active
                                        V                                     VV




                                                members and                thD8e with leadership potential to assume active
                                                                                             to      encourage



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                V


                                                                                                                                                                          V                                                                                                                                 V
                                                                                                        V                                 V                                            V                   V                                                                                        V

                                                service.
                                                                                             V




                                                                                           8. Provide greeters in the narthex.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       V           V
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                V




                                                     -


                                                          9.. Arrange for congregational picnics, retreats, dinners, family                                                                    V




                                                nights, etc.
                                                                                                                                                                              VV




                                                                                                                                                              V




                                                         10. Compile a report on all operations of the Board-for inclusion
                                                   the Annuol Report.
                                                                                                                                                  V




                                                in
                                                                                                                                                                                                       V           V

                                                                                                                                                                                                                               V
                                                                                                                             V




                                                                                                                                              V
                                                                                                                                 V




                                                         11. Assume any further responsibilities which shall from time to
                    V




                                    V
                                                time be charged to this Board bV the Church Council or the congregation.
                                                                                                                                                              12              —
        10. The L3card of Church Finance
            It shall be the duty of this board to:
            1. Be responsible for the promotion and general development of’
 all phases of the financial program of the congrega
                                                     tion.
            2. Be responsible for the development of the budget proposal to
 be presented to the annual congregational meeting. In the develo
                                                                     pment of’
 this proposal, the board shall meet with or contact ever
                                                          y agency within the
 congregation and analyze their specific needs. The prop
                                                           osal shall be sub—
 mittedto the Church Council for approval prior to the
                                                         congregational meet
 ing.
             3, Choose the most desirable type of canvass program and implement
 thesame.
              4. Be responsible for the counting of the monies after ever
 worship service and the keeping of records of the                           y
                                                      same.    It will make de
 posit of the money in the depositary at the bank
                                                    .
             5. Make a periodic review of all salaries.. Recommendations for
 adjustments shall be made to the Church Council.
             6. Take advisable steps in the handling of delinquents.
             7. Publish monthly articles in the Luthergram, containin infor
 mation relative to the present financial situation and othe infur g
                                                                  r     tuation of
 educational and inspirational value.
             8. Consider and recommend for payment by the treasurer all fin—
 cial obligations of the congregation. It shall as far
                                                             as possible operate
 within the limits of’ the approved budget and
                                                shall not, without resolution
 of’ the congregation, disburse more than five hundre
                                                       d dollars (500.00) on a
 single project. It shall not buy, sell, lease
                                                  or mortgage any real proper
 ties without authorization by a congregationa meet
                                                l       ing.
             9.•Iuthorize the purchase of needed supplies and equipme
workable purchase order system shall be used                              nt. I
                                                and all boards and organiza
tions shall be informed of the details of procedur
                                                      e.
            10. rrnge for the annual audit of’ the records of the Trea
                                                                            surer.
           11. 1ppoint one of its members to oversee the stewardsh
of the youth, including the planning of the budget,                     ip program
                                                         pledging, recording, etc.
           12. assume any further responsibilities which shall from time
                                                                               to
time be charged to the Board by the Church Council or the
                                                                congregation.
        11, The Board of Church Operations
            It shall be the duty of this board to:
            1. Have custody of’ the congregation’s property, Caring
same in conformity with the constitution and                           far the
                                                regularly adopted resolutions
of the congregation and seeing to it that all
                                                 buildings and land are prop—
perly maintained. This shall include
                                         a monthly inspection of the church
buildings and an annual inspection of the parso
                                                  nages. Recommendations of
needed improvements and additions shall be made
                                                   to the Church Council.
            2. Present to the Church Council the need for
help and recommend personnel to fit this need. The           salaried custodial
                                                       Board shall be responsi
ble for the supervision of the same.
            3. Present to the Church Council the need for
help and recommend personnel to fit this need.               salaried office
            4. I:\rrangs a working schedule for all employe
                                                            es, other than the
pastors.
           5. Make an annual check of all insurance policies
                                                               and make pro
vision for adequate coverage.
           6. Have jurisdiction over the allocation of’
                                                         meeting space.
           7. Compile a report on all operations of’ the
                                                          Board far inclusion
in the Annual Report.
           B. Assume any further responsibilities which
                                                          shall from time to
time be charged to this Board by the Church Cou
                                                ncil or the congregation.

                                  —   13   —
                12. The Board of, Church Youth
                     It shall be the duty of this Board to:
                     1. Guide the development of a suitable program for the youth of’
         the congregation.                                  V
                                                                                         -




                     2. Provide adult guidance for each youth group.
                     3. Encourage the development of leadership qualities among the
                                V




        ‘youth
                                        V



                                                                                                             V
                                                        V




                     4. Help to promote al denominational youth endeavors (i.e.,
        VVLeadership Schools, Bible Camps, Conventions, etc.)
                V



                                                                                                                                              V




                     5. Irrange an adequate scouting program in the congregation. In
         the accomplishment of this task the Board shall; a) consider for approval
V




         all scout activities held within the church and spot check such activities:
                                                                               the
         b) ssist scouting units to locate leadership from the membership of
                                                                hip; c) annually
         congregation and retain final approval of such leaders
                                                                   renewal to act as
         appoint an institutional representative prior to charter
         liaison between thescout units and the congregation  ; d) Convene a Fall
                                                                      ard member to
         scouting leaders conference supervised by the responsiblebo
                                                                    part of its
         re—define the church objective in the scouting program as                   V




         mission to youth.                                                       V




                     6. Present the financial needs of the OUthVtO the Finance
                                                V




         Committee of the congregation for inclusion in the annual budget of the
                                            V




         congregation.                                                                               V




             V       7. Irrange for the annual youth Sunday and engage the partici—
    V


         pants in the worship service, with the, assistance of the pastors.
                     8. •ppoint its chairman to serve on the Scholarship Committee,
         together with the President of the congregation and its Pastors.
                     9. Compile a report on all operations of the Board for inclusion
         in the AnnualReport.                       V
                                                                             .                           .




                    10. Issume any further responsibilities which shall from time to
                            V




         time be charged to this Board by the Church Council or the congregation.
                 15. The Church Council
                    V




                     1. This body shall be for the purpose of conference between its
                        V




         constitusnt:boardg, in order to promote unity and cooperation in the whole
         program of the congregation. To this end, the decisions of the constituent
         boards shall be subject to the approval of the Church Council.
                     2. It shall be responsible for the leadership’ and supervision of
         the congregation in all matters not otherwise assigned by the Constitution
         or By—laws or by the congregational meeting.                           in the
            V
                     3. It shall be the authoritative body of the’ congregation
         interim between congregational meetings but shall, in all cases, abide by                                       VV   ,
                                                                                                                                          V




         the directions of the congregation.
                        It may delegate to any board such authority as is necessary in
                                    V




         order for that board to exercise routine responsibilities charged to it.
                     5. It may assign to any board additional responsibilities which
         are not spelled out in the constitution and by—laws.
                     6. It may appoint any necessary committees which may from’ time
         to time  be deemed necessary in the work of’ the congregation.
                     7. It shall, have the authority to hire, subject to the approval
         of’ the pastor, such personnel as it finds necessary to care for the physical
         property and perform the work of the congregation. Recommendations related
         to such positions shall come, where applicable, from the board charged with
         the phase of the congregation’s work involved. Salary recommendations shall
         in all cases be made by the Board of Church Operations.                                                                  -




                     8. It shall act upon such disciplinary matters as may be referred
         to it, provided, however, that no member shall be excommunicated without
         action of the congregation.
                                                                                                                     ‘                V
                                                                                             V   V               ‘
                                                                ‘




           V         9. It shall at its Februiry meeting elect three of its members
          to serve on the Nominating Committee.
                                                                    —   14           —
           10. Pppoint an auditing committee composed of two persons.   They
will audit all. financial records of the congregation proper and present its
report to the nnual Meeting in writing.
          11, It shall see to it that the House of God is not diverted to
any uses contrary to its character.

           SECTION VII    USE OF THE CHURCH
                             —

           1. The property of the congregation shall be for the use of the
congregation in its normal function as a Lutheran Church and shall not be
used in any way not in harmony with the purpose of the congregation.
           2. Buildings which are the property of the congregation shall no
be lent or rented to any group or individual not affiliated with the con
gregation or with the merjcan Lutheran Church unless application for such
use has been approved by the Board of Church Operations by a two—thirds
majority vote in the case uf a request for occasional use, or by a two—
thirds majority vote of the congregation in the case of a request for re—
ular use.

           SECTI[1’J VIII  NDMINrTING CflMMITTEE
                             —

           1. The Nominating Committee shall be composed of four members,
one of which shall be elected by the \nnual Meeting from nominations made
from the floor and three of which shall be elected by the Church Council
from its membership at its first meeting following the nnual Meeting. The
pastor shall serve as convener and as an advisory member.
           2. The members of the Nominating Committee shall serve for the
year following their election. They shall nominate one or more candidates
for each offics to be filled and shall secure the consent of each candidate
to serve if elected.
           3. The candidates of the Nominating Committee shall be made
known to the congregation in conjunction with the announcement of the annual
meeting at which the election is to take place.
           4. In addition to the candidates submitted by the Nominating
Committee, additional nominations may be made from the floor, providing
each nominee has been previously contacted and has consented to serve if’
elected.

            SECTION IX   REPLRTS CF VRGfNIZ1TICNS
                         —

        ciii committees and organizations handling funds within the congre
gation shall submit accounts to the treasurer or the church office at
least 21 days prior to the 1nnual Meeting.

           SECTI[.N X— MINISTERIiL RECDRDS
        The pastor shall be responsible for keeping accurate record of’
membership and of his ministerial acts on forms provided by the congrega
tion and which shall remain the property of the congregation. He shall
report these statistics to the congregation annually, and, when required,
to the secretary of the lmarican Lutheran Church. Upon leaving the congre
gation, he shall complete the records of’ his ministry up to the time of’ his
departure.




                                  —   15   —
                    c)iX                     Sce(JT
      We, believing ourselves to be the Messianic Kingdom of Israel and acknow
ledging ourselves as being loyal subjects of Jeshua, begotten by the Ainighty
 and designated Messiah and Ruler of Israel, and believing that, through Jeshua,      F
the teaching of our prophets concerning the inclusion of Gentiles into the
Messianic Kingdom has taken place, and that the wall which divided us has been
broken down, do this day establisl ourselves by Covenant with our King and with
one another to be obedient to the rulership of King Jeshua the Messiah.
      We do hereby covenant to live freely and exercise individually, among our
selves, within the Church of Jesus Christ and in the world the three commandments
which He gave us.
      You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your sould and
with all your might and
      Your neighbor as yourself.
      Love one another as I have loved you.
      We do hereby covenants.. to be a single family in our Lord Jeshua and to
share our lives and our sustenance without reservation.
      To live under the authority of our family.
      To raise our children according to the Scriptures.
      To show love to and to aid spiritually and materially the whole Church of
Jesus Christ.
      To live by this covenant ourselves and. to insure that our lives, dependents
end children do likewise. To serve as the redemption community to Israel.
                          .


      To provide an educational program.
      To serve Jeshua within and outside the family only by the approval of our
elders.
      To prey, study and wership together, but not to pray, study and worship
together exclusively.     ,

      To raise our children, if our King Jeshun tarries, to live all or a
number of them, as well as all or a number of ourselvçs as citizens in the nation
of Israel.
      To live by the rules of the Community.
                          •,  The Rules of the Community
      1. There shall be a father and twelve elders, the twelve elders chosen
         annually, to. govern the life of the family and make judgments in
         matters pertaining to our lovelessness among ourselves and toward others,
         marital disputes, personal disputes and the permission to marry.
      2. The father and elders may, because of necessity, impose a new rule upon
         the community but only if there is total consensus among all the eJ.ders.
      3. If any persons is believed guilty of an unloviag act, one person shall go
         to that person and confront that one. If it is true, the offender must
         stand before the âommunity and ask forgiveness for the broken Shalom of
         Jeshua. If the person has offended some brother or sister in another
         community the offender shall go with two elders before that community
         and ask for forgiveness for the broken Shalom of Jeshua. If the offender
         will not stand before the community, the admonishing party shall take two
         or three elders to listen to the accused offender and, if the offender is
         found guilty and will not stand before the community and restore Shalom of
         Jeshua, that one shall be excised from the Kingdom of Jeshua.
      1. These acts shall definitely be designated as unloving acts -
           Gossip
           Speaking against a brother or sister, except to the face of the
         brother or sister.
           Witholding anything when anyone has need.
           A husband speaking against his wife, except.before the elders.
           A wife speaking against her husband, except before the elders.
           A child speaking against father or mother, except before the elders.
           &nying comfort or love toward any Jew because that one is an un.
         believer.
           Denying comfort or love toward any Gentile because that one is an
         unbeliever.
                                                                      tract.
                                      e made in a marriage con
                                                                              ,   —



          The breach of a promis                         neglecting his wife and
                                                                                      /or
          A husband who     dishonors the Head by
                                  train them.
       chidren and does not                                         responsibilities.
                                     the Head by abusing her
          A wife who dishonors
                                          must be interpreted.
           All other unloving acts                          she may testify against
                                                                                          him.
                           accuse here husband, but                               inst her.
   5. A wife may not                                  but he may testify aga
                                  use his wife,
   6. A husband may not acc                                 testify against the par
                                                                                         ent.
                                use a parent but may                                       a
   7. A child may not acc against the father or the elders concerning
   8. No one hsl1 murmur the elders but may seek recourse by requiring
       judgnent rendered by                                       ision rendered.
                                    or her concerning a dec                                       t
        them to pray with him                                        ken the Shalom of tha
                                    ual    household who has bro
   9.   A member of an individ                                      il  the offender has re
                                         ed or prayed with unt
        household may not be serv                house.
        pented     before the head o± the                         one family and holdin
                                                                                               g
                                 ing of more persons than head of the family who
  10. A household, consist                             designated
                                     shall have a                                             shall
         all things in ccsmon,                                     rs. Each household
                                     the father and the elde                                   se,
         shall be appointed by                                     finances of that hou
                                       ber to administer the
         choose one of their num                                     sehold.
                                        be the head of the hou
         and that person may not                                             a household which
                                                the cOmmunity apply to
   U. JUl       rules which apply within                                    rs whall determine
                                       s than     one family. The elde
         consists of more person                                      remove persons from a
                                         is good or bad and may
         whether the stewardship                       sehold to be formed.
                                       allow a hou                                        signing
         household or refuse to                                 nt of finances upon
                                 uired to make a stateme                                       he
   12. No one shall be req                                        should give all that
                                         ber of the community                                       to
          the covenant. If a mem                                       , clothe or minister
                                        he should borrow to feed
          has to the poor and if                                        by shaming that brother
                                              nd the Spirit of God
          the poor, no one shall offe                                         member of the
                                                 ning the covenant, any
           or   sister. But if, after.sig                                    er reason he or she
                                          to go    into debt for any. oth
           community should desire
                                          approval of the elders.
           may only do so with the                         need, and it becomes
                                                                                     necessary,
    13. If any member       of the community is in                                       owned cash,
                                        member of-the com      munity to dispose of
           the elders may ask any                                                            is pre
                                       s that money may be      provided. If a need
           property or possession                                     rs are in agreement
                                                                                                 all
                                           community and the elde
            sented from outside the                                     ir disposal without
                                            possessions are at the
           owned cash, property and
                   ling or complaint.                                                            n in
            grumb                                                education of the childre
                                   is responsible for the                           to their
    IA. A father or priest                              a trade himself or see
                                           h of them
            his care, must teach eac                                    women to men with the
                                          ry all single girls and
            education, and must mar
            consent of the elders.                                            to the whole Body of
                                             fund or treasury not open second Sabbath of
     15.    There will be no central                                      the
                                             es will be gathered, on
            Jeshua the Messiah. Tith                                       ChurcL Gifts will be
                                                  administrator of the
                 h month and, given to the                                      to the administra
             eac
                                            sover   and Shavooth and given
             received at Succoth, Pas                     ly the community shall
                                                                                      cover its
                                               eral free                                     end liberal
to           tor. If anyone is not lib                      ch exists between a free
                                                erence whi
             shame by making up the diff                     .
                                              a selfish one                                          freely
             offering to tha Lord and                             trine, but shall witness
                                      nity may dispute doc                                              No
      16. No member of the cu                                            disputer of doctrine.
                                            e of Jeshua before the                                        ce
              and then live in the lov                                     ver because of differen
                                                  speak evil of .a)elie
             mem  ber of the community may
                                                                                              taken
              in doctrine.                                     wife’ and eldest son if
                               he is able, ransoms his
      17. A man must, if
                                                                                           the oldest
              captive.                                          to raiaome or rescue
                                    whole is .responsible                                            be
      18. The community as a                    taken captive. If      a choice must be made
               son in each-household; if                                  elders shall decide for
                                             and an oldest son, the
               tween the wife of a man
               the elde st son.




                                                                                       will
                                                                  ments of Jeshua and
                                            violates the conanand
            Any per son who persistently                  ntant wil l be subject to
     19.                           person who is unrepe
            not keep then or any
                            the Kingdom.                                        time not to
            excision from                                  one agrees at this
                                   out by excision that                        son who is
     20.    If any person is put                         comfort from any per
                                      lter or spiritual
            receive aid, food, she
                                        munity.
            not  a member of the com        shall give such a per
                                                                  son help but shall
            No mem  ber of the community                              the excision may
     21.                            to the   providence of God that
             coit such a person
             result i repentance.                                                  baptized
                                                               y by a believing,
                                       bership can be made onl               male to the
      22.    An application for mem                    a female, through a
                                         older, or, by
             male 16 years of age or
             eldcrs.
                                                                          ‘




     We, believing ourselves to be the Messianic Kingdom of Israel and acknow—
ledging ourselves as being loyal subjects of Jeshua, begotten by the Almighty
and designated Messiah and. Ruler of Israel, and believing that, through Jeshua,
the teaching of our prophets concerning the inclusion of Gentiles into the
Messianic Kingdom has taken place, and that the wail which divided us has been
broken down, do this day establis1 ourselves by Covenant with our King and. with
one another to be obedient to the rulership of King Jeshua the Messiah.
     We do hereby covenant to live freely and exercise individually, among our—
selves, within the Church of Jesus Christ and in the world-the three commandments
which He gave us.
     You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your sould and.
with all your might and
     Your neighbor as yourself.
     Love one another as I have loved you.
     We do hereby covenant”- to be a single family in our Lord Jeshua and to
share our lives end our srstenance without reservation.
     To live under the authority of our fmfly.
     To raise our children according to the Scriptures.
     To show love to and to aid spiritually and materially the whole Church of
Jesus Christ.                                             -       -       -                       -




     To live by this eoveziant ourselves and to insure that our lives, dependents
and children do likewise. To serve as the redemption community to Israel.
     To provide an eduèational program.                           -                       -                   -       -




     To serve Jeshua within and outside the family only by the approval, of our
elders.
     To pray, stu&y and worship together, but not to pray, study and worship
together exclusively.    •                -                                           -




     To raise our children, if our King Jeshua tarrieá, to live all or a
number of them, as well as ‘all or a number of ourselves as citizens in the nation
of Israel.                            -                                       -




     To live by the ruletof the Community.                                        -




                         .    The Rules of the Community      -




     1. There shall be a father and twelve elders, the twelve elders chosen
         annually, to. govern the life of the family end make judgments in                            -




         matters pertaining to our lovelessness among ourselves and toward others,
         marital disputes, personal disputes end the permission to marry-.
     2. The father and elders may, because of necessity-, impose a new rule upon
         the community but only if there is total consensus among all the elders.
     3. If any persons is believed guilty of an imloving act, one person shall go                                 -




         to that person and confront that one. If it is true, the offender must
         stand before the dommunity and ask forgiveness for the broken Shalom of
         Jeshua. If the person has offended scme brother or sister in another                             -




         community the offender shall go with two elders before that community
         and ask for forgiveness for the broken Shalom of Jeshua. If the offender
         will not stand before the community, the admonishing party shall take two
         or three elders to listen to the accused offender and, if the offender is
         found guilty and will not stand. before the community and restore Shalom, of
         Jeshua, that one shall be excised from the Kingdom of Jeshua.
     ii. These acts shall definitely be designated as unlvving acts -
           Gossip                                                                             -




           Speaking against a brother or sister, except to the face of the
         brother or sister.                                           -




           Witholding anything when anyone has need.
           A husband speaking against his wife, except.before the elders.
           A wife speaking against her husband, except before the elders.
           A child. speaking against father or mother, except before the elders.
           Denying comfort or love toward any Jew because that one is an un
         believer.
           Denying comfort or love toward any Gentile because that one is an
         unbeliever.
                                                       iage contract.
          The breach of a promise made in a marr
                                                                                      -
                                                                                                 ,


          A busbar4 who dishonors the    Hea& by neglecting his wife and/or
       chidren and does not train them.
                                                abusing her responsibilities.
          A wife who dishonors the Head by
                                              interpreted.
          AU other unloving acts must be
                                                                   :...

                                                                                      him.
    5. A wife may not accuse here     husband, but she may testify against
                                                          may testify      against her.
    6. A husband may not accuse his wife,’ but he ify against the parent.
    7. A child may not accuse a    parent but. may test
                                                           the elders concerning a
    8. No one shall murmur against the father or        seek recourse by requiring
       judgnerit rendered by the elders but may
                                                           decision rendered.
       them to pray with him or her concerning a                                        that
                                     household who has broken the Shalom of
    9. A member of an individual d or prayed with until the offender has re
       household may not be serve
       pented before the head of the house.
                                                   ns than one family and holding
   10. A household, consisting of more perso
                                                        nated head of’ the family ‘who
        all things in common, shall have a desig
                                                          elders. Each household shall
        shall be appointed by the father and the
                                                     er the finances of that house,
        choose. one of their number to prlm{nist
                                                      the household.
        and that person may not be the head of
                                              cornmunity apply to a household which
   U. 4Ul rules which apply within the                       The elders hail determine
        consists of’ more persons than one family.
                                                             may remove persons from a
        whether the stewardship is good or bad end
                                                       d to be formed.
        household or refuse to allow a househol
                                                                            -.



                                                 statement of finances upon signing
   12. No one shall be required to make a
                                                    munity should give all that he
        the covenant. It a member of the com
                                                         to feed, clothe or minister to
        has to the poor and if he should borrow
                                                    rit of God by shaming that brother
        the poor, no one shall offend the Spi
                                                             nant, any member of’ the
         or sister. But it, after.signing the cove
                                                         for any other reason he or she
         community should desire to go into debt
                                                         elders.
        may only do so with the approval of the
                                                                       ‘




                                                                                     ssary,
    13. Ii’ any member of the com    munity is in need, and it becomes nece
                                                          munity to disp    ose of’ owned cash,
         the elders may ask any member of.the com                                   d is are
         property or possessions    that money may be provided. It a -nee
                                                      the elders are       in agreement all
         sented from outside the community’and                                        out
         owned cash, property   and. possessions are at their disposal with
         grumbling or complaint.
                                                                  ation of the children in
    i1. A father or priest is responsible for the educ
                                                             himself or see to their
         his care, must teach each of them a trade
                                                           s and women to men with the
          education, and must marry all single girl
          consent of the elders.
                                               treasury not open to the whole Body of
    15. There will be no central fund or                  ered, on the second Sabbath of
         Teshua the Messiah. Tithes will be gath
                                                             of the ChurcI. -Gifts will be
          each month and given to the administrator
                                                               and given to the administra
          received at Succoth, Passover and Shavuoth
          tor • If anyone is not liberal freely        the community shall cover its
to                                                              ts between a free and liberal
          shame ‘by making up the difference-which exis
          offering to the I and a selfish one •
                            ord
                            4                                 :
                                                                        but shall witness freely
     16. No mem   ber of the Community may dispute doctrine,
                                                           re t.he disputer of doctrine. No
          and then live in the love of Jeshua befo
                                                             .a’,believer because of’ difference
          member of the community may ‘speak evil of
          in doctrine.
                                             me his -wife and eldest son if taken
     17. A man must, if he is able, ranso
                                                                                          -




           captive.
                                                           to ranome or rescue the oldest
                                   -




     18. The community as a whole is-responsible
                                                              1f a choice must be made be
           son in each-household; if taken captive.
                                                              the elders shall decide for
           tween the wife of a man and an oldest son,
           the, eldest son.                           -
                                                                         and will
                                  violates the commandments of Jeshua
19. Any perscn who persistently
                                        is unrepentant will be subject to
     not keep them or any person who
     excision from the Kingdom.                                            not to
                                  excision that one agrees at this time
20. If any person is put out by                                      son who is
                                          itual comfort from any per
     receive aid, food, shelter or spir
     not a tember of the cozmxiunity.
                                      ll give such a person help but shall
21. lb enber of the conmainity sha
                                          ence of God that the excision may
     ccit such a person to the provid
     result in repentance.                                                      d
                                          be made only by a believing, baptize
 22. An application for membership can                           a male to the
                                           by a female, through
     male 16 years of age or older, or,
      eldcr3.




I
 The Evening Service on Sunday at St. John’s Lutheran Church             LJ44\


 The evening Service is scheduled to begin at 7:15.     The people start to come
 about 6:30 a quarter to 7, mill around, happy to get a parking place outside

 close by, stand around and visit and then soon begin to go into the church. Iost

 of them are young, the vast majority of them are under 21 and they are every kind

 of youth you might want to find from the exhuberant blonde-headed middle America

 kind of person to the Semitic, curly-headed serious-eyed young boy, to children

 of 10, il, 12 years of age, but the median age is probably about 17.     At 7:15
 or so the Service begins with the group standing up lead by a young man of about

 22 named Lou.    A couple of hymns are sung and then the group sits down.   There
 are then some announcements.     The announcements consist of various items that
 the young people themselves bring up and 5 or 6 young people, one with a request

 for a refrigerator for a family in Bushwick, another with a request for workers

for an evangelistic campaign somewhere, and various other kinds of activities,

 changes of meetings and so on.     When these announcements have been made, at the
Service I attended, three young men stood up and they were introduced as new

converts, at least one of them was introduced as a new convert and he proceeded

to say that there was a song they’d like the group to sing.     They sang the song
very badly and ail 7 or 8 hundred who were assembled in the church did their best

to rescue it, but after three or four tries ending almost in good humored laughter,

the song was acowledged as valid but the perfoxnance was something less than

what was desired.    At any rate that song was done and then it was tine for the

message.   Prior to the message a hymn out of the hymnbook was sung, an old revival

hymn and it brought down the rafters.     It was a song of praise, all hail, Emmanuel,
a fundamentalist hymn written probably at the turn of the century or so and
                                                                            had
all kinds of exciting rhythmic and other dramatic musical parts and obviously
                                                                              was
a favorite of the group.    It was sung with all kinds of vigor and strong enough
to shake the glass in the panes.     hen that singing was done then Jack Hickman,
the pastor, preached the seiiion.    It was kind of the saiie style as he had pre
viously done.    A sermon that lasted 55 minutes and was an excellent discussion
                                                           Christian entering
of exegesis on a segient of Hebrews dealing with rest, the

into the rest of the Lord.    There was rapt attention, I would say one-third of

the people listening were taking notes.     Pastor Hiclanan told me before the

                                                                 though he has
meeting that a number of people would be taping what he saId and

discouraged this the practice continues •    After the sermon there was communion.
                                                                           There
Two young men went up to the altar, got the cups and the bread ready.
                                                                     the entire
were individual cups on conventional aluminum trays and they invited
                                                                  had been done
congregation to say together the words of institution. When that
                                                                 a cup and a bit
in double file they went all the way up to the altar, there took
                                                              down to the chancel,
of bread and then alone and in pairs and in threes they moved

knelt and gave each other communion.    They stayed there praying with each other,
                                                                  communion and
the partners that had gone up for communion, and I shared in that
                                                                    and Pastor
I had prayer with Jack Jacobs the ordained lay-pastor of the church

Hiclanan who is pastor to children.    Following that there was a request for some
                                                                       ce in
people to have the floor and one elderly lady gave an extended utteran
                                                                           Someone
tongues and it was done kind of naturally and without too much to-do
                                                                     •



                                                                         thank you
 else gave a translation or an interpretation and that was received with

Jesuses and !kxnens.   It was not an indecent or inappropriate experience but quite

 comfortable and something which seemed to be not strange or alien.     Following

                                                                                 .
 that there were three or four young people who made special requests for prayer
                                                                            asked
 One obviously had somehow led a group down, the Star Cross Singers, and he
                                                                             in
 for the forgiveness of the group and he asked that members that he had been

 the original group with would meet with hin.    Another girl described the serious

 illness of her bzther asking that they would pray.      She described how he had
                                                                              now
 experienced a remission the last tine that they had had a prayer request but

 the severe blood disease was recurring and so she asked that everyone would pray

 for him and that she would report back the following week.     After that a hymn was

 sung, there was a benediction and the Service was over.



                                                                     l
                                                                                                                                                   C)
                                                                                         Ds+w4         4
                                                                                                       Cwesàt
                                                                                             1cr?      Gethe
        bership of the Synod was of German origin or descent, it would
        have made for ecclesiastical suicide if the official organ of the
        Synod made pronouncements against a country to which many were
        bound by ties of blood, culture, and sentiment.
    In lieu of the fact that the Lutheran Churches in Denmark, Norway,
Sweden, and Slovakia clearly expressed their abhorrence at German Anti-
Semitism, and under much more difficult circumstances than any of the                        We the members of St. John’s Lutheran Church,
               4
United States churches,’ we consider the ALC antecedents’ silence tanta
mount to support, and morally contemptible. Therefore, we solicit a con
                                                                                         located at Hicksville Rd. and Gail Drive in North
fession, according to Biblical doctrines (1 John 1:9, James 5:16, Acts 8:22              Massapequa, New York and Christ Evangelical Lu
RSV), to the world for having taken this Anti-Semitic position.                          theran Church, Beilmore Rd., East Meadow, New York,
                                                                                         in response to apparent differences in beliefs, under
lIC. LUTHERAN WORLD FEDERATION                                                           standings, and convictions with the American Lu
    Though we readily discern the need for assistance to the Arab Refugees               theran Church in regards to the nation of Israel,
of the Middle East, and cannot condone their treatment by the Israeli                    Zionism, and anti-Semitism, both historically and here
government, we find the LWF’s exclusory activities regarding the refugees,
as lacking in objectivity. We assert that the needs of ALL people must be                and now, resolve that:
considered and opportunity for assistance be provided for ALL who have
suffered as a result of the Arab-Israeli conflict. We request, therefore, that
the LWF’s programs in the Middle East be reviewed, that in the future                     I. The ALC take a unilateral stand against the anti-
they might be carried out in a more objective manner.                                        Semitic policy of the United Nations, exemplified
                                                                                             in its Anti-Zionist Resolution of October, 1975,
CONCLUSION                                                                                   which equates Zionism with Racism.
    It is our desire that the resolution, and its validation and clarification,
bring to the fore issues of utmost importance for the whole of the Jewish
people, as well as the future credibility of Christianity. As Aare Siirala                II. The ALC declare itself NON-ANTI-SEMITIC on the
has said, “The way in which the often suppressed facts of the history of                      basis of:
the Jews are brought into the consciousness of Christians will be one
decisive element of our being a church of repentance and faith in our own
generation.”
15
                                                                                              A. a denunciation and condemnation of Martin
13. John G. Mager, American Lutheran, November. 1964, (p. 14).
14. Snoek. Ibid.                                                                                 Luther’s historical anti-Semitic behavior and
15. Aere Slirala, Lutheran World: Pubicatlon of the Lutheran World Federation. Xl, No.
    3, (July, 1964), p. 337.

                                                                                              B,. an explanation of the ALC’s position of si
                                                                                                  lence during the Second World War in regard
                                                                                                  to the slaughter of 6,000,000 Jews, as well
                                                                                                  as a full confession to the world of having
                                                                                                  taken this anti-Semitic position.

                                                                                              C. censure of the Lutheran World Federation for
                                                                                                 its lack of objectivity in regards to the Arab-
                                                                                                 Israeli conflict.
                                                                                                                                                                     Cod
                                                                                                  And furthermore, they shall be forbklden to utter the name of
ANTI-SEMITISM                                                        al grounds                   in our hearing; no value shall be accorded the Jewish mouth
      We define and condemn Anti-Semitism on moral and spiritu                                    (Maui) by us Christians, so that he may utter the name of
                                                                                                                                                                     Cod
                                                            collectively not as
as the hatred and persecution of the Jewish people                    the hatred                  in our hearing, but whoever hears It from a Jew shall report him to
the hatred of lndivduals who Incidentally are Jews, but rather                                    the authorities or throw pig droppings on him           Fifth, I advise
                                                                                                                                                          .   .   .
of persons BECAUSE they are Jews.                                         g from                  that safe-conduct on the highways be abolished for the Jews
      Historically, Anti-Semitism has taken numerous fonns rangin vilifica
                                                                        ,                         Sixth, I advise that usury be prohibited to them, and that all cash
silent hatred, not expressed overtly, to insolence, discriminationschematic                       and treasure of silver and gold be taken from them and be put aside
tion, and sadly evident physical violence. In a simplified and                                    for safekeeping        Seventh, I recommend putting a flail, an ax,
                                                                    classified as                                    .   .   .
manner, the various forms of Anti-Semitic behavior can be                                         a hoe, a spade, a distaff, or a spindle into the hands of young,
follows:                                                                                          strong Jews and Jewesses.
      Beliefs; one or a series of inaccurate, but insidious beliefs about other
                                                                             Jews.
                                                                                                                               (Against the Jews and Their Lies)
                                                                       r
      Feelings: may constitute fear, revulsion, disdain or a numbe of                         Professor Jaroslav Pelikan, at the Fourth Congress (St. Louis, Augus
                                                                                                                                                                        t,
              equally negative feelings.                                      seen         1971) of the International Congress for Luther Research, comme
                                                                                                                                                                     nted
      Actions; can mean physical violence, pogroms, and death camps as                     worthily on Luther’s works, and the justifications made for them.
              in the sad proclamation of Jewish history.
                                                                            forms
      Generally, Anti-Semitism can be classified as any and all of these                           I have read—and indeed I have sometimes repeated—most of the
                                                                      l sequence
of antagonism. In addition, the order represents a developmenta            e feel                  conventional defenses of Luther’s harsh language about the Jews:
of Anti-Semitic behavior (i.e. negative beliefs may produce negativ one                            his disappointment that they did not accept the gospel now that it
ings, which in turn may reach a point that, given the opportunity, con                             had been brought to light, his recognition of the difference between
might engage in hostile action), and forms a basis for statements                                  the believers of the Old Testament and the Jews after Christ, his
 cerning the intensity of Anti-Semitism.                                                           indignation at the distortions of the Bible by rabbinical interpreters,
      Cultural Anti-Semitism has for centuries masqueraded as Christianity;     an                 and the like. Without minimizing the seriousness of any of these
 indeed, its very root is in Christianity. History is proof that Christi                           considerations, I cannot escape the conviction that the time has come
 theology has continually predisposed its adherents toward Anti-Semitic                            or those who study Luther and admire him to acknowledge, more
 beliefs and activities. Theologically, Anti-Semitism began with the gentile                       unequivocally and less pugnaciously than they have, that on this
 church fathers, was reinforced by law throughout church history, and has                          issue Luther’s thought and language are simply beyond defense.
 consistently resulted in genocide. “None of us who could have passed                              But any such acknowledgement must be based, theologically, on a
 among the executioners during the Holocaust rather than being listed                              much more fundamental conviction, namely, that Judaism is not, as
 with the victims can escape the awful burden of blood guilt” which1                               Luther and the centuries before him maintained, a “shadow” des
 those historical facts put upon us.                                                               tined to disappear with the coming of Christianity even though it
      The first law imposed by the Roman Empire when it became Christian                           subbornly held on to its existence, but a permanent part of the
 forbade- the Jews to proselytize.                                                                 wondrous dispensation of Cod in human history.10
      Between the 2nd and 4th centuries, the birth of the Anti-Semitism                        These quotes, and the fact that a Julius Streicher can evoke them
  that exists today took place at the hands of Chrysostom, Jerome, and                     at the Nuremberg Trials,’ illustrate notoriously that the blatantly Anit
 Augustine, as they created the image of the Jew as the evil seducer. the                  Semitic statements by Martin Luther cannot be hidden, ignored, or justified,
      In the 4th century, the church, fortified with its power over                        but must be loudly condemned and denounced.
 collapsing Roman Empire, began to institute “defensive” measures against
  the Jews. Christian leaders felt that if the conversion of the Jews was
  going to come slowly, in the interim the Jews should be prevented from                   I1B. ALC ANTECEDENTS’ SILENCE DURiNG
  contaminating the life and faith of what they considered to be the true                       THE HOLOCAUST
  believers. The first measure precluded contact between Christians and
  Jews, (i.e. no Intermarriage, no eating together). Progressively, the church                 In contrast to the poignant resolutions made by various church groups
  increased pressure on the Jews.                                                          in protest against Anit-Semitism and the persecution of the Jews in Ger
       During the 6th century, the 3rd Synod of Orleans forbade Jews from                  many, the ALC antecedents (along with the Southern Baptist Convention,
  employing Christian servants, and from showing themselves during Passion                 and the Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod) did not speak unequivocally
  Week.                                                                                    against the extermination of the Jews.”
       In the 7th century, the Talmud was ordered burned and, at about the                     Alfred Klausner in the “American Lutheran,” February, 1965, states:
  same time, the Synod of Clermont disqualified Jews from holding public                           in the course of research through almost all Lutheran publications
  office.                                                                                          in the 30’s and 40’s, I have found no direct condemnation of the
       In the 13th century, the chureh, speaking through the Synod of Vienna,                      persecution of the Jews in Cermnay      ,12
  outlawed Jews even discussing religion with Christians. Jews were forced
   into ghettoes for centuries. In fact, the Papacy maintained the ghetto                      John G. Mager suggests the reason for such silence in the “American
   under its direct domain in Rome untIl 1870.                                             Lutheran,” November, 1964:
       During the 14th century, with the legal document, Sentencia Estatus                         It might have been felt that since a large proportion of the mem
   in Toledo, Imposing serious civil and economic restrictions upon the
                                                                                                At the Tenth Proteatant Congress (1961) In Berlin, Luther was Connected with Julius
      ‘Though the cycle of Anti-S.miliam Is not so easily distinguishable as such classi        Streicher and Nazi policy towardi the Jews.
 fication would make It, for the purpoa of description ii appears useful and necessary      10. CCI Notebook, No. 4 (October, 1971), p. 2.
 to make these dlislons.                                                                    11. Johan U. Snoek, The Grey Book, (N.Y.: Humanities Press, 1970).
   1. FranklIn H. Littell, Crucifixion of the Jews (N.Y.: Harper and Row, 1975). p. 1.      12. Alfred kisusner, American Lutheran, February. 1965. (p. 16).
 by God to be a separate and holy people, would seek to assimilate (except            ant of Abraham in his psychological or physical relationship to that land
because of Lear of persecution) reveals a fundamental flaw in Christian               is to effectually take a step to negate Israel’s spiritual inheritance (see
 thinking. Assimilation should be as inimical to believing Christians as it is        statement re: present-day Anti-Semitism), and to ignore and or stand
 to practicing Jews. “If Christians were more certain of their own calling,           in opposition to the will of God as made manifest in His giving of the land
 they would have less difficulty in comprehending God’s continuing call to            as an everlasting possession (Genesis 17:8).
 the Jewish people.”
              5                                                                           In actuality, the very existence of the Jewish people has been linked
     The problem in regard to allowing the Jewish people the right to                 to the land since God’s promise to Abraham, and can, therefore, in no
self-identity is made manifest in the fact that the Christian cannot achieve          way be separated from the national and political concept and issues of
an identity apart from the role of the Jewish people in history. This is a            Zionism today. In the eastern mode of thought and expression, the land
truth Christians must deal with, for in contrast to the significant history           is synonymous with the family (they could identify with it and produce)
of the Jews, Christians were aliens, strangers, “having no hope and with              and when the family’s land is lost or their relationship to their land is
out God in the world,” (Ephesians 2:12 RSV). This requires an affirma            ‘a   hindered, the family itself is lost and/or hindered. Likewise as the life
tion of the positive function of the Jewish people both historically and              of the family is connected with inherited property, so too, the life of the
now. (This is not a pardoning of any bad actions that may have been                   people in totality is fused with the “land of inheritance”. The landed
committed by the Jewish people, but rather, a recognition of God’s call               property of the family belongs to their total existence, and cannot be
and purpose for them.) It requires a positive view of the Jews of the                 divided from it. The land (Israel), and the family’s relationship to it,
present day, whereas the ‘displacement myth’ gives recognition only to                ultimately determines the life of the family (Jewish people). There
dead Jews and those of the past. The fact remains that “Jews do not                   fore, the obstruction of Zionism, or the attempted obstruction, becomes
need the Christian church, as such, to understand their mission in history;           a moral issue as it is distinctly Anti-Semitic, and must be considered by
but the Christians need the Jewish people.”° The Christians need the                  the “family of Jews”, the descendants of Abraham, to be an attempt to
identity and presence of, at least, faithful Israel: the remnant promised             destroy the Jewish people. In response to the command to love our
by God. However, the recovery of Christian credibility does tint depend               brothers as ourselves (Leviticus 19:8; Mark 12:3 1, etc. RSV ), and to not
upon recognition of indebtedness to Jewish foundations. It depends on                 stand idly by our brother’s blood (Leviticus 19:1B—He’brew text), we
what happens now and in the future regarding the interaction between                  must support Zionism as a quest for freedom from oppression, persecution,
the two peoples. One solution to the problem exists in the recognition of             and extermination, and as an endeavor to ensure Jewish identity and
the essential Jewishness of Christianity in a practical and visible way,              security, as the lessons of history have conspicuously demonstrated the
(in contrast to spiritualization of the same). Such action overpowers and             need.
supplants the “superseding myth’; it outlaws Anti-Semitism among Chris                    We consider the nation of Israel to be, in its own status, an illustration
tians, it distinguishes between nominal and genuine Christians; it ties the           of the progressive revelation of Cod, and therefore physically and spirit
Christian to the Jewish people in an indissoluble bond; and it restores               ually relevant to the eternal plan of Cod. In addition, we believe the
to “Christianity” its true identity as its was revealed and intended by               credibility and identity of Christianity perpetually bound to, at least, the
Yeshua (Jesus) the Jew, and His Jewish kinsmen, the apostles.                         faithful of the nation of Israel (Romans 9; Romans 11). To transgress
                                                                                      the Jewish people and their God-given possession is, thus, to tamper
                                                                                      with the will of God.
ZIONISM AND THE NATION OF ISRAEL
     Ve define Zionism as the love of the land of Israel, as a concept                                7
                                                                                      I. ANTI-ZIONIST RESOLUTION
 mitiated by Cod, and a fountain of hope for the equality and freedom
of the Jewish people, yet significant for alt people.                                     On November 10, 1975,° the majority vote of the United Nations Gen
    The principle of Zionism is first represented in God’s commands and               eral Assembly’s Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee passed the
promises to Abraham: (Genesis 12:1) “Go       .   .   .
                                                     to the land I will show          Arab-inspired Anti-Zionist Resolution, which defines Zionism as a “form
you.” (Genesis 17:8) “And I will give to you and your descendants after                                      7
                                                                                      of racism and racial discrimination.”
you, the land of your sojournings, all of the land of Canaan, for an                      The desire for a Jewish homeland is not a form of racism, but rather
everlasting possession; and I will be their God.” In the exercising of Cod’s          a concept that implies freedom, security, and the opportunity for the Jew
redemptive purpose through Abraham and his seed, it was necessary that                to find peace from those who hate him for his successes and despise him
the “chosen people” have a “promised land.” The land of Canaan (the                   for his failures. No other people is classified as racist because they seek
land on which Abraham stood) was designated as the place where his                    a homeland or attempt to self-identify. In the United States people are
seed would dwell, and the place where God would accomplish His purpose                praised for their participation in the bicentennial celebration, whereas the
with and through them. This land was given by the will of God for the                 Jew is called a racist for relating to Israel.
accomplishment of the will of God, and to illustrate the eternal spiritual                The Anti-Zionist Resolution is a product of militant Arab strategy after
inheritance of Israel in a physical and national way. The promise of a                earlier attempts to win support for Israel’s ouster from the United Nations
geographical area was, and is, the promise of a unique blessing, not only                   8
                                                                                      had failed. Therefore, the fear that the resolution is not only a result of
to, but through Abraham and his seed. It stands in a climactic position               Anti-Semitism, but that it would spur worldwide Anti-Semitism and serve
in relation to the promises to all people in that it is an inextricable part          as an excuse for the Soviet Union and other nations for taking rigorous
of the actualization of God’s total plan for mankind in the past, present,            action against the Jews, is not unfounded.
and future.
                                                                                      7. See New York Times: November 11, 1975 (p. 16) for text of Anti-Zionist Resolution.
    Because of God’s intended import and value of the land as the                     8. ci. The Palestinian National Covenant (1968)
tangible expression of Israel’s spiritual inheritance, to hinder a descend-              It Is a curious point of fact that November 10, 1938 was the night HItler and his
                                                                                         troops burned the German synagogues (Cristalnacht), and November 10, 1483 is the
5. ibid, p. 4.                                                                           date of Martin Luther’s birthday.
6. ibId. p. 5.
                                                                                                                                                        purity” was ‘legally’
                                                                                            Mananos (Hebrew-Christians), the doctrine of “racial Germans called It
                                                            we must support                 instituted by the Spanish Church. (20th century
    As stated previously (see statements on Zionism), m racist, for by                                                                              Limpieza).
                                                                                            Rasserein; 14th century Spanish Church called it Catholic Church is re
Zionism, and condemn a resolution that declares Zionis most atrocious
                                                           the                                   Though it might be argued that the Roman
creating such a definition It has been linked with two of
                                                    eid. Whatever one may                   sponsible for such “legal” forms of persecution, early
                                                                                                                                                          Protestant refonns
forms of racism in history—Naziism and Aparthit is the Jewish people’s                      did nothing to repeal these canon laws against the
                                                                                                                                                        Jews. Instead, Prot
choose to call Zionism, it is not racist. Rather,      sion and persecution,                estants fervently carried on this inherited bigotry.
only alternative to a life resigned to tyranny, oppres      legally recognized
                                                                                                                                                             ent Anti-Semite.
                                                                                                  For all his reforms, Martin Luther became a vehem Jews, but when
and is precisely why the United Nations sponsored and of a century ago.                                                                                  the
                                                                                                  Initially, he was optimistic about the conversion of ty became evident.
the establishment of the state of Israel over a quarterNations’ Resolution
    By symbolically destroying Zionism, the United synonymous with the                      his attempts were unsuccessful, his anger and hostili       Ultimately, he called
                                                                                             His later writings are full of detestation for the Jews.later years, even the
has paved the way for its real destruction, which is Anti-Semitic.                          for their deportation from Germany. In Luther
                                                                                                                                                   ’s
collective destruction of the Jewish people, and thus,              this crucial            conversion of the Jews he had once hoped for was filled
                                                                                                                                                              with danger:
    We ask, accordingly, that the ALC take a public stand on against the
                                                            stand                                                                                              baptism at my
moral issue, to perform their duty as Christians, and                                                  “If a Jew, not conceited at heart, were to ask for             round his
oppressor and speak on behalf of the oppressed.                                                        hands, I would take him onto the bridge, tie a stone wont to
                                                                                                                                                                  are
                                                                                                       neck, and hurl him into the river; for these wretches
                                                                                                       make jest of our religion.”
II. MARTIN LUTHER                                                                                                           (Martin Luther; Table Talk, CCLXXV)
                                                            t the beliefs and                                                                                          fashioned
    In his early writings, Martin Luther spoke out agains Jewish people.
                                                          the                                     Thus, the patern of Anti-Semitic law has, historically been
actions of the Catholic Church and their effect upon Patristic doctrine                      by Christians.
However, even in his defense of Jewry, he held to the                                                                                                             as the basis
                                                        emitism for explana                        In the more recent history, these traditions have served chart, It is.
                                                                                                                                                                   2
that simply tolerated the Jews, (see notes on Anti-S              hy for their               for the continued persecution of the Jews. In a revealing
tion). The irony of Luther’s reprimand of the Catholic hierarcs, in which                                                                                       Nazis had an
                                                                                             shown that every restriction imposed upon Jews by the
persecution of the Jews becomes evident in his later writing Catholic Church
                                                                                                                                                                     that tradi
                                                                                             earlier counterpart in canon law. Thus, it is not coincidencein providing
he attacks the Jews in the very same way the Roman              usly.                        tional, and religiously based, Anti-Semitism was a major factor . Though
had previously—ethnically, economically, racially, and religio throughout                    Hider with the resources for exploiting political Anti-Semitism political
    Martin Luther’s indisputable Anti-Semitism is discernible lves:                          Hider was scarcely given to making appeals to religion
                                                                                                                                                               in his
his writings. The following are samples that speak for themse
                                                          9                                                                                                          h question.
                                                                                             speeches, he frequently did so when he talked about the Jeweis                  race
        Know, 0 adored Christ, and make no mistake, that aside frommore
                                                                           the                     “To the superficial mind, Anti-Semitism is simply another form of gic
                                                                                                                                                                      Theolo
        Devil, you have no enemy more venemous, more desperate,                              prejudice, and only those are guilty who wilfully Indulge In It.
                                                                   Now, who                  ally speaking, however, the problem of sin and guilt is 8 In this   lodged much
        bitter, than a true Jew who truly seeks to be a Jew
                                                                                             deeper than faulty intention or even corruption of the will.”
                                                                                .   .   .
                                                                           the
        ever wishes to accept venemous serpents, desperate enemies of                                                                                              t          The
        Lord, and to honor them, to let himself be robbed, pillaged, cor                     theological form, Anti-Semitism still abounds in the presen day.called
        rupted, and cursed by them, need only turn to the Jews. 0 God
                                                                           my                 foundation of Anti-Semitic Christian theology is, what has been e that
        beloved Father, have pity on one who in self defense must
                                                                         speak                by Littell, the ‘superseding or displacement myth.’ This Is the surmis
        so scandalously against thy wicked enemies, the Devils and the                        God is finished with Israel; that God’s commission to the Jews has, since
                                                                                                                                                                            d the
        Jews. You know I do so in the ardor of my faith.                                      the coming of Jesus, been rendered irrelevant; that God has replace        Israel as
                                   (Against the Jews and Their Lies)                          ‘old Israel’ with a ‘new Israel.’ We assert that the restoration of ued im
                                                                                              a Jewish State is itself indicative of the Jewish people’s contin million
        Cursed goy that I am, I cannot understand how they manage to f,
                                                                            be                portance in history. Furthermore, “the murder of (6,000,000) sixstanding
        so skillful, unless 1 think that when Judas Iscariot hanged himselts                  Jews by baptized Christians, from whom membership in good                         nt
        his guts burst and emptied. Perhaps the Jews sent their servan                        was not (and has not yet been) withdrawn, raises the most insiste
        with plates of silver and pots of gold to gather up Judas’ piss with                  question about the credibility of Christianity.”4 as it would adhere to such
        the other treasures, and then they ate and drank his offal, and                       theology. The State of Israel and Christianity’s historic treatment of the
        thereby acquired eyes so piercing that they discover commentaries                     Jowish people both challenge and testify to the need for self-examination
         in the Scripture not to be found by us                                               and correction demonstrated In theological evaluation.
                                                  (Sehem Hamphoras)                                 Christianity has sought to justify Itself by demanding that the “Jew
                                                                                              change.” Though the wrongs of all must be considered, Christians cannot
         First, their synagogues or schools should be set on fire and bury                    seek justification of their own guilt by pointing to that of the Jews. Chris
         and cover with dirt whatever will not burn, so that no man will                       tianity must first address itself, and its own condition, for it is not the cred
         ever again see a stone or cinder of them        Second, I advise that
                                                                                               ibilly of the Jews historically in question (the sacrifice of Jewish lives
                                                                .       .   .
         their houses also be razed and destroyed      Third, I advise that all
                                                                                               is credibility enough), but the incredibility of Christianity and those who
                                                            .       .   .
         their prayer books and Talmudic writings be taken from them                           profess to be Christians.
         Fourth, I advise that their rabbis be forbidden to teach henceforth                        The Christian’s call for the Jew to change Is itself an attenuant ex
         on pain of loss of life and limb        On penalty of life and limb,
                                                                                               pression of Anti-Semitism. The assumption that the Jewish people, called
                                                .   ,   .
          they are to be forbidden publicly to praise God, to thank (Cod),
         to pray (to Cod), to teach (of God) among us and ours                                 2. Rout HIIberg. The D.sfructlon OSEuropean J.w. (Chlcagá Quadrangle Books, 1961),
                                                                                                 pp. 54.
                                                            Works (Philadelphia; Fortress      3. hitch, Ibid.
  9. All quotes taken from: ed. FranklIn Sherman, LuStier’s                                    4. ibid. p. 2.
     Press, 1971).
                                                                                               Marranos (Hebrew-Christians), the doctrine of “racial purity” was ‘legally’
    As stated previously (see statements on Zionism), we must support                          instituted by the Spanish Church. (20th century Germans called it
Zionism, and condemn a resolution that declares Zionism racist, for by
creating such a definition it has been linked with two of the most atrocious                   Rasserein; 14th century Spanish Church called it Limpieza).
forms of racism in history—Naziism and Apartheid. Whatever one may                                 Though it might be argued that the Roman Catholic Church is re
choose to call Zionism, it is not racist. Rather, it is the Jewish people’s                    sponsible for such “legal” forms of persecution, early Protestant reforms
only alternative to a life resigned to tyranny, oppression and persecution,                    did nothing to repeal these canon laws against the Jews. Instead, Prot
and is precisely why the United Nations sponsored and legally recognized                       estants fervently carried on this inherited bigotry.
the establishment of the state of Israel over a quarter of a century ago.                 p        For all his reforms, Martin Luther became a vehement Anti-Semite.
    By symbolically destroying Zionism, the United Nations’ Resolution                             Initially, he was optimistic about the conversion of the Jews, but when
has paved the way for its real destruction, which is synonymous with the                       his attempts were unsuccessful, his anger and hostility became evident.
collective destruction of the Jewish people, and thus, Anti-Semitic.                           His later writings are full of detestation for the Jews. Ultimately, he called
    We ask, accordingly, that the ALC take a public stand on this crucial                      for their deportation from Germany. In Luther’s later years, even the
moral issue, to perform their duty as Christians, and stand against the                        conversion of the Jews he had once hoped for was filled with danger:
oppressor and speak on behalf of the oppressed.                                                         “if a Jew, not converted at heart, were to ask for baptism at my
                                                                                                        hands, I would take him onto the bridge, tie a stone round his
II. MARTIN LUTHER                                                                                       neck, and hurl him into the river; for these wretches are wont to
                                                                                                        make ;est of our religion.”
    In his early writings, Martin Luther spoke out against the beliefs and                                                    (Martin Luther: Table Talk, CCLXXV)
actions of the Catholic Church and their effect upon the Jewish people.                             Thus, the patern of Anti-Semitic law has, historically been fashioned
However, even in his defense of Jewry, he held to the Patristic doctrine                        by Christians.
that simply tolerated the Jews, (see notes on Anti-Semitism for explana                             In the more recent history, these traditions have served as the basis
tion). The irony of Luther’s reprimand of the Catholic hierarchy for their                                                                                         2
                                                                                                for the continued persecution of the Jews. In a revealing chart, it is.
persecution of the Jews becomes evident in his later writings, in which                         shown that every restriction imposed upon Jews by the Nazis had an
he attacks the Jews in the very same way the Roman Catholic Church                              earlier counterpart in canon law. Thus, it is not coincidence that tradi
had previously—ethnically, economically, racially, and religiously.                             tional, and religiously based, Anti-Semitism was a major factor in providing
    Martin Luther’s indisputable Anti-Semitism is discernible throughout                        Hitler with the resources for exploiting political Anti-Semitism. Though
his writings. The following are samples that speak for themselves:”                             Hitler was scarcely given to making appeals to religion in his political
                                                                                                speeches, he frequently did so when he talked about the Jeweish question.
       Know, 0 adored Christ, and make no mistake, that aside from the
       Devil, you have no enemy more venemous, more desperate, more                                 “To the superficial mind, Anti-Semitism is simply another form of race
                                                                                               prejudice, and only those are guilty who wilfully indulge in it, Theologic
                                                                              .   .   .
       bitter, than a true Jew who truly seeks to be a Jew     Now, who
       ever wishes to accept venemous serpents, desperate enemies of the                       ally speaking, however, the problem of sin and guilt is lodged much
       Lord, and to honor them, to let himself be robbed, pillaged, cor                                                                                         5
                                                                                               deeper than faulty intention or even corruption of the will.” In this
       rupted, and cursed by them, need only turn to the Jews. 0 Cod roy                       theological form, Anti-Semitism still abounds in the present day. The
       beloved Father, have pity on one who in self defense must speak                         foundation of Anti-Semitic Christian theology is, what has been called
       so scandalously against thy wicked enemies, the Devils and the                          by Littell, the ‘superseding or displacement myth.’ This is the surmise that
       Jews. You know I do so in the ardor of my faith.                                        God is finished with Israel; that God’s commission to the Jews has, since
                                                                                               the coming of Jesus, been rendered irrelevant; that God has replaced the
                                (Against the Jews and Their Lies)                              ‘old Israel’ with a ‘new Israel.’ We assert that the restoration of Israel as
        Cursed goy that I am, I cannot understand how they manage to be                        a Jewish State Is itself indicative of the Jewish people’s continued im
       so skillful, unless I think that when Judas Iscariot hanged himself,                    portance in history. Furthermore, “the murder of (6,000,000) six million
        his guts burst and emptied. Perhaps the Jews sent their servants                       Jews by baptized Christians, from whom membership in good standing
        with plates of silver and pot.s of gold to gather up Judas’ piss with                 was not (and has not yet been) withdrawn, raises the most insistent
        the other treasures, and then they ate and drank his offal, and                                                            4
                                                                                              question about the credibility of Christianity.” as it would adhere to such
        thereby acquired eyes so piercing that they discover commentaries                      theology. The State of Israel and Christianity’s historic treatment of the
       in the Scripture not to be found by us                                                 Jewish people both challenge and testify to the need for sell-examination
                                                  (Sehem Hamphoras)                           and correction demonstrated in theological evaluation.
                                                                                                   Christianity has sought to justify itself by demanding that the “Jew
       First, their synagogues or schools should be set on fire and bury                      change. Though the wrongs of all must be considered, Christians cannot
       and cover with dirt whatever will not burn, so that no man tvill                       seek justi&ation of their own guilt by pointing to that of the Jews. Chris
                                                              .       .   .
       ever again see a stone or cinder of them         Second, I advise that                 tianity must first address itself, and its own condition, for it is not the cred
                                                          .       .   .
       their houses also be razed and destroyed        Third, 1 advise that all               ibilty of the Jews historically in question (the sacrifice of Jewish lives
       their prayer hooks and Talmudic writings be taken from them                            is credibility enough), but the Incredibility of Christianity and those who
       Fourth, I advise that their rabbis be forbidden to teach henceforth                    profess to be Christians.
                                              .   .   .
       on pain of loss of life and limb         On penalty of life and limb,                       The Christian’s call for the Jew to change is itself an attenuant ex
       they are to be forbidden publicly to praise Cod, to thank (God),                       pression of Anti-Semitism. The assumption that the Jewish people, called
       to pray (to Cod), to teach (of God) among us and ours
                                                                                               2. Roul Hilberg, The Dost ructIon of Europun Jew. (Chicago: Quadrangle Book., 1961),
9. All quotes taken from: ed. Franklin Sherman, Luther’s Works (Philadelphia; Fortress
   Pre, 1971).                                                                                3. LIttell, ibid.
                                                                                              4. Ibid. p. 2.
                                                                                                                                         relationship to that land
                                                                                    ant of Abraham in his psychological or physical            al inheritance (see
                                                   seek to assimilate (except       is to effectually take a step to negate Israel’s spiritu
by God to be a separate and holy people, would ental flaw in Christian                                                                       ignore and or stand
because of fear of persecution) reveals a fundam ng Christians as it is             statement re: present-day Anti-Semitism), and to
                                                                                                                                             His giving of the land
thinking. Assimilation should be as inimical to
                                                 believi                            in opposition to the will of God as made manifest in
                                                         of their own calling,      as an everlasting possession (Genesis 17:8).
to practicing Jews. “if Christians were more certain
                                                 ng God’s continuing call to                                                                        has been linked
they would have less difficulty in comprehendi                                            In actuality, the very existence of the Jewish people therefore, in no
                                                                                                                                       and can,
the Jewish people.”
              5                                                                      to the land since God’s promise to Abraham,
                                                                    the right to                                                        al concept and issues of
     The problem in regard to allowing the Jewish peoplecannot achieve               way he separated from the national and politic            expression, the land
self-identity is made manifest in the fact that the Christi
                                                              an                     Zionism today. In the eastern mode of thought and with it and produce)
                                                 people in history. This is a        is synonymous with the family (they could identif
                                                                                                                                           y
an identity apart from the role of the Jewish       to the significant history                                                                      to their land is
truth Christians must deal with, for in contrast                                     and when the family’s land Is lost or their relationship ise as the life
                                                 “having no hope and with             hindered, the family itself is lost and/or hindered.
                                                                                                                                               Likew
of the Jews, Christians were aliens, strangers,            requires an affirma                                                 ed property, so too, the life of the
out Cod in the world.” (Ephesians 2:12 RSV), Thisboth historically and               of the family Is connected with Inherit
                                                                                                                                                 ance”. The landed
tion of the positive function of the Jewish people that may have been                people in totality is fused with the “land of inheritce, and cannot he
now. (This is not a pardoning of any bad actions ition of Cod’s call                  property of the family belongs to their total existen relationship to it,
                                                                                                                                              ’s
committed by the Jewish people, but rather, a recogn                                  divided from it. The land (Israel), and the family
                                                   view of the Jews of the            ultimately determines the life of the family (Jewis
                                                                                                                                                 h people). There
 and purpose for them.) it requires a positive              recognition only to                                                                obstruction, becomes
present day, whereas the ‘displacement myth’ gives that “Jews do not                  fore, the obstruction of Zionism, or the attempted           be considered by
 dead Jews and those of the past. The fact remains                                    a moral issue as it is distinctly Anti-Semitic, and must
                                                              mission in history;     the “family of Jews”, the descendants of Abraham, to be
                                                                                                                                                       an attempt to
 need the Christian church, as such, to understand their           ans need the                                                                     nd to love our
 but the Christians need the Jewish people.” The Christi t promised
                                          6                                           destroy the Jewish people. In response to the comma
                                                                                                                                                   RSV), and to not
 identity and presence of, at least, faithful Israel: the remnannot depend            brothers as ourselves (Leviticus 19:8; Mark 12:31, etc.               text>, we
                                                         lity does
 by God. However, the recovery of Christian credibitions. It depends on               stand idly by our brother’s blood (Leviticus 19:16—Hebrewpersecution,
 upon recognition of indebtedness to Jewish founda                                    must support Zionism as a quest for freedom from oppression, identity and
                                                                    tion between      and extermination, and as an endeavor to ensure Jewish
 what happens now and in the future regarding the interac      the recognition of                                                                         strated the
  the two peoples. One solution to the problem exists in and visible way,              security, as the lessons of history have conspicuously demon
  the essential Jewishness of Christianity in a practical overpowers and             need.                                                          an illustration
  (in contrast to spiritualization of the same). Such action among Chris                 We consider the nation of Israel to be, in its own status,
                                                                                                                                           physically and spirit
 supplants the “superseding myth’; it outlaws Anti-Semitismans; it ties the          of the progressive revelation of God, and therefore
                                                                                                                                              n, we believe the
  tians, it distinguishes between nominal and genuin
                                                      e Christi                      ually relevant to the eternal plan of God. In additio to, at least, the
  Christian to the Jewish people in an indissoluble bond;
                                                                  and it restores    credibility and identity of Christianity perpetually bound
                                                                      intended by                                                             11). To transgress
 to “Christianity” its true identity as its was reveale
                                                        d and                        faithful of the nation of Israel (Romans 9; Romans
                                                             s.                                                                                  thus, to tamper
 Yeshua (Jesus) the Jew, and His Jewish kinsmen, the apostle                         the Jewish people and their Cod-given possession is,
                                                                                     with the will of God.
 ZIONISM AND THE NATION OF ISRAEL
      We define Zionism as the love of the land of Israel, as
                                                                     a concept        I. ANTI-ZIONIST RESOLUTION
                                                                                                      7
                                                               y and freedom                                                                           Nations Gen
 initiated by God, and a fountain of hope for the equalit                                 On November 10, 1975, the majority vote of the United
                                                                                                                                                   ittee passed the
 of the Jewish people, yet significant for all people.                     and        eral Assembly’s Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Comm m as a “form
     The principle of Zionism is first represented in God’s commands                  Arab-inspired Anti-Zionist Resolution, which defines Zionis
 promises to Abraham: (Genesis 12:1) “Go         .   .to the land 1 will show
                                                         .
                                                                                      of racism and racial discrimination.”
                                                                    dants after                                                                         , but rather
 you.” (Genesis 17: 8) “And I will give to you and your descen , for an                   The desire for a Jewish homeland is not a form of racism
                                                                                                                                                unity for the Jew
 you, the land of your sojournings, all of the land of Canaan of Cod’s                a concept that implies freedom, security, and the opport    and despise him
                                                                  ing                 to find peace from those who hate him for his successes
 everlasting possession; and I will be their Cod.” In the exercis      ary that                                                                         e they seek
 redemptive purpose through Abraham and his seed, it was necess                       for his failures. No other people is classified as racist becaus people are
                                                                           (the                                                                  States
 the “chosen people” have a “promised land.” The land of Canaan his                   a homeland or attempt to self-identify. In the United              whereas the
 land on which Abraham stood) was designated as the place where e                     praised for their participation in the bicentennial celebration,
 seed would dwell, and the place where God would accomplish His purpos      the
                                                                                      Jew is called a racist for relating to Israel.
                                                                                                                                                       strategy after
  with and through them. This land was given by the will of God for                        The Anti-Zionist Resolution is a product of militant Arab          Nations
                                                                              al      earlier attempts to win support for Israel’s ouster from the United result of
 accomplishmeist of the will of God, and to illustrate the eternal spiritu                                                                          only a
  inheritance of Israel in a physical and national way. The promise of a               had failed. Therefore, the fear that the resolution is not
                                                                                            5                                                              and serve
 geographical area was, and is, the promise of a unique blessing, not only             Anti-Semitism, but that it would spur worldwide Anti-Semitism rigorous
  to, but through Abraham and his seed. It stands in a climactic positio
                                                                              n        as an excuse for the Soviet Union and other nations for taking
  in relation to the promises to all people in that it is an inextricable part         action against the Jews, is not unfounded.
  of the actualization of God’s total plan for manki
                                                       nd in the past, present,                                                         16) for text of Anti-Zionist Resolution.
                                                                                       7. See New York Times: November 11, 19Th (p.
  and future,                                                                          8. CI. The Palestinian National Covenant (1968) 10, 1936 was the night Hitter and his
      Because of God’s intended import and value of the land as the                       It is a curiouc point of fact that November         ,
                                                                                          iroopa burned the German synagogues (Crlatalnacht) and Novem
                                                                                                                                                            ber 10, 1483 ii the
                                                                              d-
  tangible expression of Israel’s spiritual inheritance, to hinder a descen               date of Martin Luther’s birthday.
   5. ibid. p. 4.
   8. ibid. p. 5.
                                                        got4ALt AGNALL-
                                                        ?? JAMAtCA AV
                                                         WYPcNDAN.Ct-i, LY
                                                                             (5
THE PHENOHE4ON OF “SAINT JOHN’S/MASSAPEQUA”              APRIL   S ?7’
1.   The Charismatic Phase
     - during th. past decade this congregation of the American

       Lutheran Church, under the pastorates of John aov. and Jack
       Hiclctnen, became a center for the charismatic movement on
       Long Island
     — while the traditional congregation continued to worship

       on Sunday morn4ngs, a charismatic fellowship called The
       Body gathered from all over Long Island to worship on
       Sunday evenings
     - at the Sunday evening fellowship, worship consisted of

         4
         sIm.ntaflat
       a fLmt preaching, speaking in tongues, witns3iug,
       intercessory prayer, healing, and caaTxuziion
     -   other features of the charismatic fellowship ware bible
         study groups scattered all over Long Island, often preying
         on Roman Catholics, Jews and other Lutherans, and house
         churches celled the Dis Iilla Tellowship nd the ?atchoue
         Fellowship, wher. there wre already Lutheran congregations
     -   the charismatic fellowship has been extremely divisive for
         Lutheran congregations on Long Island, not only in Patchogue
         and Dix Hills, but elsewhere as the charistuatic enthusiasm
         has spread into various congregations and cxzzritias
         recent incidante have broight to light severe manilation
         by the charismatics and their pastors, satimes Leading
         to psychological disorders
     -   th. characteristic feature of the charismatic movement has
         been a strong Lndividiaiistjc reliiu, often arrogant and
         judgiental, as evidenced in such slogans as “The Lord told
         me,” or “I must lay my fleece beZors the Lord”
     -   such revelation outside the tlord of Cod and the Holy Sacra
         ments is contrary to the confession of faith of the Lutheran
         churches
     -   this kind of “extra verb’ revelation, reinforced by an
         enthusiast understanding of the work of the Holy Spirit, (extvt   ecce’

         also contrary to the Lutheran confess ion of faith, has now
         led to the Hebrew-Christian movent
                                                     -   J7MAICP A.Y&
                                                     wYN2, WY
                                                     APR( (-  I7
     The Hebrew-Christian Phase
                                                            ‘,


2.
     - chwing the past few years the congregation
                                                   , again under the
       pastorates of John Hove and Jack Hickman, plus the unauthorized
       “ordained ministry” of       Jacobs in Patchogue, has become
       one of two centers for a lIebre,v-Chri3tian movement on Long
       Island
     - this movement has spread to Christ/
                                           East ?eadow, another con
       gregation of the American Lutheran Church mder the pastorata
       of Donald Smestad, where a Saturday evening fellowship gathers
       together for Hebrew-Christian worship
     - at the Saturday evening fellowship (simila
                                                   r to the Sunday
       evening charismatic fellowship), worship consists of a
       concerted effort to speak to and from what purports to be
       Jewish tradition (for example, the holiness of the mystery
       of God, such as his name, has been the given reason for the
        practice of the off iciant not speaking the eucharistic words
        of institution audibly, which is contrary to the lutheran
          confession of faith)
     -    also similar to the charismatic fellowship, the Hebrew—
          Christian movement, is actively engaged in proselytizing
          among Jews and judaiziug among Roman Catholics and other
          Lutherans, particularly in the East 4eadow and Dix Hills areas
     -    this activity claims to represent authentic biblical Judaism
          through its imposition of rules and rogulatons
     -    particularly characteristic has been the legalistic covenant
          or Rule of the Cmmity (with it: emphasis on sexual dis
          tinction and status) and a retorted contract which persons
          have signed as a pledge of fidelity regardless of what may
          happen to St. John’s”
      -   other claims has been that of Prophet and messianic descen—
          dancy by Jack Hickman, and disavowal of being a Lutheran by
          John Hove
      -   other activity has included recorded telephone messages and
          alleged leafleting in synagogues, both directed towards Jews
          in the Dix Hills and East Meadow areas
      -   again psychological manipulation, sometimes in the form of
          group pressure dynamics and sotnet tines in the form of com
          mendation to Satan, has come to light
      -   such Judaizing as well as Enthusipsm is contrary to the
          Lutheran confession of faith, and, in fact, represents two
          of the main tendencies which the reformation opposed
                  To: Huffman, Kromerj/
                  From: Gruenburg, Jjnsen
                  RE: Long Island resolution NOT discussed and NOT
                       adopted.

                  This    is what Jansen and I worked up prior to suggesting
                  that    one resolution and letter re Christ/St. John.  Maybe
                  this    could be kept in the file for potential use some
                  time    in the future.

                  ACTION:    That the Executive Committee initiate the following
                             procedures with respect the Christ/St. John congregatic
             ‘I                                                      -


      ‘4,

‘4%         S.      Immediate action:

                      1.    A letter of intention shall be sent to the congregations
                            requesting an affirmation of the constitution of the AL(
                      2.    A letter requesting a copy of the constitutions of

 è                          the congregations under question for the purpose of
                            ascertaining the present provisions guiding the work
                            of the congregations.  (ask whether the present
Y                           constitutions of the congregations on file with the
                            district office are in force, or out of date and no
                            longer being used).
                     3.     A letter of personal assurance to all congregations
                            and pastors of the Long Island Conference stating that
                            the situation is being kept as a priority with the
                            Executive Committee. .over the signatures of Jensen
                                                .

                            Jansen, Huffman, Corkish.

                   Continued action:

                     1.     A personal visit by the Bishop and Dean to the congre—
                            gations in question for the purpose of continued
                            personal pastoral care.
                     2.     A commitment by the Executive Committee to review the
                            status of the congregations with a view to final action
                     k      be taken by Janu,yary, 1977.




                   personal comment:

                     I know this may all sound a little foggy   and it is
                                                                 —           but
                                                                             -


                   this was the burden of the conversation which we tried to
                   set down in orderly fashion.  I pesonally believe that the
                   one letter and resolution ACTED ON is much the better proce
                   dure at this time.
S




            THIS AGREEMENT, made             1977, between

 CHRIST EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH, Belimore Avenue and

 Chalady Lane, East Meadow, New York,    and ST.   JOHN’S

 LUTHERAN CHURCH, Hicksville Road and Gail Drive, North

Massapegua, New York, both being churches incorporated

under the Religious Corporations Law, do hereby covenant

and agree as follows:

            WHEREAS, CHRIST EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH and

ST.   JOHN’S LUTHERAN CHURCH have been associated together and

have been acting de facto as one congregation for several years,

and

            WHEREAS, CHRIST EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH and

ST.   JOHN’S LUTHERAN CHURCH have been called together into one

body to do the Lord’s work,    and

            WHEREAS, CHRIST EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH and

ST.   JOHN’S LUTHERAN CHURCH have been involved in the same

ministries together,     and

           WHEREAS, the congregations of CHRIST EVANGELICAL

LUTHERAN CHURCH and ST. JOHN’S LUTHERAN CHURCH share the same

love for the Lord and for the Lord’s work, and

           WHEREAS,   the two congregations desire to   act as one
congregation rather than two separate fellowships.

           WITNESSETH,   that the parties to this agreement have

mutually covenanted and agreed, and by these presents do
                                                         mutually
covenant and agree,    to consolidate into a single corporation,

pursuant to Section 13 of the Religious Corporations Law,
                                                          upon
                                                              p




the following terms and conditions:

1.   The name of the proposed new corporation shall be

CHURCH OF JESUS THE MESSIAH.
                                                        an.
2.   The denomination to which it is to belong is Luther

3.   The trustees shall be selected pursuant to the con
                                                   ap
stitution and by—laws which have been proposed and

proved for the new corporation.

4.   The number of trustees shall be twelve.

5.   The names of the first trustees of the new corpora

tion are:

                      Rev. Hickman
                      John Juliussen
                      Even Thorsen
                      Carl Underberger
                      Wm. Johnson
                      James Koulitsis
                      Louis Ramu
                      Ernest Blum
                      John Marks
                      Ed. Hall
                      Wm. Wolfarth
                      Frank Utting

6.   The first annual corporate meeting will be held on

January 30,   1978.

7.   The constitution and by-laws, which are annexed

hereto and made a part hereof, shall be incorporated into

 this agreement and shall be the means through which the

 new corporation shall conduct business.
-         IN WITNESS WHEREOF,    the parties to this agree

ment have caused the same to be executed by their author

ized officers, and have caused their corporate seals to

be affixed hereto this           day of         1977.




                         CHRIST EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH

                         By________________________________

                                President, Board of Trustees




     Secretary




                          ST. JOHN’S LUTHERAN CHURCH

                          By________________________________

                                 President, Board of Trustees




     Secretary
                          PROPOSED CONSTITUTION

                       CHURCH OF JESUS THE MESSIAH



PREAMBLE.

In the name of the Father     and of the Son, and of the Holy

Spirit Amen.     Recognizing our unity in faith and our common

practice of it, and desiring to express a fellowship in

worship and work; knowing our spiritual needs, mindful of

our privileges and duties, and wishing to observe an orderly

cooperation, we adopt the following constitution:

Article I    Name

The name of this congregation shall be Church of Jesus the

Messiah, East Meadow, New York.      This congregation shall be

incorporated under the laws of the State of New York.

Article II     Confession of Faith

This congregation accepts all the canonical books of the Old

and New Testaments as a whole and in all of their parts as the

divinely inspired, revealed, and inerrant Word of God and sub

mits to this as the only infallible authority in all matters

of faith and life.

As brief and true statements of the doctrine of the Word of G-d,

this congregation accepts and confesses the following symbols

subscription to which shall be required of all of its members:

the ancient ecumenical creeds; the Apostolic, the Nicene, and

the Athanasian.
Article III       Purpose

The purpose of this congregation shall be to bring glory to

the name of G-d, to spread the message of His Salvation and to

proclaim the gospel of the Kingdom of G-d to Jews and Gentiles

that all men may become disciples of Jesus.

Article IV        District Membership Amer. Lutheran Church

1.   This congregation shall hold membership in the Eastern

     District of the American Lutheran Church.

2.   Severance of membership in the American Lutheran Church

     shall require a two-thirds majority vote of all voting

     members present at a legally called meeting.

Article V      Membership

1.   Members of this congregation shall be those persons who are

     defined as members at the time this constitution is adopted,

     or who are admitted hereafter, and who maintain membership

     in accordance with the provisions of the constitution and

     bylaws.

2.   All members shall be classified as      (a) Baptized members;

     (b) Voting members.

             a)     Baptized members shall be those who have been

                    baptized in the name of the Triune G-d and

                    who have been received by the congregation.

             b)     Voting members shall be those baptized members

                    of the congregation who have attained the age

                    of 16 and are in good standing and have been
                  duly accorded this status by the congregation-

                  within the bylaws.

 3.    Members of the congregation shall be required:

             a)   to make diligent use of the Means of Grace

             b)   to live a Godly life in accordance with the

                  Scriptures

             c)   to support the work of the congregation



 4.    Discipline of the congregation shall be exercized in

       accordance with Matthew 18:15-18


       “If your brother sins against you, go and tell him
                                                          his fault,
       between you and him alone. If he listens to you,
                                                        you have gained
       your brother. But if he does not listen, take one
                                                          or two others
       along with you, that every word may be confirmed
                                                         by the evidence
       of two or three witnesses. If he refuses to liste
                                                        n to them, tell
      it to the church; and if he refuses to listen
                                                     even to the church,
      let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax colle
                                                     ctor. Truly, I say
      to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound
                                                         in heaven, and
      whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in
                                                      heaven.”



Article VI    Authority

1.    In all matters of faith and life the authority of

      the Word of G-d shall be supreme.

2.    The authority, within the church, for all matters

      left undecided by the Word of G-d, and not subject

      to civil laws, shall be vested in the council.
      Article VII       The Council

      1.   Members

                   a)   The council shall be comprised of all those

                         individuals who have been installed in

                        the following offices:

                                      Pastor
                                      Administrator
                                      Deacon
                                      Teacher
                                      Evangelist
                                      or any other office established
                                      by the Lord.

                   b)    Those chosen as elders from and for

                         a covenant community as approved by

                         the council.

2.   Duties

The council shall be responsible for all matters pertaining

to the life and ministry of the congregation.

Article VIII       Trustees

The Trustees shall:

1.   Be comprised of twelve members of the council selected

     as follows:

                   a)    One Pastor
                   b)    Administrator
                   c)    All Deacons
                   d)    remainder to a total of twelve chosen
                         from the council


2.   Serve as the legal trustees of the corporation.

3.   Manage the financial affairs of the congregation.

4.   Elect from its own membership a president, vice president
                                       e a secretary and treasurer
     and from the congregation at larg
                                         on in the same capaci—
     who shall also serve the congregati
                                                                   -




     ties.
                                        necessary and advisable
5.   Appoint such committees as may be
                                         above responsibilities.
     to facilitate the discharge of the
                                           supervision of
6.   Be responsible for the employment and
                                         gregation.
     the salaried lay workers of the con

Article IX      Real and Personal Property
                                          ty acquired by the
1.   Title to all real or personal proper
                                            ividuals for use
     congregation, its organizations or ind
                                            and its employees,
     of the congregation, its organizations

                                                       n.
                          congregation as a corporatio
     shall be held by the
                                                     of or
                              be purchased, disposed
2.   Real property shall not
                                                         ted
                               except by resolution adop
     encumbered in any manner
                                                   present
                           or more of the members
     by vote of two-thirds
                                                        re—
                              called meeting of the cong
     and voting at a legally

      gation.
3.   Should the congregation for any reason be dissolved,

     or its property fall into disuse, title to the land

     and other estates, real and personal,   shall be dis

     posed of pursuant to the laws of the State of New

     York, unless deeded to another congregation.

Article X   Congregational Meeting

1.   The power and authority of the congregation shall

     be exercised through the congregational meeting,

     called and held in conformity with civil laws and

     the provisions of the constitution and Bylaws of this

     congregation.

2.   The annual congregational meeting shall be held as

     specified in the Bylaws of this constitution.     No

     tice of the annual meeting shall be given as pro

     vided in the Bylaws.

3.   The congregation shall also hold such special meetings

     as may be called by the congregation, or the pastor,

     or the president, or the-church council, or by pe

     tition of at least 10% of the individual voting

     members.   The official call for all special meetings

     of the congregation shall state in writing the time,

     place, and purpose of the meeting and shall be signed

     by the proper officer or individuals authorized

     above and shall be posted prominently in the place

     where the congregation usually worships.

     The calling of such special meetings,   including the
     time, place, and purpose, shall also be announced

     orally at all public services within ten days prior

     to such meetings and by notice mailed to the voting

     members at least seven days in advance; provided

     that meetings to consider the disposition or encum

     brance of real property must also be called and

     held in conformity with such specific provisions of

     civil law as may be applicable.

4.   No special meeting of the congregation may be held

     without properly notifying the pastors and council.

     No business other than that stated as the purpose

     of the meeting shall be acted upon at such special

     meetings.



5.   When necessary to complete the business of the meet

     ing, a congregational meeting may by majority vote

     recess to reconvene at a specified time and place.

     A congregational meeting may also decide to recess

     to reconvene upon call, but the time and place of

     such reconvened meeting must then be announced at

     no less than one public service in advance or by

     written notice to the voting members mailed not

     less than three days in advance.

Article XI   Bylaws

1.   The congregation shall adopt such bylaws as may be

     found necessary, except no Bylaw may conflict with
     this constitution, in the event,      through interpre

     tation, a conflict shall arise, the constitution

     shall be controlling.

2.   Bylaws may be amended at any legally called meeting

     of the congregation by a two-thirds majority vote of

     those present and voting,provided the proposed amendw

     ment has been announced and lead at a public service

     or mailed to the voting members,      in either case at
     least two weeks prior to the meeting.

Article XII     Constitutional Amendment

1.   The doctrinal basis and the confessional subscription

     as contained in Article II; the purpose as contained

     in Article III may not be altered.

2.   To be effective, proposed amendments to other articles

     of the constitution must be:

           a)   announced and read at a public service or

                mailed to the voting members, in either

                case at least thirty days prior to the

                congregational meeting at which it is

                to be considered;

          b)    approved, with or without change, at the

                congregational meeting by a two-thirds

                vote of those present and voting.
                                   BYLAWS

Section I         Membership

     A.     ADMISSION TO BAPTIZED MEMBERSHIP

             1.     Children, one or both of whose parents or

                    guardians are members of this congregation,

                    shall, upon receiving baptism, be thereby

                    baptized members of this congregation.

             2.     Children, neither of whose parents or guard

                    ians are members of this congregation shall,

                    upon baptism duly recorded as a ministerial

                    act performed under the auspices of this con

                    gregation, thereby be received as baptized

                    members of this congregation unless there

                    is understanding that,    for good reason they

                    will be enrolled as baptized members of

                    another congregation,    in which case notice

                    of the baptism shall be given to the con

                    gregation in which the child is to be en

                    rolled as a baptized member.

             3.     Children baptized in other congregations

                    (and baptized adults mentally incompetent
             for confirmation)   shall be received as baptized

             members of this congregation upon admission

             of one or both parents or guardians to membership,

             or by consent of one or both parents or

             guardians, or by action of the council.

       4.    Unbaptized adults iho have received instruction

             and given evidence of having an adequate under

             standing and acceptance of the teachings of the

            Word of G-d shall, upon confession of faith and

            Baptism duly recorded as a ministerial act per

            formed under the auspices of this congregation,

            thereby be received as baptized members of this

            congregation.

B.   ADMISSION TO VOTING MEMBERSHIP

      1.    The council shall be responsible for determining

            the voting membership in accordance with the

            qualifications specified in the constitution

            and bylaws.

C.   DISCONTINUANCE OF MEMBERSHIP

      1.    Members who move away shall be encouraged to

            transfer.     Any confirmed member in good stand

            ing desiring to change his membership to another

            Lutheran Church shall, upon request, be entitled

            to a letter of transfer.



     2.     Any member who in the judgment of the council
     shows no interest in attending regularly

     scheduled services, or fails to partake of

     communion and fails to contribute to the

     congregational treasury according to the

     congregation’s records for a period of one

     year, shall be presumed no longer to desire

     membership, shall lose the right to vote, and

     shall not be counted in the membership

     statistics on the congregation.    However, his

     name and record shall be kept in the files

     for a period of two years thereafter.     Such a

     person shall be encouraged to participate in

     the congregational life, or to transfer

     elsewhere, as the situation may indicate to

     be advisable.   If he resumes activity within

     the two year period, he shall be restored to

     the active membership list;    if not, he shall

     be dismissed from the congregation and noti—

     fied by mail accordingly, where possible.
                                                    s
3.   Children, neither of whose parents or guardian

     are active members of this congregation, shall

     be dropped from the baptized membership roll

      if they fail to participate in the education

     program of the congregation.

4.   Members who have been excommunicated, dismissed,

      or who have resigned and members who have trans
                   ferred to other Lutheran congregations,

                   or who are definitely known to have be

                   come members of other congregations with

                   out transfer,   shall thereby have lost

                  membership in this congregation and all

                   rights appertaining thereto.

SECTION II        THE ANNUAL MEETING

   (cf. Article X of Constitution)

             1.   Announcement of the time and plac of the

                  annual meeting of the congregation shall

                  be made at two public services immediately

                  preceding the meeting,   said services to be

                  at least a week apart,   and in such publi

                  cations as the congregation or the pastor

                  may periodically issue; or by special written

                  notice to the voting members mailed at least

                  ten days in advance.

             2.   The current roster of voting members shall

                  be determined prior to each annual meeting.

         3.       A quorum for the conduct of business at annual

                  and special congregational meetings shall con

                  sist of 10% of the voting members.

         4.       The order of business at the annual meeting

                  shall be:

                  a)   Opening devotion
                                                     -4




     b)   Approval of the minutes

     c)   Reports of the pastor, the Trustees,

          the treasurer, committees, and others

     d)   Approval of budget

     e)   Unfinished business

     f)   New business

     g)   Closing prayer

5.   In the following cases voting shall be

     by ballot:

     a)   To adopt or amend the articles of

          incorporation, constitution or by

          laws of the congregation.

     b)   To sever membership in The American

          Lutheran Church.

     c)   To dispose of, encumber, or purchase

          real property or to authorize an ex

          penditure of more than $5,000 or more

          not previously budgeted.

     d)   When requested by ten or more voting

          members present.

6.   Except as otherwise provided in the consti

     tution and bylaws,    all matters shall be de

     cided by majoriiy vote of those present

     and voting.

7.   In all matters not specifically provided

     for herein, procedure shall be according to

     Robert’s “Rules of Order.”
SECTION III       OFFICES

The ispired word of G-d has set forth the following offices:

Pastor, Administrator, Deacon, Teachers, Evangelists, Men of

Discipline and Spiritual Guides.           These offices are filled by

G-d, through prayer with confirmation of the Pastors.

SECTION IV       COVENANT COMMUNITIES

A covenant community may be formed by a group of members of

the congregation who bind themselves voluntarily and specifically

to a:

                  1.      Purpose

                  2.      Ministry

                  3.      Discipline

                  4.      Mode of operation

all of which,    in the opinion of the council is in accord with

the call and character of the congregation.

If this covenant is approved by the council, a body of twelve

(12)    elders shall be chosen or appointed from within the covenant

group to sit upon the council.

A yearly review shall be made by the council of any or all covenants.

If in the opinion of the council the signers of the covenant(s)           are

not carrying out the terms of the covenant,         the covenant community

shall be suspended for six          (6) months from participation upon the

church council.

If, at the end of the six       (6) month period there has not been signi

ficant improvement in carrying out the terms of covenant in the

opinion of the council, the covenant shall be annulled by a vote

of the council.        Any delegate(s)   of said community to the Board
of Trustees shall be dismissed from office and replaced by

another member of the council.

SECTION V     TRUSTEES

     1.     The Trustees shall be empowered to secure such

            help as is needed to carry on the work of the

            congregation such as organist, choir director,

            parish worker, pastor’s secretary, office

            secretary,   intern, custodian, etc., and shall

            fix their salaries.

     2.     Annually prepare a budget for submission to the

            congregational meeting.

     3.     Adjustments in the salary of the pastor shall be

            the responsibility of the trustees,   subject to

            the congregation’s approval of the budget.

     4.     The Trustees shall as far as possible operate within

            the limits of the approved budget of the congrega

            tion.

     5.     An auditing committee composed of 3 persons shall be

            appointed by the president with the approval of the

            Trustees.    The auditing committee shall audit all

            financial records of the congregation proper, and

            present its report to the annual meeting in writing.

            The auditing committee shall carefully examine all

            insurance policies to determine the amount and kind

            of insurance in force and include this report in

            its statement.
   I




             6.    Use of the Church

                   a)   The property of the congregation shall

                        be for the use of the congregation in

                        its normal function and shall not be

                        used in any way not in harmony with the

                        purpose of the congregation.

                   b)   Buildings which are the property of the

                        congregation shall not be lent or rented

                        to any group or individual not affiliated

                        with the congregation unless application

                        for such use has been approved by the

                        Trustees.

SECTION VI        DUTIES OF OFFICERS

             1.   The president shall preside over meetings

                  of the Trustees and of the congregation

                  unless the meeting decides otherwise.

             2.   The vice president shall preside in the

                  absence of the president, unless the

                  meeting decides otherwise.

             3.   The secretary shall keep the minutes of

                  the council and of the congregation and

                  shall preserve its archives.

             4.   The treasurer shall be custodian of all

                  funds of the congregation,   local, synodical

                  and special and shall disburse all such

                  funds in accordance with the decisions of the

                  songregation or the trustees.   He shall pre—
               sent a duly audited report to the annual

               congregational meeting and such other reports

               to the trustees as may be required.

SECTION VII    MINISTERIAL RECORDS

The pastors shall be responsible for keeping accurate records

of membership and of his ministerial acts on forms provided

by the congregation and which shall remain the property of

the congregation.   They shall report these statistics to the

congregation annually.

				
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