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					Voyages of Columbus
   By: Christina, Colin, Jenny,
          James, Umar
            Introduction
The first Europeans to go to Americas was The
Norse seafarers from Scandinavia
Between A.D 800 and 1100 they established
settlements in Iceland, Greenland and
Newfoundland once called Vinland.
Conflicts with Native Americans and lack of
support from there home caused their
settlements to be unsuccessful in Vinland
Vinland settlements were forgotten except in
Norse sagas or heroic stories
    Christopher Columbus
Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy 1451
In 1477 he travelled to Lisbon, Portugal which brought
him new knowledge of geography and cartography.
Columbus calculated the distance between Japan and
the Canary Islands of 2,400 miles which made him want
to voyage to Asia by sailing west instead of south and
east.
1492 was the year that European countries such as
Spain, Portugal, France, Netherlands and
England began to explore because of
Columbus’s finding
They pursued a passage to Asia.
These nations established colonies in the Americas.
  Voyage Into the Unknown
With a crew of 90 sailors Columbus left Spain in August 1492
He first sailed south to the Canary Islands to repair his ships
and restock on supplies
By early October the crew had gone farther then expected
and wanted to turn back
In the early morning of October 12,1492 the lookout aboard
the Pinta saw white cliffs
Columbus had discovered the Bahamas (San Salvador) he
claimed the land for Spain
Columbus though that he had reached the East Indies off the
coast of Asia so he called the Native People Indians
              Journal

“The crew of the Pinta spotted
some…reeds and some other plants; they
also saw what looked like a small board or
plank. A stick was recovered that looks
man-made, perhaps carved with an iron
tool…but even these few [things] made
the crew breathe easier; in fact the men
have become cheerful”
  Marvels of a New World
In April 1493 Columbus returned to the Spanish Court
and received the titles of “Admiral of the Ocean Sea” and
“Viceroy and Governor of the Indies”.
Columbus had brought but some of the native people
and everyone was interested in their copper tone skin,
as well as the gold and trade possibilities available there.
Columbus made three more voyages across the Atlantic,
but he died in 1506 unaware that he had discovered
new land.
    Treaty of Tordesillas
Columbus’s exploration put Spain and
Portugal in direct competition for trade
and empire building
To resolve the conflict the Pope Alexander
VI drew a Line of Demarcation through
the Atlantic Ocean in 1493
Spain was given all the non-Christian
lands to the west of the line, and Portugal
all those to the east
Treaty of Tordesillas (cont.)
In 1500 a fleet of Portuguese ships
commanded by Pedro
Alvarez Cabral set out for
India
But the ship was blown
off course and the expedition
reached present day Brazil
This led to Portugal claiming
the land as it was east of line of
demarcation
      America is Named!
In 1499 a different Portuguese expedition with
navigator Amerigo Vespucci sailed along the
coast of South America
Vespucci determined that this land was a new
continent
In 1504 Vespucci’s account was published and
he incorrectly received the credit
for reaching the new land before
Columbus
The new world was named
“America” by German mapmakers
A Vast New Ocean Revealed
            Vasco Núñez de Balboa led a
          journey to find a body of water
          that was guided by the
          Indians.
            The Indians knew the
          diverse and complicated paths
          to the countryside.
            In 1513 Balboa was the first
          European person to observe
          the eastern coast of the pacific
          ocean.
This is a map of Balboa’s path
          Magellan’s Plan

Magellan hoped to sail
to the Spice Islands
around the world.
Spice trade is valuable
and is found in
Indonesia.
Magellan went to
Portuguese court in
Spain and approached
King Charles I with his
plan.
      The Difficult Passage
Spanish King then
financed Magellan’s
trip in 1519
1520-Magellan
reached a strait at the
southern tip of South
America
Magellan called the
ocean on the other
side the Pacific
                   Review
  Why did Columbus originally sail to the
                West?
 He wanted to voyage to Asia by sailing west instead of
                   south and east.

Who were the first Europeans to go to the Americas/New
                         World?

  The first Europeans to go to Americas was The Norse
                seafarers from Scandinavia
                     Review
What is the Line of Demarcation? And who
               drew the line?
The line gave Spain all the non-Christian lands to the
 west of the line, and Portugal all those to the east.
                  Pope Alexander VI

        What country claimed Brazil?

                      Portugal
                Review

 What did Balboa want to find in the west?
    Balboa led a journey to find a body of
     water what is now the Pacific Ocean

What did Ferdinand Magellan search for?

          Magellan hoped to sail to the
         Spice Islands around the world.
                Review
Who incorrectly received credit for reaching
      the new land before Columbus.
             Amerigo Vespucci

In what year did Pedro Alvarez Cabral
            set for India.

                  1500
         Review

Which of these people is
 Ferdinand Magellan ?

				
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