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INTRODUCTION TO AXIS AGGRESSION
Chapter 14, Section 1 (p.437-444)


    1) What did Hitler secretly start to do when he became Chancellor of Germany in 1933? What
       did the Treaty of Versailles say about this?
         rebuild the military
         forbid Germany from doing this

    2) What did Great Britain let Germany do in 1935? What was Hitler’s claim about what he was
       doing?
        let Germany build submarines and other warships again—violated Treaty of Versailles again
        claimed he was building strength to fight against the spread of communism

    3) What was the Rhineland? What did Hitler send there? What was Hitler’s claim about what
       he was doing? What did France and Great Britain do about this?
        German territory that bordered France
        small armed force
        claimed he was reacting to a recent French-Soviet military agreement
        complained about this violating of the Treaty of Versailles, but took no direct action

    4) Why did Hitler continue to plot more aggressive moves? After the Rhineland, what was
       Hitler’s next target? When and how did Hitler annex this country? Were the citizens of this
       country happy about this?
        because he knew his opponents in Europe hoped to avoid war
        Austria
        March 1938, marched into the country without opposition (began to demand officials to let him
          annex it in early 1938)
        supported the annexation, especially when realized Hitler would take it by force anyway

    5) After Austria, what was Hitler’s next target? What was the Sudentenland? Did the people in
       the Sudentenland wish to join Germany? Who did officials in this country believe would
       help them if Germany attacked?
         Czechoslovakia
         region filled with a German-speaking population
         Yes
         France

    6) What happened at a meeting in September 1938, held in Munich? What did this mean for
       Czechoslovakia?
        British PM Neville Chamberlain and French leader Edouard Daladier agreed not to block Hitler’s
          way
        they would fight Germany on their own if Germany attacked
INTRODUCTION TO AXIS AGGRESSION
Chapter 14, Section 1 (p.437-444)
    7) What is appeasement? What did Winston Churchill have to say about appeasement?
        giving in to aggressive demands in order to maintain peace
        thought it was a bad idea, “Why not make a stand [against Hitler] while there is still a good
          company of united, very powerful countries?”

    8) In what countries aside from Germany had aggressive totalitarian regimes emerged? What
       countries made up the Axis powers? In 1939, what did Italy and Germany agree to do?
         Italy and Japan
         Germany, Italy, and Japan
         signed a military alliance in which each side pledged to aid the other in the event of war

    9) What was going on in Spain during the 1930s? Who was fighting whom in Spain? What
       other countries support each side? Who won? Who ruled Spain?
         fierce political conflict had led to the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War
         Nationalists, a Fascist group (led by Francisco Franco), supported by Italy and Germany; fighting
           with Republicans, supported by, Soviet Union
         Nationalists won, Franco became another dictator in Europe

    10) What country/leader did Fascist Germany and Italy not get along with in the 1930s?
        Why did these countries oppose each other?
         communist Soviet Union, led by Stalin
         because fascism and communism are different (fascism=extreme nationalism & loyalty to the state;
           communism=international change & classless society)

    11) What countries were discussing the possibility of an alliance with the Soviet Union? Why?
        Who was the Soviet Union secretly making an agreement with? Why?
         Great Britain and France because they were concerned about Hitler’s aggressive movements
         Germany, because Stalin thought that Great Britain and France would not be able to protect his
          country from the German army

    12) What is a non-aggression pact? Who signed a non-aggression pact in 1939? What did a
        “secret section” in this pact allow for?
          an agreement in which each side promises not to attack the other
          Germany and the Soviet Union
          each side had a right to take territory in Eastern Europe, including dividing Poland into Soviet and
            German areas

				
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