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									trait theory with five constructs of personality:
Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness,
Conscientiousness, and Emotional Stability              Big Five

Jung's concept of shared inherited memories             collective unconscious

giving priority to group goals over individual goals    collectivism

psychodynamic theory's idea of protecting ego by
distorting reality                                      defense mechanism

defense mechanism shifting inappropriate desires on
to more acceptable target                           displacement

Sheldon's body type, thin and aggressive                ectomorph

part of Freud's theory of personality that makes the
decisions                                               ego

Sheldon's body type, plump and jolly                    endomorph

theory with 3 constructs of personality;
phychoticism, extraversion and neuroticism              Eysenck, Hans

Freud's idea that people develop a lingering pleasure
from certain stimuli                                  fixate

technique to reveal subconscious, say the first thing
that comes to mind                                    free association

one's sense of being male or female                     gender identity

part of Freud's personality theory, wants and desires id

(Freud) children internalize parent's values into their
superego                                                identification

giving priority to one's goals over the goals of the
group                                                   individualism

psychologist who studies early child personality
(temperament)                                           Kagan, Jerome

learn to surrender to avoid repeated aversive events learned helplessness
humanist psychologist, focuses on self-actualization    Maslow, Abraham
                                                        MMPI (Minnesota
                                                        Multiphasic Personality
test screening for emotional disorders                  Inventory

personality test measuring 4 constructs and 16          Myers-Briggs Type
possible personality types                              Indicator

new generation of psychoanalytical theories building
on Freud's work                                      Neo-Freudian

sense of controlling our environment versus
helplessness                                            personal control

test measuring personality traits                       personality inventory

an individual's unique pattern of characteristics
effecting behavior                                      personality

information that is not conscious, but retrievable to
conscious                                               preconscious

personality test that attempts to discover
subconscious motivations                                projective test

Freud's therapy technique, examine subconscious to
find and change motivations                        psychoanalysis

Freud's theory of personality development focusing
on sexual pleasure                                   psychosexual stages
defense mechanism replacing self-justifying
explanations for threatening unconscious reasons for
one's actions                                        rationalization

defense mechanism, switching unacceptable
emotions for their opposite                             reaction formation

interaction of personality factors and environment      reciprocal determinism

defense mechanism, retreating to more infantile
behavior to divert threatening thoughts                 regression

how dependable the results of a test are                reliability

defense mechanism, banishing unpleasant thoughts
from consciousness                                      repression
humanist psychologist, focused on accepting
ourselves and others                                   Rogers, Carl

projective test using random pictures to spur
thoughts                                               Rorschach inkblot test

evolving to become one's unique ultimate potential     self-actualization

thoughts and feelings about ourselves, one's identity self-concept

one's feeling of high or low self-worth                self-esteem

readiness to perceive oneself favorably                self-serving bias

part of Freud's personality, represents internalized
ideals and judgments, your conscience                  superego

                                                       Thematic Apperception
projection test using a picture to spur a narrative    Test (TAT)

characteristic of personality                          Trait

                                                     unconditional positive
(Rogers) attitude of total acceptance toward another regard

(Freud) unacceptable thoughts kept below
awareness                                              unconscious

extent to which a test measures what it is suppose
to measure                                             validity

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