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新视野大学英语第一册第三单元sectionB

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新视野大学英语第一册第三单元sectionB Powered By Docstoc
					                     The Right Son at the Right Time
Unit 3   Section B




               FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING AND RESEARCH PRESS
       Content

1   Reading Skills


2   Text Understanding


3   Words & Expressions
NHCE



                 Reading Skills

  Introduction

 Like the other skills for your use, the skill introduced
 in this unit does render you better ability in reading.

  Practice

  This practice is designed to help you get a deeper
  insight into the skill for this unit.
NHCE



            Reading for the Key Ideas in Sentences


     Although a sentence may give a great deal of
   information, it usually offers one key idea. Readers
   must be able to find the key ideas in order to
   understand sentence meanings clearly.
   Here is how to find the key ideas in sentences:

                                                To be continued
1. Ask who or what the sentence is about.
2. Ask what the person is doing or what is
happening to the person or object.
3. Learn to separate minor details from the main
idea. Many words in a sentence describe things
about the subject of the sentence and merely add
details to it. If you ask when, where, how, or why,
                                                 To be continued
you will find details and it will be easier to see the
key idea.
              Here are two examples from Passage A:
  Example 1
On one occasion a fight broke out at a beach party,
with everyone punching and shoving. (Para. 9)
 Key Idea: ?       A fight broke out.
 Explanation
                  We see that the key idea of this sentence
is “a fight broke out”, as this tells us about what
happened. All the other information is about where, when,
and in what way the fight broke out.
  Example 2

He was severely crippled and very short, and when
we walked together, his hand on my arm for balance,
people would stare. (Para. 1, Passage A)
 Key Idea: ?       He was crippled.
 Explanation     You see the key idea of this sentence is:
“He was crippled”, as this tells you about who the
sentence is about. All the other information is about when,
and how the father kept balance.
   Of course, it is not always easy to decide
which details give the key idea and which add
to the key idea. However, the starting point for
determining the key idea in a sentence is to
find who or what the sentence is about and
what the person or object is doing.
                                         课文   自测
NHCE




       Directions:
       Study the model and write the key idea for
       each of the following sentences.
Model: Someone at the hospital called the Red
Cross office in Brooklyn, and a request for the
boy to rush to Brooklyn was sent to the Red
Cross director of the North Carolina Marine
Corps camp.

Key idea: A message was sent to find the son.
1. They found the young man walking through
   some marshes in a military exercise. (Para. 3,
   Passage B)
  Key idea: They found the man.
2. He was rushed to the airport in time to catch the
   sole plane that might enable him to reach his
   dying father. (Para. 3, Passage B)
  Key idea: He reached the airport in time.
3. The medicine he had been given for the pain
   from his heart attack made his eyes weak and
   he only dimly saw the young man in Marine
   Corps uniform standing outside the oxygen
   tent. (Para. 5, Passage B)

  Key idea: The old man dimly saw the young
            man.
Text study
                I. Question Answering

   Paras. 1-3
1. Who is the narrator?
  • Greg Louganis




http://www.louganis.com
2. What do you know about him?

3. What was he doing at the moment?
• Olympic gold medals winner

• “finest U.S. amateur athlete”
• 1988 Olympics in Korea
4. Why did he push away everyone else
   coming near to him?


• HIV-positive
• fear
• put somebody in danger
5. Why did his natural parents give him up for
   adoption?
• too young
• only teenagers
6. What do you think makes
   the narrator enjoy diving?

• kids at school, ...
• diving, ...
Para. 6
1. What did he earn for his first shot at Olympics?
2. Why didn’t he feel happy at it?
3. What change was brought to his training after
   that?

• silver medal for the platform
• not the gold medal
• training with Ron O’Brien, a well-known
 Olympic diving coach
   Para. 7
1. When did he learn that his sexual
   partner had AIDS?
2. What did it mean to him?
3. What did he do about it?

• preparing for the 1988 Olympics
• might be HIV-positive or have AIDS
• afraid, cover it as a secret
    Paras. 8-9

1. What did his coach do in his training after
   Louganis hit his head on the board?
2. What did he get finally in the competition?

 start with the dive that hit his head, 6 times
 two gold medals, one for the 3-meter

   springboard, one for the 10-meter platform
                    II. Summary
       Tell briefly the life story of Greg Louganis in time order.




Tips
               Tips

when born             given up

18 month old          gym classes

10 years old          taking diving

16 years old          to Olympics

24 years old          2 gold medals

28 years old          2 gold medals, HIV+
Paraphrase
Translation

Explanation
                II. Focus Study

1. An elderly man had collapsed while crossing
   the street, ...
  while clause: the subject and the verb “be”
  can be omitted.
 while he was crossing the street
 while crossing the street
 When still young (还年轻时), he was appointed
 ________________
 committee member of an important organization.
2. ①The medicine he had been given because of the
   pain from his heart attack made his eyes weak and
   he only dimly saw the young man in Marine Corps
              ②
   uniform standing outside the
   oxygen tent.


  A long sentence is made up of short phrases
  or short sentences. By adding some modifiers
  (修饰语) you can make the sentence long.

 ①   +   ② = the whole sentence
① the medicine made his eyes weak (key idea).

What medicine?          he had been given
Why given?              because of pain
Why pain?               from his heart attack

② he only dimly saw the young man.
In what dress ?       in Marine Corps uniform
Where ?               standing outside the
                      oxygen tent
Now try to make your own sentence as long as
possible by adding modifiers.


 I was embarrassed.
   Reference
When I was growing up, I was embarrassed
to be seen with my father who was severely
crippled and very short.
      Words & Expressions



 Word Using

 Matching Game
                 I. Word Using
1. collapse v.
  to fall unconscious or fall down
 Translation
 他过马路时昏倒了,在被送往医院的路上死了。

  Key

  He collapsed while crossing the street and
  died on the way to the hospital.
2. now and again
   sometimes
  Translation
 他有时提出一些奇怪的问题。

   Key
  He raises some strange
  questions now and again.
3. call for
   ask to see; need
  Translation
 The situation calls for immediate action.

  Key
  当前的情况需要立即采取行动。
4. Locate v.
  to find the place of;place

  Translation
 这家公司希望把新工厂设在河边。

   Key
  The company wished to
  locate its new factory
  beside the river.
5. set out
   set forth; set off; start a journey


   Translation
 全体村民已出发去寻找失踪的小孩。

    Key
   All the villagers have set out to look for the
   missing child.
6. enable v.
   make able

  Translation
  我向他作了详细说明, 好让他能找到那房子。

   Key
  I gave him full directions to enable him to find
  the house.
7. extend v.
   to hold out; offer

  Translation
  他伸出手同来宾握手。

   Key

  He extended his hand
  to the guests.
8. inform v.
    tell sb.; give sb. knowledge
  Translation
• Newspapers inform their readers on what is
  happening in the world.
• He has not yet informed me of his plans for
  holidays.
   Keys
• 报纸向读者们报道世界上正在发生的情况。
• 他尚未把他的度假计划告诉我。
9. Interrupt v.
    to break off or to cause to stop


   Translation
   他的演说不时被暴风雨般的掌声打断。

     Key
    His speech was frequently interrupted by
    stormy applause.
10. with that
    after that; when that had been done

  Translation

  他略挥了一下手,然后就走了。

   Key
  He gave a little wave, and with
  that, he was gone.
11. exit v.
   to go out of; leave from

  Translation
  要离开这座楼,请沿着这个
  方向走。

   Key
   To exit the building, please
   follow this direction.
  12. turn out
     happen to be; be found to be in the end


     Translation
     我们昨天碰到的人原来是我们的校长。

      Key
      The guy we met yesterday turned out to be
      our president.

Practice
                          A mini-test

1. Police have ____ for the public to come forward
   with any information which might help them in
   their inquiries.
    A. urged               B. informed
    C. called              D. told
2. Please turn _____ the switch as soon as the
   water boils.
   A. down                 B. off
   C. out                   D. up
3. Though they were in the mountain area, they were well
   _____ about the world by watching TV.
  A. told              B. said
  B. spoken            D. informed
               II. Old to New

clearly                     apparently
only                        sole
at times                    occasionally
give and receive            exchange
tell                        inform
pity                        sympathy
break                       interrupt
surprise                    startle
go out                      exit

				
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