The Right Son at the Right Time
Unit 3 Section B
FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING AND RESEARCH PRESS
1 Reading Skills
2 Text Understanding
3 Words & Expressions
Like the other skills for your use, the skill introduced
in this unit does render you better ability in reading.
This practice is designed to help you get a deeper
insight into the skill for this unit.
Reading for the Key Ideas in Sentences
Although a sentence may give a great deal of
information, it usually offers one key idea. Readers
must be able to find the key ideas in order to
understand sentence meanings clearly.
Here is how to find the key ideas in sentences:
To be continued
1. Ask who or what the sentence is about.
2. Ask what the person is doing or what is
happening to the person or object.
3. Learn to separate minor details from the main
idea. Many words in a sentence describe things
about the subject of the sentence and merely add
details to it. If you ask when, where, how, or why,
To be continued
you will find details and it will be easier to see the
Here are two examples from Passage A:
On one occasion a fight broke out at a beach party,
with everyone punching and shoving. (Para. 9)
Key Idea: ? A fight broke out.
We see that the key idea of this sentence
is “a fight broke out”, as this tells us about what
happened. All the other information is about where, when,
and in what way the fight broke out.
He was severely crippled and very short, and when
we walked together, his hand on my arm for balance,
people would stare. (Para. 1, Passage A)
Key Idea: ? He was crippled.
Explanation You see the key idea of this sentence is:
“He was crippled”, as this tells you about who the
sentence is about. All the other information is about when,
and how the father kept balance.
Of course, it is not always easy to decide
which details give the key idea and which add
to the key idea. However, the starting point for
determining the key idea in a sentence is to
find who or what the sentence is about and
what the person or object is doing.
Study the model and write the key idea for
each of the following sentences.
Model: Someone at the hospital called the Red
Cross office in Brooklyn, and a request for the
boy to rush to Brooklyn was sent to the Red
Cross director of the North Carolina Marine
Key idea: A message was sent to find the son.
1. They found the young man walking through
some marshes in a military exercise. (Para. 3,
Key idea: They found the man.
2. He was rushed to the airport in time to catch the
sole plane that might enable him to reach his
dying father. (Para. 3, Passage B)
Key idea: He reached the airport in time.
3. The medicine he had been given for the pain
from his heart attack made his eyes weak and
he only dimly saw the young man in Marine
Corps uniform standing outside the oxygen
tent. (Para. 5, Passage B)
Key idea: The old man dimly saw the young
I. Question Answering
1. Who is the narrator?
• Greg Louganis
2. What do you know about him?
3. What was he doing at the moment?
• Olympic gold medals winner
• “finest U.S. amateur athlete”
• 1988 Olympics in Korea
4. Why did he push away everyone else
coming near to him?
• put somebody in danger
5. Why did his natural parents give him up for
• too young
• only teenagers
6. What do you think makes
the narrator enjoy diving?
• kids at school, ...
• diving, ...
1. What did he earn for his first shot at Olympics?
2. Why didn’t he feel happy at it?
3. What change was brought to his training after
• silver medal for the platform
• not the gold medal
• training with Ron O’Brien, a well-known
Olympic diving coach
1. When did he learn that his sexual
partner had AIDS?
2. What did it mean to him?
3. What did he do about it?
• preparing for the 1988 Olympics
• might be HIV-positive or have AIDS
• afraid, cover it as a secret
1. What did his coach do in his training after
Louganis hit his head on the board?
2. What did he get finally in the competition?
start with the dive that hit his head, 6 times
two gold medals, one for the 3-meter
springboard, one for the 10-meter platform
Tell briefly the life story of Greg Louganis in time order.
when born given up
18 month old gym classes
10 years old taking diving
16 years old to Olympics
24 years old 2 gold medals
28 years old 2 gold medals, HIV+
II. Focus Study
1. An elderly man had collapsed while crossing
the street, ...
while clause: the subject and the verb “be”
can be omitted.
while he was crossing the street
while crossing the street
When still young (还年轻时), he was appointed
committee member of an important organization.
2. ①The medicine he had been given because of the
pain from his heart attack made his eyes weak and
he only dimly saw the young man in Marine Corps
uniform standing outside the
A long sentence is made up of short phrases
or short sentences. By adding some modifiers
(修饰语) you can make the sentence long.
① + ② = the whole sentence
① the medicine made his eyes weak (key idea).
What medicine? he had been given
Why given? because of pain
Why pain? from his heart attack
② he only dimly saw the young man.
In what dress ? in Marine Corps uniform
Where ? standing outside the
Now try to make your own sentence as long as
possible by adding modifiers.
I was embarrassed.
When I was growing up, I was embarrassed
to be seen with my father who was severely
crippled and very short.
Words & Expressions
I. Word Using
1. collapse v.
to fall unconscious or fall down
He collapsed while crossing the street and
died on the way to the hospital.
2. now and again
He raises some strange
questions now and again.
3. call for
ask to see; need
The situation calls for immediate action.
4. Locate v.
to find the place of；place
The company wished to
locate its new factory
beside the river.
5. set out
set forth; set off; start a journey
All the villagers have set out to look for the
6. enable v.
I gave him full directions to enable him to find
7. extend v.
to hold out; offer
He extended his hand
to the guests.
8. inform v.
tell sb.; give sb. knowledge
• Newspapers inform their readers on what is
happening in the world.
• He has not yet informed me of his plans for
9. Interrupt v.
to break off or to cause to stop
His speech was frequently interrupted by
10. with that
after that; when that had been done
He gave a little wave, and with
that, he was gone.
11. exit v.
to go out of; leave from
To exit the building, please
follow this direction.
12. turn out
happen to be; be found to be in the end
The guy we met yesterday turned out to be
1. Police have ____ for the public to come forward
with any information which might help them in
A. urged B. informed
C. called D. told
2. Please turn _____ the switch as soon as the
A. down B. off
C. out D. up
3. Though they were in the mountain area, they were well
_____ about the world by watching TV.
A. told B. said
B. spoken D. informed
II. Old to New
at times occasionally
give and receive exchange
go out exit