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					ID        Decade    Region   EMP1    EMP1SIZ    EMP2
      1     -3200   Africa   Egypt        0.0
      2    -3190    Africa   Egypt        0.5
      3    -3180    Africa   Egypt        1.0
      4    -3170    Africa   Egypt        1.5
      5    -3160    Africa   Egypt        2.0
      6    -3150    Africa   Egypt        2.5
      7    -3140    Africa   Egypt        3.0
      8    -3130    Africa   Egypt        3.5
      9    -3120    Africa   Egypt        4.0
     10    -3110    Africa   Egypt        4.5
     11    -3100    Africa   Egypt        5.0
     12    -3090    Africa   Egypt        5.5
     13    -3080    Africa   Egypt        6.0
     14    -3070    Africa   Egypt        6.5
     15    -3060    Africa   Egypt        7.0
     16    -3050    Africa   Egypt        7.5
     17    -3040    Africa   Egypt        8.0
     18    -3030    Africa   Egypt        8.5
     19    -3020    Africa   Egypt        9.0
     20    -3010    Africa   Egypt        9.5
     21     -3000   Africa   Egypt       10.0
     22    -2990    Africa   Egypt       10.0
     23    -2980    Africa   Egypt       10.0
     24    -2970    Africa   Egypt       10.0
     25    -2960    Africa   Egypt       10.0
     26    -2950    Africa   Egypt       10.0
     27    -2940    Africa   Egypt       10.0
     28    -2930    Africa   Egypt       10.0
     29    -2920    Africa   Egypt       10.0
     30    -2910    Africa   Egypt       10.0
     31     -2900   Africa   Egypt       10.0
     32    -2890    Africa   Egypt       13.0
     33    -2880    Africa   Egypt       16.0
     34    -2870    Africa   Egypt       19.0
     35    -2860    Africa   Egypt       22.0
     36     -2850   Africa   Egypt       25.0
     37    -2840    Africa   Egypt       25.3
     38    -2830    Africa   Egypt       25.7
     39    -2820    Africa   Egypt       26.0
     40    -2810    Africa   Egypt       26.3
     41    -2800    Africa   Egypt       26.7
42   -2790    Africa   Egypt   27.0
43   -2780    Africa   Egypt   27.3
44   -2770    Africa   Egypt   27.7
45   -2760    Africa   Egypt   28.0
46   -2750    Africa   Egypt   28.3
47   -2740    Africa   Egypt   28.7
48   -2730    Africa   Egypt   29.0
49   -2720    Africa   Egypt   29.3
50   -2710    Africa   Egypt   29.7
51   -2700    Africa   Egypt   30.0
52   -2690    Africa   Egypt   30.3
53   -2680    Africa   Egypt   30.7
54   -2670    Africa   Egypt   31.0
55   -2660    Africa   Egypt   31.3
56   -2650    Africa   Egypt   31.7
57   -2640    Africa   Egypt   32.0
58   -2630    Africa   Egypt   32.3
59   -2620    Africa   Egypt   32.7
60   -2610    Africa   Egypt   33.0
61   -2600    Africa   Egypt   33.3
62   -2590    Africa   Egypt   33.7
63   -2580    Africa   Egypt   34.0
64   -2570    Africa   Egypt   34.3
65   -2560    Africa   Egypt   34.7
66   -2550    Africa   Egypt   35.0
67   -2540    Africa   Egypt   35.3
68   -2530    Africa   Egypt   35.7
69   -2520    Africa   Egypt   36.0
70   -2510    Africa   Egypt   36.3
71   -2500    Africa   Egypt   36.7
72   -2490    Africa   Egypt   37.0
73   -2480    Africa   Egypt   37.3
74   -2470    Africa   Egypt   37.7
75   -2460    Africa   Egypt   38.0
76   -2450    Africa   Egypt   38.3
77   -2440    Africa   Egypt   38.7
78   -2430    Africa   Egypt   39.0
79   -2420    Africa   Egypt   39.3
80   -2410    Africa   Egypt   39.7
81    -2400   Africa   Egypt   40.0
82   -2390    Africa   Egypt   38.5
83   -2380    Africa   Egypt   37.0
 84   -2370    Africa   Egypt   35.5
 85   -2360    Africa   Egypt   34.0
 86   -2350    Africa   Egypt   32.5
 87   -2340    Africa   Egypt   31.0
 88   -2330    Africa   Egypt   29.5
 89   -2320    Africa   Egypt   28.0
 90   -2310    Africa   Egypt   26.5
 91    -2300   Africa   Egypt   25.0
 92   -2290    Africa   Egypt   23.3
 93   -2280    Africa   Egypt   21.6
 94   -2270    Africa   Egypt   19.9
 95   -2260    Africa   Egypt   18.2
 96   -2250    Africa   Egypt   16.5
 97   -2240    Africa   Egypt   14.8
 98   -2230    Africa   Egypt   13.1
 99   -2220    Africa   Egypt   11.4
100   -2210    Africa   Egypt    9.7
101    -2200   Africa   Egypt    8.0
102   -2190    Africa   Egypt    8.5
103   -2180    Africa   Egypt    8.9
104   -2170    Africa   Egypt    9.4
105   -2160    Africa   Egypt    9.9
106   -2150    Africa   Egypt   10.3
107   -2140    Africa   Egypt   10.8
108   -2130    Africa   Egypt   11.3
109   -2120    Africa   Egypt   11.7
110   -2110    Africa   Egypt   12.2
111   -2100    Africa   Egypt   12.7
112   -2090    Africa   Egypt   13.1
113   -2080    Africa   Egypt   13.6
114   -2070    Africa   Egypt   14.1
115   -2060    Africa   Egypt   14.5
116    -2050   Africa   Egypt   15.0
117   -2040    Africa   Egypt   16.8
118   -2030    Africa   Egypt   18.5
119   -2020    Africa   Egypt   20.3
120   -2010    Africa   Egypt   22.0
121   -2000    Africa   Egypt   23.8
122   -1990    Africa   Egypt   25.5
123   -1980    Africa   Egypt   27.3
124   -1970    Africa   Egypt   29.0
125   -1960    Africa   Egypt   30.8
126   -1950    Africa   Egypt    32.5
127   -1940    Africa   Egypt    34.3
128   -1930    Africa   Egypt    36.0
129   -1920    Africa   Egypt    37.8
130   -1910    Africa   Egypt    39.5
131   -1900    Africa   Egypt    41.3
132   -1890    Africa   Egypt    43.0
133   -1880    Africa   Egypt    44.8
134   -1870    Africa   Egypt    46.5
135   -1860    Africa   Egypt    48.3
136    -1850   Africa   Egypt    50.0
137   -1840    Africa   Egypt    49.0
138   -1830    Africa   Egypt    48.0
139   -1820    Africa   Egypt    47.0
140   -1810    Africa   Egypt    46.0
141   -1800    Africa   Egypt    45.0
142   -1790    Africa   Egypt    44.0
143   -1780    Africa   Egypt    43.0
144   -1770    Africa   Egypt    42.0
145   -1760    Africa   Egypt    41.0
146    -1750   Africa   Egypt    40.0
147   -1740    Africa   Egypt    37.1
148   -1730    Africa   Egypt    34.3
149   -1720    Africa   Egypt    31.4
150   -1710    Africa   Egypt    28.6
151   -1700    Africa   Egypt    25.7
152   -1690    Africa   Egypt    22.9
153   -1680    Africa   Egypt    20.0
154   -1670    Africa   Egypt    17.1
155   -1660    Africa   Egypt    14.3
156   -1650    Africa   Egypt    11.4   Hyksos
157   -1640    Africa   Hyksos   36.5   Egypt
158    -1630   Africa   Hyksos   65.0   Egypt
159   -1620    Africa   Hyksos   55.5   Egypt
160   -1610    Africa   Hyksos   46.0   Egypt
161   -1600    Africa   Hyksos   36.5   Egypt
162   -1590    Africa   Hyksos   27.0   Egypt
163   -1580    Africa   Egypt    20.0   Hyksos
164   -1570    Africa   Egypt    26.7   Hyksos
165   -1560    Africa   Egypt    33.3   Hyksos
166    -1550   Africa   Egypt    40.0   Hyksos
167   -1540    Africa   Egypt    45.0
168   -1530    Africa   Egypt    50.0
169   -1520    Africa   Egypt    55.0
170   -1510    Africa   Egypt    60.0
171    -1500   Africa   Egypt    65.0
172   -1490    Africa   Egypt    72.0
173   -1480    Africa   Egypt    79.0
174   -1470    Africa   Egypt    86.0
175   -1460    Africa   Egypt    93.0
176    -1450   Africa   Egypt   100.0
177   -1440    Africa   Egypt    98.0
178   -1430    Africa   Egypt    96.0
179   -1420    Africa   Egypt    94.0
180   -1410    Africa   Egypt    92.0
181    -1400   Africa   Egypt    90.0
182   -1390    Africa   Egypt    88.0
183   -1380    Africa   Egypt    86.0
184   -1370    Africa   Egypt    84.0
185   -1360    Africa   Egypt    82.0
186    -1350   Africa   Egypt    80.0
187   -1340    Africa   Egypt    84.0
188   -1330    Africa   Egypt    88.0
189   -1320    Africa   Egypt    92.0
190   -1310    Africa   Egypt    96.0
191    -1300   Africa   Egypt   100.0
192   -1290    Africa   Egypt    95.0
193    -1280   Africa   Egypt    90.0
194   -1270    Africa   Egypt    88.1
195   -1260    Africa   Egypt    86.2
196   -1250    Africa   Egypt    84.2
197   -1240    Africa   Egypt    82.3
198   -1230    Africa   Egypt    80.4
199   -1220    Africa   Egypt    78.5
200   -1210    Africa   Egypt    76.5
201   -1200    Africa   Egypt    74.6
202   -1190    Africa   Egypt    72.7
203   -1180    Africa   Egypt    70.8
204   -1170    Africa   Egypt    68.8
205   -1160    Africa   Egypt    66.9
206    -1150   Africa   Egypt    65.0
207   -1140    Africa   Egypt    63.3
208   -1130    Africa   Egypt    61.7
209   -1120    Africa   Egypt    60.0
210   -1110     Africa    Egypt     58.3
211   -1100     Africa    Egypt     56.7
212   -1090     Africa    Egypt     55.0
213   -1080     Africa    Egypt     53.3
214   -1070     Africa    Egypt     51.7
215   -1060     Africa    Egypt     50.0
216   -1050     Africa    Egypt     48.3
217   -1040     Africa    Egypt     46.7
218   -1030     Africa    Egypt     45.0
219   -1020     Africa    Egypt     43.3
220   -1010     Africa    Egypt     41.7
221    -1000    Africa    Egypt     40.0
222     -990    Africa    Egypt     37.5
223     -980    Africa    Egypt     35.0
224     -970    Africa    Egypt     32.5
225     -960    Africa    Egypt     30.0
226     -950    Africa    Egypt     27.5
227     -940    Africa    Egypt     25.0
228     -930    Africa    Egypt     22.5
229     -920    Africa    Egypt     20.0
230     -910    Africa    Egypt     17.5
231      -900   Africa    Egypt     15.0
232     -890    Africa    Egypt     13.5
233     -880    Africa    Egypt     12.0
234     -870    Africa    Egypt     10.5
235     -860    Africa    Egypt      9.0
236     -850    Africa    Egypt      7.5
237     -840    Africa    Egypt      6.0
238     -830    Africa    Egypt      4.5
239     -820    Africa    Egypt      3.0
240     -810    Africa    Egypt      1.5   Carthage
241     -800    Africa   Carthage    0.6    Egypt
242     -790    Africa    Egypt      6.3   Carthage
243     -780    Africa    Egypt     12.5   Carthage
244     -770    Africa    Egypt     18.8   Carthage
245     -760    Africa    Egypt     25.0   Carthage
246     -750    Africa    Egypt     31.3   Carthage
247     -740    Africa    Egypt     37.5   Carthage
248     -730    Africa    Egypt     43.8   Carthage
249      -720   Africa    Egypt     50.0   Carthage
250     -710    Africa    Egypt     40.0   Carthage
251     -700    Africa    Egypt     30.0   Carthage
252   -690    Africa        Egypt         20.0   Carthage
253   -680    Africa        Egypt         10.0   Carthage
254   -670    Africa       Carthage        8.8    Egypt
255    -660   Africa        Egypt         50.0   Carthage
256   -650    Africa        Egypt         51.4   Carthage
257   -640    Africa        Egypt         52.7   Carthage
258   -630    Africa        Egypt         54.1   Carthage
259   -620    Africa        Egypt         55.5   Carthage
260   -610    Africa        Egypt         56.8   Carthage
261   -600    Africa        Egypt         58.2   Carthage
262   -590    Africa        Egypt         59.5   Carthage
263   -580    Africa        Egypt         60.9   Carthage
264   -570    Africa        Egypt         62.3   Carthage
265   -560    Africa        Egypt         63.6   Carthage
266    -550   Africa        Egypt         65.0   Carthage
267   -540    Africa        Egypt         32.5   Carthage
268   -530    Africa       Carthage       10.0    Egypt
269   -520    Africa       Carthage       10.0
270   -510    Africa       Carthage       10.0
271   -500    Africa       Carthage       10.0
272   -490    Africa       Carthage       10.0
273   -480    Africa       Carthage       10.0
274   -470    Africa       Carthage       10.0
275   -460    Africa       Carthage       10.0
276   -450    Africa       Carthage       10.0
277   -440    Africa       Carthage       10.0
278   -430    Africa       Carthage       10.0
279   -420    Africa       Carthage       10.0
280   -410    Africa       Carthage       10.0
281    -400   Africa       Carthage       10.0
282   -390    Africa       Carthage       10.8
283   -380    Africa       Carthage       11.5
284   -370    Africa       Carthage       12.3
285   -360    Africa       Carthage       13.1
286   -350    Africa       Carthage       13.8
287   -340    Africa       Carthage       14.6
288   -330    Africa       Carthage       15.4
289    -320   Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt    80.0   Carthage
290   -310    Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt    90.0   Carthage
291    -300   Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   100.0   Carthage
292   -290    Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt    98.3   Carthage
293   -280    Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt    96.7   Carthage
294   -270     Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   95.0   Carthage
295   -260     Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   93.3   Carthage
296   -250     Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   91.7   Carthage
297   -240     Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   90.0   Carthage
298   -230     Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   88.3   Carthage
299   -220     Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   86.7   Carthage
300   -210     Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   85.0   Carthage
301   -200     Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   83.3   Carthage
302   -190     Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   81.7   Carthage
303    -180    Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   80.0   Carthage
304   -170     Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   74.7   Carthage
305   -160     Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   69.3   Carthage
306   -150     Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   64.0   Carthage
307   -140     Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   58.7
308   -130     Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   53.3
309   -120     Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   48.0
310   -110     Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   42.7
311   -100     Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   37.3
312     -90    Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   32.0
313     -80    Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   26.7
314     -70    Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   21.3
315     -60    Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   16.0
316     -50    Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt   10.7
317     -40    Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt    5.3
318      -30   Africa   Ptolemaic Egypt    0.0
319     100    Africa
320     360    Africa
321     800    Africa
322     900    Africa
323   1000     Africa
324   1100     Africa
325   1150     Africa
326   1200     Africa
327   1250     Africa        Mali         10.0
328   1260     Africa        Mali         17.7
329   1270     Africa        Mali         25.4
330   1280     Africa        Mali         33.1
331   1290     Africa        Mali         40.8
332   1300     Africa        Mali         48.5
333   1310     Africa        Mali         56.2
334   1320     Africa        Mali         63.8
335   1330     Africa        Mali         71.5
336   1340    Africa    Mali      79.2
337   1350    Africa    Mali      86.9
338   1360    Africa    Mali      94.6
339   1370    Africa    Mali     102.3
340   1380    Africa    Mali     110.0
341   1390    Africa    Mali     104.2
342   1400    Africa    Mali      98.3
343   1410    Africa    Mali      92.5
344   1420    Africa    Mali      86.7
345   1430    Africa    Mali      80.8
346   1440    Africa    Mali      75.0
347   1450    Africa    Mali      69.2
348   1460    Africa    Mali      63.3
349   1470    Africa    Mali      57.5
350   1480    Africa    Mali      51.7
351   1490    Africa    Mali      45.8
352   1500    Africa    Mali      40.0
353   1550    Africa   Songhai    80.0
354   1580    Africa
355   1600    Africa
356   1650    Africa
357   1700    Africa
358   1750    Africa
359   1800    Africa
360   1830    Africa
361   1880    Africa
362   1950    Africa
363   1970    Africa
364    360   America
365    500   America
366    620   America
367   1250   America    Inca       0.5
368   1260   America    Inca       0.7
369   1270   America    Inca       1.0
370   1280   America    Inca       1.2
371   1290   America    Inca       1.4
372   1300   America    Inca       1.7
373   1310   America    Inca       1.9
374   1320   America    Inca       2.2
375   1330   America    Inca       2.4
376   1340   America    Inca       2.6
377   1350   America    Inca       2.9
378   1360   America    Inca      3.1
379   1370   America    Inca      3.3
380   1380   America    Inca      3.6
381   1390   America    Inca      3.8
382   1400   America    Inca      4.1
383   1410   America    Inca      4.3
384   1420   America    Inca      4.5
385   1430   America    Inca      4.8
386   1440   America    Inca      5.0   Aztec
387   1450   America    Inca     12.5   Aztec
388   1460   America    Inca     20.0   Aztec
389   1470   America    Inca     45.0   Aztec
390   1480   America    Inca    117.5   Aztec
391   1490   America    Inca    190.0   Aztec
392   1500   America    Inca    192.5   Aztec
393   1510   America    Inca    195.0   Aztec
394   1520   America    Inca    197.5   Aztec
395   1530   America    Inca    200.0
396   1540   America    Inca      0.0
397   1690   America   USA       11.0
398   1700   America   USA       18.7
399   1710   America   USA       26.4
400   1720   America   USA       34.1
401   1730   America   USA       41.9
402   1740   America   USA       49.6
403   1750   America   USA       57.3
404   1760   America   USA       65.0
405   1770   America   USA      120.3
406   1780   America   USA      175.7
407   1790   America   USA      231.0
408   1800   America   USA      446.0
409   1810   America   USA      455.0
410   1820   America   Brazil   500.0   USA
411   1830   America   USA      619.5   Brazil
412   1840   America   USA      775.0   Brazil
413   1850   America   USA      783.0   Brazil
414   1860   America   USA      859.5   Brazil
415   1870   America   USA      936.0   Brazil
416   1880   America   USA      946.3   Brazil
417   1890   America   USA      956.7   Brazil
418   1900   America   USA      967.0   Brazil
419   1910   America   USA      961.0
420   1920    America        USA        955.0
421   1930    America        USA        949.0
422   1940    America        USA        943.0
423   1950    America        USA        937.0
424   1970    America
425    800   Central Asia    Uigur      310.0    Khmer
426    810   Central Asia    Uigur      232.5    Khmer
427    820   Central Asia    Uigur      155.0    Khmer
428    830   Central Asia    Uigur       77.5    Khmer
429    840   Central Asia    Khmer       66.8   Pratihara
430    850   Central Asia    Khmer       67.2   Pratihara
431    860   Central Asia   Pratihara   100.0    Khmer
432    870   Central Asia   Pratihara    86.0    Khmer
433    880   Central Asia   Pratihara    72.0    Khmer
434    890   Central Asia    Khmer       69.0   Pratihara
435    900   Central Asia    Khmer       69.4   Pratihara
436    910   Central Asia    Khmer       69.9   Pratihara
437    920   Central Asia    Khmer       70.3
438    930   Central Asia    Khmer       70.7
439    940   Central Asia    Khmer       71.2
440    950   Central Asia    Khmer       71.6
441    960   Central Asia    Khmer       72.1
442    970   Central Asia    Khmer       72.5
443    980   Central Asia    Khmer       72.9
444    990   Central Asia    Khmer       73.4
445   1000   Central Asia    Khmer       73.8
446   1010   Central Asia    Khmer       74.3
447   1020   Central Asia    Khmer       74.7
448   1030   Central Asia    Khmer       75.1
449   1040   Central Asia    Khmer       75.6
450   1050   Central Asia    Khmer       76.0
451   1060   Central Asia    Khmer       76.5
452   1070   Central Asia    Khmer       76.9
453   1080   Central Asia    Khmer       77.4
454   1090   Central Asia    Khmer       77.8
455   1100   Central Asia    Khmer       78.2
456   1110   Central Asia    Khmer       78.7
457   1120   Central Asia    Khmer       79.1
458   1130   Central Asia    Khmer       79.6
459   1140   Central Asia    Khmer       80.0
460   1150   Central Asia    Khmer       81.3
461   1160   Central Asia    Khmer       82.7
462   1170   Central Asia      Khmer        84.0
463   1180   Central Asia      Khmer        85.3
464   1190   Central Asia      Khmer        86.7
465   1200   Central Asia      Khmer        88.0
466   1210   Central Asia      Khmer        89.3
467   1220   Central Asia      Khmer        90.7
468   1230   Central Asia      Khmer        92.0
469   1240   Central Asia      Khmer        93.3
470   1250   Central Asia     Il-Khan      140.0      Khmer
471   1260   Central Asia     Il-Khan      179.2      Khmer
472   1270   Central Asia     Il-Khan      218.3      Khmer
473   1280   Central Asia     Il-Khan      257.5      Khmer
474   1290   Central Asia     Il-Khan      296.7      Khmer
475   1300   Central Asia     Il-Khan      335.8      Khmer
476   1310   Central Asia   Golden Horde   600.0     Il-Khan
477   1320   Central Asia   Golden Horde   585.0     Il-Khan
478   1330   Central Asia   Golden Horde   570.0     Chagatai
479   1340   Central Asia   Golden Horde   555.0     Chagatai
480   1350   Central Asia   Golden Horde   540.0     Chagatai
481   1360   Central Asia   Golden Horde   476.7     Chagatai
482   1370   Central Asia   Golden Horde   413.3     Chagatai
483   1380   Central Asia   Golden Horde   350.0      Timur
484   1390   Central Asia      Timur       264.0   Golden Horde
485   1400   Central Asia      Timur       352.0      Khmer
486   1410   Central Asia      Timur       440.0   Golden Horde
487   1420   Central Asia      Timur       270.0   Golden Horde
488   1430   Central Asia      Timur       236.3   Golden Horde
489   1440   Central Asia   Golden Horde   210.0      Timur
490   1450   Central Asia   Golden Horde   196.7      Timur
491   1460   Central Asia   Golden Horde   183.3      Timur
492   1470   Central Asia   Golden Horde   170.0      Timur
493   1480   Central Asia   Golden Horde   156.7      Timur
494   1490   Central Asia   Golden Horde   143.3      Khmer
495   1500   Central Asia   Golden Horde   130.0      Khmer
496   1510   Central Asia   Golden Horde   104.0      Khmer
497   1520   Central Asia   Golden Horde    78.0      Khmer
498   1530   Central Asia   Golden Horde    52.0      Khmer
499   1540   Central Asia      Khmer        34.7   Golden Horde
500   1550   Central Asia      Khmer        34.3   Golden Horde
501   1560   Central Asia      Khmer        33.8
502   1570   Central Asia      Khmer        33.4
503   1580   Central Asia      Khmer        32.9
504    1590    Central Asia   Khmer   32.5
505    1600    Central Asia   Khmer   32.1
506    1610    Central Asia   Khmer   31.6
507    1620    Central Asia   Khmer   31.2
508    1630    Central Asia   Khmer   30.7
509    1640    Central Asia   Khmer   30.3
510    1650    Central Asia   Khmer   29.9
511    1660    Central Asia   Khmer   29.4
512    1670    Central Asia   Khmer   29.0
513    1680    Central Asia   Khmer   28.5
514    1690    Central Asia   Khmer   28.1
515    1700    Central Asia   Khmer   27.6
516    1710    Central Asia   Khmer   27.2
517    1720    Central Asia   Khmer   26.8
518    1730    Central Asia   Khmer   26.3
519    1740    Central Asia   Khmer   25.9
520    1750    Central Asia   Khmer   25.4
521     1760   Central Asia   Khmer   25.0
522    1770    Central Asia   Khmer   22.9
523    1780    Central Asia   Khmer   20.8
524    1790    Central Asia   Khmer   18.8
525    1800    Central Asia   Khmer   16.7
526    1810    Central Asia   Khmer   14.6
527    1820    Central Asia   Khmer   12.5
528    1830    Central Asia   Khmer   10.4
529    1840    Central Asia   Khmer    8.3
530    1850    Central Asia   Khmer    6.3
531    1860    Central Asia   Khmer    4.2
532    1870    Central Asia   Khmer    2.1
533     1880   Central Asia   Khmer    0.0
534    -1900    East Asia     China   10.0
535   -1890     East Asia     China   13.5
536   -1880     East Asia     China   17.0
537   -1870     East Asia     China   20.5
538   -1860     East Asia     China   24.0
539   -1850     East Asia     China   27.5
540   -1840     East Asia     China   31.0
541   -1830     East Asia     China   34.5
542   -1820     East Asia     China   38.0
543   -1810     East Asia     China   41.5
544    -1800    East Asia     China   45.0
545   -1790     East Asia     China   44.5
546   -1780    East Asia   China   44.0
547   -1770    East Asia   China   43.5
548   -1760    East Asia   China   43.0
549   -1750    East Asia   China   42.5
550   -1740    East Asia   China   42.0
551   -1730    East Asia   China   41.5
552   -1720    East Asia   China   41.0
553   -1710    East Asia   China   40.5
554    -1700   East Asia   China   40.0
555   -1690    East Asia   China   40.8
556   -1680    East Asia   China   41.5
557   -1670    East Asia   China   42.3
558   -1660    East Asia   China   43.0
559   -1650    East Asia   China   43.8
560   -1640    East Asia   China   44.5
561   -1630    East Asia   China   45.3
562   -1620    East Asia   China   46.0
563   -1610    East Asia   China   46.8
564   -1600    East Asia   China   47.5
565   -1590    East Asia   China   48.3
566   -1580    East Asia   China   49.0
567   -1570    East Asia   China   49.8
568   -1560    East Asia   China   50.5
569   -1550    East Asia   China   51.3
570   -1540    East Asia   China   52.0
571   -1530    East Asia   China   52.8
572   -1520    East Asia   China   53.5
573   -1510    East Asia   China   54.3
574   -1500    East Asia   China   55.0
575   -1490    East Asia   China   55.8
576   -1480    East Asia   China   56.5
577   -1470    East Asia   China   57.3
578   -1460    East Asia   China   58.0
579   -1450    East Asia   China   58.8
580   -1440    East Asia   China   59.5
581   -1430    East Asia   China   60.2
582   -1420    East Asia   China   61.0
583   -1410    East Asia   China   61.7
584   -1400    East Asia   China   62.5
585   -1390    East Asia   China   63.2
586   -1380    East Asia   China   64.0
587   -1370    East Asia   China   64.7
588   -1360    East Asia   China    65.5
589   -1350    East Asia   China    66.2
590   -1340    East Asia   China    67.0
591   -1330    East Asia   China    67.7
592   -1320    East Asia   China    68.5
593   -1310    East Asia   China    69.2
594    -1300   East Asia   China    70.0
595   -1290    East Asia   China    73.1
596   -1280    East Asia   China    76.1
597   -1270    East Asia   China    79.2
598   -1260    East Asia   China    82.2
599   -1250    East Asia   China    85.3
600   -1240    East Asia   China    88.3
601   -1230    East Asia   China    91.4
602   -1220    East Asia   China    94.4
603   -1210    East Asia   China    97.5
604   -1200    East Asia   China   100.6
605   -1190    East Asia   China   103.6
606   -1180    East Asia   China   106.7
607   -1170    East Asia   China   109.7
608   -1160    East Asia   China   112.8
609   -1150    East Asia   China   115.8
610   -1140    East Asia   China   118.9
611   -1130    East Asia   China   121.9
612    -1120   East Asia   China   125.0
613   -1110    East Asia   China   115.0
614   -1100    East Asia   China   105.0
615   -1090    East Asia   China    95.0
616   -1080    East Asia   China    85.0
617   -1070    East Asia   China    75.0
618   -1060    East Asia   China    65.0
619    -1050   East Asia   China    55.0
620   -1040    East Asia   China    53.8
621   -1030    East Asia   China    52.6
622   -1020    East Asia   China    51.4
623   -1010    East Asia   China    50.2
624   -1000    East Asia   China    49.0
625     -990   East Asia   China    47.8
626     -980   East Asia   China    46.6
627     -970   East Asia   China    45.4
628     -960   East Asia   China    44.2
629     -950   East Asia   China    43.0
630   -940    East Asia      China       41.8
631   -930    East Asia      China       40.6
632   -920    East Asia      China       39.4
633   -910    East Asia      China       38.2
634   -900    East Asia      China       37.0
635   -890    East Asia      China       35.8
636   -880    East Asia      China       34.6
637   -870    East Asia      China       33.4
638   -860    East Asia      China       32.2
639   -850    East Asia      China       31.0
640   -840    East Asia      China       29.8
641   -830    East Asia      China       28.6
642   -820    East Asia      China       27.4
643   -810    East Asia      China       26.2
644    -800   East Asia      China       25.0
645   -790    East Asia      China       21.7
646   -780    East Asia      China       18.3
647    -770   East Asia      China       15.0
648   -760    East Asia      China       14.4
649   -750    East Asia      China       13.8
650   -740    East Asia      China       13.2
651   -730    East Asia      China       12.6
652   -720    East Asia      China       12.1
653   -710    East Asia      China       11.5
654   -700    East Asia      China       10.9
655   -690    East Asia      China       10.3
656   -680    East Asia      China        9.7
657   -670    East Asia      China        9.1
658   -660    East Asia      China        8.5
659   -650    East Asia      China        7.9
660   -640    East Asia      China        7.4
661   -630    East Asia      China        6.8
662   -620    East Asia      China        6.2
663   -610    East Asia      China        5.6
664    -600   East Asia      China        5.0   Feudal China
665   -590    East Asia   Feudal China    6.0
666   -580    East Asia   Feudal China    7.0
667   -570    East Asia   Feudal China    8.0
668   -560    East Asia   Feudal China    9.0
669   -550    East Asia   Feudal China   10.0
670   -540    East Asia   Feudal China   11.0
671   -530    East Asia   Feudal China   12.0
672   -520    East Asia     Feudal China      13.0
673   -510    East Asia     Feudal China      14.0
674    -500   East Asia     Feudal China      15.0
675   -490    East Asia     Feudal China      17.3
676   -480    East Asia     Feudal China      19.7
677   -470    East Asia     Feudal China      22.0
678   -460    East Asia     Feudal China      24.3
679   -450    East Asia     Feudal China      26.7
680   -440    East Asia     Feudal China      29.0
681   -430    East Asia     Feudal China      31.3
682   -420    East Asia     Feudal China      33.7
683   -410    East Asia     Feudal China      36.0
684   -400    East Asia     Feudal China      38.3
685   -390    East Asia     Feudal China      40.7
686   -380    East Asia     Feudal China      43.0
687   -370    East Asia     Feudal China      45.3
688   -360    East Asia     Feudal China      47.7
689    -350   East Asia     Feudal China      50.0
690   -340    East Asia     Feudal China      60.0
691   -330    East Asia     Feudal China      70.0
692    -300   East Asia         Ch'u          80.0     Ch'in (Ts'in)
693   -290    East Asia     Ch'in (Ts'in)     34.0
694   -280    East Asia     Ch'in (Ts'in)     58.0
695   -270    East Asia     Ch'in (Ts'in)     82.0
696   -260    East Asia     Ch'in (Ts'in)    106.0
697    -250   East Asia     Ch'in (Ts'in)    130.0
698   -240    East Asia     Ch'in (Ts'in)    163.3
699   -230    East Asia     Ch'in (Ts'in)    196.7   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)
700    -220   East Asia     Ch'in (Ts'in)    230.0   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)
701    -210   East Asia     Western Han      260.0   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)
702   -200    East Asia   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)   466.7     Ch'in (Ts'in)
703   -190    East Asia   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)   683.3     Ch'in (Ts'in)
704    -180   East Asia   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)   900.0     Ch'in (Ts'in)
705   -170    East Asia   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)   842.9     Ch'in (Ts'in)
706   -160    East Asia   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)   785.7     Western Han
707   -150    East Asia   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)   728.6     Western Han
708   -140    East Asia   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)   671.4     Western Han
709   -130    East Asia   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)   614.3     Western Han
710   -120    East Asia   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)   557.1     Western Han
711    -110   East Asia   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)   500.0     Western Han
712   -100    East Asia     Western Han      456.7   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)
713     -90   East Asia     Western Han      513.3   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)
714    -80   East Asia      Western Han        570.0   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)
715   -70    East Asia      Western Han        580.0   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)
716   -60    East Asia      Western Han        590.0   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)
717    -50   East Asia      Western Han        600.0   Hsuing-Nu (Huns)
718   -40    East Asia      Western Han        578.3
719   -30    East Asia      Western Han        556.7
720   -20    East Asia      Western Han        535.0
721   -10    East Asia      Western Han        513.3
722      0   East Asia      Western Han        491.7
723     10   East Asia      Western Han        470.0
724     20   East Asia     Western Huns        350.0
725    30    East Asia     Western Huns        250.0
726    40    East Asia     Western Huns        150.0
727     50   East Asia     Western Huns         50.0
728     60   East Asia     Northern Huns       150.0
729     70   East Asia   Eastern (Later) Han   500.0
730    80    East Asia   Eastern (Later) Han   550.0
731    90    East Asia   Eastern (Later) Han   600.0
732   100    East Asia   Eastern (Later) Han   650.0
733   110    East Asia   Eastern (Later) Han   570.0
734   120    East Asia   Eastern (Later) Han   534.4
735   130    East Asia   Eastern (Later) Han   498.9
736   140    East Asia   Eastern (Later) Han   463.3
737   150    East Asia   Eastern (Later) Han   427.8
738   160    East Asia   Eastern (Later) Han   392.2
739   170    East Asia   Eastern (Later) Han   356.7
740   180    East Asia   Eastern (Later) Han   321.1
741   190    East Asia   Eastern (Later) Han   285.6
742   200    East Asia   Eastern (Later) Han   250.0
743   220    East Asia           Wu            150.0         Wei
744   230    East Asia          Wei            125.0         Wu
745   240    East Asia          Wei            150.0         Wu
746   250    East Asia          Wei            175.0         Wu
747   260    East Asia          Wei            200.0         Wu
748   270    East Asia           Wu             25.0
749   280    East Asia      Ch'in (Ts'in)      310.0         Wu
750   290    East Asia      Ch'in (Ts'in)      232.5        Huns
751   300    East Asia      Ch'in (Ts'in)      155.0        Huns
752   310    East Asia          Huns           160.0     Ch'in (Ts'in)
753   320    East Asia      Earlier Chao       200.0     Eastern Chin
754   330    East Asia       Later Chao        250.0     Eastern Chin
755   340    East Asia      Eastern Chin       253.3      Later Chao
756   350   East Asia      Eastern Chin          280.0     Later Chao
757   360   East Asia      Eastern Chin          272.0    Earlier Ch'in
758   370   East Asia      Eastern Chin          264.0    Earlier Ch'in
759   380   East Asia      Eastern Chin          256.0    Earlier Ch'in
760   390   East Asia      Eastern Chin          248.0    Earlier Ch'in
761   400   East Asia      Eastern Chin           Yuen
                                                 240.0 Yuen (Jou-jan/Shou Shan)
762   410          Yuen Yuen (Jou-jan/Shou Shan) 280.0
            East Asia                                     Eastern Chin
763   420   East Asia      Eastern Chin           Yuen
                                                 224.0 Yuen (Jou-jan/Shou Shan)
764   430   East Asia      Eastern Chin          216.0        Toba
765   440   East Asia      Eastern Chin          208.0        Toba
766   450   East Asia      Eastern Chin          200.0        Toba
767   460   East Asia          Toba               Yuen
                                                 195.5 Yuen (Jou-jan/Shou Shan)
768   470   East Asia          Toba               Yuen
                                                 190.9 Yuen (Jou-jan/Shou Shan)
769   480   East Asia          Toba               Yuen
                                                 186.4 Yuen (Jou-jan/Shou Shan)
770   490   East Asia          Toba               Yuen
                                                 181.8 Yuen (Jou-jan/Shou Shan)
771   500   East Asia          Toba              177.3        Liang
772   510   East Asia          Toba              172.7        Liang
773   520   East Asia          Toba              168.2        Liang
774   530   East Asia          Toba              163.6        Liang
775   540   East Asia          Toba              159.1        Liang
776   550   East Asia      Turks (Gok)           500.0        Toba
777   560   East Asia      Turks (Gok)           600.0       N. Ch'i
778   570   East Asia        N. Chou             150.0        Liang
779   580   East Asia        E. Turks            300.0      W. Turks
780   590   East Asia        E. Turks            325.0         Sui
781   600   East Asia        E. Turks            350.0      W. Turks
782   610   East Asia        E. Turks            375.0      W. Turks
783   620   East Asia        E. Turks            400.0      W. Turks
784   630   East Asia        W. Turks            350.0 T'ang-Chin-Sung
785   640   East Asia    T'ang-Chin-Sung         347.5       Tufan
786   650   East Asia    T'ang-Chin-Sung         360.0       Tufan
787   660   East Asia    T'ang-Chin-Sung         490.0       Tufan
788   670   East Asia    T'ang-Chin-Sung         390.0       Tufan
789   680   East Asia    T'ang-Chin-Sung         440.0       Tufan
790   690   East Asia    T'ang-Chin-Sung         490.0       Tufan
791   700   East Asia    T'ang-Chin-Sung         506.7       Tufan
792   710   East Asia    T'ang-Chin-Sung         523.3       Tufan
793   720   East Asia    T'ang-Chin-Sung         540.0       Tufan
794   730   East Asia    T'ang-Chin-Sung         513.3       Tufan
795   740   East Asia    T'ang-Chin-Sung         486.7       Tufan
796   750   East Asia    T'ang-Chin-Sung         460.0       Tufan
797   760   East Asia    T'ang-Chin-Sung         410.0       Tufan
798    770   East Asia        Tufan        368.0   T'ang-Chin-Sung
799    780   East Asia        Tufan        384.0   T'ang-Chin-Sung
800    790   East Asia        Tufan        400.0   T'ang-Chin-Sung
801    800   East Asia        Tufan        460.0   T'ang-Chin-Sung
802    810   East Asia        Tufan        430.0   T'ang-Chin-Sung
803    820   East Asia        Tufan        400.0   T'ang-Chin-Sung
804    830   East Asia        Tufan        370.0   T'ang-Chin-Sung
805    840   East Asia   T'ang-Chin-Sung   381.4        Tufan
806    850   East Asia   T'ang-Chin-Sung   395.7        Tufan
807    860   East Asia   T'ang-Chin-Sung   410.0        Tufan
808    870   East Asia   T'ang-Chin-Sung   360.0        Tufan
809    880   East Asia   T'ang-Chin-Sung   310.0        Tufan
810    890   East Asia        Tufan        277.9   T'ang-Chin-Sung
811    900   East Asia        Tufan        277.1   T'ang-Chin-Sung
812    910   East Asia        Tufan        276.4     Liao (Kitan)
813    920   East Asia        Tufan        275.7     Liao (Kitan)
814    930   East Asia        Tufan        275.0     Liao (Kitan)
815    940   East Asia        Tufan        274.3     Liao (Kitan)
816    950   East Asia        Tufan        273.6     Liao (Kitan)
817    960   East Asia        Tufan        272.9     Liao (Kitan)
818    970   East Asia        Tufan        272.1     Liao (Kitan)
819    980   East Asia   T'ang-Chin-Sung   310.0        Tufan
820    990   East Asia   T'ang-Chin-Sung   303.3        Tufan
821   1000   East Asia   T'ang-Chin-Sung   296.7        Tufan
822   1010   East Asia   T'ang-Chin-Sung   290.0        Tufan
823   1020   East Asia   T'ang-Chin-Sung   283.3        Tufan
824   1030   East Asia   T'ang-Chin-Sung   276.7        Tufan
825   1040   East Asia   T'ang-Chin-Sung   270.0        Tufan
826   1050   East Asia        Tufan        266.4   T'ang-Chin-Sung
827   1060   East Asia        Tufan        265.7   T'ang-Chin-Sung
828   1070   East Asia        Tufan        265.0   T'ang-Chin-Sung
829   1080   East Asia        Tufan        264.3   T'ang-Chin-Sung
830   1090   East Asia        Tufan        263.6   T'ang-Chin-Sung
831   1100   East Asia        Tufan        262.9   T'ang-Chin-Sung
832   1110   East Asia        Tufan        262.1   T'ang-Chin-Sung
833   1120   East Asia        Tufan        261.4   T'ang-Chin-Sung
834   1130   East Asia        Tufan        260.7    Jurchen (Chin)
835   1140   East Asia        Tufan        260.0   T'ang-Chin-Sung
836   1150   East Asia        Tufan        246.7   T'ang-Chin-Sung
837   1160   East Asia        Tufan        233.3   T'ang-Chin-Sung
838   1170   East Asia        Tufan        220.0   T'ang-Chin-Sung
839   1180   East Asia        Tufan        206.7   T'ang-Chin-Sung
840   1190   East Asia        Tufan         193.3   T'ang-Chin-Sung
841   1200   East Asia   T'ang-Chin-Sung    180.0        Tufan
842   1210   East Asia    Mongol-Yuan       400.0        Tufan
843   1220   East Asia    Mongol-Yuan      1100.0        Tufan
844   1230   East Asia    Mongol-Yuan      1350.0        Tufan
845   1240   East Asia        Tufan         116.7   T'ang-Chin-Sung
846   1250   East Asia    Mongol-Yuan      1850.0        Tufan
847   1260   East Asia    Mongol-Yuan      2000.0        Tufan
848   1270   East Asia    Mongol-Yuan      2100.0        Tufan
849   1280   East Asia    Mongol-Yuan      2200.0        Tufan
850   1290   East Asia    Mongol-Yuan      2350.0        Tufan
851   1300   East Asia    Mongol-Yuan      2400.0
852   1310   East Asia    Mongol-Yuan      1100.0
853   1320   East Asia    Mongol-Yuan      1075.0
854   1330   East Asia    Mongol-Yuan      1050.0
855   1340   East Asia    Mongol-Yuan      1025.0
856   1350   East Asia    Mongol-Yuan      1000.0       Ming
857   1360   East Asia    Mongol-Yuan       750.0       Ming
858   1370   East Asia    Mongol-Yuan       500.0       Ming
859   1380   East Asia    Mongol-Yuan       366.7       Ming
860   1390   East Asia        Ming          363.3    Mongol-Yuan
861   1400   East Asia        Ming          390.0    Mongol-Yuan
862   1410   East Asia        Ming          442.0
863   1420   East Asia        Ming          494.0
864   1430   East Asia        Ming          546.0
865   1440   East Asia        Ming          598.0
866   1450   East Asia        Ming          650.0
867   1460   East Asia        Ming          606.7
868   1470   East Asia        Ming          563.3
869   1480   East Asia        Ming          520.0
870   1490   East Asia        Ming          476.7
871   1500   East Asia        Ming          433.3
872   1510   East Asia        Ming          390.0
873   1520   East Asia        Ming          387.3
874   1530   East Asia        Ming          384.5
875   1540   East Asia        Ming          381.8
876   1550   East Asia        Ming          379.1
877   1560   East Asia        Ming          376.4
878   1570   East Asia        Ming          373.6
879   1580   East Asia        Ming          370.9
880   1590   East Asia        Ming          368.2
881   1600   East Asia        Ming          365.5    Manchu-PRC
882   1610     East Asia      Ming       362.7   Manchu-PRC
883    1620    East Asia      Ming       360.0   Manchu-PRC
884   1630     East Asia      Ming       295.0   Manchu-PRC
885    1640    East Asia   Manchu-PRC    340.0      Ming
886    1650    East Asia   Manchu-PRC    650.0      Ming
887    1660    East Asia   Manchu-PRC    720.0      Ming
888   1670     East Asia   Manchu-PRC    760.0      Ming
889   1680     East Asia   Manchu-PRC    800.0      Ming
890   1690     East Asia   Manchu-PRC    840.0      Ming
891    1700    East Asia   Manchu-PRC    880.0
892   1710     East Asia   Manchu-PRC    940.0
893   1720     East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1000.0
894    1730    East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1060.0
895   1740     East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1146.7
896   1750     East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1233.3
897    1760    East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1320.0
898    1770    East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1370.0
899   1780     East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1420.0
900    1790    East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1470.0
901   1800     East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1460.0
902   1810     East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1450.0
903   1820     East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1440.0
904   1830     East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1430.0
905    1840    East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1420.0
906   1850     East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1410.0
907    1860    East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1340.0
908    1870    East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1240.0
909    1880    East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1340.0
910    1890    East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1190.0
911    1900    East Asia   Manchu-PRC   1140.0
912    1910    East Asia   Manchu-PRC    770.0
913    1920    East Asia   Manchu-PRC    250.0
914   1930     East Asia   Manchu-PRC    550.0
915    1940    East Asia   Manchu-PRC    850.0
916    1950    East Asia   Manchu-PRC    970.0
917    1970    East Asia
918   -1600     Europe
919   -1360     Europe
920   -1200     Europe
921     -750    Europe       Rome          0.0
922    -740     Europe       Rome          0.0
923    -730     Europe       Rome          0.0
924   -720    Europe   Rome   0.0
925   -710    Europe   Rome   0.0
926   -700    Europe   Rome   0.0
927   -690    Europe   Rome   0.0
928   -680    Europe   Rome   0.0
929   -670    Europe   Rome   0.0
930   -660    Europe   Rome   0.0
931   -650    Europe   Rome   0.0
932   -640    Europe   Rome   0.0
933   -630    Europe   Rome   0.1
934   -620    Europe   Rome   0.1
935   -610    Europe   Rome   0.1
936   -600    Europe   Rome   0.1
937   -590    Europe   Rome   0.1
938   -580    Europe   Rome   0.1
939   -570    Europe   Rome   0.1
940   -560    Europe   Rome   0.1
941   -550    Europe   Rome   0.1
942   -540    Europe   Rome   0.1
943   -530    Europe   Rome   0.1
944   -520    Europe   Rome   0.1
945   -510    Europe   Rome   0.1
946    -500   Europe   Rome   0.1
947   -490    Europe   Rome   0.2
948   -480    Europe   Rome   0.2
949   -470    Europe   Rome   0.3
950   -460    Europe   Rome   0.3
951   -450    Europe   Rome   0.4
952   -440    Europe   Rome   0.4
953   -430    Europe   Rome   0.5
954   -420    Europe   Rome   0.5
955   -410    Europe   Rome   0.6
956   -400    Europe   Rome   0.6
957   -390    Europe   Rome   0.7
958   -380    Europe   Rome   0.7
959   -370    Europe   Rome   0.8
960   -360    Europe   Rome   0.8
961   -350    Europe   Rome   0.9
962   -340    Europe   Rome   0.9
963    -330   Europe   Rome   1.0
964   -320    Europe   Rome   2.7
965   -310    Europe   Rome   4.4
 966   -300     Europe   Rome     6.1
 967   -290     Europe   Rome     7.9
 968   -280     Europe   Rome     9.6
 969   -270     Europe   Rome    11.3
 970    -260    Europe   Rome    13.0
 971   -250     Europe   Rome    16.8
 972   -240     Europe   Rome    20.7
 973   -230     Europe   Rome    24.5
 974   -220     Europe   Rome    28.3
 975   -210     Europe   Rome    32.2
 976    -200    Europe   Rome    36.0
 977   -190     Europe   Rome    41.8
 978   -180     Europe   Rome    47.6
 979   -170     Europe   Rome    53.4
 980   -160     Europe   Rome    59.2
 981    -150    Europe   Rome    65.0
 982   -140     Europe   Rome    85.0
 983    -130    Europe   Rome   105.0
 984   -120     Europe   Rome   110.0
 985   -110     Europe   Rome   115.0
 986    -100    Europe   Rome   120.0
 987     -90    Europe   Rome   125.0
 988      -80   Europe   Rome   130.0
 989     -70    Europe   Rome   151.7
 990     -60    Europe   Rome   173.3
 991      -50   Europe   Rome   195.0
 992     -40    Europe   Rome   155.0
 993      -30   Europe   Rome   275.0
 994     -20    Europe   Rome   296.7
 995     -10    Europe   Rome   318.3
 996        0   Europe   Rome   340.0
 997      10    Europe   Rome   356.0
 998      20    Europe   Rome   372.0
 999      30    Europe   Rome   388.0
1000      40    Europe   Rome   404.0
1001       50   Europe   Rome   420.0
1002      60    Europe   Rome   423.3
1003      70    Europe   Rome   426.7
1004       80   Europe   Rome   430.0
1005      90    Europe   Rome   447.5
1006    100     Europe   Rome   465.0
1007    110     Europe   Rome   482.5
1008   120   Europe      Rome        500.0
1009   130   Europe      Rome        480.0
1010   140   Europe      Rome        460.0
1011   150   Europe      Rome        459.3
1012   160   Europe      Rome        458.6
1013   170   Europe      Rome        457.9
1014   180   Europe      Rome        457.1
1015   190   Europe      Rome        456.4
1016   200   Europe      Rome        455.7
1017   210   Europe      Rome        455.0
1018   220   Europe      Rome        454.3
1019   230   Europe      Rome        453.6
1020   240   Europe      Rome        452.9
1021   250   Europe      Rome        452.1
1022   260   Europe      Rome        451.4
1023   270   Europe      Rome        450.7
1024   280   Europe      Rome        450.0
1025   290   Europe      Rome        449.1
1026   300   Europe      Rome        448.2
1027   310   Europe      Rome        447.3
1028   320   Europe      Rome        446.4
1029   330   Europe      Rome        445.5
1030   340   Europe      Rome        444.5
1031   350   Europe      Rome        443.6
1032   360   Europe      Rome        442.7
1033   370   Europe      Rome        441.8
1034   380   Europe      Rome        440.9
1035   390   Europe      Rome        440.0
1036   400   Europe   Western Rome   200.0
1037   410   Europe   Western Rome   175.0
1038   420   Europe   Western Rome   150.0    Visigoths
1039   430   Europe   Western Rome   125.0    Visigoths
1040   440   Europe   Western Rome   100.0    Visigoths
1041   450   Europe   Western Rome    75.0    Visigoths
1042   460   Europe   Western Rome    50.0    Visigoths
1043   470   Europe    Visigoths      43.3   Western Rome
1044   480   Europe    Visigoths      50.0     Frankish
1045   490   Europe    Visigoths      46.7     Frankish
1046   500   Europe     Frankish      50.0    Visigoths
1047   510   Europe     Frankish      50.0    Visigoths
1048   520   Europe     Frankish      56.7    Visigoths
1049   530   Europe     Frankish      63.3    Visigoths
1050   540   Europe   Frankish    70.0        Visigoths
1051   550   Europe   Frankish    70.0        Visigoths
1052   560   Europe   Frankish    70.0         Avars
1053   570   Europe   Frankish    68.3         Avars
1054   580   Europe   Frankish    66.7         Avars
1055   590   Europe    Avars      72.5        Frankish
1056   600   Europe    Avars      80.0        Frankish
1057   610   Europe    Avars      76.0        Frankish
1058   620   Europe    Avars      72.0        Frankish
1059   630   Europe    Avars      68.0        Frankish
1060   640   Europe    Avars      64.0        Frankish
1061   650   Europe    Avars      60.0        Frankish
1062   660   Europe    Avars      56.0        Frankish
1063   670   Europe    Avars      52.0        Frankish
1064   680   Europe    Avars      48.0        Frankish
1065   690   Europe    Avars      44.0        Frankish
1066   700   Europe   Frankish    46.0         Avars
1067   710   Europe   Frankish    52.0         Avars
1068   720   Europe   Frankish    58.0         Avars
1069   730   Europe   Frankish    64.0         Avars
1070   740   Europe   Frankish    70.0         Khazar
1071   750   Europe   Frankish    71.7         Khazar
1072   760   Europe   Frankish    73.3   Visigoth-Byzantine
1073   770   Europe   Frankish    75.0   Visigoth-Byzantine
1074   780   Europe   Frankish    86.3   Visigoth-Byzantine
1075   790   Europe   Frankish    97.5   Visigoth-Byzantine
1076   800   Europe   Frankish   108.8         Khazar
1077   810   Europe   Frankish   120.0         Khazar
1078   820   Europe   Frankish    91.7         Khazar
1079   830   Europe    Khazar     68.2        Frankish
1080   840   Europe    Khazar     72.7   Visigoth-Byzantine
1081   850   Europe    Khazar     77.3   Visigoth-Byzantine
1082   860   Europe    Khazar     81.8   Visigoth-Byzantine
1083   870   Europe    Khazar     86.4          Kiev
1084   880   Europe     Kiev     130.0         Khazar
1085   890   Europe     Kiev     136.7         Khazar
1086   900   Europe     Kiev     143.3         Khazar
1087   910   Europe     Kiev     150.0         Khazar
1088   920   Europe     Kiev     156.7         Khazar
1089   930   Europe     Kiev     163.3         Khazar
1090   940   Europe     Kiev     170.0         Khazar
1091   950   Europe     Kiev     176.7         Khazar
1092    960   Europe         Kiev         183.3       Khazar
1093    970   Europe         Kiev         190.0 Visigoth-Byzantine
1094    980   Europe         Kiev         196.7 Visigoth-Byzantine
1095    990   Europe         Kiev         203.3 Visigoth-Byzantine
1096   1000   Europe         Kiev         210.0 Visigoth-Byzantine
1097   1010   Europe         Kiev         178.0 Visigoth-Byzantine
1098   1020   Europe         Kiev         146.0 Visigoth-Byzantine
1099   1030   Europe         Kiev         114.0 Visigoth-Byzantine
1100   1040   Europe         Kiev          82.0
1101   1050   Europe         Kiev          50.0
1102   1060   Europe         Kiev          58.3
1103   1070   Europe         Kiev          66.7
1104   1080   Europe         Kiev          75.0
1105   1090   Europe         Kiev          83.3
1106   1100   Europe         Kiev          91.7
1107   1110   Europe         Kiev         100.0
1108   1120   Europe         Kiev          82.5
1109   1130   Europe         Kiev          65.0
1110   1140   Europe         Kiev          47.5
1111   1150   Europe         Kiev          30.0
1112   1200   Europe       Portugal         8.0
1113   1210   Europe       Portugal         8.1
1114   1220   Europe       Portugal         8.1
1115   1230   Europe       Portugal         8.2
1116   1240   Europe       Portugal         8.3
1117   1250   Europe       Portugal         8.4
1118   1260   Europe   Lithuania-Poland    10.0      Portugal
1119   1270   Europe   Lithuania-Poland    12.2      Portugal
1120   1280   Europe   Lithuania-Poland    14.4      Portugal
1121   1290   Europe   Lithuania-Poland    16.7      Portugal
1122   1300   Europe   Lithuania-Poland    18.9      Portugal
1123   1310   Europe   Lithuania-Poland    21.1      Portugal
1124   1320   Europe   Lithuania-Poland    23.3      Portugal
1125   1330   Europe   Lithuania-Poland    25.6      Portugal
1126   1340   Europe   Lithuania-Poland    27.8      Portugal
1127   1350   Europe   Lithuania-Poland    30.0      Portugal
1128   1360   Europe   Lithuania-Poland    43.3Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1129   1370   Europe   Lithuania-Poland    56.7Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1130   1380   Europe   Lithuania-Poland    70.0      Ottoman
1131   1390   Europe   Lithuania-Poland    72.0      Ottoman
1132   1400   Europe   Lithuania-Poland    74.0      Ottoman
1133   1410   Europe   Lithuania-Poland    76.0      Ottoman
1134   1420   Europe     Lithuania-Poland      78.0      Ottoman
1135   1430   Europe     Lithuania-Poland      80.0      Ottoman
1136   1440   Europe     Lithuania-Poland      82.2      Ottoman
1137   1450   Europe     Lithuania-Poland      84.4      Ottoman
1138   1460   Europe     Lithuania-Poland      86.7      Ottoman
1139   1470   Europe         Ottoman          104.3 Lithuania-Poland
1140   1480   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR    124.0      Ottoman
1141   1490   Europe         Ottoman          176.5Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1142   1500   Europe         Ottoman          231.0Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1143   1510   Europe         Ottoman          285.5Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1144   1520   Europe         Ottoman          340.0Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1145   1530   Europe         Ottoman          361.7Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1146   1540   Europe         Ottoman          383.3Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1147   1550   Europe         Ottoman          405.0Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1148   1560   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR    435.7      Ottoman
1149   1570   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR    472.9      Ottoman
1150   1580   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR    510.0      Ottoman
1151   1590   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR    575.7      Ottoman
1152   1600   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR    641.4       Spain
1153   1610   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR    707.1       Spain
1154   1620   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR    772.9       Spain
1155   1630   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR    838.6       Spain
1156   1640   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR    904.3       Spain
1157   1650   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR    970.0       Spain
1158   1660   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1077.5       Spain
1159   1670   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1185.0       Spain
1160   1680   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1292.5       Spain
1161   1690   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1400.0       Spain
1162   1700   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1425.0       Spain
1163   1710   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1450.0       Spain
1164   1720   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1475.0       Spain
1165   1730   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1500.0       Spain
1166   1740   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1507.1       Spain
1167   1750   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1514.3       Spain
1168   1760   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1521.4       Spain
1169   1770   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1528.6       Spain
1170   1780   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1535.7       Spain
1171   1790   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1542.9       Spain
1172   1800   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1550.0       Spain
1173   1810   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1646.7       Spain
1174   1820   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1743.3      Britain
1175   1830   Europe   Muscovy-Russia-USSR   1840.0      Britain
1176    1840    Europe Muscovy-Russia-USSR 1940.0               Britain
1177    1850    Europe          Ottoman              520.0      France
1178   1860     Europe           Britain            2350.0Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1179   1870     Europe           Britain            2400.0Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1180    1880    Europe           Britain            2450.0Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1181   1890     Europe           Britain            2693.3Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1182   1900     Europe           Britain            2936.7Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1183    1910    Europe           Britain            3180.0Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1184    1920    Europe           Britain            3550.0Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1185   1930     Europe           Britain            3500.0Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1186    1940    Europe           Britain            3450.0Muscovy-Russia-USSR
1187    1950    Europe Muscovy-Russia-USSR 2230.0               France
1188   1960     Europe Muscovy-Russia-USSR 2100.0               Britain
1189   1970     Europe Muscovy-Russia-USSR 1970.0               Britain
1190   1980     Europe Muscovy-Russia-USSR 1840.0                Spain
1191    1990    Europe Muscovy-Russia-USSR 1710.0
1192   -1800   South Asia
1193   -1200   South Asia
1194   -1000   South Asia
1195    -800   South Asia
1196    -650   South Asia
1197    -430   South Asia
1198    -200   South Asia
1199     100   South Asia
1200     360   South Asia
1201     500   South Asia
1202     600           Kanyakubia (Kanaudj, Harsha)
               South Asia                              5.0
1203     610           Kanyakubia (Kanaudj, Harsha) 30.0
               South Asia
1204     620           Kanyakubia (Kanaudj, Harsha) 65.0
               South Asia
1205     630           Kanyakubia (Kanaudj, Harsha) 100.0
               South Asia
1206     640           Kanyakubia (Kanaudj, Harsha) 100.0
               South Asia
1207     650           Kanyakubia (Kanaudj, Harsha) 100.0
               South Asia
1208     800   South Asia
1209     900   South Asia
1210    1000   South Asia
1211    1040   South Asia         Delhi               20.0
1212   1050    South Asia         Delhi               21.0
1213   1060    South Asia         Delhi               22.0
1214   1070    South Asia         Delhi               23.0
1215   1080    South Asia         Delhi               24.0
1216   1090    South Asia         Delhi               25.0
1217   1100    South Asia         Delhi               26.0
1218   1110   South Asia   Delhi    27.0
1219   1120   South Asia   Delhi    28.0
1220   1130   South Asia   Delhi    29.0
1221   1140   South Asia   Delhi    30.0
1222   1150   South Asia   Delhi    31.0
1223   1160   South Asia   Delhi    32.0
1224   1170   South Asia   Delhi    33.0
1225   1180   South Asia   Delhi    34.0
1226   1190   South Asia   Delhi    35.0
1227   1200   South Asia   Delhi    57.5
1228   1210   South Asia   Delhi    80.0
1229   1220   South Asia   Delhi   120.0
1230   1230   South Asia   Delhi   160.0
1231   1240   South Asia   Delhi   161.4
1232   1250   South Asia   Delhi   162.9
1233   1260   South Asia   Delhi   164.3
1234   1270   South Asia   Delhi   165.7
1235   1280   South Asia   Delhi   167.1
1236   1290   South Asia   Delhi   168.6
1237   1300   South Asia   Delhi   170.0
1238   1310   South Asia   Delhi   270.0
1239   1320   South Asia   Delhi   320.0
1240   1330   South Asia   Delhi   300.0
1241   1340   South Asia   Delhi   280.0
1242   1350   South Asia   Delhi   180.0
1243   1360   South Asia   Delhi   160.0
1244   1370   South Asia   Delhi   140.0
1245   1380   South Asia   Delhi   120.0
1246   1390   South Asia   Delhi   100.0
1247   1400   South Asia   Delhi    80.0
1248   1450   South Asia
1249   1500   South Asia
1250   1520   South Asia   Mogul     3.0
1251   1530   South Asia   Mogul    80.0
1252   1540   South Asia   Mogul    80.0
1253   1550   South Asia   Mogul    80.0
1254   1560   South Asia   Mogul    80.0
1255   1570   South Asia   Mogul   125.0
1256   1580   South Asia   Mogul   170.0
1257   1590   South Asia   Mogul   255.0
1258   1600   South Asia   Mogul   340.0
1259   1610   South Asia   Mogul   346.7
1260    1620    South Asia   Mogul   353.3
1261    1630    South Asia   Mogul   360.0
1262    1640    South Asia   Mogul   366.7
1263    1650    South Asia   Mogul   373.3
1264    1660    South Asia   Mogul   380.0
1265    1670    South Asia   Mogul   386.7
1266    1680    South Asia   Mogul   393.3
1267     1690   South Asia   Mogul   400.0
1268    1700    South Asia   Mogul   325.0
1269     1710   South Asia   Mogul   250.0
1270    1720    South Asia   Mogul   211.7
1271    1730    South Asia   Mogul   173.3
1272    1740    South Asia   Mogul   135.0
1273    1750    South Asia   Mogul    96.7
1274    1760    South Asia   Mogul    58.3
1275     1770   South Asia   Mogul    20.0
1276    1780    South Asia   Mogul    13.3
1277    1790    South Asia   Mogul     6.7
1278     1800   South Asia   Mogul     0.0
1279     1830   South Asia
1280     1850   South Asia
1281     1880   South Asia
1282     1900   South Asia
1283     1910   South Asia
1284     1950   South Asia
1285     1970   South Asia
1286    -3200   West Asia    Sumer     0.0
1287   -3190    West Asia    Sumer     0.0
1288   -3180    West Asia    Sumer     0.1
1289   -3170    West Asia    Sumer     0.1
1290   -3160    West Asia    Sumer     0.1
1291   -3150    West Asia    Sumer     0.1
1292   -3140    West Asia    Sumer     0.2
1293   -3130    West Asia    Sumer     0.2
1294   -3120    West Asia    Sumer     0.2
1295   -3110    West Asia    Sumer     0.2
1296   -3100    West Asia    Sumer     0.3
1297   -3090    West Asia    Sumer     0.3
1298   -3080    West Asia    Sumer     0.3
1299   -3070    West Asia    Sumer     0.3
1300   -3060    West Asia    Sumer     0.4
1301   -3050    West Asia    Sumer     0.4
1302   -3040    West Asia   Sumer   0.4
1303   -3030    West Asia   Sumer   0.4
1304   -3020    West Asia   Sumer   0.5
1305   -3010    West Asia   Sumer   0.5
1306   -3000    West Asia   Sumer   0.5
1307   -2990    West Asia   Sumer   0.5
1308   -2980    West Asia   Sumer   0.6
1309   -2970    West Asia   Sumer   0.6
1310   -2960    West Asia   Sumer   0.6
1311   -2950    West Asia   Sumer   0.6
1312   -2940    West Asia   Sumer   0.7
1313   -2930    West Asia   Sumer   0.7
1314   -2920    West Asia   Sumer   0.7
1315   -2910    West Asia   Sumer   0.7
1316   -2900    West Asia   Sumer   0.8
1317   -2890    West Asia   Sumer   0.8
1318   -2880    West Asia   Sumer   0.8
1319   -2870    West Asia   Sumer   0.8
1320   -2860    West Asia   Sumer   0.9
1321   -2850    West Asia   Sumer   0.9
1322   -2840    West Asia   Sumer   0.9
1323   -2830    West Asia   Sumer   0.9
1324   -2820    West Asia   Sumer   1.0
1325   -2810    West Asia   Sumer   1.0
1326    -2800   West Asia   Sumer   1.0
1327   -2790    West Asia   Sumer   1.1
1328   -2780    West Asia   Sumer   1.1
1329   -2770    West Asia   Sumer   1.2
1330   -2760    West Asia   Sumer   1.3
1331   -2750    West Asia   Sumer   1.3
1332   -2740    West Asia   Sumer   1.4
1333   -2730    West Asia   Sumer   1.5
1334   -2720    West Asia   Sumer   1.5
1335   -2710    West Asia   Sumer   1.6
1336   -2700    West Asia   Sumer   1.7
1337   -2690    West Asia   Sumer   1.7
1338   -2680    West Asia   Sumer   1.8
1339   -2670    West Asia   Sumer   1.9
1340   -2660    West Asia   Sumer   1.9
1341   -2650    West Asia   Sumer   2.0
1342   -2640    West Asia   Sumer   2.1
1343   -2630    West Asia   Sumer   2.1
1344   -2620    West Asia   Sumer     2.2
1345   -2610    West Asia   Sumer     2.3
1346   -2600    West Asia   Sumer     2.3
1347   -2590    West Asia   Sumer     2.4
1348   -2580    West Asia   Sumer     2.5
1349   -2570    West Asia   Sumer     2.5
1350   -2560    West Asia   Sumer     2.6
1351   -2550    West Asia   Sumer     2.7
1352   -2540    West Asia   Sumer     2.7
1353   -2530    West Asia   Sumer     2.8
1354   -2520    West Asia   Sumer     2.9
1355   -2510    West Asia   Sumer     2.9
1356    -2500   West Asia   Sumer     3.0
1357   -2490    West Asia   Sumer     3.2
1358   -2480    West Asia   Sumer     3.4
1359   -2470    West Asia   Sumer     3.6
1360   -2460    West Asia   Sumer     3.8
1361   -2450    West Asia   Sumer     4.0
1362   -2440    West Asia   Sumer     4.2
1363   -2430    West Asia   Sumer     4.4
1364   -2420    West Asia   Sumer     4.6
1365   -2410    West Asia   Sumer     4.8
1366    -2400   West Asia   Sumer     5.0
1367   -2390    West Asia   Sumer     4.3
1368   -2380    West Asia   Sumer     3.6
1369   -2370    West Asia   Sumer     2.9
1370   -2360    West Asia   Sumer     2.1
1371    -2350   West Asia   Akadia    3.0   Sumer
1372   -2340    West Asia   Akadia   15.4   Sumer
1373   -2330    West Asia   Akadia   27.8   Sumer
1374   -2320    West Asia   Akadia   40.2
1375   -2310    West Asia   Akadia   52.6
1376    -2300   West Asia   Akadia   65.0
1377   -2290    West Asia   Akadia   68.0
1378   -2280    West Asia   Akadia   71.0
1379   -2270    West Asia   Akadia   74.0
1380   -2260    West Asia   Akadia   77.0
1381    -2250   West Asia   Akadia   80.0
1382   -2240    West Asia   Akadia   69.0
1383   -2230    West Asia   Akadia   58.0
1384   -2220    West Asia   Akadia   47.0
1385   -2210    West Asia   Akadia   36.0
1386    -2200   West Asia   Akadia     25.0
1387   -2190    West Asia   Akadia     20.0
1388   -2180    West Asia   Akadia     15.0
1389   -2170    West Asia   Akadia     10.0
1390   -2160    West Asia   Akadia      5.0
1391    -2150   West Asia   Akadia      0.0
1392    -2050   West Asia    Sumer      3.0
1393   -2040    West Asia    Sumer      4.4
1394   -2030    West Asia    Sumer      5.8
1395   -2020    West Asia    Sumer      7.2
1396   -2010    West Asia    Sumer      8.6
1397    -2000   West Asia    Sumer     10.0   Hittites
1398   -1990    West Asia    Sumer      8.0   Hittites
1399   -1980    West Asia    Sumer      6.0   Hittites
1400   -1970    West Asia    Sumer      4.0   Hittites
1401   -1960    West Asia    Sumer      2.0   Hittites
1402   -1950    West Asia   Hittites    1.0   Sumer
1403   -1940    West Asia   Hittites    1.2   Sumer
1404   -1930    West Asia   Hittites    1.4   Sumer
1405   -1920    West Asia   Hittites    1.6   Sumer
1406   -1910    West Asia    Sumer      1.8   Hittites
1407   -1900    West Asia    Sumer      2.3   Hittites
1408   -1890    West Asia    Sumer      2.7   Hittites
1409   -1880    West Asia    Sumer      3.2   Hittites
1410   -1870    West Asia    Sumer      3.6   Hittites
1411   -1860    West Asia    Sumer      4.1   Hittites
1412   -1850    West Asia    Sumer      4.5   Assyria
1413   -1840    West Asia    Sumer      5.0   Assyria
1414   -1830    West Asia   Assyria     5.8   Sumer
1415   -1820    West Asia   Assyria     7.2   Sumer
1416   -1810    West Asia   Assyria     8.6   Sumer
1417    -1800   West Asia   Assyria    10.0   Sumer
1418   -1790    West Asia   Assyria     7.5   Sumer
1419   -1780    West Asia   Babylon     9.0   Sumer
1420   -1770    West Asia   Babylon    12.0   Sumer
1421    -1760   West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Assyria
1422   -1750    West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Assyria
1423   -1740    West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Assyria
1424    -1730   West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Assyria
1425   -1720    West Asia   Babylon    17.5   Assyria
1426   -1710    West Asia   Babylon    20.0   Hittites
1427   -1700    West Asia   Babylon    22.5    Elam
1428    -1690   West Asia   Babylon    25.0   Hittites
1429   -1680    West Asia   Babylon    24.1   Hittites
1430   -1670    West Asia   Babylon    23.1   Hittites
1431   -1660    West Asia   Babylon    22.2   Hittites
1432   -1650    West Asia   Babylon    21.3   Hittites
1433   -1640    West Asia   Babylon    20.3   Hittites
1434   -1630    West Asia   Babylon    19.4   Hittites
1435   -1620    West Asia   Babylon    18.4   Hittites
1436   -1610    West Asia   Babylon    17.5   Mitanni
1437   -1600    West Asia   Babylon    16.6   Mitanni
1438   -1590    West Asia   Babylon    15.6   Mitanni
1439   -1580    West Asia   Babylon    14.7   Mitanni
1440   -1570    West Asia   Mitanni    15.6   Babylon
1441   -1560    West Asia   Mitanni    16.8   Hittites
1442   -1550    West Asia   Mitanni    18.0   Hittites
1443   -1540    West Asia   Mitanni    19.2   Hittites
1444   -1530    West Asia   Mitanni    20.4   Hittites
1445   -1520    West Asia   Mitanni    21.6   Hittites
1446   -1510    West Asia   Mitanni    22.8   Hittites
1447   -1500    West Asia   Mitanni    24.0   Hittites
1448   -1490    West Asia   Mitanni    25.2   Hittites
1449   -1480    West Asia   Mitanni    26.4   Hittites
1450   -1470    West Asia   Mitanni    27.6   Hittites
1451   -1460    West Asia   Mitanni    28.8   Hittites
1452    -1450   West Asia   Mitanni    30.0   Hittites
1453   -1440    West Asia   Mitanni    27.2   Hittites
1454   -1430    West Asia   Mitanni    24.4   Hittites
1455   -1420    West Asia   Mitanni    21.7   Hittites
1456   -1410    West Asia   Mitanni    18.9   Hittites
1457   -1400    West Asia   Mitanni    16.1   Hittites
1458   -1390    West Asia   Hittites   15.0   Mitanni
1459    -1380   West Asia   Hittites   15.0    Elam
1460   -1370    West Asia   Hittites   18.3    Elam
1461   -1360    West Asia   Hittites   21.7    Elam
1462    -1350   West Asia   Hittites   25.0    Elam
1463   -1340    West Asia   Hittites   30.0    Elam
1464    -1330   West Asia   Hittites   35.0    Elam
1465   -1320    West Asia   Hittites   36.7    Elam
1466   -1310    West Asia   Hittites   38.3    Elam
1467    -1300   West Asia   Hittites   40.0    Elam
1468   -1290    West Asia   Hittites   41.0    Elam
1469   -1280    West Asia   Hittites   42.0    Elam
1470   -1270     West Asia   Hittites   43.0    Elam
1471   -1260     West Asia   Hittites   44.0    Elam
1472    -1250    West Asia   Hittites   45.0    Elam
1473   -1240     West Asia   Hittites   45.0    Elam
1474   -1230     West Asia   Hittites   45.0    Elam
1475    -1220    West Asia   Hittites   45.0    Elam
1476   -1210     West Asia   Hittites   35.0    Elam
1477   -1200     West Asia   Hittites   25.0    Elam
1478   -1190     West Asia    Elam      18.8   Hittites
1479   -1180     West Asia    Elam      19.2   Hittites
1480   -1170     West Asia    Elam      19.6   Hittites
1481    -1160    West Asia    Elam      20.0   Hittites
1482   -1150     West Asia    Elam      14.0   Hittites
1483   -1140     West Asia   Hittites   13.4   Babylon
1484    -1130    West Asia   Babylon    20.0   Assyria
1485   -1120     West Asia   Assyria    20.0   Babylon
1486   -1110     West Asia   Assyria    25.0   Hittites
1487   -1100     West Asia   Assyria    30.0   Hittites
1488   -1090     West Asia   Assyria    35.0   Hittites
1489    -1080    West Asia   Assyria    40.0   Hittites
1490   -1070     West Asia   Assyria    28.3   Hittites
1491   -1060     West Asia   Assyria    16.7   Babylon
1492    -1050    West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Hittites
1493   -1040     West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Hittites
1494   -1030     West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Hittites
1495   -1020     West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Hittites
1496   -1010     West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Hittites
1497   -1000     West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Hittites
1498     -990    West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Hittites
1499     -980    West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Hittites
1500     -970    West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Hittites
1501     -960    West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Hittites
1502     -950    West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Hittites
1503     -940    West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Hittites
1504     -930    West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Hittites
1505     -920    West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Hittites
1506     -910    West Asia   Babylon    15.0    Urartu
1507     -900    West Asia   Babylon    15.0    Urartu
1508     -890    West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Assyria
1509     -880    West Asia   Babylon    15.0   Assyria
1510     -870    West Asia   Assyria    27.5   Babylon
1511      -860   West Asia   Assyria    40.0   Babylon
1512   -850    West Asia        Assyria         46.3     Babylon
1513   -840    West Asia        Assyria         52.5     Babylon
1514   -830    West Asia        Assyria         58.8     Babylon
1515    -820   West Asia        Assyria         65.0     Babylon
1516   -810    West Asia        Assyria         61.4      Urartu
1517   -800    West Asia        Assyria         57.9      Urartu
1518   -790    West Asia        Assyria         54.3      Urartu
1519   -780    West Asia        Assyria         50.7      Media
1520   -770    West Asia        Assyria         47.1      Media
1521   -760    West Asia        Assyria         43.6      Media
1522    -750   West Asia        Assyria         40.0      Media
1523   -740    West Asia        Assyria         50.0      Media
1524    -730   West Asia        Assyria         60.0      Media
1525   -720    West Asia        Assyria         70.0      Media
1526   -710    West Asia        Assyria         80.0      Media
1527    -700   West Asia        Assyria         90.0      Media
1528   -690    West Asia        Assyria        106.7      Media
1529   -680    West Asia        Assyria        123.3      Media
1530    -670   West Asia        Assyria        140.0      Media
1531    -660   West Asia        Assyria        100.0      Media
1532   -650    West Asia        Assyria         93.3      Media
1533   -640    West Asia        Assyria         86.7      Media
1534    -630   West Asia        Assyria         80.0      Media
1535   -620    West Asia        Media          130.0      Assyria
1536   -610    West Asia        Media          180.0       Lydia
1537   -600    West Asia        Media          230.0       Lydia
1538   -580    West Asia        Media          222.5 Achaemenid Persia
1539   -570    West Asia        Media          165.0 Achaemenid Persia
1540   -560    West Asia   Achaemenid Persia   183.3      Media
1541    -550   West Asia   Achaemenid Persia   250.0     Babylon
1542    -530   West Asia   Achaemenid Persia   410.0
1543   -520    West Asia   Achaemenid Persia   456.7
1544   -470    West Asia   Achaemenid Persia   520.0
1545   -460    West Asia   Achaemenid Persia   500.0
1546    -430   West Asia   Achaemenid Persia   450.0
1547   -410    West Asia   Achaemenid Persia   400.0
1548   -400    West Asia   Achaemenid Persia   380.0
1549    -390   West Asia   Achaemenid Persia   360.0
1550    -380   West Asia   Achaemenid Persia   410.0
1551   -370    West Asia   Achaemenid Persia   417.5
1552   -360    West Asia   Achaemenid Persia   425.0
1553   -350    West Asia   Achaemenid Persia   432.5
1554    -340    West Asia   Achaemenid Persia   440.0    Alexander
1555    -330    West Asia      Alexander        250.0 Achaemenid Persia
1556    -320    West Asia      Alexander        520.0
1557    -310    West Asia      Alexander        440.0     Seleucid
1558    -300    West Asia       Seleucid        390.0
1559   -290     West Asia       Seleucid        366.7
1560   -280     West Asia       Seleucid        343.3
1561    -270    West Asia       Seleucid        320.0      Parthia
1562   -260     West Asia       Seleucid        300.0      Parthia
1563   -250     West Asia       Seleucid        280.0      Parthia
1564    -240    West Asia       Seleucid        260.0      Parthia
1565   -230     West Asia       Seleucid        234.0      Parthia
1566   -220     West Asia       Seleucid        208.0      Parthia
1567   -210     West Asia       Seleucid        182.0
1568   -200     West Asia       Seleucid        156.0      Parthia
1569    -190    West Asia       Seleucid        130.0      Parthia
1570    -180    West Asia       Seleucid         80.0      Parthia
1571   -170     West Asia        Parthia         73.3     Seleucid
1572   -160     West Asia        Parthia         76.7     Seleucid
1573    -150    West Asia        Parthia         80.0     Seleucid
1574    -140    West Asia        Parthia        210.0     Seleucid
1575   -130     West Asia        Parthia        215.6     Seleucid
1576   -120     West Asia        Parthia        221.1     Seleucid
1577   -110     West Asia        Parthia        226.7     Seleucid
1578   -100     West Asia        Parthia        232.2     Seleucid
1579     -90    West Asia        Parthia        237.8     Seleucid
1580     -80    West Asia        Parthia        243.3     Seleucid
1581     -70    West Asia        Parthia        248.9     Seleucid
1582     -60    West Asia        Parthia        254.4     Seleucid
1583      -50   West Asia        Parthia        260.0
1584     -40    West Asia        Parthia        264.0
1585     -30    West Asia        Parthia        268.0
1586     -20    West Asia        Parthia        272.0
1587     -10    West Asia        Parthia        276.0
1588        0   West Asia        Parthia        280.0
1589      10    West Asia        Parthia        276.0
1590      20    West Asia        Parthia        272.0
1591      30    West Asia        Parthia        268.0
1592      40    West Asia        Parthia        264.0
1593       50   West Asia        Parthia        260.0
1594      60    West Asia        Parthia        260.0
1595      70    West Asia        Parthia        260.0
1596    80   West Asia       Parthia       260.0
1597    90   West Asia       Parthia       260.0
1598   100   West Asia       Parthia       260.0
1599   110   West Asia       Parthia       260.0
1600   120   West Asia       Parthia       260.0
1601   130   West Asia       Parthia       260.0
1602   140   West Asia       Parthia       260.0
1603   150   West Asia       Parthia       260.0
1604   160   West Asia       Parthia       260.0
1605   170   West Asia       Parthia       260.0
1606   180   West Asia       Parthia       260.0
1607   190   West Asia       Parthia       260.0
1608   200   West Asia       Parthia       260.0
1609   210   West Asia       Parthia       173.3
1610   220   West Asia       Parthia        86.7
1611   230   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   230.0       Parthia
1612   240   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   235.0
1613   250   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   240.0
1614   260   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   245.0
1615   270   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   250.0
1616   280   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   255.0
1617   290   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   260.0
1618   300   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   265.0
1619   310   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   270.0
1620   320   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   275.0
1621   330   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   280.0
1622   340   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   285.0
1623   350   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   290.0
1624   360   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   295.0
1625   370   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   300.0
1626   380   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   305.0         Huns
1627   390   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   310.0         Huns
1628   400   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   315.0         Huns
1629   410   West Asia        Huns         325.0    Sassanid Persia
1630   420   West Asia        Huns         350.0    Sassanid Persia
1631   430   West Asia        Huns         375.0    Sassanid Persia
1632   440   West Asia        Huns         400.0    Sassanid Persia
1633   450   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   340.0   Byzantine Empire
1634   460   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   341.0   Byzantine Empire
1635   470   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   342.0   Byzantine Empire
1636   480   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   343.0   Byzantine Empire
1637   490   West Asia   Sassanid Persia   344.0   Byzantine Empire
1638   500   West Asia    Sassanid Persia     345.0 Byzantine Empire
1639   510   West Asia    Sassanid Persia     346.0 Byzantine Empire
1640   520   West Asia    Sassanid Persia     347.0 Byzantine Empire
1641   530   West Asia    Sassanid Persia     348.0 Byzantine Empire
1642   540   West Asia    Sassanid Persia     349.0 Byzantine Empire
1643   550   West Asia    Sassanid Persia     350.0 Byzantine Empire
1644   560   West Asia    Sassanid Persia     332.0 Byzantine Empire
1645   570   West Asia    Sassanid Persia     314.0 Byzantine Empire
1646   580   West Asia    Sassanid Persia     296.0 Byzantine Empire
1647   590   West Asia    Sassanid Persia     278.0 Byzantine Empire
1648   600   West Asia    Sassanid Persia     260.0 Byzantine Empire
1649   610   West Asia    Sassanid Persia     270.0 Byzantine Empire
1650   620   West Asia    Sassanid Persia     280.0 Byzantine Empire
1651   630   West Asia    Sassanid Persia     260.0 Byzantine Empire
1652   640   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate    410.0 Byzantine Empire
1653   650   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate    640.0 Byzantine Empire
1654   660   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate    670.0 Byzantine Empire
1655   670   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate    727.5 Byzantine Empire
1656   680   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate    785.0 Byzantine Empire
1657   690   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate    842.5 Byzantine Empire
1658   700   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate    900.0 Byzantine Empire
1659   710   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate   1005.0 Byzantine Empire
1660   720   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate   1110.0 Byzantine Empire
1661   730   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate   1110.0 Byzantine Empire
1662   740   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate   1110.0 Byzantine Empire
1663   750   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate   1110.0 Byzantine Empire
1664   760   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate   1030.0 Byzantine Empire
1665   770   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate   1040.0 Byzantine Empire
1666   780   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate   1050.0 Byzantine Empire
1667   790   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate   1060.0 Byzantine Empire
1668   800   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate    830.0       Tahirid
1669   810   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate    756.0       Tahirid
1670   820   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate    682.0       Tahirid
1671   830   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate    608.0      Samanid
1672   840   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate    534.0      Samanid
1673   850   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate    460.0      Samanid
1674   860   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate    390.0      Samanid
1675   870   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate    320.0      Samanid
1676   880   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate    250.0      Samanid
1677   890   West Asia   Islamic Caliphate    180.0      Samanid
1678   900   West Asia       Samanid             Fatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk
                                              195.0
1679   910   West Asia       Samanid             Fatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk
                                              270.0
1680    920   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   280.0       Samanid
1681    930   West Asia         Samanid             Fatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk
                                                 285.0
1682    940   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   256.7       Samanid
1683    950   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   333.3       Samanid
1684    960   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   410.0       Samanid
1685    970   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   210.0       Samanid
1686    980   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   186.7 Bujid (Buwahid)
1687    990   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   163.3 Bujid (Buwahid)
1688   1000   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   140.0      Ghaznavid
1689   1010   West Asia        Ghaznavid            Fatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk
                                                 140.0
1690   1020   West Asia        Ghaznavid            Fatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk
                                                 210.0
1691   1030   West Asia        Ghaznavid         340.0        Seljuk
1692   1040   West Asia          Seljuk          260.0      Ghaznavid
1693   1050   West Asia          Seljuk          285.0      Ghaznavid
1694   1060   West Asia          Seljuk          310.0      Ghaznavid
1695   1070   West Asia          Seljuk          350.0      Ghaznavid
1696   1080   West Asia          Seljuk          390.0      Ghaznavid
1697   1090   West Asia        Ghaznavid         100.0 Almoravid-Almohad
1698   1100   West Asia Almoravid-Almohad        115.0      Ghaznavid
1699   1110   West Asia Almoravid-Almohad        138.0      Ghaznavid
1700   1120   West Asia Almoravid-Almohad        161.0      Ghaznavid
1701   1130   West Asia          Seljuk          310.0 Almoravid-Almohad
1702   1140   West Asia Almoravid-Almohad        207.0 Khwarizm (Chorezm)
1703   1150   West Asia Almoravid-Almohad        230.0 Khwarizm (Chorezm)
1704   1160   West Asia Almoravid-Almohad        150.0 Khwarizm (Chorezm)
1705   1170   West Asia Almoravid-Almohad        136.4 Khwarizm (Chorezm)
1706   1180   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   145.0 Khwarizm (Chorezm)
1707   1190   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   150.0 Khwarizm (Chorezm)
1708   1200   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   170.0 Khwarizm (Chorezm)
1709   1210   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   169.0 Almoravid-Almohad
1710   1220   West Asia Khwarizm (Chorezm)          Fatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk
                                                 210.0
1711   1230   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   167.0 Khwarizm (Chorezm)
1712   1240   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   166.0 Almoravid-Almohad
1713   1250   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   165.0 Byzantine Empire
1714   1270   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   187.5 Byzantine Empire
1715   1280   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   195.0 Byzantine Empire
1716   1290   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   202.5 Byzantine Empire
1717   1300   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   210.0 Byzantine Empire
1718   1310   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   205.0 Byzantine Empire
1719   1320   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   200.0 Byzantine Empire
1720   1330   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   195.0 Byzantine Empire
1721   1340   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   190.0 Byzantine Empire
1722   1350   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   185.0   Byzantine Empire
1723   1360   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   180.0   Byzantine Empire
1724   1370   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   175.0   Byzantine Empire
1725   1380   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   170.0   Byzantine Empire
1726   1390   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   165.0   Byzantine Empire
1727   1400   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   160.0   Byzantine Empire
1728   1410   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   156.0   Byzantine Empire
1729   1420   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   152.0   Byzantine Empire
1730   1430   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   148.0   Byzantine Empire
1731   1440   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   144.0   Byzantine Empire
1732   1450   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   140.0   Byzantine Empire
1733   1460   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   136.0   Byzantine Empire
1734   1470   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   132.0   Byzantine Empire
1735   1480   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   128.0   Byzantine Empire
1736   1490   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   124.0
1737   1500   West AsiaFatimid-Ayyubid-Mameluk   120.0
1738   1550   West Asia
1739   1580   West Asia
1740   1600   West Asia
1741   1650   West Asia
1742   1700   West Asia
1743   1750   West Asia
1744   1800   West Asia
1745   1830   West Asia
1746   1850   West Asia
1747   1880   West Asia
1748   1900   West Asia
1749   1910   West Asia
EMP2SIZ EDISTRIB   CITY1   CITY1POP   CITY2   CITY2POP CDISTRIB
Memphis   60   Thebes   43   0.58
              Thebes    65   Isin   58   0.53




 8.0   0.59
 8.6   0.81
 5.7   0.92
 2.9   0.95
 0.0      1
 6.7   0.84   Avaris   100                 1
13.3   0.67
17.5   0.53
 8.0   0.77
 4.0   0.89
 0.0      1
Thebes    80   1




Memphis   50   1
             Thebes   60   Memphis   34   0.64




0.0      1
0.0      1   Thebes   60   Memphis   43   0.58
1.3   0.83
1.9   0.87
2.5   0.88
3.1   0.89
3.8   0.89
4.4   0.89
5.0    0.9
5.6    0.9
6.3   0.86
6.9   0.81
 7.5   0.73
 8.1   0.55
 0.0      1
 9.4   0.84
10.0   0.84   Memphis    65     Sais     48   0.58
10.0   0.84
10.0   0.84
10.0   0.85
10.0   0.85
10.0   0.85
10.0   0.86
10.0   0.86
10.0   0.86
10.0   0.86
10.0   0.87
10.0   0.76
 0.0      1




              Memphis   100   Carthage   50   0.67




16.2   0.83
16.9   0.84
17.7   0.85
18.5   0.84
19.2   0.83
20.0   0.83
19.3   0.83
18.7   0.83
18.0   0.83
24.0   0.79
30.0   0.74
17.5   0.83
 5.0   0.94   Alexandria(1)   300   Carthage    150   0.67
 4.0   0.95
 3.0   0.96
 2.0   0.97
 1.0   0.99
 0.0      1




                Carthage      100
                Carthage       66
                  Gao          72
              Alexandria(1)   175
                 Cairo        135    Tinnis      83   0.62
                 Cairo        150   Marrakesh   150    0.5
                 Cairo        175     Fez       160   0.52
                 Cairo        200     Fez       200    0.5
                 Cairo        300     Fez       200    0.6




                 Cairo        400     Fez       150   0.73
   Cairo       350     Fez       125   0.74




   Cairo       360     Fez       125   0.74




   Cairo       380     Fez       125   0.75




   Cairo       400     Fez       130   0.75
   Cairo       360     Fez       100   0.78
   Cairo       275
   Cairo       200   Marrakesh   125   0.62
   Cairo       175
   Cairo       175
   Cairo       175
   Cairo       186
   Cairo       250
   Cairo       355
   Cairo      2750
   Cairo      6600
Teotihuacán     90
Teotihuacán    125
Teotihuacán     60
  2.0   0.71
  3.7   0.77
  5.8   0.78
  8.0   0.85
 10.0   0.92
 13.5   0.93
 17.0   0.92   Tenochtitlán     80
 19.5   0.91
 22.0    0.9




464.0   0.52
543.9   0.53
587.8   0.57
631.6   0.55    New York       645   Philadelphia    426    0.6
675.5   0.56
719.4   0.57
763.3   0.55    New York      1900   Philadelphia    791   0.71
807.1   0.54
851.0   0.53    New York      4242     Chicago      1717   0.71
                New York      6700     Chicago      2420   0.73
              New York    7774    Chicago     3564   0.69

              New York   12463 Buenos Aires   5000   0.71
              New York   17252 México City    9000   0.66
65.0   0.83
65.4   0.78
65.9    0.7
66.3   0.54
30.0   0.69
65.0   0.51
67.6    0.6
68.1   0.56
68.5   0.51
58.0   0.54
44.0   0.61
30.0    0.7
 94.7    0.6
 96.0   0.65
 97.3   0.69
 98.7   0.72
100.0   0.75
 95.0   0.78
375.0   0.62
312.5   0.65
283.3   0.67
316.7   0.64
350.0   0.61
300.0   0.61
250.0   0.62
176.0   0.67
175.0    0.6
 45.0   0.89
250.0   0.64
236.7   0.53
223.3   0.51
202.5   0.51
168.8   0.54
135.0   0.58
101.3   0.63
 67.5    0.7
 36.9    0.8
 36.5   0.78
 36.0   0.74
 35.6   0.69
 35.1    0.6
 26.0   0.57
  0.0      1
Ao (Chengchow)   32




   Anyang        30




     Sian        55   Loyang   50   0.52
            Sian     55   Loyang   50   0.52




            Lintzu   80   Loyang   70   0.53




5.0   0.5
               Yenshiatu   180   Loyang    100   0.64




 10.0   0.89




 50.0    0.8
150.0   0.61
250.0   0.51
256.7   0.65   Changan     400   Soochow    95   0.81
270.0   0.72
283.3   0.76
296.7   0.74
264.3   0.75
291.4   0.71
318.6   0.68
345.7   0.64
372.9    0.6
400.0   0.56
400.0   0.53
300.0   0.63
200.0   0.74
160.0   0.78
120.0   0.83
 80.0   0.88




               Loyang   420   Changan   333   0.56




100.0    0.6
125.0    0.5
100.0    0.6
 75.0    0.7
 50.0    0.8

  0.0      1
 80.0   0.74
120.0   0.56
 77.5   0.67
200.0    0.5
226.7   0.52
125.0   0.67
  0.0      1
 66.7    0.8   Nanking   150     Ye      120   0.56
133.3   0.66
200.0   0.56
  0.0      1
140.0   0.63
232.0   0.55
190.0   0.54
133.3   0.62
150.0   0.58
200.0    0.5
 75.0   0.72
 66.7   0.74
 58.3   0.76
 50.0   0.78
130.0   0.58   Loyang    200   Nanking   150   0.57
130.0   0.57
130.0   0.56
130.0   0.56
130.0   0.55
154.5   0.76
150.0    0.8
130.0   0.54
280.0   0.52
300.0   0.52
308.0   0.53
322.0   0.54
336.0   0.54   Changan   400   Loyang    200   0.67
335.0   0.51
312.0   0.53
328.0   0.52
344.0   0.59
360.0   0.52
300.0   0.59
240.0   0.67
256.0   0.66
272.0   0.66
288.0   0.65
304.0   0.63
320.0    0.6
336.0   0.58
352.0   0.54
360.0   0.51
335.0   0.53
310.0   0.56
324.3   0.59   Changan   600   Loyang   300   0.67
338.6   0.56
352.9   0.53
367.1    0.5
340.0   0.53
310.0   0.56
280.0   0.59
279.3   0.56
278.6   0.53
260.0   0.52
150.0   0.65   Changan   500   Kyoto    200   0.71
130.0   0.68
162.5   0.63
195.0   0.59
227.5   0.55
260.0   0.51
247.0   0.52
234.0   0.54
271.4   0.53
270.7   0.53
270.0   0.52   Kaifeng   400   Angkor   200   0.67
269.3   0.52
268.6   0.51
267.9   0.51
267.1    0.5
263.3    0.5
256.7   0.51
250.0   0.51
243.3   0.52
236.7   0.53
230.0   0.53   Kaifeng   442   Kyoto    175   0.72
223.3   0.54
216.7   0.55
230.0   0.53
205.7   0.56
201.4   0.55   Kaifeng   150   Kyoto    150    0.5
197.1   0.54
192.9   0.53
188.6   0.52
184.3   0.51
180.0    0.5   Hangchow   255    Pagan     180   0.59
166.7   0.71
153.3   0.88
140.0   0.91
 90.0   0.56
 93.3   0.95   Hangchow   320   Kamakura   200   0.62
 70.0   0.97
 46.7   0.98
 23.3   0.99
  0.0      1
               Hangchow   432    Peking    401   0.52




  0.0      1   Hangchow   432    Peking    400   0.52
155.0   0.83
310.0   0.62
336.7   0.52
233.3   0.61
100.0    0.8   Nanking    487   Hangchow   235   0.67




                Peking    600   Hangchow   250   0.71




                Peking    672




                Peking    690   Hangchow   260   0.73


                Peking    706    Kyoto     300    0.7

 30.0   0.92    Peking    706    Osaka     360   0.66
115.0   0.76
200.0   0.64
270.0   0.52
230.0    0.6
184.0   0.78    Yedo       500     Peking         470   0.52
138.0   0.84
 92.0   0.89
 46.0   0.95
  0.0      1
                Yedo       688     Peking         650   0.51




               Peking      900      Yedo          694   0.56




               Peking     1100     Canton         800   0.58


               Peking     1350     Canton         900    0.6

               Peking     1648


               Peking      900

                Tokyo     1497
                Tokyo     3500

                Tokyo     5300

                Tokyo     7000   Shanghai        5406   0.56
                Tokyo    20450    Osaka         12000   0.63
               Knossos      23 Cordova, early      22   0.51
               Knossos      30   Mycenae           30    0.5
               Mycenae      30    Argos            24   0.56
Athens   155   Syracuse   125   0.55
Rome   150    Syracuse     100    0.6




Rome   450 Alexandria(2)   250   0.64
              Constantinople   300   Rome   150   0.67




10.0   0.94
16.7   0.88
23.3   0.81
30.0   0.71
36.7   0.58
25.0   0.63
10.0   0.83
25.0   0.65
43.3   0.54       Rome         100
40.0   0.56
45.0   0.56
50.0   0.56
 45.0   0.61
 40.0   0.64
 50.0   0.58
 57.5   0.54
 65.0   0.51
 65.0   0.53
 63.3   0.56
 61.7   0.55
 60.0   0.55
 57.1   0.54
 54.3   0.54
 51.4   0.54
 48.6   0.54
 45.7   0.53
 42.9   0.53
 40.0   0.52
 40.0   0.53
 36.0   0.59
 32.0   0.64
 28.0    0.7
 27.3   0.72
 31.8   0.69
 50.0   0.59
 50.4    0.6
 50.8   0.63
 51.3   0.66
 54.5   0.67   Cordova, late   160
 59.1   0.67
 63.6   0.59
 63.3   0.52
 53.3   0.58
 53.8   0.59
 54.2    0.6
 65.0   0.57
 90.9   0.59
 95.5   0.59
100.0   0.59   Cordova, late   200
 96.7   0.61
 93.3   0.63
 90.0   0.64
 86.7   0.66
 83.3   0.68
80.0    0.7
58.8   0.76
59.2   0.77
59.6   0.77
60.0   0.78   Cordova, late   450   Seville    90   0.83
43.3    0.8
26.7   0.85
10.0   0.92




                 Seville      125   Palermo    90   0.58




                Palermo       125   Seville   125    0.5
                Palermo       150   Seville   150    0.5




                  Paris       160
 8.4   0.54
 8.5   0.59
 8.6   0.63
 8.7   0.66
 8.7   0.68       Paris       228   Venice    110   0.67
 8.8   0.71
 8.9   0.72
 9.0   0.74
 9.0   0.76
 9.1   0.77       Paris       215
19.0    0.7
22.4   0.72
30.0    0.7
35.6   0.67
41.1   0.64       Paris       280   Venice    110   0.72
46.7   0.62
  52.2    0.6
  57.8   0.58
  63.3   0.56
  69.0   0.55   Granada    165    Paris   150   0.52
  86.6    0.5
  88.9   0.54
 122.0    0.5
 157.0   0.53
 203.5   0.53    Paris     185   Venice   115   0.62
 250.0   0.53
 287.1   0.54
 324.3   0.53
 361.4   0.51
 398.6    0.5    Paris     210   Naples   209    0.5
 426.7   0.51
 470.0    0.5
 474.5   0.52    Paris     220   Naples   215   0.51
 479.1   0.55
 516.2   0.55    Paris     245   Naples   224   0.52
 564.6   0.56
 613.1   0.56
 661.5   0.56
 710.0   0.56
 757.1   0.56    Paris     455   London   410   0.53
 804.3   0.57
 851.4   0.58
 898.6   0.59
 945.7    0.6
 992.9   0.59   London     550    Paris   530   0.51
1040.0   0.58
1087.1   0.58
1134.3   0.57
1181.4   0.56
1228.6   0.55   London     676    Paris   556   0.55
1275.7   0.54
1322.9   0.54
1370.0   0.53
1370.0   0.53
1370.0   0.53   London     861    Paris   547   0.61
1370.0   0.55
1100.0   0.61
1250.0    0.6   London    1335    Paris   855   0.61
1400.0   0.58
 150.0   0.78     London        2320     Paris      1314   0.64
2013.3   0.54
2050.0   0.54
2126.7   0.54     London        4241     Paris      2250   0.65
2203.3   0.55
2280.0   0.56     London        6480     Paris      3330   0.66
2250.0   0.59     London        7419     Paris      7000   0.51
2160.0   0.62
2170.0   0.62     London        7742     Paris      4800   0.62
2180.0   0.61
1130.0   0.66     London        8860     Paris      5900    0.6
 500.0   0.81
 100.0   0.95     London       10875   Moscow       9800   0.53
  51.0   0.97
            1
                Mohenjo-Daro      20
                  Ayodhya         28
                 Hastinapura      30
                 Hastinapura      42
                  Kausambi        55   Ayodhya        35   0.61
                    Patna        100   Benares        54   0.65
                    Patna        350    Ujjain        95   0.79
                   Dohad         150   Kavery        140   0.52
                    Patna        150    Ujjain        80   0.65
                   Sialkot        85   Ayodhya        75   0.53


                   Kanauj        120 Anuradhapura     70   0.63




                  Kanauj          80     Patna        75   0.52
                 Manyakheta      100   Anhilvada      80   0.56
                 Anhilvada       100    Tanjore       86   0.54




                   Kalyan        150   Anhilvada     100    0.6
 Anhilvada    135    Kalyan     125   0.52




Polonnaruwa    75




  Cuttack     100     Gaur       90   0.53




   Delhi      100     Gaur      100    0.5




   Delhi      125




Vijayanagar   400
Vijayanagar   455     Gaur      150   0.75
Vijayanagar   500     Gaur      200   0.71




Vijayanagar   480   Ahmedabad   140   0.77


Ahmedabad     165    Bijapur    150   0.52

  Bijapur     200   Ahmedabad   190   0.51
 Bijapur     340   Ahmedabad    275   0.55




Ahmedabad    380




Hyderabad    175




 Benares     179
Hyderabad    214
 Bombay      575
 Bombay      718
 Calcutta   1085
 Calcutta   1400
 Calcutta   4800
 Calcutta   6900    Bombay     6610   0.51
0.7   0.81
0.7   0.96
0.0      1
 0.0      1   Ur     65   Lagash   25   0.72
 0.2   0.98
 0.4   0.94
 0.6   0.87
 0.8   0.71
 0.0      1
 0.5   0.71
 0.9   0.61
 1.4   0.53
 1.8    0.5
 2.0   0.53
 2.2   0.55
 2.4   0.57
 2.6   0.58
 2.8   0.59
 3.0    0.6
 4.4   0.53
 5.5   0.51
 5.9   0.55
 6.4   0.57
 6.8    0.6   Mari   29    Susa    25   0.54
 7.3   0.51
 7.7   0.54
 8.2   0.59
 9.0   0.63
11.0   0.58
13.0   0.54
15.0    0.5
10.0   0.64
 6.2   0.76
 8.0   0.74
 6.8   0.79
 7.1   0.77
 7.4   0.76
 7.7   0.74
 8.0   0.73
 8.6    0.7
 9.2   0.68
 9.8   0.65
10.8   0.62
12.0   0.58    Babylon      60   Susa   25   0.71
13.2   0.54
14.4   0.51
13.8   0.53
13.3   0.56
13.8   0.57
14.4   0.57
15.0   0.58
15.0   0.59
15.0    0.6
15.0   0.62
15.0   0.63
15.0   0.64
15.0   0.65
15.0   0.66
15.0   0.67
15.0   0.64
15.0   0.62
15.0   0.59
15.0   0.56
15.0   0.52
13.3   0.53
10.8   0.58
11.3   0.62
11.7   0.65   Khattushash   45
12.1   0.67
12.5   0.71
12.9   0.73
13.3   0.73
13.8   0.74
14.2   0.74
14.6   0.74
15.0   0.74
15.4   0.74
15.8   0.74
16.3   0.73
16.7   0.73
17.1   0.72
17.5   0.72
17.9   0.66
18.3   0.58   Khattushash   48
15.0   0.56
14.7   0.57
14.4   0.58
14.1   0.59
13.8    0.5
13.3    0.5
15.0   0.57
13.3    0.6
12.5   0.67
12.2   0.71
11.9   0.75
11.6   0.78
11.3   0.71
12.0   0.58
10.6   0.59
10.3   0.59
10.0    0.6
 9.7   0.61
 9.4   0.61
 9.1   0.62    Babylon      51   Jerusalem   43   0.54
 8.8   0.63
 8.4   0.64
 8.1   0.65
 7.8   0.66
 7.5   0.67
 7.2   0.68
 6.9   0.68
 6.6   0.69
 6.7   0.69
 6.9   0.68
10.0    0.6
15.0    0.5
15.0   0.65
15.0   0.73
 15.0   0.76
 15.0   0.78
 15.0    0.8
 15.0   0.81
 16.0   0.79
 20.0   0.74    Calah     50   Babylon    47   0.52
 19.0   0.74
 21.4    0.7
 25.0   0.65
 28.6    0.6
 32.1   0.55
 35.7   0.58
 39.3    0.6
 42.9   0.62
 46.4   0.63
 50.0   0.64
 54.3   0.66
 58.6   0.68
 62.9   0.69
 67.1    0.6
 71.4   0.57   Nineveh   120   Babylon    60   0.67
 75.7   0.53
 80.0    0.5
 50.0   0.72
 38.3   0.82
 44.2   0.84
 50.0   0.82
116.7   0.59
107.5   0.63
 25.0   0.91




               Babylon   200   Ecbatana   90   0.69
 10.0   0.98
  0.0      1

300.0   0.59




 10.0   0.97
 23.3   0.93
 36.7   0.88
 50.0   0.84
 50.0   0.82
 50.0   0.81

 50.0   0.76   Seleucia   200   Antioch   120   0.63
 60.0   0.68
 70.0   0.53
 69.0   0.52
 58.0   0.57
 47.0   0.63
 36.0   0.85
 25.0    0.9
 20.0   0.92
 15.0   0.94
 10.0   0.96
  7.5   0.97
  5.0   0.98
  2.5   0.99
  0.0      1
               Seleucia    250   Antioch   150   0.63


               Antioch     200




  0.0     1




               Ctesiphon   250   Antioch   150   0.63

250.0   0.55
275.0   0.53
300.0   0.51
320.0    0.5
325.0   0.52
330.0   0.53
335.0   0.54
280.0   0.55
250.0   0.58
220.0   0.61
190.0   0.64
160.0   0.68
167.5   0.67 Constantinople   400   Ctesiphon      400    0.5
175.0   0.66
182.5   0.66
190.0   0.65
216.7   0.62
243.3   0.59
270.0   0.55
230.0   0.58
240.0   0.55
250.0   0.53
230.0   0.53
217.0   0.55
204.0   0.58   Ctesiphon      500 Constantinople   350   0.59
191.0   0.58
178.0    0.7
165.0    0.8
152.0   0.82
139.0   0.84
126.0   0.86
113.0   0.88
100.0    0.9
100.0   0.91
100.0   0.92
100.0   0.92
100.0   0.92
100.0   0.92
 96.7   0.91
 93.3   0.92
 90.0   0.92
 86.7   0.92
100.0   0.89    Bagdad        700 Constantinople   250   0.74
 93.8   0.89
 87.5   0.89
 82.5   0.88
 85.0   0.86
 87.5   0.84
 90.0   0.81
 92.5   0.78
 95.0   0.72
145.0   0.55
180.0   0.52    Bagdad        900 Constantinople   300   0.75
190.0   0.59
277.5    0.5
180.0   0.61
235.0   0.52
220.0    0.6
205.0   0.67
168.3   0.56
160.0   0.54
141.0   0.54
125.0   0.53   Constantinople   300    Bagdad        125   0.71
132.0   0.51
124.0   0.63
180.0   0.65
225.0   0.54
200.0   0.59
175.0   0.64
150.0    0.7
125.0   0.76
 92.0   0.52
 98.3   0.54   Constantinople   200    Bagdad        150   0.57
 96.7   0.59
 95.0   0.63
184.0   0.63
120.0   0.63
120.8   0.66   Constantinople   200     Merv         200    0.5
121.7   0.55
122.5   0.53
123.3   0.54
124.2   0.55
125.0   0.58   Constantinople   150    Bagdad        100    0.6
 81.8   0.67
168.0   0.56
105.0   0.61
 40.9    0.8
 32.8   0.83      Bagdad        100 Constantinople   100    0.5
 31.7   0.86
 31.1   0.86
 30.6   0.87
 30.0   0.88      Tabriz        125 Constantinople   100   0.56
 25.0   0.89
 20.0   0.91
 15.0   0.93
 10.0   0.95
5.0   0.97       Sarai         120     Tabriz       100   0.55
4.6   0.98
4.2   0.98
3.8   0.98
3.4   0.98
3.0   0.98      Tabriz         150   Samarkand      130   0.54
2.4   0.98
1.8   0.99
1.2   0.99
0.6      1
0.1      1      Tabriz         200
0.0      1
0.0      1
0.0      1

                Tabriz         250 Constantinople   200   0.56
             Constantinople    660 Adrianople       156   0.81
             Constantinople    680     Agra         200   0.77
             Constantinople    700     Agra         500   0.58
             Constantinople    700    Lahore        360   0.66
             Constantinople    700    Isfahan       350   0.67
             Constantinople    625   Meshhed        200   0.76
             Constantinople    570 Murshidabad      190   0.75
             Constantinople    675
             Constantinople    785
             Constantinople    873
             Constantinople    900
             Constantinople   1125

				
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