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					Internationals Network for Public Schools
        ALLIANCE FOR EXCELLENT EDUCATION
            The Civil Rights Working Group
                  May 24, 2006 FORUM




                                       200 State Street, Boston, MA 02109



       “Opening   Doors to the American Dream”
Internationals’ Mission and Vision



          The mission of Internationals Network for Public Schools is to provide
        quality education for recent immigrant students by developing a network of
              small, public high schools based on the Internationals Approach



            The Internationals Approach to Educating English Language Learners:

            • Heterogeneity and Collaboration
               Heterogeneous and collaborative structures that build on the strengths of every
               individual member of the school community optimize learning

            • Experiential Learning
               Expansion of the 21st century schools beyond the four walls of the school building
               motivates adolescents and enhances their capacity to successfully participate in
               modern society

            • Language and Content Integration
               Language skills are most effectively learned in context and emerge most naturally
               in purposeful, language-rich, experiential, interdisciplinary study

            • Localized Autonomy and Responsibility
               Linking autonomy and responsibility at every level within a learning community
               allows all members to contribute to their fullest potential

            • One Learning Model for All
               All learners, faculty and students participate in similar collaborative learning and
               work structures which maximize their ability to support one another


                                                                                                      509GATE010_032 2
  Internationals Schools Are Spread Throughout the NYC Boroughs

  •    In 2006, Internationals plans to open one additional school in NYC, in the Bronx




Source: Internationals Network for Public Schools Website                                 509GATE010_032 3
History
Internationals Has a 20 Year History of Success in NYC




        1980                     1990                                            2000




                                                                                                                                    2006:
                                                                                                                            International
                                                                                                                            Community High School
                                                                                          2001:                             will open in Fall 2006 in
                                                     1994:                                                                  the Bronx
                                                                                      Bronx
                                                  Brooklyn
                                                                                      International
                                                  International
                                                                                      High School
                                                  High School
                                                                                      opens
                1985:                             opens
       First International
       High School                          1993:                        1995:
       launched; Founded                                                                                2004:
                                       Manhattan
       on the campus of                                           Staff from the three
                                       International High                                     July 2004: Internationals
       LaGuardia                                                  schools form a                                                               2005:
                                       School opens as                                        Network for Public Schools
       Community College in                                       committee to
                                       the second                                             (“Internationals”) is formed as a       Internationals opened its
       Queens, New York                                           facilitate collaboration
                                       International High                                     non-profit organization,                second school in the
       City and named The                                         among the
                                       Schools in New                                         formalizing the network among           Bronx, The Kingsbridge
       International High                                         International High
                                       York City                                              the existing schools and working        International High School
       School at LaGuardia                                        Schools. The
                                                                                              to develop more Internationals to       and its third school in
       Community College                                          committee is named
                                                                                              serve more immigrant students           Brooklyn, the International
                                                                  the Internationals
                                                                  Schools Partnership                                                 High School at
                                                                                                                                      Kingsborough Community
                                                                                              September 2004: Flushing                College
                                                                                              International High School opens in
                                                                                              Queens; The International High
                                                                                              School at Prospect Heights opens
                                                                                              in Brooklyn




Source: Internationals Internal Data                                                                                                                                 4
                                                                                                                                                        509GATE010_032 4
 Student Demographics
 Internationals Students Represent an Overwhelming Cross-
 Section of Immigrants from a Variety of Countries…
  •                      The majority of Internationals students are new immigrants (in the United States for three years or less), arriving from
                         over 100 countries


                                Percent of New Immigrant Students (2003)                                                                     Country of Origin


                         80%                                                                                                                            100%
                                    75%                                                                                               100%
                                                                                                                                                     Other (90
                                                     68%
                                                                                                                                                     countries)
                                                                                       61%




                                                                                                               Percent of Total (%)
                                                                      60%                                                               80                  Peru

                          60                                                                                                                               France
                                                                                                                                                           Guinea

                                                                                                                                                          Yemen
  Percent of Total (%)




                                                                                                                                                        Bangladesh
                                                                                                                                                           Haiti
                                                                                                                                                  Other Spanish Speakers
                                                                                                                                        60              Poland
                          40                                                                                                                         Colombia
                                                                                                                                                      Mexico
                                                                                                                                        40            Ecuador

                          20                                                                                                                        Dominican
                                                                                                                                                     Republic
                                                                                                 NYC Public
                                                                                                                                        20
                                                                                               Schools = 11%
                                                                                                                                                        China
                           0
                                    Bronx           Brooklyn       IHS at LaGCC      Manhattan                                           0
                                                                                                                                                  Internationals
                               International HS International HS                  International HS
                                                                                                                                                     Students




Source: Internationals Student Profiles Data; ATS                                                                                                                          509GATE010_032 5
 Student Demographics
 Race and Ethnicity of Internationals Students Vary by School,
 Reflecting Diverse Borough and Neighborhood Demographics
  •     Internationals students represent a variety of backgrounds that differ greatly from national public school
        demographics



                                                                    Internationals Student Demographics (2004)

                       100%                                                                    Black
                                              Asian           Asian           Black
                                                                                            White
                                              Latino
                                                                              White
                                       80                      White

                                              Black
                Percent of Total (%)




                                                                                            Asian
                                       60                                     Asian

                                                              Latino


                                       40

                                              White
                                                                                            Latino
                                                                              Latino
                                       20
                                                              Black



                                       0      National       Urban Public         All      IHS at LaGCC    Manhattan        Flushing          Bronx        IHS at      Brooklyn
                                            Public Schools     Schools      Internationals                International   International   International   Prospect   International
                                                                                                               HS              HS              HS         Heights         HS




Source: NCES; NYC Department of Education; DOE School Report Cards                                                                                                                   509GATE010_032 6
         Student Demographics
         …with a High ELL and Low Income Student Population
              •          The majority of Internationals students are English Language Learners - vastly higher than the NYC Public School average

              •          In addition, the percent of Internationals students receiving free lunch benefits is considerably above the city average



                                                                                                                                                                             Percent of Students Receiving
                                             Percent of ELL Students (2003)                                                                                                   Free Lunch Benefits (2003)



       100%                                                                                                                                     100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             92%
                                                                                                           89%
                                87%              86%                                                                                                                            87%
                                                                                                                                                                85%
                                                                                              81%                                                                                                                                         80%
                        80                                                                                                                             80
                                                                 71%            72%                                                                                                             71%            71%
 Percent of Total (%)




                                                                                                                                Percent of Total (%)
                        60                                                                                                                             60
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        NYC Public
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Schools
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         = 51%
                        40                                                                                                                             40




                        20                                                                                                                             20
                                                                                                                         NYC Public                           NYC Public
                                                                                                                          Schools                           Schools = 13%
                                                                                                                          = 13%
                        0                                                                                                                              0
                                 Bronx          Brooklyn      IHS at LaGCC    Manhattan       IHS at       Flushing                                              Bronx         Brooklyn      IHS at LaGCC    Manhattan       IHS at       Flushing
                             International    International                  International   Prospect   International*                                       International   International                  International   Prospect   International*
                                  HS               HS                             HS         Heights*                                                             HS              HS                             HS         Heights*




*International at Prospect Heights and Flushing International is 2004 data
Source: NYC Annual School Report Cards 2002-03 and 2003-04                                                                                                                                                                                 509GATE010_032 7
                       Internationals High School Students Outperform City ELL

                       Averages on Regents Tests…
                       •    In addition, Internationals student performance on the English and Math Regents is comparable to overall city averages and has
                            demonstrated a successful performance increase


                                 Percent of Students Meeting Regents                                                                                Percent of Students Meeting Regents
                           Graduation Requirements – English (2004 vs. 2003)                                                                   Graduation Requirements – Math (2004 vs. 2003)


                   100%                                                                                            100%
                                                                                      93.0%

                                                                                               84.2%
                                80.9%
                           80                                76.6%                                                                        80   76.4%
Percent of Total (%)




                                                                                                                   Percent of Total (%)
                                                                                                        City Avg                                              71.8%
                                              70.4%
                                                                      67.5%                                                                                                                                                      City Avg
                                                                                                                                                                             62.8%                                    64.9%
                                                                                                                                                                                     62.5%
                           60                                                                                                             60


                                  Regents
                           40   Performance
                                 (English)
                                                                                                                                          40      Regents
                                                                                                                                                Performance                                                                      ELL
                                                                                                                                                   (Math)
                                                                                                         ELL                                                                                                                     City Avg
                                                                                                         City Avg
                           20                                                                                                             20


                                                      0.0%                     0.0%                                                                                   0.0%                       0.0%   Unavailable
                           0                                                                                                              0
                                 2004         2003           2004      2003           2004      2003                                            2004          2003           2004     2003              2004          2003

                                   Brooklyn                    International             Manhattan                                                      Brooklyn                 International                    Manhattan
                                 International                   at LaGCC               International                                                 International                at LaGCC                      International




    Note: Bronx International, International at Prospect Heights and Flushing International did not have senior classes in 2002-03 or 2003-04
    Source: 2002-03 and 2003-04 Annual School Reports; Update on the Performance of LEP / ELL, New York State Education Department (February 2005)                                                                509GATE010_032 8
       …Achieving Higher Graduation and Lower Dropout Rates…


          •          Internationals High Schools have higher graduation rates than New York City averages for four, five, six, and seven year cohorts

                          -    Additionally, Internationals schools have consistently lower dropout rates across cohorts




                    Graduation, Retention, and Dropout Rates – 4-Year Cohort                                         Graduation and Dropout Rates – 7-Year Cohort

                                 100%            100%           100%           100%                                   100%            100%        100%          100%
    100%                                                                                  100%
                                Dropouts
                                                                                                                     Dropouts


                     80           Still                                                                       80
                                Enrolled
 Percent of Total




                                                                                           Percent of Total
                     60                                                                                       60


                                                                                                                     Graduates
                     40                                                                                       40
                                Graduates


                     20                                                                                       20




                     0                                                                                        0
                              Internationals   Former ELL     Never ELL      Current                               Internationals   Former ELL   Never ELL     Current
                                                Students      Students     ELL Students                                              Students    Students    ELL Students



Source: Internationals Network for Public Schools Class of 1998 Longitudinal Report                                                                           509GATE010_032 9
  …And Attending College at Rates Well Above National, State, and

  City Averages

                                                        Percent of Graduating Seniors Attending College


                               100%
                                                                                              95%
                                                                                                        90%           91%
                                                          84%
                                        80
                                              72%
              Percent of Students (%)




                                                                        67%

                                        60




                                        40




                                        20




                                         0
                                             National   New York   New York City Brooklyn IHS       International   Manhattan
                                             Average     State                                        at LaGCC        IHS



Note: Internationals data represent students who are accepted to college and plan to attend
Source: NCES, NYC DOE, NY State Department of Education                                                                         509GATE010_032 10
Our Students:

•   To be admitted to an International High School, a student must be in the country for four
    years or less and score at the lowest levels on English language assessments.


•   The vast majority of our students come from low-income families.


•   ~15% of our students have had interrupted formal education due to wars and/or other
    obstacles to education access in their native countries.


•   ~70% of our students have been separated from one or both parents during their family’s
    immigration to the United States


•   Our students come from more than 90 countries, and speak more than 52 languages.


•   Our students come to International High Schools often as a way out of large, traditional high
    schools where they do not get the personalized attention they need to develop the necessary
    linguistic, cognitive, and cultural skills for success in high school, college and beyond.



                                                                                         509GATE010_032 11
Our Faculty and Schools:

•   Teachers work in interdisciplinary teams with guidance support


•   Small teams of teachers are responsible for small groups of students (4-5 teachers, 75-100
    students)


•   Time for teams of teachers to meet is built into the weekly school schedule, and encouraged
    through common planning time, lunches, etc.


•   Teachers participate in school governance through a variety of committee structures


•   Teams have autonomy to design instruction and the responsibility for student outcomes.


•   Leaders have school based autonomy while they work together in a supportive network
    where best practices are shared, and common dilemmas and challenges are addressed


•   The model for adult learning mirrors that for student learning: collaborative heterogeneous
    groups

                                                                                          509GATE010_032 12
Some of the data we look at:

•   Attendance

•   Scholarship reports (by team/by teacher, by discipline) of course pass rates

     -   Mid semester and end of semester

     -   Individualized plans by teams for students who are not passing

•   School-wide performance goals (autonomy zone schools)

     - 90% school-wide average daily attendance excluding Long Term Absences

     - No more than 4% of all students enrolled drop out annually;

     - 75% annual course pass rate across all students in English, Math, Science, and History

     - 90% of students in the 9th and 10th grades will be promoted to a higher level

     - 80% Regents cohort pass rate for ELA and Math Regents exams

     - Choice of either A) 70% of each cohort graduates after 4 years, or B) 55% of each cohort graduates after 4 years
       and 75% graduates after 5 years;

     - 90% of all graduating seniors are accepted to 2 or 4 year colleges.




                                                                                                             509GATE010_032 13
Assessment of English Language Learners


• Multiple measures of assessment for English language
  learners

  - These must extend beyond the use of a single set of
    test scores, including

     portfolio   assessment

     opportunities  for students to demonstrate their
     abilities in their Native Languages

     Nuanced  Understanding of
       oGrowth vs. Mastery

       oDeveloping English proficiency and academic
        proficiency
                                                    509GATE010_032 14
Growth vs. Mastery


                Importance of Growth vs Mastery in
                  Student Assessment by Grade

         100%
         80%
         60%                                         Mastery
         40%                                         Growth
         20%
          0%
                 Grade 9   Grade   Grade   Grade
                            10      11      12




                                                               509GATE010_032 15
                  Dimensions of growth


• Primary

  - Academic English

  - Academic content knowledge and skills

• Additional dimensions

  - Native language

  - Ability to work in teams

  - Ability to operate within a new culture and system




                                                   509GATE010_032 16
               Internationals Student Database: Variables


   Student Identification/Demographic Data: including place of
    birth, ethnicity, home language, free lunch status

   Entry/Exit: including information about schooling in home country

   Program Participation: college, summer, evening, etc

   Performance Data:
         Attendance: Cumulative Attendance, Cumulative Tardiness
         In-School Performance: Cumulative GPA, Cumulative Credit,
          Portfolio, Beyond School

   Regents: By test, first attempt, highest attempt

   English language proficiency (NYS test)

   Colleges: acceptances, confirmed reply, SAT, TOEFL, social security




                                                                     509GATE010_032 17
Appendix




           509GATE010_032 18
                                 Heterogeneity and Collaboration


 Heterogeneous and collaborative structures that build on the strengths of every
         individual member of the school community optimize learning.

- Our beliefs:

      Individuals learn best from each other in heterogeneous, collaborative groupings

      The most successful educational programs are those which emphasize high
       expectations coupled with effective support systems.

      Students arrive with both linguistic and conceptual knowledge.

- Our practices:

      Our schools give prestige to what is normally stigmatized (i.e., being an immigrant).

      Students are mixed by age, grade, academic ability, linguistic proficiency, native
       language, prior schooling although some classes are organized by grade/age.

      Students, teachers and leaders work collaboratively on projects to produce common
       and individual products.




                                                                                       509GATE010_032 19
                                            Experiential learning


     Expansion of schools beyond the four walls of the school building motivates
adolescents and enhances their capacity to successfully participate in modern society.


   - Our beliefs:

         Experiential learning enhances student growth and outcomes: academically,
          linguistically, and culturally.

         In addition to academic progress, faculty must focus on social/emotional growth of the
          students.

   - Our practices:

         Teacher participate in interschool networks, professional conferences, and other
          external activities which provide significant opportunities for growth.

         Principals’ participate in networks, retreats and other external opportunities and are
          supported and challenged to lead their schools to high levels of student success

         Students are involved in internships, community service, and service learning.




                                                                                           509GATE010_032 20
                                   Language and Content Integration


Language skills are most effectively learned in context and emerge most naturally in
         purposeful, language-rich, experiential, interdisciplinary study.

 - Our beliefs:

       Our students require the ability to understand, speak, read and write English with near-native
        fluency to realize their full potential within the United States and in the global economy.

       In an increasingly interdependent world, proficiency in a language other than English is a
        resource for the student, the school and the society.

 - Our practices:

       Students learn language through content through activity-based learning and a variety of
        assessment/end products.

       Project-based learning requires extended class periods of 60 minutes or more.

       Every teacher is a language teacher.

       Students make oral presentations often, starting early in their career and culminating in
        portfolio presentations at key junctures in their academic paths.

       Since English is the lingua franca, English language is fostered through collaborative student
        work on projects.

       Native language is fostered through project based work among students sharing a language
        and through inclusion of native language products in varying forms.

       The locus of control for language use is the student, mediated by the context.
                                                                                              509GATE010_032 21
                                     Localized autonomy and responsibility


Linking autonomy and responsibility at every level within a learning community allows
                all members to contribute to their fullest potential.


  - Our beliefs:

         The most effective instruction takes place when teachers actively participate in the school decision making
          process, including instructional program design, curriculum development, assessment processes and materials
          selection.

         The most effective learning takes place when students are offered choices and responsible for their own
          learning.

         Shared governance structures with responsibility for outcomes promote more effective learning environments
          for all members of the school community.

  - Our practice:

         Small groups of faculty work in interdisciplinary teams and are responsible for designing and implementing
          curriculum, instruction and teacher assessments for a small group of students over time. (1 – 2 years)

         School-based faculty personnel committees are responsible for hiring teachers, supporting them, and
          developing processes for teacher assessment.

         New principals are selected by principals in their network.

         Faculty committees in each school are responsible for overseeing key areas, such as curriculum, assessment
          and professional development.

         Collaborative school leadership teams govern with participation and buy-in from all stakeholders in the school
          community.

         Support is provided for faculty through team and committee structures, as well as mentoring.

         Peer mediated instruction with teacher facilitation fosters independent learning.

                                                                                                              509GATE010_032 22
                                      One learning model for all


All learners, faculty and students participate in similar collaborative learning and
        work structures which maximize their ability to support one another


- Our beliefs:

      Adult work and student work and learning mirror each other.

      Learning must build on strengths.

      Scaffolding learning supports growth.

- Our practices:

      Teachers work collaboratively in interdisciplinary teams and on school committees.

      Principals work collaboratively across schools (within our network)

      Students work collaboratively in small groups.

      All members of the community are publicly accountable for their work, and participate
       in processes where they evaluate themselves, their peers evaluate them, and
       representatives of the larger community evaluate them.

      We focus on supporting areas of strength and scaffolding and developing areas for
       growth.



                                                                                     509GATE010_032 23
Contact Information

• Claire Sylvan, Ed.D. - Executive Director

• Camille Rodríguez – Director of New School Development

• Daria Witt – Chief Academic Officer

• Sunghee Ahn – Academic Support Associate

• Sharon Lungrin – Director of Business & Operations

• Martha Perera – Executive Office Assistant and Visit Coordinator

• Liliana Vargas – Director of California School Development



• Internationals Network for Public Schools

• 151 West 30th Street, 10th floor

• New York, NY 10001-4007

• T: 212.868.5180 F: 212.868.5188

• www.internationalsnps.org

• info@internationalsnps.org


                                                                     509GATE010_032 24

				
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