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R Denny HCH and Pesticides presentation

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					Leveraging Limited Resources
⇒Maximum Collection-Obsolete Pesticides
                   &
Other Problem Wastes in New York State

                            Rob Denny
                         Arrowchase, Inc.
                       Environmental Project
                            Management
                          Takoma Park,
                              Maryland
                               USA


                                 NEW YORK
Overview of North American
Obsolete Stocks Recovery


   Canada- 50:50 cost share
    CropLife Canada: Federal gov.
   US- Federal-no direct response
      - Intermittent grants
   US- No direct industry
    response

USA virtually all State or sub-State
  Publicly Funded Programs




                                       NEW YORK
USA-Uneven Collections
Potential Options for Program Design


   Open vs. Pre-Registration        Diversion of materials
   Central Collection Site vs.       accepted elsewhere
    On-site pickup                    outside of pesticide
   Outsourcing all services          program?
    vs. ID avail. resources.         Fuel blending?
   Limited vs. Open- Scope          Gas bubbling to convert
    of Chemicals accepted             waste classifications.
   Overpack all materials vs.       Possible product
    decanting liq.                    recycling?
   Degree of Bulking?               Cost Share? Certain
    Reduce paperwork,                 businesses paying
    excess outer packaging            portion?




                                                     NEW YORK
So Why New York?




               NEW YORK
Impressions of New York




                          NEW YORK
This is also New York




                    NEW YORK
NY Funding



   Historically NO Statewide Appropriations
   Cutback in State Govt, positions, $ post 9/11/01
   Limited EPA Grants to Counties
   Current - Enforcement Settlements/Penalties
         5+/? Year Program
         # 1 Target? Backlog Obsolete Pesticides
         # 2 Target? Collection of Hg from Agriculture
         # 3 ? Create low cost opportunity for school’s
                  hazardous waste destruction


                                                NEW YORK
                        NY Program Initiation

   Obsolete pesticides, a given:
    >cancelled, unusable, unwanted
   Identified need for unknown
    product analysis
   Aware - small/visible # steel
    containers
   Aware - recycling opportunity for
    plastic pesticide containers
   Aware- Hg manometers used in
    agriculture/dairy




                                                NEW YORK
Initiation (continued)

    Funding stipulated NO homeowner pesticides
    NO hazardous waste without prior consent
     Allow select haz. waste holders, particularly rural areas (pay 100%)
    Allow non-farm (pesticide) participation w. 100 lb./45.5kg limit
     >    retail pesticide dealer
     >    golf course
     >    marinas
     >    structural pest control
     >    turf & ornamental
 New York NOT concerned about maximum yield.
 Political coverage important!


                                                    NEW YORK
           Identify Additional Cooperators



   State Pesticide Laboratory
   Steel Recycling Centers
   Ag Container Recycling Council
   Local Agriculture Infrastructure
   Local Government
   Ag. Educators/Extension

                                       NEW YORK
Keys to Outreach



   Personal contact & access-essential !
   Targeted Mailing, Posters, Brochures
   Utilize toll free information line
   Web site
   Cooperators leverage Outreach resources
   Recognition-NO enforcement potential




                                              NEW YORK
Once Targeted Outreach Accomplished:



   CleanSweep NY Information Line:
    1-877-SWEEPNY (1-877-793-3769)
   CleanSweep NY Web Site:
    http://www.cleansweepny.org/
   Ag Container Research Council:
    1-877-952-2272 or
    http://www.acrecycle.org/


                                  NEW YORK
Site and Date Selection


   2 collection weeks/ year
   Selection based:
    >prior/post harvest
    >proximity
    >safety
    >“all weather “potential
   Pre-registration helps select
    sites, schedules, resources,
    appointments ⇒no traffic
                                    NEW YORK
Holders Receive Documents



 Legal Transport Authorization
 Appointment Time and Place of Collections
 Counseling for Packaging for Transport
Special Considerations:
 Arrangements for Free Analysis
 On site pickup of ‘suspect’ packaging
 Payment advice for all not receiving free service




                                                NEW YORK
Provisions for On-Site Pickup


   Designed for holders w. “suspect
    packaging”
   Registration helped ID unsafe
    products
   Site visits confirmed unsafe
    conditions, limited risks to program.
   Contractor serviced sites via
    “milkrun”.
   CleanSweep provided quality
    assurance.
   Clearly most expensive collection
    method.
                                            NEW YORK
The Collection Event

                      Holders arrive at/near
                       appointed time
                      Check in: Flags pay vs.
                       non-pay holders
                      Check in: Flags unusually
                       hazardous materials




                              NEW YORK
The Collection Event

   Stocks unloaded
   “Clean” packaging discarded
   Wastes consolidated by
    shipping class
   Gases handled as separate
    waste




                                  NEW YORK
Provisions for Immediate Processing


                            Scale on site for
                             non-ag holders.
                            Payment mechanism
                             in place at site
                            100 lb/45.5 kg
                             threshold speeds up
                             process



                                      NEW YORK
The Proper Place for NY Pesticide Residues …      -
-----------             Ready for Destruction!!




                                   NEW YORK
Total 200k kg.
Expenses by Year

                              Expe nse s by Ye ar




   300000




   250000




   200000



                                                                Series 1
   150000
                     258210
            224355

   100000                                      175305




    50000
                                                        63729



        0
            1        2                         3        4




                                                        NEW YORK
Economics-Ag/Specialty Mkt.s Long Island

                   2002




                             Admin
                              27%




                                        Travel
                                         3%
        Disposal                     Outreach
          69%                          1%




                                     NEW YORK
Economics: Adirondack-Leatherstocking

                               2004




         Disposal                              Admin
           43%                                  44%




                    Outreach          Travel
                      8%               5%




                                               NEW YORK
Economics: NY City & Hudson River Valley

                      2003




                                       Admin
        Disposal
                                        44%
          47%




                   Outreach   Travel
                     5%        4%




                                       NEW YORK
Economics: Ontario - Finger Lakes
                           2005 (part year)




     Disposal
       44%                                    Admin
                                               48%




                Outreach    Travel
                  1%         7%




                                                      NEW YORK
        Costs for Mature Program Area
                   US$/kg
                      US$/kg




 4


3.5


 3
                                                              NY = 3.60
2.5
                                                              Can = 3.13
 2
                                          NY-Total


1.5
                                          Canada
                                          NY minus Admin
                                                              NY = 2.20
 1


0.5


 0


      NY-Total   Canada        NY minus
                                Admin


                                                           NEW YORK
     Strategies for Leveraging Funds
     X= not used      ☑= used in NY
     Eternal Search:       Safety vs. Economics

☑ Pre-Registration- Allows planning human and other
  resources
☑ Event vs. on-site pickup- Costs greater for on-site, limit
  suspect pkg.
☑ Use existing infrastructure- state chemists, farm
  extension, pesticide dealers, etc.
☑ Discourage household products- local programs usually
  better suited
X Decanting- combine partially filled liquids on site-safety
  concerns
☑ Bulking-reduce excess packaging-used primarily for dry
  formulations/some herbicides, not used for
  insecticides/toxics due to safety/rags



                                                    NEW YORK
Strategies for Leveraging Funds
X= not used      ☑= used in NY
Eternal Search:         Safety vs. Economics


☑ Regulatory Combination- Like DOT/UN classes combined
☑ Diversion- Bulk tanks diverted to industry program/alt.
  stream
X Fuel blending- concerns re unknown contaminants
X Cylinder bubbling- valve integrity a concern, other
  recycling options
X Product recycling- tried, but not worth effort/liability/regs
☑ Cost share- farmers free, commercial 100 lb free, then pay

     NY never considered any disposal options other than best available
   technologies!




                                                             NEW YORK
Conclusions


     No NY- Not like E Europe
     BUT- Decisions are same/similar
     NY from Concept to
      Implementation- 6 months
     Mature Programs will Need
      Constant Effort

  Just Do It!

                                        NEW YORK
Thank You:
rdenny@arrowchase.com

 Consider Western Hemisphere’s
    Premier Pesticide Stewardship Conference:
                                                obsolete stocks
                                                container mgt.
                                                storage
                                                disposal

                                NPSA
           6th Annual Conference on Pesticide Stewardship
                 February 12-15, 2006  Austin, Texas




                                                      NEW YORK

				
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