The Universe The Universe This by dffhrtcv3


									                           The Universe
                           This book’s text, photographs, Did You Know?
                           features, and diagrams take students to our
                           solar system and beyond. Chapters cover the
                           sun, moon, nine planets of our solar system,
                           stars, meteors, comets, and galaxies.

                           Glossary Words
                           asteroid        crater      orbit
                           atmosphere      galaxy      pole
                           comet           meteor      rotate
                           constellation   meteorite   solar eclipse
                           corona          meteoroid   solar system

                           Other Key Vocabulary
                           gorge           streak

                           Reading Strategy—Study Skills: Using text
                           Language Skill: Using antonyms
                           Phonics/Word Study: Recognizing suffixes -en,
                             -ous, -ion
                           For more word study practice, see Steck-Vaughn
                           Phonics Level C, Unit 6, pages 169–171.

Pair-It Books Proficiency                    The Universe                    9994108182
                                                                            ■ READING STRATEGY
                                                                            Study Skills: Using Text Features
                                                                            Explain that some information
      To help students preview the book, have students write The            books contain special boxes with
      Universe at the top of a sheet of paper. Under it they should         additional information. Have
      make a three-column chart with the headings What I Know,              students turn to page 7. Have a
      What I Want to Learn, and What I Learned. Discuss with students       volunteer read aloud the Did You
      what they know and want to learn. Then give students a few            Know? box. Then have students
      minutes to write on their chart what they know and want               look for more Did You Know?
      to learn.                                                             boxes in the book. Call on students
                                                                            to share the information they
                                                                            learned from these special boxes.
                                                                            ■ LANGUAGE SKILL
      Invite students to set a purpose for their reading. You might help
      by asking what they wonder about when they look at the night          Using Antonyms
      sky or when they hear news about space voyages. Use questions         Explain that antonyms are words
      such as the following to guide the reading:                           that have opposite meanings and
      • What causes the two types of eclipses? (chapter 2)                  that writers sometimes use
      • Which two planets have rings?                                       antonyms to point out a difference.
        (chapter 7)                                                         Read aloud this sentence and then
      • Which planet has the most moons                                     identify the antonyms: The moon is
        that we know about? (chapter 7)                                     very hot in some places and very cold
      • What are the differences between meteoroids, meteors, and           in others. Afterward work with
        meteorites? (chapter 10)                                            students to make up sentences with
                                                                            these antonyms: closest/farthest,
                                                                            always/never, huge/tiny, rough/smooth,
      Give students a few minutes to review the book and decide
      which facts they find most interesting. Have them add these facts
      to the third column of the chart they began in Before Reading.
      Then have them complete the third column.
                                                                           Recognizing Suffixes
      Writing Activities
                                                                           -en, -ous, -ion
              Planet Descriptions
              Materials: drawing paper, markers, encyclopedias,            Explain that a suffix is a word part
              information books about the solar system                     added to the end of a base word to
                                                                           change its meaning. Write monstrous,
              Have each student write and illustrate a paragraph
                                                                           poisonous, molten, darken, rotation, and
      comparing a chosen planet to Earth. Paragraphs might include
                                                                           eruption on the board and underline
      information about the surfaces of the two planets, comparative
                                                                           the suffixes. Explain that -ous means
      size, number of moons, and distances from the sun.
                                                                           “full of,” -en means “to become,” and
               Space Traveler                                              -ion means “the act of” or “the result
               Materials: encyclopedias, information books, outer space    of an action.” Then write Io has 9
               background music (optional)                                 volcanoes that spew molten, poisonous
               Have small groups write a science fiction adventure         sulfur about 60 miles straight up and The
      about a trip into space. Encourage students to include as many       ice eruptions can spray across Triton for
      facts as possible. Remind students that the story should have a      100 miles. Challenge students to define
      beginning, middle, and end. To spark students’ creativity, you       molten, poisonous, and eruptions.
      may want to play outer space background music.

Pair-It Books Proficiency                             The Universe                                            9994108182
 The Universe               The Universe
Pair-It Books Proficiency   Pair-It Books Proficiency
          F/P: Q                     F/P: Q
         DRA: 40                    DRA: 40

     9994108182                 9994108182

 The Universe               The Universe
Pair-It Books Proficiency   Pair-It Books Proficiency
          F/P: Q                     F/P: Q
         DRA: 40                    DRA: 40

     9994108182                 9994108182

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