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					Ode to Grecian Urn

             By John Keats

Instructor: Ms. Doris L.W. Chang
Our Group Members

     Alice: Introduction, Paraphrase
               & Conclusion
     Sandy: Vocabulary, Symbolism,
              Metaphor & Diction
   Sally: Speaker, Listener & Situation
      Structure & About the Ode
              Penny: Imagery
          Allen: Irony & Conflicts
General Idea

 It is a lyric poem based on the ironies of
    The changes in reality and the
    motionless art that lasts forever
    It is contradictory to see the stillness
    of the urn with the beautiful art lively
    as the reality
 The information was adapted from
Our Main Theme

The conflicts of eternal and
 the motionless ideal life

The conflicts of a short and
 changeable reality life
 among us
The Paraphrase Version
The Structure of This Poem

   Five Stanzas:
I.  Overall description of the urn
II. Several features of the urn’s world
III.The compliments on the eternity in the
    urn’s world (Love & passion, eternal
IV. Another different sight of the
    sacrifice & desolate town
V.  the significance that the urn tells
Literary Terms

Lyric Poetry
 See the adapted information at the Glossary
  section of An Introduction to Literature, 12th
  edition, Barnet, Sylvan, printed in 2001.
About the Ode

Started in Greek time, by Pindar
The triad: Strophe, Antistrophe &
English Contemporary Version,
 developed by Andrew Cowley,
 follwed Roman Types
The Roman Poet, Horace
The Structure of Odes

Strophe, a term in versification
 which properly means a turn, as from
 one foot to another, or from one side
 of a chorus to the other

Antistrophe, the portion of an ode
 which is sung by the chorus in its
 returning in response the strophe,
The Structure of Odes

 Epode: It is of the nature of a reply, and
  balances the effect of the strophe

 Adapted from
About the Ode 2

· The description of an outer natural

· An extended meditation, which the
 scene begin to develop, focusing on a
 private problem or a universal
 situation or both;
About the Ode 2

 The occurrence of an insight or
 vision, a resolution or decision,
 returns back to the first scene as
 described, but with a new
 perspective created
About John Keats

 1795-1821
 Original Study:
 Poems first published:
 Most of works written:
  after moving to Keats
 Adapted from,
The Art of This Poem--Imagery

 Urn ---Is set in wood.
          Is unchanged and lives in silence
  and slow time.
         The life carved on urn is ideal and
         Conflicts between real life and ideal
  life carved on urn. And conflicts of cold
The Art of the Poem--Imagery
The Art of the Poem--Imagery

b. Sacrifice---is hold in the green altar.
               the heifer is leading to
c. Town---peaceful little town.
           is desolate and emptied.
           Conflicts of joy and pain/life
  and death.
The Art of the Poem--Imagery
Speaker, Listener and Situation

The Speaker --- listener
 A person talking to an object (the urn)
 & showing his admirations for it.
The soliloquy that the speaker
 expressed his emotions, questions,
 and interpretations to the urn’s
The Art of the Poem--Diction &
Word Pattern
The Art of This Poem—Symbolism
           & Metaphor
The Art of the Poem—Ironic Contrast

 The First stanza:

 Sylvan historian, who canst thus express
  A flowery tale more sweetly than our rhyme
  (line 3-4)
 The fairy tales are the stories that people
  could hear all the time in the real word;
  however, how a “sylvan historian” who is the
  figure carved on the quiet, motionless and
  silent urn could tell tales?
The Art of the Poem—Ironic Contrast

 What men or gods are these? What maidens
  What mad pursuit? What struggle to escape?
  What pipes and timbrels? What wild
 In line 8-10 of the first stanza, the speaker is
  involved in rapid and exciting activities shown
  on the urn. Paradoxically, such a passion is
  convincingly portrayed on cold, motionless
  stone instead of a person or thing existing in
  the reality.
The Art of the Poem—Ironic Contrast

 The second stanza:
 Bold Lover, never, never canst thou kiss. (line17)
 This is ironic because in reality, people who fall
  in love agree that “kissing” is a kind of
  significance showing stable relationship and
  affection among each other.
 She cannot fade, though thou hast not thy bliss,
  For ever wilt thou love, and she be fair! (line
The Art of the Poem—Ironic Contrast

 As far as the picture on the urn is concerned,
  the time there is frozen and still which enables
  “love” becoming permanent ironic contrast
  “flesh and blood” staying sound. Nevertheless,
  in real world, every one dies one day and no one
  can avoid death.
 The third stanza:
 All breathing human passion far above,
  That leaves a heart high-sorrowful and cloy’d,
  A burning forehead, and a parching
  tongue.( line 28-30)
The Art of the Poem—Ironic Contrast

 At the beginning of this stanza, the
  speaker illustrates the pictures of his
  ideal world (p666, line 21-27). Later on, in
  the last three lines, “All breathing human
  passion far above, ------“ is irony. The
  breathing humans’ passion towards love,
  music, love seems to be very far away and
  unfulfillable. He doubts whether his ideal
  world exists or not.
The Art of the Poem—Ironic Contrast

The fourth stanza:
And this town, thy street for evermore
  Will silent be; and not a soul to tell
  Why thou art desolate can e’er return.
  (line 38-40)
The Art of the Poem—Ironic Contrast

 The speaker points out three ideal locations for
  peaceful citadel-by river, sea shore and
  mountain. Then, he describes the town as
  emptied, silent and desolated which appears
  strong contrast of normal people’s perspectives
  because such these words: silence, desolation
  and emptiness are not equal to joy and
  happiness of the ideal word.
Others Comments About Keats’ Odes

 The experience is an intense awareness of
  both the joy and pain, the happiness and
  the sorrow of human life. It is not only a
  feeling, but becomes a thought to satisfy
  their desire for happiness in a world
  where joy and pain are tied together.

 It is adapted from the website of
  ni/cs6, written by Wright Thomas and Stuart
  Gerry Brown
Our Reflection
The Resources

 An Introduction to Literature, 12th edition.
  Sylvan Barnet, William Cain, William Burto
  and Mortan Berman. Printed in the United
  States, 2001.
Other Relevant Links
Thank You for Your Attention

Hope to See You Next Time

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