Welcome to Peterson Air Force Base.
Welcome to Peterson Air Force Base Post to the south, and Schriever AFB to “purple mountain majesties” inspired
and the 21st Space Wing, the Air the east. Katharine Lee Bates to write “America
Force's only organization providing When it comes to magnificent the Beautiful” a century ago.
missile warning and space control to scenery and natural beauty, Colorado The city’s altitude is 6,035 feet, and
unified commanders and combat Springs has it all. It’s the home of some newcomers experience slight
forces worldwide. America’s fabulous mountains, the fatigue at first. New arrivals should
As the Air Force's most widespread Rockies, nestled at the foot of the allow time for their bodies to adjust to
and diverse wing, Team Pete members famous 14,110-foot Pike’s Peak. These the elevation. Peterson is obviously in
can be found in 44 units at 26 locations the Rocky Mountain region. Summers
in 4 countries. can be hot and winters cold in Col-
In addition to our operational mis- orado, but the dry climate is generally
sions, the 21st also serves as host unit quite agreeable, whatever the season.
of Peterson AFB for four major mili- The Colorado Springs Airport, which
tary headquarters-North American shares runways with Peterson AFB,
Aerospace Defense Command, U.S. serves 10 airlines with more than 100
Northern Command, Air Force Space flights daily, offering non-stop service
Command and SMDC/Army Strategic to 15 U.S. cities and easy connections
Command as well as the 302nd Airlift to almost any city in the world.
Wing (Reserve) and many tenant units Our unique combination of geog-
from other major commands. raphy and climate make Peterson a
Peterson AFB is located adjacent to true national asset. But the real
and east of Colorado Springs off U.S. strength of Peterson AFB is the men and
Highway 24. Colorado Springs is the women who work here, their energy,
second largest city in the state, and has commitment, and professionalism.
a population of approximately 500,000 Once again, welcome to Team Pete
people. Colorado Springs also hosts the and best wishes from all of us for a
United States Air Force Academy to the rewarding and enjoyable stay.
north, Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Peterson AFB welcomed many distinguished
Col. Jay G. Santee
Station to the west, Fort Carson Army visitors in 2005. Commander, 21st Space Wing
Peterson AFB traces its roots to the Col- The legacy of Peterson Field and the On April 1, 1975, the Air Force re-
orado Springs Army Air Base, estab- military presence in Colorado Springs designated the wing the 46th Aero-
lished on May 6, 1942, at the Colorado took a significant turn in September space Defense Wing.
Springs Municipal Airport which had 1947, following the establishment of One year later, on March 1, 1976,
been in operation since 1926. the United States Air Force. Soon after Peterson Field was renamed Peterson
The base carried out photo recon- its inception, the fledgling service twice Air Force Base.
naissance training under the auspices reactivated the base, from Sept. 29, Strategic Air Command assumed
of the Photo Reconnaissance Opera- 1947, to Jan. 15, 1948, and again from control of the base on Oct. 1, 1979.
tional Training Unit. On June 22, Sept. 28, 1948, into 1949. During the Then, on Sept. 1, 1982, USAF officials
1942, Colorado Springs Army Air latter period, the base served as an air- activated Air Force Space Command at
Base was assigned to the 2nd Air field for Headquarters, 15th Air Force, Peterson, followed by the activation of
Force, headquartered at Fort George which had been temporarily located in the 1st Space Wing on Jan. 1, 1983.
Wright, Wash. Colorado Springs. Peterson AFB became the hub of
On Dec. 13, 1942, the base was Peterson Field was inactivated again the Air Force’s space activity when the
renamed Peterson Army Air Base in when 15th Air Force moved to March 1st Space Wing assumed host unit
honor of 1st Lt. Edward J. Peterson, who Air Force Base in 1949. responsibility following the inactiva-
was killed during takeoff in his F-4 here. The Air Force activated Peterson tion of the 46th Aerospace Defense
The base assumed a new mission in Field once more, following the January Wing on April 1, 1983.
the spring of 1943, that of heavy 1951, establishment of Air Defense The 1st Space Wing then transferred
bomber combat crew training. The Command at Ent AFB, located in down- host unit responsibility to the 3rd
214th Combat Crew Training School town Colorado Springs at the current Space Support Wing, which activated
conducted the training, using the B-24 site of the U.S. Olympic Training Center. on Oct. 15, 1986.
Liberator. From March 5 to Oct. 1, The 4600th Air Base Group activated Finally, on May 15, 1992, these
1943, “Peterson Field,” as the base was simultaneously on Jan. 1, 1951, and pro- two wings inactivated and their per-
commonly called, was assigned to the vided support for the newly established sonnel and equipment transferred to
3rd Air Force, headquartered at command. In 1958, the 4600th ABG was the 21st Space Wing, which activated
Greenville Army Air Base, S.C. designated as the 4600th Air Base Wing. on May 15, 1992.
Control of Peterson Field then
Edward J. Peterson was born in 1917 in Englewood, Colo., and
reverted to the 2nd Air Force. In June attended public schools there. He graduated from Denver Uni-
1944, the mission at the base once versity with a Master of Arts degree.
again changed, this time to fighter pilot Upon completion of flying training in October 1941, he was
training. The 72nd Fighter Wing commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Army Air Force. He
assigned to the base employed P-40 was promoted to first lieutenant in February 1942 and was assigned
Warhawks to carry out this mission. as the operations officer of the 14th Photo Reconnaissance
Squadron, Colorado Springs Army Air Base, Colo., in July 1942.
In April 1945, Peterson Field was
As he was taking off on a flight to Lowry Field in Denver
assigned to Continental Air Forces. on Aug. 8, 1942, the left engine on his Lockheed F-4 failed and
The location of the Army Air Forces he crashed.
Instructors School at the base sig- Upon impact, the plane burst into flames. A base fire truck
naled another mission change. A and crew were nearby, and Peterson was dragged out of the
short time later, on Dec. 31, 1945, the wreckage and taken to Glockner Hospital, now known as
Army inactivated the base, turning Memorial Hospital.
With extensive burns on his head, chest, and lower body,
the property over to the City of Col-
Peterson died a few hours later, becoming the first Coloradoan
orado Springs. to lose his life in the line of duty at the base. Lt. Edward J. Peterson
People assigned to Schriever must
report to their unit orderly room, which
will schedule them for in-processing.
The base INTRO manager, at (719)
556-7377/DSN 834-7377, can provide
orderly room numbers and can contact
sponsors if necessary.
The base dorm manager can be
called at 556-4027. The number for the
billeting office, located in Building
1042, is 556-6293.
TELEPHONE AND DSN
Peterson’s North Gate entrance.
The Colorado Springs and vicinity area
GETTING HERE SPONSOR INFORMATION code is (719). Peterson’s DSN prefix is
DIRECTIONS FROM AIRPORT: The Your sponsor can help make your arrival
692 for numbers with a 554 commer-
Colorado Springs Airport is located and in-processing procedure smooth.
cial prefix. For numbers with a 556
south of Peterson AFB. Following the Talk with your sponsor about your
prefix, the DSN prefix is 834.
road exiting the airport, turn right on needs, and ask for assistance with trans-
Schriever’s DSN prefix is 560. To
Powers Boulevard. Stay on Powers portation, maps and base procedures.
reach Schriever from a commercial
approximately six miles. Turn right at The Air Force established the
line, use a 567 prefix.
the Airport Road intersection. Turn right sponsor program to make reassign-
Cheyenne Mountain’s DSN prefix is
at the next light. This is the access road ment easier. Your sponsor has expe-
268. To reach Cheyenne Mountain from
to the Peterson AFB West Gate. If you rienced the relocation you are about
a commercial line, use a 474 prefix.
wish to enter Peterson AFB through the to make and has answers to many of
North Gate, stay on Powers Boulevard your questions.
until you reach Platte Avenue (U.S. If you don’t hear from your sponsor LOCATOR
Highway 24). Exit right; the exit for the within 60 days of your reporting date, Some of the following telephone
North Gate is approximately one mile call your new unit’s orderly room. numbers may be helpful:
east of Powers Boulevard. Peterson operator
(719) 556-7321 or DSN 834-7321
DIRECTIONS IF DRIVING: Entering ARRIVAL AND SIGNING IN Schriever operator
Colorado Springs on Interstate 25 from Peterson AFB has three visitor control
(719) 567-1110 or DSN 560-1110
south or north, exit on Academy Blvd. gates. The West Gate is open 24 hours a
Cheyenne Mountain operator
Proceed towards the center of the city, day. The North Gate hours of operation
(719) 474-1110 or DSN 268-1110
turn east on Platte Avenue (U.S. High- are from 5 a.m. to 7 p.m. each day and
way 24). The Peterson AFB North Gate the East Gate hours of operations are The Visitors Center is a good place to
will be on the right, approximately from 5 a.m. to 9 a.m. and from 3 p.m. meet sponsors. It is located at the
one mile east of Powers Boulevard. If to 6 p.m. Monday through Friday. The North Gate on Peterson Boulevard.
coming from the east on Highway 24, East Gate is closed on weekends.
the Peterson AFB North Gate will be To sign in at Peterson or Cheyenne POST OFFICE
on your left, on the eastern edge of Mountain Air Force Station, report to the Peterson’s post office, located in
Colorado Springs. Military Personnel Flight in Building 350. building 1466, offers complete postal
services, including money orders, high as 7.5 percent. If you purchased a a booster seat. Step 4—Seat belts for
stamps, parcel post, express mail, vehicle overseas within last six months, older children large enough to fit cor-
international mail service, and regis- it is subject to Colorado State sales tax rectly. Children under 12 years of age
tered, certified and insured mailing, when registered. All others are exempt. should not sit in a position where
and limited service for people who there is an air bag unless it has been
collect stamps. The post office also EMISSION INSPECTIONS: Colorado’s deactivated.
rents lock boxes. A stamp vending Front Range cities AIR Program (Auto- AFI 91-207, The United States Air
machine is available 24 hours a day in mobile Inspection and Readjustment Force Traffic Safety Program requires
the lobby. Program) requires an AIR emissions test operators of motorcycles, motor
for all vehicles registered or operated in scooters or mopeds to wear an
the AIR Program area, which includes approved motorcycle helmet, eye
POSTAL SERVICE CENTER all bases in Colorado Springs. Vehicles protection, long pants, long sleeved
To ensure uninterrupted mail service, of temporary residents such as military shirt or jacket, full-fingered gloves
send your sponsor a copy of your personnel, students and “other non-pro- and over-the-ankle boots.
orders, and your sponsor can have gram area residents” which include Motorcycle operators must wear a
your mail held at the Postal Center employees who are operating vehicles Department of Transportation approved
until your arrival. Use: within the AIR program area are helmet (or better); impact resistant gog-
Your rank/name required to comply with all inspection gles or full-face shield covering the
PSC Box 70000 requirements. Test renewals are based eyes; long sleeves and long pants; full
Peterson AFB, CO 80914 on the age of your vehicle. You must fingered motorcycle gloves; sturdy
have a valid emissions test to register footwear (over-the-ankle shoes or
as a forwarding address. your vehicle on base. boots are highly recommended);
For additional information, call (719) brightly colored or contrasting vest or
IDENTIFICATION CARDS 633-2333. jacket; and reflective materials at night.
Identification card applications for INSURANCE: Vehicle insurance cover- “Beanie” helmets are not authorized.
DEERS-eligible people and civilian age is mandatory in the state of Col- Although Colorado is a no-helmet
contractors are issued at the Military orado. It must be verified at the time of law state, active-duty riders and their
Personnel Flight customer service cen- vehicle registration. The mandatory lia- passengers must wear the protective
ter in Building 350. For more informa- bility minimum in Colorado is $25,000 equipment outlined in AFI 91-207
tion, call (719) 556-7377. bodily injury, $50,000 per accident and whether riding on or off base.
$15,000 property damage. Riders who operate their motor-
VEHICLE REGISTRATION cycles on base must have attended a
DRIVING REGULATIONS: The speed Motorcycle Safety Foundation-approved
All active-duty people assigned to
limit on Peterson is 30 mph, unless course. Proof of this training must be
Peterson are required to register their
posted otherwise. provided when registering the vehicle
vehicles within the first 72 hours of
In the family housing areas, the limit on base.
arrival at the Visitors Center, located at
is 15 mph. Colorado state law and base
Building 1820, next to the North Gate.
regulations require the use of seat belts FIREARMS REGISTRATION
Proof of current insurance, dri-
at all times while riding in a car. People living in base dormitories or
ver’s license, and registration must
Child Restraints—Four Steps For temporary lodging facilities must regis-
Life. Step 1—Rear facing child seats for ter and store privately owned weapons
AUTOMOBILE TITLES: In order to children from birth to at least 1 year in the armory in Building 1376.
title your vehicle, you must show proof old and at least 20 pounds. Step 2— You can check out your weapons
of purchase with sales tax paid in a Forward facing child seat for children temporarily, but they must be returned
previous state, or you will be subject to over 20 pounds and one year old to at for storage within 72 hours unless
Colorado sales tax. You will be least 40 pounds and four years old. you’re going on temporary duty or
assessed state tax of 3 percent, plus Step 3—Belt-positioning booster seats have written permission from the first
county and city tax at your home for children from over 40 pounds and sergeant or commander.
address. City and county tax varies and four years to about 80 pounds and 4 Base housing residents may keep
can amount to as much as an addi- feet 9 inches. If the child cannot sit all their privately owned weapons in their
tional 1.5 percent of the purchase the way back in the seat and still bend quarters and don’t have to register
price. The total sales tax can be as his or her knees, then he or she needs them at the armory.
2006 Base Guide Arrival 7
Concealed weapons permits issued
by civil authorities are not valid on
Peterson without written approval from
the 21st Space Wing commander.
Don’t transport weapons on Peter-
son unless driving directly to and from
the Rod and Gun Club, security forces
armory for storage or your residence in
base family housing.
Tell the gate guards if you have a
weapon and where you intend to take
it. Weapons must be unloaded and
transported in a vehicle’s trunk.
Don’t leave weapons unattended at
any time. They must be under the con-
trol of a person 21 years old or older.
GIANT VOICE SYSTEM
In addition to broadcasting Reveille
and Retreat, the Giant Voice system
plays a critical role in notifying base
members of severe weather warnings CUSTOMS AND COURTESIES proceed about your business. However,
and operational notifications such as The 21st Space Wing Operations Cen- when the national anthem is played, it
force protection condition changes. ter plays Reveille, Taps, and the is appropriate to face in the direction of
For example, if a tornado is spotted national anthem every day Monday the flag and salute (when in uniform) or
in Colorado Springs, a tornado siren through Friday. to place your hand over your heart if in
warning would be a steady three-to Each weekday, Team Pete mem- civilian attire. When driving, stop, and
five-minute tone. bers observe customs and courtesies sit quietly until the music ends.
There is a weekly base siren system when they hear the national anthem
test every Friday at noon. An at 5:30 p.m. over the Giant Voice INCLEMENT WEATHER
announcement is made prior to, and public address system. PROCEDURES
immediately after the test, informing Since Reveille and Taps, are not part To meet mission requirements and still
base personnel to disregard the sirens. of official ceremonies, it is proper to take the best possible care of people
during inclement weather, delayed
reporting, early release, and base closure
procedures are in place for all military
and civilian people assigned to Peterson.
For purposes of reporting during
inclement weather, base members will
be designated as either essential or
Everyone should check with their
supervisor to see which category
applies to them.
Essential—The minimum number of
people needed to keep critical opera-
tions functioning until additional sup-
These people include, but are not
limited to, firefighters, security forces,
command and control, snow removal,
8 Arrival 2006 Base Guide
medical personnel, dining facility Delayed Reporting—This authorizes For example, in a two-hour delay,
workers, designated child care work- non-essential members additional all non-essential members should plan
ers, shift workers, and employees time to safely report to work. The to arrive at 9:30 a.m. and not earlier
scheduled to telework. 21st Space Wing commander initiates than 9 a.m.
Non-essential—People who could be delayed reporting when off-base Phased Early Release – Non-essen-
delayed for short periods of time (hours driving conditions require additional tial people may depart their duty location
to days) without serious mission impact. time to arrive safely and gives on- at a specified time before the end of the
base snow removal teams time to duty day. Phased early release notifi-
Notification—The Peterson Snow prepare the base for normal activity cation will be passed through unit
Information line (719) 556-SNOW (719- following a major winter storm. commanders and will be completed
556-7669) will be updated by 5:30 a.m. People should not plan to arrive in 30-minute intervals by zip code.
Inclement weather decisions will also earlier than 30 minutes prior to the The 30-minute interval reduces traffic
be relayed to selected radio and televi- delayed reporting time to minimize congestion leaving the base and helps
sion stations for broadcast. Severe interference with snow removal ensure everyone makes it home safely.
weather alerts automatically update on operations. Base housing residents Based on mission requirements, supervi-
the Peterson local data set located at should consider walking to work to sors should use their judgment in devi-
http://220.127.116.11:82/pv/frames.htm. minimize traffic on streets and in the ating from the phased early release plan.
Military members assigned to parking lots. Base Closure – This means only
Schriever should call (719) 567-SNOW Delayed reporting is based on nor- essential personnel must report to duty
(719-567-7669) and members assigned mal duty hours, 7:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. (or remain on duty) if weather is severe
to Cheyenne Mountain should call and is mandatory for non-essential enough to prevent replacements from
(719) 474-3333. members to comply. safely reporting.
Inclement weather can cause problems in Colorado Springs.
2006 Base Guide Arrival 9
Manitoba; and Tyndall AFB, Florida,
receive direction from the commander
and control air operations within their
respective areas of responsibility.
To accomplish the aerospace warn-
ing mission, the commander of
NORAD is responsible for providing
integrated tactical warning and attack
assessment (ITW/AA) of an aerospace
attack on North America to the gov-
ernments of Canada and the United
States. This is done using information
made available by the ITW/AA system.
Portions of that system are under the
operational control of the commander
NORAD and other portions are operated
by commands supporting NORAD.
NORAD’s aerospace control mission
includes detecting and responding to
any air-breathing threat to North
America. To accomplish this mission,
NORAD utilizes a network of ground-
NORAD is responsible for aerospace warning and aerospace control for North America. based radars and fighters to detect,
intercept and if necessary engage any
NORAD adjusted its structure to meet the air-breathing threat to the continent.
The North American Aerospace demands of a changing world. The These fighters consist of U.S. F-15s and
Defense Command (NORAD) is a bi- commander is appointed by, and is F-16s and Canadian CF-18s. As a part of
national United States and Canadian responsible to, both the President of the its aerospace control mission, NORAD
organization charged with the missions United States and the Prime Minister of assists in the detection and monitoring
of aerospace warning and aerospace Canada. The commander maintains his of aircraft suspected of illegal drug traf-
control for North America. Aerospace headquarters at Peterson Air Force ficking. This information is passed to
warning includes the monitoring of Base, Colo., and a command and con- civilian law enforcement agencies to
man-made objects in space, and the trol center a short distance away at help combat the flow of illegal drugs
detection, validation, and warning of Cheyenne Mountain Air Station. into North America.
attack against North America whether Cheyenne Mountain serves as a central Through outstanding cooperation
by aircraft, missiles, or space vehicles, collection and coordination facility for a and cohesiveness, NORAD has proven
utilizing mutual support arrangements worldwide system of sensors designed itself effective in its roles of watching,
with other commands. Aerospace con- to provide the commander and the warning, and responding. By adapting
trol includes ensuring air sovereignty leadership of Canada and the U.S. with to the changing world, NORAD will
and air defense of the airspace of an accurate picture of any aerospace continue to play an important role in
Canada and the United States. threat. Three subordinate region head- the defense of Canada and the U.S. The
To accomplish these critically impor- quarters at Elmendorf AFB, Alaska; events of September 11, 2001 provide
tant missions, NORAD continually Canadian Forces Base, Winnipeg, evidence of NORAD’s responsiveness
USNORTHCOM consolidates under
a single unified command existing mis-
sions that were previously executed by
other DoD organizations. This provides
unity of command, which is so impor-
tant to mission accomplishment.
USNORTHCOM plans, organizes
and executes homeland defense and
civil support missions, but has few
permanently assigned forces. The
command will be assigned forces
whenever necessary to execute mis-
sions, as ordered by the president and
secretary of defense.
Civil service employees and uni-
formed members representing all service
USNORTHCOM/NORAD Headquarters Building.
branches comprise USNORTHCOM’s
headquarters located at Peterson Air
and continued relevance to North U.S. Northern Command’s AOR Force Base in Colorado Springs, Colo.
American security. By quickly adapting includes air, land and sea approaches The commander of USNORTHCOM also
its traditionally outward-looking focus and encompasses the continental United commands the North American Aero-
to meet new threats posed by terrorists States, Alaska, Canada, Mexico and the space Defense Command (NORAD), a
to the interior of the continent, NORAD surrounding water out to approximately bi-national command responsible for
provides a potent military response 500 nautical miles. It also includes the aerospace warning and aerospace
capability to civil authorities to counter Gulf of Mexico, Puerto Rico and the U.S. control for Canada, Alaska and the
domestic airspace threats. Virgin Islands. The defense of Hawaii continental United States.
Though future homeland defense/ and our territories and possessions in USNORTHCOM’s civil support mis-
security organizations are still being the Pacific remain the responsibility of sion includes domestic disaster relief
formulated by the national leadership U.S. Pacific Command. U.S. Northern operations that occur during fires, hurri-
of both Canada and the U.S., NORAD’s Command is also responsible for canes, floods and earthquakes. Support
proven abilities and unique capabili- security cooperation and coordination also includes counter-drug operations
ties will be a vital part of homeland with Canada and Mexico. and managing the consequences of a
security and defense.
U.S. NORTHERN COMMAND
U.S. Northern Command (USNORTH-
COM) was established in 2002 to
provide command and control of
Department of Defense (DoD) home-
land defense efforts and to coordinate
defense support of civil authorities.
USNORTHCOM’s specific mission:
• Conduct operations to deter, prevent,
and defeat threats and aggression
aimed at the United States, its territo-
ries and interests within the assigned
area of responsibility (AOR);
• As directed by the president or sec-
retary of defense, provide defense
support of civil authorities including
consequence management operations. USNORTHCOM’s mission includes domestic disaster relief.
2006 Base Guide Missions 11
mission areas: Space Force Enhance-
ment; Counterspace; Space Force
Application; Space Support; and Mis-
sion Support. Counterspace ensures
friendly use of space through the con-
duct of operations encompassing sur-
veillance of space, protection of U.S.
and friendly space systems, prevention
of an adversary’s ability to use space
systems and services for purposes hos-
tile to U.S. national security interests,
and negation of space systems and serv-
Air Force Space Command Headquarters.
ices used for purposes hostile to U.S.
national security interests. Space Support
terrorist event employing a weapon of and space surveillance as its primary involves launching satellites and other
mass destruction. The command pro- missions. Since its establishment, the high-value payloads into space using a
vides assistance to a primary federal command has continued to grow, variety of expendable launch vehicles
agency when tasked by DoD. Per the adding responsibilities for command and operating those satellites once in
Posse Comitatus Act, military forces can and control for the national leadership, the medium of space, as well as, deor-
provide civil support, but cannot space launch and on-orbit control of biting and recovering space vehicles if
become directly involved in law satellites. In 1993, AFSPC added ICBM required. Space Force Enhancement
enforcement. force to its mission and in 2001 gained provides weather, communications,
In providing civil support, responsibility for acquisition of space surveillance, missile warning, and nav-
USNORTHCOM generally operates and missile systems with the addition igation capabilities to our military
through established Joint Task Forces of the Space and Missile Systems Cen- forces around the world. Space Force
subordinate to the command. An emer- ter. As space systems have matured, Application involves maintaining and
gency must exceed the capabilities of space support to the warfighter has operating a rapid response, land-
local, state and federal agencies before grown significantly as evidenced in based ICBM force as the Air Force’s
USNORTHCOM becomes involved. In operations Desert Storm, Allied Force, only on-alert strategic deterrent.
most cases, support will be limited, Enduring Freedom and most recently
localized and specific. When the scope Operation Iraqi Freedom. PEOPLE
of the disaster is reduced to the point Approximately 39,000 people, includ-
that the primary federal agency can ing military, civilian and contractor
again assume full control and manage-
AFSPC is a major command and the Air employees combine to perform
ment without military assistance, AFSPC missions.
Force component providing space and
USNORTHCOM will exit, leaving the
ICBM forces for USSTRATCOM. AFSPC
on-scene experts to finish the job.
also supports NORAD with ballistic ORGANIZATION
missile warning information, operates Air Force Space Command has four
AIR FORCE SPACE the Space Warfare Center to develop Direct Reporting Units; two numbered
COMMAND space applications for direct warfighter air forces and two centers. Fourteenth
Air Force Space Command defends support, and is responsible for DOD’s Air Force provides space warfighting
America through control and exploita- ICBM force development evaluation forces to U.S. Strategic Command and
tion of space. These functions are per- program. Air Force Space Command is located at Vandenberg AFB, Calif.
formed by space and intercontinental makes space reliable for the warfighter Fourteenth Air Force manages the gen-
ballistic missile operations which are by continuously improving the com- eration and employment of space
vital force elements in projecting global mand’s ability to provide support to forces to support U.S. Strategic Com-
reach and global power. combat forces—assuring their access to mand and North American Aerospace
space. In addition, the command’s Defense Command operational plans
HISTORY ICBM force deters any adversary con- and missions. Located at F.E. Warren
Air Force Space Command was templating the use of weapons of mass AFB, Wyo., 20th Air Force provides
established Sept. 1, 1982 with missile destruction. AFSPC has five primary continuous nuclear deterrence and
12 Missions 2006 Base Guide
combat-ready missile forces. Twentieth SPACE CAPABILITIES RESOURCES
Air Force operates and maintains Spacelift operations at the East and AFSPC operates and supports the
AFSPC’s ICBM weapon systems in West Coast launch bases provide serv- Global Positioning System, Defense
support of USSTRATCOM war plans. ices, facilities and range safety control Satellite Communications Systems
Space and Missile Systems Center at for the conduct of DOD, National Phase II and III, Defense Meteorologi-
Los Angeles AFB, Calif., Designs, Aeronautics and Space Administration cal Support Program, Defense Support
develops, and acquires all Air Force and commercial launches. Through the Program, and MILSTAR satellites. AFSPC
and most DoD space systems. SMC command and control of all DOD currently operates the, Atlas V, Delta II,
oversees launches, completes on-orbit satellites, satellite operators provide and Delta IV launch vehicles. Eastern
checkouts, and then turns systems force-multiplying effects—continuous and Western Ranges provide radar,
over to operational users. It supports global coverage, low vulnerability, and telemetry, communications and safety
the Program Executive Office for Space autonomous operations. Satellites pro- support for all launch operations,
on the NAVSTAR Global Positioning, vide essential in-theater secure com- including shuttle operations. AFSPC
Defense Satellite Communications and munications, weather, and navigational operates the nation’s primary source of
MILSTAR systems and the Air Force data for ground, air, and fleet opera- continuous, real-time solar flare warnings.
Satellite Control Network. SMC also tions, and threat warning. The command also operates worldwide
supports the Evolved Expendable Ground-based radar and Defense Sup- networks of ground stations to provide
Launch Vehicle, Defense Meteorolog- port Program satellites monitor ballistic communications links to satellites. These
ical Satellite and Defense Support missile launches around the world to include the GPS Ground Network, the
Programs, Advanced EHF, Wideband guard against a surprise attack on DSP Ground Network and the AFSCN.
Gapfiller, and Space Based Infrared North America. Space surveillance Ground-based radars used primarily for
Programs. In addition, it supports radars provide vital information on the ballistic missile warning include the
development and acquisition of land- location of satellites and space debris Ballistic Missile Early Warning System,
based intercontinental ballistic missiles for the nation and the world. With a PAVE PAWS, and PARCS radars. The
for the Air Force Program Executive readiness rate above 99 percent, Amer- Maui Optical Tracking Identification
Office for Strategic Systems. ica’s ICBM team plays a critical role in Facility, Ground- based Electro-Optical
Schriever AFB, Colo., plays a major maintaining world peace and ensuring Deep Space Surveillance System, and
role in fully integrating space systems the nation’s safety and security. Eglin phased-array radar provide pri-
into air, land and sea operations. Its mary space surveillance coverage. The
force enhancement mission looks at ICBM force consists of Minuteman III
ways to use space systems to support missiles that provide the critical com-
warfighters in the areas of navigation, ponent of America’s on-alert strategic
weather, intelligence, communications, forces. As the nation’s silent sentinels,
and theater ballistic missile warning, and ICBMs and the people who operate
how these apply to theater operations. them have remained on continuous,
The Space Warfare Center also develops around-the-clock alert since 1959—
tactics, techniques and procedures for all longer than any other U.S. strategic
AFSPC current operations as well as for force. Approximately 500 ICBMs are
future developmental programs. currently on alert in reinforced concrete
AFSPC bases and stations include: launch facilities beneath the Great
Cheyenne Mountain, Schriever, Peter- Plains. AFSPC is the Air Force’s lead
son, and Buckley in Colorado; Los command for and largest operator of
Angeles, Onizuka, and Vandenberg in UH-1N Huey helicopters. AFSPC uses
California; Cape Canaveral and Patrick helicopters to support ICBM opera-
in Florida; Minot and Cavalier in North tions at F.E. Warren, Malmstrom, and
Dakota; F.E. Warren in Wyoming; Malm- Minot AFBs, as well as space and mis-
strom, in Montana; Clear in Alaska; Cape sile launch operations at Vandenberg
Cod in Massachusetts; New Boston in AFB. AFSPC is the Air Force lead
New Hampshire; and Thule in Green- agent for a new mission area and
land. Additionally, AFSPC conducts a exploitation of Joint Warfighting
variety of missions from operational Space, specifically focused on Near-
detachments around the globe. Atlas V lifts off. Space (65,000-325,000ft). AFSPC is
2006 Base Guide Missions 13
provides assured communications for
command and control, critical intelli-
gence, video teleconferences, and
logistics to U.S. warfighting forces—
The battalion manages, plans, and
controls payloads to assure the reliability
of the communications they provide to
tactical and strategic warfighters. The
battalion also operates and maintains
five companies that operate DSCS con-
trol facilities located around the world.
Army Strategic Command Headquarters. 1ST SPACE BATTALION’S support to
rapidly fielding new capabilities in SPACE OPERATIONS the Army, joint, and coalition warfighter
direct support of Operation Iraqi Free- Since the first Gulf War, space Soldiers spans the globe.
dom and tactical commanders. have supported every major contin- • The Army Space Support Company
gency operation with long haul com- fields Army Space Support Teams to
SMDC/ARMY FORCES munications, satellite imagery, and provide capabilities, expertise, and
early warning of missile launches. products as the warfighter plans and
STRATEGIC COMMAND executes the full spectrum of military
The U.S. Army Space and Missile Space Soldiers are spread around the
globe providing flexible, reliable, operations. The teams work closely
Defense Command provides command with the Army’s space operations
and control to the 1st Space Brigade and pinpoint support to warfighters
and homeland defense against mis- officers assigned to supported units.
and the 100th Missile Defense Brigade This partnership provides the
(Ground-based Midcourse Defense). sile attack.
warfighter with the best possible
SMDC also provides secure, space- space support.
based Blue Force Tracking and com- SPACE • The Theater Missile Warning Com-
munications planning through Regional 1ST SPACE BRIGADE’S 1ST SATELLITE
pany operates Joint Tactical Ground
Satellite Communications Support Cen- CONTROL (SATCON) BATTALION
Stations providing early warning of
ters and the Spectral Operations operates and manages the Defense
missile launches worldwide to
Resource Center to Army forces and, Satellite Communications System
deployed U.S. forces. The five
upon request, to joint warfighters. Operations Centers. This system
JTAGS systems are operated by joint
Army/Navy crews and are a part of
U.S. Strategic Command’s Tactical
193RD SPACE BATTLION: This Col-
orado Army National Guard battalion
provides space-based support to des-
ignated ground forces commanders
in support of Army operations. This
battalion demonstrates that citizen-
Soldiers can bring space capabilities
to the Army and leverages the
expertise and experience in space
that these citizen-Soldiers gain in
their civilian jobs.
The 100th Missile Defense Brigade
(Ground-based Midcourse Defense),
JTAGS systems are operated by joint Army/Navy crews. Colorado Army National Guard,
14 Missions 2006 Base Guide
provides oversight of the Soldiers In addition, CMOC also provides On Sept. 11, 2001, Cheyenne
trained to operate the nation’s limited theater ballistic missile warning for Mountain added another mission to its
missile defense capability. The brigade U.S. and allied forces. historic legacy in the defense of North
comes under the overall direction of In support of USSTRATCOM, CMOC America. The terrorist attacks against
the responsible combatant commander provides a day-to-day picture of pre- the United States marked the beginning
during an operational mission. cisely what is in space and where it is of Operation Noble Eagle. Operation
The 49th Missile Defense Battalion, located. Space control operations Noble Eagle is a homeland defense
Alaska Army National Guard, pro- include protection, prevention, and mission incorporating NORAD’s mis-
vides physical security and defense of negation functions supported by the sion of Aerospace Warning and Con-
the interceptor site as well as opera- surveillance of space. trol to include the monitoring of the
tors who are trained to fire the mis- CMOC is truly one of the most unique interior airspace of Canada and the
siles. The Soldiers who operate and installations in the world. Apart from the United States.
maintain the missiles all undergo a fact that it is housed 2,000 feet under- Today, NORAD and CMOC stand
strenuous course of education and ground, CMOC is also different from ready to assist the Federal Aviation
training before being available for most military units because it’s a joint and Administration and Navigation Canada
assignment to the missile site at Fort bi-national military organization com- in responding to any threatening or
Greely, Alaska. prised of more than 200 professional men hostile domestic aircraft.
Working with USSTRATCOM, the and women from the Army, Navy, Oct. 1, 2002, marked the welcoming
Missile Defense Agency, the Army Marine, Air Force, and Canadian Forces. of two new commands, U.S. Northern
National Guard, and many others, Operations are conducted in seven Command and U.S. Strategic Com-
SMDC is helping to develop a missile centers manned 24 hours a day, 365 mand, to Cheyenne Mountain.
defense capability. As the user and days a year. CMOC is responsible for providing
operator of the Ground-based Mid- The centers are the Space Control support to USNORTHCOM’s mission
course Defense capability, SMDC is Center, Air Warning Center, Missile of homeland defense and USSTRAT-
contributing to ongoing developmental Warning Center, Operational Intelli- COM’s mission of space and missile
efforts in planning and user refine- gence Watch, Systems Center, Weather warning, associated with the former
ments and establishing the tactics, Center, and the Command Center. U.S. Space Command.
techniques, and procedures with
which it will be operated.
CHEYENNE MOUNTAIN AFS
The 21st Space Wing’s Cheyenne
Mountain Air Force Station is host to
four commands: NORAD-USNORTH-
COM, USSTRATCOM, and AFSPC.
The Cheyenne Mountain Operations
Center serves as the command center
for NORAD-USNORTHCOM. It is the
central collection and coordination
center for a worldwide system of satel-
lites, radars, and sensors that provide
early warning of any missile, air or
space threat to North America.
Supporting the NORAD mission,
CMOC provides warning of ballistic mis-
sile or air attacks against North America,
assists the air sovereignty mission for the
United States and Canada, and, if neces-
sary, serves as the focal point for air
defense operations to counter enemy
bombers or cruise missiles. Entrance to Cheyenne Mountain.
2006 Base Guide Missions 15
21 Space Wing
21ST SPACE WING Force Base (AFB) MA, Beale AFB CA, radar can electronically change its
The 21st Space Wing is the Air Force’s Cavalier Air Force Station (AFS) ND, point of focus in milliseconds, while
only organization providing missile Thule Air Base (AB) Greenland, and conventional dish-shaped radar may
warning and space control to unified Clear AFS AK. The wing has a liaison take up to a minute to mechanically
commanders and combat forces world- at the missile warning site at Royal Air swing from one area to another.
wide. The 21st SW provides missile Force (RAF) Fylingdales, UK as well. Raytheon builds the PAVE PAWS radars,
warning and space control to NORAD All these sites provide continual space and deployed the first AN/FPS-115
and U.S. Strategic Command through a control information as part of an inte- model during the early 1980s. These
network of command and control units grated global network of missile warn- roughly ninety-foot diameter circular-
and ground and space-based sensors ing systems. Missile warning data from panel radars are mounted on two or
operated by geographically separated these sites are sent to U.S. Strategic more walls of a triangular-shaped
units around the world. Command’s (USSTRATCOM) Missile pyramid structure. The antennas are
Members of the 21st SW operate and Correlation Center (MCC) at Cheyenne designed to operate at a frequency of
maintain a complex system of U.S. and Mountain Air Station, CO. Data are also 420 to 450 MHz. PAVE PAWS radars can
foreign-based radars. These space war- sent to the National Military Command detect and track targets at ranges
riors detect and track ballistic missile Center and USSTRATCOM’s Global approaching 3,000 miles. There were
launches; deployments of new space Operations Center. originally four continental United
systems; and provide data on foreign Five of the missile warning sites States (CONUS) sites. Two of the orig-
ballistic missile events. employ a specific type of phased-array inal CONUS sites, the 6th SWS at Cape
Today, ballistic missile warning is radar called the PAVE Phased-Array Cod AFS, and the 7th SWS at Beale
critically important to U.S. military Warning System (PAVE PAWS). The AFB, are still in operation, and their
forces. At least 20 nations currently have radar works by sending out a beam radars were recently upgraded to the
nuclear, biological, or chemical formed from several transmitters higher-power, more-capable AN/FPS-
weapons, and the technology to deliver eliminating the need to move or 123 model. The other two CONUS sites
them over long distances. According to rotate the radar. The PAVE PAWS at Robins AFB, GA and Eldorado AFS,
intelligence estimates, during the next
10 years, several Third World countries
will develop the technology and capa-
bility to launch intercontinental ballistic
missiles at the United States. 21st SW
Missile Warning Mission
The 21st SW’s ground-based missile
warning sites all employ solid state Provide combat
phased-array radar systems. Their mis- capabilities
sion is to detect sea-launched ballistic
missile (SLBM) and intercontinental bal- through missile
listic missile (ICBM) attacks against the warning, space
continental United States and Canada,
and determine the potential number control, and
and probable destination of these mis- expeditionary forces
siles. The wing has Space Warning
Squadrons (SWS) at Cape Cod Air of globally based units.
TX have now ceased operations. The vitally important in supporting future weighing several tons to pieces of
radar from Eldorado AFS was relocated theater missile operations and assuring spent rocket bodies weighing only 10
to the 13th SWS at Clear AFS, replacing availability of U.S. space forces. Oper- pounds. Only about seven percent of
the older Ballistic Missile Early Warning ation Iraqi Freedom proved once again the space objects are operational satel-
System (BMEWS) mechanical radar that whoever controls the high ground lites; the rest are debris. USSTRATCOM
there. The Clear AFS PAVE PAWS radar has definite military advantage. Space is primarily interested in the active
also has been upgraded to the surveillance involves detecting, track- satellites, but also tracks space debris
AN/FPS-123 model. Similar PAVE PAWS ing, cataloging, and identifying man- to avoid collisions with operational
radars replaced the BMEWS mechani- made objects orbiting Earth, i.e. satellites. The SSN tracks space objects
cal radars at the 12th SWS at Thule AB, active/inactive satellites, spent rocket which are 10 centimeters in diameter
and at Fylingdales. Thule AB received bodies, or fragmentation debris. Space (baseball size) or larger.
an AN/FPS-120 model, while RAF surveillance accomplishes the following: The SSN uses a “predictive” tech-
Fylingdales received an AN/FPS-126 • Predicts when and where a decaying nique to monitor space objects; it spot
model. The AN/FPS-126 is unique, space object will re-enter the Earth’s checks them rather than tracking them
having three radar faces covering 360 atmosphere; continually. This technique is used
degrees in azimuth, while the AN/ • Prevents a returning space object, because of the limits of the SSN
FPS-120 and AN/FPS-123 models each which to radar looks like a missile, (number of sensors, geographic dis-
have two radar faces covering 240 from triggering a false alarm in mis- tribution, capability, and availability).
degrees in azimuth. Even though none sile-attack warning sensors of the Below is a brief description of each
of the BMEWS radars are still in opera- U.S. and other countries; type of sensor in the network.
tion, for programmatic reasons Thule • Charts the present position of space Phased-array radars can maintain
AB is still referred to as BMEWS Site I, objects and plots their anticipated tracks on multiple satellites simultane-
Clear AFS is referred to at BMEWS Site orbital paths; ously and scan large areas of space in
II, and Fylingdales is referred to as • Detects new man-made objects in a fraction of a second. These radars
BMEWS Site III. space; have no moving mechanical parts to
The 10th SWS at Cavalier AFS ND, • Produces a running catalog of man- limit the speed of the radar scan; the
uses a slightly different type of phased- made space objects; radar energy is steered electronically.
array radar called a Perimeter Attack • Determines which country owns a Conventional radars use mobile
Radar Characterization System, or re-entering space object; detection and tracking antennas. The
PARCS. Its single face points north- • Informs NASA whether or not objects detection antenna transmits radar
ward over the Hudson Bay, covering may interfere with the Space Shuttle energy into space in the shape of a
120 degrees in azimuth. It provides and International Space Station. large fan. When a satellite intersects
tactical warning, and attack characteri- These tasks are accomplished using the the fan the energy is reflected back to
zation and assessment of SLBMs and Space Surveillance Network (SSN), the antenna, triggering the tracking
ICBMs. This includes the number and which consists of U.S. Army, Navy and antenna. The tracking antenna then
types of missiles in a raid, and the Air Force-operated, ground-based radars locks its narrow beam of energy on the
earliest and next impact times for and optical sensors at roughly 20 sites target and follows it in order to estab-
locations in the continental U.S. It is worldwide. The 21st SW operates and/or lish orbital data.
the only missile warning sensor that has a presence at 12 of these sites. The Ground-Based Electro-Optical
reports this type of information. The SSN has been tracking space Deep Space Surveillance System
objects since 1957 when the Soviets (GEODSS) consists of three telescope
Space Control opened the space age with the launch sensors linked to a video camera.
Space control is defined as the combat, of Sputnik I. Since then, the SSN has The video cameras feed their space
combat support, and combat service tracked more than 24,500 space objects pictures into a nearby computer
support operations necessary to orbiting Earth. Of that number, the SSN which drives a display scope. The
ensure freedom of action in space for currently tracks more than 9,500 orbit- image is transposed into electrical
the United States and its allies and, ing objects. The rest have re-entered impulses and recorded on magnetic
when directed, to deny an adversary Earth’s turbulent atmosphere and dis- tape. This is the same process used
freedom of action in space. Space sur- integrated, or survived re-entry and by video cameras. Thus, the image
veillance is a critical part of the 21st impacted the Earth. The space objects can be recorded and analyzed in
SW’s space control mission and will be now orbiting Earth range from satellites real-time.
2006 Base Guide 21st Space Wing 17
Combined, these types of sensors forces. The Commander, Joint Space AN/FPS-85 was the first phased-array
make up to 80,000 satellite observations Operations, who is also the 14th AF radar developed to perform all-
each day; the observations consist of CC, leads the JSpOC and in this role weather, day-night detection and
metric data and Space Object Identifica- reports to the JFCC SGS/CC. This struc- tracking of man-made objects in
tion (SOI) data. Metric data are posi- ture enables AFSPC to present all space space. The AN/FPS-85 covers 120
tional data on Earth orbiting objects. C2 capabilities to USSTRATCOM degrees in azimuth and more than
Photometric SOI is the analysis of the through a more integrated organiza- 22,000 nautical miles in range.
total intensity of the reflected light from tional structure and achieve operational The 20th SPCS’s DET 1 in Dahlgren
the observed satellite. The SOI data are synergies through a single operations VA, operates another dedicated sensor
sent to the USTRATCOM Joint Intelli- center focused on joint space com- called the Air Force Surveillance Sys-
gence Center (JIC) at Offut AFB, NE. mand and control. The 21 OG still tem, also known as “the Fence.” The
The metric data are transmitted directly operates the Alternate Space Control Navy, the original operators of the
to the Joint Space Operations Center Center at Dahlgren, VA. Fence, transferred operations to the Air
(JSpOC), formerly the Space Control The 21st SW’s radar sites at Beale, Force in October 2004. Designed and
Center (SCC), at Cheyenne Mountain Cape Cod, Clear, Thule, Fylingdales, constructed in 1958, the Fence is the
AFS, CO via satellite, ground wire, and Cavalier support the SSN by pro- nation’s oldest sensor built to track
microwave and phone. The JSpOC viding surveillance, tracking, and SOI satellites and debris in orbit. The sys-
uses metric data for all the space situ- data on near-earth objects at a range of tem has nine field stations along the
ational awareness purposes listed in nearly 3000 nautical miles. Since space 33rd parallel with three transmitter sites
bullets above, one of which is shuttle surveillance is their secondary mission, at Lake Kickapoo, TX, Jordan Lake, AL,
conjunction assessment. The JSpOC these sites are called collateral sites. and Gila River, AZ, and six receiver
also maintains an extensive satellite The 21st SW also operates six dedicated sites at Fort Stewart, GA, Hawkinsville,
catalog that is used by U.S. civilian sites in the SSN whose primary mission GA, Silver Lake, MS, Red River, AR,
and military agencies, as well as by is space surveillance. These sites are the Elephant Butte, NM, and San Diego,
U.S. allies, when launching new satel- 20th Space Control Squadron (SPCS) at CA. The field stations comprise a bi-
lites into space. Eglin AFB, FL, the 20th SPCS Detach- static radar that points straight up into
Until recently, the 1 Space Control ment (DET) 1 at Dahlgren, VA, and the space and produces a “fence” of elec-
Squadron (SPCS) operated the SCC, four 21st OG detachments: DET 1 at tromagnetic energy. The system can
the Cheyenne Mountain AFS center Socorro, NM, DET 2 at Diego Garcia, detect basketball-sized objects in orbit
that provides daily tasking to the SSN British Indian Ocean Territories, DET 3 around the Earth out to an effective
sensors for USSTRATCOM’s space sur- at Maui, HI, and DET 4 at Moron, Spain. range of 15,000 nautical miles. Over 5
veillance and space defense mission. The 20th SPCS provides space sur- million satellite detections, or observa-
On 1 May 05, 1 SPCS was transferred veillance using the only active tions, are collected by the Fence sensor
from the 21 Operations Group (OG) to phased-array radar system dedicated each month. Data are transmitted to a
the 614 Space Operations Group to tracking over 8,300 near-earth and computer center at Dahlgren, where
(SOPG). This aligned the space sur- deep-space objects. Commencing they are used to constantly update a
veillance C2 capability with the 614 operation in December 1968, the database of spacecraft orbital elements.
SOPG’s broader operational level C2
responsibilities in the 14 AF Air and
Space Operations Center (Space
AOC). The 614 SOPG provides the 14
AF Space AOC command and control
of assigned and attached AFSPC space
forces in support of USSTRATCOM’s
global and theater space missions.
The Space AOC has now become the
Joint Space Operations Center
(JSpOC), the USSTRATCOM/Joint
Functional Component Commander
Space and Global Strike (JFCC SGS)
operations center that will exercise
command and control of joint space Eglin Air Force Base, Fla., is home to the 20th Space Control Squadron.
18 21st Space Wing 2006 Base Guide
20th SPCS, DET 1 also operates the
Alternate Space Control Center (ASCC),
which serves as the backup computa-
tional and command and control node
for the JSpOC at Cheyenne Mountain.
The 21st SW also controls and
operates four dedicated optical space
tracking sites as well. Three of the
sites are part of the Ground-Based
Electro-Optical Deep Space Surveil-
lance system, or GEODSS: DET 1,
Socorro, NM; DET 2, Diego Garcia,
British Indian Ocean Territories; and
DET 3 at Maui, HI. Like the other sen-
sors in the SSN, GEODSS provides
metric data to the JSpOC at Cheyenne
Mountain and ASCC, and photometric
SOI data to the JIC. 21st SW Headquarters Building.
GEODSS is an optical system that
uses a low-light level TV cameras, While resources for the space surveil- deployable space surveillance systems
computers and large telescopes. lance piece of the space control mis- supporting theater commanders. It also
GEODSS tracks objects in deep space, sion have been around for over forty conducts world-wide operations pro-
or from about 2600 nautical miles out, years, the DoD is still in the early stages viding critical space surveillance
to beyond geosynchronous altitudes, of developing counterspace measures. capabilities and data to the National
more than 19,000 nautical miles out. Counterspace operations are critical to Command Authorities, 14th Air Force,
GEODSS requires nighttime and clear success in modern warfare. Combatant and squadron elements.
weather tracking because of the inher- commanders leverage space capabili- The 76th SPCS at Peterson AFB, CO.,
ent limitations of an optical system. ties such as communication, position, is Air Force Space Command’s first
Each site has three telescopes. The tel- navigation, timing, missile warning, counterspace operations squadron
escopes have a 40-inch aperture and a environmental sensing, and reconnais- responsible for operating space control
two-degree field of view. The tele- sance to maintain a combat advantage capabilities to rapidly achieve flexible
scopes are able to “see” objects 10,000 over their adversaries. As demonstrated and versatile space superiority in support
times dimmer than the human eye can by the Iraqi deployment of Global Posi- of theater campaigns. The unit employs
detect. This sensitivity, and the fact tioning System (GPS) jammers during the world-wide deployable Counter-
that the daytime sky background Operation IRAQI FREEDOM, adver- Communications System (CCS) to tem-
masks satellites’ reflected light, dictates saries will target space capabilities in porarily disrupt and deny an enemy’s
that the system operate at night. As an attempt to deny that combat advan- satellite communications capability.
with any ground-based optical system, tage. The U.S. must also be prepared
cloud cover and local weather condi- to deprive an adversary of the benefits WING OPERATIONS CENTER
tions directly influence its effective- of space capabilities when American The 21st Space Wing’s Operations Cen-
ness. GEODSS employs Sidereal and interests and lives are at stake. The ter is the Air Force’s only Missile Warn-
Rate track to perform its Space Surveil- space superiority mission ensures the ing Sensor Management/Command
lance Mission. In Sidereal track the tel- freedom to operate in the space medium and Control organization, responsible
escopes scan the sky at the same rate while denying the same to an adversary for space weapons systems in 44 units
as the stars appear to move. In Rate and, like air superiority, cannot be taken at 26 locations in four countries. The
Track telescopes follow the path of the for granted. The 4th SPCS at Holloman center provides immediate global and
satellite as it passes overhead. AFB, NM, and the 76th SPCS at Peterson theater missile warning sensor manage-
DET 4 operates the $5M state-of-the- AFB, CO are vital to guaranteeing U.S. ment to NORAD, the Joint Chiefs of
art Morón Optical Space Surveillance space superiority. Staff, unified commanders, and combat
System (MOSS), another optical tele- The 4th SPCS, Holloman AFB NM, forces worldwide.
scope that detects and tracks earth- controls, employs, and maintains sev- The center also provides the wing
orbiting objects in deep space. eral mission-ready and next generation commander command and control of
2006 Base Guide 21st Space Wing 19
assigned missile warning units and Japanese aircraft destroyed in the air, a maintenance support team to North
space assets, as well as real-time config- 46 on the ground and 62 damaged air- Field, S.C., where they flew for more
urations and contingencies to maintain craft. The group also produced two than a month.
operational and system capabilities and aces: Maj. Harry C. Crimp Jr. and Capt. In November 1954, the 21st FBW
required peacetime and wartime tasking. Willis Mathews. moved to Chamblee AB, France,
In December 1945, the 21st Fighter where it stayed until it inactivated in
Group moved to Isle Field, Sampan, February 1958. Its people and equip-
21ST SPACE WING then to Northwest Field, Guam. In ment were transferred to other Air
HERITAGE Guam, it switched to the P-47N Thun- Force units in Europe.
The 21st Space Wing’s heritage dates to derbolt. The group inactivated there in
World War II when the 21st Bombard- October 1946. KOREAN WAR ERA
ment Group activated in February 1942 The 21st FBW was re-designated as the
at Bowman Field, Ky. Thereafter, the 21st Tactical Fighter Wing, activated at
group relocated successively to Jackson
POST-WORLD WAR II
The establishment of the Air Force in Misawa AB, Japan, and assigned to 5th
Army Air Base, Miss.; Columbia Army Air Force in July 1958.
1947 brought about many changes.
Air Base, S.C.; Key Field, Miss.; and Its new mission involved the aerial
The new standard organizational unit
MacDill Field, Fla. defense of northern Japan and strategic
became the wing instead of the previ-
The 21st Bombardment Group first bombardment in support of 5th Air
ous organizational standard, the group.
trained on B-25 bombers, then converted Force contingency plans in Korea.
The Air Force wanted to preserve
to B-26s. The group largely served as an They flew F-84G Thunder jets and T-33
the lineage and honors of distinguished
operational training unit assigned to 3rd Shooting Stars. Later that year, the wing
Air Groups of World War II, thus the
Air Force; however, while at MacDill, converted to F-100 Super Sabres.
21st numerical designation was granted
from June 1942 to October 1943, the
to the newly formed 21st Fighter-
21st Bombardment Group also carried VIETNAM WAR ERA
Bomber Wing activated at George AFB,
out anti-submarine patrols over the The wing was inactivated in June 1960.
Calif., in January 1953, flying P-51 Mus-
Caribbean Sea. The 21st Bombardment All people and equipment were trans-
tangs for six months before transition-
Group inactivated Oct. 10, 1943. ferred to the 39th Air Division at Mis-
ing to F-86 Sabres.
The lineage of the 21st continued awa AB, Japan.
While at George, they tested a new
with the 21st Fighter-Bomber Group Six years later, in July the 21st Com-
concept of tactical air deployment
activated in April 1944. Initially, the posite Wing activated at Elmendorf
involving moving three squadrons and
group had three squadrons: the 46th,
72nd and 531st Fighter Squadrons, all
flying the P-39Q Air Cobras. Two
months later, the group converted to
P-38J/L Lightning’s and was attached
to the 7th Fighter Wing to defend the
Hawaiian Islands. It was re-designated
the 21st Fighter Group in December
1944 and converted to P-51D Mus-
tangs shortly before moving to Iwo
Jima in March 1945.
Four months later, the 21st flew its
first combat mission, escorting a forma-
tion of Bomber Command B-29s to
attack the heavily defended Nakajima
aircraft factory near Tokyo. The group
flew 48 sorties and claimed eight
enemy aircraft kills. From then until
August 1945, the group flew 33 long-
range missions against Japan.
During 816 combat sorties, the 21st
Fighter Group’s pilots scored 58 B - 25s parked at Peterson’s airfield during World War II.
20 21st Space Wing 2006 Base Guide
AFB, Alaska. Operational units included transferring to the 137th Space Warning 2002, as the host unit for Thule Air
the 17th Troop Carrier Squadron, flying Squadron of the Colorado Air National Base—the northernmost U.S. base. In
C-130s; the 317th Fighter Interceptor Guard. Further, the 17th Space Surveil- the fall of 2004, the wing acquired a new
Squadron, flying the F-102A, TF-102A, lance Squadron inactivated at RAF space surveillance system, formerly
T-33 and EB-57E; and the 21st Oper- Edzell, part of its system transferring to known as the Navy Fence.
ations Squadron, flying the C-118A, RAF Feltwell. As of fall 2004, the wing is com-
C-123B, EC-54D and CH-21B. The Despite these losses, the 21st prised of six groups and 44 units at 26
317th FIS was inactivated in Decem- remained, in organizational terms, the locations in four countries, making it
ber 1969. largest wing in the Air Force. Recog- the Air Force’s most geographically dis-
In June 1970, the 43rd Tactical nizing the need for a second opera- persed wing.
Fighter Squadron arrived from MacDill tional group to handle the prolific
AFB, Fla. The wing’s newest flying number of worldwide sites, the Air 21ST OPERATIONS GROUP
squadron brought 18 F-4E Phantoms, Force activated the 821st Space Group The 21st OG commands and controls
which began alert duties at Elmendorf on May 31, 1996, at Buckley Air all of the 21st SW’s 15 operational units
AFB, King Salmon Airport, Galena Air- National Guard Base in Denver, Colo., and detachments; all but two of the
port, and Eielson AFB, Alaska. and assigned the unit to the 21st 21st OG’s units are Geographically
The 21st Composite Wing again Space Wing. Separated Units (GSU). The group is
became known as the 21st Tactical In 1997, the 21st inactivated the 19th Air Force Space Command’s largest,
Fighter Wing in October 1979. Space Surveillance Squadron, closing a most weapon-system diverse, and most
The 21st TFW underwent an long association with Turkey. Detach- widespread. Its mission is to provide
extreme reorganization in March 1982. ment 1, 3rd Space Surveillance real-time missile warning, attack
The Air Force replaced the wing’s F-4s Squadron, also inactivated in Korea. assessment, and space control to the
with F-15s and A-10s. However, the wing added a new loca- President, Secretary of Defense, JCS,
In January 1982, the 18th Tactical tion in Europe when Detachment 4, combatant commands, and foreign
Fighter Squadron moved to Eielson 18th Space Surveillance Squadron, acti- allies. The group also establishes
assigned to the 343rd Composite Wing, vated at Moron AB, Spain. This year operational requirements and manages
flying the A-10, while the 43rd TFS saw the end of the wing’s flying mis- the training, and standardization and
maintained its air superiority role with sion when the 84th Airlift Flight trans- evaluation programs for their weapon
the F-15 fighter. ferred to Air Material Command. systems. This comprises conducting
In 1987, the 21st TFW also gained the Further downsizing transpired in command-directed evaluations and
54th TFS, which flew the F-15 as well. 1998. The 21st Medical Group trans- staff assistance visits. Additionally, the
In May 1991, the wing received its ferred to the 10th Medical Group at 21st OG develops and maintains oper-
first F-15E Strike Eagle and activated its the United States Air Force Academy, ational procedures and regulations for
third flying squadron, the 90th TFS. In which has subsequently rejoined the all its field units.
February 1992, the wing inactivated as wing. The 2nd Command and Control The 21st Operations Group
part of an Air Force-wide restructuring. Squadron was reassigned to 14th Air includes:
Force and the 821st Logistics Squadron
SPACE MISSION inactivated. Given these losses, the • The 21st Operations Group Standard-
The wing was activated again in May 21st became only the second largest ization and Evaluation Division
1992 at Peterson. At that time, elements wing in the United States Air Force; • The 21st Operations Support
of the 1st Space Wing and 3rd Space however, remained the most geo- Squadron
Support Wing were combined to fulfill graphically dispersed. • Five missile warning squadrons
AFSPC’s attack warning mission and to The wing became smaller in 1999 • One Liaison at Royal Air Force (RAF)
serve as the host unit for Peterson. when the 3 CACS and 5th Space Warn- Fylingdales
In April 1995, the wing assumed the ing Squadrons inactivated and the • Five space control detachments
space control mission and added the 721st Mobile Command and Control • Three space control squadrons
former 73rd Space Group, the 721st Squadron transferred to 20th Air Force.
Space Group, and Cheyenne Mountain These losses were partially offset when Standardization and
AFS to its mission responsibilities. the 76th Space Operations Squadron Evaluation Division
Reorganization continued into 1996. joined the wing in 2000. The 21st Operations Group Standard-
The 4th Space Warning Squadron inac- The 821st Air Base Group, Thule Air ization and Evaluation Division moni-
tivated at Holloman AFB, with assets Base, Greenland, was activated in June tors the wing’s space operations and
2006 Base Guide 21st Space Wing 21
world-wide operations providing critical
space surveillance capabilities and data
to the National Command Authorities,
14th Air Force, and squadron elements.
6TH SPACE WARNING
The primary mission of the 6th Space
Warning Squadron, Cape Cod AFS,
MA, is to guard the U.S. East Coast
against SLBMs and ICBMs. The unit
is a GSU of the 21st OG operating the
PAVE PAWS radar system. Raytheon
builds PAVE PAWS, and deployed the
first AN/FPS-115 model during the
early 1980s. These ninety-foot diame-
ter circular-panel radars are mounted
on two walls of a triangular-shaped
pyramid structure covering 240
degrees in azimuth. The antennas are
periodically conducts Operations Stan- • Manages the 21st SW’s weapons and designed to operate at a frequency of
dardization Team visits at its GSUs. tactics, warfighter education, and 420 to 450 MHz. PAVE PAWS radars
Operations assessments are provided combat systems improvement and can detect and track targets at ranges
to the GSU, group, and wing com- integration programs approaching 3,000 miles. The radar at
mander. The division also selects the • Oversees, standardizes, and provides Cape Cod AFS was recently upgraded
21st Space Wing’s Top Operations guidance for all 21 SW operations to the higher-power, more-capable
Crew, Top Instructor and Evaluator of training programs AN/FPS-123 model. The site provides
the Year, and operations competitors • Manages Peterson AFB’s airfield continual space control information
for Guardian Challenge, AFSPC’s bi- operations and provides flight as part of an integrated global net-
annual competition to determine the records management services work of missile warning systems.
best operators and units in missile • Provides 24 X 7 solar and aviation Missile warning data from the 6th
warning and space control. weather support for North American SWS are sent to the MCC at Cheyenne
Aerospace Defense Command Mountain Air Station, CO. Data are
THE 21ST OPERATIONS (NORAD), USNORTHCOM, 21st SW, also sent to the National Military
and Peterson Complex tenant units Command Center and USSTATCOM.
SUPPORT SQUADRON • Provides intelligence and administra-
The 21st Operations Support Squadron Being a collateral sensor in the SSN,
tive support to 21st SW, 21st OG, and 6th SWS has a secondary mission of
provides day-to-day operations support
operations squadron commanders space surveillance. The site detects
for Air Force Space Command’s world-
wide network of 15 ground-based mis- and tracks near-earth objects at a
sile warning, space surveillance, and 4TH SPACE CONTROL range of nearly 3000 nautical miles,
space control units and accomplishes SQUADRON and sends its observations to the
the following: The 4th SPCS, Holloman AFB NM, pro- JSpOC at Cheyenne Mountain. The
• Provides oversight, support, and vides space surveillance capabilities site also provides SOI data to the JIC
guidance for all force structure, test- for the National Command Authorities at Offutt AFB, NE.
ing, and system modification actions and unified commanders worldwide.
involving 21st SW operational units The squadron is a GSU assigned to the 7TH SPACE WARNING
• Provides real-world and exercise Bat- 21st OG. The 4th SPCS controls, SQUADRON
tle Staff support to 21st SW leadership employs, and maintains several mission- The 7th SWS at Beale AFB, CA, a GSU
• Provides Configuration Management ready and next generation deployable assigned to the 21st OG, operates the
for software and hardware changes space surveillance systems supporting PAVE PAWS radar and provides 24-
to 21st SW operational systems theater commanders. It also conducts hour coverage over the Pacific Ocean,
22 21st Space Wing 2006 Base Guide
executing its primary missions of Mis- Cheyenne Mountain Air Station CO. contributes to the space control mis-
sile Warning and Ground-based Mid- This information is also sent to the sion by tracking the more than 9,500
course Defense against SLBM and National Military Command Center and man-made objects currently orbiting
ICBM threats. Raytheon builds the USSTRATCOM. Being a collateral sensor the Earth as part of the SSN. The
PAVE PAWS radars, and deployed the in the SSN, 10 SWS also has a secondary squadron provides metric data and SOI
first AN/FPS-115 model during the early mission of space surveillance. The site to the JSpOC and JIC respectively. The
1980s. These ninety-foot diameter cir- detects and tracks 9,500 near-earth man- site operates a specific type of phased-
cular-panel radars are mounted on two made objects at a range of nearly 3000 array RADAR called PAVE PAWS.
walls of a triangular-shaped pyramid nautical miles for the JSpOC at Raytheon builds the PAVE PAWS radars,
structure covering 240 degrees in Cheyenne Mountain. The site also pro- and deployed the first AN/FPS-115
azimuth. The antennas are designed to vides space object identification data to model during the early 1980s. These
operate at a frequency of 420 to 450 the JIC at Offut AFB, NE. The 10th SWS ninety-foot diameter circular-panel
MHz. PAVE PAWS radars can detect and is another GSU of the 21st OG. radars are mounted on two walls of a
track targets at ranges approaching triangular-shaped pyramid structure
3,000 miles. The radar at Beale AFB covering 240 degrees in azimuth. The
was recently upgraded to the higher- 12TH SPACE WARNING antennas are designed to operate at a
power, more-capable AN/FPS-123 SQUADRON frequency of 420 to 450 MHz. PAVE
model. The site provides continual The 12th SWS, Thule AB Greenland, PAWS radars can detect and track tar-
space control information as part of an the 21st OG’s northern-most GSU, pro- gets at ranges approaching 3,000 miles.
integrated global network of missile vides tactical detection, warning and The AN/FPS-120 model, which has two
warning systems. Missile warning data tracking of intercontinental and sea- radar faces covering 240 degrees in
from the 7th SWS are sent to the MCC launched ballistic missile attacks and azimuth, replaced the BMEWS mechan-
at Cheyenne Mountain Air Station, CO., forwards that information to the MCC ical radar at Thule. However, for pro-
the National Military Command Center at Cheyenne Mountain AFS, CO, the grammatic reasons, Thule AB is still
and USSTRATCOM. Being a collateral President, SECDEF, JCS, NORAD, referred to as BMEWS Site I. Clear AFS
sensor in the SSN, 7 SWS also has a sec- National Military Command Center, is BMEWS Site II, and Fylingdales is
ondary mission of space surveillance. and unified commands. The unit also BMEWS Site III.
The site detects and tracks near-earth
objects at a range of nearly 3000 nauti-
cal miles for the JSpOC at Cheyenne
Mountain. The site also provides SOI
data to the JIC at Offutt AFB, NE.
10TH SPACE WARNING
The 10th SWS at Cavalier AFS ND, uses
a type of radar called a Perimeter Attack
RADAR Characterization System, or
PARCS. Its single-faced phased-array
radar is pointed northward over the
Hudson Bay covering 120 degrees in
azimuth. It provides tactical warning,
and attack characterization and assess-
ment of SLBM and ICBM attack against
the United States and Canada. This
includes the number and types of mis-
siles in a raid, and the earliest/next
impact times for locations in the con-
tinental U.S. It is the only missile
warning sensor that reports this type
of information to the MCC at Thule AB in Greenland.
2006 Base Guide 21st Space Wing 23
degrees in azimuth and in excess of
22,000 nautical miles in range. The
squadron also supports USSTRATCOM
and theater warfighter requirements
through continuous detection, identifi-
cation, and reporting of orbital satellite
positional and SOI data.
20TH SPACE CONTROL SQUADRON
Det 1, in Dahlgren, Va., operates
another dedicated sensor of the SSN
called the Air Force Surveillance Sys-
tem, also known as “the Fence.” The
Navy, the original operators of the
Fence, transferred operations to the Air
Force in October 2004. Designed and
constructed in 1958, the Fence is the
nation’s oldest sensor built to track
Clear Air Force Base is home to the 13 Space Warning Squadron.
satellites and debris in orbit. The sys-
tem has nine field stations located
13TH SPACE WARNING AN/FPS-123 model radar was originally along the 33rd parallel with three trans-
SQUADRON located at Eldorado Air Station, TX as mitter sites at Lake Kickapoo, TX, Jor-
The primary mission of the 13th Space part of the PAVE PAWS program and was dan Lake, AL, and Gila River, AZ, and
Warning Squadron, located at Clear transplanted to Alaska in 2001 to replace six receiver sites at Fort Stewart, GA,
AFS, is to provide early warning of the U.S.’s last mechanical missile warning Hawkinsville, GA, Silver Lake, MS, Red
ICBMs and SLBMS to the NORAD’s radar site. The radar system has two River, AK, Elephant Butte, NM, and San
MCC located at Cheyenne Mountain faces which together form a coverage Diego, CA. The field stations comprise
AFS, CO. Its secondary mission is to area 240 degrees wide and 3,000 miles a bi-static radar that points straight up
provide space surveillance data on deep into space. The coverage extends into space and produces a “fence” of
earth-orbiting objects to the JSpOC also from the Arctic Ocean all the way to the electromagnetic energy. The system
located in the Cheyenne Mountain West Coast of the lower 48 states. For can detect basketball-sized objects in
Complex. Because of its excellent programmatic reason, Clear is still orbit around the Earth out to an effec-
tracking capabilities, this type of radar referred to as BMEWS Site II. Thule AB tive range of 15,000 nautical miles.
is very useful for tracking near-earth is BMEWS Site I, and Fylingdales is Over 5 million satellite detections, or
satellites. The data they generate BMEWS Site III. The 13th SWS is observations, are collected by the sur-
ensures the JSpOC is able to accurately another GSU of the 21st OG. veillance sensor each month. Data col-
keep track of more than 9,500 objects lected by the Fence is transmitted to a
in orbit. This allows them to keep 20TH SPACE CONTROL computer center at Dahlgren, where it
manned objects, like the Space Shuttle SQUADRON is used to constantly update a database
and International Space Station, out of The 20th SPCS, Eglin AFB, FL, a GSU of spacecraft orbital elements. 20th
harm’s way and to closely monitor assigned to the 21st OG, operates and SPCS, DET 1 also operates the ASCC,
objects re-entering the atmosphere, maintains the Air Forces’ only phased- which serves as the backup computa-
which might impact populated areas. array space surveillance radar system tional, and command and control node
The 13th SWS accomplishes these dedicated to tracking more than 8,300 for JSpOC at Cheyenne Mountain.
missions using a solid state phased-array near-earth and deep-space objects as
radar, which is housed in a triangular- part of the SSN. Commencing opera- 76th SPACE CONTROL
shaped 11 story building on site. tion in December 1968, the AN/FPS-85 SQUADRON
Raytheon builds the PAVE PAWS radars, PAVE PAWS model was the first The 76th SPCS at Peterson AFB, CO, is
and deployed the first AN/FPS-115 phased-array radar developed to per- Air Force Space Command’s first
model during the early 1980s. The form all-weather, day-night detection offensive and defensive counterspace
antennas are designed to operate at a and tracking of man-made objects in technology squadron responsible for
frequency of 420 to 450 MHz. The space. The AN/FPS-85 covers 120 operating space control capabilities to
24 21st Space Wing 2006 Base Guide
rapidly achieve flexible and versatile GEODSS: DET 1, Socorro, NM; DET 2, NORAD and HQ AFSPC), Cheyenne
space superiority in support of theater Diego Garcia, British Indian Ocean Mountain AFS, Schriever AFB, and 26
campaigns. The unit participates in Territories; and DET 3 at Maui, HI. worldwide locations. The 399 person-
the evaluation and operation of coun- Like the other sensors in the SSN, nel that make up 21 MXG oversee a
terspace technologies to meet combat- GEODSS provides metric data to diverse variety of responsive local pro-
ant commander requirements, and JSpOC and ASCC, and photometric SOI grams like COMSEC accounting, infor-
deploys counterspace prototypes to data to the USSTRATCOM JIC. mation assurance, hardware/software
DOD exercises around the world. GEODSS is an optical system that configuration control, precision meas-
The unit employs the world-wide uses a low-light level TV cameras, com- urement equipment laboratory support,
deployable Counter-Communications puters and large telescopes. GEODSS and flight line services; as well as world-
System (CCS) to temporarily disrupt tracks objects in deep space, or from wide reach programs like the manage-
and deny an enemy’s satellite commu- about 2600 nautical miles out, to ment for more than 400 contracts valued
nications capability. beyond geosynchronous altitudes, at over $1.65 billion to space warning,
more than 19,000 nautical miles out. communications, and surveillance. The
GEODSS requires nighttime and clear group’s mission plays a central role in
U.S. AIR FORCE LIASON
weather tracking because of the inher- providing unified and theater com-
OFFICER (USAFLO) AT ent limitations of an optical system. manders with the essential communica-
RAF FYLINGDALES Each site has three telescopes. The tel- tions needed to fight theater conflicts.
The missile warning unit at RAF Fyling- escopes have a 40-inch aperture and a
dales provides tactical warning of an two-degree field of view. The tele- 21ST PROGRAM
ICBM attack against North America, the scopes are able to “see” objects 10,000 MANAGEMENT DIVISION
UK and Europe. The unit also sup- times dimmer than the human eye can The Program Management Division
ports the SSN by detecting and tracking detect. This sensitivity, and the fact that provides Program Management and
near-Earth space vehicles. The site is the daytime sky background masks Quality Assurance support to 41 pro-
unique because it operates the only satellites’ reflected light, dictates that grams with an approximate total con-
PAVE PAWS radar covering 360 degrees the system operate at night. As with any tract value of $1 billion. This support is
in azimuth. For programmatic reasons, ground-based optical system, cloud provided via three branches: the Pro-
Fylingdales is still referred to as cover and local weather conditions gram Management Operations Branch,
BMEWS Site III. Thule is BMEWS Site directly influence its effectiveness. Program Management Specialized
I, and Clear is BMEWS Site II. GEODSS employs Sidereal and Rate Branch, and the Quality Assurance
The U.S. Air Force presence at track to perform its Space Surveillance Branch. Program managers provide
Fylingdales is a Liaison Officer who Mission. In Sidereal track the telescopes day-to-day support on a continuous
reports thru the 21st OG. The Liaison scan the sky at the same rate as the basis by leading a multifunctional team
Officer ensures the missile warning stars appear to move. In Rate Track tel- to ensure successful program execution
and space surveillance data for the 21 escopes follow the path of the satellite within cost, schedule, and technical
SW. The Liaison Officer is a bridge to as it passes overhead. performance baselines. For programs
U.S. operations, maintaining mission DET 4 operates the $5M state-of-the- in reacquisition, the PM is responsible
ready status and advising the RAF art Morón Optical Space Surveillance for developing the acquisition strategy
Station Commander on U.S. Air Force System (MOSS), an optical telescope that and implementing the reacquisition
operational issues. The USAFLO also detects and tracks earth-orbiting objects process. The Quality Assurance Branch
serves as a Resource Advisor and the in deep space. MOSS is another dedi- provides surveillance planning, per-
Quality Assurance Evaluator for the cated sensor in the SSN. forms quality systems/performance
U.S. Communications contractor. management audits of contractors,
21ST MAINTENANCE quality programs, and provides training
21ST OPERATIONS to all quality assurance evaluators.
GROUP DETACHMENTS 1-4 The 21st Maintenance Group is
The 21st OG also controls and operates 21ST SPACE
accountable for the maintenance and
four dedicated optical space tracking program support of $76 million in com- COMMUNICATIONS
sites in the SSN. Three of the sites are munications/computer systems servic- SQUADRON
part of the Ground-Based Electro-Opti- ing 10,000 users at Peterson AFB Supporting the Air Force’s commit-
cal Deep Space Surveillance system, or (including HQ USNORTHCOM, HQ ment to information superiority, the
2006 Base Guide 21st Space Wing 25
21st Space Communications Squadron Missile Early Warning Systems, Perime- contractors, and their families using
provides responsive communications, ter Acquisition Radar Attack Characteri- Peterson AFB. The 21st Mission Sup-
information, mission systems, postal zation System, and the AN-FPS 85 deep port Group is comprised of more than
support and visual information serv- space surveillance radar supporting the 1,700 warriors from six squadrons, all
ices to its customers around the Integrated Tactical Warning/Attack dedicated to protecting and caring for
globe. This includes equipping, Assessment systems. 21st MOF also the Air Force’s most valuable
training, and providing personnel to acts as the wing liaison to AFSPC, 14th resource—you!
operate and maintain ground com- Air Force, SMC Detachment 11, and
munications, electronics, computer Combatant Commanders Command
systems and facilities supporting and Control Systems Group, on all
NORAD-USNORTHCOM, USSTRAT- maintenance issues. SUPPORT SQUADRON
COM, HQ AFSPC, SMDC/ARSTRAT, The 21st MSS supports 21st Space Wing
HQ DISA, the 302d AW, the 21 SW people and tenant organizations at
21ST MISSION Peterson, Schriever, and Cheyenne
and its world-wide Geographically
Separated Units and the numerous SUPPORT GROUP Mountain. It also indirectly supports all
other Team Pete organizations. The The 21st Mission Support Group pro- 21st SW geographically separated units.
squadron fulfills these responsibilities vides expeditionary combat support The 21st MSS handles military and civil-
through its five flights—Mission Sys- personnel and equipment to our ian personnel functions, education,
tems, Information Systems, Plans, nation’s combatant commanders human resources, manpower and
Space Control, and GSU support. In worldwide. Group members support organization, community and family
addition, the 21 SCS provides meteoro- the projection of combat power by our support, the First Term Airmen’s Center,
logical services to Cheyenne Mountain, nation’s premier air, ground, maritime and the Airman Leadership School. The
the U.S. Air Force Academy and Fort and special operations forces. In addi- squadron also provides Commanders
Carson. The squadron also provides tion, the group provides world-class Support Staff functions for NORAD-
graphics, photo lab, film library, photo mission and quality-of-life support to USNORTHCOM, USSTRATCOM, the
maintenance, presentations, and public a population of more than 50,000 mil- 21st MSG, 21st SW staff agencies, AND
address support. itary members, civilians, retirees, 21ST LRS.
The 21st Maintenance Operations Flight
is responsible for managing mainte-
nance and coordinating depot-level
maintenance support for 24 geographi-
cally separated missile warning and
defense and space control sensor units
worldwide. The flight also provides
Core Automated Maintenance System
support, Joint Computer Aided Acquisi-
tion and Logistics Support, and Mainte-
nance Data Analysis. Contract oversight
is provided for Transient Alert Aircraft
Maintenance and Aerospace Ground
Equipment Maintenance. More than
2,500 transient aircraft are serviced
each year. The flight also oversees the
Precision Measurement Equipment
Laboratory. Maintenance support is
provided for the Ground Based Electro-
Optical Deep Space Surveillance, PAVE
Phased Array Warning Systems, Ballistic The Mission Support Squadron provides many of its support functions in building 350.
26 21st Space Wing 2006 Base Guide
The 21st Contracting Squadron negoti-
ates and manages contracts directly
supporting missile warning and space
control for the 21st Space Wing, pro-
viding support for geographically sepa-
rated units around the world. The 21st
CONS also provides contract support in
a partnering relationship to other mili-
tary installations, including the U.S. Air
Force Academy, Schriever AFB and Fort
Carson Army Post. Annual contract
expenditures exceed $300 million,
while on-going contract actions are
over $1.65 billion. The squadron, one
of the largest in the Air Force, is spread
over six locations on base, one location
in downtown Colorado Springs, and a
detachment in Copenhagen, Denmark.
The squadron’s administrative offices
are located in building 982, next to the
Peterson Air and Space Museum.
A security forces member checks ID cards at the gate.
21ST CIVIL ENGINEER • Provide Explosive Ordnance Disposal Services events are published weekly
SQUADRON support to Team Pete and local in the Space Observer and a Services
The 21st Civil Engineer Squadron, authorities. newsletter is available to club members.
building 1324, manages and controls
resources involving about $400 million 21ST SERVICES SQUADRON 21ST SECURITY FORCES
in real property and 1,286 acres of land The 21st Services Squadron’s pro- SQUADRON
at Peterson AFB. grams, facilities and services enhance The 21st Security Forces Squadron
Unit missions: force readiness and esprit de corps. headquarters and Security Forces Desk
• Prepare military members for world- The squadron’s administrative offices are located in building 1376. The
wide mobility contingencies. are in building 1042. squadron’s motto is to “Protect and
• Maintain, repair and construct essen- The staff strives to provide the Serve with Honor, Integrity and
tial facilities and utility infrastructure best leisure and recreational services Courage.” This squadron provides
systems to include electrical power ranging from sports and fitness to police services for people and property
systems, water and natural gas distri- outdoor adventure. The squadron at Peterson to include the management
bution systems, and base roads and also manages the transient quarters of the Installation Information and
pavements. and lodging facilities, and provides Industrial Security programs.
• Provide fire protection and prevention. mortuary affairs services, and honor The 21st SFS also provides the only
• Administer environmental and family guard teams. military working dog support for the
housing programs. Services keeps people informed of local Air Force community. The global
• Run the base self-help center, sup- upcoming activities through a direct- mission entails supporting geographi-
porting “do-it-yourself” work for the mail program. cally separated units and contingencies
office or military family housing. Call the marketing and publicity worldwide. The security forces desk
• Provide comprehensive technical office at (719) 556-4598 or DSN can be reached at 556-4000 for routine
engineering and environmental sup- 834-4598 for a registration form. The business.
port including contract management direct-mail program sends notice For emergencies or to report a crime
and mobile quality assurance to of programs to your home address in progress, call 911 or Crime Stop at
wing geographically separated units. each month. 556-4357.
2006 Base Guide 21st Space Wing 27
For current information, call (719)
556-4775 or DSN 834-4775.
If the sky’s your limit, the flight train-
ing center is for you. It offers Federal
Aviation Administration certification
flight training for private, commercial,
instructor, and instrument pilots for
single-engine, multi-engine, and Air-
line Transport Pilot certification. All
courses offered by the club are Fed-
eral Aviation Regulation Part-141 and
Dept. of Veteran’s Affairs Administra-
The center’s aircraft are for train-
ing, recreational flights, multi-engine
The Military Personnel Flight provides service to military members.
training, and temporary duty assign-
ments. The Air Force encourages the
MILITARY PERSONNEL Cheyenne Mountain, and Thule, use of the center’s aircraft as a means
FLIGHT Greenland. to get to temporary duty assignments
The military personnel flight provides Personnel services provided include whenever possible to save money
service to more than 6,400 active-duty Air the classification of positions and and time.
Force, multi-service members, and more employee and labor management Ground schools for all ratings are
than 50,000 family members and retirees relations. The staffing of positions and available and the flight training center’s
in the greater Colorado Springs area. employee benefits and entitlements are training school is FAA approved.
The MPF is in building 350. The cus- processed through the Air Force Per- Ground school tuition assistance is
tomer service counter is your first stop sonnel Center, Randolph AFB, Texas. available for active-duty military mem-
en route to any MPF office. General The CPF is open weekdays from bers and some colleges accept credit
information and identification cards for 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. and by appointment. for aviation courses.
active duty members, retirees, and
authorized family members are provid-
ed at the counter.
Information and assistance are also
available on a variety of programs
including records, awards and decora-
tions, assignments, promotions, sepa-
rations and retirements, formal training
programs, and casualty assistance.
The MPF is open from 8 a.m. to
4 p.m. Monday through Friday. To talk
to a customer service representative,
call (719) 556-1716 or DSN 834-1716.
The civilian personnel flight is located
in building 350, on the first floor. The
CPF services more than 2,000 civilian
workers assigned to Peterson, Customer Service is a top priority.
28 21st Space Wing 2006 Base Guide
Military aircraft mechanics can take
classes to transfer their military certifi-
cate to an FAA certificate. For more
information, call (719) 556-4310 or
The purpose of the First Term Air-
men’s Center is to transition airmen
from the controlled environment of
Basic Military Training and technical
school to one of self-discipline after
they arrive at their first duty station.
The FTAC also provides a streamlined
process for base/unit in-processing
and orientation to the base and local
area. The center strives to provide new
airmen with the tools they need to
make their first enlistments and Air
Force careers a success.
For more information on the FTAC,
call (719) 556-9158.
Continuing education opportunities are available.
The Airman Leadership School offers
professional military education to all
Level Examination Program; or the Force organization structure; orga-
Team Pete Senior Airmen. The four-
Air Force Institute for Advanced Dis- nizational and manpower standards;
person staff teaches eight, six-week
tributed Learning (AFIADL). manpower resources, military
classes annually with an average class
• The center also has professional grades, manpower planning and
size of 30 students per class.
military seminars for Air Command execution system, and peacetime
For more information about the
and Staff College, and Air War Col- and wartime manpower require-
school, call (719) 556-7737 or DSN
lege. Counseling is available on all ments and utilization; A-76 commer-
programs. cial activities and competitive
For more information or to make an sourcing and privatization studies.
EDUCATION CENTER appointment, call (719) 556-4064 or MOF also manages process reengi-
The education center is on the first DSN 834-4064. neering, continuous improvement
floor of building 1141. It offers educa- initiatives, management consulting
tional opportunities ranging from services, and teambuilding. Sup-
associate’s degrees through master’s MANPOWER AND porting services include facilitating
degrees. ORGANIZATION FLIGHT off-sites, workshops, and meetings
Undergraduate, graduate and post- The Manpower and Organization Flight using Group Systems technology.
graduate opportunities are available on (MOF) is located in building 845, on Promotes and is the focal point for
and off base through several local uni- the second floor in room 213. The MOF the Air Force Innovative Develop-
versities and colleges. provides manpower support to all 21st ment through Employee Awareness
Test for college credit at the center SW units, to include geographically (IDEA) Program.
through: separated units. For more information about man-
• The Defense Activity for Non-Tradi- MOF manages manpower and power and organization support, call
tional Education Support; College organization functions including Air (719) 556-4837 or DSN 834-4837.
2006 Base Guide 21st Space Wing 29
The library is in building 1171. The
NAF operation serves about 88,000
people a year. The library’s 32,000 vol-
umes cover all subject areas, with
emphasis on science and technology.
It also has CD-ROMs such as RAC
and CD Newsbank. College Level
Equivalence Program study guides and
videos are available. The library also
offers books on tape.
It maintains a collection of 105 peri-
odicals, 12 daily and Sunday newspa-
pers, and back issues of periodicals on
microfilm. Library computers can
deliver full-text periodical articles.
For more information, call (719) Professional Military Education enhances leadership abilities.
556-7462 or DSN 834-7462.
NCO ACADEMY level of the enlisted corps. This
The Forrest L. Vosler NCO Academy is course is a requirement for promotion
BASE HOUSING one of nine NCO academies in the con- to master sergeant.
People may apply for on-base quarters tinental United States assigned to the Class sizes average 87 NCOs from
at Peterson by submitting an advance College for Enlisted Professional Mili- bases located throughout the North-
application to the family housing man- tary Education, Air Education and western Region. There are seven classes
agement office. The waiting period Training Command. The NCO academy annually with a formal graduation ban-
varies according to the applicant’s educates mid-level NCOs in areas of quet upon conclusion.
grade and family size, but people in all Profession of Arms, Leadership & Man- For more information, call (719)
grades can expect to wait three to 18 agement, and Communications skills 556-7592 or DSN 834-7592.
months for quarters. for a total of 220 curriculum hours.
New arrivals to the base must The knowledge student’s gain from DINING FACILITIES
report to the base housing referral this level of PME enhances their The Aragon Dining Facility, the air-
office before entering into any rental, supervisory skills and prepares them men’s dining hall in building 1160, seats
lease or purchase agreement for off- to meet the responsibilities of the next 250 and can serve up to 750 at each
The office is in building 850 located at
710 Loring Ave and is open from 7 a.m.
to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.
Low-cost housing is limited in
Colorado Springs. Utility costs vary,
and natural gas is the most common
In Colorado Springs, three-bedroom
homes rent from $1050 and up. Four-
bedroom homes rent for $1200 and up.
These prices do not include utilities or
security deposits. Apartments range
from $595 and up for a one-bedroom
and $645 and up for a two-bedroom
and $795 and up for a three-bedroom.
Some apartments include utility costs as
part of the rent. Furnished apartments
are limited in the Colorado Springs area. The Aragon Dining Facility is located in building 1160.
30 21st Space Wing 2006 Base Guide
meal. The dining hall operates seven track; outdoor tennis courts; handball Sunday that is open to all ranks. Dinner
days a week on an a-la-carte system. and racquetball courts; men’s and is served Tuesday through Saturday
Call 556-4782 for the menu recording. women’s saunas; weight room; the with various dining specials.
Monday through Sunday hours are Colorado Room with cardiovascular Take advantage of professional
5:30 to 8 a.m. for breakfast, 11 a.m. to workout equipment; a football/soccer party planning and catering services.
1 p.m. for lunch, 4 to 6 p.m. for dinner, field with a quarter-mile track; softball The club offers a casual lounge, main
and 7 to 9 p.m. for carry-out service. fields; and a 20-station fitness trail. lounge with fireplace, several party
Holiday hours are 6 to 10 a.m. for The fitness center offers intramural rooms, and a spacious ballroom.
brunch, 11 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. for dinner, sports, aerobics and physical condi- Club membership is offered to all
and 7 to 9 p.m. for carry-out service. tioning, monthly fun runs, massage officers and DOD members in grades
The Granite Inn Dining Facility is at therapy, cardiovascular training, and GS-07 or higher and non-appropriated
Cheyenne Mountain AFS. It seats 112 special tournaments and competitions. fund equivalents. For more information,
people. The facility is open seven days For more information, call 556-4462 or call (719) 556-4181 or DSN 834-4181.
a week and is on an a-la-carte system. DSN 834-4462.
Monday through Friday hours are Cheyenne Mountain AFS has three ENLISTED CLUB
5:30 to 7:30 a.m. for breakfast, 10:45 a.m. fitness facilities. The room inside the The club, in building 725, features a
to 1 p.m. for lunch, 4 to 5:30 p.m. for mountain has cardiovascular equip- 300-seat ballroom, a sports lounge,
dinner and 11 p.m. to 12:30 a.m. for ment, free weights, and a men’s and and the Buffalo Grill restaurant. Enjoy
night meal. Weekend and holiday hours women’s sauna. The second area, in the club’s wide-screen TV, game
are 6 to 10 a.m. for breakfast, 11 a.m. to the Technical Support Facility, has room with pool tables and video
5:30 p.m. for dinner, and 11 p.m. to weightlifting and exercise equipment, games, party room, and food and
12:30 a.m. for night meals. and a co-ed sauna. All areas have beverage service.
cycling and rowing equipment. The The Buffalo Grill serves up tempting
FITNESS AND racquetball facility has a men’s and deli sandwiches, a lunch buffet, and is
women’s locker room. Cheyenne open to all ranks. The club’s catering
Mountain also has a softball field and service can help plan the ideal gathering.
The fitness and sports center offers
picnic pavilions. For more information, Club membership brings complete
year-round physical conditioning pro-
call (719) 474-2286 or DSN 268-2286. charging privileges at all Services
grams for groups and individuals.
The fitness center, buildings 560 facilities and, for qualifying members,
and 570, features indoor and outdoor OFFICERS’ CLUB universal charging privileges off-base.
basketball courts; a multi-purpose The Peterson Officers’ Club is located Membership benefits include: Check
room; a three-stage indoor climbing in building 1013 on Stewart Avenue. cashing privileges, coupons, and
wall for novice, intermediate and Breakfast and lunch are served Monday weekday bar bingo.
expert climbers; an indoor running through Friday, as well as brunch each Members under 21 years old qualify
for reduced membership rates. Call
(719) 556-4194 or DSN 834-4194 for
The aquatics center is a year-round
indoor facility with a wading pool fea-
turing the following:
• Recreational swimming
• Lap swimming
• Youth swim team
• Adult, seniors, children’s and tod-
dler’s group and private swimming
• Lifeguard courses
• Aerobics and physical therapy classes
Year-round physical conditioning programs are available at the Fitness and Sports Center. • Special activities
2006 Base Guide 21st Space Wing 31
During the winter, the indoor water lifts, a specialized stall for recreational
temperature hovers at a pleasant 84 vehicles with a drive-up lift, a sanding/
degrees. Taking a dip in the pool is body work stall and a steam clean-
refreshing at any time. ing stall.
Also available is a water slide; a small The 12-stall facility also offers a
physical conditioning area; lifecycle and coin-operated car wash facility, in
cardio training equipment; two eight- building 1361, adjacent to the base post
person therapeutic spas; a dry co-ed office. For more information, call (719)
sauna; and a handicapped swim lift for 556-4481 or DSN 834-4481.
the pool. Rent the pool after hours for
private parties or schedule a birthday
party during open swim. Annual passes SILVER SPRUCE
for frequent users are available giving GOLF COURSE
discounts on group swim lessons. The 18-hole Silver Spruce Golf Course
Call (719) 556-4608 or DSN 834-4608 comes complete with driving range,
for more information. practice greens, chipping green and
clubhouse with snack bar (19th Hole
Grill), pro shop, locker rooms and a
BOWLING CENTER golf club storage area. Golf course
The Bowling Center is located in
membership is offered to all DOD ID
building 406. The bowling center
card holders. If you would like more
offers year-round bowling leagues, a The Silver Spruce Golf Course is located on
information about fees or services, call Peterson AFB.
snack bar with daily specials, youth
(719) 556-7414 or DSN 834-7414.
birthday parties, bowling lessons and a
packages on a daily, weekly, or sea-
complete pro shop. Check out the state
sonal basis. Snowboards, bib overalls,
of the art lighting and weekly bowling OUTDOOR RECREATION ski racks, and children’s rental pack-
specials. For more information, call PROGRAM ages are all available for rent as well.
(719) 556-4607 or DSN 834-4607. With Colorado’s great outdoors right in The ski shop staff can assist you with
our backyard, the Peterson outdoor maintenance services, including bind-
AUTO SKILLS CENTER adventure program is your ticket to a ing, mounting, waxing, P-texing, and
The auto skills center lets do-it-your- world of adventure. edging. A full tuning service with stone
selfers take advantage of four standard Warm weather programs include grinding is also available.
fishing, sailing, camping, rock climbing, Recreation supply—in the ski shop—
and whitewater rafting trips. Winter lets patrons check out recreational,
brings camping and survival trips, ATV sporting, and camping equipment. It
trips, cross-country skiing lessons and has everything from mountain bikes
trips, and ice climbing. Hunting and and sleeping bags to fishing boats and
fishing licenses are also available. ice chests.
The base stocks three fishing ponds Recreation supply is also the place
on Silver Spruce Golf Course with rain- to rent a space to store your recre-
bow, cutthroat, and brook trout several ational vehicles in the base RV lot. For
times each fishing season. To fish, you more information, call (719) 556-4867
must have a Colorado license and a or DSN 834-4867.
Peterson pond permit, available at the
Outdoor Recreation center. People can FAMILY SUPPORT CENTER
fish mid-March to mid-November. A The Family Support Center’s mission is
rules booklet outlines fishing hours and to support readiness by linking indi-
catch policies. viduals and families with the effective
The ski shop operates from mid- resources to meet their professional
October through April 30 each year. It and personal needs. The FSC offers
sells skis and accessories and offers information and referral, personal and
The Auto Skills Center lets you work on
your car. recreational and competition rental family readiness, transition assistance,
32 21st Space Wing 2006 Base Guide
relocation assistance, financial man-
agement, volunteer, and spouse
The services are available to all
military ID cardholders. The FSC is
located in building 350 on the first
floor. The FSC is open from 8 a.m. to
4 p.m. Monday through Friday. For
more information, call (719) 556-6141
or DSN 834-6141.
The community activities center houses:
• The Information, Ticket and Tour
office, which offers discount lift tickets
for Colorado’s premiere ski areas,
entertainment, educational, cultural,
and sporting events. It also offers an
Skiing is a popular recreation in Colorado.
exciting array of trips and tours
throughout the year to places such as Check in time is 2 p.m. or earlier Pikes Peak Lodge at (719) 556-7851 or
Mount Rushmore, S.D., Durango/ depending upon room availability. DSN 834-7851. You can also fax
Silverton, Colo., Las Vegas, and Dis- Check out time is 11 a.m. Pikes Peak reservations to (719) 556-7852 or
neyland in California, to name a few. Lodge has 153 Visiting Quarters, DSN 834-7852. Reservations may
ITT handles discount lodging arrange- including Visiting Airmen Quarters, in also be e-mailed to:
ments for Colorado resorts. buildings 1026, 1030 and 1143. VQ Pikes.Peak.Lodge@Peterson.af.mil.
• A full-service awards shop, which rates range from $26.50 to $28.50 per
features custom laser engraving and day. They also have 67 Temporary
express printing, silk screening, Lodging Facilities that primarily serve R.P. LEE
embroidery, and a balloon delivery families in permanent change of sta- YOUTH CENTER
service. The awards shop can per- tion status. TLF rates are $30 per day. The R.P. Lee Youth Center offers
sonalize gifts such as mugs, T-shirts, In addition, they also have 9 Business before- and after-school programs and
pen sets, hats, and plaques. Suites and 1 General Officer House with full-day summer camp for children 6 to
• The custom frame shop, which allows rates ranging from $36.50 to $44 per 12 years old. A part-day enrichment
customers to frame their own projects day. All rooms are equipped with DSL program is offered for children 3 to 5
or have the staff do it for them. It high-speed internet. No pets or smoking years old. Pre-teen and teen programs
offers custom framing classes on a allowed. For more information, call are ongoing and include such activities
regular basis throughout the year. The
frame shop also specializes in shadow
boxes and flag boxes. Call 556-7671 or
DSN 834-7671 for information about
the community activities center pro-
grams and services.
Pikes Peak Lodge is located in build-
ing 1042, 125 E. Stewart Ave. The
front desk is ready to serve you 24
hours a day, seven days a week. R.P. Lee Youth Center.
2006 Base Guide 21st Space Wing 33
as leadership clubs, special events and Patients who have emergency or urgent beginning at 7 a.m., Monday through
trips, computer lab, homework help medical conditions should dial 911 or Friday. For after hours care contact
and a recreational game room. report to the nearest emergency room. your primary care provider at
Youth sports leagues are recre- Active duty members have first pri- (719) 556-CARE.
ational and include baseball, ority for same-day appointments and For all other clinics, please call (719)
indoor/outdoor soccer, basketball and should contact (719) 556-CARE begin- 556-CARE and follow the prompts.
flag football. Youth sports camps are ning at 6:30 a.m., Monday through Inpatient care and specialty refer-
available during the summer and Friday; other Tricare Prime benefici- rals are provided by the Air Force
include archery, golf, flag football, aries requiring a same day appoint- Academy Hospital, Evans Army Com-
baseball, soccer, and tennis. ment should contact (719) 556-CARE munity Hospital at Fort Carson Army
Volunteers for youth sports are
always needed. For more information
on any youth center program, call (719)
556-7220/8430 or DSN 834-7220/8430.
The Peterson child development center
is an enrichment program that adheres
to the strict guidelines set forth by the
Department of Defense.
With two centers, the program
serves more than 350 children. For
information about enrolling a child in
the center, call (719) 556-7460.
Parents can join in the center’s
planned activities and attend quarterly
educational sessions sponsored by the
center’s staff. Full-time programs are
The Family Child Care program cer-
tifies on-base residents who want to
provide day care in their homes.
Licensing classes are held periodically
throughout the year. For more infor-
mation, call the Family Childcare office
at (719) 556-4322.
21ST MEDICAL GROUP
The 21st Medical Group runs the Peter-
son Clinic, a modern, well-equipped
medical and dental facility.
The 21st Medical Group provides
outpatient services including family
practice, aerospace medicine, pedi-
atrics, women’s health, optometry,
orthopedics and physical medicine.
The clinic does not have an emer-
gency room or an ambulance service. The Peterson Clinic is a modern, well-equipped medical and dental facility.
34 21st Space Wing 2006 Base Guide
After normal duty hours, patients • Tricare Prime
with dental emergencies should report • Tricare Extra
to the Air Force Academy’s emergency • Tricare Standard
room. Emergency dental care is limited Active-duty people are automatically
to treatment to relieve pain, or to treat enrolled in Prime. All other beneficiar-
severe infections or injuries to oral ies must choose their Tricare option.
structures. Under the Prime option, each enrollee is
Dental treatment for family mem- assigned a primary care manager who
bers not enrolled in the Tricare Dental manages their health care. This includes
Program is extremely limited and avail- arranging any necessary specialty
able strictly on a space-available basis. appointments. In addition to routine
It is recommended that active-duty and specialty care, this program
family members enroll in the TDP, includes health promotions activities
which covers most dental treatments. such as cholesterol screening, mam-
Call the health benefits advisor, mography, smoking cessation, PAP
(719) 556-1016, or United Concordia, smears, and hearing and eye examina-
the TDP contractor, at 1-800-622-2256, tions on a regular basis.
for more information. The program also provides for ready
Retirees and their family members access to health care—military treatment
can obtain emergency care, dental facilities must meet access standards of
examinations, cleanings, and limited seven days for routine appointments
restorative care on a space-available and 24 hours for acute care.
Medical Services on Peterson AFB include basis. Retirees and their family mem- Direct questions concerning Tricare
bers should enroll in the Tricare to the local Tricare Customer Service
Post, Memorial Hospital (civilian hos- Retiree Dental Program, which covers Center at (719) 264-5000 or contact the
pital) and the Penrose Health Care Sys- most dental treatments. Beneficiary Counselor and Assistance
tem (civilian hospital). Call Delta Dental, the TRDP con- Coordinator at (719) 556-1016.
Active-duty members should enroll tractor, at 1-888-838-8737, for more If you have problems with debt col-
family members in the Defense information. lection agencies over your denied
Enrollment Eligibility Reporting Sys- claims, contact the Debt Collection
tem, or DEERS. TRICARE Assistance Officer at (719) 556-1016.
Refer questions about DEERS to the Tricare offers military beneficiaries a You may also visit the Tricare Service
military personnel flight customer triple-option approach to health care: Center located within the Peterson clinic.
service section at (719) 556-7377.
The dental clinic is located within the
main clinic and offers a full range of
dental care for active-duty personnel.
Routine examinations for Air Force
personnel are scheduled through the
member’s unit dental examination
Members of other military services
can contact the dental clinic at (719)
556-1333 or 1335 to schedule an
Emergencies will be seen in the dental
clinic by calling (719) 556-1333 or (719)
556-1335, Monday through Friday for a
same day appointment. The base dental clinic provides services to military members and retirees.
2006 Base Guide 21st Space Wing 35
AEROSPACE support unpressurized flight at or above LIFE SKILLS
PHYSIOLOGY UNIT 18,000 feet. These personnel are an SUPPORT CENTER
The Carter P. Luna Aerospace Physiol- integral part of the aircrew and serve The Life Skills Center is located in
ogy Training Flight prepares personnel as in-flight technical experts for the building 1171 adjacent to the base
for the human factor challenges inher- mission commander on the unique library. The facility houses the Alcohol
ent to military operations with the goal oxygen equipment and life-threatening and Drug Abuse Prevention and Treat-
of increasing overall readiness and physiological threats associated with ment Program, the Family Advocacy
mission effectiveness. Our mission is unpressurized, high-altitude flight. Program and Mental Health Services.
three-fold: HPTT activities center on helping The Life Skills Support Center works
individuals and organizations of Team to prevent and treat substance abuse
1) Aerospace physiology training—train Pete improve their performance by
Department of Defense aircrew and problems, family maltreatment (to
providing education, training, and con- include emotional, physical and sexual
high-altitude parachutists, Air Force sultation on a variety of potential
Academy cadets, and Federal Avia- maltreatment), and mental health diffi-
human performance threats—fatigue culties, with a focus on helping people
tion Administration-certified civilian and shift work, deployment, team com-
pilots on the human factor and phys- better handle the stresses of daily life
munication and management, night associated with a career in the military.
iological threats of modern aviation; vision devices, and operational stress.
2) High-altitude airdrop mission sup- The Life Skills Support Center offers
The Aerospace Physiology Training classes to help build essential skills,
port or HAAMS—ensure crew safety Flight, located in building 425, is open
and equipment integrity during sometimes followed with individual or
from 0630 to 1530 Monday through Fri- group psychotherapy as needed. When
high-altitude airdrop missions; and day. For additional information or to
3) Human performance training team requested, the center will send people
schedule training, call DSN 834-4185 or to units for briefings or workshops.
(HPTT)—integrate human perform- commercial (719) 556-4185.
ance training and education into Classes available through the Life
Team Pete operations. Skills Support Center include, but are
HEALTH AND not limited to:
Aerospace physiology training consists
WELLNESS CENTER • Stress Management
of classroom instruction, hands-on
The HAWC offers classes and individ- • Parenting
training, and an altitude (or hypobaric)
ual counseling in wellness areas such • Family Abuse Awareness
chamber flight. The instruction is tai-
as nutrition, fitness, tobacco cessation, • Healthy Thinking
lored to the individual’s specific
CPR, self-care, cholesterol control, high • Suicide Prevention
weapon system and/or operational
blood pressure, weight management, • Relationship Enhancement Program
mission with the intent of maximizing
crew performance. and health-risk assessment. Certain In Family Advocacy, the Special
Topics of instruction include: programs are limited to active-duty Needs Identification Assignment
members. Exercise programs are open Coordination (SNIAC) assists military
• Altitude-related physiology to those over the age of 16. people with family members needing
• Situational awareness and attention Located in the fitness and sports specialized educational, medical or
management center, building 560, the HAWC’s hours emotional care.
• Mission- and self-imposed stress are 7:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday SNIAC also helps the member locate
• Spatial disorientation, visual illusions, through Friday. and use appropriate services for their
and airsickness Free classes and programs are open dependents. Enrollment of special
• G-induced loss of consciousness to all DOD ID cardholders. The HAWC needs family members is mandatory.
During altitude chamber training, stu- is a member of the “People Helping The nurse specialist assists full-time
dents experience the effects of a low- People Team,” also known as the Inte- parents as needed.
pressure environment and the subtle grated Delivery System. Though primarily an active-duty
effects of hypoxia (oxygen deprivation). The HAWC is neither equipped nor clinic, family members are welcome to
This training also prepares students to staffed as a medical rehabilitation cen- use the prevention courses available.
effectively use aircrew life support ter and follows exercise guidelines set For more information, to set up an
equipment in this austere environment. forth by the American College of Sports appointment or sign up for a class, call
HAAMS operations involve the use of Medicine. For more information, call the Life Skills Support Center and
qualified Aerospace Physiology Techni- 556-4292 or visit their website at ADAPT at 556-7804 or Family Advocacy
cians (PT) or Aerospace Physiologists to www.peterson.af.mil/hawc. at 556-8943.
36 21st Space Wing 2006 Base Guide
support of missile warning and space
surveillance operations missions.
The 821st ABG provides security,
communications, civil engineering,
personnel, services, logistics, and med-
ical support to remote active duty units
in a combined United States, Canadian,
Danish, and Greenlandic environment
of more than 800 military, civilian, and
The 821st ABG operates DOD’s
northernmost seaport and provides a
unique platform for arctic training,
The 821st Air Base Group is located at Thule Air Base, Greenland. international scientific research, and
721ST MISSION services mission manages installation
Because of its location in the arctic,
security, pass and registration and
SUPPORT GROUP the base is completely self-sufficient,
antiterrorism missions supporting the
The 721st Mission Support Group with its own electric and steam plants,
Combined Commander and bi-national
ensures the people at Cheyenne and water filtration and pumping sys-
forces. It also oversees the Department
Mountain Air Force Station have all the tem. The unit maintains 65 miles of
of Defense Information and Industrial
support they need to carry out roads, which connects it to several loca-
Security programs protecting classified
NORAD’s many missions. tions necessary to support the mission.
information. The squadron provides
expertly trained combat support
721ST forces to Theater Commanders HISTORY
COMMUNICATIONS engaged in the Global War on Ter- In 1946, a combined Danish-American
rorism. The 721 SFS is Air Force radio and weather station was estab-
Space Command’s “Best Small SF lished at Dundas, later called Thule.
The 721st CS operates and maintains
unit” for 2003 and 2004. International tensions prompted
command, control, computer, commu-
Denmark and the United States to sign
nication, and intelligence systems that
a defense treaty allowing the con-
process, reduce, and display the air, 821ST AIR BASE GROUP struction of a complete air base. Thule
land and space picture for the Missile The 821st Air Base Group, Thule Air was built during the summers of 1951
Warning Center, Space Control Center, Base, Greenland—the northernmost and 1952.
NORAD Battle Management Center U.S. base—is the host unit for Thule Air The origin of the 821st ABG goes
and the NORAD-USNORTHCOM Com- Base. The group is a geographically back to the establishment of the Ballistic
mand Center. separated unit of the 21st SW. Missile Early Warning Site in 1961.
The squadron ensures connectivity The 821st ABG: Operates a 10,000- Throughout the years, several
for more than 4,000 data circuits to foot runway and associated airfield, the commands were responsible for the
sensor sites and forward users around only airfield in northern Greenland base, including Northeast Air Com-
the world. Its command and control capable of supporting jet aircraft. mand, Air Defense Command and
systems are always available for Operates the world’s northernmost Strategic Air Command.
NORAD missions. deep-water port. The unit was first designated as
Provides logistics re-supply opera- the 12th Missile Warning Squadron
721ST SECURITY FORCES tions support for smaller military sites and later became the 12th Missile
SQUADRON both in Greenland and northern Canada, Warning Group.
The 721 SFS provides world-class force as well as support for several arctic sci- AFSPC took control of Thule in 1983
protection and security for the conti- entific studies. and the unit was redesignated as the
nent’s premier Air, Space, and Missile 12th SWS in 1992.
Warning operation’s centers at MISSION In June 2002, the 821st Air Base
Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station. The mission of the 821st ABG is to Group was created as the host unit for
The unit along with a limited police operate and maintain Thule Air Base in Thule Air Base.
2006 Base Guide 21st Space Wing 37
Ent Federal Credit Union has a branch office on Peterson Air Force Base.
ENT FEDERAL more information. For emergency Separation and retirement briefings,
service please call the 24-hour emer- 4-day TAP seminar, 4-hour TAP class,
gency line at 1-877-272-7337. job search/employment classes.
People assigned to Peterson Com-
• Spouse Employment: Military Spouse
plex can become members of the Ent
Virtual Assistance (MSVA) program,
Federal Credit Union, which has a FAMILY SUPPORT CENTER Computer Based Training (CBT), relo-
branch office on Peterson AFB in The Family Support Center (FSC) cated spouse grants, career counsel-
building 1345. enhances quality of life and supports ing, job search/employment classes.
For additional information on mission readiness by helping active duty • Relocation and Family Services:
services the credit union offers, call members and military families adapt to Sponsorship, Smooth Move, Right
(719) 574-1100. the demands of Air Force life. The Peter- Start, base information, foreign lan-
son FSC offers 52 different services guage tapes, and the loan locker.
5 STAR AFBA BANK under 9 core program areas. Below is a • Family Life Education: Key Spouse
5 Star AFBA Bank branch office is in listing of FSC programs, along with a Program, Single Parent Network,
building 1485. The bank offers a wide sampling of services provided: Heart Link, adoption forum, counsel-
range of services, including no-fee • Readiness: Deployment briefings, ing assessments, services for immi-
gold and standard Visa and Master- Welcome Back Peterson, Helping gration and naturalization issues.
Card, checking accounts, money market Hands, free childcare for returning • School Liaison Officer
deposit accounts, certificates of deposit, deployees, video phones, morale • Volunteer Program
student loans, and home mortgages. For calls, and phone cards. Family Services is the volunteer branch
more information, call (719) 574-2777. • Personal Financial Management: of the FSC. The valuable volunteers
Individual financial counseling and who maintain the Loan Closet also
AMERICAN RED CROSS financial education classes. ensure informational brochures and
The American Red Cross office • Air Force Aid: Emergency financial videos on other military installations,
serves the Peterson Complex, U.S. assistance, Bundles for Babies, Car and foreign military tapes are available
Air Force Academy, and other geo- Care, Give Parents a Break, Childcare for loan. Additionally, Family Services
graphically separated units. Call for PCS, Nursing Moms. also provides complimentary layettes
(719) 556-7590 or DSN 834-7590 for • Transition Assistance Program: for newborn infants of E-5s and below.
A limited emergency food pantry also
exists to provide temporary food aid to
families in need of assistance.
The Transition Assistance Program
(TAP) assists separating or retiring Air
Force members identify legal, financial,
and educational benefits. An extensive
job search program, including one-on-
one counseling and skill-development
seminars, are also provided.
The Spouse Employment Program
provides career counseling, job search
techniques, computer instruction to
upgrade skills, as well as job referrals
and networking opportunities. An
employment resource center has com- The commissary provides a wide variety of groceries.
puter software accessible to help indi-
For more information about the major appliances, magazines, luggage,
viduals complete resumes, write cover
Family Support Center programs, and many other convenience items.
letters, and access local job listings.
please contact the Center at 556-6141 There is also a Colorado souvenir shop.
The volunteer program recognizes
or DSN 834-6141 or visit the staff in Other services include pizza and hot
the contributions of volunteers and
building 350, room 1015. dog stands, beauty and barber shops,
strives to link individuals with agencies
optical center, and a watch repair shop.
that will enhance personal and profes-
COMMISSARY All stores accept major national
The commissary is near the Base credit cards.
The Personal Financial Management
Exchange and is located in building The main exchange hours are from
Program provides individual and family
1435. It is open Monday-Friday from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Monday through Sat-
budget counseling, debt education
9 a.m. to 8 p.m., Saturday from 8 a.m. urday, and 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. Sunday.
plans, and transition planning. Classes
to 6 p.m., and Sunday from 9 a.m. to The Military Clothing Sales Store,
are available on checkbook manage-
5 p.m. The commissary is also open 30 building 1465, has military clothing
ment, credit, investments and budgeting
minutes prior to posted hours to items and an alterations shop.
for a baby.
accommodate handicapped customers. There are two service stations on
The Air Force Aid Society offers
Call (719) 556-7765 or DSN 834-7765 Peterson. One is a self-service facility in
emergency financial assistance through
for more information. building 1360. It provides repair and
interest-free loans or grants. The AFAS
vehicle maintenance service. The other
also sponsors community programs for
service station is at the Shoppette, adja-
military families such as Car Care BASE EXCHANGE cent to family housing.
Because We Care, Child Care for PCS, The Base Exchange sells compact disks
The service station and the Shop-
Parents Night Out, Bundles for Babies, and tapes, jewelry, clothing, camera,
pette are open 24 hours a day. The
and deployment phone cards. radio, television and stereo equipment,
Shoppette carries beverages, food,
magazines, health and beauty aids, and
pet supplies. The Shoppette’s package
store offers non-alcoholic and alcoholic
beverages, and limited party supplies.
PETERSON SPOUSES CLUB
The Peterson Spouses Club provides
support to all spouses. Membership is
open to all spouses, regardless of spon-
sor’s rank. Peterson’s Officers’ Wives
Club and the Enlisted Spouses Club
Peterson’s commissary is open six days a week. combined to provide support to all
2006 Base Guide Community Services 39
spouses. Club members look forward to Contemporary Praise band meets JOINT PERSONAL
meeting new spouses, and increasing Thursday evenings at 6:30 p.m.
the availability to one another through
this organization. The club also supports
Catholic: Saturday reconciliation, 4 p.m. OFFICE
Saturday Mass 5 p.m. Sunday Mass The main office is located at 121 South
a variety of charities. For more informa-
9 a.m. Sunday Family Religious Educa- Tejon St, Suite 800, Colorado Springs.
tion, go to:
tion pre-kindergarten through grade 12 The primary phone number is (719)
and adults. 554-9298, and core hours are 7:30 a.m.
Jewish: On base, currently none. Off to 4:30 p.m. Monday thru Friday.
THRIFT SHOP The JPPSO’s area of responsibility
The Peterson Spouses Club operates a base, Temple Shalom. 1523 E. Monu-
ment. 7:30 p.m. Fridays and 9:30 a.m. has grown recently to include 22 mili-
thrift shop. You’ll come for the selection
Saturday. Call (719) 634-5311. U.S. Air tary bases in 16 surrounding states.
and stay for bargain prices. The thrift
Force Academy Cadet Chapel 7 a.m. The JPPSO’s hours of operation are
shop is in building 615 and is open
Thursdays and 8 p.m. Fridays. Call 7:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Monday through
from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. Tuesday through
(719) 333-2636. Schriever Air Force Friday. The JPPSO is closed on holi-
Friday, and the first and third Saturday
Base call (719) 567-3705. days. All inbound customers will call
of each month from 10 a.m. to noon.
the IVR number (719) 554-9298 to
The thrift shop is closed in July. For Eastern Orthodox: On base, currently check on inbound status, once your
more information, call (719) 596-4463. none. Off base, Saints Constantine and shipment has arrived call (719) 554-
Helen Orthodox at 2770 N. Chestnut. 9291 to schedule delivery.
BASE CHAPEL Sunday Divine Liturgy 9:30 a.m. and There are processing offices at
The base chapel in building 1410 offers Saturday Vespers 6 p.m.; call (719) Peterson AFB, U.S. Air Force Academy
daily and weekly services. Spiritual, 473-9238. U.S. Air Force Academy and Fort Carson to provide counseling
social, educational, humanitarian and Cadet Chapel Sundays at 10 a.m. Call on shipping entitlements and assistance
cultural organizations and activities are (719) 333-2636. in completing required documentation.
available. They are located at the following:
Protestant and Catholic choirs
Peterson office, Building 350
enhance the atmosphere of worship.
room 510, 719-554-4196
Jewish faith members attend services at
Temple Shalom in Colorado Springs or
the Air Force Academy Cadet Chapel. Community Center, Building 5160
A chaplain is available 24 hours a 719-333-3007
day. Call (719) 556-4442 during duty Fort Carson office, Building
hours or (719) 556-4805 evenings, 1220, 719-526-3757
weekends, and holidays. Outbound customers should call any of
the appropriate processing offices to
CHAPEL SCHEDULE make an appointment for assistance
Protestant: 11 a.m. traditional, 12:30 p.m. with your shipping needs.
Inspirational, and 5 p.m. Contemporary
Services. LEGAL SERVICES
Communion is celebrated regularly Legal assistance for personal civil
in all three services. Sunday School, matters is available at the base legal
ages 3 to adult, is at 9:35 a.m. office in building 350. Legal advice
Wednesday Family Night (meal and will not be provided on criminal or
education) is each Wednesday at 6 p.m. business matters.
Protestant Music ministries: Bell Legal assistance is available on a
Choir meets Thursday at 5:30 p.m. walk-in basis Tuesdays from 7:30 a.m.
Children’s Choir meets each Wednes- to 8:30 a.m., Thursdays from 1:00 p.m.
day at 5:15 p.m. to 2:00 p.m. for active duty only, or by
Traditional Service Choir meets each appointment.
Wednesday at 6 p.m. Inspirational Ser- Notary service and Powers of Attor-
vice Choir meets Thursdays at 6:30 p.m. Peterson’s Chapel serves many spiritual needs. ney are available daily from 1:00 p.m.
40 Community Services 2006 Base Guide
to 3:00 p.m. All services are available Call the Action Line at DSN 834- food specials at the clubs, and noti-
free of charge to eligible clients. Call 7777 or (719) 556-7777 and your call fication of commander’s calls, to
DSN 834-4871 or (719) 556-4871 for will be recorded. name a few. Information that plays
more information. If publishing the item will help a on air is submitted by different units
number of people, the question and and can be submitted to the public
CLAIMS OFFICE response are published in the base affairs office at:
File claims for damage to household newspaper. access.channel @peterson.af.mil.
goods and personal property at the If you want to leave your name and The public affairs office is respon-
base legal office in building 350. telephone number when you call, you sible for managing overall program
Appointments are available Monday- will receive a personal answer even if content and will review inputs and
Wednesday. For more information, call it isn’t printed in the paper. Internal schedule them into the system.
DSN 834-7861 or (719) 556-7861. information also publishes the base
guide and base map. MUSEUM
The media relations section is the The Peterson Air and Space Museum,
AREA DEFENSE COUNSEL liaison between the base and local
The Area Defense Counsel, located building 981, displays exhibits depict-
media outlets, releasing information ing Peterson AFB history and missions
in building 350, provides legal serv-
about Air Force activities and people to from World War II to the present. The
ices for military members facing
newspapers, radio, and television sta- museum building was once the Col-
military criminal matters or adverse
tions. Media relations also coordinate orado Springs Municipal Airport termi-
answers to queries received from the nal, and today is part of the 8.5 acre
Defense functions include repre-
media, and escorts media representa- Colorado Springs Municipal Airport
senting clients regarding a LOC, LOA,
tives onto Peterson. Historic District.
LOR, or discharges and in court-mar-
The community relations section pro- The museum is open Tuesday-Sat-
tial and Article 15 proceedings. Call
vides base tours, speaking programs, urday from 0830-1630; and is closed
(719) 556-7611 or DSN 834-7611 for
and information to public groups. Sunday, Monday, and holidays.
Volunteers are always needed to
COMMANDER’S support the museum’s many restora-
Public Affairs advises and assists
ACCESS CHANNEL tion and exhibit projects. Volunteers
The Commander’s Access Channel, base are part of the Peterson Air and Space
commanders in communicating Air
cable channel 3, is designed to inform Museum Foundation, a 501(c) (3) non-
Force messages to Air Force people
people on base about upcoming events profit corporation that operates on
and the American public. PA also
and announce events through a dedi- donations and memberships. For infor-
identifies and manages communica-
cated cable channel broadcast directly mation on volunteer opportunities or
tion issues impacting the Air Force’s
to work centers and base housing. for joining the Peterson Museum Foun-
ability to conduct its peacetime and
Typical announcements include dation, contact the museum staff at
force protection changes, Service’s (719) 556-4915 or visit the Foundation
The base newspaper, the Space
operating hours, special events, website at www.petemuseum.org.
Observer, is part of the internal infor-
mation section. It keeps people
informed about base-level news and
activities, and Air Force issues and
policies. More than 7,000 copies are
distributed each Thursday. An elec-
tronic version is available at:
In addition to the base newspaper,
the commander’s action line column
answers complaints, suggestions, or
comments. All callers should first try to
solve the problem or complaint by
using their chain of command and the
affected agency. Peterson’s museum was the original home of the Colorado Springs Municipal Airport Terminal.
2006 Base Guide Community Services 41
Aero medical Staging Squadron, Aerial
Port Squadron, Security Forces, Trans-
portation, Services, Intelligence and
Personnel have been mobilized and
deployed in support of Operation
ABOUT THE AIRCRAFT
The C-130H has a crew of five: pilot,
co-pilot, navigator, flight engineer, and
loadmaster. The aircraft has a maxi-
mum allowable payload of 43,550
pounds and carries 92 combat troops,
64 paratroopers or 74 patients and a
medical crew of one flight nurse and
two medical technicians when config-
ured for aero medical evacuation.
Using its aft loading ramp and
The 302nd is Colorado’s only Reserve flying unit. door, the C-130 can accommodate a
wide variety of oversized cargo,
302ND AIRLIFT WING Systems. These systems are owned by including everything from utility heli-
The 302nd Airlift Wing, Colorado’s the U.S.D.A. Forest Service and can be copters and six-wheeled armored
only Air Force Reserve flying unit, is activated and installed on the aircraft vehicles to standard palletized cargo
the largest tenant organization on within hours. The wing is the only Air and military personnel. In an aerial
Peterson. It has approximately 1,200 Force Reserve unit trained and delivery role, it can air drop loads up to
Reservists and 275 full-time employees equipped for the MAFFS mission, 42,000 pounds or use its high-floatation
assigned. The wing is one of 12 C-130 which involves air-dropping fire-retar- landing gear to land and deliver cargo
Air Force Reserve units located dant chemicals from a height of 150 on rough, dirt strips.
throughout the nation. feet above the ground. The wing has The Lockheed aircraft boasts state-
The wing is assigned 15 C-130H3 flown firefighting missions throughout of-the-art avionics and powerful
Hercules aircraft, which are flown by the western United States since the engines, which increase its allowable
the 731st Airlift Squadron. 302nd took on the Reserve portion of cargo load, range and altitude capa-
The mission of the 302nd AW is to the MAFFS mission in 1993. bility. On-board sensors warn of
train, equip, and employ airlift forces In December 2001, the 302nd AW oncoming aircraft or incoming mis-
in worldwide support of our nation’s became the first Air Force Reserve C-130 siles. The aircraft is also equipped
vital interest. unit to mobilize and deploy in support with dispensers that release chaff and
A 302nd AW unit can be activated of Operation Noble Eagle and Opera- flares to decoy enemy missiles away
and deployed from the United States tion Enduring Freedom. During that from the aircraft.
to any location in the world within period, members of the 302nd Security Other enhancements include Global
72 hours. Force Squadron were mobilized and Positioning System equipment, low-
When called upon, the 302nd AW deployed to various locations around power color radar and night-vision
also performs fire suppression missions the globe. Since 2003, more than 80 interior lighting that allows aircrews to
with two Modular Airborne Firefighting members of the Airlift Control Flight, use night-vision goggles.
A 302nd AW C-130 over the Royal Gorge Bridge.
ORGANIZATION “health” into early orbit and handle rou- cargo, medical and maintenance person-
tine operations, satellite emergencies nel—deployed to the Persian Gulf, Eng-
The 302nd AW comes under the oper- and satellite disposal. land, and stateside locations to support
ational control of the Air Force Reserve active-duty operations.
Command, headquartered at Robins HISTORY At the end of the Gulf War, the
AFB, Ga. When called to active duty Established as the 302nd Troop Carrier 302nd AW supported Operation Pro-
through presidential order, the wing Wing on May 16, 1949, the 302nd AW vide Comfort, air-dropping food and
would be gained by 15th Air Force and was first activated by the Reserve on supplies to the Kurdish refugees.
would become an active-duty unit June 27, 1949. In the mid-1950s, the The wing supported operations
under Air Mobility Command, Scott wing flew airlift operations in the Provide Relief and Restore Hope in
AFB, Ill. United States and overseas. Somalia, Coronet Oak in Panama,
The 302nd also provides support to The 302nd AW was called to active Provide Promise’s humanitarian airlift
the 310th Space Group, Air Force duty during the Cuban missile crisis of to Bosnia, and hurricane relief to
Reserve’s only space operations group. 1962. During the 1960s, wing aircraft Homestead AFB, Fla.
The 310th Space Group’s units at and crews performed worldwide airlift In 1999, the wing also assisted in
Schriever AFB, Colo., currently operate missions and participated in numerous humanitarian relief to refugees from
three different satellite systems for the tactical exercises. The unit was deacti- Kosovo and Operation Allied Force.
Department of Defense and the Depart- vated on April 1, 1981. In mid-1983, the The wing was most recently acti-
ment of Commerce, including the Navs- unit, then designated the 91st Tactical vated in support of Operations Endur-
tar Global Positioning System. The 7th Airlift Group, moved to newly con- ing Freedom and Noble Eagle in 2001,
Operations Squadron operates the structed facilities on Peterson AFB and flying airlift missions out of Europe.
Defense Meteorological Satellite Pro- reactivated April 1, 1985. The wing’s security forces squadron
gram in support of the Department of The wing received one of its most provided aircraft security and air base
Commerce and the National Oceanic challenging tests in 1990-91 with Opera- defense throughout the United States
and Atmospheric Administration. They tions Desert Shield and Storm. More than and in the Southwest Asia theater
track satellite launches and their 600 wing members—including flying, air during the war.
2006 Base Guide Tenant Organizations 43
intelligence missions, the core-focus of
intelligence professionals for years, to
the latest IO technologies.
311TH AIRLIFT SQUADRON
The 311th Airlift Squadron operates 10
C-21A aircraft, providing operational
support airlift throughout North Amer-
ica. The unit supports top U.S. and
Canadian commanders, the Superin-
tendent of the Air Force Academy, key
federal officials, members of Congress
and senior-ranking military leaders.
Peterson is home to Det 4, AFOTEC. The unit also provides a 24-hour alert
for time-sensitive airlift missions which
200TH AIRLIFT officer candidates for the Air Force could be required to go anywhere in
Reserve Officer Training Corps and the United States.
Officer Training School. Staffing for the 311th is primarily by
The 200th Airlift Squadron is the only
The 367th Recruiting Squadron cov- first assignment pilots who acquire valu-
C-21A (Lear 35) unit in the Air National
ers more than 550,000 square miles in able flying experience operating C-21A
Guard, and flies the newest C-21 model
the Western and Southwestern regions aircraft. In wartime, the C-21A provides
aircraft in the Air Force.
of the United States. The 367th RS is worldwide, time-sensitive movement of
In November 1997, the 200th ALS
divided into eight enlisted, non-prior people and cargo.
took delivery of the first of two C-21A
service flights, each responsible for dif-
aircraft and in April 1998 begin flying
missions assigned by the Joint Opera-
ferent parts of the squadron’s zone. The Det 4. AFOTEC
squadron has one officer accessions The Air Force Operational Test and
tional Support Aircraft Center.
flight that has five offices located Evaluation Center was established in
The unit moved from Buckley Air
throughout our area, and four military 1974, as a direct reporting unit to the
National Guard Base to Peterson in April
entrance processing stations. Air Force Chief of Staff, responsible for
1999. Current manning includes 19 full
identifying operational deficiencies on
time and traditional guardsmen, 15 rated 544TH INFORMATION weapons systems before designated
pilots and four enlisted support people,
plus contract maintenance that are OPERATIONS GROUP production and acquisition decisions.
The 544th Information Operations Detachment 4 was originally estab-
shared with an active-duty C-21 flight.
Group provides space-related informa- lished in 1980 to support mobile MX
tion operations expertise throughout missile development at Kirtland AFB,
367th RECRUITING the space arena. N.M. In 1984, Det. 4 became an oper-
SQUADRON It is the only Air Combat Command ating location here, in support of
The mission of the Air Force Recruiting unit under the 67th Information’s Oper- space-related testing and to serve as a
Service is to recruit a high-quality vol- ations Wing that performs this mission liaison to AFSPC.
unteer force from a cross-section of in support of Air Force Space Com- Today the fine men and women of
America. Emphasis is on recruiting mand, 14th Air Force (SPACEAF), and Det. 4 continue in this proud tradition
intelligent young men and women with USSTRATCOM. as the primary operational testers of
no prior military service who can be The group is the Air Force leader in space, missile systems and missile
trained to handle the sophisticated sys- gaining, exploiting, and applying defense whose procurement costs
tems and equipment of today’s highly global space-derived and space-related approach $80 billion.
technical aerospace force. intelligence to achieve information These professional testers have
The Air Force Recruiting Service is dominance. become the first line of defense, ensur-
also responsible for recruiting chaplains, The group’s focus is to the final ing present and future space systems
physicians, dentists, nurses, health care frontier of space and information continue to defend our borders and
administrators, and Biomedical Science operations. troops worldwide, and helping to
Corps officers in a variety of specialties The mission includes all aspects of ensure we are never again at a disad-
from civilian sources and for obtaining information operations, from traditional vantage in the space arena.
44 Tenant Organizations 2006 Base Guide
Local Communities & Attractions
Proceeds from the Pikes Peak or Bust Rodeo go to local area military installations MWR programs.
A GOOD NEIGHBOR occurs in November and is called the wing also sponsors the Mitchell High
The diversity of Peterson doesn’t stop at “Harvest of Love.” School Junior ROTC program.
the gate. It resides in the surrounding Peterson has supported the food
drive by providing volunteers and vehi-
strong communities where our military PIKES PEAK OR
members live. cles to pick up donations from area
schools, unload them at the warehouse, BUST RODEO
Peterson has always been a strong
and package them into sensible units. One of the biggest annual events sup-
supporter of organizations outside of
ported by Team Pete is the Pikes Peak
the gate for many years. Some of the
or Bust Rodeo.
annual events supported by the base COLORADO SPRINGS The rodeo has been a Colorado
SCHOOL DISTRICT 11 Springs, tradition since 1937 and has
The 21st Space Wing also is a proud always showcased the pinnacle of
CARE AND SHARE partner with Colorado Springs School rodeo talent and action, providing
“HARVEST OF LOVE” District 11. Activities supported by wholesome entertainment for the Pikes
Care and Share of Southern Colorado is wing members include supporting Peak community.
a non-profit organization that collects classes with volunteers for school Held every August, proceeds from
food for distribution to area food events—science fairs, career days, the rodeo go to area military installa-
banks. Their largest annual food drive tours, guest lecturers, and mentors. The tions MWR programs.
cavalry regiment, and an area support
group. Many other smaller units also
call Fort Carson home.
Peterson people are often referred
to Evans Army Community Hospital
located in building 7500 on Titus
Boulevard. The five-story medical
complex has a 76-bed capacity. The
two-story clinic building contains 400
examination and treatment rooms. A
common area connects the clinic
building and the main hospital. This
area includes the main entrance, med-
ical library, chapel and pharmacy.
Fort Carson is proud of its 18-hole
championship golf course, Thunder Alley
Bowling Center, Mountain Post Sports
Colorado Springs is nestled below Pikes Peak. Complex, Outdoor Recreation Complex,
and auto and woodworking shops.
SILVER KEY LOCAL INSTALLATIONS
SENIOR SERVICES Colorado Springs’ reputation as a prime AIR FORCE ACADEMY
Silver Key Senior Services is an organi- location for important military installa- The military’s presence expanded with
zation dedicated to the elderly. This tions got its start in the 1940s when the Air Force Academy in the 1950s. It
non-profit organization, founded in Fort Carson was established on 137,000 occupies more than 18,000 acres of
1971, annually assists more than 15,000 acres a few miles south of the city. land just northwest of Colorado
elderly in the Pikes Peak region. Springs. Just over 4,200 cadets attend
Their goals are to promote inde- FORT CARSON the Academy. More than 1,000 men
pendent living for our elders; help fulfill Fort Carson is located south of Colorado and women enter the academy each
their basic and social needs; strengthen Springs in the shadow of Cheyenne year to begin a four-year program that
their self-sufficiency; increase their self- Mountain. Approximately 15,000 active- leads to a commission in the Air Force.
reliance; and provide meaningful duty soldiers and 1,300 civilians are sta- In addition to serving the health care
replacements for those losses associated tioned at “The Mountain Post.” needs of all the cadets and active-duty
with advancing age. Team Pete mem- The major units assigned to the post people at the academy, its hospital pro-
bers supported a paint-a-thon, just one include a mechanized infantry brigade, vides inpatient medical care for people
of many volunteer projects. a Special Forces group, an armored assigned to Peterson AFB.
United States Air Force Academy, located in northwestern Colorado Springs, lays the Air Force foundation for thousands of officers each year.
46 Local Communities & Attractions 2006 Base Guide
The academy is one of the most centers at Schriever AFB, and remote COLORADO SPRINGS
popular tourist attractions in Col- tracking stations and other command Colorado Springs is located on the
orado. Nearly 1 million people visit and control facilities around the eastern boundary of the Rocky Moun-
the facility each year. People also world. These facilities monitor satel- tains. To the east are rolling plains. To
come to see the Air Force Falcons lites during launch, put the satellites in the west rises the majestic 14,110-foot
compete in Mountain West Athletic their proper orbits following launch, Pikes Peak, one of many high, scenic
Conference athletic events. For ticket operate the satellites while they are in peaks of the Rockies.
information, call (719) 472-1895. orbit, and fix satellite anomalies when To the south is the Arkansas River
they occur. valley with its agricultural lands and
Also located at Schriever is the Joint the town of Pueblo. To the north lies
SCHRIEVER National Integration Center. JNIC pro- the Denver metropolitan area.
AIR FORCE BASE vides a state-of-the-art capability for Much of the city occupies gently
Schriever Air Force Base, located Ballistic Missile and Theater Air rolling hills which slope westward,
approximately 10 miles east of Peterson Defense testing, modeling and simula- offering unobstructed views of Pikes
AFB, was established in the mid-1980s. tion, and analysis. Peak and the Front Range from most
It is home to the Air Force’s 50th The facility also houses several ten- sections of town.
Space Wing, a component of AFSPC. ants, including the Space Warfare Center From the very beginning, Colorado
The mission of the 50th Space and the Cheyenne Mountain Training Springs and the Pikes Peak region have
Wing is to command and control System, which supports strategic space been developed as a community with
operational Department of Defense systems and missile defense programs. quality of life in mind. Today they offer
satellites and manage the worldwide Schriever is also home to the 310th residents a blend of business opportu-
Air Force Satellite Control Network. Space Group, the Air Force Reserve’s nities, culture, and unparalleled out-
The wing operates satellite operation only Space Operations Group. door recreation.
Colorado Springs is home to more than 500,000 people.
2006 Base Guide Local Communities & Attractions 47
Colorado Springs began as one man’s
dream. When Gen. William Jackson
Palmer first saw the scenic attraction of
the Pikes Peak region, he immediately
knew it was a location that could attract
his wealthy European and East Coast
friends. The city’s first stake was driven
in 1871. Colorado Springs became
especially popular with the British and
acquired the nickname Little London.
Riding the rails, visitors came to see the
area’s beauty and were inspired to stay
by a mild climate and the region’s
growing resort accommodations.
In the 1890s, Colorado Springs
found it was surrounded by more
than scenic wealth. Gold was discov-
ered in nearby Cripple Creek in 1891,
and Colorado Springs found itself a
thriving financial center. The golden
years lasted until 1917, when the Unit-
ed States went to silver for its coinage
and the local economy once again
Looking to expand its economic
base, the city offered land to the military
in 1942. With the start of World War II,
Fort Carson was established on 137,000
acres to the south of Colorado Springs.
The military’s presence grew in the
1950s with the opening of the Air Force
Academy. Over the next 30 years,
Peterson AFB, Cheyenne Mountain
AFS, and Schriever AFB helped create
Colorado Springs’ reputation as the
nation’s military space capital.
Manufacturing expanded tremen-
dously when the area’s quality of life
and cost advantages were recognized in
the 1960s and 1970s. Today, computers,
electronic equipment, semiconductors,
Winfield Scott Stratton was an astute businessman and one of the visionary leaders in the planning and
precision parts, plastics, heavy equip- building of Colorado Springs.
ment, and countless other high-quality
products are manufactured in the Pikes Training Center, the world’s finest extremes are rare. Despite a moder-
Peak region and shipped to national multi-sport training facility. ately high-altitude location near the
and international markets. Rocky Mountains, Colorado Springs
The amateur sports segment is one CLIMATE on average gets less snow than Den-
of several service industries expanding Colorado Springs’ pleasant climate is a ver, Salt Lake City, or Minneapolis.
in the region. Colorado Springs is key element in the area’s high quality of The mountains capture most of the
home to the headquarters of the U.S. life. Weather in the Pikes Peak region precipitation from easterly-moving
Olympic Committee and Olympic is surprisingly mild; uncomfortable systems, giving the Pikes Peak region
48 Local Communities & Attractions 2006 Base Guide
Public use parks, such as Garden of the Gods in western Colorado Springs, can be found in nearly every neighborhood.
dry and sunny weather during most of reminding residents that the Indian systems in the nation with more than
the year. meaning of Chinook is “snoweater.” 8,000 acres of park area. Major public-
At an elevation of 6,035 feet, resi- Mild, sunny weather in the middle of use facilities can be found in nearly
dents enjoy a number of climatic the winter is typical, allowing residents every neighborhood.
advantages. to golf, bike, hike, play tennis, and Leading the list of more than 124
Long and lingering Indian autumns enjoy all types of outdoor activities in parks are five major recreation areas:
are common, while spring is a mild the sunshine. The Garden of the Gods, Memorial
precursor to summer. Colorado Park, North Slope Recreation Area,
Springs’ meteorological classification is SPORTS, RECREATION Palmer Park, and Cheyenne Canyon.
an alpine desert with about 250 days of
sunshine and only 15 to 16 inches of
Sports enthusiasts will find many
GARDEN OF THE GODS
precipitation per year. Humidity Nothing says “Colorado Springs” quite
opportunities to run, hike, ski, golf,
remains comfortably low. like these towering red rock formations
cycle, fish, camp, and hunt in the Pikes
While snow is not uncommon, at the base of Pikes Peak. Hike, bike or
Peak region. There are many amateur
snowfalls do not remain on the ground drive through the 1,400-acre park and
and professional competitions avail-
long. Sunny days are abundant during watch for big horn sheep, deer and a
able for less active sports fans.
the winter and the sun’s intensity at this variety of birds. Start your visit at the
elevation quickly melts snow from Garden of the Gods Visitor Center with
streets and sidewalks. Warm Chinook COLORADO its hands-on exhibits explaining the
winds also help moderate the winter SPRINGS PARKS geology, ecology, plants, and history of
climate. These northwesterly winds can Colorado Springs has one of the most the area. For more information, call
cause rapid increases in temperatures, extensive municipal and regional park (719) 634-6666.
2006 Base Guide Local Communities & Attractions 49
TRAILS FOR HIKING AND face of Pikes Peak, accessible via the
FISHING, RAFTING AND
Pikes Peak Highway, are open for
BIKING INFORMATION OTHER WATER SPORTS fishing and small boats.
A growing network of urban and rural Reservoirs, natural lakes, rivers, and
trails makes many scenic areas in the streams, many in nearby state parks SPECTATOR SPORTS
Pikes Peak region more accessible to or national forest lands, provide a lot The Pikes Peak region is a sports
hikers and bicyclists. Hiking and of opportunities for water-related fan’s heaven. Local competitions and
walking opportunities abound in recreation. exhibitions abound, such as world-
nearby city, county and state parks. Colorado Springs’ Prospect Lake, class athletics at the Olympic Training
Barr Trail, which ascends the east side within Memorial Park, welcomes wind- Center, authentic rodeo. Professional
of Pikes Peak from Manitou Springs, is surfers, sailboats and water-skiers. golfing, auto racing, and countless
among several local hikes in nearby Rampart Range reservoir, a few miles other sports events.
National Forest land. northwest of Colorado Springs near Colorado Springs is home to the Sky
The area’s growing ranks of mountain Woodland Park and Pueblo Reservoir, a Sox, the AAA affiliate for the Colorado
bikers have discovered and developed one-hour drive south, are larger bodies Rockies. Security Service Field, built in
hundreds of miles of enjoyable trails for of water for fishing and water sports. 1988, seats up to 10,200 fans for 72
all skill levels. Three small reservoirs on the north home games each season.
The Sky Sox are an affiliate of Major League baseball’s Colorado Rockies.
50 Local Communities & Attractions 2006 Base Guide
Cripple Creek hosts an annual Salute to American Veterans Rally and Festival attended by motorcycle groups from around the country.
The International, a major PGA visit the Colorado Springs Convention narrow gauge train rides, museum
competition, is held each August at & Visitors Bureau website at: exhibits, and a melodrama theater.
Castle Pines Golf Club, about a www.ColoradoSprings-travel.com, or
30-minute drive north of Colorado write the Colorado Springs Convention
Springs. & Visitors Bureau, 104 South Cascade, SEVEN FALLS
Rodeo competitions have a large Suite 104, Colorado Springs, CO 80903. View the “Grandest Mile of Scenery in
following in the Pikes Peak region. Colorado.” Spectacularly illuminated at
Two major rodeos take place in Col- night, the canyon offers hiking trails
orado Springs each August. The Pikes CRIPPLE CREEK and an elevator that takes you to
Peak or Bust Rodeo and the National The famous gold mining town of Crip- Eagles Nest, a point on top of the falls
Little Britches Rodeo are held here ple Creek is nestled in a volcanic bowl allowing you to view its splendor from
each summer. Many smaller rodeos are on the west side of Pikes Peak. Cripple the air. Seven Falls is only six miles
held in other communities in the Pikes Creek was the center of politics, from downtown Colorado Springs.
Peak region yearly. finance, and entertainment for the min-
ing district, and at the turn of the cen-
tury it boasted two opera houses, eight OLYMPIC TRAINING
LOCAL ATTRACTIONS newspapers, a stock exchange, and CENTER
The Colorado Springs area is a haven many other attractions. The headquarters for the U.S. Olympic
for sightseers. For detailed information, Now, the former mining town offers Committee facility is located on the site
call 1-800-888-4748 or (719) 635-7506, limited-stakes gambling, mine tours, of the former Ent Air Force Base at
2006 Base Guide Local Communities & Attractions 51
1750 E. Boulder. Tour guides take you each year on July 4, the Race to the room, a theater, an extensive art library
through several training areas, including Clouds is 12.4 miles of gravel road with and a comprehensive studio art and
the gymnastics area, indoor shooting 156 turns and an elevation gain of humanities program.
range and pool. For more information, 4,700 feet to the summit of Pikes Peak. The center also offers more than 70
call (719) 866-4618. special and ongoing activities every
FINE ARTS CENTER year. For more information, call (719)
PIKES PEAK Founded in 1936, the Colorado 634-5581.
AUTO HILL CLIMB Springs Fine Arts Center, 30 W. Dale,
The second-oldest auto race in the was the nation’s first facility designed PIONEERS MUSEUM
nation, the annual Pikes Peak Auto Hill to cultivate both the visual and per- Colorado Springs’ history comes to life
Climb, attracts international competi- forming arts. It houses two unique as Indian relics and Western pioneer
tors and thousands of spectators. Held museum collections, a music and lecture antiques tell the area’s story from the
There are many opportunities for amateur and professional sports competition fans.
52 Local Communities & Attractions 2006 Base Guide
beginning to today. It is located at 215
S. Tejon St. in Colorado Springs.
The Will Rogers Shrine of the Sun and
Cheyenne Mountain Zoo are both on
Cheyenne Mountain Scenic Highway.
The Shrine of the Sun, hewn out of
granite, was built in memory of and
presents mementos of Will Rogers. Vis-
itors may climb to the top of the tower
for a spectacular view of the Pikes
Peak region. For more information, call
The Cheyenne Mountain Zoo, the
highest zoo in the country at 6,800
feet, is world famous for its diverse
and exotic collection of more than
The zoo, opened in 1926, features
natural settings for many animals
including Wolf Woods, home to two of
the 75 Mexican wolves alive today; and
Primate World-an indoor/outdoor com-
plex for apes and monkeys. Admission
includes a visit to the Will Rogers
Shrine featuring stunning murals by
Randall Davey, breathtaking views and
a granite tower. The Cheyenne Mountain Zoo is a popular attraction.
The Cheyenne Mountain Zoo,
open 365 days a year, is at 4250 PIKES PEAK COG Visitors can explore the dwellings
Cheyenne Mountain Road just west of room by room. Open year-round
Colorado Springs. seven days a week, museum hours
Take an unforgettable panoramic trip
For more information, call (719) are 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. October-April
that leads you to the 14,110-foot sum-
633-9925. and 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. in May and Sep-
mit of America’s most famous peak.
tember. The hours in June, July and
Modern Swiss trains operate daily dur-
August are 9 a.m. to 8 p.m. The
CAVE OF THE WINDS ing the summer, departing from the
museum is five miles west of Col-
Be sure to bring your camera for this depot at 515 Ruxton Ave. in Manitou
orado Springs on U.S. 24 at exit 141
fascinating 40-minute guided tour Springs. Round trip is three hours and
near Manitou Springs. For more infor-
through caverns formed millions of 10 minutes. For more information, call
mation call (719) 685-5242.
years ago. Tours leave about every 15 (719) 685-5401.
minutes. Bring a light jacket and com-
fortable shoes. The cave is just six miles CLIFF DWELLINGS MUSEUM GREAT SAND DUNES
west of Colorado Springs on U.S. High- The Cliff Dwellings Museum has NATIONAL MONUMENT
way 24 above Manitou Springs. For some of the finest artifacts and cliff The San Luis Valley—7,500 feet above
more information, call (719) 685-5444. dwelling homes of the Southwest. sea level—is a desert. Three times
2006 Base Guide Local Communities & Attractions 53
larger than Delaware, it receives less Fontaine qui Bouille, “the springs that Museum of National History, Gastes
than 8 inches of moisture a year. This boil.” Security was established by Planetarium, Denver Mint, governor’s
area houses the world’s tallest sand American builders in 1953 and was mansion, Pioneer Museum, National
dunes, piled to heights of more than named to reassure prospective home Western Stock Show, and Red Rocks
700 feet. buyers. Developer Jules Watson devel- Amphitheater are other attractions.
oped the connecting Widefield area in
ROYAL GORGE 1965 and chose the name to express PUEBLO
On the Royal Gorge Scenic Railway the concept of open space. Pueblo, 40 miles south of Colorado
you can take a 30-minute, three-mile Springs on I-25, offers the Pueblo
train ride to the rim of Point Alta Vista DENVER Civic Symphony, city park band con-
and the Royal Gorge Canyon. You also Denver, the state capital, is about an certs, the Broadway Theater League
can ride the white water of the hour’s drive north of Colorado Springs and University of Southern Colorado
Arkansas River. Half-day, one- and on I-25. It is a center for music, art, concerts.
two-hour rides are available. education, sports, outdoor recreation For more than 100 years, Pueblo has
Two-hour rides extend to the bot- and entertainment in Colorado. been the home of the Colorado State
tom of the gorge with a rest stop along Denver supports professional basket- Fair. The event attracts more than a
the Arkansas River. ball, football, baseball and soccer teams. million visitors each year. Top national
Rocky Mountain National Park is The Denver Art Museum, Denver entertainers, a rodeo, and a military
located about two hours north of Botanic Gardens, Children’s Museum, appreciation day are highlights.
Colorado Springs. For more informa-
tion, call (719) 275-7507 or 1-888-
Nearby communities offer many attrac-
tions - from professional sports in Den-
ver to the colleges and universities in
Pueblo and Colorado Springs, to the
hiking trails and mountains in the area.
Manitou Springs, just west of Colorado
Springs, takes its name from the many
mineral springs in the area. The area
once was marked off as a sanctuary by
the local Indian tribes who attributed
supernatural powers to the springs’
waters. Today, Manitou Springs thrives
as a tourist resort.
Fountain Valley includes the communi-
ties of Fountain, Widefield, and Securi-
ty, Colorado. These communities are
located approximately 10 miles south
of Colorado Springs and 30 miles north
of Pueblo along Interstate 25 at 5,546
feet above sea level. The city of Foun-
tain was established in 1859 and got its
name from nearby Fountain Creek,
named by early French explorers La The Arkansas River runs through the Royal Gorge.
54 Local Communities & Attractions 2006 Base Guide