Silk+Road+B+Period by fjzhangxiaoquan

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									TRADE BETWEEN AND AMONG THE
CLASSICAL CIVILIZATIONS
ABOUT SILK ROADS
                -A network of roads,
                generally going East
                and West
  What          -Ancient Trade routes
                across Asia
                                           Wher
                -Link China w/ the
                west
                                            e
-200BCE to
400CE
-The
beginning of    Silk Road                 Originated at
                                          Sian, China
cross-culture
-Han & Rome

                    -Great trade
                    routes
                    -Introduce
 When               plants
                    -Arts and
                                        Significanc
                    Music               e
                    -Religions
 Traded with
countries regions
and countries
such as Asia,
Persia, Roman
Empire and etc.
Traded using
both the land
routes and sea         Exports-Spices, cotton textiles,
routes                  ivory, corals, jewels, etc.
Trade done by
                       Imports-Works of art, wood
                        and linen textiles
merchants, Malay,      Buddhism also spread from
and Indian              India to other regions on the
mariners                Silk Road
Who? Traders of various Asian nationalities & merchants+travelers
       -The Roman emperors, wealthy citizens: 
Wants? Newest, luxurious textile(spices, perfumes, silk)
       -b/c big expansion-> bigger demand for new goods
How? traveled the silk routes to caravan cities near the
       Mediterranean(link the ends of the Eurasian landmass)
Q1. Whatdid they
Q3. Who did they
Q2. Who wasthe
Q5.
Q4. How did the trade
people in ChinaWATCHING MY PRESENTATION
want with? FOR
trade from other trade
conducted?
trading?
  THANK YOU
China the
places? Silk Routes?
alongtraded through the
     Tae Ho Ryu’s Presentation on Silk Road
Silk Road andwithIndian
China traded by such as
                     Roman
Individual tradersquality
China wanted large, Iran,
They traded High
Sea.              Asia,
empire, central Zhang
merchants andplants,
strong horses,North Africa
silk, ginger, cinnamon,
Arabia, Egypt,
Qian and embassador
grapes, Ivory, Precious
spices, pomegranates,
  CHINA TRADES ON SILK ROAD
          the silk routes.
throughGang Ying traded
named Ceramics, Incense,
walnuts, cucumbers,
stones,
with Spices, Horses and
sesame, alfafa
Paper,
other animals, Hides, Furs,
Tapestries and rugs




   TAEHO RYU
             NOMADS
         Roles of “nomad”?
         What s a Nomads
        LINKS OF SILK ROAD TRADE
    NOMADS                   SETTLERS
-Group of people who
Facilitated commercial trade   -People who reside in
move back and forth
                               one place permanently
between the same forest
                               -Comparatively high
and grazing areas
                               human population
-Low human population
                               density
Medium of transferring ideas
density
                               -Economic
-Economic
                               specialization:
specialization: hunters-
                               agriculture
and-gatherers , pastoral
                               -Political feature:
nomads and peripatetic
                               existence of more
 Technological exchange
nomads
                               official and formal
-Political feature: loose
                               institution
governmental structure;
tribal life
                                                     WHAP - Kim Suyoung
• Buddhism
: spread through the Silk Road during the trade
: Buddhist traders: close with other countries-effective trading and religious
exchange↑


•Islam
:Trading via Silk Road ↑ in Islam Countries
-b/c they have tent cultures
ex) carpets, rugs, tapestries ↑


•Hinduism
: developed as the Kush Empire developed – dominating the Silk Road
: Kush Empire adapted Bacteria’s culture to settle down safely.
    ex) caste hierarchy, religious organizations, many other Indian beliefs
: many Indian people migrated to the Kush Empire when it developed
•Manichaeism (explanation)
: Songdiana(Manichaeism) predominated the Silk Road &
Manichaeism spread via the silk Road
: Religious exchange through the Silk Road formed
Manichaeism through the process of Syncretism


•Confucianism
: had negative effect, losing family ties ↑, hard to maintain doctrines of
Confucianism


•Zoroastrianism
: Persia: silk textile technology ↑,trading ↑, Zoroastrianism spread through
the Silk Road
     : location of the country – the middle of Asia and Europe
: Songdiana: when its power increases, spread to many other countries
DUNANG
SIGNIFICANCE OF DUNANG FOR RELIGION

 Digging technology and ability to transfer water
  through canals enlarge areas suitable for
  cultivation
 Establishment of other religions in China,
  especially Buddhism from India (most successful)
 “Syncretism of religions rather than a pure
  conversion”
 Buddhist cave temples in Dunang, depicting
  events in the lives of the Buddha
       (ex) Mogao Grottoes
 THE MAJOR MARITIME TRADE ROUTES

    India to Persia, Middle east and
     North Africa
Major cities/ ports before
1000 In Arabian and Red sea
       C.E.
   Major cities
        - Cantan, Tamralipura,
       quilon, Calicut, Cambay. Suez and Aden
         Calicut, Hormuz, Basra,
After 1000 C.E
        -Gwuang Zhou and
         Hang Zhou replaced.
              Roman                                      China
Exports: jewelry, perfumes, bronze         Exports: silk, lacquer ware, votive
  goods, wool and linen textiles,             mirrors, ginger, cinnamon
 pottery, iron tools, wine, olive oil,
              glassware                    Imports: horses, spices, precious
  Imports: food, slaves, animals,           stones, trepang, mother-of-pearl
 spices, silk, incense, ivory, cotton
                                     Silk Road
                                ~ Traded Goods ~
          Other Nations              By Grant
                                                       Religion
    - Southeast Asia: fine-spics,                  Spreading of Buddhism
         cinnamon, sesame oil                               +
 - India: sesame oil, pearls, coral,                    Hinduism
      ivory, textile goods, pepper                          +
     - Central Asia: horses, jade                      Christianity
  - Mediterranean: raw materials                     = Manichaeism

								
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