Part A – K and U - mc, fitb, tf, mtc
Part B – T and I - short answer
Part C – Application case studies
Part D – Communication letter/news article/letter to editor etc
Key Terms – Criminal Law and Civil Law
Chapter 6 – The nature of Crime
Crime criminal law criminal code mens rea + actus reus Intent general +
specific intent motive knowledge Criminal negligence recklessness Perpetrator
aiding abetting counseling accessory after the fact Attempt conspiracy
Chapter 7 – The Criminal Court System
Court structure provincial federal court appeal Supreme Court of Canada Judge + justice of the peace
defence duty counsel defence counsel Crown attorney court clerk court reporter sheriff bailiff
Direct examination cross-examination Objections=leading questions +hearsay+opinion +immaterial+non-
responsive +circumstantial + character evidence electronic surveillance polygraph test
Chapter 8 – Investigation and Arrest
Policing and authority in Federal, provincial, municipal jurisdictions
Crime scene centre perimeter contamination police log Physical evidence
forensic evidence impression fingerprints Arrest detention Citizen’s arrest
telewarrant line-up bail habeas corpus
Chapter 9 – Criminal Offences
Summary and indictable and hybrid Offences against the person homicide murder infanticide
manslaughter Assault (level 1, 2 and 3) sexual assault (1 + 2 + 3) suicide Offences against property theft
robbery breaking and entering Others mischief fraud prostitution gambling
Drugs possession trafficking money laundering
Chapter 13 – Understanding Civil Procedures
Litigants plaintiff defendant litigation damages all stages of a civil action (chart page 340)
statement of claim remedy particulars statement of defence counterclaim
affidavit of documents privileged documents settle out of court appeals class action lawsuits
Civil courts Small claims courts Binding Dissenting opinion Civil remedies
Pecuniary damages Non-pecuniary damages Aggravated damages Special damages Punitive damages Nominal
damages Specific performance Injunction Whose responsibility is it to collect the damages Garnishment Execution
or seizure Motor vehicle liability insurance No-fault insurance Workers compensation Criminal injuries compensation
Alternative Dispute Resolution Negotiation Mediation Arbitration
Chapter 14 – Negligence and Unintentional Torts
Tort Unintentional tort Negligence Duty of care Reasonable person Specialized standard of care
Liability insurance Cause-in-fact Apportionment Remoteness of damage Intervening act Product liability
Occupiers’ liability Invitee Trespasser Hosts Vicarious liability Strict liability
Contributory negligence Voluntary assumption of risk Waiver Inevitable accident Act of God
Explanation Thin skull Rule Statute of limitations
Law Exam Practice Questions – Civil Law (for criminal law see Unit 4)
1. Discuss three central differences and one similarity between civil law and
2. Identify and explain two ways that a person can defame another person’s
character and give examples.
3. You have agreed to tutor a friend for Law. To assist you, prepare a definition
AND example that would illustrate the differences between each of the terms in
the following pairs.
Nominal damages and specific performance damages
Intentional and unintentional tort
Duty of care and standard of care
Plaintiff and Defendant
Statement of Claim and Statement of Defence
Remoteness and Causation
4. Instead of making a Statement of Defence, the accused has a number of additional
options. Identify AND explain two of these options.
5. When litigants lose a civil case, what are they responsible for?
6. When litigants win a civil case, what recourse do they have if they have trouble collecting
their damages from the defendant. Give three options.
7. Describe a situation where a class action suit might be appropriate.
8. Use two examples to distinguish between pecuniary and non-pecuniary losses in reference
to general damages awarded in a civil lawsuit.
9. What are the differences between general and specific damages?
10. Identify and discuss three defences that a defendant may use in a tort action.
Give examples to illustrate your ideas.
11. What is the purpose of punitive damages? Give two examples.
12. Why would anyone choose to sue for nominal damages?