AGED 1411, Intro To Agricultural
and Extension Education
Instructor: David Agnew
The age old question
Is teaching an art
or a science?
• Identify 10 Characteristics of teachers (Chapter 8, page
• Identify 10 abilities needed by Agriculture teachers
(Chapter 8, page 137-140)
• Describe 10 ways that a teacher can continue to grow
professionally (Chapter 8, 141).
• List the individuals or groups to whom a teacher is
• State the two major responsibilities of a teacher.
• List three things teachers must do to be a success.
• Describe the four stages of teacher development
• Identify the positive traits of a good teacher.
Characteristics of Teachers
Phipps, Lloyd J. Handbook on
Agricultural Education in Public
Schools. Danville, Illinois: The
Interstate Printers & Publishers, Inc.
Text Pages 134-135
Abilities needed by Agriculture Teachers
Phipps, Lloyd J. Handbook on Agricultural
Education in Public Schools. Danville, Illinois:
The Interstate Printers & Publishers, Inc.
Text page 138-140
Ways that a teacher can continue to grow
The individuals or groups to whom a
teacher is responsible
• A. Student
• B. Parents
• C. School (Administration & Board)
• D. Community
• E. Profession
• F. Self and family
• G. and…………….
Two major responsibilities of a teacher
• To Know what to teach.
– Curriculum planning
– Content selection
– Selecting text books
– Sequencing the content
• To know how to teach.
– Methods and techniques
– Understanding students and how to manage the
Three things teachers must do
to be a success
• Have positive expectations of the outcomes
• Good at classroom management
• Know how to design lessons that will help
– Note: page 42 of Wong’s Book (Expectations)
– Harry Wong, To be an effective teacher: The
first Days of School, 1998
Who is Harry Wong?
Four stages of teacher development
• All they need to do is relate, have fun with
the students, be there for them, be their
friends, Identify with them.
• Refer to the note on the handout about
being a pal.
• They are not going to be like the teachers
they had in school.
• Just make it through the day, learning is out
the window, Put in your time and get on
with my life, look to the weekend and look
forward to a paycheck, busy work is in,
• they revert to the practices they condemned
before they started teaching, they make
excuses for why students don’t learn.
• Attitude is negative
• They have a command of the subject matter
and they are going to get it over to students.
• They know how to control the classrooom
and they know what to do when something
does not work-- Try something else. willing
• Not interested in deadend activities.
• I can make a difference,
• Hopeful, Positive attitude
• Teachers have a positive impact on
students, uses variety of methods and
techniques to make a positive
• Apply the knowledge they have in a way
that results in the most benefit to students.
• Sometimes more questions are rasied than
• You can get through the first two stages
quickly and move on to the mastery and
Impact stage, sooner if you know what to
• First few days of school are the most
• Here’s the biggest secret to teaching
• Beg, Borrow and Steal…..
The first year can be frightening
• Teacher education will not have prepared
• Student teaching will not have prepared you
• The district may not have prepared you.
• Yet you will be expected to perform
What to teach?
• State Competences list (frameworks)
– Students are tested based on the frameworks.
• School May have expectations for what to teach
• The community has expectations
– Alumni, Ag Leaders, Advisory, etc….
• The teachers has some say
• Even students to a small extent can have input into
what is taught in the ag classroom
State Competences or
Agricultural Business Aquaculture
Agricultural Electricity Biological Animal Science
Agricultural Graphics Biological Plant Science
Agricultural Marketing Environmental Resources: Soil & Water
Agricultural Mechanics I Floriculture
Agricultural Mechanics II Food Science Technology
Agricultural Metals I Forestry
Agricultural Metals II Greenhouse Management
Agricultural Power Systems I Introduction to Horticulture
Agricultural Power Systems II Introduction to World Agricultural Science
Agricultural Structural Systems I Leadership and Communications
Agricultural Structural Systems II Managing Natural Resources
Agriculture Science Nursery/Landscape
Agriculture Science and Technology Plant Science
Agriculture Surveying Small Engine
Animal Science Technology
Turf Grass Management
How to teach?
• What is a method of teaching?
• What is the difference in a methods and a
• Name five methods of teaching
– Supervised study
– Job Instruction
– Cooperative learning
Common Methods of Teaching
• Lecture • Project
• Teacher lead • Guest Speaker
discussion • Problem solving
• Computer activity • Learning by doing
• Video – Hands-on activities
• Field trip
Then the Organizational Process
• Lesson Plans
• Teaching Plan
• Teaching and Learning plans
• Difference in a lesson plan and a unit plan?
Parts of a Lesson Plan
• See Sample
• See Description