The Teacher

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					       The Teacher
           And
         Teaching

AGED 1411, Intro To Agricultural
and Extension Education
Instructor: David Agnew
The age old question
   Is teaching an art
     or a science?
                   Objectives:
• Identify 10 Characteristics of teachers (Chapter 8, page
  133-134-135).
• Identify 10 abilities needed by Agriculture teachers
  (Chapter 8, page 137-140)
• Describe 10 ways that a teacher can continue to grow
  professionally (Chapter 8, 141).
• List the individuals or groups to whom a teacher is
  responsible.
• State the two major responsibilities of a teacher.
• List three things teachers must do to be a success.
• Describe the four stages of teacher development
• Identify the positive traits of a good teacher.
 Characteristics of Teachers

Phipps, Lloyd J. Handbook on
Agricultural Education in Public
Schools. Danville, Illinois: The
Interstate Printers & Publishers, Inc.

Text Pages 134-135
Abilities needed by Agriculture Teachers

Phipps, Lloyd J. Handbook on Agricultural
  Education in Public Schools. Danville, Illinois:
  The Interstate Printers & Publishers, Inc.

  Text page 138-140
Ways that a teacher can continue to grow
             professionally?
    Formal          Informal
    The individuals or groups to whom a
           teacher is responsible
•   A. Student
•   B. Parents
•   C. School (Administration & Board)
•   D. Community
•   E. Profession
•   F. Self and family
•   G. and…………….
 Two major responsibilities of a teacher

• To Know what to teach.
  –   Curriculum planning
  –   Content selection
  –   Selecting text books
  –   Sequencing the content
• To know how to teach.
  – Methods and techniques
  – Understanding students and how to manage the
    classroom.
    Three things teachers must do
           to be a success
• Have positive expectations of the outcomes
• Good at classroom management
• Know how to design lessons that will help
  students learn
  – Note: page 42 of Wong’s Book (Expectations)
  – Harry Wong, To be an effective teacher: The
    first Days of School, 1998
Who is Harry Wong?
    Four stages of teacher development

•   Fantasy
•   Survival
•   Mastery
•   Impact
                  Fantasy
• All they need to do is relate, have fun with
  the students, be there for them, be their
  friends, Identify with them.
• Refer to the note on the handout about
  being a pal.
• They are not going to be like the teachers
  they had in school.
                 Survival
• Just make it through the day, learning is out
  the window, Put in your time and get on
  with my life, look to the weekend and look
  forward to a paycheck, busy work is in,
• they revert to the practices they condemned
  before they started teaching, they make
  excuses for why students don’t learn.
• Attitude is negative
                  Mastery
• They have a command of the subject matter
  and they are going to get it over to students.
• They know how to control the classrooom
  and they know what to do when something
  does not work-- Try something else. willing
  to learn
• Not interested in deadend activities.
• I can make a difference,
• Hopeful, Positive attitude
                   Impact
• Teachers have a positive impact on
  students, uses variety of methods and
  techniques to make a positive
  impact/change.
• Apply the knowledge they have in a way
  that results in the most benefit to students.
• Sometimes more questions are rasied than
  are ask!!!!
              Good News
• You can get through the first two stages
  quickly and move on to the mastery and
  Impact stage, sooner if you know what to
  do.
• First few days of school are the most
  important.
              Quotes
• Here’s the biggest secret to teaching
  success:
• Beg, Borrow and Steal…..


             ….Ideals
  The first year can be frightening
• Teacher education will not have prepared
  you
• Student teaching will not have prepared you
• The district may not have prepared you.
• Yet you will be expected to perform
  immediately
The End
                What to teach?
• State Competences list (frameworks)
   – Students are tested based on the frameworks.
• School May have expectations for what to teach
• The community has expectations
   – Alumni, Ag Leaders, Advisory, etc….
• The teachers has some say
• Even students to a small extent can have input into
  what is taught in the ag classroom
              State Competences or
               Frameworks BACK
• http://dwe.arkansas.gov/CurriculumFrameworks/CGAgri.htm
Agricultural Business                Aquaculture
Agricultural Electricity             Biological Animal Science
Agricultural Graphics                Biological Plant Science
Agricultural Marketing               Environmental Resources: Soil & Water
Agricultural Mechanics I             Floriculture
Agricultural Mechanics II            Food Science Technology
Agricultural Metals I                Forestry
Agricultural Metals II               Greenhouse Management
Agricultural Power Systems I         Introduction to Horticulture
Agricultural Power Systems II        Introduction to World Agricultural Science
Agricultural Structural Systems I    Leadership and Communications
Agricultural Structural Systems II   Managing Natural Resources
Agriculture Science                  Nursery/Landscape
Agriculture Science and Technology   Plant Science
Agriculture Surveying                Small Engine
Animal Science                       Technology
                                     Turf Grass Management
                  How to teach?
• What is a method of teaching?
• What is the difference in a methods and a
  technique?
• Name five methods of teaching
   –   Presentation
   –   Discussion
   –   Supervised study
   –   Job Instruction
   –   Cooperative learning
 Common Methods of Teaching
• Lecture             •   Project
• Teacher lead        •   Guest Speaker
  discussion          •   Problem solving
• Computer activity   •   Learning by doing
• Video                   – Hands-on activities
• Field trip
• Demonstration
• Panel
    Then the Organizational Process
•   Lesson Plans
•   Teaching Plan
•   Teaching and Learning plans
•   Difference in a lesson plan and a unit plan?
       Parts of a Lesson Plan
• See Sample
• See Description

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