POWERFUL WORDS

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					POWERFUL WORDS
POWER! PUNCH! PIZAZZ!
      (and other good stuff)
             Powerful words…
• Moments that stick in the mind of the reader!
  – The parts of the story that the reader just can’t
    forget.
             Powerful words…
• “This is the best way to say this.”
  – The writer has weighed the options and chosen a
    description that best captures what is wanted.
             Powerful words…
• Words create MIND PICTURES!
  – The reader should be able to SEE the characters,
    the events, the setting, etc.
  – The words make the story play like a movie in the
    reader’s mind.
             Powerful Words…
• Try new ways to say everyday things.
  – Show the unique nature of writing through
    different word choices.
     • Bad Example: Her eyes were blue.
     • Better Example: Her cobalt blue eyes sparkled in the
       sun.
              Powerful words…
• Power in the VERBS!
  – Reminder: A verb is a word that expresses action
    or being.
     • Examples: attack, belittle, disapprove, exercise, float,
       flip, harrass, pinch, pretend, sneeze, etc.
               Powerful words…
• Strong verbs, precise nouns—but not an
  overload!
  – Bad Example: Julian Nicole Michaels whispered subtly
    into the rustling breeze as the lazily floating water
    rippled and bubbled over the slippery, moss-covered
    boulders in the lingering glow of twilight.
        – Yikes! Can you imagine how long that book would be?
  – Better Example: Julian whispered her thoughts into
    the wind, letting it carry her worries away, as she
    watched the golden colors of the sunset fade over the
    horizon.
        – Still gives a mental picture without all the fluff and pomp.
               Powerful words…
• “Just Right Language” matches:
  – The topic
     • If it is a scary story, beautiful fluffy language might not
       work. Use, instead, sharp and suspenseful language.
  – The audience
     • Five-year-olds read at a much different level than 55-
       year-olds. “Jane ran fast” might be powerful for a
       young child, but would bore an older reader to tears.
  – The purpose
     • Refer to the first two! The topic (point wanted to
       express) and the audience determine the purpose.
                             WORD CHOICE: Weak Writing Sample

                     Student Writing Sample
                             Austin Hunter
                                     1135 Key Lane
                                  San Rafael, CA 95521
                                    (916) 555-2368


Job Objective: To help people with their computers and stuff.

Experience:    I’ve been playing around on computers for a few years now.
               I know a lot about computers.
               I’ve helped at school with the computer classes.

Education:     I graduated from Lewiston High School with a 3.0 GPA.
               I took CAD (computer class) at my high school.

Hobbies:       Soccer, guitar, hanging out.

References:    Available upon request.
             Powerful Words…
• Minimal redundancy!
  – Don’t repeat the same powerful words over, and
    over, and over, and over, and over and…get it?
     • Bad Example: Her sapphire eyes beheld her sapphire
       dress with pleasure. She ran outside, under the
       sapphire sky and saw Jenny coming In her sapphire
       car…blah, blah, blah.
     • Bad Example: Danny got into the car, then Danny put
       on his seatbelt. Danny started the car and drove to
       Denny’s. Danny found a parking place…
        – You know what the reader is thinking? “I hate the name
          Danny.”
Powerful
 Words
      Sense of Sight

• Sight words describe appearance,
  shapes, movements, and colors.
                RED
•   Scarlet     •   Cardinal
                •   Crimson
•   Burgundy
                •   Currant
•   Blood       •   Strawberry
•   Wine        •   Coral
•   Garnet      •   Rose
                •   Salmon
•   Flame       •   pink
•   Carmine
•   Vermilion
•   Auburn
                    BLUE
•   Sky               •   Peacock
•   Sapphire          •   Teal
•   Azure             •   Cobalt
•   Delft             •   Powder
•   Porcelain         •   Ice
•   Aquamarine        •   Bluish
•   Robin’s egg       •   Cerulean
•   Prussian blue
                 GREEN
•   Celery          •   Olive
•   Apple           •   Pistachio
•   Moss            •   Chartreuse
•   Pea             •   Forest
                    •   Yellow-green
•   Kelly
                    •   Grass-green
•   Emerald
                    •   Verdant
•   Neon-green      •   Jade
                BROWN
                  •   Coffee
•   Almond        •   Tea
•   Amber         •   Rust
•   Tawny         •   Ginger
•   Hazel         •   Walnut
•   Cinnamon      •   Bronze
•   Nutmeg        •   Mahogany
•   chocolate     •   Caramel
•   Honey         •   Drab
•   Brunette      •   Khaki
•   Cocoa         •   Bay
•   Nut brown     •   Puce
•   Fawn          •   Umber
•   Toasted       •   Russet
                 YELLOW
•   Beige           •   Canary
•   Buff            •   Chrome
•   Peach           •   Gold
•   Apricot         •   Topaz
                    •   Ochre
•   Buttercup
                    •   Saffron
•   Chartreuse
                    •   Sulfur
•   Tangerine       •   Mustard
•   persimmon       •   Butterscotch
                    •   Orange
               BLACK
                 •   Murky
•   Coal         •   Lightless
•   Licorice     •   Dark
•   Sable        •   Midnight
•   Raven        •   Swarthy
•   Inky         •   Stygian
•   Pitch        •   Moonless
•   Shadowy      •   Dim
               GRAY
•   Ashen        •   Neutral
•   Dove         •   Slate
•   Silver       •   Dun
•   Platinum     •   Mouse
•   Granite      •   Foggy
•   Lead         •   Stormy
•   Pewter       •   Misty
               PURPLE
•   Amethyst      •   Mulberry
•   Orchid        •   Fuchsia
•   Mauve         •   Magenta
•   Plum          •   Wine
•   Pansy         •   Violet
•   Eggplant      •   Pale purple
                  •   Heliotrope
                  •   Grape
                ORANGE
•   Gold           • Carrot
•   Topaz          • Ginger
•   Ochre          • Pumpkin
•   Mustard
•   Tangerine
•   Persimmon
                WHITE
•   Snow          •   Alabaster
                  •   Colorless
•   Marble        •   Pale
•   Cream         •   Pallid
•   Oyster        •   Ghostly
                  •   Bleached
•   Platinum      •   Wan
•   Bloodless     •   Pasty
•   Sallow        •   Cadaverous
                  •   Translucent
•   Filmy         •   Chalky
•   Smoky         •   Fair
                  •   Blond
                General Color
•   Colorless          •   Vivid
•   Rainbow            •   Vibrant
•   Drab               •   Bright
•   Stark              •   Pale
•   Bland
•   Neon
•   Metallic
               Appearance
•   Freckled        •   Sparkling
•   Spotted         •   Iridescent
•   Striped         •   Glazed
•   Clear           •   Transparent
•   Shiny           •   Grimy
•   Glowing         •   Dark
•   Fluid           •   Dismal
                    •   Rotted
                    •   Worn
         Appearance Continued
•   Curved         •   Ugly
•   Loose          •   Cheap
•   Crooked        •   Messy
•   Awkward        •   Shabby
•   Tired          •   Untidy
•   Exhausted      •   Straight
•   Arid           •   Orderly
•   Ramshackle     •   Formal
         Appearance Continued
•   Crisp          •   Cluttered
•   Pretty         •   Crowded
•   Heavy          •   Jammed
•   Flat           •   Packed
•   Stout          •   Squeezed
•   Rigid          •   Bruised
•   Narrow         •   Stretched
•   Overloaded     •   Lean
•   Congested      •   Slender
         Appearance Continued
•   Frightened     •   Tiny
•   Nervous        •   Sickly
•   Tearful        •   Pasty
•   Apprehensive   •   Pale
•   Fearful        •   Fragile
•   Shy            •   Frail
•   Timid          •   Healthy
•   Miniature      •   Robust
•   Strong         •   Hardy
               Fast Movements
•   Run               •   Dash
•   Scamper           •   Careen
•   Scramble          •   Rush
•   Dart              •   Race
•   Spin              •   Zoom
•   Stride            •   Zip
•   Streak            •   Ram
•   Gallop            •   Chase
•   drive             •   Hurl
      Fast Movements Continued
•   Sail          •   Swerve
•   Fly           •   Flick
•   Swing         •   Whisk
•   Plunge        •   Rip
•   Swoop         •   Shove
•   Bounce        •   Swat
•   Plummet
•   Drop
•   smash
              Slow Movement
•   Crawl            •   Stalk
•   Slouch           •   Stagger
•   Lumber           •   Lope
•   Bend             •   Waddle
•   Saunter          •   Slither
•   Loiter           •   Drag
•   Stray            •   Sway
                     •   soar
     Slow Movements Continued
•   Lift
•   Drift
•   Droop
•   Heave
•   Dawdle
                  Shapes
                     •   Portly
•   Scrolled         •   Clustered
•   Globular         •   Tufted
•   Crimped          •   Pendulous
•   Crinkled         •   Jutting
•   Conical          •   Triangular
•   Cylindrical      •   Rectangular
•   Tubular          •   Hexagonal
•   Hollow           •   Narrow
•   Wide             •   Stretched
                Shapes Continued
•   Octagonal           •   Spindly
•   Square              •   Skinny
•   Pyramidal           •   Thin
•   Tapering            •   Wiry
•   Branching           •   Shapely
•   Twiggy              •   Winged
•   Split               •   Shapeless
•   Broken              •   Crooked
•   straight            •   Curved
       Sense of Taste
         and Smell
Words that create a vivid picture!
                  Taste Words
•   Cool                •   Hardy
•   Creamy              •   Mellow
•   Savory              •   Crisp
•   Acidic              •   Ripe
•   Buttery             •   Tasteless
•   Bittersweet         •   Vinegary
                        •   Fruity
         Taste Words Continued
•   Tangy           •   Gingery
•   Unripe          •   Hot
•   Alkaline        •   Overripe
•   Medicinal       •   Spoiled
•   Fishy           •   Rotten
                    •   Gooey
                    •   Tart
                    •   Nutty
               Smell Words
•   Aromatic         •   Pungent
•   Perfumed         •   Tempting
•   Flowery          •   Savory
•   Heady            •   Sharp
•   Fresh            •   Gamey
•   Balmy            •   Briny
•   Earthy           •   Acidic
•   Piney            •   Acrid
•   Odorous          •   Gaseous
        Smell Words Continued
•   Reeking        •   Damp
•   Rotten         •   Dank
•   Spoiled        •   Stench
•   Sickly         •   Stale
•   Stagnant
•   Musty
•   Mildewed
          The Sense of Touch
• Words that best create vivid mind picture.
           The Sense of Touch
•   Cold            •   Wet
•   Icy             •   Slippery
•   Lukewarm        •   Spongy
•   Tepid           •   Mushy
•   Warm            •   Oily
•   Hot             •   Fleshy
•   Steamy          •   Leathery
•   Touch           •   Silky
•   Elastic         •   Satiny
         Touch Words Continued
•   Frostbitten     •   Dull
•   Brittle         •   Dry
•   Sinewy          •   Pulpy
•   Bubbly          •   Rough
•   Moist           •   Sandy
•   Tender          •   Prickly
•   Fragile         •   Furry
•   Thin            •   Soft
                    •   Smooth
            Sense of Hearing
• Words that create the most vivid sound for
  the reader to hear.
              Loud Words
•   Bump        •   Bark
•   Boom        •   Bawl
•   Bang        •   Bray
•   Explode     •   Bluster
•   Roar        •   Rage
•   Scream      •   Blare
•   Shout       •   Rumble
•   Yell        •   Grate
•   Whistle     •   Slam
•   Whine       •   Clap
•   Squawk      •   Stomp
            Loud Sounds Continued

•   Stamp              •   Riot
•   Noise              •   Racket
•   Discord            •   Brawl
•   Jangle             •   Yowl
•   Rasp               •   Shatter
•   Clash
•   Caterwaul
•   Clamor
•   Tumult
                Soft Sounds
•   Hum            •   Gurgle
•   Murmur         •   Swish
•   Whir           •   Rush
•   Twitter        •   Chime
•   Patter         •   Tinkle
•   Mutter         •   Clink
                   •   Hush
•   Crackle
                   •   Still
•   Bleat          •   Speechless
•   Peep           •   Mute
•   Melody         •   Faint
•   Resonance      •   Inaudible
•   Harmony
•   musical
              Speech Sounds
•   Stutter     •   Murmur
•   Giggle      •   Whisper
•   Guffaw      •   Whimper
•   Laugh       •   Talk
•   Sing        •   Speak
•   Yell        •   Drawl
•   Scream      •   Hiss
•   Screech     •   Chatter
•   Snort
                •   Growl
•   Bellow

				
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