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World War II - on The Homefront by gegeshandong

VIEWS: 5 PAGES: 29

									World War II
 On the Homefront
    On the Homefront
• United States success in World
  War II required the total
  commitment of the nation’s
  resources.
• Public education and the mass
  media promoted nationalism
United States
 Resources
       US Resources
• U.S. government and industry
  worked together to distribute
  resources
• Office of War Mobilization created
  to control resources
Economic
Resources
  Economic Resources
• Rationing maintained a steady
  supply of materials for war
• War bonds and income tax were
  used for financing the war
  Economic Resources
• Business was retooled from
  peacetime to wartime production
Human Resources
    Human Resources
• More women and minorities
  entered the labor force
• Citizens volunteered in support of
  the war effort
            Women
• Replaced men who went to serve
  in the military (e.g., Rosie the
  Riveter).
• They participated in non-combat
  military roles
    African-Americans
• Double V Campaign
 –Victory in war and victory in equality
  at home
 –Demanded an end to segregation in
  military
    Military Resources
• The draft/selective service was
  used to provide personnel for the
  military
Role of Media and
      Mass
Communications
     Role of the Media
• Media and communications
  assisted the gov’t in supporting
  the war
• U.S. government maintained
  strict censorship of reporting of
  the war
 –Censorship: blocking certain
  materials from being published
     Role of the Media
• Hollywood produced movies,
  plays, and shows that boosted
  morale and patriotism
• Portrayed the enemy in
  stereotypical ways
 Political, economic
      and social
consequences of the
         war
     Legacy Of WWII
1. Massive destruction and
   death
2. End of Allied cooperation and
   beginning of “Cold War” –
   political tensions
      Legacy Of WWII
3. US and Soviet Unions are
   only superpower countries
4. Atomic fallout – all countries
   rushed to get atomic bomb
     Legacy Of WWII
5. US troops permanently
   stationed around the world
6. US will maintain a standing
   army in peacetime
     Legacy Of WWII
7. Germany (and Berlin) divided
   into 4 military zones
  • each zone controlled by one
     of the 4 major Allied powers

								
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