World War I homefront

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					World War I
• War of very high expectations

• “war to end all wars”

• “make the world safe for democracy”

• Set the stage for post-war disillusionment
             Home Front
• Wilson preference for voluntary mobilization
  and appealing to passions



• Rather than formal laws
Selective Service Act
  • Conscription
    unpopular

  • Modern draft (unlike
    the Civil War)
            War Labor Board
•   To head off labor disputes (there were many)
•   Strike breakers common
•   Race problems on the job
•   AFL supported the war (and grew as a result)
•   New opportunity for blacks and women
•   Black migration (as well as armed forces)
Emergency Fleet Corp.
   • To mobilize naval
     assets
    War Industries Board
•   To mobilize the economy
•   Bernard Baruch the head
•   Formed late in the war
•   Not very effective
•   American preference for laissez-faire
   Fuel Administration
• Heatless Mondays, carpooling, etc.



• Relied on passionate appeals not
  ration laws
Food Board & The Lever Act
    • Headed by Herbert Hoover

    • Victory gardens, meatless Tuesdays,
      etc.

    • Controlled distribution and production
Railroad Administration
   • 1917 government had to
     take control of the
     railroads

   • Because of traffic snarls
        Creel Committee
• Also known as the Committee on Public
  Information

• Its job was PROPAGANDA
Role of Women
       • Patriotism leads to
         opportunity
       • War labor effort
         earned them much
         appreciation
       • Suffrage followed
    Espionage & Sedition
           Acts
•   Anti-German feelings ran high
•   Anti-war voices were silenced
•   Civil Rights were violated
•   Particular targets were:
•   Anti-war socialists
•   Radical IWW
•   Eugene Debs imprisoned
 Paying For The War
• Bonds very successful – 2/3 the cost of
  the war

• Taxes were increased

				
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